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Photography 1: Introduction to Photography

"Captured Shadows"
"The shadows that things make, the things that shadows

What is a Photogram?

A photogram is a photographic image made without a camera by

placing objects directly onto the surface of a photo-sensitive material
such as photographic paper and then exposing it to light.

Art Problem:
• Create a series of 3 photogram prints that are unified
compositionally through common elements and principles of

Below please fill in two elements you will explore in order to create the
principle of design. For example: ( Line + Value= Movement)

Element Element Principle

Preliminary Planning:

You have brought in your objects now you

will need to do the following:

1. Make a small drawing (4" X 5") in

your sketchbook of each object
and make a list of 10 qualities or
characteristics of the object
(smooth, solid, clear, shiny,
bumpy, ugly, squishy).

2. Using the specific elements to

make a specific principle
compose a thumbnail of each of
the 3 compositions in your
journal. This will help you plan
your arrangement. These 3
thumbnails will be done in class
before you make your photogram
In The Darkroom…..

Arrange your objects into
an interesting composition
that demonstrates your
chosen elements and
principles of design. Refer
to your thumbnail sketches!

Remember! Second! Make a Test Strip.

1. Make visual pathways
2. Break
Experiment! up positive
Please completeand1 photogram print where you experiment
What is the correct procedure for with
the following spaces
techniques. making a test strip? Now would be the
time to review.
What is Multiple a variety of
A multiplesized shapes/line
exposure is created when more than one exposure is made
Adjust enlarger aperture to upon
F8 or aF11.
photographic surface at a time. Set your timer for 2-3 second intervals.
When the frame!
a multiple exposure please consider the risk of overexposure ( you can
avoid this by using a smaller aperture that lets
Cut ainpiece
less light or a shorter
of photo exposure
paper into a strip.time.
Third. Arrange your objects over top the
Make the Illusion
a properly of Movement……..
exposed print. In your paper, either in a standard easel or a
sketchbook can berecord
in both implied
and and literal printer.
contact ways. By using multiple exposures
of an object movement can be suggested.
exposure times for each print you make. As the artist you can also literally roll an
object or move an object during the exposure time.