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Identify the major parts of 4.

Which parts of the male

reproductive system are
male or female reproductive involved in the production of
system/and their function. semen which keeps the sperms
healthy and active?
I. Prostate gland
Refer to the illustration of the female II. Seminal vesicle
reproductive system below to III. Urethra
answer item 1-3: IV. Vas deferens
A. I and II
B. II and III
C. III and IV
D. I and IV

5. The illustration below shows the

reproductive system of a male

1. Which of the following is the

following is the function of Part
A. attaches the ovary to the
B. provide food for the growing
fetus in the uterus
C. filters the sperms and egg
cells entering the ovary
D. channels the ripened egg
from the ovary to the uterus Where are the sperms produced?
A. penis
2. Which of the following is B. prostate gland
the function of Part III? C. scrotum
A. It receives the sperm cells. D. testis
B. It nourishes the
growing fetus.
C. It attaches the ovary to the
D. It is where the monthly
menstrual blood flows out.

3. Which part connects the

uterus to the birth canal?
A. I
Explain how the 3. Which of the following is the
function of the alveoli or air sacs?
respiratory system works. A. It allows air to move from
the windpipe to the lungs.
1. What happens when we breathe B. It carries carbon dioxide to all
in air?
parts of the body through the
I.The chest expands. arteries.
II. The chest contracts.
C. It provides the area for the
III. The diaphragm moves up.
exchange of oxygen and carbon
IV.The diaphragm moves down. dioxide to take place on its
thin wall.
A. I and III D. It separates the carbon from the
B. II and III carbon dioxide and distributes
C. I and IV it to all parts of the body.
D. II and IV
4. Which of the following shows the
2. Paolo constructed a model below to CORRECT movements of the
show what happens during diaphragm during inhalation
respiration. and exhalation?
I. When the diaphragm relaxes,
air is expelled from the lungs.
II. When the diaphragm relaxes,
air is pulled into the lungs.
III. When the diaphragm is
pulled flat, air is pulled into
the lungs.
IV. When the diaphragm is
pulled flat, air is expelled out
of the lungs.
Which of the following shows what
happens during inhalation? A. I and II
A. C. B. II and III
C. I and IV
D. II and IV

5. Which of the following explains the

function of the lungs?
A. It purifies the air that
we breathe.
B. It transports purified air to
the bloodstream.
C. It serves as passage of air from
nostril to the chest cavity.
B. D. D. It prevents the entry of food
into the respiratory system.
Identify parts of the D. It is a tube that allows urine
to pass outside the body.
urinary system and their
function using the diagram. 4. Which part temporarily holds the
urine until it finally goes out from
1. The kidney is the blood-filtering the body?
organ of our body. What other A. kidney
important function/s do our B. ureter
kidney have? C. urinary bladder
I.remove wastes out from D. urethra
the blood
II. balance the fluid of 5. What happens if the urethra is
the body removed from the urinary system?
III. regulate the balance of A. Amount of salts, minerals and
some substances like vitamins in the blood will be
sodium and potassium regulated.
A. I B. Urine will continue flowing.
B. I and II C. Urine will not be formed.
C. III D. Blood cannot be filtered.
D. I, II and III

For Item 2-3, refer to the illustration

of the urinary system below:

2. Which part is the ureter?

A. I

3. Which of the following is

the function of Part I?
A. It filters blood by removing
water and nitrogenous wastes to
form urine
B. It serves as a passageway that
carries urine out of the body.
C. It acts as a temporary storage
of urine
Classify vertebrates into: For items 4 and 5, refer to the
vertebrate animals below.
mammals, birds, reptiles,
amphibians, or fishes.
For Items 1-2, look at the list of animals
given below:
Crocodile Maya Salamander

Dolphin Monkey Snake

Eagle Mudfish Tilapia
Frog Owl Toad 4. Which among the animals
Goat Pig Turtle are reptiles?
Lizard A. I and IV
B. II and III
C. II and IV
D. V and VI
1. Which of the following lists all the
reptiles given in the box?
5. Which among the animals
A. dolphin, goat, monkey, pig
are mammals?
B. turtle, crocodile, snake
A. I and IV
C. salamander, frog, toad
B. II and III
D. tilapia, mudfish
C. II and IV
D. V and VI
2. To which group does the
A. amphibians
B. mammals
C. reptiles
D. fishes

3. Some of the organisms shown

below give birth to offspring the
develops inside the mother.

Which of the organisms are mammals?

A. Frog, whale, dog
B. Human, whale, dog
C. Bird, butterfly, frog
D. Frog, dog, human
Describe characteristics 4. How do desert animals like snakes
and squirrels behave and keep them
that enable animals to from too much heat of the sun?
survive in an A. They sleep underground for a
environment. long time.
B. They develop lighter body
1. Which of the following animal coverings.
characteristics is NOT mimicry? C. They change their
A. Frogs change their colors. protective coverings
B. Turtles hide inside their hard D. They transfer to other places
C. Walking stick blends with 5. How do termites protect
twigs and under bush. themselves from their enemies?
D. Sphinx moth resembles A. They live in colonies.
its wooden resting place B. They hide underground.
C. They change their colors.
2. Walking sticks develop amazing D. They have poisonous fangs.
camouflage from their predators
and preys. Which of the following
camouflaging behaviour do these
insects possess?
A. developing protective
coloration that blend with their
B. developing an adaptation
wherein they look “dead” to
avoid their enemies
C. having a structure that secretes
poison to scare their enemies
D. imitating the shape, smell,
and sound of the predators

3. Which special characteristics

allow the frog to escape from their
I.long elastic and sticky
II. short forearms and
long hind legs
III. loud voice IV.
slimy skin

A. I and II
B. I and III
C. I and IV
D. II and IV
Describe characteristics of 5. Which of the following is the
common characteristic among rice,
different kinds of plants corn, sugar cane and cogon grass?
A. They are all woody plants.
1. The following are characteristics of
B. They reproduce asexually.
grasses EXCEPT:
C. They have parallel venation.
I. Roots are fibrous.
D. They are cone-bearing plants.
II. Leaves have parallel.
III. Stems are hard and woody.
IV. Branches are climbing
and thorny.
A. I and II
B. II and III
C. I and IV
D. III and IV

2. Which characteristics describe a

shrub and make it different from
a herb?
A. having a woody or hard stem
B. having seeds in the fruit
C. having many leaves
D. presence of flowers

3. What characteristics of the cactus

plant help it to survive in the
I. It has no leaves through
which water escapes to the
II. It has spines that protect it
from the enemies
III. It has a bulbous system
filled with air
IV. It has spreading feathery root
A. I and II
B. II and III
C. I and IV
D. III and IV

4. Some plants possess special

structures and characteristics which
they use for defense, survival and food
getting. Which of the following plants
have thorns for protection?
A. little angel and rosal
B. mayana and sta. ana
C. bougainvillea and rose
D. kamuning and gumamela
Differentiate physical from 5. Which of the following is an
example of chemical change?
chemical A. dilution of iodine in water
changes/processes by B. mirror broken into pieces
giving examples. C. evaporating paper
D. freezing of water
1. Which of the following is an
example of a physical change?
A. baking bread
B. digesting food
C. molding clay
D. roasting chicken
For items 2 and 3, refer to the
examples of physical and chemical
changes in matter

I. making pork barbeque

II. exploding dynamite
III. tearing a piece of paper
IV. ripening of mango
V. melting of
ice VI. bursting tire

2. Which of the examples above

show chemical change?
A. I, II, and IV
B. II, III, and IV
C. III, IV, and V
D. IV, III, and VI

3. Which of the examples show

only physical changes in matter?
A. I, VI, and III
B. II, IV, and V
C. III, V, and VI
D. IV, V, and VI

4. Which of the following is

TRUE about the changes in
the two given examples below?
I – melting butter
II – melting ice

A. I is physical change, II
is chemical change
B. I is chemical change, II
is physical change
C. I and II are physical changes.
D. I and II are chemical changes.
Describe the distinctive 3. Which planet has the longest
characteristics of planets A. Earth
in the solar system. B. Mars
C. Mercury
For items 1 and 2, refer to the table D. Venus
1 below:
Table 1: Astronomical Data of Planets 4. Which of the following is
in the Solar System TRUE using table 2?
Planet Diameter Mass Surface A. Venus has the longest day.
(km) (compared
Temp. B. Mercury has the longest year.
to Earth 6
x 1021 (°C) C. Earth has the longest
metric ton)
Mercury 4,878 0.055 167 period of revolution.
D. Mars has the same length of
Venus 12,104 0.8 464
year as the Earth.
Earth 12,756 1.0 15
Mars 6,796 0.1 -63
5. What makes Planet Earth
Jupiter 142,984 318.0 -143 (at
cloud different from the other
tops) terrestrial planets?
Saturn 120,536 95.0 -176 (at A. It has the longest period of
cloud revolution.
tops) B. It has the brightest night sky.
Uranus 51,118 15.0 -215 C. It has the shortest day.
Neptune 49,500 17.0 -214 D. It has the highest
surface temperature.
1. Which planet has almost the
same size as planet Earth?
A. Mars
B. Mercury
C. Neptune
D. Venus

2. Which planet has the hottest

surface temperature?
A. Mercury
B. Neptune
C. Saturn
D. Venus
For items 3 – 4, refer to the table 2
Table 2: Characteristics of Inner Planets in
the Solar System
Inner Period of Period of
Planet Rotation Revolution
Mercury 59 days 88 days
Venus 243 days 225 days
Earth 24 hours 365 days
Mars 24.6 hours 687 days
Identify major parts of the
nervous system and their
1. Which part of the brain controls
the muscle coordination and
balance of the body?
A. brain stem
B. cerebellum
C. cerebrum
D. hypothalamus

2. Which part of the brain controls

mental process like memorizing,
controlling speech, intelligence
and decision making?
A. brain stem
B. cerebellum
C. cerebrum
D. hypothalamus

3. Which part of the nervous

system controls reflex actions
like blinking and sneezing?
A. cerebellum
B. cerebrum
C. medulla oblongata
D. spinal cord

4. Which parts of the neurons are

involved in the relay of messages
in the given situation?
 
A. Dendrites tissue axon
 
B. Nerve cell dendrites axon
 
C. Synapse axon dendrites
 
D. Dendrites axon synapse
5. Which parts of our nervous
system transmit messages to the
A. bipolar cells
B. motor neurons
C. receptor cells
D. sensory neurons
Identify major parts of 4. Arteries and veins are important
to the circulatory system. What
the circulatory system is the difference between the two
and their functions blood vessels?
A. Arteries carry blood away
1. Which arrow path traces the from the heart; veins carry
flow of the blood that carries the blood to the heart.
carbon dioxide from the body to B. Arteries carry blood to the
the heart and lungs? heart; veins carry the blood
 
A. veins right ventricle right away from the heart.
 
ventricle pulmonary arteries C. The veins carry
lungs oxygenated blood arteries
 
B. veins right ventricle right carry deoxygenated.
 
auricle pulmonary arteries D. The veins carry bright red
 blood; arteries carry dark
C. pulmonary veins left red blood.
 
auricle left ventricle
 5. Which part of circulatory
D. pulmonary artery left
  system pumps blood
auricle left ventricle throughout the body?

aorta lungs A. lungs
2. Which of the following blood B. heart
vessels carries blood back to C. stomach
your heart? D. diaphragm
A. veins
B. artery
C. venule
D. capillarity

3. Which sequence traces the path

of blood that is rich in oxygen as
it comes out from the lungs?
 
A. right atrium right ventricle
other body parts

B. other body parts right atrium
 
right ventricle lungs
 
C. left atrium left ventricle

other body parts right atrium
 
right ventricle lungs
 
D. left ventricle left atrium

other body parts right

ventricle right atrium
Present through a diagram D. It is an order of food
relationship that starts from
the feeding animal consumers to plant
interrelationship among producers.
living organisms.
4. Which diagram below represents
For items 1, 2 and 3, refer to the a true food chain from the food
illustration below: web above?
  
A. grass snake rat frog
  
B. grass rat snake hawk
  
C. grass frog rabbit rat
 
D. grass rabbit rat
5. Which group of organisms are
first-order consumers?
A. Grass, hawk, frog
B. Rabbit, hawk, frog
C. Frog, hawk, snake
D. Rat, rabbit, grasshopper

1. Which pair of animals

below shows predator-prey
A. grasshopper and frog
B. rat and grasshopper
C. snake and grass
D. rabbit and rat

2. Which of the following are

second-order consumers?
A. Rabbit and grasshopper
B. Hawk and grass
C. Frog and snake
D. Rat and rabbit

3. Which of the following can be

concluded about the food web?
A. It is an exchange of gases in
the air.
B. It is a complex food
interrelationship among
living things starting from the
producers to the consumers.
C. It is an interrelationship of
the living and non-living
Illustrate the interdependence of D. The carabao gives off both
plants and animals for gases oxygen and carbon dioxide for
through the oxygen-carbon plants.
dioxide cycle.
4. Which gas is given off by plants
For items 1 and 3, refer to the during the food making process?
diagram below showing the A. carbon
interdependence of plants B. nitrogen
and animals. C. oxygen
D. phosphorus

5. In the diagram, what process is

involved when the carabao takes
in the gas given off by plants?
A. hydration
B. photosynthesis
C. respiration
D. transpiration
1. Which pair below
represents arrows 1 and 2?
A. O2 : CO2
B. O2 : NO3
C. CO2 : O2
D. NO3 : O2

2. Which of the following might

happen if the gases in arrow 1
is not released by the carabao?
I. increase in O2
II. decrease in O2
III. decrease in food
IV. increase in food

A. I and II
B. II and III
C. I and IV
D. II and IV

3. Which of the following is

TRUE about the diagram?
A. Plants give of carbon dioxide
for the carabao’s use.
B. Carabao gives off carbon
dioxide for the plant’s use.
C. Plants give off both
oxygen and carbon
dioxide for the carabao.
Explain the effects of A. I
change in materials on C. I and II
health and the D. I and III
3. Which of the following changes
1. Salitre or sodium nitrate is a in materials has a good effect on
food preservative in making the environment?
tocino and longganisa. This A. burning of wastes
substance can cause harmful B. disposing used car oil to
effects. Which is one of them? rivers
A. cause of skin problems C. cutting trees to give way
B. sudden loss of appetite for housing projects
C. potential cause of insomia D. applying sufficient fertilizer
D. may cause digestive disorder to soil to improve harvest
like colon cancer
4. Which of the following explains
2. Which of the following can have the decrease in oxygen level as a
harmful effects to our result of dumping organic wastes
environment? in a river?
I. The waste materials
take the place occupied
by oxygen.
II. Decomposers use the
oxygen as they act
on waste materials.
III. Fishes and other organism
use more oxygen when
there is waste present.
A. I
I. .
C. I and II
D. II and III

5. The following are good effects of

certain changes in the
environment EXCEPT:
A. Radio, television and
telephones keep
II. individuals in touch.
. B. Changes in electricity make
the environment bright at
C. Changes in machineries
and vehicles keep the
country productive.
D. Motor vehicles use fuel in
order to run or ferry us to
places and produces
III. harmful chemicals.
Identify energy forms
For item 5, study the diagram below:
and their uses.
1. Which form of energy do children
get from eating rice and fruits?
A. chemical energy
B. light energy
C. mechanical energy
D. thermal energy
5. Which of the following is the correct
2. Sam is playing the guitar. Which energy transformation for the
form of energy is produced when diagram above?
he plucks the strings? A. thermal energy to mechanical
A. electrical energy
B. mechanical B. mechanical energy to electrical
C. sound energy
D. thermal C. chemical energy to
thermal energy
3. In a set-up below, a magnifying glass D. thermal energy to
is used to burn a small hole in the chemical energy
paper. Which energy conversion has
taken place in this experiment?

A. light energy heat
 
B. radiant energy heat light

C. heat light energy

D. light energy mechanical

energy heat
4. How is radiant energy used
in medicine?
A. It destroys abnormal cells in
the body
B. It preserves the food we eat.
C. It deflates air beds.
D. It dries clothes.
Identify factors that affect D. Balanced forces acting on an
object do not make the
the motion of an object. object move
1. A ball was thrown upward, its
5. Suppose you push a door and
speed decreases in the air until
your friend is on the other side
it momentarily stops and falls to
pushing the door. How will you
the ground. Which of the
describe the force and the effect
following is responsible for
of your actions to the doors?
preventing the ball from moving
A. The force is balanced and
the door does not move.
A. centripetal force
B. The force is unbalanced
B. friction
and the door may break.
C. gravity
C. The door will push your
D. inertia
friend away from you.
D. The door will push you both.
2. A spherical object is set to roll
on a plain surface. It slows down
after some time and eventually
stops. Which factor caused the
object to slow down and stop?
A. electricity
B. friction
C. gravity
D. magnet

3. Maria noticed that it is harder to

push a cart on a grassy area
than on a cemented area. Which
of the following caused the
A. mass of the cart
B. surface of the ground
C. friction between her feet and
the ground
D. height from which the cart
was lifted

4. Jose was sitting on a chair in

front of a big table. As he pushes
the heavy table, his chair is
moving backward. Which of the
following could explain this?
A. Objects in motion stays in
B. Objects at rest, remains at
C. For every action, there is
an equal and opposite force
Describe characteristics of 4. Why is the Earth’s crust in
constant motion?
the earth’s interior layers. A. It floats on the mantle
of liquid rocks.
1. Which of the following explains
B. It is divided into smaller
why the inner core is the
hot plates.
hottest layer of the Earth?
C. It has big bodies of water
A. It is composed of hot gases. like the oceans.
B. It is where the ring of fire D. It has a magnetic field.
is formed.
C. It is composed of very hot
tectonic plates.
D. It is where heating of iron and
5. Which statement describes the
nickel takes plates so
Earth’s mantle?
A. It is the Earth’s largest layer
covering about 67% of Earth’s
For items 2-3, refer to the illustration
below showing the layers of the Earth
B. It is the outermost and the
thinnest layer of the Earth.
C. It is the Earth’s innermost
D. It is made of iron and nickel.

2. Which statement describes

Layer D?

A. It is the hottest layer of the

B. It is the largest layer of
the Earth.
C. It is the outermost layer
of the Earth.
D. It is the thickest layer of
the Earth.

3. Which of the following describes

the Layer B?
A. It is liquid in form.
B. It is the hottest layer
C. It is the thickest layer
D. It is made of solid iron
and nickel.
Describe characteristics of 4. Which of the following beliefs
about the uses of constellations
stars and how group of have scientific basis?
stars are useful to people. A. Help people in choosing
their future wife/husband.
For items 1-2, refer to the table below: B. Constellations can
predict coming disasters.
Star Color Surface C. Guide people in finding their
lost things.
D. Serve as compass when lost.
Aldebaran Orange 4,000
Betelgeuse Red 3,000
5. The position of some stars is
Rigel Bluish- 20,000
useful to people in performing
their work. Which of the
Sun Yellow 6,000 following practice has a
Vega White 11,000 scientific basis?
A. People use it to decide
1. Which statement is TRUE which job they are going to
about the data about stars? apply for.
A. The whiter the star, the B. Fishermen use it to guide
cooler it would be. them where abundant fish
B. The color of the star is related is located.
to its temperature. C. Farmers use it in deciding
C. The dimmer the star, the date they will start
the cooler it is. planting their crops
D. The temperature of the star is D. Astronomers use them as
determined by its apparent valid reference in
brightness. presenting their studies.
2. Which stellar color is the
A. bluish-white
B. orange
C. red
D. white

3. Which of the following states how

useful constellations are to man?
A. Constellations warn us about
coming typhoons.
B. Constellations are used to
determine the direction of a
C. The constellations
determine the absolute
brightness of stars.
D. Constellations help in the
process of food making of
plants at night.