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COMSOL Multiphysics

Installation Guide
COMSOL Multiphysics Installation Guide
© 1998–2018 COMSOL
Protected by patents listed on www.comsol.com/patents, and U.S. Patents 7,519,518; 7,596,474; 7,623,991; 8,457,932;
8,954,302; 9,098,106; 9,146,652; 9,323,503; 9,372,673; and 9,454,625. Patents pending.
This Documentation and the Programs described herein are furnished under the COMSOL Software License
Agreement (www.comsol.com/comsol-license-agreement) and may be used or copied only under the terms of the
license agreement.
COMSOL, the COMSOL logo, COMSOL Multiphysics, COMSOL Desktop, COMSOL Server, and LiveLink are either
registered trademarks or trademarks of COMSOL AB. All other trademarks are the property of their respective
owners, and COMSOL AB and its subsidiaries and products are not affiliated with, endorsed by, sponsored by, or
supported by those trademark owners. For a list of such trademark owners, see www.comsol.com/trademarks.
Version: COMSOL 5.4

Contact Information
Visit the Contact COMSOL page at www.comsol.com/contact to submit general inquiries,
contact Technical Support, or search for an address and phone number. You can also visit the
Worldwide Sales Offices page at www.comsol.com/contact/offices for address and contact
information.

If you need to contact Support, an online request form is located at the COMSOL Access page at
www.comsol.com/support/case. Other useful links include:

• Support Center: www.comsol.com/support


• Product Download: www.comsol.com/product-download
• Product Updates: www.comsol.com/support/updates
• COMSOL Blog: www.comsol.com/blogs
• Discussion Forum: www.comsol.com/community
• Events: www.comsol.com/events
• COMSOL Video Gallery: www.comsol.com/video
• Support Knowledge Base: www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase

Part number: CM010002


Contents

Before you Begin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9


Installation Media Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Previous Installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Software License Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
License Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
License Management Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
COMSOL Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Installing on Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Installation over the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Downloading and Installing the COMSOL Software . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Installation from a USB Flash Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Running the COMSOL Installer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Removing (Uninstalling) the COMSOL Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Installing Software Updates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Automated Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Product Updates and Library Updates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
LiveLink™ fo r E xc e l ® Installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
LiveLink™ fo r S O L I D W O R K S ®: Add-In for SOLIDWORKS . . . 44
LiveLink™ for I n v en t o r ®: Add-in for Autodesk Inventor . . . . . . . 45
LiveLink™ for A u t o C AD ® Installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
LiveLink™ fo r P T C ® P r o / E N G IN E E R ®: Changing the Installation

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Path . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
LiveLink™ fo r P T C ® C r e o ® P a r a m et r i c ™: Add-in for PTC
Creo Parametric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
LiveLink™ fo r R ev i t ®: Add-in for Revit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
LiveLink™ fo r S o l i d E d g e ®: Add-in for Solid Edge . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Cluster Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
License Manager Installation on Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
What is the FlexNet® License Manager? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
System Requirements for the FlexNet® License Manager . . . . . . 52
FlexNet® License Manager Software Components . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
FlexNet® License Manager Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
The License File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Installing the License Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Starting the License Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Verifying that the License Manager is Running . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Starting COMSOL Multiphysics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Changing the License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Troubleshooting License Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Running COMSOL Multiphysics on Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
The COMSOL Multiphysics Folder on The Start Menu . . . . . . . . 63
Starting COMSOL Multiphysics for a Classkit License . . . . . . . . . . 64
Creating Desktop Shortcuts Manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Running COMSOL Multiphysics in Client-Server Mode . . . . . . . . 66
Running COMSOL Multiphysics in Batch Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68

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Multicore Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Running COMSOL Multiphysics on Clusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Running COMSOL Multiphysics on the Cloud . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Running COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Installing on macOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73
Installation Over the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Downloading and Installing the COMSOL Software . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Installation from USB Flash Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Running The COMSOL Installer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Automated Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Removing (Uninstalling) the COMSOL Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Product Updates and Application Library Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Changing the Path to the MATLAB® Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
License Manager Installation on macOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80
FlexNet License Manager Software Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
FlexNet License Manager Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
The License File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Installing the License Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Starting the License Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Verifying that the License Manager is Running . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Starting COMSOL Multiphysics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Changing the License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Troubleshooting License Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Running COMSOL Multiphysics on macOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86

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The COMSOL Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Running COMSOL Multiphysics from a Terminal Window . . . . . 87
Running a Classkit License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Running COMSOL Multiphysics in Client-Server Mode . . . . . . . . 87
Running COMSOL Multiphysics in Batch Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Multicore Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Running COMSOL Multiphysics on Clusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Running COMSOL Multiphysics on the Cloud . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Installing on Linux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Installation Over the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Downloading and Installing the COMSOL Software . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Installing from a DVD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Installation from USB Flash Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Running The COMSOL Installer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Web Browser for Viewing the Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Automated Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Removing (Uninstalling) the COMSOL Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Product Updates and Application Library Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Changing the Path to the MATLAB® Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Cluster Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
License Manager Installation on Linux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
FlexNet License Manager Software Components . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
FlexNet License Manager Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
The License File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102

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Installing the License Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Starting the License Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Verifying that the License Manager is Running . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Starting COMSOL Multiphysics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Changing the License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Troubleshooting License Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Running COMSOL Multiphysics on Linux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Running COMSOL Multiphysics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Multicore Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Running COMSOL Multiphysics in Batch Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Running COMSOL Multiphysics in Client-Server Mode . . . . . . . 111
Running a Classkit License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Running COMSOL on Clusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Running COMSOL Multiphysics on the Cloud . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Running COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Troubleshooting License Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

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Before you Begin

Welcome to the COMSOL Multiphysics Installation Guide, which provides


instructions on how to install COMSOL Multiphysics® and its add-on products.
In addition to this manual, several on-line resources are available which are
relevant for installation:
• System Requirements: www.comsol.com/system-requirements
• Support Knowledge Base: www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase
• Support Center: www.comsol.com/support
• COMSOL Software License Agreement:
www.comsol.com/comsol-license-agreement
• Product Download: www.comsol.com/product-download
• Product Updates: www.comsol.com/support/updates
• COMSOL Video Gallery: www.comsol.com/video

I n s ta l l at i o n M e d i a O p ti o n s

There are four installation media options for COMSOL 5.4:


• Installation over the internet:
- This option requires internet access from the computer where COMSOL is
to be installed.
• Installation from a downloaded DVD image:
- This option requires internet access from any computer for downloading the
DVD image file with an .iso file extension.
• Installation from a DVD given to you by a COMSOL representative:
- This option requires access to a DVD reader on the computer where
COMSOL Multiphysics is to be installed.
• Installation from a USB Flash Drive given to you by a COMSOL
representative:
- This option requires a USB port on the computer where COMSOL is to be
installed.
Installation using any of these four options is explained later in this document.

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System Requirements

COMSOL Multiphysics is a cross-platform software that runs on the Windows®,


macOS, and Linux® operating systems. A variety of hardware platforms are
supported, including graphics cards. Before installing, make sure your computer
meets the current system requirements listed at:
www.comsol.com/system-requirements.
There is also a current list of compatible software versions for:
• External function C compiler
• COMSOL API when used with Java®
• LiveLink™ for MATLAB®
• LiveLink™ for Excel®
• CAD Import Module
• Design Module
• LiveLink™ for SOLIDWORKS®
• LiveLink™ for Inventor®
• LiveLink™ for AutoCAD®
• LiveLink™ for Revit®
• LiveLink™ for PTC® Creo®Parametric™
• LiveLink™ for PTC®Pro/ENGINEER®
• LiveLink™ for Solid Edge®
• File Import for CATIA® V5

Previous Installations

Previous installations of COMSOL on your computer are not affected by your


new COMSOL 5.4 installation except that double-clicking a Model MPH-file
opens in the latest installation (unless otherwise specified during installation). You

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can continue to use other versions or uninstall them independently of the latest
installation.

In this guide, the term COMSOL 5.4 refers not only to


COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4 but also to any of the add-on
products, as well as COMSOL Server 5.4 and its add-ons.

S o f t w a r e L i c e n s e A g r ee m e n t

For the complete software license agreement with details on the license
conditions, please refer to the COMSOL Software License Agreement. The PDF
can be downloaded from this link: www.comsol.com/sla. The license agreement
is also available in your installation folder.
• On Windows, it is located at:
C:\Program Files\COMSOL\COMSOL54\Multiphysics\doc
\pdf\COMSOL_Multiphysics\COMSOL_SoftwareLicenseAgreement.pdf

and can also be accessed from the Windows Start menu, under
COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4>COMSOL Documentation.
• On macOS, it is located at:
/Applications/COMSOL54/Multiphysics/doc/pdf/COMSOL_Multiphysics/
COMSOL_SoftwareLicenseAgreement.pdf

• On Linux, it is located in the installation directory, for example:


/usr/local/comsol54/multiphysics/doc/pdf/COMSOL_Multiphysics/
COMSOL_SoftwareLicenseAgreement.pdf

License Types

There is a variety of license options, and the steps involved when installing can
differ depending on which license type you have acquired. No license type restricts
usage to just one operating system but you are able to choose to install on either
Windows, macOS, or Linux. A COMSOL Multiphysics model file saved on one
platform can be opened on another. Certain license types come with restrictions;

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make sure you know which license type you have before proceeding with the
installation.

All COMSOL licenses allow for multicore/multiprocessor


shared-memory computing. How many cores or processors you
can utilize is only limited by your hardware configuration and
operating system. In the COMSOL Desktop you control the
number of processors from the File menu (Windows) or Options
menu (macOS and Linux), under Preferences>Multicore and
Cluster Computing.

For a full description and definition of the different license types,


see the COMSOL Software License Agreement. All of the license
types may not be available in your region.

COMSOL M ULTIPHYSICS
The following is an overview of the license types for COMSOL Multiphysics:
Named Single User License (NSL)
The COMSOL Multiphysics software may be installed and operated on up to four
(4) individual computers, provided it is only accessible to, and operated by, a
single licensed user designated by us as the Named User for that license and
provided that the Named User may concurrently use the software on only two (2)
of those computers at any given time. For each computer, there is no restriction
on the number of simultaneous sessions that the Named User may run.
-Locked Single User License (CPU)
You can install the COMSOL Multiphysics software on one designated computer
and different users can take turns using the software on that computer, one user
at a time. There is no restriction on the number of simultaneous sessions that the
one user may run. The CPU version of the software may not be accessed or used
over a network or remotely.
Floating Network License (FNL)
Licensed per concurrent user, you can install the software on as many machines on
your network as needed within your country or territory. The COMSOL
Multiphysics software can run on local computers, with the network used only for
license authentication. Alternatively, you can run the software on a remote
computer over your network. Support for remote computing includes using
Windows® Remote Desktop. In addition, this license type allows access to the

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COMSOL computational engine using a client. For example, you can run the
graphical user interface on an inexpensive local machine, while offloading the
heavy computations to a remote high-end machine. Cluster and cloud computing
is supported on Windows® and Linux® platforms. For local use, there is no
restriction on the number of simultaneous sessions that one concurrent user may
run. With respect to cluster computing and cluster sweeps, a single model may be
run on multiple compute nodes with no restriction on the number of compute
nodes.
Class Kit License (CKL)
Up to 30 teachers and students can run the software for classroom purposes over
the school’s network where they access the license on-campus or through a secure
remote connection.

COMSOL C OMPILER
The COMSOL Compiler is available under the following license types: Named
Single User License (NSL), CPU-Locked Single User License (CPU), and
Floating Network License (FNL). All those license types are described in the
section above on COMSOL Multiphysics.

COMSOL S ERVER
The following is an overview of the license types for COMSOL Server:
COMSOL Server License (CSL)
Licensed on a concurrent user basis. Each concurrent user may run up to four
concurrent applications. The CSL version of the software enables you to run
applications built with the Application Builder. The CSL allows you to host and

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run those applications within your organization and also to those outside your
organization who time share your concurrent user slots, worldwide. Applications
can be accessed through a major web browser on a variety of operating systems or
a COMSOL client for the Windows® operating system. See System Requirements
comsol.com/system-requirements for detailed requirements.
Academic Server License (ASL)
Licensed on a 300 concurrent user basis, each concurrent user may run up to four
concurrent applications. The ASL version of the software enables you to run
applications built with the Application Builder. The ASL allows you to host and
run those applications for students, faculty, and staff of your academic institution
or of any other academic institution, worldwide.

License Management Tools

The FlexNet License Manager Software


Depending on your region and operating system, any of the above license types
may require that the FlexNet license manager software is installed and started
before running a COMSOL product. The FlexNet license manager comes
bundled with any COMSOL installation. You can view the contents of the license
file (license.dat) that you received from your COMSOL representative by
opening it with a text editor or word processing software. If the file contains a line
starting with the word SERVER, then the FlexNet license manager is required.
For a Floating Network License, the purpose of the FlexNet license manager
software is to count the number of concurrent users and to give an error message
if the number of users exceeds the licensed number of concurrent users.
Depending on your region and operating system, the FlexNet license manager
software might also be needed for a Single User License. In that case, the purpose
of the license manager software is to lock the COMSOL session to a COMSOL
authorized computer. See License Manager Installation on Windows for more

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information. The COMSOL software products and the license manager can be
installed in any order, except if you are installing based on a port number and
hostname. In that case, the license manager software needs to be installed and
started before installing COMSOL.
Dongle Hardware Lock
Depending on your region and operating system, any of the above license types
might require a dongle (hardware lock). If you have received a dongle to use with
COMSOL, please refer to instructions given to you by your COMSOL
representative.

CO M S O L A c c e s s

COMSOL Access is a service provided by COMSOL that gives you access to


additional content on www.comsol.com and allows you to:
• Download products
• Update products (restricted to customers with an active subscription)
• Edit contact and license information
• Access the Knowledge Base (unabridged access to all parts is restricted to
customers with an active subscription)
• Contact technical support
• Manage event registrations
• Manage abstract submissions to the COMSOL Conference
• Access to the COMSOL Exchange on-line model sharing
• Participate in the Community Discussion Forum
Registering with COMSOL Access is required for product download and
installation.

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Installing on Windows

I n s ta l l a t i o n o ve r t h e I n t e r n e t

I NSTALLATION OF A T RIAL L ICENSE OVER THE I NTERNET


A trial license can be given to you with the intention to test the software without
any payment obligation for noncommercial and nonproduction use. This option
is not available in all regions.
Installation of a Single User Trial License requires a license passcode. A passcode
has a form similar to:
9FFF3FFFF7F5-TYUS-140917-17074436-384661755

This is usually sent to you by a COMSOL representative by email. Once you locate
your passcode, follow these steps to prepare for download and installation:
1 Click the link for downloading the software as given in the software download
email from your COMSOL representative. This link is identical or similar to:
http://www.comsol.com/product-download.
2 If you have not already created a COMSOL Access account, you are prompted
to create it. When you have created the account, you can enter your trial
passcode to associate it with your account information.
If you already created a COMSOL Access account, you can associate the license
file with your account on the COMSOL Access page under Manage Licenses at
www.comsol.com/access/licenses.
3 Follow the web-based instructions to download the software.
4 Continue with the instructions in the section Downloading and Installing the
COMSOL Software.

I NSTALLATION OF A P AID - FOR L ICENSE OVER THE I NTERNET


Installation of any paid-for license on Windows requires a license file that is sent
to you by your COMSOL representative by email. To be able to generate the
license file, information about your hardware is needed in the form of a hostid
(host ID). The hostid is used to lock the license to your hardware and needs to be
sent by you to a COMSOL representative prior to the license file being generated.

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Obtaining the Hostid
Follow these steps to obtain a hostid:
1 First open the command window by pressing the keyboard Window button+R.
If you don’t have a Window button, click the Start button, enter cmd, and press
OK or Return.
2 Enter ipconfig /all at the command prompt and press Return. The displayed
information looks similar to this:

3 The hostid you are looking for is here called Physical Address, also known as
Ethernet address or MAC address.
To place the number on the Windows clipboard, right-click the text in the
command window and select Mark in the menu, mark with the mouse, and press
Return. Alternatively, you can type the command:
getmac /FO LIST /V | clip

which also places the information on the Windows clipboard.


4 Now press Ctrl+V to paste the hostid to the text body of an email to be sent to
a COMSOL representative.
Obtaining the Hostname
If you have been informed by your COMSOL representative that you need to run
the FlexNet license manager for your installation, then you also need the Host
Name (see the screenshot above). If your network administrator prefers to use a
fixed IP address for this particular computer, this IP Address can be optionally
used in place of the Host Name. For more information on license manager
installation see License Manager Installation on Windows.
Hostid for PCs with Wireless Adapters
If you plan to install on a computer with a wireless network adapter, you need the
physical address of both the wireless and the Ethernet adapter. If the COMSOL
representative asks you for the hard disk serial number instead of the hostid, type
vol at the Windows command line prompt. The output looks like
Volume Serial Number is 2C9F-5930

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Obtaining the License File from a COMSOL Representative
Send the hostid information, as well as hostname, if applicable, in an email to your
COMSOL representative, who responds with an email including an attached
license file (license.dat). Save this file to any location on your computer. You
need to refer to it during installation. The license file is a text file and below is an
example of the contents of a license.dat file for a Single User License on
Windows. This example license file shows that the licensed products are
COMSOL Multiphysics, Particle Tracing Module, Subsurface Flow Module, and
LiveLink™ for Excel®.
#------------------------------------------------------------------
# COMSOL 5.4 NSL License No: 1234567 Windows/Mac
# Visit www.comsol.com/install for latest installation instructions
#------------------------------------------------------------------
FEATURE SERIAL LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent uncounted \
VENDOR_STRING=C,18000100200 HOSTID=ANY sort=100 SN=1234567 \
TS_OK SIGN=8045890A6FE4
FEATURE COMSOL LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent uncounted HOSTID="70f2b12f4dfd \
0116b8cc761a" PLATFORMS="i86_n x64_n i86_mac x64_mac" \
SN=2076312 SIGN=E607EB680852
FEATURE PARTICLETRACING LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent uncounted \
HOSTID="70f1a12f4dfc 0026b9cc760a" PLATFORMS="i86_n x64_n \
i86_mac x64_mac" SN=2076312 SIGN=3835733C6290
FEATURE SUBSURFACEFLOW LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent uncounted \
HOSTID="70f1a12f4dfc 0026b9cc760a" PLATFORMS="i86_n x64_n \
i86_mac x64_mac" SN=2076312 SIGN=3A9BA162C9E4
FEATURE LLEXCEL LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent uncounted HOSTID="70f1a12f4dfc \
0026b9cc760a" PLATFORMS="i86_n x64_n i86_mac x64_mac" \
SN=2076312 SIGN=EE9C11E44356
FEATURE COMSOLGUI LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent uncounted \
HOSTID="70f1a12f4dfc 0026b9cc760a" PLATFORMS="i86_n x64_n \
i86_mac x64_mac" SN=2076312 SIGN=0D0A83382550

A Single User License file can normally not be edited or changed in any way by
the user but has to be identical to the one sent to you by a COMSOL
representative. If you were sent a license file that requires a license manager, then
minor edits are required. For information on the type of license file required for
installations using a license manager, see The License File.
Registering with COMSOL Access
Once you have saved your license file, follow these steps to register or login to
COMSOL Access to start the installation:
1 Click the link for downloading the software as given in the software download
email from your COMSOL representative. This link is identical or similar to:
www.comsol.com/product-download.

18 |
2 If you haven’t already created a COMSOL Access account, you are prompted
to create it. When you have created the account, point to your license file
(license.dat) to associate it with your account information.
If you already created a COMSOL Access account, then you can associate the
license file with your account on the COMSOL Access page under Manage
Licenses at www.comsol.com/access/licenses.
3 Continue with the instructions in the next section.

D o w n lo a d i n g a n d I n s t a l l i n g t h e C O M S O L So f t w a r e

1 Go to the web page www.comsol.com/product-download. To download the


COMSOL installer, you must first create a COMSOL Access account as
described in the section Installation over the Internet.
2 You are now given the options of downloading the COMSOL online installer
or the COMSOL offline installer (an ISO image).

If you have problems downloading (such as Error downloading file.


Connection refused: connect), please review this knowledge base
entry: www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1149. If you
still have problems, contact your local COMSOL representative or
technical support from the Support Center page
www.comsol.com/support.

S TARTING THE O NLINE I NSTALLER FOR I NSTALLATION OVER THE I NTERNET


The COMSOL Installer is a user interface tool that guides you through the
installation process. Start the COMSOL Installer by running the downloaded file
COMSOL54_win.exe. The COMSOL 5.4 Installer window should now appear.
Next, continue with the instructions in the section Running the COMSOL
Installer.

I NSTALLATION FROM D OWNLOADED ISO I MAGE


1 Download the offline installer. The file to download is called
COMSOL54_dvd.iso.
2 When you have downloaded the ISO image, burn the ISO image to a disc to be
able to install. In Windows 8 or later you have the option of directly mounting

| 19
the ISO image by right-clicking on the ISO image and selecting Mount and then
continuing directly with the installation. In all supported Windows versions you
can also burn a disc by right-clicking on the ISO image and selecting Open with
and then Windows Disc Image Burner.

INSTALLING FROM A DVD OR MOUNTED DVD IMAGE


This section also applies if you have received a DVD from a COMSOL
representative. The COMSOL Installer is a user interface tool that guides you
through the installation process. Once you have inserted the COMSOL DVD into
the DVD drive (or mounted the image), the COMSOL Installer window should
appear automatically; if not, run the file setup.exe on the installation DVD. The
COMSOL 5.4 Installer window should now appear. Now continue with the
instructions in the section Running the COMSOL Installer.

Installation from a USB Flash Drive

This section applies if you have received a USB Flash Drive from a COMSOL
representative.

STARTING THE INSTALLER FROM A USB FLASH DRIVE


The COMSOL Installer is a user interface tool that guides you through the
installation process. Insert the USB Flash Drive into a USB port on your
computer. The COMSOL Installer window should appear automatically; if not,
run the file setup.exe on the USB Flash Drive. The COMSOL 5.4 Installer
window should now appear. Now continue with the instructions in the section
Running the COMSOL Installer below.

Running the COMSOL Installer

The steps for running the COMSOL Installer are independent of the installation
media option you used. If you have followed the above instructions, the
COMSOL Installer should now appear.

20 |
1 Select your language for the installation and click Next. The language selected
is also your default language in COMSOL. You may also need to install the fonts
for the languages that you want to use when running COMSOL.

| 21
2 In the COMSOL Installer, select one of the following options:
- Click New COMSOL 5.4 Installation and proceed to Step 3 (License Page) to
make a new installation.
- Click Add/Remove Products and Reinstall and proceed to Step 5 (Platform
Page) to change or reinstall an existing installation. For example, use
Add/Remove Products and Reinstall when adding or removing
documentation files for products installed or when adding or removing a
product that your license includes.
- Click Change License and proceed to Step 3 (License Page) to update the
license of an existing installation. Use this option when COMSOL is installed
and you get a new license file. The installer then removes products not
licensed any more and lets you go through the Add/Remove Products
procedure to add or remove products for the new license. If your trial license

22 |
has expired you can use the Change License option to re-enable a paid-for
license.
- Click Uninstall COMSOL 5.4 to remove an existing installation. For instructions
on this option, proceed to Removing (Uninstalling) the COMSOL
Installation.

You can change the path to the existing installation by pressing the
F1 key.

L ICENSE P AGE
3 After selecting one of the four options, the following is displayed:

After reading the license agreement, click the I accept the terms of the license
agreement button and specify the license. Use one of the following license
formats, depending on which license you have:
- Passcode: Use this option for a Single-User Trial License. Enter your
passcode, which is a series of characters and numbers that has a form similar

| 23
to FFFFFFFFFFFF-TYUS-123456-1234567-123456789. Note that the
passcode is case sensitive.
- License file: Use this option for any type of regular paid-for license installation.
Enter the path to an existing license file or click Browse to select the file
license.dat. This license file is sent to you by a COMSOL representative,
typically by email.
- Port number and Hostname: Use this option if your license administrator has
given you a port number and hostname for a license manager for COMSOL
that is running somewhere on your organization’s network. Enter the
Hostname of the computer or server running the license manager and its
license manager port number.
- Three-server redundancy: Use this option if your license administrator has
given you three port numbers and hostnames for the three-server redundancy
license manager option. Enter the hostnames and license server port numbers
of the three-server redundant configuration.
Change License
If Change License was selected in Step 2, a menu in the upper-left area of the
Installer lets you choose to use an existing paid license or a trial license, or you can
choose to specify a new license.

24 |
Click Next and proceed to Step 5 if you want to change to a license with different
products. Otherwise, proceed to Step 10.
4 Click Next.

L ICENSE N UMBER P AGE


This page only appears if you have a license file corresponding to several different
licenses (a so-called merged license file). From the list of license numbers, select
the one you want to install. Both COMSOL Multiphysics licenses and COMSOL
Server licenses can appear here. The license number choice you make here will
affect the available products on the next page.

P RODUCTS P AGE
5 Select the COMSOL products to install, which applications and documentation
to install, and specify the path to the COMSOL installation folder.
In the list of products under Select products to install, all products that your
license includes are selected. In addition, the License Manager check box is
selected. Depending on your region and operating system, the license type may
require that the FlexNet license manager software is installed and started before

| 25
running COMSOL (see License Management Tools). In some cases, however,
the FlexNet license manager software is installed automatically during the
COMSOL installation.
From the options under Application libraries, choose one of the following
installation options for application libraries:
- Install application libraries for selected products (the default) to install the
application libraries for the licensed products that you have selected.
- Install application libraries for all products to install the application libraries for
all COMSOL products. You have then the possibility to browse and open
applications from all products’ application libraries.
- Do not include application libraries to not install any application libraries. You
can choose to download selected applications after the installation using the
Application Library Update.
From the options under Documentation, choose one of the following installation
options for the product documentation:
- Install documentation relevant to selected products (the default) to install the
documentation for the licensed products that you have selected. For some
products, documentation for other relevant products is also installed, so that
you get access to documentation for functionality included in the licensed
products but covered in other products’ documentation.
- Install documentation for all products to install the documentation for all
COMSOL products. You have then the possibility to view and search all

26 |
COMSOL documentation, including documentation for products not
included in your license.
- Online documentation only to not install any documentation. You can still view
documentation and access context help using online documentation provided
by COMSOL, but no documentation files are installed on your computer.
Under Destination folder, a default installation destination is suggested; for
Windows, typically C:\Program Files\COMSOL\COMSOL54\Multiphysics.

| 27
Click Browse or type another destination directory if needed.

If Change License was selected earlier and you are changing the
license of an already existing installation, you need to pay attention
to which check boxes are selected. If you are adding products not
previously part of your installation, but added with the new license
file, then you need to verify the selection of the check boxes for
the corresponding installation components. (If you do not, the
license information is still correct but the software components
needed to run the products will be missing.)

Add/Remove Products and Reinstall


- If Add/Remove Products and Reinstall or Change License was selected in Step 2,
the Products page includes a Reinstall selected and installed products check
box. If you select this check box, the selected set of products determines
which software components, documentation, and models are to be added or
removed. Products that are selected are added if not previously installed, and

28 |
products that are not selected are removed if previously installed. The
selected set only affects those products that you have licensed..

You can also add, remove, and repair COMSOL products from
the installed instance. When adding or repairing products, you can
select to download the files from the internet or to provide the
original DVD.

6 Click Next.

O PTIONS PAGE

7 On this page, you can set the following installation options:


- Create COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4 shortcuts on Windows Desktop.
- Create COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4 folder in the Windows Start Menu.
- Add Windows Firewall rules for COMSOL programs. This check box adds firewall
rules that allows COMSOL server programs to open ports and communicate

| 29
over the computer network. If you clear this check box, you may get a
warning from the Microsoft Firewall when you start a COMSOL server
programs, or a COMSOL server program may not work as expected when
you run it as a Windows service.
- Associate the .mph file type with this COMSOL installation.
If this check box is selected, you can open COMSOL models by
double-clicking them.
- Install Microsoft DirectX® runtime binaries.
Clear the Install Microsoft DirectX® runtime binaries check box if you
previously experienced problems using DirectX on your computer. DirectX
can be used by COMSOL Multiphysics for accelerated graphics rendering. If
you clear this check box, then you still have two graphics options: OpenGL
or software rendering. Once installation is complete, you can change the
graphics rendering method from the Preferences dialog box on the Options
menu in the COMSOL Desktop.

For a Floating Network License, you can access COMSOL with a


Windows Remote Desktop connection. This way of accessing
COMSOL is only supported with the software rendering graphics
option.

- Set permanent security policy for applications. If you select this option, the
next page in the installer provides security options that you can set
permanently; see Security Page. If you set a permanent security policy, the

30 |
security settings in the Preferences dialog box is not available when you run
COMSOL Multiphysics.
- For non-Latin (Asian) installation languages only: Select the font family to
use. Here you can choose a font family that supports Asian characters.

The following two options are available under Update:


- Check for updates after installation. This option is selected by default. The
installer then checks and applies all updates that are available for the version
that you install.
- Enable automatic updates after installation. Select this check box if you want
COMSOL to automatically check for and apply available software updates.
- If you install over the internet using a proxy server, you can specify the
hostname, port number, and, optionally, a username and password if
required. If you do not enter a port number, COMSOL uses port 443, which
is the default port setting for the HTTPS protocol. These settings do not
appear if you do not perform an installation via the internet.
8 Click Next.

| 31
L IVE L INK P AGE

9 The LiveLink page contains installation settings for the LiveLink™ products:
- Install LiveLink™ for Excel® for all users. If you select this check box, the
installation of LiveLink™ for Excel® is global to the machine and is available
no matter which user is logged on. Otherwise, the installation is only available
to the current user.
- For the LiveLink™ products for MATLAB®, PTC® Pro/ENGINEER®, and
PTC® Creo® Parametric™, specify the path to their respective installation or
common file folders.

32 |
L ICENSE M ANAGER P AGE

10 The License Manager page appears if the COMSOL Installer installed the
FlexNet license manager and your computer has been designated to run the
license server. If this page does not appear you can manage the license server
using LMTOOLS; see Starting the License Manager. This page contains the
following options:
- The Install license manager as a Windows service check box is selected by
default; if you clear the check box, the license manager will not be available
as a Windows service.
- The Path to the debug log file field contains a file path to the location of the
license manager debug log file (default:

| 33
C:\ProgramData\COMSOL\comsol54.log). Click Browse to browse to and
choose another file path.
- The Service name field shows the service name, LMCOMSOL, for information
only.
- Under Additional license manager options, you can select any of the following
check boxes:
Select the Allow the lmdown command to be executed only from this computer
check box to restrict the access to the lmdown command, which you can use
to shut down the license manger, to this computer only.
Select the Disable the lmdown command check box to make the lmdown
command unavailable.
Select the Disable the lmremove command check box to make the lmremove
command, which you can use to remove a user’s license, unavailable.

34 |
S ECURITY P AGE
11 The Security page is only available if you have selected the Set permanent security
policy for applications check box.

The COMSOL software includes security settings for controlling access to, for
example, system properties, file systems, and runtime security settings from
methods and external libraries, primarily for use in applications created using

| 35
the Application Builder. The following security settings are available on the
Security page in the installer:
- Select the Allow batch jobs check box to allow batch jobs. This restriction
affects the Batch, Batch Sweep, Cluster Computing, and Cluster Sweep
nodes in the COMSOL Desktop model tree.
- Select the Allow external processes check box to allow applications to start
external processes on the computer. This includes using the built-in
executeOS() method.
- Select the Allow external libraries check box to allow external C libraries to be
called from methods in an application.
- Select the Allow external MATLAB® functions check box to call functions
written in MATLAB (requires LiveLink™ for MATLAB®).
- Select Allow running methods to allow running applications that include
methods. If you clear this check box, it is not possible to run methods in
applications.
- Select Allow running applications to allow running applications in general. If
you clear this check box, it is not possible to run any applications.
By default, all check boxes above except the Allow external processes, Allow
external libraries, and Allow external MATLAB® functions check boxes are selected.
- The Enforce security restrictions check box is selected by default. If selected,
this check box enforces the following restrictions on methods and Java
libraries under Methods and Java libraries:
- Select the Allow access to system properties check box to read and write values
to system properties such as System.getProperty("cs.np") which can be
used to determine the number of cores that COMSOL Multiphysics currently
uses.
- Select the Allow changes to the runtime system check box to allow methods
and Java libraries to change the runtime system — for instance, by modifying
class loaders.
- From the File system access list, select Temporary and application files (the
default) to restrict methods and Java libraries to only have access to such files,

36 |
or select All files to allow methods and Java libraries to access all files that you
have permissions to access on the file system.
- Select the Allow access to network sockets check box to allow methods and
Java libraries to open sockets for network access.
- Select the Allow control of the network authentication method check box to
allow methods and Java libraries to control the network authentication
method used.
- Select the Allow access to classes through reflection check box to allow access
to all members in a class through reflection.
- Select the Allow access to runtime security settings check box to allow methods
and Java libraries to access security settings.
All check boxes above are cleared by default, enforcing those security
restrictions.
12 Click Next.

| 37
I NSTALL PAGE

13 When you click Install the utility now installs or updates COMSOL. The
installation process might take several minutes. A full installation including all
products typically takes more than 15 minutes to complete. If you are installing
over the internet, the installation time depends on your internet connection
speed. The Finish page in Step 13 appears automatically when the installation
process is finished.

38 |
F INISH PAGE
14 This window appears when the installation is finished.

If warning or errors were detected, click View Log to open a window that shows
the installation log. Do not hesitate to contact technical support if you
encountered any errors and remember to send the installation log file along
with your technical support inquiry.
15 Click Close to quit the installer.

For information on how to run COMSOL Multiphysics after installation, see


Running COMSOL Multiphysics on Windows. If you are installing on macOS,
see Running COMSOL Multiphysics on macOS. If you are installing on Linux,
see Running COMSOL Multiphysics on Linux.

| 39
Removing (Uninstalling) the COMSOL Installation

To remove a COMSOL installation from your system, you can uninstall using the
COMSOL Installer’s uninstallation option. The uninstaller deletes all COMSOL
files and directories on the system that were installed by the COMSOL installer.
Additional files and folders created after installation are not removed.
If COMSOL Multiphysics is run with MATLAB, close MATLAB before starting
the uninstaller. If MATLAB is active, the utility cannot remove certain files.
You can start the COMSOL Uninstaller in a few different ways:
• From the Windows Start Menu, open the Control Panel and select Uninstall a
program. Find COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4 in the list and select Uninstall.
• From the Windows Start Menu under COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4, select
COMSOL Launchers>Uninstall.
• Insert the COMSOL DVD and start the COMSOL Uninstaller. Click
Uninstall COMSOL 5.4 to start removing the installation. Click Close to quit
the installer when the uninstallation is complete.

40 |
Installing Software Updates

COMSOL provides software updates that improve the software and correct issues.
To check if an update is available, choose Check For Product Updates from the Help
menu. If an update is available, an Update dialog box appears. Click Direct
Download to download the update directly, or click Product Information to open
the COMSOL website where you can read about and download the update. To
check for updates automatically each time you start COMSOL Multiphysics, select
the Check for updates at launch check box under Product updates on the Updates
page in the Preferences dialog box. When the update installation starts (close any
running instance of COMSOL first) you see the following installation window:

If a COMSOL process is running when you start an update installation, you must
instead first choose one of the following options:
• Cancel: Stop the update so that you can close any running instances of
COMSOL and then perform the update again.
• Try Again: Restart the update process, if you have closed any running
instances of COMSOL.
• Continue Anyway: Proceed with the upgrade, ignoring any running instances
of COMSOL.

| 41
You can use Direct download (the default) or Download via a proxy server. If you
download via a proxy server, specify the hostname and port number for the proxy
and, if required, a username and password.
When selecting Manual download, you point to a dat-file that you download from
https://www.comsol.com/product-update. This page contains details and
options for manual download of the update.
As an alternative, you can update COMSOL without starting the update from
inside COMSOL Multiphysics. To do this, from the Windows Start Menu under
COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4, select COMSOL Launchers>Update. This launches the
update program.

A UTOMATED U PDATES
You can update the COMSOL software using an automated update process with
minimal user interaction using the abovementioned dat-file. Consult
https://www.comsol.com/product-update for detailed instructions.

A u t o m a t e d I n s ta l l a t i o n

You can install the COMSOL software using an automated installation process
with minimal user interaction. This method requires installation from a DVD or
DVD image. An answer file then responds to questions while the installer is
running. The answer file is a text file with a specific format that contains
predefined settings that the COMSOL installer uses. Start the installation by
running
<path to DVD>\setup.exe -s <answer file path>
where <answer file path> is the path to your answer file. A template answer
file, setupconfig.ini, with detailed usage information is available on the DVD.

A UTOMATED R EMOVAL (U NINSTALLATION ) OF COMSOL


You can uninstall COMSOL using an answer file:
1 Edit the answer file and set uninstall to 1.
2 Run <path to COMSOL>\bin\win64\setup.exe -s <answer file path>

where <answer file path> is the path to your answer file. If you attempt to
enter the command using Windows Command Prompt (cmd), make sure you
execute the command outside the <path to COMSOL> directory or any
subdirectory.

42 |
Product Updates a nd Library Updates

COMSOL periodically releases product updates with improvements and


corrections to reported problems. By default, COMSOL checks for updates at
startup. You can turn this feature on and off from the COMSOL Desktop
Preferences window. Here you can also configure settings for the Application
Library Update.
The Application Libraries for the COMSOL products are updated on a regular
basis by COMSOL. To open the Application Library Update window from the
File>Help menu (Windows users) or from the Help menu (macOS and Linux
users), select Update COMSOL Application Library.
This connects you to the COMSOL Application Library Update website where
you can access the latest updates. This includes files that have been added or
improved since the latest product release.

Using the Updates section in the Preferences dialog box you can configure proxy
server settings as well as application and documentation directories for the
Application Library Update. See the COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual

| 43
for more information, including command-line options for the Application
Libraries.
In a similar way, you can also update the COMSOL Part Libraries. To open the
Part Library Update window from the File>Help menu (Windows users) or from
the Help menu (macOS and Linux users), select Update COMSOL Part Library.

L i v e L i n k ™ f o r E xc e l ® I n s t a l l a t i o n s

If you have licensed LiveLink™ for Excel®, several tools are accessible from a
COMSOL tab in the Excel ribbon for working with a COMSOL Multiphysics
model from an Excel worksheet. You can, for example, extract model definitions
and results. You can also change model definitions in the worksheet, then update
and recompute the model.
Whenever you open a COMSOL Multiphysics model from Excel, a COMSOL
Multiphysics Server is started where the model is loaded. The data transfer
between Excel and the COMSOL Multiphysics Server application is performed
using a TCP/IP communication protocol, which accepts only local connections.

L i v e L i n k ™ f o r S O L I D W O R K S ®: Add-In for SOLIDWORKS

If you have licensed LiveLink™ for SOLIDWORKS®, the COMSOL Installer


registers an add-in called the LiveLink for COMSOL (5.4). This add-in should
appear in the SOLIDWORKS user interface, listed in the Add-Ins dialog box,
accessible from the Tools menu.
The add-in provides tools for preparing your SOLIDWORKS design for
simulation with COMSOL Multiphysics. For example, you can create selections
on the geometry and set up dimensional parameters. Those selections and
parameters, together with the geometry, are synchronized with the COMSOL
Multiphysics model.

44 |
The add-in enables two modes of setting up simulations based on the
SOLIDWORKS design:
• In one mode you can run SOLIDWORKS and the COMSOL Desktop
side-by-side and synchronize the geometry between the two.
• In another mode you can work with COMSOL Multiphysics simulations
inside SOLIDWORKS. This latter mode is called the One-Window
interface. Only one version of the One-Window interface can be active at a
time. If you have several COMSOL versions installed, make sure that the
latest version of LiveLink for COMSOL is selected from the
COMSOL>One-Window Version menu inside SOLIDWORKS. If required,
restart SOLIDWORKS after changing the One-Window interface version.
If COMSOL Multiphysics cannot connect to SOLIDWORKS, reinstall
COMSOL Multiphysics, or follow the instructions from the following link:
http://www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1122.

L i v e L i n k ™ f or I n v e n t o r ®: A d d - i n f o r A u t o d e s k I n v e n t o r

If you have licensed LiveLink™ for Inventor®, the installer registers an add-in for
Autodesk Inventor called the LiveLink for COMSOL (5.4). This add-in should
appear in the Add-In Manager dialog box that is accessible from the Options tab
of the Tools panel in the Autodesk Inventor user interface.
The add-in provides tools for preparing your Inventor design for simulation with
COMSOL Multiphysics. For example, you can set up dimensional parameters
that, together with the geometry, are synchronized with the COMSOL
Multiphysics model.
The add-in enables two modes of setting up simulations based on the Inventor
design:
• In one mode you can run Inventor and the COMSOL Desktop side-by-side
and synchronize the geometry between the two.
• In another mode you can work with COMSOL Multiphysics simulations
inside Inventor. This latter mode is called the One-Window interface.
If COMSOL Multiphysics cannot connect to Inventor, reinstall COMSOL
Multiphysics , or follow the instructions from the following link:
http://www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1163.

| 45
L i v e L i n k ™ f or A u t oC A D ® I n s t a l l a t i o n s

If you have licensed LiveLink™ for AutoCAD®, the installer registers an add-in
with AutoCAD. This add-in is loaded on start-up of AutoCAD and provides
functionality for synchronizing the geometry between AutoCAD and COMSOL
Multiphysics. When the add-in is loaded a COMSOL Multiphysics tab appears in
AutoCAD.
If for some reason the COMSOL Multiphysics tab does not appear try to reinstall
LiveLink for AutoCAD.

L i v e L i n k ™ f o r P T C ® P r o / E N G I N E E R ®: C h a n g i n g t h e
I n s ta l l a t i o n P a t h

If you have licensed LiveLink™ for PTC® Pro/ENGINEER®, you need to provide
the installation path for PTC Pro/ENGINEER or PTC Creo Elements/Pro
during the install process. The installer registers an add-in with PTC
Pro/ENGINEER called LiveLink for COMSOL (5.4). The add-in should be
listed in the Auxiliary Applications dialog box that is accessible from the Tools
menu in the PTC Pro/ENGINEER user interface. The add-in provides
functionality for selecting dimensional parameters that can be synchronized with
COMSOL Multiphysics.
After the installation you can configure the interface to work with a different PTC
Pro/ENGINEER installation. Go to the Preferences window, which you can
access from the Options menu inside the COMSOL Desktop. There find the
LiveLink products section and edit the PTC Pro/ENGINEER installation folder.
It should point to the root directory of the PTC Pro/ENGINEER installation,
typically
C:\Program Files\proeWildfire 5.0

or, for an installation of PTC Creo Elements/Pro,


C:\Program Files\PTC\Creo Elements\Pro5.0

If you have installed both LiveLink for PTC Pro/ENGINEER and LiveLink for
PTC Creo Parametric, you can use only one of those during a COMSOL
Multiphysics modeling session. The default is to connect to PTC Creo Parametric.
To connect to PTC Pro/ENGINEER select LiveLink for PTC Pro/ENGINEER
from the Use list.
Restart COMSOL Multiphysics for the changes to take effect.

46 |
Note that changing the PTC Pro/ENGINEER installation folder in the
Preferences window does not re-register the add-in with that PTC
Pro/ENGINEER installation. To do this, reinstall COMSOL Multiphysics, or
follow the instructions from the following links “Parameter Selection is not
available in the PTC Pro/ENGINEER user interface”:
http://www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1159
If COMSOL cannot connect to PTC Pro/ENGINEER Wildfire 4.0, follow the
instructions from the following link:
http://www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1162

L i v e L i n k ™ f o r P T C ® C r e o ® P a r a m e t r i c ™: A d d - i n f o r P T C
Cr eo P ar ame tr ic

If you have licensed LiveLink™ for PTC® Creo® Parametric™, you need to provide
the path to the common files folder in the PTC Creo Parametric installation
during the installation process.
It should point to the common files directory of the PTC Creo Parametric
installation, which is typically for PTC Creo Parametric 2.0
C:\Program Files\PTC\Creo 2.0\Common Files\M040

and for PTC Creo Parametric 3.0


C:\Program Files\PTC\Creo 3.0\M190\Common Files

Based on this path the COMSOL Installer registers an add-in that is loaded by
PTC Creo Parametric. Subsequent changes to the location of the COMSOL or
PTC Creo Parametric installations will cause the loading of the add-in, and the
connection between COMSOL and PTC Creo Parametric to fail. Updating PTC
Creo Parametric will have the same result.
To re-register the add-in with the PTC Creo Parametric installation you can
reinstall LiveLink for PTC Creo Parametric, or follow the instructions from the
following link:
http://www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1158.

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L i v e L i n k ™ f o r R ev i t ®: A d d - i n f o r R e v it

If you have licensed LiveLink™ for Revit®, the installer registers an add-in for Revit
Architecture. When the add-in is loaded a tab called COMSOL Multiphysics
appears in Revit Architecture. The COMSOL Multiphysics tab will not appear if
the add-in cannot be loaded by Revit Architecture. This can happen if, for
example, the COMSOL installation is moved to a different location. To restore
the add-in you can reinstall LiveLink for Revit.

L i v e L i n k ™ f o r S o l i d E d g e ®: A d d - i n f o r S o l i d E d g e

If you have licensed LiveLink™ for Solid Edge®, the installer creates an add-in to
Solid Edge called LiveLink for COMSOL (5.4). This add-in should appear in the
Add-In Manager dialog box that is accessible in the Solid Edge user interface if
you click the Applications button, then select Add-Ins from the menu.
When the add-in is active a COMSOL Multiphysics tab appears in Solid Edge. Use
the Parameter Selection tool from the tab to select dimensional parameters that,
together with the geometry, are synchronized between Solid Edge and COMSOL
Multiphysics.
If COMSOL Multiphysics cannot connect to Solid Edge, reinstall COMSOL
Multiphysics, or follow the instructions from the following link “Error: Failed to
connect to Solid Edge”:
http://www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1160

Cluster Installation

COMSOL Multiphysics supports two mutual modes of parallel operation:


shared-memory parallel operations and distributed-memory parallel operations,
including cluster support. This section is dedicated to distributed-memory parallel
installation.
COMSOL Multiphysics can distribute computations on compute clusters using
the MPI model. One large problem can be distributed across many compute
nodes. Also, parametric sweeps can be distributed with individual parameter cases
distributed to each cluster node.

48 |
P REREQUISITES
The cluster installation instruction assume that you have a fully operational and
tested Windows cluster with the Windows HPC Server 2008 R2, Windows Server
2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, or Windows Server 2016 operating system, and
that you area a fully qualified system administrator, with administration access
rights to the cluster head node and compute nodes.

LICENSE MANAGER
COMSOL Multiphysics requires a Floating Network License for running on
clusters. Please check the license file for the CLUSTERNODE feature, which
needs to be present to enable the cluster computing functionality. The license
manager needs to be accessible from all nodes in the cluster. Therefore it is often
a good idea to have it run on the head node.

INSTALLATION FOLDER
The COMSOL Multiphysics installation folder should be shared between all
compute nodes and the head node. The installation of the COMSOL software is
only needed on the head node. Alternatively, the software can be installed on C:\
on each compute node. Typically, the installation directory is accessed through a
UNC (uniform naming convention) path on the Windows private network that is
only seen by the compute nodes that belong to the cluster.

I NSTALLATION P ROCEDURE
In addition to the normal installation steps as outlined under Installing on
Windows, this section includes specific information for cluster installations.
During installation, on the Products page (see Products Page) make sure that you
select the COMSOL Cluster Components check box in the list under Select products
to install.
For the installation directory that you specify in the Destination folder text field,
remember to share the installation directory with the compute nodes after
installation.
If you installed COMSOL Multiphysics on a shared directory, you need to install
Microsoft Visual Studio® runtime libraries on each compute node. (See
www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1083/ for instructions.)

ACCESS TO CLUSTER ( WINDOWS SERVER ONLY )


If you work on a desktop PC, install COMSOL on that PC. Before you start, you
need to install Windows HPC Pack on the PC. This software is free and enables
you to access the cluster from your PC.

| 49
C HECKING THE I NSTALLATION
After the cluster installation has finished, make the following checks to make sure
that the installation is working:
• Make sure that the COMSOL installation directory is shared between all the
compute nodes and the head node on a shared network disk.
• Make sure that the license manager is reachable from all compute nodes.
- If you have firewalls activated, open any relevant TCP ports for the license
check from the nodes.
- For more information, see
www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/903/
• To check that a node is OK, open a remote desktop session to the compute
node, then start \\headnode\COMSOL\bin\win64\comsol.exe (assuming
\\headnode\COMSOL is the shared installation directory). If the COMSOL
Desktop starts without license errors, the license management works fine. If
not, check the firewall (see above). If you get other errors, you may need to
install runtime libraries on the compute nodes.
For more information on installing and running COMSOL Multiphysics on
clusters, see Running COMSOL Multiphysics on Clusters and the COMSOL
Multiphysics Reference Manual.

50 |
License Manager Installation on Windows

Depending on your region and operating system, you might be required to install
and run the FlexNet license manager software in order to run COMSOL
Multiphysics.

W h a t i s t h e Fl e x N e t ® L i c e n s e M a n a g e r ?

COMSOL uses the FlexNet license manager version 11 from Flexera Software,
Inc. for license management. (FlexNet was formerly called FLEXlm™.)
The license manager comes bundled with any COMSOL installation. The
COMSOL software products and the license manager can be installed in any
order, unless you are installing based on a port number and hostname. In that
case, the license manager software needs to be installed and started before
installing COMSOL.
Installation of any paid-for license on Windows requires a license file
(license.dat), which is sent to you by a COMSOL representative by email. You
can view the contents of the license file by opening it with a text editor or word
processing software. If the file contains a line starting with the word SERVER,
then the FlexNet license manager is required. For a Floating Network License, the
purpose of the license manager software is to count the number of concurrent
users and to give an error message if the number exceeds the licensed number of
concurrent users. Depending on your region and operating system, the license
manager software might also be needed for Single User Licenses. In that case, the
purpose of the license manager software is to lock a COMSOL session to a
computer that is authorized by COMSOL.
The FlexNet license manager supports a heterogeneous network of Windows,
Linux, and macOS computers. Both the license manager and the COMSOL
software can run on either Windows, Linux, or macOS platforms. In this context,
the computer where the license manager is installed is called the license server and
any computer that has the COMSOL products installed is called a client. Any type
of computer can function as a license server, such as a laptop, desktop, workstation
or a centrally located server. COMSOL can be installed anywhere, typically on a
local PC or on a file server where users access the program over a network. A single
computer can function as both license server and client, holding both the license
manager and COMSOL.

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Even though the license manager and COMSOL can be installed in any order, a
full test of the installation cannot be done until both are installed.

System Requirements for the FlexNet® License Manager

Before starting the installation process, check that your system meets all necessary
requirements as listed at: www.comsol.com/system-requirements. For
COMSOL, all requirements need to be met. If you are running the license
manager on a license server where you did not intend to run COMSOL, the
system requirements are less stringent. The license server only needs to meet the
listed hardware and operating system requirements. For the license manager,
memory and graphics requirements do not need to be met. The license manager
is a much less CPU- and memory-demanding application than COMSOL.

A BOUT MAC A DDRESSES


As licenses are based on MAC addresses, MAC Address randomization is not
supported.

FlexNe t ® L i c e n s e M a n a g e r S o f t w a r e C o m p o n e n t s

The license manager consists of four software components:


• License manager daemon (lmgrd.exe)
• Vendor daemon (LMCOMSOL.exe)
• FlexNet utility program (lmutil.exe)
• FlexNet Control Panel (lmtools.exe)
The two daemons (lmgrd.exe and LMCOMSOL.exe) run on the license server. When
a user starts COMSOL on a client computer, communication is established
through the network from the client to the license server and the license manager
daemon (lmgrd.exe). That daemon in turn makes a request to the vendor daemon
(LMCOMSOL.exe), which releases licenses according to information in the
license.dat file. The FlexNet utility program and FlexNet Control Panel are used
for handling license server management tasks.

52 |
FlexNet® License Manager Documentation

For detailed information on the FlexNet license manager software, choose


File>Help>Documentation (Windows) or select Help>Documentation (macOS
and Linux). Then scroll to the bottom of the page to locate a PDF copy of the
FlexNet License Administration Guide for FlexNet Publisher. You can also find
the FlexNet documentation on your hard drive. The default folder location is
C:\Program Files\COMSOL\COMSOL54\Multiphysics\doc\pdf\COMSOL_Mu
ltiphysics\FlexNet

T h e Li c e n s e F i l e

The license file has the same structure on all platforms: Windows, macOS, and
Linux. In this section, the most important parts of the license file are explained.
Below is an example of the contents of a license.dat file:
#------------------------------------------------------------------
# COMSOL 5.4 FNL License No: 1234567
# Visit www.comsol.com/install for latest installation instructions
#------------------------------------------------------------------
SERVER apollo.thecompany.com 0050569e1b87 1718
USE_SERVER
VENDOR LMCOMSOL port=1719
FEATURE SERIAL LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent uncounted \
VENDOR_STRING=C,5701108 HOSTID=ANY BORROW=720 SN=1234567 TS_OK \
SIGN=0C3A8BF6722E
INCREMENT COMSOL LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent 4 SUPERSEDE DUP_GROUP=UHD \
ISSUED=6-JUN-2012 BORROW=720 SN=1234567 SIGN=123456789ABC
INCREMENT COMSOLGUI LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent 4 SUPERSEDE DUP_GROUP=UHD \
ISSUED=6-JUN-2012 BORROW=720 SN=1234567 SIGN=123456789ABC
INCREMENT HEATTRANSFER LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent 2 SUPERSEDE \
DUP_GROUP=UHD ISSUED=6-JUN-2012 BORROW=720 SN=1234567 \
SIGN=123456789ABC
INCREMENT CLIENTSERVER LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent 4 SUPERSEDE \
DUP_GROUP=UHD ISSUED=6-JUN-2012 BORROW=720 SN=1234567 \
SIGN=123456789ABC
INCREMENT CLUSTERNODE LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent 4 SUPERSEDE DUP_GROUP=U \
ISSUED=6-JUN-2012 BORROW=720 SN=1234567 SIGN=123456789ABC
INCREMENT COMSOLBATCH LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent 2 SUPERSEDE \
DUP_GROUP=UHD ISSUED=6-JUN-2012 BORROW=720 SN=1234567 \
SIGN=123456789ABC
INCREMENT HEATTRANSFERBATCH LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent 2 SUPERSEDE \
DUP_GROUP=UHD ISSUED=6-JUN-2012 BORROW=720 SN=1234567 \
SIGN=123456789ABC

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THE COMMENT LINES
Comment lines can be included in the license file by starting them with the hash
symbol #. These lines have no effect on the license server or client.

THE SERVER LINE


In the license.dat file, the contents of the line starting with SERVER should
contain:
• The hostname of the license server. In the example above, the hostname is
apollo.thecompany.com. This name can be edited by the user.
• The hostid of the license server. In the example above, the hostid is
0050569e1b87. This number cannot be edited by the user.
• A port number. In the example above, the port number is 1718.This
number can be edited by the user.
Confirm that the license server hostname is the actual name of your license server
(the computer that you intend to run the FlexNet license manager software on);
otherwise, change it by editing the file. The default port number (1718) can be
changed in the unlikely event that another program is already using that port
number (you then get an error message indicating this when starting the license
manager). If the default port number 1718 is being used, change it to any other
number between 1025 and 64,000.

THE USE _ SERVER LINE


The USE_SERVER line, with no arguments, does not impact the license manager
but has implications for the client. When a COMSOL client sees the
USE_SERVER line, it ignores everything in the license file except the preceding
SERVER lines and transfers checkout validation to the vendor daemon. This
means that if you are running COMSOL on one computer, and the license
manager on a different computer, then your license file can only contain two lines:
the SERVER line and the USE_SERVER line.

THE VENDOR LINE


The VENDOR line defines the name of the LMCOMSOL vendor daemon. This
name cannot be changed. The vendor daemon is a process that has to be running
together with the license manager and is automatically started when the license
manager is started. The LMCOMSOL vendor daemon requires its own port
number. In the example above, the default port number 1719 is shown.
If the license manager is running on a computer with an active firewall and the
COMSOL client is outside of that firewall, at least two port numbers must be

54 |
opened up in the license server’s firewall to allow client computers to connect to
the license manager and the vendor daemon.
Using the example license file above, configure the firewall to allow access to the
port numbers 1718 and 1719. If you have chosen other port numbers and
modified the license.dat file accordingly, configure the firewall to allow access
to your chosen port numbers. If you are unsure about which port numbers are free
or how to enable firewall port access, contact your system administrator.
You cannot modify anything in the license.dat file except the license server name
and (if necessary) port numbers, or the license might not work.

THE SERIAL LINE


The SERIAL line contains information on the license type, license number, and
the products included in the license.

THE INCREMENT AND FEATURE LINES


The INCREMENT or FEATURE lines contain a product name, version,
expiration date, and the number of available licenses. The example file above
shows that the user has a perpetual (permanent) COMSOL 5.4 Floating Network
License allowing four concurrent users of COMSOL Multiphysics and two
concurrent users of the Heat Transfer Module. The number after “SIGN=” at the
end of each INCREMENT line contains a license key. Long lines can be broken
by a continuation character (\).
The Feature Names
The following table contains the FEATURE names for all products and other
components in the COMSOL 5.4 product suite:

PRODUCT/FEATURE FEATURE NAME

COMSOL Multiphysics COMSOL


COMSOL Server COMSOLSERVER, COMSOLUSER
COMSOL Multiphysics GUI COMSOLGUI
COMSOL Multiphysics Floating Network License CLIENTSERVER, CLUSTERNODE
COMSOL Compiler COMSOLCOMPILER
AC/DC Module ACDC
Acoustics Module ACOUSTICS
Batteries & Fuel Cells Module BATTERIESANDFUELCELLS
CAD Import Module CADIMPORT, CADREADER
CFD Module CFD

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PRODUCT/FEATURE FEATURE NAME

Chemical Reaction Engineering Module CHEM


Composite Materials Module COMPOSITEMATERIALS
Corrosion Module CORROSION
Design Module DESIGN, CADIMPORT, CADREADER
ECAD Import Module ECADIMPORT
Electrochemistry Module ELECTROCHEMISTRY
Electrodeposition Module ELECTRODEPOSITION
Fatigue Module FATIGUE
File Import for CATIA V5 CATIA5
Geomechanics Module GEOMECHANICS
Heat Transfer Module HEATTRANSFER
LiveLink™ for AutoCAD® LLAUTOCAD, CADIMPORT,
CADREADER
LiveLink™ for PTC® Creo® Parametric™ LLCREOPARAMETRIC,
CADIMPORT, CADREADER
LiveLink™ for Excel® LLEXCEL
LiveLink™ for Inventor® LLINVENTOR, CADIMPORT,
CADREADER
LiveLink™ for MATLAB® LLMATLAB
LiveLink™ for Revit® LLREVIT, CADIMPORT,
CADREADER
LiveLink™ for PTC® Pro/ENGINEER® LLPROENGINEER, CADIMPORT,
CADREADER
LiveLink™ for Solid Edge® LLSOLIDEDGE, CADIMPORT,
CADREADER
LiveLink™ for SOLIDWORKS® LLSOLIDWORKS, CADIMPORT,
CADREADER
Material Library MATLIB
MEMS Module MEMS
Microfluidics Module MICROFLUIDICS
Mixer Module MIXER
Molecular Flow Module MOLECULARFLOW
Multibody Dynamics Module MULTIBODYDYNAMICS
Nonlinear Structural Materials Module NONLINEARSTRUCTMATERIALS

56 |
PRODUCT/FEATURE FEATURE NAME

Optimization Module OPTIMIZATION


Particle Tracing Module PARTICLETRACING
Pipe Flow Module PIPEFLOW
Plasma Module PLASMA
Ray Optics Module RAYOPTICS
RF Module RF
Rotordynamics Module ROTORDYNAMICS
Semiconductor Module SEMICONDUCTOR
Structural Mechanics Module STRUCTURALMECHANICS
Subsurface Flow Module SUBSURFACEFLOW
Wave Optics Module WAVEOPTICS
The following features are used in combination with features that directly
correspond to COMSOL products:
• The CADIMPORT feature, which enables use of the CAD kernel (Parasolid
kernel) in the CAD interfacing products.
• The CADREADER feature enables the ability to import geometries using
CAD data files in the CAD interfacing products.
• The CLIENTSERVER feature, which is used for the COMSOL
Multiphysics Server and is part of floating network licenses.
• The CLUSTERNODE feature, which needs to be present to enable the
cluster computing functionality.
In addition, the following suffix additions are available:
• BATCH is a suffix for all COMSOL Multiphysics features to support batch
processes running on separate computers, normally used only for floating
network licenses.
• COMPL is a suffix corresponding to a COMSOL Compiler license for a
product.
• CSL and CSLU are suffixes corresponding to COMSOL Server license for a
product.
• CKL is a suffix corresponding to class kit licenses.
• BACSL is a suffix corresponding to BATCH for COMSOL Multiphysics but
issued for COMSOL Server licenses.
The suffixes BATCH and BACSL do not apply to the features CLUSTERNODE,
COMSOLGUI, CLIENTSERVER, COMSOLSERVER, COMSOLUSER,

| 57
LLAUTOCAD, LLCREOPARAMETRIC, LLINVENTOR,
LLPROENGINEER, LLREVIT, LLSOLIDWORKS, and LLSOLIDEDGE.
The suffix CSLU does not apply to the features CLUSTERNODE,
COMSOLGUI, CLIENTSERVER, COMSOLSERVER, and COMSOLUSER.

Installing the License Manager

The FlexNet license manager is automatically installed when installing COMSOL


Multiphysics unless otherwise specified on the Products page of the COMSOL
Installer; see Products Page. In some cases, it is also automatically configured to
run as a service. The check box for the license manager components can be found
last in the list of software components, as seen in the picture below:

If you do not intend to run the license manager software on the computer for
which you are installing COMSOL software products, you can clear this check box
during installation. The license manager components require about 8 MB amount
of hard disk space.

58 |
If you want to install COMSOL on the same computer as the license manager, first
perform a complete COMSOL installation including the license manager software
components. When finished, skip the remainder of this section and continue with
Starting the License Manager.
To install only the license manager, follow the installation instructions for
COMSOL earlier in this document and on the Products page and clear all check
boxes except the one for the license manager

AUTOMATED LICENSE MANAGER INSTALLATION


Alternatively, the license manager can be installed using an automated installation
process with minimal user interaction; see Automated Installation. Set
licmanager = 1 in the answer file to install the license manager. It is also possible
to automatically configure the license manager to run as a service on Windows.
Use licmanager.service = 1 in the setupconfig.ini file and provide values for
the other licmanager.service.* lines.

S ta r t i n g t h e L i c e n s e M a n a g e r

The license manager can be started manually, or it can be configured to start


automatically as a service each time the computer is rebooted.

The installer can set up the license manager to start automatically;


in case it did, you can skip the following section.

STARTING THE MANAGER AUTOMATICALLY AS A SERVICE


To set up the license manager as a service from the FlexNet Control Panel
(LMTOOLS):
1 Locate the COMSOL54\license\win64 folder and run lmtools.exe. Alternatively,
run LMTOOLS from the Windows Start menu, available under
COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4>COMSOL Launchers>LMTOOLS.
2 On the Service/License File page choose Configuration using Services.

| 59
3 Click the Configure Services tab.

4 Make an entry in the Service Name field, for example, COMSOL License
Manager.
5 Specify the full paths to lmgrd.exe and license.dat by browsing to their
locations on your hard drive. The default location for lmgrd.exe is C:\Program
Files\COMSOL\COMSOL54\Multiphysics\license\win64\lmgrd.exe, and for the
license file, it is
C:\Program Files\COMSOL\COMSOL54\Multiphysics\license\license.dat. For
the debug log file, you can use any name of your choice, for example,
comsol54.log. For convenience you can place this next to your license file at:
C:\Program Files\COMSOL\COMSOL54\Multiphysics\license\comsol54.log.

Make sure your Windows user account has read/write permission


for the folder of the debug log file, otherwise the debug log file is
not created.

6 Select the Use Services check box (this might not be possible on all platforms,
but it is recommended when available) and then the Start Server at Power Up
check box.
7 Click Save Service. The license manager now starts at automatically when you
reboot the license server computer. If you want to start the license manager
right away without restarting the license server computer, click Start Server on
the Start/Stop/Reread page of the FlexNet Control Panel.

60 |
S TARTING THE LICENSE MANAGER MANUALLY
To start the license manager manually, browse to the license\win64 folder. Now,
in a Windows command window enter
lmgrd -c ..\license.dat -l ..\comsol54.log

The license manager is now ready to distribute licenses over the network. It writes
debug information to the log file
COMSOL54\Multiphysics\license\comsol54.log.

Verifying that the License Manager is Running

Once you start the license manager, it is good practice to verify that the license
manager service is running. Start the Windows Task Manager and go to the
Services page. Check that the LMCOMSOL service is running.

Starting COMSOL Multiphysics

After the installation is complete and the license manager daemons are running on
the license server, you can start using the COMSOL products. For more
information on how to run COMSOL Multiphysics, see Running COMSOL
Multiphysics on Windows.

Changing the License

If you have received a new license file — for example, when adding COMSOL
products to an existing license — replace the current license file with the new one.

| 61
Double-check the contents of this file to make sure it lists the products that the
license includes. See also The Feature Names.

When the license file has changed, you must restart the license
manager; otherwise, it continues to use the old license file still in
memory.

RESTARTING THE LICENSE MANAGER


To restart the license manager, follow these steps:
1 In the Windows Start menu, choose
COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4>COMSOL Launchers>LMTOOLS.
2 In the FlexNet Control Panel, click, in this order, Stop Server and Start Server.

OBTAINING A HOSTID
If you need to verify the hostid of the license server, you can follow the steps for
Obtaining the Hostid. Alternatively, if COMSOL is already installed on the license
server, you can determine the hostid by running the lmhostid command
COMSOL54/Multiphysics/license/win64/lmutil lmhostid

The hostid is typically the Ethernet address (also called a MAC address) of the
network card of your computer. An Ethernet address has six bytes, each with two
hexadecimal digits. Thus, the full hostid has twelve hexadecimal digits.
Alternatively, the hostid can be the volume serial number of your C hard drive.
The volume serial number has 4 bytes, each with two hexadecimal digits. In this
case, the full hostid has eight hexadecimal digits.

T r o u b l e s h o o ti n g L i c e n s e E r r o r s

If you have questions or problems with your installation, see Troubleshooting


License Errors.

62 |
Running COMSOL Multiphysics on Windows

After the installation is finished there is a COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4 shortcut


icon on the Windows desktop:

as well as a COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4 folder on the Windows Start menu. To


start COMSOL Multiphysics, double-click the desktop icon or select COMSOL
Multiphysics 5.4 from the Windows Start menu.

C ROSS -P LATFORM U SER I NTERFACE


The default user interface for COMSOL is a Windows application. There is also a
cross-platform user interface that you can start by going to the bin\win64 folder
in the COMSOL installation directory and double-clicking comsolxpl.exe. The
cross-platform user interface is identical to the interface on Linux and macOS.

The COMSOL Multiphysics Folder on The Start Menu

Depending on which COMSOL products and software components you have


licensed and installed, the COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4 folder on the Windows
Start menu contains a selection of the items in the following list:
• COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4: Starts the COMSOL Desktop.
• COMSOL Documentation: Starts the COMSOL Documentation window,
from which you can access and search all the installed documentation. By
default, the PDF documents open inside the COMSOL Documentation
application; to instead open them in Adobe Acrobat, you need to modify
browser settings for the Adobe PDF Reader add-on.

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• COMSOL Launchers: Opens a folder with launchers for the following
additional COMSOL programs and utilities:
- Setup: Starts the COMSOL Setup program, which you can use to add,
remove, and repair COMSOL products and to change the license.
- Uninstall: Starts the COMSOL Uninstaller. For more information, see
Removing (Uninstalling) the COMSOL Installation.
- Update: Starts the COMSOL Installer in update mode.
- COMSOL Multiphysics Client 5.4: Starts a COMSOL Multiphysics Client
that can be connected to a COMSOL Multiphysics Server.
- COMSOL Multiphysics Server 5.4: Starts a COMSOL Multiphysics Server
that a COMSOL Multiphysics Client can connect to.
For more information on running COMSOL in client-server mode, see
Running COMSOL Multiphysics in Client-Server Mode.
- LMTOOLS: Starts the FlexNet license manager control panel (LMTOOLS).
For more information, see License Manager Installation on Windows.
- For launching COMSOL Multiphysics with any of the available graphics
rendering options — OpenGL®, DirectX® (Windows only), and software
rendering — the following shortcuts are available: COMSOL Multiphysics
5.4 (DirectX), COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4 (OpenGL), and COMSOL
Multiphysics 5.4 (Software),
- This folder also contains launchers for COMSOL Multiphysics, COMSOL
Documentation, and COMSOL with MATLAB (if available), which appear
on the main COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4 Start menu.

S t a r t i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h y s i c s f o r a C l a s s k i t L ic e n s e

If you have a Classkit License, you start it by double-clicking its dedicated


Windows desktop icon:

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Cr ea ting De sk top S h o r t c u t s M a n u a l l y

Sometimes it is necessary to create the COMSOL shortcuts manually, for example,


when COMSOL Multiphysics is installed on a shared network drive.
1 Locate the COMSOL executable. Its default location is
C:\Program Files\COMSOL\COMSOL54\Multiphysics\bin\win64\comsol.exe

2 Right-click comsol.exe and select Create shortcut, which creates a shortcut


with a default name comsol.exe - Shortcut. If this shortcut is not created on the
Desktop, then move it there by drag-and-drop.

C REATING A D ESKTOP S HORTCUT M ANUALLY FOR THE C ROSS -P LATFORM


U SER I NTERFACE
The cross-platform user interface for COMSOL that is available on macOS and
Linux has a slightly different look-and-feel than the user interface for Windows.
You can get access to the cross-platform user interface from
C:\Program Files\COMSOL\COMSOL54\Multiphysics\bin\win64\comsolxpl.exe

assuming that the default installation location has not changed by you during
installation.
To create a shortcut to the cross-platform user interface, right-click
comsolxpl.exe and select Create shortcut, which creates a shortcut with a default
name comsolxpl.exe - Shortcut. If this shortcut is not created on the Desktop, then
move it there by drag-and-drop.

C REATING D ESKTOP S HORTCUTS M ANUALLY FOR A C LASSKIT L ICENSE


If you manually create a desktop shortcut for a Classkit License, then, in addition
to the steps above, the shortcut’s Target needs to be modified with additional
options. Right-click the COMSOL shortcut icon and select Properties. Change the
text string in the Target field to
"C:\Program Files\COMSOL\COMSOL54\Multiphysics\bin\win64\comsol.exe"
-Dcs.ckl
"C:\Program Files\COMSOL\COMSOL54\Multiphysics\bin\win64\
comsolclasskit.ini"

(The complete text string must be written on a single row.)


Here, C:\Program Files\COMSOL\COMSOL54\Multiphysics represents the
default COMSOL installation directory and this can be changed in the Target field
text string if your installation is placed in a different folder.

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R u n n i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h ys i c s i n C l i e n t - S e r v e r M o d e

When you start COMSOL Multiphysics by, for example, double-clicking the
Windows desktop icon, COMSOL Multiphysics is run as a single application that
includes both the COMSOL Multiphysics Client and COMSOL Multiphysics
Server, as explained later in this section. However, the COMSOL client-server
architecture lets you access the COMSOL Multiphysics Server — the COMSOL
computational engine — as a separate process. For example, the COMSOL
Desktop can act as a COMSOL Multiphysics Client when connected to a
COMSOL Multiphysics Server.

The license server is not the same as a COMSOL Multiphysics


Server. The license manager can run on a computer different from
both the ones used by COMSOL Desktop and COMSOL
Multiphysics Server.

You need a Floating Network License to run the COMSOL Multiphysics Server
and the COMSOL Multiphysics Client on separate computers. However, any
COMSOL license is sufficient for running the Client and the Server on the same
computer.
The Client and Server need not run on the same platform. For example, you can
run the COMSOL Desktop on Windows connecting to a COMSOL Multiphysics
Server on a Linux or macOS computer. This enables offloading heavy-duty
computations from your personal laptop or desktop to run just the COMSOL
Desktop graphical user interface. A typical use would be to run the COMSOL
Multiphysics Server on a computer with large amounts of memory (RAM) and
processing power and to use your personal computer for pre- and postprocessing
with the COMSOL Desktop.

STARTING A COMSOL M ULTIPHYSICS SERVER


The COMSOL Multiphysics server is a single user server allowing multiple
sessions by the same user, one session at a time. To start the COMSOL
Multiphysics Server, click COMSOL Multiphysics Server in the COMSOL Launchers
folder underneath your COMSOL Multiphysics folder on the Windows Start
menu. When you start the COMSOL Multiphysics Server from the Windows Start
menu, a command window appears asking you for a username and password. You

66 |
can use any username and password of your choice, it is only used for connecting
a COMSOL Multiphysics Client with a COMSOL Multiphysics Server.

When the COMSOL Multiphysics Server starts, it listens for a COMSOL


Multiphysics Client connection on the port listed in the command window. In the
example above it is port 2036.

CONNECTING A COMSOL CLIENT TO A COMSOL M ULTIPHYSICS SERVER


You can start a COMSOL Multiphysics Client session by clicking COMSOL
Multiphysics Client in the COMSOL Launcher folder underneath your COMSOL
Multiphysics folder on the Windows Start menu. You can also connect to a
COMSOL Multiphysics server from the COMSOL Desktop by selecting Connect
to Server from the File menu. When you start the Client, a Connect to Server
window appears prompting you for a computer name (Server) where the
COMSOL Multiphysics Server is running, Port number, Username, and
Password.

Once you have filled out this information and clicked OK, the COMSOL
Multiphysics Server command window indicates that a COMSOL Multiphysics
Client has connected. For more information on running COMSOL in
Client-Server mode, see the COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual.

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R u n n i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h ys i c s i n B a t c h M o d e

You can submit COMSOL Multiphysics batch jobs from the COMSOL Desktop
and the command line.
To run a COMSOL Multiphysics batch job from the COMSOL Desktop, you
need to make the Batch feature visible: in the Model Builder tree, click the Show
button ( ) and select Advanced Study Options. In the Model Builder,
right-click a Study node and select Batch to create batch jobs.
From the Windows command window, you can start batch jobs using the
comsolbatch command. This is an example of how such a command could look
like:
comsolbatch -inputfile in.mph -outputfile out.mph

To run a specific study add the command line option -study <tag>, where <tag>
is the tag of the study to run, for instance, std1. To see the tag, click the toolbar
button Model Tree Node Text in the Model Builder and select Tag.
The COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual has a dedicated section on
running COMSOL Multiphysics from the Windows command window, including
a list of COMSOL commands and associated syntax.

Multicore Settings

COMSOL Multiphysics supports two modes of parallel operation:


shared-memory parallel operations and distributed-memory parallel operations,
including cluster support. This section covers shared-memory processing, or
multithreading, which is important for the performance of COMSOL
Multiphysics computations. Some terms that are frequently used when describing
multithreading are:
• Core: The core is a processor core used in shared-memory parallelism by a
computational node with multiple processors.
• Speedup is how many times faster a job runs on N cores compared to 1 core,
on a specific compute node. The speedup depends on the simulation type,
the hardware used, and hardware drivers used.
In Windows, the default number of processor cores used by COMSOL
Multiphysics is the total number of available physical cores. For example, if you
have a 2 x dual core machine, 4 cores are used in parallel by a COMSOL
Multiphysics process.

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Here is how to find out how many processor cores your Windows machine has:

W INDOWS 8 A ND L ATER
1 Start the Windows Task Manager (press Ctrl-Shift-Esc or right-click the taskbar
and choose Start Task Manager).
2 On the Performance page, click CPU. The number of cores can be seen as the
number next to Cores.

W INDOWS 7
1 In the Windows file browser, right-click Computer or My Computer, select
Properties.
2 Click Advanced system settings. Go to the Advanced tab.
3 Click the Environment Variables button and look in the System variables list.
Look for NUMBER_OF_PROCESSORS and check its value. This is actually
the number of cores. If you have two processors with 2 cores each, this number
is 4. Alternatively, start a Windows command window and type
WMIC CPU Get DeviceID,NumberOfCores

If you want COMSOL Multiphysics to leave out one or more processor cores you
can set the number of cores used for a computational job in the Preferences dialog
box on the Multicore and Cluster Computing page (by first selecting the Number of
cores check box and then entering the number of processor cores to use).
You can also change the default behavior of COMSOL Multiphysics by setting the
environment variable COMSOL_NUM_THREADS to the desired number of cores. See the
COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual for more information.

R u n n i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h ys i c s o n C l u s t e r s

You can launch COMSOL cluster jobs from the COMSOL Desktop and the
command line. To run COMSOL Multiphysics on a cluster, you need to make the
cluster features visible: in the Model Builder tree, click the Show button ( ) and
select Advanced Study Options. Then in the Model Builder, right-click a Study
node and select Cluster Computing or Cluster Sweep to create cluster jobs.
Cluster computing requires a Floating Network License.

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The following terms occur frequently when describing the hardware for cluster
computing and shared-memory parallel computing:
• Compute node: The compute nodes are where the distributed computing
occurs. Each distributed COMSOL process resides in a compute node and
communicates with other compute nodes using MPI (message-passing
interface).
• Host: The host is a physical machine (hardware) with a network adapter and
unique network address. The host is part of the cluster. It is sometimes
referred to as a physical node.
• Core: The core is a processor core used in shared-memory parallelism by a
computational node with multiple processors.
The number of used hosts and the number of computational nodes are usually the
same. For some special problem types, like very small problems with many
parameters, it might be beneficial to use more than one computational node on
one host.
A tutorial for cluster testing is included in the Application Libraries window under
COMSOL Multiphysics>Tutorials>micromixer_cluster.

R UNNING F ROM A D ESKTOP PC


To access the COMSOL Multiphysics running on a cluster, it is recommended to
work on a desktop PC. To do so, use one of the following options:
• Install COMSOL Multiphysics on your local PC. Also install Windows
HPCS2008R2, HPCS2012, HPCS2012R2, or HPCS2016 Pack Client
portion on the desktop PC. This software is free and shipped with
HPCS2008R2, HPCS2012, HPCS2012R2, and HPCS2016, and it enables
you to access the cluster from your workstation.
• Alternatively, connect to the head node via a remote desktop connection and
start COMSOL Multiphysics on the head node.

QUICK TROUBLESHOOTING
• Your first step is to make sure you have the latest release installed. Check that
you have COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4 or later. Also make sure to install the
latest product updates.
• For Windows HPC Server, log in to each node with remote desktop and
start the COMSOL Desktop GUI. No error messages should be displayed.
• If you get the error message “Process status indicates that process is
running,” then cancel any running jobs in the Windows HPCS Job manager

70 |
or other scheduler that you use. In the COMSOL Desktop, locate the
External Process page at the bottom right. Click the Clear Status button.
For more information about how to run COMSOL Multiphysics in parallel on
Windows clusters, see the COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual. For
installation on Clusters, see Cluster Installation.

R u n n i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h ys i c s o n t h e C l o u d

COMSOL Multiphysics and COMSOL Server support cloud computing. See


https://www.comsol.com/running-comsol-software-in-the-cloud.

R u n n i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h ys i c s w i t h M A T L A B

Running COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB requires a LiveLink™


for MATLAB® license. To run COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB,
double-click the COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4 with MATLAB icon on the desktop.

Alternatively, start COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB from the Start menu
by pointing to Programs, then to COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4, and then select
COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4 with MATLAB.
Running COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB starts a COMSOL Multiphysics
Server and a MATLAB Desktop. The COMSOL Desktop is not involved. You can
change the path to the MATLAB installation in the Preferences window accessed
from the Options menu of the COMSOL Desktop. For more information, see the
LiveLink™ for MATLAB® documentation.

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STARTING COMSOL M ULTIPHYSICS WITH MATLAB USING THE GRAPHICS
SERVER
To display the plot in a COMSOL graphics window you need to run COMSOL
Multiphysics with MATLAB using the graphics server. To do so, append the flag
-graphics to the COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB target path.

72 |
Installing on macOS

I n s ta l l at i o n O v e r th e I n te r n e t

INSTALLATION OF A TRIAL LICENSE OVER THE I NTERNET


A trial license can be given to you with the intention to test the software without
any payment obligation for noncommercial and nonproduction use. This option
is not available in all regions.
Installation of a Single User Trial License requires a license passcode. A passcode
has a form similar to:
FFFFFFFF-TYUS-123456-1234567-123456789

This is usually sent to you by your COMSOL representative by email. Once you
locate your passcode, follow these steps to prepare for download and installation:
1 Click the link for downloading the software as given in the software download
email from your COMSOL representative. This link is identical or similar to:
http://www.comsol.com/product-download.
2 If you have not already created a COMSOL Access account, you are prompted
to create it. When you have created the account, you can enter your trial
passcode to associate it with your account information.
If you already created a COMSOL Access account, you can associate the license
file with your account on the COMSOL Access page under Manage Licenses at
www.comsol.com/access/licenses.
3 Follow the web-based instructions to download the software.
4 Continue with the instructions in the section Downloading and Installing the
COMSOL Software.

INSTALLATION OF A PAID - FOR LICENSE OVER THE I NTERNET


Installation of any paid-for license on macOS requires a license file that is sent to
you by your COMSOL representative by email. To be able to generate the license
file, information about your hardware is needed in the form of a hostid (host ID).
The hostid is used to lock the license to your hardware and needs to be sent by
you to a COMSOL representative prior to the license file being generated.

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Obtaining the Hostid
Follow these steps to obtain a hostid:
1 Launch the application Network Utility found in the Applications/Utilities folder
or the /System/Library/CoreServices/Applications folder on macOS Mavericks and
later.
2 Click the Info tab to the left.
3 Select Network Interface (en0). This corresponds to your Ethernet card, WiFi
card, or Thunderbolt port.
4 The hostid is the Hardware Address, as shown in the figure below, but with the
colons (:) removed. If you plan to install on a computer with a wireless network
card, report the hardware address for both Network Interface (en0) and
Network Interface (en1).

Obtaining the Hostname


If you have been informed by your COMSOL representative that you need to run
the FlexNet license manager for your installation, then you also need the
hostname. To get the hostname, launch the Terminal application; then enter
hostname at the terminal prompt.
If your network administrator prefers to use a fixed IP address for this particular
computer, this IP Address could be optionally used in place of the hostname. For
more information on license manager installation, see License Manager
Installation on macOS.

74 |
Obtaining the License File from a COMSOL Representative
Send the hostid information, as well as hostname, if applicable, in an email to your
COMSOL representative, who responds with an email including an attached
license file (license.dat). Save this file to any location on your computer. You
need to refer to it during installation. The license file is a text file. Below is an
example of the contents of a license.dat file for a Single User License on macOS.
This example license file shows that the licensed products are
COMSOL Multiphysics, Particle Tracing Module, Subsurface Flow Module, and
LiveLink™ for Excel®.
#------------------------------------------------------------------
# COMSOL 5.4 NSL License No: 1234567 Windows/Mac
# Visit www.comsol.com/install for latest installation instructions
#------------------------------------------------------------------
FEATURE SERIAL LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent uncounted \
VENDOR_STRING=C,18000100200 HOSTID=ANY sort=100 SN=1234567 \
TS_OK SIGN=8045890A6FE4
FEATURE COMSOL LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent uncounted HOSTID="70f2b13f4dfd \
0116b8cc761a" PLATFORMS="i86_n x64_n i86_mac x64_mac" \
SN=2076312 SIGN=E607EB680852
FEATURE PARTICLETRACING LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent uncounted \
HOSTID="70f1a12f4dfc 0026b9cc760a" PLATFORMS="i86_n x64_n \
i86_mac x64_mac" SN=2076312 SIGN=3835733C6290
FEATURE SUBSURFACEFLOW LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent uncounted \
HOSTID="70f1a12f4dfc 0026b9cc760a" PLATFORMS="i86_n x64_n \
i86_mac x64_mac" SN=2076312 SIGN=3A9BA162C9E4
FEATURE LLEXCEL LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent uncounted HOSTID="70f1a12f4dfc \
0026b9cc760a" PLATFORMS="i86_n x64_n i86_mac x64_mac" \
SN=2076312 SIGN=EE9C11E44356
FEATURE COMSOLGUI LMCOMSOL 5.4 permanent uncounted \
HOSTID="70f1a12f4dfc 0026b9cc760a" PLATFORMS="i86_n x64_n \
i86_mac x64_mac" SN=2076312 SIGN=0D0A83382550

A Single User License file can normally not be edited or changed in any way by
the user but has to be identical to the one sent to you by a COMSOL
representative. However, if you were sent a license file that requires a license
manager, then minor edits are required. For information on the type of license file
required for installations using a license manager, see The License File.
Registering with COMSOL Access
Once you have saved your license file, follow these steps to register or login to
COMSOL Access and to start the installation:
1 Click the link for downloading the software as given in the software download
email from your COMSOL representative. This link is identical or similar to:
www.comsol.com/product-download.

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2 If you haven’t already created a COMSOL Access account, you are prompted
to create it. While creating the account, point to your license file
(license.dat) to associate it with your account information.
If you already created a COMSOL Access account, then you can associate the
license file on the COMSOL Access page with your account under Manage
Licenses at www.comsol.com/access/licenses/.
3 Continue with the instructions in the next section.

D o w n lo a d i n g a n d I n s t a l l i n g t h e C O M S O L So f t w a r e

1 Go to the web page www.comsol.com/product-download. To download the


COMSOL installer, you must first create a COMSOL Access account as
described in the section Installation over the Internet.
2 You are now given the options of downloading the COMSOL online installer,
the COMSOL offline installer, or a COMSOL DVD (the DVD option is
available for macOS versions earlier than macOS Sierra (10.12) only).

If you have problems downloading (such as Error downloading file.


Connection refused: connect), please review this knowledge base
entry: www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1149. If you
still have problems, contact your local COMSOL representative or
technical support from the Support Center page
www.comsol.com/support.

S TARTING THE O FFLINE I NSTALLER OR THE O NLINE I NSTALLER FOR


I NSTALLATION OVER THE I NTERNET
The COMSOL Installer is a user interface tool that guides you through the
installation process. The online installer file to download is called
COMSOL54_mac.dmg. The offline installer file is called COMSOL54_full_mac.dmg.
Start the COMSOL Installer by first mounting the downloaded file by
double-clicking it. Then run the COMSOL Installer using the COMSOL Setup
application. The COMSOL 5.4 Installer window should now appear. Next,
continue with the instructions in the section Running The COMSOL Installer
below.

76 |
I NSTALLATION FROM A D OWNLOADED DVD I MAGE
1 Download the DVD image. The file to download is called COMSOL54_dvd.iso.
2 When you have downloaded the DVD image, you can install directly from the
downloaded DVD image by double-clicking it to mount it. Alternatively, burn
the DVD image to a disc to install. If you want to burn the DVD image to a
disc:
a Launch the Disk Utility application from Applications/Utilities.
b Click the Burn toolbar button. Select the DVD image in the file dialog box
and open it.
c Insert an empty DVD in the DVD drive and click Burn in the dialog box in
Disk Utility.
• In macOS Sierra (10.12) or later, you need to use instructions from
www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1229/ to install from the DVD.

STARTING THE INSTALLER FROM A DVD OR MOUNTED DVD IMAGE


This section also applies if you have received a DVD from a COMSOL
representative. The COMSOL Installer is a user interface tool that guides you
through the installation process. To start the installer:
1 Insert the COMSOL DVD into the DVD drive (or mount the image).
2 Launch the COMSOL Installer application from the Finder.
3 The COMSOL 5.4 Installer window appears. Now continue with the
instructions in the section Running The COMSOL Installer below.

Installation from USB Flash Drive

This section applies if you have received a USB Flash Drive from a COMSOL
representative.

STARTING THE INSTALLER FROM A USB FLASH DRIVE


The COMSOL Installer is a user interface tool that guides you through the
installation process. To start the installer:
1 Connect the USB Flash Drive to your computer.
2 Launch the COMSOL Installer application from the Finder.

| 77
3 The COMSOL 5.4 Installer window appears. Now continue with the
instructions in the section Running The COMSOL Installer below.

Running The COMSOL Installer

The steps for running the COMSOL Installer are independent of the installation
media option you used. If you have followed the above instructions, the
COMSOL Installer should now appear. Now continue with the instructions for
Windows in the section Running the COMSOL Installer.

A u t o m a t e d I n s ta l l a t i o n

You can install the COMSOL software using an automated installation process
with minimal user interaction. This method requires installation from DVD or
DVD image. The documentation on how to create an answer file is available in the
template, setupconfig.ini, which is available on the DVD. When an answer
file is created, start the installation by running
<path to DVD>/setup -s <answer file path>

where <answer file path> is the path to the answer file.

Removing (Uninstalling) the COMSOL Installation

To uninstall COMSOL, run the following command in a terminal window:


/Applications/COMSOL54/Multiphysics/setup uninstall

Alternatively, to remove the COMSOL installation, delete the COMSOL54


folder including all subfolders. The following file may also be added by the
installer: /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.comsol.lmcomsol.plist.

78 |
Product Updates and Application Library Update

COMSOL periodically releases product updates with improvements and


corrections to reported problems. By default, COMSOL checks for updates at
startup. You can turn this feature on and off from the COMSOL Desktop
Preferences window. Here you can also configure settings for the Application
Library Update.
The COMSOL Application Library is updated on a regular basis by COMSOL.
To open the Application Library Update window from the File>Help menu
(Windows users) or from the Help menu (macOS and Linux users), select Update
COMSOL Application Library.
This connects you to the COMSOL Application Update website where you can
access the latest updates. This includes files that have been added or improved
since the latest product release.
Using the Updates section in the Preferences dialog box, which you open from
the COMSOL Desktop, you can configure proxy server settings as well as
application and documentation directories for the Application Library Update.
See the COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual for more information
including command-line options for the Application Libraries.
As an alternative, you can update COMSOL without starting the update from
inside COMSOL Multiphysics. To do this, run COMSOL Update.app.

A UTOMATED U PDATES
You can update the COMSOL software using an automated update process with
minimal user interaction using the abovementioned dat-file. Consult
https://www.comsol.com/product-update for detailed instructions.

Changing the Path to the MATLAB® Installation

You can change the path to the MATLAB installation in the Preferences>LiveLink
Connections window accessed from the Options menu of the COMSOL Desktop.
For more information, see the LiveLink™ for MATLAB® documentation.

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License Manager Installation on macOS

Many of the instructions for installing the FlexNet license manager are similar to
those for Windows. This section covers only the differences when installing on
OS X. For general information on the license manager software, see License
Manager Installation on Windows.

FlexNe t Lice nse M anage r Software Compone n ts

The license manager consists of the following software components:


• License manager daemon (lmgrd)
• Vendor daemon (LMCOMSOL)
• FlexNet utility program (lmutil and others)
The two daemons (lmgrd and LMCOMSOL) run on the license server. When a user
starts COMSOL Multiphysics on a client computer, communication is established
through the network from the client to the license server and the license manager
daemon (lmgrd). That daemon in turn makes a request to the vendor daemon
(LMCOMSOL), which releases licenses according to information in the license.dat
file. The FlexNet utility programs are used to handle license server management
tasks.

FlexNet License Manager Documentation

For detailed information on the FlexNet license manager software, from the File
menu choose Help>Documentation (Windows) or select Help>Documention
(macOS and Linux) and scroll to the bottom of the page to locate a PDF copy of
the FlexNet License Administration Guide.

80 |
T h e Li c e n s e F i l e

The license file for use on macOS is identical to that of Windows. See The License
File for more information.

Installing the License Manager

The FlexNet license manager is automatically installed when installing the


COMSOL software unless otherwise specified on the Products page of the
COMSOL Installer; see Products Page. The check box for the license manager
components can be found last in the list of software components.
If you want to install COMSOL on the same computer as the license manager, first
perform a complete COMSOL installation including the license manager software

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components. See License Manager Page for the license manager settings in the
installer. For macOS, this page contains additional settings:

In the User to run license manager field, enter the username for a user on the
computer that will run the license manager. If this field is empty, the root user runs
the license manager, which is not recommended from a security point of view.
Optionally, specify a group that the user belongs to in the Group of the user field.
When finished, skip the remainder of this section and continue with Starting the
License Manager.
To install only the license manager, follow the installation instructions for
COMSOL earlier in this document, and, on the Products page, clear all check
boxes except the one for the license manager.

AUTOMATED LICENSE MANAGER INSTALLATION


Alternatively, the license manager can be installed using an automated installation
process with minimal user interaction; for this option, see Automated Installation.
Set licmanager = 1 in the answer file to install the license manager. It is also

82 |
possible to automatically configure the license manager to run as a service. Use
licmanager.service = 1 in the setupconfig.ini file and provide values for the
other licmanager.service.* lines.

S ta r t i n g t h e L i c e n s e M a n a g e r

Either start the license manager manually or let it run automatically at startup.

STARTING THE LICENSE MANAGER MANUALLY


To start the license manager manually:
1 Launch the Terminal application.
2 Change directory to the license/maci64 directory:
cd /Applications/COMSOL54/Multiphysics/license/maci64

3 Then enter

./lmgrd -c ../license.dat -l /var/tmp/comsol54.log

The server is now ready to distribute licenses over the network. It writes any debug
information to the log file /var/tmp/comsol54.log.

STARTING THE LICENSE MANAGER AUTOMATICALLY AT STARTUP


By following these steps, the license manager does not need to be started
manually:
1 Copy the template file com.comsol.lmcomsol.plist to
/Library/LaunchDaemons. An example:
sudo cp
/Applications/COMSOL54/Multiphysics/license/maci64/com.comsol.lmcomsol.plist
/Library/LaunchDaemons/

Typically, the template file must be edited: the lmgrd and license.dat paths
should be updated, and a user different from root specified for running the
service.
2 Open the file /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.comsol.lmcomsol.plist in
a text editor, for example, TextEdit, and make the necessary edits.
3 Set the correct permissions for the file:
sudo chmod 600 /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.comsol.lmcomsol.plist

4 Enable and start the daemon. An example:


sudo launchctl load -w /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.comsol.lmcomsol.plist

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The following commands provide an example of an uninstallation of the daemon:
sudo launchctl unload -w /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.comsol.lmcomsol.plist
sudo launchctl remove /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.comsol.lmcomsol.plist
sudo rm -rf /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.comsol.lmcomsol.plist
rm /var/tmp/comsol54.log

Verifying that the License Manager is Running

Once you start the license manager, it is good practice to verify that the license
manager processes are running. Start the Activity Monitor and check for the
vendor daemon (LMCOMSOL) and the license manager (lmgrd) in the list of
processes.

Starting COMSOL Multiphysics

After the installation is complete and the license manager daemons are running on
the license server, you can start using COMSOL Multiphysics. For more
information on how to run COMSOL Multiphysics, see Running COMSOL
Multiphysics on macOS.

Changing the License

If you have received a new license file — for example, when adding COMSOL
products to an existing license — replace the current license file with the new one.
Double-check the contents of this file to make sure it lists the products that the
license includes.

When the license file has changed, you must restart the license
manager; otherwise, it continues to use the old license file still in
memory.

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RESTARTING THE LICENSE MANAGER
To restart the license manager:
1 Launch the Terminal application.
2 Change the directory to the license/maci64 (64-bit)
cd /Applications/COMSOL54/Multiphysics/license/maci64

3 Enter the commands


./lmdown -c ../license.dat
./lmgrd -c ../license.dat -l /var/tmp/comsol54.log

OBTAINING A HOSTID
If you need to verify the hostid of the license server, you can follow the steps in
Obtaining the Hostid. Alternatively, if COMSOL is already installed on the license
server, you can determine the hostid by executing the lmhostid command
COMSOL54/Multiphysics/license/maci64/lmhostid

The hostid is typically the Ethernet address (also called a MAC address) of the
network card of your computer. An Ethernet address has six bytes, each with two
hexadecimal digits. Thus, the full hostid has twelve hexadecimal digits.

Tr o uble s ho o t ing Lic en se Er r o r s

If you have questions or problems with your installation, see Troubleshooting


License Errors.

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Running COMSOL Multiphysics on macOS

The COMSOL Applications

After the installation is finished there are several COMSOL applications available.
How many are available depends on which products and licenses you have:

COMSOL Multiphysics This is the primary application for running COMSOL


Multiphysics. It launches COMSOL Multiphysics as a standalone application.

COMSOL Multiphysics (Classkit License) This application launches COMSOL


Multiphysics for a Classkit License. This application is only available if you have a
Classkit License.

COMSOL Documentation This application starts the COMSOL Documentation


window, from which you can access and search all the installed documentation.

COMSOL with MATLAB Use this application for running COMSOL with
LiveLink™ for MATLAB®. This application is only available if you have a
LiveLink™ for MATLAB® license.

This application launches the Terminal application


COMSOL Multiphysics Server
and starts a COMSOL Multiphysics Server in a terminal window.

COMSOL Update This application checks for available product updates on


www.comsol.com

This application makes it possible to add, remove, and repair


COMSOL Setup
COMSOL products and to change the license.

The COMSOL applications do not work if moved outside the


COMSOL folder. Create an alias if, for example, a desktop icon is
required.

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Running COMSOL Multiphysics from a Terminal Window

COMSOL Multiphysics can also be launched from a terminal window using the
shell script COMSOL54/Multiphysics/bin/comsol.
To run the comsol command more easily, include the COMSOL54/bin directory in
the path or make a symbolic link from /usr/bin/comsol to the comsol script.
Those with administrator privileges can create a symbolic link with the command
sudo ln -s /Applications/COMSOL54/Multiphysics/bin/comsol /usr/bin/comsol

(assuming COMSOL is installed in the Applications folder). This command asks


for a password before creating the link.

The comsol command must not be moved from the


COMSOL54/Multiphysics/bin folder. The COMSOL
applications also use this script.

Running a Classkit License

To start COMSOL Multiphysics using a Classkit License, start COMSOL


Multiphysics from the terminal window using the -ckl option, for example,
comsol -ckl

R u n n i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h ys i c s i n C l i e n t - S e r v e r M o d e

When you start COMSOL Multiphysics by, for example, launching the COMSOL
Multiphysics application, COMSOL Multiphysics is run as a single application that
includes the functionality of both the COMSOL Multiphysics Client and
COMSOL Multiphysics Server, as explained later in this section. However, the
COMSOL client-server architecture lets you access the COMSOL Multiphysics
Server — the COMSOL computational engine — as a separate process. For

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example, the COMSOL Desktop can act as a COMSOL Multiphysics Client when
connected to a COMSOL Multiphysics Server.

The license server is not the same as a COMSOL Multiphysics


Server. The license manager can run on a computer different from
both the ones used by COMSOL Desktop and COMSOL
Multiphysics Server.

You need a Floating Network License to run the COMSOL Multiphysics Server
and the COMSOL Multiphysics Client on separate computers. However, any
COMSOL license is sufficient for running the Client and the Server on the same
computer.
The Client and Server need not run on the same platform. For example, you can
run the COMSOL Desktop on macOS connecting to a COMSOL Multiphysics
Server on a Windows or Linux computer. This enables offloading heavy-duty
computations from your personal laptop or desktop to run just the COMSOL
Desktop graphical user interface. A typical use would be to run the COMSOL
Multiphysics Server on a computer with large amounts of memory (RAM) and
processing power and to use your personal computer for pre- and postprocessing
with the COMSOL Desktop.

STARTING A COMSOL M ULTIPHYSICS S ERVER


To start the COMSOL Multiphysics Server, run the COMSOL Multiphysics
Server application. A terminal window appears asking you for a username and
password. You can use any username and password of your choice, it is only used
for connecting a COMSOL Multiphysics Client with a COMSOL Multiphysics
Server.
When the COMSOL Multiphysics Server starts, it listens for a COMSOL
Multiphysics Client connection on the port listed in the command window.
Connecting a COMSOL Multiphysics Client to a COMSOL Multiphysics Server
You can start a COMSOL Multiphysics Client session from the COMSOL
Desktop by selecting Connect to Server from the File menu in the COMSOL
Desktop. When you start the Client, a Connect to COMSOL Multiphysics Server
window appears prompting you for a computer name (Server) where the

88 |
COMSOL Multiphysics Server is running, Port number, Username, and
Password.

Once you have filled out this information and clicked OK, the COMSOL
Multiphysics Server terminal window displays information that a COMSOL
Multiphysics Client has connected. For more information on running COMSOL
in Client/Server mode, see the COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual.

R u n n i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h ys i c s i n B a t c h M o d e

You can submit COMSOL Multiphysics batch jobs from the COMSOL Desktop
and the command line.
To run a COMSOL Multiphysics batch job from the COMSOL Desktop, you
need to make the Batch feature visible: in the Model Builder tree, click the Show
button ( ) and select Advanced Study Options. In the Model Builder, right-click
a Study node and select Batch to create batch jobs.
From the terminal window, you can start batch jobs using the comsol batch
command. This is an example of how such a command could look:
comsol batch -inputfile in.mph -outputfile out.mph

To run a specific study add the command line option -study <tag>, where <tag>
is the tag of the study to run, for instance, std1. To see the tag, click the toolbar
button Model Tree Node Text in the Model Builder and select Tag.
The COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual includes a dedicated section on
running COMSOL Multiphysics from the terminal window, including a list of
COMSOL commands and associated syntax.

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Multicore Settings

COMSOL Multiphysics supports two modes of parallel operation:


shared-memory parallel operations and distributed-memory parallel operations,
including cluster support for Windows and Linux. This section covers
shared-memory processing, or multithreading, which is important for the
performance of COMSOL Multiphysics computations. Some terms that are
frequently used in when describing multithreading are:
• Core: The core is a processor core used in shared-memory parallelism by a
computational node with multiple processors.
• Speedup is how many times faster a job runs on N cores compared to 1 core,
on a specific compute node. The speedup depends on the simulation type,
the hardware used, and hardware drivers used.
On macOS, the default number of processor cores used by COMSOL
Multiphysics is the total number of available physical cores. For example, if you
have a 2 x dual core machine, 4 cores are used in parallel by a COMSOL process.

SHARED - MEMORY OPTIONS


From the terminal window, use the comsol command option -np to control the
number of cores and processors used. The default is to use all available cores and
processors. For example:
comsol -np 2

launches COMSOL using 2 cores (if available).


You can experiment to find the options that work best for your configuration. For
more information see the COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual.

R u n n i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h ys i c s o n C l u s t e r s

You can launch COMSOL Multiphysics cluster jobs from the COMSOL Desktop
and the command line. To run COMSOL Multiphysics on a cluster, you need to
make the cluster feature visible: in the Model Builder tree, click the Show button
( ) and select Advanced Study Options. Then in the Model Builder, right-click a

90 |
Study node and select Cluster Computing or Cluster Sweep to create cluster jobs.
Cluster computing requires a Floating Network License.

COMSOL Multiphysics cannot be run on a cluster running


macOS; however, you can use the Cluster Computing or Cluster
Sweep feature to connect to a Windows or Linux cluster.

A tutorial model for cluster testing is included in the Application Libraries window
under COMSOL Multiphysics>Tutorial models>micromixer_cluster.
For more information about how to run COMSOL Multiphysics in parallel on
clusters, see the COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual. For installation on
Clusters, see Cluster Installation for Windows and Cluster Installation for Linux.

R u n n i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h ys i c s o n t h e C l o u d

COMSOL Multiphysics and COMSOL Server support cloud computing. See


https://www.comsol.com/running-comsol-software-in-the-cloud.

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Installing on Linux

I n s ta l l at i o n O v e r th e I n te r n e t

INSTALLATION OF A TRIAL LICENSE OVER THE I NTERNET


A trial license can be given to you with the intention to test the software without
any payment obligation for noncommercial and nonproduction use. This option
is not available in all regions.
Installation of a Single User Trial License requires a license passcode. A passcode
has a form similar to:
FFFFFFFF-TYUS-123456-1234567-123456789

This is usually sent to you by your COMSOL representative by email. Once you
locate your passcode, follow these steps to prepare for download and installation:
1 Click the link for downloading the software as given in the software download
email from your COMSOL representative. This link is identical or similar to:
http://www.comsol.com/product-download.
2 If you have not already created a COMSOL Access account, you are prompted
to create it. When you have created the account, you can enter your trial
passcode to associate it with your account information.
If you already created a COMSOL Access account, you can associate the license
file with your account on the COMSOL Access page under Manage Licenses at
www.comsol.com/access/licenses.
3 Follow the web-based instructions to download the software.

Continue with the instructions in the section Downloading and Installing the
COMSOL Software.

INSTALLATION OF A PAID - FOR OR T RIAL LICENSE OVER THE I NTERNET


Installation of any paid-for license on Linux requires a license file, which is sent to
you by your COMSOL representative by email. To be able to generate the license
file, information about your hardware is needed in the form of a hostid (host ID).

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The hostid is used to lock the license to your hardware and needs to be sent by
you to a COMSOL representative prior to the license file being generated.

A trial license can be given to you with the intention to test the
software without any payment obligation for noncommercial or
nonproduction use. This option is not available in all regions. For
installation of a Single User Trial License on Linux, you can follow
the same instructions as for a paid-for license.

Obtaining the Hostid


Follow these steps to obtain a hostid:
1 Start a Terminal window.
2 Enter cat /sys/class/net/*/address
This displays all physical Ethernet addresses (also called MAC addresses) which
consists of six bytes displayed as six pairs of hexadecimal digits such as
00:40:05:16:E5:25. Choose one that does not consist of zeros only.
Obtaining the Hostname
If you have been informed by a COMSOL representative that you need to run the
FlexNet license manager for your installation, then you also need the hostname:
1 To get the hostname, start a Terminal window.
2 Enter hostname at the terminal prompt.
If your network administrator prefers to use a fixed IP address for this particular
computer, this IP Address can be optionally used in place of the hostname. For
more information on license manager installation see License Manager Installation
on Linux.
Obtaining the License File from a COMSOL Representative
Send the hostid information, as well as hostname, if applicable, in an email to your
COMSOL representative, who responds by email including an attached license file
(license.dat). Save this file to any location on your computer. You need to refer
to it during installation. A trial license file for Linux cannot normally be edited or
changed in any way by the user but has to be identical to the one sent to you by a
COMSOL representative. However, if you were sent a license file that requires a
license manager, then minor edits are required. For information on the type of
license file required for installations using a license manager, see The License File.
Registering with COMSOL Access
Once you have saved your license file, follow these steps to register or login to
COMSOL Access and to start the installation:

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1 Click the link for downloading the software as given in the software download
email from your COMSOL representative. This link is identical or similar to:
www.comsol.com/product-download
2 If you haven’t already created a COMSOL Access account, you are prompted
to create it. While creating the account, point to your license file
(license.dat) to associate it with your account information.
If you already created a COMSOL Access account, then you can associate the
license file on the COMSOL Access page with your account under Manage
Licenses at www.comsol.com/access/licenses.
3 Continue with the instructions in the next section Downloading the COMSOL
Installer.

D o w n lo a d i n g a n d I n s t a l l i n g t h e C O M S O L So f t w a r e

1 Go to the web page www.comsol.com/product-download. To download the


COMSOL installer, you must first create a COMSOL Access account as
described in the section Installation over the Internet.
2 You are now given the options of downloading the COMSOL online installer
or the COMSOL offline installer (a DVD image).

If you have problems downloading (such as Error downloading file.


Connection refused: connect), please review this knowledge base
entry: www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1149. If you
still have problems, contact your local COMSOL representative or
technical support from the Support Center page
www.comsol.com/support.

S TARTING THE O NLINE I NSTALLER FOR I NSTALLATION OVER THE I NTERNET


The COMSOL Installer is a user interface tool that guides you through the
installation process. The file to download is called comsol54_lnx.tar.gz. Start
the COMSOL Installer by first extracting the downloaded file and then running
the setup script. The COMSOL 5.4 Installer window should now appear. Next,
continue with the instructions in the section Running The COMSOL Installer.
below.

94 |
I NSTALLATION FROM D OWNLOADED DVD I MAGE
1 Download the DVD image. The file to download is called COMSOL54_dvd.iso.
2 When you have downloaded the DVD image, burn the DVD image to a disc.
Use a DVD burning tools or command such as cdrecord to burn the DVD.
Alternatively, directly mount the DVD using a loopback device:
mount -o loop COMSOL54_dvd.iso /mnt

STARTING THE INSTALLER FROM A DVD OR MOUNTED DVD IMAGE


The COMSOL Installer is a user interface tool that guides you through the
installation process. To start the installer:
1 Make sure the COMSOL DVD is in the DVD drive (or mount the image).
2 Type /mnt/setup
The COMSOL 5.4 Installer window appears. Now continue with the instructions
in the section Running The COMSOL Installer below.

Installing from a DVD

This section applies if you have received a DVD from a COMSOL representative.
The COMSOL Installer is a user interface tool that guides you through the
installation process. To start the installer:
1 Insert the COMSOL 5.4 DVD into the DVD drive.
2 If the DVD is not mounted automatically by your operating system, use the
mount command to mount it.
3 To start the installation, enter the command
sh drivepath/setup
where drivepath is the mount point of the DVD drive, for example
/media/cdrom.
You might have to mount the DVD with the option -o exec if your Linux
mounts the DVD without execute options by default.
The COMSOL 5.4 Installer window appears. Now continue with the
instructions in the section Running The COMSOL Installer below.

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Installation from USB Flash Drive

This section applies if you have received a USB Flash Drive from a COMSOL
representative.

STARTING THE INSTALLER FROM A USB FLASH DRIVE


The COMSOL Installer is a user interface tool that guides you through the
installation process. To start the installer:
1 Connect the USB Flash Drive to your computer.
2 If the USB Flash Drive is not mounted automatically by your operating system,
use the mount command to mount it.
3 To start the installation, enter the command
sh drivepath/setup

where drivepath is the mount point of the USB Flash Drive, for example
/media/usb.
You might have to mount the USB Flash Drive with the option -o exec if your
Linux mounts the USB Flash Drive without execute options by default.
4 The COMSOL 5.4 Installer window appears. Now continue with the
instructions in the section Running The COMSOL Installer below.

Running The COMSOL Installer

The steps for running the COMSOL Installer are independent of the installation
media option you used. If you have followed the above instructions, the
COMSOL Installer should now appear. For a detailed description and screenshots
of the different COMSOL Installer steps, see the instructions for Windows in the
section Running the COMSOL Installer. The procedure for running the
COMSOL Installer on Linux is similar and summarized below with the differences
from installation on Windows highlighted:
1 When the installer window appears, click New Installation.
2 Read the license agreement, select I accept the terms of the license agreement,
specify License information, and then click Next.
3 If you have a Named Single User License and you are installing the software on
the license server, a dialog box opens up and you are asked to enter the user to
bind the license to.

96 |
4 Select the products to install and specify the path to the COMSOL installation
directory.
5 Click Next.
6 If you have licensed LiveLink™ for MATLAB®, then specify the MATLAB root
folder.
7 Click Next.
8 Click Install to start the installation.
9 When the installation process is finished, the Finish window appears. If errors
arose during installation, this window issues a notification. The installer also
writes a log entry into the text file comsolsetup.log, which resides in the
specified installation directory. Click Close to quit the installer. If you installed
from DVD, use the unmount and eject commands to unmount and eject the
DVD. Some Linux configurations automatically unmount and eject the DVD
when you press the DVD drive button.
10 To make sure all users can easily start COMSOL Multiphysics, include the
comsol54/bin directory in all users’ paths or make a symbolic link from
/usr/local/bin/comsol to the comsol command (see the Linux ln command).
The installer can do this step automatically if you run the installer as an
administrator..

You may also need to install the fonts (using the normal Linux
distribution methods) for the languages that you want to use
when running COMSOL Multiphysics.

Web Browser for Viewing the Documentation

The file browser in the bin directory attempts to start common web browsers that
are available with the supported Linux versions. Edit the file in any text editor to
adjust it for your preferred web browser. The variable BROWSERS in this file contains
a list of web browsers in order of preference. If you want to make a specific browser
the preferred web browser, put it first in the list.

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A u t o m a t e d I n s ta l l a t i o n

You can install the COMSOL software using an automated installation process
with minimal user interaction. This method requires installation from DVD or
DVD image. The documentation on how to create an answer file is available in the
template, setupconfig.ini, which is available on the DVD. When you have
created an answer file, start the installation by running
sh drivepath/setup -s answerfile

where drivepath is the media mount point, and where answerfile is the complete
path to your answer file.

Removing (Uninstalling) the COMSOL Installation

To uninstall COMSOL, run the following command in a terminal window:


/usr/local/comsol54/multiphysics/setup uninstall

Alternatively, to remove the COMSOL installation, delete the comsol54 folder


including all subfolders and the following files if they exist:
/usr/local/bin/comsol
/usr/local/bin/comsol-5.4
/usr/share/applications/comsol-multiphysics-5.4.desktop
~/.local/share/applications/comsol-multiphysics-5.4.desktop
/usr/lib/systemd/system/lmcomsol.service

Product Updates and Application Library Update

COMSOL periodically releases product updates with improvements and


corrections to reported problems. By default, COMSOL checks for updates at
startup. You can turn this feature on and off from the COMSOL Desktop
Preferences window. Here you can also configure settings for the Application
Library Update.
The COMSOL Application Library is updated on a regular basis by COMSOL.
To open the Application Library Update window from the File>Help menu
(Windows users) or from the Help menu (macOS and Linux users), select Update
COMSOL Application Library.

98 |
This connects you to the COMSOL Application Update website where you can
access the latest updates. This includes applications that have been added or
improved since the latest product release.
Using the Updates section in the Preferences dialog box, which you open from
the COMSOL Desktop, you can configure proxy server settings as well as
application and documentation directories for the Application Library Update.
See the COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual for more information
including command-line options for the Application Libraries.

A UTOMATED U PDATES
You can update the COMSOL software using an automated update process with
minimal user interaction using the abovementioned dat-file. Consult
https://www.comsol.com/product-update for detailed instructions.

Changing the Path to the MATLAB® Installation

You can change the path to the MATLAB installation in the Preferences>LiveLink
Connections window accessed from the Options menu of the COMSOL Desktop.
For more information, see the LiveLink™ for MATLAB® documentation.

Cluster Installation

COMSOL Multiphysics supports two modes of parallel operation:


shared-memory parallel operations and distributed-memory parallel operations,
including cluster support. This section is dedicated to distributed-memory parallel
installation.
COMSOL Multiphysics can distribute computations on compute clusters using
the MPI model. One large simulation can be distributed across many compute
nodes. Also, parametric sweeps can be done with individual parameter cases
distributed to each cluster node.

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
The installation instructions above can also be followed for clusters. COMSOL
supports shared-memory parallelism and distributed-memory parallelism on

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Linux. For details on system requirements, see
www.comsol.com/system-requirements.

LICENSE MANAGER
COMSOL Multiphysics requires a Floating Network License for running on
clusters. Please check the license file for the CLUSTERNODE feature, which
needs to be present to enable the cluster computing functionality. The license
manager needs to be accessible from all nodes in the cluster. Therefore it is often
a good idea to have it run on the head node.

INSTALLATION FOLDER
The COMSOL installation folder should be shared between all compute nodes
and the head node.

FEATURES
During installation, make sure the Cluster Components feature is selected.

ACCESS TO CLUSTER
If you work on a computer that is not on the cluster, install COMSOL
Multiphysics on that computer. Typically, you use a scheduler to launch jobs on
the cluster. Make sure the scheduler client software is installed on that computer.
You can configure the installation to use the scheduler by changing the
comsol.ini file according to the section on MPI Options in the COMSOL
Multiphysics Reference Manual.
For more information on installing and running COMSOL on clusters, see
Running COMSOL on Clusters and the COMSOL Multiphysics Reference
Manual.

100 |
License Manager Installation on Linux

You do not need to install the license manager if you are installing a trial version.
The paid-for version on Linux, however, always requires a running license
manager. Many of the instructions for installing the FlexNet license manager are
similar to those for Windows. This section covers only the differences when
installing on Linux. For general information on the license manager software, see
License Manager Installation on Windows. In some cases, however, the
COMSOL installation also installs and configures the license manager.

Flex Ne t License M anage r Software Compone n ts

The license manager consists of the following software components:


• License manager daemon (lmgrd)
• Vendor daemon (LMCOMSOL)
• FlexNet utility program (lmutil and others)
The two daemons (lmgrd and LMCOMSOL) run on the license server. When a user
starts COMSOL on a client computer, communication is established through the
network from the client to the license server and the license manager daemon
(lmgrd). That daemon in turn makes a request to the vendor daemon (LMCOMSOL),
which releases licenses according to information in the license.dat file. The
FlexNet utility programs are used to handle license server management tasks.

Flex Ne t License M ana ge r D o cume ntation

For detailed information on the FlexNet license manager software, click the
button (File menu) and choose Help>Documentation (Windows) or select
Help>Documentation (macOS and Linux) and scroll to the bottom of the page
to locate a PDF copy of the FlexNet License Administration Guide.

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T h e Li c e n s e F i l e

The license file for use on Linux is identical to that for Windows, except in the case
of a Named Single User License, which is described below. See The License File
for general license file information.

LICENSE FILES FOR NAMED SINGLE USER LICENSE


If you have a Named Single User License the installer automatically creates an
options file that binds the license to the named user. This section describes the
format of the options file and how the license.dat file points to the options file.
Below is an example of an options file, LMCOMSOL.opt, for a user “philip” who has
access to COMSOL Multiphysics, the Structural Mechanics Module, and the
CAD Import Module. Notice that to access COMSOL Multiphysics, the options
file must include both the COMSOL and the COMSOLGUI features:
INCLUDE COMSOL USER philip
INCLUDE COMSOLGUI USER philip
INCLUDE CADIMPORT USER philip
INCLUDE CADREADER USER philip
INCLUDE STRUCTURALMECHANICS USER philip

Each INCLUDE row in the LMCOMSOL.opt file has a corresponding FEATURE row in the
license.dat file (with the USER_BASED keyword). The second item on each
FEATURE row is the name of the feature for which you have a license.
For more information on which FEATURE items are available, see The License
File.
The license.dat file needs to point to the options file. The path to the options
file is indicated by the options keyword. If your options file is placed here:
/usr/local/comsol54/multiphysics/license/LMCOMSOL.opt

then the VENDOR row in license.dat should read


VENDOR LMCOMSOL port=1719
options=/usr/local/comsol54/multiphysics/license/LMCOMSOL.opt

Installing the License Manager

The FlexNet license manager is automatically installed when installing COMSOL


unless otherwise specified on the Products page of the COMSOL Installer; see
Products Page. In some cases, it is also automatically configured to run as a service.

102 |
The check box for the license manager components can be found last in the list of
software components.
If you want to install COMSOL on the same computer as the license manager and
you did not choose to install the license manager as a service, first perform a
complete COMSOL installation including the license manager software
components. See License Manager Page for the license manager settings in the
installer. For Linux, this page contains additional settings:

In the User to run license manager field, enter the username for a user on the
computer that will run the license manager. If this field is empty, the root user runs
the license manager, which is not recommended from a security point of view.
Optionally, specify a group that the user belongs to in the Group of the user field.
When finished, skip the remainder of this section and continue with Starting the
License Manager below.
To install only the license manager, follow the installation instructions for
COMSOL earlier in this document, and on the Products page, clear all check
boxes except the one for the license manager.

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AUTOMATED LICENSE MANAGER INSTALLATION
Alternatively, the license manager can be installed using an automated installation
process with minimal user interaction, see Automated Installation. Set
licmanager = 1 in the answer file to install the license manager. It is also possible
to automatically configure the license manager to run on systemd-based Linux
distributions. Use licmanager.service = 1 in the setupconfig.ini file and
provide values for the other licmanager.service.* lines.

S ta r t i n g t h e L i c e n s e M a n a g e r

You can start the license manager manually or it can run automatically at boot.

The installer can set up the license manager to start automatically;


in case it did, you can skip the following section.

STARTING THE LICENSE MANAGER MANUALLY


To start the license manager manually, make the license/$arch directory the
current directory and enter
./lmgrd -c ../license.dat -l /var/tmp/comsol54.log

The server is now ready to distribute licenses over the network. It writes any debug
information to the log file /var/tmp/comsol54.log.

STARTING THE LICENSE MANAGER AUTOMATICALLY AT BOOT


In order for the license manager to start automatically at boot, you need to add
Bourne shell commands to the appropriate boot script. You must be a superuser
(root) to edit boot scripts. In some cases, however, the COMSOL Installer
automatically installs and configures the license manager.

For security reasons, it is recommended that the daemons are not


started as root. Instead, use a dedicated username to start the
license manager.

104 |
For Linux distributions that use systemd, use the lmcomsol.service file,
located in the comsol54/license/glnxa64 directory, to start the license
manager. To use lmcomsol.service, do the following steps:
1 Update the path to lmgrd, license.dat, and comsol54.log in case you have
different locations for these files.
2 Optionally, replace username with an actual username. Preferably do not use
root; instead, use the account used to install COMSOL or another account
with access to both the lmgrd executable and the log file location above.
3 Create a /usr/tmp directory if it does not exist and set its permissions to 1777
with the chmod 1777 /usr/tmp command.
4 Copy the lmcomsol.service file to /usr/lib/systemd/system/ and run
the systemctl enable lmcomsol and systemctl start lmcomsol
commands to activate the license manager.
For older Linux distributions, without systemd, the procedure for editing boot
scripts on each supported Linux distribution appears in the following table:

PLATFORM PROCEDURE

SuSe Linux The following instructions should work for SuSE Linux distributions:
In the comsol54/multiphysics/license/glnxa64 directory, enter the
commands
cp rc.lm /etc/init.d/comsol54lm
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/comsol54lm

Edit /etc/init.d/comsol54lm, replacing dir with the full path to the


glnxa64 directory, and replace username with an actual username.
Now create the following link
cd /etc/init.d/rc5.d
ln -s ../comsol54lm S91comsol54lm

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PLATFORM PROCEDURE

Debian The following instructions should work for Debian Linux distributions:
Linux Copy the file comsol54/multiphysics/license/glnxa64/lm_comsol to
/etc/init.d
Edit /etc/init.d/lm_comsol. Update the FP and MYUSER variables as
indicated in the file. Use the utility update-rc.d to automatically update the
system's init script links:
update-rc.d lm_comsol start 99 2 3 4 5 . stop 1 0 1 6 .

This means that the COMSOL license manager is started by runlevels 2, 3, 4, and
5, and stopped by runlevels 0, 1, and 6. Enter man update-rc.d for more
information on init scripts.
Linux, The following instructions should work for most Linux distributions:
General Copy the file comsol54/multiphysics/license/glnxa64/rc.lm and
paste it at the end of
/etc/rc.d/rc.local.
Replace dir in the code fragment with the full path to the glnxa64 platform
directory, and replace username with an actual username.

Verifying that the License Manager is Running

Once you start the license manager, it is good practice to verify that the license
manager processes are running. Use administrative commands such as top or ps to
check that both the vendor daemon (LMCOMSOL) and the license manager
(lmgrd) are running. On Linux distributions that include systemd, if the license
manager is installed as a service according to the instructions, you can run
service lmcomsol status instead.

Starting COMSOL Multiphysics

After the installation is complete and the license manager daemons are running on
the license server, you can start using COMSOL Multiphysics. For more
information on how to run COMSOL Multiphysics, see Running COMSOL
Multiphysics on Linux.

106 |
Changing the License

If you have received a new license file — for example, when adding COMSOL
products to an existing license — replace the current license file with the new one.
Double-check the contents of this file to make sure it lists the products that the
license includes.

When the license file has been changed, you must restart the
license manager; otherwise, it continues to use the old license file
still in memory.

RESTARTING THE LICENSE MANAGER


To restart the license manager, make the license/$arch directory under the
COMSOL installation directory the current directory, then enter the following
commands:
./lmdown -c ../license.dat
./lmgrd -c ../license.dat -l /var/tmp/comsol54.log

When installed as a service on Linux distributions with systemd according to the


instructions, you stop it with the service lmcomsol stop command and start
it with the service lmcomsol start command.

OBTAINING A HOSTID
If the COMSOL software is already installed on your license server, you can
determine the hostid by executing the lmhostid command
comsol54/multiphysics/license/glnxa64/lmhostid

Tr o uble s ho o t ing Lic en se Er r o r s

If you have questions or problems with your installation, see Troubleshooting


License Errors.

L INUX S TANDARD B ASE L IBRARIES


If you get the following error:
./lmgrd: Command not found.

or

| 107
./lmgrd: No such file or directory

it might be because some required libraries are missing. The license manager in
COMSOL 5.4 is built with FlexNet 11.13.1.3, which requires LSB (Linux
Standard Base) 3.0 or later in order to start. These error messages indicate that the
license server is missing these required libraries. To solve this problem, install the
package that provides LSB support for your Linux distribution:
• For Debian and Ubuntu: lsb-core. Installation command:
sudo apt-get install lsb-core
• For Red Hat®: redhat-lsb. Installation command:
sudo yum install redhat-lsb
• For OpenSUSE: lsb. Install using the YaST package manager.
Some modern Linux distribution do not provide lsb-core. The workaround in
such a case is to create a symlink by running the following command as root or
with sudo: ln -s /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 /lib64/ld-lsb-x86-64.so.3.

108 |
Running COMSOL Multiphysics on Linux

In order for the help system to work on Linux, some packages


need to be installed; for details, see
www.comsol.com/system-requirements.

R u n n i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h ys i c s

If you are running a Linux version with a graphical desktop environment, you
might find a COMSOL Multiphysics icon that you can simply click to start
COMSOL Multiphysics in the menus. Alternatively, using a terminal window, you
can run the comsol command. If it is not available, ask your system manager to
make it available to you, or, if you have administrative privileges on your Linux
system, add the comsol command to the search path. The setup can do this
automatically for you during installation if you run it with root privileges. The
comsol command is located in the bin folder in the COMSOL installation
directory. This is a typical example of a command that adds comsol to the search
path is (assuming you are logged in as root):
ln -s /usr/local/comsol54/multiphysics/bin/comsol /usr/bin/comsol

Multicore Settings

COMSOL Multiphysics supports two modes of parallel operation:


shared-memory parallel operations and distributed-memory parallel operations,
including cluster support for Windows and Linux. This section covers
shared-memory processing, or multithreading, which is important for the
performance of COMSOL Multiphysics computations. Some terms that are
frequently used in when describing multithreading are:
• Core: The core is a processor core used in shared-memory parallelism by a
computational node with multiple processors.

| 109
• Speedup is how many times faster a job runs on N cores compared to 1 core,
on a specific compute node. The speedup depends on the simulation type,
the hardware used, and the hardware drivers used.
On Linux, the default number of processor cores used by COMSOL Multiphysics
is the total number of available physical cores. For example, if you have a 2 x dual
core machine, 4 cores are used in parallel by a COMSOL process.

SHARED - MEMORY OPTIONS


From the Terminal window, use the comsol command option -np to control the
number of cores and processors used. The default is to use all available cores and
processors. For example:
comsol -np 2

launches COMSOL Multiphysics using 2 cores (if available).


You might need to experiment to find the options that work best for your
configuration. For more information see the COMSOL Multiphysics Reference
Manual.

R u n n i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h ys i c s i n B a t c h M o d e

You can submit COMSOL Multiphysics batch jobs from the COMSOL Desktop
and the command line.
To run a COMSOL Multiphysics batch job from the COMSOL Desktop, you
need to make the Batch feature visible: in the Model Builder tree, click the Show
button ( ) and select Advanced Study Options. In the Model Builder, right-click
a Study node and select Batch to create batch jobs.
From a terminal window, you can start batch jobs using the comsol batch
command. This is an example of such a command:
comsol batch -inputfile in.mph -outputfile out.mph

To run a specific study add the command line option -study <tag>, where <tag>
is the tag of the study to run, for instance, std1. To see the tag, click the toolbar
button Model Tree Node Text in the Model Builder and select Tag.
The COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual has a dedicated section on
running COMSOL Multiphysics from a terminal window, including a list of
COMSOL commands and associated syntax.

110 |
R u n n i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h ys i c s i n C l i e n t - S e r v e r M o d e

When you start COMSOL Multiphysics by, for example, entering the comsol
command with no additional arguments, COMSOL Multiphysics is run as a single
application that includes the functionality of both the COMSOL Multiphysics
Client and COMSOL Multiphysics Server, as explained later in this section.
However, the COMSOL client-server architecture lets you access the COMSOL
Multiphysics Server — the COMSOL computational engine — as a separate
process. For example, the COMSOL Desktop can act as a COMSOL Multiphysics
Client when connected to a COMSOL Multiphysics Server.

The license server is not the same as a COMSOL Multiphysics


Server. The license manager can run on a computer different from
both the ones used by COMSOL Desktop and COMSOL
Multiphysics Server.

You need a Floating Network License to run the COMSOL Multiphysics Server
and the COMSOL Multiphysics Client on separate computers. However, any
COMSOL license is sufficient for running the Client and the Server on the same
computer.
The Client and Server need not run on the same platform. For example, you can
run the COMSOL Desktop on Windows connecting to a COMSOL Multiphysics
Server on a Linux computer. This enables offloading heavy-duty computations
from your personal laptop or desktop to run just the COMSOL Desktop graphical
user interface. A typical use would be to run the COMSOL Multiphysics Server
on a computer with large amounts of memory (RAM) and processing power and
to use your personal computer for pre- and postprocessing with the COMSOL
Desktop.

STARTING A COMSOL M ULTIPHYSICS S ERVER


To start the COMSOL Multiphysics Server from a terminal window, run the
comsol command with the mphserver argument:
comsol mphserver

You are then prompted for a username and password. You can use any username
and password of your choice, it is only used for connecting a COMSOL
Multiphysics Client with a COMSOL Multiphysics Server.
When the COMSOL Multiphysics Server starts, it listens for a COMSOL
Multiphysics Client connection on the port listed in the command window.

| 111
Connecting a COMSOL Multiphysics Client to a COMSOL Multiphysics Server
You can start a COMSOL Multiphysics Client session from the COMSOL
Desktop by selecting Connect to Server from the File menu in the COMSOL
Desktop. You can also start a COMSOL Multiphysics Client session from a
terminal window by running the comsol command with the client argument:
comsol client

When you start the Client, a Connect to COMSOL Multiphysics Server window
appears prompting you for a computer name (Server) where the COMSOL
Multiphysics Server is running, Port number, Username, and Password:

Once you have filled out this information and clicked OK, the COMSOL
Multiphysics Server terminal window displays information that a COMSOL
Multiphysics Client has connected. For more information on running COMSOL
in Client/Server mode, see the COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual.

Running a Classkit License

To start COMSOL Multiphysics using a Classkit License, start COMSOL


Multiphysics using the -ckl option:
comsol -ckl

Running COMSOL on Clusters

You can launch COMSOL Multiphysics cluster jobs from the COMSOL Desktop
and the command line.

112 |
To run COMSOL Multiphysics on a cluster from the COMSOL Desktop, you
need to make the cluster feature visible: in the Model Builder tree, click the Show
button ( ) and select Advanced Study Options. Then in the Model Builder,
right-click a Study node and select Cluster Computing or Cluster Sweep to create
cluster jobs. Cluster computing requires a Floating Network License.
The following terms occur frequently when describing the hardware for cluster
computing and shared memory parallel computing:
• Compute node: The compute nodes are where the distributed computing
occurs. Each distributed COMSOL process resides in a compute node and
communicates with other compute nodes using MPI (message-passing
interface).
• Host: The host is a physical machine (hardware) with a network adapter and
unique network address. The host is part of the cluster. It is sometimes
referred to as a physical node.
• Core: The core is a processor core used in shared-memory parallelism by a
computational node with multiple processors.
The number of used hosts and the number of computational nodes are usually the
same. For some special simulation types, like very small simulations with many
parameters, it might be beneficial to use more than one computational node on
one host.
A tutorial model for cluster testing is included in the Application Libraries window
under COMSOL Multiphysics>Tutorial models>micromixer_cluster.

QUICK TROUBLESHOOTING
• Your first step is to make sure you have the latest release installed. Check that
you have COMSOL 5.4 or later and make sure to install the latest product
updates.
• If you get the error message Process status indicates that process is running,
then cancel any running jobs in the scheduler that you use. In the COMSOL
Desktop, locate the External Process page at the bottom right. Click the Clear
Status button.

For more information about how to run COMSOL Multiphysics in parallel on


Linux clusters, see the COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual. For installation
on Clusters, see Cluster Installation.

| 113
R u n n i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h ys i c s o n t h e C l o u d

COMSOL Multiphysics and COMSOL Server support cloud computing. See


https://www.comsol.com/running-comsol-software-in-the-cloud.

R u n n i n g C O M S O L M u l t i p h ys i c s w i t h M A T L A B

Running COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB starts a COMSOL Multiphysics


Server and a MATLAB Desktop. No COMSOL graphical user interface is
involved. For a tutorial, see the LiveLink for MATLAB User’s Guide.
To launch MATLAB and connect it to a COMSOL Multiphysics Server, run the
command
comsol mphserver matlab

S TARTING COMSOL M ULTIPHYSICS WITH M ATLAB USING THE GRAPHICS


SERVER
To display the plot in a COMSOL graphics window you need to run COMSOL
with MATLAB using the graphics server. To do so, start COMSOL with
MATLAB from a terminal window with the -graphics flag:
comsol mphserver matlab -graphics

R EQUIRED P ROGRAMS FOR R UNNING COMSOL WITH MATLAB


The xterm program is necessary for the command comsol mphserver matlab.
The csh program is needed to call MATLAB functions from COMSOL
Multiphysics.
• To install the missing packages on Debian and Ubuntu, type
sudo apt-get install xterm csh

• To install the missing packages on RedHat Enterprise and Fedora, type


sudo yum install xterm tcsh

• To install the missing packages on OpenSUSE, type


sudo zypper install xterm tcsh

114 |
Troubleshooting License Errors

If you have questions or problems with your installation, start by checking the
COMSOL Support Knowledge Base at
www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/ for up-to-date information about
installation and license issues. If this does not help, then please contact COMSOL
technical support at support@comsol.com.

THE COMSOL SUPPORT KNOWLEDGE BASE


The most important Knowledge Base entries for installation questions and license
errors are the following:

SUBJECT KNOWLEDGE BASE ENTRY

Could not obtain license for www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/903


COMSOL Multiphysics GUI
Running COMSOL in parallel www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1001
on clusters
Updating the COMSOL www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1022
License Manager
COMSOL Installation www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1077
Companion
Error: An error has occurred. www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1083
See the log file C:\Users...
Selecting hardware for www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1116
clusters
Error: Error downloading file. www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase/1149
Connection refused: connect

You can also view videos about installation at:


www.comsol.com/video/browse/installation.

LICENSE ERRORS
This section summarizes the most common post-installation error messages
generated by COMSOL, and it gives some advice how to troubleshoot them. For
a complete list of error messages, see the FlexNet license manager documentation.
This documentation is shipped with your COMSOL installation; see FlexNet®
License Manager Documentation on where to find it.

| 115
If you need to review the license manager log file, or send it to COMSOL
technical support, this is where you usually find it (depending on choices you
made during the installation):
• Windows: C:\ProgramData\COMSOL\comsol54.log.
• macOS: /var/tmp/comsol54.log
• Linux: /var/tmp/comsol54.log
If you need to access the license file, this is where you usually find it:
• Windows: C:\Program Files\COMSOL54\Multiphysics\license\license.dat
• macOS: /Applications/COMSOL54/Multiphysics/license/license.dat
• Linux: /usr/local/comsol54/multiphysics/license/license.dat

ERROR MESSAGE EXPLANATION

License error A general license error has occurred. Check the error message for
details that might help solve the problem. If you need help in
interpreting the information, see the FlexNet License Manager
documentation or send the complete error message to
support@comsol.com.
License error: -1. The license file is missing or your system settings don’t allow you to
Cannot find license read the file. Review the license manager installation steps above and
file. check that you have administrative rights on your computer.
License error: -2. There is a formatting problem with your license file. This can happen if
Invalid license file you edit it with a word processing software such as Microsoft Word
syntax. which inserts extra (invisible) characters. Use a plain text editor
instead (on Windows: Notepad, WordPad, or similar). Formatting
problems can also happen if the file is damaged while being copied or
emailed from one computer to another.
License error: -4. The license manager has detected that all available licenses of a
Licensed number certain COMSOL product have been used by other users. Contact
of users already your license administrator and report this problem. You might need
reached. more licenses of one of the add-on products.
License error: -5. The license manager has encountered a problem during startup.
No such feature Check the license manager log file for error messages.
exists. Please send the log file to support@comsol.com if you want help in
interpreting the information.
NOTE: The license manager creates the log file. If there is no log file,
make sure to first start the license manager. Please refer to one of the
License Manager Installation sections of this manual for instructions
how to install and start the COMSOL license manager.

116 |
ERROR MESSAGE EXPLANATION

License error: -10. This error message indicates that you have a time-limited (trial) license
Feature has and that your license has expired. Contact your license administrator
expired. to see if a more recent license file is available. You can also contact a
COMSOL representative to renew your time-limited license.
License error: -12. Check that no firewall on the COMSOL client is preventing the
Invalid returned connection from the COMSOL client to the license server.
data from license Temporarily disable any firewall on the COMSOL client to see if that
server system. helps.
Check that no firewall on the license server is preventing the
connection from the COMSOL client computer to the license
manager, or the connection from the lmgrd daemon and the
LMCOMSOL daemon.
If the problems remain, send the license manager log file to
support@comsol.com.

| 117
ERROR MESSAGE EXPLANATION

License error: -15. The COMSOL license manager has not been installed or started yet.
Cannot connect to If the first line of your license.dat file looks like this:
license server SERVER mylicserver 000123456789 1718
system. a license manager is required. Please refer to the License Manager
Installation sections of this manual for instructions on how to install
and start the COMSOL license manager.
Check that no firewall on the COMSOL client is preventing the
connection from the COMSOL client to the license server.
Temporarily disable any firewall on the COMSOL client to see if that
helps.
Check that no firewall on the license server is preventing the
connection from the COMSOL client computer to the license
manager.
Check that the license.dat file on the COMSOL client computer
points to the correct license server hostname. First, find the
license.dat according to the instructions above.
Check that the first line has the correct license server hostname. For
example, if your license server hostname is apollo, the first row in
the license.dat file should look like this:
SERVER apollo 000123456789 1718
If the COMSOL client computer does not recognize apollo as a
proper hostname, it might help to instead use the fully qualified
domain name (apollo.thecompany.com) or the IP address. If
neither of these work, there might be a problem with DNS or the
HOSTS file on the client. Please ask your system administrator for
advice on how to connect with TCP/IP to the license server.
Finally, the license manager might have encountered a problem during
startup. Check the license manager log file for error messages.
NOTE: The log file is created by the license manager after it has been
started.
Please send the log file to support@comsol.com if you want help in
interpreting the information.
License error: -39. The error means that your username does not match the one listed in
User/host not on the license-manager options file, LMCOMSOL.opt. To get access to
INCLUDE list for COMSOL, ask your license/system administrator for help. When the
feature. username in the options file is changed, the license manager must be
shut down and restarted to give the new user immediate access to
COMSOL.

118 |
ERROR MESSAGE EXPLANATION

License error: -88. The software has detected that a system clock has been set back.
System clock has Please make sure that your computer’s clock is set to the current local
been set back. time and date. If the problem remains check that there are no files on
your hard drive that have a future date.
License error: -96. Please make sure that the SERVER hostname in the license.dat
License server file is valid and that the TCP/IP network connection between the
machine is down application computer and the license server is working properly.
or not responding. This error could also indicate that your firewall is not configured
properly in order to let the license manager and vendor daemon
network traffic through (typically ports 1718 and 1719). It could also
indicate problems with other network security settings. Contact your
systems administrator for help.
License error: -97. The license manager has encountered a problem during startup.
The desired Check the license manager log file for error messages.
vendor daemon is NOTE: The log file is created by the license manager after it has been
down. started.
Please send the log file to support@comsol.com if you want help in
interpreting the information.

| 119
120 |
Index

A add feature 22 macOS 91


application libraries, installing 26 Windows 69
Application Library Update comment line, license file 54
configuring on Linux 98 Community Discussion Forum 15
configuring on macOS 79 compute node 70
configuring on Windows 43 COMSOL Access 15
AutoCAD COMSOL Client
LiveLink for 46 macOS 88
Autodesk Inventor Windows, connecting 67
LiveLink for 45 comsol command, Linux 109
automated installation comsol command, macOS 87
Linux 98 COMSOL Compiler 13
macOS 78 COMSOL Conference 15
Windows 42 COMSOL Exchange 15
automated license manager installation COMSOL Multiphysics Client
Linux license server 104 Linux, connecting 112
macOS license server 82 macOS, connecting 88
Windows license server 59 Windows 64
automated updates 42 Windows, running 66

B boot script 105 COMSOL Multiphysics Server

Bourne shell commands 104 Linux, running 111

browser, Linux file 97


Linux, running with MATLAB 114
Linux, starting 111
C change license, with COMSOL installer
macOS 86
22
macOS, running 87
changing the license
macOS, starting 88
Linux 107
Windows 64
macOS 84
Windows, running 66
Windows 61
Windows, running with MATLAB 71
Classkit License
COMSOL Server 13
desktop shortcuts 65
COMSOL Software License Agree-
Linux 112
ment 11
macOS 87
COMSOL Video Center 9
Windows 64
core 70
cluster computing
CPU-Locked Single User License 12
Linux 113
Creo Parametric

| 121
LiveLink for 47 definition 12
cross-platform user interface 63, 65 Linux, client servers and 111
csh program 114 Linux, clusters and 113
Linux, clusters installation and 100
D DirectX runtime binaries 30
macOS, client server and 88
documentation, installing 26
macOS, clusters and 91
dongle 15
management software 14
downloading product 9
Windows, client server and 66
macOS 73, 92
Windows, cluster installation and 49
macOS, DVD 77, 95
Windows, clusters and 69
troubleshooting 115
Windows, definition 51
Windows 16
Windows, DVD 19 H hard disk serial number 17
hardware address 74
E errors, license 115
hardware lock 15
Ethernet address
host 70
Linux 93
hostid
macOS 85
Linux, changing licenses 107
Windows 17
Linux, Internet installations 93
Windows, changing license and 62
macOS, changing licenses 85
F FEATURE line, license file 55
macOS, Internet installations 74
FEATURE names 55
Windows, changing licenses 62
FlexNet
Windows, Internet installations 17
control panel 52
Windows, license server and 54
License Administration Guide, Linux
I INCREMENT line, license file 55
101
installation
License Administration Guide, ma-
Linux 92
cOS 80
macOS 73
License Administration Guide, Win-
media options 9
dows 53
previous 10
license manager 14
Windows 16
license manager, troubleshooting 115
installation, quick selections 26
license manager, Windows 51
management, Linux 101 K Knowledge Base 9
management, macOS 80 COMSOL Access, and 15
management, Windows 52 troubleshooting 115
utility program, Linux 101
L License Agreement 9
utility program, macOS 80
license agreement 11
utility program, Windows 52
license errors 115
Floating Network License
license file

122 |
comment line 54 license, changing
FEATURE line 55 Linux 107
FlexNet, and 14 macOS 84
INCREMENT line 55 Windows 61
macOS, obtaining 75 license.dat
SERIAL line 55 FlexNet, and 14
SERVER line 54 Linux 102
troubleshooting 116 Linux, changing 107
USE_SERVER line 54 macOS 80
VENDOR line 54 macOS, changing 85
Windows, obtaining 18 troubleshooting 116
license manager Windows 53
automated installation on Linux 104 Windows, FlexNet and 52
automated installation on macOS 82 Linux Standard Base 108
automated installation on Windows LiveLink for
59 AutoCAD 46
daemon, Linux 101 Autodesk Inventor 45
daemon, macOS 80 Creo Parametric 47
daemon, Windows 52 Pro/ENGINEER 46
files for installation, Linux 102 Solid Edge 48
files for installation, macOS 81 SolidWorks 44
files for installation, Windows 58 lmgrd.exe Linux 101
installing files, Linux 102 lmgrd.exe macOS 80
installing files, macOS 81 lmgrd.exe Windows 52
installing files, Windows 58 lmhostid
Linux, log file 104 Linux 107
Linux, starting 104 macOS 85
log file 60 lmutil
log file, troubleshooting 116 Windows 62
macOS, log file 83 lmutil Linux 101
macOS, starting 83 lmutil macOS 80
Windows, log file 61 lmutil Windows 52
Windows, starting 59 log file, license manager 60
license server log file, Linux 104
Linux, and 101 log file, macOS 83
Linux, client server and 111 log file, troubleshooting 116
macOS, and 80 log file, Windows 61
Windows, and 24 LSB 108
Windows, client server and 66
M MAC address

| 123
Linux installations 93 Linux installations 99
macOS installations 85 macOS installations 79
Windows installations 17, 62 Windows installations 31
MATLAB
Q quick selections, for installation 26
Linux, changing path to 99
R Remote Desktop 30
macOS, changing path to 79
remove feature 22
running COMSOL Multiphysics on
root 104
Linux with 114
running COMSOL Multiphysics on S SERIAL line, license file 55
macOS with 86 SERVER line, license file 54
running COMSOL Multiphysics on shared-memory computing 12
Windows with 71 software license agreement 11
Windows, changing path to 71 Solid Edge
merged license file 25 LiveLink for 48
multicore computing 12 SolidWorks
multiprocessor computing 12 LiveLink for 44
system requirements 9, 10
N Named Single User License
definition 12 T technical support, contacting 115
Linux, and 96, 102 technical support, website 9
three-server redundancy 24
O operating system 11
trial license
options file 102
Linux 93
P passcode 16
macOS 73, 92
physical address 17
Windows 16
port number 24
troubleshooting license errors 115
previous installation 10
tutorials, installation 115
Pro/ENGINEER
tutorials, videos 9
LiveLink for 46
U uninstalling COMSOL
product downloads 9
Linux 98
COMSOL Access, and 15
macOS 78
macOS 73, 92
Windows 40
macOS, DVD 77, 95
updates, product 9
troubleshooting 115
COMSOL Access 15
Windows 16
USE_SERVER line, license file 54
Windows, DVD 19
user interface, cross-platform 63, 65
product updates 9
utility program, Linux 101
COMSOL Access, and 15
utility program, macOS 80
proxy server
utility program, Windows 52
for software updates 42

124 |
V vendor daemon
Linux installations 101
macOS installations 80
Windows installations 52
VENDOR line, license file 54
videos
installation 115
tutorials 9
volume serial number 17

W web browsers, for Linux 97


Windows Remote Desktop 30

X xterm program 114

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126 |