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Name: _______________________________________________ Date: ________________ Period: ______

Atoms and Molecules Worksheet


Using the Periodic Table located inside your text book, answer the following questions.

Analyzing Data: The information below is from part of the Periodic Table of Elements. Use this information to
answer the questions that follow.

1) How many protons, neutrons, and electrons are in each of the following atoms?
Lithium (Li) Magnesium (Mg) Carbon (C) Oxygen (O) Chlorine (Cl)
p = __________ p = __________ p = __________ p = __________ p = ______
n = __________ n = __________ n = __________ n = __________ n = ______
e = __________ e = __________ e = __________ e = __________ e = ______

2) Fill in the number of electrons in the correct energy levels below.

Number of Fluorine (F) electrons: __________ Number of Neon (Ne) electrons: ___________

Is Fluorine Stable? ____________ Is Neon Stable? ____________


Explain your answer: _______________________ Explain your answer: _____________________
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3) Fill in the chart below.
ATOMIC MASS NUMBER OF NUMBER OF NUMBER OF
ELEMENT
NUMBER NUMBER PROTONS NEUTRONS ELECTRONS
Sodium 11 23

Calcium 20 20

Oxygen 8 8

Chlorine 35 18

Carbon 6 12

Neon 10 20

4) Ionic Bond Drawing: Fill in the two tables based on the number of electrons before and after bonding.

Drawing Directions
a. Add the correct number
of electrons to each
atom.
b. Using an arrow, show the
electrons that will be
transferred.

Before bonding, is lithium and fluorine stable? Explain your answer.


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After bonding, is lithium and fluorine stable? Explain your answer.
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