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RESULTADOS

Tablas De Resultados

Prueba I efecto II efecto Vacío


TIEMPO TEV1 PT PV1 Cs1 TCs1 TEV2 PV2 Cs2 TCs2 TIC CV3
lb/h (°C) lb/h (°C) (°C)

0 25 20 --- --- 25 25 0 --- --- 25 ---


5 120 20 --- 67 26 --- --- 90 ---
10 120 20 --- 68 35 --- --- 91 ---
15 125 23 --- 70 37 --- --- 92 ---
20 130 25 --- 65 41 --- --- 96 ---
25 125 21 --- 60 48 --- --- 96 ---
30 120 20 --- 80 50 --- --- 96 ---
35 120 18 --- 70 56 --- --- 96 ---
40 125 20 --- 95 85 --- --- 96 ---
45 125 19 --- 80 87 --- --- 96 ---
50 125 20 --- 65 86 --- --- 96 ---
55 125 20 --- 56 83 --- --- 96 ---
60 125 19 --- 60 76 --- --- 96 ---
65 125 19 --- 70 72 --- --- 96 ---
70 125 20 --- 73 67 --- --- 96 ---
75 125 10 --- 70 68 --- --- 96.5 ---
80 125 20 --- 95 80 --- --- 96.5 ---
85 125 20 --- 88 82 --- --- 96 ---
90 130 25 --- 77 79 --- --- 96 ---
95 120 28 --- 80 78 --- --- 96 ---
100 120 20 --- 80 78 --- --- 96 ---
105 120 25 --- 62 68 --- --- 96 ---
Promedio 118,3 20 28.8 11.6 95,8 94 0 --- 44,9 97,88 18
Alimento Efecto 1 Efecto 2 Salida
Tiempo % solidos T (C) % solidos T (C) % solidos T (C) % solidos
3:09 6.0 25 6.0 - 6.0 - 7.4
3:34 6.7 49 6.8 31
3:41 6.8 52 7.1 30
3:47 7.1 63 7.2 31
4:03 7.4 45 7.6 31,5
4:10 7.4 44 7.8 35
4:18 7.1 42 6.6 34
PROMEDIO 6.0 25 6.92 49,16 7.01 32,08 7.4

6.2 Nomenclatura

Nomenclatura Descripción
Pv Presión de vapor (PSI)

TCs1 Temperatura del condensado 1(°C)

Cs1 Condensado del steam 1 (T°C)flujo másico (Lb/hr)

CV1 Condensado del evaporador 1 (T°C)

CV2 Condensado del evaporador 2 (lb/hr)

V2 Vapor que sale del evaporador 2 (T°C) Presión al vacío


mmhg

IC Intercambiador de calor

T Tiempo (min)

T Temperatura(°C)

P Presión (PSI)

%R1 Rotámetro 1

%R2 Rotámetro 2
Cálculos

DETERMINACIÓN DE LOS CALORES


𝑸𝟏 = 𝑺𝟏 𝝀𝟏
𝑺𝟏 (𝒗𝒂𝒑𝒐𝒓 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒅𝒆𝒏𝒔𝒂𝒅𝒐) → 𝑪𝑺𝟏

En tabla de vapor

𝜆1 𝑎 95,8 𝐶 → 𝐻𝑣𝑎𝑝𝑜𝑟 − 𝐻𝑙𝑖𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑑𝑜

𝜆1 𝑎 95,8 𝐶 → 637,38 − 95,8


𝐾𝑐𝑎𝑙
𝜆1 𝑎 95,8 𝐶 → 541,58
𝐾𝑔
𝑙𝑏 1𝐾𝑔 𝐾𝑐𝑎𝑙
𝑄1 = (36 ∗ ) (541,58 )
ℎ 2.204𝑙𝑏 𝐾𝑔
𝑲𝒄𝒂𝒍
𝑸𝟏 = 𝟖𝟖𝟒𝟔, 𝟏𝟑𝟒
𝒉

𝑸𝟐 = 𝑺𝟐 𝝀𝟐
𝑺𝟐 (𝒗𝒂𝒑𝒐𝒓 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒅𝒆𝒏𝒔𝒂𝒅𝒐) → 𝑪𝑺𝟐
En tabla de vapor

𝜆 𝑎 44,9 𝐶 → 𝐻𝑣𝑎𝑝𝑜𝑟 − 𝐻𝑙𝑖𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑑𝑜

𝜆 𝑎 95,8 𝐶 → 616,8 − 44,96


𝐾𝑐𝑎𝑙
𝜆 𝑎 95,8 𝐶 → 571,84
𝐾𝑔
𝑙𝑏 1𝐾𝑔 𝐾𝑐𝑎𝑙
𝑄2 = (6 ∗ ) (571,84 )
ℎ 2.204𝑙𝑏 𝐾𝑔

𝑲𝒄𝒂𝒍
𝑸𝟐 = 𝟏𝟓𝟓𝟔, 𝟕𝟑𝟑
𝒉
DETERMINACIÓN DE LAS TEMPERATURAS

Ecuación 37-6: De la cuesta, 2004


Datos de coeficientes globales de transferencia de calor (docente):
U1=1200
U2=1000
∆𝑇 = 118,3 − 94 = 24,3
∆𝑻𝟏 + ∆𝑻𝟐 = 𝟐𝟒, 𝟑
∆𝑻𝟐 = 𝟐𝟒, 𝟑 − ∆𝑻𝟏

∆𝑻𝟏 𝑼𝟐
=
∆𝑻𝟐 𝑼𝟏
𝑈2
∆𝑇1 = ∗ ∆𝑇2
𝑈1
1000
∆𝑇1 = ∗ (24,3 − ∆𝑇1 )
1200
∆𝑇1 = 0,8333 ∗ (24,3 − ∆𝑇1 )
∆𝑇1 = 20,249 − 0,8333∆𝑇1
1,8333∆𝑇1 = 20,249
∆𝑻𝟏 = 𝟏𝟏, 𝟎𝟓
∆𝑻𝟐 = 𝟏𝟑, 𝟐𝟓

DETERMINACIÓN DE LAS ÁREAS


𝑄 = 𝑈𝐴∆𝑇
𝑄
𝐴=
𝑈∆𝑇
8846,134 1556,733
𝐴1 = 𝐴2 =
(1200)(11,05) (1000)(13,25)

𝑨𝟏 = 𝟎, 𝟔𝟔𝟕 𝑨𝟐 = 𝟎, 𝟏𝟏𝟕

𝑨𝟏 ≠ 𝑨𝟐
REAJUSTE DEL ÁREA
𝐴1 + 𝐴2
𝐴𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑜 =
2
0,667 + 0,117
𝐴𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑜 =
2
𝑨𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒅𝒊𝒐 = 𝟎, 𝟑𝟗𝟐

DETERMINACIÓN DE LAS TEMPERATURAS CON ÁREA REAJUSTADA


𝑄 = 𝑈𝐴𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑜 ∆𝑇
𝑄
∆𝑇 =
𝑈𝐴𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑜
8846,134 1556,733
∆𝑇1 = ∆𝑇2 =
(1200)(0,392) (1000)(0,392)

∆𝑻𝟏 = 𝟏𝟖, 𝟖𝟏 ∆𝑻𝟐 = 𝟑, 𝟗𝟕

DETERMINACIÓN DEL ÁREA


𝑄 = 𝑈𝐴∆𝑇
𝑄
𝐴=
𝑈∆𝑇
8846,134 1556,733
𝐴1 = 𝐴2 =
(1200)(18,81) (1000)(3,97)
𝑨𝟏 = 𝟎, 𝟑𝟗 𝑨𝟐 = 𝟎, 𝟑𝟗

𝑨𝟏 = 𝑨𝟐