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10/12/2018 ShareTechnote

Basic Call Processing - Typical Packet Call Home : www.sharetechnote.com

Following is the over protocal sequence being exchanged between UE and Network. Actually understanding all the
details of these steps would be the goal of your whole LTE career.

1) <Cell Search and Detection>


2) MIB
3) SIB 1
4) <Check Cell Selection Criteria>
5) SIB 2 and other SIBs
6) RRC : PRACH Preamble
7) RRC : RACH Response
8) RRC : RRC Connection Request
9) RRC : RRC Connection Setup
10) RRC : RRC Connection Setup Complete + NAS : Attach Request + ESM : PDN Connectivity Request
11) RRC : DL Information Transfer + NAS : Authentication Request
12) RRC : UL Information Transfer + NAS : Authentication Response
13) RRC : DL Information Transfer + NAS : Security Mode Command
14) RRC : UL Information Transfer + NAS : Security Mode Complete
15) RRC : Security M ode Command
16) RRC : Security Mode Complete
O1) RRC : UE Capability Enquiry
O2) RRC : UE Capability Information
O3) ESM : ESM Information Request
O4) ESM : ESM Information Response
O5) EMM : EMM Identity Request
O6) EMM : EMM Identity Response
17) RRC : RRC Connection Reconfiguration + NAS : Attach Accept + NAS : Activate Default EPS Bearer Context Req
18) RRC : RRC Connection Reconfiguration Complete + NAS : Attach Complete + NAS : Activate Default EPS Bearer
Context Accept
O7) EMM : EMM Information
19) RRC : RRC Connection Release
20) <Perform Neibourcell Measurement>
21) <Check Cell Reselection Criteria >
22) < MO or MT call > : In MT call, Paging should be sent.
23) RRC : PRACH Preamble
24) RRC : RACH Response
25) RRC : RRC Connection Request
26) RRC : RRC Connection Setup
27) RRC : RRC Connection Setup Complete + NAS : Service Request
28) RRC : Security Mode Command
29) RRC : Security Mode Complete
30) RRC : RRC Connection Reconfiguration + NAS : Activate Dedicated EPS Bearer Context Request
31) RRC : RRC Connection Reconfiguration Complete + NAS : Activate Dedicated EPS Bearer Context Accept
32) RRC : RRC Connection Release

MIB

MIB in LTE has very minimal information (This is a big difference from WCDMA MIB) . The only information it carries
are

i) BandWidth
ii) PHICH
iii) SystemFrameNumber

Of course the most important information is "BandWidth".

According to 36.331 section 5.2.1.2, the MIB scheduling is as follows :


The MIB uses a fixed schedule with a periodicity of 40 ms and repetitions made within 40 ms. The first transmission
ofthe MIB is scheduled in subframe #0 of radio frames for which the SFN mod 4 = 0, and repetitions are scheduled
insubframe #0 of all other radio frames.

SIB 1

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SIB 1 in LTE contains the information like the ones in WCDMA MIB & SIB1 & SIB3. The important information on SIB
1 is

i) PLMN
ii) Tracking Area Code
iii) Cell Selection Info
iv) Frequency Band Indicator
v) Scheduling information (periodicity) of other SIBs

You may notice that LTE SIB1 is very similar to WCDMA MIB.
Especially at initial test case development, you have to be very careful about item v). If you set this value incorrectly,
all the other SIBs will not be decoded by UE. And as a result, UE would not recognize the cell and show "No Service"
message.

According to 36.331 section 5.2.1.2, the SIB1 scheduling is as follows :


The SystemInformationBlockType1 uses a fixed schedule with a periodicity of 80 ms and repetitions made within 80
ms.The first transmission of SystemInformationBlockType1 is scheduled in subframe #5 of radio frames for which the
SFNmod 8 = 0, and repetitions are scheduled in subframe #5 of all other radio frames for which SFN mod 2 = 0.

This means that even though SIB1 periodicity is 80 ms, different copies (Redudancy version : RV) of the SIB1 is
transmitted every 20ms. Meaning that at L3 you will see the SIB1 every 80 ms, but at PHY layer you will see it every
20ms. For the detailed RV assignment for each transmission, refer to 36.321 section 5.3.1 (the last part of the
section)

One example of LTE SIB1 is as follows :


 
RRC_LTE:BCCH-DL-SCH-Message
BCCH-DL-SCH-Message ::= SEQUENCE
  +-message ::= CHOICE [c1]
    +-c1 ::= CHOICE [systemInformationBlockType1]
      +-systemInformationBlockType1 ::= SEQUENCE [000]
        +-cellAccessRelatedInfo ::= SEQUENCE [0]
        | +-plmn-IdentityList ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(1..6) [1]
        | | +-PLMN-IdentityInfo ::= SEQUENCE
        | |   +-plmn-Identity ::= SEQUENCE [1]
        | |   | +-mcc ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(3) OPTIONAL:Exist
        | |   | | +-MCC-MNC-Digit ::= INTEGER (0..9) [0]
        | |   | | +-MCC-MNC-Digit ::= INTEGER (0..9) [0]
        | |   | | +-MCC-MNC-Digit ::= INTEGER (0..9) [1]
        | |   | +-mnc ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(2..3) [2]
        | |   |   +-MCC-MNC-Digit ::= INTEGER (0..9) [0]
        | |   |   +-MCC-MNC-Digit ::= INTEGER (0..9) [1]
        | |   +-cellReservedForOperatorUse ::= ENUMERATED [notReserved]
        | +-trackingAreaCode ::= BIT STRING SIZE(16) [0000000000000001]
        | +-cellIdentity ::= BIT STRING SIZE(28) [0000000000000000000100000000]
        | +-cellBarred ::= ENUMERATED [notBarred]
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        | +-intraFreqReselection ::= ENUMERATED [notAllowed]
        | +-csg-Indication ::= BOOLEAN [FALSE]
        | +-csg-Identity ::= BIT STRING OPTIONAL:Omit
        +-cellSelectionInfo ::= SEQUENCE [0]
        | +-q-RxLevMin ::= INTEGER (-70..-22) [-53]
        | +-q-RxLevMinOffset ::= INTEGER OPTIONAL:Omit
        +-p-Max ::= INTEGER OPTIONAL:Omit
        +-freqBandIndicator ::= INTEGER (1..64) [7]
        +-schedulingInfoList ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(1..maxSI-Message[32]) [2]
        | +-SchedulingInfo ::= SEQUENCE
        | | +-si-Periodicity ::= ENUMERATED [rf8]
        | | +-sib-MappingInfo ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(0..maxSIB-1[31]) [0]
        | +-SchedulingInfo ::= SEQUENCE
        |   +-si-Periodicity ::= ENUMERATED [rf8]
        |   +-sib-MappingInfo ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(0..maxSIB-1[31]) [1]
        |     +-SIB-Type ::= ENUMERATED [sibType3]
        +-tdd-Config ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
        +-si-WindowLength ::= ENUMERATED [ms20]
        +-systemInfoValueTag ::= INTEGER (0..31) [0]
        +-nonCriticalExtension ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit

SIB 2

The important information on SIB2 is

i) RACH Configuration
ii) bcch, pcch, pdsch, pusch, pucch configuration
iii) sounding RS Configuration
iv) UE Timers

I would say SIB2 is the most important SIB in LTE and you will look into this SIB most frequently when you are
implementing protocol stack and troubleshooting, since it defines the characteristics of the most physical channels.

If you have some issues at registration process especially before 'RRC Connection Reconfiguration'. The first part you
have to check is SIB2 and check if UE properly decoded this and properly configure UE according to SIB2. Sometimes
only one parameter mismatch of SIB2 between Network and UE can make difference between success and failure of
the whole registration process.

Following is one example of SIB2. I looks to me that LTE SIB2 is similar to WCDMA SIB5 configuring various common
channel.

RRC_LTE:BCCH-DL-SCH-Message
BCCH-DL-SCH-Message ::= SEQUENCE
  +-message ::= CHOICE [c1]
    +-c1 ::= CHOICE [systemInformation]
      +-systemInformation ::= SEQUENCE
        +-criticalExtensions ::= CHOICE [systemInformation-r8]
          +-systemInformation-r8 ::= SEQUENCE [0]
            +-sib-TypeAndInfo ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(1..maxSIB[32]) [1]
            | +- ::= CHOICE [sib2]
            |   +-sib2 ::= SEQUENCE [00]
            |     +-ac-BarringInfo ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
            |     +-radioResourceConfigCommon ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | +-rach-Config ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | | +-preambleInfo ::= SEQUENCE [0]
            |     | | | +-numberOfRA-Preambles ::= ENUMERATED [n52]
            |     | | | +-preamblesGroupAConfig ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
            |     | | +-powerRampingParameters ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | | | +-powerRampingStep ::= ENUMERATED [dB2]
            |     | | | +-preambleInitialReceivedTargetPower ::= ENUMERATED [dBm-104]
            |     | | +-ra-SupervisionInfo ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | | | +-preambleTransMax ::= ENUMERATED [n6]
            |     | | | +-ra-ResponseWindowSize ::= ENUMERATED [sf10]
            |     | | | +-mac-ContentionResolutionTimer ::= ENUMERATED [sf48]
            |     | | +-maxHARQ-Msg3Tx ::= INTEGER (1..8) [4]
            |     | +-bcch-Config ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | | +-modificationPeriodCoeff ::= ENUMERATED [n4]
            |     | +-pcch-Config ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | | +-defaultPagingCycle ::= ENUMERATED [rf128]
            |     | | +-nB ::= ENUMERATED [oneT]
            |     | +-prach-Config ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | | +-rootSequenceIndex ::= INTEGER (0..837) [22]

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            |     | | +-prach-ConfigInfo ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | |   +-prach-ConfigIndex ::= INTEGER (0..63) [3]
            |     | |   +-highSpeedFlag ::= BOOLEAN [FALSE]
            |     | |   +-zeroCorrelationZoneConfig ::= INTEGER (0..15) [5]
            |     | |   +-prach-FreqOffset ::= INTEGER (0..94) [2]
            |     | +-pdsch-Config ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | | +-referenceSignalPower ::= INTEGER (-60..50) [18]
            |     | | +-p-b ::= INTEGER (0..3) [0]
            |     | +-pusch-Config ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | | +-pusch-ConfigBasic ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | | | +-n-SB ::= INTEGER (1..4) [1]
            |     | | | +-hoppingMode ::= ENUMERATED [interSubFrame]
            |     | | | +-pusch-HoppingOffset ::= INTEGER (0..98) [4]
            |     | | | +-enable64QAM ::= BOOLEAN [FALSE]
            |     | | +-ul-ReferenceSignalsPUSCH ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | |   +-groupHoppingEnabled ::= BOOLEAN [TRUE]
            |     | |   +-groupAssignmentPUSCH ::= INTEGER (0..29) [0]
            |     | |   +-sequenceHoppingEnabled ::= BOOLEAN [FALSE]
            |     | |   +-cyclicShift ::= INTEGER (0..7) [0]
            |     | +-pucch-Config ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | | +-deltaPUCCH-Shift ::= ENUMERATED [ds2]
            |     | | +-nRB-CQI ::= INTEGER (0..98) [2]
            |     | | +-nCS-AN ::= INTEGER (0..7) [6]
            |     | | +-n1PUCCH-AN ::= INTEGER (0..2047) [0]
            |     | +-soundingRS-UL-Config ::= CHOICE [setup]
            |     | | +-setup ::= SEQUENCE [0]
            |     | |   +-srs-BandwidthConfig ::= ENUMERATED [bw3]
            |     | |   +-srs-SubframeConfig ::= ENUMERATED [sc0]
            |     | |   +-ackNackSRS-SimultaneousTransmission ::= BOOLEAN [TRUE]
            |     | |   +-srs-MaxUpPts ::= ENUMERATED OPTIONAL:Omit
            |     | +-uplinkPowerControl ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | | +-p0-NominalPUSCH ::= INTEGER (-126..24) [-85]
            |     | | +-alpha ::= ENUMERATED [al08]
            |     | | +-p0-NominalPUCCH ::= INTEGER (-127..-96) [-117]
            |     | | +-deltaFList-PUCCH ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | | | +-deltaF-PUCCH-Format1 ::= ENUMERATED [deltaF0]
            |     | | | +-deltaF-PUCCH-Format1b ::= ENUMERATED [deltaF3]
            |     | | | +-deltaF-PUCCH-Format2 ::= ENUMERATED [deltaF0]
            |     | | | +-deltaF-PUCCH-Format2a ::= ENUMERATED [deltaF0]
            |     | | | +-deltaF-PUCCH-Format2b ::= ENUMERATED [deltaF0]
            |     | | +-deltaPreambleMsg3 ::= INTEGER (-1..6) [4]
            |     | +-ul-CyclicPrefixLength ::= ENUMERATED [len1]
            |     +-ue-TimersAndConstants ::= SEQUENCE
            |     | +-t300 ::= ENUMERATED [ms1000]
            |     | +-t301 ::= ENUMERATED [ms1000]
            |     | +-t310 ::= ENUMERATED [ms1000]
            |     | +-n310 ::= ENUMERATED [n1]
            |     | +-t311 ::= ENUMERATED [ms1000]
            |     | +-n311 ::= ENUMERATED [n1]
            |     +-freqInfo ::= SEQUENCE [00]
            |     | +-ul-CarrierFreq ::= INTEGER OPTIONAL:Omit
            |     | +-ul-Bandwidth ::= ENUMERATED OPTIONAL:Omit
            |     | +-additionalSpectrumEmission ::= INTEGER (1..32) [1]
            |     +-mbsfn-SubframeConfigList ::= SEQUENCE OF OPTIONAL:Omit
            |     +-timeAlignmentTimerCommon ::= ENUMERATED [sf750]
            +-nonCriticalExtension ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit

RRC : PRACH Preamble / RRC : RACH Response

I think this two steps can be best summerized by the following diagram. For the details, refer to
http://www.sharetechnote.com/html/RACH_LTE.html

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Interim Comments

From this point on, the L3 message carries both RRC and NAS messages. So you need to have overall understanding
of NAS messages as well as RRC messages.
You need to understand all the details of TS 29.274 to handle to handle data traffic related IEs in NAS message. Of
course it would be impossible to understand all those details within a day.. my approach is to go through following
tables as often as possible until I get some big picture in my mind. You may have to go back and forth between
36.331 and 29.274.

* Table 7.2.2-1: Information Elements in a Create Session Response


* Table 7.2.3-1: Information Elements in a Create Bearer Request
* Table 7.2.3-2: Bearer Context within Create Bearer Request
* Table 7.2.5-1: Information Elements in a Bearer Resource Command
* Table 7.2.7-1: Information Elements in a Modify Bearer Request
* Table 7.2.8-1: Information Elements in a Modify Bearer Response
* Table 7.2.9.1-1: Information Elements in a Delete Session Request
* Table 7.2.9.2-1: Information Elements in a Delete Bearer Request
* Table 7.2.10.2-1: Information Elements in Delete Bearer Response
* Table 7.3.5-1: Information Elements in a Context Request
* Table 7.3.6-2: MME/SGSN UE EPS PDN Connections within Context Response
* Table 7.3.8-1: Information Elements in an Identification Request

RRC : RRC Connection Request

'RRC Connection Request' and 'RRC Connection Setup' procedure can be summerized as in following diagram. For the
details, refer to http://www.sharetechnote.com/html/RACH_LTE.html (The message contents shown in the box is
only an example. The HEX arrays you would see on your device and network would be different from what you see
here. But overall structure should be similar to this)

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Note : This example shows the case where Contention Resolution and RRC Connection Setup is being transmitted at
a single step, but it is also possible that Contention Resolution and RRC Connection Setup message is transmitted as
two separate process.

RRC : RRC Connection Setup

As you see in the following diagram, the most important IE (infomration element) in RRC Connection Setup message
is "RadioResourceConfigDedicated" under which you can setup SRB, DRB, MAC and PHY config. Even thouth there is
IEs related to DRB, in most case we setup only SRBs in RRC Connection Setup. It is similar to WCDMA RRC
Connection setup message in which you usually setup only SRB (Control Channel Part) even though there is IEs for
RB(Data Traffic).

One thing you have to notice is that you will find "RadioResourceCondigDedicated" IE not only in RRC Connection
Setup message but also in RRC Connection Reconfiguration message. In that case, you have to be careful so that the
one you set in RRC Connection Reconfig message properly match the one you set in RRC Connection Setup message.
It means that you have to understand the correlation very clearly between RRC Connection Setup message and RRC
Connection Reconfig message. This is also very similar to WCDMA case.

One example of RRC Connection Setup is as follows. As you see the contents below, main purpose of RRC Connection
Setup message is to specify the MAC/RLC/PHY setup for SRB 0 and SRB 1 bearer. So if you make any mistake in this
message, Network or UE will fail to decode messages that comes after this message.

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Especially you have to be very careful about PhysicalConfigDedicated part. If you see one of the following issues after
'RRC Connection Setup', the first thing you have to check is PhysicalConfigDedicated. (You have to check all the
detailed parameter and make it sure that UE properly decoded those information and properly configure itself
according to the contents).
i) CRC Error for PUSCH
ii) UE log shows it transmit PUSCH, but Network log shows no PUSCH, not even CRC error

DL-CCCH-Message ::= SEQUENCE


  +-message ::= CHOICE [c1]
    +-c1 ::= CHOICE [rrcConnectionSetup]
      +-rrcConnectionSetup ::= SEQUENCE
        +-rrc-TransactionIdentifier ::= INTEGER (0..3) [0]
        +-criticalExtensions ::= CHOICE [c1]
          +-c1 ::= CHOICE [rrcConnectionSetup-r8]
            +-rrcConnectionSetup-r8 ::= SEQUENCE [0]
              +-radioResourceConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE [100101]
              | +-srb-ToAddModList ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(1..2) [1] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | +-SRB-ToAddMod ::= SEQUENCE [11]
              | |   +-srb-Identity ::= INTEGER (1..2) [1]
              | |   +-rlc-Config ::= CHOICE [defaultValue] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-defaultValue ::= NULL
              | |   +-logicalChannelConfig ::= CHOICE [defaultValue] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |     +-defaultValue ::= NULL
              | +-drb-ToAddModList ::= SEQUENCE OF OPTIONAL:Omit
              | +-drb-ToReleaseList ::= SEQUENCE OF OPTIONAL:Omit
              | +-mac-MainConfig ::= CHOICE [explicitValue] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | +-explicitValue ::= SEQUENCE [111]
              | |   +-ul-SCH-Config ::= SEQUENCE [11] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-maxHARQ-Tx ::= ENUMERATED [n5] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-periodicBSR-Timer ::= ENUMERATED [sf20] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-retxBSR-Timer ::= ENUMERATED [sf320]
              | |   | +-ttiBundling ::= BOOLEAN [FALSE]
              | |   +-drx-Config ::= CHOICE [release] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-release ::= NULL
              | |   +-timeAlignmentTimerDedicated ::= ENUMERATED [infinity]
              | |   +-phr-Config ::= CHOICE [setup] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |     +-setup ::= SEQUENCE
              | |       +-periodicPHR-Timer ::= ENUMERATED [sf500]
              | |       +-prohibitPHR-Timer ::= ENUMERATED [sf200]
              | |       +-dl-PathlossChange ::= ENUMERATED [dB3]
              | +-sps-Config ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              | +-physicalConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE [1111001011] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   +-pdsch-ConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   | +-p-a ::= ENUMERATED [dB-3]
              |   +-pucch-ConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE [0] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   | +-ackNackRepetition ::= CHOICE [release]
              |   | | +-release ::= NULL
              |   | +-tdd-AckNackFeedbackMode ::= ENUMERATED OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-pusch-ConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   | +-betaOffset-ACK-Index ::= INTEGER (0..15) [9]
              |   | +-betaOffset-RI-Index ::= INTEGER (0..15) [6]
              |   | +-betaOffset-CQI-Index ::= INTEGER (0..15) [6]
              |   +-uplinkPowerControlDedicated ::= SEQUENCE [1] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   | +-p0-UE-PUSCH ::= INTEGER (-8..7) [0]
              |   | +-deltaMCS-Enabled ::= ENUMERATED [en0]
              |   | +-accumulationEnabled ::= BOOLEAN [TRUE]
              |   | +-p0-UE-PUCCH ::= INTEGER (-8..7) [0]
              |   | +-pSRS-Offset ::= INTEGER (0..15) [3]
              |   | +-filterCoefficient ::= ENUMERATED [fc4] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   +-tpc-PDCCH-ConfigPUCCH ::= CHOICE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-tpc-PDCCH-ConfigPUSCH ::= CHOICE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-cqi-ReportConfig ::= SEQUENCE [10] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   | +-cqi-ReportModeAperiodic ::= ENUMERATED [rm30] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   | +-nomPDSCH-RS-EPRE-Offset ::= INTEGER (-1..6) [0]
              |   | +-cqi-ReportPeriodic ::= CHOICE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-soundingRS-UL-ConfigDedicated ::= CHOICE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-antennaInfo ::= CHOICE [defaultValue] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   | +-defaultValue ::= NULL
              |   +-schedulingRequestConfig ::= CHOICE [setup] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |     +-setup ::= SEQUENCE
              |       +-sr-PUCCH-ResourceIndex ::= INTEGER (0..2047) [20]
              |       +-sr-ConfigIndex ::= INTEGER (0..155) [30]
              |       +-dsr-TransMax ::= ENUMERATED [n4]

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              +-nonCriticalExtension ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit

< Note 1 >


+-pdsch-ConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Exist
| +-p-a ::= ENUMERATED [dB-3]
: transmission power is calculated according to Section 5.2 of 3GPP TS36.213 from the reference signal power and
the values of the P_A and P_B parameters specified for this procedure. These parameters set the PDSCH
transmission power differences between symbols with and without RS.
Unproper settings for this value would cause large amount of CRC errors on PDSCH reception on UE side, resulting in
a lot of HARQ NACK from UE.

< Note 2 >


If you see SRB-ToAddMod IE, you would see a couple of Default Value. What does this mean ?
Following two sections of 36.331 will give you the answer.

9.1.2 SRB configurations


9.2 Default radio configurations

RRC : RRC Connection Setup Complete + NAS : Attach Request + ESM : PDN Connectivity Request

This step would be one of very important steps during the initial registration process mainly because UE send a lot of
it's capability information (especailly NAS layer capability information) to the core network.

As you see this step carries two important NAS message as follows.

NAS : Attach Request : The most important information carried by this message would be UE capability in terms of
ciphering and integrity. If you don't do proper following step (especially at Attach accept step) based on the
information on this, UE will fail to registration. Even bigger problem is that the failure mode of registration varies
depending UE protocol stack implementation. So in many case it is very hard to find the root cause of the problem.

ESM : PDN Connectivity Request : The most information of this message would be the protocol configuration options
(PCO). From this you can figure out what kind of packet service UE support or want to get supported. If you don't
properly handle this information, it will also result in registration failure and the failure mode would vary depending
on UE implementation.

Attach request ::= DIVISION


  +-Security header type ::= V
  | +-Security header type ::= CHOICE [Plain NAS message, not security protected]
  +-EPS mobility management protocol discriminator ::= V
  | +-Protocol discriminator ::= PD [7]
  +-Attach request message identity ::= V
  | +-Message type ::= MSG [41]
  +-NAS key set identifier ::= V
  | +-TSC ::= CHOICE [native security context (for KSI ASME)]
  | +-NAS key set identifier ::= CHOICE [possible values for the NAS key set identifier 1]
  +-EPS attach type ::= V
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  | +-Spare ::= FIX [0]
  | +-EPS attach type value ::= CHOICE [EPS attach]
  +-Old GUTI or IMSI ::= LV
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of EPS mobile identity contents ::= LEN (0..255) [11]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Spare ::= FIX [F]
  | | +-Odd/even indication ::= CHOICE [even number of identity digits and also when the GUTI is used]
  | | +-Type of identity ::= CHOICE [GUTI]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MCC digit 2 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | | +-MCC digit 1 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | +-Octet4 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MNC digit 3 ::= INT (0..15) [15]
  | | +-MCC digit 3 ::= INT (0..15) [1]
  | +-Octet5 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MNC digit 2 ::= INT (0..15) [1]
  | | +-MNC digit 1 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | +-Octet6 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MME Group ID ::= INT (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet7 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MME Group ID(continued) ::= INT (0..255) [1]
  | +-Octet8 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MME Code ::= INT (0..255) [1]
  | +-Octet9 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-M-TMSI ::= INT (0..255) [18]
  | +-Octet10 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-M-TMSI(continued) ::= INT (0..255) [52]
  | +-Octet11 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-M-TMSI(continued) ::= INT (0..255) [86]
  | +-Octet12 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-M-TMSI(continued) ::= INT (0..255) [120]
  +-UE network capability ::= LV
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of UE network capability contents ::= LEN (0..255) [2]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-EEA0 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm EEA0 supported]
  | | +-128-EEA1 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm 128-EEA1 supported]
  | | +-128-EEA2 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm 128-EEA2 supported]
  | | +-EEA3 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm EEA3 not supported]
  | | +-EEA4 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm EEA4 not supported]
  | | +-EEA5 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm EEA5 not supported]
  | | +-EEA6 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm EEA6 not supported]
  | | +-EEA7 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm EEA7 not supported]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-128-EIA1 ::= CHOICE [EPS integrity algorithm 128-EIA1 supported]
  | | +-128-EIA2 ::= CHOICE [EPS integrity algorithm 128-EIA2 supported]
  | | +-EIA3 ::= CHOICE [EPS integrity algorithm EIA3 not supported]
  | | +-EIA4 ::= CHOICE [EPS integrity algorithm EIA4 not supported]
  | | +-EIA5 ::= CHOICE [EPS integrity algorithm EIA5 not supported]
  | | +-EIA6 ::= CHOICE [EPS integrity algorithm EIA6 not supported]
  | | +-EIA7 ::= CHOICE [EPS integrity algorithm EIA7 not supported]
  | +-Octet4 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-UEA0 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA0 not supported]
  | | +-UEA1 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA1 not supported]
  | | +-UEA2 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA2 not supported]
  | | +-UEA3 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA3 not supported]
  | | +-UEA4 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA4 not supported]
  | | +-UEA5 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA5 not supported]
  | | +-UEA6 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA6 not supported]
  | | +-UEA7 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA7 not supported]
  | +-Octet5 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-UCS2 ::= CHOICE [The UE has a preference for the default alphabet (defined in 3GPP TS 23.038 [3])
over UCS2 (see ISO/IEC 10646 [29])]
  | | +-UIA1 ::= CHOICE [UMTS integrity algorithm UIA1 not supported]
  | | +-UIA2 ::= CHOICE [UMTS integrity algorithm UIA2 not supported]
  | | +-UIA3 ::= CHOICE [UMTS integrity algorithm UIA3 not supported]
  | | +-UIA4 ::= CHOICE [UMTS integrity algorithm UIA4 not supported]
  | | +-UIA5 ::= CHOICE [UMTS integrity algorithm UIA5 not supported]
  | | +-UIA6 ::= CHOICE [UMTS integrity algorithm UIA6 not supported]
  | | +-UIA7 ::= CHOICE [UMTS integrity algorithm UIA7 not supported]
  | +-Octet6 ::= DIVISION

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  | | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-1xSRVCC ::= CHOICE [SRVCC from E-UTRAN to cdma2000 1xCS not supported]
  | | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | +-Octet7-14 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Spare ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..8) [00]
  +-ESM message container ::= LV-E
  | +-Octet1-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of ESM message container ::= LEN (0..65535) [23]
  | +-Octet3- ::= DIVISION
  |   +-ESM message container contents ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..65535)
                                           [0201D031D1271080000100000300000A00000C00000D00]
  +-Old P-TMSI signature ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-P-TMSI signature IEI ::= IEI [19]
  | +-Octet2-4 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-P-TMSI signature value ::= INT (0..16777215) [0]
  +-Additional GUTI ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-EPS mobile identity IEI ::= IEI [50]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of mobile identity IEI ::= LEN (0..255) [1]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Identity digit 1 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | | +-Odd/even indication ::= CHOICE [even number of identity digits and also when the GUTI is used]
  | | +-Type of identity ::= CHOICE [IMSI]
  | +-Octet4 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Identity digit p ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..10)
  +-Last visited registered TAI ::= TV OPTIONAL:Exist
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Tracking area identity IEI ::= IEI [52]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MCC digit 2 ::= INT (0..15) [1]
  | | +-MCC digit 1 ::= INT (0..15) [3]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MNC digit 3 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | | +-MCC digit 3 ::= INT (0..15) [1]
  | +-Octet4 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MNC digit 2 ::= INT (0..15) [8]
  | | +-MNC digit 1 ::= INT (0..15) [4]
  | +-Octet5 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-TAC ::= INT (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet6 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-TAC(continued) ::= INT (0..255) [1]
  +-DRX parameter ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  +-MS network capability ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  +-Old location area identification ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  +-TMSI status ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  +-Mobile Station Classmark 2 ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  +-Mobile Station Classmark 3 ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  +-Supported Codecs ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit

If you decode the ESM message container contents part, you will get the following contents.

NAS_LTE:ESM,PDN connectivity request


PDN connectivity request ::= DIVISION
  +-EPS bearer identity ::= V
  | +-EPS bearer identity value ::= CHOICE [No EPS bearer identity assigned]
  +-EPS session management protocol discriminator ::= V
  | +-Protocol discriminator ::= PD [2]
  +-Procedure transaction identity ::= V
  | +-Procedure transaction identity ::= CHOICE [Procedure transaction identity value 1]
  +-PDN connectivity request message identity ::= V
  | +-Message type ::= MSG [D0]
  +-PDN type ::= V
  | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | +-PDN type value ::= CHOICE [IPv4v6]
  +-Request type ::= V
  | +-Spare ::= FIX [0]
  | +-Request type value ::= CHOICE [initial request]
  +-ESM information transfer flag ::= TV OPTIONAL:Exist
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-ESM information transfer flag IEI ::= IEI [D-]
  |   +-spare ::= FIX [0]

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  |   +-EIT value ::= CHOICE [security protected ESM information transfer required]
  +-Access point name ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Access point name IEI ::= IEI [28]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of access point name contents ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet3-Octet102 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Access point name value ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..100)
  +-Protocol configuration options ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Exist
    +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Protocol configuration options IEI ::= IEI [27]
    +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Length of protocol config options contents ::= LEN (0..255) [16]
    +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
    | +-ext ::= EXT1 [1]
    | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
    | +-Configuration protocol ::= CHOICE [PPP for use with IP PDP type]
    +-Octet4-Octet253 ::= DIVISION
      +-protocol config options contents ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..250) [000100000300000A00000C00000D00]

There are couple of important information in this message as described below.

ESM information transfer flag : According to Step 9a1 of Table 4.5.2.3-1: UE registration procedure (state 1 to state
2) of 36.508, Network has to go through ESM : Information Request as described below.

IF the UE sets the ESM information transfer flag in the last PDN CONNECTIVITY REQUEST message THEN the
SS transmits an ESM INFORMATION REQUEST message to initiate exchange of protocol configuration options
and/or APN

PDN Type : specifies IP version that the UE wants to use for EPS Bearer and Network may or may not use the same
IP version in Default (or Dedicated) EPS Bearer Context Request. Some UE would accept whatever IP version is
specified by the network at EPS Bearer establishment step, but some UE fail to setup EPS bearer if the IP version
Network specify in Default (or Dedicated) EPS Bearer Context Request does not match the PDN type in this message.

Access Point Name : UE shows many different behavior related to this APN name. Followings are some of the
behavior that I observed from a couple of difference devices.
i) UE does not specify any APN here and accept whatever Network specifies in Activate Default EPS Bearer Context
Request.
ii) UE specify a specific APN here, but it accept whatever Network specifies in Activate Default EPS Bearer Context
Request.
iii) UE specify a specific APN here, but it reject the APN that Network specifies in Activate Default EPS Bearer Context
Request if it is different from what UE specified here.

Protocol Configuration Options : You can get the detailed information from this protocol config options contents from
TS24_008 10.5.6.3 Protocol configuration options which can be summarized as follows.
This is a pretty complicated topic. So I will describe this on a separate post here.

RRC : DL Information Transfer + NAS : Authentication Request


RRC : UL Information Transfer + NAS : Authentication Response
 
"Authentication" process is a process similar to 'log in' process when you use a computer. In C2K and GSM, this
authentication process is 'uni-directional', meaning that only Network authenticate UE and UE does not authenticate
the network. As you may easily guess, this would cause a serious security problem. If I make a fake network which
accept any UE, I can cheat a UE to camp on the fake network rather than the one the UE is supposed to camp on to.
(But this kind of 'uni directional' authentication would make it so easy to test a UE using network simulator -:)

To improve this security issues, in LTE (in WCDMA as well) they do 'bi-directional' authentication, meaning that UE
has to pass the authentication process and Newtork also has to pass the process as well.

The overall authentication process is as follows.

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There are three main components of this authentication process :


i) Input Parameters
ii) Authentication Algorithm
iii) Output Values (calcuated by Authentication Algorithm using the Input Parameters).

Both UE and Network uses the same Input Parameters and the same Authentication Algorithms, so they both should
produce the same Output Values, otherwise Authentication fails.

One thing you have to keep in mind is that UE and Network exchange only Input Parameters and Output values, not
the authentication Algorithm. Authentication Algorithm on UE side is stored in USIM and Authentication Algorithm on
NW side is stored in Authentication Center. Both UE and NW just assume that they would use the identical
algorithms.
 
Normally use use diffent Authentication Algorithm for testing and for live network. The most commonly used
algorithm for testing is what we often call "Dummy XOR" algorithm which is defined in 36.508 section 4.9 Common
test USIM parameters for LTE and 34.408 section 8 Test USIM Parameters for WCDMA.

The most common used algorithm in live network (as far as I know) is Milenage algorithm.
 
One example of Authentication Request and Authentication Response is as follows. You would notice
that RAND, AUTN are carried by Authentication Request message and RES value is carried by
Authentication Response.
 
NAS_LTE:EMM,Authentication request
Authentication request ::= DIVISION
  +-Security header type ::= V
  | +-Security header type ::= CHOICE [Plain NAS message, not security protected]
  +-EPS mobility management protocol discriminator ::= V
  | +-Protocol discriminator ::= PD [7]
  +-Authentication request message type ::= V
  | +-Message type ::= MSG [52]
  +-Spare half octet ::= V
  | +-Spare half octet ::= FIX [0]
  +-NAS key set identifier ASME ::= V
  | +-TSC ::= CHOICE [native security context (for KSI ASME)]
  | +-NAS key set identifier ::= CHOICE [possible values for the NAS key set identifier 0]
  +-Authentication parameter RAND ::= V
  | +-Octet1-Octet16 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-RAND value ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(16..16) [A3DE0C6D363E30C364A4078F1BF8D577]
  +-Authentication parameter AUTN ::= LV
    +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Length of AUTN contents ::= LEN (0..255) [16]
    +-Octet2-Octet17 ::= DIVISION

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      +-AUTN ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..16) [5E726B56B4EC9001A3CF2E5E726BC6B5]
 
 
NAS_LTE:EMM,Authentication response
Authentication response ::= DIVISION
  +-Security header type ::= V
  | +-Security header type ::= CHOICE [Plain NAS message, not security protected]
  +-EPS mobility management protocol discriminator ::= V
  | +-Protocol discriminator ::= PD [7]
  +-Authentication response message identity ::= V
  | +-Message type ::= MSG [53]
  +-Authentication response parameter ::= LV
    +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Length of Authentication response parameter contents ::= LEN (0..255) [8]
    +-Octet2-17 ::= DIVISION
      +-RES ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..16) [A3CF2E5E726B56B4]

RRC : DL Information Transfer + NAS : Security Mode Command

Security Mode Command message to inform the UE of the following information (instructions).
i) I (Newtork) am capable of these kinds of ciphering (encryption) algorithms
ii) I (Newtork) am capable of these kinds of integrity algorithms
iii) Among those ciphering algorithm which I am capable of, I will be using "this specific
algorithm" for the communication with you (UE).
iv) Among those integrity algorithm which I am capable of, I will be using "this specific
algorithm" for the communication with you (UE)
 
In LTE, they are using separate Security Mode process for NAS and RRC, whereas in WCDMA only one security mode
process (RRC only) was used (NAS is indirectly protected since NAS message was embedded in RRC and protected as
a part of RRC message). The part marked in blue is for item i) and ii) listed above and the part marked in red is for
item iii) and iv).
 
NAS_LTE:EMM,Security mode command
Security mode command ::= DIVISION
  +-Security header type ::= V
  | +-Security header type ::= CHOICE [Plain NAS message, not security protected]
  +-EPS mobility management protocol discriminator ::= V
  | +-Protocol discriminator ::= PD [7]
  +-Security mode command message identity ::= V
  | +-Message type ::= MSG [5D]
  +-Selected NAS security algorithms ::= V
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  |   +-Type of ciphering algorithm ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm EEA0(ciphering not used)]
  |   +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  |   +-Type of integrity protection algorithm ::= CHOICE [Reserved 0]
  +-Spare half octet ::= V
  | +-Spare half octet ::= FIX [0]
  +-NAS key set identifier ::= V
  | +-TSC ::= CHOICE [native security context (for KSI ASME)]
  | +-NAS key set identifier ::= CHOICE [possible values for the NAS key set identifier 0]
  +-Replayed UE security capabilities ::= LV
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of UE security capability contents ::= LEN (0..255) [2]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-EEA0 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm EEA0 supported]
  | | +-128-EEA1 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm 128-EEA1 supported]
  | | +-128-EEA2 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm 128-EEA2 supported]
  | | +-EEA3 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm EEA3 not supported]
  | | +-EEA4 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm EEA4 not supported]
  | | +-EEA5 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm EEA5 not supported]
  | | +-EEA6 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm EEA6 not supported]
  | | +-EEA7 ::= CHOICE [EPS encryption algorithm EEA7 not supported]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-spare ::= FIX [1]
  | | +-128-EIA1 ::= CHOICE [EPS integrity algorithm 128-EIA1 supported]
  | | +-128-EIA2 ::= CHOICE [EPS integrity algorithm 128-EIA2 supported]
  | | +-EIA3 ::= CHOICE [EPS integrity algorithm EIA3 not supported]
  | | +-EIA4 ::= CHOICE [EPS integrity algorithm EIA4 not supported]
  | | +-EIA5 ::= CHOICE [EPS integrity algorithm EIA5 not supported]
  | | +-EIA6 ::= CHOICE [EPS integrity algorithm EIA6 not supported]
  | | +-EIA7 ::= CHOICE [EPS integrity algorithm EIA7 not supported]
  | +-Octet4 ::= DIVISION

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  | | +-UEA0 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA0 not supported]
  | | +-UEA1 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA1 not supported]
  | | +-UEA2 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA2 not supported]
  | | +-UEA3 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA3 not supported]
  | | +-UEA4 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA4 not supported]
  | | +-UEA5 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA5 not supported]
  | | +-UEA6 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA6 not supported]
  | | +-UEA7 ::= CHOICE [UMTS encryption algorithm UEA7 not supported]
  | +-Octet5 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-UIA1 ::= CHOICE [UMTS integrity algorithm UIA1 not supported]
  | | +-UIA2 ::= CHOICE [UMTS integrity algorithm UIA2 not supported]
  | | +-UIA3 ::= CHOICE [UMTS integrity algorithm UIA3 not supported]
  | | +-UIA4 ::= CHOICE [UMTS integrity algorithm UIA4 not supported]
  | | +-UIA5 ::= CHOICE [UMTS integrity algorithm UIA5 not supported]
  | | +-UIA6 ::= CHOICE [UMTS integrity algorithm UIA6 not supported]
  | | +-UIA7 ::= CHOICE [UMTS integrity algorithm UIA7 not supported]
  | +-Octet6 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  |   +-GEA1 ::= CHOICE [GPRS encryption algorithm GEA1 not supported]
  |   +-GEA2 ::= CHOICE [GPRS encryption algorithm GEA2 not supported]
  |   +-GEA3 ::= CHOICE [GPRS encryption algorithm GEA3 not supported]
  |   +-GEA4 ::= CHOICE [GPRS encryption algorithm GEA4 not supported]
  |   +-GEA5 ::= CHOICE [GPRS encryption algorithm GEA5 not supported]
  |   +-GEA6 ::= CHOICE [GPRS encryption algorithm GEA6 not supported]
  |   +-GEA7 ::= CHOICE [GPRS encryption algorithm GEA7 not supported]
  +-IMEISV request ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-IMEISV request IEI ::= IEI [C-]
  |   +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  |   +-IMEISV request value ::= CHOICE [IMEISV not requested]
  +-Replayed nonce UE ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Nonce IEI ::= IEI [55]
  | +-Octet2-Octet5 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Nonce value ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(4..4) [00000000]
  +-Nonce MME ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
    +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Nonce IEI ::= IEI [56]
    +-Octet2-Octet5 ::= DIVISION
      +-Nonce value ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(4..4) [00000000]

RRC : UL Information Transfer + NAS : Security Mode Complete


 

Security Mode Complete is the answer to "Security Mode Command" message, so it is simple. If UE is also capable of
the Integrity, Security algorithm that NW want to use, it send 'Security Mode Complete', if UE is not capable of them,
it send 'Security Mode Failure'.
 
NAS_LTE:EMM,Security mode complete
Security mode complete ::= DIVISION
  +-Security header type ::= V
  | +-Security header type ::= CHOICE [Plain NAS message, not security protected]
  +-EPS mobility management protocol discriminator ::= V
  | +-Protocol discriminator ::= PD [7]
  +-Security mode complete message identity ::= V
  | +-Message type ::= MSG [5E]
  +-IMEISV ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
    +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Mobile Identity IEI ::= IEI [23]
    +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Length of mobile identity contents ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
    +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Identity digit 1 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
    | +-Odd/even indication ::= CHOICE [even number of identity digits and also when the TMSI/P-
TMSI is used]
    | +-Type of identity ::= CHOICE [No Identity]
    +-Octet4-Octet11 ::= DIVISION
      +-Identity digit p ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..8)

RRC : Security Mode Command

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This is the same step as NAS:Security Mode Command, the only difference is that this is only for
RRC message.
 
RRC_LTE:DL-DCCH-Message
DL-DCCH-Message ::= SEQUENCE
  +-message ::= CHOICE [c1]
    +-c1 ::= CHOICE [securityModeCommand]
      +-securityModeCommand ::= SEQUENCE
        +-rrc-TransactionIdentifier ::= INTEGER (0..3) [0]
        +-criticalExtensions ::= CHOICE [c1]
          +-c1 ::= CHOICE [securityModeCommand-r8]
            +-securityModeCommand-r8 ::= SEQUENCE [0]
              +-securityConfigSMC ::= SEQUENCE
              | +-securityAlgorithmConfig ::= SEQUENCE
              |   +-cipheringAlgorithm ::= ENUMERATED [eea1]
              |   +-integrityProtAlgorithm ::= ENUMERATED [eia1]
              +-nonCriticalExtension ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit

For Ciphering Algorithm Paramter, refer to EEA page.


For Integrity Algorithm Paramter, refer to EIA page.

RRC : Security Mode Complete

Security Mode Complete is the answer to "Security Mode Command" message, so it is simple. If UE is also capable of
the Integrity, Security algorithm that NW want to use, it send 'Security Mode Complete', if UE is not capable of them,
it send 'Security Mode Failure'.
 
UL-DCCH-Message ::= SEQUENCE
  +-message ::= CHOICE [c1]
    +-c1 ::= CHOICE [securityModeComplete]
      +-securityModeComplete ::= SEQUENCE
        +-rrc-TransactionIdentifier ::= INTEGER (0..3) [0]
        +-criticalExtensions ::= CHOICE [securityModeComplete-r8]
          +-securityModeComplete-r8 ::= SEQUENCE [0]
            +-nonCriticalExtension ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit

RRC : UE Capability Enquiry

As the diversity of mobile services gets wider, Network needs to know exact capability of a UE to provide proper
services for each UE. For example, what if network triggers an interRAT handover to a UE which does not support
that capability ? It would lead to communication drop.
In case of WCDMA, Network can figure out all the details of UE capability during RRC Connection Setup Complete
message since UE report all the details of its capability in RRC Connection Setup Complete message. However, LTE
RRC Connection Setup Complete message does not carry this kind of information. In stead, LTE designed a new
message dedicated for investigating UE capability. This is the role of UE Capability Enquiry and UE Capability
Information message.
Strictly speaking, this is a kind of optional step.. but it is becoming more and more critical steps as LTE service
evolves.

Following is one example of ue-CapabilityRequest message and this is saying "Report all of your LTE capability and
UTRA capability".

DL-DCCH-Message ::= SEQUENCE


  +-message ::= CHOICE [c1]
    +-c1 ::= CHOICE [ueCapabilityEnquiry]
      +-ueCapabilityEnquiry ::= SEQUENCE
        +-rrc-TransactionIdentifier ::= INTEGER (0..3) [0]
        +-criticalExtensions ::= CHOICE [c1]
          +-c1 ::= CHOICE [ueCapabilityEnquiry-r8]
            +-ueCapabilityEnquiry-r8 ::= SEQUENCE [0]
              +-ue-CapabilityRequest ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(1..maxRAT-Capabilities[8]) [2]
              | +-RAT-Type ::= ENUMERATED [eutra]
              | +-RAT-Type ::= ENUMERATED [utra]
              +-nonCriticalExtension ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit

RRC : UE Capability Information

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This message is the response to UE Capability Request message and it carries all the details of UE capability. Since
this is very complicated message which has wide variety, I made a separate page for UE Capability Information.

RRC : RRC Connection Reconfiguration + NAS : Attach Accept + NAS : Activate Default EPS Bearer
Context Request

An important procedure done in this step is "ESM : Activate Default EPS Bearer Context Request".

One thing you notice here is that in LTE Packet call is initiated by Network where as in UMST most of the packet call
is initiated by UE. Network specifies an IP for the UE here.

If you have any experience with WCDMA protocol, you may take this message to be similar to 'Radio Bearer Setup' +
'Attach Accept' + Activate PDP Context Accept.

At this step, UE gets an IP from the network and this IP does not get returned to Network even after 'RRC connection
Release' and UE gets into IDLE mode.

 
An example of RRC Connection Reconfiguration is as follows. The example shown in this page is from very early LTE
UE, so it may be oversimplified comparing to more recent device. I will keep posting more examples of this message
from various different conditions.

Example with IPv4 only-RRC Connection Reconfiguration+Attach Complete+Activate Default EPS Bearer Req
Example with IPv6 only-RRC Connection Reconfiguration+Activate Default EPS Bearer Req
Example with IPv4v6 only-RRC Connection Reconfiguration+Activate Default EPS Bearer Req

Don't try to look into all the details since this message is one of the most complicated message in LTE. Just try to
understand overall structure and compare the tree map shown above and the real messages shown below.
Probably it will take several month to understand all the details of these elements, so don't be so hurry.
Whenever you study a little bit further details of the topics in the tree diagram shown above, open up this section
and see the details under the topics you studied. If you fully understand all the information elements shown below,
you can say you mastered the LTE. Again don't try to understand all of these at once. It will just raise your blood
pressure. Just look through these items as often as possible and get familiar with the overall structure first.
 
DL-DCCH-Message ::= SEQUENCE
  +-message ::= CHOICE [c1]
    +-c1 ::= CHOICE [rrcConnectionReconfiguration]
      +-rrcConnectionReconfiguration ::= SEQUENCE
        +-rrc-TransactionIdentifier ::= INTEGER (0..3) [0]
        +-criticalExtensions ::= CHOICE [c1]
          +-c1 ::= CHOICE [rrcConnectionReconfiguration-r8]
            +-rrcConnectionReconfiguration-r8 ::= SEQUENCE [001100]
              +-measConfig ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              +-mobilityControlInfo ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              +-dedicatedInfoNASList ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(1..maxDRB[11]) [1] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | +-DedicatedInfoNAS ::= OCTET STRING SIZE(ALIGNED)
                                       [074201E0060000F1100001002C5201C101091003777777
                                        07616E726974737503636F6D05010A012037270E808021
                                        0A0300000A81060A000001500BF600F11080010100000001]

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              +-radioResourceConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE [110101] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | +-srb-ToAddModList ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(1..2) [1] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | +-SRB-ToAddMod ::= SEQUENCE [11]
              | |   +-srb-Identity ::= INTEGER (1..2) [2]
              | |   +-rlc-Config ::= CHOICE [defaultValue] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-defaultValue ::= NULL
              | |   +-logicalChannelConfig ::= CHOICE [defaultValue] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |     +-defaultValue ::= NULL
              | +-drb-ToAddModList ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(1..maxDRB[11]) [1] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | +-DRB-ToAddMod ::= SEQUENCE [11111]
              | |   +-eps-BearerIdentity ::= INTEGER (0..15) [5] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   +-drb-Identity ::= INTEGER (1..32) [1]
              | |   +-pdcp-Config ::= SEQUENCE [101] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-discardTimer ::= ENUMERATED [infinity] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-rlc-AM ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              | |   | +-rlc-UM ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | | +-pdcp-SN-Size ::= ENUMERATED [len12bits]
              | |   | +-headerCompression ::= CHOICE [notUsed]
              | |   |   +-notUsed ::= NULL
              | |   +-rlc-Config ::= CHOICE [um-Bi-Directional] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-um-Bi-Directional ::= SEQUENCE
              | |   |   +-ul-UM-RLC ::= SEQUENCE
              | |   |   | +-sn-FieldLength ::= ENUMERATED [size10]
              | |   |   +-dl-UM-RLC ::= SEQUENCE
              | |   |     +-sn-FieldLength ::= ENUMERATED [size10]
              | |   |     +-t-Reordering ::= ENUMERATED [ms50]
              | |   +-logicalChannelIdentity ::= INTEGER (3..10) [3] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   +-logicalChannelConfig ::= SEQUENCE [1] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |     +-ul-SpecificParameters ::= SEQUENCE [1] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |       +-priority ::= INTEGER (1..16) [13]
              | |       +-prioritisedBitRate ::= ENUMERATED [infinity]
              | |       +-bucketSizeDuration ::= ENUMERATED [ms100]
              | |       +-logicalChannelGroup ::= INTEGER (0..3) [2] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | +-drb-ToReleaseList ::= SEQUENCE OF OPTIONAL:Omit
              | +-mac-MainConfig ::= CHOICE [explicitValue] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | +-explicitValue ::= SEQUENCE [111]
              | |   +-ul-SCH-Config ::= SEQUENCE [11] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-maxHARQ-Tx ::= ENUMERATED [n5] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-periodicBSR-Timer ::= ENUMERATED [sf20] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-retxBSR-Timer ::= ENUMERATED [sf320]
              | |   | +-ttiBundling ::= BOOLEAN [FALSE]
              | |   +-drx-Config ::= CHOICE [release] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-release ::= NULL
              | |   +-timeAlignmentTimerDedicated ::= ENUMERATED [infinity]
              | |   +-phr-Config ::= CHOICE [setup] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |     +-setup ::= SEQUENCE
              | |       +-periodicPHR-Timer ::= ENUMERATED [sf500]
              | |       +-prohibitPHR-Timer ::= ENUMERATED [sf200]
              | |       +-dl-PathlossChange ::= ENUMERATED [dB3]
              | +-sps-Config ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              | +-physicalConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE [0000110010] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   +-pdsch-ConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-pucch-ConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-pusch-ConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-uplinkPowerControlDedicated ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-tpc-PDCCH-ConfigPUCCH ::= CHOICE [setup] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   | +-setup ::= SEQUENCE
              |   |   +-tpc-RNTI ::= BIT STRING SIZE(16) [0000001111111111]
              |   |   +-tpc-Index ::= CHOICE [indexOfFormat3]
              |   |     +-indexOfFormat3 ::= INTEGER (1..15) [1]
              |   +-tpc-PDCCH-ConfigPUSCH ::= CHOICE [setup] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   | +-setup ::= SEQUENCE
              |   |   +-tpc-RNTI ::= BIT STRING SIZE(16) [0000000111111010]
              |   |   +-tpc-Index ::= CHOICE [indexOfFormat3]
              |   |     +-indexOfFormat3 ::= INTEGER (1..15) [1]
              |   +-cqi-ReportConfig ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-soundingRS-UL-ConfigDedicated ::= CHOICE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-antennaInfo ::= CHOICE [explicitValue] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   | +-explicitValue ::= SEQUENCE [0]
              |   |   +-transmissionMode ::= ENUMERATED [tm1]
              |   |   +-codebookSubsetRestriction ::= CHOICE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   |   +-ue-TransmitAntennaSelection ::= CHOICE [release]
              |   |     +-release ::= NULL

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              |   +-schedulingRequestConfig ::= CHOICE OPTIONAL:Omit
              +-securityConfigHO ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              +-nonCriticalExtension ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit

Even though the decoded message shown above looks very complicated already, it is not fully decoded. It shows only
RRC part decode. If you decode the NAS part in this message, you will get the following contents.

One very important thing you have to keep in mind is that you have to carefully populate this message so that I can
properly handles/matches the information sent from UE via Attach Request, otherwise this would lead to registration
failure.
 
AS_LTE:EMM,Attach accept
Attach accept ::= DIVISION
  +-Security header type ::= V
  | +-Security header type ::= CHOICE [Plain NAS message, not security protected]
  +-EPS mobility management protocol discriminator ::= V
  | +-Protocol discriminator ::= PD [7]
  +-Attach accept message identity ::= V
  | +-Message type ::= MSG [42]
  +-Spare half octet ::= V
  | +-Spare half octet ::= FIX [0]
  +-EPS attach result ::= V
  | +-Spare ::= FIX [0]
  | +-EPS attach result value ::= CHOICE [EPS only]
  +-T3412 value ::= V
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Unit ::= CHOICE [value indicates that the timer is deactivated]
  |   +-Timer value ::= INT (0..31) [0]
  +-TAI list ::= LV
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of tracking area identity list contents ::= LEN (0..255) [6]
  | +-Octet2-97 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-tracking area identity list contents ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..96) [0000F1100001]
  +-ESM message container ::= LV-E
  | +-Octet1-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of ESM message container ::= LEN (0..65535) [44]
  | +-Octet3- ::= DIVISION
  |   +-ESM message container contents ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..65535)
                                           [5201C10109100377777707616E726974737503636F6D
                                            05010A012037270E8080210A0300000A81060A000001]
  +-GUTI ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Exist
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-EPS mobile identity IEI ::= IEI [50]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of EPS mobile identity contents ::= LEN (0..255) [11]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Spare ::= FIX [F]
  | | +-Odd/even indication ::= CHOICE [even number of identity digits and also when the GUTI is
used]
  | | +-Type of identity ::= CHOICE [GUTI]
  | +-Octet4 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MCC digit 2 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | | +-MCC digit 1 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | +-Octet5 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MNC digit 3 ::= INT (0..15) [15]
  | | +-MCC digit 3 ::= INT (0..15) [1]
  | +-Octet6 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MNC digit 2 ::= INT (0..15) [1]
  | | +-MNC digit 1 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | +-Octet7 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MME Group ID ::= INT (0..255) [128]
  | +-Octet8 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MME Group ID(continued) ::= INT (0..255) [1]
  | +-Octet9 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MME Code ::= INT (0..255) [1]
  | +-Octet10 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-M-TMSI ::= INT (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet11 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-M-TMSI(continued) ::= INT (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet12 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-M-TMSI(continued) ::= INT (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet13 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-M-TMSI(continued) ::= INT (0..255) [1]

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  +-Location area identification ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Location Area Identification IEI ::= IEI [13]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MCC digit 2 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | | +-MCC digit 1 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MNC digit 3 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | | +-MCC digit 3 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | +-Octet4 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MNC digit 2 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | | +-MNC digit 1 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | +-Octet5 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-LAC ::= INT (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet6 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-LAC (continued) ::= INT (0..255) [0]
  +-MS identity ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Mobile Identity IEI ::= IEI [23]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of mobile identity contents ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Identity digit 1 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | | +-Odd/even indication ::= CHOICE [even number of identity digits and also when the TMSI/P-
TMSI is used]
  | | +-Type of identity ::= CHOICE [No Identity]
  | +-Octet4-Octet10 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Identity digit p ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..7)
  +-EMM cause ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-EMM cause IEI ::= IEI [53]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Cause value ::= CHOICE [#2:IMSI unknown in HSS]
  +-T3402 value ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-GPRS Timer IEI ::= IEI [17]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Unit ::= CHOICE [value is incremented in multiples of 2 seconds]
  |   +-Timer value ::= INT (0..31) [0]
  +-T3423 value ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-GPRS Timer IEI ::= IEI [59]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Unit ::= CHOICE [value is incremented in multiples of 2 seconds]
  |   +-Timer value ::= INT (0..31) [0]
  +-Equivalent PLMNs ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-PLMN List IEI ::= IEI [4A]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of PLMN List contents ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MCC digit 2 PLMN 1 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | | +-MCC digit 1 PLMN 1 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
     ..... Octet 4 - Octet 45 .....
  | +-Octet46 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-MNC digit 3 PLMN 15 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | | +-MCC digit 3 PLMN 15 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  | +-Octet47 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-MNC digit 2 PLMN 15 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  |   +-MNC digit 1 PLMN 15 ::= INT (0..15) [0]
  +-Emergency Number List ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Emergency Number List IEI ::= IEI [34]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of Emergency Number List IE contents ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet3-50 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Emergency Number List IE contents ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..48)
  +-EPS network feature support ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-EPS network feature support IEI ::= IEI [64]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of EPS network feature support contents ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION

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  |   +-Spare ::= FIX [0]
  |   +-IMS VoPS ::= CHOICE [IMS voice over PS session in S1 mode not supported]
  +-Additional update result ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
    +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
      +-Additional update result IEI ::= IEI [F-]
      +-Spare ::= FIX [0]
      +-Additional update result value ::= CHOICE [no additional information]

If you see the contents shown above, you would see "ESM message container contents", which can be further
decoded as below. The IE (information element) marked in blue would be the most important IEs for UE connection
to data service application.

NAS_LTE:ESM,Activate default EPS bearer context request


Activate default EPS bearer context request ::= DIVISION
  +-EPS bearer identity ::= V
  | +-EPS bearer identity value ::= CHOICE [EPS bearer identity value 5]
  +-EPS session management protocol discriminator ::= V
  | +-Protocol discriminator ::= PD [2]
  +-Procedure transaction identity ::= V
  | +-Procedure transaction identity ::= CHOICE [Procedure transaction identity value 1]
  +-Activate default EPS bearer context request message identity ::= V
  | +-Message type ::= MSG [C1]
  +-EPS QoS ::= LV
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of EPS quality of service contents ::= LEN (0..255) [1]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-QCI ::= CHOICE [QCI 9]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for uplink ::= CHOICE [Reserved(network to UE direction)/Subscribed
maximum bit rate for uplink(UE to network direction)]
  | +-Octet4 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for downlink ::= CHOICE [Reserved(network to UE direction)/Subscribed
maximum bit rate for uplink(UE to network direction)]
  | +-Octet5 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Guaranteed bit rate for uplink ::= CHOICE [Reserved(network to UE direction)/Subscribed
maximum bit rate for uplink(UE to network direction)]
  | +-Octet6 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Guaranteed bit rate for downlink ::= CHOICE [Reserved(network to UE direction)/Subscribed
maximum bit rate for uplink(UE to network direction)]
  | +-Octet7 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for uplink (extended) ::= CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the maximum
bit rate for uplink in octet 4]
  | +-Octet8 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for downlink (extended) ::= CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the
maximum bit rate for uplink in octet 4]
  | +-Octet9 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Guaranteed bit rate for uplink (extended) ::= CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the
guaranteed bit rate for uplink in octet 6]
  | +-Octet10 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Guaranteed bit rate for downlink (extended) ::= CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the
guaranteed bit rate for uplink in octet 6]
  +-Access point name ::= LV
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of access point name contents ::= LEN (0..255) [16]
  | +-Octet2-Octet101 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Access point name value ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..100) [0377777707616E726974737503636F6D]
  +-PDN address ::= LV
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of PDN address contents ::= LEN (0..255) [5]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-PDN type value ::= CHOICE [IPv4]
  | +-Octet3-14 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-PDN address information ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..12) [0A012037]
  +-Transaction identifier ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Transaction identifier IEI ::= IEI [5D]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of Transaction identifier contents ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-TI flag ::= CHOICE [The message is sent from the side that originates the TI]
  | | +-TIO ::= CHOICE [TI value 0]
  | | +-Spare ::= FIX [0]

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  | +-Octet4 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-ext ::= EXT (0..1) [1]
  |   +-TIE ::= CHOICE [Reserved]
  +-Negotiated QoS ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Quality of service IEI ::= IEI [30]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of quality of service IE ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-Delay class ::= CHOICE [Subscribed delay class(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network
to MS direction)]
  | | +-Reliability class ::= CHOICE [Subscribed reliability class(MS to network
direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | +-Octet4 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Peak throughput ::= CHOICE [Subscribed peak throughput(MS to network
direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-Precedence class ::= CHOICE [Subscribed precedence(MS to network
direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | +-Octet5 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-Mean throughput ::= CHOICE [Subscribed mean throughput(MS to network
direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | +-Octet6 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Traffic Class ::= CHOICE [Subscribed traffic class(MS to network
direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | | +-Delivery order ::= CHOICE [Subscribed delivery order(MS to network
direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | | +-Delivery of erroneous SDUs ::= CHOICE [Subscribed delivery of erroneous SDUs(MS to network
direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | +-Octet7 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum SDU size ::= CHOICE [Subscribed maximum SDU size(MS to network
direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | +-Octet8 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for uplink ::= CHOICE [Subscribed maximum bit rate for uplink(MS to
network direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | +-Octet9 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for downlink ::= CHOICE [Subscribed maximum bit rate for uplink(MS to
network direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | +-Octet10 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Residual BER ::= CHOICE [Subscribed residual BER(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network
to MS direction)]
  | | +-SDU error ratio ::= CHOICE [Subscribed SDU error ratio(MS to network
direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | +-Octet11 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Transfer delay ::= CHOICE [Subscribed transfer delay(MS to network
direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | | +-Traffic Handling priority ::= CHOICE [Subscribed traffic handling priority(MS to network
direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | +-Octet12 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Guaranteed bit rate for uplink ::= INT (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet13 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Guaranteed bit rate for downlink ::= INT (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet14 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-Signalling Indication ::= CHOICE [Not optimised for signalling traffic]
  | | +-Source Statistics Descriptor ::= CHOICE [unknown]
  | +-Octet15 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for downlink (extended) ::= CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the
Maximum bit rate for downlink in octet 9.]
  | +-Octet16 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Guaranteed bit rate for downlink (extended) ::= CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the
Maximum bit rate for downlink in octet 9.]
  | +-Octet17 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for uplink (extended) ::= CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the Maximum
bit rate for downlink in octet 9.]
  | +-Octet18 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Guaranteed bit rate for uplink (extended) ::= CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the
Maximum bit rate for downlink in octet 9.]
  +-Negotiated LLC SAPI ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-LLC SAPI IEI ::= IEI [32]

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  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Spare ::= FIX [0]
  |   +-LLC SAPI value ::= CHOICE [LLC SAPI not assigned]
  +-Radio priority ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Radio priority IEI ::= IEI [8-]
  |   +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  |   +-Radio priority level value ::= CHOICE [priority level 1 (highest)]
  +-Packet flow identifier ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Packet Flow Identifier IEI ::= IEI [34]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of Packet Flow Identifier IE ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  |   +-Packet Flow Identifier value ::= CHOICE [Best Effort]
  +-APN-AMBR ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-APN aggregate maximum bit rate IEI ::= IEI [5E]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of APN aggregate maximum bit rate contents ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-APN-AMBR for downlink ::= CHOICE [1kbps]
  | +-Octet4 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-APN-AMBR for uplink ::= CHOICE [1kbps]
  | +-Octet5 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-APN-AMBR for downlink (extended) ::= CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the APN-AMBR for
downlink in octet 3]
  | +-Octet6 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-APN-AMBR for uplink (extended) ::= CHOICE [8700kbps]
  | +-Octet7 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-APN-AMBR for downlink (extended-2) ::= CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the APN-AMBR for
downlink and APN-AMBR for downlink (extended) in octets 3 and 5 0]
  | +-Octet8 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-APN-AMBR for uplink (extended-2) ::= CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the APN-AMBR for
downlink and APN-AMBR for downlink (extended) in octets 3 and 5 0]
  +-ESM cause ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-ESM cause IEI ::= IEI [58]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Cause value ::= CHOICE [#8:Operator Determined Barring]
  +-Protocol configuration options ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Exist
    +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Protocol configuration options IEI ::= IEI [27]
    +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Length of protocol config options contents ::= LEN (0..255) [14]
    +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
    | +-ext ::= EXT1 [1]
    | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
    | +-Configuration protocol ::= CHOICE [PPP for use with IP PDP type]
    +-Octet4-Octet253 ::= DIVISION
      +-protocol config options contents ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..250) [80210A0300000A81060A000001]

There is one important thing you have to know at this point. It is about how to specify PDN address. Following three
examples can be self sufficient (I hope -:). For a little bit further details for IPv6, refer to IPv6 page.

< Example : IPv4 >

  +-PDN address ::= LV


  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of PDN address contents ::= LEN (0..255) [5]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-PDN type value ::= CHOICE [IPv4]
  | +-Octet3-14 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-PDN address information ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..12) [0A012037]

< Example : IPv6 >


: Specify the link local address of IPv6 address.

  +-PDN address ::= LV

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  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of PDN address contents ::= LEN (0..255) [9]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-PDN type value ::= CHOICE [IPv6]
  | +-Octet3-14 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-PDN address information ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..12) [0000000001010002]

< Example : IPv4v6 >


: Specify the link local address of IPv6 address followed by IPv4 address.

  +-PDN address ::= LV


  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of PDN address contents ::= LEN (0..255) [13]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-PDN type value ::= CHOICE [IPv4v6]
  | +-Octet3-14 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-PDN address information ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..12) [00000000010100020A0A0A0A]

< Protocol configuration options >

This is a pretty complicated topic. So I will describe this on a separate post here.

RRC : RRC Connection Reconfiguration Complete + NAS :


AttachComplete + ESM : Activate Default EPS Bearer Context Accept

An important procedure done in this step is "ESM : Activate Default EPS Bearer Context Accept".
 
RRC Connection Reconfiguration Complete part is very simple as follows.
 
RRC_LTE:UL-DCCH-Message
UL-DCCH-Message ::= SEQUENCE
  +-message ::= CHOICE [c1]
    +-c1 ::= CHOICE [rrcConnectionReconfigurationComplete]
      +-rrcConnectionReconfigurationComplete ::= SEQUENCE
        +-rrc-TransactionIdentifier ::= INTEGER (0..3) [0]
        +-criticalExtensions ::= CHOICE [rrcConnectionReconfigurationComplete-r8]
          +-rrcConnectionReconfigurationComplete-r8 ::= SEQUENCE [0]
            +-nonCriticalExtension ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit

NAS part has pretty complicated structure since it is Piggybacked multiple times.

RRC_LTE:UL-DCCH-Message
UL-DCCH-Message ::= SEQUENCE
+-message ::= CHOICE [c1]
+-c1 ::= CHOICE [ulInformationTransfer]
+-ulInformationTransfer ::= SEQUENCE
+-criticalExtensions ::= CHOICE [c1]
+-c1 ::= CHOICE [ulInformationTransfer-r8]
+-ulInformationTransfer-r8 ::= SEQUENCE [0]
+-dedicatedInfoType ::= CHOICE [dedicatedInfoNAS]
| +-dedicatedInfoNAS ::= OCTET STRING SIZE(ALIGNED) [074300035200C2]
+-nonCriticalExtension ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
 
If you decode dedicatedInfoNAS ::= OCTET STRING SIZE(ALIGNED) [074300035200C2], you will get the following
message(Attach Complete).
 
NAS_LTE:EMM,Attach complete
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Attach complete ::= DIVISION
  +-Security header type ::= V
  | +-Security header type ::= CHOICE [Plain NAS message, not security protected]
  +-EPS mobility management protocol discriminator ::= V
  | +-Protocol discriminator ::= PD [7]
  +-Attach complete message identity ::= V
  | +-Message type ::= MSG [43]
  +-ESM message container ::= LV-E
    +-Octet1-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Length of ESM message container ::= LEN (0..65535) [3]
    +-Octet3- ::= DIVISION
      +-ESM message container contents ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..65535) [5200C2]

If you decode ESM message container contents ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..65535) [5200C2] part, you will get the
following message (Activate default EPS bearer context accept).

NAS_LTE:ESM,Activate default EPS bearer context accept


Activate default EPS bearer context accept ::= DIVISION
  +-EPS bearer identity ::= V
  | +-EPS bearer identity value ::= CHOICE [EPS bearer identity value 5]
  +-EPS session management protocol discriminator ::= V
  | +-Protocol discriminator ::= PD [2]
  +-Procedure transaction identity ::= V
  | +-Procedure transaction identity ::= CHOICE [No procedure transaction identity assigned]
  +-Activate default EPS bearer context accept message identity ::= V
  | +-Message type ::= MSG [C2]
  +-Protocol configuration options ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
    +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Protocol configuration options IEI ::= IEI [27]
    +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Length of protocol config options contents ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
    +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
    | +-ext ::= EXT1 [1]
    | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
    | +-Configuration protocol ::= CHOICE [PPP for use with IP PDP type]
    +-Octet4-Octet253 ::= DIVISION
      +-protocol config options contents ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..250)

RRC : RRC Connection Request

Same as step 6, but establishment cause gets different as shown below. It will be mt-Access or mo-Data depending
on whether it is MT call or MO call.
 
RRC_LTE:UL-CCCH-Message
UL-CCCH-Message ::= SEQUENCE
  +-message ::= CHOICE [c1]
    +-c1 ::= CHOICE [rrcConnectionRequest]
      +-rrcConnectionRequest ::= SEQUENCE
        +-criticalExtensions ::= CHOICE [rrcConnectionRequest-r8]
          +-rrcConnectionRequest-r8 ::= SEQUENCE
            +-ue-Identity ::= CHOICE [s-TMSI]
            | +-s-TMSI ::= SEQUENCE
            |   +-mmec ::= BIT STRING SIZE(8) [00000001]
            |   +-m-TMSI ::= BIT STRING SIZE(32) [00000000000000000000000000000001]
            +-establishmentCause ::= ENUMERATED [mt-Access]
            +-spare ::= BIT STRING SIZE(1) [0]

RRC : RRC Connection Setup

Refer to RRC Connection Setup

RRC : RRC Connection Setup Complete + NAS : Service Request


 
RRC_LTE:UL-DCCH-Message
UL-DCCH-Message ::= SEQUENCE
  +-message ::= CHOICE [c1]
    +-c1 ::= CHOICE [rrcConnectionSetupComplete]
      +-rrcConnectionSetupComplete ::= SEQUENCE
        +-rrc-TransactionIdentifier ::= INTEGER (0..3) [0]
        +-criticalExtensions ::= CHOICE [c1]

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          +-c1 ::= CHOICE [rrcConnectionSetupComplete-r8]
            +-rrcConnectionSetupComplete-r8 ::= SEQUENCE [00]
              +-selectedPLMN-Identity ::= INTEGER (1..6) [1]
              +-registeredMME ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              +-dedicatedInfoNAS ::= OCTET STRING SIZE(ALIGNED) [C7E00000]
              +-nonCriticalExtension ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
 
If you decode dedicatedInfoNAS ::= OCTET STRING SIZE(ALIGNED) [C7E00000] part, you will get the following
message (Service Request).

NAS_LTE:EMM,Service request
Service request ::= DIVISION
  +-Security header type ::= V
  | +-Security header type ::= CHOICE [Security header for the SERVICE REQUEST message]
  +-EPS mobility management protocol discriminator ::= V
  | +-Protocol discriminator ::= PD [7]
  +-KSI and sequence number ::= V
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-KSI ::= CHOICE [no key is available]
  |   +-Sequence number(short) ::= INT (0..31) [0]
  +-Message authentication code (short) ::= V
    +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Short MAC value ::= INT (0..255) [0]
    +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
      +-Short MAC value(continued) ::= INT (0..255) [0]

RRC : Security Mode Command

Refer to RRC : Security Mode Command

RRC : Security Mode Complete

Refer to RRC : Security Mode Complete

RRC : RRC Connection Reconfiguration + NAS : Activate Dedicated EPS Bearer Context Request

This is another 'RRC Connection Reconfiguration' message. But you would see some difference between this message
and the message at step 15.
You don't see any 'Attach Accept' part because you already went through 'attach' process during the registration. And
now you created only 'Dedicated EPS Bearer'. Does this mean that you cannot use the 'Default EPS Bearer' you
created at step 15) ? No.. the default Bearer is still alive once it is created during the registration. That's why you
don't have to recreate the default EPS bearer at this step.

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One think you would notice would be that 'Activate Dedicated EPS Bearer Context Request' does not have IP address
setting. This is because Dedicated EPS is using the same IP configuration specified by Default EPS Bearer. The
purpose of Default EPS bearer is to create a data pipe with a different QoS from Default EPS QoS. It means Dedicated
EPS Bearer is linked to a specific Default EPS bearer.
Then, how do we know which default EPS bearer is linked to which Dedicated EPS Bearer ?
This link is specified by 'Linked EPS Bearer Identity'. For example, if 'Linked EPS Bearer Identity' is set to be 5. It
means this 'Dedicated EPS Bearer' is linked to the Default EPS Bearer with Bearer ID = 5 and use the same IP
configuration as defined in the default EPS bearer.
 
DL-DCCH-Message ::= SEQUENCE
  +-message ::= CHOICE [c1]
    +-c1 ::= CHOICE [rrcConnectionReconfiguration]
      +-rrcConnectionReconfiguration ::= SEQUENCE
        +-rrc-TransactionIdentifier ::= INTEGER (0..3) [0]
        +-criticalExtensions ::= CHOICE [c1]
          +-c1 ::= CHOICE [rrcConnectionReconfiguration-r8]
            +-rrcConnectionReconfiguration-r8 ::= SEQUENCE [001100]
              +-measConfig ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              +-mobilityControlInfo ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              +-dedicatedInfoNASList ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(1..maxDRB[11]) [1] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | +-DedicatedInfoNAS ::= OCTET STRING SIZE(ALIGNED)
                         [1700000000036200C5050904686848480000000006213100023011]
              +-radioResourceConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE [110101] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | +-srb-ToAddModList ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(1..2) [1] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | +-SRB-ToAddMod ::= SEQUENCE [11]
              | |   +-srb-Identity ::= INTEGER (1..2) [2]
              | |   +-rlc-Config ::= CHOICE [defaultValue] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-defaultValue ::= NULL
              | |   +-logicalChannelConfig ::= CHOICE [defaultValue] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |     +-defaultValue ::= NULL
              | +-drb-ToAddModList ::= SEQUENCE OF SIZE(1..maxDRB[11]) [2] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | +-DRB-ToAddMod ::= SEQUENCE [11111]
              | | | +-eps-BearerIdentity ::= INTEGER (0..15) [5] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | | +-drb-Identity ::= INTEGER (1..32) [1]
              | | | +-pdcp-Config ::= SEQUENCE [101] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | | | +-discardTimer ::= ENUMERATED [infinity] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | | | +-rlc-AM ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              | | | | +-rlc-UM ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | | | | +-pdcp-SN-Size ::= ENUMERATED [len12bits]
              | | | | +-headerCompression ::= CHOICE [notUsed]
              | | | |   +-notUsed ::= NULL
              | | | +-rlc-Config ::= CHOICE [um-Bi-Directional] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | | | +-um-Bi-Directional ::= SEQUENCE
              | | | |   +-ul-UM-RLC ::= SEQUENCE
              | | | |   | +-sn-FieldLength ::= ENUMERATED [size10]
              | | | |   +-dl-UM-RLC ::= SEQUENCE
              | | | |     +-sn-FieldLength ::= ENUMERATED [size10]
              | | | |     +-t-Reordering ::= ENUMERATED [ms50]
              | | | +-logicalChannelIdentity ::= INTEGER (3..10) [3] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | | +-logicalChannelConfig ::= SEQUENCE [1] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | |   +-ul-SpecificParameters ::= SEQUENCE [1] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | |     +-priority ::= INTEGER (1..16) [13]
              | | |     +-prioritisedBitRate ::= ENUMERATED [infinity]
              | | |     +-bucketSizeDuration ::= ENUMERATED [ms100]
              | | |     +-logicalChannelGroup ::= INTEGER (0..3) [2] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | +-DRB-ToAddMod ::= SEQUENCE [11111]
              | |   +-eps-BearerIdentity ::= INTEGER (0..15) [6] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   +-drb-Identity ::= INTEGER (1..32) [2]
              | |   +-pdcp-Config ::= SEQUENCE [101] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-discardTimer ::= ENUMERATED [infinity] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-rlc-AM ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              | |   | +-rlc-UM ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | | +-pdcp-SN-Size ::= ENUMERATED [len12bits]
              | |   | +-headerCompression ::= CHOICE [notUsed]
              | |   |   +-notUsed ::= NULL
              | |   +-rlc-Config ::= CHOICE [um-Bi-Directional] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-um-Bi-Directional ::= SEQUENCE
              | |   |   +-ul-UM-RLC ::= SEQUENCE
              | |   |   | +-sn-FieldLength ::= ENUMERATED [size10]
              | |   |   +-dl-UM-RLC ::= SEQUENCE
              | |   |     +-sn-FieldLength ::= ENUMERATED [size10]
              | |   |     +-t-Reordering ::= ENUMERATED [ms50]
              | |   +-logicalChannelIdentity ::= INTEGER (3..10) [4] OPTIONAL:Exist

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              | |   +-logicalChannelConfig ::= SEQUENCE [1] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |     +-ul-SpecificParameters ::= SEQUENCE [1] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |       +-priority ::= INTEGER (1..16) [13]
              | |       +-prioritisedBitRate ::= ENUMERATED [infinity]
              | |       +-bucketSizeDuration ::= ENUMERATED [ms100]
              | |       +-logicalChannelGroup ::= INTEGER (0..3) [3] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | +-drb-ToReleaseList ::= SEQUENCE OF OPTIONAL:Omit
              | +-mac-MainConfig ::= CHOICE [explicitValue] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | | +-explicitValue ::= SEQUENCE [111]
              | |   +-ul-SCH-Config ::= SEQUENCE [11] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-maxHARQ-Tx ::= ENUMERATED [n5] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-periodicBSR-Timer ::= ENUMERATED [sf20] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-retxBSR-Timer ::= ENUMERATED [sf320]
              | |   | +-ttiBundling ::= BOOLEAN [FALSE]
              | |   +-drx-Config ::= CHOICE [release] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |   | +-release ::= NULL
              | |   +-timeAlignmentTimerDedicated ::= ENUMERATED [infinity]
              | |   +-phr-Config ::= CHOICE [setup] OPTIONAL:Exist
              | |     +-setup ::= SEQUENCE
              | |       +-periodicPHR-Timer ::= ENUMERATED [sf500]
              | |       +-prohibitPHR-Timer ::= ENUMERATED [sf200]
              | |       +-dl-PathlossChange ::= ENUMERATED [dB3]
              | +-sps-Config ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              | +-physicalConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE [0000110010] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   +-pdsch-ConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-pucch-ConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-pusch-ConfigDedicated ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-uplinkPowerControlDedicated ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-tpc-PDCCH-ConfigPUCCH ::= CHOICE [setup] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   | +-setup ::= SEQUENCE
              |   |   +-tpc-RNTI ::= BIT STRING SIZE(16) [0000001111111111]
              |   |   +-tpc-Index ::= CHOICE [indexOfFormat3]
              |   |     +-indexOfFormat3 ::= INTEGER (1..15) [1]
              |   +-tpc-PDCCH-ConfigPUSCH ::= CHOICE [setup] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   | +-setup ::= SEQUENCE
              |   |   +-tpc-RNTI ::= BIT STRING SIZE(16) [0000000111111010]
              |   |   +-tpc-Index ::= CHOICE [indexOfFormat3]
              |   |     +-indexOfFormat3 ::= INTEGER (1..15) [1]
              |   +-cqi-ReportConfig ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-soundingRS-UL-ConfigDedicated ::= CHOICE OPTIONAL:Omit
              |   +-antennaInfo ::= CHOICE [defaultValue] OPTIONAL:Exist
              |   | +-defaultValue ::= NULL
              |   +-schedulingRequestConfig ::= CHOICE OPTIONAL:Omit
              +-securityConfigHO ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
              +-nonCriticalExtension ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
 
 
Activate dedicated EPS bearer context request ::= DIVISION
  +-EPS bearer identity ::= V
  | +-EPS bearer identity value ::= CHOICE [EPS bearer identity value 6]
  +-EPS session management protocol discriminator ::= V
  | +-Protocol discriminator ::= PD [2]
  +-Procedure transaction identity ::= V
  | +-Procedure transaction identity ::= CHOICE [No procedure transaction identity assigned]
  +-Activate dedicated EPS bearer context request message identity ::= V
  | +-Message type ::= MSG [C5]
  +-Spare half octet ::= V
  | +-Spare half octet ::= FIX [0]
  +-Linked EPS bearer identity ::= V
  | +-Linked EPS bearer identity value ::= CHOICE [EPS bearer identity value 5]
  +-EPS QoS ::= LV
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of EPS quality of service contents ::= LEN (0..255) [9]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-QCI ::= CHOICE [QCI 4]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for uplink ::= CHOICE [384kbps]
  | +-Octet4 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for downlink ::= CHOICE [384kbps]
  | +-Octet5 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Guaranteed bit rate for uplink ::= CHOICE [128kbps]
  | +-Octet6 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Guaranteed bit rate for downlink ::= CHOICE [128kbps]

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  | +-Octet7 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for uplink (extended) ::=
          CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the maximum bit rate for uplink in octet 4]
  | +-Octet8 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for downlink (extended) ::=
          CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the maximum bit rate for uplink in octet 4]
  | +-Octet9 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Guaranteed bit rate for uplink (extended) ::=
          CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the guaranteed bit rate for uplink in octet 6]
  | +-Octet10 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Guaranteed bit rate for downlink (extended) ::=
          CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the guaranteed bit rate for uplink in octet 6]
  +-TFT ::= LV
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of traffic flow template IE ::= LEN (0..255) [6]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-TFT operation code ::= CHOICE [Create new TFT]
  | | +-E bit ::= CHOICE [parameters list is not included]
  | | +-Number of packet filters ::= INT (0..15) [1]
  | +-Octet3-Octet256 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Packet filter list/Parameters list ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..254) [3100023011]
  +-Transaction identifier ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Transaction identifier IEI ::= IEI [5D]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of Transaction identifier contents ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-TI flag ::= CHOICE [The message is sent from the side that originates the TI]
  | | +-TIO ::= CHOICE [TI value 0]
  | | +-Spare ::= FIX [0]
  | +-Octet4 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-ext ::= EXT (0..1) [1]
  |   +-TIE ::= CHOICE [Reserved]
  +-Negotiated QoS ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Quality of service IEI ::= IEI [30]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of quality of service IE ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-Delay class ::= CHOICE [Subscribed delay class(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS
direction)]
  | | +-Reliability class ::=
      CHOICE [Subscribed reliability class(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | +-Octet4 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Peak throughput ::=
      CHOICE [Subscribed peak throughput(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-Precedence class ::=
      CHOICE [Subscribed precedence(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | +-Octet5 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-Mean throughput ::=
      CHOICE [Subscribed mean throughput(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | +-Octet6 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Traffic Class ::=
      CHOICE [Subscribed traffic class(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | | +-Delivery order ::=
      CHOICE [Subscribed delivery order(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | | +-Delivery of erroneous SDUs ::=
      CHOICE [Subscribed delivery of erroneous SDUs(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS
direction)]
  | +-Octet7 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum SDU size ::=
      CHOICE [Subscribed maximum SDU size(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | +-Octet8 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for uplink ::=
      CHOICE [Subscribed maximum bit rate for uplink(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS
direction)]
  | +-Octet9 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for downlink ::=
        CHOICE [Subscribed maximum bit rate for uplink(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS
direction)]

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  | +-Octet10 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Residual BER ::=
          CHOICE [Subscribed residual BER(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | | +-SDU error ratio ::=
          CHOICE [Subscribed SDU error ratio(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | +-Octet11 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Transfer delay ::=
          CHOICE [Subscribed transfer delay(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS direction)]
  | | +-Traffic Handling priority ::=
          CHOICE [Subscribed traffic handling priority(MS to network direction)/Reserved(network to MS
direction)]
  | +-Octet12 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Guaranteed bit rate for uplink ::= INT (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet13 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Guaranteed bit rate for downlink ::= INT (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet14 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Spare ::= FIX [0]
  | | +-Signalling Indication ::= CHOICE [Not optimised for signalling traffic]
  | | +-Source Statistics Descriptor ::= CHOICE [unknown]
  | +-Octet15 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for downlink (extended) ::=
              CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the Maximum bit rate for downlink in octet 9.]
  | +-Octet16 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Guaranteed bit rate for downlink (extended) ::=
              CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the Maximum bit rate for downlink in octet 9.]
  | +-Octet17 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Maximum bit rate for uplink (extended) ::=
              CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the Maximum bit rate for downlink in octet 9.]
  | +-Octet18 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Guaranteed bit rate for uplink (extended) ::=
              CHOICE [Use the value indicated by the Maximum bit rate for downlink in octet 9.]
  +-Negotiated LLC SAPI ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-LLC SAPI IEI ::= IEI [32]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Spare ::= FIX [0]
  |   +-LLC SAPI value ::= CHOICE [LLC SAPI not assigned]
  +-Radio priority ::= TV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-Radio priority IEI ::= IEI [8-]
  |   +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  |   +-Radio priority level value ::= CHOICE [priority level 1 (highest)]
  +-Packet flow identifier ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
  | +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Packet Flow Identifier IEI ::= IEI [34]
  | +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
  | | +-Length of Packet Flow Identifier IE ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
  | +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
  |   +-spare ::= FIX [0]
  |   +-Packet Flow Identifier value ::= CHOICE [Best Effort]
  +-Protocol configuration options ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
    +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Protocol configuration options IEI ::= IEI [27]
    +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Length of protocol config options contents ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
    +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
    | +-ext ::= EXT1 [1]
    | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
    | +-Configuration protocol ::= CHOICE [PPP for use with IP PDP type]
    +-Octet4-253 ::= DIVISION
      +-protocol config options contents ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..250)

RRC : RRC Connection Reconfiguration Complete + NAS : Activate Dedicated EPS Bearer Context Accept
 
RRC Connection Reconfiguration Complete part is very simple as shown below.
 
RRC_LTE:UL-DCCH-Message
UL-DCCH-Message ::= SEQUENCE
  +-message ::= CHOICE [c1]
    +-c1 ::= CHOICE [rrcConnectionReconfigurationComplete]
      +-rrcConnectionReconfigurationComplete ::= SEQUENCE
        +-rrc-TransactionIdentifier ::= INTEGER (0..3) [0]

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        +-criticalExtensions ::= CHOICE [rrcConnectionReconfigurationComplete-r8]
          +-rrcConnectionReconfigurationComplete-r8 ::= SEQUENCE [0]
            +-nonCriticalExtension ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
 
ESM,Activate dedicated EPS bearer context accept part is carried by UL information transfer
message as follows.
 
RRC_LTE:UL-DCCH-Message
UL-DCCH-Message ::= SEQUENCE
  +-message ::= CHOICE [c1]
    +-c1 ::= CHOICE [ulInformationTransfer]
      +-ulInformationTransfer ::= SEQUENCE
        +-criticalExtensions ::= CHOICE [c1]
          +-c1 ::= CHOICE [ulInformationTransfer-r8]
            +-ulInformationTransfer-r8 ::= SEQUENCE [0]
              +-dedicatedInfoType ::= CHOICE [dedicatedInfoNAS]
              | +-dedicatedInfoNAS ::= OCTET STRING SIZE(ALIGNED) [6200C6]
              +-nonCriticalExtension ::= SEQUENCE OPTIONAL:Omit
 
If you decode dedicatedInfoNAS ::= OCTET STRING SIZE(ALIGNED) [6200C6] part, you will get the following
message(ESM,Activate dedicated EPS bearer context accept)
 
NAS_LTE:ESM,Activate dedicated EPS bearer context accept
Activate dedicated EPS bearer context accept ::= DIVISION
  +-EPS bearer identity ::= V
  | +-EPS bearer identity value ::= CHOICE [EPS bearer identity value 6]
  +-EPS session management protocol discriminator ::= V
  | +-Protocol discriminator ::= PD [2]
  +-Procedure transaction identity ::= V
  | +-Procedure transaction identity ::= CHOICE [No procedure transaction identity assigned]
  +-Activate dedicated EPS bearer context accept message identity ::= V
  | +-Message type ::= MSG [C6]
  +-Protocol configuration options ::= TLV OPTIONAL:Omit
    +-Octet1 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Protocol configuration options IEI ::= IEI [27]
    +-Octet2 ::= DIVISION
    | +-Length of protocol config options contents ::= LEN (0..255) [0]
    +-Octet3 ::= DIVISION
    | +-ext ::= EXT1 [1]
    | +-spare ::= FIX [0]
    | +-Configuration protocol ::= CHOICE [PPP for use with IP PDP type]
    +-Octet4-Octet253 ::= DIVISION
      +-protocol config options contents ::= OCTETARRAY SIZE(0..250)

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