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VOL. 29 NO. 1 • JAN-FEB 2019 FREE COPY WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM

Spence replaces Stanberry See Page 7

Save
the
farmlands

Dermon Luke Spence


Permanent Secretary, MICAF
By Patrick Maitland
Editor, The Agriculturalist

A fter months of speculations, strategic development specialist and agricultural ad-


ministrator, Dermon Luke Spence, has been appointed Permanent Secretary to
the Ministry of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries (MICAF), effective Jan.
2, 2019.
Continued on page 9
2 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • JAN-FEB 2019 WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM
WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM JAN-FEB 2019 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • 3

EDITORIAL
Dermon Luke Spence as permanent secretary
facturing, and service sectors. marketing and a dilapidated research facil-
T he appointment of noted agriculturalist
Mr. Dermon Luke Spence as perma-
nent secretary at the Ministry of Industry
Those sectors or industries under
MICAF are contributing more than 30 per-
ity should be among Mr. Spence’s top pri-
ority issues.
Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries cent to Jamaica’s Gross Domestic Products However, the human resources capac-
(MICAF), signaled the government’s in- (GDP), while providing some 40 percent ity of the Ministry needs major overall as
tention to put agriculture on the forefront of the labour force. agriculturalists and other related scientists
of the island's economic growth agenda. Already facing operational challenges have been marginalized over the years.
Mr. Spence is known as a strategic as a result of its diversity and constant On the other hand, Government re-
thinker and an “action man” who always pressure to implement government poli- sources cannot adequately address the
gets things done in a timely order when cies, MICAF always needs a strong per- needs of those productive sectors. There-
others would mess-up and procrastinate. manent secretary who commands the fore the Ministry cannot operate in isola-
Such characteristics and personal at- influence and respect of industry leaders. tion.
tributes are continuously lacking among The stark reality in the face of the slow Foraging a mutual beneficial partner-
top tiered Jamaican public servants. growth in the Jamaican economy is the ship with private sector companies and or-
A demonstration of positive attitude to persistent poor performance of agriculture, ganizations -- Jamaica Agricultural Society
get things done is therefore a major step to- and manufacturing sectors. and farm input supplies companies --
wards achieving success at the Ministry. Permanent secretary Spence would should be an integral part of the solutions
PATRICK MAITLAND
MICAF is a “super ministry” covering have to hit the grounds -- understanding the to grow the agricultural and industrial sec-
Publisher - The Agriculturalist
some 20 government agencies and depart- patrick@theagriculturalist.com issues affecting farmers and other stake- tors.
ments charged with the responsibility of holders. We are however, joining members of
driving the integration of the production of stages of the supply chain through to value The indiscriminate importation of our community in endorsing the appoint-
primary agricultural produce along all the added, and facilitating full commercializa- farm produce, disappearing farmlands, ment of Mr. Spence as the best person for the
tion of outputs of the agriculture, manu- lack of investment in agriculture, poor post of permanent secretary.

The opinions expressed in this newspaper, except for the above, do not necessarily reflect the views of The Agriculturalist and its publishers. Please send your com-
ments or suggestions to editor@theagriculturalist.com. Responses should be no longer than 400 words. Not all articles will be published.

OPINIONS
Game-changing initiatives to
boost agricultural production
L and utilization, farm, and crop loss insurance, research and develop-
ment infrastructure, the establishment of agricultural production
zones, synchronize and monitor the output and performance of statutory 574 0123
bodies as well as a registrar of farmers organizations are among the game- Send your
changing initiatives needed to boost Jamaican agricultural production.
Land Utilization - There will be a re- market, the export market the tourism
press releases
evaluation of the land use management
process with the intention to decelerate
sector and for manufacturing.
Synchronize and monitor the output
and photos
and eventually stop the pace and manner and performance of Statutory bodies –
editor@theagriculturalist.com
in which irrigated land is taken out of The establishment of a mechanism to syn-
agriculture for housing and tourist attrac- chronize and monitor the production and or Call 923-7471
tions. delivery of the public bodies within the
Farm and Crop Loss Insurance - We Agriculture portfolio. The monitoring of
have developed the concept document the output and delivery from these public
outlining the mechanism for the off-bud- bodies will go a far way in the process of
get financing of a crop loss and farm in- accountability for the stewardship of the
surance program. Stakeholder various boards. It will also examine and By
consultation has commenced. give oversight to policy implementation OMER THOMAS
Research and Development Infra- and compliance with Ministerial direc- Agricultural Consultant
structure - We will review, renew and tives relating to output from each entity. omerthomas@yahoo.com
bring meaning and effect to the research We should create an office of regis- Publisher & Editor:
and development centres at Bodles, trar of farmers organizations to stream- dination to the livestock sub-sector. This
will bring together the several unimple- Patrick Maitland
Montpelier, and Orange River in St Mary. line and manage the assistance provided
These R&D centres will again guide the to farmers from the state resources. It will mented policy initiatives which have Consulting Editors:
development direction to assure our food also offer the opportunity to track and failed for a myriad of reasons. Vincent Wright, Jairzenho Bailey
supply. trace the performance of the sector The absence of attention and direc-
Produced & Published by:
Establishment of Agricultural Pro- through these organizations. The regis- tional guidance for the development
duction Zones – This should be intro- trar will accredit the organizations using within the various livestock subsectors Agri Life Foundation Ltd
duced in phases and operated in a manner different standards for assessment. This has resulted in some of the complications AMC Complex,
that will relieve the farmers of the burden will eliminate the confusion as to which we experience today. This formalization 188 Spanish Town Road,
of legislation and policies to govern the Kingston 11, Jamaica, W.I.
of start-up financial and infrastructural farmers groups are eligible for accessing Tel: (876) 923-7471• 923-7428
costs, thereby unlocking their entrepre- public funding and support. entire livestock sub-sector will be a step
agriculturalist@gmail.com
neurial and productive capacities with the The establish a livestock development in the right direction in assuring our food editor@theagriculturalist.com
effect of producing food for the domestic board will bring greater focus and coor- and nutrition security. www.theagriculturalist.com
4 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • JAN-FEB 2019 WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM

NEWS

TECHNOLOGY:
Michelle Sherwood (3rd right), Deputy Director, Crop and Plant Protection Unit, Ministry of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries, discusses ginger with par-
ticipants (from left) Oreane Collins, Laboratory Assistant , Scientific Research Council; Sheldon Blackwood, Tissue Culture Analyst, Northern Caribbean University;
Dr. Seymour Webster, Head of Department, Department of Plants, Sciences and Engineering, College of Agriculture, Science and Education; and Nordia Cunningham
(right), Zonal Plant Health Food safety Officer, Rural Agricultural Development Authority; at a workshop on Single Bud Nursery Technology and Good Practices in
Cultivation of Ginger at the Bodles Research Station in St. Catherine on December 20, 2018. At 2nd right is the trainer Dr. Duraisamy Saravanakumar (left), Interna-
tional Consultant at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Namdhari varietty:
WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM JAN-FEB 2019 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • 5

NEWS
Boothe chairs
JACRA's board
C ertified Public Accountant and man-
agement consultant, Dennis Boothe,
has been appointed chairman of the Ja-
maica Agricultural Commodities Regula-
tory Authority and Audley Shaw, senior
advisor to Minister of Industry, Com-
merce, Agriculture and Fisheries
(MICAF).
Boothe, who also served as consult-
ant/general manager of the defunct Ja- Thomas resignes Evans AIC Chair
maica Citrus Growers Limited, is a
former banker and chairman of the Fi-
nancial Sector Adjustment Company. A gro Invest Corporation is in search for
a new CEO as Sylburn Thomas who
F ormer CEO of the Jamaica Agricultural
Development Foundation and the cur-
rent Executive Director, Betting Gaming
Boothe took up assignments at serve in the post since October 2017 re- & Lotteries Commission Vitus Evans was
MICAF in December 2018. signed effective December 2018. Thomas recently promoted to chair Agro Invest
JACRA's first chairman, Richard said he would be focusing on his export
Dennis Boothe Corporation board of directors after serv-
Pandohie, resigned soon after taking the and trading company, Jatagma Limited. ing some two years as deputy chairman.
position last year. McCook, Acting Director General, Michael Pryce, a senior director at the He replaced Grace Burnett.
Other members of the JACRA board JACRA; and Shaun Baugh and Sheldon Ministry of Agriculture & Fisheries is the
are: John O. Minott, Coffee Representa- Elliott of the MICAF. acting CEO.
tive and Deputy Chairman; Glendon JACRA, the new commodities regu-
Davis, Cocoa Representative; Stephen lator responsible for overseeing the co- Industry Appointments
Black, Coconut Representative, Horace conut, spices, coffee, and cocoa sectors, • Dr. Hugh Lambert - Executive Director (Acting) Jamaica Bauxite Institute
Sherlock, Spices Representative; Gusland launched operations in Jan. 2018. • Melvin Henry - Technical Manager, Newport-Fersan (Jamaica) Limited
• Gabriel Heron, Vice President of Marketing, JAMPRO
Cane farmers upset with
decision to transport cane JAMPRO recruits
from Monymusk to Appleton new VP of Marketing
T J
he All-Island Jamaica Cane Farmers As-
sociation is unhappy with the govern-
ment's decision to transport sugar cane from
AMPRO has recruited a new Vice Pres-
ident of Marketing to support the
Agency's recent restructuring exercise that
the Monymusk factory in Clarendon to the aims to strengthen JAMPRO's marketing
Appleton sugar factory in St. Elizabeth for strategy, and increase Jamaica's competi-
processing. tiveness in the global foreign direct in-
The decision was made despite propos- vestment (FDI) sphere.
als from cane farmers for Monymusk to con- With experience at iconic Jamaican
tinue operations. companies such as J. Wray & Nephew
In a news release on Thursday, the (Appleton) and JN Money Services, Mr.
Agriculture Ministry said it will assist in Heron is a Strategic Marketing and Busi-
transporting up to 105,000 tonnes of sugar ness Development Executive with over 12
cane from the Monymusk and Bernard
years of experience leading key local and
Lodge sugar factories for processing at the
international strategic marketing initia-
Appleton and the Worthy Park sugar facto-
tives. His career highlights include the de-
ries in St. Catherine.
velopment and launching of global
Allan Rickards, President of the All-Is-
land Jamaica Cane Farmers Association, 360-degree marketing campaigns targeting
said the situation is disappointing, especially Jamaica & the Caribbean diaspora.
because it appears the ministry had taken the Heron holds a BSc. in Pure & Applied
decision "long ago and that, in fact, our dis- Allan Rickards Chemistry from the University of the West Gabriel Heron, JAMPRO’s
cussions with the ministry was just a place- Chairman, All-Island Jamaica Indies; and an MBA with a focus in Mar- new Vice President of Marketing
card." Cane Farmers Association keting and Finance from the University of
Brunel, London, United Kingdom. He has Heron said he was pleased to join the
"We also are facing a situation where
the logistical exercise of moving the cane to million and $800 million to operate the fac- also been certified as a Digital Marketing JAMPRO team, and he is looking forward
those two factories indicate clearly to us that tory. Professional by the Digital Marketing In- to supporting the Agency’s mission for Ja-
it will not be possible for the cane, estimated But Mr. Rickards said it would cost sig- stitute in the UK. maica. He expressed his passion for Ja-
at about 105,000 tonnes conservatively, to nificantly less. "The cost to repair the fac- The new JAMPRO executive will maica and brand Jamaica and he is happy
be taken off by those two factories, which tory would be, as we submitted, round about lead the Marketing division which in- to be a part of JAMPRO’s marketing vi-
means many farmers are going to be left the cost stated in that release to the move- cludes the Agency’s regional offices in sion for 2019 and beyond. Heron said, “Ja-
with their canes unreaped," he added. ment of the cane. The rest of the financing Montego Bay, London, Toronto and New maica is going through a transformative
Mr. Rickards questioned the cost pre- would be an advance awaiting the proceeds York and the Agency’s Contact Manage- period and building awareness across the
sented by the Agriculture Ministry to reha- of the sale of the sugar so produced; and globe about the investment opportunities
ment Centre, New Market Development
bilitate and operate the Monymusk sugar when we do the mathematics using conser- locally is critical. I am very enthusiastic to
and Integrated Marketing Communica-
factory. vative estimates, the difference would be no play my role in national development by
tions departments. He will also be at the
In a news release Thursday, the min- more than $300 million in terms of the applying my knowledge and experience in
helm of JAMPRO’s renewed digital mar-
istry said it would require between $600 shortfall between expenditure and income marketing.”
keting strategy.
from sugar," he explained.
6 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • JAN-FEB 2019 WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM

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WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM JAN-FEB 2019 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • 7

NEWS

Save the
farmlands
T he Jamaica Agricultural
Society (JAS) is objecting
to the current divestment or use
of lands that are solely agricul-
tural, to carry out any other ac-
tivity other than farming.
“We cannot achieve sustain-
able and efficient food production
without arable lands to grow
crops and produced livestock,”
President of the JAS, Lenworth
Fulton noted.
Fulton is also calling on the
government to develop a land uti-
lization policy to manage the use
of island’s limited arable farm-
lands.
“We are heading for a major
food crisis as Jamaica is losing up Map of the Essex Valley Agriculture Development Project:
to 1,000 hectares of its best farm- Audley Shaw(right), Minister of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries, presents a
land annually,” the president Lenworth Fulton
copy of the map of the Essex Valley Agriculture Development Project (EVADP) to Dr.
claimed. President JAS William Smith, President of the Caribbean Development Bank, at the launch of the EVADP
on January 16 at Lititz in St. Elizabeth.

Holness Calls for More Jamaicans


to Get Involved in Agriculture
By Nickieta Sterling The project, which represents one of Caribbean Infrastructure Partnership Fund
JIS Reporter the largest investments in irrigation infra-
structure in Jamaica, will impact the liveli-
(UKCIF). This is the kind of support that is
going to move the needle,” Mr. Holness
LAND ISSUES
P rime Minister, Andrew Holness, has
heightened the call for more Jamaicans hoods of over 700 farmers on 718 hectares said. KINGSTON:
“from all walks of life” to venture into agri-
culture, emphasising that the sector is an im-
of land, through the provision of irrigation
water and improved access to local and
The Essex Valley development is being
funded through a grant of £35.5 million T here remains divided opinion in the
legal community over whether the lim-
itation period for a squatter qualifying to
portant contributor to the growth of the global agricultural markets. from the UKCIF, which is administered by
Jamaican economy. Holness said that the Government, the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB). apply for a registered title should be short-
“We should never limit agriculture, be- through “vertical integration”, will seek to In addition to improving irrigation sys- ened or extended.
cause the moment that we limit agriculture spur growth in the agricultural sector, tems, the project entails other components However, there is unison that there
through infrastructural improvements and to boost agriculture in Essex Valley. needs to be urgent land reform to reflect
to being merely a manual and domestic en-
increasing investment in the sector. These include training for farmers and modern realities in Jamaica.
deavour, then we limit ourselves and the po-
“For agriculture to grow, you must look other stakeholders in food-safety standards The issue of land ownership in Ja-
tential for growth. Make no mistake,
at what is called vertical integration. You and climate-smart agriculture practices; de- maica remains extremely contentious and
agriculture is big business, and it should run
must create not just production opportuni- sign and construction of a photovoltaic plant is a major source of litigation both in the
the gamut,” the Prime Minister said.
ties of the crop but you have to create the to power the irrigation system and related parish courts and the Supreme Court.
He was speaking at the official launch
Currently, for private lands, a squatter
of the Essex Valley Agriculture Develop- processing facilities and infrastructure. On administrative buildings; financing for a cli-
under certain circumstances is able to dis-
ment Project, held at the Lititz Primary top of that, you have to create the markets mate vulnerability assessment study to en-
possess the registered owner after a period
School in St. Elizabeth, on January 16. for the distribution, and then you have to hance the sustainability of the systems
of twelve years, while for government
“We must dispense with the historical parallel with that, the financial systems to developed under the project; development
lands this period is sixty years.
and social issues that have limited our per- support it,” he argued. of guidelines to support the participation of
Attorney-at-Law Anthony Williams
ception and our understanding of agricul- In the meantime, the Prime Minister men, women, youth and persons with dis-
argues that the 12-year time period is too
ture. As I stand here, I want to tell you… I expressed gratitude to the British govern- abilities; and an operational plan to enhance
short and this should have been amended
want to go into farming. I believe it is one of ment for funding the Essex Valley Devel- the viability and sustainability of the facili- to 20 years a long time ago.
the most rewarding and noble endeavours, opment project, stating that any investment ties and services. Attorney-at-Law Gloria Brown agrees
and we want more Jamaicans from all walks in agriculture will propel the country to eco- Ground was also broken for the devel- reform is needed but has taken the opposite
of life, whether you wear a bush jacket or nomic independence. opment of six irrigation wells that will sup- view in terms of the 12-year period.
fancy shirt or jacket and tie, to get involved. “Let me say thanks to the British gov- ply water for the project. She argued that abandonment is a se-
All of us must put our hands in the soil and ernment for its consideration and funding rious problem in Jamaica and extending
turn it and create some value,” Holness said. this project through the United Kingdom this 12-year period will not stop it.
8 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • JAN-FEB 2019 WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM

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NEWS
Bernard Lodge farmers yet Who is Dermon
to be involved in talks about Luke Spence?
proposed land developments By Patrick Maitland
Editor-The Agriculturalist
BERNARD LODGE:

D S
espite the government stating that
stakeholder consultations are being
trategic development specialist and agri-
cultural administrator, Dermon Luke
Spence, has been appointed Permanent Sec-
held in relation to development of the retary in the Ministry of Industry, Com-
Bernard Lodge lands in St. Catherine, merce, Agriculture and Fisheries (MICAF),
farmers on the property say they are yet to effective January 2, 2019.
be included in the discussions. Mr. Spence has been described as an ex-
The 4,700 acres of former cane lands perienced executive with a proven record of
are to be transformed into an urban com- success in strategic corporate planning, man-
munity which would include 17,000 hous- agement, marketing, and business develop-
ing solutions, commercial offices, schools, ment. His professional career start spans
and light industrial facilities, with space for some 32 years, including time as a high
agricultural production. school teacher, farm manager, lecturer, edu-
The farmers, who call themselves The cator, researcher, consultant, and adminis-
Bernard Lodge Farmers Group, wrote to trator.
Prime Minister Andrew Holness on De- He had served as Chief Technical Di-
cember 27, calling for a halt to the plans rector at MICAF since January 2014 and
until proper consultations are held with provided technical advice to the Permanent
stakeholders. Secretary and Minister on agricultural issues
Hugh Johnson, President and other related technical matters and pre-
The letter was sent following a meet- Small Businesses Association pared technical papers as required. He was
ing of the more than 60 members of the of Jamaica also very active in the day-to-day manage-
group which was attended by representa- Dermon Luke Spence
ments, there are other factors which cause ment of the Ministry, providing leadership in
tives of several other interest groups and Permanent Secretary, MICAF
concern. the development and implementation of
political representatives. change initiatives.
There has been no response yet from "We believe that we should not, at this
Mr. Spence recently completed a one- Hospitality Institute (Chairman); Rural Agri-
the government. juncture, go against the expert advice in es-
year assignment at the Office of the Prime cultural Development Authority; Cannabis
Hugh Johnson, President of the Small tablishing a city there when our under-
Minister where he led the strategic coordi- Licensing Authority; Fisheries Management
Business Association of Jamaica, who has ground water for the area is threatened by
nation and implementation of the merger of and Development Fund; National Compli-
been designated the group's spokesperson that proposal, employment of over a thou- ance Regulatory Authority; College of Agri-
the HEART Trust NTA, the National Youth
and who also has a farm at Bernard Lodge, sand persons is also threatened by that, culture, Science and Education, and
Service, the Jamaica Lifelong Learning and
said apart from the fact that the govern- (and) the environmental impact as it relates the Apprenticeship Board. Southern Regional Health Authority.
ment has not had consultations with the to existing inhabitants of Portmore," he He served more than 15 years at the His formal education includes a Master
stakeholders about the planned develop- noted. HEART Trust/NTA in several capacities, in- of Science (MSc.), and Bachelor of Science
cluding National Programmes Director, sen- (BSc.), General Agriculture from University
ior director, and manager of the Ebony Park of the West Indies (UWI), St. Augustine,

Government to Academy.
Mr. Spence served on several corporate
and public sector boards, including Western
Trinidad, as well as an Associate of Science
(ASc.) from the College of Agriculture, Sci-
ence & Education (CASE).

remove GCT on eggs Spence replaces Stanberry


President of the Jamaica Egg Farmers'
A griculture Minister Audley Shaw says
the government will be removing the
General Consumption Tax (GCT) on table
Association, Roy Baker, says the GCT,
which was implemented in 2012, has cre-
Continued from page 1
The appointment was confirmed and ac-
knowledged by portfolio Minister Audley
while turning our national vision into real-
ity,” Spence told The Agriculturalist.
Spence’s professional career spans
eggs amid complaints about the crippling ated disparities in the industry. Shaw and Prime Minister Andrew Holness at some 32 years, including stints as a high
effects it is having on the industry. He also believes that removing the the recent launch of the Essex Valley Agri- school teacher, farm manager, lecturer, edu-
Shaw made the disclosure at the As- GCT will spur growth in the industry. culture Development project in St Elizabeth. cator, researcher, consultant, and administra-
However, Baker agrees that the Gov- Holness also expressed full confidence tor.
sociation's 18th annual general meeting,
ernment needs revenue and believes it in Spence, noting that he regards him as a He has served as Chief Technical Di-
held recently in Ocho Rios, St. Ann. How-
should instead tax egg powder among “diligent professional.” rector at MICAF since January 2014 and was
ever, the Minister did not provide any
President of the Jamaica Agricultural seconded to Office of the Prime Minister for
timeline when the tax will be removed. other options.
Society (JAS), Lenworth Fulton, described a two-year assignment merger of the HEART
Spence as a “very committed and strategic Trust NTA, the National Youth Service, the
thinker” who will create strong partnerships Jamaica Lifelong Learning and the Appren-
JCF setting up Agricultural with the government and with the private
sector to enhance the slumping Jamaican
ticeship Board. However, he completed the
technical components of the assignment

Produce Protection Division agricultural sector.


Spence said he was very humbled and
within one year.
His formal education includes a Master
It will be based at the JCF's Operations honoured to be afforded the opportunity to of Science and Bachelor of Science in Gen-
T he Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF)
will be establishing an Agricultural Pro-
duce Protection Division as part of efforts to
Branch. Mr. Hutchinson made the disclo-
sure while addressing members of the JCF
serve as the permanent secretary in the is-
land’s largest ministry, which includes pro-
eral Agriculture from the University of the
West Indies, as well as an Associate of Sci-
intensify the clampdown on praedial larceny. and farmers at a Praedial Larceny Preven- ducing food and facilitating trade and ence from the College of Agriculture, Sci-
The Praedial Larceny Prevention Unit tion workshop at the Medallion Hall Hotel industries. ence & Education.
will be subsumed under this division. in Kingston on Wednesday. “My vast experience in international ne- Spence replaced Donovan Stanberry
J.C. Hutchinson, Minister without Port- In the meantime, Mr. Hutchinson reit- gotiations and trade, as well as strategic pro- who had been the permanent secretary for
folio in the Ministry of Agriculture and Fish- erated that the Ministry of Agriculture is pro- duction systems management, prepares me some 13 years. Stanberry, in an email to his
eries, said the division will boost posing amendments to the Agricultural for the tasks ahead. I am therefore guided to colleagues at the Ministry, said he would be
Produce Act and Praedial Larceny Preven- serve in multiple sectors creating sustainable on secondment to the University of the West
law-enforcement focus on the myriad of is-
tion Act. growth to better the lives of all Jamaicans Indies, Mona.
sues affecting the agricultural sector.
10 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • JAN-FEB 2019 WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM
WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM JAN-FEB 2019 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • 11

Obituaries
Veteran Agriculturalist The Board, Management and Staff of the
National Irrigation Commission (NIC)
Pays Tribute to the Founding Chairman,
Dr Garnet Brown died Rev. Dr. the Hon Garnet Brown, OJ, CD, JP

R etired public servant and agriculturalist


Dr. Garnet Brown died Jan. 19 at his St
Limited, merging four previously existing
non-performing Irrigation Bodies; founding R ev. Dr. Brown is a son of St. Ann, born January 21, 1936
in Fort George. He attended Holmwood Technical
High School and the then Jamaica School of Agricul-
Andrew home after a short illness. He was Executive Chairman/Dean of Management
83. Institute for National Development (MIND), ture and several Universities including University
Dr. Brown recently completed a five- successfully joining four prior existing Gov- of New Brunswick, Yale University, Oxford Uni-
year contract with the Ministry of Industry, ernment Training Institute and founder of versity and the Caribbean Graduate School of
Commerce, Agriculture, and Fisheries to ra- the Natural Resources Conservation De- Theology.
tionalize several commodity boards (Coffee, partment (NRCD), forerunner of the Natu- In the Irrigation Sector, he will always be
Cocoa, Coconut and Spices) to establish the ral Resources Conservation Authority, by remembered as a pioneer who has positively in-
Jamaica Agricultural Commodities Regula- merging four previously existing agencies fluenced virtually every area of the Industry.
tory Authority. into one efficient organization. He can truly be described as a visionary with
Dr. Brown served some 40 years in the His academic credentials include B.Sc. an excellent mind, a sharp wit, and someone
public service, with various scientific, man- (New Brunswick); M.Sc. (Yale); M.A., with much simple common sense who per-
agerial and leadership capacities, including M.Div. (Caribbean Graduate School of The- formed his duties diligently, with kindness and
the development of numerous public sector ology); Ph.D. (Oxford), plus Post-doctoral understanding, yet with gentle firmness.
entities. He was the founding Executive Studies. He was compassionate without bending the
Chairman of the Rural Agricultural Devel- Dr. Brown was awarded membership in rules and regulations, and above all, managed
opment Authority (RADA), successfully the Order of Jamaica for exceptional and ex- without fear or favour.
merging 13 previously existing Agricultural emplary service to agriculture. Two daugh- Rev. Dr. Brown will be remembered for his vi-
Land Authorities into one national organi- ters survive Dr. Brown. sion of conceptualizing and implementing such a wide
zation. His funeral will be held on January 31 range of Public Sector bodies, and in particular, the National
He is also founding Executive Chair- at the University Chapel at The University Irrigation Commission Limited, which brought to an end, a fragmented Irrigation Sec-
man of the National Irrigation Commission of the West Indies, Mona.
tor in Jamaica. As founding Chairman of the NIC, he served from May 26, 1987 to
December 2005 and kept in constant contact until his passing.
Obituaries Rev. Dr. Brown, though retired from the Public Sector, continued to give yeoman
service to his country in his capacity as Minister of Religion within the Jamaica Dis-
• Nadine Pryce Former National Farm Queen and a lecturer at the Knox Community trict of the Methodist Church in the Caribbean and the Americas (MCCA).
College. She is a graduateof CASE.. May his soul rest in peace.
• Errol Webley worked for four years as an Agronomist with the Sugar Industry Research Sadly missed by the NIC family.
Institute prior to migrating, along with his family, to the USA. Webley is a graduate of the
former Jamaica School of Agriculture in 1977.
• Sean ‘Fat Fibre’ Hylton died recently after suffering a massive heart attack. He was
employed as a teacher of Chemistry and Physics at the Knox College, He is a member of
the CASE graduating class of 1991. Send info: editor@theagriculturalist.com

TRIBUTE TO THE LATE


DR. THE REV. DR. HON. GARNET BROWN
He was a mentor to us –as the plans were being
T he staff of the Jamaica Agricultural Commodities
Regulatory Authority (JACRA) is grateful for the
invaluable work of the late Rev. Dr. Garnet Brown in
made to establish JACRA, Rev. Dr. Brown would
often take the opportunity to guide us on how to ap-
the amalgamation of the Coffee Industry Board, proach and handle certain matters as a new corporate
Cocoa Industry Board, the Regulatory arm of the Co- body.
conut Industry Board and the Export Division of the He made it possible for several members of
Ministry of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and JACRA to garner experience in the conduct of Union
Fisheries into one regulatory organization, JACRA. and Industrial Relations matters as some of the
As a minister of the gospel, Rev. Dr. Brown al- changes in the merger involved the separation of some
ways commenced his meetings with a prayer seeking employees.
God’s direction and wisdom to guide the gathering Dr. Brown was respectful to all -irrespective of
and the decisions made. their position in the organization. He would listen
Rev. Dr. Brown was a visionary, he was meticu- keenly to everyone’s contribution and effortlessly put
lous in his approach, always seeking out critical in- each at ease to make his/her input. He never lost the
common human touch.
formation which was considered vital to making an
To his family, we say – JACRA shares in your loss
organization workable.
and thank you for sharing him with us.
He had such great foresight and insight hence he
Rev. Dr. Garnet Brown has touched and positively
never left anything to chance.
impacted the staff of the JACRA. His legacy will re-
Rev. Dr. Brown had a wealth of knowledge on
main with the Organization for many years to come.
various subjects. The discourse in those meetings al-
ways had an element of teaching from which the Or- The Management and Staff, JACRA
ganization benefitted.
Rev. Dr. Brown knew how to engage his audi-
ence even in those high-tensioned meetings when
hard decisions had to be made, and emotions of some
staff escalated, he would interject with a humorous
comment or an exchange that would inevitably dif- Rev. Dr. Garnet Brown, OJ, CD, JP
fuse the tension and helped to realign the focus of all. Dee 21, 1935 - Jan 19, 2019
12 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • NOV-DEC 2018 WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM

COMMUNITY PHOTOS
COFFEE EXPORTERS:
Minister without Portfolio in the
Ministry of Economic Growth and
Job Creation, Daryl Vaz (right,
standing), observes as President
of Jamaica Promotions Corpora-
tion (JAMPRO), Diane Edwards
(second left, seated), signs a
Memorandum of Understanding
(MOU), at the JAMPRO offices in
New Kingston on January 4. Also
signing (from left) are Chairman
of the Jamaica Agricultural Com-
modities Regulatory Authority
(JACRA), Dennis Booth and
Chairman of the Jamaica Coffee
Exporters Association (JCEA),
Norman Grant. Standing (at left)
is Permanent Secretary in the
Ministry of Industry, Commerce,
Agriculture and Fisheries, Der-
mon Spence.
PHOTO: MARK BELL

Coffee Festival set for March 1-3


Member of Parliament for St. Andrew East Rural, Juliet Holness
and Minister of Tourism, Edmund Bartlett, sample coffee at the
recent launch of the Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee Festival, at CERTIFIED TO EXPORT:
the Jamaica Pegasus hotel, New Kingston. MICAF in collabora- Some 19 farmers in Southern Manchester are now certified to export various crops to interna-
tion with the Ministry of Tourism will host the Coffee Festival set tional markets, under the good agricultural practices programme, GLOBALGAP. The farmers who
for March 1-3, 2019 at The Jamaica Defence Force training are based at the New Forest/Duff House Agro-Park, display their certificates on Friday (Novem-
grounds, Newcastle, St Andrew. The festival will celebrate, pro- ber 16), during a ceremony held at the facility, which followed a series of training.
mote and market Jamaican culinary products and coffee.

INVESTOR CIRCLE MICRO-GRANT:


Bee farmer and Jamaica Agriculture Task Force (JDAT) Investor EGG FARMERS MEETING:
Circle micro grant recipient, Patricia Parchment (r), accepting Director Howard Paulwell speaking at the Jamaica Egg Farmers Association 18th annual general
her award from JDAT Investor Circle local coordinator, Onyije meeting held in Ocho Rios, St. Ann, on January 9, 2019. Among the topics discussed were the
Chigozili, during a presentation ceremony at recently the Den- glut that was experienced by egg farmers in 2018 and the need for the removal of GCT on eggs.
bigh Agricultural Showground in Clarendon, Jamaica WI.
WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM NOV-DEC 2018 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • 13

Jamaica and Japan Celebrate


Blue Mountain Coffee Day - January 9
By Kimmy Blair of that date when the largest ship-
Writer-The Agriculturalist ment of Jamaica Blue Mountain
Coffee left Kingston to Japan in
T he Jamaica Coffee Exporters
Association along with its over
7,000 coffee farmers in association
1967, following the first direct ship-
ment from Jamaica to Japan in
with the Jamaica Agricultural Com- March 1953.
modities Regulatory Authority Chairman of the Jamaica Cof-
(JACRA) celebrate Jamaica Blue fee Exporters Association, Norman
Mountain Coffee Day on January 9, Grant says that “the mission of the
2019. Jamaica Coffee Exporters Associa-
Jamaica’s coffee industry is tion, in tandem with the various
one of the country’s most important stakeholders is to grow and rede-
sub-sectors, touching the lives of velop the Jamaica, coffee industry
102,000 farm families and generat- through increased production and
ing approximately US $25 million productivity of our farmers, sustain-
annually. able prices, brand development and
Eighty five per cent of produc- expansion and market development
tion is generated by small farmers, and diversification.
with the Japanese market absorbing The celebration of Jamaica
70 per cent of Jamaica’s premium Blue Mountain Coffee Day in Ja-
Blue Mountain coffee exports, maica and Japan is part of this ini-
widely regarded as the best coffee in tiative.
the world. The USA imports 20 per- Among our objectives is
cent and Europe and the rest of the to market Jamaica Blue Mountain
world 10 percent. Coffee to the over 4.3 million
The celebration of Jamaican tourists that visit our country annu-
Blue Mountain Coffee Day comes ally, as well as to expand the Ja-
against the background of Japan leg- maica Blue Mountain brand
globally and the refreshing of the
islating that January 9 be pro-
brand which we believe will stimu-
COFFEE DAY CELEBRATION:
claimed Jamaica Blue Mountain
late demand for JBM Coffee.” Jamaica Coffee Exporters Association executives Jason Sharp (director) (1st l) and Norman
Coffee Day in Japan in recognition
Grant (chairman) and Jamaican Ambassodor to Japan Ricardo Allicock (2nd l) at the recent
launch of Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee Day in Tokyo, Japan. Grant said that as part of the Ja-

‘Best tasting coffee’ maica Coffee Exporters strategy to develop the Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee brand and ex-
pand the market: "We are now seeking the engagement of over 25 million coffee stakeholders
globally to join Jamaica in celebrating the finest coffee in the world.”

T he Jamaican coffee industry


has become a world-famous
brand which is as synonymous
with Jamaica as is reggae music to
our beloved island.
Indeed, for more than 50
years Jamaica has been exporting
the Blue Mountain Coffee to
places such as Japan. Coffee ex-
ports have been robust for several
years and has contributed signifi-
cantly to Jamaica’s economy.
The Japanese market is re-
sponsible for some 70% of our cof-
fee export from which the country
earned US$25 Million annually
over the last five years. For the
Japanese consumers, they would
be benefiting from having the By Andrew Holness
lion’s share of the best tasting cof- Prime Minister, Jamaica
fee being produced anywhere in
the world. It is therefore an excel- maican Brand. This partnership
lent mutually beneficial relation- with Japan will continue to be
ship between Jamaica and Japan. strengthened.
A very famous Japanese wine However, our Blue Mountain
sommelier, Mr. Shinya Tasaki said brand has come under pressure
that Jamaica’s Blue Mountain Cof- caused by several issues locally
fee had a “good balance of flavour and international which include
accentuated with a fresh acidic crop disruption and brand piracy.
taste. Just like wine, the coffee As a Government we have taken
beans flavour changes based on the steps to ensure the Blue Mountain
soil and climatic conditions in Coffee brand remains strong.
which they are grown.” It is with tremendous pride
Blue Mountain Coffee is un- that I greet the news of the honour
like any other. It is unique and is being bestowed on this truly, 100%
incomparable. It has withstood the Jamaican product. The celebration
test of time and like fine wine, gets of January 9, 2019 as Jamaican
better with age. The aroma brings Blue Mountain Coffee Day in
many together and Japan import- Japan is a big moment.
ing our coffee throughout the years We are honoured that Jamaica
shows a demonstration of its faith has been chosen for this celebra-
and confidence in this strong Ja- tion.
14 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • JAN-FEB 2019 WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM

WORLD AFFAIRS
Nigeria Loses $9b Annually On Poor Agri Investment
By The Eagle Online He said: “In Nigeria, we are not producing that the difference between agriculture in
Ado Ekiti, Nigerian: enough fish to feed our population, that is why Africa and the West is Technology and inno-
we are relying heavily on importation. vation. “That was why the Federal Govern-
T he Federal Government on Sunday said it
was losing 9 billion dollars (N3.2 trillion)
annually due to poor investment in agriculture
“The deficit between demand and supply was
2.5 million metric tonnes annually; this is
ment in partnership with the world bank,
earmarked 250 million dollars to train young
before the present administration came to about 320 containers. graduates in agribusiness.
power. “You can imagine the quantum of rev- “Our universities must pay attention to
The Minister of State for Agriculture, enue we lost to low production in this sector technology and innovation. They must emu-
Senator Heineken Lokpobiri, disclosed this at alone. late what ABUAD is doing in agriculture sec-
Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, at a re- “Knowing that our products were being tor, because I wonder what would happen to
ception and lunch in his honour by founder of taken to other West African nations to be us in future if we cannot feed just 180 million
the university, Chief Afe Babalola (SAN). processed and rebranded, we introduced cer- population.”
Lokpobiri said: “Before President Buhari tification policy for all our products in order to “We are proud to say that ABUAD has
came, Nigeria was losing $9 billion revenue have right and proper certificates for our prod- become the pride of the nation. It is setting the
earnings annually in agriculture sector.” ucts and in order not to affect the Gross Do- standard for food security in Nigeria. All these
The minister said Nigeria was also los- mestic Products negatively. accounted for why President Muhammadu
ing over 240 metric tonnes of fish production “When I visited Belgium, the Minister of Buhari said we must produce what we eat. He
in the world market that could have increased Agriculture there told me the country’s annual reduced taxes in agriculture to attract in-
foreign earnings and boosted the economy be- Heineken Lokpobiri revenue earning in agriculture sector was 35 vestors to Nigeria. We are also taking prag-
fore the advent of President Muhammadu Nigerian Minister of State for billion Euros. This is a country with less than matic steps to increase productivity in the
Buhari’s led administration. Agriculture and Rural Development five million population. “He further told me sector.”

Philippines reclaims second spot


as second biggest banana exporter
The rise in the Philippines’s exports
I n its preliminary market review report,
the United Nations’s Food and Agricul-
ture Organization (FAO) estimated that
coupled by the steady increment of
Ecuador’s banana supply, will drive global
Philippine banana exports last year ex- shipments to a record-high volume of
panded by 77.34 percent to an all-time high 19.205 MMT,. Ecuador’s banana exports
of 2.95 million metric tons, from a in 2018 was projected to increase by 3.6
recorded volume of 1.663 MMT in 2017. percent to 6.646 MMT, from 6.415 MMT
Meaning the Philippines has re- in 2017, according to FAO.
claimed its position as the second-largest The increase in the country’s ship-
exporter of bananas in the world, but Fil- ments would mean “higher revenues, more
ipino growers urged the government to employment and bigger contribution to the
provide more support to maintain the [country’s] gross domestic product,” ac-
stature, amid tightening competition with cording to the Pilipino Banana Growers &
South American producers according to Exporters Association Inc. (PBGEA).
businessmirror.com. “Hopefully, we will be able to sustain
“Banana production in the Philippines good production this year. More so if we
was affected by a series of adverse condi- improve pest and disease management,”
tions between 2015 and 2017, in response PBGEA Executive Director Stephen A.
to which significant investments were Antig told the BusinessMirror in an inter-
made in area expansion, new technologies view. Antig said the country’s exports
and improved inputs,” FAO said in the re- could decline if output is affected by “de-
port published recently. Ecuador, at a volume share of 16 percent of the total Asian banana exports, boosted structive typhoons and other disturbances,”
“Thanks to the strong performance in of global shipments,” it added. the region’s shipments, which grew by 70 that could cause outbreak of diseases.
2018, the Philippines regained its place as The output recovery of the Philip- percent in 2018 to 3.2 MMT, from 1.9
second-largest supplier of bananas behind pines, which accounts for about 90 percent MMT in 2017, according to FAO.

WTO sides with U.S. on Chinese ag subsidies


By Brian German/AgNet West In an article that was recently pub- prices for rice were reduced for the first time
China surpassed the lished in the Review of International Politi- in 2017, followed by further cuts in rice and
T he World Trade Organization (WTO)
will be announcing its decision regard-
ing Chinese agriculture subsidies in the
permitted amount cal Economy, the claim was made that
“China has emerged as the world’s largest
wheat prices last year.
The issue of Chinese agriculture subsi-
coming weeks and is expected to rule in
for ag subsidies by more subsidizer, profoundly transforming the dies was also addressed in the Priority Rec-
favor of U.S. For many years the Chinese than $100 billion in 2015. global politics of agricultural subsidies.” ommendations for U.S.-China Trade
government purchased domestic corn, cot- A case was brought to the WTO in 2016 Negotiations from the U.S. Chamber of
ton, and soybeans at levels that exceeded when the U.S. made the claim that China ex- Commerce and American Chamber of Com-
provided by price support and government
those permitted under WTO rules. ceeded the permissible international limits merce in China. The report states that
procurement.
According to Politico, the confidential for domestic support. “China provides massive subsidies…that
The Chinese government buys crops
ruling was already shown to the interested U.S. Trade Representative at the time, distort domestic and global competition in
when prices fall to a government-announced
parties last month and a general public an- Michael Froman alleged that China sur- favor of Chinese national/global champi-
minimum, inflating the price of certain Chi-
nouncement is expected by March. passed the permitted amount for ag subsidies ons.” The report suggests that China resolve
nese commodities and distorting market
Chinese agriculture subsidies Domestic by more than $100 billion in 2015. In the the issue by removing “subsidies and mar-
conditions to appear as though Chinese
agricultural support in China is primarily last few years, China has been working to ket distortions through a State Council/Party
farmers should increase production.
adjust its subsidy programs. Minimum proclamation and under strict timelines.”
WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM JAN-FEB 2019 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • 15

Rev. Dr. the Hon. Garnet Brown, O.J,


C.D., J.P., Dip. in Agriculture,
B.Sc., M.Sc., M.A., M.Div., PhD

Tourism and Agriculture Ministries Open Linkage Centre to Assist Farmers: T he National Board of Directors, Chief
Executive Officer, and Management of
the Rural Agricultural Development Au-
Minister of Tourism, Edmund Bartlett (3rd l) and President, Jamaica Agricultural Society, Lenworth Fulton (1st l), sample thority extend profound regret at the passing
strawberries provided by farmer, Anipe Cripps (2nd l), at the official opening of the Agri-Linkage Exchange Centre at the of Dr. the Rev. Garnett Brown.
Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA) St. Andrew Parish Office, located on Old Hope Road, on Wednesday (De-
Dr. Garnet Brown will be remembered
cember 12). Chief Executive Officer, RADA, Peter Thompson looks on.
as the ‘Founding Father of RADA,’ one of
the leading pioneers of the organization
who presided at its birth and under whose
Success in Agriculture expert leadership, successfully navigated
RADA through the exciting but turbulent
currents of its formative years.
Best Quality for Life Dr. Brown simultaneously served as
the Authority’s Executive Director (1990 –
healthy crops for the schools and community
J ennifer Jones, Entrepreneur, mother of
three (3) hails from Fair Prospect, Port-
land. In 2013, she turned her love for nature
members, while generating an income.
RADA promotes and markets the Na-
1993) and Chairman of its National Board
(1990-1991). Hallmarks of his tenure at
RADA were the fostering of inter-agency
and a desire to improve the health and well- ture Premium Brand at expositions and more collaborations with other agencies in the
ness of her family into a family business that importantly sales are facilitated at the quest for rural development and the provi-
is “Nature’s Premium. RADA Agrimart Store. For this and other sion of the first fleet of motor vehicles for
The business is home based in Fair uniquely Jamaica products you may visit the extension staff.
Prospect, Portland and makes innovative Ja- RADA Agrimart at 191 Old Hope Road (ad- Reputed for sound leadership and vi-
maican health & wellness products. Jennifer jacent to Jamaica College) or call us at 876- sion, Dr. Brown was also the founding fa-
originally started her project focusing on ex- 927-1204. ther of the National Irrigation Commission
tract from coconut to make the Extra Virgin Jennifer Jones (NIC), Management Institute for National
Coconut Oil. This concept expanded to nat- Development (MIND), Natural Resources
Owner Nature’s Premium
ural handmade body soaps , hair treatments Conservation Authority (NRCA), Concep-
air purifiers and unique functional crafts tualizer and Monitoring Consultant for the
made from the coconut shells. National Irrigation Development Pro-
In May 2015 – her business won her gramme (NIDP), Permanent Secretary in
the Ministry of Mining and Natural Re-
first place in the National Housing Trust En-
sources, Member of the Founding Direc-
trepreneurial Challenge in the category of
torate of the Jamaica Bureau of Standards
“Established Business with Potential for
and the second Chairman of the Board of
Growth”
the Standards Council (BSJ).
In her quest to improve her knowledge Within the global arena, Dr. Brown
and the quality of her products; she has par- was the first Jamaican Director of the Inter-
ticipated in a wide range of training work- national Bauxite Association. He was a
shops with the RADA through its Social Senior Consultant to the United Nations De-
Services and Home Economics Unit, these velopment Programme, a Senior Consultant
include: to the World Bank and visiting professor in
• Business Development & Management International Resource Management at Yale
• Bar Soap Making University.
• Capacity Building Development In the later years, Dr. Brown charted
Jennifer is also an active member in her the development of yet another Agency, the
community; she supports the local farmers, Jamaica Agricultural Commodities Regula-
is an executive member of the Fair Prospect tory Authority (JACRA). His unstinting
Gardens Association and is currently work- service to organizational development and
ing on the community’s composting project structural realignment reached the highest
with the Youth Environmental Club. Her en- level of professional excellence.
thusiasm for Community & Youth Develop- We join with his family in thoughts of
ment has pushed her to venture into Green comfort and peace during this difficult time.
House Farming which is geared towards May his soul Rest in Peace.
training in technology and provision of Best Quality for Life

The Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA) Email: executive@rada.gov.jm 876-977-1158-62 Fax: 876-970-4660
16 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • JAN-FEB 2019 WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM

Coffee Lizer: Precisely Blended to Perfection


By Melvin Henry NPK. This allows for a more homogenous
Technical Manager spread of the fertilizer which is also more
Newport Fersan (JA.) Ltd. bioavailable. The Humic Acid as our or-
ganic matter improves the water holding ca-
N ewport-Fersan (Jamaica) Limited
(NFJ) in answering to the need for bet-
ter soil care for our coffee farmers developed
pacity of the soil and general soil structure.

a specialized blend of fertilizer called “Cof- Four (4) R’s


fee Lizer.” To ensure the best results for any crop,
We are particularly proud of our Coffee the correct application of fertilizer is re-
Lizer because we created a targeted product quired. At NFJ we preach the 4 Rs’: The
for the coffee sector, geared towards giving right source which speaks to the formulation
our farmers a better option, with the right of the blend; in the case of Coffee Lizer it is
nutrients to be applied at the right time and 14 – 7 – 21 – S + Mg(DDP)+Ca(DDP +
at the right rate. Zn(DDP)+B(DDP)+HA.
It is a product that was designed to pre- We recommend eight (8) ounces of
vent and correct soil nutrient deficiency Coffee Lizer per tree per year and this we
when used as a part of a balanced fertilizer We also took into consideration that cium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg) and Sulphur call the right rate. The right time to apply
program; an approach that is in keeping with hilly terrains and high precipitation caused (S). The micronutrients are Zinc (ZN), and fertilizer is four (4) ounces per tree before
our Precise Nutrient Management System soil erosion and significant loss of organic Boron (B). These essential nutrients play a flowering and four (4) ounces per tree during
(PNMS) which seeks to deliver only the re- matter. It is known, Nitrogen is highly critical role throughout the lifecycle of the fruit development. The right place to apply
quired amount of nutrients to the crop. volatile and is easily leeched, and therefore crop. the fertilizer is in a shallow furrow around
it is important that the plant which is a FERSAN’s Coffee Lizer (14 – 7 – 21 – the tree along the outer edges of the canopy
Research perennial crop gets the element of Nitrogen S + Mg (DDP) + Ca (DDP) + Zn + B which is also called the ‘leaf drip circle.’ If
Having the privilege of working with that is suitable throughout its lifecycle. (DDP) + HA) was formulated in response to applying on a hill, the fertilizer should be
the Jamaican coffee farmers for over a findings about the general trends relating to placed in a semi-circle inside the slope.
decade, NFJ had the opportunity to identify What is in the bag? nutrient deficiencies. There are several dis- FERSAN’s Coffee-Lizer is designed
some of the major challenges that the coffee In order to achieve greater level of pro- tinct features of the Coffee Lizer blend when for application to coffee trees for the pre-
sector faced. One such challenge had to do ductivity all essential nutrition elements compared to traditional blends, these in- vention and correction of soil nutrient
with the overall nutritional status of the soil must be present. Whilst the mega nutrients clude: rapid and slow-release Nitrogen deficiency when used as part of a bal-
in the major coffee growing areas. (Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen) are readily which caters to the need for Nitrogen over anced fertility program. Optimum rate of
Our research and findings spanned accessible from the air and soil water Cof- both a shorter and longer period; Magne- application will vary depending on proper-
three years which were derived from farm fee Lizer has both macro (primary and sec- sium and Calcium which addresses yellow- ties (such as pH, organic matter, texture,
visits, soil testing and the results obtained ondary) and micro nutrients which are ing of the leaves; Boron and Zinc which is weather conditions, time of year, general
from the tests. The analyses from extensive broken down as follows: important for fruit set and elongation of crop health and crop species. For best re-
sampling showed significant deficiencies in The primary macronutrients are Nitro- stems. It must be noted that the DDP formu- sults, follow soil test or plant analysis rec-
Calcium and Magnesium as well as Boron gen (N), Prosperous (P) and Potassium lation is our patented technology which is ommendation.
and Zinc. Contact us at 967-5815 ext: 2226.
(K). The secondary macronutrients are Cal- designed to coat every prill/grain of the
WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM JAN-FEB 2019 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • 17

WE HAVE A WINNER!
The Hi-Pro Christmas Countdown is over but for
Grand Prize Winner Oschia Kenton, the excitement
has just begun, as she drives away in a brand
new 2019 Toyota Rav 4! A big Hi-Pro THANK YOU
to everyone who entered for a chance to win a
share of over $10Million in prizes this year. To our
winners, clients, customers, farmers and Jamaicans
everywhere...we wish you a New Year Full of Growth!

Mr. Christopher Levy, President and CEO of the Jamaica Broilers Group (3rd right), congratulates our Grand Prize Winner, Oschia Kenton (centre). Joining them are Mr. Jaimie Ogilvie,
Assistant Vice President, Hi-Pro (left), Mrs. Rose Bennett of Bennett’s Farmstore (2nd left), Oschia’s mother, Ms. Claudette Forsythe-Kenton (3rd left), Oschia’s daughter, Shanessa Evans
(4th left), General Sales and Marketing Manager of Toyota Jamaica, Mr. Howard Foster (2nd right) and Hi-Pro Technical Service Representative, Mr. Clinton Wilson (right). Parked behind
them is Oschia’s grand prize, a 2019 Toyota Rav4.

Grand prize winner of the Hi-Pro


Christmas Countdown Oschia Kenton
(second left) with her daughter Shanessa
Evans (third left), happily accepts her
keys from Jaimie Ogilvie, Hi-Pro’s
Assistant Vice President (third right).
Sharing the moment are Rose Bennett
of Bennett’s Farm Store (left), Clinton
Wilson, Hi-Pro Technical Service
Representative (right) and Marlene
Harrison, Hi-Pro Telesales Representative.

Congrats to our final $200,000 & $50,000 winners...

Hi-Pro team members: Nigel Alexander (left), Technical Service Representative and Latoya Hi-Pro representatives Kirk Pennant (left); Kareece Ramocan (second left) present a $50,000
Gordon (centre), Telesales Representative excitedly present Tresha-Gaye Clacken (right) with a voucher to Oneil Grant, one of the final week winners in the Hi-Pro Christmas Countdown.
voucher for $200,000. Ms. Clacken is the December winner in the Hi-Pro Christmas Countdown. Looking on are Donna Walters (second right), proprietor of Waves Farm Store and Marlon Gordon,
Technical Sales Agronomist, Hi-Pro.
18 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • JAN-FEB 2019 WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM

‘Eat what we grow… Grow what we eat’


Over the eight six years Noranda Jamaica Bauxite Partners has been
leading the charge to transform agriculture by sharing greenhouse
technology and spearheading the building of sixty greenhouses
for small farmers in our mining areas.

We call it the ‘greenhouse revolution’ – helping to feed

Noranda Jamaica Bauxite Partners


Browns Town, St Ann, Jamaica WI. • 876-725-2880 • www.norandaalumina.com
WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM JAN-FEB 2019 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • 19

The U.S. Won't Legalize About Jamaica’s Regulated


Marijuana in 2019! Medicinal Cannabis Industry
By Sean Williams (TMFUltraLong) being prone to abuse, and not recognized as
cants to conduct business.
T he legal cannabis industry had itself a
year to remember in 2018. Although
having any medical benefits. The big ques-
tion is, when does this classification change? T he regulatory framework of Jamaica’s
medicinal cannabis industry has been
crafted specifically to preserve the require-
When the applicant believes that he/she
have satisfactorily met the requirements at
marijuana stocks were a mixed bag, the weed On the surface, there appears to be a ton
ments of the United Nation’s Single Conven- this stage and the premises or vehicle has
industry gained validation like never before of momentum behind reform at the federal
tion on the Narcotic Drugs, 1961 as amended been adequately prepared for inspection, a re-
following the legalization of recreational level. An October 2018 survey from Gallup
by the 1972 Protocol amending the Single quest is made in writing to the Authority for
marijuana in Canada. Rolling out the red car- found that two out of three adults now favor pre-licensing inspection, to establish compli-
Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, The
pet for cannabis will mean billions of dollars legalizing weed nationally, up from just 33% ance with the Interim Regulations as well as
Convention on Psychotropic Substances,
in added annual revenue, and it demonstrates as recently as 2005. In fact, a half-dozen determine if same is “fit for purpose.”
1971 and, The Convention Against Illicit
that the cannabis industry is in no danger of major polls conducted since January 2018 Satisfaction of other pre-conditions such
Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
disappearing. have found overwhelming support for re- as a permit, non-objection or approval from
Substances, 1988.
There was plenty to cheer about in the forming the current cannabis policy. This, in addition to other realities, have the National Environment and Planning
United States, too. President Trump signed State-level legalizations have also put culminated into the establishment of a robust Agency, updated company documents and
the Farm Bill into law in December, giving the infrastructure in place in numerous states regulatory mechanism, to ensure the trans- identification of proposed downstream buyer
the green light to hemp and hemp-based that would allow a seamless transition be- parency and integrity of operations within the (as stipulated in the conditional approval let-
cannabidiol, while the Food and Drug Ad- tween an illicit and legal environment. A Industry. ter), must also be fulfilled.
ministration approved its very first cannabis- handful of states have been retailing adult- The Dangerous Drugs (Cannabis Li-
derived drug, and a handful of states use cannabis for multiple years (e.g., Wash- censing) (Interim) Regulations, 2016 (“In- Possible delays which may occur
legalized cannabis in some capacity. Today, ington and Colorado), with more than half of terim Regulations”) stipulate that an applicant at the conditional approval stage
roughly two-thirds of U.S. states have legal- all states having had medical marijuana legal must be deemed “fit and proper” before a li- During the application process, appli-
ized medical marijuana, with 10 also allow- for at least two years. Reform at the federal cence is issued and failure to meet this re- cants may decide to amend details of their ap-
ing adult-use pot. level wouldn't require a lot of effort from quirement will result in that applicant being plications because of internal business
A black silhouette of the U.S., partially most states to amend their infrastructure. disqualified from holding a licence. This de- changes, such as changes of company direc-
filled in with cannabis baggies, rolled joints, In addition, online publication Mari- termination is based on a very rigorous due tors, shareholders or location for operation as
and a scale. juana Moment reported this past Tuesday diligence process done with the support of at well as acquiring or updating requisite docu-
that the chair of the House Judiciary Com- least six (6) local and international due dili- ments. In such cases, the due diligence or ver-
Calls for cannabis reform mittee, Rep. Jerry Nadler (D-N.Y.), foresees gence partners. ification process must be re-done,
in the U.S. pick up steam reform coming sooner rather than later. Said In keeping with Regulation 11 (4) of the automatically triggering a new investigative
Despite all of this progress, marijuana re- Nadley, "Let me just observe on your time Interim Regulations, the Cannabis Licensing process. Consequently, the application will
mains a Schedule I drug at the federal level. that we may be discussing that [cannabis re- Authority (CLA) may take into account the not progress to the next stage.
That means it's wholly illegal, defined as form] fairly soon." following factors, to determine if a person is
fit and proper: Monitoring activities
 whether the person is of good repute, hav- In addition to enforcing “fit and proper”
ing regards to the matters concerning the per- and “fit for purpose” requirements, the CLA
son's character, honesty and personal and performs continuous monitoring, surveillance
professional integrity; and enforcement activities to ensure that li-
 whether the person has the necessary skills censees remain compliant with the terms and
and experience to fulfil their obligations as a conditions of their licences and the Interim
licensee; Regulations. This is to remove possibilities of
 whether the person has sound and stable diversion from the legal trade into the illegal
sources of financing or is in financial cir- trade or inversion from the illegal trade into
cumstances which may limit the legal medical cannabis industry.
the person's capacity to fulfil their obligations Furthermore, it is a requirement for li-
as a licensee; censees to only trade with other licensees.
 the person's history of compliance with the This framework is classified as a Closed
Dangerous Drugs (Amendment) Act, 2015; Loop System.
and
 where the applicant is not a natural person, Requirements for applicants to note
for example a company, whether the factors 1. Companies or businesses applying to
specified above are met by the persons in ef- operate in Jamaica’s Ganja Industry, must be
fective control of the operations of the appli- registered with the Companies Office of Ja-
cant. maica.
Upon receipt of due diligence reports on 2. Cooperative Society or Friendly Soci-
all owners and directors related to an appli- ety must be registered with be Department of
cation, an assessment is conducted to deter- Cooperatives and Friendly Societies.
mine if they satisfy the “fit and proper” 3. The registered Company is required to
requirements before progressing to the next satisfy the regulatory requirements of “sub-
stage, which is the conditional approval stage. stantial ownership and control” (over 50% of
If the applicant is deemed “fit and the shareholding and the directorship) by a
proper”, Conditional Approval status is Jamaican or a person(s) ordinarily resident in
granted, and the applicant must now satisfy Jamaica.
the requirements for their premises or vehi- 4. An ordinarily resident individual for
cle to be deemed “fit for purpose” in keeping the purposes of the Interim Regulations, must
with the Interim Regulations. have documentary proof that he or she has
The pace at which an applicant moves lived in Jamaica for not less than three (3)
from the conditional approval stage to the li- years immediately preceding the date of the
cence stage becomes solely dependent on the application, and is at least 18 years old.
timeline within which the applicant satisfies With robust due diligence and verifica-
these requirements. Applicants are given up tion processes, which are in keeping with in-
to six (6) months to transition from Condi- ternational obligations, Jamaica is poised to
tional Approval to becoming a licensee. take advantage of trade opportunities while
It is to be noted however, that Condi- maintaining the integrity and transparency of
tional Approval status does not allow appli- its medicinal cannabis industry.
Courtesy of Cannabis Licensing Authority
20 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • JAN-FEB 2019 WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM

EDUCATION & TRAINING


Gov’t Targeting
Expansion of
Agro-Processing
BY: GARFIELD L. ANGUS

M inister of Industry, Commerce,


Agriculture and Fisheries, Audley
Shaw, says the Government is looking to
expand agro-processing for local con-
sumption and export.
He noted that four distinct markets
are being targeted – CARICOM, the Ja-
maican Diaspora, hotels, and the school
feeding programme. CASE’s 109TH FOUNDERS’ DAY ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION:
He said that the AMC complex on Audley Shaw (centre), Minister of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries, flanked by George Kates, chairman,
Spanish Town Road is being targeted to College of Agriculture, Science and Education (CASE), and Oneka Sinclair, Director of Student Affairs, CASE, following
become a modern facility for the pro- a presentation of a pear tree and a breadfruit tree at the college’s 109th Founders’ Day anniversary celebration on Janu-
cessing of fresh fruits and vegetables. ary 25, 2019 at Passley Gardens, Portland.
Minister Shaw, in emphasising the
valued-added to the agricultural sector
from agro-processing, noted for example,
that “when pumpkin is processed into
purée and sweet potato is parboiled they
can have up to a two-year shelf life, and
that is the direction of where agriculture
is heading. What you can’t sell fresh; you
can process,” he noted.
He was speaking at the College of
Agriculture, Science and Education’s
(CASE) Founder’s Day held on January
25 at the college campus in Passley Gar-
dens, Portland.
St. Lucia’s Minister of Agriculture,
Fisheries, Physical Planning, Natural Re-
sources and Co-operatives, Ezechiel Jun-
ior Joseph, in his remarks, said Jamaica’s
agriculture programme is “moving in the
right direction.” MISSION FOOD POSSIBLE:
Joseph, who is a CASE alumnus, Minister of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries, Audley Shaw (4th r), receives a sample of the meal prepared
utilizing Jamaica’s indigenous produce from Mission:FoodPossible Chef, Patrice Harris-Henry, at the official launch of Mis-
pointed to the need for the sharing of ex-
sion: FoodPossible, at the St. John’s Primary School in St. Catherine, on Friday February 1. The menu consisted of pump-
periences, ideas and policies, aimed at kin-banana bread, green banana salad, barbeque chicken and yamackee - consisting of a mixture of yam, plantain, ackee
strengthening the regional agricultural in- and pumpkin. Looking on at right is Founder of the programme, Peter Ivey, along with St. John’s Primary students.
dustry.
He noted that the hospitality sector
provides an excellent opportunity to es-
tablish linkages for the growth of the sec-
Students to benefit from
tor. “When tourism grows, it is an

-
opportunity for our farmers,” Joseph said.
Meanwhile, President of CASE, Dr.
Derrick Deslandes, said the institution is
school meal programme initiative schools across the island. more. In that regard, the Minister noted that
- ensuring that its programmes are in keep-
ing with the needs of the country’s agri-
S tudents at St. John’s Primary School in
St. Catherine will now benefit from a
school meal programme, which will utilize
Shaw said Jamaica must move away
from the importation of genetically modified
the programme’s budgetary allocation was
increased to $4.7 billion for the 2018/19 fis-
cultural sector. Jamaica’s indigenous produce such as pump- food to the consumption and utilisation of cal year, an increase of 47 per cent.
d kin, cassava, yams and green banana, along more locally grown foods, which will lead to For his part, Ivey explained that his ini-
u- with other local produce, under an initiative a better life for all. tiative is undergirded by a personal mission
dubbed ‘Mission: FoodPossible.’ “As Government, our mission is to pro- to feed people who are in need.
We publish Speaking at the official launch of ‘Mis-
sion: FoodPossible’ at the St. John’s Primary
mote proper nutrition and improve the learn-
ing outcomes of our children, as well as to
“Mission:FoodPossible is near and dear to
my heart, and it is my contribution to im-

colleges and School, in St. Catherine, on February 1, Min-


ister of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and
strengthen early childhood development in
keeping with the Food and Nutrition Secu-
proving the lives of others in Jamaica and
across the globe,” he added.
Fisheries, Audley Shaw, said the undertaking rity Policy, the draft School Feeding Policy Meanwhile, principal of the school,
schools news will not only result in greater support for Ja-
maica’s farmers and the agricultural sector,
and the Jamaica Social Protection Strategy,”
the Minister said.
Louise Clarke, lauded the initiative. She de-
scribed it as “remarkable,” noting that it has

and photos but also the health and nutrition of our chil-
dren.
Shaw further informed that the Govern-
ment has taken action to increase the variety
the full support of the school community and
Board, and will go a far way in assisting the
The agriculture minister stated that the of local fresh fruits and vegetables under the students who are in need.
——————————
launching of the Mission: FoodPossible ini- National School Feeding Programme. Sup- The initiative was first executed in St.
The Agriculturalist tiative represents the perfect opportunity to port for the programme is also being pro- Catherine in October 2017 with the feeding
teach children to “eat what we grow”. He vided through initiatives from the Ministry of approximately 700 people. In October
editor@theagriculturalist.com of Health to encourage better eating habits, 2018, training was provided for staff, parents
said that he intends to work with Chef Ivey
876-923-7471 to have the programme rolled out in other as well as encouraging students to exercise and teachers at St. John’s Primary School.
WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM JAN-FEB 2019 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • 21

TECHNOLOGY
Importance of
agricultural technology
Benefits include:
M odern farms and agricultural op-
erations work far differently than
those a few decades ago, primarily be-
• Higher crop productivity
• Decreased use of water, fertilizer, and
cause of advancements in technology, pesticides, which in turn keeps food
including sensors, devices, machines, prices down
and information technology. Today’s • Reduced impact on natural ecosystems
agriculture routinely uses sophisticated • Less runoff of chemicals into rivers
technologies such as robots, tempera- and groundwater
ture and moisture sensors, aerial images, • Increased worker safety
and GPS technology. In addition, robotic technologies
These advanced devices and preci- enable more reliable monitoring and
sion agriculture and robotic systems management of natural resources, such
allow businesses to be more profitable, as air and water quality. It also gives
efficient, safer, and more environmen- producers greater control over plant and
tally friendly. animal production, processing, distribu-
Farmers no longer have to apply tion, and storage, which results in:
NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND MODERN PRACTICES: water, fertilizers, and pesticides uni- • Greater efficiencies and lower prices
Claudette Glegg, Parish Manager for the St. James Association of Branch Soci- formly across entire fields. Instead, they • Safer growing conditions and safer
eties and Agri-Business Management course graduate Ms. Clover (r) record in- can use the minimum quantities re- foods
spect crops at the Ebony Park Heart Academy during their Hi-Pro-sponsored tour quired and target very specific areas, or • Reduced environmental and ecologi-
of the institution. As part of this holistic learning approach, trainees were ex- even treat individual plants differently. cal impac.
posed to new technologies and modern practices that are being employed by var-
ious entities within the agricultural sector.

Kimmy’s World
Complied and edited by Kimmy Maitland • editor@theagriculturalist

oing green means to pursue knowledge and practices


G that can lead to more environmentally friendly and
ecologically responsible decisions and lifestyles, which can
help protect the environment and sustain its natural re-
sources for current and future generations.
What does it take to take care of a dog? • Use both sides of computer paper. Once you print some-
To take care of a dog, make sure you're feeding thing and no longer need it, flip it over and print again on
it a high-quality dog food twice a day and giving
it access to water at all times. You should also
the other side.
Farm Jokes
give your dog plenty of exercise by taking it on at • Compost your food scraps. Composting can be done even • Why did the farmer feed his pigs
least 2 walks a day and playing games like fetch if you live in an apartment and can save a ton of waste from sugar and vinegar? He wanted sweet
or ball. going to the landfill. The newer ones don’t even smell, and and sour pork!
worm bins are even more efficient!
Maintaining Your Dog's Physical Health • What did the farmer say when he lost
• Start an organic garden. If you’re new to gardening, start one of his cows? What a miss-steak.
• Keep your pup active. Especially if he is alone
all day, a dog needs exercise just like people do. with something easy like lettuce or tomatoes and work up • Who takes care of the farm when the
• Feed your dog a nourishing, balanced diet. to more. farmer is sick? The farmacist (phar-
• Schedule regular veterinary appointments for macist). • Why did the lamb call the
• Plant some trees in your yard. By spending some money police? He had been fleeced.
your pet.
on trees, you not only shade your house so you can use less
• Ensure your dog's safety at all times. • Why was the cucumber mad? Be-
AC, but you also help to absorb CO2 in the air.
• Give your pup regular massages. cause it was in a pickle!

Everybody reads The Agriculturalist


Book your adverts (876) 923-7471• 923-7428
agriculturalist@gmail.com • editor@theagriculturalist.com • www.theagriculturalist.com
22 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • JAN-FEB 2019 WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM

HEALTH
Four easy ways to lower blood pressure naturally
By: Dr.Sofiya (NaturalNews) ways to reduce stress. Stress hormones can
raise the levels of a kidney enzyme, renin,
K eeping blood pressure at normal levels
- generally understood to be 120/80
millimeters of mercury or mmhg - can help
that can increase blood pressure.

prevent a number of serious health condi- Watch salt intake


tions. These include aneurysms, heart at- While some groups of people seem to have
tacks, strokes, kidney failure and the decline blood pressure that is particularly sensitive
of cognitive abilities. Though there are often to increased amounts of sodium, including
no symptoms of high blood pressure and it the elderly, those with a family history and
is preventable, it has been shown to be a African Americans, it is often difficult for
contributing factor in more than 15 percent the average person to know this fact. For
of deaths. this reason, it is a good idea to reduce the
Treating high blood pressure typically amount of salt consumed overall.
means that a physician prescribes some type A half a teaspoon of salt contains about
of medication. Some of these medications 1,200 mg of sodium, almost the entire max-
come with side effects that make them un- imum dosage of 1,500 mg suggested by the
desirable. By making changes at home, it is National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
possible for a person to reduce the reliance more than 24,000 residents of the state, most days of the week saw an eight-point While going easy on the salt shaker is a
on medication, thereby lowering the working more than that leaves little time to reduction in the upper number of their blood great start, it is also important to limit the
chances of side effects. exercise and focus on consuming foods that pressure with a six-point reduction in the number of processed foods consumed.
are more healthy. lower number. Processed foods often contain excessive
Cut back on work amounts of sodium.
Working more than 41 hours per week Make power walks a daily occurrence De-stress daily By following the above tips, an indi-
can increase the risk of having high blood People who went for a fitness walk that in- Given all the responsibilities and stresses vidual reaps a myriad of benefits. These in-
pressure, also known as hypertension. Ac- cluded a brisk pace were able to see a sig- that people are bombarded with on a daily clude lower blood pressure, a leaner
cording to research performed by the Uni- nificant change in their blood pressure basis, it is important to build in time to de- physique and a healthier heart.
versity of California - Irving that involved numbers. Those who made a practice of in- stress. Performing deep breathing exercises, Sources: http://www.health.com
cluding at least 30 minutes of brisk exercise meditating or engaging in yoga are all great

NUTRITION
The Basics of the Nutrition Facts Label
By Barbara Gordon, RDN, LD Fat free/sugar free: Less than ½ gram of fat erate portions of lean meat, poultry, fish,
Step 1: Start with the Serving Size or sugar per serving. eggs, low-fat milk, yogurt and cheese, plus
Look here for both the serving size (the Low sodium: 140 milligrams or less of beans and peas, peanut butter, seeds and soy
amount people typically eat at one time) sodium per serving. products.
and the number of servings in the package. High in: Provides 20 percent or more of the Carbohydrates: There are three types of
Compare your portion size (the amount Daily Value of a specified nutrient per serv- carbohydrates: sugars, starches and fiber. Eat
you actually eat) to the serving size listed ing. whole-grain breads, cereals, rice and pasta
on the panel. If the serving size is one cup plus fruits and vegetables.
Step 5: Choose Low in Saturated Fat, Sugars: Simple carbohydrates, or sug-
and you eat two cups, you are getting twice
Added Sugars and Sodium ars, occur naturally in foods such as fruit
the calories, fat and other nutrients listed Eating less saturated fat, added sugars and
on the label. (fructose) and milk (lactose) or come from
sodium may help reduce your risk for refined sources such as table sugar (sucrose)
chronic disease. or corn syrup. Added sugars will be included
Step 2: Check Out the Total Calories Saturated fat and trans fat are linked to an
Find out how many calories are in a single on the Nutrition Facts label in 2018. The
increased risk of heart disease. 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Ameri-
serving. It's smart to cut back on calories if Eating too much added sugar makes it diffi-
you are watching your weight. cans recommends consuming no more than
cult to meet nutrient needs within your calo- 10 percent of daily calories from added sug-
rie requirement. ars.
Step 3: Let the Percent Daily Values Be High levels of sodium can add up to high
Your Guide Foods with more than one ingredient
blood pressure. must have an ingredient list on the label. In-
Use percent Daily Values (DV) to help eval- Remember to aim for low percentage DV of
uate how a particular food fits into your gredients are listed in descending order by
these nutrients. weight. Those in the largest amounts are
daily meal plan. Percent DV are for the en-
tire day, not just one meal or snack. Daily listed first. This information is particularly
Step 6: Get Enough Vitamins, Minerals helpful to individuals with food sensitivities,
Values are average levels of nutrients for a and Fiber
person eating 2,000 calories a day. A food those who wish to avoid pork or shellfish,
Eat more fiber, potassium, vitamin D, cal- limit added sugars or people who prefer veg-
item with a 5 percent DV of fat provides 5 cium and iron to maintain good health and
percent of the total fat that a person con- etarian eating.
help reduce your risk of certain health prob-
suming 2,000 calories a day should eat.
You may need more or less than 2,000 calo-
lems such as osteoporosis and anemia. We publish
Choose more fruits and vegetables to get
ries per day. For some nutrients you may
need more or less than 100 percent DV.
more of these nutrients. your school and
Remember to aim high for percentage DV
Low is 5 percent or less. Aim low in satu- grams or less of saturated fat per serving.
Reduced: At least 25 percent less of the of these nutrients. college news,
rated fat, trans fat, cholesterol and sodium
High is 20 percent or more. Aim high in vi- specified nutrient or calories than the usual
product. Step 7: Consider the Additional Nutrients photos etc.,
tamins, minerals and fiber. You know about calories, but it also is im-
Good source of: Provides at least 10 to 19
Step 4: Check Out the Nutrition Terms percent of the Daily Value of a particular vi- portant to know about the additional nutri- The Agriculturalist
tamin or nutrient per serving. ents on the Nutrition Facts label.
Low calorie: 40 calories or less per serving.
Calorie free: Less than five calories per serv- Protein: A percentage Daily Value for Call 923-7471
Low cholesterol: 20 milligrams or less and 2
ing. protein is not required on the label. Eat mod- • agriculturalist@gmail.com
WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM JAN-FEB 2019 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • 23
24 • THE AGRICULTURALIST • JAN-FEB 2019 WWW.THEAGRICULTURALIST.COM