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AGO v.


Petitioner: Pastro D. Ago

Respondent: The Hon. Court of Appeals,
Hon. Montano A. Ortiz, The Provinicial
Sheriff of Surigao and Grace Park
Engineering, Inc.
Case No.: G.R. No. L-17898
Promulgation: 31 October 31, 1962
Ponente: Labrador, J.

1. Ago purchased sawmill machineries and equipment from
Grace Park Engineering Inc. (GPEI) A chattel mortgage was
executed by the parties in securing payment for the balance of

2. Ago assigned said machineries and equipment to Golden

Pacific Sawmill (GPS) as payment fro his subscription to the
shares of stock of said corporation. Said machineries and
equipment were installed in the building of GPS and used for
sawing of logs.

3. Ago defaulted in his payment, hence GPEI instituted

extrajudicial foreclosure proceedings of the mortgage.

4. Ago then instituted Special Civil Case No. 53 which resulted

to the arrival of the parties to the execution of a Compromise
Agreement. Ago, however, continued to default in his payments
and so GPEI filed a Motion for Execution which was granted by
the court.

5. The Provincial Sheriff (Sheriff) proceeded with the levy and

ordered the sale of the machineries and equipment. Ago filed a
Petition for Certiorari and Prohibition with Preliminary
Injunction with the Court of Appeals (CA). His contentions
(a) he and his counsel did not receive any notice as regards
the Decision of the lower court based on the Compromise
(b) the Sheriff did not comply with the the notice of sale in
a newspaper of general circulation as required by the Rules
of Court
The CA issued a Writ of Injunction.
6. The Sheriff, however, had already sold the machineries and
equipment (they were sold to GPEI, it being the only bidder). The
CA then ordered the Sheriff to suspend the issuance of the
Certificate of Sale. After hearing the case, however, the CA
issued a decision which did not benefit Ago.

7. Ago proceeded with another Petition for Certiorari to review

the decision of the CA.

Whether or not the proceeding conducted by the Sheriff in
selling the machineries and equipment is valid and compliant
with the Rules.


The installment of the machineries and equipment at the

building of GPS, and there being used in connection with the
industry, it has become necessary and permanent parts of GPS,
thus rendered as real properties.

As required by the Rules, in case of real property, the following

are required:
(a) posting of a notice describing the property for 20 days
in three public places in the municipality or city where the
property is situated and where it is to be sold
(b) if the property exceeds four hundred pesos, a copy of
the notice must be published once a week in a newspaper of
general circulation.

Considering that the machineries and equipment are valued at

more than P15,000.00, the publication of notice is required. And
the Sheriff, not having met said requirement, the sale must be
declared null and void.

[not related to Property]

Whether or not the rendition of the judgment in open court was
sufficient notice to Ago.

Under the Rules, all judgments determining the merits of cases
shall be:
(a) in writing, personally and directly prepared by the
(b) signed by him, stating clearly and distinctly the facts
and the law on which it is based
(c) and filed with the clerk of court

Mere pronouncement of the judgment in open court does not

constitute a rendition of the judgment. It is the filing of the
signed decision with the clerk of court that constitutes rendition.

Further, the Rules expressly require that final order or

judgments be served personally or by registered mail.