You are on page 1of 37

NATIONAL OIL CORPORATION

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

GES L.01

STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS

Rev Date Description Checked Approved


0 1999 Issued for Implementation DL

Compiled by Teknica (UK) Ltd


GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 2 of 37
Rev 0 1999

INDEX

SEC TITLE PAGE

1.0 SCOPE OF SPECIFICATION 4

1.1 Introduction 4
1.2 Other NOC Specifications 4
1.3 Data Sheets 4
1.4 Scope of Supply 4

2.0 DEFINITIONS 4

2.1 Technical 4
2.2 Contractual 6

3.0 DESIGN & PERFORMANCE 6

3.1 General 6
3.2 Codes and Standards 7

4.0 CONSTRUCTION 7

4.1 Power System Device Function Numbers 7


4.2 Abbreviations used in Electrical Formulae 22
4.3 Letter Symbols used in Electrical Formulae 23
4.4 Symbols for Single Line Diagrams, Schematic Control Diagrams,
Plant Layouts, Instruction Books and Specifications 24

5.0 NEMA/IEC DIFFERENCES 33

5.1 General 33
5.2 Salient Differences 33

6.0 INSPECTION 34

6.1 Procedures 34
6.2 Scope 34

7.0 TESTING 34

7.1 Procedures 34
7.2 Factory Acceptance Testing 35
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 3 of 37
Rev 0 1999
SEC TITLE PAGE

8.0 DOCUMENTATION 35

8.1 Introduction 35
8.2 Schedules and Reports 35
8.3 Data and Calculations 35
8.4 Drawings 36
8.5 Final Records, Documents and Manuals 36

9.0 PRIOR TO SHIPMENT 37

9.1 Package and Storage 37


GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 4 of 37
Rev 0 1999

1.0 SCOPE OF SPECIFICATION

1.1 Introduction

1.1.1 This specification defines the Power System Device Function Numbers Abbreviations and Letter Symbols
used in Electrical Formulae and Basic Symbols to be utilised in preparing Electrical Documents generally,
with particular reference (but not limited) to:

- Power System Single Line Diagrams


- Schematic Control Diagrams
- Plant Layout Drawings
- Instruction Books and Specifications

1.1.2 The utilisation of these symbols and device numbers are intended to permit a ready understanding of the
function and operation of the equipment covered by the electrical documents in which they appear.

Additionally, the Abbreviations and Letter Symbols most frequently utilised in Electrical Formulae are
included, since these are often utilised in the Electrical Documents identified in Section 1.1.1.

Note: Specifically excluded from this specification are symbols for Binary and Analogue Logic, Element Diagrams and
Telecommunications/Electronic Circuits.

1.1.3 The Vendor/Contractor shall comply fully with the provisions laid down in this specification. Any
exception must be authorised in writing by the Owner.

1.1.4 This General Engineering Specification will form part of the Purchase Order/Contract.

1.2 Other NOC Specifications

None are referred to in the specification, since this document will form a base reference document for other
specifications covering the equipment associated with the drawing etc., prepared using this specification.

1.3 Data Sheets

The Vendor/Contractor shall where relevant, utilise these symbols and device numbers in any Data Sheets
prepared for Electrical Equipment.

1.4 Scope of Supply

Any documentation prepared utilising these Standard Electrical Symbols, as well as any electronic files for
similar documents prepared utilising Computer Aided Design (CAD).

2.0 DEFINITIONS

2.1 Technical

The technical terms used in this specification are defined as follows:

Symbol Element

A simple figure with a defined meaning which must be combined with other figures to form the complete
symbol for a device or a concept.
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 5 of 37
Rev 0 1999

For example, the symbol for an electronic tube is assembled from symbol elements representing the heater,
grid, anode, envelope, etc. When symbol elements are combined in this way their arrangement is not
necessarily related to the physical structure of the device symbolised.

General Symbol

A symbol, usually simple, common to a whole family of items, and characteristic of that family.

Qualifying Symbol

0A symbol added to another to provide additional information.

Note 1: Qualifying symbols cannot normally be used on their own but a general symbol may sometimes be used for qualifying
purposes. Thus the general symbol for a capacitor may be added to that for a microphone to produce the symbol for a capacitor
microphone.

Note 2: The term "supplementary symbol" is sometimes used with the same meaning as "qualifying symbol".

Block Symbol

A simple graphical symbol, representing an assembly of items and intended to indicate the function of the
assembly, neither giving details about the items nor taking account of all connections.

Note: - Block symbols are generally used in diagrams where single-line representation is applied. They may also be used in diagrams
with all input and output connections shown.

Grounding

Concerned with the nature and location of an intentional electrical interconnection between the Electrical
System Conductors and Ground.

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

EN

European Committee for Electrical Standards

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission

ISO

International Standards Organisation

NEMA

National Electrical Manufacturer's Association


GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 6 of 37
Rev 0 1999

SI

Système International d'Unités

2.2 Contractual

The commercial terms used in this specification are defined as follows:

Owner

The oil and gas company, an associate or subsidiary, who is the end user of the equipment and facilities.

Vendor

The company supplying the equipment and material.

Contractor

The main contractor for a defined piece of work.

Sub-Contractor

A company awarded a contract by a Contractor to do part of the work awarded to the Contractor.

Inspection Authority

The organisation representing the Owner or Vendor/Contractor that verifies that the equipment and
facilities have been designed, constructed, inspected and tested in accordance with the requirements of this
specification and the Purchase Order/Contract.

Inspector

A qualified individual representing the Owner, Vendor/Contractor or the assigned Inspection Authority,
who verifies that the equipment and facilities have been designed, constructed, inspected and tested in
accordance with the requirements of this specification and the Purchase Order/Contract.

3.0 DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE

3.1 General

There are no Design and Performance requirements in the accepted sense as used for equipment, since the
information in this specification is used to produce Documentation rather than Hardware and Equipment.

Notwithstanding this, the following should be noted;

a) Design

The symbols and information utilised shall be based on the National Standards referenced in this
Document and shall be unambiguous

b) Performance
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 7 of 37
Rev 0 1999
The objective is, as stated in Section 1.0 of this specification, to obtain a satisfactory performance
by promoting a ready understanding of the function and operation of the equipment covered by the
documents in which the symbols appear.

3.2 Codes and Standards

3.2.1 General

In general, the requirements specified herein are based on the ANSI/NEMA and other American Codes and
Standards, the most important of which are listed below. Unless otherwise stated, equipment and materials
shall comply with these Codes and Standards.

Unless specified otherwise in the Purchase Order/Contract, the current editions of the codes and standards
at the time of order shall be used.

The Vendor/Contractor shall operate and supply certification for a Quality System complying with the
requirements of the ASQ Q9000 Series or BS EN ISO 9000, Part 1 (Design) Part 2 (Production) and Part 3
(Test and Inspection).

3.2.2 US Codes and Standards

ANSI/IEEE C37.2 Standard Electrical Power System Device Function Numbers

ANSI/ASME Y1.1 Abbreviations for use on Drawings and in Text

ASQ Q9000 Quality Management and Quality Assurance

IEEE 315 Graphic Symbols for Electrical and Electronic Diagrams

IEEE 315A Graphic Symbols for Electrical and Electronic Diagrams (Supplement)

3.2.3 IEC and other Recommendations

When appropriate, equivalent International Standards which may be used as alternatives are listed below
and may be used with the prior approval of the Owner. Documentation complying with IEC
Recommendations shall be at least equal to the requirements of this specification. The Vendor/Contractor
shall advise full details of any deviations to these requirements in his offer if IEC based documentation is
utilised.

IEC 617: Parts 1 to 8 Guide for Graphical Symbols for Electrical Power, Telecommunications and
(BS EN 60617/BS 3939) Electronics Diagrams - Symbol Elements, Qualifying Symbols and other
Symbols having general application

4.0 CONSTRUCTION

This section details the information to be utilised in representing Electrical Devices and Function numbers
and shall be followed unless agreed otherwise in writing by the Owner.

4.1 Power System Device Function Numbers

The drawings and documents shall be constructed by using the following information.

4.1.1 Power System Device Function Numbers (Detail)

Device No: 1
Function: Master Element
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 8 of 37
Rev 0 1999
Definition: The initiating device, such as control switch, etc., which serves either directly or through
such permissive devices as protective and time-delay relays to place an equipment in or
out of operation.

Note: This number is normally used for hand-operated device, although it may also be used for an electrical
or mechanical device for which no other function number is suitable

Device No: 2
Function : Time-Delay starting or closing relay
Definition: A device that functions to give a desired amount of time delay before or after any point of
operation in a switching sequence or protective relay system, except as specifically
provided by Device Function Nos 48, 62, and 79.

Device No: 3
Function: Checking or Inter-Locking Relay
Definition: A relay that operates in response to the positions of a number of other devices (or to a
number of predetermined conditions) in an equipment, to allow an operating sequence to
proceed, or to stop, or to provide a check of the position of these devices or of these
conditions for any purpose.

Device No: 4
Function: Master Contactor
Definition: A device, generally controlled by Device Function No 1 or the equivalent and the
required permissive and protective devices, that serves to make and break the necessary
control circuits to place an equipment into operation under the desired conditions and to
take it out of operation under other abnormal conditions.

Device No: 5
Function: Stopping Device
Definition: A control device used primarily to shut down equipment and hold it out of operation.
[This device may be manually or electrically actuated, but excludes the function of
electrical lockout (see Device Function No 86) on abnormal conditions].

Device No: 6
Function: Starting Circuit Breaker
Definition: A device whose principal function is to connect a machine to its source of starting
voltage.

Device No: 7
Function: Anode Circuit Breaker
Definition: A device used in the anode circuits of a power rectifier for the primary purpose of
interrupting the rectifier circuit if an "arc back" should occur.

Device No: 8
Function: Control Power Disconnecting Device
Definition: A disconnecting device, such as a knife switch, circuit breaker, or pull-out fuse block,
used for the purpose of respectively connecting and disconnecting the source of control
power to and from the control bus or equipment.

Note: Control power is considered to include auxiliary power which supplies such apparatus as small
motors and heaters

Device No: 9
Function: Reversing Device
Definition: A device that is used for the purpose of reversing a machine field or for performing any
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 9 of 37
Rev 0 1999
other reversing functions

Device No: 10
Function: Unit Sequence Switch
Definition: A switch that is used to change the sequence in which units may be placed in and out of
service in multiple-unit equipments.

Device No: 11
Function: Reserved for future application.

Device No: 12
Function: Overspeed Device
Definition: Usually a direct-connected speed switch which functions on machine overspeed

Device No: 13
Function: Synchronous-speed device
Definition: A device such as a centrifugal-speed switch, a slip-frequency relay, a voltage relay, an
undercurrent relay, or any type of device that operates at approximately the synchronous
speed of a machine.

Device No: 14
Function: Underspeed Device
Definition: A device that functions when the speed of a machine falls below a predetermined value.

Device No: 15
Function: Speed or Frequency Matching Device
Definition: A device that functions to match and hold the speed or the frequency of a machine or of a
system equal to, or approximately equal to, that of another machine, source or system.

Device No: 16
Function: Reserved for future application

Device No: 17
Function: Shunting or discharge switch
Definition: A switch that serves to open or to close a shunting circuit around any piece of apparatus
(except a resistor), such as a machine field, a machine armature, a capacitor, or a reactor.

Note: This excludes devices that perform such shunting operations as may be necessary in the process of
starting a machine by Devices 6 or 42, or their equivalent, and also excludes Device Function 73
that serves for the switching of resistors.

Device No: 18
Function: Accelerating or decelerating device
Definition: A device that is used to close or to cause the closing of circuits which are used to increase
or decrease the speed of a machine.

Device No: 19
Function : Starting-to-running transition contactor
Definition: A device that operates to initiate or cause the automatic transfer of a machine from the
starting to the running power connection.

Device No: 20
Function: Electrically Operated Valve
Definition: An electrically operated, controlled or monitored valve used in a fluid line
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 10 of 37
Rev 0 1999
Device No: 21
Function: Distance Relay
Definition: A relay that functions when the circuit admittance, impedance, or reactance increases or
decreases beyond a predetermined value.

Device No: 22
Function: Equalizer Circuit Breaker
Definition: A breaker that serves to control or to make and break the equalizer or the current-
balancing connections for a machine field, or for regulating equipment, in a multiple unit
installation.

Device No: 23
Function: Temperature Control Device
Definition: A device that functions to raise or lower the temperature of a machine or other apparatus,
or of any medium, when its temperature falls below, or rises above, a predetermined
value.

Note: An example is a thermostat that switches on a space heater in a switchgear assembly when the
temperature falls to a desired value as distinguished from a device that is used to provide automatic
temperature regulation between close limits and would be designated as Device Function No 90T.

Device No: 24
Function: Reserved for future application

Device No: 25
Function: Synchronising or synchronism-check device
Definition: A device that operates when two ac circuits are within the desired limits of
frequency,phase angle, and voltage, to permit or to cause the paralleling of these two
circuits.

Device No: 26
Function: Apparatus Thermal Device
Definition: A device that functions when the temperature of the shunt field or the amortisseur
winding of a machine, or that of a load limiting or load shifting resistor, or of a liquid or
other medium exceeds a predetermined value; or if the temperature of the protected
apparatus, such as a power rectifier, or of any medium decreases below a predetermined
value.

Device No: 27
Function: Undervoltage Relay
Definition: A relay which operates when its input voltage is less than a predetermined value.

Device No: 28
Function: Flame Detector
Definition: A device that monitors the presence of the pilot or main flame in such apparatus as a gas
turbine or a steam boiler.

Device No: 29
Function: Isolating Contactor
Definition: A device that is used expressly for disconnecting one circuit from another for the
purposes of emergency operation, maintenance, or test.

Device No: 30
Function: Annunciator Relay
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 11 of 37
Rev 0 1999
Definition: A non-automatically reset device that gives a number of separate visual indications upon
the functioning of protective devices, and which may also be arranged to perform a
lockout function.

Device No: 31
Function: Separate Excitation Device
Definition: A device that connects a circuit, such as the shunt field of a synchronous converter to a
source of separate excitation during the starting sequence; or one that energises the
excitation and ignition circuits of a power rectifier.

Device No: 32
Function: Directional Power Relay
Definition: A relay which operates on a predetermined value of power flow in a given direction, or
upon reverse power such as that resulting from the motoring of a generator upon loss of
its prime power.

Device No: 33
Function: Position Switch
Definition: A switch that makes or breaks contact when the main device or piece of apparatus which
has no device function number reaches a given position.

Device No: 34
Function: Master Sequence Device
Definition: A device such as a motor-operated multi-contact switch, or the equivalent, or a
programming device, such as a computer, that establishes or determines the operating
sequence of the major devices in an equipment during starting and stopping or during
other sequential switching operations.

Device No: 35
Function: Brush Operating or Slip-Ring Short-Circuiting Device
Definition: A device for raising, lowering, or shifting the brushes of a machine, or for short-
circuiting its slip rings, or for engaging or disengaging the contacts of a mechanical
rectifier.

Device No: 36
Function: Polarity Or Polarizing Voltage Device
Definition: A device that operates, or permits the operation of another device on a predetermined
polarity only, or verifies the presence of a polarizing voltage in an equipment.

Device No: 37
Function: Undercurrent Or Underpower Relay
Definition: A relay that functions when the current or power flow decreases below a predetermined
value.

Device No: 38
Function: Bearing Protective Device
Definition A device that functions on excessive bearing temperature, or on other abnormal
mechanical conditions associated with the bearing, such as undue wear, which may
eventually result in excessive bearing temperature or failure.

Device No: 39
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 12 of 37
Rev 0 1999
Function: Mechanical Condition Monitor
Definition: A device that functions upon the occurrence of an abnormal mechanical condition (except
that associated with bearings as covered under Device Function No 38), such as
excessive vibration, eccentricity, expansion, shock, tilting or seal failure.

Device No: 40
Function: Field Relay
Definition: A relay that functions on a given or abnormally low value or failure of machine field
current, or on an excessive value of the reactive component of armature current in an ac
machine indicating abnormally low field excitation.

Device No: 41
Function: Field Circuit Breaker
Definition: A device that functions to apply or remove the field excitation of a machine.

Device No: 42
Function: Running Circuit Breaker
Definition: A device whose principal function is to connect a machine to its source of running or
operating voltage. This function may also be used for a device, such as a contactor, that
is used in series with a circuit breaker or other fault protecting means, primarily for
frequent opening and closing of the circuit.

Device No: 43
Function: Manual Transfer or Selector Device Definition: A manually operated device that
transfers the control circuits in order to modify the plan of operation of the switching
equipment or of some of the devices.

Device No: 44
Function: Unit Sequence Starting Relay
Definition: A relay that functions to start the next available unit in a multiple-unit equipment upon
the failure or non-availability of the normally preceding unit.

Device No: 45
Function: Atmospheric Condition Monitor
Definition: A device that functions upon the occurrence of an abnormal atmospheric condition, such
as damaging fumes, explosive mixtures, smoke or fire.

Device No: 46
Function: Reverse-Phase or Phase-Balance Current Relay
Definition: A relay that functions when the polyphase currents are of reverse-phase sequence, or
when the polyphase currents are unbalanced or contain negative phase-sequence
components above a given amount.

Device No: 47
Function: Phase-Sequence Voltage Relay
Definition: A relay that functions upon a predetermined value of polyphase voltage in the desired
phase sequence.

Device No: 48
Function: Incomplete Sequence Relay
Definition: A relay that generally returns the equipment to the "normal", or "off", position and locks
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 13 of 37
Rev 0 1999
it out if the normal starting, operating, or stopping sequence is not properly completed
within a predetermined time. If the device is used for alarm purposes only, it should
preferably be designated as 48A (alarm).

Device No: 49
Function: Machine or Transformer Thermal Relay
Definition: A relay that functions when the temperature of a machine armature or other load-carrying
winding or element of a machine or the temperature of a power rectifier or power
transformer (including a power rectifier transformer) exceeds a predetermined value.

Device No: 50
Function: Instantaneous Overcurrent or Rate-of-Rise Relay
Definition: A relay that functions instantaneously on an excessive value of current or on an excessive
rate of current rise.

Device No: 51
Function: AC Time Overcurrent Relay
Definition: A relay that operates when its ac input current exceeds a predetermined value, and in
which the input current and operating time are inversely related through a substantial
portion of the performance range.

Device No: 52
Function: AC Circuit Breaker
Definition: A device that is used to close and interrupt an ac power circuit under normal conditions
or to interrupt this circuit under fault or emergency conditions.

Device No: 53
Function: Exciter Or DC Generator Relay
Definition: A relay that forces the dc machine field excitation to build up during switching or which
functions when the machine voltage has built up to a given value.

Device No: 54
Function: Reserved for future application

Device No: 55
Function: Power Factor Relay
Definition: A relay that operates when the power factor in an ac circuit rises above or falls below a
predetermined value.

Device No: 56
Function: Field Application Relay
Definition: A relay that automatically controls the application of the field excitation to an ac motor at
some predetermined point in the slip cycle.

Device No: 57
Function: Short-Circuiting or Grounding Device
Definition: A primary circuit switching device that functions to short circuit or to ground a circuit in
response to automatic or manual means.

Device No: 58
Function: Rectification Failure Relay
Definition: A device that functions if one or more anodes of a power rectifier fail to fire, or to detect
an "arc back", or on failure of a diode to conduct or block properly.
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 14 of 37
Rev 0 1999
Device No: 59
Function: Overvoltage Relay
Definition: A relay which operates when its input voltage is more than a predetermined value.

Device No: 60
Function: Voltage or Current Balance Relay
Definition: A relay that operates on a given difference in voltage, or current input or output, of two
circuits.

Device No: 61
Function: Reserved for future application

Device No: 62
Function: Time-Delay Stopping or Opening Relay
Definition: A time-delay relay that serves in conjunction with the device that initiates the shutdown,
stopping, or opening operation in an automatic sequence or protective relay system.

Device No: 63
Function: Pressure Switch
Definition: A switch which operates on given values, or on a given rate of change, of pressure.

Device No: 64
Function: Ground Detector Relay
Definition: A relay that operates on failure of machine or other apparatus insulation to ground.

Note: This function is not applied to a device connected in the secondary circuit of current transformers in a
normally grounded power system, where other device numbers with a suffix G or N should be used,
that is, 51N for an ac time overcurrent relay connected in the secondary neutral of the current
transformers.

Device No: 65
Function: Governor
Definition: The assembly of fluid, electrical, or mechanical control equipment used for regulating the
flow of water, steam, or other medium to the prime mover for such purposes as starting,
holding speed or load, or stopping.

Device No: 66
Function: Notching or Jogging Device
Definition: A device that functions to allow only a specified number of operations of a given device,
or equipment, or a specified number of successive operations within a given time of each
other. It is also a device that functions to energise a circuit periodically or for fractions of
specified time intervals, or that is used to permit intermittent acceleration or jogging of a
machine at low speeds for mechanical positioning.

Device No: 67
Function: AC Directional Overcurrent Relay
Definition: A relay that functions on a desired value of ac overcurrent flowing in a predetermined
direction.

Device No: 68
Function: Blocking Relay
Definition: A relay that initiates a pilot signal for blocking of tripping on external faults in a
transmission line or in other apparatus under predetermined conditions, or cooperates
with other devices to block tripping or to block re-closing on an out-of-step condition or
on power swings.
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 15 of 37
Rev 0 1999

Device No: 69
Function: Permissive Control Device
Definition: Is generally a two-position device that in one position permits the closing of a circuit
breaker, or the placing of an equipment into operation, and in the other position prevents
the circuit breaker or the equipment from being operated.

Device No: 70
Function: Rheostat
Definition: A variable resistance device used in an electric circuit, which is electrically operated or
has other electrical accessories, such as auxiliary, position, or limit switches.

Device No: 71
Function: Level Switch
Definition: A switch which operates on given values, or on a given rate of change of level.

Device No: 72
Function: DC Circuit Breaker
Definition: A circuit breaker that is used to close and interrupt a dc power circuit under normal
conditions or to interrupt this circuit under fault or emergency conditions.

Device No: 73
Function: Load Resistor Contactor
Definition: A contactor that is used to shunt or insert a step of load limiting, shifting, or indicating
resistance in a power circuit, or to switch a space heater in circuit, or to switch a light or
regenerative load resistor of a power rectifier or other machine in and out of circuit.

Device No: 74
Function: Alarm Relay
Definition: A relay other than an annunciator, as covered under Device Function No 30, that is used
to operate or to be operated in connection with, a visual or audible alarm.

Device No: 75
Function: Position Changing Mechanism
Definition: A mechanism that is used for moving a main device from one position to another in an
equipment; as for example, shifting a removable circuit breaker unit to and from the
connected, disconnected, and test positions.

Device No: 76
Function: DC Overcurrent Relay
Definition: A relay that functions when the current in a dc circuit exceeds a given value.

Device No: 77
Function: Pulse Transmitter
Definition: A device used to generate and transmit pulses over a telemetering or pilot-wire circuit to
the remote indicating or receiving device.

Device No: 78
Function: Phase-Angle Measuring or Out-of-Step Protective Relay
Definition: A relay that functions at a pre-determined phase angle between two voltages or between
two currents or between voltage and current.

Device No: 79
Function: AC Re-closing Relay
Definition: A relay that controls the automatic re-closing and locking out of an ac circuit interrupter.
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 16 of 37
Rev 0 1999

Device No: 80
Function: Flow Switch
Definition: A switch which operates on given values, or on a given rate of change of flow.

Device No: 81
Function: Frequency Relay
Definition: A relay that responds to the frequency of an electrical quantity, operating when the
frequency or rate of change of frequency exceeds or is less than a predetermined value.

Device No: 82
Function: DC Re-closing Relay
Definition: A relay that controls the automatic closing and re-closing of a dc circuit interrupter,
generally in response to load circuit conditions.

Device No: 83
Function: Automatic Selective Control Or Transfer Relay
Definition: A relay that operates to select automatically between certain sources or conditions in an
equipment, or performs a transfer operation automatically.

Device No: 84
Function: Operating Mechanism
Definition: The complete electrical mechanism or servomechanism, including the operating motor,
solenoids, position switches, etc, for a tap changer, induction regulator, or any similar
piece of apparatus which otherwise has no device function number.

Device No: 85
Function: Carrier or Pilot-Wire Receiver Relay
Definition: A relay that is operated or restrained by a signal used in connection with carrier-current
or dc pilot-wire fault relaying.

Device No: 86
Function: Lockout Relay
Definition: A hand or electrically reset auxiliary relay that is operated upon the occurrence of
abnormal conditions to maintain associated equipment or
devices inoperative until it is reset.

Device No: 87
Function: Differential Protective Relay
Definition: A protective relay that functions on a percentage or phase angle or other quantitative
difference of two currents or of some other electrical quantities.

Device No: 88
Function: Auxiliary Motor or Motor Generator
Definition: One used for operating auxiliary equipment, such as pumps, blowers, exciters, rotating
magnetic amplifiers etc.

Device No: 89
Function: Line Switch
Definition: A switch used as a disconnecting, load-interrupter, or isolating switch in an ac or dc
power circuit, when this device is electrically operated or has electrical accessories, such
as an auxiliary switch, magnetic lock etc.

Device No: 90
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 17 of 37
Rev 0 1999
Function: Regulating Device
Definition: A device that functions to regulate a quantity, or quantities, such as voltage, current,
power, speed, frequency, temperature, and load, at a certain value or between certain
(generally close) limits for machines, tie lines, or other apparatus.

Device No: 91
Function: Voltage Directional Relay
Definition: A relay that operates when the voltage across an open circuit breaker or contactor
exceeds a given value in a given direction.

Device No: 92
Function: Voltage and Power Directional Relay
Definition: A relay that permits or causes the connection of two circuits when the voltage difference
between them exceeds a given value in a predetermined direction and causes these two
circuits to be disconnected from each other when the power flowing between them
exceeds a given value in the opposite direction.

Device No: 93
Function: Field-Changing Contactor
Definition: A contactor that functions to increase or decrease, in one step, the value of field
excitation on a machine.

Device No: 94
Function: Tripping or Trip-Free Relay
Definition: A relay that functions to trip a circuit breaker, contactor, or equipment, or to permit
immediate tripping by other devices; or to prevent immediate re-closure of a circuit
interrupter if it should open automatically even though its closing circuit is maintained
closed.

Device No: 95-99


Function: Used only for specific applications in individual installations where none of the assigned
numbered functions from 1 to 94 are suitable.

4.1.2 Additional Device Identification Data

The following additional device identification data shall be used, where necessary, in preparing
documentation:

(a) Devices Performing More Than One Function


If one device performs two relatively important functions in an equipment so that it is desirable to identify
both of these functions, this may be done by using a double function number and name such as:

50/51 Instantaneous and Time Overcurrent Relay.

(b) Suffix Numbers


If two or more devices with the same function number and suffix letter (if used) are present in the same
equipment, they may be distinguished by numbered suffixes for example, 52X-1, 52X-2 and 52X-3, when
necessary.

(c) Suffix Letters


Suffix letters are used with device function numbers for various purposes. In order to prevent possible
conflict, each suffix letter should have only one meaning in an individual equipment. All other works
should use the abbreviation as contained in ANSI Y1.1 latest revision, or should use some other distinctive
abbreviation, or be written out in full each time they are used. The meaning of each single suffix letter, or
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 18 of 37
Rev 0 1999
combination of letters, should be clearly designated in the legend on the drawings or publications applying
to the equipment.

Lower case (small) suffix letters are used in practically all instances on electrical diagrams for the auxiliary,
position and limit switches. Capital letters are generally used for all other suffix letters.

The letters should generally form part of the device function designation, are usually written directly after
the device function number, as for example, 52CS, 71W, or 49D. When it is necessary to use two types of
suffix letters in connection with one function number, it is often desirable for clarity to separate them by a
slanted line or dash, as for example, 20D/CS or 20D-CS.

The suffix letters which denote parts of the main device, and those which cannot or need not form part of
the device function designation, are generally written directly below the device function number on
drawings, as for example:

52 or 43
CC A

(d) Auxiliary Devices


Separate Auxiliary Devices

X
Y - Auxiliary Relay(1)
Z
R - Raising Relay
L - Lowering Relay
O - Opening Relay or Contactor
C - Closing Relay or Contactor
CS - Control Switch
CL - "a" auxiliary - switch relay, closed (energised when main device is in closed position)
OP - "b" auxiliary - switch relay, open (energised when main device is in open position)
U - "Up" position-switch relay
D - "Down" position-switch relay
PB - Push Button

(1) In the control of a circuit breaker with so-called X-Y relay control scheme, the X relay is the
device whose main contacts are used to energise the closing coil or the device which in some other
manner, such as by the release of stored energy, causes the breaker to close. The contacts of the Y
relay provide the anti-pump feature for the circuit breaker.

(e) Actuating Quantities


These letters indicate the condition or electrical quantity to which the device responds, or the medium in
which it is located, such as:

A - Air, or Amperes or Altering


C - Current
D - Direct or Discharge
E - Electrolyte
F - Frequency, or Flow or Fault
H - Explosive
J - Differential
L - Level, or Liquid
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 19 of 37
Rev 0 1999
P - Power, or Pressure
PF - Power Factor
Q - Oil
S - Speed or Suction or Smoke
T - Temperature
V - Voltage, Volts or Vacuum
VAR - Reactive Power
VB - Vibration
W - Water, or Watts

(f) Main Devices


These letters denote the location of the main device in the circuit, or the type of circuit in which the device
is used or the type of circuit or apparatus with which it is associated, when this is necessary, such as:

A - Alarm or Auxiliary Power


AN - Anode
B - Battery, or Blower, or Bus
BK - Brake
BL - Block (Valve)
BP - Bypass
BT - Bus Tie
C - Capacitor, or Condenser, Compensator, or Carrier Current or Case of Compressor
CA - Cathode
CH - Check (Valve)
D - Discharge (Valve)
E - Exciter
F - Feeder, Field or Filament, or Filter, or Fan
G - Generator, or Ground (2)
H - Heater, or Metering
L - Line or Logic
M - Motor, or Metering
N - Network, or Neutral(2)
P - Pump or Phase Comparison
R - Reactor, or Rectifier, or Room
S - Synchronising or Secondary or Strainer or Sump or Suction (Valve)
T - Transformer, or Thyratron
TH - Transformer (high-voltage side)
TL - Transformer (low-voltage side)
TM - Telemeter
U - Unit

(2) Suffix "N" is generally used in preference to "G" for devices connected in the secondary neutral of
current transformers, or in the secondary of a current transformer whose primary winding is
located in the neutral of a machine or power transformer, except in the case of transmission line
relaying, where the suffix "G" is more commonly used for those relays which operate on ground
faults.

(g) Main Device Parts


These letters denote parts of the main device, divided in the two following categories:

(1) All parts, except auxiliary contacts, position switches, limit switches, and torque limit switches.

BB - Bucking Bar (for high speed DC circuit breaker)


BK - Brake
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 20 of 37
Rev 0 1999
C - Coil, or Condenser, or Capacitor
CC - Closing Coil
HC - Holding Coil
IS - Inductive Shunt
L - Lower Operating Coil
M - Operating Motor
MF - Fly-Ball Motor
ML - Load-Limit Motor
MS - Speed adjusting, or Synchronising, Motor
S - Solenoid
SI - Seal-in
TC - Trip Coil
U - Upper Operating Coil
V - Valve

(2) All auxiliary contacts and position and limit switches for such devices and equipment as circuit
breakers, contactors, valves and rheostats and contacts of relays. These are designated as follows:

a - Contact that is open when the main device is in the standard reference position,
commonly referred to as the non-operated or de-energised position, and that closes when
the device assumes the opposite position.

b - Contact that is closed when the main device is in the standard reference position,
commonly referred to as the non-operated or de-energised position, and that opens when
the device assumes the opposite position.

aa - Contact that is open when the operating mechanism of the main device is in the non-
operated position and that closes when the operating mechanism assumes the opposite
position.

bb - Contact that is closed when the operating mechanism of the main device is in the non-
opened position and that opens when the operating mechanism assumes the opposite
position.

Standard reference positions of some typical devices are as follows:

Device Standard Reference Position

Power Circuit Breaker Main Contacts Open


Disconnecting Switch Main Contacts Open
Load-break Switch Main Contacts Open
Valve Closed Position
Gate Closed Position
Clutch Disengaged Position
Turning Gear Disengaged Position
Power Electrodes Maximum Gap Position
Rheostat Maximum Resistance Position
Adjusting Means(1) Low or Down Position
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 21 of 37
Rev 0 1999
Relay(2) De-energised Position
Contactor(2) De-energised Position
Relay(latched-in type) See 2-1 7.2 (C37.2 - 1991)
Contactor(latched-in type) Main Contacts Open
Temperature Relay (3) Lowest Temperature
Level Detector(3) Lowest Level
Flow Detector(3) Lowest Flow
Speed Switch(3) Lowest Speed
Vibration Detector(3) Minimum Vibration
Pressure Switch(3) Lowest Pressure
Vacuum Switch(3) Lowest Pressure, i.e, Highest Vacuum

Note: If several similar auxiliary switches are present on the same device, they should be designated
numerically 1,2,3 etc when necessary.

(1) These may be speed, voltage current, load, or similar adjusting devices comprising rheostats,
springs, levers, or other components for the purpose.

(2) These electrically operated devices are of the non-latched-in type, whose contact position is
dependent only upon degree of energisation of the opening or restraining or holding coil or coils
which may or may not be suitable for continuous energisation. The de-energised position of the
device is that with all coils de-energised.

(3) The energising influences for these devices are considered to be, respectively, rising temperature,
rising level, increasing flow, rising speed, increasing vibration, and increasing pressure.

The simple designation "a" or "b" is used in all cases where there is no need to adjust the contacts to change
position at any particular point in the travel of the main device or where the part of the travel where the
contacts change position at any particular point in the travel of the main device or where the part of the
travel where the contacts change position is of no significance in the control or operating scheme. Hence
the "a" and "b" designations usually are sufficient for circuit breaker auxiliary switches.

(i) Other Switches


These letters cover all other distinguishing features or characteristics or conditions, which serve to describe
the use of the device or its contacts in the equipment such as:

A - Accelerating, or Automatic
B - Blocking, or Back-up
C - Close, or Cold
E - Emergency or Engaged
F - Failure, or Forward
H - Hot, or High
HR - Hand Reset
HS - High Speed
L - Left, or Local, or Low, or Lower, or Leading
M - Manual
O - Open
OFF - Off
ON - On
P - Polarising
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 22 of 37
Rev 0 1999
R - Right, or Raise, or Re-closing, or Receiving, or Remote, or Reverse
S - Sending, or Swing
T - Test, or Trip, or Trailing
TDC - Time Delay Closing
TDO - Time Delay Opening
U - Up

(j) Representation of Device Contacts on Electrical Diagrams

On electrical diagrams, the "b" contacts of all devices, including those of relays and those with suffix letters
or percentage figures, should be shown as closed contacts, and all "a" contacts should be shown as open
contacts.

For those devices that have no de-energised or non-operated position, such as manually-operated transfer or
control switches (including those of the spring-return type) or auxiliary position indicating contacts on the
housings or enclosures of a removable circuit breaker unit, the preferred method of representing these
contacts is as an "a" switch. Each contact should, however, be identified on the elementary diagram as to
when it closes.

In the case of latched-in or hand-reset locking-out relays, which operate from protective devices to perform
the shut-down of an equipment and to hold it out of service, the contacts should preferably be shown in the
normal non-locking-out position. In general, any devices, such as electrically operated latched-in relays,
which have no de-energised or non-operated position, and have not been specifically covered in the above
paragraphs should have their contacts shown in the position most suitable for the ready understanding of
the operation of the devices in the equipment, and sufficient description should be present, as necessary, on
the elementary diagram to indicate the contact operation.

4.2 Abbreviations used in Electrical Formulae

pf = power factor kV = line-to-line voltage in kilovolts


hp = horse power VAr = reactive volt-ampere
π = 3.1416 kVAr = kilovars, reactive kilovolt-ampere
VA = volt-ampere W = watt
kVA = kilovolt-ampere kW = kilowatt
MVA = megavolt-ampere MW = megawatt

4.3 Letter Symbols used in Electrical Formulae

Quantity Symbol Illustrative Unit

Admittance Y Mho

Angular phase displacement (Θ φ) (theta, phi) Radian

Capacitance C Farad

Charge, or quantity of electricity Q Coulomb

Conductance G Mho

Current I Ampere
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 23 of 37
Rev 0 1999
Permittivity (ε) (epsilon) Farad per inch

Efficiency (η) (eta) Percentage

Electromotive force E Volt

Energy W Joule

Flux density B Lines per square inch

Frequency f Cycles per second

Frequency, angular velocity (Ω) (omega) Radian per second

Frequency, rotational n Revolution per second

Impedance Z Ohm

Inductance L Henry

Magnetic Flux (Φ φ) (Phi, phi) Line

Magnetizing force H Ampere-turn per inch

Magnetomotive force M Ampere-turn

Number of conductors or turns N -


Number of poles P -
Permeability (µ) (mu) Line per ampere-turn per inch

Permeance (ρ) (rho) Line per ampere-turn

Power (P) Watt

Reactance, capacitive Xc Ohms

Reactance, inductive XL Ohms

Reactance, sub-transient X"d Ohms

Reactance Transient x′ d Ohms

Reluctance (R) Ampere-turn per line

Resistance R Ohm

Resistance-temperature coefficient (α) (alpha) Decimal parts per degree C

Resistivity (ρ) (rho) Ohm-in


GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 24 of 37
Rev 0 1999

Rotative operator, 90° j -

Rotative operator, 120° a -

Temperature t Degree F (or Degree C)

Absolute Celsius Temperature T Degree K (Kelvin)

Absolute Fahrenheit Temperature T Degree R (Rankine)

Time t Second

Wavelength (λ) (lambda) Meter

Work W Joule

Note: When distinctions between maximum, instantaneous, and rms values are necessary, Em and Im are recommended for
maximum values, e and i for instantaneous values, and E and I for rms values.

4.4 Symbols for Single Line Diagrams, Schematic Control Diagrams, Plant Layouts, Instruction Books
and Specifications

The following sheets illustrate the American and IEC representations for symbols to be used on Single Line
Diagrams, Schematic Control Diagrams, Plant Layouts Instruction Books and Specifications.
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 33 of 37
Rev 0 1999

5.0 NEMA/IEC DIFFERENCES

5.1 General

This specification is primarily written for Documentation produced in accordance with the American
(NEMA) Standards.

If it is necessary or advantageous to produce Documentation in accordance with International (IEC)


Standards, the specification can still be utilised, but the salient differences occurring should be noted as
detailed below.

5.2 Salient Differences

This section does not attempt to list every difference between American (NEMA) standards and IEC
standards, but covers only those salient differences that could affect the final product if not properly
addressed during the design phase.

5.2.1 Units - SI Units

The NEMA Standards in many cases utilise imperial units (feet, pounds, degrees fahrenheit, etc), whilst the
IEC Standards utilise SI units (metres, grams, degrees celsius, etc).

Note:

For electrical equipment, the (American) Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) have
recommended that the use of the imperial (British-American) units in use be reduced as rapidly as possible
in favour of the SI units, with certain implementations such as the use of horsepower being phased out first.

5.2.2. Function Device Numbers

The American IEEE Power System Device Function Numbers (Section 4.1 of this specification) have also
generally been adopted for European schematic control diagrams, as they represented the first serious
attempt to uniquely identify such devices in a consistent fashion.

5.2.3 Symbols

The American Symbols are often slightly different to the IEC symbols, but provided the Documentation
clearly identifies the source and ideally includes a legend, there should be no major problem.

5.2.4 Grounding

Concerned with the nature and location of an intentional electrical interconnection between the Electrical
System Conductors and Ground.

In British Practice, the terms "Grounding" and "Ground" are usually replaced by "Earthing" and "Earth".

6.0 INSPECTION

6.1 Procedures
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 34 of 37
Rev 0 1999

The inspection requirements will be covered by the document "General Conditions of Purchase" which
forms part of the Purchase Order/Contract. Additional requirements are given below.

(a) The Vendor/Contractor shall allow the Inspector free access to all areas of Document Production.

(b) The Vendor/Contractor always has the responsibility to provide adequate quality control and
inspection of documentation as defined in ISO 9000. Any inspection by Owner or his Inspector
shall not relieve the Vendor/Contractor of these responsibilities or those under his guarantees.

(c) If inspection is waived, the required data shall be forwarded to the Owner. If submission of data is
not requested, all data shall be retained by the Vendor/Contractor for issue to the Owner on
demand, for at least five years.

(d) The Vendor/Contractor shall provide a safe working environment for the Inspector and alert the
Inspector of potential hazards.

6.2 Scope

Inspector shall inspect the documentation to ensure that it complies with the requirements of the latest
revision of this specification and data sheets, drawings or other attachments to the material requisition, and
the latest revision of the Vendor/Contractor's documentation and data.

In particular, at least the following shall be checked:

(a) symbols and formulae used,

(b) drawing and document sizes,

(c) script and symbol sizes,

(d) language,

(e) accuracy, errors and omissions,

(f) document titles and identification numbers.

The Inspector shall ensure that any shortcomings in the Vendor/Contractor's documentation or data are
rectified before any equipment, material or associated documentation is accepted for shipment.

7.0 TESTING

7.1 Procedures

The associated equipment shall be tested and inspected in accordance with the relevant individual
equipment specification, utilising documentation prepared against the requirements of this specification.

7.2 Factory Acceptance Testing

All documentation and drawings shall be annotated "AS BUILT" during the factory tests and any such "AS
BUILT" annotations shall be included by the Vendor/Contractor in the final documentation.
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 35 of 37
Rev 0 1999
8.0 DOCUMENTATION

8.1 Introduction

8.1.1 This section covers the documentation required for the design, selection, fabrication, inspection and testing
for all the equipment, components and services to be provided against this specification.

8.1.2 The detailed list of documents that are required is included with the Purchase Order/Contract, however as a
minimum the following listed documents will be provided by the Vendor/Contractor:

. General Arrangement,
. Foundation Layout,
. Single Line Diagram,
. Schematic and block wiring diagrams.

8.1.3 The documents as listed may be considered as a minimum requirement; all details to confirm compliance
with the relevant specifications, and to allow a full and continued appraisal to be made of the
Vendor/Contractor's proposals and interpretations of the ordered equipment, should be submitted in
accordance with the schedule specified in the Purchase Order/Contract.

8.1.4 Any production or procurement undertaken by the Vendor/Contractor's which is prior to the relevant
documentation being submitted and reviewed by the Owner is at the Vendor/Contractor's risk.

8.1.5 On all documentation the Purchase Order/Contract number, equipment title, tag number and project name
shall be quoted.

8.1.6 All documentation shall be checked and signed by the checker before submission.

8.2 Schedules and Reports

8.2.1 The Vendor/Contractor shall submit with his tender a preliminary quality control plan and proposals for
Factory acceptance and site acceptance tests.

8.2.2 The Vendor/Contractor shall include with his tender documentation a statement of proposed Sub-
Vendors/Sub-Contractors, a document submission schedule for all documents based on a review cycle of
three weeks and outline programme for procurement and production activities.

8.2.3 The Vendor/Contractor shall incorporate any revisions agreed with the Owner during the enquiry review
stage.

8.2.4 Monthly reports shall be submitted by the Vendor/Contractor detailing design, procurement, production
and documentation activities. The format of which shall be agreed with the Owner.

8.3 Data and Calculations

8.3.1 The Vendor/Contractor shall supply with his tender completed Data Sheets containing all the relevant
information necessary for appraisal of the design by the Owner.

8.3.2 Project specific instructions will be issued to the Vendor/Contractor with the Purchase Order/Contract,
which describes the data and calculations to be submitted, and the methods of submission.

8.3.3 The Vendor/Contractor shall be responsible for obtaining approvals from the Inspection Authority.

8.3.4 All calculations shall be carried out in clear and logical manner. Where conditions involve the use of
formulae or methods not specified in the Design Code, the source of these formulae or methods shall be
clearly referenced.
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 36 of 37
Rev 0 1999

8.3.5 Computer calculations will only be acceptable if all input is shown, together with calculated values of
intermediate terms and factors and options chosen, as well as final calculated dimensions, stresses or other
values and the computer program has been validated to the satisfaction of the Owner.

8.3.6 Calculations and drawings that are interdependent, i.e. foundation loading and equipment footprint, shall be
presented for appraisal together.

8.4 Drawings

8.4.1 The drawings listed with the Purchase Order/Contract shall be sent by the Vendor/Contractor to the Owner
and/or the Inspection Authority for review and approval.

8.4.2 The components and process to produce the ordered equipment shall be shown in sufficient detail to be
fully appraised e.g. outline drawings, components list and schematic.

8.4.3 General arrangement drawings shall be to scale and show the relative location and main dimensions of all
components including elevations.

8.4.4 Detail drawings which may be included on the general arrangement shall include thicknesses and
dimensions of all components.

8.4.5 As-built drawings may be the general arrangement drawings marked-up with the actual as-built dimensions.

8.5 Final Records, Documents and Manuals

8.5.1 Two copies of the Data Dossier shall be supplied, and shall be a record of the manufacturing process.
Where stated in the Purchase Order/Contract, it shall contain the documentation referred to in the relevant
associated equipment specifications.

8.5.2 Six sets of the Installation, Operations and Maintenance Manual (IOM) shall be specifically compiled for
the equipment supplied. A compendium of manufacturer's data for a range of like products is not
acceptable. The IOM shall contain the documentation referred to in the relevant associated equipment
specifications.

The IOMs shall be presented in A4 format, and be securely bound in heavy duty 4 ring binders.

8.5.3 The Vendor/Contractor shall produce as built documents revised to indicate field changes.

8.5.4 The Vendor/Contractor shall supply one set of mylar original drawings.

8.5.5 Electronic Data Format (EDF)

All documentation (drawings, calculations and Data Sheets etc.) shall be produced by the
Vendor/Contractor in electronic format.

The format shall be compatible with that used by the Owner and shall be agreed at the commencement of
the contract.

In addition to the 'hard copies' required under the contract, copies of the electronic records shall be issued
to the Owner for all approved documentation, this forming part of the Vendor/Contractor's contractual
obligations.

9.0 PRIOR TO SHIPMENT


GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES L.01
STANDARD ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Page 37 of 37
Rev 0 1999
9.1 Packing and Storage

9.1.1. This section describes the minimum requirements for the preservation and protection of documentation
during the sea and land transportation and storage, prior to installation.

All documentation shall be packed in accordance with the conditions stated in the Purchase Order/Contract,
and the packing used shall ensure that the documentation is protected against the conditions encountered in
the mode of transportation used.

9.1.2 The probable storage period will be specified in the order/enquiry and will extend from the time of
despatch to the time of unpacking at site. If the storage period is not stated, a minimum period of 24
months shall be assumed. Packing to be suitable for sea freight.

S:\NOC9077\ADMIN\SPECIFICATIONS\L-SERIES\L-01\GESL01RF