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8th Grade Science

Experimental Question: How does the shallowness of water effect temperature changes?

Hypothesis: With the same amount of liquid if I spread it out over a bigger area so the distance from the
heat to the surface is less, than it will boil faster than the same amount of liquid with a greater distance
from the bottom of the pan to the surface of the water.

Materials List:

1. 1 Frying pan measuring 10 inches in diameter (both with copper bases)

2. 2 containers with 150 ml of water
3. 1 pot measuring 5 inches in diameter.
4. Stove set on high in 2 spots that are the same measure.
5. Timer
6. Laser thermometer
7. Chart to record data on excel.

Safety Procedures:

1. Use oven mitts when handling hot items.

2. Keep all clothing away from heat and burners.
3. Perform with adult supervision.
4. Do not place any measuring containers on the stove.
5. Keep anything flammable off the surface of the stove.

Experimental Procedures:

1. Heat two equal burners to the temperature 100 degrees.

2. Place a frying pan with the diameter of 10 inches and 20 ml of water on one burner.
3. At the same time place the pot with the diameter of 5 inches on the other burner.
4. Measure the temperatures every 30 seconds with a laser thermometer.
5. Chart the temperature changes of the water.
6. Note when each one boils on the timer from the start.
7. Create a sweet graph from the data comparing the temperatures through time and the time at
which the boiling point was reached.

Data Table:

Time: 10-inch diameter pan/temp 5-inch diameter pan/temp

30 sec 178 124
1 minutes 202 boiling 137
1 min 30 209 168 boiling
2 minutes 211 178
2 minutes 30 212 201

Time to boil for frying pan: 59 seconds

Time to boil for pot: 1 min 23 seconds

Analysis (Graph):

Graph created in Excel and transferred over:

Chart Title

202 209 211 212

178 178


0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5


Pan A Temp: Pot B Temp: