Sie sind auf Seite 1von 18

# SECTION 9.

## Representation of Loads on Beams by Discontinuity Functions

Problem 9.11-1 through 9.11-12 A beam and its loading are shown in y
the figure. Using discontinuity functions, write the expression for the P
intensity q(x) of the equivalent distributed load acting on the beam A D B
(include the reactions in the expression for the equivalent load). x

a b
L

## Solution 9.11-1 Cantilever beam

y
FROM EQUILIBRIUM:
P
RA  P MA  Pa
A D B
x
MA USE TABLE 9-2.
a b q(x)  RA x1  MA x2  P x  a1
L
RA  P x1  Pa x2  Px  a1

Problem 9.11-2 y
q
A D B
x

a b

## Solution 9.11-2 Cantilever beam

qb
FROM EQUILIBRIUM: RA  qb MA  (2a  b) y
2
q
USE TABLE 9-2.
A D B
1 2 x
q(x)  RA x  MA x  q x  a  q x  L
0 0

qb MA
 qb x1  (2a  b) x2 a b
2
RA L
 q x  a0  q x  L0

www.FreeLibros.com
616 CHAPTER 9 Deflections of Beams

Problem 9.11-3 y
q = 2 k/ft P=4k

A D B x

6 ft 3 ft

## Solution 9.11-3 Cantilever beam

y FROM EQUILIBRIUM:
q = 2 k/ft P=4k RA  16 k MA  864 k-in.

MA A D B x
USE TABLE 9-2. Units: kips, inches
a  6 ft b  3 ft
q(x)  RA x  MA x2  q x0  q x  a0
1
RA
 P x  L1
1 1
 16 x1  864 x2  x0  x  720
1 6 6
q  2 kft  k in.
6  4 x  1081
a  6 ft  72 in.
b  3 ft  36 in.
L  9 ft  108 in. (Units: x  in., q  kin.)

Problem 9.11-4 y P
A D B
x

a b
L

## Solution 9.11-4 Simple beam

pb Pa
FROM EQUILIBRIUM: RA  RB 
L L y P
A D B
USE TABLE 9-2. x
q(x)  RA x1  P x  a1  RB x  L1
Pb 1 a b
 x  P x  a1
L RA L RB
Pa
 x  L1
L

www.FreeLibros.com
SECTION 9.11 Representation of Loads on Beams by Discontinuity Functions 617

Problem 9.11-5
y M0
A D B
x

a b
L

## Solution 9.11-5 Simple beam

M0 M0
FROM EQUILIBRIUM: RA  RB  (downward)
y M0 L L
A D B USE TABLE 9-2.
x
q(x)  RA x1  M0 x  a2  RB x  L1
a b M0 1
 x  M0 x  a2
L L
RA RB
M0
 x  L1
L

Problem 9.11-6 y P P
A D E B
x

a a
L

## Solution 9.11-6 Simple beam

FROM EQUILIBRIUM: RA  RB  P
y P P
USE TABLE 9-2. A D E B
1 1 1 x
q(x)  RA x  P x  a  P x  L  a
RB x  L1
a a
 P x1  P x  a1  P x  L  a1 L
RA RB
 P x  L1

www.FreeLibros.com
618 CHAPTER 9 Deflections of Beams

Problem 9.11-7 y

M0 = 20 k-ft P = 18 k
A D B
x

16 ft 10 ft

## M0  20 k-ft  240 k-in. P  18 k

a  16 ft  192 in. b  10 ft  120 in.
y L  26 ft  312 in.

## M0 = 20 k-ft FROM EQUILIBRIUM: RA  7.692 k RB  10.308 k

P = 18 k
A D B USE TABLE 9-2. Units: kips, inches
x q(x)  RA x  M0 x2  P x  a1
1

 RB x  L1
a = 16 ft b = 10 ft
RA RB  7.692 x1  240 x2  18 x  1921
 10.308 x  312 1
(Units: x  in., q  kin.)

Problem 9.11-8
y
q
A D B
x

a
L

## Solution 9.11-8 Simple beam

qa qa2 y
FROM EQUILIBRIUM: RA  (2L  a) RB  q
2L 2L
USE TABLE 9-2. A D B
x
q(x)  RA x1  q x0  q x  a0  RB x  L1
 (qa2L)(2L  a) x1  q x0 a
 q x  a0  (qa22L) x  L1 RA L RB

www.FreeLibros.com
SECTION 9.11 Representation of Loads on Beams by Discontinuity Functions 619

Problem 9.11-9 q0
y

A D E B
x

## Solution 9.11-9 Simple beam

2q0 L 5q0 L
FROM EQUILIBRIUM: RA  RB 
27 54
q0 USE TABLE 9-2.
y
3q0 L 3q0 2L
q(x)  RA x1  x  1  x  1
A D E B L 3 L 3
x 2L 0
q0 x    RB x  L1
3
RA
L/3 L/3 L/3
RB
 (2q0 L 27) x1  (3q0 L) x  L 31
 (3q0 L) x  2L 31  q0 x  2L 30
 (5q0 L 54) x  L1

Problem 9.11-10 y
P = 120 kN
q = 20 kN/m
A C D B
x

10 m 5m 5m

## FROM EQUILIBRIUM: RA  180 kN RB  140 kN

y
USE TABLE 9-2. Units: kilonewtons, meters P = 120 kN
q = 20 kN/m
1
q(x)  RA x  q x0  q x  L 20 C D B
A
 P x  3L 41  RB x  L1 x

##  180 x1  20 x0  20 x  100 L

— = 10 m
L
— =5m
L
—=5m
1 1 2 4 4
 120 x  15  140 x  20
RA RB
(Units: x  meters, q  kNm)

www.FreeLibros.com
620 CHAPTER 9 Deflections of Beams

Problem 9.11-11
y
M0 = 12 k-ft P=8k

A B D
x
C

6 ft 6 ft 6 ft

## Solution 9.11-11 Beam with an overhang

FROM EQUILIBRIUM: RA  3 k (downward)
y RB  11 k (upward)
M0 = 12 k-ft P=8k

## A B D USE TABLE 9-2. Units: kips, inches

x q(x)  RA x1  M0 x  L 22  RB x  L1
C
L L L
— = 6 ft — = 6 ft — = 6 ft  P x  3L 21
2 2 2
RA RB  3 x1  144 x  722  11 x  144 1
 8 x  216 1
M0  12 k-ft  144 k-in. (Units: x  in., q  kNin.)
L
 6 ft  72 in.
2
L  12 ft  144 in.

Problem 9.11-12 y
q = 12 kN/m
A C D
x
B

## Solution 9.11-12 Beam with an overhang

y USE TABLE 9-2. Units: kilonewtons, meters
q = 12 kN/m
q q
A C D q(x)  RA x1  x  L 21  x  L1
x
L 2 L 2
B q x  L 0  RB x  L1  q x  L0
L = 1.2 m —
— L = 1.2 m L = 1.2 m

2 2 2  q x  3L 20
RA RB
 2.4 x1  10 x  1.21  10 x  2.41
q  12 kNm  12 x  2.40  24 x  2.41
L  12 x  2.40  12 x  3.60
 1.2 m
2  2.4 x1  10 x  1.21  10 x  2.41
L  2.4 m  24 x  2.41  12 x  3.60
(Units: x  meters, q  kNm)
FROM EQUILIBRIUM: RA  2.4 kN (downward)
RB  24.0 kN (upward)

www.FreeLibros.com
SECTION 9.12 Beam Deflections Using Discontinuity Functions 621

## The problems for Section 9.12 are to be solved by using discontinuity

functions. All beams have constant flexural rigidity EI. (Obtain the
equations for the equivalent distributed loads from the corresponding
problems in Section 9.11.)

## Problem 9.12-1, 9.12-2, and 9.12-3 Determine the equation of the

deflection curve for the cantilever beam ADB shown in the figure. Also,
obtain the angle of rotation B and deflection B at the free end. (For the
beam of Problem 9.12-3, assume E  10  103 ksi and I  450 in.4)

## Solution 9.12-1 Cantilever beam

y B.C.v(0)  0 EI(0)  0  0  0  C2
P  C2  0
A D B
x FINAL EQUATIONS
EIv¿  (Px2)(x  2a)  (P2) x  a2
a b
EIv  (Px 26)(x  3a)  (P6) x  a3
L
RA
B  CLOCKWISE ROTATION AT END B (x  L)
FROM PROB: 9.11-1:
EIv¿(L)  (PL2)(L  2a)  (P2) L  a2
EIv––  q(x)  P x1  Pa x2  P x  a1
 (PL2) (L  2a)  (P2) (L  a)2
INTEGRATE THE EQUATION  Pa 22
Pa2
EIv‡  V  P x0  Pa x1  P x  a0 uB  v¿(L)  (clockwise)
2EI
EIv–  M  P x1  Pa x0  P x  a1
Note: x1  x and x0  1
EIv(L)  (PL26)(L  3a)  (P6) L  a3
EIv¿  Px 22  Pax  (P2) x  a2  C1
 (PL 26) (L  3a)  (P6) (L  a)3
B.C. v¿(0)  0 EI(0)  0  0  0  C1  (Pa 26)(3L  a)
 C1  0
Pa2
EIv  Px36  Pa x22  (P6) x  a3  C2 B  v(L)  (3L  a) (downward)
6 EI

## Solution 9.12-2 Cantilever beam

y INTEGRATE THE EQUATION
q
EIv‡  V  qb x0  (qb2)(2a  b) x1  q x  a1
A D B
x EIv–  M  qb x1  (qb2)(2a  b) x0  q x  a22
Note: x  x and x  1
1 0

## a b EIv¿  qbx22  (qb2)(2a  b)x  (q6) x  a3  C1

L B.C. v¿(0)  0 EI (0)  0  0  0  C1
FROM PROB: 9.11-2:  C1  0
1 2
EIv––  q(x)  qb x  (qb2)(2a  b) x EIv  qbx36  (qb2)(2a  b)(x22)  (q24) x  a4  C2
 q x  a  q x  L
0 0
B.C.v(0)  0 EI(0)  0  0  0  C2
Note: x  L0  0 and may be dropped from the  C2  0
equation.

www.FreeLibros.com
622 CHAPTER 9 Deflections of Beams

## FINAL EQUATIONS B  DOWNWARD DEFLECTION AT END B (x  L)

EIv¿  (qbx2)(x  L  a)  (q6) x  a3 EIv(L)  (qbL212)(3a  L)  (q24) L  a4
EIv  (qbx212)(2x  3a  3L)  (qbL212)(3a  L)  (q24)(L  a)4
 (q24)(3L 4  4a3L  a4)
 (q24) x  a4
(After some lengthy algebra)
B  CLOCKWISE ROTATION AT END B (x  L) q
B  v(L)  (3L4  4a3L  a4 ) (downward)
24 EI
EIv¿(L)  (qbL2)(a)  (q6) L  a3
 qabL2  (q6)(L a)3
 (q6)(L 3  a3)
q
uB  v¿(L)  (L3  a3 )(clockwise)
6 EI

## Solution 9.12-3 Cantilever beam

FINAL EQUATIONS
y
q = 2 k/ft P=4k EIv¿  (x36)(x2  288x  31,104)  (136) x  723
EIv  (x2144)(x2  384x  62,208)
A D B x  (1144) x  724
6 ft 3 ft Units: E  ksi, I  in.4, v¿  radians,
1 v  in., x  in.
q  2 kft  kin.
6
a  72 in. b  36 in. B  CLOCKWISE ROTATION AT END B (x  L  108 in.)
L  108 in. uB  v¿(L)  v¿(108)
E  10  103 ksi. I  450 in.4
108
uB   [(108)(108)  288(108)  31,104]
FROM PROB: 9.11-3 Units: kips, inches 36 EI
1
EIv––  q(x)  16 x1  864 x2  (16) x0 ¢ ≤ (108  72) 3
36 EI
 (16) x  720  4 x  1081 108 1 1
 (11,664)  (46,656)  (33,696)
Note: x  1081  0 and may be dropped from the 36 EI 36 EI EI
equation. EI  (10  103 ksi)(450 in.4)  4.5  106 k-in.2
INTEGRATE THE EQUATION 33,696
uB 
EIv‡  V  16 x  864 x
0 1
 (16) x 1 4.5  106
 (16) x  72 1

## B  DOWNWARD DEFLECTION AT END

Note: x  1 and x  x
0 1

## EIv–  M  16x  864 x0  x2 12  (112) x  722 B (x  L  108 in.)

EIv¿  8x2  864 x1  x3 36 B  v(L)  v(108)

##  (136) x  723  C1 (108) 2

B   [(108)(108)  384(108)  62,208]
144EI
Note: x  x
1

1
B.C.v¿(0)  0 EI(0)  0  0  0  0  C1  (108  72) 4
144 EI
 C1  0 (108) 2 1
 (32,400)  (1,679,616)
EIv  8x33  432 x2  x4144 144 EI 144 EI
 (1 144) x  724  C2 2,612,736 2,612,736
 
EI 4.5  106
B.C.v(0)  0 EI(0)  0  0  0  0  C2
 C2  0  0.5806 in. (downward)

www.FreeLibros.com
SECTION 9.11 Beam Deflections Using Discontinuity Functions 623

Problem 9.12-4, 9.12-5, and 9.12-6 Determine the equation of the deflection
curve for the simple beam AB shown in the figure. Also, obtain the angle
of rotation A at the left-hand support and the deflection D at point D.

## Solution 9.12-4 Simple beam

y P FROM FINAL EQUATIONS
A D B PROB: Pb 2
x 9.11- EIv¿  Pbx22L  (P2) x  a2  (L  b2 )
6L
4:
 (Pb6L)(3x2  b2  L2 )  (P2) x  a2
a b
EIv  (Pb6L)(x) 3  (P6) x  a3
L
 (Pbx6L)(L2  b2 )
1 1
EIv––  q(x)  (PbL)x  P x  a  (Pbx6L)(x2  b2  L2 )
3
 (PaL)x  L
 (P6) x  a3
1
Note: x  L  0 and may be dropped from the
equation. A  CLOCKWISE ROTATION AT SUPPORT A (x  0)
EIv¿(0)  (Pb6L)(b2  L2 )  (P2)(0)
INTEGRATE THE EQUATION
uA  v¿(0)  (Pb6L)(L2  b2 )(1EI)
EIv‡  V  (PbL)x  P x  a
0 0
Pb Pb
EIv–  M  (PbL)x1  P x  a1 uA  (L2  b2 )  (L  b)(L  b)
6 LEI 6 LEI
EIv¿  (Pb2L) x2  (P2) x  a2  C1 Pab
 (L  b)
EIv  (Pb6L) x3  (P6) x  a3  C1x  C2 6 LEI
Note: x2  x2 and x3  x3
D  DOWNWARD DEFLECTION AT POINT D (x  a)
B.C. v(0)  0 EI(0)  0  0  0  C2  C2  0 EIv(a)  (Pba6L)(a2  b2  L2)  (P/6)(0)
B.C. v(L)  0
EI(0)  PbL26  (P6) L  a3  C1L  (Pab6L)(L2  b2  a2)

##  PbL26  (P6)(b3)  C1L Pab 2 Pa2b2

D  v(a)  (L  b2  a2 ) 
PbL Pb3 Pb 2 6 LEI 3 LEI
∴ C1     (L  b2 )
6 6L 6L

## Solution 9.12-5 Simple beam

y M0
FROM PROB: 9.11-5:
A D B
EIv––  q(x)  (M0 L)x1  M0 x  a2 x
1
 (M0 L)x  L
a b
Note: x  L1  0 and may be dropped from the equation. L
INTEGRATE THE EQUATION B.C.v(0)  0 EI(0)  0  0  0  C2
EIv‡  V  (M0 L)x0  M0 x  a1  C2  0
EIv–  M  (M0 L)x1  M0 x  a0 B.C.v(L)  0
EIv¿  (M0 2L) x2  M0 x  a1  C1 EI(0)  M0 L26  (M0 2) L  a2  C1L
EIv  (M0 6L) x3  (M0 2) x  a2  C1x  C2  M0 L26  (M0 2)(L  a)2  C1L
Note: x2  x2 and x3  x3 M0
∴ C1    (2 L2  6 aL  3 a2 )
6L

www.FreeLibros.com
624 CHAPTER 9 Deflections of Beams

## FINAL EQUATIONS D  DOWNWARD DEFLECTION AT POINT D (x  a)

EIv¿  (M0 2L)x2  M0 x  a1 EIv(a)  (M0 6L)(a3)  (M0 2)(0)
 (M0 6L)(2L2  6aL  3a2 )  (M0 a6L)(2L2  6 aL  3a2)
 (M0 6L)(3x2  6aL  3a2  2L2 )  M0 x  a1 M0 a 2
 (a  2L2  6 aL  3a2 )
EIv  (M0 6L)(x)  (M0 2) x  a
3 2 6L

##  (M0 x 6L)(2L2  6aL  3a2 ) M0 a

 (L  a)(2)(L  2a)
6L
 (M0 x 6L)(x2  6 aL  3a2  2L2 )
M0 ab
 (M0 2) x  a2  (L  2a)
3L
A  CLOCKWISE ROTATION AT SUPPORT A (x  0) M0 ab
D  v(a)  (2a  L)(downward)
EIv¿(0)  (M0 6L)(6 aL  3a2  2L2 )  (M0 2)(0) 3 LEI
M0
uA  v¿(0)  (6 aL  3a2  2L2)
6 LEI
(clockwise)

## Solution 9.12-6 Simple beam

y P P B.C.EIv(0)  0 0  0  0  0  0  C2
A D E B  C2  0
x Note: x2  x2 and x3  x3

a a FINAL EQUATIONS
L EIv¿  Px2 2  (P2) x  a2
 (P2) x  L  a2  (Pa2) (L  a)
FROM PROB: 9.11-6:
 (P2)(x2  aL  a2 )  (P2) x  a2
EIv––  q(x)  P x1  P x  a1  (P2) x  L  a2
1 1
 P x  L  a  P x  L
EIv  Px 3 6  (P 6) x  a3
1
Note: x  L  0 and may be dropped from the  (P 6) x  L  a3  (3 Pax6)(L  a)
equation.
 (Px 6)(x2  3 aL  3 a2 )  (P 6) x  a3
INTEGRATE THE EQUATION  (P 6) x  L  a3
EIv‡  V  P x0  P x  a0  P x  L  a0
A  CLOCKWISE ROTATION AT SUPPORT A (x  0)
EIv–  M  P x1  P x  a1  P x  L  a1
EIv¿(0)  (Pa 2)(L  a)  (P 2)(0)  (P 2)(0)
EIv¿  (P 2) x2  (P 2) x  a2
 (Pa 2)(L  a )
 (P 2) x  L  a2  C1
Pa
uA  v¿(0)  (L  a)(clockwise)
B.C.(symmetry) EIv¿(L 2)  0 2EI
0  (P2)(L 2)2  (P2)(L 2  a)2  (P2)(0)  C1 D  DOWNWARD DEFLECTION AT POINT D (x  a)
Pa
∴ C1   (L  a) EIv(a)  (Pa 6)(4a2  3aL)  (P6)(0)
2
EIv¿  (P 2) x2  (P 2) x  a2  (P 6) L  2a3
 (P 2) x  L  a2  (Pa 2)(L  a)  (Pa 6)(4a2  3aL)  (P6)(0)
 (Pa 26)(4a  3L)
EIv  (P 6) x3  (P 6) x  a3 Pa2
 (P 6)x  L  a3  (Pa 2)(L  a) x  C2 D  v(a)  (3L  4a) (downward)
6 EI

www.FreeLibros.com
SECTION 9.11 Representation of Loads on Beams by Discontinuity Functions 625

## Problem 9.12-7 Determine the equation of the deflection curve for

the simple beam ADB shown in the figure. Also, obtain the angle of
rotation A at the left-hand support and the deflection D at point D.
Assume E  30  106 psi and I  720 in.4

## Solution 9.12-7 Simple beam

B.C. EIv (312)  0
y
0  1.282(312) 3  120(312) 2  31203  C1 (312)
M0 = 20 k-ft P = 18 k Note: 1203  (120) 3
D B 0  22,071  103  C1(312)  C1  70,740
A
x
FINAL EQUATIONS
16 ft 10 ft
(Note: x  in., E  ksi, I  in.4, v¿  rad,
v  in.)
EIv¿  3.846x2  240x  9x  1922  70,740
M0  20 k-ft  240 k-in. EIv  1.282x3  120x2  3x  1923
P  18 k  70,740x
a  16 ft  192 in.
b  10 ft  120 in.
A  CLOCKWISE ROTATION AT SUPPORT A (x  0)
L  a  b  312 in.
E  30  103 ksi EIv¿(0)  91922  70,740  70,740
I  720 in.4
70,740 70,740
uA  v¿(0)  
EI (30  103 )(720)
FROM PROB. 9.11-7: Units: kips, inches  0.00327 rad (clockwise)
EIv––  q(x)  7.692 x1  240 x2
 18 x  1921  10.308 x  3121 D  DOWNWARD DEFLECTION AT POINT D (x  192)
Note: x  3121  0 and may be dropped from the EIv(192)  1.282(192)3  120(192)2  70,740(192)
equation.  8.932  106
8.932  106 8.932  106
D  v(192)  
INTEGRATE THE EQUATION EI (30  103 )(720)
EIv‡  V  7.692 x0  240 x1  18 x  1920  0.414 in. (downward)

## EIv–  M  7.692 x1  240 x0  18 x  1921

EIv¿  (7.6922) x2  240 x1  (182) x  1922
 C1
Note: x2  x2 and x1  x
EIv¿  3.846 x2  240 x  9x  1922  C1
EIv  1.282 x3  120 x2  3x  1923  C1x  C2

## B.C. EIv (0)  0 0  0  0  0  C1(0)  C2

 C2  0

www.FreeLibros.com
626 CHAPTER 9 Deflections of Beams

## Problem 9.12-8, 9.12-9, and 9.12-10 Obtain the equation of the

deflection curve for the simple beam AB (see figure). Also, determine
the angle of rotation B at the right-hand support and the deflection D
at point D. (For the beam of Problem 9.12-10, assume E  200 GPa
and I  2.60  109 mm4.)

## Solution 9.12-8 Simple beam

FINAL EQUATIONS
y
q EIv¿  (qax24L)(2L  a)  qx36  (q6)x  a3
A D B  (qa224L)(2L  a)2
x EIv  (qax312L)(2L  a)  qx424  (q24)x  a4
 (qa2x24L)(2 L  a)2
a
 qx[a2 (2L  a) 2  2a(2L  a)x2  L x3 ]24L
L
 qx  a424

## FROM PROB. 9.11-8: B  COUNTERCLOCKWISE ROTATION AT SUPPORT B

(x  L)
EIv––  q(x)  (qa2L)(2L  a)x1  qx0
 qx  a0  (qa22L)x  L1 EIv¿(L)  (qaL4)(2L  a)  qL36
 (q6)(L  a)3  (qa224L)(2 L  a)2
Note: x  L1  0 and may be dropped from the
equation After lengthy algebra,
EIv¿(L)  (qa224L)(2L2  a2 )
qa2
INTEGRATE THE EQUATION uB  v¿(L)  (2L2  a2 ) (counterclockwise)
24 LEI
EIv‡  V  (qa2L)(2L  a)x  qx  qx  a
0 1 1
D  DOWNWARD DEFLECTION AT POINT D (x  a)
EIv–  M  (qa2L)(2L  a)x1  (q2)x2
 (q2)x  a2 EIv(a)  qa[a2(2L  a)2  2a3(2L  a)
EIv¿  (qa4L)(2L  a)x2  (q6)x3  a3L]24L  q(0)
 (qa324L)[(2L  a)2  2a(2L  a)  aL]
 (q6)x  a3  C1
 (qa324L)(4L2  7aL  3a2)
EIv  (qa12L)(2L  a)x3  (q24)x4
 (q24)x  a4  C1x  C2 qa3
D  v(a)  (4L2  7 aL  3a2 ) (downward)
24 LEI
Note: x2  x2, x3  x3, and x4  x4

## B.C. EIv(0)  0 0  0  0  (q24)(0)

 C1(0)  C2
 C2  0

B.C. EIv(L)  0
0  (qaL212)(2L  a)  qL424  (q/24)(L  a)4
 C1L
After lengthy algebra,
qa2
C1   (2L  a) 2
24 L

www.FreeLibros.com
SECTION 9.11 Representation of Loads on Beams by Discontinuity Functions 627

## Solution 9.12-9 Simple beam

q0 FINAL EQUATIONS
y
EIv¿  (q0 L 27)x2  (q0 8L)x  L34
D E B
A  (q0 8L)x  2L34  (q0 6)x  2L33
x
47q0 L3/4860

L/3 L/3 L/3 EIv  (q0 L81)x3  (q0 40 L)x  L35
 (q0 40 L)x  2L35  (q0 24)x  2L34
47q0 L3x/4860
FROM PROB. 9.11-9:
EIv––  q(x)  (2q0 L27)x1 B  COUNTERCLOCKWISE ROTATION AT SUPPORT B
 (3q0 L)x  L31  (3q0 L) x  2L31 (x  L)

##  q0x  2L30 EIv¿(L)  q0 L327  (q0 8L)(2L3) 4

 (5q0 L54)x  L1  (q0 8L)(L3)4  (q0 6)(L3)3
Note: x  L1  0 and may be dropped from the  47q0 L34860
equation  101q0 L39720
101q0 L3
INTEGRATE THE EQUATION uB  v¿(L)  (counterclockwise)
9720 EI
EIv‡  V  (2q0 L27)x0  (3q0 2L)x  L32
 (3q0 2L)x  2L32  q0 x  2L31 D  DOWNWARD DEFLECTION AT POINT D (x  L/3)
Note: x0  1
EIv(L/3)  (q0 L81)(L/3)3  (q0 40L)(0)
EIv–  M  (2 q0 L27)x  (q0 2L)x  L33
 (q0 40L)(0)  (q0 24)(0)
 (q0 2L)x  2L33
 47q0 L3(L/3)/4860
 (q0 2)x  2L32
 121q0 L443,740
EIv¿  (q0 L27)x2  (q0 8L)x  L34
L 121q0 L4
 (q0 8L)x  2L34 D  v ¢ ≤ (downward)
3 43,740 EI
 (q0 6)x  2L33  C1
EIv  (q0 L81)x3  (q0 40 L)x  L35
 (q0 40L)x  2L35  (q0 24)x  2L34
 C1x  C2

## B.C. EIv (0)  0 0  0  0  0  0  C1(0) C2

 C2  0

B.C. EIv(L)  0
0  q0 L4 81  (q0 40L)(2L 3) 5  (q0 40L)(L 3) 5
 (q0 24)(L 3) 4  C1L
47q0 L4 47q0 L3
0  C1L ∴ C1  
4860 4860

www.FreeLibros.com
628 CHAPTER 9 Deflections of Beams

## Solution 9.12-10 Simple beam

y
FINAL EQUATIONS
P = 120 kN
q = 20 kN/m EIv¿  90 x2  (103)x3  (103)x  103
A C D B  60 x  152  5625
x
EIv  30x3  (56)x4  (56)x  104  20x  153
5625x
10 m 5m 5m (x  meters, v  meters, v¿  radians,
E  kilopascals, I  meters4)

q  20 kN/m
B  COUNTERCLOCKWISE ROTATION AT SUPPORT B
P  120 kN
(x  20)
L
 10 m Eiv¿(20)  90(20) 2  (103)(20) 3  (103)(10) 3
2
L  20 m  60(5)2  5625
E  200 GPa  5541.67
I  2.60  103 m4 5541.67
uB  v¿(20) 
EI
FROM PROB. 9.11-10: Units: kilonewtons, meters 5541.67

EIv––  g(x)  180 x1  20 x0  20 x  100 (200  10 kPa)(2.60  103 m)
6

##  120 x  151  140 x  201  0.01066 rad (counterclockwise)

Note: x  201  0 and may be dropped from the
equation D  DOWNWARD DEFLECTION AT POINT D (x  15)
EIv(15)  30(15)3  (56)(15)4  (56)(5)4
INTEGRATE THE EQUATION  20(0)  5625(15)
 24,791.7
EIv‡  V  180 x0  20 x1  20 x  101
 120 x  150 24,791.7
D  v(15) 
Note: x  1 and x1  x
0 EI
24,791.7
EIv–  M  180x  20(x22)  (202) x  102 
(200  10 kPa)(2.60  103 m)
6
 120 x  151
 0.04768 m  47.68 mm (downward)
EIv¿  180(x22)  20(x36)  (103)x  103
 60 x  152  C1
EIv  30x3  (56)x4  (56)x  104  20 x  153
 C 1x  C 2

## B.C. EIv (0)  0 0  0  0  0  0  C1(0)  C2

 C2  0

B.C. EIv(20)  0
0  30(20)3  (5/6)(20)4  (5/6)(10)4
 20(5)3 C1(20)
0  112,500  20C1  C1  5625

www.FreeLibros.com
SECTION 9.11 Representation of Loads on Beams by Discontinuity Functions 629

## Problem 9.12-11 A beam ACBD with simple supports at A and B

and an overhang BD is shown in the figure. (a) Obtain the equation
of the deflection curve for the beam. (b) Calculate the deflections C
and D at points C and D, respectively. (Assume E  30  106 psi
and I  280 in.4)

## Solution 9.12-11 Beam with an overhang

FINAL EQUATIONS
y
M0 = 12 k-ft P=8k EIv¿  3x22  144 x  721  (112)x  1442
A B D  12,960
x EIv  x32  72x  722  (116)x  1443
C
 12,960 x
6 ft 6 ft 6 ft (x  in., v  in., v¿  rad, E  30  103 ksi,
I  280 in.4)

M0  144 k-in.
L C  UPWARD DEFLECTION AT POINT C (x  72)
 72 in.
2 EIv(15)  (72)32  72(0)  (116)(0)
L  LAB  144 in.  12,960(72)
3L  746,496
 216 in.
2 746,496 746,496
E  30  103 ksi C  v(15)  
EI (30  103 )(280)
I  280 in.4
 0.08887 in. (upward)

## FROM PROB. 9.11-11: Units: kips, inches

D  DOWNWARD DEFLECTION AT POINT D (x  216)
EIv––  q(x)  3 x1  144 x  722
EIv(216)  (216)32  72(144)2  (116)(72)3
 11x  1441  8 x  2161  12,960(216)
Note: x  2161  0 and may be dropped from the  3,048,192
equation.
3,048,192 3,048,192
D  v(216)  
EI (30  103 )(280)
INTEGRATE THE EQUATION  0.3629 in. (downward)
EIv‡  V  3x0  144x  721  11x  1440
EIv–  M  3x1  144x  720  11x  1441
EIv¿  (32)x2  144x  721  (112)x  1442
 C1
EIv  (12)x3  (1442)x  722
 (116)x  1443  C1x  C2

 C2  0

## B.C. EIv(144)  0 0  (12)(144)3  (72)(72)2

 (116)(0)  C1(144)
0  1,866,240  144 C1
 C1  12,960

www.FreeLibros.com
630 CHAPTER 9 Deflections of Beams

## Problem 9.12-12 The overhanging beam ACBD shown in the figure

is simply supported at A and B. Obtain the equation of the deflection
curve and the deflections C and D at points C and D, respectively.
(Assume E  200 GPa and I  15  106 mm4.)

## Solution 9.12-12 Beam with an overhang

B.C. EIv(2.4)  0
y
q = 12 kN/m 0  0.4(2.4)3  (1/12)(1.2)5  (1/12)(0)  4(0)
A C D  2.4 C1
x 0  5.73696  2.4 C1
B
 C1  2.3904
1.2 m 1.2 m 1.2 m
FINAL EQUATION
q  12 knm
EIv¿  1.2x2  (512) x  1.24  (512) x  2.44
L
 1.2 m  12 x  2.42  2.3904
2
L  LAB  2.4 m EIv  0.4x3  (112) x  1.25  (112) x  2.45
E  200 GPa
I  15  106 mm4  4 x  2.43  2.3904x
(x  meters, v  meters, v¿  radians,
FROM PROB. 9.11-12: Units: kilometers, meters E  200  106 kPa, I  15  106 m4)

## EIv––  q(x)  2.4 x1  10x  1.21

C  UPWARD DEFLECTION AT POINT C (x  1.2)
 10 x  2.41
EIv(1.2)  0.4(1.2) 3  (112) (0)  (112) (0)
 24 x  2.41  12 x  3.60
 4 (0)  2.3904 (1.2)  2.17728
Note: x  3.60  0 and may be dropped from
the equation. 2.17728 2.17728
C  v(1.2)  
EI (200  106 )(15  106 )
INTEGRATE THE EQUATION  0.00072576 m  0.7258 mm (upward)

## EIv‡  v  2.4 x0  (102) x  1.22

D  DOWNWARD DEFLECTION AT POINT D (x  3.6)
 (102) x  2.42  24x  2.420
EIv(3.6)  0.4(3.6) 3  (112) (2.4) 5
EIv–  M  2.4 x¿  (53) x  1.23
 (1/12) (1.2)5
 (53) x  2.43  24 x  2.4¿
 4 (1.2)3  2.3904 (3.6)
Note: x¿  x
 9.57312
EIv¿  1.2x2  (512) x  1.24  (512) x  2.44
9.57312 9.57312
 12 x  2.42  C1 D  v(3.6)  
EI (200  106 )(15  106 )
EIv  0.4x3  (112) x  1.25  (112) x  2.45  0.00319104 m  3.191 mm (downward)
 4 x  2.43  C1x  C2

## B.C. EIv(0)  0 0  0  0  0  0  C1(0)  C2

 C2  0

www.FreeLibros.com
SECTION 9.11 Representation of Loads on Beams by Discontinuity Functions 631

Temperature Effects

The beams described in the problems for Section 9.13 have constant
flexural rigidity EI. In every problem, the temperature varies linearly
between the top and bottom of the beam.
Problem 9.13-1 A simple beam AB of length L and height h undergoes y
a temperature change such that the bottom of the beam is at temperature T1 h
A B
T2 and the top of the beam is at temperature T1 (see figure). x
T2
Determine the equation of the deflection curve of the beam, the
angle of rotation A at the left-hand support, and the deflection max at
the midpoint. L

## Solution 9.13-1 Simple beam with temperature differential

d 2v (T2  T1 ) B.C. 2 V(0)  0  C2  0
Eq. (9-147): v–  2 
dx h
(T2  T1 )(x)(L  x)
dv (T2  T1 )x v
v¿    C1 2h
dx h (positive v is upward deflection)
(T2  T1 )(L  2x)
L v¿  
B.C. 1 (Symmetry) v¿ ¢ ≤  0 2h
2
L(T2  T1 ) L(T2  T1 )
∴ C1   uA  v¿(0) 
2h 2h
(positive A is clockwise rotation)
(T2  T1 )x2 L(T2  T1 )x
v   C2 L L2 (T2  T1 )
2h 2h max  v ¢ ≤ 
2 8h
(positive max is downward deflection)

## Problem 9.13-2 A cantilever beam AB of length L and height h (see figure) y

is subjected to a temperature change such that the temperature at the top is T1 h
A T1 B
and at the bottom is T2.
T2 x
Determine the equation of the deflection curve of the beam, the angle
of rotation B at end B, and the deflection B at end B.
L

## Solution 9.13-2 Cantilever beam with temperature differential

d 2v (T2  T1 ) B.C. 2 v(0)  0  C2  0
Eq. (9-147): v–  2 
dx h
(T2  T1 )x2
dv (T2  T1 ) v
v¿   x  C1 2h
dx h
(positive v is upward deflection)

## B.C. 1 v¿(0)  0  C1  0 L(T2  T1 )

uB  v¿(L) 
h
(T2  T1 ) (positive B is counterclockwise rotation)
v¿  x
h
L2 (T2  T1 )
(T2  T1 ) x2 B  v(L) 
v ¢ ≤  C2 2h
h 2 (positive B is upward deflection)

www.FreeLibros.com
632 CHAPTER 9 Deflections of Beams

## Problem 9.13-3 An overhanging beam ABC of height h is heated to a y

temperature T1 on the top and T2 on the bottom (see figure). h
A T1 B T1 C
Determine the equation of the deflection curve of the beam, the angle x
of rotation C at end C, and the deflection C at end C. T2 T2

L a

## Solution 9.13-3 Overhanging beam with temperature differential

d 2v (T2  T1 ) (T2  T1 ) 2
Eq. (9-147): v–  2  v (x  Lx)
dx h 2h
(positive v is upward deflection)
(This equation is valid for the entire length of the
beam.) (T2  T1 )
v¿  (2x  L)
(T2  T1 )x 2h
v¿   C1
h (T2  T1 )
(T2  T1 )x2 uC  v¿(L  a)  (L  2a)
2h
v  C1x  C2
2h (positive C is counterclockwise rotation)
(T2  T1 ) (L  a) (a)
B.C. 1 v(0)  0  C2  0 C  v(L  a) 
2h
(T2  T1 )L (positive C is upward deflection)
B.C. 2 v(L)  0 ∴ C1  
2h

## Problem 9.13-4 A simple beam AB of length L and height h (see figure) y

is heated in such a manner that the temperature difference T2  T1 T1 h
A B
between the bottom and top of the beam is proportional to the distance
x
from support A; that is, T2

T2  T1  T0 x x

## in which T0 is a constant having units of temperature (degrees) per unit L

distance.
Determine the maximum deflection max of the beam.

## Solution 9.13-4 Simple beam with temperature differential proportional to distance x

T0 2
T2  T1  T0 x v¿   (L  3x2 )
6h
d v (T2  T1 ) T0 x
2
Eq. (9-147): v–  2   (positive v¿ is upward to the right)
dx h h
dv T0 x2 MAXIMUM DEFLECTION
v¿    C1
dx 2h
Set v¿  0 and solve for x.
T0 x3
v  C1x  C2 L
6h L2  3x 2  0 x1 
3
B.C. 1 v (0)  0  C2  0 T0 L3
vmax  v(x1 )  
T0 L2 93h
B.C. 2 v (L)  0 ∴ C1  
6h T0 L3
max  vmax 
T0 x 2 93h
v (L  x2 ) (positive max is downward)
6h
(positive v is upward deflection)

www.FreeLibros.com