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Trigonometry of the Right Triangle - 1

In your study of trigonometry of the right triangle, you will discover ways in which the similarity of triangles will provide
additional methods for measuring segments and angles indirectly.
G
Three right triangles are drawn to coincide
at vertex A. Since each triangle contains a
right angle as well as A , we know that all
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three triangles are similar by AA AA .

ABC ADE AFG C

Also, since corresponding sides of similar triangles


are in proportion, we can say: F A
D B
Let’s recall our Trigonometric Ratios….. Remember “SOH CAH TOA”

Sine Cosine Tangent

sin A cos A tan A

Reciprocal Functions

Cosecant Secant Cotangent

csc A sec A cot A


1. Evaluate the six trigonometric functions of the given angle: (EXACT value)

G
E
C

15

9 6 10 5

A
A D A B
F 4

12
8

sin A sin A sin A

cos A cos A cos A

tan A tan A tan A

csc A csc A csc A

sec A sec A sec A

cot A cot A cot A

2. Find the value. (Use your CALCULATOR. Round to the nearest thousandth, if necessary)

a. tan 24 b. sin 30 c. cos 55

d. sec72 e. cot 52 f. csc 40


3. Given right JKL below, find the EXACT value of: 4. Given right ABC below, tan A 9 find the EXACT
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value of:

K
a. sin L = B a. csc A =

17
15 b. sec L = 9 b. cot A =

J L A
C
8 c. tan K = c. cos B =
12

Trigonometric Values for Special Angles

30o - 60o - 90o 45o - 45o - 90o

60° 45°
2x x 2
1x x

30°
45°
x 3
x
5. Find the EXACT value of the trigonometric functions:

sin 30 sin 60 sin 45

cos 30 cos 60 cos 45

tan 30 tan 60 tan 45

csc 30 csc 60 csc 45

sec 30 sec 60 sec 45

cot 30 cot 60 cot 45


6. Evaluate the six trigonometric functions of the given angle: (EXACT value)
B
B
a. b.
45°
60° 14
7 2
16
8
45°
30°
C 7 2 A
C 8 3 A

sin 30 sin 60 sin 45

cos 30 cos 60 cos 45

tan 30 tan 60 tan 45

7. Find the measure of the given angle: *Use your trigonometric values of special angles*

a. b. B
B
x
16
8 2
10
5

x C A
C A

m A m B
Trigonometry – Worksheet 1

1. Find the exact value of the six trigonometric functions of the given x.

sin x

cos x
x 15

tan x

7
csc x

sec x

cot x

2. Let x be an acute angle of a right triangle. Find the values of the other 5 trigonometric functions of x, if
13
sec x .
5

sin x csc x

cos x sec x

x cot x
tan x

3. Given right ABC below, find the EXACT value of:


C a. cos C =

5
b. csc C =
3

c. tan A =
B A
4
d. sec A =
4. Find the value. (Use your CALCULATOR. Round to the nearest thousandth, if necessary)

a. sec 24 b. tan 70 c. csc55

5. If one side of an equilateral triangle has a length of 6, what is the length of its altitude? Show work.

6. Find the measure of the given angle: *Use your trigonometric values of special angles*

a.
x
10

5 3

4 2
b.
x

4 2

7. Can the sin x ever be a value greater than 1? Explain.


Unit Circle Worksheet A Name__________________

Period____________

Solve the following problems using your Unit Circle.

1) sin(90 ) 2) cos
4

5 
3) sin 4) cos 135
4

5 
5) tan 6) tan(180 )
4

7) sin 8) cos 90


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Unit Circle Worksheet B Name__________________

Period____________

Solve the following problems using your Unit Circle.

1) sin(150 ) 2) cos
7
6

5
3) sin 4) cos 135
6

9 
5) tan 6) tan(135 )
6

7) sin 8) cos 120


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Unit Circle Worksheet C Name___________________

Period___________

The given point P is located on the Unit Circle. State the quadrant and find
the angle , also sin , cos and tan .

1 3 2 2
1) P , 2) P(0, 1) 3) P ,
2 2 2 2
Quad: Quad: Quad:

sin : sin : sin :

cos : cos : cos :

tan : tan : tan :

Find the exact value of each function.

7 2
4) cos 5) sin 30 6) sin
4 3

9
7) cos(600 ) 8) sin 9) tan(7 )
2

11
10) cos 11) sin 225 12) tan(585 )
4

13 23
13) cos(1440 ) 14) sin 15) cos
4 6
M126 Worksheet 6.1 - Inverse Circular Functions Name___________________________

1) Find the exact value of the real number y.


3
a) y = sin-1 b) y = arcsec (1) c) y = arctan 1
2

2) Use a calculator to give the value to the nearest degree.


a) θ = cos-1(.8910) b) θ = tan-1(2.2460)

3) Use a calculator to give the real number value.


a) y = sin-1(-.4848) b) y = arcsec (2.8842912) c) y = cot-1 (2.5181552)

4) Evaluate the expression.


π 1
a) arccos cos b) cos arcsin
2 4

u
5) Write tan cos-1 as an algebraic expression in u, u > 0.
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