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# Trigonometry of the Right Triangle - 1

In your study of trigonometry of the right triangle, you will discover ways in which the similarity of triangles will provide
additional methods for measuring segments and angles indirectly.
G
Three right triangles are drawn to coincide
at vertex A. Since each triangle contains a
right angle as well as A , we know that all
E
three triangles are similar by AA AA .

## Also, since corresponding sides of similar triangles

are in proportion, we can say: F A
D B
Let’s recall our Trigonometric Ratios….. Remember “SOH CAH TOA”

## sin A cos A tan A

Reciprocal Functions

## csc A sec A cot A

1. Evaluate the six trigonometric functions of the given angle: (EXACT value)

G
E
C

15

9 6 10 5

A
A D A B
F 4

12
8

## cot A cot A cot A

2. Find the value. (Use your CALCULATOR. Round to the nearest thousandth, if necessary)

## d. sec72 e. cot 52 f. csc 40

3. Given right JKL below, find the EXACT value of: 4. Given right ABC below, tan A 9 find the EXACT
12
value of:

K
a. sin L = B a. csc A =

17
15 b. sec L = 9 b. cot A =

J L A
C
8 c. tan K = c. cos B =
12

## 30o - 60o - 90o 45o - 45o - 90o

60° 45°
2x x 2
1x x

30°
45°
x 3
x
5. Find the EXACT value of the trigonometric functions:

## cot 30 cot 60 cot 45

6. Evaluate the six trigonometric functions of the given angle: (EXACT value)
B
B
a. b.
45°
60° 14
7 2
16
8
45°
30°
C 7 2 A
C 8 3 A

## tan 30 tan 60 tan 45

7. Find the measure of the given angle: *Use your trigonometric values of special angles*

a. b. B
B
x
16
8 2
10
5

x C A
C A

m A m B
Trigonometry – Worksheet 1

1. Find the exact value of the six trigonometric functions of the given x.

sin x

cos x
x 15

tan x

7
csc x

sec x

cot x

2. Let x be an acute angle of a right triangle. Find the values of the other 5 trigonometric functions of x, if
13
sec x .
5

sin x csc x

cos x sec x

x cot x
tan x

## 3. Given right ABC below, find the EXACT value of:

C a. cos C =

5
b. csc C =
3

c. tan A =
B A
4
d. sec A =
4. Find the value. (Use your CALCULATOR. Round to the nearest thousandth, if necessary)

## a. sec 24 b. tan 70 c. csc55

5. If one side of an equilateral triangle has a length of 6, what is the length of its altitude? Show work.

6. Find the measure of the given angle: *Use your trigonometric values of special angles*

a.
x
10

5 3

4 2
b.
x

4 2

## 7. Can the sin x ever be a value greater than 1? Explain.

Unit Circle Worksheet A Name__________________

Period____________

## Solve the following problems using your Unit Circle.

1) sin(90 ) 2) cos
4

5 
3) sin 4) cos 135
4

5 
5) tan 6) tan(180 )
4

## 7) sin 8) cos 90

4
Unit Circle Worksheet B Name__________________

Period____________

## Solve the following problems using your Unit Circle.

1) sin(150 ) 2) cos
7
6

5
3) sin 4) cos 135
6

9 
5) tan 6) tan(135 )
6

## 7) sin 8) cos 120

3
Unit Circle Worksheet C Name___________________

Period___________

The given point P is located on the Unit Circle. State the quadrant and find
the angle , also sin , cos and tan .

1 3 2 2
1) P , 2) P(0, 1) 3) P ,
2 2 2 2
Quad: Quad: Quad:

## Find the exact value of each function.

7 2
4) cos 5) sin 30 6) sin
4 3

9
7) cos(600 ) 8) sin 9) tan(7 )
2

11
10) cos 11) sin 225 12) tan(585 )
4

13 23
13) cos(1440 ) 14) sin 15) cos
4 6
M126 Worksheet 6.1 - Inverse Circular Functions Name___________________________

## 1) Find the exact value of the real number y.

3
a) y = sin-1 b) y = arcsec (1) c) y = arctan 1
2

## 2) Use a calculator to give the value to the nearest degree.

a) θ = cos-1(.8910) b) θ = tan-1(2.2460)

## 3) Use a calculator to give the real number value.

a) y = sin-1(-.4848) b) y = arcsec (2.8842912) c) y = cot-1 (2.5181552)

## 4) Evaluate the expression.

π 1
a) arccos cos b) cos arcsin
2 4

u
5) Write tan cos-1 as an algebraic expression in u, u > 0.
3