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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010

BAHAGIAN SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH DAN


SEKOLAH KLUSTER
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

PERFECT
SCORE
BIOLOGY 2010
2. Puan Tuan
MODULE Form 5 Norma binti
Tuan Yaacob -
SMS Alam
Shah
3. Encik Meli
Student’s Copy bin Hussin -
SMS Kuala
Terengganu

DISEDIAKAN OLEH:

1. Puan Hasimah binti Azit - Sekolah Seri Puteri,


Cyberjaya
PAPER 2
Section A

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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010
Question 1:

Diagram 1 shows the human circulatory system.

(a) Human circulatory system consists of circulations R and S. Describe each


circulation.
[4 marks]

(c) The pacemaker of a patient’s heart fails to function. An electronic pacemaker is


used to replace the original pacemaker. Explain how the electronic pacemaker
works.
[3 marks]

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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010

Question 2:

Diagram 2 shows a longitudinal section of the reproductive parts of a flower during


fertilization.

(a) In the space below, draw a section through the ovule showing all the cells in S.
Label the cells involved in fertilization.
[3 marks]

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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010

(ii) Describe the fertilization process that occurs.

[2 marks]

(c) In Diagram 2, the structure Y has to be kept dormant for future research purposes.
(i) Explain how Y can be prevented from germinating.

[2 marks]

(ii) If Y is to be germinated, suggest one method to stimulate the germination of Y

[1mark]

Question 3

Diagram 3 shows the prenatal development of a human embryo.

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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010

(a) Explain how the adaptation of R in order to function effectively


[3 marks]

(b) If the mother is addicted to the drugs, is it possible for the baby to become addicted
too? Explain your answer.
[2 marks]

Question 4:

(a) Diagram 4.1 below shows two types of variation in students,

Number of
student

Body mass (kg)


Blood group

Diagram 4.1

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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010

Describe the differences between these two types of variation.


[3 marks]

(b) Diagram 4.2 and diagram 4.3 show the changes occur in the structure of chromosomes
which causes mutation.

P P P P
Q Q Q Q
R S R S
S T S R
T U T T
U U U

Diagram 4.2 Diagram 4.3

(i) State one factor which causes mutation.


[1mark]

(ii) Compare the changes of chromosome structure that causes mutations in Diagram 4.2
and Diagram 4.3
[4 marks]

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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010

Question 5:

An experiment is carried out to study the translocation of auxin in plants.

In experiment I, the coleoptiles tip was cut and placed on an agar block for 5 hours. This agar
block X produced a growth curvature in another decapitated coleoptiles.

In experiment II, the coleoptiles tip was cut and placed in an inverted position on an agar block Y,
for 5 hours.
However no growth curvature was obtained when the agar block was placed on a decapitated
coleoptile.

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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010

(a) Why does the coleoptiles in Experiment I bend to the right?

[ 2 marks ]
(b) (i) Name the plant hormone which causes the growth curvature.

[ 1 mark ]
(ii) Where is it synthesised in the stem?

[ 1 mark ]

(c) Which agar block contains a higher auxin concentration? Give your reason

[ 3 marks ]

(d) In which direction is this plant hormone transported in the coleoptiles? Give your reason

[ 2 marks ]

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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010

Question 6:

Figure below shows part of the circulatory system and the lymphatic system in the human body.

Vessel Q

heart
Lymp
Tissue node
fluid

Body tissue

Fluid X

(a) ( i ) What is fluid X ?

(1 mark )
(ii) What happens to the components of fluid X when it passes through the lymph
node?

(1 mark )
(b) ( i ) Fluid X originates from the blood.
Describe how fluid X is formed from the blood.

( 2 marks )

( ii ) State one difference between fluid X and the blood.

( 1 mark )

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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010
(c) ( i ) A part of vessel Q is blocked.
Explain its effect on the system in figure above.

( 2 marks )
( ii ) Vessel Q in the leg is blocked.
What would happen to the leg?

( 1 marks )
(d) The blood circulatory system and the lymphatic system function to maintain the
composition of the tissue fluid.
Explain how water and mineral salts are maintained by?

( 3 marks )

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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010

Question 7

Diagram 7 shows a ball and socket joint with tissues P, Q and which are responsible for
locomotion in a human.

Diagram 7

(a) State the organelle found abundantly in the muscle cell.

[1 mark]

(b) Explain your answer in (a)

[2 marks]

(c) Name the muscle fibres that involve in the contraction of antagonistic muscle.

[2 marks]

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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010
Question 8

(a) Diagram below shows two phenotypes of pea seed produced by two varieties of pea plant.

Smooth and Wrinkled and


green pea seed yellow pea seed

A farmer has crossed a smooth and green pea plant with a wrinkled and yellow pea plant.
1600 pea seeds produced were collected and sorted according to different phenotypes as
shown in Table below.

Phenotype Smooth and Smooth and Wrinkled and Wrinkled and


green pea seed yellow pea green pea seed yellow pea

Number of
seeds 398 401 399 402

(a) State the ratio of the offspring produced.

[1 mark]

(b) (i) S represents the dominant allele for smooth while s for wrinkled. G is the
dominant allele for green and g ressesive allele for yellow. State the genotype of the
parent’s pea plant.

[2 marks]
State the probabilities of the alles in the gametes produced by the pea plants.

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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010

[2 marks]

(c) Based on your answer in b(ii), explain the formation of alleles in the gametes by
applying the Mandel’s Second Law
[3 marks]

(i) Draw a schematic diagram to show the product of this cross.


[3 marks]

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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010
(d)(i) A heterozygous plant genotype TtRr undergoes meiosis to produce gametes cell. Alleles
T and t for tall and short are located at the same locus on the homologous
chromosomes. During anaphase I, the alleles Tt are not separated but Rr are separated
completely.
Draw the diagram for the two gamete cells which will be formed in the space provided
below.

[2marks]

(d)(ii) State the probabilities of the alleles in the gametes produced.

[2 marks]

(d) The individual has three chromosome 21 due to non-disjunction during meiosis where
the two homologous chromosome 21 fail to separate normally during anaphase I or II
of meiosis.
State what type of mutation faced by this individual.

[1 mark]

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PERFECT SCORE BIOLOGY2010

(e) Explain how mutation stated in (e) is formed.

[3 marks]

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