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SIH 2019 Idea Proposal

Ministry / Organization: Cognizant Problem Statement ID: JY3 Team Name:TRAILBLAZERS_78 Problem Statement Title:

Team Leader: Shubham Karande College Code: 1-3508334364

Avoid Cash Crop Loss using modern technology :

Sowing date as such is very critical to ensure that farmers harvest a good crop. And if it fails, it results in loss

June to August. But the changing weather patterns in the past decade have led to unpredictable monsoons,

as a lot of costs are incurred for seeds, as well as the fertilizer and pesticide applications For centuries, farmers like have been using age-old methods to predict the right sowing date. Mostly, they

would choose to sow in early June to take advantage of the monsoon season, which typically lasted from

causing poor crop yields. Machine learning uses algorithms to parse data, learn from it, and make determinations without human

intervention. Deep learning algorithms can take a decade of field datainsights about how crops have performed in various climates and inherited certain characteristicsand use this data to develop a probability model. A supercomputer and a few ambitious computer engineers could theoretically create a huge breakthrough in agriculture. Just a decade ago, this notion was fantasy. As millions of Indians are primarily dependent on agriculture, this project implemented on a large scale can benefit the food industry.

Description of Solution

We wish to create a platform to predict sowing periods and harvesting time. Plant disease detection can be made quick and accurate with the help of machine learning models and crowd sourced data sent by farmers.

Using past data, future Moisture Adequacy Index can be approximately determined with the help of

techniques like machine learning and deep learning. MAI is the standardized measure used for

assessing the degree of adequacy of rainfall and soil moisture to meet the potential water requirement of crops.

Pest attack can be predicted with the help of previous data and diseases can be identified by using Faster Region-based Convolutional Neural Network (Faster R-CNN) detectors combined deep feature extractors such as VGG net and Residual Network (ResNet) to diagnose plant diseases by the image processing of plant leaves.

The performance of the ML model improves as it gains experience over time. To determine the performance of ML models and the machine learning algorithms agricultures various mathematical

and statistical models are used. Once the learning process is completed, then the model can then be

used to make an assumption, to classify and to test data. This is achieved after gaining the experience of the training process.

Demo Recognition and localization of plant diseases and pests: problem formulation. Our system aims to detect

Demo

Demo Recognition and localization of plant diseases and pests: problem formulation. Our system aims to detect

Recognition and localization of plant diseases and pests:

problem formulation. Our system aims to detect both class (what) and location (where) of the affected areas in the image.

Moisture Adequacy Index map of the state of Karnataka. We want to predict future MAI by analysing past data by building a machine learning achieve accurate results. The predicted data can be visualized to create maps like this one.

Description of Technology Stack & Dependencies

Computer Vision: OpenCV for python , Keras Machine Learning Models: Faster R-CNN and VGGNet Python Libraries: Numpy, Scikit-learn, Keras, Matplotlib

Dependencies

Previous year data and present data of MAI Dataset of diseased plants images Access to computing power for training and predicting the outcome