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R GATE 2018 Detailed Solutions BY KREATRYX EE 10 th Feb 2018 Forenoon Session Note:-
R
GATE 2018
Detailed Solutions
BY
KREATRYX
EE
10 th
Feb 2018
Forenoon Session
Note:-
Don't forget to ll out your marks in the Rank Predictor Form at the end
Klassroom 2019 Program for GATE-EE and GATE-EC in Kalu Sarai, New Delhi

Question: 1

Technical

EE

Question: 1 Technical EE Answer: (17.39) Solutoins: The current waveform given is The Fourier series is

Answer: (17.39) Solutoins:

The current waveform given is

EE Answer: (17.39) Solutoins: The current waveform given is The Fourier series is given by I

The Fourier series is given by

I

s

4I

0

n

n

n 1,3,5

cos

2

Here, 

Fundamental rms

30

0

sin

I

s1

rms

4

20

2
2

cos

 

30

2

n

 

t

n 

 

2

40 2
40
2

cos15

17.392A

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Question: 2

EE

Question: 2 EE Answer: (0.5) Solutoins: f  x   x  x  

Answer: (0.5)

Solutoins:

fxx xx= fractional part of x

x  x   x  = fractional part of x It is periodic with

It is periodic with a period of 1

1.25

0.25

f

x

dx

1

0

f

x

dx

1

2

1

1

0.50

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Question: 3

EE

Question: 3 EE Answer: (A) Solutoins: Resistance Impedance   3% 5%   0.03 0.05

Answer: (A)

Solutoins:

Resistance Impedance   3% 5%   0.03 0.05 pu pu   0.05
Resistance Impedance   3% 5%   0.03 0.05 pu pu
0.05
 0.03
2
2
Reactance

0.04 pu

VR0.8 pf logRcosXsin0.030.8 0.04 0.6 0.048 pu 4.8%

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Question: 4

EE

Question: 4 EE Answer: (7) Solutoins: Z 1   Z Z Z 0 S S

Answer: (7)

Solutoins:

Z 1   Z Z

Z

0

S

S

1 m Z 2Z 1  4 j10 j31   2 m
1
m
Z 2Z 1  4 j10 j31
 
2
m

Subtract 1 from 2

Z

Z

0

m

  Z 1   j7 3Z

1

Im Z

 

m

7

m

3

j21

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Question: 5

EE

Question: 5 EE Answer: (600) Solutoins: At zero speed,  0 E  k  

Answer: (600) Solutoins:

At zero speed,  0

E k  0 T kI

I

a

m

V

t

E

R

a

Since

100

0

0

a

05

k 

2000 500

1 4

2000A

Since motor is separately excited k= constant

At no load, if mechanical losses are ignored

V

I a   0 E 150

t

150 k

m

 

150

m 1

4

 0 E  150 t 150  k  m   150 m 1

600 rad sec

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Question: 6

EE

Question: 6 EE Answer: (A) Solutoins:  z  1 dz z 2  4 C

Answer: (A)

Solutoins:

 z  1 dz z 2  4 C
z
1
dz
z
2
4
C

Counter C z

2

1

This counter only encircles Z=-2 pole & hence we need residue at z=-2

 z  1 dz z 2  4 C
z
1
dz
z
2
4
C

 

2 iRes

 

f

z

 

z



2

2

 

ilim z

z

2

2

z

1

z

2



z

2

2 4

i

2

i

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Question: 7

EE

Question: 7 EE Answer: (D) Solutoins: f f   x   2x, x 

Answer: (D)

Solutoins:

f

fx2x, x 0

2x, x 0



x

2

x , x 0

2

x , x 0

At x 0 , right hand derivative, fx0

Left hand derivative fx20 0

Since RHDLHD, the function is differentiable at x 0

fx2, x 0

2, x 0

The right hand & left hand derivative of first derivative is not equal & hence first derivative is

not differentiable.

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Question: 8

EE

Question: 8 EE Answer: (D) Solutoins: F  AB  CD Klassroom 2019 Program for GATE-EE

Answer: (D)

Solutoins:

Question: 8 EE Answer: (D) Solutoins: F  AB  CD Klassroom 2019 Program for GATE-EE

F AB CD

Question: 8 EE Answer: (D) Solutoins: F  AB  CD Klassroom 2019 Program for GATE-EE

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Question: 9

EE

Question: 9 EE Answer: (B) Solutoins: Loops 5 b   b  8  1

Answer: (B)

Solutoins:

Loops 5 b   b81 12 bn1

No. of branches = 12

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Question: 10

EE

Question: 10 EE Answer: (0.5) Solutoins: h 11  V 1 I 1 V 2 

Answer: (0.5)

Solutoins:

Question: 10 EE Answer: (0.5) Solutoins: h 11  V 1 I 1 V 2 

h

11

V 1 I 1
V
1
I
1

V 2

0

Short circuit

V

2

h 11  V 1 I 1 V 2  0 Short circuit V 2 Since

Since 1

V

1

I

1

1

 

resistance are equal, current is equally divided

I

2

1

1

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V

1

h

I

2

1

V

1

11 I

1

0.50

EE

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Question: 11

EE

Question: 11 EE Answer: (3500) Solutoins: Number of non-zero elements= 8000 Number of diagonal elements =

Answer: (3500) Solutoins:

Number of non-zero elements= 8000

Number of diagonal elements = 1000

Number of non-zero off diagonal elements = 7000

Number of lines = No. of non

zero off diagram element

2

7000

2

3500

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Question: 12

EE

Question: 12 EE Answer: (A) Solutoins:  xy 2  yz 2  zx 2 

Answer: (A)

Solutoins:

 xy

2

yz

2

zx

2

 



x

ˆ i



y

ˆ j



z

k ˆ

y2 2xz

 2,1,1 5iˆ 3jˆ 2kˆ

ˆi

2xy

.pˆ

  

    ˆ i  2j ˆ  2k ˆ p . 
 
ˆ i
2j ˆ
2k ˆ
p
.
5i ˆ
3j ˆ
2k ˆ
p
3

z2

ˆj

2yz

x2

5

 

6

4

3

1

kˆ

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Question: 13

EE

Question: 13 EE Answer: (B) Solutoins: Power with impedance, P  V V 1 2 z

Answer: (B)

Solutoins:

Power with impedance,

P

V V 1 2 z
V V
1
2
z

cos

P

max

VV V 2 1 2  2 z z
VV
V
2
1
2
2
z
z

cos

when 

Power with reactance

V V

1

2

P

P



max

 

X

V V

V V

1

x

2

sin



90

P

max

 

V 2 2 z
V
2
2
z

cos

Hence, the maximum power with resistance is less than the maximum power without

resistance.

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Question: 14

EE

Question: 14 EE Answer: (B) Solutoins: V  V 0 V 0  V 0 

Answer: (B)

Solutoins:

Question: 14 EE Answer: (B) Solutoins: V  V 0 V 0  V 0 

V

V

0

V

0

V

0

V

in

V

in

R

R

1

R

1

R

R

2

1

R

2

R

2

1

1

V

V

in

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By KVL

V

0

I

in

Z

in

V

Z

I

in

in

V

in

V

0

V R

in

1



Z R Z

2

V in



Z

R

2

I

in

R

1

EE

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Question: 15

EE

Question: 15 EE Answer: (A) Solutoins: If x  t  is an eigen function then

Answer: (A)

Solutoins:

If xtis an eigen function then output LTI system is kxtwhere K is eigen value

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Question: 16

EE

Question: 16 EE Answer: (0.67) Solutoins:  1 GH s   s  1 

Answer: (0.67)

Solutoins:

 1 GH s   s  1  s  2  Kp

1
GH s
s
1

s
2
Kp
For unit step input,
1
1
2
e
ss
1 
Kp
1
1 2
3



limGH s

s

0

0.67

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Question: 17

EE

Question: 17 EE Answer: (73.52) Solutoins: I I f f  pu   3 Z

Answer: (73.52)

Solutoins:

I

I

f

f

pu

3

Z

1

Z

2

Z

0

3Z

n

 

3

0.01

0.05

0.01

3

 

0.01

3

I

0.19 bace

3 125  0.19 3  15.5
3
125
0.19
3
 15.5

73.5166 kA

3

0.19

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Question: 18

EE

Answer: (C) Solutoins: P.  2 15,  15 2 n  5 n n
Answer: (C)
Solutoins:
P.
2
15,  15
2
n
 5
n
n

P.  2 15,  15 2 n  5 n n  1 Q. 2

1

Q.

2

 25, 5

n

n

2

10

n

 1

[Under damped]

[Critically damped]

R.

2 35, 

n

n

2

18

n

damped] R.  2  35,   n n 2   18 n 

1

35
35

[Over damped]

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Question: 19

EE

Question: 19 EE Answer: (B) Solutoins: Since triac is bi-directional switch it can carry current in

Answer: (B) Solutoins:

Since triac is bi-directional switch it can carry current in reverse direction

MOSFET has in built anti-parallel diode so it can also carry current in reverse direction ’SCR &

GTO are unidirectional switched so they can also carry current in reverse direction

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Question: 20

EE

Question: 20 EE Answer: (C) Solutoins: V 1  100cos  t    

Answer: (C)

Solutoins:

Question: 20 EE Answer: (C) Solutoins: V 1  100cos  t    

V

1

100cost

  

  

18

36

V

2

P

1

 

 

leads both

V

2

V

3

100cos

100cos

t

t

In this problem

Hence,

P

2

0

&

0

&

P

3

0

V

1

&

V

3

& hence current will flow from

V

2

towards

V

1

&

V

3

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Question: 21

EE

Question: 21 EE Answer: (B) Solutoins: Reluctance torque  T  3V t 2  

Answer: (B)

Solutoins:

Reluctance torque

T

3V

t

2

   

s

1

1

2

X

q

X

d

   

sin2

Reluctance power

s

So torque is maximum when 2

 45

 90

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Question: 22

EE

Question: 22 EE Answer: (5.5) Solutoins: If  1 &  2 are eigen values of

Answer: (5.5)

Solutoins:

If

1

&

2

are eigen values of A

trace A

 

1

2

4

trace A

 

2

1

2



1



2

2

 

1

2

2

2

2

2

5

2

 

1

2

4

2

5

 

 

1

2

11

2

det A  5.5

1

2

11

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Question: 23

EE

Question: 23 EE Answer: (C) Solutoins: Since this converter has freewheeling diode, the output voltage cannot

Answer: (C) Solutoins:

Since this converter has freewheeling diode, the output voltage cannot go negative

V

0

0

Since, diodes & SCR are unidirectional current cannot reverse

I

0

0

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Question: 24

EE

Question: 24 EE Answer: (D) Solutoins: If one wattmeter reads half of other W W 

Answer: (D) Solutoins:

If one wattmeter reads half of other

W W  2 1 2  tan  2 1    3
W
W
2
1
2
tan

2
1
3    W W
W W   
2
1
 W   W  2 2 2 3 3    
W
W
2
2
2
3
3 

W
3
W
2
2
2
  

1

3
3

tan 

 30

pf cos cos30 0.866

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Question: 25

EE

Question: 25 EE Answer: (D) Solutoins: Due to infinite conducting plane, we have to consider an

Answer: (D) Solutoins:

Due to infinite conducting plane, we have to consider an image charge symmetrically below

plane

Since one charge is placed at (0.0, 0.2), the image charge will be at (0, 0, -0.2)

Electric field at P will be sum of Field due to Q & -Q

Electric field at P will be sum of Field due to Q & -Q E 

E

P

E

p

 

4   

Q

Q

Q

0

  

1

1

4



0

0.1

2

4



0

0.3

2

 

10

9

1

1

 

4



8.85

10

12

0.01

 

0.09

0.1

2

0.3

2

 0.01   0.09  0.1  2   0.3  2 999.09 V m

999.09 V m

Since it is downwards, E 999.09 V m

is downwards, E   9 9 9 . 0 9 V m   

 

 

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Question: 26

EE

Question: 26 EE Answer: (50) Solutoins: Reactance of capacitor   1 c  1 100

Answer: (50)

Solutoins:

Question: 26 EE Answer: (50) Solutoins: Reactance of capacitor   1 c  1 100

Reactance of capacitor

1 c

1

100

10

4

100

Parallel combination of R & C

Z

100

j100

100

j100

50

j50

Total impedance

Since current & voltage have same phase. Imaginary part of impedance should be zero

Hence, Z 50

Z

in

jL 50 j50

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Question: 27

EE

Question: 27 EE Answer: (B) Solutoins: z 2 z 2 dz dz 2 z 1 2

Answer: (B)

Solutoins:

z 2 z 2 dz dz 2 z 1 2 z 2 2 z 2
z
2
z
2
dz
dz
2
z
1
2
z
2
2
z
2 3z
2
C
c

Based on curve given both poles z= 1 , z= 2 ;lie inside the curve,

Hence, the integration over closed curve would be zero

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Question: 28

EE

Question: 28 EE Answer: (90.09) Solutoins: For open circuit 10.7  i 10  0.7 

Answer: (90.09)

Solutoins:

For open circuit

10.7i 100.71(1)i 0

b

b

10

111 i

10

i

10

11

i

V

0c

1

101

1010

111 1010

111

111 1010 111

For sc

101 1010 111 1010  111   111  1010 111 For sc  10.7
101 1010 111 1010  111   111  1010 111 For sc  10.7

10.710 i 0.7 0

b

i 1mA

b

I

i 101 mA

sc

R

th

e

V

oc

1010

90.09

1000

I

111

101

sc

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Question: 29

EE

Question: 29 EE Answer: (C) Solutoins: Converting to state model x 1 1  x 

Answer: (C) Solutoins:

Converting to state model

x 1 1  x  1      1 1 
x
1
1
 x 
1
     1
1
x
1
 
x
2
2

 

A

   

1

1

1

1

 

1

1

1

1

    s

1

s

sI

sI

sI

A

A

A

s   

1  

1

s

1

1  

1

1

s

s

s

1

2

X

X



t



t

f

1   1

2

1

s

e

e

s

2t

2t

2

1

1



  

t

X

0

1  

2



limX t

t 

1

2

X    X

1

1

s

 

e

e

2s

 

1

1

0

0

1

s

2

1

s

s

s

2

1

s

e

e

2t

2t

1

1

 

 

0

0

2

2t

2t

X

X

2

2

Hence

X

1f

X

2f



1

1

1

1

2s

1

2

 

s

2

1

2s

1

2

s

1

2

2s

2

 

s

2

2s

2

s

2

 

 

e

e

2t

2t

 X   

X

1

2

0

0

 

1

2

X

X

1

1

 

 

0

0

X

X

2

2

0

0

e

e

2t

2t

X

X

1

2

0

0

X

2

1

X

0

0

 

 

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Question: 30

EE

Question: 30 EE Answer: (D) Solutoins: Since secondary is open circuited, then there is no flux

Answer: (D) Solutoins:

Since secondary is open circuited, then there is no flux due to secondary

Hence, ratio of current & voltage is impedance of primary

V

I

L

L

R

 L

V

I

pri

IN

N

P

2

A

2

P

  I  pri   IN  N P 2 A  2 P

r

2

2V

N

P

2

r

2

V

2

R

I

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Question: 31

EE

Question: 31 EE Answer: (C) Solutoins: Based on load & gen power 5 pu real power

Answer: (C) Solutoins:

Based on load & gen power 5 pu real power must be transferred from 1 to bus 2

1  1 5  sin   30  0.1 V   1
1
 1
5
sin
 30 
0.1
V
 1
1
Q
s
V
 V
cos 
cos30
s
x
s R
0.1
 
1
Q
cos 
V
cos30
1
Q
R
 Q Q   Q Q
R
0.1
Q
cross G1
R
  2.68pu 5  1.34  6.34 pu
Q
Load s
 Q
S
Q
  Q
Q
R
Q
 1.34  10  11.34 pu
G2 G2
R
Load Load

1.34pu



1.34 pu

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Question: 32

EE

Question: 32 EE Answer: (B) Solutoins: D 0 Q 0 0 1 1 1 0 0

Answer: (B)

Solutoins:

Question: 32 EE Answer: (B) Solutoins: D 0 Q 0 0 1 1 1 0 0

D

0

Q

0

0

1

1

1

0

0

Q Q

1

2

Q

0

0

1

1

1

0

1

Q

2

0

0

0

1

1

1

D

1

1

1

0

0

0

1

Q

0

1

1

1

0

0

1

Q

1

0

1

1

1

0

0

Q

2

0

0

1

1

1

0

No. of unique states 100,110,111,011,0015

Hence, it can divide clock frequency by 5

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Question: 33

EE

Question: 33 EE Answer: (12.5) Solutoins: V 0 I 0 P 0  DV  0.5

Answer: (12.5)

Solutoins:

V

0

I

0

P

0

DV 0.5 100 50V

V

0

R

V I

0 0

s

50A

2500W

By power conversion

V I

s

I

s

Avg

2500

100

25A

s

avg

V I

0

0

Since both converter share equal current

I

s

Avg 12.5A

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Question: 34

EE

Question: 34 EE Answer: (A) Solutoins: s s 7 s 6 s 5 s 5 7

Answer: (A)

Solutoins:

s

s 7

s 6

s 5

s 5

7

s 4

s 4

s 3

s

6

5

7s 14s

4

3

31s 73s

2

25s 200 0

1

7

31

25

1

14

73

200

-7

-42

-175

-1

-6

-25

8

48

200

1

6

25

0

0

Auxiliary equation,

dA

s

s

s

3

ds

4

4s

3

12s

1 6

1 3

s

4

6s

25

2

25 0

s

2

3 25

s

1

 16 3

16 3

s

0

25

Sign change below auxiliary equation =2

Hence, there are 2 symmetrical RHP & LHP order of auxiliary equation =4

Hence, there are no imaginary poles

Total sign change=4

Hence, 4 RHP & 3 LHP

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Question: 35

EE

Question: 35 EE Answer: (1) Solutoins: A   1      1

Answer: (1)

Solutoins:

A

  1

 

1

0

0

2

0

0 1    

2

Characteristic equation

 1

1

0

0



0

2

1

0



2

0

2 21  32 20 0

2

3

2

  4 4 0

1

  

A

0

By Cayley Hamilton Theorem

A

A

3

3

  A A

2 2

Hence,

B 1

  4A 4A   41410 0

B

A

3

A

2

4A

5I

I

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EE

Question: 36

EE Question: 36 Answer: (8) Solutoins: Based on response shown Steady state output = 0.8 e

Answer: (8) Solutoins:

Based on response shown

Steady state output = 0.8

e

ss

1

0.8

0.2

1

1

k

P

4 k 2k

k

k

P

P

 

limG s H s

P

8

lim

S

0

k

K

s

1



s

2

2

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Question: 37

EE

Question: 37 EE Answer: (B) Solutoins: F  A,B,C    m  0,2,3,5,7 

Answer: (B)

Solutoins:

Question: 37 EE Answer: (B) Solutoins: F  A,B,C    m  0,2,3,5,7 

FA,B,Cm0,2,3,5,7d1

F A C

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Question: 38

EE

Question: 38 EE Answer: (B) Solutoins: Voltage across capacitor = V  5  1 

Answer: (B)

Solutoins:

Question: 38 EE Answer: (B) Solutoins: Voltage across capacitor = V  5  1 

Voltage across capacitor = V 51cost

Inductor current

V55cost

I 5sint

I

5

C L
C
L

sin

t

 

5sin

t

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V 5

2

2

I 5

2

EE

The locus of this equation is a circle centered at (5,0)

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Question: 39

EE

Question: 39 EE Answer: (12) Solutoins:    f f  x x  

Answer: (12)

Solutoins:

  

f

f

x x

  3x 9x 7x 14x 5x 5 6

2

3

2

For critical points, fx0

x 1, 0.555

Since closed interval is given we must consider 0,2

f0f212 6 f1f0.5557 7.13

Hence, maximum value is 12

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Question: 40

EE

Question: 40 EE Answer: (0) Solutoins: Consider a closed curve with curve C and the co-ordinate

Answer: (0) Solutoins:

Consider a closed curve with curve C and the co-ordinate axis

a closed curve with curve C and the co-ordinate axis Apply Green’s Theorem dx  

Apply Green’s Theorem

dx   2xy  x 2

dx

2xy x

2

dxy

N

x

x



2xy

x

2

2y

2x

M

y

N

x

 

y

 

2xy

M

y

0

y

2

 2y
2y

2x

Hence

2xy

y

2

dx

 0 y 2    2y 2x Hence 2xy y 2 dx  

dx

2xy x

2

2xy

dy

C1

0

3

2xy x

2

dy

0

3

0

dy 0



  N

x

x

2

C

dy

C

1

0

C

2

M y   

dxdy

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C2

3

0

2xy y

2

C

Hence,

0

0

 

C

2xy

x

0

2

dy

dx

3

0

2xy

0

dx 0

y

2

dx

0

EE

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Question: 41

EE

Question: 41 EE Answer: (97.36) Solutoins: kVA rating = 900 kVA     3

Answer: (97.36) Solutoins:

kVA rating = 900 kVA     3 kV V line  Y
kVA rating = 900 kVA
 3 kV
V line
Y 
3 kV
V line
I
900
 
100A
Ph
3
 3 kV
 3I
pri R
2
Copper loss
ph
P
P
 
3
100
2
0.3
 
3
300
2
cu

3I

2

ph

sec R

sec

0.02 310000 0.48 14400 W 14.4 kW

Core loss 10 kW



900

900

24.4

100

97.36%

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Question: 42

EE

Question: 42 EE Answer: (A) Solutoins: x  t  t  1   t

Answer: (A)

Solutoins:

x  t  t  1   t 1 1 x  t
x

t
t
1
 
t
1
1
x
