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MATHEMATICS

TARGET : JEE (Main + Advanced) 2016


EST INF ORM AT IO


DPP DAILY PRACTICE PROBLEMS

Course : VIJETA (JP)


NO. 81 TO 83

ANSWER KEY
DPP No. : 81 (JEE-ADVANCED)
1. (B) 2. (D) 3. (B) 4. (A)
5. (B) 6. (A,B,C) 7. (C,D) 8. (A,D)
DPP No. : 82 (JEE-ADVANCED)
1. (D) 2. (D) 3. (B,C,D) 4. (B,D)
5. (A,B) 6. (A,D) 7. 3:2
DPP No. : 83 (JEE- MAIN)
1. (D) 2. (B) 3. (D) 4. (D) 5. (B) 6. (C) 7. (B)
8. (B) 9. (C) 10. (C) 11. (A) 12. (A) 13. (C) 14. (B)
15. (C) 16. (B) 17. (A) 18. (D) 19. (B) 20. 18! ; (3!)2 (4!)3 (5!)

This DPP is to be discussed in the week (16-11-2015 to 21-11-2015)

DPP No. : 81 (JEE-ADVANCED)


Total Marks : 30 Max. Time : 27 min.
Comprehension Type ('–1' negative marking) Q.1 to 3 (3 marks, 3 min.) [9, 9]
Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.4,5 (3 marks 3 min.) [6, 6]
Multiple choice objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.6,7,8 (5 marks, 4 min.) [15, 12]

Comprehension (Q. No. 1 to 3)

 1 0 0
 
Let A =  1 0 1 satisfies An = An–2 + A2 – I for n  3 And trace of a square matirx X is equal to the sum
0 1 0 
of elements in its principal diagonal.
1 0 
  50  
Further consider a matrix U3×3 with its column as U1, U2, U3 such that A U1 =  25  , A U2 =  1 ,
50

 25  0 
0 
 
A U3 = 0 
50

 1
Then answer the following questions.

vuqPNsn (iz0 la0 5 ls 7)


 1 0 0
ekuk vkO;wg A =  1 0 1 , n  3 ds fy, O;atd An = An–2 + A2 – I dks larq"V djrk gS vkSj oxZ vkO;wg dk
0 1 0 
vuqjs[k mlds eq[; fod.kZ ds vo;oksa ds ;ksx ds cjkcj gSA

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1 0  0 
bl izdkj ,d vkO;wg U3×3 ftlds LrEHk U1, U2, U3 bl izdkj gS fd A U1 =  25  , A U2 =  1 , A U3 = 0 
  50   50 50

 25  0   1
rc fuEu iz'uksa dks gy dhft;sA

1. The value of |A50| equals


|A50| dk eku gSµ
(A) 0 (B*) 1 (C) –1 (D) 25

2. Trace of A50 equals


A50 ds vuqjs[k dk eku gSµ
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D*) 3

3. The value of |U| equals


|U| dk eku gksxkµ
(A) 0 (B*) 1 (C) 2 (D) –1
Sol. (1 to 3)
An – An–2 = A2 – I  A50 = A48 + A2 – I
Further,
A48 = A46 + A2 – I
A46 = A44 + A2 – I
  
A4 = A2 + A2 – I
 1 0 0   1 0 0   1 0 0 
Here, A = 
    
A = 25A – 24I
50 2 2
1 0 1   1 0 1  1 1 0 
 0 1 0   0 1 0   1 0 1 
 25 0 0   1 0 0   1 0 0 
A =  25 25 0  – 24  0 1 0
    
 50
   25 1 0   | A50 | = 1
 25 0 25   0 0 1   25 0 1 
 1 0 0  x  1  x  1
Also, tr(A50) = 1 + 1 + 1 = 3 Further,  25 1 0 
  
y  
 
25
  
 
  1 0 
y  
 
 25 0 1   z  25   z  0 
0  0   1 0 0 
Similalry, U2 =  1 and U3 = 0 
 
U  0

 1 0  , i.e. |U | = 1
0   1  0 0 1 

4_. Let  be an imaginary cube roots of unity then the value of


2( + 1) (2 + 1) + 3(2 + 1) (22 + 1) + . . . . + (n + 1) (n + 1)(n2 + 1) is
;fn bdkbZ dk dkYifud ?kuewy gS] rks
2( + 1) (2 + 1) + 3(2 + 1) (22 + 1) + . . . . +(n + 1) (n + 1)(n2 + 1) =
2 2 2
 n  n  1   n  n  1   n  n  1 
(A*)   n (B)   (C)   –n (D) None of these
 2   2   2 
     
buesa ls dksbZ ugha
Sol. 2( + 1)(2 + 1) + 3(2 + 1)(22 + 1) + . . . . + (n + 1) (n + 1) (n + 1)(n2 + 1)
n n
=  r  1r  1 r2  1
r 1
=  r  1  r 
r 1
2 3
 r  r2  1 
n n n n 2
 n  n  1 
=    
r  1 r 2 – r  1  r3 – r 2  r  r2 – r  1 =   r   3
 1    +n
r 1 r 1 r 1 r 1  2 

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5. A person throws dice, one the common cube and the other regular terahedron, the number on the
lowest face being taken in the case of a tetrahedron. The chance that the sum of numbers thrown is not
less than 5 is
,d O;fDr nks iklksa dks QSadrk gS ftlesa ,d lk/kkj.k ?ku rFkk nwljk leprq"Qyd gSA prq"Qyd dh fLFkfr esa
la[;k fupys Qyd ij yh tkrh gSA izkf;drk Kkr dhft, fd muij la[;kvksa dk ;ksx 5 ls de ugha gks&
1 3 4 5
(A) (B*) (C) (D)
4 4 5 6
Sol. Total number of combinations of numbers on the cube and the tetrahedon = 6 × 4 = 24
Favourable number of ways of getting a sum not less than 5
= sum of coefficients of x6 , x7,.........x10 inthe product
= (x + x2 + x3 + x4 + x5 + x6) (x + x2 + x3 + x4)
= (x2 + 2x3 + 3x4 + 4x5 + 4x6 + 4x7 + 3x8 + 2x9 + x10) = 4 + 4 + 4 + 3 + 2 + 1 = 18
18 3
 Required probability = =
6 4 4
Hindi. ?ku rFkk prq"Qyd ij la[;kvksa dk dqy lap; = 6 × 4 = 24
;ksx ds 5 ls de ugha gksus ds i{k ds rjhdks dh la[;k
= (x + x2 + x3 + x4 + x5 + x6) (x + x2 + x3 + x4) ds xq.ku esa x6 , x7,.........x10 ds xq.kkadks dk ;ksxQy
= (x2 + 2x3 + 3x4 + 4x5 + 4x6 + 4x7 + 3x8 + 2x9 + x10) = 4 + 4 + 4 + 3 + 2 + 1 = 18
18 3
 vfHk"B izkf;drk = =
6 4 4

x2  x 2x  1 x  3
6. If x is real and (x) = 3x  1 2  x 2 x 3  3 = a0x7 + a1x6 + a2x5 + ... + a6x + a7 then
x3 x2  4 2x
x2  x 2x  1 x  3
;fn x okLrfod gks vkSj (x) = 3x  1 2  x 2 x 3  3 = a0x7 + a1x6 + a2x5 + ... + a6x + a7 rc &
2
x3 x 4 2x
6
(A*) a7 = 21 (B*) a
k 0
k = 111 (C*)  (–1) = –32 (D) (1) = 121

0 1 3
Sol. We have a7 = (0) = 1 2 3 = 1(0 – 9) + 3(4 + 6) = –9 + 30 = 21
3 4 0
Therefore (A) is true. bl izdkj (A) lR; gSA

6
2 1 4
Again iqu%  ak = (1) = 4 3 2 = 2(6 + 10) – 1(8 – 4) + 4(20 + 6) = 32 – 4 + 104 = 132
k 0
2 5 2
6
Therefore vr% a
k 0
k = 132 – a7 = 132 – 21 = 111

Therefore (B) is true vr% (B) lR; gSA


0 3 2
Now vc (–1) = 2 3 4 = 3(4 – 16) + 2(–10 + 12) = –36 + 4 = – 32
 4 5 2

7. Let the area enclosed by the curve y = 1 + 4x  x2


and the lines x = 0,
3
x = and y = 0 is S square unit and the line y = mx bisects the area S, then
2
3
Ekkuk oØ y = 1 + 4x  x2 rFkk js[kkvksa x = 0, x = o y = 0 }kjk ifjc) {ks=kQy S oxZ bdkbZ gSA ;fn js[kk y = mx
2
{ks=kQy S dks lef}Hkkftr djrh gks] rks &
39 6 13 39
(A) S = (B) m = (C*) m = (D*) S =
16 13 6 8
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Sol. y = 1 + 4x – x2 (x –2)2 = – (y – 5)
vertex (2, 5)
3/2 3/2
2
 4x 2 x3  39
Area OACD =  (1  4x  x
0
) dx   x 

 2
 
3 
0
=
8
y
(2,5)
C y=mx
D
B (2,2)
y=0 (3/2, 3m/2)
x
A (7,0)
O

x=0
1 3 3 9
OAB =    m = m ...................(B)
2 2 2 8
From (A) and (B)
9 1  39  39 13
m =   m= =
8 2  8  29 6
Hindi. y = 1 + 4x – x 2 2
(x –2) = – (y – 5)
'kh"kZ (2, 5)
3/2 3/2
2
 4x 2 x3  39
OACD dk {ks=kQy =  (1  4x  x
0
) dx   x 

 2
 
3 
0
=
8
1 3 3 9
OAB =   m = m ...................(B)
2 2 2 8
(A) rFkk (B) ls
9 1  39  39 13
m =   m= =
8 2  8  29 6

y
(2,5)
C y=mx
D
B (2,2)
y=0 (3/2, 3m/2)
x
A (7,0)
O

x=0

8. Let A be a 3 × 3 matrix satisfying A3 = 0, then which of the following statement(s) are true
ekuk A ,d 3 × 3 Øe dk vkO;wg A3 = 0 dks lUrq"V djrk gS] rc fuEu esa ls dkSulk dFku lR; gS&
(A*) | A2 + A + I |  0 (B) | A2 – A + I | = 0 (C) | A2 + A + I | = 0 (D*) | A2 – A + I |  0

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DPP No. : 82 (JEE-ADVANCED)
Total Marks : 34 Max. Time : 32 min.
Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1 to Q.2 (3 marks 3 min.) [6, 6]
Multiple choice objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.3,4,5,6 (5 marks, 4 min.) [20, 16]
Subjective Type ('–1' negative marking) Q.7,8 (4 marks, 5 min.) [8, 10]

  
1. P, Q have position vectors a & b relative to the origin 'O' & X, Y divide PQ internally and externally

respectively in the ratio 2 : 1 . Vector XY =
  
P, Q ds ewy fcUnq O ds lkis{k fLFkfr lfn'k a rFkk b gS rFkk X, Y, PQ dks Øe'k% 2 : 1 esa vkUrfjd vkSj ckg~;

foHkkftr djrs gS] rc lfn'k XY gS–
3   4   5   4  
(A)
2

ba  (B)
3

ab  (C)
6

ba  (D*)
3

ba 
2
 x 
Sol.
P a  
Q b y
   
 2b  a  2b  a   
OX = , OY =  Now XY = OY – OX
3 2 1
     
   2b  a  6a  3a  2b  a 4  
= ( 2b  a ) –  = = (b a )
 3  3 3
 

2. The vertices of a triangle are A (1, 1, 2), B(4, 3, 1) and C(2, 3, 5). A vector representing the internal
bisector of the angle A is :
,d f=kHkqt ds 'kh"kZ A (1, 1, 2), B(4, 3, 1) vkSj C(2, 3, 5) gSaA dks.k A ds vUr% lef}Hkktd dks fu:fir djus okyk
lfn'k gSµ
(A) ˆi  ˆj  2kˆ (B) 2iˆ  2ˆj  kˆ (C) 2iˆ  2ˆj  kˆ (D*) 2iˆ  2ˆj  kˆ
A(1, 1, 2)

Sol.

B(4, 3, 1) M C(2, 3, 5)
AB = 9  4  1  14
AC = 1  4  9  14
M (3, 3, 3)

AM = 2iˆ  2ˆj  kˆ

3_. A square matrix P satisfies P2 = I – P, where I is the identity matrix. If Pn = 5I – 8P, then
(A) Product of all nth roots of unity is 1.
(B*) Product of all nth roots of unity is –1.
(C*) ei2/3 is a root of the equation zn = 1.
(D*) Number of positive integral solution of the equation x + y + z = 5 is equal to n.
,d oxZ vkO;wg P, P2 = I – P dks lUrq"V djrk gS] tgk¡ I bZdkbZ vkO;wg gS] ;fn Pn = 5I – 8P rc
(A) bZdkbZ ds lHkh nosa ewyksa dk xq.kuQy 1 gSA
(B*) bZdkbZ ds lHkh nosa ewyksa dk xq.kuQy –1 gSA
(C*) ei2/3 ,zn = 1 dk ,d ewy gSA
(D*) lHkh x + y + z = 5 ds /kukRed iw.kkZad gyksa dh la[;k n gSA

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Sol. P2 = I – P
P4 = P2.P2 = P2 (I – P) = (I – P)(I – P)
P4 = 2I – 3P
Similarly
P6 = 5I – 8P
So n = 6
(1)1/6 6 root of unity are
2n 2n 2 n
cos + isin n  0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5  cos + isin
6 6 3 3
1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3
1, +I ,– +I –1, – –I , –I product of all roots are = –1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

4. If b is vector whose initial point divides the join of 5iˆ and 5ˆj in the ratio k : 1 and terminal point is origin

and | b |  37 , then the set of exhaustive values of k is

;fn lfn'k b ftldk izkjfEHkd fcUnq 5iˆ rFkk 5ˆj dks feykus okyh js[kk dks k : 1 esa vUr%foHkkftr djrk gS ,oa vfUre

fcUnq ewy fcUnq gS rFkk | b |  37 rc k ds ekuksa dk lEiw.kZ leqPp; gS&
 1  1   1 
(A)  6,   (B*) (–, –6)    ,   (C) [0, 6] (D*)   ,  
 6  6   6 
ˆ ˆ
(5 j)k  (5i).1  5iˆ  5kjˆ
Sol. The point that divides 5iˆ and 5ˆj in the ratio of k : 1 is   b=
k 1 k 1
 1
also | b |  37  25  25k 2  37  5 1  k 2  37 (k + 1)
k 1
Squaring both sides 25(1 + k2)  37(k2 + 2k + 1) or 6k2 + 37k + 6  0  (6k + 1)(k + 6)  0
 1 
k  (–, –6)    ,  
 6 
(5ˆj)k  (5i).1
ˆ  5iˆ  5kjˆ
Hindi. fcUnq 5iˆ rFkk 5ˆj dks k : 1 esa foHkkftr djrk gS   b=
k 1 k 1
 1
rFkk | b |  37  25  25k 2  37  5 1  k 2  37 (k + 1)
k 1
nksuksa vksj oxZ djusa ij 25(1 + k2)  37(k2 + 2k + 1) or 6k2 + 37k + 6  0  (6k + 1)(k + 6)  0
 1 
k  (–, –6)    ,  
 6 
5. If 0 < a < b < c, and the roots ,  of the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 are imaginary, then
(A*) || = || (B*) || > 1 (C) || < 1 (D) None of these
;fn 0 < a < b < c ,oa ,  lehdj.k ax2 + bx + c = 0 ds dkYifud ewy gks] rc
(A*) || = || (B*) || > 1 (C) || < 1 (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha
c
Sol.  = >1
a
|||| > 1
|| = ||
|| > 1

. The vector ˆi  xjˆ  3kˆ is rotated through an angle  and doubled in magnitude, then it becomes
4iˆ  (4x  2).jˆ  2kˆ Then values of x are
lfn'k ˆi  xjˆ  3kˆ dks.k  ls ?kqek;k tkrk gS rFkk bldk ifjek.k nqxquk dj fn;k tkrk gS rc ;g
4iˆ  (4x  2).jˆ  2kˆ gks tkrk gS rks x ds eku gS&
2 1 2
(A*) – (B) (C) (D*) 2
3 3 3

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 
Sol. | b | = 2| a |
16x 2  16x  24 = 2 10  x 2
Solving, gy djus ij (x – 2) (3x + 2) = 0 
2
  x = 2, –
3

7. In a triangle OAB, E is mid point OB and D is point on AB such that AD : DB = 2 : 1. If OD and AE


intersects at P determine ratio OP : PD using vector method (where O is origin)
f=kHkqt OAB esa E, OB dk e/; fcUnq gS rFkk D, AB ij bl izdkj gS fd AD : DB = 2 : 1. ;fn OD rFkk AE fcUnq
P ij izfrPNsn djrs gS] rc vuqikr OP : PD lfn'k fof/k ls Kkr dhft, \ (tgk¡ O ewy fcUnq gSA)
Ans. 3:2
 B
b
 
1
2 µ 1 D
Sol. 2
1

O A(a)
  
 b  a  2b 
a   
2

   1 0 
  =  3 
 1  1
  1 2
 = and =
  1 3    1 2    1 3    1
 1 1 1  3
 =   ,  
  1 4    1 4 5 3  3 2

8. ABCD is a quadrilateral and E the point of intersection of the lines joining the middle points of opposite
    
sides . Show that the resultant of OA , OB , OC and OD is equal to 4 OE , where O is any point.
ABCD ,d prqHkqZt gS rFkk E, foijhr Hkqtkvksa ds e/; fcUnqvksa dks feykus okyh js[kkvksa dk izfrPNsn fcUnq gSA fl)
    
dhft, OA , OB , OC vkSj OD dk ifj.kkeh 4 OE ds cjkcj gS tgk¡ O dksbZ fcUnq gSA
 
  c  d

D
d 
 2 

c 
R C

   
ad 1 1 bc 
Sol.    
 2  S µE Q  2 

P 
A 
a
 
a b  
B b
 2 
 
       
OA + OB + OC + OD = a  b  c  d
Now for point E fcUnq E ds fy,
       
bc ad  c  d ab
  
 2   2 

   1.  
   =  2   2 
 1  1
 comparing coff. xq.k¡kdks dh rqyuk djusa ij
1 1  1
=   = , =
 1  1 2(  1) 2(  1)
=1
=1
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Position vector of E is E dk fLFkfr lfn'k
   
ab c d    
 
2 2 abcd
OE = =
2 4
    
4 OE = a  b  c  d

DPP No. : 83 (JEE- MAIN)


Total Marks : 61 Max. Time : 62 min.
Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1 to Q.19 (3 marks 3 min.) [57, 57]
Subjective Type ('–1' negative marking) Q.20 (4 marks, 5 min.) [4, 5]

1_. The incorrect statement is


(A) p  q is logically equivalent to ~p  q.
(B) If the truth-values of p, q r are T, F, T respectively, then the truth value of (p  q)  (q  r) is T.
(C) ~(p  q  r)  ~p  ~q  ~r
(D*) The truth-value of p  ~ (p  q) is always T.
vlR; dFku gSµ
(A) p  q rkfdZd :i ls ~p  q ds rqY; gSA
(B) ;fn p, q r ds lR; eku Øe’'k% T, F, T gS rks (p  q)  (q  r) dk lR; eku T gSA
(C) ~(p  q  r)  ~p  ~q  ~r
(D*) p  ~ (p  q) dk lR; eku lnSo T gSA

 sin2  0 0   cos2  0 0 
   
2 2
2. If A =  0 sin  0  &B=  0 cos  0  , where , ,  are any real numbers and
   
 0 0 sin2    0 0 cos2  
 
C = (A5 + B5) + 5AB(A3 + B3) + 10A2B2(A + B), then | C | is
 sin2  0 0   cos2  0 0 
   
2 2
;fn A =  0 sin  0  rFkk B =  0 cos  0  , tgk¡ , ,  dksbZ okLrfod la[;k,sa
   
 0 0 sin2    0 0 cos2  
 
rFkk C = (A5 + B5) + 5AB(A3 + B3) + 10A2B2(A + B), rc | C | gS &
(A) 0 (B*) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3

3. If A is a square matrix of order 3 such that |A| = 2, then |adj A–1| is :


;fn A, 3 Øe dk oxZ vkO;wg bl izdkj gS fd |A| = 2] rks |adj A–1| =
1 1
(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) (D*)
2 4
1 1
Sol. |adj A–1| = |A–1|2 = =
| A |2 4

4. Let aˆ , bˆ , cˆ are three unit vectors such that aˆ  bˆ  cˆ is also a unit vector. If pairwise angles between
aˆ , bˆ , cˆ are 1, 2 and 3 respectively then cos 1 + cos 2 + cos 3 equals
ekuk aˆ , bˆ , cˆ rhu bdkbZ lfn'k bl izdkj gS fd aˆ  bˆ  cˆ Hkh ,d bdkbZ lfn'k gSA ;fn aˆ , bˆ , cˆ ds e/; ;qXeor
dks.k Øe'k% 1, 2 vkSj 3 gS] rks cos 1 + cos 2 + cos 3 dk eku gS&
(A) (– 3/2) (B)  3 (C) 1 (D*)  1
Sol. | aˆ || bˆ || cˆ | 1
| aˆ  bˆ  cˆ | 1  1 + 1 + 1 + 2cos1 + 2cos2+ 2cos3 = 1  cos1+ cos2 + cos3 = –1

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     
5. A, B, C, D, E, are five coplanar points then DA + DB + DC + AE + BE + CE is equal to
     
A, B, C, D, E ik¡p leryh; fcUnq gS] rks DA + DB + DC + AE + BE + CE dk eku gS&
   
(A) DE (B*) 3 DE (C) 2 DE (D) 4 DE
C

D B
Sol.

E A
         
( DA + AE ) + ( DB + BE ) + ( DE + CE ) = DE + DE + DE = 3 DE

6. ABC is a triangle where A = (2, 3, 5), B = (–1, 2, 2) and C(, 5, ), if the median through A is equally
inclined to the axes then :
A = (2, 3, 5), B = (–1, 2, 2) rFkk C(, 5, ) ,d f=kHkqt ABC ds 'kh"kZ gSa] ;fn A ls tkus okyh ekf/;dk v{kksa ls
leku dks.k cukrh gks rks&
(A)  =  = 5 (B)  = 5,  = 7 (C*)  = 6,  = 9 (D)  = 0,  = 0
 1 7 2
Sol. Dc’s of AM 2 , 3 , 5 , where M is the midpoint of BC.
2 2 2
 5 1 8
Since AM is equally inclined to the axes  = =   = 6,  = 9
2 2 2
 1 7 2
Hindi. AM dh fnd~dksT;k,¡ 2 , 3 , 5 , tgk¡ M, BC dk e/; fcUnq gS
2 2 2
 5 1 8
 AM v{kksa ls leku dks.k cukrh gS&  = =   = 6,  = 9
2 2 2

7. If position vector of point P ( r ) satisfies the relation
           
(r  a) . (b  c) = (r  b) . (c  a) = (r  c) . (a  b) = 0.
  
where a , b , c are position vector of A, B of C then
(A) P is circumcentre of ABC (B*) P is orthocentre ABC
(C) P is incentre of ABC (D) information incomplete
            
;fn fcUnq P ( r ) dk fLFkfr lfn'k lEcU/k (r  a) . (b  c) = (r  b) . (c  a) = (r  c) . (a  b) = 0 dks larq"V djrk
  
gS tgk¡ A, B, C ds fLFkfr lfn'k Øe'k% a , b , c gS] rks &
(A) ABC dk ifjdsUnz P gSA (B*) ABC dk yEcdsUnz P gSA
(C) ABC dk vUr^%dsUnz P gSA (D) lwpuk vi;kZIr gSA
Sol. Since PA  BC, PB  CA  P is the orthocentre of the triangle ABC.
Hindi  PA  BC, PB  CA  P f=kHkqt ABC dk yEcdsUnz gSA
   
8. If a  ˆi  2ˆj  2kˆ and b  3iˆ  6ˆj  2kˆ , then a vector in the direction of a and having magnitude as | b | is
7 ˆ 7
(A) 7(iˆ  ˆj  k)
ˆ (B*) (i  2ˆj  2k)
ˆ (C) (iˆ  2ˆj  2k)
ˆ (D) None of these
3 9
   
;fn a  ˆi  2ˆj  2kˆ rFkk b  3iˆ  6ˆj  2kˆ , rks ,d lfn'k ftldh fn'kk a dh fn'kk vkSj ftldk ifjek.k | b | ds
cjkcj gks] gSµ
7 ˆ 7 ˆ
(A) 7(iˆ  ˆj  k)
ˆ (B*) (i  2ˆj  2k)
ˆ (C) (i  2ˆj  2k)
ˆ (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha
3 9

Sol. b  9  36  4 = 7
 ˆi  2ˆj  2kˆ
a  7 ˆ
â   
|a| 3
 r  7aˆ 
3

i  2ˆj  2kˆ 

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 
9. If ABCD is a parallelogram, AB  2iˆ  4ˆj – 5kˆ and AD  ˆi  2ˆj  3kˆ , then the unit vector in the direction
of BD is
 
ABCD ,d lekUrj prqHkqZt gSA ;fn AB  2iˆ  4ˆj – 5kˆ rFkk AD  ˆi  2ˆj  3kˆ gks, rks BD dh fn'kk esa bdkbZ
lfn'k gS&
1 1 ˆ 1 ˆ (D) 1 (– ˆi – 2jˆ  8k)
(A) (iˆ  2ˆj – 8k)
ˆ (B) (i  2ˆj – 8k)
ˆ (C*) (– ˆi – 2ˆj  8k) ˆ
69 69 69 69
    
Sol. BD  BA  AD  AD  AB  ˆi  2ˆj  8kˆ
 ˆi  2ˆj  8kˆ ˆi  2ˆj  8kˆ
BD  
1  4  64 69
 
10. The vectors AB  3iˆ  4kˆ and AC  5iˆ – 2ˆj  4kˆ are the sides of a triangle ABC. The length of the
median through A is
 
;fn lfn'k AB  3iˆ  4kˆ rFkk AC  5iˆ – 2ˆj  4kˆ f=kHkqt ABC dh Hkqtk,¡ gS] rc A ls tkus okyh ekf/;dk dh
yEckbZ gS&
(A) 18 (B) 72 (C*) 33 (D) 288

A(O)

Sol.

B C
D
 
 AB  AC
AD  = 4iˆ  ˆj  kˆ
2

| AD | 16  1  16 = 33

        
11. If a  3, b  5, c  7 and a  b  c  O . The angle between a and b is
        
;fn a  3, b  5, c  7 vkSj a  b  c  O gks] rks a o b ds e/; dks.k gS&
 3 
(A*) (B) (C) (D) 0
3 4 6
  2  2
Sol. ( a  b ) = (– c )
    
 | a |2 + | b |2 + 2 a .b = | c |2
 
 9 + 25 + 2 a.b = 49
 
 2 a.b = 15
 
 2| a | | b | cos  = 15
 2(C)(5) cos  = 15
1  
cos  = = cos   =
2 3 3

  
12. If a = (1, –1, 2), b = (–2, 3, 5), c = (2, –2, 4) and î is the unit vector in positive x-direction, then
  
(a  2b  3c) • ˆi is equal to
  
;fn a = (1, –1, 2), b = (–2, 3, 5), c = (2, –2, 4) vkSj x-v{k dh /kukRed fn'kk esa bdkbZ lfn'k î gS rc
  
(a  2b  3c) • ˆi dk eku gS –
(A*) 11 (B) 15 (C) 18 (D) 10
   ˆ
Sol. (a  2b  3c).i = ( (i  j  2k) – 2 (2i  3 j  5k)  3(2iˆ  2ˆj  4k)
ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ )• î

= (11iˆ  13ˆj  4k)


ˆ • î = 11

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13. The value of for which the vector r =(2 – 9) î + 2 ĵ – (2 – 16) k̂ makes acute angle with the positive
direction of coordinate axis.
(A) (–, –3)  (3, ) (B) (4, 4) (C*) (–4, –3)  (3, 4) (D) None of these

;fn lfn'k r =( – 9) î + 2 ĵ – ( – 16) k̂ funsZ'kkad v{kksa dh /kukRed fn'kk ds lkFk U;wu dks.k cukrk gS] rks
2 2

ds eku gS &


(A) (–, –3)  (3, ) (B) (4, 4) (C) (–4, –3)  (3, 4) (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

Sol. r . ̂ > 0  – 9 > 0  
2
– –(3, )

and rFkk r . k̂ > 0  – (2 – 16) > 0
 (4, 4)  (– 4,– 3)  (3, 4)
     
14. If a = 3, b = 4, then a value of  for which a  b is perpendicular to a  b , is :-
     
;fn a = 3, b = 4 gSA ;fn lfn'k a  b rFkk a  b ijLij yEcor~ gS] rks  dk ,d eku gS &
9 3 3 4
(A) (B*) (C) (D)
16 4 2 3
   
Sol. (a  b) • (a  b) = 0
 2 3
 a – 2 b = 0  9 – 2(16) = 0  = 
4
        
15. Let a,b,c be three unit vectors such that a  b  c = 1 and a  b . If c makes angles 
 
,  with a,b respectively then cos + cos is equal to
(A) 3/2 (B) 1 (C*) – 1 (D) None of these
        
ekuk a,b,c rhu bdkbZ lfn'k bl izdkj gS fd a  b  c = 1 vkSj a , lfn'k b ds yEcor~ gSA ;fn c lfn'k
 
a,b ls Øe'k% vkSj  dks.k cukrh gS rks cos + cos dk eku gS&
(A) 3/2 (B) 1 (C*) – 1 (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha
     
Sol. a  b  a.b  0 and | a || b || c | 1
        
| a  b  c | 1  a2  b2  c 2  2a.b  2b.c  2c.a = 1
1 + 1 + 1 + 2(0) + 2 cos+2cos =1 coscos= –1

a b c
16. If a, b, c are sides of a scalene triangle, then value of b c a is
c a b
(A) positive (B*) negative (C) non-positive (D) non-negative
a b c
;fn a, b, c ,d fo"keckgq f=kHkqt dh Hkqtk,sa gks] rks b c a dk eku gS&
c a b
(A) /kukRed (B*) _.kkRed (C) v/kukRed (D) v_.kkRed
a b c
Sol. b c a = a(bc – a2) – b(b2 – ac) + c (ab – c2)
c a b
= abc – a3 – b3 + abc + abc = 0 = – [a3 + b3 + c3 – 3abc]
= – (a + b + c) [a2 + b3 + c2 – ab – bc – ca]
abc 
=   [(a – b) + (b – c) + (c – a) ] = – ve
2 2 2

 2 

17. If A and B are square matrices of order 3 × 3, where |A| = 2 and |B| = – 3, then |(A–1) . adj (B–1) . adj
(2A–1)| =
;fn A rFkk B , 3 × 3 Øe ds oxZ vkO;wg gS] tgk¡ |A| = 2 rFkk |B| = – 3 gS] rks |(A–1) . adj (B–1) . adj (2A–1)| =
8 7 2 5
(A*) (B) (C) (D)
9 9 3 3
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1 26 8
Sol. |(A–1) adj (B–1) . adj(2A–1)| = |A–1| . |adj B–1| . |adj . 2A–1| = . | B –1 |2 | 2A –1 |2 = 
|A| 8.9 9

18. The number of ways in which 8 non-identical apples can be distributed among 3 boys such that every
boy should get atleast 1 apple & atmost 4 apples is K. 7P3 where K has the value equal to :
8 vleku lsckas dks 3 Nk=kksa esa ck¡Vus ds rjhds K. 7P3 gS] tcfd izR;sd Nk=k de ls de 1 lsc vkSj vf/kd ls vf/kd
4 lsc izkIr djrk gS] rks K dk eku gS&
(A) 88 (B) 66 (C) 44 (D*) 22
Sol. Ways of distribution
B1 B2 B3
(i) 1 3 4
(ii) 2 2 4
(iii) 3 3 2
 8! 8! 8! 
 Total no. of ways =     × 3!
 1!3! 4! 2!2!4!  2! 3!3!2!2! 
 8! 8! 8! 
As given     × 3! = K · P3
7
Solving K = 22
 1!3! 4! 2!2! 4!2! 3!3!2!  2! 
Hindi. ckaVus ds rjhds
B1 B2 B3
(i) 1 3 4
(ii) 2 2 4
(iii) 3 3 2
 8! 8! 8! 
 dqy rjhdksa dh la[;k =     × 3!
 1!3! 4! 2!2!4!  2! 3!3!2!2! 
 8! 8! 8! 
   × 3! = K · P3 K = 22
7
fn;k x;k gS  gy djus ij
 1!3! 4! 2!2! 4!2! 3!3!2!  2! 

19. The probability that a leap year will have 53 Fridays or 53 Saturdays is
,d yhi o"kZ esa 53 'kqØokj ;k 53 'kfuokj gksus dh izkf;drk gS&
2 3 4 1
(A) (B*) (C) (D)
7 7 7 7
Sol. There are 366 days in a leap year, in which there are 52 weeks and two days.
The combination of 2 days is as follows:
Sunday–Monday, Monday–Tuesday, Tuesday–Wednesday, Sednesday–Thursday, Thursday–Friday,
Friday–Saturaday, Saturday–Sunday
2 2
P(53 Fridays) = ; P(53 Saturdays) =
7 7
1
P(53 Fridays and 53 Saturdays) =
7
 P (53 Fridays or Saturdays) = P(53 Fridays) + P(53 Saturdays) – P(53 Fridays and Saturdays)
2 2 1 3
= + – =
7 7 7 7
Hindi. fdlh yhi o"kZ esa 366 fnu gksrs gS ftuesa ls 52 lIrkg rFkk nks fnu gksrs gSA
2 fnu fuEu izdkj ls gksxsa&
Sunday–Monday, Monday–Tuesday, Tuesday–Wednesday, Saturday–Thursday, Thursday–Friday,
Friday–Saturaday, Saturday–Sunday
2 2
P(53 Fridays) = ; P(53 Saturdays) =
7 7
1
P(53 Fridays and 53 Saturdays) =
7
 P (53 Fridays or Saturdays) = P(53 Fridays) + P(53 Saturdays) – P(53 Fridays vkSj Saturdays)
2 2 1 3
= + – = .
7 7 7 7
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20. Delegates of the five of the member countries of SAARC decide to hold a round table conference.
There are 5 Indians, 4 Bangladeshis, 4 Pakistanis, 3 Sri Lankans and 3 Nepales. In how many ways
can they be seated ? In how many ways can they be seated, if those of the same nationality sit
together ?
SAARC ds ikap ns'kksa ds lnL;ksa dks xksy est ds pkjksa vksj fcBk;k tkrk gSA ftuesa 5 lnL; Hkkjr ds , 4 ckaXykns'k
ds , 4 ikfdLrku ds , 3 Jhyadk ds vkSj 3 usiky ds gSA os fdrus izdkj ls fcBk, tk ldrs gSA ;fn leku jk"Vª ds
lnL; lkFk lkFk cSBs] rks bUgsa fdrus rjhdksa ls fcBk;k tk ldrk gSA
Ans. 18! ; (3!)2 (4!)3 (5!)
Sol. Number of seating arrangements of total 19 members = 18!
and number of ways when the members of same nationality sit together = 4! 5! 4! 4! 3! 3!
= (3!)2 (4!)3 (5!)
Hindi. dqy 19 lnL;ksa dks fCkBkus ds Øep; = 18!
leku jk"Vª ds lnL; lkFk lkFk gksus ds Øep; = 4! 5! 4! 4! 3! 3!
= (3!)2 (4!)3 (5!)

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