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MORPHOLOGY OF PRIMARY TEETH Ban mohammed
MORPHOLOGY OF
PRIMARY TEETH
Ban mohammed
Overview : • Introduction • General description of primary teeth • Specific description of each
Overview : • Introduction • General description of primary teeth • Specific description of each
Overview : • Introduction • General description of primary teeth • Specific description of each

Overview :

Introduction

General description of primary teeth

Specific description of each tooth

Differences between

primary & permanent teeth

Clinical significance of teeth morphology

Introduction

Introduction The morphology of primary teeth is very important clinically during performing various procedures. Cavity
Introduction The morphology of primary teeth is very important clinically during performing various procedures. Cavity
The morphology of primary teeth is very important clinically during performing various procedures. Cavity preparations
The morphology of primary teeth is very
important clinically during performing
various procedures.
Cavity preparations must conform to the
thickness of enamel & dentin keeping in
mind the size & location of pulp horns .
Restoration of normal morphology of
primary teeth is needed for function , this
is can be achieved by good knowledge of
morphology
General description of primary teeth : Crowns : • They have short crowns • They
General description of primary teeth : Crowns : • They have short crowns • They

General description of primary teeth

:

General description of primary teeth : Crowns : • They have short crowns • They are

Crowns :

They have short crowns

They are constricted at the cervical portion

They have thin enamel &

dentin layers

the

cervical portion extend slightly occlusally from the

CEJ

is

narrow labiolingually

Enamel

rods

in

The

occlusal

surface

The color of primary teeth

is whiter

permanent teeth

than

the

General description of primary teeth: Roots : • The roots of primary anterior teeth are
General description of primary teeth: Roots : • The roots of primary anterior teeth are

General description of primary teeth:

Roots :

The roots of primary

anterior teeth are narrow mesiodistally

primary

molars are longer & more

to

The

roots

of

slender in relation their crowns

The

roots

of

primary

molars

are

more

flare

when

approach

to

the

apex (this provides

a

room for development of

• molars are more flare when approach to the apex (this provides a room for development
• molars are more flare when approach to the apex (this provides a room for development
General description of primary teeth: Pulp : • Relatively larger • Pulp horns are closer
General description of primary teeth: Pulp : • Relatively larger • Pulp horns are closer

General description of primary teeth:

Pulp :

Relatively larger

Pulp horns are closer to the outer surface

Great variation in size

and location

the outer surface • Great variation in size and location • Mesial pulp horn is higher
the outer surface • Great variation in size and location • Mesial pulp horn is higher
the outer surface • Great variation in size and location • Mesial pulp horn is higher

Mesial pulp horn is higher

Form of the pulp follows

the external anatomy , Usually a pulp horn under

each cusp

Specific description of each tooth : • Maxillary Incisor • Only Central tooth a that
Specific description of each tooth : • Maxillary Incisor • Only Central tooth a that

Specific description of each tooth :

Specific description of each tooth : • Maxillary Incisor • Only Central tooth a that has
Specific description of each tooth : • Maxillary Incisor • Only Central tooth a that has

Maxillary

Incisor

Only

Central

tooth

a

that

has

mesiodistal width than height

greater

Prominent

cingulum

Incisal

edge

straight

Specific description of each tooth : • Maxillary Lateral Incisor • Similar form to central
Specific description of each tooth : • Maxillary Lateral Incisor • Similar form to central

Specific description of each tooth :

Specific description of each tooth : • Maxillary Lateral Incisor • Similar form to central but
Specific description of each tooth : • Maxillary Lateral Incisor • Similar form to central but

Maxillary

Lateral

Incisor

Similar

form

to

central

but

smaller

distoincisal

angle

is more rounded

Specific description of each tooth : • Mandibular Central Incisors- • Symmetrically flat when viewed
Specific description of each tooth : • Mandibular Central Incisors- • Symmetrically flat when viewed

Specific description of each tooth :

Specific description of each tooth : • Mandibular Central Incisors- • Symmetrically flat when viewed

Mandibular Central Incisors-

Symmetrically

flat

when

viewed

from

buccal

Crown

about

1/3

length of root

Cingulum

present

on

lingual surface

Specific description of each tooth : • Mandibular Lateral Incisor • Similar form to central
Specific description of each tooth : • Mandibular Lateral Incisor • Similar form to central

Specific description of each tooth :

Specific description of each tooth : • Mandibular Lateral Incisor • Similar form to central •

Mandibular Lateral Incisor

Similar form to central

Usually longer

Incisal

toward distal and DI

edge

slopes

angle more rounded

Specific description of each tooth :

Maxillary Canine

Crown

constricted

cervical region

at

Well developed, sharp cusp

Root

is

long,

more

than

twice

the

length

of

the

crown

Mandibular Canine

Similar form to maxillary

Crown shorter and narrower labiolingually.

of the crown • Mandibular Canine • Similar form to maxillary • Crown shorter and narrower
Specific description of each tooth : • Maxillary First Molar • Unique appearance • Has
Specific description of each tooth : • Maxillary First Molar • Unique appearance • Has

Specific description of each tooth :

Maxillary First Molar

Unique appearance

Has three cusps-MB, DB and Lingual

Prominent cervical bulge

Has three roots

MB

Molar • Unique appearance • Has three cusps-MB, DB and Lingual • Prominent cervical bulge •
Specific description of each tooth : • Mandibular First Molar • Also unique appearance in
Specific description of each tooth : • Mandibular First Molar • Also unique appearance in

Specific description of each tooth :

Mandibular First Molar

Also

unique

appearance

in

Four cusps-MB, DB, ML

and DL

Prominent

bulge

MB

cervical

Has a transverse ridge

Has two roots

in • Four cusps-MB, DB, ML and DL • Prominent bulge MB cervical • Has a

Specific description of each tooth :

Maxillary 2nd

molar

It is larger than maxillary 1st molar

Resembles permanent maxillary first molar but smaller

Has a minor 5 th cusp, cusp of carabelli

st molar • Resembles permanent maxillary first molar but smaller • Has a minor 5 t

Specific description of each tooth :

Mandibular 2nd

molar

Has an overall oval occlusal shape

has five cusps

Resembles

permanent

lower

first

molar

but

smaller

Has an overall oval occlusal shape • has five cusps • Resembles permanent lower first molar
Differences between primary & permanent teeth feature Primary dentition Permanent dentition number 20 32
Differences between primary & permanent teeth
feature
Primary dentition
Permanent dentition
number
20
32
formula
I=2,C=1,M=2 in each quad.
I=2,C=1,P=2,M=3
size
Smaller in all dimension
Larger in all dimension
color
Whiter , less pigmented &
have more translucent
enamel
Darker , more pigmented &
have less translucent
enamel
shape
Cusps are more pointed &
the crowns are bulbous
Cusps are blunt & the
crowns are not bulbous
Cervical
The enamel ends abruptly
The enamel ends gradually
area
at the neck
at the neck
roots
Shorter, weaker, more
divergent close to the
crown
Longer, stronger, less
divergent away from the
crown
Differences between primary & permanent teeth feature Primary dentition Permanent dentition pulp Relatively
Differences between primary & permanent teeth
feature
Primary dentition
Permanent dentition
pulp
Relatively larger, pulp
horns rise high in cusp
Relatively smaller, the
pulp horns are lower
region
Placement
in jaws
Placed perpendicularly on
the jaws
Placed obliquely on the
jaws
Incisal
No mamelons
Mamelons may present
edges
dentin
thinner
thicker
enamel
Less calcified, more
more calcified, less
permeable, rods near the
permeable, rods near the
cervical portion
perpendicular to the DEJ
cervical portion directed
apically
Clinical significance of teeth morphology • Thickness of E & D in primary teeth is
Clinical significance of teeth morphology • Thickness of E & D in primary teeth is

Clinical significance of teeth

morphology

Clinical significance of teeth morphology • Thickness of E & D in primary teeth is less
Clinical significance of teeth morphology • Thickness of E & D in primary teeth is less
Clinical significance of teeth morphology • Thickness of E & D in primary teeth is less
Clinical significance of teeth morphology • Thickness of E & D in primary teeth is less

Thickness of E & D in primary teeth is less

than in permanent teeth this means that the pulp chamber is very close to the

external surface of the tooth. This should

be kept in mind during cavity preparation

.

Aggressive

exposure .

removal of careis will lead to

Clinical significance of teeth morphology Understanding tooth morphology is of great importance to restore the
Clinical significance of teeth morphology Understanding tooth morphology is of great importance to restore the

Clinical significance of teeth

morphology

Clinical significance of teeth morphology Understanding tooth morphology is of great importance to restore the normal
Clinical significance of teeth morphology Understanding tooth morphology is of great importance to restore the normal
Clinical significance of teeth morphology Understanding tooth morphology is of great importance to restore the normal

Understanding tooth morphology is of great

importance to restore the normal form of the tooth which is required for function .

Clinical significance of teeth morphology • Prominent buccal cervical ridge of mand. First molar provide
Clinical significance of teeth morphology • Prominent buccal cervical ridge of mand. First molar provide

Clinical significance of teeth

morphology

Clinical significance of teeth morphology • Prominent buccal cervical ridge of mand. First molar provide resistance
Clinical significance of teeth morphology • Prominent buccal cervical ridge of mand. First molar provide resistance
Clinical significance of teeth morphology • Prominent buccal cervical ridge of mand. First molar provide resistance

Prominent buccal cervical ridge of mand.

First molar provide resistance to the

placement of crowns . So it requires more

reduction .

Clinical significance of teeth morphology • flare roots of primary molars dictate the tooth therefore
Clinical significance of teeth morphology • flare roots of primary molars dictate the tooth therefore

Clinical significance of teeth

morphology

Clinical significance of teeth morphology • flare roots of primary molars dictate the tooth therefore it
Clinical significance of teeth morphology • flare roots of primary molars dictate the tooth therefore it

flare roots of primary molars dictate the

tooth therefore it require more caution during extraction .

morphology • flare roots of primary molars dictate the tooth therefore it require more caution during
Clinical significance of teeth morphology Knowledge of teeth morphology can enable the dentist to identify
Clinical significance of teeth morphology Knowledge of teeth morphology can enable the dentist to identify

Clinical significance of teeth

morphology

Clinical significance of teeth morphology Knowledge of teeth morphology can enable the dentist to identify the
Clinical significance of teeth morphology Knowledge of teeth morphology can enable the dentist to identify the

Knowledge of teeth morphology can enable

the dentist to identify the teeth when there are multiple extracted teeth , or in period

of mixed dentition .

can enable the dentist to identify the teeth when there are multiple extracted teeth , or
can enable the dentist to identify the teeth when there are multiple extracted teeth , or
REFERENCES : • Wheeler’s of dental anatomy , physiology, and occlusion • Pediatric Dentistry, By
REFERENCES :
Wheeler’s of dental anatomy , physiology, and occlusion
• Pediatric Dentistry, By Muthu
• Textbook of Dental Anatomy and Tooth Morphology, By Kumar
• Anatomy of Primary Teeth , Steven Chussid D.D.S.
• UP TO DATE in
• DENTAL ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY ,BY :Prof. Dr.
Nahed A. Khalil, Head of Oral Biology Departmen &
Contributing Staff Members ,Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, CairoUniversity