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Foundation design of a strapped footing

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Contents: Bearing capacity

Service load design

Spread footing design

Example 3.4. Determine sizes of strap footing

Strap footing design

Structural analysis of strap footing

RC retaining wall design

Example 3.5: Determine moment and shear in a strap footing

Introduction

Combined footings and strap footings are normal used when one of columns is subjected to large eccentric loadings. When two

columns are reasonably close, a combined footing is designed for both columns as shown in Figure 3.1. When two columns are far

apart, a strap is designed to transfer eccentric moment between two columns as shown in Figure 3.1. The goal is to have uniform

bearing pressure and to minimize differential settlement between columns.

Straped footing design

Design assumptions

1. Strap does not provide bearing.

2. Strap is ridge enough to transfer moment from one footing to the other.

Design procedure

Service load design:

2. Determine eccentric moment, M = Pa*e.

3. Determine shear force, V = M / L

4. Determine footing reaction, Ra = Pa+V, and Rb = Pb -V

5. Determine footing sizes for both A & B.

Structural analysis

2. Calculate factored eccentric moment M u = Pua *e

3. Calculate factored shear, Vu = M u / L

4. Determine factored reactions, Rua & Rub.

5. Perform structural analysis, determine factored shear and moment on footings and strap.

2. Design interior footing. Check shear stresses and design flexural reinforcements.

3. Design footing strap as a reinforced concrete beam.

Design procedure:

1. Determine the length of exterior footing and its eccentricity, e.

2. Determine eccentric moment, M = Pa*e.

3. Determine shear force, V = M / L

4. Determine footing reaction, Ra = Pa+V, and Rb = Pb -V

5. Determine footing sizes for both A & B.

Given:

Column information:

Straped footing design

Footing information:

Solution:

Straped footing design

Procedures

1. Calculate factored column loads, Pua & Pub

2. Calculate factored eccentric moment M u = Pua*e

3. Calculate factored shear, Vu = M u / L

4. Determine factored reactions, Rua & Rub.

5. Determine factored footing reactions.

6. Perform structural analysis; determine factored shear and moment on footings and strap.

Given: The strap footing in example 3.4

Requirement: Determine maximum factored shears and moment in the footings and strap.

Solution:

Shear diagram:

Moment diagram:

Straped footing design

Design procedure:

2. Design interior footing. Check shear stresses and design flexural reinforcements.

3. Design footing strap as a reinforced concrete beam.

Given:

A strap footing with loading, shear, and moment as shown in example 3.4 & 3.5

Solution:

Assume a 2’-6” by 2’ footing strap and the reinforcement is #8 bars, with 2” top cover the effective depth, d = 24-2-1=21”

Straped footing design

From Example 3.5, the factored shear force on footing strap, Vu = 12.4 kips

From Example 3.5, the maximum factored moment at point 2, M u =211.4 ft-kips

Calculate new a,

r min = 0.0033

d = 16" - 3" (bottom cover) – 0.75 (one bar size) = 12.3 " = 1.02’

The perimeter of punching shear is at one half effective depth from face of column.

Since the distance from exterior face of column to exterior face of footing, 6", is less than effective depth, d,

the perimeter of punching shear is only 3 sides. At the interior face of column the length is column width, 12" plus d.

P = 2*(6”+12”+12.3”/2)+(12”+12.3”)=72.6”

The critical section of direct shear is at one effective depth from the face of column. From Example 3.4, the maximum direction shear

Straped footing design

The factored shear at one effective depth, d, from the face of the column is

Vu = 90*(4.5-1.02)/4.5=69.6 kips

The maximum negative moment is at zero shear, at 3.96’ from inside face of column, or 5.46’ from exterior end of footing.

Assume a = 1.3".

Calculate new a,

r min = 0.0033

Use 8-#7 bars, 4#7 extended from footing strap, 2 #7 in each side of footing,

Assume a = 0.5".

Calculate new a,

Straped footing design

rmin = 0.0033 > rmin =(4/3)*0.0018=0.0024

Assume a footing depth of 20” and #8 bars, the effective depth =20-3-1=16”

P = 4*(12+16)=112”

The critical section of direct shear is at one effective depth from the face of column. From Example 3.4, the maximum direct shear is

115.7 kips at inside face of column.

The factored shear at one effective depth from the face of the column is

M u = 180.7 ft-kips

Assume a = 0.6".

Calculate new a,

Straped footing design

Assume a = 0.7".

Calculate new a,

Straped footing design

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