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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

BAB I

TRUSS 2D

1.1 Soal

Gambar 1.1 Soal Satu

1.2 Penomoran Titik Dan Batang

Gambar 1.2 Penomoran Titik Dan Batang

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

1.3 Persiapan Data


a. Data Propertis :

No E A
1 2.1 e 7 0.004
2 2.1 e 7 0.001

b. Data Koordinat :

No x Y
1 0 0
2 4.5 0
3 9 0
4 13.5 0
5 18
6 13.5 2.5
7 9 5
8 4.5 2.5

c. Data Batang :

No J1 J2 Prop
1 1 2 1
2 8 2 1
3 1 8 2
4 2 3 1
5 8 3 2
6 8 7 2
7 7 3 1
8 3 4 1
9 6 3 2
10 7 6 2
11 4 5 1

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

12 6 4 1
13 6 5 2

d. Data Tumpuan :

No JR1 JR2 JR3


1 1 1 1
8 5 0 1

e. Data Beban Terpusat :

No Fx Fy
8 3.5 -5
7 3.5 -5
5 0 -5
2 0 -6
3 0 -6
4 0 -6

1.4 Input Data


%****rangka batang 2D---TEKNIK SIPIL UNISSULA SEMARANG----
%****nama file : soal1_agung oleh :agung p 18/4/2018----
%****struktur : rangka batang soal 1
clear all
clc
%****General Data-------
type='t2d'
nfile='agung saputro'
%****Property---i,E,A--------------
prop=[ 1 2.1e7 0.004
2 2.1e7 0.001];
%****Coordinates-----------
%****--- Joint X Y ---
coord=[ 1 0 0
2 4.5 0
3 9 0
4 13.5 0
5 18 0
6 13.5 2.5
7 9 5
8 4.5 2.5];

%****Element data------------------

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

%****--- Element J1 J2 No.prop---


element=[ 1 1 2 1
2 8 2 1
3 1 8 2
4 2 3 1
5 8 3 2
6 8 7 2
7 7 3 1
8 3 4 1
9 6 3 2
10 7 6 2
11 4 5 1
12 6 4 1
13 6 5 2];
%****Nodal Restraint----------
%****---- Joint JR1 JR2 --
Support=[ 1 1 1
5 0 1];
%****Joint Load-------------
%****---Joint FX FY --
JL=[ 8 3.5 -5
7 3.5 -5
5 0 -5
2 0 -6
3 0 -6
4 0 -6];
%****Element Load Data----------------
AML=[ 1 0 0 0 0];
%****Call function for analysis trs2d 2d--------------------
[dof,index,coord,element]=TRUSS2D_sdata(prop,element,coord,type);
[S,Sm,SmS,Cx,Cy,RT,L,A,Joint,Xj,Xk,Yj,Yk]=...
TRUSS2D_stiff(prop,element,coord,index,nfile);
[IR,IF,Support]=TRUSS2D_ldata(Support,dof);
[DF,AR,AM]=TRUSS2D_analysis_result...
(element,dof,index,IF,IR,S,Sm,JL,AML,RT,Support,type,nfile);
[joint_disp,support_reaction,beam_endforces]=TRUSS2D_print_result...
(JL,AML,dof,Support,element,IF,IR,DF,AR,AM,type,nfile);
%****end data------------------------------------------------
TRUSS2D_xplot

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

1.5 Output Data

STIFFNESS MATRIX METHOD : PROGRAM TRUSS2D


File Name : Ari p_2.txt

Joint Loads :
Joint Fx Fy
7 0.000 -5.000
6 0.000 -6.000
5 3.500 -5.000
4 0.000 -6.000
3 3.500 -5.000
2 0.000 -6.000

Member Loads :
Member Fx1 Fy1 Fx2 Fy2
1 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

Support Restraints :
Joint Rx Ry
1 1 1
8 0 1

Joint Displacements :
Joint Dx Dy
1 0.0000e+00 0.0000e+00
2 1.8254e-03 -3.2925e-02
3 9.5070e-03 -3.2746e-02
4 3.6509e-03 -3.6561e-02
5 4.9606e-03 -3.5491e-02
6 5.3826e-03 -3.3767e-02
7 -1.1762e-03 -3.3588e-02
8 7.1143e-03 0.0000e+00

Support Reactions :
Joint Rx Ry
1 -7.0000e+00 1.5042e+01
8 0.0000e+00 1.7958e+01

Member End Forces (axial/normal):


Member axial force : + tension - compression
1 34.075
2 -30.973
3 6.000
4 34.075
5 -13.327
6 -21.649
7 32.325
8 -11.325
9 17.972
10 -25.653

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

11 32.325
12 6.000
13 -36.978

<<< end of file >>>

1.6 Cek Titik Keseimbangan

Support Reactions :
Joint Rx Ry
1 -7.0000e+00 1.5042e+01
8 0.0000e+00 1.7958e+01

∑Fx = 0
Rx = Px

Px = (F1*2)

= (-3.5*2)

=-7

Rx = - 7

-Px +Rx = 0

- 7+7 = 0 (oke)

∑Fy = 0
Py + Ry = 0

Py = - ((P1*3) + (P2*3))

= -((5*3) + (6*3))

= - ((15) + (18))

= -33

Ry = (15 +18) = 33

Py +Ry = 0

-33 + 33 = 0 (oke)

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

1.7 Gambar Deformasi

Gambar 1.3 Deformasi Batang

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

1.8 Gambar Bidang Normal

-20,65 -24,66

17,00

-37,92

-20,65 -24,66
-9,27
5,95 5,95
-13,27
-37,92
-29,92

-9,27
5,95 17,00 5,95
-13,27

-29,92
33,16 33,16
33,14 33,14
36,65 36,65
36,66 36,66

Axial Force Diagram, Comb: CASE1, Units: kN-m


LinPro 2.7 | Enes Siljak | eness@bosnia.ba | www.line.co.ba

Gambar 1.5 Bidang Normal

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

SOAL 2

TRUSS 2D

Gambar 2.1 Soal 2 Truss 2D

*Jarak dalam satuan M

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

 Penomoran Titik Batang dan Join

Gambar 2.2 Penomoran Batang dan Join

 Persiapan Data
 Data Propertis :
No E A
1 2.1 e 7 0.002

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

 Data Koordinat :
No x y
1 0 0
2 2 0
3 2 2
4 0 2
5 1 1

 Data Batang :
No J1 J2 Prop
1 1 2 1
2 2 3 1
3 3 4 1
4 1 4 1
5 1 5 1
6 2 5 1
7 3 5 1
8 4 5 1

 Data Tumpuan :
No JR1 JR2 JR3
1 1 1 0
2 1 1 0

 Data Beban Terpusat :


No Fx Fy
3 0 -10
4 2 -10

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

 Input Data
%****RANGKA BATANG 2D---TEKNIK SIPIL UNISSULA SEMARANG----
%****nama file : agung 2----oleh :agung saputro 30201504026----
%****struktur : rangka batang fleming hal 80 -- kip.in
clear all
clc
%****General Data---
type='t2d'
nfile= agung_TrussNo2'
%****Property---i E A -------
prop = [ 1 2.1e7 0.002];
%****Coordinates----------------
%****--- Joint X Y -------
coord=[ 1 0 0
2 2 0
3 2 2
4 0 2
5 1 1];
%****Element data---------------
%****--- Element J1 J2 prop---
element=[1 1 2 1
2 2 3 1
3 3 4 1
4 1 4 1
5 1 5 1
6 2 5 1
7 3 5 1
8 4 5 1];
%****Nodal Restraint-----------
%****---- Joint JR1 JR2 ---
Support=[ 1 1 1
2 1 1 ];
%****Joint Load----------------
%****---Joint FX FY -------
JL=[ 3 0 -10
4 2 -10];
%****Element Load Data--------
%****---Elem. Fx1 Fy1 Fx2 Fy2 ---
AML=[ 1 0 0 0 0 ];
%****Call function for analysis t2d-----------------------
[dof,index,coord,element]=TRUSS2D_sdata(prop,element,coord,type);
[S,Sm,SmS,Cx,Cy,RT,L,A,Joint,Xj,Xk,Yj,Yk]=...
TRUSS2D_stiff(prop,element,coord,index,nfile);
[IR,IF,Support]=TRUSS2D_ldata(Support,dof);
[DF,AR,AM]=TRUSS2D_analysis_result...
(element,dof,index,IF,IR,S,Sm,JL,AML,RT,Support,type,nfile);
[joint_disp,support_reaction,beam_endforces]=TRUSS2D_print_result...
(JL,AML,dof,Support,element,IF,IR,DF,AR,AM,type,nfile);
%****end data------------------------------------------------
TRUSS2D_xplot
%

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

 Output Data
 STIFFNESS MATRIX METHOD : PROGRAM TRUSS2D
 File Name : agung_TrussNo2_2.txt

 Joint Loads :
 Joint Fx Fy
 3 0.000 -10.000
 4 2.000 -10.000

 Member Loads :
 Member Fx1 Fy1 Fx2 Fy2
 1 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

 Support Restraints :
 Joint Rx Ry
 1 1 1
 2 1 1

 Joint Displacements :
 Joint Dx Dy
 1 0.0000e+00 0.0000e+00
 2 0.0000e+00 0.0000e+00
 3 2.1625e-04 -4.0829e-04
 4 1.4836e-04 -3.1306e-04
 5 6.7344e-05 -1.6336e-04

 Support Reactions :
 Joint Rx Ry
 1 1.4258e+00 8.0000e+00
 2 -3.4258e+00 1.2000e+01

 Member End Forces (axial/normal):
 Member axial force : + tension - compression
 1 0.000
 2 -8.574
 3 1.426
 4 -6.574
 5 -2.016
 6 -4.845
 7 -2.016
 8 -4.845

 <<< end of file >>>

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

 Cek Titik Keseimbangan

Support Reactions :
Joint Rx Ry
1 1.4258e+00 8.0000e+00
2 -3.4258e+00 1.2000e+01

∑Fx =0
Px + Rx = 0
Px =F
=2
Rx = (Rx1 + Rx2)
= (1,4258 + (-3,4258))
= -2
Px + Rx = 0
2 + -2 = 0
= 0 (oke)

∑Fy =0
Py + Ry = 0
Py = - ( P*2 )
= - (10*2)
= - 20
Ry = ( Ry1 + Ry2 )
= ( 8 + 12 )
= 20
Py +Ry = 0
- 20+ 20 = 0 (oke)

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

 Gambar Deformasi

Gambar 2.3 Deformasi

 Freebody Diagram
Member End Forces (axial/normal):
Member axial force : + tension - compression
1 0.000
2 -8.574
3 1.426
4 -6.574
5 -2.016

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

6 -4.845
7 -2.016
8 -4.845

Gambar 2.4 Diagram Freebody

Cek dengan Linpro


 Reaksi

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Tugas Analisa Struktur 4

 Gambar Bidang Normal

Gambar 2.5 Bidang Normal

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