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What is the difference between

a proposal and a report?


A report and a proposal are very similar
in organization. Their differences,
however subtle, are worth noting:
1.

A report is
A factual description OR
account of events OR
Investigation of an issue

A proposal is
a plan or suggestion put forward for
consideration by others.
2.

A report:
Report is something that you report/conclude
after executing a business matter.

A proposal:
Proposal is something that you
propose/suggest before stating a business
matter.
3.

A report:

Written to someone with authority (e.g. manager, boss,


director, public official, etc.) or peer (e.g. colleauge,
associate, etc.)

A proposal:
Written to someone who needs to make a decision usually
which involves spending or investing money (e.g. someone
responsible for finances within company or organization,
etc.)
4.

A report:

Formal in register : impersonal, objective, avoids


personal opinion and emotion. Uses the passive
form.

A proposal:

Usually formal in register, but could also be semi-


formal when addressed to a committee of peers.
5.

A report:

Writer uses language related with expressing opinion,


listing reasons, making recommendations

A proposal:
Writer uses language in such a way that he is persuasive,
besides listing reasons and making suggestions
6.

A report:

The general purpose of a report is to identify a


specific problem, explain it objectively and
recommend action that will lead to a solution.

A proposal:
The general purpose of a proposal is to identify a
particular need, explain it and recommend how this
need can best be met.
FORMAT OF REPORT FORMAT OF PROPOSAL

Report on…… (eg. Report Proposal for…… (eg.


on survey conducted in Proposal for launching
market/ Report on new phone in market)
effectiveness of new
advertisement etc.)
• Introduction/purpose • Introduction/purpose
• sub heading • sub heading
• sub heading • sub heading
• sub heading • sub heading
• Conclusion/recommend • Conclusion/recommen
ation dation