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Indonesia

DEMOGRAPHICS
Total population (000) 227,345 (2008) Under-five mortality rate Causes of under-five deaths, 2008
Deaths per 1000 live births Globally more than one third of child deaths are attributable to
Total under-five population (000) 20,891 (2008) undernutrition
Births (000) 4,220 (2008) Malaria HIV/AIDS Causes of neonatal
Injuries 1% 0% deaths
100 Measles Diarrhoea 1%
Birth registration (%) 55 (2002) 86 2% Tetanus 1%
0%
Diarrhoea Other 5%
Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) 41 (2008) 80 15% Congenital 11%
Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births) 31 (2008) Infection 20%
60
Neonatal mortality rate (per 1000 live births) 19 (2008) 41 Other Neonatal
18% Asphyxia 22%
Total under-five deaths (000) 173 (2008) 40 29 46%

Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 420 (2005) 20 MDG Target
Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in N) 97 (2005) Pneumonia
Preterm 41%
0
Total maternal deaths 19,000 (2005) 18%
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Source: IGME 2009 Source: WHO/CHERG 2010 Source: WHO/CHERG 2010

INTERVENTION COVERAGE FOR MOTHERS, NEWBORNS AND CHILDREN


NUTRITION
Stunting prevalence (moderate and severe, %) 37 (2007) Complementary feeding rate (6-9 months, %) 75 (2007)
Wasting prevalence (moderate and severe, %) 14 (2007) Low birthweight incidence (%) 9 (2007)

Underweight prevalence Exclusive breastfeeding Vitamin A supplementation


Percent children < 5 years underweight for age* Percent infants < 6 months exclusively breastfed Percent children 6-59 months receiving two doses of vitamin A
during calender year

100 100 100 88


87
76 82
80 80 80
63
60 60 60

Percent
Percent

Percent

45 42 40
40 40 37 32 40
27
23
20 18 20 20

0 0 0
1995 2003 2007 1987 1991 1994 1997 2002-2003 2007 2005 2006 2007 2008
Other NS Other NS Other NS DHS DHS DHS DHS DHS DHS Source: UNICEF

*Based on 2006 WHO reference population

CHILD HEALTH
Immunization Malaria prevention Prevention of mother to child
Percent of children immunised against measles
Percent of children immunised with 3 doses DPT
Percent children < 5 years sleeping under ITNs* transmission of HIV
Percent of children immunised with 3 doses Hib Percent HIV+ pregnant women receiving ARVs for PMTCT

100 100 20
83
80 80 16
77
60 60 12
Percent
Percent

Percent

40 40 8

20 20 4
0 3
0 0 0
1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2008 2000 2007 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Source: WHO/UNICEF MICS DHS Source: UNICEF/UNAIDS/WHO
*Sub-national risk of malaria transmission

Diarrhoeal disease treatment Malaria treatment Pneumonia treatment


Percent children < 5 years with diarrhoea receiving oral rehydration Percent febrile children < 5 years using antimalarials* Percent children < 5 years with suspected pneumonia taken to
therapy or increased fluids, with continued feeding appropriate health provider
Percent children < 5 years with suspected pneumonia receiving
antibiotics

100 100 100

80 80 80 69
64 63 66
61 61
60 56 54 60 60
Percent

Percent

Percent

40 40 40

20 20 20
4 1 1
0 0 0
2000 2002-2003 2007 2000 2002-2003 2007 1991 1994 1997 2002-2003 2007
MICS DHS DHS MICS DHS DHS DHS DHS DHS DHS DHS
*Sub-national risk of malaria transmission
MATERNAL AND NEWBORN HEALTH
Causes of maternal deaths Coverage along the continuum of care
Regional estimates for South East Asia, 1997-2007
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women) 52 (2005)
Embolism
Unmet need for family planning (%) 9 (2007) Sepsis 2% Contraceptive
61
prevalence rate Pre-pregnancy
8%
Antenatal visits for woman (4 or more visits, %) 82 (2007) Antenatal visit
Abortion (1 or more) 93 Pregnancy
9% Haemorrhage
Intermittent preventive treatment for malaria (%) NA* Skilled attendant
32% at birth 79 Birth

C-section rate (total, urban, rural; %) Other direct


*Postnatal care 70 Neonatal period
10%
(Minimum target is 5% and maximum target is 15%) 7,11,4 (2007)
Exclusive
breastfeeding 32 Infancy
Early initiation of breastfeeding (within 1 hr of birth, %) 39 (2007)
Hypertension Measles 83
Postnatal visit for baby (within 2 days for home births, %) --- 17% Indirect
22%
0 20 40 60 80 100
* Not applicable
Source: WHO 2010 Source: DHS, MICS, Other NS
*See Annex for indicator definition

Antenatal care Skilled attendant at delivery Neonatal tetanus protection


Percent women aged 15-49 years attended at least once by a Percent live births attended by skilled health personnel Percent of newborns protected against tetanus
skilled health provider during pregnancy

100 92 93 100 100


89
82 79
76 79
80 80 80
67 64 68 66 72
60 60 56 56 60
50
Percent

Percent

Percent
41 43
40 40 36 37 40
32

20 20 20

0 0 0
1987 1999 1991 1994 1995 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 02-03 2004 2007
1991 1994 1997 2002-2003 2007 Other NS Other NS DHS DHS Other NS DHS Other NS Other NS Other NS Other NS Other NS DHS DHS DHS 1990 1995 2000 2005 2008
DHS DHS DHS DHS DHS
Source: WHO/UNICEF

WATER AND SANITATION EQUITY


Water Sanitation Coverage gap by wealth quintile
Percent population using improved drinking water sources Percent population using improved sanitation facilities Average of eight key indicators
Rural Urban Total Rural Urban Total
100 92 89 100 100
Coverage gap
80
80 71 80 80
71 67
62 58
60 60 52 60
Coverage
Percent

Percent

40 40 33 36 40
Mean coverage
22
20 20 20

0 0 0
1990 2008 1990 2008 Poorest 2nd 3rd 4th Wealthiest
Source: WHO/UNICEF JMP, 2010 Source: WHO/UNICEF JMP, 2010 Source: DHS 2007 Wealth quintile

POLICIES SYSTEMS
International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Financial Flows and Human Resources
Substitutes Partial
Per capita total expenditure on health (US$) 81 (2007)
New ORS formula and zinc for management of
General government expenditure on health as
diarrhoea Yes
% of total government expenditure (%) 6 (2007)
Community treatment of pneumonia with antibiotics Partial Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of total
expenditure on health (%) 30 (2007)
IMCI adapted to cover newborns 0-1 week of age Yes
Density of health workers (per 10,000 population) 9.5 (2003)
Costed implementation plan(s) for maternal,
newborn and child health available No Official Development Assistance to child health
per child (US$) 2 (2007)
Midwives be authorised to administer a core set of
life saving interventions Partial Official Development Assistance to maternal and
neonatal health per live birth (US$) 6 (2007) Indonesia
Maternity protection in accordance with ILO
Convention 183 No National availability of Emergency Obstetric Care
services (% of recommended minimum) ---
Specific notification of maternal deaths No

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