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Name:

Family/Last Name First/Given Name

Signature:

Center No. Registration No.


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© Copyright 2003 by the Testing and Certification Division, English Language Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan U.S.A.

Prepared by: D. Adam, S. Briggs, S. Dart, B. Dobson, J. Johnson, C. Leo, D. Mendis, M. Matice, A. Ohlrogge, M. Reilly, T. Rohlck, M. Spaan, A. Yamashiro.

The Regents of the University of Michigan: David A. Brandon, Laurence B. Deitch, Olivia P. Maynard, Rebecca McGowan, Andrea Fischer Newman, Andrew
C. Richner, S. Martin Taylor, Katherine E. White, Mary Sue Coleman (ex officio).

2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English


GENERAL
INSTRUCTIONS
Keep your eyes on your own test. Candidates giving or • day: print the day you were born. If it is a one-digit
receiving answers or using notes or other aids will be day, write zero first. Darken the circles underneath
disqualified, and they will fail. Examination fees will these numbers.
not be refunded. • year: print the last two digits of the year you were
born. Darken the circles underneath these numbers.
First, print your name on the cover of this test booklet. • lang.: print the code number for your native
Next, sign your name below it. Then print the test center language (the examiner will tell you the number).
number and your registration number in the boxes at the Darken the circles.
top of your test booklet. • center no.: print the test center number (the
examiner will tell you the number). Darken the
This test is machine scored, so you must follow the circles.
instructions carefully: • reg. no.: print your 6 digit personal registration
number. Include all zeros, including those at the
• Mark all your answers on the answer sheet. beginning of the number. Darken the circles.
• Do not mark your answers in the test booklet. • pre and or: Do not fill in the spaces marked pre and
• You must use a number 2 (soft) pencil. or.
• Do not bend or fold your answer sheet.
The example below shows the correct way for Joao
Look at the TOP RIGHT of SIDE ONE of your ANSWER Costa Almeida dos Santos, born April 3, 1978, tested at
SHEET. Fill in the following information on the lines: center no. 001, and whose personal registration number
• full name: print your full name in this order: family is 100265, to fill out the information section.
name, then first name, then middle initial (MI). Use
capital letters.
• your signature: sign your name.
• test center: print the name of the test center.
• native language: print your native language.
• today’s date: print the month, day, and year.

Look at the TOP LEFT of SIDE ONE of your ANSWER


SHEET. Use capital letters to fill in the following information
in the blocks. Use the same spelling you used on your
registration form.
• last name: print your main family name in the blocks,
one letter per block. There are 13 blocks. If your last
name is longer than 13 letters, print only the first 13
letters.
• first: print the first 6 letters of your first name.
• mi: print the initial of your middle name.

In the COLUMNS OF CIRCLES BELOW THE BLOCKS:


• Find the letter that is the same as the letter you have
printed in the block above.
• Darken the circle completely so that you cannot see
the letter inside.
• Do this for all the letters of your last name, first name,
and your middle initial.
• Darken only one circle in each of the columns.

Look at the BOTTOM LEFT of SIDE ONE of your ANSWER When instructed to, open your test booklet and check to see
SHEET. that it is complete. Check the pages quickly. You should have
• birthdate: find the month you were born and darken 20 numbered pages in your test booklet. If there are pages
the circle next to it. missing from your booklet, raise your hand, and a proctor will
give you a replacement.
2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English 1
LISTENING LISTENING LISTENING

LISTENING SECTION INSTRUCTIONS


This section of the examination tests your understanding of spoken English. The listening section has three
parts. There are 50 questions. Mark all your answers on the separate answer sheet. Do not make any stray
marks on the answer sheet. If you change your mind about an answer, erase your first answer completely.
Part I
In this part, you will hear short conversations. From the three answer choices given, choose the answer which
means about the same thing as what you hear, or that is true based upon what you hear. For example, listen
to the conversation:

EXAMPLE: (listen)
a. They will stay home.
b. They will go to a game.
c. They don’t like football.

The correct answer is “b.”

For problems 1 through 14, mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. No problems can be repeated.
Please listen carefully. Do you have any questions?

1. a. He is sure the door is locked. 8. a. She found the book she was looking for.
b. He had to lock the door again. b. She used the computer to print a copy.
c. They have two locks on the door. c. She gave up looking for the book.

2. a. He wants a big breakfast. 9. a. She was mistaken about where they will
b. He wants a light lunch. meet.
c. He wants a big lunch. b. He was mistaken about where they will
meet.
3. a. She had a terrible birthday. c. She will meet them at the cafe.
b. Everyone forgot her birthday.
c. She didn’t want to celebrate her birthday. 10. a. She quit her job for health reasons.
b. She wants a more interesting job.
4. a. The tea will help her stay awake tonight. c. The company is ending her job soon.
b. She doesn’t want tea with caffeine in it.
c. Last night there was no caffeine in their tea. 11. a. She will go to the auto show tomorrow.
b. She will go to the auto show tonight.
5. a. He’s going to read the book before seeing c. She can’t go to the auto show tonight.
the movie.
b. He saw the movie before finishing the book. 12. a. She doesn’t know if the bus goes
c. She liked the book better than the movie. downtown.
b. She usually drives downtown.
6. a. He does what he says he will. c. She doesn’t usually drive downtown.
b. He gives good speeches.
c. He says kind things. 13. a. Part of the town is still without electricity.
b. The whole town is still without electricity.
7. a. They shouted at the referee. c. Her electricity is back on now.
b. The game was called off.
c. The referee was upset. 14. a. She can’t go.
b. They’re going today.
c. They’re going tomorrow.
2 2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English
LISTENING LISTENING LISTENING

Part II
In this part, you will hear a question. From the three answer choices given, choose the one which best
answers the question. For example, listen to the question:

EXAMPLE: (listen)
a. The wedding’s next Saturday.
b. Yes, she’s married.
c. Two weeks ago.

The correct answer is “a.”

For problems 15 through 35, mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. No problems can be
repeated. Please listen carefully. Do you have any questions?

15. a. I know, but thanks for telling me. 22. a. Let me see what you’ve done.
b. We’ll contact you if it is. b. Let me check when we’re there.
c. They called and left a message. c. Let me know when you’re finished.

16. a. Not really. He speaks so fast at times. 23. a. Yes, it’s due before the last day of class.
b. We’ll practice more before the next game. b. No, but I plan to ask her today.
c. I think we left some things behind. c. No, she hasn’t graded them yet.

17. a. No, our last one was today. 24. a. Yes, it was an unusual ending.
b. Yes, there is still time. b. No, someone expected it to be later.
c. No, it should only take an hour. c. No, it’s really a pleasant surprise.

18. a. Yeah, it really did a lot of damage. 25. a. Yes, all the flowers were in full bloom.
b. Yeah, it may happen very soon. b. Well, we found a wonderful Chinese
c. No, I’ve never been there. restaurant.
c. Yeah, someone stole our car.
19. a. He realized it too late.
b. Not as much as I’d expected. 26. a. No, I was ten minutes late.
c. He didn’t get it. b. No, I didn’t get it done.
c. No, the manager’s not working.
20. a. Well, usually we could.
b. Well, I’ll leave it here. 27. a. Yes, another one is fine.
c. Well, it’s possible. b. Anytime next week.
c. At the Federal Building.
21. a. No, they were all young.
b. Sure, many seats were empty. 28. a. No, not that I know of.
c. Yes, it was packed. b. No, she isn’t pleased with it.
c. No, I haven’t told her.

2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English 3


LISTENING LISTENING LISTENING

29. a. She decided not to. 33. a. Well, he has a dental appointment.
b. So they would be closed. b. I don’t know what he has.
c. To let fresh air into the house. c. I’ll tell him what classes he has.

30. a. Yes, that’s a perfect place for it. 34. a. Yes, let’s see him together.
b. Yes, that’s what I told him to do first. b. The doctor can’t see you today.
c. Yes, I asked him to write that. c. No, that’s not necessary.

31. a. No, it’s not expected to be difficult. 35. a. If not, I’m going to that one.
b. Yes, it covers the whole book. b. As far as I know, you’re right.
c. Sure, it includes just the last chapter. c. I didn’t hear that either.

32. a. Yes, I’ll be there.


b. Yes, it’s like the weather here.
c. Yes, it’s rainy and cold.

Part III
In this part, you will hear three short segments from a radio program. The program is called “Learning
from the Experts.” You will hear what three different radio guests have to say about three different topics.
Each talk lasts about two minutes. As you listen, you may want to take some notes to help you remember
information given in the talk. Write your notes in this test booklet. After each talk, you will be asked
some questions about what was said. From the three answer choices given, you should choose the one that
best answers the question according to the information you heard.

Remember, no problems can be repeated. For problems 36 through 50, mark all your answers on the sepa-
rate answer sheet. Do you have any questions?

4 2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English


LISTENING LISTENING LISTENING

SEGMENT 1 - WRITE NOTES HERE

MARK YOUR ANSWERS ON THE SEPARATE ANSWER SHEET

36. a. being eaten by people


b. overpopulation of different species of Partula
c. the introduction of a predator

37. a. to show what happens when humans try to control nature


b. to explain the geologic cycle of a South Pacific island
c. to compare them with other species of snails

38. a. as an alternative to chemical pesticides


b. to be an ingredient in soup
c. as a natural predator

39. a. to eat African tree snails


b. to eat Partula
c. to be an ingredient in soup

40. a. natural predators are preferable to chemical pesticides


b. human interference can alter the environment in unexpected ways
c. islands are no longer ideal laboratories for studying evolution

2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English 5


LISTENING LISTENING LISTENING

SEGMENT 2 - WRITE NOTES HERE

MARK YOUR ANSWERS ON THE SEPARATE ANSWER SHEET

41. a. performing activities sequentially


b. performing several different activities at once
c. doing several repetitive tasks

42. a. to design equipment to match human capabilities


b. to measure human accuracy and speed
c. to recruit people with a variety of abilities

43. a. processing oral input via the phone or in person


b. tracking visual data while inputting information
c. following commands issued sequentially

44. a. physical dexterity


b. cognitive inability
c. human efficiency

45. a. It can make people conscious of the difficulties of multitasking.


b. It can help us understand what people do in the Navy.
c. It can help people to get better jobs.

6 2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English


LISTENING LISTENING LISTENING

SEGMENT 3 - WRITE NOTES HERE

MARK YOUR ANSWERS ON THE SEPARATE ANSWER SHEET

46. a. monarchs that are raised in a laboratory


b. monarchs that are breeding
c. monarchs that are migrating

47. a. the offspring of the monarchs that migrated north


b. the monarchs that migrated north and their offspring
c. the monarchs that migrated north

48. a. so they wouldn’t know when to migrate


b. so they wouldn’t know what season it was
c. so they wouldn’t know what time of day it was

49. a. they were too cold to navigate properly


b. they were not released in the same place they were captured
c. their body clock had been changed

50. a. to find out when the monarchs migrate


b. to find out how the monarchs navigate
c. to find out where the monarchs migrate to

2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English 7


GRAMMAR CLOZE

GRAMMAR, CLOZE, VOCABULARY, AND READING SECTION INSTRUCTIONS

This section of the examination contains 120 problems, numbered 51 through 170. There are 40 grammar,
20 cloze, 40 vocabulary, and 20 reading comprehension problems. If you do not understand how to do
the problems, raise your hand, and a proctor will explain the examples to you. None of the actual test
problems can be explained.

Each problem has only one correct answer. Do not spend too much time on any one problem. If you do
not know the answer to a problem, you may guess. Work quickly but carefully. You have one hour and 15
minutes (75 minutes) to answer all 120 problems. If you finish before the time is over, you may check your
answers within the GCVR section only. Do not go back to the Listening section of the exam.

Here are examples of each kind of problem. In each example, the correct answer is underlined. For the test
problems, fill in the circle on your answer sheet that corresponds to your answer choice. Do not mark your
answers in this test booklet. Mark all your answers on the separate answer sheet.

GRAMMAR: Choose the word or phrase that best completes the conversation or sentence.

“What is that thing?”
“That _____ a spider.”
a. to call
b. for calling
c. be called
d. is called

CLOZE: Read the passage, then select the word or phrase that fills the blank in both meaning and
grammar.
Long ago roads were only trails for people and ani-
mals to walk on, but today roads must be made for a. way b. road
cars, trucks, and buses. The most modern _____ is c. travel d. walk
often called a superhighway.

VOCABULARY: Choose the word or phrase that most appropriately completes the sentence.

The first things we study in school are very _____.


a. sturdy
b. shifty
c. trusty
d. elementary

READING: Read the passage, then answer the questions following it according to the information
given in the passage.
Viruses may be considered as regular The writer says that viruses are alive because they...
chemical molecules, since they have a strictly a. have a complex atomic structure.
defined atomic structure, but on the other b. move.
hand we must also consider them as being c. multiply.
alive, since they are able to multiply in d. have a regular molecular structure.
unlimited quantities.

8 2003 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English


VOCABULARY READING

Please observe silence. Do not leave the room before the end of the time period. Please remain in your seat
until the group is dismissed. Remember, you have 75 minutes to complete problems 51 through 170.

DO NOT TURN THE PAGE UNTIL THE EXAMINER HAS TOLD YOU TO DO SO.

2003 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English 9


GRAMMAR GRAMMAR GRAMMAR

51. Mary had to lean _____ the counter to open the 58. Jane’s late again. Why _____ be on time?
window. a. can she ever
a. above b. she can never
b. over c. can’t she ever
c. after d. doesn’t she ever
d. around
59. “Do you like chocolate?”
52. This newspaper has more _____ than that “Yes, I think _____ people do.”
newspaper. a. the most of
a. popularity b. almost
b. popular c. most of
c. popularization d. most
d. popularly
60. _____ we leave at 3:00, we should get there by
53. Thank goodness _____ hurt in the train 5:30.
accident. a. Assuming
a. didn’t more people get b. Having assumed
b. didn’t get more people c. To assume
c. more didn’t get people d. Assumed
d. more people didn’t get
61. I’ve read many books, the most interesting
54. I’d like _____ this with you before the meeting. _____ was War and Peace.
a. to discuss about a. which
b. discussing about b. of which
c. the discussing of c. that
d. to discuss d. of that

55. “The President says the company is making 62. The teams were ready to play, but the referee
more cars this year than last year.” had not _____ arrived.
“_____ attribute the increase in productivity?” a. yet
a. Does he b. still
b. What to c. just
c. To what does he d. already
d. What does he
63. I searched everywhere in the kitchen for some
56. “I’m tired of taking the bus to work every day.” sugar but _____ none.
“I wish I had a car _____ give you a ride.” a. have not found
a. that I can b. did not find
b. that I could c. found
c. so that I can d. finding
d. so that I could
64. Bob came very _____ the lottery.
57. The conclusion _____ in that article states that a. closely won
this medicine is effective. b. closely to winning
a. is present c. close to win
b. presented d. close to winning
c. is presented
d. presenting

10 2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English


GRAMMAR GRAMMAR GRAMMAR

65. When the deadline _____, you must be 72. “What kind of hotel room would you like?”
prepared to work longer hours. “I would like _____ a room with an ocean
a. approached view.”
b. will approach a. its being
c. approaches b. that it is
d. approaching c. it to be
d. that being
66. I heard that she will be released from the
hospital _____ the next few weeks. 73. John couldn’t decide _____ to go to the meeting
a. until or to finish his report.
b. by a. either
c. between b. whether
d. within c. between
d. if
67. The study showed _____ for maternal and
child health. 74. I think that _____ may have to help Theresa
a. how is nutrition important plan the party.
b. how important nutrition is a. all us
c. that how important nutrition is b. us all
d. that how nutrition is important c. we all
d. all we
68. She cooked _____ day and read books at night.
a. during the 75. The new stadium has _____ price tag of $5
b. at million.
c. in a. an estimated
d. at the b. estimated
c. been estimated
69. Only by working three jobs _____ able to d. the estimate
support his large family.
a. he was 76. “Did Sam give the taxi driver a big tip?”
b. he is “Yes, _____ told it wasn’t necessary, he did.”
c. he’s being a. has not been
d. was he b. he has not been
c. not having been
70. In the tropics, farmers can grow crops _____ d. his not being
year round.
a. every 77. The boss didn’t know what to do, _____ the
b. each rest of us.
c. all a. so did
d. most b. either
c. neither
71. _____ happy in the new school, John missed d. nor did
his old friends.
a. Usually 78. Noise pollution _____ serious.
b. Although a. is being increasingly
c. Being b. has been increasing
d. Even c. has become increased
d. is becoming increasingly

2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English 11


GRAMMAR GRAMMAR GRAMMAR

79. The strike happened because of the workers 85. After _____ worked in the factory for two
_____ happy with their long hours. years, she finally transferred to the main office.
a. are not a. she has
b. not to be b. has been
c. they aren’t c. her having
d. not being d. having

80. _____ 8 o’clock when the guests arrive, I will 86. “Is this your purse?”
light the candles. “No, it’s _____ purse.”
a. Just before a. somebody’s else
b. By the time b. somebody else’s
c. Until c. somebody’s else’s
d. While d. somebody else

81. Bob is left-handed, _____ no one else in our 87. Peter is so busy that he _____ has time to sleep.
family is. a. almost
a. which b. even
b. who c. hardly
c. that d. nearly
d. for which
88. Mark _____ younger than he is.
82. Leon is very rich, so he _____ about money. a. is appearing
a. has not concerns b. appears he is
b. is not concerned c. appears to be
c. does not concern d. appears being
d. does not concerning
89. _____ we have enough money, where would
83. Sam worked _____ he could to finish the job on you like to travel this summer?
time. a. So that
a. so fast that b. Provided that
b. as fast as c. Despite the fact that
c. faster than d. Unless
d. faster so
90. Nick must be really sick. He _____ class in two
84. “Did the Director of the school answer you weeks.
yet?” a. isn’t attending
“No, but _____ I hear from him by 5pm, I’ll let b. won’t attend
you know.” c. didn’t attend
a. might d. hasn’t attended
b. could
c. would
d. should

12 2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English


CLOZE CLOZE CLOZE

Before the invention of the photocopier, 91. a. combined c. coated


b. that d. over
documents were copied using carbon paper.
92. a. collection c. mixture
Carbon paper is a thin paper (91) with a dark
b. little d. set
coloring substance on one side. Typically a (92)
93. a. create c. protect
of wax and pigment is used to (93) the dark b. print d. show
surface, but (94) carbon paper was made by 94. a. afterwards c. the
soaking both sides of a sheet of paper in ink and b. then d. originally

drying (95) . 95. a. up c. it


b. them d. one
It is interesting to note that in the early
96. a. came c. brought
1800s two inventors, an Englishman and an Italian, b. made d. caught
independently (96) up with the idea of carbon 97. a. what c. how
paper. Perhaps (97) amazing is the fact that they b. more d. further
both invented this “black paper” (98) a way to 98. a. for c. in
b. by d. as
help blind people write. Instead of using the (99)
99. a. abstract c. only
quill pen that one would (100) to dip in ink, a
b. invisible d. common
blind person could use a metal tool to press on
100. a. put c. scratch
the carbon paper that was sandwiched between b. have d. be
two pieces of writing paper. (101) the writer 101. a. When c. Then
pressed on the (102) layer, it transferred the ink b. Before d. Therefore

(103) the carbon paper to the bottom sheet of good 102. a. side c. carbon
b. top d. bottom
writing paper.
103. a. to c. by
(104) , the same technique was applied b. from d. with
to make (105) of private letters or business 104. a. Not c. Nowadays
documents. The carbon copy didn’t (106) on b. But d. Later
right away, because there was (107) of time and 105. a. use c. copies
b. plenty d. sense
enough (108) in offices to make hand copies of
106. a. call c. move
documents if needed. By the late 1800s, (109) the b. catch d. take
invention of typewriting machines, the (110) of 107. a. plenty c. short
carbon copies really took off and soon became b. lack d. full
standard practice. The notation “cc”, which stands 108. a. workers c. machines
b. space d. paper
for “carbon copy” is still used today in E-mail,
109. a. until c. with
where no actual paper, carbon or otherwise, is
b. before d. at
involved.
110. a. number c. size
b. price d. idea

2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English 13


VOCABULARY VOCABULARY VOCABULARY

111. Dennis apologized for his sudden _____ into 118. We don’t know him very well.He’s just a
our meeting. casual _____ of ours.
a. expedition a. relative
b. embarkation b. fraternity
c. installation c. acquaintance
d. intrusion d. occupant

112. Please help Tommy take off his shoes.He can’t 119. They disagreed at first, but after some
untie the _____ in his shoelaces. discussion, they reached _____.
a. knot a. a consensus
b. block b. a majority
c. twist c. an acquiescence
d. mug d. a persuasion

113. When I came in, I found a great surprise _____ 120. Theresa must be shy.She seems _____ to
me. answer questions in class.
a. expecting a. eloquent
b. celebrating b. radiant
c. awaiting c. enchanted
d. disregarding d. reluctant

114. The guard wore _____ on his uniform that had 121. The _____ thought of going to the dentist gives
his name on it. me nightmares.
a. a badge a. worthy
b. a staple b. ripe
c. a digit c. frank
d. an adhesive d. mere

115. To be well-prepared for studies at a university, 122. The teacher _____ the answers until all the test
you should take _____ courses in school. papers had been collected.
a. rigorous a. withheld
b. feeble b. undertook
c. porous c. overheard
d. extravagant d. subdued

116. This kind of life _____ me just fine. 123. John’s interests are very _____.He likes
a. shows cooking, bird-watching, and reading science
b. acts fiction.
c. finds a. deviant
d. suits b. diverse
c. disseminated
117. My grandmother is over 100 years old.My d. dispersed
family has a history of _____.
a. maturity 124. Peter had a difficult time _____ his car into the
b. longevity small parking spot.
c. ancestry a. mobilizing
d. oblivion b. maneuvering
c. manipulating
d. motoring

14 2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English


VOCABULARY VOCABULARY VOCABULARY

125. He _____ the papers in a neat pile. 132. She always gets what she wants because she
a. stacked knows how to _____ the rules.
b. clustered a. circumvent
c. bunched b. desert
d. heaped c. slack
d. elicit
126. The doctor said that sweets should be eaten in
_____. 133. I tried to catch the mouse, but it was too _____
a. compulsion for me.
b. restriction a. intentional
c. moderation b. obsolete
d. qualification c. uncommon
d. elusive
127. The mountain hike was so _____ that we had
to stop often and rest. 134. Barb is OK, but she was badly _____ in the
a. tenuous accident.
b. strenuous a. crumpled
c. revered b. spindled
d. extravagant c. scrambled
d. bruised
128. The police had to _____ force to stop the riot.
a. employ 135. Over the last several years the _____ of work
b. spend that I have to do has grown a lot.
c. convert a. weight
d. construct b. measure
c. volume
129. John gave the _____ remarks at the end of the d. size
ceremony.
a. terminal 136. His excuse for missing work wasn’t very _____.
b. concluding a. conceivable
c. completed b. plausible
d. posterior c. comparable
d. foreseeable
130. Joe’s health has gotten _____ worse over the
last few months. 137. Peter does everything himself because he
a. chronologically doesn’t like to _____ control.
b. consecutively a. extinguish
c. serially b. relinquish
d. progressively c. vanish
d. elicit
131. The new president is working hard to _____ a
good relationship with the senators. 138. We’re pleased with our progress; we’ve made
a. fare great _____.
b. forge a. hikes
c. flourish b. footsteps
d. fuse c. strides
d. stretches

2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English 15


VOCABULARY VOCABULARY VOCABULARY

139. I need to study more for the test. I don’t have a 145. The police _____ the woods looking for the lost
very good _____ of the material. child.
a. abstract a. scoured
b. grasp b. integrated
c. hint c. traced
d. gist d. encountered

140. The boss _____ Joyce to open all the mail while 146. The couple _____ under the umbrella to keep
he was away. dry.
a. disposed a. enclosed
b. manifested b. muffled
c. specified c. huddled
d. designated d. augmented

141. The water shortage can be _____ by the lack of 147. This schedule isn’t final. It’s only _____.
rain. a. tentative
a. happened b. sporadic
b. made c. contemporary
c. brought d. subsequent
d. explained
148. The company agreed to buy the land, but still
142. Computers have turned typewriters into needs to _____ the final price.
useless _____. a. detect
a. morsels b. terminate
b. relics c. resign
c. episodes d. negotiate
d. knobs
149. The new accounting system _____ all my work
143. Hunting is not allowed in the animal _____. useless.
a. sanctuary a. transformed
b. asylum b. rendered
c. terrain c. transposed
d. dominion d. converted

144. Scientists _____ many wonderful discoveries in 150. The teacher tried to _____ a response from her
the last century. students by asking thoughtful questions.
a. did a. elicit
b. made b. transmit
c. put c. project
d. found d. assemble

16 2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English


READING READING READING

This passage is taken from a newspaper article report- 151. In this study, the researchers examined the
ing on a recent scientific study. relationship between . . .
a. maternal nutrition and birth weight
b. home environment and intelligence
It has long been known that underweight,
c. age and intelligence
premature babies develop into children who
d. intelligence and birth weight
perform worse at school than children who had
normal birth weight and were full-term. A recent 152. What did the researchers find out about the
study examining the effects of birth weight on relationship they were studying?
intelligence suggests that even among full-term a. It increased up to age 26, then decreased.
babies the heavier ones have an advantage. The b. It remained steady until age 26, then
study has been following 3,900 British men and decreased.
c. It decreased as the subjects grew older.
women since their birth in 1946. Birth weight
d. It remained steady throughout the study.
was correlated with scores on tests of reading
and arithmetic skills, non-verbal reasoning, 153. Which children have an advantage at school?
memory, speed, and concentration. These tests Those who were . . .
were conducted when the participants were 8, 11, a. full-term, lighter weight babies.
15, 26, and 43 years old. Generally speaking, the b. premature but normal weight babies.
heavier children performed better on the tests. c. full-term, heavier babies.
d. premature babies who gained weight
The relationship was strongest at age 8 and then
quickly.
weakened over time. By age 43, the relationship
was negligible. The results were not affected by 154. According to the passage, what is one possible
birth order, gender, father’s social class, or mother’s reason to question the conclusions of the
education and age. study? The study . . .
These findings must be interpreted with a. did not consider some environmental
caution. First, the results were based on averages. factors.
b. was done too long ago.
Second, birth weight is only one of numerous
c. was done on premature babies, not full-
factors influencing cognitive function. Parental term ones.
interest in education—such as volunteering at d. tested different children at different
school or helping with homework—may offset ages.
the effect of birth weight. Furthermore, poor
environmental conditions, such as living in an 155. What is the main idea of the passage?
overcrowded home, breathing polluted air, or being a. Premature babies are disadvantaged
caught in a bitter divorce can diminish the early throughout their lives.
b. Parents’ educational level affects
advantages enjoyed by heavier babies.
intelligence.
Although no one knows exactly what makes c. No one knows the exact relationship
a newborn baby heavy, it is known that healthy, between test scores and intelligence.
well-nourished mothers tend to have heavier d. Bigger babies may be more intelligent
babies, while those who eat poorly, smoke, and are than smaller ones.
heavy drinkers tend to produce smaller ones. There
are probably several other variables that affect
birth weight, but if and how those are connected to
intelligence is not known.

2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiencncy in English 17


READING READING READING

This passage about cloning comes from multiple 156. The main purpose of this passage is to . . .
newspaper articles. a. advocate further research into pet
cloning.
Scientists at a Texas university have b. encourage pet lovers to bank their pets’
DNA.
successfully cloned a cat for the first time. DNA
c. generate funds for the university’s pet
obtained from a female donor cat named Rainbow cloning project.
was transplanted into an egg cell whose nucleus d. present the pros and cons associated
and chromosomes had been previously removed. with cloning pets.
The egg cell was then implanted into a surrogate
mother, Allie. Sixty-six days later, a kitten, later 157. What is Allie’s relationship to Copy Cat?
named Copy Cat, was born. The breakthrough a. She gave birth to Copy Cat.
b. She was cloned from Copy Cat’s DNA.
in cloning a household pet was greeted with
c. She has the same personality as Copy
excitement by pet lovers, many of whom have Cat.
already “banked” their pets’ DNA and even d. She provided the donor cells used to
made financial contributions to the university in create Copy Cat.
the hope of one day obtaining a clone. The news
was also welcomed by scientists interested in the 158. According to the passage, what important fact
preservation of endangered species. should pet lovers keep in mind before
Although scientists now have the technology cloning their pet?
a. Banking a pet’s DNA is expensive.
to clone animals, Copy Cat’s birth came only
b. Cloning will bring back the same
after several unsuccessful attempts at cloning a animal.
cat. Researchers first tried using skin cells from a c. The clone could be different from the
donor cat to create a clone, but only one pregnancy original animal.
resulted out of 188 embryos, and this ended in a d. Cloning sheep, cows and pigs is easier
miscarriage. Scientists then tried using cells from than cloning a cat.
cats’ ovarian tissue. Out of 87 such embryos, only
159. What beneficial effect might cloning have in
Copy Cat survived. Although comparable to the
the future?
success rate in sheep, cows, goats and pigs, these a. It could be used to prevent miscarriages.
odds must be reduced to make pet cloning feasible. b. It could be used to prevent the extinction
Animal rights activists claim that pet cloning of rare animals.
is dangerous for the animals involved, and that c. It could reduce the number of unwanted
it could needlessly increase the pet population pets in the country.
of the country. Also, activists say that believing d. It could reduce the impact of upbringing
on a pet’s behavior.
cloning will bring the same animal back is a fallacy.
Although Copy Cat’s coat color is similar to 160. According to the passage, which factor is most
Rainbow’s and a genetic match confirms that she important in determining a pet’s behavior?
is indeed a clone, her behavior and personality are a. its DNA
very different. Rainbow is reserved, while Copy Cat b. its donor tissue
is playful and curious. In reality, social environment c. its environment
and upbringing are more likely to determine the d. its surrogate mother
personality of an animal than genetic material and
blood type.

18 2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English


READING READING READING

This passage about dating the age of the Earth 161. What strengthens the claim made in this
comes from multiple sources. passage about Earth’s age?
a. Earth and meteorites are the same age.
Scientists have not been able to determine b. Two separate research studies had the
same results.
the exact age of the Earth directly from its rocks.
c. Geologists have found Earth’s original
Geologists have yet to find any of Earth’s original rocks.
rocks that have not been recycled and destroyed d. The moon is older than previously
through the process of plate tectonics. However, thought.
scientists have been able to determine the probable
age of our solar system and to calculate an age for 162. What conclusion did the French and German
the Earth by looking elsewhere—to outer space. In scientists reach?
a. Meteorites have radioactive elements.
doing so, they had to assume that the Earth and the
b. Plate tectonics does not occur on
rest of the solid bodies in our solar system formed at asteroids.
the same time and are the same age. c. The Earth is older than was believed in
Asteroids in outer space have not been the past.
subjected to the crushing forces of plate tectonics. d. The Moon is older than the Earth.
Meteorites, which are fragments of asteroids
that fall to Earth, contain clues about planetary 163. According to the passage, what is involved in
“radiometric dating techniques”?
formation. Being primordial rocks still in their
a. using radioactivity to restore an object to
original state, they can be dated fairly accurately by its original state
measuring the radioactive elements remaining in b. measuring the radioactive elements in
them since the formation of the solar system. One an object
group of scientists from Germany and another from c. calculating how many times Earth’s
France analyzed meteorites and reached the same rocks were recycled
conclusion: The final phase of Earth’s formation, the d. subjecting an object to crushing forces
separation of its metallic core from its silicate-based
164. How did scientists date the Earth?
mantle, occurred about 30 million years earlier than
a. directly, by analyzing plate tectonics
previously thought. b. directly, by measuring Earth’s metallic
The ages of more than seventy meteorites core
have been measured using radiometric dating c. indirectly, by dating the Earth’s Moon
techniques. The results show that meteorites, and d. indirectly, by dating meteorites
therefore presumably Earth, formed about 4.5
billion years ago. These findings also push back 165. What indicated the last stage in the Earth’s
formation?
the origin of Earth’s moon because most scientists
a. a reduction in the crushing force of plate
believe that the Moon formed from material ejected tectonics
when a Mars-sized planet collided with Earth. The b. the separation of Earth’s core from its
fact that these conclusions about the age of the mantle
Earth were reached by two independent groups of c. a shower of seventy meteorites falling to
scientists increases the weight of the findings. Earth
d. the collision of a Mars-sized planet with
Earth

2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English 19


READING READING READING

This passage about carnivorous plants comes from 166. How does a snap trap work?
Web sites of several science magazines. a. It drowns an insect.
b. It encloses an insect.
There are more than 500 carnivorous plant c. It traps an insect on its sticky surface.
d. It digests an insect through its roots.
species growing naturally in the world, ranging in
size from a fraction of an inch to vines that are over 167. Why did Darwin think the Venus flytrap
60 feet tall. While often biologically quite different and the waterwheel were related?
from each other, these plants all share a common a. They live in similar environments.
trait, carnivorousness. This is the ability to capture b. They have similar DNA.
animals and digest them. Why have some plant c. Both are siblings of the sundew.
species developed this extraordinary property? d. Both have snap traps.
Most carnivorous plants grow in acid soils or water
168. British researchers decided that the two
that is poor in mineral salts. In order to survive, species most closely related to each other
these plants have devised ingenious traps over are...
several thousands of years of evolution. Some use a. waterwheels and sundews.
pools of water to drown unlucky visitors, others b. flytraps and snap traps.
have sticky surfaces that work like flypaper, and c. Venus flytraps and sundews.
some have “snap traps” that clamp down on insects d. Venus flytraps and waterwheels.
in a matter of milliseconds. The prey captured by
169. How are non-carnivorous plants different
these traps supply the vitamins and minerals that from carnivorous plants? Non-carnivorous
other plants would normally absorb through their plants . . .
roots. a. get nutrients through their roots.
Even though these plants may have diverse b. can live in acid soils.
appearances and grow in different environments, c. are less biologically diverse than
they are often closely related to each other. In the carnivorous plants.
19th Century, Charles Darwin believed that land- d. evolved more slowly than carnivorous
plants.
based Venus flytraps, found in North and South
Carolina, and aquatic waterwheels, which grow in 170. What are the two snap-trapping plants
Europe, Asia and Australia, were closely related mentioned in the last sentence?
because they both depend on snap traps to catch a. the aquatic waterwheel and the
their prey. A century later, British researchers terrestrial sundew
looking more closely at the form and structure of b. the Venus flytraps from North and South
the waterwheel, decided that its closest kin was not Carolina
c. Venus flytraps and the aquatic
the Venus flytrap but the terrestrial sundew. The
waterwheel
sundew consumes insects caught with its flypaper d. Venus flytraps and the terrestrial
trap. sundew
However, it has recently been proved that
Darwin’s hunch was right after all. Scientists at the
New York Botanical Garden studied the DNA of
about a dozen carnivorous plants. They concluded
that the world’s only two snap-trapping plants re-
ally are sibling species, whereas the sundew is no
closer than a cousin, sharing a more distant com-
mon ancestor.

20 2003-04 Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English


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