You are on page 1of 14

Mandarin - BLHL1212

Hànyǔ pīnyīn
汉语拼音
CHINESE “PINYIN” SYSTEM

Cheong Kar Mee


cheongkm@utem.edu.my
Learning Outcome

At the end of the lesson, students will be able


to:
• Identify the category of Chinese syllables.
• Identify the tone modification of a syllable in
Mandarin.
The category of syllables
音节的类别(yīnjié de lèibié)
1. Initial + final + tone
shì (is, are)

2. Initial + final
ma (partical)

3. Final + tone
ó (oh)

4. Final
a (ah)
Tones modification of third tone syllables

When there are two third tone syllables


occur, the first syllable will be changed
to the second tone in pronunciation.
For example:

你好 (hello) nǐ hǎo ní hǎo


水果 (fruits) shuǐguǒ shuíguǒ
可以 (can) kěyǐ kéyǐ
Tones modification of the character of
不(bù)
Tone for 不(bù) is in its original tone which is 4th
tone when it is pronounced in isolation. For
example:

不(bù) → no
When不(bù) is followed by a 1st, 2nd or 3rd tone
syllable, it will also be pronounced in the 4th tone.
For example:

我不听你的(Wǒ bùtīng nǐde)


→ I’m not going to listen to you.

他不来了(Tā bùlái le)


→ He’ s not coming.

我不懂(Wǒ bùdǒng)
→ I don’t understand.
When不(bù) is followed by a 4th tone syllable, it
will be pronounced in the 2nd tone. For example:

我不去了(Wǒ búqù le)


→ I’m not going.
When 不 (bù) is placed in between the repeated
verb, it is pronounced in neutral tone. For
example:

你吃不吃晚餐(Nǐ chī bu chī wǎncān)


→ Do you want to have your dinner?
Tones modification of the character of
一(yī)
Tone for一(yī) is in its original tone which is 1st tone
when it is pronounced in isolation. For example:

一(yī) → one

一(yī) will be remained in the 1st tone when it is placed


at the end of a compound word or sentences. For
example:

第一(dìyī) → first place


When一(yī) is followed by a 4th tone syllable, it
will be pronounced in the 2nd tone. For example:

我一个人去(Wǒ yígè rén qù)


→ I’m going alone.
Tone for一(yī) is pronounced in fourth tone when it
is followed by a 1st , 2nd or 3rd tone syllable. For
example:

我喝一杯茶(Wǒ hē yìbēi chá)


→ I have a cup of tea.

他念小学一年级 (Tā niàn xiǎoxué yìniánjí )


→ He’s in primary one.

榴莲是一种水果(Liúlián shì yìzhǒng shuǐguǒ)


→Durian is a kind of fruit.
When一(yī) is between the repeated verb, it is
pronounced in neutral tone. For example:

请看一看(Qǐng kàn yi kàn)


→ Please have a look.
Practice
不(bù) no 一(yī) one
不听(bùtīng) not listening 第一(dìyī) first
不来(bùlái) not coming 一个(yígè) a/ an
不懂( bùdǒng) don’t understand 一杯(yìbēi) a cup of
不去( búqù) not going 一年级(yìnián) primary one
吃不吃( chī bu chī) eating or not 一种( yìzhǒng) a kind of
喝不喝(hē bu hē) drinking or not 看一看( kàn yi kàn) have a look
Xièxie
谢谢
Thank you