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International Federation of

Inspection Agencies
Petroleum and Petrochemical
Committee
Petroleum Inspector Certification
Programme
Test Questions

International Third Edition March 2009


Part of the International Certification Programme run in
conjunction with the Energy Institute

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(BACK OF COVER)

i
Petroleum Inspector Certification
Programme
Test Questions
International Third Edition March 2009
Copyright © 2009 The International Federation of Inspection Agencies
All rights reserved
No part of this document may be reproduced by any means, or transmitted or
translated into a machine language without the written permission of the
International Federation of Inspection Agencies

ii
Disclaimers
This document is designed to be used as part of the IFIA Petroleum Inspector Certification Programme. IFIA makes no
warranty, express or implied, that it is fit for any purpose whatsoever or to the absolute sufficiency of the material
presented. It cannot be assumed that every procedure is covered. IFIA assumes no responsibility for any inaccuracies
in reproduction or errors in interpretation of any authority. IFIA reserves the right to modify or amend this document
without prior notification but assumes no responsibility to update or issue corrections. Reference is made in this
document to the American Petroleum Institute’s Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards (API MPMS), to
International Standards Organisation (ISO) documents and to the Energy Institute’s Hydrocarbon Management (HM)
documents (previously Institute of Petroleum Measurement Manual, IP PMM). These are copyright publications and
questions or requests for information regarding these standards should be addressed to the respective organisation. UK
First Edition published February 2003 International First Edition published October 2004 (fully compatible)
International Second Edition published January 2008 International Third Edition published March 2009 (questions fully
compatible)

iii
Introduction
This document has been produced by the IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee to represent a basic body of
knowledge which is expected of a petroleum inspector. A sub-set of 100 of these questions will be used to form the
examination which must be passed as part of the qualification “Certified Inspector of Petroleum”. The pass level is
75%. Candidates must have completed a minimum of 6 months working as a petroleum inspector and a specified
programme of field training. This is detailed in the IFIA Petroleum Inspector Training Requirements List and must be
fully documented in the employer’s internal training records. The Petroleum Inspector Certification Programme is an
international programme and although details will vary between regions the qualification is international and
transferable. The guidelines governing the Petroleum Inspector Certification Programme outside the Americas are
determined by the IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee together with a Technical Advisory Board which
includes representatives from the Energy Institute and a number of major oil companies. To obtain a copy of these
guidelines or for any other enquiries concerning the programme please visit the website at www.ifiafederation.org.
Further contact details are available there. For details of the Americas programme see the IFIA Americas Committee
website at www.ifia-ac.org.

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Page 1
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
International Third Edition March 2009
Contents
Section 1 Calculations
Section 2 Definitions
Section 3 Loss Control
Section 4 Marine Measurement
Section 5 Safety
Section 6 Sampling
Section 7 Tank Gauging
Section 8 Temperature Determination
Section 9 Metering
Section 10 Ethics
Page 2 Calculations d. Tank length divided by the length between
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee perpendiculars
International Third Edition March 2009 1.10 What must roof corrections be based on?
SECTION 1 - CALCULATIONS a.* The density at the temperature of the oil in the tank
1.1 As the density of a material increases, what b. The density at standard temperature of the oil in the
happens to the API tank
Gravity? c. The barrels per inch calculated from the tank
a. It becomes higher capacity table
b.* It becomes lower d. The critical zone
c. It does not change Page 4 Calculations
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
1.2 Density of any substance is the ratio of its mass International Third Edition March 2009
to its volume, 1.11 What is the ‘trim factor’ of a vessel?
usually at a specified temperature. Relative Density a. The amount the vessel is trimmed
is the ratio b.* The slope per linear foot (or metre) of the vessel
of the density of a substance at a specified c. The slope per square foot (or metre) of the vessel
temperature to the d. The length between perpendiculars times the trim
density of what other substance? 1.12 Tanks on barges or other small vessels do not
a. Pure ethanol at the specified temperature require trim
b. Acetone at the specified temperature corrections because they are too small for a
c.* Pure water at the specified temperature correction to make
d. Vegetable oil at a specified temperature a significant difference.
1.3 When a capacity table indicates a reference API a. True
Gravity and an b.* False
API Gravity correction per barrel variance for a 1.13 When an automatic in-line sampler is used
shore tank, what correctly during the
data must be available to calculate a floating roof discharge of a crude oil vessel, what will the
correction? resulting sample
a. Weight of the roof only include?
b. API Gravity of the contents at 60 °F ; API Gravity for a. Oil and S&W
which b. Oil, S&W and sludge
the capacity table was calculated; correction in barrels c.* Oil, S&W & Free Water
for d. S&W and Free Water only
each degree of difference in API Gravity 1.14 A tank has a measured gauge height of 15.000
c. Observed API Gravity of the contents; Weight of the m and is filled to
roof; a 10.000 m innage with no free water. To take a
correction in barrels for each degree of difference in middle spot
API sample, to what point in the tank must you lower
Gravity the sampler?
d.* Observed API Gravity of the contents; API Gravity a. 5.000 m below the reference gauge point
for which b. 7.500 m below the reference gauge point
the capacity table was calculated; correction in barrels c.* 10.000 m below the reference gauge point
for d. 7.500 m from the tank bottom
each degree of difference in API Gravity 1.15 A tank has a measured gauge height of 15.000
1.4 When calculating the Gross Standard Volume m and is filled to
(GSV) in a shore a 9.000 m innage with no free water. To take a lower
tank at a pressure of 1 atmosphere, the term ‘Ctpl’ spot
means the sample, to what point in the tank must you lower
same as which other factor? the sampler?
a. Vessel Experience Factor (VEF) a. 3.000 m below the reference gauge point
b.* Volume Correction Factor (VCF) b. 5.000 m above the tank bottom
c. Weight Correction Factor (WCF) c. 12.000 m below the reference gauge point
d. Voyage Analysis Report (VAR) d.* 13.500 m below the reference gauge point
Calculations Page 3 Calculations Page 5
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
International Third Edition March 2009 International Third Edition March 2009
1.5 If a cargo does not contain S&W, the Gross 1.16 A tank has a measured gauge height of 15.000
Standard Volume m and is filled to
and the Net Standard Volume are the same. a 9.000 m innage with no free water. To take an
a.* True upper spot
b. False sample, to what point in the tank must you lower
1.6 For a crude oil cargo, what information does the the sampler?
formula GOV x a. 6.000 m above the tank bottom
VCF give? b.* 7.500 m below the reference gauge point
a.* GSV (Gross Standard Volume) c. 9.500 m below the reference gauge point
b. NSV (Net Standard Volume) d. 6.000 m above the tank bottom
c. TCV (Total Calculated Volume) 1.17 A tank has a measured gauge height of 15.000
d. VCF (Volume Correction Factor) m and is filled to
1.7 The Total Calculated Volume is equal to the a 12.000 m innage with no free water. To take a top
Gross Standard spot sample
Volume plus what? to what point in the tank must you lower the
a.* Free water sampler?
b. S&W a. 5.000 m below the reference gauge point
c. Roof Correction b.* 3.150 m below the reference gauge point
d. Free Water and S&W c. 9.000 m below the reference gauge point
1.8 For a trim correction to apply, which of the d. 0.150 m below the reference gauge point
following conditions 1.18 What is generally accepted as the density of
must exist? pure water at 15°C?
a. Vessel must be down by the stern a. 60 kg/m3
b. Liquid may not contact the forward bulkhead b.* 1000 kg/m3
c.* Liquid must touch all four bulkheads c. 14.5 kg/m3
d. Conditions a., b. and c. must all exist d. 1.0 kg/m3
1.9 What is the equation used to calculate a 1.19 The term specific gravity has been replaced by
vessel’s ’trim factor’? what term?
a.* Trim divided by the length between perpendiculars a. API gravity
b. Trim divided by the vessel’s width b. Density in vacuum
c. Trim divided by the tank length c.* Relative density
d. Density in air
1.20 When a vessel’s capacity tables are graduated 1.33 Which IP PMM Part (HM document) contains
to greater than guidelines on
1/8", 0.01', or 3 mm, you should interpolate to Calculation of Oil Quantities?
calculate the a. Part X (HM10 – HM20)
volume at the gauged level in the tank. b. Part XVI S1 (HM28)
a.* True c. This topic is not covered by the IP PMM
b. False d.* Part I (HM1)
1.21 When the density at observed temperature of a Page 8 Calculations
crude oil is  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
known, what table would you use to find the density International Third Edition March 2009
at 15°C? 1.34 What table should be used to convert barrels
a.* Table 53A at 60 °F to cubic
b. Table 53B metres at 15 °C?
c. Table 24A a. Table 11
d. Table 24B b.* Table 52
Page 6 Calculations c. Table 6A
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee d. Table 13
International Third Edition March 2009 1.35 Who decides whether to apply a line
1.22 In what units is a metric tape graduated? displacement differential to
a.* Millimeters a shore figure?
b. Millilitres a. Terminal procedures
c. Hundredths of a foot b. Inspection company personnel
d. Percentages c. The Buyer and Seller
1.23 How many centimeters equal one inch? d.* Either a. or c. can decide
a. 3.16 Definitions Page 9
b. 2.75  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
c.* 2.54 International Third Edition March 2009
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong SECTION 2 - DEFINITIONS
1.24 What is another name for relative density? 2.1 What does the API Gravity scale indicate?
a. Density in vacuum a.* Relative Density
b. Density in air b. Volume
c.* Specific Gravity c. Thickness
d. Gravity by pyknometer d. Ratio of weight to density
1.25 What is the formula to calculate API Gravity at 2.2 What is a hydrometer?
60°F when a. A device to measure viscosity
Relative Density is known? b. A device to measure hydration
a. (141.5 ÷ Relative Density @ Observed Temperature) c.* A device to measure density
- 131.5 d. A device to measure water flow
b. (141.5 + Relative Density @ 60/60F) -131.5 2.3 What is ballast?
c. (131.5 ÷ Relative Density @ 60/60F) - 141.5 a. Water in the tanks of a vessel used for laundry and
d.* (141.5 ÷ Relative Density @ 60/60F) - 131.5 other
1.26 What is the equivalent of 0 degrees Celsius on sanitation purposes
the Fahrenheit b. Any water on board a vessel in any tank
scale? c. Water that is used to clean cargo tanks
a. 0 °F d.* Water that allows the vessel to maintain stability and
b. 12 °F to
c. 50 °F control stress and trim
d.* 32 °F 2.4 What is a permanent ballast tank?
1.27 Is the density used in the measurement tables a. A tank that permanently contains ballast at all times
(Table 54A, B, C, b.* A tank that is designated to contain only ballast
D) density in air or vacuum? c. A tank that is used only to maintain a permanent list
a. Air condition
b.* Vacuum d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong
Calculations Page 7 2.5 What does the abbreviation S&W stand for?
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee a. Sand and Water
International Third Edition March 2009 b. Sediment and Waste
1.28 A product has API gravity at 60°F of 21.3. What c. Scale and Water
table would be d.* Sediment and Water
used to find the equivalent density at 15 degrees 2.6 Which of the following are equivalent to a
Celsius? volume of one cubic
a. Table 8 metre?
b. Table 11 a. 264.12 US gallons
c.* Table 3 b. 6.28981 US Barrels
d. Table 6B c. 1000 litres
1.29 What table should be used to convert m3 at 15 d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
°C to metric tons Page 10 Definitions
in air?  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
a. Table 53A International Third Edition March 2009
b.* Table 56 2.7 What is a Bill of Lading?
c. Table 54B a. A bill is issued by the vessel against which freight
d. Table 13 charges
1.30 A list correction is most similar to which of the are paid
following b.* A document which provides proof of delivery of a
calculations? cargo on
a. A wedge formula board a vessel
b. A vessel experience factor c. A document issued by the terminal showing the
c. A voyage ratio quality of the
d.* A trim correction cargo loaded
1.31 The correction for the effect of temperature on d. A bill issued by the receiver to the shipper
the shell of a 2.8 What is clingage?
shore tank does not need to be calculated if the a. The wedge shaped volume of oil remaining in a tank
contents of the after
tank are at 15 °C. discharge
a. True b. The non-liquid wedge-shaped volume of oil
b.* False remaining in a
1.32 It is necessary to know the Vessel Experience tank after discharge
Factor of a ship c.* The cargo that adheres to the internal vertical
before you can accurately determine whether there surfaces of a
has been a tank after it has been emptied.
loss or gain of cargo in transit. d. The ability of a liquid to cling to the inside surface of
a. True a
b.* False container
2.9 What is a datum plate? a. The difference between successive test results
a.* A level metal plate located directly under the obtained by
reference the same operator, with the same apparatus, on
gauge point to provide a fixed contact surface from nominally
which identical test material using the same test method
liquid depth measurement can be made. b. The difference between successive test results,
b. A metal plate located next to the gauging point on a obtained by
tank different operators, on nominally identical test material
indicating the reference gauge height. using
c. A metal plate located close to the gauging point on a the same test method
tank c. The difference between two single results, obtained
listing all the relevant tank data by the
d. A level metal plate located at the top of a gauge same operator, using the same test method and
hatch on a nominally
tank from which the gauge height is measured. identical test material
2.10 What is deadwood? d.* The difference between two single and independent
a. Wooden cup-case thermometer cases that are no results
longer fit obtained by different operators, working in different
for use laboratories, on nominally identical test material using
b. Any piece of gauging equipment made of wood (i.e. the
wooden same test method
handles of gauge tapes, cup-case thermometer cases) 2.17 What is Total Observed Volume (TOV)?
that a.* The total measured volume of all petroleum liquids,
have been exposed to chemicals and have been sediment
damaged and water, and free water at observed temperature
as a result b. The total measured volume of all petroleum liquids,
c.* Any tank fitting or structural member inside a tank sediment
that and water but excluding free water, at observed
affects the capacity of the tank temperature
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong c. The total volume of all petroleum liquids and
Definitions Page 11 sediment and
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee water, corrected to a standard temperature by the
International Third Edition March 2009 appropriate volume correction factor for the observed
2.11 What is the formula for density? temperature and density
a. Length divided by width d. The total measured volume of all petroleum liquids
b. Volume divided by temperature excluding
c.* Mass divided by volume water and sediment, at observed temperature
d. Mass divided by relative density 2.18 What is Gross Observed Volume (GOV)?
2.12 The density of a liquid will change as its a. The total measured volume of all petroleum liquids,
temperature changes. sediment
a.* True and water, and free water at observed temperature
b. False b.* The total volume of all petroleum liquids and
2.13 What is relative density? sediment and
a.* The ratio of the mass of a given volume of liquid at a water, excluding free water, at observed temperature
stated c. The total volume of all petroleum liquids excluding
temperature to the mass of an equal volume of pure sediment
water at and water and free water, at observed temperature
a stated temperature d. The total volume of all petroleum liquids and
b. The relative ability of a liquid to remain in a liquid sediment and
state when water, excluding free water, corrected to a standard
cooled below standard freeze point temperature by the appropriate volume correction factor
c. A measure of the relative viscosity of a liquid for
d. The ratio of a given mass of a liquid when compared the observed temperature and density
with its Definitions Page 13
mass at 60 °F  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
2.14 What is an emulsion? International Third Edition March 2009
a. A heavy viscous liquid 2.19 What is Gross Standard Volume (GSV)?
b. A heavy viscous liquid containing a large amount of a. The total volume of all petroleum liquids excluding
entrained sediment free
c.* An oil & water mixture that does not readily separate water, water and sediment, corrected to a standard
d. A layer of free water located above a heavy viscous temperature by the appropriate volume correction factor
petroleum product for
2.15 What is Flash Point? the observed temperature and density
a. The minimum temperature to which a liquid must be b. The total volume of all petroleum liquids including
heated free water,
for the vapours released to ignite and for the flame to water and sediment, corrected to a standard
propagate temperature by
b.* The minimum temperature at which a liquid will the appropriate volume correction factor for the
release observed
sufficient vapour to be ignited by the presence of an temperature and density
ignition c.* The total volume of all petroleum liquids and
source and for the flame to propagate across the liquid sediment and
surface water, excluding free water, corrected to a standard
c. The point at which a liquid will vapourise when temperature by the appropriate volume correction factor
subject to for
heating the observed temperature and density
d. The point at which a liquid will vapourise when d. The total volume of all petroleum liquids including
subject to a free water
change in ambient pressure but excluding sediment and water, corrected to a
Page 12 Definitions standard
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee temperature by the appropriate volume correction factor
International Third Edition March 2009 for
2.16 Reproducibility is best described as: the observed temperature and density
2.20 What is Net Standard Volume (NSV)?
a.* The total volume of all petroleum liquids, excluding
sediment
and water and free water, corrected to a standard
temperature by the appropriate volume correction factor
for
the observed temperature and density
b. The total volume of all petroleum liquids, excluding
sediment
and water, but including free water, corrected to a the observed temperature and density
standard d. The total volume of all petroleum liquids and
temperature by the appropriate volume correction factor sediment and
for water and free water, corrected to a standard
the observed temperature and density temperature by
c. The total volume of all petroleum liquids and free the appropriate volume correction factor for the
water, observed
excluding sediment and water, corrected to a standard temperature and density
temperature by the appropriate volume correction factor
for
Page 14 Definitions b. Gross Standard Volume (GSV)
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee c.* Gross Observed Volume (GOV)
International Third Edition March 2009 d. Remaining On Board (ROB)
2.21 What is Total Calculated Volume (TCV)? 2.27 What is the volume of all material in a tank,
a.* GSV plus free water less the free water,
b. NSV plus free water called, when corrected by the volume correction
c. GSV less sediment and water factor?
d. NSV plus sediment and water a.* Gross Standard Volume (GSV)
2.22 How is an all levels sample obtained? b. Gross Observed Volume (GOV)
a. By submerging an unstoppered sample can or bottle c. Total Calculated Volume (TCV)
to a d. Net Standard Volume (NSV)
point near the tank draw-off outlet (suction) level and 2.28 The Net Standard Volume (NSV) is the Gross
then Standard Volume
raising it, all at a uniform rate, so that it is no more than (GSV) less?
80% a. Total Calculated Volume (TCV)
full on emerging from the liquid. b. Total Observed Volume (TOV)
b. By Blending upper, middle and lower samples from c. Gross Standard Volume (GSV)
the same d.* Sediment and Water (S&W)
tank. Page 16 Definitions
c.* By submerging a stoppered sample can or bottle to  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
a point International Third Edition March 2009
as near as possible to the draw-off outlet (suction) level, 2.29 What is the Reference Gauge Height of a tank?
then a. The distance from the tank top to the tank bottom
opening the container and raising it at a rate such that it b. The distance from the ullage hatch to the datum plate
is no c.* The distance from reference gauge point to the tank
more than 80% full as it emerges from the liquid. bottom
d. By submerging a stoppered sample can or bottle to or datum plate
the mid d. The distance from tank bottom to the ullage hatch
point of the product in a tank, then opening the sampler 2.30 What term describes a vessel with the forward
and draft greater than
raising and lowering it at a uniform rate until the the aft draft?
sampler is a. Down by the stern
full. b.* Trimmed by the head
2.23 How is a running sample obtained? c. Up at the bow
a.* by lowering an unstoppered sample can or bottle d. Listing dangerously
from the 2.31 What does an innage, sounding or dip
top of the oil to the level of the outlet (Suction) and measure?
returning a. The depth of the empty space above the liquid in a
it to the top of the oil at a uniform rate so that the tank
sample can b. The depth of the sediment in a tank
or bottle is about 80% full when withdrawn from the oil. c. The length of an innage tape
b. by lowering a stoppered sample can or bottle to the d.* The depth of the liquid in a tank
level of 2.32 What does an ullage gauge measure?
the outlet, then opening the sampler and raising it at a a.* The depth of the empty space above the liquid in a
uniform rate so that it is about 80% full when withdrawn tank
from b. The height of the free water in a tank
the oil. c. The length of an ullage tape
c. by lowering a stoppered sample can to the mid point d. The depth of the liquid in a tank
of the 2.33 What is the term for the amount to be paid by
tank contents, then opening the sampler and raising the Charterer if a
and vessel is delayed beyond the terms allowed in the
lowering it at a uniform rate until it is full Charter
d. by lowering an unstoppered sample can or bottle to Party?
the mid a. Dispatch money
point of the tank contents, then raising and lowering it at b.* Demurrage
a c. Disbursement
uniform rate until it is full d. Penalty money
Definitions Page 15 2.34 What is the name of the document which is
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee given as an official
International Third Edition March 2009 receipt for the cargo on board a vessel?
2.24 What is a floating roof tank? a. Certificate of Quality
a. A tank that floats on its roof b. Custom declaration
b.* A tank in which the roof floats freely on the surface c.* Bill of Lading
of the d. Charter party
liquid contents except at low levels when the weight of Definitions Page 17
the  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
roof is supported by its legs. International Third Edition March 2009
c. A tank in which the roof, supported by guide wires, 2.35 What is the name given to the factor calculated
can be from the ratios
adjusted to the required height for safe filling of the of historical Total Calculated Volumes (TCV) of a
tank. vessel (less
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong. OBQ/ROB) with the corresponding historical Total
2.25 What is the total volume of all material in a Calculated
tank at the observed Volumes (TCV) of shore delivered/received
temperature called? volumes?
a. Total Calculated Volume (TCV) a. Voyage Analysis Factor
b.* Total Observed Volume (TOV) b. Tank Correction Factor
c. On Board Quantity (OBQ) c.* Vessel Experience Factor
d. Gross Observed Volume (GOV) d. Ullage Correction Factor
2.26 What is the volume of all material in a tank at 2.36 What is the name given to the mixture of oil,
the observed tank washings,
temperature less the free water called? water and sediment collected in a designated ship’s
a. Total Observed Volume (TOV) tank?
a. Polluted oil c. The activity of washing the walls of a tank to remove
b. Merchantable oil all traces of the product previously contained in the
c.* Slops tank
d. Hazardous waste d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong
2.37 What is the Total Observed Volume Page 20 Loss Control
(TOV)defined as?  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
a. The volume read from the strapping table International Third Edition March 2009
b.* The total measured volume of all petroleum liquids, SECTION 3 - LOSS CONTROL
sediment 3.1 Which API MPMS chapter provides guidelines
and water, and free water at observed temperature and for identifying the
pressure source of free water?
c. The volume read from the strapping table corrected a. Chapter 8.3
for roof b. Chapter 15
displacement c. Chapter 17.2A
d. The volume used to calculate a Vessel Experience d.* Chapter 17.3
Factor 3.2 For the purposes of voyage analysis, what is a
(VEF) ‘simple voyage’?
2.38 How is Gross Observed Volume (GOV) is a.* A voyage from one load port to one discharge port
defined? with one
a. The volume read from the strapping table cargo
b.* The total volume of all petroleum liquids and b. A voyage from one load port to one discharge port
sediment and with any
water, excluding free water, at observed temperature number of cargoes
and c. A voyage where all measurements were taken with
pressure automatic equipment only
c. The volume read from the strapping table corrected d. A voyage that relied on carefully proved meters at
for roof both the
displacement load port and the discharge port
d. The volume used to calculate vessel ratios 3.3 A volumetric loss is usually determined by
Page 18 Definitions comparing the
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee discharge port outturn quantity to the load port Bill
International Third Edition March 2009 of Lading
2.39 How is ‘draft’ defined? quantity. On a crude oil cargo, which volume is
a.* The distance from the surface of the water to the compared?
keel of the a.* TCV (Total Calculated Volume)
ship b. TOV (Total Observed Volume)
b. The distance from the deck of the ship to the surface c. GOV (Gross Observed Volume)
of the d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong
water 3.4 After deducting the OBQ or ROB, which volume
c. The distance from the Plimsoll mark to the bottom of is used to
the ship calculate a vessel experience factor (VEF)?
d. The distance from the Plimsoll mark to the deck a.* TCV (Total Calculated Volume)
2.40 How is ‘trim’ defined? b. TOV (Total Observed Volume)
a. The same as the draft c. GSV (Gross Standard Volume)
b.* The difference between the forward and aft draft d. GOV (Gross Observed Volume)
c. The average of the forward draft, the amidships draft, Loss Control Page 21
and  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
the aft draft International Third Edition March 2009
d. The leaning of the vessel to one side 3.5 What is the primary function of a Voyage
2.41 How is ‘list’ defined? Analysis Report
a. The difference between the starboard draft and the (VAR)?
port a. Providing a method for adjusting vessel figures for
freeboard the
b.* The leaning or inclination of a vessel expressed in Vessel Experience Factor (VEF)
degrees b.* Systematically placing all data required for voyage
to port or starboard analysis
c. The average of the starboard draft and the port draft on one page
expressed in degrees port or starboard c. Convincing shippers that the Bill of Lading is
d. The difference between the forward and aft draft overstated
2.42 How is ‘free water’ defined? d. Convincing receivers that there was a problem in the
a.* The layer of water present in the tank that is not terminal that caused part of the cargo to be incorrectly
suspended in the oil measured
b. Any water found on the bob with water paste 3.6 Which of the following steps is not included in
c. Any water found using the tank gauging equipment the basic voyage
d. Any water that is trim corrected analysis process?
2.43 What has the same meaning as the term a. Comparing Bill of Lading figures to outturn figures
‘innage’? b. Comparing vessel sailing figures to vessel arrival
a. Ullage figures
b.* Sounding c. Comparing ROB to OBQ
c. Outage d.* Comparing line fill at load port to line fill at discharge
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong port
Definitions Page 19 3.7 For what purpose is a Letter of Protest issued to
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee a terminal or
International Third Edition March 2009 vessel?
2.44 What is ‘load on top’? a. To inform them that you did not think they ran their
a. The shipboard practice of collecting water and water operation
and oil mixtures resulting from ballasting and tank correctly
cleaning operations (usually in a slop tank) and b. To allow the terminal or vessel to respond to a
subsequently loading cargo on top of it and pumping complaint
the mixture ashore at the discharge port. c.* To officially note that a problem situation has
b. The act of commingling existing onboard quantity occurred, and
with cargo being loaded that further action may be taken.
c.* Answers a. and b. are correct d. To give the terminal and vessel time to improve their
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong operations before the next cargo movement
2.45 What is a ‘wall wash test’? 3.8 The difference between shore quantity and
a.* The activity of rinsing the wall of a tank with a vessel quantity
solvent corrected by the VEF can indicate the likelihood of
and obtaining a sample of the previous product(s) to an inaccurate
determine compatibility with the product to be placed shore or vessel quantity.
into the tank. a.* True
b. The activity of rinsing a tank with clean, fresh water b. False
following tank cleaning to ensure that the product to Page 22 Loss Control
be placed in the tank will not be contaminated.  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
International Third Edition March 2009 be used instead of calculating the wedge volume
3.9 What will a comparison of a vessel’s departure yourself.
Total Calculated a.* True
Volume (TCV) and its arrival Total Calculated b. False
Volume (TCV) give 4.3 According to published standards is it
an indication of? permissible to apply the
a. Discharge performance wedge formula to non-liquid ROB or OBQ?
b. VEF accuracy a. Yes
c.* Transit cargo variation b. No
d. Condition of dirty ballast c.* Yes, but only if the trim of the vessel was confirmed
3.10 Volumetric shrinkage occurs when crude oils by the
of different Inspector at the time the material solidified
densities are mixed. Which API MPMS chapter d. Yes, but only if a sample can be obtained
covers the 4.4 If a vessel is on even keel and product in a tank
subject of volumetric shrinkage? is touching all
a. Chapter 9.3 four bulkheads, should you use the wedge formula
b. Chapter 12.1 to calculate
c. Chapter 12.2 the volume?
d.* Chapter 12.3 a. Yes
3.11 A shore pipeline is partially full before b.* No
discharge and completely 4.5 Can a free water volume be calculated using a
full after discharge. What will this result in? wedge formula, if
a. A gain of product as measured in the shore tank the water does not touch the forward bulkhead.
b.* A loss of product as measured in the shore tank a.* Yes
c. A loss of product as measured on the vessel b. No
d. It will have no impact on the outturn Marine Measurement Page 25
3.12 Volumetric shrinkage is least when there is a  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
large density International Third Edition March 2009
difference between the two crude oils that are 4.6 The preferred device for taking temperatures in
mixed. a marine
a. True custody transfer is?
b.* False a. A mercury-in-glass thermometer in a cup-case
3.13 Which factors contribute to high evaporative assembly
losses? b. An in-line temperature probe
a. High vapour pressure of the cargo c. An on-board radar system
b. Excessive agitation of cargo during voyage d.* A portable electronic thermometer
c. Gauge hatches left open 4.7 What is the first thing you must do when you
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct board a marine
3.14 Metered quantities are always more accurate vessel?
than those a.* Report to the person in charge
obtained from static shore tank measurements. b. Have the tanks open, ready to gauge and sample
a. True c. Always take samples first
b.* False d. Always take gauges first
Loss Control Page 23 4.8 The vessel’s master states that he will load
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee 15,000 MT of a
International Third Edition March 2009 product. Your instructions state that a maximum of
3.15 Whether a shoreline is full, partly full or empty 13,000 MT
can affect should be loaded. What will be your course of
accurate measurement of transferred volumes. action?
Which a. Assume the vessel’s master has more up to date
documents provide guidelines for determining the information
fullness of b.* Contact your principal for instructions.
pipelines between vessels and shore tanks? c. Help to calculate the stop gauge to be certain the
a.* ISO 11563 / API MPMS Chapter 17.6 ship is not
b. IP PMM Part XII S1 (HM21) overloaded.
c. IP PMM Part XVI S1 (HM28) d. Leave the decision to the terminal.
d. ISO 3171 / API MPMS Chapter 8.2 4.9 IP PMM Part XVI (HM28) states that the preferred
3.16 What is a ‘transit’ difference? method for
a.* The difference between the vessel-measured taking cargo measurements on board ships is?
volume at the a. By automatic gauging systems as long as the sensor
load port and the vessel-measured volume at the is
discharge mounted at the center of each cargo tank/compartment
port b. Only with electronic gauging tapes (portable
b. The difference between the vessel-measured volume measurement
at the units/PMU’s)
load port and the shore-measured volume at the load c. By an independent inspector
port d.* Using manual measurement methods whenever
c. The difference between the vessel-measured volume possible
at the 4.10 When you are on board a marine vessel, the
load port and the shore-measured volume at the overall
discharge responsibility for the use of proper safety
port procedures,
d. The difference between the shore line agreed appropriate measurement equipment and the
tolerance at correct sampling
the load port and the shore line agreed tolerance at the equipment rests with?
discharge port a.* The inspector
Page 24 Marine Measurement b. The inspection company that the inspector works for
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee c. The vessel
International Third Edition March 2009 d. The inspection company’s principal
SECTION 4 - MARINE MEASUREMENT Page 26 Marine Measurement
4.1 If the vessel incurs a transit loss of product and  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
a transit gain in International Third Edition March 2009
water, what should you do? 4.11 The term ‘simultaneous ballasting or
a. Obtain samples of the free water deballasting’ means?
b. Check the vessel’s bunkers and bunker consumption a. The vessel is transferring ballast from one ballast
during tank to
the voyage another
c. Verify the condition of seals on the sea suction and b. The vessel is taking on or pumping off ballast in more
overboard discharge valves than
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct one tank at a time
4.2 If the vessel has independently certified wedge c.* The vessel is transferring ballast while cargo is
tables, they may being
pumped
d. The Chief Officer has been authorized to pump a. By use of trim corrections
ballast b. By applying the wedge formula
ashore c.* By using an average of the innage measurements.
4.12 Once sea valves are sealed by an independent d. By using the innage at the official gauge point
inspector, the 4.24 Is it correct to apply a wedge calculation to an
vessel staff may not operate those valves during OBQ/ROB
custody volume if the material is touching all four tank
transfer for any reason without consulting with the bulkheads ?
inspector. a.* No
a. True b. Yes
b.* False 4.25 If you are only able to gauge the vessel’s tanks
4.13 Why is measurement of free water on board from one
marine vessels location and the ROB is non-liquid, what should
important? you use to
a. To enable net cargo reconciliation obtain a volume?
b. As a check against water quantities received at the a. A wedge table or formula
shore b. A trim corrected innage
terminal c.* An uncorrected innage
c. As an indication of possible cargo theft d. A trim corrected ullage
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct 4.26 The On Board Quantity (OBQ) measured at a
4.14 What does IP PMM Part XVI S1 (HM 28) deal loading port will
with? usually be greater than the remaining on board
a. Line displacements (ROB) measured
b. LPG sampling at the previous discharge port.
c.* Crude oil cargo measurements a.* True
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong b. False
4.15 When you board a vessel, what is the first 4.27 In what case will non-liquid ROB be considered
thing you do? not to be evenly
a. Start sampling distributed across the tank bottom?
b. Check to see if the inert gas system is on a. When the vessel is listing
c.* Report to the person in charge on the vessel b. When the cargo was heated
d. Start taking temperatures c.* When multiple gauges in the tank prove otherwise
Marine Measurement Page 27 d. When ROB is more than 10cm deep
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee Marine Measurement Page 29
International Third Edition March 2009  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
4.16 What is the purpose of ballast? International Third Edition March 2009
a. To keep the cargo warm 4.28 What components may be included in OBQ?
b. To segregate cargoes a. Free water
c. To reduce the ship’s fuel consumption b. A layer of non-liquid material
d.* To maintaining the vessel’s stability, trim, and to c. Liquid material
control d.* Any combination of the above
vessel stress 4.29 What is cargo that adheres to the vertical
4.17 When should a bunker inspection be bulkheads of a tank
performed? called?
a. Only with fuel oil cargoes a. Slops
b. With every product except gasoline b.* Clingage
c. When requested by the vessel c. Coatage
d.* As appropriate or on the request of the principal d. Klingons
4.18 It is important when measuring ROB and OBQ 4.30 What is the amount of material found in a tank
to remember prior to loading
that? called?
a. Liquid material is usually ullaged. a. Slops
b. Non-liquid material must be innaged. b.* On Board Quantity (OBQ)
c.* Vessel trim can have an effect c. Bunkers
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct d. Remaining On Board (ROB)
4.19 When is an OBQ inspection performed? 4.31 What is the amount of material found in a tank
a. Before loading a clean product after discharge
b.* Before any cargo is loaded called?
c. Before any chemical is loaded a. Slops
d. Before loading a clean product after a dirty one b. On Board Quantity (OBQ)
4.20 You have determined that ROB material is non- c. Bunkers
liquid, but you d.* Remaining On Board (ROB)
were only able to measure it from one gauge point. 4.32 If you are instructed to take manual vessel
In order to measurements but
calculate the volume of ROB, you should assume the Captain refuses to allow this, what course of
that it is lying action should
evenly across the bottom of the tank. you take?
a.* True a. Contact your principals immediately, via your
b. False supervisor
4.21 Why may multipoint gauging be required when if appropriate
performing an b. Issue a letter of protest to the vessel
OBQ/ROB survey? c. Comply with the Captain’s instructions
a. To help determine if a wedge condition exists d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
b. To help determine the nature (liquid or non-liquid) 4.33 Should you seal a vessel’s sea-valves prior to
and loading?
quantity of the OBQ/ROB a. No
c. Only if the vessel is on even keel. b.* Yes
d.* a. and b. Page 30 Marine Measurement
Page 28 Marine Measurement  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee International Third Edition March 2009
International Third Edition March 2009 4.34 When portable electronic gauging equipment
4.22 If the ROB is non-liquid in nature what is the is used on board a
preferred marine vessel, which of the following
measurement method? considerations needs to
a. A single innage/dip be addressed?
b.* An average of multiple innages a. The equipment used must securely fit the vapour
c. By ullage control
d. Using trim corrections valve.
4.23 If a series of innage measurements indicates b. The vessel’s tank capacity tables must have been
that the ROB/OBQ adjusted
lies evenly across the bottom, how should you to accommodate the vapour control valve location and
determine the reference height
volume? c. The equipment should be grounded
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct a.* Yes
4.35 If there is spotting of the water paste above the b. No
clear cut level 4.46 What is meant by the term ‘trimmed by the
what would you use to calculate the volume? head’?
a. The very top of the spotting a. The aft draft reading is greater that the forward draft
b.* The clear cut but note the spotting volume in the reading.
remarks b.* The forward draft reading is greater than the aft draft
c. There is no mention of spotting in published reading.
standards c. The ship has water in the forepeak tank.
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong d. Trim corrections will always be added to the
4.36 If you are to gauge a vessel in a heavy swell measured
the minimum gauge
number of dips per tank should be? 4.47 What is meant by the term ‘trimmed by the
a. One stern’?
b. Until you get two identical readings a.* The aft draft reading is greater that the forward draft
c. Three and use the average reading
d.* At least five, taken over the period of the motion, b. The forward draft reading is greater than the aft draft
recorded reading.
and then averaged c. The ship has water in the aftpeak tank.
4.37 If the vessel is at an exposed berth and rolling d. Trim corrections will always be subtracted from the
such that the measured gauge.
cargo in the tank is moving more than 3 mm, the 4.48 When measuring cargo what is the main
minimum reason for taking draft
number of gauges to be taken is? readings on fully-loaded vessels at the loading
a. One port?
b. Two a. To be used at the discharge port in case of a cargo
c. Three variance
d.* Five b.* To enable calculation of trim or list corrections if
4.38 In API MPMS Chapter 17.2 are there any needed
guidelines for vessel c. To compare with draft readings at the discharge port
inspection in adverse weather? d. To ensure adequate cargo drainage
a.* Yes 4.49 What should trim corrections be applied to?
b. No a. Only the ROB quantity
Marine Measurement Page 31 b. Only the OBQ quantity
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee c. Any liquid material
International Third Edition March 2009 d.* Any liquid material that is touching all four tank
4.39 API MPMS Chapter 17.4/ISO 8697 does not bulkheads
address the issue of Marine Measurement Page 33
pumpability.  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
a.* True International Third Edition March 2009
b. False 4.50 What is the most accurate way of measuring a
4.40 What term is used for the measurement of vessel’s list?
cargo through two or a. Ask the Chief Mate
more openings in a tank? b. Reading the clinometer
a. Repetitive motion gauging c.* By comparing the port and starboard amidships draft
b. Duplicate gauging marks
c.* Multi-point gauging d. Observe the foremast while standing amidships
d. Hatch survey 4.51 When a vessel is not on an even keel, what
4.41 What is a Charter Party? should be used to
a. A traditional event hosted by the owner of a vessel correct tank dips?
celebrating the vessel being hired a. Volume correction tables or volume correction
b. A document specifying the dimensions of a vessel so calculations
it can b.* Trim correction tables or trim calculations
get into the docks to load and unload its cargo c. Weight correction tables or weight correction
c.* A document outlining the terms and conditions that calculations
will apply d. Draft correction tables or draft correction calculations
to the owner and the charterer while a vessel is on hire 4.52 The trim of a vessel will have no effect on the
d. A statement of the demurrage to be charged to the detection of free
charterer water.
4.42 What is the Reference Gauge Height of a a. True
vessel tank? b.* False
a. The overall height of the expansion trunk, referred to 4.53 In what circumstances will a wedge condition
in the exist?
drawings a. If liquid covers the bottom of the tank.
b.* The distance from the tank bottom to the reference b.* If liquid does not touch all four bulkheads
gauge c. If liquid accumulates beneath the gauge hatch
point as specified on the tank’s capacity table d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
c. The measured distance from the tank bottom to the 4.54 When non-liquid material covers the whole
reference gauge point bottom of a tank,
d. The place inside the tank where automatic trim corrections are applicable.
measurement a. True
floats are installed b.* False
4.43 As a minimum, how many liquid level 4.55 Which of the following conditions must be
measurements must be present for trim
taken in a vessel’s tanks when the vessel is in corrections to apply?
motion (rolling)? a.* Tank contents must touch all four bulkheads
a. 2 b. Tank contents must be non liquid
b. 3 c. Tank contents must not contact the forward bulkhead
c. 4 d. Answers a. and b. are correct
d.* 5 Page 34 Marine Measurement
Page 32 Marine Measurement  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee International Third Edition March 2009
International Third Edition March 2009 4.56 What is the definition of ‘list’?
4.44 Is the holding of a key meeting prior to an a. A piece of paper showing the names of all on board
inspection required to personnel
comply with Industry Standards b.* The inclination or leaning of the vessel away from
a.* Yes the upright
b. No c. The correction required when the vessel is not on
4.45 According to IP PMM Part XVI S1 (HM28), is the even keel
petroleum d. The position of the tank contents when the vessel is
inspector required to be present at a key meeting down by
prior to an the head
inspection?
4.57 When should a wedge formula calculation be of the walls of a tank to remove any cargo residue
used on a vessel b.* The activity of rinsing the wall of a tank with a
trimmed by the stern? solvent
a.* When liquid material does not contact the forward and obtaining a sample of the previous product(s) to
bulkhead determine compatibility with the product to be placed
b. When solid material is gauged at a single gauge into
point the tank
c. When free water completely covers the tank bottom c. A procedure in which a tank is washed with caustic
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct solution to remove surface build-up
4.58 Typically, four parties receive samples at the d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong
loading port when 4.68 What is a ‘wipe test’?
a marine tank vessel is loaded. Three of those a. The procedure of wiping sample containers to ensure
parties are (1) they are clean before being submitted to the laboratory
the independent inspector, (2) the vessel for b.* The procedure of physically wiping a tanks’ interior
delivery to the surface with absorbent white rags to test for possible
discharging terminal, (3) The vessel for retain. Who contamination
is the fourth c. A specialized laboratory test for the presence of
party? water,
a. The cargo owner iron, polymers and emulsion
b. The vessel for retain d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong
c. The vessel’s agent 4.69 What should the number of areas in a cargo
d.* The load port terminal tank to be wall
4.59 What is the preferred method for preparing washed be based upon?
composite a. The last cargo
samples from vessel tanks? b.* The tank capacity
a. On board as long as every cargo tank contains the c. The amount of wall wash medium you have
same d. The age of the vessel
cargo 4.70 When carrying out a wall wash test of a
b. On board, using equal volumes from each tank vessel’s cargo tank you
c.* In a laboratory, in proportion to the volume in each note a number of discoloured areas on the tank
tank surface. If the
d. In a laboratory when S&W and API Gravity are the discoloured areas are less than 20% of the tanks
only tests surface area,
needed can you sample (wall wash) these areas and include
4.60 What is ‘freeboard’ on a vessel? it in your
a.* The distance from the waterline to the vessel’s deck tank sample?
level a.* Yes
b. The distance from the waterline to the vessel’s keel b. No
c. The time when local Customs officials permit others Marine Measurement Page 37
to board  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
the vessel International Third Edition March 2009
d. The time of day that lay time begins according to the 4.71 When carrying out a wall wash test of a
Charter vessel’s cargo tank you
Party note some discoloured areas, tank coating breaks
Marine Measurement Page 35 and exposed
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee sections on the tank surface. These areas exceed
International Third Edition March 2009 20% of the
4.61 Using the Imperial system of measurement; tank surface area. What should you do?
what size are draft a. Wall wash these areas and include the wall washings
mark numbers? with those from the rest of the tank
a. 12 inches high b. Note these areas on your inspection report and
b. 9 inches high refrain
c.* 6 inches high from wall washing them.
d. 3 inches high c.* Wall wash these areas and keep the wall washings
4.62 Using the Imperial system of measurement; from
how far apart are these areas in a separate bottle
draft mark numbers? d. Only wall wash the area that has no coating
a. 12 inches breakdown
b. 9 inches 4.72 Should a wall wash be performed on a wet tank
c.* 6 inches surface?
d. 3 inches a. Yes
4.63 What information is determined from draft b.* No
readings? 4.73 What must be determined at a pre-loading tank
a. The depth of the vessel in the water inspection key
b. The trim and list of the vessel meeting between vessel’s personnel, shore
c. The displacement weight of the vessel personnel and
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct inspection personnel?
4.64 When the metric system is used; what size are a. Tank number, tank capacity, intended cargo volume
draft numbers? b. The last three cargoes and method of tank cleaning
a. 6 inches high c. The contents of adjacent tanks
b. 6 centimetres high d.* Information a., b. and c. must all be determined
c. 12 centimetres high 4.74 A ‘deck level’ inspection is the most effective
d.* 10 centimetres high form of tank
4.65 When taking a draft reading which is in metric inspection.
units; what is the a. True
distance between each number? b.* False
a. 6 inches 4.75 During a tank entry inspection, which of the
b. 5 centimetres following is not
c. 12 centimetres correct?
d.* 10 centimetres a.* Since more than one person will be entering the
4.66 Which code includes references to pre-loading tank, it
inspection of is not necessary to have a standby person at the hatch
vessels’ tanks? b. All pipelines should be drained and verified empty
a. IP PMM Part II (HM2) c. The tank atmosphere should be tested for safe entry
b. ISO 3070 d. All surface areas should be checked for possible
c.* IP PMM Part XVI (HM28, HM29) contamination, tank coating condition and loose rust
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong Page 38 Marine Measurement
Page 36 Marine Measurement  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee International Third Edition March 2009
International Third Edition March 2009 4.76 When wall washing a tank, which of the
4.67 What is a ‘wall wash test’? following is correct?
a. A procedure involving high pressure automated a. Tank bottoms (floor) normally do not require wall
washing washing
b. There are two wall wash methods, blotter and funnel a. The International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and
c. Each wall wash area should be at least 3 feet by 6 Terminals
feet (ISGOTT)
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct b. The Petroleum Handbook
4.77 It is not necessary to prepare a blank of the c.* The Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for that
wall wash liquid if it product
is supplied by a certified Laboratory. d. IP PMM Part VI (HM6) / ISO 3170 / ISO 3171
a. True 5.2 Regardless of the product, what is the maximum
b.* False level to which
4.78 Pre-loading tank inspection may be limited to sample containers must be filled?
gauging OBQ. a. 50%
a.* True b.* 80%
b. False c. 95%
4.79 Who is responsible for determining that cargo d. 100%
on a vessel is 5.3 What is the minimum personal protective
loaded only into tanks with surfaces or coatings equipment required
compatible when sampling?
with the cargo? a. Gloves, respirator, hard hat and SCBA
a. The independent Inspector b.* Gloves, eye protection, hard-hat, flame retardant
b. The shipper of the cargo overalls &
c.* Vessel’s personnel safety shoes
d. Terminal personnel c. Gloves, face-shield and sun glasses
4.80 Which of the following is most likely to require d. Gloves, uniform and SCBA
a tank-entry 5.4 When gauging a tank that is emitting vapours,
inspection? where should you
a.* Petrochemicals position yourself?
b. Jet fuel a. Up-wind of the gauge hatch
c. Diesel fuel b. The wind at your left or right side
d. Heavy fuel oil c. The wind in your face
4.81 Why should you never break blisters in a tank d.* Answers a. or b. are correct
coating and never 5.5 When lifting anything heavy, which muscles
disturb piles of debris on a tank floor when should take most of
performing a tank the weight?
entry inspection? a. Upper arm muscles
a. The tank atmosphere may be adversely affected b.* Leg muscles
b. The Inspector may come into contact with potentially c. Back muscles
dangerous, unknown material d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct, to distribute the
c. It is the responsibility of vessels’ personnel to remove load
debris and prepare the tank surface before the tank is equally
loaded Safety Page 41
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
Marine Measurement Page 39 International Third Edition March 2009
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee 5.6 When are inspectors permitted to operate
International Third Edition March 2009 valves on board
4.82 When reading the draft marks on a barge or vessels?
vessel, which part a. When accompanied by an authorised person on
of the number indicates the actual zero point (start) board
of the b. When no-one else is around to do it
number in question? c. When the vessel staff are too busy to do it
a.* The lower edge of the number themselves
b. The upper edge of the number d.* Inspectors must not operate vessel valves
c. The mid point of the number 5.7 Which of the following safety equipment is not
4.83 What should a sea valve be sealed to? required on
a. The pump-man’s wheel wrench every job?
b. An adjacent static object such as another valve or a. Filter-type respirator
railing b.* SCBA
c.* The main body of the sea valve c. Hard hat
d. The nameplate on the valve wheel d. Long-sleeve, fire resistant clothing
4.84 According to IP PMM Part XVI (HM28/HM29), 5.8 What should be your first reaction to any injury
what should accident?
happen as part of a shore inspection? a.* To protect the injured person, if possible without risk
a. The Terminal should tell the Inspector the condition to
of yourself, from exposure to further injury
the line b. To call for help
b.* A line fullness verification procedure should be c. To render First Aid
requested d. To report immediately to the person’s supervisor
to verify line condition 5.9 The responsibility for an inspector complying
c. Unless instructed otherwise, the Inspector should with the safety
assume that the line is full before and after transfer of regulations in any terminal belongs to?
product a. The terminal staff
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct b. The terminal’s safety officer
4.85 You are sent to inspect a vessel discharge c.* The inspector
under closed d. The inspector’s manager
gauging conditions and find that the valve adapters 5.10 All portable electronic equipment must be
on board _______ before use?
are not compatible with your electronic gauging a. Checked
equipment. b. Cleaned
What should you do? c. Calibrated
a. Contact your principal for instructions d.* Grounded
b. Use the ship’s gauging equipment 5.11 On the IATA/IMDG diamond-shaped warning
c.* Use the ship’s gauging equipment but only after symbol, what does
verifying the colour Red indicate?
this against your equipment and recording the results a. Reactivity hazard level
d. Use a manual tape and open gauging b.* Fire hazard level
Page 40 Safety c. Corrosive hazard level
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee d. Health hazard (toxicity) level
International Third Edition March 2009 Page 42 Safety
SECTION 5 - SAFETY  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
5.1 You are instructed to sample a tank of methyl International Third Edition March 2009
tertiary butyl ether 5.12 What is a ‘UN Number’?
(MTBE) which is a new product for you. Where a. A communication and shipping number assigned to a
should your first product by the manufacturer
source of information be?
b. A chemical formula number used to identify the b. By not allowing your hands to slide on the hand rail
product c.* By grounding yourself and your equipment before
c.* A unique identifying number assigned to a product opening
by the the gauge/sample hatch and during subsequent
United Nations operations
d. An identifying number used only by manufacturers to d. By using stainless steel equipment
assign 5.25 A portable electronic thermometer should
categories of chemicals for sale always be grounded
5.13 On which of the following documents would after the probe has been lowered into the liquid.
you find a ‘UN’ a. True
Number? b.* False
a.* A material safety data sheet (MSDS) 5.26 What can help prevent a build-up and/or
b. A Bill of Lading discharge of
c. A Certificate of Analysis static electricity when sampling?
d. A Chemical compatibility list a. Use of a sampling cord made of synthetic fibre
5.14 Which of the following is defined as a b. Tying the end of the sampling cord to the railing of
corrosive liquid? the tank
a. An acid solution c.* Use of a sampling cord that contains no synthetic
b. A caustic solution fibre
c. Acid and caustic solutions are not corrosive d. Holding the sample cord against the gauge hatch
d.* Acid and caustic solutions are both corrosive throughout
5.15 Corrosive liquids will directly injure the body the sampling operation
tissue on contact. 5.27 Why is it important to wear gloves while
a.* True sampling?
b. False a. So that the sample is not contaminated
5.16 A chemical has a strong odour. What does this b. To prevent your hands becoming dirty
indicate? c.* To prevent hazardous chemicals being absorbed
a. That a hazard exists through
b. That the vapour concentration is low your skin
c. That the vapour concentration is high d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
d.* Odour is an unreliable source of specific information 5.28 What should you do to avoid the build-up
regarding a chemical and/or discharge of
5.17 A hard hat’s most important feature, when static electricity when using a portable electronic
worn, is the distance thermometer
between the shell and the wearer’s head. (PET)?
a.* True a. Hold on to the railing or other metal part of the tank
b. False while
Safety Page 43 using the PET
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee b.* Attach the ground wire of the PET to the tank before
International Third Edition March 2009 opening
5.18 What does H2S stand for? the gauge hatch then slowly lower the probe assembly
a. Water into
b. Hydrogen disulfide the oil
c.* Hydrogen sulfide c. Since the probe is plastic and does not conduct
d. Dihydrosodium electricity, no
5.19 To find out if a material is hazardous, you must static electricity can form
consult the d. Either a., b. or c. is acceptable
MSDS. Safety Page 45
a.* True  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
b. False International Third Edition March 2009
5.20 Before gauging a tank, how can static 5.29 What is the main component of inert gas?
electricity can be a. Carbon sulfide
discharged from your body? b. Carbon dioxide
a. By using a tank gauge meter c.* Nitrogen
b.* By touching a grounded structure such as a tank d. Hydrogen
railing, with 5.30 Why should pumping be suspended when first-
bare hands in or first-foot
c. By using natural fiber sampling cords samples are taken?
d. By touching a grounded structure such as a tank a. To allow any gas to dissipate
railing, b.* To allow static electricity to dissipate
while wearing rubber gloves c. So the vapours don’t blow in your face
5.21 When using a metal tape to gauge a tank, the d. To give time for analysis results
tape should 5.31 Shipping declaration forms are required
always stay in contact with the gauge hatch. whenever a hazardous
a.* True material is transported on a public road or highway.
b. False a.* True
5.22 While sampling a crude ship, a small fire b. False
breaks out in the 5.32 In addition to the labelled outer container, what
pump-room. What action should you take? are the other
a. Grab a type C fire extinguisher and enter the pump main components of a hazardous materials
room package?
b. Close the hatch and call for the launch a. The material being shipped, absorbent and inner
c. Continue sampling because the crew will take care of container
the fire b. The inner container, absorbent and cushioning
d.* Immediately secure your area and report to a material
responsible c. The material being shipped and the shipping papers
ship’s officer d.* The material being shipped, the inner container,
5.23 As you enter a bunded area to sample a fuel oil absorbent &
tank, you begin cushioning material
to feel dizzy. What action should you take? 5.33 When hazardous materials are transported on
a.* Get out of the tank area immediately a public road or
b. Take a deep breath and run for the tank ladder highway which document(s) does legislation
c. Lie down because there is more oxygen closer to the require you to
ground carry in addition to shipping papers?
d. Immediately put on your respirator with organic a. An MSDS for each product
cartridges b. An Emergency Response Guide
Page 44 Safety c. Either a. or b.
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee d.* Both a. and b.
International Third Edition March 2009 5.34 What are the minimum markings on the
5.24 How can the opportunity for a build-up and/or outside of a package
discharge of containing hazardous materials?
static electricity be reduced? a. A hazard label
a. By wearing rubber gloves b. A proper shipping name and the name of the shipper
c. UN Number, proper shipping name and hazard label a. The Permissible Exposure Limit and the Threshold
d.* UN Number, proper shipping name, hazard label, Limit
name of Value
shipper and the name and address of the consignee b.* The Lower Explosive Limit, Upper Explosive Limit
Page 46 Safety and the
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee Flash Point
International Third Edition March 2009 c. The Flash Point and the Threshold Limit Value
5.35 What does a material that falls into two hazard d. The Permissible Exposure Limit and the Lower
classifications Explosive
require? Limit
a.* A label for both classifications 5.47 What defines a confined space?
b. A label for the most hazardous of the two materials a. It has limited means of access and exit
c. No labels are required b. It is not designed for continuous occupation
d. This type of material cannot be shipped by road c. It has limited natural ventilation
5.36 Which of the following can IATA/IMDG d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
hazardous goods 5.48 Before entering a confined space, which of the
publications supply information on? following tests
a. Description, proper shipping name and hazard class are required?
b. UN Number and what labels, if any, are required a. Oxygen content
c. Information on regulations, exemptions and b. Lower explosive limit
maximum c. Toxic vapour testing
sample sizes d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct 5.49 According to the ‘International Safety Guide for
5.37 What must you do in order to transport Oil Tankers and
flammable liquids on a Terminals’ (ISGOTT), for a tank to be safe for entry,
public highway? what should
a. Fully label all samples the reading on a combustible gas detector be?
b. Place the samples in approved UN performance a. Less than15%
package b. Less than10%
tested containers c.* Less than1%
c. Consult a Material Safety Data Sheet and d. Less than 0.5%
Emergency 5.50 Which of the following are examples of a
Response Guide for the product being transported confined
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct space?
5.38 What is the correct source of information a. A cargo tank
about the hazards of b. A grain silo
any product being inspected? c. A pump-room on a ship
a. The inspector’s supervisor d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
b. A knowledgeable chemist 5.51 Someone must always stand watch at the
c. The inspector’s previous experience entrance to the
d.* Material Safety Data Sheets confined space while you are in it.
5.39 What is the most informative source of a.* True
information about the b. False
hazards of a product or chemical? Safety Page 49
a. The job sheet  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
b. The Bill of Lading International Third Edition March 2009
c.* The Material Safety Data Sheet 5.52 What do the initials ‘LEL’ stand for?
d. The operations supervisor a. Low explosion location
Safety Page 47 b. Low environmental levels
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee c. Lower environmental level
International Third Edition March 2009 d.* Lower explosive limit
5.40 What do the initials “MSDS” stand for? 5.53 If the atmosphere in a cargo tank is stated to
a. Material Storage and Distribution System be ‘below the LEL’
b. Material Safety and Distribution Sheet what does this mean?
c. Material Storage and Data System a. There is not enough oxygen in the tank to support
d.* Material Safety Data Sheet combustion
5.41 Who must supply a MSDS? b. There is too much hydrocarbon vapor in the tank to
a. The manufacturer of the material support
b. The owner of the material combustion
c. The distributor of the material c. Answers a. and b. are correct
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct d.* There is not enough hydrocarbon vapor in the tank
5.42 A MSDS will list what type of protective to permit
equipment is required combustion.
when working with a particular material. 5.54 What do the initials ‘UEL’ stand for?
a.* True a. Upper environmental level
b. False b. Unknown environmental level
5.43 When is a tank with an external floating roof c.* Upper explosive limit
considered to be a d. Unknown explosive levels
confined space? 5.55 What does an explosion meter measure?
a.* When the roof is located anywhere under the top a. The amount of oxygen in a space
ring or b. Whether a space is safe for entry
course of the tank plates c.* Whether or not there is an explosive atmosphere in
b. Only when the tank is empty a space
c. Only when the roof is resting on its legs d. The flash point of a gas mixture.
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong 5.56 An explosimeter measuring LEL% is utilized to
5.44 Which of the following are considered to be sample the
confined spaces? atmosphere within a cargo tank and a reading of
a. A cofferdam 15% is
b. An external floating roof tank observed. What does the reading mean?
c. A ship’s pump-room a. The atmosphere in the tank contains 15% oxygen
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct b.* The atmosphere in the tank is 15% of the lowest
5.45 What is the safe oxygen content range in a concentration of an explosive mixture of air and
confined space? hydrocarbon
a.* Between 19.5% and 21.0% vapours
b. Between 18.6% and 20% c. The atmosphere in the tank is 15% hydrocarbon
c. Between 19% and 25% vapours
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong d. The atmosphere in the tank is a 15% mixture of air
Page 48 Safety and
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee hydrocarbon vapours
International Third Edition March 2009 Page 50 Safety
5.46 Products have defined limits of combustion.  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
These are? International Third Edition March 2009
5.57 What does an oxygen meter measure?
a. The percentage of oxygen below the LEL of a c. Yes, but only in trace quantities
hydrocarbon/air mixture d. By law, gasoline must not contain benzene
b. The amount of oxygen needed to make a confined 5.68 What is the appearance and characteristic
space odour of benzene?
safe for entry a.* Clear colourless liquid with a sweet odour
c.* The percentage of oxygen contained in the b. Clear colourless liquid with a sour odour
atmosphere c. Light brown liquid with no distinguishable odour
being sampled d. Light brown liquid with a strong pungent odour
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong 5.69 Workers who are regularly exposed to benzene
5.58 What is the normal percentage content of should have a
oxygen in the air? regular medical examination.
a. 15.1% a.* True
b. 19.1% b. False
c.* 20.9% 5.70 What effects may chronic exposure (long term)
d. 25.9% to benzene
5.59 What is the current exposure limit for benzene result in?
within the EEC a. Loss of vision
(8 hour time weighted average)? b.* Various blood disorders ranging from anemia to
a. 10 ppm leukemia
b. 3 ppm c. Impaired Disability Syndrome (IDS)
c. 5 ppm d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
d.* 1 ppm 5.71 How heavy are benzene vapours?
5.60 Benzene is a health hazard. Which of the a. Lighter than air
following are likely to b.* Heavier than air
contain benzene? c. Same as air
a. Crude Oil d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong
b. Gasoline 5.72 Hydrogen sulfide may be present in all
c. Ethylbenzene petroleum products,
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct crude oil and many types of petrochemicals.
5.61 How can benzene enter your body? a.* True
a. By inhalation b. False
b. By absorption through the skin 5.73 What are the effects of acute exposure (short
c. By Ingestion term) to benzene?
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct a. Shortness of breath, irritability, headache, nausea,
Safety Page 51 dizziness,
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee intoxication
International Third Edition March 2009 b. Irritation of the eyes, nose and respiratory tract
5.62 What is the minimum respirator recommended c. Convulsions and loss of consciousness
by IMO MSC/Circ d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
1095 for working in an environment where the Safety Page 53
benzene  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
concentration is expected to be greater than the International Third Edition March 2009
exposure limit? 5.74 Who or what should you consult if you need to
a. Half mask respirator with an organic vapor cartridge know detailed
for up to safety or exposure information about benzene?
10ppm a. Your doctor or pharmacist
b. Full face respirator with an organic vapour cartridge b. Your Safety Manual
for up to c.* The Material Safety Data Sheet
50ppm d. The International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and
c.* Answers a. and b. are both correct Terminals (ISGOTT)
d. Half-mask respirator with an acid gas cartridge 5.75 What is the most hazardous component of
5.63 When working with benzene, in addition to a crude oil?
respirator, what a. The smell
other personal protective equipment is required? b. Pour point
a. Safety glasses, hard hat and leather gloves c. Toxicity
b. Long-sleeve coveralls and leather boots d.* Hydrogen sulfide
c.* Rubber gloves, goggles, rain suit and hard hat 5.76 When working in an environment suspected of
d. Personal Protective Equipment is not mandated by containing H2S
safety what is the only effective protection?
legislation a. Full face respirator
5.64 Which of the following statements are correct, b. Half mask respirator
when working c.* Self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)
with benzene? d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
a. As a minimum, a full face or half mask cartridge 5.77 When working in an environment suspected of
respirator containing H2S, personal monitors must show a
must be worn for closed or restricted system gauging level
and below (or provide an alarm at) what limit?
sampling a.* 5 ppm
b. A self contained breathing apparatus must be used in b. 1 ppm
all c. 10 ppm
open tank situations d. 0.1 ppm
c. A self contained breathing apparatus must be used if 5.78 Organic filter respirators are sufficiently
the effective in a hydrogen
exposure is expected to exceed 50ppm sulphide atmosphere to be used for escape
d.* Answers a.,b. and c. are all correct purposes.
5.65 Workers who are regularly exposed to benzene a. True
should have a b.* False
regular medical examination. 5.79 Hydrogen sulfide is probably the most
a.* True dangerous gas
b. False commonly encountered in the petroleum industry.
5.66 What is the permissible exposure limit for a.* True
benzene (8 hour time b. False
weighted average)? Page 54 Safety
a. 10 ppm  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
b. 3 ppm International Third Edition March 2009
c. 5 ppm 5.80 What are the characteristics of hydrogen
d.* 1 ppm sulfide?
Page 52 Safety a. It is a pale yellow gas with a sweetish taste and
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee strong
International Third Edition March 2009 pungent odour
5.67 Can gasoline contain benzene? b. It is a pale yellow gas with the unpleasant odour of
a.* Yes. Up to 5% maximum “Rotten
b. Yes. Up to 50% maximum Eggs”
c.* It is a colourless gas with a sweetish taste and the c. The expense to replace the cartridges
unpleasant odour of “Rotten Eggs” d. Keeping the face piece from sweating up
d. It is a colourless gas with little or no odour Sampling Page 57
5.81 What is the maximum permissible 8 hour TWA  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
(time weighted International Third Edition March 2009
average) exposure level of hydrogen sulfide? SECTION 6 - SAMPLING
a.* 5 ppm 6.1 Which industry documents describe the
b. 10 ppm procedures for manual
c. 25 ppm sampling of petroleum and Petroleum Products?
d. 30 ppm a. API MPMS Chapter 17.1 / IP PMM Part XVI S1
5.82 Which of the following exposure limits for H2S (HM28)
(for use with b.* IP 475 / API MPMS Chapter 8.1 / ISO 3170
respirators) are correct? c. IP PMM Part VI S2 (HM6) / API MPMS Chapter 8.2 /
a. 500 ppm maximum exposure when using a full face ISO
respirator 3171
b. 100 ppm maximum exposure when using a half- d. API MPMS Chapter 17.2
mask 6.2 Which of the following types of sample
respirator containers are always
c. A self contained breathing apparatus must be used if unsuitable for use in handling or storage of jet fuel?
the a. Clear glass bottles
exposure exceeds 500 ppm b. Amber glass bottles
d.* Only a self contained breathing apparatus is c.* Plastic bottles
permissible for d. Epoxy lined metal cans
any exposure above the permissible exposure limit 6.3 Which of the following products should be
5.83 Refineries are not the only sources of stored in amber
industrial hydrogen bottles?
sulfide (H2S). Which of the following are other a.* Gasoline, Diesel, Jet A, Styrene
sources? b. Fuel oil, Gasoil
a. Pulp Mills c. Heavy aromatics
b. Any agricultural facility where decay of organic d. No. 6 F.O, Heavy Fuel Oil
matter may 6.4 Which of the following types of container
occur closure devices
c. Drilling Rigs should not be used with glass bottles?
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct a. Plastic screw caps
Safety Page 55 b.* Rubber stoppers
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee c. Metal screw caps
International Third Edition March 2009 d. Cork stoppers
5.84 What is the maximum permissible 8 hour TWA 6.5 Which product requires particular care when
(time weighted selecting a sample
average) exposure level of H2S? container?
a.* 5 ppm a. Gasoline
b. 10 ppm b. Fuel oil
c. 15 ppm c. Benzene
d. 50 ppm d.* Jet fuel
5.85 What is the short term exposure limit (STEL) Page 58 Sampling
for hydrogen  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
sulfide? International Third Edition March 2009
a. 15 ppm 6.6 Which documents contain guidance for
b.* 10 ppm selecting sample
c. 25 ppm containers?
d. 50 ppm a. API MPMS Chapter 8.1 / ISO 3170
5.86 Why is the sense of smell not reliable for b. IP PMM Part VI Section 2 / API MPMS Chapter 8.2 /
detecting hydrogen ISO
sulfide? 3171
a. It is difficult to detect by sense of smell c.* API MPMS Chapter 8.3
b. The level at which you can smell it is above the d. API MPMS Chapter 8.4
permissible 6.7 For which products is it recommended to rinse
exposure limit the container
c.* At 100 ppm a person’s sense of smell is deadened with the liquid to be sampled before drawing the
within sample?
minutes, thereby giving that person a false sense of a. Jet fuel samples
security b. Petrochemical samples
d. You might have a cold and be unable to breath c. Vapour pressure samples
through your d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
nose 6.8 Jet fuel should not be sampled with equipment
5.87 What type of respirator filter cartridges should that contains
you use for brass, copper or copper alloy.
protection against hydrogen sulfide? a.* True
a. Acid Gas b. False
b.* None. Only a self contained breathing apparatus is 6.9 What equipment is preferred to lower a sample
acceptable bottle to the
c. Organic Vapour required level?
d. Radionucleides, highly toxic dusts, mists and fumes a. Ullage tape
5.88 When working with sour crude or other known b.* Natural fibre cord or non-sparking chain marked to
or suspected indicate
hydrogen sulfide contaminated material you must when the correct level has been reached
wear SCBA c. Innage tape
a.* True d. Brass sampling cage
b. False 6.10 Which equipment is best for sampling free
Page 56 Safety water in a crude oil
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee tank?
International Third Edition March 2009 a. Zone sampler
5.89 The Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL) defines b.* Dead bottom sampler
exposure to a c. Bottle and sample cage
substance over how long? d. Weighted bottle and cord
a. 30 minutes 6.11 What type of equipment would you use to
b. 60 minutes sample liquid in a 55-
c.* 15 minutes gallon drum?
d. 20 minutes a. A dead-bottom sampler
5.90 What is the principal limitation of a filter or b. A bottle and cage.
cartridge respirator? c.* A sampling tube.
a.* It does not supply oxygen d. A dipper sampler.
b. The face piece tends to fog up Sampling Page 59
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee 6.24 After taking a spot sample of gasoline, it is
International Third Edition March 2009 permissible to
6.12 Which of the following samples could be taken immediately pour off some of the product to allow
with a zone room in the
sampler? container for expansion.
a. Bottom samples a.* True
b. Free water samples b. False
c. Spot samples 6.25 How is an all-levels sample obtained?
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct a. By submerging an unstoppered container at a
6.13 Why is a sampling cage and bottle generally uniform rate to
better than a a point near the tank draw-off level then raising it so
weighted sampling can for sampling volatile that it is
liquids? no more than 85% full on emerging from the liquid.
a. The equipment is easier to handle b. By blending tank upper, middle and lower samples.
b. A can sample is probably less representative c.* By submerging a stoppered container to a point as
c.* Loss of light ends is likely when the sample is near as
transferred possible to the draw-off (suction) level, then opening
from the can the
d. Sample bottles are readily available sampler and raising it at a rate such that it is about 80%
6.14 What samples is a ‘bacon-bomb’ sampler is full
used to take? on emerging from the liquid.
a.* Dead-bottom samples d. By submerging a stoppered container to the bottom
b. Running samples of the
c. LPG samples product in a tank, then opening the sampler and raising
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct it at
6.15 When would you take a free water sample ? a uniform rate until the container is full.
a. When requested by the customer. 6.26 How is a running sample obtained?
b. They are not necessary. a.* By lowering an unstoppered container from the top
c. Immediately after every loading, except chemicals. of the oil
d.* Whenever there is a sufficient quantity to sample. to the level of the outlet and returning it to the top of the
6.16 Why are free water samples important? oil at
a. To check for contaminated water under gasoline a uniform rate so that the container is between 75-85%
b.* To determine the likely source of the free water full
c. To determining the influence of free water on the API when withdrawn from the oil.
gravity b. By lowering a stoppered container to the level of the
of a crude oil cargo outlet,
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong then opening the sampler and raising it at a uniform
6.17 A representative sample is a portion extracted rate so
from the total that it is 75-85% full when withdrawn from the oil.
volume that contains its constituents in the same c. By lowering a stoppered beaker to the bottom of the
proportions tank
as those present in the total volume. contents, then opening the sampler and raising and
a.* True lowering
b. False it at a uniform rate until it is full.
Page 60 Sampling d. By lowering an unstoppered beaker or bottle to the
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee mid point
International Third Edition March 2009 of the tank contents, then raising and lowering it at a
6.18 Why do sampling standards recommend that a uniform
vapour space rate until it is full.
should be left at the top of each sample container? Page 62 Sampling
a. To permit the surface of the liquid to be visible in the  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
laboratory International Third Edition March 2009
b. To allow space to test the vapour content of the 6.27 When sampling heavy fuel oils or crude oil or
sample petroleum
c.* To allow space for safe expansion of the liquid products in a tank with non-liquid or sediment
d. To avoid the loss of light components deposits on the
6.19 What is the name of a sample obtained by bottom, why may manual samples not be
lowering a stoppered representative?
container to the draw-off level of a tank, removing a. Because the material may be non-homogeneous
the stopper b. Because the concentration of entrained water is
and withdrawing the container at a steady rate? higher near
a. Spot sample the bottom
b. Running sample c. Because the interface between the oil and water is
c.* All-levels sample difficult to
d. Composite sample measure accurately
6.20 What is the name of a sample obtained by d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
lowering an 6.28 During a marine custody transfer, which of
unstoppered container to the draw-off level of a following is the
tank and preferred sample to best represent the cargo
withdrawing the container without stopping? transferred?
a. Multi-level sample a. A composite of shore tank samples.
b.* Running sample b. A shore tank sample after a transfer
c. All-levels sample c.* Automatic pipeline samples during the transfer
d. Composite sample d. Vessel composite samples
6.21 Before sampling oil in a tank, it is necessary to 6.29 After obtaining a tank running sample, the
locate the inspector notices
oil/water interface. that the sampling bottle is full on withdrawing it
a.* True from the tank.
b. False What should the inspector do?
6.22 Before sampling a clean product or a. Pour some of the sample into a second container
petrochemical, the container b. Pour some of the sample out of the bottle
should always be rinsed with the product when c.* Empty the sampling bottle completely and obtain a
possible. new
a.* True sample
b. False d. Answers a., b. or c. are correct
6.23 Samples containers may be 100% full when the 6.30 A storage tank is manually gauged and found
RVP of the to contain 4.0
product sampled is less than 10 psi. metres of product. How many spot samples as a
a. True minimum
b.* False should be obtained from this tank?
Sampling Page 61 a.* 2 (Upper and lower)
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee b. 3 (Upper, middle and lower)
International Third Edition March 2009 c. 1 (Middle)
d. None d. Bottom samples should never be taken in Heavy
6.31 When you are instructed not to allow the Fuel Oil
sampling cord to fall 6.41 When attempting to take a running sample,
on the deck, what is the main concern? your sample bottle
a. The chance of contamination comes up full. What should you do?
b. Making a mess that could cause a danger of slipping a. Pour out 20% - 25% of the sample, then cap and
c. Wearing out the cord label the
d.* Answers a. and b. are correct sample
Sampling Page 63 b. Cap and label sample then place it in an ice chest
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee c. Make a special notation on the sampling report
International Third Edition March 2009 d.* Discard the sample and re-sample the tank so that
6.32 What is a key requirement for a correctly taken the bottle
running is about 80% full
sample? Sampling Page 65
a. The sample container must be at least half full  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
b. The sample must be taken with a zone sampler International Third Edition March 2009
c. The sample must be taken with a brass sample can 6.42 When taking a running sample of a clear
d.* The sample container must be approximately 80% product such as jet fuel
full or a water-white chemical what procedure should
6.33 You are sampling a shore tank with an you follow?
observed density of 1100 a. Rinse the inside of the sample bottle with product
kg/m3, and the main concern is water. Where would prior to
the water taking the sample
most likely be? b. Take a sample in a clear bottle to visually check the
a. 15 cm off the bottom colour
b. Stratified between the lower and middle levels before drawing the official sample in an epoxy lined can
c.* Floating on top of the cargo or
d. No water can be found in oils with a density greater PTFE container
than 1000 kg/m3 c. Ensure that product running down the sample cord
6.34 Why is a running sample not acceptable if the cannot
container is contaminate the sample
brought up full? d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
a.* There is no way to tell when the bottle filled up 6.43 Samples should not be taken from an
b. There would be too much oil to test the density unslotted or unperforated
c. There is a chance of contamination from the bottle standpipe.
cap a.* True
d. As the bottle warms up, it could shatter b. False
6.35 When is it permitted to prepare composites of 6.44 A sample can or bottle should never be capped
individual tank if it is more than
samples on board a marine? 80 - 85% full.
a.* Only when the mixture can be prepared in exact a.* True
proportion b. False
to the volume of material in each tank 6.45 What should you do before taking a tap or line
b. When it would take less than a 20 litre can to make sample?
the a. Ground your equipment
composite b.* Flush the tap and sample line until they are purged
c. When there is no chance of foreign debris falling in to c. Call your supervisor
it d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
d. When it will not result in delays to the vessel 6.46 During preliminary sampling of a shore tank
6.36 What laboratory test will most likely be that will be used to
affected by using a load a vessel, you should also obtain a tape or side
sampling cord that was first used in black oil then gauge
used in clean reading.
oil? a.* True
a.* Colour b. False
b. R.V.P. Page 66 Sampling
c. S and W  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
d. Flash Point International Third Edition March 2009
Page 64 Sampling 6.47 Where may composite samples be prepared?
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee a. Only in a laboratory
International Third Edition March 2009 b. On board a vessel if separate samples are taken to
6.37 Tanks that are sampled do not need to be the
gauged. laboratory for analysis
a. True c.* Preferably in a laboratory but also on board a vessel
b.* False if
6.38 What is the correct procedure for taking a jet conditions and equipment allow the sample to be
fuel sample? composited
a.* First take a sample in a clear bottle to examine for exactly in proportion to the volume of material in each
colour and compartment
sediment. Then take the official sample in an epoxy d. On board a vessel for crude oil cargos only
lined 6.48 At what point is a ‘dead-bottom’ sample taken?
can. a. 15 cm below the outlet
b. Use an amber bottle b. 10 cm below the outlet
c. Use only a clean zone sampler c.* At the lowest point in the tank
d. Sample just below the surface to avoid free water d. Immediately above the free water level
6.39 What is the principal disadvantage of using a 6.49 What is the name for a sample taken at a
sampling can to specific point in a tank
sample a marine vessel? or from a pipe at a specific time during a pumping
a. They are too heavy to hoist up and down operation?
b.* If one tank is contaminated, subsequent samples a. An official sample
could also b. A tank-side sample
become contaminated c.* A spot sample
c. There is no cap that fits them d. A single-tank composite sample
d. They are too expensive and might be lost in the tank 6.50 What is the term for a blend of spot samples
6.40 What is the principal reason for taking bottom from different
samples in Heavy shore tanks, mixed proportionally for testing?
Fuel Oil? a. A composite spot sample
a. To determine the gauge height b. A borings sample
b. To obtain a sample for sulfur & viscosity c. A clearance sample
determination d.* A multiple shore tank composite sample
c.* To locate any free water not identified by water 6.51 At what point in the product is a top sample
paste taken?
a. Middle of the upper third of the liquid
b. 15 cm above the tank outlet d. It doesn’t matter
c. Middle of the lower third of the tank Sampling Page 69
d.* 15 cm below the surface of the liquid  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
Sampling Page 67 International Third Edition March 2009
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee 6.62 When upper-middle-lower samples are taken
International Third Edition March 2009 from a tank, what
6.52 Since a ‘bottom’ sample may not always be point is the upper sample taken from?
taken at the very a. 1/3 of the liquid height from the tank bottom
bottom of a tank, what action should be taken? b. At the middle of the tank outlet fitting
a.* Specify the exact location where the sample was c.* At the middle of the upper third of the tank contents
taken, for d. 15 cm off the tank bottom
example ‘Approximately 15 cm’ from the bottom 6.63 When drawing upper-middle-lower samples
b. Always take a bottom sample 5 cm off the actual from any tank,
bottom which sample should be taken last?
because that is where the neck of the bottle will rest a.* Lower
when b. Middle
the bottle is on its side c. Upper
c. Use a bacon-bomb sampler to draw bottom samples d. It doesn’t matter
d. Use a zone sampler to draw bottom samples 6.64 When drawing upper-middle-lower samples
6.53 Where is a ‘top’ sample taken from? from any tank,
a. The surface of the liquid which sample should be taken second?
b.* 15 cm below the surface a. Lower
c. The mid-point of the upper third of the liquid b.* Middle
d. Anywhere in the top portion of the tank c. Upper
6.54 Where is a ‘lower’ sample is taken from? d. It doesn’t matter
a. The bottom of the tank 6.65 At what vertical location in the liquid is an
b. Just above the water level upper sample taken?
c.* The mid-point of the bottom third of the liquid a.* 1/6 of the liquid depth below the surface of the liquid
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct b. 25 mm below the surface of the liquid
6.55 A storage tank was manually gauged and c. 150 mm below the surface of the liquid
found to have a d. The middle of the lower third of the tank
product innage of 12.000 m. The tank gauge height 6.66 Both free water and entrained water are found
is 13.000 m. in the sample
At what innage level should the lower spot sample taken by an automatic in-line sampling system.
be obtained? a.* True
a. 150 mm from the tank bottom b. False
b. At the outlet (suction) level 6.67 Automatic samplers can be either time
c.* 2.000 m from the tank bottom proportional or pressure
d. 4.000 m from the tank bottom proportional.
6.56 A storage tank was manually gauged and a. True
found to have a b.* False
product innage of 11.500 m. The tank gauge height Page 70 Sampling
is 12.500 m.  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
At what innage level should the middle product International Third Edition March 2009
spot sample be 6.68 Which of the following items are parts of an
obtained? automatic
a. 6.750 m from the tank bottom sampling system?
b.* 5.750 m from the tank bottom a. Probe
c. 6.250 m from the tank bottom b. Receiver
d. 6.250 m below the surface of the product c. Controller
Page 68 Sampling d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee 6.69 Before each use the sample receiver of an
International Third Edition March 2009 automatic sampling
6.57 A storage tank was manually gauged and system must be inspected to ensure that it is clean
found to have a and dry.
product innage of 9.000 m. The tank gauge height is a.* True
12.000 m. b. False
At what innage level should the upper product spot 6.70 Before being split up for testing, the product in
sample be the receiver of
obtained? an automatic sampler must be allowed to settle.
a.* 7.500 m from the tank bottom a. True
b. 2.000 m below the surface of the product b.* False
c. 11.850 m from the tank bottom 6.71 The controller on an automatic sampler is a
d. 150m below the surface of the product device that governs
6.58 Where is an ‘upper’ sample taken from? the operation of the sample extractor.
a. The surface of the liquid a.* True
b. 150 mm below the surface of the liquid b. False
c.* The mid-point of the upper third of the liquid 6.72 According to IP PMM Chapter VI Part 2 and ISO
d. Anywhere in the top portion of the tank 3171 sampling in
6.59 Which of the following statements about a time proportional mode is acceptable if the flow
upper, middle, rate variation
and lower samples is correct? is less than ±10 percent of the average rate over the
a. They can be taken in any order. entire
b. They must be taken in the order lower, middle, parcel.
upper. a. True
c.* They must be taken in the order upper, middle, b.* False
lower. 6.73 Both free water and entrained water are found
d. They are less reliable than an all-levels sample, no in the sample
matter taken by an automatic in-line sampling system.
how they are taken a.* True
6.60 When upper-middle-lower samples are taken b. False
from a tank, from 6.74 What should be used to take a sample that is
what point is the lower sample is taken? to be tested for
a. 1/3 of the liquid height from the tank bottom Reid vapour pressure (RVP)?
b. At the middle of the tank outlet fitting a. A zone sampler
c.* 1/6 of the liquid height from the tank bottom b.* A glass bottle with suitable cage or weight
d. 150 mm off the tank bottom c. A dead bottom sampler
6.61 When drawing upper-middle-lower samples d. A ‘Bacon Bomb’ sampler
from any tank, Sampling Page 71
which sample should be taken first?  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
a. Lower International Third Edition March 2009
b. Middle 6.75 When taking samples for RVP testing, samples
c.* Upper must not be
composited. b. The tank will overflow if more liquid is added
a.* True c. The floating roof is no longer resting on its legs
b. False d.* The floating roof is only partially afloat and the
6.76 When drawing a running sample for RVP, how capacity table
full should the may be inaccurate
sample bottle be when withdrawn from the tank? 7.3 A ‘tank capacity table’ is also referred to as a
a. 50% full. ‘tank strapping
b.* 75% full. table’.
c. 95% full. a.* True
d. 100% full b. False
6.77 When/where should samples be labeled? 7.4 What is a ‘master tape’?
a. In the laboratory. a. The only tape that may be used to take custody
b.* Immediately after the sample is obtained. transfer
c. Before transportation to the laboratory. measurements
d. Immediately upon arrival in the laboratory. b. A tape belonging to the National Certification Body
6.78 Why is it important to label all of your samples c. A tape to be used only for tank calibration
as soon as d.* A reference tape, traceable to National Standards,
possible? to be
a. National and/or local Government regulations require used only for verifying the accuracy of tapes used in the
it. field
b. An incorrectly labeled sample could generate a legal 7.5 What does an innage/sounding measure?
action a. The distance from the surface of the liquid in the tank
c. It is easy to label samples incorrectly if you do not to the
label them reference gauge point of the tank.
promptly b. The distance between the point where the floating
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct roof of the
6.79 When should a sample be labelled? tank is floating freely and the point where it is resting
a. When you return to our office fully on
b. After removing them from your sample transportation it’s supports.
box. c.* The level of liquid in a tank measured from the
c. Just before you leave the facility datum plate
d.* Immediately after it is obtained or tank bottom to the surface of the liquid.
6.80 When drawing gasoline/naphtha samples for d. The distance from the tank datum plate or bottom to
vapour the tank
pressure testing which comment(s) apply to the reference gauge point.
sample Page 74 Tank Gauging
containers?  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
a. They should be kept as cool as possible International Third Edition March 2009
b. They should be filled to approximately 75% level 7.6 What does an outage/ullage measure?
c. They should be fitted with vapour tight lids a. The distance from the tank datum plate or bottom to
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct the tank
Page 72 Sampling reference point.
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee b.* The distance from the surface of a liquid in a tank to
International Third Edition March 2009 the
6.81 What is the most important feature of a reference gauge point of the tank.
container to be used for c. The amount of product transferred out from a tank.
a sample of gasoline/naphtha for vapour pressure d. The level of liquid in a tank measured from the tank
testing? bottom to
a. It should be made of glass the surface of the liquid.
b. It should be made of plastic 7.7 What is water indicating paste used for?
c. It should be made of metal a. To determine the S&W of the product in the tank
d.* It should be fitted with a vapour-tight lid b To detect the presence of suspended water within the
6.82 How should samples of gasoline/naphtha product in the tank
which will require c.* To indicate the product / free water interface within
subsequent testing for vapour pressure be the tank
transported? d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong
a. Cooled 7.8 An innage gauge bob is pointed to aid in
b. Inverted so the liquid covers the inner lid surface penetration of tank
c. Fitted with waterproof labels non-liquid. Where is its zero point?
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct a. Top of the eye
6.83 Why is a ‘first foot’ sample taken? b. Bottom of the eye
a. To determine the quality of the product in the shore c.* Tip of the bob
tank d. Inside of the tape swivel
b. To confirm that the vessel’s tanks and pipelines are 7.9 What is the observed gauge height of a tank?
clean a.* The distance from the reference gauge point to the
c. To confirm that the product in the shore pipeline bottom of
meets the the tank or the datum plate as measured during the
specification gauging
d.* To confirm that the product will meet the operation
specification after b. The distance from the reference gauge point to the
loading bottom of
6.84 According to ISO 3171, what is the typical the tank or the datum plate as shown on the tank
number of grabs capacity
suggested when using an automatic sampler for tables
transfers c. The distance from the ullage pipe to the liquid level
lasting over 6 hours? d. Usually written somewhere on the ullage pipe
a. 100,000 7.10 What is innage or dip best described as?
b.* 10,000 a.* The distance from the datum plate or the tank
c. 1,000 bottom to the
d. 100 surface of the product
Tank Gauging Page 73 b. The measurement from the tank bottom to reference
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee point
International Third Edition March 2009 c. The cut found on the bob
SECTION 7 - TANK GAUGING d. The distance from the reference point to surface of
7.1 What is commonly meant by the term ‘dip’? the
a. Ullage product
b.* Innage Tank Gauging Page 75
c. Free water measurement  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
d. Swing gauge International Third Edition March 2009
7.2 What occurs when a shore tank is filled to a 7.11 What is the distance between the point where
level in the ‘critical the floating roof
zone’? begins to rest on its normal supports and the point
a. The flexing bottom of a tank is at its highest point where it
begins to float freely known as? 7.23 Which of the following can affect the accuracy
a. The floating level of tank’s capacity
b. The lower leg level table?
c.* The critical zone a. The flexing of the tank bottom with the transfer of
d. The displacement level contents
7.12 On a shore tank, what is the term for the b. Expansion at the vertical middle (barreling) occuring
distance between the during
Reference Gauge Point and the Datum Point, as filling
measured at the c. Accumulated deposits of previous contents on the
time of gauging? tank shell
a. Observed reference point d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
b. Reference gauge height 7.24 If a portable measurement unit (PMU) is used
c. Total gauge height to measure free
d.* Observed gauge height water, which of the following procedures should be
7.13 What is a tank datum plate? followed?
a. The position on a tank where the gauge height is a. Rely on the PMU alone for free water level
noted. measurement
b. The point marked on the gauge hatch of a tank to because that is the same instrument used to measure
indicate the oil
the position from which the tank is to be gauged. level
c. The plate on the tank shell that lists the tank general b.* Apply water-finding paste to the bob of the PMU and
data compare the water level indicated by the paste to the
such as roof weight, height of tank, etc. water
d.* A plate placed in the tank and directly under the level indicated by the PMU
reference c. Rely on water-finding paste alone
gauge point to provide a fixed contact surface. d. Recommend to the terminal that the free water
7.14 When rainwater or snow accumulates on the received and
roof of an external measured ashore be applied to the vessel figures
floating roof tank, what will happen to the gauged 7.25 Which part of the IP PMM describes the
level in the procedures for the
tank? manual gauging of petroleum or petroleum
a. It will decrease products in shore
b. It will remain the same tanks and marine tank vessels?
c.* It will increase a. Part XVI S1 (HM28)
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong b. Part XVI S2 (HM29)
7.15 An ullage gauge is the same thing as an c.* Part III S1 (HM4)
outage gauge. d. Part VI S2 (HM6)
a.* True 7.26 When gauging light products, it is permissible
b. False to use chalk or
Page 76 Tank Gauging talcum powder to facilitate reading the cut on the
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee tape.
International Third Edition March 2009 a. True
7.16 According to common industry practice when b.* False
must gauge tapes Page 78 Tank Gauging
be verified for accuracy?  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
a.* Before initial use and once per year International Third Edition March 2009
b. Once per month 7.27 When using water indicating paste in light
c. Before each use products, how long
d. Once every three months should the gauging bar be left in position?
7.17 Some measurement systems are gas-tight a. A minimum of 5 seconds
(closed) and others b.* A minimum of 10 seconds
are only liquid-tight (restricted) permitting some c. A minimum of 30 seconds
vapour to d. A minimum of 45 seconds
escape around the Portable Measurement Unit 7.28 When using water indicating paste in heavy
(PMU) when oils, which of the
tanks are under positive pressure. following actions should you take to enable the
a.* True paste to be read
b. False more easily?
7.18 Which gauge measures the distance from the a. Gently blowing on the gauging bar to remove the
datum plate or heavy oil.
tank bottom to the surface of the liquid? b. Use a soft cotton rag or towel to remove the excess
a.* Innage oil
b. Ullage c.* Use a suitable solvent to gently wash to surface of
7.19 Which gauge measures the distance from the the paste.
surface of the d. Immerse the gauging bar in a container full of light
liquid to the tank reference gauge point? product
a. Innage or dip such as gasoline.
b.* Ullage 7.29 To try to ensure gauging accuracy in shore
7.20 What is the measured distance from the datum tanks, the minimum
plate or tank number of dips recommended is?
bottom to the reference gauge point called? a. 1
a.* The observed gauge height b.* 2 identical dips out of three
b. The innage gauge height c. 3 identical dips out of 4
c. The reference gauge height d. 4 dips, averaged
d. The ullage gauge height 7.30 For what reasons may a quantity of free water
7.21 What is the term for the distance from the (water bottoms)
datum plate or tank be maintained within a shore tank?
bottom to the reference gauge point, as shown on a. To permit easy determination of the shore tank free
the tank water
capacity table? quantity.
a. Observed gauge height b. So that a certain percentage of free water can be
b. Innage gauge height pumped
c.* Reference gauge height with each movement in order to aid in S&W blending of
d. Ullage gauge height cargoes.
Tank Gauging Page 77 c.* To negate any effect that bottom flexing of the tank
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee bottom
International Third Edition March 2009 would have on tank measured quantities.
7.22 To what precision should gauge tape readings d. To aid in detection of any product seepage from the
be repeated? tank.
a. The nearest 12mm 7.31 For best measurement when gauging through
b. The nearest 6mm stand pipe or still
c.* The nearest 3mm wells, it is preferred to have two rows of
d. The nearest 9mm overlapping slots
located on opposite sides of the pipe. d. At least once per week
a.* True 7.41 How often should a working gauge tape be
b. False inspected for ‘wear
Tank Gauging Page 79 and tear’?
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee a.* Daily or prior to each use
International Third Edition March 2009 b. Once per week
7.32 The use of non-slotted standpipes is not c. Once per month
recommended for d. Once per year
custody transfer measurements. Tank Gauging Page 81
a.* True  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
b. False International Third Edition March 2009
7.33 When gauging a terminal storage tank prior to 7.42 Which of the following statements regarding
loading a barge, reference gauge
an inspector notes that his observed gauge height heights is correct?
does not a. They should be recorded from the calibration tables,
match the reference gauge height. On gauging the before
same tank you start the tank gauging
on completion of loading the barge he again b. They should be checked against the observed gauge
observes the same heights
difference in observed and reference gauge c. They should be included in the inspection report
heights, such that d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
both opening and closing observed gauge height 7.43 How are free water measurements normally
readings are taken?
identical. Can the gauges obtained be used for a.* By the innage method
determining the b. By the ullage method
loaded volume? c. By the Heimlich method
a.* Yes d. Answers a. and b. are correct
b. No 7.44 When would you check for water on the top of
7.34 When gauging a tank by the innage method, a a cargo?
comparison a. If the observed density is less than 1000 kg/m3
between the observed and reference gauge height b.* If the observed density is greater than 1000 kg/m3
is made to c. You never check for the presence of water on top of
ensure which of the following? a cargo
a. The gauge tape and bob are suspended in a vertical d. When you are in the Southern Hemisphere
position 7.45 Which of the following is acceptable for the
within the tank. determination of
b. The gauge bob is in contact with the tank bottom or free water for marine vessel custody transfer
datum measurements?
plate a A zone sampler
c. The tape has not been lowered too far into the tank b. A portable measurement unit (PMU)
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct c. A bob with water-finding paste
7.35 When gauging a shore tank you read your tape d.* Answers b. and c. are correct
to the nearest 7.46 If during gauging the water cut falls on the clip
10mm? of the gauge
a. True tape, what must be done?
b.* False a. Repeat the water cut using a 30 cm or 50 cm water
7.36 Can you obtain accurate volumes by gauging a bar
tank while the b. Repeat the water cut taking an ullage of the water
roof is in the critical zone? c. Interpolate the cut
a. Yes, when the tank legs are on low setting d.* Answers a. and b. are correct
b. Yes, when the tank legs are on high setting 7.47 What is the minimum amount of time the bob
c.* No, it cannot be done should stay in
d. No, unless it is an internal floating roof position while water cutting a heavy crude oil?
Page 80 Tank Gauging a. 10 seconds
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee b. 30 seconds
International Third Edition March 2009 c.* 60 seconds
7.37 If you find a discrepancy between Reference d. There is no set time
Gauge Height and Page 82 Tank Gauging
Observed Gauge Height when gauging a shore tank  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
what action International Third Edition March 2009
should you take? 7.48 When is a ‘provisional gauge’ taken prior to the
a. Adjust your gauge to observed reference height ‘official gauge’?
b. Ullage the tank a.* When the ‘official gauge’ will not be taken for a
c.* Recheck your gauge, make a note of the difference significant
and period of time.
inform your supervisor b. When it is required by your employer’s insurance
d. Ignore it as long as the ship to shore difference does company
not c. When it is required by the Charter Party
exceed 0.5% d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
7.38 When inspecting Heavy Fuel Oil are you 7.49 What is one of the problems with water finding
required to check for paste?
free water? a. It tends to freeze in cold weather
a.* Yes b.* It does not perform consistently with all crudes
b. No c. Tends to run down the bob
7.39 If the density of a product within a tank is d. It is easily confused with gasoline paste
greater than the 7.50 If a tank’s capacity table is an innage or dip
density of water, where would you expect to find table, what is the
any free water preferred method of gauging?
in this tank? a. Side Gauge
a. You would not find it as it would not settle out of this b. Ullage
product c.* Innage or dip
but would remain in suspension d. Outage
b.* On top of the product 7.51 What do slip-tube gauging devices on rail tank
c. Below the product cars measure?
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong a. Any liquid in the tank car deeper than 75 mm
7.40 According to common industry practice, How b.* Any liquid under positive pressure in a tank car
often must a c. Any vapour in a tank car
gauging tape be checked for accuracy by d. Any vapour with a depth greater than 1.2 m
comparison against a 7.52 When inspecting a series of rail tank cars the
traceable master tape? liquid
a. Prior to each use outage/ullage level must be measured in all cars
b. Every six months a.* True
c.* Prior to initial use and at least annually b. False
7.53 Which correction may be required when b. The nearest 0.5 °C
measuring rail tank car c. The nearest 1.0 °C
contents using built-in magnetic gauging d. The nearest 1.5 °C
equipment? 8.7 What is the minimum acceptable accuracy for a
a.* A density correction portable
b. A temperature correction electronic thermometer when it is indicating a
c. A tank shell expansion correction temperature
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct reading of 101 °C?
Tank Gauging Page 83 a. ± 1.0 °C
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee b. ± 0.5 °C
International Third Edition March 2009 c.* ± 0.3 °C
7.54 The floating roof of a shore tank displaces a d. ± 0.75 °C
certain volume of 8.8 To what increment should the display of a
liquid when it is floating freely. What is the weight portable electronic
of the volume thermometer be capable of reading?
of liquid displaced equal to? a. 0.5 °C
a.* The weight of the roof and attached deadwood b.* 0.1 °C
b. A weight greater than the weight of the roof and c. 1.0 °C
attached d. 0.25 °C
deadwood 8.9 If a portable electronic thermometer has a range
c. A weight less than the weight of the roof and of 0 - 95 °C,
attached what is the required accuracy?
deadwood a. ± 1°C
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong b. ± 2°C
7.55 What is the purpose of a floating roof c.* ± 0.2°C
correction in a shore tank d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong
calculation? 8.10 What is generally recommended about the use
a. To account for the compression of the liquid due to of liquid-in-glass
the roof (cup-case) thermometers?
weight a. They should remain in the oil long enough to reach
b.* To account for the volume of liquid displaced as a the
result of temperature of the liquid
the weight of the roof b. It takes longer to obtain temperatures with a cup
c. To allow for the effect of the roof temperature on the case
temperature of the product thermometer than a portable electronic thermometer
d. To allow for the effect of the temperature on the c. Both a. and b.
thickness of d.* It is not recommended to use cup-case
the roof thermometers
Page 84 Temperature Measurement Page 86 Temperature Measurement
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
International Third Edition March 2009 International Third Edition March 2009
SECTION 8 – TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT 8.11 If you are required to take a temperature of a
8.1 Is a portable electronic thermometer required to cargo using an inline
have a low probe what must you record?
voltage indicator? a. The last calibration date
a.* Yes b. The serial number of the unit being used.
b. No c.* The last two times the probe was checked for
8.2 Why do portable electronic thermometers have accuracy
low-voltage d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong
indicators? 8.12 What is the first thing you must do when using
a. So that it will not fail half way through the inspection a portable
b.* The unit could give false readings if the battery is electronic thermometer?
low a. Set the temperature range selector.
c. If the voltage drops, the night-light will not work b. Ground the unit, after opening the gauge hatch
d. Most portable electronic thermometers do not have c. Check the battery for low voltage
an d.* Ground the unit, before opening the gauge hatch
indicator 8.13 If a tank has more than 3.5 m of liquid, what is
8.3 How does calibration of a portable electronic the minimum
thermometer differ number of temperature readings that must be
from a field check? taken?
a. It is done by the responsible manager a. 3
b. It is performed by a certified third party auditor b.* 5
c.* It is verified in controlled conditions against a c. 1
standard d. one every 1 m
thermometer traceable to national standards 8.14 If only one temperature is required where
d. There is no difference between the two. should this
8.4 On a portable electronic thermometer, what temperature be taken from?
should be checked a. The middle of the upper third
at least once per month? b.* The middle of the liquid level
a. The junction between the cable and the probe for c. The middle of the lower third.
mechanical d. Use a side readout thermometer
damage 8.15 The quickest way to stabilize the reading from
b. The cable insulation for cuts, breaks, or abrasion. a portable
c. Two or more temperatures near the ends of the electronic thermometer (PET) is to?
range of the a. Allow the probe to stay in the product for twice the
probe required
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct time
8.5 When calibrating a portable electronic b.* Move the probe up and down at least 30 cm above
thermometer with a range and
of 0 to 95 °C, what is the maximum permissible below the spot the temperature is to be taken
error before it c. Use fresh batteries
should be restandardized? d. There is no way to speed up the stabilization process
a.* ± 0.5 °C Temperature Measurement Page 87
b. ± 0.05 °C  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
c. ± 1.0 °C International Third Edition March 2009
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong - it must be exact. 8.16 What is the minimum amount of product
Temperature Measurement Page 85 needed for a
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee temperature to be taken?
International Third Edition March 2009 a.* Whenever there is sufficient material present to
8.6 To what precision should temperatures immerse the
obtained using portable probe
electronic thermometers be read and recorded? b. 30 cm
a.* The nearest 0.1 °C c. One metre
d. Temperatures should only be taken when the roof is a. 0.2 °C
floating b. 1 °C
freely c. No variance is permitted
8.17 To what increment should a portable electronic d.* 0.1 °C
thermometer be 8.27 What should you ensure when taking
read and recorded? temperatures on tanks
a. The nearest 0.5°C containing oil and water?
b. The nearest 1°C a. That the probe doesn’t touch the steam coils
c.* The nearest 0.1°C b. That the tank is corrected for list / trim
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong c.* That the probe is placed at the mid-point of the oil or
8.18 According to common industry practice how the oily
should the field layer
check of a portable electronic thermometer be d. That only a middle temperature is taken for slops
performed? 8.28 When using a portable electronic thermometer,
a. Daily comparison to another portable electronic what is the
thermometer minimum amount of time the probe must stay in a
b.* By comparing it to a mercury-in-glass thermometer, middle
before distillate of density of 821.7 kg/m3, if the probe is
each use or once per day moving?
c. By checking the unit weekly, for accuracy a.* Until the readout doesn’t vary by more than 0.1 °C
d. Calibrate against a thermometer (traceable to for 30
national seconds
standards) at prescribed intervals b. 30 seconds
8.19 The minimum amount of time a stationary PET c. 10 minutes
should stay in a d. Until the readout doesn’t vary by more than 0.2 °C for
product with a density greater than 935 kg/m3 is ? 30
a. 80 minutes seconds
b. 1 minute 8.29 A thermowell used to measure temperature
c. 30 minutes must be filled with a
d.* Until the readout doesn’t vary by more than 0.1°C suitable heat-transfer liquid.
for 30 a.* True
seconds b. False
8.20 The minimum amount of time that an ‘in 8.30 Which ISO standard covers temperature
motion’ probe should determination?
stay in a product with a density greater than 935 a. 3171
kg/m3 is? b.* 4268
a. 10 minutes c. 4512
b. 5 minutes d. 4266
c.* Until the readout doesn’t vary by more than 0.1°C Page 90 Temperature Measurement
for 30  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
seconds International Third Edition March 2009
d. 1 minute 8.31 How should scale graduation marks be applied
Page 88 Temperature Measurement to a liquid-inglass
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee thermometer?
International Third Edition March 2009 a.* They must be etched permanently on the stem of
8.21 On a portable electronic thermometer, at what the
temperature thermometer
should the field check be performed ? b. They must be etched permanently on the cup-case
a. 0°C assembly
b. 100°C c. They must be on a metal plate attached to either the
c.* Ambient temperature thermometer or the cup-case assembly
d. Expected cargo temperature d. Answer a., b. or c. is correct
8.22 When using a portable electronic thermometer 8.32 A liquid-in-glass tank thermometer has a scale
what is an range of -20 °C to
indication of temperature stabilization? 110 °C. What should the graduations on this
a. Comparison with the side temperature on the tank thermometer be?
b. Comparison with a cup-case thermometer a. 0.1° C
c. Comparison with the last temperature recorded by b. 0.25° C
the c. 1.0° C
terminal d.* 0.5° C
d.* Readout doesn’t vary by more than 0.1°C for 30 8.33 When first received from the manufacturer or
seconds equipment
8.23 Is it acceptable to seal a portable electronic supplier, what should happen to a new liquid-in-
thermometer with a glass tank
paper seal to indicate that the calibration thermometer?
adjustments have not a. It can be used immediately because the
been tampered with? manufacturer
a.* Yes calibrates the thermometer before it is shipped
b. No b. It must be checked to see that the liquid column is
8.24 According to IP PMM PartXVI S1 (HM28), what intact,
is the minimum then it may be used since the manufacturer will have
number of temperatures to be taken on a marine calibrated the thermometer.
vessel with c. It must be checked to see that the glass stem is not
tanks each containing less than 3.5 m of cargo? cracked
a.* Three per tank or broken, then it may be used since the manufacturer
b. One per tank will
c. Weighted average per tank have calibrated the thermometer
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong d.* It must be compared against a thermometer certified
8.25 Normally a ‘large temperature difference’ by a
between upper, middle National Standard body or an equivalent thermometer
and lower readings is ? of
a Greater than 0.2 °C traceable accuracy.
b. Greater than 0.5 °C 8.34 To what precision should temperatures taken
c.* Greater than 3.0 °C with a liquid-inglass
d. Greater than 30 °C thermometer in a cup-case assembly should be
Temperature Measurement Page 89 read and
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee recorded?
International Third Edition March 2009 a. The nearest 1.0 °C
8.26 What is the maximum amount by which the b. The nearest 0.1 °C
reading on a c.* The nearest 0.5 °C
portable electronic thermometer can vary when it d. The nearest 5.0 °C
may be Temperature Measurement Page 91
considered to have stabilized?  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
International Third Edition March 2009 8.43 A 4000 m3 capacity storage tank has a depth of
8.35 ‘In motion’ is defined as continuously raising product of 4.70
and lowering the m in the tank. What is the minimum number of
probe above and below the desired temperature temperature
measurement measurements that should be obtained on this tank
depth, by approximately how much? to comply
a. 15cm with IP PMM Part VI (HM28)?
b. 1metre a. One
c.* 30cm b. Two
d. 3 feet c.* Five
8.36 What does the term ‘horizontal temperature d. Four
stratification’ Temperature Measurement Page 93
mean?  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
a. The temperature in a tank is different near the tank International Third Edition March 2009
centre 8.44 The stabilization time for a cup-case assembly
than at the gauge hatch is minimized by
b.* Any difference in temperature measured at different continually raising and lowering the assembly 30
levels in cm above and
a tank below the desired temperature measurement point.
c. That the temperature difference measured at any two a.* True
levels b. False
in a tank exceeds 2 °C Page 94 Metering
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
8.37 To comply with ISO 4268 when using a liquid- International Third Edition March 2009
in-glass SECTION 9 - METERING
thermometer in a cup-case assembly to measure a 9.1 When correcting a metered volume from line
product with conditions to
density of 904 kg/m3, what is the minimum length standard conditions manually which of the
of time the following corrections
thermometer should be immersed in the liquid need to be applied?
when the a. Pressure and temperature corrections for the liquid
assembly is in motion during the measurement b. Pressure and temperature corrections for the meter
process? body
a. 5 minutes c. No corrections are necessary if the meter is
b. 10 minutes calibrated
c.* 20 minutes d.* Corrections a. and b. must be applied
d. Until the readout doesn’t vary by more than 0.2 °C for 9.2 When calculating standard volume from a raw
30 meter output
seconds which of the following corrections need to be
8.38 According to IP PMM PartVI (HM28) what is the applied?
minimum a. Pressure and temperature corrections for the liquid
number of temperatures to be taken in a tank b. Pressure and temperature corrections for the meter
containing more body
than 3.5 metres of product? c.* Corrections a. and b. and a K-Factor
a. 1 d. Corrections a. and b. only
b.* 5 9.3 How should a meter be proved?
c. 3 a. By comparing meter readings with shore tank
d. 2 measurements
Page 92 Temperature Measurement b. By comparing meter readings with Total Received
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee Volume
International Third Edition March 2009 (TRV) on-board ship
8.39 When taking the temperature of a product in a c.* Using a prover loop
tank and there is d. By comparison against the next meter in the ’meter
more than 3°C difference between upper, middle bank’
and lower 9.4 What is the minimum number of sphere
temperatures, what steps should be taken? detectors which are
a. Retake the temperatures since there must be an used on a uni-directional pipe prover?
error a.* 2
b. Use the middle temperature only for the entire tank b. 4
contents c. 3
c. Average the upper, middle and lower temperatures d. 1
d.* Take temperatures at more frequent, equally- 9.5 Under what conditions should a meter factor
spaced vertical remain constant?
increments a.* Different flow rates
8.40 When taking temperatures, ‘in motion’ means b. Different products
to move the c. Under conditions a. and b.
temperature measurement device approximately d. All transfers between successive calibrations
60cm above Ethics Page 95
and 60cm below the desired measurement  IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
location? International Third Edition March 2009
a. True SECTION 10 - ETHICS
b.* False 10.1. Which of the following actions represents an
8.41 To comply with ISO 4268 what is the ethical problem for
recommended immersion an Inspector?
time, for a liquid-in-glass thermometer in a cup- a. Correcting the temperature of a shore tank when the
case assembly, PET
in motion, in a product with density of 950 kg/m3. has been found to be inaccurate
a.* 45 minutes b. Changing the VCF after finding an error in the API
b. 10 minutes gravity of
c. 20 minutes the cargo
d. Until the readout doesn’t vary by more than 3.0 °C for c.* Changing the temperature of the cargo in a ship’s
30 tank
seconds because it is too far off the shore tank temperature
8.42 What temperature is to be used during an ROB d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
survey if there is 10.2. The liquid level of a shore tank is changed in
only 5 mm of liquid in the bottom of the tank? the raw data book
a. The measured temperature at the middle of the liquid after it is found to be wrong upon re-gauging. The
b.* Standard Temperature original data
c. The average temperature of the product in the tank is covered with white-out fluid and the correct
before it information is
was discharged written over the blanked-out data. Is this a
d. The temperature stated by the vessel’s permissible way to
representative handle raw data corrections?
a. Yes the completion of a marine vessel discharge
b.* No operation, a
10.3 The key person involved in managing ethics representative who is witnessing your actions
concerns in an requests that you
inspection company would usually be the change the observed tank product temperature
Compliance Officer. reading
a.* True obtained as he feels that it is incorrect. What
b. False should you do?
10.4 When inspecting a petroleum or chemical a. Comply with his wishes
cargo, which of the b. Use the observed temperature of the product on the
following represents sound ethical business vessel
conduct for an prior to discharge
Inspector? c.* Inform him that you will re-check the product
a. Making sure that the Inspector’s results match the temperature if
results he requires but that you will record and use the product
required by the customer temperature that you have observed
b.* Making sure that the job is done according to d. Use the tank auto temperature reading instead
industry
standards
c. Making sure that the laboratory gets their sample on
time
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
Page 96 Ethics
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
International Third Edition March 2009
10.5 Which procedure is acceptable when raw data,
such as dips or
temperatures, must be corrected?
a. White out the original measurements and write the
correct
measurements clearly over the blanked-out area
b.* Draw a single line through the original
measurements so
they can still be read and rewrite the correct
measurements
on the next line.
c. Tear the original page out of the raw data book or
pad and
start again
d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong
10.6 The Compliance Programme established by
your Company
requires that you comply with national regulations
issued by:
a. Agencies for the Environment, Food and Agriculture
b. Customs and Excise authorities
c. Agencies for Occupational Health and Safety
d.* Answers a., b. and c. are all correct
10.7 ‘Zero Tolerance’ means that any and all
infractions of your
Company’s Regulatory Compliance Program are
subject to
disciplinary action.
a.* True
b. False
10.8 IFIA Member Companies strictly prohibit any
form of retaliation
against any person who, in good faith, files a
complaint under
their Regulatory Compliance Program, or assists in
a Program
violation investigation.
a.* True
b. False
10.9 Changes to raw data cannot be made without a
sound technical
justification or re-measurement.
a.* True
b. False
10.10 Reported data must be backed by, and be
identical to its
recorded data.
a.* True
b. False
Ethics Page 97
 IFIA Petroleum and Petrochemical Committee
International Third Edition March 2009
10.11 It is acceptable to alter analytical results
based solely upon
repeatability provided that the new result falls
within the
precision limits of the test method.
a. True
b.* False
10.12 It is acceptable to ignore a potential violation
of your Company’s
Regulatory Compliance Program if the violation
does not
directly involve you.
a. True
b.* False
10.13 On finishing the closing inspection on a
shore tank, following