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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 1

SECTION 4009

FAULT CODES

CONTENT

Description Page
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Special Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Wiring Harness Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Digital Multi–Meter – Basic Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Electrical Test Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Circuit Components – Basic Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Fault Code ’Logic’ and Display Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Displaying and Clearing Fault Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Fault Code Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Fault Code Charts 175 & 190 Models with Full Powershift Transmission
. . . . . Full Powershift Transmission (’F’ codes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
. . . . . Electronic Draft Control (No prefix) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291
. . . . . Suspended Front Axle (’L’ codes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 389
. . . . . Power Take Off (’P’ codes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435
. . . . . Electronic Management Unit (’P’ codes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475
. . . . . Digital Instrument Cluster (No prefix) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509
. . . . . Electronic Hydraulic Remotes (’R’ & ’Flash’ codes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 541
. . . . . Hand throttle and PTO torque (’t’ codes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 673
. . . . . Engine (’t’ codes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 725

Fault Code Charts 120 to 155 Models with Full Powershift Transmission
. . . . . Full Powershift Transmission (’F’ codes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 943
. . . . . Electronic Draft Control (No prefix) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1119
. . . . . Suspended Front Axle (’L’ codes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1215
. . . . . Electronic Management Unit (’P’ codes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1259
. . . . . Digital Instrument Cluster (No prefix) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1339

Fault Code Charts 120 to 155 Models with Semi–Powershift Transmission


. . . . . Semi–Powershift Transmission (’F’ codes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1369
. . . . . Electronic Draft Control (No prefix) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1531
. . . . . Suspended Front Axle (’L’ codes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1625
. . . . . Electronic Management Unit (’P’ codes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1669
. . . . . Digital Instrument Cluster (No prefix) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1749

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2 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

NOTES

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 3

INTRODUCTION
Fault Codes and Fault Finding Refer to Section 4008 for complete wiring diagrams
and how to use them.

The tractors have an inbuilt self diagnostic facility. Where the fault finding procedure requires checks
This facility utilises the digital display of the for continuity a visual inspection of the wiring should
Instrument cluster and Gear display to indicate, in be made prior to conducting tests to ensure that
coded format, malfunctions in the electrical and obvious ‘mechanical’ damage has not occurred to
electronic circuitry and in the micro–processor. It the harness or the connectors.
should be noted that the self diagnostic capability is
generally limited to diagnosis of the electrical and A good quality multi–meter is an essential item to
electronic circuitry and related components, perform fault finding. It should be capable of
however, there are some codes, which can be measuring resistance of at least 20,000 ohms and
generated if pressure switch circuits are not closed measuring voltage and current. When using the
because of an actual lack of hydraulic pressure. Any multi–meter it is good practice to select a high range
malfunction of the mechanical and hydraulic and work downwards to avoid damaging the
components must be diagnosed using conventional instrument. Refer to the ’Basic Multi–Meter use’
techniques, performance characteristics and tooling, section of this chapter for further details.
such as pressure testing equipment.
IMPORTANT: Care should be used when using the
multi–meter, only use the instrument as instructed to
Trouble–shooting and fault finding should always be avoid damage to the internal elements of the
carried out in a logical and planned sequence, many micro–processor. When checking the continuity of
apparent faults associated with electronic wiring, sensors or switches it is necessary to isolate
components are often hastily diagnosed and result in the electronic micro–processor and ensure the
the replacement of expensive components. An extra keystart is turned off to prevent possible further
few minutes confirming the apparent fault will result damage. The keystart should only be switched on
in a more positive and cost effective repair. and the processor connected where specifically
instructed in the fault finding procedure.

If it is found necessary to clean the connectors a


With the use of micro–processors it is often that this
contact spray should be used. DO NOT USE ANY
item is blamed for any malfunction but the real truth
OTHER METHOD FOR CLEANING TERMINALS.
is that this item is usually sound and that the fault is
Do not use a cleaner that contains
due to poor contacts in the associated connectors.
Trichloro–ethylene, this solvent will damage the
plastic body of the connector. It is preferable to use
a cleaner with a Freon T.F. base.
Each electrical connector illustrated and identified in
the wiring diagrams in Section 4008 and referred to
in the following fault finding procedures, has the
same identification reference. For example, one of
the processor connectors is referred to as Connector
C100 in the illustration and also referred to as C100
in the fault finding procedure. In the fault finding
procedure the connector, pin and wire colour are
shown as, C100 pin 21 (GY). If all the wires are the
same colour, the circuit number is also included to aid
in wire identification. For example, C100 pin 21
(694–GY). This is broken down as follows:

C176 Connector number


694 Circuit number
GY Wire colour

All tests are carried out on the harness side of the


connector, unless otherwise stated.

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4 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

SPECIAL TOOLS

Description Tool No.


Electrical Repair Tool Kit (North America Only) 380040089
Harness Repair Kit (Except North America) 380030042
Test Probe Kit (Except North America) 380050010

WIRING HARNESS REPAIRS

Temporary Wiring Harness Repair


WARNING
It is acceptable to use the following repair procedure
on the CAN BUS wiring. It is important though to
ensure that the wire lengths are not altered from the
original as this will affect the performance of the CAN
BUS system.

The following method to repair wiring is a temporary


expedient only. Wiring should be replaced as soon
as possible. Do not attempt to repair the wire on any
system sensors as these are sealed and should only
be replaced with a new component.
NOTE: When conducting a cable repair it is
important that only RESIN CORED SOLDER is
used. Use of other types of solder may result in
further cable damage.
To carry out a temporary repair, proceed as follows:–
1. Locate damaged portion of cable then cut away
outer protective cover on both sides of the
damaged area, Figure 1.

1
2. Using a suitable solvent, clean about 2 inches
(50 mm) from each cover end. Clean the grey
cable cover and the individual leads.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 5

3. Twist two bare leads together for each damaged


lead, being careful to match wire colours, then
solder the leads using resin cored solder. Tape
each repaired lead with vinyl insulation tape,
Figure 2.

2
4. Wind a layer of vinyl insulation tape up to the grey
cable cover at each end of the repair section.
Make a paper trough, Figure 3, then apply
silicon rubber compound (non hardening
sealant) over the repaired section up to the cover
ends. Sufficient sealant must be used to fill the
ends of the cut away area.

3
5. Allow the compound to cure then cover the area
with insulating tape taking the tape well over
each end of the repair. An overlap of at least 2
inches (50 mm) of tape at each end is necessary,
Figure 4.

6. Check to ensure the repair is satisfactory and


secure the repaired cable so that repeat damage
is avoided.
NOTE: This is a temporary repair only. Ensure the
damaged cable is replaced as soon as possible to
prevent ingress of water or chemicals.

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6 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Harness Wire Replacement


If a wire within the harness is found to be beyond
repair or is open circuit, a jumper wire may be
installed as a temporary repair until such time when a
new harness assembly can be installed. Use the
following procedure to install an additional wire:

1. Locate the faulty wire using the procedures


described in the fault code charts.
2. Disconnect the affected connectors.
3. If fitted carefully roll back the seal between the
connector and harness outer covering.
4. Remove the pins from the connector blocks of
the affected wire using the appropriate removal
tool found in the harness repair kit.
NOTE: Use the instructions supplied with the kit to
ensure correct pin removal.

5
5. From the harness repair kit select the correct pin
for the connectors. Obtain locally the correct
cross–sectional size wire and measure out the
length required by following the harness routing.
6. Join the new wire to the new pins as described
in the harness repair kit and install one of the pins
into its connector.
7. If possible attempt to run the new wire within the
existing harness outer covering, if this is not
possible run the wire along the harness, securing
regularly with suitable ties. With the wire
correctly routed instal the second terminal into its
connector block. Replace the connector seal if
removed.
8. To ensure that the repair has been effective
check for continuity of the new wire using a
suitable multi–meter.
NOTE: This is a temporary repair only. Ensure the
damaged cable is replaced as soon as possible to
prevent ingress of water or chemicals.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 7

THE DIGITAL MULTI–METER


NOTE: This section is only intended as a general
guide to using a digital multimeter.
Always refer to the manufactures operators manual
for correct operation

A multimeter is an electronic measuring device. The


different types of measurement that can be made
depend upon the make and model of the multimeter.
Most types of multimeter have the capacity to
measure:

• Current (A) ac or dc
• Resistance (Ω)
• Voltage (V) ac or dc
• Continuity (Buzz test)
More expensive multimeters have other functions,
such as the capacity to measure frequency (Hz) and
test diodes. 7

General Operation:

Before proceeding with a test, decide on what is


going to be measured (Voltage, Current etc.). Rotate
the dial until the pointer is within the relevant zone.
Within each zone there are different scales. The
scale that is selected will represent the maximum
value that the multimeter will read. Always select a
scale which is greater than the value that you intend
to measure. If you are unsure of the value to be
measured, always select the highest scale and then
reduce the scale once you have an idea of the
measured value.

8
Why are there different scales ?

The closer that the scale is to the measured value,


the more accurate the reading will be
e.g. If measuring the voltage of a battery with the
scale set at 200V, the display may read 12V.
However, if the scale was set to 20V the display may
read a more accurate reading of 12.27V

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8 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Measuring Voltage (Volts):

Set the range dial to either ac or dc volts. Connect the


Black test probe to the ”COM” terminal and the Red
test probe to the ”V/Ω” terminal. Place the test probes
across the component to be measured with the
circuit complete (closed). Read off the display value

10
Measuring Current (Amps):

Set the range dial to either ac or dc current. When


measuring current up to 2 amps, connect the Red
test probe to the “A” terminal. When measuring
current up to 10 amps, connect the Red test probe to
the 10 “A” terminal. Always connect the Black test
probe to the “COM” terminal. When taking
measurement of current, always break the circuit
and connect the multi meter in series with the circuit.
Read off the display value.
NOTE: For protection, multi meters are usually fused
at 1OA.
11
Measuring Resistance (Ohms):

Set the range dial to the desired Q position. Connect


the Red test probe to the “V/Ω” terminal. Connect the
Black test probe to the “COM” terminal. If the
resistance being measured is connected in a circuit,
then turn off the power to the circuit. Connect the test
probes to the measuring point and read off the
display value.

12

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 9

Continuity (Buzzer) test:

Set the range dial to the “Buzz” position. Connect the


Red test probe to the “V/Ω” terminal. Connect the
Black test probe to the “COM” terminal. Connect the
test probes to the measuring point. In general, if the
resistance is less than 50Ω then the buzzer will
sound, indicating continuity.

13
Note: Buzzers on different multi meters will sound at
different ohmic values, depending on the quality of
the meter. This can often be misleading. For
example, when checking a corroded earth point. A
poor quality multi meter may buzz at 150Ω, indicating
continuity and no problem. When using a higher
quality multi meter for the same test, it would not
buzz due to the high resistance. When carrying out
such tests, we should always check the value of
resistance as well as listening out for the buzz.

A good connection gives low resistance.

A bad connection gives high resistance.


14
SUMMARY:

When measuring –

Voltage (V):
Connect across the component with the circuit
closed.

Current (A):
Connect in series with the circuit. Circuit closed.

Resistance (W):
Connect across the component with the circuit open.

Continuity (Buzz):
Connect the meter across the component with the
circuit open. (Always check the value of resistance
as well!!)

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10 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ELECTRICAL TEST PROCEDURES


Four electrical tests will be required to properly
troubleshoot electrical concerns on the vehicle.

Each test is described in detail. Ensure that all steps


are reviewed and followed when testing.

1. Continuity Test, Short to ground


2. Voltage measurement, short to 12 volts
3. Resistance test for components
4. Continuity test, Open circuits

ELECTRICAL TEST PROCEDURE 1:


CONTINUITY TEST - SHORT TO GROUND

CONDITIONS FOR PERFORMING TESTS:


1. Power OFF, Keyswitch OFF, (sometimes battery
disconnected or fuse pulled out if specified in
procedure).
2. Connectors at each end or ends of circuit
disconnected to prevent false readings.
3. Set meter to measure resistance or ohms, and
measure circuit resistance. Use black lead to
make contact with a plated metal part on the
chassis such as a jump start post if fitted. Make
sure the surface of the part is not corroded. Use 15
the red meter lead to touch the connector pins,
one pin at a time, and avoid contact with the case
of metal connectors.
4. Determine if measured resistance falls within
guidelines specified in the procedure. 3 to 4
ohms indicates a direct short to chassis ground
and must be located and repaired. Higher
resistances usually indicate circuit paths through
modules, and that an additional connector needs
to be disconnected to perform the test. More than
100K ohms indicates that the circuit is free of
shorts to ground.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 11

ELECTRICAL TEST PROCEDURE 2: VOLTAGE


MEASUREMENT OR SHORT TO POSITIVE
SUPPLY VOLTS

CONDITIONS FOR PERFORMING SHORT TO


POSITIVE SUPPLY TESTS:
1. Keyswitch ON (sometimes OFF, if specified in
procedure).
2. Connectors at sensor, switch or potentiometer
end disconnected. All other connectors must be
reconnected to perform test.
3. Set meter to measure DC VOLTS, and measure
circuit voltage as illustrated. Use the red meter
lead to touch the connector pins, one pin at a
time, and avoid contact with the case of metal
connectors. Use the black lead to make contact
with a plated metal part on the chassis such as
a jump start post if fitted. Make sure the surface
of the part is not corroded.
4. Determine if measured voltage falls within
guidelines specified in the procedure.

16
ELECTRICAL TEST PROCEDURE 3:
RESISTANCE TEST FOR ELECTRICAL PARTS

CONDITIONS FOR PERFORMING RESISTANCE


TEST
1. Disconnect tractor part by unplugging electrical
connectors to expose the part assembly
connector for testing.
2. Set electrical meter to measure resistance or
Ohms and insert test probes into connector
terminals specified in procedure. When checking
potentiometers, measure from wiper terminal to
each of the other terminals while TURNING THE
POT SHAFT. This will ensure no open spots
escape detection. When checking rocker or
rotary switches, actuate the switch while
measuring for opens and shorts.
3. Compare measured values to values specified in
the fault code procedures. Allow plus or minus 5
percent of range tolerance for all measurements.

17

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12 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ELECTRICAL TEST PROCEDURE 4:


CONTINUITY TEST - CHECK FOR OPEN
CIRCUITS

CONDITIONS FOR PERFORMING CONTINUITY


TESTS:
1. Keyswitch OFF (sometimes disconnect battery
or pull fuses).
2. Connectors at both ends of the circuit
disconnected. All other connectors must be
reconnected to perform test.
3. Set meter to measure resistance or ohms, and
measure circuit resistance as illustrated.
Use the red meter lead to touch the connector
pins, one pin at a time, and avoid contact with the
case of metal connectors.
Use the black lead to make contact with the
connector pin at the other end of the circuit. Avoid
contact with other pins in the connector and the
connector case, if it is metal.
4. Determine if measured resistance falls within
guidelines specified in the procedure. If the
resistance is no more than 3 to 4 ohms, the circuit
is continuous. More resistance usually indicates
dirty or corroded terminals in connectors, and
100K ohms indicates an open circuit.
18

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 13

CIRCUIT COMPONENTS – BASIC


DESCRIPTION

CIRCUIT PROTECTION DEVICES


Circuit protection devices are used to protect wiring
and components from excessive current. Three
different types of protection are fitted in tractors. Two
of them (fuses and fusible links) are currently used,
while circuit breakers are no longer used.

19
FUSES, FUSIBLE LINKS
Fuses and fusible links protect circuits with thin
pieces of metal and wire which heat up and melt to
open up the circuit when too much current flows
through them.

Fuses are used to protect the circuit from overload.


This can occur in the event of a short circuit or by
connecting equipment which demands a current
greater than the circuit is designed to carry.

There are several types of fuses, but they all consist


of a metal conductor which is capable of carrying a
limited current. If the specified current is exceeded 20
then the metal conductor will overheat, causing it to
melt and break. This will in turn cause an open circuit.

The rating of the fuse relates to the current that the


fuse can carry continuously.

If a fuse blows, it must be replaced with a fuse of the


correct rating, and if it blows again, then the cause
must be investigated.
FUSE LINKS
A fuse link is a wire that acts like a fuse, breaking
down and causing an open circuit when the current
that passes through it exceeds a certain amperage.
For primary fuse protection the main supplies from
the starter solenoid are fitted with fuse links.

21

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14 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

CIRCUIT CONTROL DEVICES


Some of the components in a circuit are used to
interrupt and direct current flow either through an
action of the operator or automatically. The current
interrupters you are probably most familiar with are
switches.

22
SWITCHES
Switches are a vital part of an electric circuit,
providing a method of controlling the circuit itself.
One switch can control a number of different circuits
at the same time. This is achieved by having several
separate connections and/or multi–connector
switches (several switch ’positions’).

There are several types of switch, and they may


incorporate a warning light.

Switches can be as simple as that used to turn on an


implement lamp or as complex as the ones used to
operate the starting and lighting systems. Checking
the operation of switches is usually just a matter of
testing for power going into the switch and for power
leaving the switch at the appropriate contacts when
the switch is operated.

One of the most common type of switches is the


pressure switch (Fig. 23), a switch opened or closed
by a fluid pressure. An example of this type of switch
is the engine oil pressure switch, a simple on/off
device that opens (or closes) when oil pressure rises
above 10 psi.
23

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 15

FLASHERS
Flashers work automatically to interrupt and connect
the flow of current. Their operation is similar to that of
the circuit breaker described earlier.

In the flasher, a heating element warms a bimetallic


strip. The strip bends, breaking contact with the
power source. When it cools, the bimetallic strip once
again makes contact and the process begins again.

24
DIODES
Some components use a semiconductor material
instead of moving parts to direct current. Diodes for
example, allow current flow in one direction only.

They are essential in converting the alternating


current that an alternator produces to the direct
current that the tractor electrical system components
use.

25
RESISTANCE DEVICES
A number of electrical components alter or make use
of electricity through their resistance to current flow.
Resistors are components which are generally used
to regulate the supply of voltage and current to other
electrical components.

In some cases, the purpose of resistance in an


electrical circuit is to provide light or heat. Lamps and
cigar lighters are examples. Lamps convert
electricity into light, and cigar lighters convert it into
heat. Both lamps and lighters make use of the same
physical principle, that is Ohms Law.
26
POTENTIOMETERS
Potentiometers are variable resistors which are
dependant on mechanical movement, i.e. Lateral
float movement, to vary the resistance of the
component and therefore alter the output voltage.

In order to verify the correct operation of a


potentiometer, the resistance should be measured at
the minimum and maximum positions and a smooth
and continuous change of resistance should be
observed between. As the resistance varies with
temperature, the test specifications are usually given
at 20 °C.
27

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16 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ELECTROMAGNETIC DEVICES
In general, they use the magnetic field created by
flowing current to move metal parts within the
components.

RELAYS
The relay is an electromagnetic switch that uses a
small amount of current to switch a larger amount on
and off.

When the operator closes a switch, current flows


through the relay’s control circuit. In this circuit there
are windings surrounding an iron core which is fixed 28
in place (see Fig. 28).

Current turns the iron core into an electromagnet.


The core then attracts an arm which has a contact
point on it. When the point on the arm contacts the
stationary point, current flows through the power
circuit.

Relays are basically electrically operated switches.


They are used to switch a circuit on/off in similar way
to a manual switch.

Two circuits are connected to the relay:

• A work circuit, which is switched on/off by


the relay, and provides the supply for the
equipment to be operated, i.e., bulbs,
solenoids, etc.;
• A control circuit, switched on/off by manual
switches, used to operate the relay.
The part of the relay which is connected to the control
circuit consists of the winding of an electro–magnet.
When the control circuit is switched off, the contacts
are kept apart by a return spring. When the control
circuit is switched on, a current flows through the coil
and a magnetic force is produced. This force, which
is stronger than the spring pressure, pulls the
contacts of the relay together, causing the work
circuit to operate.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 17

A switch–relay system has two main advantages


over a simple switch:

• The current that flows through the switch is


not the same as all the current requested by
the equipment to be operated, but usually
by a smaller current: this allows the usage of
smaller and less expensive switches;
• The distance from the supply, to the
equipment, can be made as short as
possible to minimise voltage drop.
There are several types of relays. They can be
normally open or normally closed. They may have 29
internal electronic circuits to give special operating
features. For example, they can turn the switch
on/off at timed intervals (flasher relay), be sensitive
to current, temperature, etc. The relay cover usually
gives information about the features of the relay.

On the relay cover there are usually 4 or 5 terminal


markings :

• 30: input terminal direct from battery


positive, normally live.
• 85: winding output terminal, usually to
ground.
• 86: winding input terminal.
• 87: output terminal for normally closed
contact.
• 87a: output terminal for normally open
contact.
Brown relays are normally open relays, blue ones are
normally closed.
SOLENOIDS
Solenoids (Fig. 30) work in much the same way as
relays, except that the iron core is not fixed in place.
As a result, the windings in the control circuit cause
the iron core to move.

In the starting system, for example, the movement of


this core is used to send large amounts of current to
the starter motor.

A solenoid is basically a winding around an iron core.


In the centre of the core there is a plunger which is
free to move through the core. When an electrical
current passes through the winding an 30
electro–magnetic force is produced which causes
the plunger to move through the core. If the current is
switched off, the magnetic force is stopped and the
plunger is returned by a spring.

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18 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The solenoid plunger may have different uses: the


most common are moving a hydraulic spool or a
mechanical lever.

The use of solenoids to control hydraulic pressure


instead of the hydraulic valves is highly
recommended wherever there is a long distance
between the control panel and the valve (more than
10 meters) or a fast action is required.

A coil should:

• Be non–sensitive to vibrations;
• Be silent in operation
• Have large frequency of activation (30–35 times
per second)
• It should be possible to fit it in any position.
• Be insulated, in order to function correctly for a
wide range of temperatures (–40 to +85°C), and
with high humidity conditions.

The MOST COMMON FAULTS that can occur are:

• Short circuit winding: if a section of the winding


allows the current to pass directly from positive
(+) to negative (–) terminals without passing
through the winding, this will cause the relevant
circuit fuse to blow.
• Broken winding: causing an open circuit, it will
not allow the current to pass through the winding,
so the solenoid will not operate.
• Seized plunger (and/or connected components):
the solenoid will only move the plunger if all
components are free to move.

PWM SOLENOID VALVES


Whenever it is necessary to provide proportional
control to the solenoid valves, it is much better to use
a principle of operation called pulse width modulation
(PWM). PWM is a variable DC voltage signal that is
used to control the solenoid valves. The voltage
signal is pulsed on and off many times a second (at a
constant frequency of 500 Hz) at a constant supply
voltage of 12 V.

31

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 19

The processors contain transistors that are supplied


with a constant input voltage which is switched on
and off to achieve the variable input range. In this
way the control module is able to limit the armature
movement, so the hydraulic output flow of the
solenoid is proportional to the average DC voltage.
The lower voltage also allows the solenoid to operate
with less residual magnetism and so the entire circuit
will operate smoother.

The variable DC voltage signal level is determined by


varying the duration of the ON pulse relative to the
OFF pulse (see Fig. 32). The ratio between the ON
time and the cycle time is called duty cycle and is
stated as a percentage of one complete cycle.

With reference to Fig. 32, diagrams 1 to 3 show the


normal operating range of the PWM valve, and
diagram 4 shows the initial 12V programming and fill
time only. The diagrams in column A show the
voltage signal that is sent to the valve, whereas
column B shows the relevant spring pressure and
column C the reading on a voltmeter connected to
the solenoid valve.

Diagram 1 shows the OFF position: no signal is


directed to the valve, which means no spring
pressure in the valve at all and results in a zero
voltage reading. Increasing the duty cycle causes
some pressure to be made on the circuit (Diagram 2),
which results in a voltmeter reading increase. 32
Diagram 3 shows the maximum signal that is used
during the normal activity of the valve: its duty cycle is
around 0.5, which results in a spring pressure for the
half of its run and in an indication of a 6 volt average
DC current.

The electrical circuit to the solenoids can be checked


by using a digital or analogue DC voltmeter, which
will indicate the average voltage readings.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
20 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

SENSORS
A sensor is the primary component of a
measurement chain that converts the input variable
(temperature, capacitance, reluctance) into a signal
suitable for measurement. The relationship between
the input variable and the measured signal is a
characteristic of the sensor.

In the above mentioned measurement chain the


signal is filtered and treated in order to adapt it to its
use. It consists of three elements: the sensor itself;
the converter, which converts the output signal from
the sensor (in most of the cases into an electric
signal); and the conditioner, which transforms the
output signal from the converter in the most suitable
form. Generally the term sensor indicates the entire
measurement chain.
TEMPERATURE SENSORS
Generally based on a simple circuit with a thermistor.
A thermistor is a resistor that changes its resistance
according to the temperature.

There are two groups of thermistors: NTC (Negative


Temperature Coefficient) and PTC (positive
Temperature Coefficient). In the first case the higher
the temperature, the lower is the resistance, and for
the PTC the higher the temperature, the higher the
resistance. The NTC are often used as sensors to
indicate temperature change in fluids, such as the
engine coolant fluid.
33
An example of these type of senders is the coolant
temperature sender. The changes in its resistance
(which varies with temperature) are relayed to the
Instrument Cluster, which operates the bargraph and
the warning indicators accordingly.
PRESSURE SENDER
A pressure sender receives a supply signal and it
varies it according to the (oil) pressure. An example
is the oil pressure sender, which receives a 5 volt
signal and varies it according to the oil pressure. The
Instrument Cluster keeps track of these variations
and changes its readouts and warnings accordingly.

34

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 21

SPEED SENSOR
The speed sensor is typically a reluctance sensor. An
example is the axle speed sender, which is fitted into
the transmission and gets pulses off the gears,
counting the gear teeth. The sender uses a pickup
coil close to four wheel drive coupling. The action of
the gear close to the pickup creates pulses which are
relayed to the Instrument Cluster. The Instrument
Cluster converts the frequency of the pulses into
ground speed.

Possible failures are due to vibration, open circuits.

35
FLUID LEVEL SENDER
It operates by varying resistance through the
movement of a float. An example is the fuel level
sender.

36

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
22 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ELECTRONIC MODULES (GCM, TCM, XCM)


The electronic modules are the ”black boxes” that
provide control on many of the functions of the
tractor. These functions may vary according to the
options that are fitted on the tractor.

Inside these ”black boxes” there is a processor, the


”thinking part” of the module, and inside some of
them there is one or more memories, which may
allow the module to store calibration values, the
configuration of the vehicle (which optional tools or
devices have been installed) and the error codes.

37
A processor has a series of pins, which are electrical
contacts (see Fig. 38). There are three main types of
pins: for the inputs of the signals, for the outputs and
for the processor supply.

The processor, the memories and the link between


them form the hardware of the module, its ”physical”
part.

Then some software is needed, to handle the


communication between the processor and the
memories and to manage the various signals going
into and out of the processor. The software is
designed to operate in a different way for every
module, and is called functional code. 38
A serial data link is a kind of communication where
data is sent along a single wire, so the information
regarding different functions of the same processor
are sent to the Instrument Cluster in different
moments.

To provide a continuous control on components, the


processor continuously scans all the inputs in a
time–sharing mode, with a cycle lasting 1Oms. This
means that all the components controlled by the
processor are checked one by one, and that every
component is checked 100 times per second.

The electronic modules are often blamed as


responsible for most of the problems of the modern
tractors, while they are for certain among the most
protected parts of the tractor. In fact, the pins of the
module are protected against spikes (high pulses) of
current, and the signals are filtered by the hardware
and by the software in input and in output to give the
best handling of information.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 23

CONTROLLED AREA NETWORK (CAN)


SYSTEM Gear
There are in effect two electrical systems within the TCM
Display
range of tractors.
The 120 to 155 models utilise the conventional type
of wiring harnesses to connect together components serial link
and processors, depending on the tractor D.I.C.
XCM
specification
serial link
The 175 and 190 models utilise a CAN (Controlled
Area Network) in addition to the standard wiring
harnesses. The CAN is a 2–wire system which uses EMU
ECM EHR
a series of numeric values sent at very high speed to
transmit data between processors and components.
A CAN system has the advantage of being able to
use one component for many applications without
the need for hard wiring to each application, as in a F.I.P.
conventional system.
Depending on the model specification, processors
39
are used to control transmissions, hydraulic lift, PTO
systems, four wheel drive, differential lock, creeper
engagement, engine coolant fan and fuel injection
pump.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
24 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

FAULT DISPLAY LOGIC –


FULL POWERSHIFT AND
SEMI–POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSIONS
1. Faults are displayed on the liquid crystal display
portion of the gear shift and display assembly. A
Full Powershift or Semi–Powershift transmission
error code is prefixed with an ‘F’.

40
2. Fault codes always flash.
3. There are four types of errors: Disabling, “N”,
“CP”, and Hidden.
4. Disabling errors disable the transmission
permanently (until the next power-up).

5. Disabling and hidden errors are accompanied by


a steady alarm for 5 seconds. After 5 seconds,
the error code continues flashing on the LCD, but
the alarm stops. If the error clears during the 5
second period, the alarm will stop when the error
clears, and the LCD will return to normal display.
6. If there are multiple disabling or hidden errors to
display, they will be displayed sequentially.
Example, for codes F2A, F2b and F2C:
LCD: | F2A------ | F2b------ | F2C------ | F2A | F2C
| F2A |
Time: | 5 sec | 1 s | 5 sec | 1 s | 5 sec | 1s | 5 sec
| 5 sec | 5 sec | 5 sec | etc...
Alarm: |steady |off|steady |off|steady |off|
41
off--------------------------------------

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 25

NOTE: The display sequence may not always start


with the lowest error number, and the errors may not
be displayed in numerical order at first. There is
some “randomness” depending on the exact timing
and sequence of events.
7. “N” and “CP” errors are accompanied by a pulse
alarm and require action from the driver. The
alarm will continue and the transmission is
disabled until the driver takes action.
“CP” can be cleared by cycling the clutch pedal.
In some cases, “CP” can also be cleared by
cycling the shuttle lever.
“N” can be cleared by shifting the shuttle lever to MM7
neutral. 42
“N” and “CP can result from improper action by
the driver, or they can result from faults in the
system which require action from the driver to
re-start operation.
8. Normal error display mode:
If there are any disabling errors, only disabling
errors will be displayed.
If there are no disabling errors and at least one
“N” error is active, “N” will flash.
If there are no disabling errors and no “N” errors,
and at least one “CP” error is active, “CP” will
flash.
Hidden errors will not be displayed.
43
9. Hd in the diagnostic menu will enable “display all
errors” mode. Also, a new module (or an old
module after the memory has been reset using
H8) will automatically be in “display all errors”
mode until there are no errors to display for 6
minutes. The six minutes must be during one
power-on cycle, i.e. turning off the key switch
zeros the timer.

44
If there are any disabling errors. ALL errors will
be displayed sequentially. “N” and “CP” will not
be displayed; instead, the error codes
associated with the “N” or “CP” fault will be
displayed.
If there are no disabling errors and there is at
least one “N” error, the first “N” error will be
displayed. The display will alternate at one
second each between “N” (to tell the driver what
to do) and the associated error code (to assist
with trouble shooting).

45

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
26 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Display with AEIC.

46
If there are no disabling errors or “N” errors, and
there is at least one “CP” error, the first “CP” error
will be displayed. The display will alternate at one
second each between “CP” (to tell the driver what
to do) and the associated error code (to assist
with trouble shooting).
If there are no disabling errors, “N” errors, or “CP”
errors, any hidden errors will be displayed
sequentially.

47
Display with AEIC.

48
A new module, or an old module after the
memory has been reset using H8, will
automatically be in ”display all errors” mode until
there are no errors to display for 6 minutes. The
six minutes must be during one power-on cycle,
i.e. turning off the key switch zeros the timer.
After six minutes with no errors, the module
switches automatically to normal error display
mode, and all stored error codes are erased.

49

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 27

Display with AEIC.

50

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
28 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

FAULT CODE DISPLAYS


1. Suspended Front Axle – ’L’ codes
With Digital Instrument Cluster

51
1. Suspended Front Axle – ’L’ codes
With Analogue Digital Instrument Cluster

52
1. Electronic Draft Control (no prefix)
With Digital Instrument Cluster

53
1. Electronic Draft Control (no prefix)
With Analogue Digital Instrument Cluster

54

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 29

1. Digital Instrument Cluster Fault codes (no prefix)

55
1. Electronic Management Unit – ’P’ codes
With Digital Instrument Cluster

56
1. Electronic Management Unit – ’P’ codes
With Analogue Digital Instrument Cluster

57
1. Electro–Hydraulic Remotes – ’R’ codes
With Digital Instrument Cluster

58

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
30 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

1. Engine Fault codes – ’t’ codes


With Digital Instrument Cluster

59

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 31

DISPLAYING AND CLEARING FAULT


CODES
Hidden and stored fault codes can be viewed by
using the H–Menu diagnostic mode.
Fault codes can also be cleared from the processor
memory via the H–Menu mode.
To gain access to the diagnostic “H” menu mode
routine it is necessary to use the diagnostic test
switch, Tool 380000488, in the tractor diagnostic
connectors (C125) located behind the Electronic
Draft Control panel.

60
The information for the “H” menus is displayed in one
of the following displays.
1. Full Powershift – Gear Display
2. Semi–Powershift – Gear Display

61
Connect Tool No. 380000488 to the diagnostic
connector and turn the key start switch to ON.
The relevant display will show “HH” to indicate that
the “H” menu has been activated.
Depress and release repeatedly the button of the tool
to cycle through the H menus until the desired mode
is reached.

62
HB DISPLAY OF STORED FAULT CODES
This mode displays the error codes stored in the
memory of the micro processor.

63

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
32 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Up to 10 error codes can be stored. This display


mode sorts the error codes so that the errors which
occurred most recently are displayed first.

64
Display with AEIC.

65
Full and Semi–Powershift transmissions. To view the
hours of the last occurrence depress and hold the
upshift button (1).

66
Continue to hold the upshift button (1) and after 2
seconds of displaying the hours, the screen will go
blank then the number of occurrences will be
displayed.

67

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 33

Power and Semi–Powershift transmissions. To


select the next stored error code press the downshift
switch (2).

68
Power and Semi–Powershift Transmissions. To
return to the ’top’ of the list continue to cycle the
downshift switch (2).

69
Power and Semi–Powershift Transmissions. When
there are no more error codes to select the display
will show two dashes.

70

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
34 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

HC CLEAR STORED FAULT CODES


This mode functions like ’H8’ but only clears stored
error codes. Calibration values are not affected.
Select HC with the test switch.

71
The display will go blank, show ’EE’ go blank again
and then return to ’HH’.

72
HD DISPLAY OF LIVE FAULT CODES
Select HD with the test switch.
After a few seconds the display will revert to normal
operating mode.
This mode allows normal tractor operation, but any
detected errors will cause an error code to be
displayed, whether they are disabling or not.
Key off, then on, to reset system to normal operation,
i.e. only disabling error codes displaying.

73

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 35

DIAGNOSTIC MEMORY
To enter diagnostic memory mode hold down digit set
button during key ’ON’ and self test sequence.
Touching the digit set button will cycle the display
through the memory.

74
The error codes will appear on the appropriate
display, together with engine hours recorded. Typical
examples are illustrated.

75
The memory can be erased by holding down the digit
set button for 10 seconds (while in diagnostic
memory mode).
To exit mode touch any other display and function
button.
The cluster stores up to 10 diagnostic error codes in
a permanent memory. The stored ’Services History’
can be displayed by entering the Diagnostic Memory
Mode.
When in this mode, touching the digit set button will
cycle the display through the stored memory.
When 10 error codes are already stored, further error
codes occurring will cancel the oldest error code in
the memory or update the hours if that code is 76
already stored.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
36 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

NOTES PAGE

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 37

FULL POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


FAULT FAULT DESCRIPTION TRANS.
CODE STATUS
F11 Clutch potentiometer voltage below valid range Disabled
Enabled
F12 Clutch potentiometer voltage above valid range Disabled
Enabled
F13 Open circuit from fuse 13 Disabled
F19 19th gear clutch solenoid open circuit or short to ground Enabled
F20 19th gear clutch dump solenoid open circuit or short to ground Enabled
F21 Transmission extension harness to main harness disconnected Disabled
F23 Creeper engaged in a gear higher than 10th Enabled
F24 All clutches need calibration Disabled
F27 ERPM signal not present Enabled
F29 19th gear clutch solenoid over voltage Enabled
F30 19th gear clutch dump solenoid over voltage Enabled
F37 Clutch disconnect switch open circuit Disabled
F38 Reverse not allowed Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
F47 Clutch disconnect switch misadjusted high Enabled
F48 Clutch disconnect switch short circuit Enabled
F49 Transmission output speed sensor open circuit Enabled
F50 Transmission output speed sensor short to ground Enabled
F51 Temperature sender open circuit Enabled
F52 Temperature sensor short to ground Enabled
F53 +5 Volt reference voltage too high Disabled
F54 + 5 Volts reference voltage low Disabled
F59 Forward/neutral/reverse switch disagreement (more than one switch is engaged) Disabled
F60 Upshift switch input voltage low Enabled
F61 Upshift switch input voltage high Enabled
F62 Downshift switch input voltage low Enabled
F63 Downshift switch input voltage high Enabled
F64 Forward pressure switch open circuit or short to ground Enabled
F65 Reverse pressure switch open circuit or short to ground Enabled
F66 Shuttle lever forward switch input voltage low Enabled
F67 Shuttle lever forward switch input voltage high Enabled
F68 Shuttle lever reverse switch input voltage low Enabled

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
38 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

FAULT FAULT DESCRIPTION TRANS.


CODE STATUS
F69 Shuttle lever reverse switch input voltage high Enabled
F70 Torque Damper Fault Enabled
F71 Engine torque/RPM sensor open circuit Enabled
F72 Engine torque/RPM sensor short to ground Enabled
F73 Transmission mid speed sensor open circuit Enabled
F74 Transmission mid speed sensor short to ground Enabled
F75 Swapped mid and output speed sensors Enabled
F76 Swapped engine torque/RPM sensor with either the mid or output speed sensors Enabled
F77 No signal from the output speed sensor Enabled
F78 No signal from the transmission mid speed sensor Enabled
F79 Engine RPM exceeds 3000 RPM Enabled
F80 Transmission output RPM too high for the selected gear Enabled
F81 Clutch slipping Disabled
F82 Foot throttle position sensor potentiometer short circuit to +8 or +12 Volts Enabled
F83 Foot throttle sensor potentiometer open circuit or short to ground Enabled
F84 Pressure indicated on forward clutch pressure switchs when the clutch solenoids Disabled
are off
F85 Pressure indicated on reverse clutch pressure switch when clutch solenoids are off Disabled
F86 Creeper fails to engage Enabled
F87 Creeper fails to disengage Enabled
F88 Creeper potentiometer short circuit to +8 or +12 Volts Enabled
F89 Creeper potentiometer open circuit or short to ground Enabled
F90 Central controller (XCM) not present
F91 Display of gears controller (CAN DOG) not present
FAA Clutch A solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FAB Clutch B solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FAC Clutch C solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FAD Clutch D solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FAE Clutch E solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FA1 Low range clutch solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FA2 Medium range clutch solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FA3 High range clutch solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FA4 Reverse clutch solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FA5 Creeper solenoid open circuit or short to ground Enabled
FBA Clutch A solenoid over voltage Disabled
FBB Clutch B solenoid over voltage Disabled

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 39

FAULT FAULT DESCRIPTION TRANS.


CODE STATUS
FBC Clutch C solenoid over voltage Disabled
FBD Clutch D solenoid over voltage Disabled
FBE Clutch E solenoid over voltage Disabled
FB1 Low range clutch solenoid over voltage Disabled
FB2 Mid range clutch solenoid over voltage Disabled
FB3 High range clutch solenoid over voltage Disabled
FB4 Reverse range clutch solenoid over voltage Disabled
FB5 Creeper solenoid over voltage Enabled
FCA Clutch A not calibrated Enabled
FCB Clutch B not calibrated Enabled
FCC Clutch C not calibrated Enabled
FCD Clutch D not calibrated Enabled
FCE Clutch E not calibrated Enabled
FCF Low range clutch not calibrated Enabled
FC1 Medium range clutch not calibrated Enabled
FC2 High range clutch not calibrated Enabled
FC3 Reverse clutch not calibrated Enabled
FC5 Creeper travel out of range Enabled
FC8 Creeper not calibrated Enabled
FC9 19th gear clutch not calibrated Enabled
FC0 Secondary controller (CFPS) is not configured Enabled
CP Depress the clutch pedal to to re–enable the transmission Disabled
N Shift to neutral to re-enable transmission Disabled
CALIBRATION FAULTS
U19 Oil temperature below 10 degrees centigrade
U21 Engine RPM too low
U22 Engine RPM too high
U23 Shuttle lever in neutral
U26 Clutch pedal not released
U31 Output speed sensed – tractor moving
U33 Handbrake not applied
U34 Seat switch not activated
U36 Maximum allowed clutch calibration value exceeded
U37 ERPM dropped too soon during clutch cal
CALIBRATION MESSAGES
CF Calibration procedure completed successfully

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
40 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

FAULT FAULT DESCRIPTION TRANS.


CODE STATUS
CH Oil temperature above 105 degrees centigrade – Press upshift to proceed
CL Oil temperature between 10 and 60 degrees centigrade – press upshift to proceed

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 41

ELECTRONIC DRAFT CONTROL FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


Fault
Code Fault description
02 Poor or no signal from tractor performance monitor radar
03 Radar (ground speed) greater than wheel speed
04 Wheel speed greater than maximum speed of tractor
06 Slip control voltage low (short or open circuit)
07 Slip control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts)
08 Raise/work switch failure
09 Both external lift/lower fender switches are being operated simultaneously
10 Height limit control voltage low (short or open circuit)
11 Height limit control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts)
12 Drop rate control voltage low (short or open circuit)
13 Drop rate control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts
14 Open circuit connection to load sensing pin, short circuit to ground or failed load
sensing pin
15 Load sensing pin short circuit to +12 Volts, failed or corroded load sensing pin
16 Open circuit connection to load sensing pin, short circuit to ground or failed load
sensing pin
17 Load sensing pin short circuit to +12 Volts, failed or corroded load sensing pin
18 Both load sensing pins disconnected
19 Pin reference voltage less than 8 Volts (short or open circuit)
20 Pin reference voltage greater than 8 volts (short to +12 Volts)
21 Draft sensitivity control voltage low (short or open circuit)
22 Draft sensitivity control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts)
23 Control panel disconnected
24 Perform hydraulic lift calibration
HL Height limit incorrectly set to perform auto calibration
25 Position lever potentiometer control voltage low (short or open circuit)
26 Position lever potentiometer control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short
to +12 Volts)
27 Lift arm sensing control voltage low (short or open circuit)
28 Lift arm position sensing control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to
+12 Volts)
29 Hydraulic control valve disconnected
30 Signal ground open circuit
31 Chassis harness disconnected
32 Draft load potentiometer shorted to +12 Volts
33 Draft control potentiometer open circuit or short to ground

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
42 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

49 Output speed sensor open or short circuit


53 Microprocessor 5 Volt reference shorted to + 12 Volts
54 Microprocessor 5 Volt reference shorted to ground
57 EDC microprocessor failure
59 Microprocessor reference voltage open circuit
63 EDC hydraulic valve lower solenoid open circuit
64 EDC hydraulic valve raise solenoid open circuit
65 EDC hydraulic valve lower solenoid short circuit
66 EDC hydraulic valve raise solenoid short circuit
67 EDC hydraulic valve supply voltage too low
69 Control lever EDC raise/lower switch failure

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 43

SUSPENDED FRONT AXLE FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


Fault
Code Fault description
L01 Lockout valve raising solenoid not working
L02 Raising solenoid not working
L03 Lowering solenoid not working
L04 Front axle potentiometer threshold is higher than the set limit
L05 Front axle potentiometer threshold is lower than the set limit
L06 The suspension is not calibrated
L07 Front axle weight has been reduced but the suspension is unable to reset nominal
height
L08 Front axle weight has been increased but the suspension is unable to reset nominal
height
L09 Lockout valve lowering solenoid not working

Calibration Fault Code Listing

U01 Front axle potentiometer open circuit


U02 Front axle potentiometer threshold is higher than the set limit
U03 Front axle potentiometer short circuit
U04 Front axle potentiometer threshold is lower than the set limit
U05 Front suspension is not reaching minimum and maximum position during the auto
calibration procedure
U06 Not used
U07 Suspension is stationary during the raise command in the auto calibration procedure
U08 Suspension is unable to reach maximum height within 20 seconds
U09 Suspension is stationary during the lowering command in the auto calibration
procedure
U10 Suspension is unable to reach the minimum height within 25 seconds
U11 Unable to calibrate the suspension
U12 Auto calibration procedure stopped/vehicle not stationary

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
44 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

PTO FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


The central controller (XCM) has an inbuilt self diagnostic system to assist with the detection of faults should
they occur.
If a fault occurs that is related to the PTO a two digit code prefixed with a ‘P’ will be displayed on the instrument
cluster. Should more than one fault occur at any one time, the fault with the highest priority will be displayed
followed by the lower priority error code. Error codes present at key ON will similarly be displayed.
PRIORITY ERROR ERROR DESCRIPTION
(1 = Highest) CODE
1 P01 Rear PTO brake solenoid stuck off
2 P02 Rear PTO brake solenoid stuck on
3 P03 Rear PTO brake output open circuit
4 P04 Not used
5 P05 Not used
6 P06 Rear PTO not calibrated
7 P07 Rear PTO solenoid circuit over current
8 P08 Rear PTO solenoid open circuit or short to ground
9 P09 Not used
10 P10 Not used
13 P13 Not used
14 P14 Not used
15 P15 Not used
16 P16 Not used
17 P17 Not used
18 P18 Not used
19 P19 Not used
20 P20 Not used
21 P21 Not used
22 P22 Not used
23 P23 Not used
24 P24 Not used
25 P25 Not used
26 P26 Not used
27 P27 PTO speed sensor open circuit
28 P28 Not used
29 P29 Not used
30 P30 Not used
31 P31 Not used
32 P32 Not used
33 P33 Rear PTO cab switch short circuit
34 P34 Fender mounted rear PTO switch short circuit

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 45

PRIORITY ERROR ERROR DESCRIPTION


(1 = Highest) CODE
35 P35 Fender mounted rear PTO switch open ciruit
36 P36 Rear PTO failure to start
37 P37 Rear PTO cab switch open circuit
38 P38 Not used
39 P39 Not used
40 P40 Not used
41 P41 Not used

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
46 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ELECTRONIC MANAGEMENT UNIT FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


The Electronic Management Unit has an inbuilt self diagnostic system to assist with the detection of faults should
they occur.
If a fault occurs that is related to the Electronic management Unit a two digit code prefixed with a ‘P’ will be
displayed on the instrument cluster. Should more than one fault occur at any one time, the fault with the highest
priority will be displayed followed by the lower priority error code. Error codes present at key ON will similarly
be displayed.
PRIORITY FAULT ERROR DESCRIPTION
(1 = Highest) CODE
1 P01 Not used
2 P02 Not used
3 P03 Not used
4 P04 Not used
5 P05 Not used
6 P06 Not used
7 P07 Not used
8 P08 Not used
9 P09 Not used
10 P10 Not used
13 P13 Not used
14 P14 Not used
15 P15 Differential lock solenoid stuck off
16 P16 Differential lock solenoid stuck on
17 P17 Differential lock output open circuit
18 P18 Differential lock driver over temperature
19 P19 Not used
20 P20 Not used
21 P21 4WD solenoid stuck off
22 P22 4WD solenoid stuck on
23 P23 4WD output open circuit
24 P24 4WD driver over temperature
25 P25 Not used
26 P26 Not used
27 P27 Not used
28 P28 Not used
29 P29 Not used
30 P30 Not used
31 P31 Steering sensor out of range – maximum voltage
32 P32 Steering sensor out of range – minimum voltage
33 P33 Not used
34 P34 Not used

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 47

PRIORITY FAULT ERROR DESCRIPTION


(1 = Highest) CODE
35 P35 Not used
36 P36 Not used
37 P37 Not used
38 P38 Not used
39 P39 Not used
40 P40 Not used
41 P41 Not used

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
48 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

DIGITAL INSTRUMENT CLUSTER FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


The Digital Instrument Cluster (DIC) features an integral fault diagnosis system which displays error codes on
the LCD as shown in the following Table.
These error codes appear when any one of the listed errors occurs. The alarm sounds continuously for a critical
alarm and for 5 seconds with a non critical alarm.

EIC DISPLAY
SENSOR CONDITION ALARM
Less than 500 rev/min More than 500 rev/min
Fault Code No.
Engine oil pressure sender
Critical
short or open circuit
Engine oil pressure sender
Critical
short to a +ve Voltage
Fuel tank level sender
Non Critical
short to ground
Fuel tank level sender
Non Critical
Open circuit or short to a +ve voltage
Output speed sensor
Non Critical
short to ground

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Output speed sensor
Non Critical
Open Circuit

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Coolant temperature sender
Non Critical

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
short circuit

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Electronic draft control error
serial Link Failure

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Transmission error
serial link failure
Memory retention error of
battery calibration constant

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Slip alarm, slip constant,
Non Critical
width and service hours check

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Coolant temperature sender

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Critical
open circuit or shorted to a +ve voltage

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Engine shut down output short
to a +ve voltage

ÍÍÍ
ÍÍÍ
Non DIC Faults – only displayed Read Your Manual (RYM)
in the Diagnostic Memory.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 49

ELECTRONIC HYDRAULIC REMOTES FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


Error
Code Fault description
R1 EHR control unit 1 lever not calibrated
R2 EHR control unit 2 lever not calibrated
R3 EHR control unit 3 lever not calibrated
R4 EHR control unit 4 lever not calibrated
R11 EHR control unit 1 float switch error
R12 EHR control unit 1 active switch error
R13 CAN messages received by the EHR valve 1 are corrupted or missing
R14 Valve 1 supply under voltage/over voltage or output stage faulty or transducer faulty
or spool neutral error or spool not neutral error
R15 Valve 1 spool travel short or spool travel excessive or open centre not reached
R16 EHR control unit 1 full flow switch error
R17 No communication between the EHR valve 1 and the central controller (XCM)
R18 EHR control unit 1 lever faulty
R21 EHR control unit 2 float switch error
R22 EHR control unit 2 active switch error
R23 CAN messages received by the EHR valve 2 are corrupted or missing
R24 Valve 2 supply under voltage/over voltage or output stage faulty or transducer faulty
or spool neutral error or spool not neutral error
R25 Valve 2 spool travel short or spool travel excessive or open centre not reached
R26 EHR control unit 2 full flow switch error
R27 No communication between the EHR valve 2 and the central controller (XCM)
R28 EHR control unit 2 lever faulty
R31 EHR control unit 3 float switch error
R32 EHR control unit 3 active switch error
R33 CAN messages received by the EHR valve 3 are corrupted or missing
R34 Valve 3 supply under voltage/over voltage or output stage faulty or transducer faulty
or spool neutral error or spool not neutral error
R35 Valve 3 spool travel short or spool travel excessive or open centre not reached
R36 EHR control unit 3 full flow switch error
R37 No communication between the EHR valve 3 and the central controller (XCM)
R38 EHR control unit 3 lever faulty
R41 EHR control unit 4 float switch error
R42 EHR control unit 4 active switch error
R43 CAN messages received by the EHR valve 4 are corrupted or missing
R44 Valve 4 supply under voltage/over voltage or output stage faulty or transducer faulty
or spool neutral error or spool not neutral error

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
50 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

R45 Valve 4 spool travel short or spool travel excessive or open centre not reached
R46 EHR control unit 4 full flow switch error
R47 No communication between the EHR valve 4 and the central controller (XCM)
R48 EHR control unit 4 lever faulty
R53 CAN messages received by the EHR valve 5 are corrupted or missing
R54 Valve 5 supply under voltage/over voltage or output stage faulty or transducer faulty
or spool neutral error or spool not neutral error
R55 Valve 5 spool travel short or spool travel excessive or open centre not reached
R57 No communication between the EHR valve 5 and the central controller (XCM)

Calibration Error Code Listing

U1 Flow control for lever 1 set incorrectly during calibration


U2 Flow control for lever 2 set incorrectly during calibration
U3 Flow control for lever 3 set incorrectly during calibration
U4 Flow control for lever 4 set incorrectly during calibration

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 51

ELECTRONIC HYDRAULIC REMOTES FLASH CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


NOTE: EHR valve may need the paint removed from the valve casing, next to the connector.
Flash codes are displayed on the EHR valve. The LED is internal and can be seen flashing through the plastic
part of the valve casing, located next to the valve harness connector.
First flash sequence will be after a long pause, next sequence will be after a short pause.
E.G. flash code 16 – Long pause then 1 flash, short pause then 6 flashes, long pause then 1 flash.....

Flash
Code Fault Description
11 No control message CAN BUS message fault
13 Implausible control message CAN BUS message fault
16 EEPROM inconsistent Software fault
17 Messages not received in the specified time CAN BUS message fault
21 Under voltage Supply voltage low
22 Over voltage Supply voltage high
23 Valve internal fault, possibly
Spool deflection too short mechanical
24 Spool deflection excessive Valve internal fault, possibly
mechanical
25 Open centre position not reached Valve internal fault, possibly
mechanical
26 Manual operation detected Valve has been operated
manually
31 Under 8 Volts Displayed only if the valve does
not shut–down automatically.
Valve will shut off the output
stage.
32 Over 36 or 45 Volts Displayed only if the valve does
not shut–down automatically.
Valve will shut off the output
stage.
41 Over 45 Volts Valve will internally shut–down
42 Output stage for the pilot solenoid valve fault Valve internal fault
43 Position transducer fault Position of the spool detected by
the transducer
81 Valve spool cannot be returned to neutral Valve internal fault, possibly
mechanical
82 Valve spool not in neutral when switched on Valve internal fault, possibly
mechanical
83 Checksum error Self diagnostic check of the
system

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
52 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

HAND THROTTLE AND PTO TORQUE FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


Fault
Code Fault description
TD1 Hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 1 over voltage
TD2 Hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 1 under voltage
TD3 Hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 2 over voltage
TD4 Hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 2 under voltage
TD5 Hand throttle position sensor difference error
TD6 Hand throttle idle switch open circuit
TD7 Hand throttle idle switch closed circuit
TC2 PTO twist sensor open circuit
TC3 PTO twist sensor short too ground
TC4 Engine torque/RPM sensor open circuit
TC5 Engine torque/RPM sensor short to ground
TC6 PTO twist sensor not calibrated
TC7 No signal from the PTO twist sensor
TC8 No signal from the engine torque/RPM sensor
TC9 PTO twist speed sensor sensor over voltage

Calibration Fault Code Listing

U50 PTO twist sensor not calibrated


U51 Unable to achieve the required engine speed
U52 Constant engine RPM (CERPM) switch switched more than 3 times
U53 Remote levers used when calibrated
U54 Steering used when calibrating
U55 PTO engaged when calibrating
U56 Engine torque/RPM sensor open circuit
U57 Engine torque/RPM sensor short to ground
U58 PTO twist sensor open circuit
U59 PTO twist sensor short to ground
U60 Out of range calibration value

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 53

ENGINE FAULT CODE LISTING


Service
Error
tool error
Code
code Fault description
t1 3601–6 Foot throttle position sensor, grounded or current above normal range
t2 3601–5 Foot throttle position sensor, open circuit or current below normal range
t3 3601–4 Foot throttle position sensor, shorted to low source
t4 3601–3 Foot throttle position sensor, shorted to high source
t5 3607–1 CAN AE message (torque setpoint), data valid but below normal range
t6 3607–2 CAN AE message (torque setpoint), data incorrect
t7 3607–0 CAN AE message (torque setpoint), data valid but above normal range
t8 3667–6 Ambient pressure sensor, grounded or current above normal range
t9 3667–5 Ambient pressure sensor, open circuit or current below normal range
tA 3667–4 Ambient pressure sensor, shorted to low source
tB 3667–0 Ambient pressure sensor, data valid but above normal range
tC 108–1 Ambient pressure sensor (phy), data valid but below normal range
tD 108–2 Ambient pressure sensor (phy), data incorrect
tE 108–0 Ambient pressure sensor (phy), data valid but above normal range
tF 108–3 Ambient pressure sensor (phy), shorted to high source
t13 3661–0 Test shut–off paths, data valid but above normal range
t14 3661–3 Test shut–off paths, shorted to high source
t15 3624–0 Shut–off signal, data valid but above normal range
t16 3624–3 Shut–off signal, shorted to high source
t17 3605–0 PCU power supply, data valid but above normal range
t18 3605–3 PCU power supply, shorted to high source
t19 3050–0 Fuel quantity shut–off, data valid but above normal range
t1A 3050–3 Fuel quantity shut–off, shorted to high source
t1B 3604–1 Voltage monitoring, data valid but below normal range
t1C 3604–2 Voltage monitoring, data incorrect
t1D 3604–0 Voltage monitoring, data valid but above normal range
t1E 3047–0 Monitoring module, data valid but above normal range
t1F 3047–3 Monitoring module, shorted to high source
t20 3063–1 After–run not completed, data valid but below normal range
t21 3063–0 After–run not completed, data valid but above normal range
t22 3672–6 Boost air temperature sensor, grounded or current above normal range
t23 3672–5 Boost air temperature sensor, open circuit or current below normal
range
t24 3672–4 Boost air temperature sensor, shorted to low source
t25 3672–0 Boost air temperature sensor, data valid but above normal range
t26 105–6 Boost air temperature sensor (phy), grounded or current above normal

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
54 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

t27 105–2 Boost air temperature sensor (phy), data incorrect


t28 105–0 Boost air temperature sensor (phy), data valid but above normal range
t29 105–3 Boost air temperature sensor (phy), shorted to high source
t2C 168–0 Battery voltage, data valid but above normal range
t2D 168–5 Battery voltage, open circuit or current below normal range
t2E 168–4 Battery voltage, shorted to low source
t31 3668–6 Boost air pressure sensor, grounded or current above normal range
t32 3668–5 Boost air pressure sensor, open circuit or current below normal range
t33 3668–4 Boost air pressure sensor, shorted to low source
t34 3668–3 Boost air pressure sensor, shorted to high source
t35 102–0 Boost air pressure sensor (phy), data valid but above normal range
t36 102–2 Boost air pressure sensor (phy), data incorrect
t37 102–3 Boost air pressure sensor (phy), shorted to high source
t38 3660–0 Vehicle CAN BUS transmit, data valid but above normal range
t39 3660–3 Vehicle CAN BUS transmit, shorted to high source
t3A 3609–0 PCU initialisation, data valid but above normal range
t3B 3609–3 PCU initialisation, shorted to high source
t3C 3610–1 Solenoid valve, data valid but below normal range
t3D 3610–2 Solenoid valve, data incorrect
t3E 3610–0 Solenoid valve, data valid but above normal range
t3F 3611–0 PSG message, data valid but above normal range
t40 3611–3 PSG message, shorted to high source
t41 3612–0 MSG1 message, data valid but above normal range
t42 3612–3 MSG1 message, shorted to high source
t45 3658–1 CAN CCVSS message, data valid but below normal range
t46 3658–2 CAN CCVSS message, data incorrect
t47 3658–0 CAN CCVSS message, data valid but above normal range
t4A 3718–6 Coolant temperature sensor, grounded or current above normal range
t4B 3718–5 Coolant temperature sensor, open circuit or current below normal
t4C 3718–4 Coolant temperature sensor, shorted to low source
t4D 3718–0 Coolant temperature sensor, data valid but above normal range
t4E 110–0 Coolant temperature sensor (phy), data valid but above normal range
t4F 110–2 Coolant temperature sensor (phy), data incorrect
t50 110–3 Coolant temperature sensor (phy), shorted to high source
t57 190–1 Crankshaft speed sensor, data valid but below normal range
t58 190–2 Crankshaft speed sensor, data incorrect
t59 190–4 Crankshaft speed sensor, shorted to low source
t5A 190–3 Crankshaft speed sensor, shorted to high source
t5B 3001–1 Reverse polarity of engine speed sensor, data valid but below normal
range

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 55

t5C 3001–0 Reverse polarity of engine speed sensor, data valid but above normal
range
t66 3616–1 IAT system, data valid but below normal range
t67 3616–0 IAT system, data valid but above normal range
t68 3014–0 Main relay defect, data valid but above normal range
t69 3014–3 Main relay defect, shorted to high source
t72 3009–1 Engine over–speed, data valid but below normal range
t73 3009–0 Engine over–speed, data valid but above normal range
t74 3618–1 ADC in PCU, data valid but below normal range
t75 3618–0 ADC in PCU, data valid but above normal range
t76 3622–0 Control duration, data valid but above normal range
t77 3622–3 Control duration, shorted to high source
t7A 3626–1 EEPROM checksum in PCU, data valid but below normal range
t7B 3626–0 EEPROM checksum in PCU, data valid but above normal range
t7C 3627–1 EEPROM in PCU, data valid but below normal range
t7D 3627–0 EEPROM in PCU, data valid but above normal range
t7E 3628–1 Crankshaft signal in PCU, data valid but below normal range
t7F 3628–0 Crankshaft signal in PCU, data valid but above normal range
t80 3629–1 Pump map, data valid but below normal range
t81 3629–0 Pump map, data valid but above normal range
t84 3630–1 RAM in PCU, data valid but below normal range
t85 3630–0 RAM in PCU, data valid but above normal range
t86 3631–1 Solenoid valve power stage, data valid but below normal range
t87 3631–0 Solenoid valve power stage, data valid but above normal range
t88 3632–1 Solenoid valve power stage 2, data valid but below normal range
t89 3632–0 Solenoid valve power stage 2, data valid but above normal range
t8A 3624–1 Shut–off signal, data valid but below normal range
t8B 3624–0 Shut–off signal, data valid but above normal range
t8C 3633–1 Pump timing device, data valid but below normal range
t8D 3633–0 Pump timing device, data valid but above normal range
t8E 3634–1 Fuel injection pump temperature, data valid but below normal range
t8F 3634–2 Fuel injection pump temperature, data incorrect
t90 3634–0 Fuel injection pump temperature, data valid but above normal range
t93 3636–0 Reserve 1, data valid but above normal range
t96 3068–1 Monitoring module, data valid but below normal range
t97 3068–0 Monitoring module, data valid but above normal range
tAA 3012–0 PCU CAN chip, data valid but above normal range
tAB 3012–3 PCU CAN chip, shorted to high source
tAC 3013–0 PCU CAN BUS off, data valid but above normal range
tAD 3013–3 PCU CAN BUS off, shorted to high source

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
56 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

tAE 3651–1 Vehicle CAN chip, data valid but below normal range
tAF 3651–2 Vehicle CAN chip, data incorrect
tB0 3651–4 Vehicle CAN chip, shorted to low source
tB1 3651–3 Vehicle CAN chip, shorted to high source
tB2 3650–0 Vehicle CAN BUS off, data valid but above normal range
tB3 3650–3 Vehicle CAN BUS off, shorted to high source
tB4 3689–1 CAN VE message (speed setpoint), data valid but below normal range
tB5 3689–2 CAN VE message (speed setpoint), data incorrect
tB6 3689–0 CAN VE message (speed setpoint), data valid but above normal range
tCA N/A CAN in PCU, shorted to low source
tCB N/A CAN in PCU, shorted to high source
tCC N/A PCU initialisation, data valid but below normal range
tCD N/A 1 CAN chip, data valid but below normal range
tCE N/A 1 CAN chip, data valid but above normal range
tCF N/A 1 CAN chip, shorted to high source
tD0 N/A PCU power supply, data valid but below normal range
tD8 N/A PCU power supply, data valid but above normal range

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 57

FULL POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 120 TO 155


FAULT FAULT DESCRIPTION TRANS.
CODE STATUS
F11 Clutch potentiometer voltage below valid range Disabled
Enabled
F12 Clutch potentiometer voltage above valid range Disabled
Enabled
F13 Open circuit from fuse 13 Disabled
F21 Transmission extension harness to main harness disconnected Disabled
F23 Creeper engaged in a gear higher than 10th Enabled
F24 All clutches need calibration Disabled
F27 ERPM signal not present Enabled
F37 Clutch disconnect switch open circuit Disabled
F38 Reverse not allowed Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
F47 Clutch disconnect switch misadjusted high Enabled
F48 Clutch disconnect switch short circuit Enabled
F49 Transmission output speed sensor open circuit Enabled
F50 Transmission output speed sensor short to ground Enabled
F51 Temperature sender open circuit Enabled
F52 Temperature sensor short to ground Enabled
F53 +5 Volt reference voltage too high Disabled
F54 + 5 Volts reference voltage low Disabled
F59 Forward/neutral/reverse switch disagreement (more than one switch is engaged) Disabled
F60 Upshift switch input voltage low Enabled
F61 Upshift switch input voltage high Enabled
F62 Downshift switch input voltage low Enabled
F63 Downshift switch input voltage high Enabled
F64 Forward pressure switch open circuit or short to ground Enabled
F65 Reverse pressure switch open circuit or short to ground Enabled
F66 Shuttle lever forward switch input voltage low Enabled
F67 Shuttle lever forward switch input voltage high Enabled
F68 Shuttle lever reverse switch input voltage low Enabled
F69 Shuttle lever reverse switch input voltage high Enabled
F70 Torque Damper Fault Enabled
F71 Engine torque/RPM sensor open circuit Enabled
F72 Engine torque/RPM sensor short to ground Enabled

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
58 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

FAULT FAULT DESCRIPTION TRANS.


CODE STATUS
F73 Transmission mid speed sensor open circuit Enabled
F74 Transmission mid speed sensor short to ground Enabled
F75 Swapped mid and output speed sensors Enabled
F76 Swapped engine torque/RPM sensor with either the mid or output speed sensors Enabled
F77 No signal from the output speed sensor Enabled
F78 No signal from the transmission mid speed sensor Enabled
F79 Engine RPM exceeds 3000 RPM Enabled
F80 Transmission output RPM too high for the selected gear Enabled
F81 Clutch slipping Disabled
F82 Foot throttle position sensor potentiometer short circuit to +8 or +12 Volts Enabled
F83 Foot throttle sensor potentiometer open circuit or short to ground Enabled
F84 Pressure indicated on forward clutch pressure switchs when the clutch solenoids Disabled
are off
F85 Pressure indicated on reverse clutch pressure switch when clutch solenoids are off Disabled
F91 Display of gears controller (CAN DOG) not present
FAA Clutch A solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FAB Clutch B solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FAC Clutch C solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FAD Clutch D solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FAE Clutch E solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FAF PTO lube solenoid under voltage Disabled
FA1 Low range clutch solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FA2 Medium range clutch solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FA3 High range clutch solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FA4 Reverse clutch solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FA5 Creeper solenoid open circuit or short to ground Enabled
FBA Clutch A solenoid over voltage Disabled
FBB Clutch B solenoid over voltage Disabled
FBC Clutch C solenoid over voltage Disabled
FBD Clutch D solenoid over voltage Disabled
FBE Clutch E solenoid over voltage Disabled
FBF PTO lube solenoid over voltage Disabled
FB1 Low range clutch solenoid over voltage Disabled
FB2 Mid range clutch solenoid over voltage Disabled
FB3 High range clutch solenoid over voltage Disabled
FB4 Reverse range clutch solenoid over voltage Disabled

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 59

FAULT FAULT DESCRIPTION TRANS.


CODE STATUS
FB5 Creeper solenoid over voltage Enabled
FCA Clutch A not calibrated Enabled
FCB Clutch B not calibrated Enabled
FCC Clutch C not calibrated Enabled
FCD Clutch D not calibrated Enabled
FCE Clutch E not calibrated Enabled
FCF Low range clutch not calibrated Enabled
FC1 Medium range clutch not calibrated Enabled
FC2 High range clutch not calibrated Enabled
FC3 Reverse clutch not calibrated Enabled
FC0 Secondary controller (CFPS) is not configured Enabled
CP Depress the clutch pedal to to re–enable the transmission Disabled
N Shift to neutral to re-enable transmission Disabled
CALIBRATION FAULTS
U19 Oil temperature below 10 degrees centigrade
U21 Engine RPM too low
U22 Engine RPM too high
U23 Shuttle lever in neutral
U26 Clutch pedal not released
U31 Output speed sensed – tractor moving
U33 Handbrake not applied
U34 Seat switch not activated
U36 Maximum allowed clutch calibration value exceeded
U37 ERPM dropped too soon during clutch cal
CALIBRATION MESSAGES
CF Calibration procedure completed successfully
CH Oil temperature above 105 degrees centigrade – Press upshift to proceed
CL Oil temperature between 10 and 60 degrees centigrade – press upshift to proceed

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
60 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ELECTRONIC DRAFT CONTROL FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 120 TO 155 – FULL POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION


Fault
Code Fault description
02 Poor or no signal from tractor performance monitor radar
03 Radar (ground speed) greater than wheel speed
04 Wheel speed greater than maximum speed of tractor
06 Slip control voltage low (short or open circuit)
07 Slip control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts)
08 Raise/work switch failure
09 Both external lift/lower fender switches are being operated simultaneously
10 Height limit control voltage low (short or open circuit)
11 Height limit control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts)
12 Drop rate control voltage low (short or open circuit)
13 Drop rate control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts
14 Open circuit connection to load sensing pin, short circuit to ground or failed load
sensing pin
15 Load sensing pin short circuit to +12 Volts, failed or corroded load sensing pin
16 Open circuit connection to load sensing pin, short circuit to ground or failed load
sensing pin
17 Load sensing pin short circuit to +12 Volts, failed or corroded load sensing pin
18 Both load sensing pins disconnected
19 Pin reference voltage less than 8 Volts (short or open circuit)
20 Pin reference voltage greater than 8 volts (short to +12 Volts)
21 Draft sensitivity control voltage low (short or open circuit)
22 Draft sensitivity control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts)
23 Control panel disconnected
24 Perform hydraulic lift calibration
HL Height limit incorrectly set to perform auto calibration
25 Position lever potentiometer control voltage low (short or open circuit)
26 Position lever potentiometer control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short
to +12 Volts)
27 Lift arm sensing control voltage low (short or open circuit)
28 Lift arm position sensing control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to
+12 Volts)
29 Hydraulic control valve disconnected
30 Signal ground open circuit
31 Chassis harness disconnected
32 Draft load potentiometer shorted to +12 Volts
33 Draft control potentiometer open circuit or short to ground

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 61

49 Output speed sensor open or short circuit


53 Microprocessor 5 Volt reference shorted to + 12 Volts
54 Microprocessor 5 Volt reference shorted to ground
57 EDC microprocessor failure
59 Microprocessor reference voltage open circuit
63 EDC hydraulic valve lower solenoid open circuit
64 EDC hydraulic valve raise solenoid open circuit
65 EDC hydraulic valve lower solenoid short circuit
66 EDC hydraulic valve raise solenoid short circuit
67 EDC hydraulic valve supply voltage too low
69 Control lever EDC raise/lower switch failure

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
62 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

SUSPENDED FRONT AXLE FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 120 TO 155 – FULL POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION


Fault
Code Fault description
L01 Lockout valve raising solenoid not working
L02 Raising solenoid not working
L03 Lowering solenoid not working
L04 Front axle potentiometer threshold is higher than the set limit
L05 Front axle potentiometer threshold is lower than the set limit
L06 The suspension is not calibrated
L07 Front axle weight has been reduced but the suspension is unable to reset nominal
height
L08 Front axle weight has been increased but the suspension is unable to reset nominal
height
L09 Lockout valve lowering solenoid not working

Calibration Fault Code Listing

U01 Front axle potentiometer open circuit


U02 Front axle potentiometer threshold is higher than the set limit
U03 Front axle potentiometer short circuit
U04 Front axle potentiometer threshold is lower than the set limit
U05 Front suspension is not reaching minimum and maximum position during the auto
calibration procedure
U06 Not used
U07 Suspension is stationary during the raise command in the auto calibration procedure
U08 Suspension is unable to reach maximum height within 20 seconds
U09 Suspension is stationary during the lowering command in the auto calibration
procedure
U10 Suspension is unable to reach the minimum height within 25 seconds
U11 Unable to calibrate the suspension
U12 Auto calibration procedure stopped/vehicle not stationary

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 63

ELECTRONIC MANAGEMENT UNIT FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 120 TO 155 – FULL POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION


The Electronic Management Unit has an inbuilt self diagnostic system to assist with the detection of faults should
they occur.
If a fault occurs that is related to the Electronic management Unit a two digit code prefixed with a ‘P’ will be
displayed on the instrument cluster. Should more than one fault occur at any one time, the fault with the highest
priority will be displayed followed by the lower priority error code. Error codes present at key ON will similarly
be displayed.
PRIORITY FAULT ERROR DESCRIPTION
(1 = Highest) CODE
1 P01 Rear PTO brake solenoid stuck off
2 P02 Rear PTO brake solenoid stuck on
3 P03 Rear PTO brake output open circuit
4 P04 Rear PTO brake driver over temperature
5 P05 Not used
6 P06 Rear PTO not calibrated
7 P07 Rear PTO solenoid over current
8 P08 Rear PTO solenoid stuck off
9 P09 Not used
10 P10 Not used
13 P13 Not used
14 P14 Not used
15 P15 Differential lock solenoid stuck off
16 P16 Differential lock solenoid stuck on
17 P17 Differential lock output open circuit
18 P18 Differential lock driver over temperature
19 P19 Not used
20 P20 Not used
21 P21 4WD solenoid stuck off
22 P22 4WD solenoid stuck on
23 P23 4WD output open circuit
24 P24 4WD driver over temperature
25 P25 Not used
26 P26 Not used
27 P27 PTO speed sensor open circuit
28 P28 Not used
29 P29 Not used
30 P30 Not used
31 P31 Steering sensor out of range – maximum voltage
32 P32 Steering sensor out of range – minimum voltage
33 P33 Rear PTO cab switch momentary contact open circuit
34 P34 Fender mounted rear PTO switch open circuit or short to ground

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
64 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

PRIORITY FAULT ERROR DESCRIPTION


(1 = Highest) CODE
35 P35 Fender mounted rear PTO switch (if fitted) input short to +12 Volts or short
across fender switch wires
36 P36 Rear PTO failure to start – relay or switch wiring
37 P37 Rear PTO cab switch momentary contact stuck closed (longer than 30
seconds)
38 P38 Cab and fender rear PTO controls operated within 2 seconds of each other
39 P39 Incorrect voltage on fender mounted rear PTO switch input (if fitted)
40 P40 PTO relay coil short to +12 Volts or open circuit
41 P41 PTO relay coil short to ground

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 65

DIGITAL INSTRUMENT CLUSTER FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 120 TO 155 – FULL POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION


The Digital Instrument Cluster (DIC) features an integral fault diagnosis system which displays error codes on
the LCD as shown in the following Table.
These error codes appear when any one of the listed errors occurs. The alarm sounds continuously for a critical
alarm and for 5 seconds with a non critical alarm.

EIC DISPLAY
SENSOR CONDITION ALARM
Less than 500 rev/min More than 500 rev/min
Fault Code No.
Engine oil pressure sender
Critical
short or open circuit
Engine oil pressure sender
Critical
short to a +ve Voltage
Fuel tank level sender
Non Critical
short to ground
Fuel tank level sender
Non Critical
Open circuit or short to a +ve voltage
Output speed sensor
Non Critical
short to ground

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Output speed sensor
Non Critical
Open Circuit

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Coolant temperature sender
Non Critical

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
short circuit
Electronic draft control error

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
serial Link Failure

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Transmission error
serial link failure
Memory retention error of
battery calibration constant

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Slip alarm, slip constant,
Non Critical
width and service hours check

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Coolant temperature sender

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
open circuit or shorted to a +ve voltage
Engine shut down output short
Critical

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
to a +ve voltage

ÍÍÍ Non DIC Faults – only displayed


in the Diagnostic Memory.
Read Your Manual (RYM)

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
66 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

SEMI–POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION FAULT CODE LISTING

FAULT FAULT DESCRIPTION TRANS.


CODE STATUS
F02 High/low synchroniser not calibrated or a bad calibration Enabled
F03 Medium/reverse synchroniser not calibrated or a bad calibration Enabled
F11 Clutch potentiometer voltage below valid range Disabled
Enabled
F12 Clutch potentiometer voltage above valid range Disabled
Enabled
F13 Upshift and downshift switches both closed Enabled
F20 Range shift synchroniser did not engage Enabled
F21 Transmission extension harness to main harness disconnected Disabled
F22 Range shift synchroniser did not disengage Enabled
F23 Creeper engaged (speed or gear too high) Enabled
F24 All clutches and synchronisers require calibration Disabled
F27 ERPM signal not present Enabled
F31 Range shift synchroniser did not engage during shuttle shift Disabled
F32 High range synchroniser did not engage during start up sequence within specified Disabled
time( this is part of a system test during start up)
F33 Synchroniser did not disengage Disabled
F34 Synchroniser did not disengage after start up power up (part of start up sequence) Disabled
F35 Synchroniser did not engage previous range after error code F20 or F22 Disabled
F36 Synchroniser disengaged without driver initiation Disabled
F37 Clutch disconnect switch open circuit Disabled
F38 Disabled range selected by the operator Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
F40 Medium/reverse range potentiometer over voltage Enabled
F41 Medium/reverse range potentiometer under voltage Enabled
F42 Low/high range potentiometer over voltage Enabled
F43 Low/high range potentiometer under voltage Enabled
F44 Medium/reverse range synchroniser potentiometer out of calibrated range Enabled
F45 Low/high range synchroniser potentiometer out of calibrated range Enabled
F47 Clutch disconnect switch misadjusted high Enabled
F48 Clutch disconnect switch short circuit Enabled
F49 Transmission output speed sensor open circuit Enabled
F50 Transmission output speed sensor short to ground Enabled
F51 Temperature sender open circuit Enabled

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 67

FAULT FAULT DESCRIPTION TRANS.


CODE STATUS
F52 Temperature sensor short to ground Enabled
F53 +5 Volt reference voltage too high Disabled
F54 +5 Volts reference voltage too low Disabled
F55 +8 Volt reference voltage too high Disabled
F56 +8 Volts reference voltage too low Disabled
F59 Forward/neutral/reverse switch disagreement (more than one switch is engaged) Disabled
F60 Upshift switch input voltage low Enabled
F61 Upshift switch input voltage high Enabled
F62 Downshift switch input voltage low Enabled
F63 Downshift switch input voltage high Enabled
F64 Rangeshift switch input voltage low Enabled
F65 Rangeshift switch input voltage high Enabled
F66 Shuttle lever forward switch input voltage low Enabled
F67 Shuttle lever forward switch input voltage high Enabled
F68 Shuttle lever reverse switch input voltage low Enabled
F69 Shuttle lever reverse switch input voltage high Enabled
F73 Transmission mid speed sensor open circuit Enabled
F74 Transmission mid speed sensor short to ground Enabled
F75 Swapped mid and output speed sensors Enabled
F77 No signal from the output speed sensor Enabled
F78 No signal from the transmission mid speed sensor Enabled
F79 Engine RPM exceeds 3000 RPM Enabled
F80 Transmission output RPM too high for the selected gear Enabled
F81 Clutch slipping Disabled
F1A Clutch A solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
F1B Clutch B solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
F1C Clutch C solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
F1D Clutch D solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
F1E Clutch E solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
F1H High range solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
F1L Low range solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
F1P Reverse range solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
F1U Medium range solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
F2A Clutch A solenoid over voltage Disabled
F2B Clutch B solenoid over voltage Disabled

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
68 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

FAULT FAULT DESCRIPTION TRANS.


CODE STATUS
F2C Clutch C solenoid over voltage Disabled
F2D Clutch D solenoid over voltage Disabled
F2E Clutch E solenoid over voltage Disabled
CP Depress the clutch pedal to to re–enable the transmission Disabled
FCA Clutch A not calibrated Enabled
FCB Clutch B not calibrated Enabled
FCC Clutch C not calibrated Enabled
FCD Clutch D not calibrated Enabled
FCE Clutch E not calibrated Enabled

CALIBRATION FAULTS
U19 Oil temperature below 10 degrees centigrade
U21 Engine RPM too low
U22 Engine RPM too high
U23 Shuttle lever in neutral
U26 Clutch pedal not released
U31 Output speed sensed – tractor moving
U33 Handbrake not applied
U34 Seat switch not activated
U36 Maximum allowed clutch calibration value exceeded
U37 ERPM dropped too soon during clutch calibration
U81 No medium/reverse range synchroniser movement sensed
U82 No low/high range synchroniser movement sensed
U83 Synchroniser potentiometer connectors swapped
U84 Reverse and high range synchroniser solenoid connectors swapped
U85 Medium and low range synchroniser solenoid connectors swapped
U86 Medium/reverse range synchroniser neutral error
U87 Low/high range synchroniser neutral error
U88 Medium/reverse range synchroniser calibration values out of tolerance
U89 Low/high range synchroniser calibration values out of tolerance

CALIBRATION MESSAGES
CF Calibration procedure completed successfully
CH Oil temperature above 105 degrees centigrade – Press upshift to proceed
CL Oil temperature between 10 and 60 degrees centigrade – press upshift to proceed

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 69

ELECTRONIC DRAFT CONTROL FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 120 TO 155 – SEMI–POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION


Fault
Code Fault description
02 Poor or no signal from tractor performance monitor radar
03 Radar (ground speed) greater than wheel speed
04 Wheel speed greater than maximum speed of tractor
06 Slip control voltage low (short or open circuit)
07 Slip control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts)
08 Raise/work switch failure
09 Both external lift/lower fender switches are being operated simultaneously
10 Height limit control voltage low (short or open circuit)
11 Height limit control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts)
12 Drop rate control voltage low (short or open circuit)
13 Drop rate control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts
14 Open circuit connection to load sensing pin, short circuit to ground or failed load
sensing pin
15 Load sensing pin short circuit to +12 Volts, failed or corroded load sensing pin
16 Open circuit connection to load sensing pin, short circuit to ground or failed load
sensing pin
17 Load sensing pin short circuit to +12 Volts, failed or corroded load sensing pin
18 Both load sensing pins disconnected
19 Pin reference voltage less than 8 Volts (short or open circuit)
20 Pin reference voltage greater than 8 volts (short to +12 Volts)
21 Draft sensitivity control voltage low (short or open circuit)
22 Draft sensitivity control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts)
23 Control panel disconnected
24 Perform hydraulic lift calibration
HL Height limit incorrectly set to perform auto calibration
25 Position lever potentiometer control voltage low (short or open circuit)
26 Position lever potentiometer control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short
to +12 Volts)
27 Lift arm sensing control voltage low (short or open circuit)
28 Lift arm position sensing control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to
+12 Volts)
29 Hydraulic control valve disconnected
30 Signal ground open circuit
31 Chassis harness disconnected
32 Draft load potentiometer shorted to +12 Volts
33 Draft control potentiometer open circuit or short to ground

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
70 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

49 Wheel speed sensor open or short circuit


53 Microprocessor 5 Volt reference shorted to + 12 Volts
54 Microprocessor 5 Volt reference shorted to ground
57 EDC microprocessor failure
59 Microprocessor reference voltage open circuit
63 EDC hydraulic valve lower solenoid open circuit
64 EDC hydraulic valve raise solenoid open circuit
65 EDC hydraulic valve lower solenoid short circuit
66 EDC hydraulic valve raise solenoid short circuit
67 EDC hydraulic valve supply voltage too low

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 71

SUSPENDED FRONT AXLE FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 120 TO 155 – SEMI–POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION


Fault
Code Fault description
L01 Lockout valve raising solenoid not working
L02 Raising solenoid not working
L03 Lowering solenoid not working
L04 Front axle potentiometer threshold is higher than the set limit
L05 Front axle potentiometer threshold is lower than the set limit
L06 The suspension is not calibrated
L07 Front axle weight has been reduced but the suspension is unable to reset nominal
height
L08 Front axle weight has been increased but the suspension is unable to reset nominal
height
L09 Lockout valve lowering solenoid not working

Calibration Fault Code Listing

U01 Front axle potentiometer open circuit


U02 Front axle potentiometer threshold is higher than the set limit
U03 Front axle potentiometer short circuit
U04 Front axle potentiometer threshold is lower than the set limit
U05 Front suspension is not reaching minimum and maximum position during the auto
calibration procedure
U06 Not used
U07 Suspension is stationary during the raise command in the auto calibration procedure
U08 Suspension is unable to reach maximum height within 20 seconds
U09 Suspension is stationary during the lowering command in the auto calibration
procedure
U10 Suspension is unable to reach the minimum height within 25 seconds
U11 Unable to calibrate the suspension
U12 Auto calibration procedure stopped/vehicle not stationary

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
72 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ELECTRONIC MANAGEMENT UNIT FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 120 TO 155 – SEMI–POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION


The Electronic Management Unit has an inbuilt self diagnostic system to assist with the detection of faults should
they occur.
If a fault occurs that is related to the Electronic management Unit a two digit code prefixed with a ‘P’ will be
displayed on the instrument cluster. Should more than one fault occur at any one time, the fault with the highest
priority will be displayed followed by the lower priority error code. Error codes present at key ON will similarly
be displayed.
PRIORITY FAULT ERROR DESCRIPTION
(1 = Highest) CODE
1 P01 Rear PTO brake solenoid stuck off
2 P02 Rear PTO brake solenoid stuck on
3 P03 Rear PTO brake output open circuit
4 P04 Rear PTO brake driver over temperature
5 P05 Not used
6 P06 Rear PTO not calibrated
7 P07 Rear PTO solenoid over current
8 P08 Rear PTO solenoid stuck off
9 P09 Not used
10 P10 Not used
13 P13 Not used
14 P14 Not used
15 P15 Differential lock solenoid stuck off
16 P16 Differential lock solenoid stuck on
17 P17 Differential lock output open circuit
18 P18 Differential lock driver over temperature
19 P19 Not used
20 P20 Not used
21 P21 4WD solenoid stuck off
22 P22 4WD solenoid stuck on
23 P23 4WD output open circuit
24 P24 4WD driver over temperature
25 P25 Not used
26 P26 Not used
27 P27 PTO speed sensor open circuit
28 P28 Not used
29 P29 Not used
30 P30 Not used
31 P31 Steering sensor out of range – maximum voltage
32 P32 Steering sensor out of range – minimum voltage
33 P33 Rear PTO cab switch momentary contact open circuit
34 P34 Fender mounted rear PTO switch open circuit or short to ground

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 73

PRIORITY FAULT ERROR DESCRIPTION


(1 = Highest) CODE
35 P35 Fender mounted rear PTO switch (if fitted) input short to +12 Volts or short
across fender switch wires
36 P36 Rear PTO failure to start – relay or switch wiring
37 P37 Rear PTO cab switch momentary contact stuck closed (longer than 30
seconds)
38 P38 Cab and fender rear PTO controls operated within 2 seconds of each other
39 P39 Incorrect voltage on fender mounted rear PTO switch input (if fitted)
40 P40 PTO relay coil short to +12 Volts or open circuit
41 P41 PTO relay coil short to ground

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
74 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

DIGITAL INSTRUMENT CLUSTER FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 120 TO 155 – SEMI–POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION


The Digital Instrument Cluster (DIC) features an integral fault diagnosis system which displays error codes on
the LCD as shown in the following Table.
These error codes appear when any one of the listed errors occurs. The alarm sounds continuously for a critical
alarm and for 5 seconds with a non critical alarm.

EIC DISPLAY
SENSOR CONDITION ALARM
Less than 500 rev/min More than 500 rev/min
Fault Code No.
Engine oil pressure sender
Critical
short or open circuit
Engine oil pressure sender
Critical
short to a +ve Voltage
Fuel tank level sender
Non Critical
short to ground
Fuel tank level sender
Non Critical
Open circuit or short to a +ve voltage
Wheel speed sensor
Non Critical
short to ground

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Wheel speed sensor
Non Critical
Open Circuit

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Coolant temperature sender
Non Critical

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
short circuit

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Electronic draft control error
serial Link Failure

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Transmission error
serial link failure
Memory retention error of
battery calibration constant

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Slip alarm, slip constant,
Non Critical
width and service hours check

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Coolant temperature sender

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Critical
open circuit or shorted to a +ve voltage

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Engine shut down output short
to a +ve voltage

ÍÍÍ
ÍÍÍ
Non DIC Faults – only displayed Read Your Manual (RYM)
in the Diagnostic Memory.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 75

NOTES PAGE

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
76 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

NOTES PAGE

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 77

FULL POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


FAULT FAULT DESCRIPTION TRANS.
CODE STATUS
F11 Clutch potentiometer voltage below valid range Disabled
Enabled
F12 Clutch potentiometer voltage above valid range Disabled
Enabled
F13 Open circuit from fuse 13 Disabled
F19 19th gear clutch solenoid open circuit or short to ground
F20 19th gear clutch dump solenoid open circuit or short to ground
F21 Transmission extension harness to main harness disconnected Disabled
F23 Creeper engaged in a gear higher than 10th Enabled
F24 All clutches need calibration Disabled
F27 ERPM signal not present Enabled
F29 19th gear clutch solenoid over voltage
F30 19th gear clutch dump solenoid over voltage
F37 Clutch disconnect switch open circuit Disabled
F38 Reverse not allowed Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
F47 Clutch disconnect switch misadjusted high Enabled
F48 Clutch disconnect switch short circuit Enabled
F49 Transmission output speed sensor open circuit Enabled
F50 Transmission output speed sensor short to ground Enabled
F51 Temperature sender open circuit Enabled
F52 Temperature sensor short to ground Enabled
F53 +5 Volt reference voltage too high Disabled
F54 + 5 Volts reference voltage low Disabled
F59 Forward/neutral/reverse switch disagreement (more than one switch is engaged) Disabled
F60 Upshift switch input voltage low Enabled
F61 Upshift switch input voltage high Enabled
F62 Downshift switch input voltage low Enabled
F63 Downshift switch input voltage high Enabled
F64 Forward pressure switch open circuit or short to ground Enabled
F65 Reverse pressure switch open circuit or short to ground Enabled
F66 Shuttle lever forward switch input voltage low Enabled
F67 Shuttle lever forward switch input voltage high Enabled
F68 Shuttle lever reverse switch input voltage low Enabled

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
78 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

FAULT FAULT DESCRIPTION TRANS.


CODE STATUS
F69 Shuttle lever reverse switch input voltage high Enabled
F70 Torque Damper Fault Enabled
F71 Engine torque/RPM sensor open circuit Enabled
F72 Engine torque/RPM sensor short to ground Enabled
F73 Transmission mid speed sensor open circuit Enabled
F74 Transmission mid speed sensor short to ground Enabled
F75 Swapped mid and output speed sensors Enabled
F76 Swapped engine torque/RPM sensor with either the mid or output speed sensors Enabled
F77 No signal from the output speed sensor Enabled
F78 No signal from the transmission mid speed sensor Enabled
F79 Engine RPM exceeds 3000 RPM Enabled
F80 Transmission output RPM too high for the selected gear Enabled
F81 Clutch slipping Disabled
F82 Foot throttle position sensor potentiometer short circuit to +8 or +12 Volts Enabled
F83 Foot throttle sensor potentiometer open circuit or short to ground Enabled
F84 Pressure indicated on forward clutch pressure switchs when the clutch solenoids Disabled
are off
F85 Pressure indicated on reverse clutch pressure switch when clutch solenoids are off Disabled
F86 Creeper fails to engage Enabled
F87 Creeper fails to disengage Enabled
F88 Creeper potentiometer short circuit to +8 or +12 Volts Enabled
F89 Creeper potentiometer open circuit or short to ground Enabled
F90 Central controller (XCM) not present
F91 Display of gears controller (CAN DOG) not present
FAA Clutch A solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FAB Clutch B solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FAC Clutch C solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FAD Clutch D solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FAE Clutch E solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FA1 Low range clutch solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FA2 Medium range clutch solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FA3 High range clutch solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FA4 Reverse clutch solenoid open circuit or short to ground Disabled
FA5 Creeper solenoid open circuit or short to ground Enabled
FBA Clutch A solenoid over voltage Disabled
FBB Clutch B solenoid over voltage Disabled

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 79

FAULT FAULT DESCRIPTION TRANS.


CODE STATUS
FBC Clutch C solenoid over voltage Disabled
FBD Clutch D solenoid over voltage Disabled
FBE Clutch E solenoid over voltage Disabled
FB1 Low range clutch solenoid over voltage Disabled
FB2 Mid range clutch solenoid over voltage Disabled
FB3 High range clutch solenoid over voltage Disabled
FB4 Reverse range clutch solenoid over voltage Disabled
FB5 Creeper solenoid over voltage Enabled
FCA Clutch A not calibrated Enabled
FCB Clutch B not calibrated Enabled
FCC Clutch C not calibrated Enabled
FCD Clutch D not calibrated Enabled
FCE Clutch E not calibrated Enabled
FCF Low range clutch not calibrated Enabled
FC1 Medium range clutch not calibrated Enabled
FC2 High range clutch not calibrated Enabled
FC3 Reverse clutch not calibrated Enabled
FC5 Creeper travel out of range Enabled
FC8 Creeper not calibrated Enabled
FC9 19th gear clutch not calibrated Enabled
FC0 Secondary controller (CFPS) is not configured Enabled
CP Depress the clutch pedal to to re–enable the transmission Disabled
N Shift to neutral to re-enable transmission Disabled
CALIBRATION FAULTS
U19 Oil temperature below 10 degrees centigrade
U21 Engine RPM too low
U22 Engine RPM too high
U23 Shuttle lever in neutral
U26 Clutch pedal not released
U31 Output speed sensed – tractor moving
U33 Handbrake not applied
U34 Seat switch not activated
U36 Maximum allowed clutch calibration value exceeded
U37 ERPM dropped too soon during clutch cal
CALIBRATION MESSAGES
CF Calibration procedure completed successfully

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
80 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

FAULT FAULT DESCRIPTION TRANS.


CODE STATUS
CH Oil temperature above 105 degrees centigrade – Press upshift to proceed
CL Oil temperature between 10 and 60 degrees centigrade – press upshift to proceed

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 81

ERROR CODE F11 – CLUTCH POTENTIOMETER VOLTAGE BELOW VALID RANGE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty clutch pedal potentiometer
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the clutch pedal potentiometer in H9 Channel 0.
A. Operate the clutch pedal. If the values displayed do not change continuously between 91 to 26, continue
to step 2.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while in H9 Channel 0 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. Channel 0 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace
as required.
2. Check the clutch pedal potentiometer connector C077 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is tight.
repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the clutch pedal potentiometer.
A. Disconnect connector C077. While operating the clutch pedal, measure the resistance between the
component side of connector:
C077 pin 2 (Y/R/B) and C077 pin 3 (B) should indicate between 0.90K Ohms and 3.7K Ohms
C077 pin 2 (Y/R/B) and C077 pin 1 (G/B/S) should indicate between 3.7K Ohms and 0.90K Ohms
If the resistances indicated are not okay, remove and replace the clutch pedal potentiometer.
B. If the clutch pedal potentiometer is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C333. Check between connector:
C077 pin 1 (G/B/S) and C333 pin 18 (LN)
C077 pin 2 (Y/R/B) and C333 pin 1 (Y/R/B)
C077 pin 3 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C077 pin 1 (G/B/S) and ground
C077 pin 2 (O/L/B) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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84 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F12 – CLUTCH POTENTIOMETER VOLTAGE ABOVE VALID RANGE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty clutch pedal potentiometer
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the clutch pedal potentiometer in H9 Channel 0.
A. Operate the clutch pedal. If the values displayed do not change continuously between 91 to 26, continue
to step 2.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while in H9 Channel 0 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. Channel 0 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace
as required.
2. Check the clutch potentiometer.
A. Disconnect the clutch pedal potentiometer connector C077. While operating the clutch pedal, measure
the resistance between the component side of connector:
C077 pin 2 (Y/R/B) and C077 pin 3 (B) should indicate between 0.90K Ohms and 3.7K Ohms
C077 pin 2 (Y/R/B) and C077 pin 1 (G/B/S) should indicate between 3.7K Ohms and 0.90K Ohms
If the resistances indicated are not okay, remove and replace the clutch pedal potentiometer.
B. If the clutch pedal potentiometer is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Check between connector C077 pin 3 (B) and ground. If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for short to +8 or +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C077 pin 1 (G/B/S) and ground. If the
voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve voltage
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C077 pin 2 (Y/R/B) and ground. If a voltage
is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 87

ERROR CODE F13 – OPEN CIRCUIT FROM FUSE 13

Effects:
Transmission disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty fuse 13
2. Faulty connector
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check fuse 13.
A. If a fault is indicated with fuse 13, replace with a correctly rated fuse and test the system for normal
operation. If the fuse fails again, continue to step 2.
B. If the fuse is okay, continue to step 3.
2. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333, and remove fuse 13. Check between
connector C333 pin 4 (R/LG/B) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness
as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS)
3. Check the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333, and the electronic 1 interface connector C318.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for +12 Volts
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector C333 pin 4 (R/LG/B) and ground. If +12 Volts is not indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If +12 Volts is indicated, remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS)

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 89

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90 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F19 – 19TH GEAR CLUTCH SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO
GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the 19th gear clutch solenoid connector C290 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the 19th gear solenoid.
A. Disconnect connector C290. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals:
Terminal 1 and terminal 2
Terminal 1 and ground
Terminal 2 and ground
If the resistance indicated is not between 6 Ohms – 8 Ohms or a short to ground is indicated, remove and
replace the 19th gear solenoid.
B. If the 19th gear solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C330. Check between connector:
C290 pin 1 (PC98–Y) and C330 pin 8 (MG103–O)
C290 pin 2 (PC99–Y) and C330 pin 5 (MG102–O)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C290 pin 1 (PC98–Y) and C290 pin 2 (PC99–Y)
C290 pin 1 (PC98–Y) and ground
C290 pin 2 (PC99–Y) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 93

ERROR CODE F20 – 19TH GEAR CLUTCH DUMP SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT
TO GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the 19th gear clutch dump solenoid connector C289 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector
C330.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the 19th gear dump solenoid.
A. Disconnect connector C289. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals:
Terminal 1 and terminal 2
Terminal 1 and ground
Terminal 2 and ground
If the resistance indicated is not between 6 Ohms – 8 Ohms or a short to ground is indicated, remove and
replace the 19th gear dump solenoid.
B. If the 19th gear dump solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C330. Check between connector:
C289 pin 1 (PC100–Y) and C330 pin 20 (MG104–Y)
C289 pin 2 (PC101–Y) and C330 pin 4 (MG101–O)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C289 pin 1 (PC100–Y) and C289 pin 2 (PC101–Y)
C289 pin 1 (PC100–Y) and ground
C289 pin 2 (PC101–Y) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 95

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96 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F21 – TRANSMISSION EXTENSION HARNESS TO MAIN HARNESS


DISCONNECTED

Effects:
Transmission disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the harness connectors C019 and C020.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the the clutch solenoid connectors C024, C025, C026, C027, C028, C031, C032, C039 and C040.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. repair or replace as required.

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98 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F23 – CREEPER ENGAGED IN A GEAR HIGHER THAN 10TH

Effects:
Upshifts are inhibited.

Possible failure modes:


1. Operator error
2. Faulty connector
3. Faulty creeper switch
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty hydraulic circuit
6. Mechanical fault
7. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check downshifting to 10th gear.
A. Downshift to 10th gear or lower (shifting to neutral or depressing the clutch will also cause the transmission
to downshift) or stop and disengage the creeper. If error code F23 is still displayed, continue to step 2.
B. If error code F23 is not displayed, the tractor is okay.
2. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove
and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 99

ERROR CODE F24 – ALL CLUTCHES AND SYNCHRONISERS REQUIRE CALIBRATION

Effects:
Transmission disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Transmission not calibrated
2. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check if the transmission was calibrated.
A. If the transmission was not calibrated after a change of the secondary controller (CFPS) or after using
H8, clear the non–volatile memory (EEPROM). Perform the transmission calibration procedures.
B. If the transmission was calibrated, perform the transmission calibration procedures. If the error code
re–occurs, download the correct level of software and re–perform the calibration procedures. If the fault
re–occurs again, remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).

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100 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F27 – ERPM SIGNAL NOT PRESENT

Effects:
No speed matching. Delay in upshifts after auto take off. Minor reduction in shift performance (2,300 rpm
assumed by the secondary controller (CFPS).

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty engine torque/RPM sensor
3. Mechanical fault
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330 and the engine torque/RPM sensor connector C255
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the engine torque/RPM sensor.
A. If installed incorrectly, loose or damaged. Refit correctly or replace as required.
B. If the sensor is okay, continue to step 4.
3. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a mechanical fault.
A. Inspect the flywheel damper fingers. If the damper fingers are damaged, repair or replace as required.
B. If the flywheel damper fingers are okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs,
remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 101

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102 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 103

ERROR CODE F29 – 19TH GEAR CLUTCH SOLENOID OVER VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the 19th gear solenoid.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the 19th gear clutch solenoid connector C290. Measure the resistance
between the solenoid terminal 1 and terminal 2. If the resistance indicated is not between 6 Ohms – 8 Ohms,
remove and replace the 19th gear solenoid.
B. If the 19th gear solenoid is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +Ve Voltage.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector:
C330 pin 8 (MG103–O) and ground
C330 pin 5 (MG102–O) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C330 pin 8 (MG103–O) and C330 pin 5 (MG102–O).
If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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104 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 105

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106 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F30 – 19TH GEAR CLUTCH DUMP SOLENOID OVER VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the 19th gear solenoid.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the 19th gear clutch dump solenoid connector C289. Measure the
resistance between the solenoid terminal 1 and terminal 2. If the resistance indicated is not between 6 Ohms
– 8 Ohms, remove and replace the 19th gear dump solenoid.
B. If the 19th gear dump solenoid is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +Ve Voltage.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector:
C330 pin 20 (MG104–Y) and ground
C330 pin 4 (MG101–O) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C330 pin 20 (MG104–Y) and C330 pin 4 (MG101–O).
If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 107

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108 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 109

ERROR CODE F37 – CLUTCH DISCONNECT SWITCH OPEN CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Incorrect clutch pedal potentiometer calibration
3. Incorrect clutch disconnect switch adjustment
4. Faulty clutch disconnect switch
5. Faulty harness
6. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the clutch pedal potentiometer in HA.
A. Operate the clutch pedal. If the values displayed do not change continuously between 0 to 99, perform
the clutch potentiometer calibration procedure.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the clutch disconnect switch adjustment.
A. Depress the clutch pedal. While still in HA, check that an audible click is heard from the disconnect switch
when the pedal is being raised between 8 – 14% (indicated on the DOG). Adjust the disconnect switch as
required.
B. If the disconnect switch is adjusted correctly, continue to step 3.
3. Check the clutch disconnect switch connector C076 and the secondary controller connectors C333 and
C331.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the clutch disconnect switch.
A. Disconnect connector C076. Check between the component side of connector:
C076 pin 2 (Y/P/B) and C076 pin 3 (R/G/B) should indicate a closed circuit with the pedal released and an
open circuit with the pedal depressed.
C076 pin 1 (W/Y) and C076 pin 4 (Y/P/B) should indicate an open circuit with the pedal released and a closed
circuit with the pedal depressed.
If the switch is not okay, remove and replace the clutch disconnect switch.
B. If the switch is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between C076 pin 1 (W/Y) and ground. If +12 Volts is not
indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If +12 volts is indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connectors C333 and C331. Check between connector:
C076 pin 2 (Y/P/B) and C333 pin 6 (Y/P/B)
C076 pin 3 (R/G/B) and C331 pin 8 (R/G/B)
C076 pin 3 (R/G/B) and C331 pin 9 (R/G/B)
C076 pin 4 (Y/P/B) and C333 pin 6 (Y/P/B)
C076 pin 2 (Y/P/B) and ground with the shuttle lever in neutral
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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110 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 111

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112 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F38 – REVERSE NOT ALLOWED

Effects:
Reverse can not be selected from 12th gear or higher.

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
NOTE: This error code will be displayed in conjunction with code F49, F50 or F77.

If reverse has been attempted in a gear higher the C1 when there was an output speed sensor fault (F49,
F50 or F77) reverse will not be selected and this error code is raised.
The transmission will be disabled but can be recovered to forward drive by cycling the shuttle lever or clutch
pedal and waiting for 10 seconds. The secondary controller (CFPS) then assumes that the tractor has slowed
sufficient to make the shift.
Rectifying the wheel speed sender fault will eliminate the reoccurrence of F38.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 113

ERROR CODE F47 – CLUTCH DISCONNECT SWITCH MISADJUSTED HIGH

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Incorrect clutch pedal potentiometer calibration
3. Incorrect clutch disconnect switch adjustment
4. Faulty clutch disconnect switch
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the clutch pedal potentiometer in HA.
A. Operate the clutch pedal. If the values displayed do not change continuously between 0 to 99, perform
the clutch potentiometer calibration procedure.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the clutch disconnect switch adjustment.
A. Depress the clutch pedal. While still in HA, check that an audible click is heard from the disconnect switch
when the pedal is being raised between 8 – 14% (indicated on the DOG). Adjust the disconnect switch as
required.
B. If the disconnect switch is adjusted correctly, continue to step 3.
3. Check the clutch disconnect switch connector C076 and the secondary controller connectors C333 and
C331.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the clutch disconnect switch.
A. Disconnect connector C076. Check between the component side of connector:
C076 pin 2 (Y/P/B) and C076 pin 3 (R/G/B) should indicate a closed circuit with the pedal released and an
open circuit with the pedal depressed.
C076 pin 1 (W/Y) and C076 pin 4 (Y/P/B) should indicate an open circuit with the pedal released and a closed
circuit with the pedal depressed.
If the switch is not okay, remove and replace the clutch disconnect switch.
B. If the switch is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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114 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 115

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116 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F48 – CLUTCH DISCONNECT SWITCH SHORT CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Incorrect clutch pedal potentiometer calibration
3. Incorrect clutch disconnect switch adjustment
4. Faulty clutch disconnect switch
5. Faulty harness
6. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the clutch pedal potentiometer in HA.
A. Operate the clutch pedal. If the values displayed do not change continuously between 0 to 99, perform
the clutch potentiometer calibration procedure.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the clutch disconnect switch adjustment.
A. Depress the clutch pedal. While still in HA, check that an audible click is heard from the disconnect switch
when the pedal is being raised between 8 – 14% (indicated on the DOG). Adjust the disconnect switch as
required.
B. If the disconnect switch is adjusted correctly, continue to step 3.
3. Check the clutch disconnect switch connector C076 and the secondary controller connectors C333 and
C331.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the clutch disconnect switch.
A. Disconnect connector C076. Check between the component side of connector:
C076 pin 2 (Y/P/B) and C076 pin 3 (R/G/B) should indicate a closed circuit with the pedal released and an
open circuit with the pedal depressed.
C076 pin 1 (W/Y) and C076 pin 4 (Y/P/B) should indicate an open circuit with the pedal released and a closed
circuit with the pedal depressed.
If the switch is not okay, remove and replace the clutch disconnect switch.
B. If the switch is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Disconnect the shuttle lever connector C075. Turn the keystart ON. Check between connector:
C076 pin 3 (R/G/B) and ground
C076 pin 2 (Y/P/B) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connectors C333 and C331. Check between connector:
C076 pin 2 (Y/P/B) and C076 pin 3 (Y/P/B)
C076 pin 3 (R/G/B) and ground
C076 pin 2 (Y/P/B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 117

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 119

ERROR CODE F49 – TRANSMISSION OUTPUT SPEED SENSOR OPEN CIRCUIT

Effects:
Upshift in high range are inhibited.
1–2 second delay in allowing upshifts after clutchless take off.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty output speed sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the transmission output speed sensor connector C038 and the secondary controller (CFPS)
connectors C330 and C333.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the transmission output speed sensor.
A. Disconnect connector C038. Measure the resistance between the component side of connector C038 pin
1 (R/LTG/B) and C038 pin 2 (Y/N/B). If the resistance indicated is not approximately 0.80K Ohms – 1.2K
Ohms, remove and replace the output speed sensor.
B. If the output speed sensor is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C038 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and ground. If +12
Volts is not indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If +12 Volts is indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330 and C333. Check
between connector:
C038 pin 2 (Y/N/B) and C330 pin 9 (Y/N/B)
C038 pin 3 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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122 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F50 – TRANSMISSION OUTPUT SENSOR SHORT TO GROUND

Effects:
Upshifts in high range are inhibited.
1–2 second delay in allowing upshifts after clutchless take off.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty output speed sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the transmission output speed sensor connector C038 and the secondary controller (CFPS)
connector C330 and C333.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the transmission output speed sensor.
A. Disconnect connector C038. Measure the resistance between the component side of connector C038 pin
1 (R/LTG/B) and C038 pin 2 (Y/N/B). If the resistance indicated is not approximately 0.80K Ohms – 1.2K
Ohms, remove and replace the output speed sensor.
B. If the resistances indicated are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between the component side of connector:
C038 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and ground
C038 pin 2 (Y/N/B) and ground
C038 pin 3 (B) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, remove and replace the output speed sensor.
B. If the output speed sensor is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330. Check between connector C038 pin 2
(Y/N/B) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 125

ERROR CODE F51 – TEMPERATURE SENDER OPEN CIRCUIT


ERROR CODE F52 – TEMPERATURE SENDER SHORT TO GROUND

Effects:
Hot oil is assumed. If the oil is cold, sluggish shifting and a higher than normal clutch pedal bite point will be
indicated.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty temperature sender
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the temperature sender connector C023 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the temperature sender.
A. Disconnect connector C023. Measure the resistance between the component side of connector:
C023 pin A (B/G) and C023 pin B (B)
C023 pin A (B/G) and ground
C023 pin B (B) and ground
If the resistance indicated is not between 460 Ohms – 540 Ohms at 25 degrees centigrade or a short to
ground is indicated, remove and replace the temperature sender.
B. If the temperature sender is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C023 and C333. Check for an open circuit between connector:
C023 pin A (B/G) and C333 pin 20 (B/G)
C023 pin B (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground
A. Check between connector C023 pin A (B/G) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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128 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F53 – +5 VOLT REFERENCE VOLTAGE TOO HIGH


ERROR CODE F54 – +5 VOLT REFERENCE VOLTAGE TOO LOW

Effects:
Transmission disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty clutch pedal potentiometer
2. Faulty forward/reverse shuttle lever
3. Faulty control lever switches
4. Faulty creeper potentiometer
5. Faulty EDC Mouse
6. Faulty rockshaft potentiometer
7. Faulty EDC control panel
8. Faulty harness
9. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the clutch pedal potentiometer.
A. Disconnect the clutch pedal potentiometer connector C077. If F53/54 are cleared and F11 is displayed,
remove and replace the clutch pedal potentiometer.
B. If error code F53/54 is still displayed, continue to step 3.
3. Check the forward/reverse shuttle lever.
A. Disconnect the forward/reverse shuttle lever connector C075. If F53/54 are cleared and F66 or F68 is
displayed, remove and replace the forward/reverse shuttle lever.
B. If error code F53/54 is still displayed, continue to step 4.
4. Check the control lever switches
A. Disconnect the control lever connector C103. If F53/54 are cleared and F60, F62 or EDC code 69 is
displayed, remove and replace the control lever.
B. If error code F53/54 is still displayed, continue to step 5.
5. Check the creeper potentiometer.
A. Disconnect the creeper potentiometer C286. If F53/54 are cleared and F89 is displayed, remove and
replace the creeper potentiometer.
B. If error code F53/54 is still displayed, continue to step 6.
6. Check the EDC control unit.
A. Disconnect the EDC control unit connector C240. If F53/54 are cleared and EDC code 8, 25 or 33 is
displayed, remove and replace the EDC control unit.
B. If error code F53/54 is still displayed, continue to step 7.
7. Check the rockshaft potentiometer.
A. Disconnect the rockshaft potentiometer C052. If F53/54 are cleared and EDC code 27 is displayed,
remove and replace the rockshaft potentiometer.
B. If error code F53/54 is still displayed, continue to step 8.
8. Check the EDC control panel.
A. Disconnect the EDC control panel connector C120, C121 and C122. If F53/54 are cleared and EDC code
23 is displayed, remove and replace the EDC control panel.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 129

B. If error code F53/54 is still displayed, continue to step 9.


9. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. With all of the above connectors
disconnected, check between connector C333 pin 18 (LN) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 10.
10. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure between connector C333 pin 18 (LN) and ground. If a voltage is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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134 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F59 – FORWARD/NEUTRAL/REVERSE SWITCH DISAGREEMENT (MORE


THAN ONE SWITCH IS ENGAGED)

Effects:
Transmission is disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty forward/neutral/reverse switch
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the forward/neutral/reverse (FNR) switch.
A. Disconnect the FNR switch connector C075. With the FNR switch in neutral, Measure the resistance
between the component side of connector
C075 pin 1 (G/B/S) and C075 pin 2 (S/R/B) should indicate 2.56K Ohms.
C075 pin 1 (G/B/S) and C075 pin 3 (S/U/B) should indicate 2.56K Ohms.
C075 pin 4 (Y/P/B) and C075 pin 5 (W/R) should indicate less than 5 Ohms.
If the resistances indicated are not okay, remove and replace the FNR switch.
B. If the FNR switch is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Check between connector C333 pin 6
(Y/P/B) and C075 pin 4 (Y/P/B). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector:
C333 pin 6 (Y/P/B) and C333 pin 10 (S/R/B)
C333 pin 6 (Y/P/B) and C333 pin 27 (S/U/B)
C333 pin 10 (S/R/B) and C333 pin 27 (S/U/B)
If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure between connector:
C333 pin 10 (S/R/B) and ground
C333 pin 27 (S/U/B) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 137

ERROR CODE F60 – UPSHIFT SWITCH INPUT VOLTAGE LOW


ERROR CODE F61 – UPSHIFT SWITCH INPUT VOLTAGE HIGH

Effects:
NOTE: If required, keystart OFF and restart to select B1 or R1.
Upshift switch will not function. Higher gears cannot be selected.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty upshift switch
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the upshift switch in H5.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Depress the upshift switch, and check the display. If the display does not change
to d25, continue to step 2.
B. If the display does change to d25, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an
intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as required.
2. Check the upshift switch.
A. Disconnect the control lever connector C103. Measure the resistance between the component side of
connector C103 pin 4 (S/LG/B) and C103 pin 2 (G/B/S). If the resistances indicated are not approximately
2.50K Ohms with the switch released and approximately 0.50K Ohms with the switch depressed, remove
and replace the upshift switch.
If the resistances indicated are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to +8 or +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C103 pin 2 (G/B/S) and ground. If the
voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C103 pin 4 (S/LG/B) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Check between
connector C333 pin 3 (S/LG/B) and C103 pin 4 (S/LG/B). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C333 pin 3 (S/LG/B) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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140 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F62 – DOWNSHIFT SWITCH INPUT VOLTAGE LOW


ERROR CODE F63 – DOWNSHIFT SWITCH INPUT VOLTAGE HIGH

Effects:
NOTE: If required, keystart OFF and restart to select B1 or R1.
Downshift switch will not function. Lower gears cannot be selected.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty downshift switch
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the downshift switch in H5.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Depress the downshift switch, and check the display. If the display does not change
to d24, continue to step 2.
B. If the display does change to d24, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an
intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as required.
2. Check the downshift switch.
A. Disconnect the control lever connector C103. Measure the resistance between the component side of
connector C103 pin 3 (S/K/B) and C103 pin 2 (G/B/S). If the resistances indicated are not approximately
2.50K Ohms with the switch released and approximately 0.50K Ohms with the switch depressed, remove
and replace the downshift switch.
B. If the downshift switch is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to +8 or +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C103 pin 2 (G/B/S) and ground. If the
voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C103 pin 3 (S/K/B) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Check between
connector C333 pin 11 (S/K/B) and C103 pin 3 (S/K/B). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C333 pin 11 (S/K/B) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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142 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 143

ERROR CODE F64 – FORWARD PRESSURE SWITCH OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO


GROUND
ERROR CODE F65 – REVERSE PRESSURE SWITCH OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO
GROUND

Effects:
No effect to normal operation if a circuit failure. Loss of drive in a particular range if a faulty PWM valve.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty pressure switch
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the tractor drives in all forward and reverse ranges.
A. If all of the ranges can not be obtained, determine the faulty range and remove replace the faulty solenoid.
B. If all of the ranges can be obtained, continue to step 2.
2. Check fuse 13.
A. If a fault is indicated with fuse 13, replace the fuse and re–check.
B. If the fuse is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the pressure switch connectors C243, C244, C245 and C246.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the pressure switches in HJ (transmission pressure testing).
A. Disconnect connectors C243, C244, C245 and C246. Check for an open circuit between the pins of each
switch in turn, while selecting the appropriate clutch F1=Low, F2=Medium, F3=High and R=Reverse. If an
open circuit is indicated when the clutch is pressurised, remove and replace the associated pressure switch.
B. If the switches are okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C243 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and ground
C244 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and ground
C245 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and ground
C246 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and ground
If the voltage indicated is less than approximately +12 Volts, repair or replace the harness.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +12 Volts, continue to step 6.
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Check between
connector:
C243 pin 2 (N/U/S) and C333 pin 24 (N/U/S)
C244 pin 2 (N/U/S) and C333 pin 24 (N/U/S)
C245 pin 2 (N/U/S) and C333 pin 24 (N/U/S)
C246 pin 2 (R/U/S) and C333 pin 16 (R/U/S)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 7.

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7. Check for a short to ground.


A. Check between connector:
C243 pin 2 (N/U/S) and ground
C244 pin 2 (N/U/S) and ground
C245 pin 2 (N/U/S) and ground
C246 pin 2 (R/U/S) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 147

ERROR CODE F66 – SHUTTLE LEVER FORWARD SWITCH INPUT VOLTAGE LOW
ERROR CODE F67 – SHUTTLE LEVER FORWARD SWITCH INPUT VOLTAGE HIGH

Effects:
There will be a short delay recognising that forward has been selected.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty shuttle lever forward switch
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the shuttle lever forward switch in H5.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Move the shuttle lever into forward, and check the display. If the display does not
change to d22, continue to step 2.
B. If the display does change to d22, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an
intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as required.
2. Check the shuttle lever forward switch.
A. Disconnect the shuttle lever connector C075. Move the shuttle lever from neutral to forward and measure
the resistance between the component side of connector C075 pin 1 (G/B/S) and C075 pin 2 (S/R/B). If the
resistance indicated is not approximately 2.50K Ohms in neutral and approximately 0.50K Ohms in the
forward position, remove and replace the shuttle lever.
B. If the forward switch is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to +8 or +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C075 pin 1 (G/B/S) and ground. If the
voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C075 pin 2 (S/R/B) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Check between
connector C333 pin 10 (S/R/B) and C075 pin 2 (S/R/B). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C333 pin 10 (S/R/B) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE F68 – SHUTTLE LEVER REVERSE SWITCH INPUT VOLTAGE LOW
ERROR CODE F69 – SHUTTLE LEVER REVERSE SWITCH INPUT VOLTAGE HIGH

Effects:
There will be a short delay recognising that reverse has been selected.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty shuttle lever reverse switch
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the shuttle lever reverse switch in H5.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Move the shuttle lever into reverse, and check the display. If the display does not
change to d23, continue to step 2.
B. If the display does change to d23, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an
intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as required.
2. Check the shuttle lever reverse switch.
A. Disconnect the shuttle lever connector C075. Move the shuttle lever from neutral to reverse and measure
the resistance between the component side of connector C075 pin 1 (G/B/S) and C075 pin 3 (S/U/B). If the
resistance indicated is not approximately 2.50K Ohms in neutral and approximately 0.50K Ohms in the
reverse position, remove and replace the shuttle lever.
B. If the reverse switch is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to +8 or +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C075 pin 1 (G/B/S) and ground. If the
voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C075 pin 3 (S/U/B) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Check between
connector C333 pin 27 (S/U/B) and C075 pin 3 (S/U/B). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C333 pin 27 (S/U/B) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 153

ERROR CODE F70 – TORQUE DAMPER FAULT

Effects:
No automatic shifts between gears 6–7, 7–6, 12–13 or 13–12. These gear shifts can be made by using the clutch
pedal.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty engine torque/RPM sensor
2. Faulty flywheel damper fingers

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the engine torque/RPM sensor.
A. If the sensor incorrectly installed, loose or damaged, refit or replace as required.
B. If the sensor is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a mechanical fault.
A. Inspect the flywheel damper fingers. If the damper fingers are damaged, repair or replace as required.

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ERROR CODE F71 – ENGINE TORQUE/RPM SENSOR OPEN CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty engine torque/RPM sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the engine torque/RPM sensor connector C255 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330
and C333.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the engine torque/RPM sensor.
A. Disconnect connector C255. Measure the resistance between the component side of connector C255 pin
1 (R/LTG/B) and C255 pin 2 (W/N/B). If the resistance indicated is not approximately 0.80K Ohms – 1.2K
Ohms, remove and replace the engine torque/RPM sensor.
B. If the engine torque/RPM sensor is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C255 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and ground. If +12
Volts is not indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If +12 Volts is indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330 and C333. Check
between connector:
C255 pin 2 (W/N/B) and C330 pin 15 (W/N/B)
C255 pin 3 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 157

ERROR CODE F72 – ENGINE TORQUE/RPM SENSOR SHORT TO GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty engine torque/RPM sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the engine torque/RPM sensor connector C255 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330
and C333.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the engine torque/RPM sensor.
A. Disconnect connector C255. Measure the resistance between the component side of connector C255 pin
1 (R/LTG/B) and C255 pin 2 (W/N/B). If the resistance indicated is not approximately 0.80K Ohms – 1.2K
Ohms, remove and replace the engine torque/RPM sensor.
B. If the resistances indicated are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between the component side of connector:
C255 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and ground
C255 pin 2 (W/N/B) and ground
C255 pin 3 (B) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, remove and replace the engine torque/RPM sensor.
B. If the engine torque/RPM sensor is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330. Check between connector C255 pin 2
(W/N/B) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE F73 – TRANSMISSION MID SPEED SENSOR OPEN CIRCUIT

Effects:
Centrifugal compensation assumes 2300rpm for clutch B, minor shift performance loss at other speeds. Gears
affected are 2, 4 and 6.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty transmission mid speed sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the transmission mid speed sensor connector C037 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector
C331 and C333.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the transmission mid speed sensor.
A. Disconnect connector C037. Measure the resistance between the component side of connector C037 pin
1 (R/LTG/B) and C037 pin 2 (L/B/G). If the resistance indicated is not approximately 0.80K Ohms – 1.2K
Ohms, remove and replace the transmission mid speed sensor.
B. If the transmission mid speed sensor is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C037 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and ground. If +12
Volts is not indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If +12 Volts is indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331 and C333. Check
between connector:
C037 pin 2 (L/B/G) and C331 pin 29 (L/B/G)
C037 pin 3 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 163

ERROR CODE F74 – TRANSMISSION MID SPEED SENSOR SHORT TO GROUND

Effects:
Centrifugal compensation assumes 2300rpm for clutch B, minor shift performance loss at other speeds. Gears
affected are 2, 4 and 6.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty transmission mid speed sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the transmission mid speed sensor connector C037 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector
C331 and C333.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the transmission mid speed sensor.
A. Disconnect connector C037. Measure the resistance between the component side of connector C037 pin
1 (R/LTG/B) and C037 pin 2 (L/B/G). If the resistance indicated is not approximately 0.80K Ohms – 1.2K
Ohms, remove and replace the transmission mid speed sensor.
B. If the resistances indicated are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between the component side of connector:
C037 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and ground
C037 pin 2 (L/B/G) and ground
C037 pin 3 (B) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, remove and replace the transmission mid speed sensor.
B. If the transmission mid speed sensor is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331. Check between connector C037 pin 2
(L/B/G) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE F75 – SWAPPED MID AND OUTPUT SPEED SENSORS

Effects:
After the error is detected the tractor will operate normally.

Possible failure modes:


1. Mid and output speed sensor connectors swapped
2. Faulty connector

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the transmission mid speed sensor connector C037 and the output speed sensor connector C038.
A. If the speed sensor connectors have been swapped. Disconnect the connectors and re–connect correctly.
B. If the connectors are connected correctly, continue to step 2.
2. Check the extension harness connector C019.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.

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168 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F76 – SWAPPED ENGINE TORQUE/RPM SENSOR WITH EITHER THE MID
OR OUTPUT SPEED SENSORS

Effects:
Transmission disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Engine torque/RPM sensor connector swapped with either the mid or output speed sensor.
2. Faulty connector

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the engine torque/RPM sensor connector C255, transmission mid speed sensor connector C037 and
the output speed sensor connector C038.
A. If the speed sensor connectors have been swapped. Disconnect the connectors and re–connect correctly.
B. If the connectors are connected correctly, continue to step 2.
2. Check the extension harness connector C019.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.

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170 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F77 – NO SIGNAL FROM THE OUTPUT SPEED SENSOR

Effects:
Upshifts in high range inhibited. Jerky or sluggish shuttle shifting and automatic take off generally poor shifting.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty output speed sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Mechanical fault within the transmission/rear axle.
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the output speed sensor connector C038 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330 and
C333.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check if the tractor is moving.
A. If the tractor is not moving. Possible mechanical fault within the transmission/rear axle.
B. If the tractor is moving, continue to step 4.
4. Check the output speed sensor.
A. If installed incorrectly, loose or damaged, refit correctly or replace as required.
B. If the sensor is installed correctly, remove and replace the output speed sensor.

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172 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F78 – NO SIGNAL FROM THE TRANSMISSION MID SPEED SENSOR

Effects:
Centrifugal compensation assumes 2300 RPM for clutch B. Minor shift quality loss at other speeds, only affects
gears 2, 4and 6.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty transmission mid speed sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Mechanical fault within the transmission/rear axle.
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the transmission mid speed sensor connector C037 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector
C331 and C333.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check if the tractor is moving.
A. If the tractor is not moving. Possible mechanical fault within the transmission/rear axle.
B. If the tractor is moving, continue to step 4.
4. Check the transmission mid speed sensor.
A. If installed incorrectly, loose or damaged, refit correctly or replace as required.
B. If the sensor is installed correctly, remove and replace the mid speed sensor.

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174 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F79 – ENGINE RPM EXCEEDS 3000 REV/MIN

Effects:
General shift quality poor and/or delayed.

Possible failure modes:


1. Engine RPM exceeds 3000 rev/min
2. Faulty connector
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check that the engine has not exceeded 3000 rev/min.
A. Reduce the engine speed to 2800 rev/min. If the error code clears the tractor is functioning correctly.
B. If the engine speed has not exceeded 3000 rev/min, continue to step 2.
2. Check the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330 and the engine torque/RPM sensor connector C255
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
3. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove
and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE F80 – TRANSMISSION OUTPUT REV/MIN TOO HIGH FOR THE SELECTED
GEAR

NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.

This error code will self clear when the speed is correct for the gear selected.

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ERROR CODE F81 – CLUTCH SLIPPING

Effects:
Output speed too low for the gear selected.
Transmission disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty clutch or range solenoid
2. Faulty hydraulic circuit
3. Faulty output speed sensor
4. Mechanical fault

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check if the transmission clutches are slipping.
A. Operate the tractor in all gears. If there is any abnormal noise or clutch slipping, identify the slipping clutch
and continue to step 3.
B. If there is no clutch slipping, continue to step 6.
3. Check the identified faulty clutch solenoid connector.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check all the clutch pack pressures.
A. If the pressures indicated are approximately 16 bar, possible clutch friction discs worn. If the pressures
are low on all of the clutches, continue to hydraulic troubleshooting procedures.
B. If the pressures indicated are not approximately 16 bar on one or more of the clutches, continue to step
5.
5. Check the identified faulty clutch solenoid.
A. Disconnect the faulty clutch solenoid connector. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals.
If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms at 20 degrees centigrade, remove and replace
the solenoid.
B. If the resistance indicated is okay, check if the solenoid valve is sticking. If the solenoid is okay, possible
internal leakage within the transmission.
6. Check the output speed sensor.
A. Disconnect the output speed sensor connector C038. Measure the resistance between the component
side of connector C038 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and C038 pin 2 (Y/N/B). If the resistance indicated is not
approximately 0.80K Ohms – 1.2K Ohms, remove and replace the output speed sensor.
B. If the resistances indicated are okay, the signal from the speed sensor may still be incorrect. Remove and
replace the output speed sensor.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 179

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180 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE F82 – FOOT THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR POTENTIOMETER SHORT


CIRCUIT TO +8 VOLTS OR +12 VOLTS

Effects:
No upshift during engine braking while in transport auto–shift mode.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty foot throttle position sensor
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the foot throttle position sensor potentiometer in H9 Channel 65.
A. Operate the foot throttle from low to high idle. If the values displayed do not change continuously between
10 to 73, continue to step 3.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while in H9 Channel 65 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. Channel 65 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace
as required.
3. Check the foot throttle position sensor potentiometer.
A. Disconnect the foot throttle position sensor connector C256. While operating the foot throttle from low to
high idle, measure the resistance between the component side of connector:
C256 pin 2 (MG145–O) and C256 pin 1 (MG144–O) should indicate between 0.70K Ohms – 1K Ohm
C256 pin 2 (MG145–O) and C256 pin 3 (MG146–O) should indicate between 1K Ohm – 0.70K Ohm
If the resistances indicated are not okay, remove and replace the foot throttle position sensor and carry out
the foot throttle calibration procedure.
B. If the foot throttle position sensor is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Check between connector C256 pin 3 (MG146–O) and ground. If an open circuit is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +8 or +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C256 pin 1 (MG144–O) and ground. If
the voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to a +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C256 pin 2 (MG145–O) and ground. If
a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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182 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 183

ERROR CODE F83 – FOOT THROTTLE SENSOR POTENTIOMETER OPEN CIRCUIT OR


SHORT TO GROUND

Effects:
No upshift during engine braking while in transport auto–shift mode.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty foot throttle position sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the foot throttle position sensor potentiometer in H9 Channel 65.
A. Operate the foot throttle from low to high idle. If the values displayed do not change continuously between
10 to 73, continue to step 3.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while in H9 Channel 65 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. Channel 65 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace
as required.
3. Check the foot throttle position sensor connector C256 and the engine control module connector C315.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is tight.
repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the foot throttle position sensor potentiometer.
A. Disconnect the foot throttle position sensor connector C256. While operating the foot throttle from low to
high idle, measure the resistance between the component side of connector:
C256 pin 2 (MG145–O) and C256 pin 1 (MG144–O) should indicate between 0.70K Ohms – 1K Ohm
C256 pin 2 (MG145–O) and C256 pin 3 (MG146–O) should indicate between 1K Ohm – 0.70K Ohm
If the resistances indicated are not okay, remove and replace the foot throttle position sensor and carry out
the foot throttle calibration procedure.
B. If the foot throttle position sensor is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the engine control module connector C315. Check between connector:
C256 pin 1 (MG144–O) and C315 pin 16 (MG144–O)
C256 pin 2 (MG145–O) and C315 pin 23 (MG145–O)
C256 pin 3 (MG146–O) and C315 pin 35 (MG146–O)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C256 pin 1 (MG144–O) and ground
C256 pin 2 (MG145–O) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 185

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ERROR CODE F84 – PRESSURE INDICATED ON FORWARD CLUTCH PRESSURE


SWITCHES WHEN THE CLUTCH SOLENOIDS ARE OFF

Effects:
Transmission disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty pressure switch
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the pressure switches.
A. Disconnect the pressure switch connectors C243, C244, and C245. Check across the pins of each switch
in turn, if an open circuit is not indicated, remove and replace the faulty pressure switch.
B. If the switches are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short to +Ve voltage
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C243 pin 2 (N/U/S) and ground
C244 pin 2 (N/U/S) and ground
C245 pin 2 (N/U/S) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the clutch pack pressures.
A. Connect connectors C243, C244 and C245. Start the engine. Shuttle lever in neutral. If a pressure is
indicated at any of the clutch packs. Remove and replace the faulty solenoid.
B. If no pressure is indicated, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and
replace the secondary controller (CFPS).

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188 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 189

ERROR CODE F85 – PRESSURE INDICATED ON REVERSE CLUTCH PRESSURE SWITCH


WHEN THE CLUTCH SOLENOIDS ARE OFF

Effects:
Transmission disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty pressure switch
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the reverse clutch pressure switch.
A. Disconnect the reverse clutch pressure switch connector C246. Check across the pins of the switch, if
an open circuit is not indicated, remove and replace the pressure switch.
B. If the switch is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short to +Ve voltage
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C246 pin 2 (R/U/S) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the reverse clutch pack pressure.
A. Connect connector C246. Start the engine. Shuttle lever in neutral. If a pressure is indicated at the reverse
clutch pack. Remove and replace the faulty solenoid.
B. If no pressure is indicated, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and
replace the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE F86 – CREEPER FAILS TO ENGAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty creeper switch
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty hydraulic circuit
5. Mechanical fault
6. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check for the creep speed symbol being displayed in the display of gears (DOG).
A. Start the engine. Operate the creeper switch. If the creep speed symbol is not displayed flashing in the
DOG, continue to step 3.
B. If the creep speed symbol is displayed flashing but does not cease to flash and become steady, continue
to step 8.
3. Check the creeper switch in H5.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Operate the creeper switch, and check the display. If the display does not change
to d31, continue to step 4.
B. If the display does change to d31, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an
intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as required.
4. Check the creeper switch connector C308.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the creeper switch.
A. Disconnect connector C308. While operating the creeper switch, check between the component side of
connector C308 pin 1 (W/O/B) and C308 pin 2 (R/LG/B). If an open circuit is indicated, remove and replace
the creeper switch.
B. If the switch is okay, continue to step 6.
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Check between connector C308 pin 1
(W/O/B) and C333 pin 30 (W/O/B). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C308 pin 1 (W/O/B) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).
8. Check the hydraulic pressure of the creeper circuit.
A. Pressure test the creeper circuit. If the pressures indicated are not between 15 bar – 18 bar, continue to
hydraulic troubleshooting procedures.
B. If the pressures are okay, continue to step 9.
9. Check for a mechanical fault.
A. Inspect the creeper synchroniser and its linkage. If the synchroniser or its linkage is damaged, repair or
replace as required.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 195

ERROR CODE F87 – CREEPER FAILS TO DISENGAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty creeper switch
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty hydraulic circuit
5. Mechanical fault
6. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the creeper switch in H5.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Operate the creeper switch, and check the display. If the display does not change
from d31 to d0, continue to step 3.
B. If the display does change from d31 to d0, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as
required.
3. Check the creeper switch.
A. Disconnect the creeper switch connector C308. Do not operate the creeper switch. Check between the
component side of connector C308 pin 1 (W/O/B) and C308 pin 2 (R/LG/B). If a closed circuit is indicated,
remove and replace the creeper switch.
B. If the switch is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to +12 Volts.
A. Disconnect connector C308 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Check between
connector C308 pin 1 (W/O/B) and ground. If +12 Volts is indicated, repair or replace the harness as
required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the hydraulic pressure of the creeper circuit.
A. Pressure test the creeper circuit, If the pressures indicated are between 15 bar – 18 bar, continue to the
hydraulic troubleshooting procedures.
B. If no pressure is indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a mechanical fault.
A. Inspect the creeper synchroniser and its linkage. If the synchroniser or its linkage is damaged, repair or
replace as required.
B. If no mechanical fault is found, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and
replace the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE F88 – CREEPER POTENTIOMETER SHORT CIRCUIT TO +8 OR +12 VOLTS

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty creeper potentiometer
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for a short to +8 or +12 Volts.
A. Disconnect the creeper potentiometer connector C286. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector C286 pin 3 (TN) and C286 pin 5 (B). If the voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C286 pin 4 (O/L/B) and C286 pin 5 (B).
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the creeper potentiometer.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Remove the potentiometer. While turning the potentiometer, measure the
resistance between the component side of connector:
C286 pin 3 (TN) and C286 pin 4 (O/L/B) should indicate between 4.0K Ohms – 1.0K Ohms
C286 pin 4 (O/L/B) and C286 pin 5 (B) should indicate between 1.0K Ohms – 4.0K Ohms
If the resistances indicated are not okay, replace the creeper potentiometer.
B. If the potentiometer is okay, refit the potentiometer and download the correct level of software. If the fault
re–occurs, remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 201

ERROR CODE F89 – CREEPER POTENTIOMETER OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO GROUND

Possible failure modes:


4. Faulty connector
1. Faulty creeper potentiometer
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the creeper potentiometer connector C286 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the creeper potentiometer.
A. Disconnect connector C286. Remove the potentiometer. While turning the potentiometer, measure the
resistance between the component side of connector:
C286 pin 3 (TN) and C286 pin 4 (O/L/B) should indicate between 4.0K Ohms –1.0K Ohms
C286 pin 4 (O/L/B) and C286 pin 5 (B) should indicate between 1.0K Ohms – 4.0K Ohms
If the resistances indicated are not okay, replace the creeper potentiometer.
B. If the potentiometer is okay, continue to step 3
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C333. Check between connector:
C286 pin 3 (TN) and C333 pin 18 (LN)
C286 pin 4 (O/L/B) and C333 pin 19 (O/P/B)
C286 pin 5 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C286 pin 3 (TN) and ground
C286 pin 4 (O/L/B) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE F90 – CENTRAL CONTROLLER (XCM) NOT PRESENT

Effects:
If none of the messages via the CAN BUS from the central controller (XCM) are received by the secondary
controller (CFPS) this error is raised.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. CAN BUS interference
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)
5. Faulty central controller (XCM)
6. Faulty engine control module

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333, central controller (XCM) connector C324, and the
engine control module connector C315.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the CAN BUS.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C277 pin 3 (Y) and C277 pin 4 (G).
If the resistance indicated is approximately 60 Ohms, continue to step 3.
If the resistance indicated is less than 5 Ohms, there is a short circuit in the CAN BUS wires, repair or replace
as required.
If an open circuit is indicated, there is an open circuit in the CAN BUS wires between the central controller
(XCM) and the engine control module, repair or replace as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, disconnect connector C324.
If an open circuit is now indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is okay, continue to step 6.
If 120 Ohms is still indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is not okay, continue to step 7.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect C333 and C324. Measure the resistance between connector:
C333 pin 17 (G) and C324 pin 16 (G)
C333 pin 9 (Y) and C324 pin 15 (Y)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C333 pin 17 (G) and ground
C333 pin 9 (Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check the CAN BUS wires (Y) and (G).
A. If the CAN BUS wires are not twisted together or free from possible interference, repair, re–position or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the CAN BUS wires are okay, remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).

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6. Check for an open circuit.


A. Disconnect the engine control module C315. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 3 (Y) and C315 pin 12 (Y)
C277 pin 4 (G) and C315 pin 11 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
If the harness is okay, remove and replace the engine control module.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 3 (Y) and C324 pin 15 (Y)
C277 pin 4 (G) and C324 pin 16 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 209

ERROR CODE F91 – DISPLAY OF GEARS CONTROLLER (CAN DOG) NOT PRESENT

Effects:
If none of the messages via the CAN BUS from the display of gears controller (CAN DOG) are received by the
secondary controller (CFPS) this error is stored. This error will not be displayed when it occurs due to a
communication problem from the CAN DOG.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. CAN BUS interference
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty display of gears controller (CAN DOG)
5. Faulty central controller (XCM)
6. Faulty engine control module

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333, display of gears controller connector (CAN DOG)
C104, central controller (XCM) connector C324, and the engine control module connector C315.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the CAN BUS.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C277 pin 3 (Y) and C277 pin 4 (G).
If the resistance indicated is approximately 60 Ohms, continue to step 3.
If the resistance indicated is approximately 5 Ohms, there is a short circuit in the CAN BUS wires, repair or
replace as required.
If an open circuit is indicated, there is an open circuit in the CAN BUS wires between the central controller
(XCM) and the engine control module, repair or replace as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, disconnect connector C324.
If an open circuit is now indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is okay, continue to step 6.
If 120 Ohms is still indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is not okay, continue to step 7.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect C333 and C104. Measure the resistance between connector:
C333 pin 17 (G) and C104 pin C4 (G)
C333 pin 9 (Y) and C104 pin C3 (Y)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C104 pin C4 (G) and ground
C104 pin C3 (Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check the CAN BUS wires (Y) and (G).
A. If the CAN BUS wires are not twisted together or free from possible interference, repair, re–position or
replace the harness as required.

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B. If the CAN BUS wires are okay, remove and replace the display of gears controller (CAN DOG).
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the engine control module C315. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 3 (Y) and C315 pin 12 (Y)
C277 pin 4 (G) and C315 pin 11 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
If the harness is okay, remove and replace the engine control module.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 3 (Y) and C324 pin 15 (Y)
C277 pin 4 (G) and C324 pin 16 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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ERROR CODE FAA – CLUTCH A SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the clutch A solenoid connector C028 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the clutch A solenoid.
A. Disconnect connector C028. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals:
Terminal A and terminal B
Terminal A and ground
Terminal B and ground
If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms or a short to ground is indicated, remove and
replace the clutch A solenoid.
B. If clutch A solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C331. Check between connector:
C028 pin A (TQ/K/B) and C331 pin 2 (TQ/K/B)
C028 pin B (TQ/W/B) and C331 pin 16 (TQ/W/B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C028 pin A (TQ/K/B) and C028 pin B (TQ/W/B)
C028 pin A (TQ/K/B) and ground
C028 pin B (TQ/W/B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE FAB – CLUTCH B SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the clutch B solenoid connector C027 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the clutch B solenoid.
A. Disconnect connector C027. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals:
Terminal A and terminal B
Terminal A and ground
Terminal B and ground
If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms or a short to ground is indicated, remove and
replace the clutch B solenoid.
B. If clutch B solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C331. Check between connector:
C027 pin A (L/O/S) and C331 pin 3 (L/O/S)
C027 pin B (TQ/N/B) and C331 pin 7 (TQ/N/B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C027 pin A (L/O/S) and C027 pin B (TQ/N/B)
C027 pin A (L/O/S) and ground
C027 pin B (TQ/N/B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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220 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE FAC – CLUTCH C SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the clutch C solenoid connector C026 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the clutch C solenoid.
A. Disconnect connector C026. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals:
Terminal A and terminal B
Terminal A and ground
Terminal B and ground
If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms or a short to ground is indicated, remove and
replace the clutch C solenoid.
B. If clutch C solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C331. Check between connector:
C026 pin A (L/R/S) and C331 pin 4 (P/R/S)
C026 pin B (TQ/O/B) and C331 pin 15 (TQ/O/B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C026 pin A (L/R/S) and C026 pin B (TQ/O/B)
C026 pin A (L/R/S) and ground
C026 pin B (TQ/O/B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 223

ERROR CODE FAD – CLUTCH D SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the clutch D solenoid connector C025 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the clutch D solenoid.
A. Disconnect connector C025. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals:
Terminal A and terminal B
Terminal A and ground
Terminal B and ground
If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms or a short to ground is indicated, remove and
replace the clutch D solenoid.
B. If clutch D solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C331. Check between connector:
C025 pin A (P/N/S) and C331 pin 5 (P/N/S)
C025 pin B (TQ/R/B) and C331 pin 6 (TQ/R/B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C025 pin A (P/N/S) and C025 pin B (TQ/R/B)
C025 pin A (P/N/S) and ground
C025 pin B (TQ/R/B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE FAE – CLUTCH E SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the clutch E solenoid connector C024 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the clutch E solenoid.
A. Disconnect connector C024. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals:
Terminal A and terminal B
Terminal A and ground
Terminal B and ground
If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms or a short to ground is indicated, remove and
replace the clutch E solenoid.
B. If clutch E solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C330. Check between connector:
C024 pin A (P/TQ/S) and C330 pin 2 (P/TQ/S)
C024 pin B (TQ/S/B) and C330 pin 1 (TQ/S/B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C024 pin A (P/TQ/S) and C024 pin B (TQ/S/B)
C024 pin A (P/TQ/S) and ground
C024 pin B (TQ/S/B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 229

ERROR CODE FA1 – LOW RANGE CLUTCH SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO
GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the low range clutch solenoid connector C032 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the low range clutch solenoid.
A. Disconnect connector C032. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals:
Terminal 1 and terminal 2
Terminal 1 and ground
Terminal 2 and ground
If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms or a short to ground is indicated, remove and
replace the low range clutch solenoid.
B. If the low range clutch solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C331. Check between connector:
C032 pin 1 (S/O/B) and C331 pin 32 (S/O/B)
C032 pin 2 (Y/LN/B) and C331 pin 18 (Y/LN/B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C032 pin 1 (S/O/B) and C032 pin 2 (Y/LN/B)
C032 pin 1 (S/O/B) and ground
C032 pin 2 (Y/LN/B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE FA2 – MEDIUM RANGE CLUTCH SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO
GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the medium range clutch solenoid connector C031 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector
C331.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the medium range clutch solenoid.
A. Disconnect connector C031. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals:
Terminal 1 and terminal 2
Terminal 1 and ground
Terminal 2 and ground
If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms or a short to ground is indicated, remove and
replace the medium range clutch solenoid.
B. If the medium range clutch solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C331. Check between connector:
C031 pin 1 (K/LTG/B) and C331 pin 34 (K/LTG/B)
C031 pin 2 (W/L/B) and C331 pin 1 (W/P/B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C031 pin 1 (K/LTG/B) and C031 pin 2 (W/L/B)
C031 pin 1 (K/LTG/B) and ground
C031 pin 2 (W/L/B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE FA3 – HIGH RANGE CLUTCH SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO
GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the high range clutch solenoid connector C039 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the high range clutch solenoid.
A. Disconnect connector C039. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals:
Terminal 1 and terminal 2
Terminal 1 and ground
Terminal 2 and ground
If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms or a short to ground is indicated, remove and
replace the high range clutch solenoid.
B. If the high range clutch solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C331. Check between connector:
C039 pin 1 (S/N/B) and C331 pin 31 (S/N/B)
C039 pin 2 (W/LTG/B) and C331 pin 26 (W/LTG/B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C039 pin 1 (S/N/B) and C039 pin 2 (W/LTG/B)
C039 pin 1 (S/N/B) and ground
C039 pin 2 (W/LTG/B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE FA4 – REVERSE CLUTCH SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO


GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the reverse clutch solenoid connector C040 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the reverse clutch solenoid.
A. Disconnect connector C040. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals:
Terminal 1 and terminal 2
Terminal 1 and ground
Terminal 2 and ground
If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms or a short to ground is indicated, remove and
replace the reverse clutch solenoid.
B. If the reverse clutch solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C331. Check between connector:
C040 pin 1 (G/O/S) and C331 pin 33 (G/O/S)
C040 pin 2 (L/LN/S) and C331 pin 10 (L/LN/S)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C040 pin 1 (G/O/S) and C040 pin 2 (L/LN/S)
C040 pin 1 (G/O/S) and ground
C040 pin 2 (L/LN/S) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 241

ERROR CODE FA5 – CREEPER SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty creeper solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the creeper solenoid connector C286 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the creeper solenoid.
A. Disconnect connector C286. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals:
Terminal 1 and terminal 2
Terminal 1 and ground
Terminal 2 and ground
If the resistance indicated is not between 6 Ohms – 8 Ohms or a short to ground is indicated, remove and
replace the creeper solenoid.
B. If the creeper solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C330. Check between connector:
C286 pin 1 (U/K/B) and C330 pin 3 (U/K/B)
C286 pin 2 (U/L/B) and C330 pin 14 (U/L/B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C286 pin 1 (U/K/B) and C286 pin 2 (U/L/B)
C286 pin 1 (U/K/B) and ground
C286 pin 2 (U/L/B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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244 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE FBA – CLUTCH A SOLENOID OVER VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check clutch A solenoid.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect clutch A solenoid connector C028. Measure the resistance between
the solenoid terminal A and terminal B. If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms, remove
and replace clutch A solenoid.
B. If clutch A solenoid is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +Ve Voltage.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector:
C331 pin 2 (TQ/K/B) and ground
C331 pin 16 (TQ/W/B) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C331 pin 2 (TQ/K/B) and C331 pin 16 (TQ/W/B). If a
short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 247

ERROR CODE FBB – CLUTCH B SOLENOID OVER VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check clutch A solenoid.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect clutch B solenoid connector C027. Measure the resistance between
the solenoid terminal A and terminal B. If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms, remove
and replace clutch B solenoid.
B. If clutch B solenoid is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +Ve Voltage.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector:
C331 pin 3 (L/O/S) and ground
C331 pin 7 (TQ/N/B) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C331 pin 3 (L/O/S) and C331 pin 7 (TQ/N/B). If a short
circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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250 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE FBC – CLUTCH C SOLENOID OVER VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check clutch A solenoid.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect clutch C solenoid connector C026. Measure the resistance between
the solenoid terminal A and terminal B. If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms, remove
and replace clutch C solenoid.
B. If clutch C solenoid is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +Ve Voltage.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector:
C331 pin 4 (P/R/S) and ground
C331 pin 15 (TQ/O/B) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C331 pin 4 (P/R/S) and C331 pin 15 (TQ/O/B). If a short
circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 253

ERROR CODE FBD – CLUTCH D SOLENOID OVER VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check clutch A solenoid.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect clutch D solenoid connector C025. Measure the resistance between
the solenoid terminal A and terminal B. If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms, remove
and replace clutch D solenoid.
B. If clutch D solenoid is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +Ve Voltage.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector:
C331 pin 5 (P/N/S) and ground
C331 pin 6 (TQ/R/B) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C331 pin 5 (P/N/S) and C331 pin 6 (TQ/R/B). If a short
circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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256 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE FBE – CLUTCH E SOLENOID OVER VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check clutch A solenoid.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect clutch E solenoid connector C024. Measure the resistance between
the solenoid terminal A and terminal B. If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms, remove
and replace clutch E solenoid.
B. If clutch E solenoid is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +Ve Voltage.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector:
C330 pin 2 (P/TQ/S) and ground
C330 pin 1 (TQ/S/B) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C330 pin 2 (P/TQ/S) and C330 pin 1 (TQ/S/B). If a short
circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 259

ERROR CODE FB1 – LOW RANGE CLUTCH SOLENOID OVER VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check clutch A solenoid.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the low range clutch solenoid connector C032. Measure the resistance
between the solenoid terminal 1 and terminal 2. If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms,
remove and replace the low range clutch solenoid.
B. If the low range clutch solenoid is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +Ve Voltage.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector:
C331 pin 32 (S/O/B) and ground
C331 pin 18 (Y/LN/B) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C331 pin 32 (S/O/B) and C331 pin 18 (Y/LN/B). If a
short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE FB2 – MEDIUM RANGE CLUTCH SOLENOID OVER VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check clutch A solenoid.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the medium range clutch solenoid connector C031. Measure the
resistance between the solenoid terminal 1 and terminal 2. If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms
– 11 Ohms, remove and replace the medium range clutch solenoid.
B. If the medium range clutch solenoid is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +Ve Voltage.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector:
C331 pin 34 (K/LTG/B) and ground
C331 pin 1 (W/P/B) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C331 pin 34 (K/LTG/B) and C331 pin 1 (W/P/B). If a
short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 265

ERROR CODE FB3 – HIGH RANGE CLUTCH SOLENOID OVER VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check clutch A solenoid.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the high range clutch solenoid connector C039. Measure the
resistance between the solenoid terminal 1 and terminal 2. If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms
– 11 Ohms, remove and replace the high range clutch solenoid.
B. If the high range clutch solenoid is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +Ve Voltage.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector:
C331 pin 31 (S/N/B) and ground
C331 pin 26 (W/LTG/B) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C331 pin 31 (S/N/B) and C331 pin 26 (W/LTG/B). If
a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE FB4 – REVERSE CLUTCH SOLENOID OVER VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check clutch A solenoid.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the reverse clutch solenoid connector C040. Measure the resistance
between the solenoid terminal 1 and terminal 2. If the resistance indicated is not between 8 Ohms – 11 Ohms,
remove and replace the reverse clutch solenoid.
B. If the reverse clutch solenoid is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +Ve Voltage.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector:
C331 pin 33 (G/O/S) and ground
C331 pin 10 (P/LN/S) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C331 pin 33 (G/O/S) and C331 pin 10 (P/LN/S). If a
short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 271

ERROR CODE FB5 – CREEPER SOLENOID OVER VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check clutch A solenoid.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the creeper solenoid connector C286. Measure the resistance between
the solenoid terminal 1 and terminal 2. If the resistance indicated is not between 6 Ohms – 8 Ohms, remove
and replace the creeper solenoid.
B. If the creeper solenoid is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +Ve Voltage.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector:
C330 pin 14 (U/L/B) and ground
C330 pin 3 (U/K/B) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C330 pin 14 (U/L/B) and C330 pin 3 (U/K/B). If a short
circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE FCA – CLUTCH A NOT CALIBRATED


ERROR CODE FCB – CLUTCH B NOT CALIBRATED
ERROR CODE FCC – CLUTCH C NOT CALIBRATED
ERROR CODE FCD – CLUTCH D NOT CALIBRATED
ERROR CODE FCE – CLUTCH E NOT CALIBRATED
ERROR CODE FCF – LOW RANGE CLUTCH NOT CALIBRATED
ERROR CODE FC1 – MEDIUM RANGE CLUTCH NOT CALIBRATED
ERROR CODE FC2 – HIGH RANGE CLUTCH NOT CALIBRATED
ERROR CODE FC3 – REVERSE CLUTCH NOT CALIBRATED

Effects:
Poor clutch performance of the uncalibrated clutch.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty solenoid
2. Faulty hydraulic circuit
3. Mechanical fault

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Perform the transmission calibration procedure.
A. If the error code is still displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 3.
3. Check the solenoid of the faulty clutch.
A. Remove the solenoid, clean or replace as required.
B. If the error code is still displayed, continue to step 4.
4. Check the clutch pack pressures.
A. If the pressures indicated are approximately 16 bar, possible mechanical fault within the transmission. If
the pressures are low on all of the clutches, continue to hydraulic troubleshooting procedures.
B. If the pressures indicated are not approximately 16 bar on one or more of the clutches. Possible
transmission internal leakage.

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ERROR CODE FC5 – CREEPER TRAVEL OUT OF RANGE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty creeper adjustment
2. Faulty creeper potentiometer
3. Mechanical fault
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the creeper adjustment.
A. Adjust the end of range bolts and re–perfom the creeper calibration procedure.
B. If the fault re–occurs, continue to step 3.
3. Check the creeper potentiometer.
A. Remove the potentiometer. While turning the potentiometer, measure the resistance between the
component side of connector:
C286 pin 3 (TN) and C286 pin 4 (O/L/B) should indicate between 4.0K Ohms –1.0K Ohms
C286 pin 4 (O/L/B) and C286 pin 5 (B) should indicate between 1.0K Ohms – 4.0K Ohms
If the resistances indicated are not okay, replace the creeper potentiometer.
B. If the potentiometer is okay, refit the potentiometer and continue to step 4.
4. Check for a mechanical fault.
A. Inspect the creeper synchroniser and its linkage. If the synchroniser or its linkage is damaged, repair or
replace as required.
B. If the creeper is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE FC8 – CREEPER NOT CALIBRATED

Possible failure modes:


1. Creeper not calibrated
2. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check if the creeper was calibrated.
A. If the creeper was not calibrated after a change of the secondary controller (CFPS) or after using H8 clear
non–volatile memory (EEPROM). Calibrate the creeper by engaging and disengaging it.
B. If the creeper was calibrated, perform the calibration procedure. If the error code re–occurs, download
the correct level of software and re–perform the calibration procedure. If the fault re–occurs again, remove
and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE FC9 – 19TH GEAR CLUTCH NOT CALIBRATED

Possible failure modes:


1. 19th gear clutch not calibrated
2. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check if the 19th gear clutch was calibrated.
A. If the 19th gear clutch was not calibrated after a change of the secondary controller (CFPS) or after using
H8 clear non–volatile memory (EEPROM). Perform the calibration procedure.
B. If the 19th gear clutch was calibrated, perform the calibration procedure. If the error code re–occurs,
download the correct level of software and re–perform the calibration procedure. If the fault re–occurs again,
remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE FC0 – SECONDARY CONTROLLER (CFPS) IS NOT CONFIGURED

Effect:
The secondary controller (CFPS) detects the tractor type and the transmission options (19th gear and
creeper on the 175 and 190 models), when a new CFPS has been fitted or H8 clear non–volatile memory
(EEPROM) has been performed.

Possible failure modes:


1. Secondary controller (CFPS) is not configured
2. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Configure the secondary controller (CFPS).
A. Turn the keystart ON. Move the shuttle lever from neutral to forward and release the inching pedal. The
CFPS will auto–configure and the error code FC0 will be cleared and only calibration errors should be
displayed if the system is okay. Turn the keystart OFF to store the auto configuration. If any other error code
is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If error code FC0 is still displayed, download the correct level of software and perform the calibration
procedures. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE CP – DEPRESS THE CLUTCH PEDAL TO RE–ENABLE THE TRANSMISSION

Effects:
Transmission disabled.
Depress the clutch pedal or cycle the shuttle lever to re–enable the transmission. If CP is still displayed, continue
to the solution.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty shuttle lever neutral switch
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Depress the clutch pedal or cycle the shuttle lever to re–enable the transmission.
A. If CP is not displayed, test the system for normal operation.
B. If CP is still displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 3.
3. Check the secondary controller (CFPS) connectors C333, C331, extension harness connector C269 and
the forward/neutral/reverse (FNR) shuttle lever connector C075.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect connector C333. With the shuttle lever in forward or reverse, check between connector C333
pin 6 (Y/P/B) and ground. Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a
short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check the shuttle lever neutral switch.
A. Disconnect connector C075. With the shuttle lever in neutral, measure the resistance between the
component side of connector C075 pin 4 (Y/P/B) and C075 pin 5 (W/R). If an open circuit is indicated, remove
and replace the shuttle lever.
B. If the neutral switch is okay, continue to step 6.
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. With the shuttle lever in neutral, check between connector C075 pin 4 (Y/P/B) and C333 pin 6 (Y/P/B).
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If an open circuit is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
7. Check for +12 Volts.
A. Disconnect connector C331. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C331 pin 17 (U/R/B) and ground
C331 pin 24 (U/R/B) and ground
C331 pin 25 (U/R/B) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the voltage indicated is not
approximately +12 Volts. Repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +12 Volts, continue to step 8.

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8. Check for an open circuit.


A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector:
C333 pin 32 (B) and ground
C333 pin 34 (B) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If an open circuit is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE N – SHIFT TO NEUTRAL TO RE–ENABLE THE TRANSMISSION

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Shift to neutral to re–enable the transmission.

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ERROR CODE U19 – OIL TEMPERATURE BELOW 10 DEGREES CENTIGRADE

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Warm the oil to above 10 degrees centigrade, before proceeding with the calibration procedures.

ERROR CODE U21 – ENGINE RPM TOO LOW

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Increase the engine rpm to approximately 1200 rev/min.

ERROR CODE U22 – ENGINE RPM TOO HIGH

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Decrease the engine rpm to approximately 1200 rev/min.

ERROR CODE U23 – SHUTTLE LEVER IN NEUTRAL

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Place the shuttle lever in forward.

ERROR CODE U26 – CLUTCH PEDAL NOT RELEASED

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Release the clutch pedal.

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ERROR CODE U31 – OUTPUT SPEED SENSED – TRACTOR MOVING

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Make sure the handbrake is applied and the wheels are choked. If the error code is still displayed, check the
transmission mid and output speed sensor connectors are not swapped. If the connectors are connected
correctly, possible mechanical fault within the transmission.

ERROR CODE U33 – HAND BRAKE NOT APPLIED

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Apply the handbrake.

ERROR CODE U34 – SEAT SWITCH NOT ACTIVATED

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the seat switch in H5.

ERROR CODE U36 – MAXIMUM ALLOWED CLUTCH CALIBRATION VALUE EXCEEDED

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Current value exceeded without lugging the engine down. Possible PWM valve faulty or a low hydraulic
pressure fault.

ERROR CODE U37 – ENGINE RPM DROPPED TOO SOON

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Engine lugged down too soon. Possible PWM valve faulty or a mechanical fault within the transmission.

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ERROR CODE CF – CALIBRATION PROCEDURE COMPLETED SUCCESSFULLY

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Message for information only. Press upshift to proceed.

ERROR CODE CH – OIL TEMPERATURE ABOVE 105 DEGREES CENTIGRADE

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Message for information only. Press upshift to proceed.

ERROR CODE CL – OIL TEMPERATURE BETWEEN 10 AND 60 DEGREES CENTIGRADE

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Message for information only. Press upshift to proceed

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NOTES PAGE

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ELECTRONIC DRAFT CONTROL FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


Fault
Code Fault description
02 Poor or no signal from tractor performance monitor radar
03 Radar (ground speed) greater than wheel speed
04 Wheel speed greater than maximum speed of tractor
06 Slip control voltage low (short or open circuit)
07 Slip control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts)
08 Raise/work switch failure
09 Both external lift/lower fender switches are being operated simultaneously
10 Height limit control voltage low (short or open circuit)
11 Height limit control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts)
12 Drop rate control voltage low (short or open circuit)
13 Drop rate control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts
14 Open circuit connection to load sensing pin, short circuit to ground or failed load
sensing pin
15 Load sensing pin short circuit to +12 Volts, failed or corroded load sensing pin
16 Open circuit connection to load sensing pin, short circuit to ground or failed load
sensing pin
17 Load sensing pin short circuit to +12 Volts, failed or corroded load sensing pin
18 Both load sensing pins disconnected
19 Pin reference voltage less than 8 Volts (short or open circuit)
20 Pin reference voltage greater than 8 volts (short to +12 Volts)
21 Draft sensitivity control voltage low (short or open circuit)
22 Draft sensitivity control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to +12 Volts)
23 Control panel disconnected
24 Perform hydraulic lift calibration
HL Height limit incorrectly set to perform auto calibration
25 Position lever potentiometer control voltage low (short or open circuit)
26 Position lever potentiometer control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short
to +12 Volts)
27 Lift arm sensing control voltage low (short or open circuit)
28 Lift arm position sensing control voltage high (damaged potentiometer or short to
+12 Volts)
29 Hydraulic control valve disconnected
30 Signal ground open circuit
31 Chassis harness disconnected
32 Draft load potentiometer shorted to +12 Volts
33 Draft control potentiometer open circuit or short to ground

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49 Output speed sensor open or short circuit


53 Microprocessor 5 Volt reference shorted to + 12 Volts
54 Microprocessor 5 Volt reference shorted to ground
57 EDC microprocessor failure
59 Microprocessor reference voltage open circuit
63 EDC hydraulic valve lower solenoid open circuit
64 EDC hydraulic valve raise solenoid open circuit
65 EDC hydraulic valve lower solenoid short circuit
66 EDC hydraulic valve raise solenoid short circuit
67 EDC hydraulic valve supply voltage too low
69 Control lever EDC raise/lower switch failure

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ERROR CODE 2 – POOR OR NO SIGNAL FROM TRACTOR PERFORMANCE MONITOR


RADAR

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty fuse 9
1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty tractor performance monitor radar
3. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the tractor performance monitor radar connector C068.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace connector as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the instrument panel displays correct tractor speed.
A. Drive the tractor at greater than 16 kmh (10 mph). If the tractor speed is displayed correctly, continue to
step 6. If no tractor speed is displayed, disconnect connector C068. Turn the keystart ON. Check between
connector C068 pin 3 (R) and C068 pin 1 (B). If the voltage indicated is approximately +12 Volts, continue
to step 6.
B. If the voltage indicated is not approximately +12 Volts, continue to step 3.
3. Check fuse 9.
A. If a fault is indicated with fuse 9, replace the fuse and re–check. If the fuse keeps on blowing, continue
to step 4.
B. If the fuse is okay, continue to step 5.
4. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector C068 pin 3 (R) and ground. If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the radar assembly.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector:
C068 pin 3 (R) and fuse 9 holder
C068 pin 1 (B) and ground.
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the radar assembly.
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330 and the instrument
cluster connectors C079, C080 and C081. Disconnect the ground speed connector C237 next to the
diagnostic plug. Check between connector C330 pin 16 (G) and C068 pin 2 (G). If an open circuit is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C068 pin 2 (G) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the radar assembly.

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ERROR CODE 3 – RADAR (GROUND SPEED) GREATER THAN WHEEL SPEED


ERROR CODE 4 – WHEEL SPEED GREATER THAN MAXIMUM SPEED OF TRACTOR
ERROR CODE 5 – WHEEL SPEED ZERO WHEN RADAR IS INDICATING GROUND SPEED

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Incorrect tractor performance monitor radar alignment
3. Faulty output speed sensor
4. Faulty tractor performance radar
5. Faulty harness
6. Faulty speed pickup disc

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for error code 3 or 5 being displayed.
A. If error code 3 or 5 is displayed, continue to test for error code 2.
B. If error code 3 is displayed, continue to step 2. If error code 4 or 5 is still displayed continue to step 3.
2. Check the position of the radar.
A. If the radar is pointing at the tractor wheel or excessively vibrating, point the radar at the ground and tighten
the fixings.
B. If the radar mounting and position is okay, remove and replace the output speed sensor.
3. Check the output speed sensor.
A. If the output speed sensor is loose in the transmission housing or damaged, re–tighten or remove and
replace the output speed sensor as required.
B. If error code 4 is still displayed, continue to step 4. If error code 5 is still displayed, continue to step 5.
4. Check the speed pickup disc.
A. Tractors with ground speed PTO. Remove the speed sensor and check for damaged (distorted or bent)
speed pickup disc inside the transmission. If any damage is indicated, disassemble the transmission and
replace the disc.
B. If the speed pickup disc is okay, remove and replace the output speed sensor.
5. Check for additional error codes.
A. If error code 49 is displayed, continue to test for error code 49.
B. If error code 49 is not displayed, remove and replace the output speed sensor.

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ERROR CODE 6 – SLIP CONTROL VOLTAGE LOW (SHORT OR OPEN CIRCUIT)


ERROR CODE 7 – SLIP CONTROL VOLTAGE HIGH (DAMAGED POTENTIOMETER OR
SHORT TO +12 VOLTS)

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty slip control potentiometer
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the slip control potentiometer in H9 Channel 32.
A. Turn the slip control control knob fully clockwise and then fully counter clockwise. If the values displayed
are not between 84 to 14, continue to step 2.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while still in H9 Channel 32 wiggle the harness and the connectors to
check for an intermittent circuit. Channel 32 values will change if an intermittent circuit is indicated, repair
or replace as required.
2. Check the slip control potentiometer.
A. Remove the EDC control panel and disconnect the connectors C120 and C121. While turning the slip
control knob fully clockwise and then fully counter clockwise, measure the resistance between the
component side of connector:
C121 pin 1 (TQ/R) and C120 pin 1 (LN)
C121 pin 1 (TQ/R) and C120 pin 4 (B)
If the resistances indicated are not between 80 – 340 Ohms, replace the control panel.
B. If the EDC control panel is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C120 pin 1 (LN) and C120 pin 4 (B). If
the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 4.
B. If the voltage indicated is not approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 7.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C332. Check between
connector C121 pin 1 (TQ/R) and C332 pin 19 (TQ/R). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector:
C121 pin 1 (TQ/R) and C120 pin 4 (B)
C121 pin 1 (TQ/R) and C120 pin 1 (LN)
If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C121 pin 1 (TQ/R) and ground. If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Check between
connector:
C120 pin 1 (LN) and C333 pin 18 (LN)
C120 pin 4 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)

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If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.


B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 8.
8. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C120 pin 1 (LN) and C120 pin 4 (B)
C120 pin 1 (LN) and ground
C120 pin 4 (B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE 8 – RAISE/WORK SWITCH FAILURE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty raise/work switch
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the raise/work switch in H5.
A. The display will show d0. Move the fast raise/work switch between the raise and work positions several
times, and check the display. If the display does not change, continue to step 8.
B. If the display changes between d0, d3 and d4 the switch and the circuit is okay. If the display shows d3
and d0, continue to step 2.
C. If the display shows d4 and d0, continue to step 5.
2. Check the raise/work switch.
A. Disconnect the raise/work switch connector C240. With the switch in the raise position, check between
the component side of connecor C240 pin F (R/LG/B) and C240 pin E (TQ/W). If an open circuit is indicated,
replace the raise/work switch.
B. If the raise/work switch is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C332. Check between connector C240 pin E
(TQ/W) and C332 pin 15 (TQ/W). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C240 pin E (TQ/W) and C240 pin F (R/LG/B)
C240 pin E (TQ/W) and ground
C240 pin F (R/LG/B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).
5. Check the raise/work switch.
A. With the switch in the work position, check between the component side of connector C240 pin G (TQ/P)
and C240 pin F (R/LG/B). If an open circuit is indicated, replace the raise/work switch.
B. If the switch is okay, continue to step 6.
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C332. Check between connector C240 pin G
(TQ/P) and C332 pin 9 (TQ/P). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C240 pin F (R/LG/B) and C240 pin G (TQ/P)
C240 pin F (R/LG/B) and ground
C240 pin G (TQ/P) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).
8. Check for an open circuit.

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A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the raise/work switch connector C240. Check between connector
C240 pin F (R/LG/B) and fuse 13. If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 9.
9. Check the raise/work switch.
A. Check between the component side of connector:
C240 pin F (R/LG/B) and C240 pin E (TQ/W) with the raise/work switch held in raise position
C240 pin F (R/LG/B) and C240 pin G (TQ/P) with the raise/work switch held in lower position
If an open circuit is indicated in either of the tests, remove and replace the switch.
B. If the switch is okay, continue to step 10.
10. Check for a short circuit.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C332. Check between connector C332 pin 9
(TQ/P) and C332 pin 15 (TQ/W). If a short circuit is indicated, repair the short circuit between connector C332
pin 9 and pin 15 to the raise/work switch connector C240 or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 11.
11. Check for an open circuit.
A. Check between connector C240 pin E (TQ/W) and C332 pin 15 TQ/W). If an open circuit is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 12.
12. Check for an open circuit.
A. Check between connector C240 pin G (TQ/P) and C332 pin 9 (TQ/P. If an open circuit is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE 9 – BOTH EXTERNAL LIFT/LOWER FENDER SWITCHES ARE BEING


OPERATED SIMULTANEOUSLY

Possible failure modes:


1. External lift/lower fender switches sticking
2. Fuse 9
3. Faulty external lift/lower fender switch
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the fender switches are not sticking in the raise or lower position.
A. If the switches are sticking, clean, repair or replace as required.
B. If the fender switches are not sticking, continue to step 2.
2. Check fuse 9.
A. If a fault is indicated with fuse 9, replace the fuse and re–check.
B. If the fuse is okay, continue to step 2.
3. Check the switch in H5.
A. Press and hold each fender switch in turn in the raise position. If the display changes from d0 to d2,
continue to step 8.
B. If the display does not change, continue to step 4.
4. Check for +12 Volts.
A. In diagnostic mode H5, disconnect the fender switch connectors C134 or C135 in turn to indicate which
side does not change the display. Measure the voltage between connector:
C134 pin 3 (G) and ground
C135 pin 3 (G) and ground
If +12 Volts is not indicated, repair the open circuit between C134 pin 3 (G) or C135 pin 3 (G) and fuse 9 or
replace the harness as required.
B. If +12 Volts is indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check the external lift/lower fender switches.
A. Press and hold each switch in the raise position. Check for an open circuit between the component side
of connector:
C134 pin 3 (G) and C134 pin 1 (K/W)
C135 pin 3 (G) and C135 pin 1 (K/W)
If an open circuit is indicated, remove and replace the switch.
B. If the switch is okay, continue to step 6.
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C332. Check between connector:
C332 pin 3 (K/W) and C134 pin 1 (K/W)
C332 pin 3 (K/W) and C135 pin 1 (K/W)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated,continue to step 7.
7. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector:
C134 pin 3 (G) and C134 pin 1 (K/W)
C135 pin 3 (G) and C135 pin 1 (K/W)
If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.

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B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).
8. Check the external lift/lower fender switch in H5.
A. Press and hold each lift/lower fender switch in turn in the lower position. If the display changes from d0
to d1 the lift/lower switch and circuit is okay.
B. If the display does not change, continue to step 9.
9. Check the external lift/lower fender switch.
A. Disconnect the fender switch which does not change the display. Press and hold the switch in the lower
position and check between the component side of connector:
C134 pin 3 (G) and C134 pin 7 (K/G)
C135 pin 3 (G) and C135 pin 7 (K/G)
If an open circuit is indicated, remove and replace the switch.
B. If the switch is okay, continue to step 10.
10. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C332. Check between connector:
C332 pin 22 (K/G) and C134 pin 7 (K/G)
C332 pin 22 (K/G) and C135 pin 7 (K/G)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 11.
11. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector.
C134 pin 3 (G) and C134 pin 7 (K/G)
C135 pin 3 (G) and C135 pin 7 (K/G)
If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE 10 – HEIGHT LIMIT CONTROL VOLTAGE LOW (SHORT OR OPEN CIRCUIT)
ERROR CODE 11 – HEIGHT LIMIT CONTROL VOLTAGE HIGH (DAMAGED
POTENTIOMETER OR SHORT TO +12 VOLTS)

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty height limit control potentiometer
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the height limit control potentiometer in H9 Channel 30.
A. Turn the height limit control knob fully clockwise and then fully counter clockwise. If the values displayed
are not between 84 to 14, continue to step 2.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while still in H9 Channel 30, wiggle the harness and the connectors to
check for an intermittent circuit. Channel 30 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair
or replace as required.
2. Check the height limit control potentiometer.
A. Remove the EDC control panel and disconnect the connectors C120 and C121. While turning the height
control knob fully clockwise and then fully counter clockwise, measure the resistance between the
component side of connector:
C120 pin 7 (K/O) and C120 pin 1 (LN)
C120 pin 7 (K/O) and C120 pin 4 (B)
If the resistances indicated are not between 90 – 360 Ohms (with slip control) and 170 – 520 Ohms (without
slip control), replace the control panel.
B. If the EDC control panel is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C120 pin 1 (LN) and C120 pin 4 (B). If
the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 4.
B. If the voltage indicated is not approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 7.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C332. Check between
connector C120 pin 7 (K/O) and C332 pin 25 (K/O). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector:
C120 pin 7 (K/O) and C120 pin 4 (B)
C120 pin 7 (K/O) and C120 pin 1 (LN)
If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C120 pin 7 (K/O) and ground. If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Check between
connector:
C120 pin 1 (LN) and C333 pin 18 (LN)

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C120 pin 4 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)


If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 8.
8. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector:
C120 pin 1 (LN) and C120 pin 4 (B)
C120 pin 1 (LN) and ground
C120 pin 4 (B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE 12 – DROP RATE CONTROL VOLTAGE LOW (SHORT OR OPEN CIRCUIT)
ERROR CODE 13 – DROP RATE CONTROL VOLTAGE HIGH (DAMAGED
POTENTIOMETER OR SHORT TO +12 VOLTS)

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty drop rate control potentiometer
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the drop rate control potentiometer in H9 Channel 29.
A. Turn the drop rate control knob fully clockwise and then fully counter clockwise. If the values displayed
are not between 84 to 14, continue to step 2.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while still in H9 Channel 29, wiggle the harness and the connectors to
check for an intermittent circuit. Channel 29 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected. Repair
or replace as required.
2. Check the drop rate control potentiometer.
A. Remove the EDC control panel and disconnect the connectors C120 and C121. While turning the drop
rate control knob fully clockwise and then fully counter clockwise, measure the resistance between the
component side of connector:
C120 pin 2 (LN/Y) and C120 pin 1 (LN)
C120 pin 2 (LN/Y) and C120 pin 4 (B)
If the resistances indicated are not between 90 – 360 Ohms (with slip control) and 170 – 520 Ohms (without
slip control), replace the EDC control panel.
B. If the EDC control panel is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C120 pin 1 (LN) and C120 pin 4 (B). If
the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 4.
B. If the voltage indicated is not approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 7.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C332. Check between
connector C120 pin 2 (LN/Y) and C322 pin 5 (LN/Y). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector:
C120 pin 2 (LN/Y) and C120 pin 4 (B)
C120 pin 1 (LN) and C120 pin 2 (LN/Y)
If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C120 pin 2 (LN/Y) and ground. If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Check between
connector:
C120 pin 1 (L/N) and C333 pin 18 (L/N)

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C120 pin 4 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)


If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 8.
8. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector:
C120 pin 1 (LN) and C120 pin 4 (B)
C120 pin 1 (LN) and ground
C120 pin 4 (B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE 14 – OPEN CIRCUIT CONNECTION TO LOAD SENSING PIN, SHORT


CIRCUIT TO GROUND OR FAILED LOAD SENSING PIN
ERROR CODE 15 – LOAD SENSING PIN SHORT CIRCUIT TO +12 VOLTS, FAILED OR
CORRODED LOAD SENSING PIN

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty load sensing pin
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the right hand side load sensing pin connecter C048.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the load sensing pin in H9 channel 33.
A. Where possible, remove any implements to ensure the load sensing pins are not under any draft loading.
If the value displayed is approximately 48, check for an intermittent circuit to the load sensing pin, repair or
replace the harness as required. If the error re–occurs and no intermittent circuit is indicated, download the
correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).
B. If the value displayed in H9 channel 33 is not approximately 48, continue to step 3.
3. Replace the load sensing pin.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Remove and replace the load sensing pin. (If a new pin is not available interchange
the left and right hand load sensing pins). If the error is cleared, remove and replace the faulty sensing pin.
B. If the error re–occurs, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connectors C332 and C333. Disconnect both load sensing
pin connectors C048 and C047. Check between connector:
C048 pin 1 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B).
C048 pin 2 (TN/L) and C332 pin 7 (TN/L)
C048 pin 3 (K) and C332 pin 21 (K)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C048 pin 2 (TN/L) and ground
C048 pin 3 (K) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Check between connector:
C048 pin 1 (B) and ground
C048 pin 2 (TN/L) and ground
C048 pin 3 (K) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE 16 – OPEN CIRCUIT CONNECTION TO LOAD SENSING PIN, SHORT


CIRCUIT TO GROUND OR FAILED LOAD SENSING PIN
ERROR CODE 17 – LOAD SENSING PIN SHORT CIRCUIT TO +12 VOLTS, FAILED OR
CORRODED LOAD SENSING PIN

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty load sensing pin
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the left hand side load sensing pin connecter C047.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the load sensing pin in H9 channel 34.
A. Where possible, remove any implements to ensure the load sensing pins are not under any draft loading.
If the value displayed is approximately 48, check for an intermittent circuit to the load sensing pin, repair or
replace the harness as required. If the error re–occurs and no intermittent circuit is indicated, download the
correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).
B. If the value displayed in H9 channel 34 is not approximately 48, continue to step 3.
3. Replace the load sensing pin.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Remove and replace the load sensing pin. (If a new pin is not available interchange
the left and right hand load sensing pins). If the error is cleared, remove and replace the faulty sensing pin.
B. If the error re–occurs, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connectors C332 and C333. Disconnect both load sensing
pin connectors C048 and C047. Check between connector:
C047 pin 1 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)
C047 pin 2 (TLN/LTG) and C332 pin 26 (TLN/LTG)
C047 pin 3 (K) and C332 pin 21 (K)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C047 pin 2 (TLN/LTG) and ground
C047 pin 3 (K) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Check between connector:
C047 pin 1 (B) and ground
C047 pin 2 (TLN/TG) and ground
C047 pin 3 (K) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 323

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ERROR CODE 18 – BOTH LOAD SENSING PINS DISCONNECTED

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check both load sensing pin connectors C048 and C047.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Visually check the harness to both pins for any damage.
A. If the harness is damaged, repair or replace as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 3
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connectors C332 and C333. Disconnect both load sensing
pin connectors C048 and C047. Check between connector:
C048 pin 1 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)
C048 pin 2 (TN/L) and C332 pin 7 (TN/L)
C048 pin 3 (K) and C332 pin 21 (K)
C047 pin 1 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)
C047 pin 2 (TLN/LTG) and C332 pin 26 (TLN/LTG)
C047 pin 3 (K) and C332 pin 21 (K)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 327

ERROR CODE 19 – PIN REFERENCE VOLTAGE LESS THAN 8 VOLTS (SHORT OR OPEN
CIRCUIT)
ERROR CODE 20 – PIN REFERENCE VOLTAGE GREATER THAN 8 VOLTS (SHORT TO
+12 VOLTS)

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty load sensing pin
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the 8 Volts sensor supply in H9 channel 15.
A. If the value displayed is approximately 80, check for an intermittent circuit to the load sensing pin, repair
or replace the harness as required. If the error re–occurs and no intermittent circuit is indicated, download
the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).
B. If the value displayed is not approximately 80, continue to step 2.
2. Check for + 8 Volts.
A. Disconnect both load sensing pin connectors C048 and C047. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector:
C048 pin 3 (K) and C048 pin 1 (B)
C047 pin 3 (K) and C047 pin 1 (B)
If the voltage indicated is approximately 8 Volts, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs,
remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).
B. If the voltage indicated is not approximately 8 Volts, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C332. Check between
connector:
C047 pin 2 (TLN/TG) and C332 pin 26 (TLN/TG)
C048 pin 2 (TNL) and C332 pin 7 (TNL)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Replace the load sensing pin(s).
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Remove and replace the load sensing pin(s).
B. Turn the keystart ON. If the error re–occurs, refit the old load sensing pins and continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to ground.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connectors C332, C047 and C048. Check between connector:
C048 pin 3 (K) and ground
C047 pin 3 (K) and ground
If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to +12 Volts.
A. With the microprocessor connectors still disconnected, turn the keystart ON. Check between connector:
C047 pin 3 (K) and ground
C047 pin 3 (K) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair the short to +12 Volts or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE 21 – DRAFT SENSITIVITY CONTROL VOLTAGE LOW (SHORT OR OPEN


CIRCUIT)
ERROR CODE 22 – DRAFT SENSITIVITY CONTROL VOLTAGE HIGH (DAMAGED
POTENTIOMETER OR SHORT TO +12 VOLTS)

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty draft sensitivity control potentiometer
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the draft sensitivity control potentiometer in H9 Channel 31.
A. Turn the draft sensitivity control knob fully clockwise and then fully counter clockwise. If the values
displayed are not between 84 to 14, continue to step 2.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while still in H9 Channel 31, wiggle the harness and the connectors to
check for an intermittent circuit. Channel 31 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair
or replace as required.
2. Check the draft sensitivity control potentiometer.
A. Remove the EDC control panel and disconnect the connectors C120 and C121. While turning the draft
sensitivity control knob fully clockwise and then fully counter clockwise, measure the resistance between the
component side of connector:
C120 pin 3 (LN/W) and C120 pin 1 (LN)
C120 pin 3 (LN/W) and C120 pin 4 (B)
If the resistances indicated are not between 90 – 360 Ohms (with slip control) and 170 – 520 Ohms (without
slip control), replace the control panel.
B. If the EDC control panel is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C120 pin 1 (LN) and C120 pin 4 (B). If
the voltage is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 4.
B. If the voltage indicated is not approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 7.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C332. Check between
connector C120 pin 3 (LN/W) and C332 pin 11 (LN/W). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector:
C120 pin 3 (LN/W) and C120 pin 4 (B)
C120 pin 3 (LN) and C120 pin 1 (LN)
If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between C120 pin 3 (LN/W) and ground. If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness
as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the microprocessor connector C333. Check between connector:
C120 pin 1 (L/N) and C333 pin 18 (L/N)

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C120 pin 4 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)


If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 8.
8. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector:
C120 pin 1 (LN) and C120 pin 4 (B)
C120 pin 1 (LN) and ground
C120 pin 4 (B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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ERROR CODE 23 – CONTROL PANEL DISCONNECTED

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty EDC control panel
3. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the EDC control panel connecters C120 and C121.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Visually check the harness to the control panel for any damage.
A. If the harness is damaged, repair or replace as required.
B. If the harness is not damaged, continue to step 3.
3. Check all harness connectors are connected.
A. If any connectors are disconnected, connect the connectors as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the EDC control panel.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 335

ERROR CODE 24 – PERFORM HYDRAULIC


LIFT CALIBRATION

Calibration of Lift Arm Potentiometers and Lift


Control Pod
This procedure is required whenever:–
The lift arm position sensing potentiometer, lift
control pod or EDC valve have been replaced.
or
The microprocessor has been replaced or its
memory has been reset using Diagnostic Menu H8.
TIA35183

77
1. Lower lift arms and disconnect vertical rods from
hanger on automatic pick–up hitch (where fitted).
This will allow the lift arms to raise to their
maximum position.
2. Position raise/work switch (1) to work position.

78
3. Turn all the EDC operator controls fully
clockwise.
NOTE: If the height limit control has not been turned
fully clockwise to the maximum height position, the
Error Code HL will be displayed.

79
4. Start engine and set speed to 1100 rpm.
5. Move the lift control lever anti–clockwise and
fully lower the lift.

80

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336 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6. Fully raise the hydraulic lift and ensure pick–up


hitch rods do not catch or jam on lift linkage.
When the lift arms reach the fully raised position
the pump will momentarily reach high pressure
standby.

81
7. Check that the lift arm position display increases
to 99.

82
8. Reconnect and adjust the rod on the automatic
pick–up hitch as follows:–
Move the lift control lever forward sufficiently to
to allow the lift arms to lower slightly.
Reconnect the pick–up hitch lift rods.
Adjust the length of the lift rods so that when the
hydraulic lift is fully raised using the external
fender switches, the lift rods are slightly loose.
9. Check that the automatic pick–up hitch operates
correctly.

83

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 337

CALIBRATION OF THE EDC VALVE


This calibration is required if either the EDC valve or
the microprocessor has been replaced or its memory
has been reset using Diagnostic Menu H8.
Perform the calibration with warm hydraulic oil and a
suitable implement or weight mounted on the
hydraulic lift. The weight of the implement should be
sufficient to overcome any friction in the hydraulic lift
assembly and enable the lift arms to lower without
binding.
1. Enter H1 mode, using the diagnostic tool.
Refer to Section 55
or
84
2. Press and hold fast raise lower switch (1) in
lowering position against the spring and at the
same time start the engine.

85
3. The display will change to CA or CAL depending
on instrument

86
Transmission oil temperature will be displayed in
‘Display of Gears’

87

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338 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4. Capture the hitch then fully lower and fully raise


the hydraulic lift.
5. Leave the hitch in the fully raised position while
it does a series of three very small raise/lower
corrections.

TIA35205

88
Each time the hitch makes a correction the
display will progressively change from 0 to 1 to
2 and then En or End depending on type of
instrument cluster installed.

89
6. Key off the tractor to store the calibrations.

90
NOTE: Calibration can be performed several times
to provide a better average of the valve thresholds.
The thresholds (the current required to start the EDC
valve raise and lower solenoids to operate) may be
viewed in mode H3 and are displayed in amps x 100,
i.e. 0.530 amps will be displayed as 53. The raise
threshold is displayed first followed by the lower.

TIA35205
91

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 339

Valve Calibration Review


(H3 Diagnostic Routine)
(Analogue Electronic Instrument Cluster Shown)
1. Enter the diagnostic routine and depress the
button on the diagnostic switch ‘three times’ until
the display on the instrument panel changes to
‘H3’.

92
2. After approximately 4 seconds the display will
change to show the EDC valve solenoid raise
and lower thresholds.
The threshold values will differ for each tractor
with a nominal value of approximately 50.

93

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340 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE 25 – POSITION LEVER POTENTIOMETER CONTROL VOLTAGE LOW


(SHORT OR OPEN CIRCUIT)
ERROR CODE 26 – POSITION LEVER POTENTIOMETER CONTROL VOLTAGE HIGH
(DAMAGED POTENTIOMETER OR SHORT TO +12 VOLTS)

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty position lever potentiometer
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the position lever potentiometer for any damage.
A. If the potentiometer is damaged, remove and replace the potentiometer.
B. If the potentiometer is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the position lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 28.
A. Fully lower and then raise the position lever. If the values displayed are not between 9 to 83, continue to
step 3.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while still in H9 Channel 28, wiggle the harness and the connectors to
check for an intermittent circuit. Channel 28 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair
or replace as required.
3. Check the position lever potentiometer.
A. Disconnect the EDC control unit connector C240. While fully lowering and then raising the position lever,
measure the resistance between the component side of connector:
C240 pin A (LN/B) and C240 pin D (B)
C240 pin A (LN/B) and C240 pin C (LN)
If the values indicated do not range between 100 – 600 Ohms, remove and replace the EDC control unit.
B. If the EDC control unit is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C240 pin D (B) and C240 pin C (LN). If
the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 5.
B. If the voltage indicated is not approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 8.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C332. Check between
connector C240 pin A (LN/B) and C332 pin 17 (LN/B). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector:
C240 pin A (N/B) and C240 pin D (B)
C240 pin A (LN/B) and C240 pin C (LN)
If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C240 pin A (LN/B) and ground, If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 341

8. Check for an open circuit.


A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller connector (CFPS) C333. Check between
connector:
C240 pin D (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)
C240 pin C (LN) and C333 pin 18 (LN)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 9.
9. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C240 pin C (LN) and C240 pin D (B)
C240 pin C (LN) and ground
C240 pin D (B) and ground
If a short circuit or a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 343

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344 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE 27 – LIFT ARM POSITION SENSING CONTROL VOLTAGE LOW (SHORT OR
OPEN CIRCUIT)
ERROR CODE 28 – LIFT ARM POSITION SENSING CONTROL VOLTAGE HIGH (DAMAGED
POTENTIOMETER OR SHORT TO +12 VOLTS)

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty lift arm position sensing control potentiometer
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the lift arm position sensing potentiometer and its linkage for any damage.
A. If the potentiometer or linkage is damaged, repair or replace as required.
B. If the potentiometer and the linkage is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the lift arm position sensing potentiometer in H9 Channel 27.
A. Fully lower and then raise the hydraulic lift arms. (Ensure the pick up hitch lift rods do not restrict the
maximum movement of the arms). If the values displayed are not between 79 to 15, continue to step 3.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while still in H9 Channel 27, wiggle the harness and the connectors to
check for an intermittent circuit. Channel 27 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair
or replace as required.
3. Check the lift arm position sensing potentiometer.
A. Disconnect the potentiometer linkage connector C052 and remove the potentiometer. While turning the
potentiometer, measure the resistance between the component side of connector:
C052 pin 2 (B) and C052 pin 1 (LN)
C052 pin 2 (B) and C052 pin 3 (B)
If the resistances indicated do not range between approximately 1.0 – 4.0K Ohms, replace the lift arm
position sensing potentiometer.
B. If the values are okay, refit the potentiometer and continue to step 4.
4. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C052 pin 1 (LN) and C052 pin 3 (B). If
the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 5.
B. If the voltage indicated is not approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 8.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller connector C332. Check between connector
C052 pin 2 (B) and C332 pin 23 (B). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector:
C052 pin 2 (B) and C052 pin 3 (B)
C052 pin 1 (LN) and C052 pin 3 (B)
If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C052 pin 2 (B) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 345

8. Check for an open circuit.


A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller connector (CFPS) C333. Check between
connector:
C052 pin 1 (LN) and C333 pin 18 (LN).
C052 pin 3 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B).
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 9.
9. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check for a short circuit between:
C052 pin 1 (LN) and C052 pin 3 (B)
C052 pin 1 (B) and ground
C052 pin 3 (B) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 347

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348 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE 29 – HYDRAULIC CONTROL VALVE DISCONNECTED

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty hydraulic control valve solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the hydraulic control valve solenoid connectors C217 and C218.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as necessary.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Visibly check the harness to the for any damage.
A. Check the harness from the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C217 and C218 for damage. If
damage to the harness is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 349

ERROR CODE 30 – SIGNAL GROUND OPEN CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty EDC control panel
3. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the EDC control panel connectors C120 and C121. Disconnect the secondary controller
connector C333. Check between connector C120 pin 4 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B), if an open circuit is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 2.
2. Check for an open circuit.
A. Check between the component side of connector C120 pin 1 (LN) and C120 pin 4 (B), If an open circuit
is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 3.
3. Check the EDC control panel.
A. Measure the resistance between the component side of connector C120 pin 1 (LN) and C120 pin 4 (B).
If the resistance indicated is not between approximately 300 – 500 Ohms, remove and replace the EDC
control panel.
B. If the EDC control panel is okay, check the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Ensure the
connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is tight. Repair or
replace as required.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 351

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352 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE 31 – CHASSIS HARNESS DISCONNECTED

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the chassis harness connectors C019, C020 and C317.
A. Ensure the chassis harness connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and
the fit is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the chassis harness connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Visually check the chassis harness for any damage.
A. If the harness is damaged, repair or replace as required.
B. If harness okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for other error codes.
A. Continue to test for error code 18, but do not replace the secondary controller (CFPS) at this stage.
B. If error code 31 is still indicated, continue to test for error codes 27 and 28.

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354 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE 32 – DRAFT LOAD POTENTIOMETER SHORTED TO +12V

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty harness
2. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Disconnect the EDC control unit connector C240. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between
connector C240 pin D (B) and C240 pin C (LN). If the voltage is approximately +5 Volts, download the correct
level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).
B. If the voltage is greater than +5 Volts, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short to +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Turn the keystart
ON. Check between connector:
C240 pin D (B) and ground
C240 pin C (LN) and ground
If a short to +12 Volts is indicated repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 357

ERROR CODE 33 – DRAFT CONTROL POTENTIOMETER OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT


GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EDC control unit
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the EDC control unit connector C240. Disconnect the secondary controller connectors C332
and C333. Check between connector:
C240 pin B (B/U) and C332 pin 13 (B/U)
C240 pin C (LN) and C333 pin 18 (LN)
C240 pin D (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C240 pin C (LN) and C240 pin D (B)
C240 pin B and ground
C240 pin C and ground
C240 pin D and ground
If a short circuit or a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the EDC control unit. If the error is still indicated, refit the old
EDC control unit and download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the
secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 359

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360 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE 49 – OUTPUT SPEED SENSOR OPEN OR SHORT CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty harness
2. Faulty output speed sensor
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for transmission error F49 or F50 being displayed.
A. If F49 or F50 is displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If only error code 49 is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the output speed sensor in H9 Channel 9.
A. If the value displayed is approximately 64, check for an intermittent open or short circuit. If an intermittent
open or short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the output speed sensor connector C038. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS)
connectors C330 and C333. Check between connector:
C038 pin 2 (Y/N/B) and C330 pin 9 (Y/N/B)
C038 pin 3 (B) and C333 pin 33 (B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check for a short circuit between connector:
C038 pin 2 (Y/N/B) and C038 pin 3 (B)
C038 pin 2 (Y/N/B) and ground
C038 pin 3 (B) and ground
If a short circuit or a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the output speed sensor.
A. Disconnect connector C038. Measure the resistance between the component side of connector C038 pin
1 (R/LTG/B) and C038 pin 2 (Y/N/B). If the resistance indicated is not approximately 0.80K Ohms – 1.2K
Ohms, remove and replace the output speed sensor.
B. If the output speed sensor is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove
and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 363

ERROR CODE 53 – MICROPROCESSOR 5 VOLT REFERENCE SHORTED TO +12 VOLTS

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty harness
2. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the +5 Volt sensor supply reference in H9 Channel 14.
A. If the value displayed is greater than 49 and error code 53 is displayed, continue to step 2.
B. If the value displayed is less than 49 and error code 53 is not displayed, continue to step 4.
2. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Disconnect the EDC control panel connectors C120 and C121. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector C120 pin 1 (LN) and C120 pin 4 (B). If the voltage indicated is less than +5 Volts,
download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the secondary controller
(CFPS).
B. If the voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to +12 Volts.
A. Check for a short circuit to +12 Volts from the battery or fuse panel. If a short circuit is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).
4. Check for an intermittent short to +12 Volts.
A. Check for an intermittent short circuit to +12 Volts from the battery or fuse panel. If a short circuit is
indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 365

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366 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE 54 – MICROPROCESSOR 5 VOLT REFERENCE SHORTED TO GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty harness
2. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the +5 Volt sensor supply reference in H9 Channel 14.
A. If the value displayed is less than 49 and error code 54 is displayed, continue to step 2.
B. If the value displayed is greater than 49 and error code 54 is not displayed, continue to step 5.
2. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Disconnect the EDC control panel connectors C120 and C121. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector C120 pin 1 (LN) and C120 pin 4 (B). If the voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts,
download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the secondary controller
(CFPS).
B. If the voltage indicated is less than +5 Volts, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller connectors C333. Check between connector
C333 pin 33 (B) and C333 pin 18 (LN). If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C333 pin 18 (LN) and ground. If a short a short to ground is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).
5. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check for an intermittent short to ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness
as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 369

ERROR CODE 57 – EDC MICROPROCESSOR FAILURE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty harness
2. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check fuse 12.
A. If a fault is indicated with fuse 12, continue to step 2.
B. If the fuse is okay, continue to step 4.
2. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller connector (CFPS) C330. Disconnect the central controller (XCM)
connectors C324, C327 and C328. Check between connector:
C328 pin 34 (N/R/B) and ground
C328 pin 25 (N/R/B) and ground
C324 pin 8 (N/R/B) and ground
C330 pin 26 (N/R/B) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required and replace the fuse.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an intermittent short circuit.
A. Replace fuse 12. Turn the keystart OFF and ON. If the error code is still displayed, download the correct
level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).
B. If the error code is not displayed, check for an intermittent short circuit. If an intermittent short circuit is
indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector:
C328 pin 34 (N/R/B) and fuse 12
C328 pin 25 (N/R/B) and fuse 12
C324 pin 8 (N/R/B) and fuse 12
C330 pin 26 (N/R/B) and fuse 12
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 371

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 373

ERROR CODE 59 – MICROPROCESSOR REFERENCE VOLTAGE OPEN CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty harness
2. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the +5 Volt sensor supply reference in H9 channel 14.
A. If the value displayed is approximately 49, continue to step 4.
B. If the value displayed is not approximately 49, continue to step 2.
2. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Disconnect the EDC control panel connectors C120 and C121. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector C120 pin 1 (LN) and C120 pin 4 (B). If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts,
download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the secondary controller
(CFPS).
B. If the voltage indicated is not approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller connector C333. Check between connector:
C333 pin 18 (LN) and C120 pin 1 (LN)
C333 pin 33 (B) and C120 pin 4 (B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).
4. Check for an intermittent open circuit.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C333. Check between connector C333 pin 18
(LN) and C120 pin 1 (LN). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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376 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE 63 – EDC HYDRAULIC VALVE LOWER SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT


ERROR CODE 65 – EDC HYDRAULIC VALVE LOWER SOLENOID SHORT CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EDC valve lower solenoid
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the EDC valve lower solenoid.
A. Disconnect the EDC valve lower solenoid connector C218. Measure the resistance between the solenoid
terminals. If the resistance indicated is not approximately 8 Ohms, remove and replace the EDC valve lower
solenoid.
B. If the solenoid is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C218 pin 1 (K/R) and ground. If the
voltage indicated is approximately +12 Volts, continue to step 4.
B. If the voltage indicated is not approximately +12 Volts, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330. Check between
connector:
C330 pin 7 (K/G/B) and C218 pin 2 (K/G/B)
C330 pin 24 (K/R) and C218 pin 1 (K/R)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330. Check between
connector:
C330 pin 24 (K/R) and C330 pin 7 (K/G/B)
C330 pin 24 (K/R) and ground
C330 pin 7 (K/G/B) and ground
If a short circuit or a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 379

ERROR CODE 64 – EDC HYDRAULIC VALVE RAISE SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT


ERROR CODE 66 – EDC HYDRAULIC VALVE RAISE SOLENOID SHORT CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EDC valve raise solenoid
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the EDC valve raise solenoid.
A. Disconnect the EDC valve raise solenoid connector C217. Measure the resistance between the solenoid
terminals. If the resistance indicated is not approximately 8 Ohms, remove and replace the EDC valve raise
solenoid.
B. If the solenoid is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C217 pin 1 (K/Y) and ground. If the
voltage indicated is approximately +12 Volts, continue to step 4.
B. If the voltage indicated is not approximately +12 Volts, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330. Check between
connector:
C330 pin 25 (K/Y) and C217 pin 1 (K/Y)
C330 pin 6 (K/Y/B) and C217 pin 2 (K/Y/B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330. Check between
connector:
C330 pin 6 (K/Y/B) and C330 pin 25 (K/Y)
C330 pin 6 (K/Y/B) and ground
C330 pin 25 (K/Y) and ground
If a short circuit or a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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382 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE 67 – EDC HYDRAULIC VALVE SUPPLY VOLTAGE TOO LOW

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty harness
2. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the +12 Volt reference in H9 channel 13.
A. If the value displayed is approximately 42, continue to test for error codes 63 to 66.
B. If the value displayed is not approximately 42, continue to step 2.
2. Check for +12 Volts at fuse 12.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage at fuse 12, If the voltage indicated is approximately +12 Volts,
continue to step 3.
B. If the voltage indicated is not okay, check the supply from the battery to fuse 12.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330. Check between
connector C330 pin 26 (N/R/B) and fuse 12. If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as
required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 385

ERROR CODE 69 – CONTROL LEVER EDC RAISE/LOWER SWITCH FAILURE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty control lever EDC raise/lower switch
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty secondary controller (CFPS)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the control lever EDC raise/lower switch
A. Disconnect the control lever EDC raise/lower switch connector C103. While depressing the lower switch,
measure the resistance between the component side of connector C103 pin 6 (MG107–O) and C103 pin
2 (G/B/S). If the resistance indicated is not approximately 560 Ohms, remove and replace the raise/lower
switch.
B. If the resistance indicated is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the control lever EDC raise/lower switch
A. While depressing the lift switch, measure the resistance between the component side of connector C103
pin 5 (MG106–O) and C103 pin 2 (G/B/S). If the resistance indicated is not approximately 560 Ohms, remove
and replace the raise/lower switch.
B. If the switch is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C332. Check between connector:
C103 pin 5 (MG106–O) and C332 pin 24 (MG106–O)
C103 pin 6 (MG107–O) and C332 pin 18 (MG107–O)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C332 pin 18 (MG107–O) and C332 pin 24 (MG106–O)
C322 pin 18 (MG107–O) and ground
C332 pin 24 (MG106–O) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +5 Volts
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C103 pin 2 (G/B/S) and ground. if the
voltage indicated is less than approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 6.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, download the correct level of software. If the fault
re–occurs, remove and replace the secondary controller (CFPS).
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the secondary controller connector C333. Check between connector
C103 pin 2 (G/B/S) and C333 pin 18 (LN). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as
required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the secondary controller (CFPS).

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NOTES PAGE

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 389

SUSPENDED FRONT AXLE FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


Fault
Code Fault description
L01 Lockout valve raising solenoid not working
L02 Raising solenoid not working
L03 Lowering solenoid not working
L04 Front axle potentiometer threshold is higher than the set limit
L05 Front axle potentiometer threshold is lower than the set limit
L06 The suspension is not calibrated
L07 Front axle weight has been reduced but the suspension is unable to reset nominal
height
L08 Front axle weight has been increased but the suspension is unable to reset nominal
height
L09 Lockout valve lowering solenoid not working

Calibration Fault Code Listing

U01 Front axle potentiometer open circuit


U02 Front axle potentiometer threshold is higher than the set limit
U03 Front axle potentiometer short circuit
U04 Front axle potentiometer threshold is lower than the set limit
U05 Front suspension is not reaching minimum and maximum position during the auto
calibration procedure
U06 Not used
U07 Suspension is stationary during the raise command in the auto calibration procedure
U08 Suspension is unable to reach maximum height within 20 seconds
U09 Suspension is stationary during the lowering command in the auto calibration
procedure
U10 Suspension is unable to reach the minimum height within 25 seconds
U11 Unable to calibrate the suspension
U12 Auto calibration procedure stopped/vehicle not stationary

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390 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE L01 – LOCKOUT VALVE RAISING SOLENOID NOT WORKING

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the lockout valve raising solenoid connector C252 (identified with a Yellow Band) and the front
suspension connector C248.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C252 and the central controller (XCM) connectors C324 and
C326. Check between connector:
C252 pin 1 (O/U/S) and C324 pin 6 (O/U/S)
C252 pin 2 (O/Y/S) and C326 pin 6 (O/Y/S)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the solenoid.

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392 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 393

ERROR CODE L02 – RAISING SOLENOID NOT WORKING

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the raising solenoid connector C251 (identified with a Red Band) and the front suspension connector
C248.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C251 and the central controller (XCM) connectors C324 and
C326. Check between connector:
C251 pin 1 (O/B/S) and C324 pin 9 (O/B/S)
C251 pin 2 (O/G/S) and C326 pin 8 (O/G/S)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the solenoid.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 395

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396 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE L03 – LOWERING SOLENOID NOT WORKING

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the lowering solenoid connector C249 (identified with a Green Band) and the front suspension
connector C248.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C249 and the central controller (XCM) connectors C324 and
C326. Check between connector:
C249 pin 1 (O/N/S) and C324 pin 10 (O/N/S)
C249 pin 2 (O/L/S) and C326 pin 1 (O/L/S)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the solenoid.

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398 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 399

ERROR CODE L04 – FRONT AXLE POTENTIOMETER THRESHOLD IS HIGHER THAN THE
SET LIMIT
ERROR CODE L05 – FRONT AXLE POTENTIOMETER THRESHOLD IS LOWER THAN THE
SET LIMIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Incorrect potentiometer linkage length
2. Faulty potentiometer linkage
3. Faulty connector
4. Faulty potentiometer
5. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the front axle potentiometer connector C253 and the front suspension connector C248.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the calibration values.
A. Perform the auto calibration procedure (ACP). Record the higher and lower potentiometer values
displayed. If the values displayed are greater than 970 and less than 150, check the potentiometer linkage
length is 97mm and that no damage to the linkage is indicated. Adjust, repair or replace as required and
perform the ACP.
B. If the potentiometer linkage is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the front axle potentiometer connector C253, and the central controller
(XCM) connectors C324 and C325. Check between connector:
C253 pin 1 (O) and C325 pin 17 (PC71–Y)
C253 pin 2 (O) and C325 pin 7 (O)
C253 pin 3 (B) and C324 pin 23 (B)
C253 pin 3 (B) and ground
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground
A. Check between connector:
C253 pin 1 (O) and C253 pin 2 (O)
C253 pin 1 (O) and C253 pin 3 (B)
C253 pin 2 (O) and C253 pin 3 (B)
C253 pin 1 (O) and ground
C253 pin 2 (O) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the potentiometer in H9 Channel 39.
A. Remove the potentiometer from the mounting and leave the connector connected. Turn the potentiometer
fully clockwise and counter clockwise. If the values displayed are not approximately 12 – 84, replace the
potentiometer and perform the ACP.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 401

97mm

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402 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE L06 – THE SUSPENSION IS NOT CALIBRATED

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Perform the auto calibration procedure (ACP).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 403

ERROR CODE L07 – FRONT AXLE WEIGHT HAS BEEN REDUCED BUT THE SUSPENSION
IS UNABLE TO RESET NOMINAL HEIGHT
ERROR CODE L08 – FRONT AXLE WEIGHT HAS BEEN INCREASED BUT THE
SUSPENSION IS UNABLE TO RESET NOMINAL HEIGHT

Possible failure modes:


1. Incorrect calibration
2. Incorrect potentiometer linkage length
3. Faulty potentiometer linkage

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes.
A. Perform the auto calibration procedure (ACP). If any ‘U’ error codes are displayed during the ACP,
continue to the test for the ‘U’ error code that is displayed.
B. If no other error code is being displayed, continue to step 2
2. Check the potentiometer linkage length.
A. Check the potentiometer linkage length is 97mm and that no damage to the linkage is indicated. Adjust,
repair or replace as required and perform the ACP.

97mm

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
404 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE L09 – LOCKOUT VALVE LOWER SOLENOID NOT WORKING

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the lockout valve lower solenoid connector C250 (identified with a Black Band) and the front
suspension connector C248.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C250 and the central controller (XCM) connectors C324 and
C326. Check between connector:
C250 pin 1 (T/NG/Y) and C324 pin 13 (T/NG/Y)
C250 pin 2 (T/NK/Y) and C326 pin 7 (T/NK/Y)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the solenoid.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 405

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406 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 407

ERROR CODE U01 – FRONT AXLE POTENTIOMETER OPEN CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty potentiometer
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the front axle potentiometer connector C253 and the central controller
(XCM) connectors C325 and C324. Check between connector:
C253 pin 1 (O) and C325 pin 17 (PC71–Y)
C253 pin 2 (O) and C325 pin 7 (O)
C253 pin 3 (B) and C324 pin 23 (B)
If an open or short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check connector C253.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the 5 Volt reference in H9 channel 5
A. If the approximate value displayed is not 49, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).
B. If the value displayed is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the calibration values.
A. Perform the auto calibration procedure (ACP) and record the higher and lower potentiometer values
displayed.
B. If the values displayed are less than 150, continue to step 5.
5. Check the potentiometer in H9 Channel 39.
A. Remove the potentiometer from the mounting and leave the connector connected. Turn the potentiometer
fully clockwise and counter clockwise. If the values displayed are not approximately 12 – 84, replace the
potentiometer and perform the ACP.

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408 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 409

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410 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE U02 – FRONT AXLE POTENTIOMETER THRESHOLD IS HIGHER THAN THE
SET LIMIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Incorrect potentiometer linkage length
2. Faulty potentiometer linkage
3. Faulty connector
4. Faulty potentiometer
5. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the front axle potentiometer connector C253.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the calibration values.
A. Perform the auto calibration procedure (ACP). Record the higher potentiometer value displayed. If the
value displayed is greater than 970, check the potentiometer linkage length is 97mm and that no damage
to the linkage is indicated. Adjust, repair or replace as required and perform the ACP.
B. If the potentiometer linkage is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the front axle potentiometer connector C253, and the central controller
(XCM) connectors C324 and C325. Check between connector:
C253 pin 1 (O) and C325 pin 17 (PC71–Y)
C253 pin 2 (O) and C325 pin 7 (O)
C253 pin 3 (B) and C324 pin 23 (B)
C253 pin 3 (B) and ground
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground
A. Check between connector:
C253 pin 1 (O) and C253 pin 2 (O)
C253 pin 1 (O) and C253 pin 3 (B)
C253 pin 2 (O) and C253 pin 3 (B)
C253 pin 1 (O) and ground
C253 pin 2 (O) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the potentiometer in H9 Channel 39.
A. Remove the potentiometer from the mounting and leave the connector connected. Turn the potentiometer
fully clockwise and counter clockwise. If the values displayed are not approximately 12 – 84, replace the
potentiometer and perform the ACP.

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97mm

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 413

ERROR CODE U03 – FRONT AXLE POTENTIOMETER SHORT CIRCUIT


AUTO CALIBRATION PROCEDURE WILL NOT WORK

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty potentiometer
3. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the front axle potentiometer connector C253 and the central controller
(XCM) connectors C325 and C324. Check between connector:
C253 pin 1 (O) and C253 pin 2 (O)
C253 pin 1 (O) and C253 pin 3 (B)
C253 pin 2 (O) and C253 pin 3 (B)
If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the harness connector C269.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the potentiometer using H9 Channel 39.
A. Remove the potentiometer from the mounting and leave the connector connected. Turn the potentiometer
fully clockwise and counter clockwise. If the values displayed are not approximately 12 – 84, replace the
potentiometer and perform the auto calibration procedure (ACP).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 415

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6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 417

ERROR CODE U04 – FRONT AXLE POTENTIOMETER THRESHOLD IS LOWER THAN THE
SET LIMIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Incorrect potentiometer linkage length
2. Faulty potentiometer linkage
3. Faulty connector
4. Faulty potentiometer
5. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the front axle potentiometer connector C253.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the calibration values.
A. Perform the auto calibration procedure (ACP), and record the lower potentiometer value displayed. If the
value displayed is less than 150, check the potentiometer linkage length is 97mm and that no damage to
the linkage is indicated. Adjust, repair or replace as required and perform the ACP.
B. If the potentiometer linkage is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C253, and the central controller (XCM) connectors C324
and C325. Check between connector:
C253 pin 1 (O) and C325 pin 17 (PC71–Y)
C253 pin 2 (O) and C325 pin 7 (O)
C253 pin 3 (B) and C324 pin 23 (B)
C253 pin 3 (B) and ground
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit or short to ground
A. Check between connector:
C253 pin 1 (O) and C253 pin 2 (O)
C253 pin 1 (O) and C253 pin 3 (B)
C253 pin 2 (O) and C253 pin 3 (B)
C253 pin 1 (O) and ground
C253 pin 2 (O) and ground
If a short circuit or short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the potentiometer in H9 Channel 39.
A. Remove the potentiometer from the mounting and leave the connector connected. Turn the potentiometer
fully clockwise and counter clockwise. If the values displayed are not approximately 12 – 84, replace the
potentiometer and perform the ACP.

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6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 419

97mm

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420 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE U05 – FRONT SUSPENSION IS NOT REACHING MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM
POSITION DURING THE AUTO CALIBRATION PROCEDURE

Possible failure modes:


1. Incorrect potentiometer linkage length
2. Faulty potentiometer
3. Mechanical fault with front suspension
4. Faulty potentiometer
5. Faulty hydraulic cylinder

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the calibration values.
A. Perform the auto calibration procedure (ACP), Record the higher and lower potentiometer values
displayed. If the difference between the higher and lower value is less than 150, inspect the front suspension
for any mechanical faults restricting travel or a hydraulic cylinder fault. Check the potentiometer linkage
length is 97mm and that no damage to the linkage is indicated. Adjust, repair or replace as required and
perform the ACP.
B. If all of the above are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the potentiometer in H9 Channel 39.
A. Remove the potentiometer from the mounting and leave the connector connected. Turn the potentiometer
fully clockwise and counter clockwise. If the values displayed are not approximately 12 – 84, replace the
potentiometer and perform the ACP.

97mm

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 421

ERROR CODE U07 – SUSPENSION IS STATIONARY DURING THE RAISE COMMAND IN


THE AUTO CALIBRATION PROCEDURE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty high pressure hydraulic circuit
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Mechanical fault with front suspension
5. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the raising solenoid connector C251 (identified with a Red Band) and the front suspension connector
C248.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the hydraulic lift and remote valves are operating correctly.
A. If they are not working correctly, check the high pressure hydraulic circuit.
B. If they are working correctly, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C251 and the central controller (XCM) connectors C326 and
C324. Check between connector:
C251 pin 1 (O/B/S) and C324 pin 9 (O/B/S)
C251 pin 2 (O/G/S) and C326 pin 8 (O/G/S)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for damage.
A. Inspect the front suspension for any mechanical faults or a hydraulic cylinder fault. Check the
potentiometer for damage. Repair or replace as required and perform the auto calibration procedure (ACP).
B. If all of the above are okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the ACP.
A. Disconnect the implement and perform the ACP.
B. If the error re–occurs, continue to step 6.
6. Check the solenoid valves.
A. Depressurise the suspension system and interchange the raise and lower solenoid valves. Perform the
ACP, if fault now occurs on the lowering cycle, depressurise the suspension system and replace the solenoid
valve assembly.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
422 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 423

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
424 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE U08 – SUSPENSION IS UNABLE TO REACH MAXIMUM HEIGHT WITHIN 20


SECONDS

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty high pressure hydraulic circuit
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Mechanical fault with front suspension
5. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the raising solenoid connector C249 (identified with a green band) nd the front suspension connector
C248.
A. Ensure the connector are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the hydraulic lift and remote valves are operating correctly.
A. If they are not working correctly, check the high pressure hydraulic circuit.
B. If they are working correctly, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connectors C249, C251 and the central controller (XCM) connectors
C326 and C324. Check between connector:
C249 pin 1 (O/N/S) and C324 pin 10 (O/N/S)
C249 pin 2 (O/L/S) and C326 pin 1 (O/L/S)
C251 pin 1 (O/B/S) and C324 pin 9 (O/B/S)
C251 pin 2 (O/G/S) and C326 pin 8 (O/G/S)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for damage.
A. Inspect the front suspension for any mechanical faults or a hydraulic cylinder fault. Check the
potentiometer for damage. Repair or replace as required and perform the auto calibration procedure (ACP).
B. If all of the above are okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the ACP.
A. Disconnect the implement and perform the ACP.
B. If the error re–occurs, continue to step 6.
6. Check the solenoid valves.
A. Depressurise the suspension system and interchange the raise and lower solenoid valves. Perform the
ACP, if the fault now occurs on the lowering cycle, depressurise the suspension system and replace the
solenoid valve assembly.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 425

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
426 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 427

ERROR CODE U09 – SUSPENSION IS STATIONARY DURING THE LOWERING COMMAND


IN THE AUTO CALIBRATION PROCEDURE
ERROR CODE U10 – SUSPENSION IS UNABLE TO REACH THE MINIMUM HEIGHT WITHIN
25 SECONDS

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty high pressure hydraulic circuit
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Mechanical fault with front suspension
5. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the lowering solenoid connector C249 (identified with a green band) and the front suspension
connector C248.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the hydraulic lift and remote valves are operating correctly.
A. If they are not working correctly, check the high pressure hydraulic circuit.
B. If they are working correctly, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C249 and the central controller (XCM) connectors C326 and
C324. Check between connector:
C249 pin 1 (O/N/S) and C324 pin 10 (O/N/S)
C249 pin 2 (O/L/S) and C326 pin 1 (O/L/S)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for damage.
A. Inspect the front suspension for any mechanical faults or a hydraulic cylinder fault. Check the
potentiometer for damage. Repair or replace as required and perform the auto calibration procedure (ACP).
B. If all of the above are okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the ACP.
A. Disconnect the implement and perform the ACP.
B. If the error re–occurs, continue to step 6.
6. Check the solenoid valves.
A. Depressurise the suspension system, and interchange the raise and lower solenoid valves. Perform the
ACP, if the fault now occurs on the raising cycle, depressurise the suspension system and replace the
solenoid valve assembly.

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428 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 429

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430 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE U11 – UNABLE TO CALIBRATE THE SUSPENSION

Possible failure modes:


1. Handbrake has not been applied
2. Faulty suspension lockout switch
3. Faulty high pressure hydraulic circuit
4. Mechanical fault with front suspension
5. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the handbrake has been applied to prevent the tractor from moving.
A. If the handbrake has not been applied, apply the handbrake.
B. If the handbrake has been applied, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the suspension lockout switch has been pressed more than three times.
A. If the switch has not been pressed more than three times perform the auto calibration procedure (ACP).
B. If the switch has been pressed correctly, continue to step 3.
3. Check the suspension switch in the diagnostic mode H5.
A. Press and hold down the suspension lockout switch. If d6 is not displayed, continue to step 4.
B. If d6 is displayed, continue to step 5.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connectors C325, C324 and the front
suspension switch C247. Check between connector:
C325 pin 29 (U/LG/S) and C247 pin 1 (U/LG/S)
C324 pin 2 (O/R/S) and C247 pin 2 (O/R/S)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the switch.
5. Check the hydraulic lift and remote valves are operating correctly.
A. If they are not working correctly, check the high pressure hydraulic circuit.
B. If they are working correctly, continue to step 6.
6. Check for damage.
A. Inspect the front suspension for any mechanical faults or a hydraulic cylinder fault. Check the
potentiometer for damage. Repair or replace as required and perform the ACP.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 431

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432 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 433

ERROR CODE U12 – AUTO CALIBRATION PROCEDURE STOPPED/VEHICLE NOT


STATIONARY

Possible failure modes:


1. Handbrake has not been applied
2. Faulty speed sensor
3. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the handbrake has been applied to prevent the tractor from moving.
A. If the handbrake has not been applied, apply the handbrake.
B. If the handbrake has been applied, continue to step 2.
2. Check the wheel speed value in H9 Channel 43.
A. If the wheel speed value displayed is not 0, check the stored error codes for a recent occurrence of F49
or F50. If any of these error codes are displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If the wheel speed value displayed is 0 or no additional error codes are displayed, continue to step 3.
3. Check the ground speed input value in H9 Channel 20.
A. If the ground speed input value displayed is approximately 50, remove and replace the transmission output
speed sensor.
B. If the ground speed input value is incorrect, check the speed sensor harness. Repair or replace the
harness as required.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
434 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

NOTES PAGE

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 435

PTO FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


The central controller (XCM) has an inbuilt self diagnostic system to assist with the detection of faults should
they occur.
If a fault occurs that is related to the PTO a two digit code prefixed with a ‘P’ will be displayed on the instrument
cluster. Should more than one fault occur at any one time, the fault with the highest priority will be displayed
followed by the lower priority error code. Error codes present at key ON will similarly be displayed.
PRIORITY ERROR ERROR DESCRIPTION
(1 = Highest) CODE
1 P01 Rear PTO brake solenoid stuck off
2 P02 Rear PTO brake solenoid stuck on
3 P03 Rear PTO brake output open circuit
4 P04 Not used
5 P05 Not used
6 P06 Rear PTO not calibrated
7 P07 Rear PTO solenoid circuit over current
8 P08 Rear PTO solenoid open circuit or short to ground
9 P09 Not used
10 P10 Not used
13 P13 Not used
14 P14 Not used
15 P15 Not used
16 P16 Not used
17 P17 Not used
18 P18 Not used
19 P19 Not used
20 P20 Not used
21 P21 Not used
22 P22 Not used
23 P23 Not used
24 P24 Not used
25 P25 Not used
26 P26 Not used
27 P27 PTO speed sensor open circuit
28 P28 Not used
29 P29 Not used
30 P30 Not used
31 P31 Not used
32 P32 Not used
33 P33 Rear PTO cab switch short circuit
34 P34 Fender mounted rear PTO switch short circuit

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
436 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

PRIORITY ERROR ERROR DESCRIPTION


(1 = Highest) CODE
35 P35 Fender mounted rear PTO switch open ciruit
36 P36 Rear PTO failure to start
37 P37 Rear PTO cab switch open circuit
38 P38 Not used
39 P39 Not used
40 P40 Not used
41 P41 Not used

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 437

ERROR CODE P01 – REAR PTO BRAKE SOLENOID STUCK OFF

Effects:
PTO disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty solenoid valve
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the rear PTO brake solenoid connector C033. Turn the keystart ON
and check for other errors. If error P02 or P02 and P03 are displayed, continue to step 2.
B. If only error P01 is displayed continue to step 3.
2. Check the rear PTO brake solenoid.
A. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals. If the resistance indicated is not between 5 – 11
Ohms, remove and replace the solenoid.
B. If the solenoid is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).
3. Check for a short to ground.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C033 and the central controller (XCM) connector C328.
Check between connector C328 pin 6 (B/N/S) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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438 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 439

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440 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE P02 – REAR PTO BRAKE SOLENOID STUCK ON

Effects:
PTO disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty harness
2. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Disengage four wheel drive and the differential lock. Turn the keystart OFF and set
the PTO brake switch to the brake applied position. Disengage the front and rear PTO engagement switches.
Turn the keystart ON again. If error codes P02 and P03 are displayed, continue to test for error code P03.
B. If error codes P02 and P03 are not displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short to +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart OFF and ON. Set the PTO brake switch to the OFF position, P02 should be displayed.
Disconnect the rear PTO brake connector C033 and the central controller (XCM) C328. Turn the keystart
ON. Measure the voltage between connector C328 pin 6 (B/N/S) and ground. If a voltage is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C328 pin 6 (B/N/S) and the other C328 pins. If a short
circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 441

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
442 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 443

ERROR CODE P03 – REAR PTO BRAKE OUTPUT OPEN CIRCUIT

Effects:
PTO disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connectors
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the rear PTO brake solenoid connector C033.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the solenoid for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C033. Check between the solenoid terminals. If an open circuit is indicated, remove
and replace the solenoid.
B. If the solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Check between connector C033 pin 2 (B) and ground. If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C328. Check between connector C328 pin 6 (B/N/S)
and C033 pin 1 (B/N/S). If an open circuit is indicated, disconnect connector C317 and check between
connector:
C317 pin E (B/N/S) and C328 pin 6 (B/N/S)
C317 pin E (B/N/S) and C033 pin 1 (B/N/S)
to determine which harness is at fault. Repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 5
5. Check connectors C328, C317 and C033.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the error code re–occurs, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and
replace the central controller (XCM).

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444 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 445

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
446 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE P06 – REAR PTO NOT CALIBRATED

Effects:
PTO enabled. P06 error displayed on the instrument cluster.

Possible failure modes:


1. Transmission not calibrated
2. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check if the PTO was calibrated.
A. If the PTO was not calibrated after a change of the central controller (XCM) or after using H8, clear the
non–volatile memory (EEPROM). Perform the PTO calibration procedure.
B. If the PTO was calibrated, perform the PTO calibration procedure. If the error code re–occurs, download
the correct level of software and re–perform the PTO calibration procedure. If the fault re–occurs again,
remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 447

ERROR CODE P07 – REAR PTO CIRCUIT OVER CURRENT

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty solenoid
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the rear PTO solenoid.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the rear PTO solenoid connector C041. Measure the resistance
between the solenoid terminal 1 and terminal 2. If the resistance indicated is not between 5 Ohms – 11 Ohms
at 20 degrees centigrade, remove and replace the rear PTO solenoid.
B. If the rear PTO solenoid is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +Ve Voltage.
A. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C328. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector:
C328 pin 18 (O/B) and ground
C328 pin 14 (O/P) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C328 pin 18 (O/B) and C328 pin 14 (O/P). If a short
circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
448 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 449

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
450 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE P08 – REAR PTO SOLENOID OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORT TO GROUND

Effects:
PTO disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty PTO solenoid
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the rear PTO solenoid.
A. Disconnect the PTO solenoid connector C041. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals.
If the resistance indicated is not between 5 – 11 Ohms at 20 degrees centigrade, remove and replace the
solenoid.
B. If the resistance indicated is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the solenoid coil terminals to ground.
A. Check between each of the solenoid terminals and ground. If a short or partial short to ground is indicated,
remove and replace the solenoid.
B. If the solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C328. Check between connector:
C041 pin 1 (O/L) and C328 pin 14 (O/P)
C041 pin 2 (O/B) and C328 pin 18 (O/B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C041 pin 1 (O/L) and ground
C041 pin 2 (O/B) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 451

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
452 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 453

ERROR CODE P27 – PTO SPEED SENSOR OPEN CIRCUIT

Effects:
PTO disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the speed sensor connector C054.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the PTO speed sensor.
A. Disconnect connector C054. Check between the speed sensor terminals. If an open circuit is indicated,
remove and replace the speed sensor.
B. If the speed sensor is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open ground circuit.
A. Check between connector C054 pin 2 (B) and ground. If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C326. Check between connector C326 pin 20 (B/O/S)
and C054 pin 1 (B/O/S). If an open circuit is indicated, disconnect connector C317 and check between
connector:
C317 pin D (B/O/S) and C054 pin 1 (B/O/S)
C317 pin D (B/O/S) and C326 pin 20 (B/O/S)
to determine which harness is at fault. Repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check connectors C326 and C317.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and
replace the central controller (XCM).

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454 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 455

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456 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE P33 – REAR PTO CAB SWITCH SHORT CIRCUIT

Effects:
PTO disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty PTO switch
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the rear PTO cab switch.
A. Disconnect the rear PTO cab switch connector C116. while operating the switch, check between the
component side of connector:
C116 pin 1 (O/G) and C116 pin 2 (O/P). Should indicate a closed circuit when disengaged and an open circuit
when engaged.
C116 pin 1 (O/G) and C116 pin 3 (O/Y). Should indicate an open circuit when disengaged and a closed circuit
when engaged.
C116 pin 2 (O/P) and C116 pin 3 (O/Y). Should indicate an open circuit when disengaged or engaged.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the PTO switch.
B. If the switch is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short circuit.
A. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C327. Check between connector C116 pin 2 (O/P) and
C116 pin 3 (O/Y). If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to a +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C116 pin 2 (O/P) and ground
C116 pin 3 (O/Y) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as reqiuired.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 457

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458 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 459

ERROR CODE P34 – FENDER MOUNTED REAR PTO SWITCH SHORT CIRCUIT

Effects:
PTO disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty fender mounted rear PTO switch
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the fender mounted rear PTO switches.
A. Disconnect each of the rear PTO switch connectors C257 and C258. While operating the PTO switches,
measure the resistance of the left hand and right hand PTO switches between the component side of
connector C257 and C258:
Pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and Pin 2 (W/U). Should indicate a closed circuit when released and an open circuit when
depressed.
Pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and Pin 3 (Y). Should indicate an open circuit when released and a closed circuit when
depressed.
Pin 2 (W/U) and Pin 3 (Y). Should indicate an open circuit when released or depressed.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the faulty fender PTO switch.
B. If the switches are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short circuit.
Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C328. Check between connector C328 pin 2 (Y) and C328
pin 4 (W/U). If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C328 pin 2 (Y) and ground
C328 pin 4 (W/U) and ground
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 461

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 463

ERROR CODE P35 – FENDER MOUNTED REAR PTO SWITCH OPEN CIRCUIT

Effects:
PTO disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty fender mounted rear PTO switch
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the fender mounted rear PTO switch connectors C257, C258, LH fender connectors C295, C296, RH
fender connectors C293, C294, Cab interface 1 connector C318, and the central controller (XCM) connector
C328.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the fender mounted rear PTO switches.
A. Disconnect each of the rear PTO switch connectors C257 and C258. While operating the PTO switches,
measure the resistance of the left hand and right hand PTO switches between the component side of
connector C257 and C258:
Pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and Pin 2 (W/U). Should indicate a closed circuit when released and an open circuit when
depressed.
Pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and Pin 3 (Y). Should indicate an open circuit when released and a closed circuit when
depressed.
Pin 2 (W/U) and Pin 3 (Y). Should indicate an open circuit when released or depressed.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the faulty fender PTO switch.
B. If the switches are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C258 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and ground. If +12
Volts is not indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If +12 Volts is indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C328. Check between connector:
C258 pin 2 (W/U) and C257 pin 1 (R/LTG/B)
C258 pin 3 (Y) and C257 pin 3 (Y)
C257 pin 2 (W/U) and C328 pin 2 (Y)
C257 pin 3 (Y) and C328 pin 4 (W/U)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C328 pin 2 (Y) and ground
C328 pin 4 (W/U) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 465

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 467

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468 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE P36 – REAR PTO FAILURE TO START

Effects:
PTO disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty rear PTO cab switch
3. Faulty hydraulic circuit
4. Mechanical fault
5. Faulty harness
6. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If other error codes are displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error codes are displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check for the warning light on the PTO control panel being illuminated.
A. Start the engine. Operate the PTO switch. If the PTO warning light is not illuminated, continue to step 3.
B. If the PTO warning light is illuminated, continue to step 6.
3. Check the rear PTO cab switch connector C116 and the PTO clutch solenoid connector C041.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the rear PTO cab switch.
A. Disconnect the rear PTO cab switch connector C116. while operating the switch, check between the
component side of connector:
C116 pin 1 (O/G) and C116 pin 2 (O/P). Should indicate a closed circuit when disengaged and an open circuit
when engaged.
C116 pin 1 (O/G) and C116 pin 3 (O/Y). Should indicate an open circuit when disengaged and a closed circuit
when engaged.
C116 pin 2 (O/P) and C116 pin 3 (O/Y). Should indicate an open circuit when disengaged or engaged.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the PTO switch.
B. If the switch is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +5 Volts
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C116 pin 1 (O/G) and ground. If the
voltage indicated is less than +5 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, download the correct level of software. If the fault
re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).
6. Check the hydraulic pressure of the PTO circuit.
A. Pressure test the PTO circuit, If the pressures indicated are not between 15 bar – 18 bar, continue to
hydraulic troubleshooting procedures.
B. If the pressures are okay, continue to step 8.
7. Check for a mechanical fault.
A. Inspect the PTO clutch and its components. If the PTO clutch and its components are damaged, repair
or replace as required.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 471

ERROR CODE P37 – REAR PTO CAB SWITCH OPEN CIRCUIT

Effects:
PTO disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty PTO switch
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the rear PTO cab switch connector C116 and the central controller (XCM) connector C328.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the rear PTO cab switch.
A. Disconnect the rear PTO cab switch connector C116. while operating the switch, check between the
component side of connector:
C116 pin 1 (O/G) and C116 pin 2 (O/P). Should indicate a closed circuit when disengaged and an open circuit
when engaged.
C116 pin 1 (O/G) and C116 pin 3 (O/Y). Should indicate an open circuit when disengaged and a closed circuit
when engaged.
C116 pin 2 (O/P) and C116 pin 3 (O/Y). Should indicate an open circuit when disengaged or engaged.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the PTO switch.
B. If the switch is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C325 and C327. Check between connector:
C116 pin 1 (O/G) and C325 pin 16 (O/G)
C116 pin 2 (O/P) and C327 pin 13 (O/P)
C116 pin 3 (O/Y) and C327 pin 12 (O/Y)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C325 pin 16 (O/G) and ground
C327 pin 13 (O/P) and ground
C327 pin 12 (O/Y) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 473

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 475

ELECTRONIC MANAGEMENT UNIT FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


The Electronic Management Unit has an inbuilt self diagnostic system to assist with the detection of faults should
they occur.
If a fault occurs that is related to the Electronic management Unit a two digit code prefixed with a ‘P’ will be
displayed on the instrument cluster. Should more than one fault occur at any one time, the fault with the highest
priority will be displayed followed by the lower priority error code. Error codes present at key ON will similarly
be displayed.
PRIORITY FAULT ERROR DESCRIPTION
(1 = Highest) CODE
1 P01 Not used
2 P02 Not used
3 P03 Not used
4 P04 Not used
5 P05 Not used
6 P06 Not used
7 P07 Not used
8 P08 Not used
9 P09 Not used
10 P10 Not used
13 P13 Not used
14 P14 Not used
15 P15 Differential lock solenoid stuck off
16 P16 Differential lock solenoid stuck on
17 P17 Differential lock output open circuit
18 P18 Differential lock driver over temperature
19 P19 Not used
20 P20 Not used
21 P21 4WD solenoid stuck off
22 P22 4WD solenoid stuck on
23 P23 4WD output open circuit
24 P24 4WD driver over temperature
25 P25 Not used
26 P26 Not used
27 P27 Not used
28 P28 Not used
29 P29 Not used
30 P30 Not used
31 P31 Steering sensor out of range – maximum voltage
32 P32 Steering sensor out of range – minimum voltage
33 P33 Not used
34 P34 Not used

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476 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

PRIORITY FAULT ERROR DESCRIPTION


(1 = Highest) CODE
35 P35 Not used
36 P36 Not used
37 P37 Not used
38 P38 Not used
39 P39 Not used
40 P40 Not used
41 P41 Not used

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 477

ERROR CODE P15 – DIFFERENTIAL LOCK SOLENOID STUCK OFF

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty solenoid
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty electronic management unit

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
NOTE: Do not depress the brake pedals.
1. Check for other error codes.
A. Disconnect the differential lock solenoid connector C042. Turn the keystart ON. Select manual differential
lock.
If only error code P15 is being displayed, continue to step 2.
B. If error codes P16 or P16 and P17 are displayed, continue to step 3.
2. Check for a short to ground.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C042 and the electronic management unit connector C105.
Check between connector C105 pin 36 (B/LTG) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, disconnect
the harness connector C317 and check between connector:
C105 pin 36 (B/LTG) and ground
C042 pin 1 (B/LTG) and ground
to determine which harness is at fault. Repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the electronic management unit.
3. Check the differential lock solenoid.
A. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals. If the resistance indicated is not between 5 – 11
Ohms, remove and replace the solenoid.
B. If the solenoid is okay, remove and replace the electronic management unit.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 479

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480 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE P16 – DIFFERENTIAL LOCK SOLENOID STUCK ON

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty harness
2. Faulty electronic management unit

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Disengage the differential lock. Turn the Keystart OFF and ON, error code P16
should be displayed. Select manual differential lock. If P17 is being displayed, continue to test for error code
P17.
B. If P17 is not being displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short to +12 Volts.
A. Disconnect the differential lock connector C042 and the electronic management unit connector C105.
Turn the keystart ON. Check between connector C105 pin 36 (B/LTG) and ground. If a short to +12 Volts
is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If no short to +12 Volts is indicated, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C105 pin 36 (B/LTG) and the other C105 connector
pins. If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the electronic management unit.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 481

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 483

ERROR CODE P17 – DIFFERENTIAL LOCK OUTPUT OPEN CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty electronic management unit

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the differential lock solenoid connector C042.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the solenoid for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the differential lock solenoid connector C042. Check between the solenoid terminals. If an
open circuit is indicated, remove and replace the solenoid.
B. If the solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Check between connector C042 pin 2 (B) and ground. If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the electronic management unit connector C105. Check between connector C105 pin 36
(B/LTG) and C042 pin 1 (B/LTG). If an open circuit is indicated, disconnect connector C317 and check
between connector:
C317 pin C (B/LTG) and C042 pin 1 (B/LTG)
C317 pin C (B/LTG) and C105 pin 36 (B/LTG)
to determine which harness is at fault. Repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check connectors C105, C317 and C042.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, remove and replace the electronic management unit.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 485

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486 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE P18 – DIFFERENTIAL LOCK DRIVER OVER TEMPERATURE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty solenoid
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty connector
4. Faulty electronic management unit

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the differential lock solenoid.
A. Disconnect the differential lock solenoid connector C042. Measure the resistance between the solenoid
terminals. If the resistance indicated is not between 5 – 11 Ohms at 20 degrees centigrade, remove and
replace the solenoid.
B. If the solenoid is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between the electronic management unit connector C105 pin 36 (B/LTG) and ground. If a short
to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector C105 pin 36 (B/LTG) and the other pins of C105. If a short circuit is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check connector C105.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, remove and replace the electronic management unit.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 487

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 489

ERROR CODE P21 – 4WD SOLENOID STUCK OFF

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty solenoid
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty electronic management unit

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the 4WD solenoid connector C034. Turn the keystart ON and make
sure 2WD is selected. Turn the Keystart OFF and ON. If only error P21 is displayed continue to step 2.
B. If error P22 or P22 and P23 are displayed, continue to step 3.
2. Check for a short to ground.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the electronic management unit connector C105. Check between
connector C105 pin 14 (Y/U) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, disconnect connector C019 and
check between connector:
C105 pin 14 (Y/U) and ground
C019 pin 2 (Y/U) and ground
to determine which harness is at fault. Repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the electronic management unit.
3. Check the 4WD solenoid.
A. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals. If the resistance indicated is not between 5 – 11
Ohms at 20 degrees centigrade, remove and replace the solenoid.
B. If the solenoid is okay, remove and replace the electronic management unit.

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490 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 491

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492 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE P22 – 4WD SOLENOID STUCK ON

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty harness
2. Faulty electronic management unit

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Select manual 4WD. Turn the keystart OFF and depress both brake pedals. Turn
the keystart ON and momentarily crank the engine (no need to start). P22 should still be displayed. Release
the brake pedals and check for error code P23. If error code P23 is displayed, continue to test for error code
P23.
B. If P23 is not being displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short to +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the 4WD solenoid connector C034 and the electronic management
unit connector C105. Turn the keystart ON. Check between connector C105 pin 14 (Y/U) and ground. If a
short to +12 Volts is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to +12 Volts is not indicated, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn keystart OFF. Check between connector C105 pin 14 (Y/U) and the other C105 connector pins. If
a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the electronic management unit.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 493

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 495

ERROR CODE P23 – 4WD OUTPUT OPEN CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty electronic management unit

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the 4WD solenoid connector C034.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the solenoid for an open.
A. Disconnect connector C034. Check between the solenoid terminals. If an open circuit is indicated, remove
and replace the solenoid.
B. If the solenoid is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open ground circuit.
A. Check between connector C034 pin 2 (B) and ground. If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the electronic management unit connector C105. Check between connector C105 pin 14 (Y/U)
and C034 pin 1 (Y/U). If an open circuit is indicated, disconnect the harness connector C019 and check
between connector:
C019 pin 2 (Y/U) and C034 pin 1 (Y/U)
C019 pin 2 (Y/U) and C105 pin 14 (Y/U)
to determine which harness is at fault. Repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check connectors C105 and C019.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, remove and replace the electronic management unit.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 497

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498 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE P24 – 4WD DRIVER OVER TEMPERATURE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty solenoid
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty electronic management unit

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the 4WD solenoid.
A. Disconnect the 4WD solenoid connector C034. Measure the resistance between the solenoid terminals.
If the resistance indicated is not between 5 – 11 Ohms at 20 degrees centigrade, remove and replace the
solenoid.
B. If the solenoid is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between the electronic management unit connector C105 pin 14 (Y/U) and ground. If a short circuit
is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 3
3. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector C105 pin 14 (Y/U) and the other pins of C105. If a short circuit is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the connector C105.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay remove and replace the electronic management unit.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 501

ERROR CODE P31 – STEERING SENSOR OUT OF RANGE – (MAXIMUM VOLTAGE)

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty steering sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty electronic management unit

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for a short to +12 Volts.
A. Disconnect the steering sensor connector C014. Turn the keystart ON. Check between the component
side of connector:
C014 pin 1 (R)and ground
C014 pin 2 (Y) and ground
C014 pin 3 (B) and ground
If a short to +12 Volts is indicated, repair or replace the steering sensor harness as required.
B. If a short is not indicated, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between the component side of connector C014 pin 1 (R), pin 2 (Y) and
pin 3 (B). If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the steering sensor as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 3.
3. Check the steering sensor.
A. Measure the resistance between the component side of connector C014 pin 1 (R) and C014 pin 3 (B).
If the resistance indicated is not 5K – 6K Ohms, repair or replace the sensor as required
B. If the sensor is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check connector C014.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +12 Volts.
A. Disconnect connector C014 and the electronic management unit connector C105. Turn the keystart ON
and measure the voltage between connector C105 pin 4 (B/K/S), pin 27 (B/LTG/S) and pin 28 (B/G/S). If
+12 Volts is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF and leave connectors C014 and C105 disconnected. Check between connector
C105 pin 4 (B/K/S), pin 27 (B/LTG/S) and pin 28 (B/G/S). If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Check between connector:
C105 pin 28 (B/G/S) and C014 pin 1 (B/G/S)
C105 pin 4 (B/K/S) and C014 pin 2 (B/K/S)
C105 pin 27 (B/LTG/S) and C014 pin 3 (B/LTG/S)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, replace the electronic management unit and perform the calibration.

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502 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 503

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504 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE P32 – STEERING SENSOR OUT OF RANGE – (MINIMUM VOLTAGE)

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty steering sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty electronic management unit

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect the steering sensor connector C014. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between the component
side of connector:
C014 pin 1 (R)and ground
C014 pin 2 (Y) and ground
C014 pin 3 (B) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the steering sensor harness as required.
B. If a short is not indicated, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between the component side of connector C014 pin 1 (R), pin 2 (Y) and
pin 3 (B). If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the steering sensor as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 3.
3. Check the steering sensor.
A. Measure the resistance between the component side of connector C014 pin 1 (R) and C014 pin 3 (B).
If the resistance indicated is not 5 – 6K Ohms, repair or replace the sensor as required
B. If the sensor is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check connector C014.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect the electronic management unit connector C105. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between
connector:
C105 pin 4 (B/K/S) and ground
C105 pin 27 (B/LTG/S) and ground
C105 pin 28 (B/G/S) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF and leave connectors C014 and C105 disconnected. Check between connector
C105 pin 4 (B/K/S), pin 27 (B/LTG/S) and pin 28 (B/G/S). If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Check between connector:
C105 pin 28 (B/G/S) and C014 pin 1 (B/G/S)
C105 pin 4 (B/K/S) and C014 pin 2 (B/K/S)
C105 pin 27 (B/LTG/S) and C014 pin 3 (B/LTG/S)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 505

B. If the harness is okay, replace the electronic management unit and perform the calibration.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
506 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 507

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
508 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

NOTES PAGE

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 509

DIGITAL INSTRUMENT CLUSTER FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


The Digital Instrument Cluster (DIC) features an integral fault diagnosis system which displays error codes on
the LCD as shown in the following Table.
These error codes appear when any one of the listed errors occurs. The alarm sounds continuously for a critical
alarm and for 5 seconds with a non critical alarm.

EIC DISPLAY
SENSOR CONDITION ALARM
Less than 500 rev/min More than 500 rev/min
Fault Code No.
Engine oil pressure sender
Critical
short or open circuit
Engine oil pressure sender
Critical
short to a +ve Voltage
Fuel tank level sender
Non Critical
short to ground
Fuel tank level sender
Non Critical
Open circuit or short to a +ve voltage
Output speed sensor
Non Critical
short to ground

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Output speed sensor
Non Critical
Open Circuit

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Coolant temperature sender
Non Critical

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
short circuit

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Electronic draft control error
serial Link Failure

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Transmission error
serial link failure
Memory retention error of
battery calibration constant

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Slip alarm, slip constant,
Non Critical
width and service hours check

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Coolant temperature sender

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Critical
open circuit or shorted to a +ve voltage

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ
Engine shut down output short
to a +ve voltage

ÍÍÍ
ÍÍÍ
Non DIC Faults – only displayed Read Your Manual (RYM)
in the Diagnostic Memory.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
510 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

INSTRUMENT CLUSTER INOPERATIVE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty battery
2. Faulty fuse 9
3. Faulty connectors
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty instrument cluster

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the battery.
A. Ensure the gear levers are in neutral position. Turn the keystart switch to crank the engine. If the battery
is not sufficiently charged to crank the engine, perform a battery test and recharge the battery as required.
B. If the battery is sufficiently charged to crank the engine, continue to step 2.
2. Check fuse 9.
A. If a fault is indicated with fuse 9, replace the fuse and re–check.
B. If the fuse is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for +12 Volts at the instrument cluster.
A. Remove the instrument cluster and disconnect connector C079. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the
voltage between connector C079 pin 2 (B) and C079 pin 3 (G). If the voltage indicated is approximately +12
Volts, continue to step 4.
B. If approximately +12 Volts is not indicated, continue to step 5.
4. Check connector C079.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, replace the instrument cluster.
5. Check for +12 Volts at the instrument cluster.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C079 pin 3 (G) and the battery ground
terminal. If the voltage indicated is approximately +12 Volts, the fault is in the ground wiring. Repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is not approximately +12 Volts, the fault is in the power supply wiring. Repair or
replace the harness as required.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 511

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
512 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 513

COMMON TEST PROCEDURE FOR ALL OF THE SWITCH CIRCUITS CONNECTING TO


GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty bulb
2. Faulty connectors
3. Faulty switch or sender
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty instrument cluster

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the switch, sender and their connectors.
A. Disconnect the harness at the sender or switch and short signal out to ground. If the warning lamp is
illuminated, continue to step 2.
B. If the warning lamp does not illuminate, continue to step 4.
2. Check the switch or sensor ground.
A. Measure the resistance of the switch or sender ground path and re–check the function. If the resistance
indicated is less than 10 Ohms, remove and replace the switch or sender.
B. If the resistance indicated is greater than 10 Ohms, continue to step 3.
3. Check the switch or sender connector.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, locate the open circuit and repair or replace the harness as required.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the instrument cluster connectors. Short the switch or sender signal out to ground. Measure
the resistance between the instrument cluster connectors signal pin and ground. If the resistance indicated
is greater than 10 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than 10 Ohms, continue to step 5.
5. Check the instrument cluster connectors.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay continue to step 6.
6. Check the warning bulb in the instrument cluster.
A. If a fault is indicated with the warning bulb, remove and replace the bulb.
B. If the bulb is okay, replace the instrument cluster.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
514 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE 1 – ENGINE OIL PRESSURE SENDER SHORT OR OPEN CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty sender
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty instrument cluster

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the instrument cluster.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the oil pressure sender connector C003. Short the signal out between
connector C003 pin B (G/K) and pin C (G/K). Turn the keystart ON. If error code 1 is still displayed, continue
to step 2.
B. If error code 1 is not displayed and the oil pressure display indicates maximum, continue to step 3.
2. Check for an open or short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the instrument cluster connector C081. Check between connector:
C003 pin B (G/K) and C081 pin 2 (G/K)
C003 pin C (Y/S) and C081 pin 1 (Y/S)
C003 pin A (G/W/B) and ground
If an open or short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the instrument cluster.
3. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C003 pin B (G/K) and pin A (G/W/B). If
the voltage indicated is not approximately +5 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage is approximately +5 Volts, remove and replace the oil pressure sender.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 515

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
516 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 517

ERROR CODE 2 – ENGINE OIL PRESSURE SENDER SHORT TO +VE VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty instrument cluster

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for a short to +12 Volts.
A. Disconnect the oil pressure sender connector C003. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between
connector:
C003 pin A (G/W/B) and ground
C003 pin B (G/K) and ground
C003 pin C (Y/S) and ground
If the voltages indicated are approximately +5 Volts at pin B (G/K) and 0 Volts at the remaining pins, continue
to step 2.
B. If the voltages indicated are not okay, continue to step 3.
2. Check the instrument cluster connector C081.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, remove and replace the instrument cluster.
3. Check for a short to +12 Volts.
A. Disconnect the engine harness connector C001. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between
connector:
C001 pin M (G/W/B) and ground
C001 pin L (G/K) and ground
C001 pin K (Y/S) and ground
If the voltages indicated are approximately +5 Volts at pin L (G/K) and 0 Volts at the remaining circuits, repair
or replace the harness between the connectors C001 and C003 as required.
B. If the voltages indicated are okay, repair or replace the harness between the connectors C001 and C081
as required.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
518 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 519

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
520 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 521

ERROR CODE 3 – FUEL TANK LEVEL SENDER SHORT TO GROUND


ERROR CODE 4 – FUEL TANK LEVEL SENDER OPEN CIRUIT OR SHORT TO +VE VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty fuel tank level sender
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty instrument cluster

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the fuel tank level sender connector C022.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the connector C022 and the instrument cluster connector C079. Measure the resistance
between connector C022 pin 2 (W/G/B) and ground. If the resistance indicated is greater than 10 Ohms,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance is less than 10 Ohms, continue to step 3.
3. Check the fuel tank level sender for a short to ground.
A. If a short to ground is indicated on either terminal remove sender, repair or replace as required and ensure
there is no short to ground on reassembly.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check the fuel tank level sender operation.
A. Measure the resistance between the terminals. If the resistance indicated is not between 30 Ohms at full
and 250 Ohms at empty, remove and replace the sender.
B. If the resistance indicated is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C022 pin 1 (G/B) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 6.
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C022 pin 1 (G/B) and C079 pin 9 (G/B). If the resistance
indicated is greater than 10 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than 10 Ohms, continue to step 7.
7. Check the istrument cluster connector C079.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, remove and replace the instrument cluster.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
522 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 523

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
524 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE 5 – OUTPUT SPEED SENDER SHORT CIRCUIT


ERROR CODE 6 – OUTPUT SPEED SENDER OPEN CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty instrument cluster

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for transmission error code F49 or F50 also displayed.
A. If F49 or F50 is displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If the error code re–occurs, continue to step 2.
2. Check the radar speed sensor selector connector C237.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short or open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C237 and the instrument cluster connector C081. Check between connector C081
pin 6 (Y/G) and C237 pin 2 (Y/G). If an open or short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as
required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short or open circuit.
A. Disconnect the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C331. Check between connector C331 pin 28
(Y/G) and C237 pin 2 (Y/G). If a short or an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. Reconnect all the connectors. Check for errors 5 or 6 being displayed. If the errors are still displayed,
remove and replace the instrument cluster.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 525

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
526 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 527

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
528 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE 7 – COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENDER SHORT CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty coolant temperature sender
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty instrument cluster

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for error code 7 being displayed.
A. Disconnect the coolant temperature sensor connector C012. Ensure the end of the wire in the connector
C012 is not contacting any metallic part. Turn the keystart ON. If error code 7 is not being displayed, remove
and replace the coolant temperature sender.
B. If error code 7 is still being displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C012 and the instrument cluster C079. Measure the resistance between connector
C079 pin 1 (G/U) and C079 pin 2 (B). If the resistance indicated is less than 5000 Ohms, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is greater than 5000 Ohms, remove and replace the instrument cluster.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 529

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
530 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 531

ERROR CODE 8 – EDC SERIAL LINK FAILURE. COMMUNICATIONS ERROR


ERROR CODE 9 – TRANSMISSION SERIAL LINK FAILURE. COMMUNICATIONS ERROR

The electronic management unit (EMU), the secondary controller (CFPS) and the central controller (XCM) send
their display information over a two wire serial communications connection.

Communications error codes 8 and 9 will occur when the message received by the instrument cluster is incorrect.
This may be caused by an intermittent connection on the signal wires (LN/O or LN/O). If these errors are
accompanied by reports of intermittent or blank displays in the transmission or hitch position areas, then the
circuit wires should be checked for open circuits, short circuits and intermittent connections.

C330–11
CFPS
C330–17

LN/TQ
C80–11 C326–23 C326–16
DIC XCM
C80–12 C326–22 C326–15
LN/O

C105–6
EMU
C105–10

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
532 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE 10 – MEMORY RETENTION ERROR OF BATTERY CALIBRATION CONSTANT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty instrument cluster

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the voltage display on the instrument cluster.
A. Measure the battery voltage. If the battery voltage indicated shows a difference of greater than 2 Volts
from the voltage displayed on the instrument cluster, remove and replace the instrument cluster.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 533

ERROR CODE 11 – MEMORY RETENTION ERROR OF OPERATOR SETTING FOR SLIP


ALARM, SLIP ZERO REFERENCE CONSTANT, IMPLEMENT WIDTH
AND SERVICE HOURS

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty instrument cluster

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the programme constants listed above using the instructions detailed in the tractor performance
monitor (TPM) set–up mode.
A. Re–programme the TPM set–up mode constants. Turn the keystart OFF. Turn the keystart ON and
re–check the programmed values. If the values indicated are incorrect, remove and replace the instrument
cluster.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
534 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE 12 – COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENDER OPEN CIRCUIT OR SHORTED TO


A + VE VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty coolant temperature sender
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty instrument cluster

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the coolant temperature sender connector C012.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for error code 7 being displayed.
A. Disconnect connector C012 and short out to ground. If error code 7 is displayed, continue to step 3.
B. If error code 7 is not being diplayed, continue to step 4.
3. Check the coolant temperaure sender.
A. Measure the resistance between the coolant temperature sender terminal and body. If the resistance is
not between 650 Ohms (hot) and 6000 Ohms (cold), remove and replace the sender.
B. If the resistance indicated is okay the sender has a poor ground to engine contact, remove the sender,
clean the thread contact area and refit.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the Instrument Cluster connector C079. Short out connector C012 to ground. Measure the
resistance between C079 pin 1 (G/U) and C079 pin 2 (B). If the resistance indicated is greater than 5 Ohms,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than 5 Ohms, continue to step 5.
5. Check connector C079.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, remove and replace the instrument cluster.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 535

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
536 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 537

ERROR CODE 13 – ENGINE SHUT DOWN OUTPUT SHORT TO A +VE VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty fuel shut off relay
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty instrument cluster

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the fuel shut off relay.
A. Remove the Fuel Shut Off Relay (KF) from the fuse panel. Measure the resistance between terminals
85 and 86 of the relay. If the resistance is less than approximately 95 Ohms, replace the relay.
B. If the resistance is approximately 95 Ohms, continue to step 2.
2. Check for a short circuit.
A. Remove the instrument cluster and disconnect the instrument cluster connector C081. With the relay
removed, measure the resistance between connector C081 pin 11 (O/R) and C081 pin 12 (O/U/B). If a short
circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness between connector C081 and the Fuel Shut Off Relay holder
(KF) as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 3.
3. Check the instrument cluster connector C081.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, replace the instrument cluster.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
538 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 539

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
540 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

NOTES PAGE

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 541

ELECTRONIC HYDRAULIC REMOTES FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


Error
Code Fault description
R1 EHR control unit 1 lever not calibrated
R2 EHR control unit 2 lever not calibrated
R3 EHR control unit 3 lever not calibrated
R4 EHR control unit 4 lever not calibrated
R11 EHR control unit 1 float switch error
R12 EHR control unit 1 active switch error
R13 CAN messages received by the EHR valve 1 are corrupted or missing
R14 Valve 1 supply under voltage/over voltage or output stage faulty or transducer faulty
or spool neutral error or spool not neutral error
R15 Valve 1 spool travel short or spool travel excessive or open centre not reached
R16 EHR control unit 1 full flow switch error
R17 No communication between the EHR valve 1 and the central controller (XCM)
R18 EHR control unit 1 lever faulty
R21 EHR control unit 2 float switch error
R22 EHR control unit 2 active switch error
R23 CAN messages received by the EHR valve 2 are corrupted or missing
R24 Valve 2 supply under voltage/over voltage or output stage faulty or transducer faulty
or spool neutral error or spool not neutral error
R25 Valve 2 spool travel short or spool travel excessive or open centre not reached
R26 EHR control unit 2 full flow switch error
R27 No communication between the EHR valve 2 and the central controller (XCM)
R28 EHR control unit 2 lever faulty
R31 EHR control unit 3 float switch error
R32 EHR control unit 3 active switch error
R33 CAN messages received by the EHR valve 3 are corrupted or missing
R34 Valve 3 supply under voltage/over voltage or output stage faulty or transducer faulty
or spool neutral error or spool not neutral error
R35 Valve 3 spool travel short or spool travel excessive or open centre not reached
R36 EHR control unit 3 full flow switch error
R37 No communication between the EHR valve 3 and the central controller (XCM)
R38 EHR control unit 3 lever faulty
R41 EHR control unit 4 float switch error
R42 EHR control unit 4 active switch error
R43 CAN messages received by the EHR valve 4 are corrupted or missing
R44 Valve 4 supply under voltage/over voltage or output stage faulty or transducer faulty
or spool neutral error or spool not neutral error

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
542 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

R45 Valve 4 spool travel short or spool travel excessive or open centre not reached
R46 EHR control unit 4 full flow switch error
R47 No communication between the EHR valve 4 and the central controller (XCM)
R48 EHR control unit 4 lever faulty
R53 CAN messages received by the EHR valve 5 are corrupted or missing
R54 Valve 5 supply under voltage/over voltage or output stage faulty or transducer faulty
or spool neutral error or spool not neutral error
R55 Valve 5 spool travel short or spool travel excessive or open centre not reached
R57 No communication between the EHR valve 5 and the central controller (XCM)

Calibration Error Code Listing

U1 Flow control for lever 1 set incorrectly during calibration


U2 Flow control for lever 2 set incorrectly during calibration
U3 Flow control for lever 3 set incorrectly during calibration
U4 Flow control for lever 4 set incorrectly during calibration

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 543

ELECTRONIC HYDRAULIC REMOTES FLASH CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


NOTE: EHR valve may need the paint removed from the valve casing, next to the connector.
Flash codes are displayed on the EHR valve. The LED is internal and can be seen flashing through the plastic
part of the valve casing, located next to the valve harness connector.
First flash sequence will be after a long pause, next sequence will be after a short pause.
E.G. flash code 16 – Long pause then 1 flash, short pause then 6 flashes, long pause then 1 flash.....

Flash
Code Fault Description
11 No control message CAN BUS message fault
13 Implausible control message CAN BUS message fault
16 EEPROM inconsistent Software fault
17 Messages not received in the specified time CAN BUS message fault
21 Under voltage Supply voltage low
22 Over voltage Supply voltage high
23 Valve internal fault, possibly
Spool deflection too short mechanical
24 Spool deflection excessive Valve internal fault, possibly
mechanical
25 Open centre position not reached Valve internal fault, possibly
mechanical
26 Manual operation detected Valve has been operated
manually
31 Under 8 Volts Displayed only if the valve does
not shut–down automatically.
Valve will shut off the output
stage.
32 Over 36 or 45 Volts Displayed only if the valve does
not shut–down automatically.
Valve will shut off the output
stage.
41 Over 45 Volts Valve will internally shut–down
42 Output stage for the pilot solenoid valve fault Valve internal fault
43 Position transducer fault Position of the spool detected by
the transducer
81 Valve spool cannot be returned to neutral Valve internal fault, possibly
mechanical
82 Valve spool not in neutral when switched on Valve internal fault, possibly
mechanical
83 Checksum error Self diagnostic check of the
system

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
544 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE R1 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 1 LEVER NOT CALIBRATED


ERROR CODE R2 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 2 LEVER NOT CALIBRATED
ERROR CODE R3 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 3 LEVER NOT CALIBRATED
ERROR CODE R4 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 4 LEVER NOT CALIBRATED

Possible failure modes:


1. EHR lever not calibrated
2. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check if the EHR lever was calibrated.
A. If the EHR lever was not calibrated after a change of the central controller (XCM), EHR control unit or after
using H8 clear non–volatile memory (EEPROM), perform the EHR lever calibration procedure.
B. If the EHR lever was calibrated, perform the EHR lever calibration procedure. If the error code re–occurs,
download the correct level of software and re–perform the calibration procedure. If the fault re–occurs again,
remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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ERROR CODE R11 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 1 FLOAT SWITCH ERROR

Cause:
The float switch has been detected with the lever potentiometer value outside the allowed band.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR control unit float switch
2. Faulty EHR control unit lever potentiometer
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the EHR control unit float switch in H5.
A. Operate the lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should display d45 when moved from neutral and d46 when in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should display d45 when moved from neutral and d46 when in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should display d47 when in float.
If the display does not change as indicated, continue to step 3.
B. If the display does change as indicated, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as
required.
3. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 51.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed are not approximately 10 in the float position
or do not change continuously between 10 and 90, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR control unit float switch.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 1 connector C304. While checking between the component side of
connector C304 pin 9 (PC48–Y) and C304 pin 1 (PC71–Y), operate the EHR control unit 1 lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should indicate an open circuit.
Neutral to the float detent position. Should indicate an open circuit in neutral and a closed circuit in float.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the EHR control unit is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve Voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C304 pin 9 (PC48–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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ERROR CODE R12 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 1 ACTIVE SWITCH ERROR

Cause:
The active switch has been detected with the lever potentiometer value outside the allowed band.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR control unit active switch
2. Faulty EHR control unit lever potentiometer
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the EHR control unit active switch in H5.
A. Operate the lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should display d45 when moved from neutral and d46 when in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should display d45 when moved from neutral and d46 when in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should display d47 when in float.
If the display does not change as indicated, continue to step 3.
B. If the display does change as indicated, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as
required.
3. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 51.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed do not change continuously between 10
and 90, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR control unit active switch.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 1 connector C304. While checking between the component side of
connector C304 pin 7 (PC46–Y) and C304 pin 1 (PC71–Y), operate the EHR control unit 1 lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should indicate a closed circuit when moved from neutral.
Neutral to the float detent position. Should indicate a closed circuit when moved from neutral and an open
circuit in float.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the EHR control unit is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve Voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C304 pin 7 (PC46–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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ERROR CODE R13 – CAN MESSAGES RECEIVED BY THE EHR VALVE 1 ARE CORRUPTED
OR MISSING

Effects:
EHR valve disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. CAN BUS interference
3. Faulty CAN BUS terminating resistor
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty EHR valve
6. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the EHR valve connector C279, extension harness connector C019, central controller (XCM)
connector C329 and the terminating resistor connector C292.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the CAN BUS.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C277 pin 1 (Y) and C277 pin 2 (G).
If the resistance indicated is approximately 60 Ohms, continue to step 3.
If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, there is a short circuit in the CAN BUS wires,
repair or replace as required.
If an open circuit is indicated, there is an open circuit in the CAN BUS wires between the central controller
(XCM) and the EHR terminating resistor, repair or replace as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, disconnect connector C329.
If an open circuit is now indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is okay, continue to step 7.
If 120 Ohms is still indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is not okay, continue to step 8.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C279 and C329. Measure the resistance between connector:
C279 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
C279 pin 3 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect all of the EHR valve connectors. Check between connector:
C279 pin 2 (G) and ground
C279 pin 3 (Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C279 pin 2 (G) and ground
C279 pin 3 (Y) and ground

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Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check the CAN BUS wires (Y) and (G).
A. If the CAN BUS wires are not twisted together or free from possible interference, repair, re–position or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the CAN BUS wires are okay, remove, replace, and configure the EHR valve.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the EHR terminating resistor connector C292. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C292 pin 1 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C292 pin 2 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
If the harness is okay, replace the terminating resistor.
8. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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ERROR CODE R14 – VALVE 1 SUPPLY UNDER VOLTAGE/OVER VOLTAGE OR OUTPUT


STAGE FAULTY OR TRANSDUCER FAULTY OR SPOOL NEUTRAL
ERROR OR SPOOL NOT NEUTRAL ERROR

Effects:
EHR valve disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty connector
4. Faulty EHR enable relay
5. Faulty harness
6. Faulty EHR valve

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for flash codes being displayed.
A. If flash codes 21, 31, 22, 32, or 41 are displayed, continue to step 2.
B. If flash codes 42, 43, 81, or 82 are displayed, there is an internal fault in the EHR valve. Remove, replace,
and configure the EHR valve.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is less than approximately +9 Volts or
greater than approximately +15 Volts, continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the voltage indicated is between approximately +9 Volts and +15 Volts, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR valve connector C279.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct
position and that the fit is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the EHR enable relay.
A. Remove the EHR enable relay from connector C311. Energise the relay and measure the resistance
between terminal 30 and terminal 87. If the resistance indicated is greater than approximately 5 Ohms,
replace the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, continue to step 6.
6. Check for +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C311 pin 8 (N/R/B) and C311 pin 6 (B).
If the voltage indicated is less than approximately +8 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +12 Volts, continue to step 7.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the EHR valve connector C279. Measure the resistance between
connector:
C279 pin 1 (N/R/B) and C311 pin 2 (N/R/B)
C279 pin 4 (B) and ground
If the resistance indicated is greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove, replace, and configure the EHR valve.

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ERROR CODE R15 – VALVE 1 SPOOL TRAVEL SHORT OR SPOOL TRAVEL EXCESSIVE
OR OPEN CENTRE NOT REACHED

Effects:
EHR valve disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR valve

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for flash codes being displayed.
A. Turn the keystart ON. If flash codes 23, 24, or 25 are displayed on only one of the EHR valves, possible
mechanical fault in the valve. Repair or replace the EHR valve as required.
B. If flash codes are displayed on all of the EHR valves, download the correct level of software in the central
controller (XCM). If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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ERROR CODE R16 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 1 FULL FLOW SWITCH ERROR

Cause:
The full flow switch has been detected with the lever potentiometer value outside the allowed band.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR control unit full flow switch
2. Faulty EHR control unit lever potentiometer
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the EHR control unit full flow switch in H5.
A. Operate the lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should display d45 when moved from neutral and d46 when in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should display d45 when moved from neutral and d46 when in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should display d47 when in float.
If the display does not change as indicated, continue to step 3.
B. If the display does change as indicated, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as
required.
3. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 51.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed are not approximately 20 in the retract
position and approximately 90 in the extend position or do not change continuously between 10 and 90,
remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR control unit full flow switch.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 1 connector C304. While checking between the component side of
connector C304 pin 8 (PC47–Y) and C304 pin 1 (PC71–Y), operate the EHR control unit 1 lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should indicate an open circuit in neutral and a closed circuit in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should indicate an open circuit in neutral and a closed circuit in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should indicate a closed circuit in retract and an open circuit in float.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the EHR control unit is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve Voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C304 pin 8 (PC47–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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ERROR CODE R17 – NO COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THE EHR VALVE 1 AND THE
CENTRAL CONTROLLER (XCM)

Effects:
EHR valve disabled

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty CAN BUS terminating resistor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty EHR valve
5. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the EHR valve connector C279, extension harness connector C019, central controller (XCM)
connector C329, and the terminating resistor connector C292.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the CAN BUS.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C277 pin 1 (Y) and C277 pin 2 (G).
If the resistance indicated is approximately 60 Ohms, continue to step 3.
If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, there is a short circuit in the CAN BUS wires,
repair or replace as required.
If an open circuit is indicated, there is an open circuit in the CAN BUS wires between the central controller
(XCM) and the EHR terminating resistor, repair or replace as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, disconnect connector C329.
If an open circuit is now indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is okay, continue to step 5.
If 120 Ohms is still indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is not okay, continue to step 6.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect C279 and C329. Measure the resistance between connector:
C279 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
C279 pin 3 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than 5 Ohms, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect all of the EHR valve connectors. Check between connector:
C279 pin 2 (G) and ground
C279 pin 3 (Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove, replace, and configure the EHR valve.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the EHR terminating resistor connector C292. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C292 pin 1 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C292 pin 2 (G)

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Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
If the harness is okay, replace the terminating resistor.
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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ERROR CODE R18 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 1 LEVER FAULTY

Cause:
Lever potentiometer output voltage is outside the limits with all of the detent switches in the off position.

Effects:
EHR control unit lever and EHR valve both returned to neutral.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty EHR control lever potentiometer.
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 51.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed do not change continuously between 10
and 90, continue to step 2.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while in H9 Channel 51 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. Channel 51 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace
as required.
2. Check the EHR control unit 1 connector C304 and the central controller (XCM) connectors C324, C325 and
C327.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the lever potentiometer.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 1 connector C304. While operating the EHR control unit 1 lever from
extend to float, measure the resistance between the component side of connector:
C304 pin 6 (PC45–Y) and C304 pin 1 (PC71–Y) should indicate between 100 Ohms – 900 Ohms.
C304 pin 6 (PC45–Y) and C304 pin 2 (B) should indicate between 900 Ohms – 100 Ohms.
If the resistances indicated are not okay, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the lever potentiometer is okay, continue to step 3.
4. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C304 pin 1 (PC71–Y) and C304 pin 2 (B).
If the voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is less than +5 Volts, continue to step 5.
C. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 7.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connectors C324 and C325. Check between connector:
C324 pin 23 (B) and C304 pin 2 (B)
C325 pin 17 (PC71–Y) and C304 pin 1 (PC71–Y)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C304 pin 1 (PC71–Y) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.

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B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. Perform the EHR calibration procedure. If
the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).
7. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C304 pin 6 (PC45–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 8.
8. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C327. Check between connector C327 pin 1 (PC45–Y) and
C304 pin 6 (PC45–Y). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 9.
9. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C304 pin 6 (PC45–Y) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. Perform the EHR calibration procedure. If
the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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ERROR CODE R21 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 2 FLOAT SWITCH ERROR

Cause:
The float switch has been detected with the lever potentiometer value outside the allowed band.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR control unit float switch
2. Faulty EHR control unit lever potentiometer
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the EHR control unit float switch in H5.
A. Operate the lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should display d49 when moved from neutral and d50 when in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should display d49 when moved from neutral and d50 when in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should display d51 when in float.
If the display does not change as indicated, continue to step 3.
B. If the display does change as indicated, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as
required.
3. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 53.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed are not approximately 10 in the float position
or do not change continuously between 10 and 90, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR control unit float switch.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 1 connector C304 and EHR control unit 2 connector C305. While
checking between the component side of connector C305 pin 9 (PC55–Y) and C304 pin 1 (PC71–Y), operate
the EHR control unit 2 lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should indicate an open circuit.
Neutral to the float detent position. Should indicate an open circuit in neutral and a closed circuit in float.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the EHR control unit is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve Voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C305 pin 9 (PC55–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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ERROR CODE R22 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 2 ACTIVE SWITCH ERROR

Cause:
The active switch has been detected with the lever potentiometer value outside the allowed band.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR control unit active switch
2. Faulty EHR control unit lever potentiometer
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the EHR control unit active switch in H5.
A. Operate the lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should display d49 when moved from neutral and d50 when in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should display d49 when moved from neutral and d50 when in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should display d51 when in float.
If the display does not change as indicated, continue to step 3.
B. If the display does change as indicated, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as
required.
3. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 53.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed do not change continuously between 10
and 90, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR control unit active switch.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 1 connector C304 and the EHR control unit 2 connector C305. While
checking between the component side of connector C305 pin 7 (PC53–Y) and C304 pin 1 (PC71–Y), operate
the EHR control unit 1 lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should indicate a closed circuit when moved from neutral.
Neutral to the float detent position. Should indicate a closed circuit when moved from neutral and an open
circuit in float.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the EHR control unit is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve Voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C305 pin 7 (PC53–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 579

ERROR CODE R23 – CAN MESSAGES RECEIVED BY THE EHR VALVE 2 ARE CORRUPTED
OR MISSING

Effects:
EHR valve disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. CAN BUS interference
3. Faulty CAN BUS terminating resistor
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty EHR valve
6. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the EHR valve connector C280, extension harness connector C019, central controller (XCM)
connector C329 and the terminating resistor connector C292.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the CAN BUS.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C277 pin 1 (Y) and C277 pin 2 (G).
If the resistance indicated is approximately 60 Ohms, continue to step 3.
If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, there is a short circuit in the CAN BUS wires,
repair or replace as required.
If an open circuit is indicated, there is an open circuit in the CAN BUS wires between the central controller
(XCM) and the EHR terminating resistor, repair or replace as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, disconnect connector C329.
If an open circuit is now indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is okay, continue to step 7.
If 120 Ohms is still indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is not okay, continue to step 8.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C280 and C329. Measure the resistance between connector:
C280 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
C280 pin 3 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than 5 Ohms, continue to step 3.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect all of the EHR valve connectors. Check between connector:
C280 pin 2 (G) and ground
C280 pin 3 (Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C280 pin 2 (G) and ground
C280 pin 3 (Y) and ground

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Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check the CAN BUS wires (Y) and (G).
A. If the CAN BUS wires are not twisted together or free from possible interference, repair, re–position or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the CAN BUS wires are okay, remove, replace, and configure the EHR valve.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the EHR terminating resistor connector C292. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C292 pin 1 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C292 pin 2 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
If the harness is okay, replace the terminating resistor.
8. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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ERROR CODE R24 – VALVE 2 SUPPLY UNDER VOLTAGE/OVER VOLTAGE OR OUTPUT


STAGE FAULTY OR TRANSDUCER FAULTY OR SPOOL NEUTRAL
ERROR OR SPOOL NOT NEUTRAL ERROR

Effects:
EHR valve disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty connector
4. Faulty EHR enable relay
5. Faulty harness
6. Faulty EHR valve

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for flash codes being displayed.
A. If flash codes 21, 31, 22, 32, or 41 are displayed, continue to step 2.
B. If flash codes 42, 43, 81, or 82 are displayed, there is an internal fault in the EHR valve. Remove, replace,
and configure the EHR valve.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is less than approximately +9 Volts or
greater than approximately +15 Volts, continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the voltage indicated is between approximately +9 Volts and +15 Volts, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR valve connector C280.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct
position and that the fit is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the EHR enable relay.
A. Remove the EHR enable relay from connector C311. Energise the relay and measure the resistance
between terminal 30 and terminal 87. If the resistance indicated is greater than approximately 5 Ohms,
replace the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, continue to step 6.
6. Check for +12 Volts
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C311 pin 8 (N/R/B) and C311 pin 6 (B).
If the voltage indicated is less than approximately +8 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +12 Volts, continue to step 7.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the EHR valve connector C280. Measure the resistance between
connector:
C280 pin 1 (N/R/B) and C311 pin 2 (N/R/B)
C280 pin 4 (B) and ground
If the resistance indicated is greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove, replace, and configure the EHR valve.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 587

ERROR CODE R25 – VALVE 2 SPOOL TRAVEL SHORT OR SPOOL TRAVEL EXCESSIVE
OR OPEN CENTRE NOT REACHED

Effects:
EHR valve disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR valve

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for flash codes being displayed.
A. Turn the keystart ON. If flash codes 23, 24, or 25 are displayed on only one of the EHR valves, possible
mechanical fault in the valve. Repair or replace the EHR valve as required.
B. If flash codes are displayed on all of the EHR valves, download the correct level of software in the central
controller (XCM). If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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588 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE R26 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 2 FULL FLOW SWITCH ERROR

Cause:
The full flow switch has been detected with the lever potentiometer value outside the allowed band.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR control unit full flow switch
2. Faulty EHR control unit lever potentiometer
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the EHR control unit float switch in H5.
A. Operate the lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should display d49 when moved from neutral and d50 when in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should display d49 when moved from neutral and d50 when in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should display d51 when in float.
If the display does not change as indicated, continue to step 3.
B. If the display does change as indicated, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as
required.
3. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 53.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed are not approximately 20 in the retract
position and approximately 90 in the extend position or do not change continuously between 10 and 90,
remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR control unit full flow switch.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 1 connector C304 and EHR control unit 2 connector C305. While
checking between the component side of connector C305 pin 8 (PC54–Y) and C304 pin 1 (PC71–Y), operate
the EHR control unit 2 lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should indicate an open circuit in neutral and a closed circuit in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should indicate an open circuit in neutral and a closed circuit in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should indicate a closed circuit in retract and an open circuit in float.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the EHR control unit is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve Voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C305 pin 8 (PC54–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 591

ERROR CODE R27 – NO COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THE EHR VALVE 2 AND THE
CENTRAL CONTROLLER (XCM)

Effects:
EHR valve disabled

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty CAN BUS terminating resistor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty EHR valve
5. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the EHR valve connector C280, extension harness connector C019, central controller (XCM)
connector C329, and the terminating resistor connector C292.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the CAN BUS.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C277 pin 1 (Y) and C277 pin 2 (G).
If the resistance indicated is approximately 60 Ohms, continue to step 3.
If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, there is a short circuit in the CAN BUS wires,
repair or replace as required.
If an open circuit is indicated, there is an open circuit in the CAN BUS wires between the central controller
(XCM) and the EHR terminating resistor, repair or replace as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, disconnect connector C329.
If an open circuit is now indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is okay, continue to step 5.
If 120 Ohms is still indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is not okay, continue to step 6.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect C280 and C329. Measure the resistance between connector:
C280 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
C280 pin 3 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than 5 Ohms, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect all of the EHR valve connectors. Check between connector:
C280 pin 2 (G) and ground
C280 pin 3 (Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove, replace, and configure the EHR valve.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the EHR terminating resistor connector C292. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C292 pin 1 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C292 pin 2 (G)

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Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
If the harness is okay, replace the terminating resistor.
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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596 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE R28 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 2 LEVER FAULTY

Cause:
Lever potentiometer output voltage is outside the limits with all of the detent switches in the off position.

Effects:
EHR control unit lever and EHR valve both returned to neutral.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty EHR control lever potentiometer.
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 53.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed do not change continuously between 10
and 90, continue to step 2.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while in H9 Channel 53 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. Channel 53 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace
as required.
2. Check the EHR control unit 1 connector C304, EHR control unit 2 connector C305 and the central controller
(XCM) connectors C324, C325 and C327.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the lever potentiometer.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 1 connector C304 and EHR control unit 2 connector C305. While
operating the EHR control unit 2 lever from extend to float, measure the resistance between the component
side of connector:
C305 pin 6 (PC52–Y) and C304 pin 1 (PC71–Y) should indicate between 100 Ohms – 900 Ohms.
C305 pin 6 (PC52–Y) and C304 pin 2 (B) should indicate between 900 Ohms – 100 Ohms.
If the resistances indicated are not okay, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the lever potentiometer is okay, continue to step 3.
4. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C304 pin 1 (PC71–Y) and C304 pin 2 (B).
If the voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is less than +5 Volts, continue to step 5.
C. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 7.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connectors C324 and C325. Check between connector:
C324 pin 23 (B) and C304 pin 2 (B)
C325 pin 17 (PC71–Y) and C304 pin 1 (PC71–Y)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C304 pin 1 (PC71–Y) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 597

B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. Perform the EHR calibration procedure. If
the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).
7. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C305 pin 6 (PC52–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 8.
8. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C327. Check between connector C327 pin 3 (PC52–Y) and
C305 pin 6 (PC52–Y). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 9.
9. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C305 pin 6 (PC52–Y) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. Perform the EHR calibration procedure. If
the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 601

ERROR CODE R31 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 3 FLOAT SWITCH ERROR

Cause:
The float switch has been detected with the lever potentiometer value outside the allowed band.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR control unit float switch
2. Faulty EHR control unit lever potentiometer
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the EHR control unit float switch in H5.
A. Operate the lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should display d53 when moved from neutral and d54 when in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should display d53 when moved from neutral and d54 when in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should display d55 when in float.
If the display does not change as indicated, continue to step 3.
B. If the display does change as indicated, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as
required.
3. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 55.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed are not approximately 10 in the float position
or do not change continuously between 10 and 90, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR control unit float switch.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 3 connector C306. While checking between the component side of
connector C306 pin 9 (PC62–Y) and C306 pin 1 (PC71–Y), operate the EHR control unit 3 lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should indicate an open circuit.
Neutral to the float detent position. Should indicate an open circuit in neutral and a closed circuit in float.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the EHR control unit is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve Voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C306 pin 9 (PC62–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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604 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE R32 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 3 ACTIVE SWITCH ERROR

Cause:
The active switch has been detected with the lever potentiometer value outside the allowed band.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR control unit active switch
2. Faulty EHR control unit lever potentiometer
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the EHR control unit active switch in H5.
A. Operate the lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should display d53 when moved from neutral and d54 when in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should display d53 when moved from neutral and d54 when in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should display d55 when in float.
If the display does not change as indicated, continue to step 3.
B. If the display does change as indicated, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as
required.
3. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 55.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed do not change continuously between 10
and 90, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR control unit active switch.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 3 connector C306. While checking between the component side of
connector C306 pin 7 (PC60–Y) and C306 pin 1 (PC71–Y), operate the EHR control unit 3 lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should indicate a closed circuit when moved from neutral.
Neutral to the float detent position. Should indicate a closed circuit when moved from neutral and an open
circuit in float.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the EHR control unit is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve Voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C306 pin 7 (PC60–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 607

ERROR CODE R33 – CAN MESSAGES RECEIVED BY THE EHR VALVE 3 ARE CORRUPTED
OR MISSING

Effects:
EHR valve disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. CAN BUS interference
3. Faulty CAN BUS terminating resistor
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty EHR valve
6. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the EHR valve connector C281, extension harness connector C019, central controller (XCM)
connector C329 and the terminating resistor connector C292.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the CAN BUS.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C277 pin 1 (Y) and C277 pin 2 (G).
If the resistance indicated is approximately 60 Ohms, continue to step 3.
If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, there is a short circuit in the CAN BUS wires,
repair or replace as required.
If an open circuit is indicated, there is an open circuit in the CAN BUS wires between the central controller
(XCM) and the EHR terminating resistor, repair or replace as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, disconnect connector C329.
If an open circuit is now indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is okay, continue to step 7.
If 120 Ohms is still indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is not okay, continue to step 8.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C281 and C329. Measure the resistance between connector:
C281 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
C281 pin 3 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than 5 Ohms, continue to step 3.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect all of the EHR valve connectors. Check between connector:
C281 pin 2 (G) and ground
C281 pin 3 (Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C281 pin 2 (G) and ground
C281 pin 3 (Y) and ground

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608 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check the CAN BUS wires (Y) and (G).
A. If the CAN BUS wires are not twisted together or free from possible interference, repair, re–position or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the CAN BUS wires are okay, remove, replace, and configure the EHR valve.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the EHR terminating resistor connector C292. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C292 pin 1 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C292 pin 2 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
If the harness is okay, replace the terminating resistor.
8. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 611

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612 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE R34 – VALVE 3 SUPPLY UNDER VOLTAGE/OVER VOLTAGE OR OUTPUT


STAGE FAULTY OR TRANSDUCER FAULTY OR SPOOL NEUTRAL
ERROR OR SPOOL NOT NEUTRAL ERROR

Effects:
EHR valve disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty connector
4. Faulty EHR enable relay
5. Faulty harness
6. Faulty EHR valve

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for flash codes being displayed.
A. If flash codes 21, 31, 22, 32, or 41 are displayed, continue to step 2.
B. If flash codes 42, 43, 81, or 82 are displayed, there is an internal fault in the EHR valve. Remove, replace,
and configure the EHR valve.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is less than approximately +9 Volts or
greater than approximately +15 Volts, continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the voltage indicated is between approximately +9 Volts and +15 Volts, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR valve connector C281.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct
position and that the fit is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the EHR enable relay.
A. Remove the EHR enable relay from connector C311. Energise the relay and measure the resistance
between terminal 30 and terminal 87. If the resistance indicated is greater than approximately 5 Ohms,
replace the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, continue to step 6.
6. Check for +12 Volts
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C311 pin 8 (N/R/B) and C311 pin 6 (B).
If the voltage indicated is less than approximately +8 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +12 Volts, continue to step 7.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the EHR valve connector C281. Measure the resistance between
connector:
C281 pin 1 (N/R/B) and C311 pin 2 (N/R/B)
C281 pin 4 (B) and ground
If the resistance indicated is greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove, replace, and configure the EHR valve.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 613

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 615

ERROR CODE R35 – VALVE 3 SPOOL TRAVEL SHORT OR SPOOL TRAVEL EXCESSIV
OR OPEN CENTRE NOT REACHED

Effects:
EHR valve disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR valve

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for flash codes being displayed.
A. Turn the keystart ON. If flash codes 23, 24, or 25 are displayed on only one of the EHR valves, possible
mechanical fault in the valve. Repair or replace the EHR valve as required.
B. If flash codes are displayed on all of the EHR valves, download the correct level of software in the central
controller (XCM). If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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616 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE R36 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 3 FULL FLOW SWITCH ERROR

Cause:
The full flow switch has been detected with the lever potentiometer value outside the allowed band.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR control unit full flow switch
2. Faulty EHR control unit lever potentiometer
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the EHR control unit full flow switch in H5.
A. Operate the lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should display d53 when moved from neutral and d54 when in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should display d53 when moved from neutral and d54 when in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should display d55 when in float.
If the display does not change as indicated, continue to step 3.
B. If the display does change as indicated, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as
required.
3. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 55.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed are not approximately 20 in the retract
position and approximately 90 in the extend position or do not change continuously between 10 and 90,
remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR control unit full flow switch.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 3 connector C306. While checking between the component side of
connector C306 pin 8 (PC61–Y) and C306 pin 1 (PC71–Y), operate the EHR control unit 3 lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should indicate an open circuit in neutral and a closed circuit in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should indicate an open circuit in neutral and a closed circuit in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should indicate a closed circuit in retract and an open circuit in float.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the EHR control unit is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve Voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C306 pin 8 (PC61–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 617

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 619

ERROR CODE R37 – NO COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THE EHR VALVE 3 AND THE
CENTRAL CONTROLLER (XCM)

Effects:
EHR valve disabled

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty CAN BUS terminating resistor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty EHR valve
5. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the EHR valve connector C281, extension harness connector C019, central controller (XCM)
connector C329, and the terminating resistor connector C292.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the CAN BUS.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C277 pin 1 (Y) and C277 pin 2 (G).
If the resistance indicated is approximately 60 Ohms, continue to step 3.
If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, there is a short circuit in the CAN BUS wires,
repair or replace as required.
If an open circuit is indicated, there is an open circuit in the CAN BUS wires between the central controller
(XCM) and the EHR terminating resistor, repair or replace as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, disconnect connector C329.
If an open circuit is now indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is okay, continue to step 5.
If 120 Ohms is still indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is not okay, continue to step 6.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect C281 and C329. Measure the resistance between connector:
C281 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
C281 pin 3 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than 5 Ohms, continue to step 3.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect all of the EHR valve connectors. Check between connector:
C281 pin 2 (G) and ground
C281 pin 3 (Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove, replace, and configure the EHR valve.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the EHR terminating resistor connector C292. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C292 pin 1 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C292 pin 2 (G)

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620 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
If the harness is okay, replace the terminating resistor.
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 621

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622 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 623

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624 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE R38 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 3 LEVER FAULTY

Cause:
Lever potentiometer output voltage is outside the limits with all of the detent switches in the off position.

Effects:
EHR control unit lever and EHR valve both returned to neutral.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty EHR control lever potentiometer.
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 55.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed do not change continuously between 10
and 90, continue to step 2.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while in H9 Channel 55 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. Channel 55 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace
as required.
2. Check the EHR control unit 3 connector C306 and the central controller (XCM) connectors C324, C325 and
C327.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the lever potentiometer.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 3 connector C306. While operating the EHR control unit 3 lever from
extend to float, measure the resistance between the component side of connector:
C306 pin 6 (PC59–Y) and C306 pin 1 (PC71–Y) should indicate between 100 Ohms – 900 Ohms.
C306 pin 6 (PC59–Y) and C306 pin 2 (B) should indicate between 900 Ohms – 100 Ohms.
If the resistances indicated are not okay, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the lever potentiometer is okay, continue to step 3.
4. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C306 pin 1 (PC71–Y) and C306 pin 2 (B).
If the voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is less than +5 Volts, continue to step 5.
C. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 7.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connectors C324 and C325. Check between connector:
C324 pin 23 (B) and C306 pin 2 (B)
C325 pin 17 (PC71–Y) and C306 pin 1 (PC71–Y)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C306 pin 1 (PC71–Y) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 625

B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. Perform the EHR calibration procedure. If
the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).
7. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C306 pin 6 (PC59–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 8.
8. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C327. Check between connector C327 pin 5 (PC59–Y) and
C306 pin 6 (PC59–Y). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 9.
9. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C306 pin 6 (PC59–Y) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. Perform the EHR calibration procedure. If
the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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626 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 627

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 629

ERROR CODE R41 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 4 FLOAT SWITCH ERROR

Cause:
The float switch has been detected with the lever potentiometer value outside the allowed band.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR control unit float switch
2. Faulty EHR control unit lever potentiometer
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the EHR control unit float switch in H5.
A. Operate the lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should display d57 when moved from neutral and d58 when in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should display d57 when moved from neutral and d58 when in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should display d59 when in float.
If the display does not change as indicated, continue to step 3.
B. If the display does change as indicated, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as
required.
3. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 57.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed are not approximately 10 in the float position
or do not change continuously between 10 and 90, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR control unit float switch.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 3 connector C306 and EHR control unit 4 connector C307. While
checking between the component side of connector C307 pin 9 (PC69–Y) and C306 pin 1 (PC71–Y), operate
the EHR control unit 1 lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should indicate an open circuit.
Neutral to the float detent position. Should indicate an open circuit in neutral and a closed circuit in float.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the EHR control unit is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve Voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C307 pin 9 (PC69–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 631

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632 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE R42 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 4 ACTIVE SWITCH ERROR

Cause:
The active switch has been detected with the lever potentiometer value outside the allowed band.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR control unit active switch
2. Faulty EHR control unit lever potentiometer
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the EHR control unit active switch in H5.
A. Operate the lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should display d57 when moved from neutral and d58 when in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should display d57 when moved from neutral and d58 when in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should display d59 when in float.
If the display does not change as indicated, continue to step 3.
B. If the display does change as indicated, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as
required.
3. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 57.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed do not change continuously between 10
and 90, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR control unit active switch.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 3 connector C306 and the EHR control unit 4 connector C307. While
checking between the component side of connector C307 pin 7 (PC67–Y) and C306 pin 1 (PC71–Y), operate
the EHR control unit 1 lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should indicate a closed circuit when moved from neutral.
Neutral to the float detent position. Should indicate a closed circuit when moved from neutral and an open
circuit in float.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the EHR control unit is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve Voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C307 pin 7 (PC67–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 633

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634 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 635

ERROR CODE R43 – CAN MESSAGES RECEIVED BY THE EHR VALVE 4 ARE CORRUPTED
OR MISSING

Effects:
EHR valve disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. CAN BUS interference
3. Faulty CAN BUS terminating resistor
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty EHR valve
6. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the EHR valve connector C282, extension harness connector C019, central controller (XCM)
connector C329 and the terminating resistor connector C292.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the CAN BUS.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C277 pin 1 (Y) and C277 pin 2 (G).
If the resistance indicated is approximately 60 Ohms, continue to step 3.
If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, there is a short circuit in the CAN BUS wires,
repair or replace as required.
If an open circuit is indicated, there is an open circuit in the CAN BUS wires between the central controller
(XCM) and the EHR terminating resistor, repair or replace as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, disconnect connector C329.
If an open circuit is now indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is okay, continue to step 7.
If 120 Ohms is still indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is not okay, continue to step 8.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C282 and C329. Measure the resistance between connector:
C282 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
C282 pin 3 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than 5 Ohms, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect all of the EHR valve connectors. Check between connector:
C282 pin 2 (G) and ground
C282 pin 3 (Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C282 pin 2 (G) and ground
C282 pin 3 (Y) and ground

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636 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check the CAN BUS wires (Y) and (G).
A. If the CAN BUS wires are not twisted together or free from possible interference, repair, re–position or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the CAN BUS wires are okay, replace, and configure the EHR valve.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the EHR terminating resistor connector C292. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C292 pin 1 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C292 pin 2 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
If the harness is okay, replace the terminating resistor.
8. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 637

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638 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 639

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640 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE R44 – VALVE 4 SUPPLY UNDER VOLTAGE/OVER VOLTAGE OR OUTPUT


STAGE FAULTY OR TRANSDUCER FAULTY OR SPOOL NEUTRAL
ERROR OR SPOOL NOT NEUTRAL ERROR

Effects:
EHR valve disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty connector
4. Faulty EHR enable relay
5. Faulty harness
6. Faulty EHR valve

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for flash codes being displayed.
A. If flash codes 21, 31, 22, 32, or 41 are displayed, continue to step 2.
B. If flash codes 42, 43, 81, or 82 are displayed, there is an internal fault in the EHR valve. Remove, replace,
and configure the EHR valve.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is less than approximately +9 Volts or
greater than approximately +15 Volts, continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the voltage indicated is between approximately +9 Volts and +15 Volts, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR valve connector C282.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct
position and that the fit is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the EHR enable relay.
A. Remove the EHR enable relay from connector C311. Energise the relay and measure the resistance
between terminal 30 and terminal 87. If the resistance indicated is greater than approximately 5 Ohms,
replace the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, continue to step 6.
6. Check for +12 Volts
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C311 pin 8 (N/R/B) and C311 pin 6 (B).
If the voltage indicated is less than approximately +8 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +12 Volts, continue to step 7.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the EHR valve connector C282. Measure the resistance between
connector:
C282 pin 1 (N/R/B) and C311 pin 2 (N/R/B)
C282 pin 4 (B) and ground
If the resistance indicated is greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove, replace, and configure the EHR valve.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 641

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642 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 643

ERROR CODE R45 – VALVE 4 SPOOL TRAVEL SHORT OR SPOOL TRAVEL EXCESSIVE
OR OPEN CENTRE NOT REACHED

Effects:
EHR valve disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR valve

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for flash codes being displayed.
A. Turn the keystart ON. If flash codes 23, 24, or 25 are displayed on only one of the EHR valves, possible
mechanical fault in the valve. Repair or replace the EHR valve as required.
B. If flash codes are displayed on all of the EHR valves, download the correct level of software in the central
controller (XCM). If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
644 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE R46 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 4 FULL FLOW SWITCH ERROR

Cause:
The full flow switch has been detected with the lever potentiometer value outside the allowed band.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR control unit full flow switch
2. Faulty EHR control unit lever potentiometer
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the EHR control unit float switch in H5.
A. Operate the lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should display d57 when moved from neutral and d58 when in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should display d57 when moved from neutral and d58 when in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should display d59 when in float.
If the display does not change as indicated, continue to step 3.
B. If the display does change as indicated, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as
required.
3. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 57.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed are not approximately 20 in the retract
position and approximately 90 in the extend position or do not change continuously between 10 and 90,
remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR control unit full flow switch.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 3 connector C306 and EHR control unit 4 connector C307. While
checking between the component side of connector C307 pin 8 (PC68–Y) and C306 pin 1 (PC71–Y), operate
the EHR control unit 4 lever from:
Neutral to the extend detent position. Should indicate an open circuit in neutral and a closed circuit in extend.
Neutral to the retract detent position. Should indicate an open circuit in neutral and a closed circuit in retract.
Retract to the float detent position. Should indicate a closed circuit in retract and an open circuit in float.
If the switch operation is not as indicated, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the EHR control unit is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve Voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C306 pin 8 (PC68–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 645

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646 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 647

ERROR CODE R47 – NO COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THE EHR VALVE 4 AND THE
CENTRAL CONTROLLER (XCM)

Effects:
EHR valve disabled

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty CAN BUS terminating resistor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty EHR valve
5. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the EHR valve connector C282, extension harness connector C019,central controller (XCM)
connector C329, and the terminating resistor connector C292.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the CAN BUS.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C277 pin 1 (Y) and C277 pin 2 (G).
If the resistance indicated is approximately 60 Ohms, continue to step 3.
If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, there is a short circuit in the CAN BUS wires,
repair or replace as required.
If an open circuit is indicated, there is an open circuit in the CAN BUS wires between the central controller
(XCM) and the EHR terminating resistor, repair or replace as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, disconnect connector C329.
If an open circuit is now indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is okay, continue to step 5.
If 120 Ohms is still indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is not okay, continue to step 6.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect C282 and C329. Measure the resistance between connector:
C282 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
C282 pin 3 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than 5 Ohms, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect all of the EHR valve connectors. Check between connector:
C282 pin 2 (G) and ground
C282 pin 3 (Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove, replace, and configure the EHR valve.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the EHR terminating resistor connector C292. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C292 pin 1 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C292 pin 2 (G)

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648 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
If the harness is okay, replace the terminating resistor.
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 649

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652 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE R48 – EHR CONTROL UNIT 4 LEVER FAULTY

Cause:
Lever potentiometer output voltage is outside the limits with all of the detent switches in the off position.

Effects:
EHR control unit lever and EHR valve both returned to neutral.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty EHR control lever potentiometer.
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the lever potentiometer in H9 Channel 57.
A. Operate the lever from float to extend. If the values displayed do not change continuously between 10
and 90, continue to step 2.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while in H9 Channel 57 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. Channel 57 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace
as required.
2. Check the EHR control unit 3 connector C306, EHR control unit 4 connector C307 and the central controller
(XCM) connectors C324, C325 and C327.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the lever potentiometer.
A. Disconnect the EHR control unit 3 connector C306 and EHR control unit 4 connector C307. While
operating the EHR control unit 4 lever from extend to float, measure the resistance between the component
side of connector:
C307 pin 6 (PC66–Y) and C306 pin 1 (PC71–Y) should indicate between 100 Ohms – 900 Ohms.
C307 pin 6 (PC66–Y) and C306 pin 2 (B) should indicate between 900 Ohms – 100 Ohms.
If the resistances indicated are not okay, remove and replace the EHR control unit.
B. If the lever potentiometer is okay, continue to step 3.
4. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C306 pin 1 (PC71–Y) and C306 pin 2 (B).
If the voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is less than +5 Volts, continue to step 5.
C. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 7.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connectors C324 and C325. Check between connector:
C324 pin 23 (B) and C306 pin 2 (B)
C325 pin 17 (PC71–Y) and C306 pin 1 (PC71–Y)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C306 pin 1 (PC71–Y) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 653

B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. Perform the EHR calibration procedure. If
the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).
7. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C307 pin 6 (PC66–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 8.
8. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C327. Check between connector C327 pin 7 (PC66–Y) and
C307 pin 6 (PC66–Y). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 9.
9. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C307 pin 6 (PC66–Y) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. Perform the EHR calibration procedure. If
the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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654 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 655

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656 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 657

ERROR CODE R53 – CAN MESSAGES RECEIVED BY THE EHR VALVE 5 ARE CORRUPTED
OR MISSING

Effects:
EHR valve disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. CAN BUS interference
3. Faulty CAN BUS terminating resistor
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty EHR valve
6. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the EHR valve connector C283, extension harness connector C019,central controller (XCM)
connector C329 and the terminating resistor connector C292.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the CAN BUS.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C277 pin 1 (Y) and C277 pin 2 (G).
If the resistance indicated is approximately 60 Ohms, continue to step 3.
If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, there is a short circuit in the CAN BUS wires,
repair or replace as required.
If an open circuit is indicated, there is an open circuit in the CAN BUS wires between the central controller
(XCM) and the EHR terminating resistor, repair or replace as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, disconnect connector C329.
If an open circuit is now indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is okay, continue to step 7.
If 120 Ohms is still indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is not okay, continue to step 8.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C283 and C329. Measure the resistance between connector:
C283 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
C283 pin 3 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than 5 Ohms, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect all of the EHR valve connectors. Check between connector:
C283 pin 2 (G) and ground
C283 pin 3 (Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C283 pin 2 (G) and ground
C283 pin 3 (Y) and ground

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658 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check the CAN BUS wires (Y) and (G).
A. If the CAN BUS wires are not twisted together or free from possible interference, repair, re–position or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the CAN BUS wires are okay, remove, replace, and configure the EHR valve.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the EHR terminating resistor connector C292. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C292 pin 1 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C292 pin 2 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
If the harness is okay, replace the terminating resistor.
8. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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660 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 661

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662 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE R54 – VALVE 5 SUPPLY UNDER VOLTAGE/OVER VOLTAGE OR OUTPUT


STAGE FAULTY OR TRANSDUCER FAULTY OR SPOOL NEUTRAL
ERROR OR SPOOL NOT NEUTRAL ERROR

Effects:
EHR valve disabled

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty connector
4. Faulty EHR enable relay
5. Faulty harness
6. Faulty EHR valve

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for flash codes being displayed.
A. If flash codes 21, 31, 22, 32, or 41 are displayed, continue to step 2.
B. If flash codes 42, 43, 81, or 82 are displayed, there is an internal fault in the EHR valve. Remove, replace,
and configure the EHR valve.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is less than approximately +9 Volts or
greater than approximately +15 Volts, continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the voltage indicated is between approximately +9 Volts and +15 Volts, continue to step 4.
4. Check the EHR valve connector C283.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct
position and that the fit is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the EHR enable relay.
A. Remove the EHR enable relay from connector C311. Energise the relay and measure the resistance
between terminal 30 and terminal 87. If the resistance indicated is greater than approximately 5 Ohms,
replace the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, continue to step 6.
6. Check for +12 Volts
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C311 pin 8 (N/R/B) and C311 pin 6 (B).
If the voltage indicated is less than approximately +8 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +12 Volts, continue to step 7.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the EHR valve connector C283. Measure the resistance between
connector:
C283 pin 1 (N/R/B) and C311 pin 2 (N/R/B)
C283 pin 4 (B) and ground
If the resistance indicated is greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove, replace, and configure the EHR valve.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 663

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664 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 665

ERROR CODE R55 – VALVE 5 SPOOL TRAVEL SHORT OR SPOOL TRAVEL EXCESSIVE
OR OPEN CENTRE NOT REACHED

Effects:
EHR valve disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty EHR valve

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for flash codes being displayed.
A. Turn the keystart ON. If flash codes 23, 24, or 25 are displayed on only one of the EHR valves, possible
mechanical fault in the valve. Repair or replace the EHR valve as required.
B. If flash codes are displayed on all of the EHR valves, download the correct level of software in the central
controller (XCM). If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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666 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE R57 – NO COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THE EHR VALVE 5 AND THE
CENTRAL CONTROLLER (XCM)

Effects:
EHR valve disabled

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty CAN BUS terminating resistor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty EHR valve
5. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the EHR valve connector C283, extension harness connector C019, central controller (XCM)
connector C329, and the terminating resistor connector C292.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the CAN BUS.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C277 pin 1 (Y) and C277 pin 2 (G).
If the resistance indicated is approximately 60 Ohms, continue to step 3.
If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, there is a short circuit in the CAN BUS wires,
repair or replace as required.
If an open circuit is indicated, there is an open circuit in the CAN BUS wires between the central controller
(XCM) and the EHR terminating resistor, repair or replace as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, disconnect connector C329.
If an open circuit is now indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is okay, continue to step 5.
If 120 Ohms is still indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is not okay, continue to step 6.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect C283 and C329. Measure the resistance between connector:
C283 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
C283 pin 3 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than 5 Ohms, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect all of the EHR valve connectors. Check between connector:
C283 pin 2 (G) and ground
C283 pin 3 (Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove, replace, and configure the EHR valve.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the EHR terminating resistor connector C292. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C292 pin 1 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C292 pin 2 (G)

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 667

Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
If the harness is okay, replace the terminating resistor.
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 1 (Y) and C329 pin 13 (Y)
C277 pin 2 (G) and C329 pin 19 (G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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668 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 669

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6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 671

ERROR CODE U1 – FLOW CONTROL FOR LEVER 1 SET INCORRECTLY DURING


CALIBRATION
ERROR CODE U2 – FLOW CONTROL FOR LEVER 2 SET INCORRECTLY DURIING
CALIBRATION
ERROR CODE U3 – FLOW CONTROL FOR LEVER 3 SET INCORRECTLY DURING
CALIBRATION
ERROR CODE U4 – FLOW CONTROL FOR LEVER 4 SET INCORRECTLY DURING
CALIBRATION

Possible failure modes:


1. Flow control set incorrectly

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the flow control potentiometer has been set to maximum after the program lamp is switched off and
the instrument cluster has displayed “2”, then move the EHR lever to the extend position.

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672 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

NOTES PAGE

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 673

HAND THROTTLE AND PTO TORQUE FAULT CODE LISTING

MODELS: 175 AND 190


Fault
Code Fault description
TD1 Hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 1 over voltage
TD2 Hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 1 under voltage
TD3 Hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 2 over voltage
TD4 Hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 2 under voltage
TD5 Hand throttle position sensor difference error
TD6 Hand throttle idle switch open circuit
TD7 Hand throttle idle switch closed circuit
TC2 PTO twist sensor open circuit
TC3 PTO twist sensor short too ground
TC4 Engine torque/RPM sensor open circuit
TC5 Engine torque/RPM sensor short to ground
TC6 PTO twist sensor not calibrated
TC7 No signal from the PTO twist sensor
TC8 No signal from the engine torque/RPM sensor
TC9 PTO twist speed sensor sensor over voltage

Calibration Fault Code Listing

U50 PTO twist sensor not calibrated


U51 Unable to achieve the required engine speed
U52 Constant engine RPM (CERPM) switch switched more than 3 times
U53 Remote levers used when calibrated
U54 Steering used when calibrating
U55 PTO engaged when calibrating
U56 Engine torque/RPM sensor open circuit
U57 Engine torque/RPM sensor short to ground
U58 PTO twist sensor open circuit
U59 PTO twist sensor short to ground
U60 Out of range calibration value

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674 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE TD1 – HAND THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR POTENTIOMETER 1 OVER


VOLTAGE

Effects:
Hand throttle disabled.
Constant ERPM and HTS modes disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty hand throttle position sensor
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 1 in H9 Channel 63.
A. Operate the hand throttle from low to high idle. If the values displayed do not change continuously between
6 to 73, continue to step 2.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while in H9 Channel 63 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. Channel 63 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace
as required.
2. Check the hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 1.
A. Disconnect the hand throttle position sensor connector C314. While operating the hand throttle from low
to high idle, measure the resistance between the component side of connector:
C314 pin 2 (PC29–Y) and C314 pin 3 (PC27–Y). Should indicate between 0.70K Ohms – 1K Ohm
C314 pin 2 (PC29–Y) and C314 pin 1 (B). Should indicate between 1K Ohm – 0.70K Ohm
If the resistances indicated are not okay, remove and replace the hand throttle position sensor.
B. If the hand throttle position sensor is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to +8 or +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C314 pin 3 (PC27–Y) and C314 pin 1 (B).
If the voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C314 pin 2 (PC29–Y) and C314 pin 1 (B).
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 677

ERROR CODE TD2 – HAND THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR POTENTIOMETER 1 UNDER


VOLTAGE

Effects:
Hand throttle disabled.
Constant ERPM and HTS modes disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Fault hand throttle position sensor
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 1 in H9 Channel 63.
A. Operate the hand throttle from low to high idle. If the values displayed do not change continuously between
6 to 73, continue to step 2.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while in H9 Channel 63 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. Channel 63 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace
as required.
2. Check the hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 1.
A. Disconnect the hand throttle position sensor connector C314. While operating the hand throttle from low
to high idle, measure the resistance between the component side of connector:
C314 pin 2 (PC29–Y) and C314 pin 3 (PC27–Y). Should indicate between 0.70K Ohms – 1K Ohm
C314 pin 2 (PC29–Y) and C314 pin 1 (B). Should indicate between 1K Ohm – 0.70K Ohms
If the resistances indicated are not okay, remove and replace the hand throttle position sensor.
B. If the hand throttle position sensor is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C314 pin 3 (PC27–Y) and C314 pin 1 (B).
If the voltage indicated is less than +5 Volts, continue to step 4.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 7.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C324. Check between
connector C314 pin 1 (B) and C324 pin 23 (B). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness
as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C325. Check between connector C314 pin 3 (PC27–Y)
and C325 pin 31 (PC27–Y). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C314 pin 3 (PC27–Y) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C325. Check between
connector C314 pin 2 (PC29–Y) and C325 pin 12 (PC29–Y). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 8.

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678 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

8. Check for a short to ground.


A. Check between connector C314 pin 2 (PC29–Y) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 679

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
680 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 681

ERROR CODE TD3 – HAND THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR POTENTIOMETER 2 OVER


VOLTAGE

Effects:
Hand throttle disabled.
Constant ERPM and HTS modes disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Fault hand throttle position sensor
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 1 in H9 Channel 64.
A. Operate the hand throttle from low to high idle. If the values displayed do not change continuously between
3 to 37, continue to step 2.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while in H9 Channel 64 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. Channel 64 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace
as required.
2. Check the hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 2.
A. Disconnect the hand throttle position sensor connector C314. While operating the hand throttle from low
to high idle, measure the resistance between the component side of connector:
C314 pin 5 (PC28–Y) and C314 pin 3 (PC27–Y). Should indicate between 0.70K Ohms – 1K Ohm
C314 pin 5 (PC28–Y) and C314 pin 1 (B). Should indicate between 600 Ohms – 700 Ohms
If the resistances indicated are not okay, remove and replace the hand throttle position sensor.
B. If the hand throttle position sensor is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to +8 or +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C314 pin 3 (PC27–Y) and C314 pin 1 (B).
If the voltage indicated is greater than +5 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to +Ve voltage..
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C314 pin 5 (PC28–Y) and C314 pin 1 (B).
If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
682 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 683

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684 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE TD4 – HAND THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR POTENTIOMETER 2 UNDER


VOLTAGE

Effects:
Hand throttle disabled.
Constant ERPM and HTS modes disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Fault hand throttle position sensor
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty Central Controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 2 in H9 Channel 64.
A. Operate the hand throttle from low to high idle. If the values displayed do not change continuously between
3 to 37, continue to step 2.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while in H9 Channel 64 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. Channel 64 values will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace
as required.
2. Check the hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 2.
A. Disconnect the hand throttle position sensor connector C314. While operating the hand throttle from low
to high idle, measure the resistance between the component side of connector:
C314 pin 5 (PC28–Y) and C314 pin 3 (PC27–Y). Should indicate between 0.70K Ohms – 1K Ohm
C314 pin 5 (PC28–Y) and C314 pin 1 (B). Should indicate between 600 Ohms – 700 Ohms
If the resistances indicated are not okay, remove and replace the hand throttle position sensor.
B. If the hand throttle position sensor is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for +5 Volts
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C314 pin 3 (PC27–Y) and C314 pin 1 (B).
If the voltage indicated is less than +5 Volts, continue to step 4.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +5 Volts, continue to step 7.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C324. Check between
connector C314 pin 1 (B) and C324 pin 23 (B). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness
as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C325. Check between connector C314 pin 3 (PC27–Y)
and C325 pin 31 (PC27–Y). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C314 pin 3 (PC27–Y) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C325. Check between
connector C314 pin 5 (PC28–Y) and C325 pin 13 (PC28–Y). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 8.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 685

8. Check for a short to ground.


A. Check between connector C314 pin 5 (PC28–Y) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
686 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 687

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688 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE TD5 – HAND THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR DIFFERENCE ERROR

Cause:
The filtered voltage of potentiometer 1 (primary) is not equivalent to twice the filtered voltage of potentiometer
2 (secondary).

Effects:
Hand throttle disabled.
Constant ERPM and HTS modes disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty hand throttle position sensor
3. Damaged sensor drive arm or linkage
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for hand throttle position sensor error codes tD1,tD2,tD3 or tD4.
A. If any of the above are displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If only error code tD5 is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the hand throttle position sensor drive arm and the linkage.
A. If the drive arm or the linkage is damaged, repair or replace as required.
B. If the drive arm or the linkage is okay, continue to step 3
3. Check the hand throttle position sensor connector C314 and the central controller (XCM) connector C325.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 1 in H9 Channel 63.
A. Operate the hand throttle from low to high idle. If the values displayed do not change continuously between
6 to 73, remove and replace the hand throttle position sensor.
B. If the values displayed are okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the hand throttle position sensor potentiometer 2 in H9 Channel 64.
A. Operate the hand throttle from low to high idle. If the values displayed do not change continuously between
3 to 37 and are not approximately half the value displayed for the same positions as potentiometer 1 when
in H9 Channel 63, remove and replace the hand throttle position sensor.
B. If the hand throttle position sensor is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs,
remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 689

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
690 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 691

ERROR CODE TD6 – HAND THROTTLE IDLE SWITCH OPEN CIRCUIT

Cause:
The hand throttle idle switch is still open at approximately 21% of the throttle potentiometer 1 (primary) position
or 11% of throttle potentiometer 2 (secondary) position.

Effects:
Hand throttle disabled.
Constant ERPM and HTS modes disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty hand throttle position sensor
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for hand throttle position sensor error codes tD1,tD2,tD3, tD4 or TD5.
A. If any of the above are displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If only tD6 is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the hand throttle position sensor connector C314 and the central controller (XCM) connector C325.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for +12 Volts.
A. Disconnect the hand throttle position sensor connector C314. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector C314 pin 4 (U/R/B) and ground. If +12 volts is not indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If +12 Volts is indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check the hand throttle position sensor idle switch.
A. Reconnect connector C314. Operate the hand throttle from low to high idle. While in H9 Channel 63,
measure the voltage using a suitable probe adaptor. Back probe between the not_idle switch signal wire on
connector C314 pin 6 (PC31–Y) and ground. If the voltage indicated is not approximately +12 Volts with
the display indicating approximately 21 or above, remove and replace the hand throttle position sensor.
B. If the voltages indicated are okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the hand throttle position sensor idle switch.
A. Operate the hand throttle from low to high idle. While in H9 Channel 64, measure the voltage using a
suitable probe adaptor. Back probe between the not_idle switch signal wire on connector C314 pin 6
(PC31–Y) and ground. If the voltage indicated is not approximately 12 Volts with the display indicating
approximately 11 or above, remove and replace the hand throttle position sensor.
B. If the voltages indicated are okay, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to ground.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C314. Check between connector C314 pin 6 (PC31–Y) and
ground. If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C325. Check between connector C325 pin 20
(PC31–Y) and C314 pin 6 (PC31–Y).
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove
and replace the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
692 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 693

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
694 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE TD7 – HAND THROTTLE IDLE SWITCH CLOSED CIRCUIT

Cause:
The hand throttle idle switch is still closed at approximately 8% of the throttle potentiometer 1 (primary) position
or 4% of throttle potentiometer 2 (secondary) position.

Effects:
Hand throttle disabled.
Constant ERPM and HTS modes disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty hand throttle position sensor
2. Faulty harness
3. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for hand throttle position sensor error codes tD1,tD2,tD3 or tD4.
A. If any of the above are displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If only tD6 is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the hand throttle position sensor idle switch.
A. Disconnect the hand throttle position sensor connector C314. Operate the hand throttle from low to high
idle. While in H9 Channel 63, measure the voltage using a suitable probe adaptor. Back probe between the
not_idle switch signal wire on connector C314 pin 6 (PC31–Y) and ground. If the voltage indicated is not
0 Volts with the display indicating approximately 8 or below, remove and replace the hand throttle position
sensor.
B. If the voltage indicated is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the hand throttle position sensor idle switch.
A. Operate the hand throttle from low to high idle. While in H9 Channel 64, measure the voltage using a
suitable probe adaptor. Back probe between the not_idle switch signal wire on connector C314 pin 6
(PC31–Y) and ground. If the voltage indicated is not 0 Volts with the display indicating approximately 4 or
below, remove and replace the hand throttle position sensor.
B. If the voltages indicated are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to +Ve Voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C314 pin 6 (PC31–Y) and ground. If a
voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 695

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
696 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 697

ERROR CODE TC2 – PTO TWIST SENSOR OPEN CIRCUIT

Effects:
PTO and powerboost disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty PTO twist sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the PTO twist sensor connector C288 and the central controller (XCM) connector C324 and C328.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the PTO twist speed sensor.
A. Disconnect connector C288. Measure the resistance between the component side of the PTO twist sensor
pin 1 and pin 2. If the resistance indicated is not between 0.80K Ohms – 1.2K Ohms, remove and replace
the sensor.
B. If the speed sensor is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C288 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and ground. If +12
Volts is not indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If +12 Volts is indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connectors C324 and C328. Check
between connector:
C288 pin 2 (O/Y/S) and C328 pin 21 (O/Y/S)
C288 pin 3 (B) and C324 pin 23 (B)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
698 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 699

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700 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 701

ERROR CODE TC3 – PTO TWIST SENSOR SHORT TO GROUND

Effects:
PTO and powerboost disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty PTO twist sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the PTO twist sensor connector C288 and the central controller (XCM) connector C328.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the PTO twist sensor.
A. Disconnect connector C288. Measure the resistance between the component side of the PTO twist sensor
pin 1 and pin 2. If the resistance indicated is not between 0.80K Ohms – 1.2K Ohms, remove and replace
the PTO twist sensor.
B. If the resistances indicated are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between the component side of connector:
C288 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and ground
C288 pin 2 (O/Y/S) and ground
C288 pin 3 (B) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, remove and replace the output speed sensor.
B. If the output speed sensor is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short to ground.
A. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C328. Check between connector C288 pin 2 (O/Y/S)
and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
702 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 703

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
704 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE TC4 – ENGINE TORQUE/RPM SENSOR OPEN CIRCUIT

Effects:
PTO and powerboost disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty sensor
2. Faulty connector
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for transmission error code F71 also being displayed.
A. If F71 is displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If only tC4 is displayed, continue to test 2.
2. Check the central controller (XCM) connector C325.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C325 and the engine torque/RPM sensor connector C255. Check between
connector C255 pin 2 (W/N/B) and C325 pin 34 (W/N/B). If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the
harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 705

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
706 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 707

ERROR CODE TC5 – ENGINE TORQUE/RPM SENSOR SHORT TO GROUND

Effects:
PTO and powerboost disabled.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty sensor
2. Faulty connector
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for transmission error code F72 also being displayed.
A. If F72 is displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If only tC5 is displayed, continue to test 2.
2. Check the central controller (XCM) connector C325.
A. Ensure the connector is connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit is
tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connector is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to ground.
A. Turn the Keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C325 and the engine torque/RPM sensor connector C255.
Check between connector C255 pin 2 (W/N/B) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace
the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and replace
the central controller (XCM).

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708 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 709

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
710 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE TC6 – PTO TWIST SENSOR NOT CALIBRATED

Possible failure modes:


1. PTO twist sensor not calibrated
2. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check if the PTO twist sensor was calibrated.
A. If the PTO twist sensor was not calibrated after a change of the central controller (XCM) or after using
H8 clear non–volatile memory (EEPROM), perform the PTO torque calibration procedure (TCP).
B. If the PTO twist sensor was calibrated, download the correct level of software. Perform the PTO TCP. If
the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 711

ERROR CODE TC7 – NO SIGNAL FROM THE PTO TWIST SPEED SENSOR

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty PTO twist speed sensor
3. Mechanical fault within the transmission

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the PTO twist sensor connector C288 and the central controller (XCM) connector C328.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the PTO twist speed sensor.
A. If the sensor is incorrectly installed, loose or damaged, refit or replace as required.
B. If the sensor is okay, possible mechanical fault within the transmission.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
712 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 713

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714 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE TC8 – NO SIGNAL FROM THE ENGINE TORQUE/RPM SENSOR

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty engine torque/RPM sensor
3. Faulty flywheel damper fingers

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the engine torque/RPM sensor connector C255 and the secondary controller (CFPS) connector C330
and C333.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the engine torque/RPM sensor.
A. If the sensor is incorrectly installed, loose or damaged, refit or replace as required.
B. If the sensor is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a mechanical fault.
A. Inspect the flywheel damper fingers. If the damper fingers are damaged, repair or replace as required.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 715

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716 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 717

ERROR CODE TC9 – PTO TWIST SPEED SENSOR OVER VOLTAGE

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty PTO twist speed sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply has not been connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for
normal operation.
B. If an external power supply has been connected to the tractor, continue to step 2.
2. Check the PTO twist speed sensor.
A. Disconnect connector C288. Measure the resistance between the component side of the PTO twist sensor
pin 1 and pin 2. If the resistance indicated is not between 0.80K Ohms – 1.2K Ohms, remove and replace
the PTO twist speed sensor.
B. If the PTO twist speed sensor is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Disconnect the central controller (XCM) connector C328. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage
between connector C288 pin 2 (O/Y/S) and ground. If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness
as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 4.
4. Check for a short circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector C288 pin 1 (R/LTG/B) and C288 pin 2 (O/Y/S). If a short
circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and
replace the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
718 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 719

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720 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE U50 – PTO TWIST SENSOR NOT CALIBRATED

Possible failure modes:


1. PTO twist sensor not calibrated
2. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check if the PTO twist sensor was calibrated.
A. If the PTO twist sensor was not calibrated after a change of the central controller (XCM) or after using
H8 clear non–volatile memory (EEPROM), perform the PTO torque calibration procedure (TCP).
B. If the PTO twist sensor was calibrated, download the correct level of software. Perform the PTO TCP. If
the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

ERROR CODE U51 – UNABLE TO ACHIEVE THE REQUIRED ENGINE SPEED

Possible failure modes:


1. Implements connected
2. Additional error codes

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check that all implements have been disconnected, so not to cause any drag on the engine.
A. If all implements have been disconnected, check for other error codes being displayed.
B. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.

ERROR CODE U52 – CONSTANT ENGINE RPM (CERPM) SWITCH SWITCHED MORE THAN
3 TIMES

Possible failure modes:


1. CERPM switch operated more than 3 times
2. Faulty connector
3. Faulty switch
4. Faulty harness

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check that the CERPM switch has not been pressed more than 3 times.
A. If the switch has been pressed more than 3 times, perform the PTO torque calibration procedure (TCP).
B. If the switch has not been pressed more than 3 times, continue to step 2.
2. Check the CERPM switch in H5.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Operate the CERPM switch. If d13 is not displayed. Turn the keystart OFF. Remove
and check the switch.
B. If d13 is displayed, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent
circuit. The display will change if an intermittent circuit is detected, repair or replace as required.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 721

ERROR CODE U53 – REMOTE LEVERS USED WHEN CALIBRATING

Possible failure modes:


1. Remote levers not set to neutral

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the remote levers were not operated during the calibration procedure.
A. Reset all remote levers back to the neutral position. Perform the PTO torque calibration procedue (TCP)
and make sure the remote levers are not operated.

ERROR CODE U54 – STEERING USED WHEN CALIBRATING

Possible failure modes:


1. Front wheels not in the straight ahead position

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the steering was not operated during the calibration procedure.
A. Make sure the front wheels are in the straight ahead position. Perform the PTO torque calibration
procedue (TCP) and make sure the steering is not operated.

ERROR CODE U55 – PTO ENGAGED WHEN CALIBRATING

Possible failure modes:


1. PTO operated during the calibration procedure

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the PTO was not operated during the calibration procedure.
A. Make sure the PTO is OFF. Perform the PTO torque calibration procedue (TCP) and make sure the PTO
is not operated.

ERROR CODE U56 – ENGINE TORQUE/RPM SENSOR OPEN CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty sensor
2. Faulty connector
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for error codes tC4 and F71 being displayed.
A. If tC4 or F71 is displayed, continue to these tests.

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722 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE U57 – ENGINE TORQUE/RPM SENSOR SHORT TO GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty sensor
2. Faulty connector
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for error codes tC5 and F72 being displayed.
A. If tC5 or F72 is displayed, continue to these tests.

ERROR CODE U58 – PTO TWIST SENSOR OPEN CIRCUIT

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty PTO twist sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for error codes tC2 being displayed.
A. If tC2 is displayed, continue to this test.

ERROR CODE U59 – PTO TWIST SENSOR SHORT TO GROUND

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty PTO twist sensor
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for error codes tC3 being displayed.
A. If tC3 is displayed, continue to this test.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 723

ERROR CODE U60 – OUT OF RANGE CALIBRATION VALUE

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty PTO twist sensor
2. Faulty engine torque/RPM sensor
3. Faulty flywheel damper fingers
4. Faulty PTO twist sensor phonic wheel

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the PTO twist speed sensor and the engine torque/RPM sensor.
A. If installed incorrectly, loose or damaged. Refit correctly or replace as required.
B. If the sensors are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a mechanical fault.
A. Inspect the flywheel damper fingers. If the damper fingers are damaged, repair or replace as required.
B. Inspect the PTO twist sensor phonic wheel. If the phonic wheel is damaged, repair or replace as required.

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724 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

NOTES PAGE

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 725

ENGINE FAULT CODE LISTING


Service
Error
tool error
Code
code Fault description
t1 3601–6 Foot throttle position sensor, grounded or current above normal range
t2 3601–5 Foot throttle position sensor, open circuit or current below normal range
t3 3601–4 Foot throttle position sensor, shorted to low source
t4 3601–3 Foot throttle position sensor, shorted to high source
t5 3607–1 CAN AE message (torque setpoint), data valid but below normal range
t6 3607–2 CAN AE message (torque setpoint), data incorrect
t7 3607–0 CAN AE message (torque setpoint), data valid but above normal range
t8 3667–6 Ambient pressure sensor, grounded or current above normal range
t9 3667–5 Ambient pressure sensor, open circuit or current below normal range
tA 3667–4 Ambient pressure sensor, shorted to low source
tB 3667–0 Ambient pressure sensor, data valid but above normal range
tC 108–1 Ambient pressure sensor (phy), data valid but below normal range
tD 108–2 Ambient pressure sensor (phy), data incorrect
tE 108–0 Ambient pressure sensor (phy), data valid but above normal range
tF 108–3 Ambient pressure sensor (phy), shorted to high source
t13 3661–0 Test shut–off paths, data valid but above normal range
t14 3661–3 Test shut–off paths, shorted to high source
t15 3624–0 Shut–off signal, data valid but above normal range
t16 3624–3 Shut–off signal, shorted to high source
t17 3605–0 PCU power supply, data valid but above normal range
t18 3605–3 PCU power supply, shorted to high source
t19 3050–0 Fuel quantity shut–off, data valid but above normal range
t1A 3050–3 Fuel quantity shut–off, shorted to high source
t1B 3604–1 Voltage monitoring, data valid but below normal range
t1C 3604–2 Voltage monitoring, data incorrect
t1D 3604–0 Voltage monitoring, data valid but above normal range
t1E 3047–0 Monitoring module, data valid but above normal range
t1F 3047–3 Monitoring module, shorted to high source
t20 3063–1 After–run not completed, data valid but below normal range
t21 3063–0 After–run not completed, data valid but above normal range
t22 3672–6 Boost air temperature sensor, grounded or current above normal range
t23 3672–5 Boost air temperature sensor, open circuit or current below normal
range
t24 3672–4 Boost air temperature sensor, shorted to low source
t25 3672–0 Boost air temperature sensor, data valid but above normal range
t26 105–6 Boost air temperature sensor (phy), grounded or current above normal

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726 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

t27 105–2 Boost air temperature sensor (phy), data incorrect


t28 105–0 Boost air temperature sensor (phy), data valid but above normal range
t29 105–3 Boost air temperature sensor (phy), shorted to high source
t2C 168–0 Battery voltage, data valid but above normal range
t2D 168–5 Battery voltage, open circuit or current below normal range
t2E 168–4 Battery voltage, shorted to low source
t31 3668–6 Boost air pressure sensor, grounded or current above normal range
t32 3668–5 Boost air pressure sensor, open circuit or current below normal range
t33 3668–4 Boost air pressure sensor, shorted to low source
t34 3668–3 Boost air pressure sensor, shorted to high source
t35 102–0 Boost air pressure sensor (phy), data valid but above normal range
t36 102–2 Boost air pressure sensor (phy), data incorrect
t37 102–3 Boost air pressure sensor (phy), shorted to high source
t38 3660–0 Vehicle CAN BUS transmit, data valid but above normal range
t39 3660–3 Vehicle CAN BUS transmit, shorted to high source
t3A 3609–0 PCU initialisation, data valid but above normal range
t3B 3609–3 PCU initialisation, shorted to high source
t3C 3610–1 Solenoid valve, data valid but below normal range
t3D 3610–2 Solenoid valve, data incorrect
t3E 3610–0 Solenoid valve, data valid but above normal range
t3F 3611–0 PSG message, data valid but above normal range
t40 3611–3 PSG message, shorted to high source
t41 3612–0 MSG1 message, data valid but above normal range
t42 3612–3 MSG1 message, shorted to high source
t45 3658–1 CAN CCVSS message, data valid but below normal range
t46 3658–2 CAN CCVSS message, data incorrect
t47 3658–0 CAN CCVSS message, data valid but above normal range
t4A 3718–6 Coolant temperature sensor, grounded or current above normal range
t4B 3718–5 Coolant temperature sensor, open circuit or current below normal
t4C 3718–4 Coolant temperature sensor, shorted to low source
t4D 3718–0 Coolant temperature sensor, data valid but above normal range
t4E 110–0 Coolant temperature sensor (phy), data valid but above normal range
t4F 110–2 Coolant temperature sensor (phy), data incorrect
t50 110–3 Coolant temperature sensor (phy), shorted to high source
t57 190–1 Crankshaft speed sensor, data valid but below normal range
t58 190–2 Crankshaft speed sensor, data incorrect
t59 190–4 Crankshaft speed sensor, shorted to low source
t5A 190–3 Crankshaft speed sensor, shorted to high source
t5B 3001–1 Reverse polarity of engine speed sensor, data valid but below normal
range

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 727

t5C 3001–0 Reverse polarity of engine speed sensor, data valid but above normal
range
t66 3616–1 IAT system, data valid but below normal range
t67 3616–0 IAT system, data valid but above normal range
t68 3014–0 Main relay defect, data valid but above normal range
t69 3014–3 Main relay defect, shorted to high source
t72 3009–1 Engine over–speed, data valid but below normal range
t73 3009–0 Engine over–speed, data valid but above normal range
t74 3618–1 ADC in PCU, data valid but below normal range
t75 3618–0 ADC in PCU, data valid but above normal range
t76 3622–0 Control duration, data valid but above normal range
t77 3622–3 Control duration, shorted to high source
t7A 3626–1 EEPROM checksum in PCU, data valid but below normal range
t7B 3626–0 EEPROM checksum in PCU, data valid but above normal range
t7C 3627–1 EEPROM in PCU, data valid but below normal range
t7D 3627–0 EEPROM in PCU, data valid but above normal range
t7E 3628–1 Crankshaft signal in PCU, data valid but below normal range
t7F 3628–0 Crankshaft signal in PCU, data valid but above normal range
t80 3629–1 Pump map, data valid but below normal range
t81 3629–0 Pump map, data valid but above normal range
t84 3630–1 RAM in PCU, data valid but below normal range
t85 3630–0 RAM in PCU, data valid but above normal range
t86 3631–1 Solenoid valve power stage, data valid but below normal range
t87 3631–0 Solenoid valve power stage, data valid but above normal range
t88 3632–1 Solenoid valve power stage 2, data valid but below normal range
t89 3632–0 Solenoid valve power stage 2, data valid but above normal range
t8A 3624–1 Shut–off signal, data valid but below normal range
t8B 3624–0 Shut–off signal, data valid but above normal range
t8C 3633–1 Pump timing device, data valid but below normal range
t8D 3633–0 Pump timing device, data valid but above normal range
t8E 3634–1 Fuel injection pump temperature, data valid but below normal range
t8F 3634–2 Fuel injection pump temperature, data incorrect
t90 3634–0 Fuel injection pump temperature, data valid but above normal range
t93 3636–0 Reserve 1, data valid but above normal range
t96 3068–1 Monitoring module, data valid but below normal range
t97 3068–0 Monitoring module, data valid but above normal range
tAA 3012–0 PCU CAN chip, data valid but above normal range
tAB 3012–3 PCU CAN chip, shorted to high source
tAC 3013–0 PCU CAN BUS off, data valid but above normal range
tAD 3013–3 PCU CAN BUS off, shorted to high source

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728 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

tAE 3651–1 Vehicle CAN chip, data valid but below normal range
tAF 3651–2 Vehicle CAN chip, data incorrect
tB0 3651–4 Vehicle CAN chip, shorted to low source
tB1 3651–3 Vehicle CAN chip, shorted to high source
tB2 3650–0 Vehicle CAN BUS off, data valid but above normal range
tB3 3650–3 Vehicle CAN BUS off, shorted to high source
tB4 3689–1 CAN VE message (speed setpoint), data valid but below normal range
tB5 3689–2 CAN VE message (speed setpoint), data incorrect
tB6 3689–0 CAN VE message (speed setpoint), data valid but above normal range
tCA N/A CAN in PCU, shorted to low source
tCB N/A CAN in PCU, shorted to high source
tCC N/A PCU initialisation, data valid but below normal range
tCD N/A 1 CAN chip, data valid but below normal range
tCE N/A 1 CAN chip, data valid but above normal range
tCF N/A 1 CAN chip, shorted to high source
tD0 N/A PCU power supply, data valid but below normal range
tD8 N/A PCU power supply, data valid but above normal range

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 729

ERROR CODE T1 – FOOT THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR, GROUNDED OR CURRENT


ABOVE NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T2 – FOOT THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR, OPEN CIRCUIT OR CURRENT
BELOW NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T3 – FOOT THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR, SHORTED TO LOW SOURCE
ERROR CODE T4 – FOOT THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR, SHORTED TO HIGH SOURCE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3601

Effects:
Engine enabled – maximum engine speed restricted to 1760 RPM (no foot throttle).

Possible failure modes:


1. Foot throttle position sensor not calibrated
2. Foot throttle position sensor not adjusted correctly
3. Faulty foot throttle position sensor (potentiometer or idle switch)
4. Faulty harness
5. Fault engine control module

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the foot throttle position sensor connector C256, electronic 2 interface connector C319 and the engine
control module connector C315.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the foot throttle potentiometer in H9 Channel 65.
A. Operate the foot throttle from low to high idle. If the values displayed do not change continuously between
10 to 73, continue to step 4.
B. If the values displayed are okay, while in H9 Channel 6 wiggle the harness and the connectors to check
for an intermittent circuit. If the foot throttle potentiometer is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the foot throttle idle switch in H5.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Operate the foot throttle from low to high idle, and check the display. If the display
does not change between d18 (foot throttle at idle) and d19 (foot throttle not at idle), continue to step 9.
B. If the display does change between d18 and d19, while still in H5 wiggle the harness and the connectors
to check for an intermittent circuit.
4. Check the foot throttle potentiometer.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the foot throttle position sensor connector C256. While operating the
foot throttle from low to high idle, measure the resistance between the component side of connector:
C256 pin 2 (MG145–O) and C256 pin 1 (MG144–O). Should indicate between 0.70K Ohms – 1K Ohm
C256 pin 2 (MG145–O) and C256 pin 3 (MG146–O). Should indicate between 1K Ohm – 0.70K Ohm
If the resistances indicated are not okay, remove, replace and adjust the foot throttle position sensor and
carry out the foot throttle calibration procedure.
B. If the foot throttle position sensor is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the engine control module connector C315. Check between connector:
C315 pin 23 (MG145–O) and C256 pin 2 (MG145–O)
C315 pin 16 (MG144–O) and C256 pin 1 (MG144–O)
C315 pin 35 (MG146–O) and C256 pin 3 (MG146–O)
If an open circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.

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730 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 6.


6. Check for short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C256 pin 1 (MG144–O) and ground
C256 pin 2 (MG145–O) and ground
If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector:
C256 pin 1 (MG144–O) and C256 pin 2 (MG145–O)
C256 pin 1 (MG144–O) and C256 pin 3 (MG146–O)
C256 pin 2 (MG145–O) and C256 pin 3 (MG146–O)
If a short circuit is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 8.
8. Check for a short to a +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C256 pin 1 (MG144–O) and ground
C256 pin 2 (MG145–O) and ground
C256 pin 3 (MG146–O) and ground
If a voltage is indicated , repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and
replace the engine control module.
9. While still in H5, check the foot throttle idle switch is correctly adjusted.
A. If the idle switch is not adjusted correctly, adjust as required.
B. If the idle switch cannot be adjusted using H5, continue to step 10.
10. Check the foot throttle idle switch.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect the foot throttle linkage from the pedal. While operating the foot throttle
potentiometer measure the resistance between the component side of connector C256 pin 5 (MG148–O)
and C256 pin 4 (B). If an open circuit is not indicated with the potentiometer released and the resistance is
not approximately 600 Ohms with the potentiometer operated, remove, replace and adjust the foot throttle
position sensor and carry out the foot throttle calibration procedure.
B. If the foot throttle position sensor is okay, continue to step 11.
11. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the engine control module connector C315. Check between connector:
C315 pin 17 (MG148–O) and C256 pin 5 (MG148–O)
C256 pin 4 (B) and ground
If an open circuit is indicated, continue to step 12.
12. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector C256 pin 5 (MG148–O) and ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 13.
13. Check for a short circuit.
A. Check between connector C256 pin 5 (MG148–O) and C256 pin 3 (MG146–O). If a short circuit is
indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit is not indicated, continue to step 14.
14. Check for a short to a +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C256 pin 5 (MG148–O) and ground
C256 pin 4 (B) and ground

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 731

If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.


B. If a voltage is not indicated, download the correct level of software. If the fault re–occurs, remove and
replace the engine control module.

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732 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 733

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734 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 735

ERROR CODE T5 – CAN AE MESSAGE (TORQUE SETPOINT), DATA VALID BUT BELOW
NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T6 – CAN AE MESSAGE (TORQUE SETPOINT), DATA INCORRECT
ERROR CODE T7 – CAN AE MESSAGE (TORQUE SETPOINT), DATA VALID BUT ABOVE
NORMAL RANGE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3607

Cause:
Faulty setpoint engine torque sent from the central controller (XCM) to the engine control module.

Effects:
Engine enabled – no restriction on fuel or speed.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty harness
3. CAN BUS interference
4. Conflict between central controller (XCM) and engine control module software
5. Faulty engine control module
6. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the central controller (XCM) connector C324 and engine control module connector C315.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the CAN BUS.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C277 pin 3 (Y) and C277 pin 4 (G).
If the resistance indicated is approximately 60 Ohms, continue to step 4.
If the resistance indicated is less than 5 Ohms, there is a short circuit in the CAN BUS wires, repair or replace
as required.
If an open circuit is indicated, there is an open circuit in the CAN BUS wires between the central controller
(XCM) and the engine control module, repair or replace as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, disconnect connector C324.
If an open circuit is now indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is okay, continue to step 10.
If 120 Ohms is still indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is not okay, continue to step 11.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C315 and C324, display of gears (CAN DOG) connector C104, and the secondary
controller (CFPS) connector C333. Measure the resistance between connector:
C315 pin 12 (5400–Y) and C324 pin 15 (5400–Y)
C315 pin 11 (5420–G) and C324 pin 16 (5420–G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, continue to step 5.

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736 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

5. Check for a short to ground.


A. Check between connector:
C315 pin 11 (5420–G) and ground
C315 pin 12 (5400–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C315 pin 11 (5420–G) and ground
C315 pin 12 (5400–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check the CAN BUS wires (Y) and (G).
A. If the CAN BUS wires are not twisted together or free from possible interference, repair, re–position or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the CAN BUS wires are okay, continue to step 8.
8. Check for +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C324 pin 14 (5000–P) and C324 pin 25 (B)
C324 pin 20 (7000–P) and C324 pin 26 (B)
C315 pin 15 (2041–P/Y) and C315 pin 1 (57DZ–Y)
C315 pin 27 (PC21–Y) and C315 pin 2 (57DY–Y)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the voltage indicated is not
approximately +12 Volts, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the voltage indicated is approximately +12 Volts, continue to step 9.
9. Check the software level.
A. Download the correct level of software in the central controller (XCM) and the engine control module. If
the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).
10. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the engine control module connector C315. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 3 (Y) and C315 pin 12 (5400–Y)
C277 pin 4 (G) and C315 pin 11 (5420–G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
If the harness is okay, remove and replace the engine control module.
11. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 3 (Y) and C324 pin 15 (5400–Y)
C277 pin 4 (G) and C324 pin 16 (5420–G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 737

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738 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 739

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740 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE T8 – AMBIENT PRESSURE SENSOR, GROUNDED OR CURRENT


ABOVE NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T9 – AMBIENT PRESSURE SENSOR, OPEN CIRCUIT OR CURRENT
BELOW NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE TA – AMBIENT PRESSURE SENSOR, SHORTED TO LOW
SOURCE
ERROR CODE TB – AMBIENT PRESSURE SENSOR, DATA VALID BUT ABOVE
NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE TC – AMBIENT PRESSURE SENSOR (PHY), DATA VALID BUT BELOW
NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE TD – AMBIENT PRESSURE SENSOR (PHY), DATA INCORRECT
ERROR CODE TE – AMBIENT PRESSURE SENSOR (PHY), DATA VALID BUT
ABOVE NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE TF – AMBIENT PRESSURE SENSOR (PHY), SHORTED TO HIGH
SOURCE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3667 OR 108 (PHY)

Cause:
No signal or signal range outside threshold limits.
Signal not plausible.

Effects:
Engine enabled – No restriction on fuel or speed.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Engine control module

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the engine control module connectors C315 and C316.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, remove and replace the engine control module.

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SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 741

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
742 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE T13 – TEST SHUT OFF PATHS, DATA VALID BUT ABOVE NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T14 – TEST SHUT OFF PATHS, SHORTED TO HIGH SOURCE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3661

Cause:
Engine speed was not between 500 – 1000 rpm and the vehicle speed was not 0 mph, before turning the keystart
OFF.

Effects:
No limitations.

Possible failure modes:


1. Engine idle speed is greater than 1000 rpm
2. Vehicle speed is greater than 0 mph
3. Faulty foot throttle potentiometer or linkage
4. Faulty hand throttle potentiometer or linkage
5. Faulty transmission output speed sensor

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Clear the error code and test the system for normal operation.
A. If the error code re–occurs, continue to step 2
2. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to this test
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 3.
3. Check the engine idle speed is less than 1000 rpm.
A. If the engine idle speed is greater than 1000 rpm, make sure the foot throttle and hand throttle are both
at idle before turning the keystart OFF.
B. If the foot throttle and hand throttle are both at idle, possible adjustment, linkage or potentiometer fault.
If okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the vehicle speed on the instrument cluster.
A. If the speed displayed is greater than 0 mph, make sure the handbrake is applied, and the tractor is
stationary, before turning the keystart OFF.
B. If the speed displayed is 0 mph, possible transmission output speed sensor fault.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 743

ERROR CODE T15 – SHUT–OFF SIGNAL, DATA VALID BUT ABOVE NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T16 – SHUT–OFF SIGNAL, SHORTED TO HIGH SOURCE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3624

Cause:
Incorrect fuel injection pump (FIP) supply (internal fault with the FIP).
CAN error on the FIP CAN BUS network.
Engine is running in limp home condition.

Effects:
Engine performance reduced – Engine speed restricted to 1300 rpm.
Fuel quantity reduced.
Engine is in limp home condition.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty engine shut–down relay K5
3. Faulty harness
4. CAN BUS interference
5. Faulty pump control unit (PCU)
6. Faulty engine control module

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the pump control unit (PCU) connector C273, front main harness connector C269, and the engine
control module connector C315 and C316.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the engine shut–down relay K5.
A. Remove the engine shut–down relay K5 from connector C312. Measure the resistance between terminal
30 and terminal 87. If a closed circuit is indicated, replace the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, refit and continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Disconnect connector C273, C315, and C316. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between
connector:
C273 pin 1 (5420–G) and ground
C273 pin 2 (5400–Y) and ground
C273 pin 5 (PC3–Y) and ground
C273 pin 7 (2009–G) and ground
C315 pin 18 (MG128–O) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Measure the resistance between connector:
C316 pin 24 (5420–G) and C273 pin 1 (5420–G)
C316 pin 27 (5400–Y) and C273 pin 2 (5400–Y)

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
744 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

C273 pin 5 (PC3–Y) and C316 pin 20 (PC3–Y)


C273 pin 6 (B) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C273 pin 1 (5420–G) and C273 pin 2 (5400–Y)
C273 pin 1 (5420–G) and ground
C273 pin 2 (5400–Y) and ground
C273 pin 5 (PC3–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short circuit or short to ground
is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit or short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check the CAN BUS wires (Y) and (G).
A. If the CAN BUS wires are not twisted together or free from possible interference, repair, re–position or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the CAN BUS wires are okay, continue to step 7.
7. Check the CAN BUS terminating resistors.
A. Re–connect connector C316. Measure the resistance between connector C273 pin 1 (5420–G) and C273
pin 2 (5400–Y).
If the resistance indicated is not approximately 120 Ohms, remove and replace the engine control module.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, the CAN BUS terminating resistor in the engine
control module is okay, remove and replace the fuel injection pump.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 745

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
746 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 747

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
748 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE T17 – PCU POWER SUPPLY, DATA VALID BUT ABOVE NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T18 – PCU POWER SUPPLY, SHORTED TO HIGH SOURCE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3605

Cause:
Failure in the Pump Control Unit (PCU) power supply.

Effects:
No limitation.

Possible failure modes:


1. External power supply connected
2. Faulty charging system
3. Faulty engine shut–down relay K5
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty fuel injection pump

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the pump control unit (PCU) connector C273, front main harness connector C269, and the engine
control module connector C315.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the engine shut–down relay K5.
A. Remove the engine shut–down relay K5 from connector C312. Measure the resistance between terminal
30 and terminal 87. If a closed circuit is indicated, replace the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, refit and continue to step 6.
6. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C273. Check for an open circuit between connector C273 pin 6 (B) and ground.
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If an open circuit is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Disconnect connector C315. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C273 pin 7 (2009–G) and ground
C315 pin 18 (MG128–O) and ground

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 749

Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the fuel injection pump.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
750 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 751

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
752 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 753

ERROR CODE T19 – FUEL QUANTITY SHUT–OFF, DATA VALID BUT ABOVE NORMAL
RANGE
ERROR CODE T1A – FUEL QUANTITY SHUT–OFF, SHORTED TO HIGH SOURCE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3050

Cause:
After–run self test failure.

Effects:
Limp home mode – Engine speed restricted to 1300 rpm.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty engine shut–down relay K5
3. Faulty harness
4. Faulty pump control unit (PCU)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the pump control unit (PCU) connector C273, front main harness connector C269, and the engine
control module connector C315 and C316.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the engine shut–down relay K5.
A. Remove the engine shut–down relay K5 from connector C312. Measure the resistance between terminal
30 and terminal 87. If a closed circuit is indicated, replace the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Disconnect connector C273, C315, and C316. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between
connector:
C273 pin 5 (PC3–Y) and ground
C273 pin 7 (2009–G) and ground
C315 pin 18 (MG128–O) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the fuel injection pump.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
754 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 755

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
756 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 757

ERROR CODE T1B – VOLTAGE MONITORING, DATA VALID BUT BELOW NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T1C – VOLTAGE MONITORING, DATA INCORRECT
ERROR CODE T1D – VOLTAGE MONITORING, DATA VALID BUT ABOVE NORMAL RANGE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3604

Cause:
After–run self test failure.

Effects:
Limp home mode – Engine speed restricted to 1300 rpm.

Possible failure modes:


1. Low battery voltage
2. External power supply connected
3. Faulty charging system
4. Faulty connector
5. Faulty engine shut–down relay K5
6. Faulty harness
7. Faulty pump control unit (PCU)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the battery condition and terminal connections.
A. If the battery or terminals are faulty, repair or replace as required.
B. If the battery and terminals are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 3.
3. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the engine control module connector C315, C316, front main harness connector C269, and the pump
control unit (PCU) connector C273.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check the engine shut–down relay K5.
A. Remove the engine shut–down relay K5 from connector C312. Energise the relay and measure the
resistance between terminal 30 and terminal 87. If the resistance indicated is greater than 5 Ohms, replace
the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Disconnect connector C273, C315 and C316. Measure the voltage between connector:
C273 pin 7 (2009–G) and ground
C315 pin 18 (MG128–O) and ground

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
758 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C273 pin 7 (2009–G) and C312 pin 2 (2009–G)
C315 pin 18 (MG128–O) and C312 pin 4 (MG128–O)
C273 pin 6 (B) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the fuel injection pump.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 759

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
760 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 761

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
762 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE T1E – MONITORING MODULE, DATA VALID BUT ABOVE NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T1F – MONITORING MODULE, SHORTED TO HIGH SOURCE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3047

Cause:
The engine control module and the pump control unit (PCU) monitor each other. If the engine control module
or the PCU recognises an error, the fuel supply is shut–off and the engine is running in limp–home condition.

Effects:
Engine performance reduced – Engine speed restricted to 1300 rpm.
Fuel quantity reduced.
Engine is in limp home condition.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty engine shut–down relay K5
3. Faulty harness
4. CAN BUS interference
5. Faulty pump control unit (PCU)
6. Faulty engine control module

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the pump control unit (PCU) connector C273, front main harness connector C269, and the engine
control module connector C315 and C316.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the engine shut–down relay K5.
A. Remove the engine shut–down relay K5 from connector C312. Measure the resistance between terminal
30 and terminal 87. If a closed circuit is indicated, replace the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, refit and continue to step 3.
3. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Disconnect connector C273, C315, and C316. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between
connector:
C273 pin 1 (5420–G) and ground
C273 pin 2 (5400–Y) and ground
C273 pin 5 (PC3–Y) and ground
C273 pin 7 (2009–G) and ground
C315 pin 18 (MG128–O) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Measure the resistance between connector:
C316 pin 24 (5420–G) and C273 pin 1 (5420–G)
C316 pin 27 (5400–Y) and C273 pin 2 (5400–Y)
C273 pin 5 (PC3–Y) and C316 pin 20 (PC3–Y)

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 763

C273 pin 6 (B) and ground


Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C273 pin 1 (5420–G) and C273 pin 2 (5400–Y)
C273 pin 1 (5420–G) and ground
C273 pin 2 (5400–Y) and ground
C273 pin 5 (PC3–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short circuit or short to ground
is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit or short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check the CAN BUS wires (Y) and (G).
A. If the CAN BUS wires are not twisted together or free from possible interference, repair, re–position or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the CAN BUS wires are okay, continue to step 7.
7. Check the CAN BUS terminating resistors.
A. Re–connect connector C316. Measure the resistance between connector C273 pin 1 (5420–G) and C273
pin 2 (5400–Y).
If the resistance indicated is not approximately 120 Ohms, remove and replace the engine control module.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, the CAN BUS terminating resistor in the engine
control module is okay, remove and replace the fuel injection pump.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
764 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 765

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
766 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 767

ERROR CODE T20 – AFTER–RUN NOT COMPLETED, DATA VALID BUT BELOW NORMAL
RANGE
ERROR CODE T21 – AFTER–RUN NOT COMPLETED, DATA VALID BUT ABOVE NORMAL
RANGE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3063

Cause:
After–run monitoring not completed.

Effects:
Engine enabled – No restriction on fuel or speed.

Possible failure modes:


1. Low battery voltage
2. Excessive keying on/off ignition supply
3. Faulty engine control module main relay K7
4. Faulty engine shut–down relay K5
5. Faulty connector
6. Faulty harness
7. Faulty engine control module

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the battery condition and terminal connections.
A. If the battery or terminals are faulty, repair or replace as required.
B. If the battery and terminals are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check fuse 27.
A. If a fault is indicated with fuse 27, replace with a correctly rated fuse and test the system for normal
operation. If the fuse fails again, repair the short to ground, or replace the harness as required.
B. If the fuse is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the engine control module connector C315, electronic 2 interface connector C319, front main harness
connector C269, and the pump control unit connector C273.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the engine control module main relay K7.
A. Remove the engine control module main relay K7 from connector C310. Energise the relay and measure
the resistance between terminal 30 and terminal 87. If the resistance indicated is greater than 5 Ohms,
replace the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, refit and continue to step 5.
5. Check the engine shut–down relay K5.
A. Remove the engine shut–down relay K5 from connector C312. Energise the relay and measure the
resistance between terminal 30 and terminal 87. If the resistance indicated is greater than 5 Ohms, replace
the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, refit and continue to step 6.
6. Check the engine control module main relay K7.
A. Turn the keystart ON. The relay should “click” (energise) without any delay. Turn the keystart OFF. The
relay should stay energised for approximately 1 second, then reset to the off position. If the relay operation
is not as indicated, continue to step 7.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
768 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

B. If the relay operation is okay, continue to step 8.


7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C315. Remove the engine control module main relay K7 from connector C310.
Check for an open circuit between connector:
C315 pin 27 (PC21–Y) and C310 pin 6 (PC21–Y)
C315 pin 1 (57DY–Y) and ground
C315 pin 2 (57DZ–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If an open circuit is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the engine control module.
8. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C315 and C273. Remove the engine control module main relay K7 from connector
C310. Remove the engine shut–down relay K5 from connector C312. Check for an open circuit between
connector:
C315 pin 3 (PC20–Y) and C310 pin 2 (PC20–Y)
C315 pin 4 (PC20–Y) and C310 pin 2 (PC20–Y)
C315 pin 18 (MG128–O) and C312 pin 4 (MG128–0)
C273 pin 7 (2009–G) and C312 pin 2 (2009–G)
C273 pin 6 (B) and ground
C312 pin 6 (B) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If an open circuit is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the engine control module.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 769

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
770 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 771

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
772 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE T22 – BOOST AIR TEMPERATURE SENSOR, GROUNDED OR CURRENT


ABOVE NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T23 – BOOST AIR TEMPERATURE SENSOR, OPEN CIRCUIT OR CURRENT
BELOW NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T24 – BOOST AIR TEMPERATURE SENSOR, SHORTED TO LOW SOURCE
ERROR CODE T25 – BOOST AIR TEMPERATURE SENSOR, DATA VALID BUT ABOVE
NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T26 – BOOST AIR TEMPERATURE SENSOR (PHY), GROUNDED OR
CURRENT ABOVE NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T27 – BOOST AIR TEMPERATURE SENSOR (PHY), DATA INCORRECT
ERROR CODE T28 – BOOST AIR TEMPERATURE SENSOR (PHY), DATA VALID BUT
ABOVE NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T29 – BOOST AIR TEMPERATURE SENSOR (PHY), SHORTED TO HIGH
SOURCE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3672 OR 102 (PHY)

Cause:
Signal range outside the threshold limits.
Signal not plausible or intermittent.

Effects:
Engine enabled – No restriction on fuel or speed.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty engine cooling fan
2. Faulty cooling system
3. Faulty connector
4. Faulty boost air temperature sensor
5. Faulty harness
6. Mechanical engine failure
7. Faulty engine control module

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the engine cooling fan speed.
A. If the engine cooling fan speed is not correct, repair or replace as required.
B. If the engine cooling fan is okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the engine coolant temperature.
A. If the engine coolant is overheating, continue to test the cooling system.
B. If the engine coolant temperature is okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the boost air temperature sensor connector C270, front main harness connector C269 and the engine
control module connector C316.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check the boost air temperature sensor.
A. Disconnect connector C270. Measure the resistance between the sensor pins:
Pin 2 and pin 3
Pin 2 and ground

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 773

Pin 3 and ground


The resistance indicated will vary with temperature as detailed in the table below. If the resistance is not as
indicated or a short to ground is indicated, remove and replace the boost air temperature sensor.

Resistance in Ω
Temperature in °C Minimum Nominal Maximum
–40 ± 1 38313 45313 53103
–30 ± 1 22362 26114 30258
–20 ± 1 13402 15462 17718
–10 ± 1 8244 9397 10661
0±1 5227 5896 6623
10 ± 1 3396 3792 4222
20 ± 1 2262 2500 2760
30 ± 1 1555 1707 1867
40 ± 1 1080 1175 1277
50 ± 1 771 834 900
60 ± 1 555 595 639
70 ± 1 408 435 465
80 ± 1 304 322 342
90 ± 1 231 243 257
100 ± 1 178 186 196
110 ± 1 137 144 152
120 ± 1 106 112 119
130 ± 1 84 89 95
B. If the boost air temperature sensor is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C270 pin 3 (PC13–Y) and ground. Wiggle
the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the voltage indicated is not between
+4.5 Volts and +5.5 Volts, continue to step 6.
B. If the voltage indicated is +5 Volts, continue to step 9.
6. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C316. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between
connector C270 pin 3 (PC13–Y) and ground. Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an
intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector:
C270 pin 3 (PC13–Y) and C270 pin 2 (PC12–Y)
C270 pin 3 (PC13–Y) and C270 pin 1 (PC15–Y)
C270 pin 3 (PC13–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short circuit or short to ground
is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit or short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 8.
8. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C270 pin 3 (PC13–Y) and C316 pin 23 (PC13–Y). Wiggle the
harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is greater than 5
Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
774 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software in the engine control module, If the fault
re–occurs, remove and replace the engine control module.
9. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C316. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between
connector:
C270 pin 2 (PC12–Y) and ground
C270 pin 1 (PC15–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 10.
10. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector:
C270 pin 2 (PC12–Y) and C270 pin 3 (PC13–Y)
C270 pin 2 (PC12–Y) and C270 pin 1 (PC15–Y)
C270 pin 2 (PC12–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short circuit or short to ground
is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit or short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 11.
11. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C270 pin 2 (PC12–Y) and C316 pin 10 (PC12–Y)
C270 pin 1 (PC15–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B if the harness is okay, download the correct level of software in the engine control module, If the fault
re–occurs, remove and replace the engine control module.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 775

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
776 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 777

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
778 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE T2C – BATTERY VOLTAGE, DATA VALID BUT ABOVE NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T2D – BATTERY VOLTAGE, OPEN CIRCUIT OR CURRENT BELOW NORMAL
ERROR CODE T2E – BATTERY VOLTAGE, SHORTED TO LOW SOURCE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 168

Cause:
Faulty battery power supply.

Effects:
Engine enabled – no restriction on fuel or speed.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty battery or terminals
2. External power supply connected
3. Faulty charging system
1. Faulty fuse 27
2. Faulty connector
3. Faulty engine control module main relay K7
4. Faulty harness
5. Faulty engine control module

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the battery condition and terminal connections.
A. If the battery or terminals are faulty, repair or replace as required.
B. If the battery and terminals are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is being displayed, continue to this test.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 3.
3. Check that the tractor battery power supply has not been connected to an external power supply.
A. If an external power supply is connected to the tractor, disconnect and test the system for normal
operation.
B. If an external power supply is not connected to the tractor, continue to step 4.
4. Check the battery voltage on the instrument cluster.
A. Start the engine and run at 2000 rev/min. If the voltage displayed is greater than approximately 15 Volts,
continue to test for a fault in the charging system.
B. If the battery voltage is okay, continue to step 5.
5. Check fuse 27.
A. If a fault is indicated with fuse 27, replace with a correctly rated fuse and test the system for normal
operation. If the fuse fails again, repair the short to ground, or replace the harness as required.
B. If the fuse is okay, continue to step 6.
6. Check the engine control module connector C315 and the electronic 2 interface connector C319.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 7.
7. Check the engine control module main relay K7.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 779

A. Remove the engine control module main relay K7 from connector C310. Energise the relay and measure
the resistance between terminal 30 and terminal 87. If the resistance indicated is greater than 5 Ohms,
replace the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, continue to step 8.
8. Check for +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C310 pin 4 (PC19–Y) and ground. Wiggle
the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If +12 Volts is not indicated, repair or
replace the harness as required.
B. If +12 Volts is indicated, refit the relay, and continue to step 9.
9. Check for a short to +12 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C315. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between
connector:
C315 pin 3 (PC20–Y) and ground
C315 pin 4 (PC20–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If +12 Volts is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If +12 Volts is not indicated continue to step 10.
10. Check for a short to ground.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check for a short to ground between connector C315 pin 27 (PC21–Y) and
ground. If a short to ground is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 11.
11. Check for an open circuit.
A. Remove the engine control module main relay K7 from connector C310. Check for an open circuit between
connector:
C315 pin 3 (PC20–Y) and C310 pin 2 (PC20–Y)
C315 pin 4 (PC20–Y) and C310 pin 2 (PC20–Y)
C315 pin 27 (PC21–Y) and C310 pin 6 (PC21–Y)
C315 pin 1 (57DY–Y) and ground
C315 pin 2 (57DZ–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If an open circuit is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
780 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 781

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
782 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 783

ERROR CODE T31 – BOOST AIR PRESSURE SENSOR, GROUNDED OR CURRENT ABOVE
NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T32 – BOOST AIR PRESSURE SENSOR, OPEN CIRCUIT OR CURRENT
BELOW NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T33 – BOOST AIR PRESSURE SENSOR, SHORTED TO LOW SOURCE
ERROR CODE T34 – BOOST AIR PRESSURE SENSOR, SHORTED TO HIGH SOURCE
ERROR CODE T35 – BOOST AIR PRESSURE SENSOR (PHY), DATA VALID BUT ABOVE
NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T36 – BOOST AIR PRESSURE SENSOR (PHY), DATA INCORRECT
ERROR CODE T37 – BOOST AIR PRESSURE SENSOR (PHY), SHORTED TO HIGH SOURCE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3668 OR 102 (PHY)

Cause:
Signal range outside the threshold limits.
Signal not plausible or intermittent.

Effects:
Engine enabled – No restriction on fuel or speed.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty engine cooling fan
2. Faulty cooling system
3. Faulty connector
4. Faulty boost air pressure sensor
5. Faulty harness
6. Faulty engine control module

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for any air leaks.
A. Make sure all connections are tight between the turbo and the intake manifold, and the boost air pressure
sensor is installed correctly.
B. If no air leaks are indicated, continue to step 2.
2. Check the boost air pressure sensor connector C270, front main harness connector C269, and the engine
control module connector C316.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the boost air pressure sensor.
A. Start the engine. Measure the voltage using a suitable probe adaptor. Back probe between the pressure
sensor signal wire on connector C270 pin 4 (PC14–Y) and ground. The voltage indicated should be between
0.7–0.8 Volts at idle erpm 70kPa (10 Psi) and 4.0–4.1 Volts at max erpm 360kPa (52 Psi). If the voltages
are not as indicated, the manifold pressures are possibly incorrect or the pressure sensor is faulty.
B. If the manifold pressures and the pressure sensor are okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for +5 Volts.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector C270 pin 3 (PC13–Y) and ground. Wiggle
the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the voltage indicated is not between
+4.5 Volts and +5.5 Volts, continue to step 5.
B. If the voltage indicated is +5 Volts, continue to step 8.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
784 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

5. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.


A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C316. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between
connector C270 pin 3 (PC13–Y) and ground. Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an
intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector:
C270 pin 3 (PC13–Y) and C270 pin 4 (PC14–Y)
C270 pin 3 (PC13–Y) and C270 pin 1 (PC15–Y)
C270 pin 3 (PC13–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short circuit or short to ground
is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit or short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C270 pin 3 (PC13–Y) and C316 pin 23 (PC13–Y). Wiggle the
harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is greater than 5
Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, download the correct level of software in the engine control module, If the fault
re–occurs, remove and replace the engine control module.
8. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Disconnect connector C316. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between
connector:
C270 pin 4 (PC14–Y) and ground
C270 pin 1 (PC15–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 9.
9. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Turn the keystart OFF. Check between connector:
C270 pin 4 (PC14–Y) and C270 pin 3 (PC13–Y)
C270 pin 4 (PC14–Y) and C270 pin 1 (PC15–Y)
C270 pin 4 (PC14–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short circuit or short to ground
is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit or short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 10.
10. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C270 pin 4 (PC14–Y) and C316 pin 12 (PC14–Y)
C270 pin 1 (PC15–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B if the harness is okay, download the correct level of software in the engine control module, If the fault
re–occurs, remove and replace the engine control module.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 785

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
786 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 787

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
788 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE T38 – VEHICLE CAN BUS TRANSMIT, DATA VALID BUT ABOVE NORMAL
RANGE
ERROR CODE T39 – VEHICLE CAN BUS TRANSMIT, SHORTED TO HIGH SOURCE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3660

Effects:
Engine enabled – no restriction on fuel or speed.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty harness
3. CAN BUS interference
4. Conflict between central controller (XCM) and engine control module software
5. Faulty engine control module
6. Faulty central controller (XCM)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check for other error codes being displayed.
A. If any other error code is displayed, continue to these tests.
B. If no other error code is displayed, continue to step 2.
2. Check the central controller (XCM) connector C324 and engine control module connector C315.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 3.
3. Check the CAN BUS.
A. Measure the resistance between connector C277 pin 3 (Y) and C277 pin 4 (G).
If the resistance indicated is approximately 60 Ohms, continue to step 4.
If the resistance indicated is less than 5 Ohms, there is a short circuit in the CAN BUS wires, repair or replace
as required.
If an open circuit is indicated, there is an open circuit in the CAN BUS wires between the central controller
(XCM) and the engine control module, repair or replace as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, disconnect connector C324.
If an open circuit is now indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is okay, continue to step 9.
If 120 Ohms is still indicated, the CAN BUS to the central controller (XCM) is not okay, continue to step 10.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C315 and C324, display of gears (CAN DOG) connector C104, and the secondary
controller (CFPS) connector C333. Measure the resistance between connector:
C315 pin 12 (5400–Y) and C324 pin 15 (5400–Y)
C315 pin 11 (5420–G) and C324 pin 16 (5420–G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the resistance indicated is less than approximately 5 Ohms, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C315 pin 11 (5420–G) and ground
C315 pin 12 (5400–Y) and ground

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 789

Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short to ground is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C315 pin 11 (5420–G) and ground
C315 pin 12 (5400–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check the CAN BUS wires (Y) and (G).
A. If the CAN BUS wires are not twisted together or free from possible interference, repair, re–position or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the CAN BUS wires are okay, continue to step 8.
8. Check the software level.
A. Download the correct level of software in the central controller (XCM) and the engine control module. If
the fault re–occurs, remove and replace the engine control module.
9. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect the engine control module connector C315. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 3 (Y) and C315 pin 12 (5400–Y)
C277 pin 4 (G) and C315 pin 11 (5420–G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
If the harness is okay, remove and replace the engine control module.
10. Check for an open circuit.
A. Measure the resistance between connector:
C277 pin 3 (Y) and C324 pin 15 (5400–Y)
C277 pin 4 (G) and C324 pin 16 (5420–G)
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If the resistance indicated is
greater than approximately 5 Ohms, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If the harness is okay, remove and replace the central controller (XCM).

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
790 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 791

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
792 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 793

ERROR CODE T3A – PCU INITIALISATION, DATA VALID BUT ABOVE NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T3B – PCU INITIALISATION, SHORTED TO HIGH SOURCE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3609

Effects:
Engine enabled – Maximum engine speed restricted to 1760 rpm.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty engine control module main relay K5
3. Faulty engine shut–down relay K7
4. Faulty harness
5. CAN BUS interference
6. Faulty engine control module
7. Faulty pump control unit (PCU)

Solution:
NOTE: When the cause of the error code has been rectified, clear the error code and test the system for normal
operation.
1. Check the engine control module connector C315, C316, electronic 2 interface connector C319, front main
harness connector C269 and the pump control unit (PCU) connector C273.
A. Ensure the connectors are connected, not damaged, the pins are in the correct position and that the fit
is tight. Repair or replace as required.
B. If the connectors are okay, continue to step 2.
2. Check the engine control module main relay K7.
A. Remove the engine control module main relay K7 from connector C310. Energise the relay and measure
the resistance between terminal 30 and terminal 87. If the resistance indicated is greater than 5 Ohms,
replace the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, refit and continue to step 3.
3. Check the engine shut–down relay K5.
A. Remove the engine shut–down relay K5 from connector C312. Energise the relay and measure the
resistance between terminal 30 and terminal 87. If the resistance indicated is greater than 5 Ohms, replace
the relay.
B. If the relay is okay, continue to step 4.
4. Check for an open circuit.
A. Disconnect connector C273 and C316. Check for an open circuit between connector:
C316 pin 24 (5420–G) and C273 pin 1 (5420–G)
C316 pin 27 (5400–Y) and C273 pin 2 (5400–Y)
C273 pin 7 (2009–G) and C312 pin 2 (2009–G)
C273 pin 6 (B) and ground
C312 pin 6 (B) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If an open circuit is indicated,
repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If an open circuit is not indicated, continue to step 5.
5. Check for a short circuit or short to ground.
A. Check between connector:
C273 pin 1 (5420–G) and C273 pin 2 (5400–Y)
C273 pin 1 (5420–G) and ground
C273 pin 2 (5400–Y) and ground

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
794 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a short circuit or short to ground
is indicated, repair or replace the harness as required.
B. If a short circuit or short to ground is not indicated, continue to step 6.
6. Check for a short to +Ve voltage.
A. Turn the keystart ON. Measure the voltage between connector:
C273 pin 1 (5420–G) and ground
C273 pin 2 (5400–Y) and ground
Wiggle the harness and the connectors to check for an intermittent circuit. If a voltage is indicated, repair
or replace the harness as required.
B. If a voltage is not indicated, continue to step 7.
7. Check the CAN BUS wires (Y) and (G).
A. If the CAN BUS wires are not twisted together or free from possible interference, repair, re–position or
replace the harness as required.
B. If the CAN BUS wires are okay, continue to step 8.
8. Check the CAN BUS terminating resistors in the engine control module.
A. Reconnect connector C316. Measure the resistance between connector C273 pin 1 (5420–G) and C273
pin 2 (5400–Y).
If the resistance indicated is not approximately 120 Ohms, remove and replace the engine control module.
B. If the resistance indicated is approximately 120 Ohms, the CAN BUS terminating resistor in the engine
control module is okay, download the correct level of software into the engine control module, if the fault
re–occurs, remove and replace the fuel injection pump.

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 795

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
796 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 797

6 – 66000 – 06 – 2002
798 SECTION 4009 – ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ERROR CODE T3C – SOLENOID VALVE, DATA VALID BUT BELOW NORMAL RANGE
ERROR CODE T3D – SOLENOID VALVE, DATA INCORRECT
ERROR CODE T3E – SOLENOID VALVE, DATA VALID BUT ABOVE NORMAL RANGE

SERVICE TOOL ERROR CODE – 3610

Cause:
The solenoid valve in the pump control unit (PCU) is permanently energised.

Effects:
Engine shut–down.

Possible failure modes:


1. Faulty connector
2. Faulty engine shut–