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ó,r= FEUDAL SYSTEM: c.

l000-1500

Kin 8§, Nobles and peasants


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ife was very organized ',\i-Y Y"t.""
Knights A knight
in medieval Europe. *,§_#'-*, * training
Nobles gave land to for war
People were divided King üeir knights as
into four main groups payment for Üeir
and each group had help in battle.
different jobs to do. Knights trained for
This way of life is war and fought for
now called the
WW
nobles and kings.
feudal system.
Peasants
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Knights

This diagram shows


the four main groups
in the feudal system.
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Peasants farmed the land of the knights,
nobles and kings. In return, the landowners
Peosonts protected Üe peasants from enemy attacks.
(To find out more about part
of a medieval calendar,
Kings peasants, see pa8es showing peasants
At Üe top of 28 and 29.) working in a
noblet
the feudal fields
system was
the king. He
owned all the
land in a
country made
the laws and
led the
country's army.
A king being
crowned

Nobles
The king gave large areas of land
to his nobles. In return for this
land, the nobles promised to
fight for the king
and to proüde him rr
wiü knights for i' 'f
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his army.

A noble promises
to serve and obey
his king.This
promise is called
"paying homage".
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500

22
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THE FEUDAL SYSTEP :5o0 ű

The people rebel The Peasants' Revolt


In spite of their promises to In 1381, hundreds of English peasants tried to win
serve and obey, nobles more freedom by rebelling against the landowners,
sometimes rebelled against their Led by Wat Tyler, üe peasants marched to London
king, and peasants led revolts and rioted in the streets. King Richard II met the
against their lords. rebels and promised to help them, but later
he punished them.
King John and
his barons This picture shows the
peasants rioting in London.
King Iohn of England was a
" peosonts break into
strong king with a fierce
theTower of London
temper. He kept Houses ore
his nobles (called set on fre.

barons) under
tight control, but
in 1215 they
rebelled. The
barons made
}ohn sign an
agreement called
Magna Carta.
This said that the
king had to talk
to a council of
barons and
bishops before
he made any big
decisions. King John

The birth of parliament


In l275, English knights and
townsmen joined the barons
and bishops in a new council,
known as parliament. over the
Some PeoPle are
murdered. É-,
,n,r,1--':,
next hundred years, several Prisoner has
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councils like this were created to been re/eosed


from jail, Nob/es ond
control the kings of Europe. merchants try
to escope.

WatTyler leads
the peosonts
through the Important dates
streets.
l2l5 King |ohn signs Magna
Carta.
l275 The English Parliament
starts to meet regularly.
l38l The Peasants' Revolt
A meeting of Parliament

l 500

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