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Understanding Culture, Society and Politics

1. 1. 1 Basic Education Exit Assessment (BEEA) Review Area: Social Science Subject:
Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Lecturer: Mr. Carl Patrick S. Tadeo Basic
Education Exit Assessment Review Social Sciences TEST QUESTION General Directions: 
Read the following questions/directions carefully.  Shade the circle that corresponds to the
letter of the best answer. Shading of two circles invalidates the answer.  Any form of
ERASURE in the ANSWER SHEET is considered WRONG. -Begin here- I. MULTIPLE
CHOICES. Choose the letter that best describes your answer. 1. It refers to the differences
in social behaviors that different cultures exhibit around the world. Examples of this are
nationality, exceptionality and religion. A. culture B. cultural variation C. social status D.
social differences 2. The differences among the individuals on the basis of social
characteristics and qualities. Examples of this are exceptionality, gender and socio-economic
status. A. culture B. cultural variation C. social status D. social differences 3. Which of the
following is NOT true about religion? A. It came from the word religare. B. It binds together.
C. It is a system of beliefs and practices. D. It shows how to govern our society. 4. If cultural
variation focuses on social behaviour, social differences in other hand focuses on
_____________. A. social norm B. social stratification C. social characteristics D. socially
constructed 5. It is known as bribery where there is an influential mediator to speed up
processes. A. padrino system B. lagay C. food taboos D. istambay 6. When one family
occupies majority of the positions in the government it is said that __________ is present. A.
padrino system B. lagay C. political dynasty D. nepotism 7. If grades were to be the basis of
Rusty‟s standing in his economics class, he would surely fail the course. However, he was
given a passing grade by his economics teacher, who happened to be a childhood friend of
his mother. Which of the following social phenomena is present? A. padrino system B. lagay
C. political dynasty D. nepotism 8. Iglesia Ni Cristo believers do not eat blood because they
believe that blood is life. This is an example of ___________. A. padrino system B. lagay C.
political dynasty D. food taboo 9. The EDSA People Power Revolution of 2001 that toppled
the presidency of Joseph Estrada is an example of __________. A. social change B. cultural
change C. national change D. political change 10. Querida system has been a trend ever
since. It caused changes in the family landscape for decades. This shows________. A.
social change B. cultural change C. national change D. political change 11. Through e-mail
exchange of messages had been quick. This shows the evolution of conventional to
traditional way of communication. What type of change is present? A. social change B.
cultural change C. national change D. political change 12. Game trends. Children before
wanted to play outside until video games evolved and from that time children stayed indoors.
For several years video games had also evolved from conventional video gaming to
Farmville, Pokemon Go and now Everwing. Changes with respect to these is called ______.
A. social change B. cultural change C. national change D. political change
2. 2. 2 Basic Education Exit Assessment (BEEA) Review Area: Social Science Subject:
Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Lecturer: Mr. Carl Patrick S. Tadeo 13. It is the
scientific study of humanity. A. sociology B. anthropology C. political science D. social
science 14. It is the scientific study of social behaviour and human groups and focuses on
social relationships. A. sociology B. anthropology C. political science D. social science 15.
Who is coined as the “Father of Sociology”? A. Auguste Comte B. Arnold Toynbee C.
Ferdinand Tonnies D. Robert Fox 16. It is the study of politics. A. sociology B. anthropology
C. political science D. social science 17. This is based on the belief that analyses a living
organism where the scientist‟s task is to identify the various parts and determine how they
work. A. sociological view B. structural-functionalist C. conflict D. symbolic-interactionism 18.
It is the clash between two opposing sides. A. sociological view B. structural-functionalist C.
conflict D. symbolic-interactionism 19. Language, gestures are used to induce interaction
among members of society. A. sociological view B. structural-functionalist C. conflict D.
symbolic-interactionism 20. It studies changes that have taken place in language over time.
A. anthropological linguistics B. ethnology C. physical anthropology D. cultural anthropology
21. It deals with how and why recent cultures differ and are similar. A. anthropological
linguistics B. ethnology C. physical anthropology D. cultural anthropology 22. It focuses on
humans as biological organism tracing the evolutionary development and looking at
biological variations. A. anthropological linguistics B. ethnology C. physical anthropology D.
cultural anthropology 23. Which of the following is NOT an element of the state? A. territory
B. government C. executive D. sovereignty 24. All of the following describes a society
EXCEPT: A. Composed of interconnected people B. Same territory, language, culture C.
Purpose is for collective survival D. Governs the people in a territory 25. What is the function
of culture? A. determine what is proper to eat B. establish the appropriate clothes to wear C.
determine whether who will have approved sexual contact with whom D. all of the above 26.
Japanese diet consist largely of fish, seafood and vegetables because Japan is an
archipelago and the sea provided consistent source of food. Which of the following explains
the statement? A. Climate, society and geography can affect cultural aspects. B. When
people reside in an archipelagic country they eat fish. C. Japanese have a healthy diet. D.
The resources in the country boosts Japan economy. 27. Which of the following explains the
illustration? A. Culture is the sum of an individual‟s way of life. B. Culture modifies
environment and environment modifies culture as well. C. Environment is an important
aspect of culture. D. Culture can be modified by the environment. 28. Classical music, opera
and ballet are examples of world culture. These belongs to ______. A. ideal culture B. real
culture C. popular culture D. high culture 29. Park Lee Daks (just a pseudonym) is a Filipino
teenager who is fond of listening to Super Junior Band. There isn‟t a day that he wouldn‟t
play „Sorry,Sorry‟ by the said band. This is an example of _______. A. ideal culture B. real
culture C. popular culture D. high culture CULTURE ENVIRONMENT
3. 3. 3 Basic Education Exit Assessment (BEEA) Review Area: Social Science Subject:
Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Lecturer: Mr. Carl Patrick S. Tadeo 30. Ideal
culture: what should be; Real culture: _____. A. what it is B. how it is C. why should be D.
how it should be 31. A child goes to school to learn knowledge, skills and attitude that he/she
can use in his/ her future life. What aspect of culture describes this phenomenon? A. shared
and contested B. learning through socialization or enculturation C. dynamic, flexible and
adaptive D. transmitted through socialization or enculturation 32. Tiburcio‟s family owns a
furniture shop. Everyday he sees how his father and their workers create furniture. One time
he was tasked by his father to try to create one. He then easily created one. What aspect of
culture describes this phenomenon? A. shared and contested B. learning through
socialization or enculturation C. dynamic, flexible and adaptive D. transmitted through
socialization or enculturation 33. It is the most important means of cultural transmission. A.
school B. education C. language D. symbols 34. When an Ifugao went to Manila to apply for
a job, he will not wear his bahag and will wear a formal attire. This shows that culture is
____. A. shared and contested B. learning through socialization or enculturation C. dynamic,
flexible and adaptive D. transmitted through socialization or enculturation 35. It is known as
the “store house of culture.” A. symbols B. language C. school D. education 36. It is the
study of language. A. anthropology B. linguistics C. syntax D. morphology 37. Divorce is
legal in the United States but is not acceptable in the Philippines. What does it show? A.
culture is illegal B. culture is uniform C. culture is relative D. culture is a phenomenon 38.
The idea that cultural elements can be understood in the culture in which they are used is
known as _______. A. cultural universal B. cultural relativism C. cultural trait D. cultural
relativism 39. Which of the statements shows ethnocentrism? A. I do not like jazz. B. I
believe in my religion. C. My religion is the only religion which embodies truth. D. I do not like
pork. 40. Which of the following is NOT an example of intangible culture? A. belief in atheism
B. belief in God C. the commandment „thou shall not kill‟ D. crucifix 41. Intangible culture:
non-material culture; Tangible culture: _____. A. high culture B. unmaterial culture C.
material culture D. ideal culture 42. Arrange the following concepts in sequence to complete
the Human Taxonomy: I. Sapiens II. Animalia III. Chordata IV. Homo V. Vertebrata VI.
Hominidae VII. Anthropoidea VIII. Primates IX. Mammalia A. III-II-I-IV-VI-VII-V-VIII-IX B. I-II-
III-IV-V-VI-VII-VIII-IX C. II-III-V-IX-VIII-VII-VI-IV-I D. I-III-II-IV-V-VI-VII-VIII-IX 43. Which of the
following is NOT a species of Hominid? A. Zinjanthropus B. Ramapithecus C.
Australopithecus africanus D. Australopithecus robustus 44. It was found by Donald
Johanson and named as Lucy. A. Australopithecus africanus B. Australopithecus afarensis
C. Australopithecus robustus D. Ramapithecus 45. Which of the following DOES NOT
belong to the group? A. cro-magnon B. tabon man C. callao man D. peking man
4. 4. 4 Basic Education Exit Assessment (BEEA) Review Area: Social Science Subject:
Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Lecturer: Mr. Carl Patrick S. Tadeo 46. Peking
Man: China; Java Man _______. A. India B. Africa C. Japan D. Indonesia 47. It is the era
where man lived. A. Paleozoic B. Mesozoic C. Cenozoic D. Proterozoic 48. It is known as the
age of dinousaurs. A. Paleozoic B. Mesozoic C. Cenozoic D. Proterozoic 49. It is the
lengthiest of the eon and where the earliest life forms started. A. Proterozoic B. Phanerozoic
C. Precambrian D. Hadean 50. It is known as the first plant in the earth. A. ferns B. flowers
C. conifers D. algae 51. All of the following are mechanisms of biological evolution EXCEPT:
A. mutilation B. drift C. migration D. selection 52. What is the proper sequence of human
evolution? I. Homo Sapiens II. Homo Erectus III. Hominid IV. Homo Habilis A. I-II-III-IV B. IV-
III-II-I C. I-II-IV-III D. III-IV-II-I 53. Aling taught her daughter how to prepare good and
delicious desserts from local fruits and vegetables. What cultural transmission processes is
this? A. observation B. acculturation C. enculturation D. indoctrination 54. It was the first day
of school. Mrs. Tiburcia prepared activities which will make her Grade 12 students sing, play,
talk, learn and introduce themselves to the class. What process did the teacher emphasize?
A. enculturation B. socialization C. indoctrination D. acculturation 55. When Chuchay was in
Grade 1, everytime she goes home with a perfect score in a test, her parents gives her extra
allowance. Everytime she does something wrong, she is reprimanded. Now that she is in
Grade 2, she tries her best to get perfect scores in tests because of the reward and avoids
doing something wrong because of the punishment. What does this situation illustrate? A.
cognitive learning B. identity formation C. operant conditioning D. classical conditioning 56.
Kuh Lang Oat is a transferee and feels uneasy with her new school. Her teacher is very
accommodating, warm and caring. Kuh felt comfortable with her teacher‟s display of genuine
warmth. The teacher is consistent in her manner and Kuh began to associate school with the
teacher‟s warmth. Which theory is being illustrated? A. meaningful learning B. operant
conditioning C. classical conditioning D. identity formation 57. Teresita found a wrist watch in
the library. She gave it to the librarian. The librarian was very appreciative with her deed.
What do you think Teresita would most likely do when she finds anything? A. Keep the things
she finds. B. Do not return the things she finds. C. Give the things she finds to others. D.
Always return the thing whatever she finds. 58. Where does socialization begins? A. school
B. church C. home D. peers 59. It is the state of having internalized norms as part of the
social expectation. A. conformity B. deviance C. norms D. obedience 60. These are forms of
behaviour that are relatively or distinctly set away from a norm. A. conformity B. deviance C.
norms D. obedience 61. Vhal vhas Sahrado have this very fond closeness with his friends
and his family. During weekdays, he have time for his friends and during weekends he also
have time for his family. Which type of group surrounds him? E. in group F. network group G.
out group H. reference group
5. 5. 5 Basic Education Exit Assessment (BEEA) Review Area: Social Science Subject:
Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Lecturer: Mr. Carl Patrick S. Tadeo 62. Sir
Marlou Huang is currently taking up BSED English. He is now undertaking his practice
teaching at Mataas na Paaralan ng Mababang Lungsod. He always asks for advices of his
cooperating teacher. Every month different teachers handle him. Because of this he learned
many strategies in teaching. Which type of group surrounds him? O A. in group O B. network
group O C. out group O D. reference group 63. Which of the following is TRUE about ego? O
A. The symbol for ego is a triangle. O B. An ego is neither a male nor a female. O C. Ego
refers to the most frequent part of the kinship diagram. O D. Ego has nothing to do with the
kinship diagram. 64. Which of the following statements shows ethnocentrism? O A. I do not
like Jazz. O B. I believe in my religion. O C. My religion is the only religion which embodies
truth. O D. I do not like pork. 65. What type of groups is identified as the “nursery of human
nature”? O A. in group O B. network group O C. out group O D. reference group 66. Primary
and secondary group is different from each other. Which of the following statement BEST
describes their difference? O A. Primary group is narrow while secondary group is broad. O
B. Primary group is person-oriented while secondary group is goal-oriented. O C. They both
inhibit closeness which is needed in the society. O D. Primary group is short term while
secondary group is long term. 67. The school tapped the BAYANInitiatives, a community-
based organization for a community outreach program at Sitio Cabuyao, Maloma, San
Felipe, Zambales. Based on the situation, which of the type of group is BAYANInitiatives? O
A. in group O B. network group O C. out group O D. reference group 68. In-group is to “we
feeling” as to _____ is to “they feeling”. O A. in group O B. network group O C. out group O
D. reference group 69. Based on the kinship diagram, C is ego‟s: O A. mother's father O B.
father's mother O C. brother‟s mother O D. sister‟s mother 70. Which of the following best
describes the kinship diagram? O A. The circle symbolizes the women in the kinship. O B.
The square symbolizes the men in the kinship. O C. It shows a simple kinship. O D. All of the
offspring have their own spouses and children. 71. Based on the diagram, who is the closest
elder male kinsmen if we take account matrilineal decent? O A. L O B. J O C. H O D. F 72.
Kinship is the basic feature of the Filipino Society and Culture. Kinship refers to the system
of social relationship based on blood, marriage and ritual. Which social relationship based on
ritual is illustrated in this situation? O A. When your father gets help of his boss to
recommend you for employment on a bank. O B. When your father seeks the help of your
uncle to work for your migration to USA. O C. When your father requests the mayor whom he
helped during election to give you a job. O D. When your father calls up your ninong Jose to
facilitate your transfer as a teacher to your hometown. 73. Which of the following scenarios
best describes a neolocal type of residence pattern? O A. Nadine and James decided to live
in Nadine‟s mom‟s house. O B. Matteo decided to take Sarah as her wife and lived on his
father‟s house.
6. 6. 6 Basic Education Exit Assessment (BEEA) Review Area: Social Science Subject:
Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Lecturer: Mr. Carl Patrick S. Tadeo O C. Tito
Sotto wanted for his nephew‟s wife and children to live in his mansion. O D. Judy Ann and
Ryan bought a million dollar house and decided to live there as soon as they got married. 74.
Family is a basic unit of society. A Filipino family is generally extended such that we usually
find in such family the following: O A. father, mother, children O B. father, mother,
grandmother, children O C. father, mother, children, helper O D. father, mother, adopted
child, natural child 75. Marvin and Teresa were married for fifteen years. They have two
daughters and three sons. Both of them love each other and remained faithful for years.
Which marriage type is shown? O A. polyandry O B. polygyny O C. monogamy O D.
polygamy 76. Abdul Jalani Sukul is a Muslim. Maria is his first and original wife. After five
years, she married Leonora and then the next year married his third wife named Theresa.
Which type of marriage is shown? O A. polyandry O B. polygyny O C. monogamy O D.
polygamy 77. Consanguineous:_________;Affinal:_________ O A. blood : marriage O B.
marriage : blood O C. blood : ritual O D. marriage : ritual 78. Which is TRUE among the
following statements? I. Relationship by blood is called consanguineous kinship. II.
Compadrazgo is also called affinal kinship. III. Godparents is an example of ritual kinship. O
A. I only O B. II and III only O C. III only O D. I and III only 79. Power came from the Latin
word „potere’ which means______. O A. to hold office O B. to be elected O C. to be able O
D. to capacitate 80. Abu Uba, the paramount chief heads the village of Tralala. He serves as
the most powerful having authoritative powers. This is an example of what political
organization. O A. band O B. chiefdom O C. nation O D. state 81. Which of the following is
the most important element of the state? O A. government O B. people O C. sovereignty O
D. territory 82. Queen Elizabeth is also called as “the Virgin Queen”. She will be passing the
monarchical power to her eldest male heir. What type of authority is shown? O A.
bureaucratic authority O B. charismatic authority O C. conventional authority O D. traditional
authority 83. “Brother Jojo Halaya is a pastor in a certain religious sect. Because of his
magnificent way of preaching he influenced majority of people in the locality. He ran as
mayor the next year and fortunately won.” Based on the text, what can you infer? O A. He
has charismatic authority. O B. He has bureaucratic authority. O C. He has all types of
authority because of his genuine heart and profound intellect. O D. He first obtained
charismatic authority then bureaucratic authority when he was elected. 84. Bands and tribes
were perceived as “acephalous”. The italicized word means “without _____”. O A. well-
defined system of science O B. well-defined system of leadership O C. well-defined system
of culture O D. well-defined small system 85. Mike Ardiente is a son of known politician. He
ran as governor of the Province of Sinangag. Which type of authority is performed by Mike?
O A. bureaucratic authority O B. charismatic authority O C. conventional authority O D.
traditional authority 86. It is formed by several families living together based on marriage ties,
common descendants, friendship affiliations, and members usually have a common interest,
or enemy. O A. bands O B. chiefdoms O C. state O D. tribe 87. The expansion of chiefdoms
was punctuated by their collapse. Which of the following is/are the reason/s of its collapse? I.
Because of its increasing population. II. Because it is highly unstable. III. Because it is prone
to disintegration and reintegration. IV.Because recession is present.
7. 7. 7 Basic Education Exit Assessment (BEEA) Review Area: Social Science Subject:
Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Lecturer: Mr. Carl Patrick S. Tadeo O A. I and IV
O B. I, II and III O C. I and II O D. II and III 88. Reciprocity is a type of exchange of goods
where there is exchange of goods with same value. O A. always true O B. sometimes true O
C. never true O D. undefined 89. Which economic system is influenced by Adam Smith‟s
belief of Laissez-Faire? O A. traditional economy O B. command economy O C. market
economy O D. mixed economy 90. Which group of decision makers is NOT included in the
private sector? O A. households O B. firms O C. the rest of the world O D. government 91.
What type of economy is controlled by the government? O A. traditional economy O B.
command economy O C. market economy O D. mixed economy 92. Which of the following
best illustrates the law of demand? O A. Higher prices of wood products encourage further
deforestation. O B. Higher incomes encourage people to spend more on chocolates. O C.
Higher tuition fees encourage people to put up more private schools. O D. A decrease in the
price of mangoes leads to an increase in the purchases of this commodity. 93. The Bank of
the Philippine Islands (BPI) is the oldest extant bank in the Philippines built in the Philippines
under the colonization of Spain. What is its old name? O A. El Banco Español del Filipino
Isabel II O B. El Banco Filipino de Español Isabel II O C. El Español Banco Filipino de Isabel
II O D. El Banco Español Filipino de Isabel II 94. What is known as the largest trade union in
the Philippines? O A. Kilosang Mayo Uno O B. Bukluran ng Mangagawang Pilipino O C. May
One Action O D. Trade Union Congress of the Philippines FOR 35-37: Read the following
functions on the box and the nonstate institutions below. A. It lends money to private and
public entities B. It is autonomous and have voluntary membership C. It protects the rights of
employees/members I. Cooperatives II. Trade Unions III. Banks 95. Which of the following
nonstate institutions is being described by statement A? O A. I only O B. II only O C. III only
O D. II and III 96. Which of the following nonstate institutions is being described by statement
B? O A. I only O B. II only O C. III only O D. II and III 97. Which of the following nonstate
institutions is being described by statement C? O A. I only O B. II only O C. III only O D. II
and III 98. Which of the following is NOT a latent function of education? O A. creation of
generation gap O B. providing means of social and political integration O C. matchmaking
and production of social networks O D. restricting some activities 99. Which of the following
is/are the major goal/s and function/s of education? I. productive citizenry II. promotion of
human rights III. self-actualization O A. I only O B. II and III O C. I and II O D. I, II and III 100.
Republic Act 7743 states that: O A. the NCEE should be abolished. O B. there should be
free public secondary education. O C. there should be libraries on congressional districts,
cities, municipalities and barangays,
8. 8. 8 Basic Education Exit Assessment (BEEA) Review Area: Social Science Subject:
Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Lecturer: Mr. Carl Patrick S. Tadeo O D. there
should be day care centers in every barangay. 101. Which is NOT a manifest function of
education? O A. social control O B. socialization O C. restricting of some actions O D. an
agent of change 102. The three Abrahamic religions are as follows: Islam, Christianity and
Judaism. In such order, identify the name of their gods. I. Yehudim II. Holy Trinity III. Al’lah O
A. I,II,III O B. II,I,III O C. III,II,I O D. III,I,II 103. What is known as the oldest extant religion in
the world? O A. Buddhism O B. Hinduism O C. Shintoism O D. Taoism 104. Which of the
following does NOT belong to the group? O A. Judaism O B. Islam O C. Shintoism O D.
Christianity 105. Marvin is a Muslim. He has a legal means of living. He saved all the time to
do his religious obligation. At the age of 13, through his own efforts he made it to Mecca.
What pillar of Islam is shown? O A. Shahada O B. Sawm O C. Hajj O D. Zakat 106. Which is
the most acceptable statement about religion? O A. Religion postulates magic. O B. The
religious teach people about power. O C. Most religions assume that the world is filled with
bad spirits. O D. Through religion, people create meaning, peace of mind, and social
solidarity. 107. As part of Filipino language regarding culture of health and sickness, which of
the following best describes the statement: “masama ang pakiramdam”? O A. diagnostic in
nature O B. about something bad happening in the body, either inside or outside O C.
pertains to actual body pain O D. supernatural being caused the sickness 108. Which of the
following Filipino theories of illness states that illness happens through ancestors for
unfulfilled obligations? O A. mystic cause O B. personalistic cause O C. naturalistic cause O
D. bacterial/virus cause 109. Which department under the Philippine Government focuses
with health? O A. Department of Agriculture O B. Department of Health O C. Bureau of
Health Workers O D. Health Association of the Philippines 110. These are knowledgeable
folkloric modalities which use medicinal herbs. O A. albularyo O B. medico O C. mangluluop
O D. manghihilot -end- “An investment in education pays the best interest.” Tips in
answering: 1. Use the CARL method: C – omprehend the question. A – nticipate the answer.
R – emoval of options. L – everage of options. 2. Read the directions/carefully. If you have
questions ask to your proctor. 3. Don‟t rush in answering. 4. If you don‟t know the answer go
to other items then go back after you finishing all items. 5. Make sure to count the number of
your answers. It should equal to the number of items. 6. Pray. 
9. 9. 9 Basic Education Exit Assessment (BEEA) Review Area: Social Science Subject:
Understanding Culture, Society and Politics Lecturer: Mr. Carl Patrick S. Tadeo