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SOCIO ECONOMIC HABITAT

SYNOPSIS

Submitted by

NAGENDRAN M

713014251042

In partial fulfilment of the requirements

For the award of the degree

BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE
JULY-2017

DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE

RANGANATHAN ARCHITECTUTR COLLEGE

COIMBATORE – 641109
SOCIO ECONOMIC HABITAT FOR URBAN POOR
- RANCHI ,JHARKHAND
- ABSTRACT :

The population of a city grows through birth as well as migration.


The economy has not been able to provide employment and an income for
the vast majority of rural migrants, including the urban poor. Significantly,
a large number of urban poor work in the informal sector as they have less
skill, less education and less capital. In many developing countries,
including India, due to the fast pace of urbanization, many rural areas are
gradually becoming part of urban areas, where urban amenities are lacking
and open spaces, cultivable lands and water bodies remain, at least in the
initial stages of urbanization. Due to growing environmental concerns,
there is often a demand to preserve such open spaces to protect the
environment. This provides an opportunity for some people to earn a
livelihood by following traditional occupations like agriculture and thereby
providing fresh vegetables for the urban population. However, these people
do not enjoy some of the urban amenities and continue to be connected to
the rural world through visits, remittances and social, cultural and economic
networks, sometimes recruiting people from their rural areas. Thus, the
indigenous, traditional knowledge of cultivation and its practice in urban
areas, not only helps a group of people, the poor, to survive in urban
situations but it also helps to achieve sustainable development with better
environmental conditions.
“SOCIO ECONOMIC HABITAT FOR URBAN POOR”

INTRODUCTION :
 Owing to rapid urbanization in and around the town, large influx of the migrants
has been observed,
 which has resulted in formation of slums. The town presents a wide range of
activities in various
 Institutional, Commercial and Tourism sectors. Growth in such activities,
possibilities of absorption in
 various service sectors, scope of employment in trade and business activities,
hawking, retailing, carting
 etc. could have attracted rural poor to the town.
 Increasing migration from RURAL to URBAN areas

OBJECTIVES :
 To prevent the growth of slums and encroachments
 To prevent the eviction of slum dwellers by private owners and to provide the
poverty families with security of tenure.
 To provide basic amenities like water supply, street lights, storm water drains,
sewer line, etc to the slum areas.
 To study and analysis the different characteristics of housing and needs of the
URBAN POOR with their process of developing own human life.
 To study existing condition of internally displacement person life and their
settlements.
AIM :
 To propose the Affordable housing unit for Urban poor people where LIG,
MIG, EWS with major facilities

SCOPE :
 Provision of services to the urban poor residing in slums and within municipal
limits.

GOV PROPOSAL :
INADEQUATE AFFORDABLE HOUSING IN THE CITY:

Urban poor in Ranchi constitute about 30% population, primarily


comprising of tribals engaged as daily wage labourers, cycle rickshaw pullers and
other similar petty activities and live in slums. This indicates a significant need for
affordable housing and access to basic infrastructure facilities. Over the last decade
upto 2011 there has been an increase of 3.32 % of pucca houses, 1.09% increase in
semi-pucca housing units and mere 0.05% increase in dilapidated houses, indicating a
poor growth in affordable housing. It is understood that going forward there would
be an improvement in this, considering the Affordable housing Policy and New
Building Bye Laws 2016 mandating 15% EWS development in residential
developments
Ranchi has nearly equivalent distribution of the houses under different income
groups:
EWS – 32.51%; LIG – 18.36%; MIG – 27.17% and HIG -21.96%

POPULATION :
CASE STUDY :
1. ARANYA LOW-COST HOUSING , INDORE

- AR. B. V. DOSHI
SITE DATA

PROJECT : SOCIO ECONOMIC HABITAT

SITE LOCATION : RANCHI ,{smart city proposal area}

SITE AREA : 48 ACRES

CASE STUDY
1. SHEIKH SARAI HOUSING,NEW DELHI
2. ARANYA HOUSING , INDORE
3. KARIMADOM COLONY , THIRUVANATHAPURAM

SPECIAL STUDY: AFFORDABLITY


Concept of affordability :

The concept of affordability is that generally as a ratio of price//rent of


housing to income of household the ratio differs for different income groups where
LIG/EWS,MIG,HIG

Affordable housing :

It is time for planners to abandon abstract objectives and to focus their


efforts on two measurable outcomes that have always mattered since the growth of
large cities during the 19th century’s industrial revolution: workers’ spatial mobility
and housing affordability.

Housing choice is a response to an extremely complex set of economic, social,


and psychological impulses

Household income and wealth


Income is the primary factor not price and availability, that determines
housing affordability. In a market economy the distribution of income is the key
determinant of the quantity and quality of housing obtained. Therefore,
understanding affordable housing challenges requires understanding trends and
disparities in income and wealth. Housing is often the single biggest expenditure of
low and middle income families. For low and middle income families, their house is
also the greatest source of wealth.

REQUIREMENTS :
Ranchi has nearly equivalent distribution of the houses under different income
groups:
 EWS – 32.51%
 LIG – 18.36%
 MIG – 27.17%
 HIG -21.96%
 Recreational area