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CITY OF BIRMINGHAM  

INNOVATION & ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY  


710 NORTH 20TH STREET  
BIRMINGHAM, AL 35203-2227  
(205) 254-2265  
 
FEBRUARY 25, 2019
 
#: 003  
 
THE INVITATION TO BID FOR THIS SOLICITATION IS HEREBY AMENDED OR
CLARIFIED  
AS SET OUT BELOW.  
 
TO: All Prospective Bidders  
 
The Invitation to Bid for “RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING” is hereby amended or clarified
as outlined in the following manner:  
 
The RFP has been re-written in total to clarify goals and submission requirements. All
relevant information is contained herein.
 
Receipt of acknowledgment for this addendum is required by signing and returning with
your bid response.  
 
ACKNOWLEDGED:  
 
BIDDER: Company:   ________________________________________________________
 
 
Address:   ________________________________________________________
 
 
Phone No:   ________________________________________________________
 
 
Authorized by: ________________________________________________________  
(Signature & Title)  
 
Date: ________________________________________________________   
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
Contents 
REQUEST FOR DEVELOPMENT PROPOSALS (RFP) ..................................................................................................... 4 
Introduction and Goals ......................................................................................................................................... 4 
Vision for Success ................................................................................................................................................. 5 
General Information on the Ramsay McCormack Site ......................................................................................... 5 
Additional Provisions ............................................................................................................................................ 6 
Timeline ................................................................................................................................................................ 6 
Site Description .................................................................................................................................................... 7 
PLANNING CONTEXT ............................................................................................................................................. 7 
Public Input ........................................................................................................................................................... 7 
Project Development Goals .................................................................................................................................. 8 
PUBLIC FUNDING ................................................................................................................................................... 8 
Ramsay McCormack Development Tools ............................................................................................................. 9 
Neighborhood Revitalization ................................................................................................................................ 9 
Project Information .............................................................................................................................................. 9 
Proposal Submission Structure .......................................................................................................................... 10 
Selection Criteria ................................................................................................................................................ 10 
Legal Information ............................................................................................................................................... 11 
Appendix A .............................................................................................................................................................. 13 
Background Information ..................................................................................................................................... 13 
Appendix B .............................................................................................................................................................. 15 
Ramsay McCormack Site .................................................................................................................................... 15 
Jefferson Health Site .......................................................................................................................................... 15 
Former Precinct Site ........................................................................................................................................... 15 
Cotton’s Site ....................................................................................................................................................... 15 
Appendix C .............................................................................................................................................................. 16 
RFP Summary Page .............................................................................................................................................. 16 
Appendix D .............................................................................................................................................................. 19 
Project Sources and Uses of Funds ..................................................................................................................... 19 
Appendix E ............................................................................................................................................................... 20 
Supplemental Documents ................................................................................................................................... 20 
Appendix F ............................................................................................................................................................... 21 
Support for Project Goals ................................................................................................................................... 21 
 


 
 
 
REQUEST FOR DEVELOPMENT PROPOSALS (RFP)  
  

Ramsay McCormack  
Ensley Neighborhood, Birmingham, AL 35218  
508 19th Street Ensley  
  

RFP released: February 25, 2019  
RFP Q&A Meeting: March 15, 2019  
Proposal Due Date: April 12, 2019  
Selection Announcement: May 10, 2019  
City Approvals / Negotiations & Closing date set by – July 12, 2019  
Project Start – Summer 2019  
  

 
 
Introduction and Goals  
  
The  City  of  Birmingham  is  seeking  developers  and/or  development  teams  (the  “Developer”)  to  submit 
proposals  for  the  acquisition  and  redevelopment  of  the  Ramsay  McCormack  Building  (the  “site”)  in  the 
Ensley Neighborhood of the City of Birmingham.  This RFP has been substantially amended to provide the 
following: 
 Additional parcels of land for expanded scope consideration by Developer 
 Clear and simplified outline of the RFP submittal and selection process 


 
 
 
 Additional information on the physical conditions and estimates for repair as conducted by the City, 
for Developer’s use 
 Stated tools and incentives that the City can offer to selected Developer and other tools the City is 
positioned to help adjacent property owners use, in order to spur additional development in the 
historic commercial district 
  
The goal of this RFP is to select a Developer with clear capacity to redevelop this key site, and potential 
additional sites, into a catalyst that drives growth around the property.  Across multiple phases, this mixed‐
income, mixed‐use development approach will transform the historic Ensley Commercial Business District 
into  a  thriving  and  diverse  economic  engine  for  the  western  side  of  Birmingham,  activating  retail  and 
residential development in the surrounding area and enhancing adjacent residential neighborhoods. We 
expect the development of this site to occur over multiple phases with a clearly defined timeline, setting 
the direction for new growth in the Ensley neighborhood. Planning principles and a set of site development 
guidelines in keeping with the City’s adopted Comprehensive Plan, the Pratt Ensley Area Framework Plan 
and  previous  Ensley  Neighborhood  plans  are  to  be  incorporated  into  the  project.  Conveyance  of  the 
property will occur only when the proposed project has secured City Council approval, project financing and 
land use approvals. Such approvals must be secured within six months of project award to Developer. 
  
The Ramsay McCormack building is a contributing structure to the Downtown Ensley historic district and is 
on the National Register of Historic Places. The building is eligible for both Federal and State Historic Tax 
Credits. Additional funding sources such as LIHTC, New Market Tax Credits, and local funding sources such 
as City of Birmingham incentives may be solicited, but are not guaranteed to support the project unless 
stated herein. Potential city incentives are listed herein. 
  
Vision for Success  
  
The  Ramsay  McCormack  building  is  fully  redeveloped  as  a  multi‐use  building  that  supports  jobs  for  the 
community and brings new users (residents and/or employers and employees) into the historic commercial 
district  of  Ensley.  The  building  will  spur  the  growth  of  neighborhood  businesses,  creating  wealth  through 
entrepreneurship, while stimulating, supporting and connecting to other large‐scale and infill development 
opportunities (both residential and commercial) in the historic commercial core and across Ensley as a whole. 
The  completed  project  and  development  process  is  INCLUSIVE,  EQUITABLE  and  supports  WOMEN  AND 
MINORITY‐OWNED BUSINESS growth, as well as LOCAL workers and LOCAL firms where possible. The city is 
looking for development plans from developers or developer teams (the “Proposer”) to meet these goals to 
define a mutually agreed‐upon agreement for re‐development. 
   
The City of Birmingham reserves the right to award portions of the site to multiple Developers or to award 
the entire site to a sole Developer depending on the development proposed by the respondents.  
  
General Information on the Ramsay McCormack Site 
Parcel IDs:      22 00 31 3 017 004.000  and  22 00 31 3 017 003.000 
Location:      Ensley, City of Birmingham  
Council District:   9  
Councilperson:    Councilor John R. Hilliard  
Total Acreage:      .45 Acres   
City Zoning:      C‐B3  
Preferred Reuse:   Mixed‐Use Development  


 
 
 
Sales Price:     
Price offered for the land is one factor in the overall quality and competitiveness of Developer’s proposal. 
The most recent tax assessment valued the building at roughly $300,000 for the two parcels, assuming the 
vacant historic building remaining on the site. The City of Birmingham is open to contributing the value of 
the building and land to the project as one of the concessions to incentivize a development.  
Additional Parcel information is provided in Appendix B. 
 
Additional Provisions  
1. The City reserves the right to:  
a. Modify,  waive,  or  otherwise  vary  the  terms  and  conditions  of  this  RFP  at  any  time, 
including but not limited to, the date schedule and proposal requirements; 
b. Waive irregularities in the proposals;  
c. Reject or refuse any or all proposals;  
d. Cancel and withdraw this RFP at any time;  
e. Negotiate with any or all Proposers in order to obtain terms most beneficial to the City; 
and  
f. Accept the proposal which, in its sole and absolute discretion, best serves the interest 
of the City. 
2.  Information  included  in  this  RFP  regarding  the  Property  is  believed  to  be  reliable;  however, 
interested parties should rely on their own research and experts for counsel. 
3.  The  City  will  not  pay  any  costs  associated  with  the  preparation,  submittal,  presentation  or 
evaluation of any proposal. 
4.  Proposer  and  its  employees,  agents,  contractors,  and  representatives  are  prohibited  from 
lobbying City Council, the Mayor, and City staff, relative to Proposer's proposal or this RFP until 
the RFP selection and award processes have been completed. Non‐compliance with this provision 
may result in disqualification of Proposer from consideration. Notwithstanding the foregoing, this 
provision shall not prohibit Proposer from providing public comment in accordance with applicable 
laws and City policies at public meetings where public comment is permitted. 
5.  The  final  proposed  agreement  will  be  subject  to  approval  by  the  Council  of  the  City  of 
Birmingham. 
6.  Selection  of  a  proposal  will  not  create  any  rights  on  the  Proposer's  part,  including,  without 
limitation, rights of enforcement, equity or reimbursement, until after all required government 
approvals received, the Agreement and all related documents are fully approved and executed. 
 

Primary Contact and City of Birmingham Project Manager:  
Dr. Josh Carpenter, Director, Department of Innovation and Economic Opportunity 
Ramsay.McCormack@birminghamal.gov  
 
Timeline  
RFP released: February 25, 2019  
RFP Q&A Meeting: March 15, 2019  
Proposal Due Date: April 12, 2019  
Selection Announcement: May 10, 2019  
City Approvals / Negotiations & Closing date set by – July 12, 2019  
Project Start – Summer 2019 
 


 
 
 
Site Description  
The Ensley community ‐ and in particular, the commercial business district ‐  is one of Birmingham 's 
most historic districts.  In  the  heart  of  this  historic  district,  the city owns the Ramsay McCormack 
Building.  Located  at  the  corner  of Avenue  E  and  19th  Street, the  building  anchors  the  commercial 
business district in Ensley while a vacant lot sits adjacent on Avenue E. The proposed development site is 
comprised of two parcels, with the entire area is approximately .45 acres.  
  
Completed in 1929, the Ramsay McCormack building, also known as the Bank of Ensley building, is  a 
10‐story, 144‐foot‐tall, art‐deco style office tower designed by architect Brooke Burnham.  The building is 
an icon in the community, as it is the only high‐rise structure on the west side of the city.  Investment partners 
Erskine Ramsay and Carr McCormack of the Ramsay‐McCormack Development Company announced the 
project in 1926 as a 6‐story, $200,000 office building but later expanded it during construction. Its corner 
lot was the former site of the Ensley Hotel and the Fields and Goodwin Drug Store. The building is 
beautifully detailed with brick, granite and terra cotta on the exterior, while the interior lobby on the 
ground floor has marble floors, walls and a barrel‐vault coffered plaster ceiling.  
 
The site is currently zoned C‐B3. The link for the City of Birmingham’s Zoning Map is here (GIS Map). 
Dialogue with the City’s Zoning Department will need to take place early on in the development process. The 
City of Birmingham representatives will be available to participate in those preliminary zoning discussions.  
Any Developer submitting a proposal is required to tour the site and become familiar with the existing 
conditions. All current development reports are included as attachments.  
  
PLANNING CONTEXT  
  
The City of Birmingham has invested heavily in planning in the Ensley and surrounding neighborhoods in the 
past few years, having just completed an update to the City’s Comprehensive Plan and a framework plan 
specifically focused on the Pratt Ensley community. The planning context underlines the importance of the 
Ensley neighborhood and the Ramsay McCormack building. Strong proposals will reference specifics from 
the following plans and principles in the delivery of their projects: 
 Pratt Ensley Framework Plan  
 City of Birmingham Comprehensive Plan  
  
Public Input  
In  light  of  the  project  goals  related  to  inclusivity,  community  engagement  and  support  for  the  proposed 
redevelopment is of primary importance to the City of Birmingham. A public input meeting was held in the 
Ensley community on August 9, 2018 to discuss the proposed redevelopment. Three questions were posed 
to the 50 or more residents who attended. A summary of the responses is incorporated below in the project 
development goals.   
  
1. What  do  you  love  most  about  Ensley?  Most  popular  among  the  responses  were  the  history  and 
culture of the community, convenience to downtown and the people.   
2. What  is  missing  in  Ensley?  Most  popular  among  the  response  were  grocery  stores,  sit‐down 
restaurants and small businesses.   
3. What do you think will work in Ensley? Most popular among the responses were municipal offices, 
and affordable housing.   
 


 
 
 
A survey with these questions was also shared with the community, and a total of 225 unique responses were 
received. The survey responses align with the goals of the project as stated herein, including mixed‐use and 
small business growth. 
 
Project Development Goals  
To achieve the City’s vision for success, physical development of the site will apply some or all of the following 
uses and planning principles in a comprehensive project that positively impacts the Ramsay McCormack site 
and adjacent parcels, while spurring growth in the larger neighborhood:  
  
 Historic Preservation of the building (an essential component to all successful proposals); 
 Activate the ground floor as retail or an amenity that generates foot traffic and visible activity on 
19th Street (an essential component to all successful proposals);  
 Promote community services and amenities;  
 Improve Ensley’s business environment and create job opportunities (an essential component to all 
successful proposals);  
 Boost affordable retail, restaurants and neighborhood services and/or conveniences;  
 Highlight Ensley’s cultural and arts history;  
 Support Complete Streets and the enhancement of the primary and secondary street network to 
support a walkable district; and 
 Adopt a shared parking strategy to minimize at‐grade parking lots and preserve the historic fabric of 
the district (an essential component to all successful proposals). 
  
 
PUBLIC FUNDING  
The City of Birmingham is firmly committed to assisting the Developer and surrounding property owners 
access, solicit and secure funding to fulfill the programmatic goals of successful proposals and promote 
transformation of the community as a whole. The City recognizes the cost of redevelopment of the Ramsay 
McCormack building is likely cost‐prohibitive as a stand‐alone project. Therefore, the City supports the 
Developer’s submitting a larger development plan to 1) create a financially feasible deal, 2) create enough 
new economic activity to spur overall growth of the district, and 3) undertake the redevelopment over 
multiple phases. While the City’s capacity to contribute to the deal has limits, the City is willing to negotiate 
with the selected Developer within the bounds of the City resources lists below; even so, it is expected that 
the Developer will create a development deal that can be funded primarily by private sector and other 
sources beyond the City of Birmingham.  It is also expected that the Ramsay McCormack building will remain 
the central feature in any larger development plan proposed. 
The following is a matrix of tools and sources that will be available to the Developer for redevelopment of the 
Ramsay McCormack site and adjacent parcels that support a larger development vision.  On a smaller scale, 
certain of these resources could be available to nearby property owners in Ensley to advance development 
goals. Developers can choose to include these tools in developing their proposals, in order to create a more 
financially feasible and visibly impactful development plan. 
   


 
 
 
Ramsay  McCormack  Development  Tools  –  additional  parcels  and  data  that  can  be  considered  to 
promote a broader development plan  
1. The  City  has  included  a  listing  of  additional  sites  and  buildings  that  can  be  considered  in  the 
redevelopment of the Ramsay McCormack site or may be utilized to support a larger development 
plan in the historic Ensley commercial district. Please see Appendix B for property listings and a 
map of the available development opportunities. 
2. The City of Birmingham has provided additional building data on the Ramsay McCormack building, 
including  typical  floor  plates,  dimensioned  drawings,  and  environmental  certifications  with  an 
estimate  of  renovation  costs  for  each  Developer  to  use  in  determining  their  scope.    This 
information is provided solely for informational purposes only; the City of Birmingham does not 
guarantee its accuracy. 
3. The  City  of  Birmingham  will  negotiate  with  the  selected  Developer  to  contribute  significant 
resources to the required infrastructure costs in the public Right‐Of‐Way and will participate in 
the  development  of  those  public  elements.    Final  approval  and  amounts  contributed  will  be 
determined with City Council approval during the negotiating process. 
4. The City of Birmingham will consider a donation of the Ramsay McCormack site to the project if 
this concession is needed to support the project. Final approval and amounts contributed will be 
determined with City Council approval during the negotiating process. 
5. The City of Birmingham will negotiate with the selected Developer to lease up to two floors in the 
building  for  city  use,  if  this  is  complementary  to  the  Developer’s  vision  for  the  building.  Final 
approval  and  amounts  contributed  will  be  determined  with  City  Council  approval  during  the 
negotiating process. 
6. The City of Birmingham will also consider revenue sharing for new retail developments associated 
with proposed development projects. 
7. The City of Birmingham will evaluate tax abatements for sales tax on construction materials with 
the Industrial Development Board. 
8. The City of Birmingham, along with its partners at the Jefferson County Commission, may evaluate 
additional incentives to spur creative development in Ensley. 
9. The Developer will receive the benefits associated with the city’s “fast track permitting process” 
to facilitate development. 
Neighborhood  Revitalization  –  For  use  on  other,  complementary  projects  in  the  Ensley  historic 
commercial district 
1. The  City  will  contribute  up  to  $400,000  in  façade  improvement  funding  in  matching  funds  to 
nearby  existing  property  owners  to  support  exterior  renovations  on  adjacent  and  nearby 
properties  in  the  historic  commercial  district.  Final  approval  and  amounts  contributed  will  be 
determined with City Council approval. 
Project  Information  –  Additional  projects  underway  in  the  Ensley  community  that  will  contribute 
positively  to  the  overall  growth  and  development  of  the  district  and  contribute  to  the  success  of  the 
Ramsay McCormack redevelopment. 
1. P&S Transportation – P&S Transportation, located just a few blocks from Ramsay McCormack and 
the  area’s  largest  employer,  is  in  the  process  of  adding  an  additional  200  jobs  to  their  Ensley 
offices. These jobs are slated to provide $50,000 or more per job. The acquisition of additional 
properties to build new offices in the area is also proposed. 
2. The City of Birmingham will consider the extension of the Bus Rapid Transit Line’s planned stop in 
Five Points West to offer an additional transit node in downtown Ensley, providing new transit 
service  to  the  community  to  support  job  and  community  growth  as  well  as  offer  support  for 
additional resources via transit oriented development grants. 


 
 
 
 
Proposal Submission Structure  
 All responses should be delivered within 15 pages. All applicants must submit the following forms: 
o Appendix C – RFP Summary Page 
o Appendix D – Sources and Uses 
 Eight (8) paper copies plus one (1) electronic version or flash drive containing one (1) PDF file should 
be sent to:    
Josh Carpenter, Director 
Ramsay.McCormack@birminghamal.gov 
City of Birmingham Department of Innovation & Economic Opportunity     
710 North 20th Street  
Birmingham, Alabama 35203   
 
All responses should include the attached RFP Summary Page (‘Exhibit C’) as the cover page. This page 
should be fully completed by the Developer. ALL RESPONSES MUST BE RECEIVED BY April 12, 2019 at 5pm 
(CST) FOR CONSIDERATION. Late responses will not be reviewed.  
  
Information submitted including attachments, supplementary materials, addenda, etc. will not be returned.  
  
Selection Criteria  
 A Developer will be selected based on, but not limited to, the following criteria:  
1. Submission of completed forms in Appendix C & D (required); 
2. Capability to achieve the objective outlined in the Goals of the RFP;  
3. Experience completing similar redevelopment projects in an urban neighborhood;  
4. Demonstrated capacity to attract and secure funding;  
5. Magnitude of investment in the site, as it pertains to the project’s impact and scale;  
6. Experience and ability to assemble a team with the appropriate specialties for a project of this size 
and scope;  
7. Capability to achieve the planning principals and site guidelines;  
8. Capability to achieve the goals outlined in the RFP;  
9. Demonstration  of  commitment  to  community  participation  and  interaction  for  the  project  and 
experience with community engagement in previous projects; and 
10. Commitment  to  Minority/Women  Owned  Business  Enterprise  participation  and  a  focus  on  local 
workforce development.  
 
A Developer will be recommended to the City of Birmingham Mayor’s Office by an RFP Selection Committee 
based  on  the  overall  quality  of  the  proposed  project.  The  City  of  Birmingham  does  not  sell  land  for 
speculative purposes; any such proposal to acquire and hold the land with construction to occur when and 
if it is successfully marketed will be rejected. The evaluation of the Developer’s qualifications, experience 
and  capacity  will  be  based  upon  information  in  the  proposal  submitted  by  the  Developer,  interviews, 
investigation of projects completed by the Developer, assessment of performance in previous undertakings, 
and  other  pertinent  factors.  The  City  of  Birmingham  will  follow  a  Disposition  Process,  which  includes 
significant design review and construction oversight.   The Developer will be a key member of a broader 
Economic Development Task Force in Ensley, designed to provide a comprehensive economic development 
plan for the broader area, including representation from local merchants, the City, Regions Bank, US Steel, 
and others. 
10 
 
 
 
  
The City of Birmingham also reserves the right to reject any and all submissions.  
  
Legal Information  
  
The City of Birmingham shall have the right to verify the accuracy of all information submitted and to 
make such investigation as it deems necessary to determine the ability of a prospective Developer(s) to 
perform the obligations in the response. The City of Birmingham in its sole discretion reserves the right 
to  reject  any  response  when  the  available  evidence  or  information  does  not  satisfy  the  City,  that  the 
prospective Developer(s) is qualified to carry out properly the obligations of the response; is a person or 
firm of good reputation or character for strict, complete and faithful performance of business obligations; 
or if  the prospective  Developer(s)  refuses  to cooperate  with and  assist the City in the  making  of such 
investigation.  
  
1. Inspection of Parcel:   
a. Developers shall be given an opportunity to inspect the property and the title to the 
property, among other things. If the Developer is selected and elects to proceed after 
exercising its due diligence, it shall acquire or take possession of the parcel(s) in “AS‐IS” 
CONDITION, unless otherwise agreed to by the City of Birmingham in its discretion, in a 
Development Agreement.  
  
2. Building Permits, Zoning Variances and Financial Viability:   
a. The sale of the property in no way guarantees or warrants grading permits, building permits, 
zoning variances or financial viability. The City of Birmingham reserves the right to refuse to 
sell the property until a Developer is able to obtain all necessary permits.  
  
3. Disclaimer of Liability:   
a. Developer(s) acknowledges by submitting information and proposals to the City of 
Birmingham that the City does not undertake any obligations, and shall have no liability with 
respect to the development program, this RFP, and responses thereto, nor with respect to 
any matters related to any submission by a Developer(s).  
  
4. Minority/Women Owned Business Enterprises (M/WBE) Requirements:   
a. All Developers must demonstrate a good faith effort to obtain minority and women owned 
business participation in the project, such as through design or legal services as well as 
construction contracts and purchases. The successful applicant will be required to submit a 
M/WBE plan as part of the project approval process.  
  
5. Sustainability Requirements:   
a. All Developers must demonstrate a good faith effort to incorporate environmentally 
sustainable features and practices into their development plan. The successful applicant will 
be required to submit a sustainability plan as part of the project approval process.  
  
 
 
 

11 
 
 
 
6. The Developer:   
a. The Developer for itself and its employees, contractors, and primary subcontractors, agrees 
not to discriminate against or segregate any person or group of persons on any unlawful 
basis in the construction, sale, transfer, use, occupancy, tenure or enjoyment of the 
property or any improvements erected or to be erected thereon, or any part thereof.  
  
7. The City   
a. The Selection Committee shall be comprised of City representatives and will give the 
Mayor’s Office its recommendation for the Developer for the project. The City will retain the 
right to be the sole judge as to which proposals best meet the selection criteria. 
Notwithstanding anything in this RFP to the contrary, the City reserves the right to reject 
any or all proposals received, to waive any submission requirements contained within this 
RFP, and to waive any irregularities in any submitted proposal.  
  
8. Receipt  
a. To ensure receipt of any addenda to the RFP, please email Josh Carpenter for inclusion on 
the Interested Bidder List at Ramsay.McCormack@birminghamal.gov.  
 

   

12 
 
 
 
Appendix A  
 
Background Information  
  
History of Ensley1   
Colonel Enoch Ensley acquired significant property in Jefferson County in the early 1880s by purchasing the 
Pratt Coal and Coke Company, the Alice Furnace Company, and the Linn Iron Company. Joined by Alfred 
Shook and T. T. Hillman, he was able to effect a merger with TCI which made him president of the company 
on December 8, 1886. It was on TCI's behalf, then, that Ensley began laying out what he planned to become 
"the great industrial city of the nation".   
  
Construction of the Ensley Works, with four huge blast furnaces being erected simultaneously, began in 
1888. The last of the four went into blast on April 4, 1889, completing what was, at the time, the largest 
group of steel furnaces in the world.  The rapidly‐growing industrial development of Ensley produced a 
sharp demand for workers' housing and retail shops and services, as well as churches, meeting houses and 
schools for their families. Before 1898, only a few cottages and a small row of commercial buildings had 
been erected. That year saw the construction of over 400 new houses built in tandem by TCI and the  
Ensley Land Company. The new city was formally incorporated on February 12, 1899 with Nimrod  
Scott as Mayor. By 1901 there were more than 10,000 residents living in and around Ensley. By 1910, the U. S. 
Postal Service estimated the community's population at 20,000 to 25,000.   
  
In 1910, the City of Birmingham annexed Ensley and other close‐in neighborhoods. However, the annexation 
did not remove Ensley's sense of itself as the community continued to promote itself as having a "backbone 
of steel" and a bustling downtown which drew shoppers, diners and dancers from the whole west side of the 
county. A 1926 silent film, Men of Steel was filmed in Ensley and premiered at the city's Franklin Theatre. In 
1929, Erskine Ramsay and partner Carr McCormack replaced the small Bank of Ensley with the towering 10‐
story Ramsay‐McCormack building at the heart of the city's business district. Tuxedo Junction, an area where 
several streetcar lines crossed, became a well‐known entertainment district, made world famous by Erskine 
Hawkins' 1939 hit tune of the same name.   
  
The furnaces burst back into operation as demand for steel increased in advance of World War II. After the 
war, though, many workers moved away from Ensley, able to afford new suburban houses and to get to 
work by automobile. Downtown Birmingham vied with the suburbs to attract shoppers from a wider area 
with lavish commercial displays. Downtown Ensley never resumed the bustle of the 1920s. Over the course 
of the next decades U. S. Steel concentrated its operations at the Fairfield Works and eventually shut down 
the Ensley Works in stages between 1975 and 1979.   
  
In  1970,  Ensley  had  more  than  18,700  residents.  By  1990,  that  number  had  declined  to  5,976.  The  2009 
estimate  for  the  area's  population  is  4,032.  Over  that  period,  numerous  efforts  have  been  made,  with 
marginal  success.  The  redevelopment  of  the  Tuxedo  Court  public  housing    complex  into  Tuxedo  Terrace  
improved  housing  options.  The  redevelopment  of  the  nearby  Alabama  State  Fairgrounds  into  the 
Birmingham CrossPlex and the current redevelopment of the adjoining land has and will continue to increase 
visitors, jobs and economic activity in the larger vicinity. While this growth has not yet reached downtown 
Ensley, a sense of momentum is building around the historic district’s potential, particularly evidenced by 
recent investment by a group of local investors and the plans of P&S Transportation to expand and increase 
                                                            
1
 www.bhamwiki.com/w/Ensley 
13 
 
 
 
jobs.  P&S is currently located four blocks from the project site with a current employee base of 250, has 
announced plans to add another 200 employees over the next four years along with an additional $2.3 million 
in improvements to their corporate campus. 
 
Much of the growing momentum in Ensley is as a result of the City’s Mayor Randall Woodfin focusing on 
Ensley as a high priority for his administration.  The number of stakeholders and partners working in and with 
neighborhood, including nonprofit partners such as Bethel Ensley Action Task, Bethesda Life Center, Build Up 
Ensley, the Color Project, Ensley Alive, REV Birmingham and more, also indicate a continued commitment to 
the area and a consistent desire to preserve and restore economic growth to the district. Each of these groups 
are bringing resources and knowledge that can help downtown Ensley address the challenges it faces.  For 
instance,  since  the  formation  of  the  Ensley  Alive  movement,  there  has  been  a  significant  increase  in  the 
number of businesses looking to locate in Ensley. 
  
Ensley is on the minds of a lot of people these days. Residents, property owners, and business owners are 
taking note on the efforts to rejuvenate downtown Ensley in a community driven, grassroots way.  
   
 

   

14 
 
 
 
Appendix B 
 

 
 
Total Tax Value of all parcels available for redevelopment = $595,300.00 
 
Ramsay McCormack Site    Jefferson Health Site   
Parcel ID:      22 00 31 3 017 004.000,     Parcel ID:       22 00 31 3 012 002.000, 
22 00 31 3 017 003.000   22 00 31 3 012 001.000 
Acreage:      Total Acreage: .45 Acres      Acreage:      Total Acreage: 1.46 Acres   
City Zoning:      C‐B3     City Zoning:      C‐B2 
Preferred Reuse:  Mixed‐Use Development     Preferred Reuse:   Mixed‐Use Development  
Tax Value:  $291,400.00    Tax Value:  $123,700.00 
 
         
         
Former Precinct Site    Cotton’s Site 
Parcel ID:      22 00 31 3 018 005.000,     Parcel ID:       22 00 31 3 028 001.000 
22 00 31 3 018 004.000  22 00 31 3 028 002.000 
Acreage:      Total Acreage: .86 Acres      Acreage:      1.09 
City Zoning:      C‐B3     City Zoning:      C‐B3 
Preferred Reuse:  Mixed‐Use Development     Preferred Reuse:   Mixed‐Use Development 
Tax Value: 
 
$47,300.00    Tax Value:  $132,900.00 
   

15 
 
 
 
Appendix C 
 

RFP Summary Page 
Ramsay McCormack 
Development Team    
Ownership Entity    
Primary Contact    
Address    
Phone    
E‐mail    
Is the lead Developer a certified MBE or WBE?    
Partner    
Architect    
Contractor    
Consultant(s)    
Please list any of the development team that is based   
in Birmingham. 
Please list any of the development team that is based   
in Alabama. 
Please list any of the development team that is a   
certified MBE/WBE?  
Project Summary    
Description of development scenario and plan;  
Explanation of ownership entity;  
Prospective development timeline; and  
Schematic drawing of proposed project, including 
site plan and elevations.  
Relevant Development Experience   

Brief description of similar projects (date, location, 
concept);  
Photographs of projects;  
Description and role of development entity;  
References  ‐  strong  references  include  banks, 
municipal  entities,  co‐developers,  tenants,  and 
press  clippings  that  include  project  narratives  to 
describe  previous  work  and  clear  evidence  of 
capacity; and  
Description  of  community  engagement  activities 
carried out in previous development projects.  
Project Goals   

How  does  the  proposed  plan  preserve  the   


building?  
How  does  the  proposed  plan  provide  a  mix  of   
housing  types  and  /  or  commercial  uses  to 
complement  the  growth  of  surrounding 

16 
 
 
 
residential  neighborhoods  and  maintain 
affordability  for  existing  Ensley  and  west  side 
residents? 
How does the proposed plan activate the ground   
floor  as  retail  or  amenity  that  generates  foot 
traffic and visible activity to 19th S? 
How does the proposed plan promote community   
services and amenities? 
How does the proposed plan improve the business   
environment and create job opportunities;  
How  does  the  proposed  plan  boost  affordable   
retail,  restaurants  and  neighborhood 
conveniences? 
How  does  the  proposed  plan  expand  Ensley’s   
cultural and arts tradition? 
How does the proposed plan provide for Complete   
Streets  and  enhance  primary  &  secondary  street 
networks  in  the  immediate  vicinity  to  support  a 
walkable district? 
How  does  the  proposed  plan  Adopt  a  shared   
parking strategy to minimize at‐grade parking lots 
and preserve historic fabric of the district? 
Financial Capacity   

 
 
    Provide a description of the team’s ability to finance 
the costs associate with the project.
   Identify the names and contact information of the 
people and / or entities in the proposed development 
team, including any and all joint venture, general, or 
limited partners, and respective percentages of interest. 
   Described the role of each and every development 
partner in the implementation of the development plan. 
Letters of support from team members for their 
respective roles in the project are encouraged. 
   
Acquisition Offer  
   
Total Estimated Project Cost  
   
Developer Equity  
   
Total Estimated Project Gap  
    
Complete any fields that apply.  
   
Total Residential Units  
   
Total Retail Square Footage  
   
Total Office Square Footage  
   
Other (please specify)  

17 
 
 
 
   
Other (please specify)  
   
Other (please specify)  
Project Timeline    
Pre‐Construction Planning & Deal  
Construction Start    
Construction Duration    
 

   

18 
 
 
 
Appendix D 
 
Project Sources and Uses of Funds  
Ramsay McCormack Site 
Birmingham, AL  
 
Redevelopment Team: ________________________________________________________________________ 
 
Budget Category  Overall Project Budget 
Sources of Funds   
Loan #1   
Loan #2   
Loan #3   
Equity   
Grants   
Other Sources #1   
Other Sources #2   
TOTAL SOURCES OF FUNDS   
   
   
Use of Funds   
Acquisition   
Hard Costs and FF&E   
Soft Costs   
Miscellaneous Costs   
TOTAL USE OF FUNDS   
   
Additional required Gap    
Financing or Equity 
   
   
  
   

19 
 
 
 
Appendix E 
 
Supplemental Documents 
 
As Owner of the Ramsay McCormack (RM) building and adjacent parcel, the City of Birmingham has conducted 
extensive analysis and remediation work on the building, as well as considering multiple redevelopment plans 
for the property over the years.  In order to provide as much information as possible to potential RFP 
respondents, the City is providing information gathered in their due diligence on the building.  These 
documents are provided solely for reference and information only and should not be used in lieu of each 
respondent conducting their own due diligence on the properties and their condition.  
 
These documents, available for download on the City of Birmingham website designated for this RFP, include: 
‐ Architectural Drawings of RM typical floor plates; 
‐ RM Existing Conditions Reports as of 2017; 
‐ RM Structural Review as of January 2017; and 
‐ RM Construction pricing from 2017 based on a proposed City redevelopment. 
 
Upon request, AutoCad files of RM floor plans and elevations will be provided. 
 
In addition, as shared in the historic context, Ensley was founded as a community to support the industrial work 
of TCI and Ensley Works. Today, the former Ensley Works site is owned by U.S. Steel. While the site has been 
dormant for decades, conversations are beginning around redevelopment of the site into a new industrial hub.  
A letter of support from U.S. Steel regarding their interest in collaborating with the City is attached. 
 
 
   

20 
 
 
 
Appendix F 
  
Support for Project Goals 
 
The  vision  for  the  redevelopment  of  the  Ramsay  McCormack  building  and  adjacent  sites  is 
grounded in the success of catalytic redevelopment projects across the United States. To further 
articulate the goals of the RFP presented herein, the following reference material is provided:  
 
 
A renewed Ramsay McCormack is Ensley’s most immediate opportunity for catalyzing inclusive and 
equitable revitalization. Nearby industrial properties like US Steel promise great long‐term potential for job 
generation and support for nearby retail businesses, but that kind of redevelopment is considered far more 
expensive and long‐term than the opportunity Ramsay McCormack offers.  
  
The historic Ensley business district, without the Ramsay McCormack building, would have a much steeper 
climb to reach market relevancy.  The concept of leveraging historic assets for future revitalization is a 
proven and well‐researched strategy being deployed in comparable cities across the country, and even in 
Birmingham’s own City Center.   
  
Here are several resources for review and consideration in crafting a plan for inclusive and catalytic 
redevelopment of the Ramsay McCormack building:  
  
Ten Things You Need to Know About Catalytic Development  
http://www.stateofplace.co/our‐blog/2018/6/ten‐things‐you‐need‐to‐know‐about‐catalytic‐development  
 
Catalyst for the Boulevard  
http://www.placeeconomics.com/wp‐content/uploads/2018/08/GCHP_2018.pdf  
  
Measuring Economic Impact of Historic Preservation  
https://www.achp.gov/sites/default/files/guidance/2018‐06/Economic%20Impacts%20v5‐
FINAL.pdf  
  
Beyond Tourism: Historic Preservation in the Economy and Life of Savannah and Chatham County  
http://www.placeeconomics.com/wp‐content/uploads/2016/08/HSF‐Beyond‐Tourism‐Report‐
2015‐v4.pdf  
  
The Historic Tax Credit: Building the Future in Louisiana  
http://www.placeeconomics.com/wp‐
content/uploads/2017/06/LAStateTaxCredit_FinalReport_061617_SmallPages.pdf  
 
 

21 
 
January 11, 2017

ArchitectureWorks, LLP
130 19th Street South
Birmingham, AL 35233

Attn: Cindy Coyle

Re: The Ramsay McCormack Building


Structural Walk-Thru

Dear Cindy,

Representative from MBA visited the above referenced job site on January 9, 2017. The purpose of
our visit was to review the condition of structure and form an opinion whether it is structurally feasible
to renovate. The opinion contained in this report is based upon a visual observation only. MBA did
not perform any calculations nor did we perform any selected demolition to uncover hidden
conditions.

The existing building is a 10-story concrete frame with a basement, built in the 1920’s. It is our
understanding that the building was primarily used as an office building. The exterior walls are a
combination of clay brick and terra cotta tiles with clay masonry backing. The floors are framed
using a concrete pan and joist system supported by cast-in-place concrete girders. The joists appear
to be 5” wide x 17” deep and spaced at 25” on center.

It is our opinion that the building can be renovated as an office building. This opinion is based upon
the condition of the structure and the International Building Code requirements for Live Loads.
Based upon it previous use, we estimate that the Live Load capacity of the floors to be 80 pounds
per square foot. The 80 psf would not be adequate for uses such as assemblies, high-density files
or storage. Also, it is our opinion that this structure would not easily meet the IBC requirements for
an “Essential Facility”. This means that this building could not be used for the following uses without
major structural modifications:

Fire, rescue, ambulance and police stations and emergency vehicle garages.
Designated emergency preparedness, communications and operations centers and other
facilities required for emergency response.

It is possible that the building will have to be modified to meet the current wind loading requirements
prescribed in the IBC. The wind loads are changed significantly since the building was constructed
and it does not appear that the building has a well-defined lateral load system. It appears that the
wind loads are being resisted by concrete moment frames. Also, it is highly unlikely that seismic
loads were considered for the design of the structure. Due to proposed amount of renovations, the
International Existing Building Code would require that the structure is strengthen to meet the current
wind and seismic loading. The City of Birmingham has exempted existing structures from having to
meet the current code required seismic loading. If we cannot get some relief from the wind loading,
there will be major changes to the structure that are required.
If the building does not have to be upgrade for current wind loading, it is our opinion that the
structural renovations will be as follows:

Basement – The basement is holding approximately 2’-0” of water. Therefore, we did not
examining the condition of the walls and the first floor. Based upon our past experience,
prolonged exposure to moisture detrimentally effects the performance pf concrete. The
reinforcing steel rusts and concrete losses capacity. We recommend that the basement be
waterproofed in order to minimize damage to the structure.
Sidewalk – The sidewalk is a framed slab above the basement. Typically, the structure is
designed to support the weight of fire trucks (250 psf). Also, the structure in this area is
continuously exposed to the elements. Therefore, we anticipate that sidewalk structure will
have to be repaired. Further study will have to be performed in order to identify the
deficiencies and develop a plan of action.
General Concrete Framing – There are numerous areas where reinforcing steel is
exposed. It is our opinion that most cases are caused because the rebar was installed too
close to the bottom of the forms. These cases are usually addressed by applying
cementitious material to the areas to protect the rebar. However, there are isolated areas
where the rebar is exposed because it has rusted. Reinforcing steel expands when it rusts.
The rust is a reduction in the effective area of the steel and will adversely impact the load
capacity of the structure. Some of these areas may have to be externally reinforced by
wrapping the concrete in Carbon Reinforced Polymer (CRP). This is a procedure that is
used to strengthen existing concrete structural elements. Finally, there are areas where
existing cuts in the structural slab in order to install items such as conduit. These areas will
have to be patch with a structural epoxy grout.
Building Façade – The typical stability of the building facade was not thoroughly reviewed.
We did not have the equipment onsite to review all conditions. It did appear that there was
rusting in the relief angle. Also, there were signs where there were cracks in the brick
veneer or places where it appeared that there were places where the façade has failed. It
is possible that the entire will have to be removed and re-applied. This scope cannot be
determined until a comprehensive study is performed.

Sincerely,

Keith L. Owens, P.E.


Senior Principal
MBA Engineers, Inc.

Ramsay McCormack Building Review


January 11, 2017 2
O N
CTI
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Ramsay%McCormack%Building
City of Birmingham
1%1/2"
05

15'%-%11%5/8"
UP

04

1'%-%5%5/8"
03

Initials
14'%-%3"
This drawing has been produced for the City of Birmingham. It was prepared for a

56'%-%10"
purpose agreed with the client and will have a commensurate degree of accuracy. It
is not a record “as built”. ArchitectureWorks accepts no liability whatsoever if this

Revision
drawing is used by any other person or for any other purpose.
02 ArchitectureWorks makes no representation as to the compatibility of these files
with your hardware or your software. Any use or reuse by you or by others will be at
your sole risk and without liability or legal exposure to ArchitectureWorks, LLP. You
agree to make no claim and hereby waive, to the fullest extent permitted by law, any

15'%-%7%1/4"
claim or cause of action of any nature against ArchitectureWorks, LLP, its officers,
directors, employees, agents or subconsultants which may arise out of or in
connection with your use of the electronic files.

Date
Furthermore, you shall, to the fullest extent permitted by law, indemnify and hold
harmless ArchitectureWorks, LLP from all claims, damages, losses and expenses,

No.
including attorney's fees arising out of or resulting from your use of these electronic
JOB
files.
01 These electronic files are not contract documents. ArchitectureWorks, LLP makes
no representation regarding the accuracy or completeness of the electronic files you PROJECT%STATUS

receive. You are responsible for determining if any conflict exists. By your use of the

9'%-%5"
electronic files, you are not relieved of your responsibility including and without
limitation, the need to check, confirm and coordinate all dimensions and details, take DATE
LIFT field measurements, and verify field conditions.

Because of the potential that the information presented on the electronic files can be
SET
modified, unintentionally or otherwise, ArchitectureWorks, LLP reserves the right to
10'%-%10%1/2" 16'%-%0%1/4" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%2%7/8" 16'%-%3" 16'%-%6%7/8" 5" remove all indicia of its ownership and/or involvement for each electronic display.

Under no circumstances shall delivery of the electronic files for use by you be SHEET%NAME
108'%-%10%1/2"%BASEMENT%INTERIOR deemed a sale by ArchitectureWorks, LLP, and ArchitectureWorks, LLP makes no
warranties, either expressed or implied, of merchantability and fitness for any FLOOR PLAN -
particular purpose. In no event shall ArchitectureWorks, LLP be liable for any loss of
G F E D C B A profit or any consequential damages. BASEMENT LEVEL

01
PROJECT NORTH TRUE NORTH
BASEMENT LEVEL
SHEET%NO.

EXISTING FLOOR PLAN 1/8" = 1'-0"


A102
O N
CTI
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NO

Ramsay%McCormack%Building
City of Birmingham
1'%-%5%3/4"
05
DN

15'%-%11%5/8"
UP

1'%-%5%5/8"
04

03

50'%-%0%1/2"%BUILDING%OVERALL

Initials
14'%-%3"
This drawing has been produced for the City of Birmingham. It was prepared for a
purpose agreed with the client and will have a commensurate degree of accuracy. It
is not a record “as built”. ArchitectureWorks accepts no liability whatsoever if this

Revision
drawing is used by any other person or for any other purpose.
02 ArchitectureWorks makes no representation as to the compatibility of these files
with your hardware or your software. Any use or reuse by you or by others will be at
your sole risk and without liability or legal exposure to ArchitectureWorks, LLP. You
agree to make no claim and hereby waive, to the fullest extent permitted by law, any

15'%-%7%1/4"
claim or cause of action of any nature against ArchitectureWorks, LLP, its officers,
directors, employees, agents or subconsultants which may arise out of or in
connection with your use of the electronic files.

Date
Furthermore, you shall, to the fullest extent permitted by law, indemnify and hold
harmless ArchitectureWorks, LLP from all claims, damages, losses and expenses,

No.
including attorney's fees arising out of or resulting from your use of these electronic
JOB
files.
01 These electronic files are not contract documents. ArchitectureWorks, LLP makes

1'%-%3%1/4"
no representation regarding the accuracy or completeness of the electronic files you PROJECT%STATUS

receive. You are responsible for determining if any conflict exists. By your use of the
electronic files, you are not relieved of your responsibility including and without
limitation, the need to check, confirm and coordinate all dimensions and details, take DATE
field measurements, and verify field conditions.

Because of the potential that the information presented on the electronic files can be
SET
1'%-%3%3/4" 1'%-%3%3/4" modified, unintentionally or otherwise, ArchitectureWorks, LLP reserves the right to
16'%-%0%1/4" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%2%7/8" 16'%-%3" 16'%-%6%7/8"
remove all indicia of its ownership and/or involvement for each electronic display.

100'%-%2%1/4"%BUILDING%OVERALL Under no circumstances shall delivery of the electronic files for use by you be SHEET%NAME

deemed a sale by ArchitectureWorks, LLP, and ArchitectureWorks, LLP makes no


warranties, either expressed or implied, of merchantability and fitness for any FLOOR PLAN -
particular purpose. In no event shall ArchitectureWorks, LLP be liable for any loss of
G F E D C B A profit or any consequential damages. 1ST LEVEL

01
PROJECT NORTH TRUE NORTH
FIRST LEVEL
SHEET%NO.

EXISTING FLOOR PLAN 1/8" = 1'-0"


A103
O N
CTI
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C
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0'%-%9%1/2"
FO
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NO
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15'%-%11%5/8"
1'%-%5%5/8"
04
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49'%-%3"%BUILDING%OVERALL
14'%-%3"
02

15'%-%7%1/4"
01

1'%-%2"

Ramsay%McCormack%Building
1'%-%2" 16'%-%0%1/4" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%2%7/8" 16'%-%3" 16'%-%6%7/8" 1'%-%2"

99'%-%11"%BUILDING%OVERALL

City of Birmingham
G F E D C B A

02
PROJECT NORTH TRUE NORTH
TYPICAL UPPER LEVEL
EXISTING FLOOR PLAN 1/8" = 1'-0"

0'%-%9%1/2"
05

15'%-%11%5/8"
DN

1'%-%5%5/8"
04

UP
03

49'%-%3"%BUILDING%OVERALL

Initials
14'%-%3"
This drawing has been produced for the City of Birmingham. It was prepared for a
purpose agreed with the client and will have a commensurate degree of accuracy. It
is not a record “as built”. ArchitectureWorks accepts no liability whatsoever if this

Revision
drawing is used by any other person or for any other purpose.
02 ArchitectureWorks makes no representation as to the compatibility of these files
with your hardware or your software. Any use or reuse by you or by others will be at
your sole risk and without liability or legal exposure to ArchitectureWorks, LLP. You
agree to make no claim and hereby waive, to the fullest extent permitted by law, any

15'%-%7%1/4"
claim or cause of action of any nature against ArchitectureWorks, LLP, its officers,
directors, employees, agents or subconsultants which may arise out of or in
connection with your use of the electronic files.

Date
Furthermore, you shall, to the fullest extent permitted by law, indemnify and hold
harmless ArchitectureWorks, LLP from all claims, damages, losses and expenses,

No.
including attorney's fees arising out of or resulting from your use of these electronic
JOB
files.
01 These electronic files are not contract documents. ArchitectureWorks, LLP makes

1'%-%2"
no representation regarding the accuracy or completeness of the electronic files you PROJECT%STATUS

receive. You are responsible for determining if any conflict exists. By your use of the
electronic files, you are not relieved of your responsibility including and without
limitation, the need to check, confirm and coordinate all dimensions and details, take DATE
field measurements, and verify field conditions.

Because of the potential that the information presented on the electronic files can be
SET
1'%-%2" 16'%-%0%1/4" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%2%7/8" 16'%-%3" 16'%-%6%7/8" 1'%-%2" modified, unintentionally or otherwise, ArchitectureWorks, LLP reserves the right to
remove all indicia of its ownership and/or involvement for each electronic display.

Under no circumstances shall delivery of the electronic files for use by you be SHEET%NAME
99'%-%11"%BUILDING%OVERALL deemed a sale by ArchitectureWorks, LLP, and ArchitectureWorks, LLP makes no FLOOR PLAN -
warranties, either expressed or implied, of merchantability and fitness for any
particular purpose. In no event shall ArchitectureWorks, LLP be liable for any loss of 2ND & TYPICAL
G F E D C B A profit or any consequential damages.
UPPER LEVELS

01
PROJECT NORTH TRUE NORTH
SECOND LEVEL
SHEET%NO.

EXISTING FLOOR PLAN 1/8" = 1'-0"


A104
26'%-%8%3/8" 35'%-%8%3/8" 26'%-%7"

O N

4'%-%10%5/8"
CTI

0'%-%9%1/2"
U
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05 R
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15'%-%11%5/8"
04

1'%-%5%5/8"
03

43'%-%10%5/8"

48'%-%11"
39'%-%0"

14'%-%3"
02

15'%-%7%1/4"
5'%-%0%3/8"
01

10"
5'%-%4%1/8" 88'%-%11%3/4" 5'%-%2%1/2"

Ramsay%McCormack%Building
1'%-%0%1/2" 16'%-%0%1/4" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%2%7/8" 16'%-%3" 16'%-%6%7/8" 10%7/8"

99'%-%6%3/8"%BUILDING%OVERALL

G F E D C B A

City of Birmingham
02
PROJECT NORTH TRUE NORTH
TENTH LEVEL
EXISTING FLOOR PLAN 1/8" = 1'-0"

0'%-%9%1/2"
05

15'%-%11%5/8"
1'%-%5%5/8"
04

03

49'%-%3"%BUILDING%OVERALL
14'%-%3"

Initials
02 This drawing has been produced for the City of Birmingham. It was prepared for a
purpose agreed with the client and will have a commensurate degree of accuracy. It
is not a record “as built”. ArchitectureWorks accepts no liability whatsoever if this

Revision
drawing is used by any other person or for any other purpose.

15'%-%7%1/4"
ArchitectureWorks makes no representation as to the compatibility of these files
with your hardware or your software. Any use or reuse by you or by others will be at
your sole risk and without liability or legal exposure to ArchitectureWorks, LLP. You
agree to make no claim and hereby waive, to the fullest extent permitted by law, any
claim or cause of action of any nature against ArchitectureWorks, LLP, its officers,
directors, employees, agents or subconsultants which may arise out of or in
connection with your use of the electronic files.

Date
01 Furthermore, you shall, to the fullest extent permitted by law, indemnify and hold
harmless ArchitectureWorks, LLP from all claims, damages, losses and expenses,

No.
1'%-%2"
including attorney's fees arising out of or resulting from your use of these electronic
JOB
files.

These electronic files are not contract documents. ArchitectureWorks, LLP makes
no representation regarding the accuracy or completeness of the electronic files you PROJECT%STATUS

receive. You are responsible for determining if any conflict exists. By your use of the
electronic files, you are not relieved of your responsibility including and without
1'%-%2" 16'%-%0%1/4" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%2%7/8" 16'%-%3" 16'%-%6%7/8" 1'%-%2"
limitation, the need to check, confirm and coordinate all dimensions and details, take DATE
field measurements, and verify field conditions.

99'%-%11"%%BUILDING%OVERALL Because of the potential that the information presented on the electronic files can be
SET
modified, unintentionally or otherwise, ArchitectureWorks, LLP reserves the right to
remove all indicia of its ownership and/or involvement for each electronic display.

G F E D C B A Under no circumstances shall delivery of the electronic files for use by you be SHEET%NAME

deemed a sale by ArchitectureWorks, LLP, and ArchitectureWorks, LLP makes no


warranties, either expressed or implied, of merchantability and fitness for any FLOOR PLANS -
particular purpose. In no event shall ArchitectureWorks, LLP be liable for any loss of
profit or any consequential damages. 9TH-10TH LEVELS

01
PROJECT NORTH TRUE NORTH
NINTH LEVEL
SHEET%NO.

EXISTING FLOOR PLAN 1/8" = 1'-0"


A105
O N
CTI

0'%-%9%1/2"
U
TR
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05 R
C
FO
T
NO

15'%-%11%5/8"
24'%-%0%3/8"
04

1'%-%5%5/8"
03

49'%-%3"%BUILDING%OVERALL
14'%-%3"
19'%-%10%1/4"
02

15'%-%7%1/4"
01

1'%-%2"
26'%-%11%1/4" 35'%-%5%1/8" 26'%-%7%3/8"

Ramsay%McCormack%Building
1'%-%2" 16'%-%0%1/4" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%2%7/8" 16'%-%3" 16'%-%6%7/8" 1'%-%2"

99'%-%11"%BUILDING%OVERALL

G F E D C B A

City of Birmingham
02
PROJECT NORTH TRUE NORTH
TWELFTH FLOOR
EXISTING FLOOR PLAN 1/8" = 1'-0"

0'%-%9%1/2"
05

15'%-%11%5/8"
12'%-%8%1/8"

24'%-%0%3/8"
UP
SPIRAL STAIRS
UP
04

1'%-%5%5/8"
03
6'%-%5%5/8"

49'%-%3"%BUILDING%OVERALL
14'%-%3"

Initials
19'%-%10%1/4"
02 This drawing has been produced for the City of Birmingham. It was prepared for a
purpose agreed with the client and will have a commensurate degree of accuracy. It
is not a record “as built”. ArchitectureWorks accepts no liability whatsoever if this

Revision
drawing is used by any other person or for any other purpose.

15'%-%7%1/4"
ArchitectureWorks makes no representation as to the compatibility of these files
with your hardware or your software. Any use or reuse by you or by others will be at
your sole risk and without liability or legal exposure to ArchitectureWorks, LLP. You
agree to make no claim and hereby waive, to the fullest extent permitted by law, any
claim or cause of action of any nature against ArchitectureWorks, LLP, its officers,
directors, employees, agents or subconsultants which may arise out of or in
connection with your use of the electronic files.

Date
01 Furthermore, you shall, to the fullest extent permitted by law, indemnify and hold
harmless ArchitectureWorks, LLP from all claims, damages, losses and expenses,

No.
1'%-%2"
including attorney's fees arising out of or resulting from your use of these electronic
JOB
files.
19'%-%10%1/8" 7'%-%1%1/8" 35'%-%5%1/8" 26'%-%7%3/8"
These electronic files are not contract documents. ArchitectureWorks, LLP makes
no representation regarding the accuracy or completeness of the electronic files you PROJECT%STATUS

receive. You are responsible for determining if any conflict exists. By your use of the
1'%-%2" 16'%-%0%1/4" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%3%1/8" 16'%-%2%7/8" 16'%-%3" 16'%-%6%7/8" 1'%-%2" electronic files, you are not relieved of your responsibility including and without
limitation, the need to check, confirm and coordinate all dimensions and details, take DATE
field measurements, and verify field conditions.

99'%-%11"%BUILDING%OVERALL Because of the potential that the information presented on the electronic files can be
SET
modified, unintentionally or otherwise, ArchitectureWorks, LLP reserves the right to
remove all indicia of its ownership and/or involvement for each electronic display.

G F E D C B A Under no circumstances shall delivery of the electronic files for use by you be SHEET%NAME

deemed a sale by ArchitectureWorks, LLP, and ArchitectureWorks, LLP makes no FLOOR PLANS -
warranties, either expressed or implied, of merchantability and fitness for any
particular purpose. In no event shall ArchitectureWorks, LLP be liable for any loss of 11TH-12TH
profit or any consequential damages.
LEVELS

01
PROJECT NORTH TRUE NORTH
ELEVENTH FLOOR
SHEET%NO.

EXISTING FLOOR PLAN 1/8" = 1'-0"


A106
THE RAMSAY McCORMACK BUILDING
HISTORIC RENOVATION AND ADDITION

for

The City of Birmingham

19th Street and Avenue E


The Ensley Neighborhood
Birmingham, Alabama

PRELIMINARY PRICING NARRATIVE

July 21, 2017


Revised October 11, 2017

AW Job #: 2566-002

WWW.ARCHITECTUREWORKS.COM
TEL 205.320.0880
130 NINETEENTH STREET SOUTH
BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA 35233
RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

DIVISION 01 - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 5


00 0115 LIST OF DRAWINGS
01 3000 GENERAL INFORMATION

DIVISION 02 – EXISTING CONDITIONS 7


02 0000 UTILITIES
02 1000 SUBSURFACE INVESTIGATION
02 3000 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
02 4100 STRUCTURE DEMOLITION

DIVISION 03 – CONCRETE 9
03 3000 CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE

DIVISION 04 – MASONRY 11
04 0120 BRICK MASONRY AND TERRA COTTA RESTORATION
04 0140 STONE REPAIR
04 2000 UNIT MASONRY

DIVISION 05 – METALS 12
05 1200 STRUCTURAL STEEL
05 3000 STEEL DECKING
05 4000 COLD FORMED METAL FRAMING
05 5100 METAL STAIRS

DIVISION 06 – WOOD AND PLASTICS 14


06 0000 ROUGH CARPENTRY
06 2000 FINISH CARPENTRY

DIVISION 07 - THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION 15


07 1000 WATERPROOFING
07 2100 THERMAL INSULATION
07 2500 WEATHER BARRIERS
07 2600 VAPOR RETARDERS
07 5400 THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN ROOFING (TPO)
07 6200 SHEET METAL FLASHING AND TRIM
07 8100 APPLIED FIREPROOFING
07 9200 JOINT SEALANTS

DIVISION 08 – OPENINGS 18
08 1100 HOLLOW METAL DOORS AND FRAMES
08 1400 FLUSH WOOD DOORS AND FRAMES
08 1430 STILE AND RAIL WOOD DOORS
08 3400 FIRE PROTECTED CURTAIN WALL ASSEMBLIES
08 5000 STEEL WINDOWS
08 7000 DOOR HARDWARE
08 8000 ACCESS DOORS
08 9000 LOUVERS AND VENTS

AW: 2566-002 TABLE OF CONTENTS 2


RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 09 – FINISHES 20
09 0000 OUTLINE PARAMETERS FOR INTERIOR FINISHES

DIVISION 10 – SPECIALTIES 21
10 2000 TOILET COMPARTMENTS
10 2800 TOILET ACCESSORIES
10 4400 FIRE EXTINGUISHERS AND CABINETS
10 4500 PHOTOLUMINESCENT EGRESS PATH MARKINGS

DIVISION 14 – CONVEYING SYSTEMS 22


14 2000 ELEVATORS

DIVISION 21 – FIRE SUPPRESSION 23


SEE ENGINEER’S FIRE PROTECTION NARRATIVE

DIVISION 22 – PLUMBING 23
SEE ENGINEER’S PLUMBING NARRATIVE

DIVISION 23 – HEATING, VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING (HVAC) 23


SEE ENGINEER’S HVAC NARRATIVE

DIVISION 26 – ELECTRICAL 23
SEE ENGINEER’S ELECTRICAL NARRATIVE
26 4113 LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEM

DIVISION 28 – ELECTRONIC SAFETY AND SECURITY 26


28 1600 BUILDING INTRUSION ALARM SYSTEM

DIVISION 31 – EARTHWORK 27
31 2333 TRENCHING AND BACKFILLING
31 3500 EROSION AND SEDIMENTATION CONTROLS
31 3116 TERMITE CONTROL

DIVISION 32 – EXTERIOR IMPROVEMENTS 28


32 1200 ASPHALT PAVING
32 1300 CONCRETE PAVING
32 9000 LANDSCAPING AND IRRIGATION

AW: 2566-002 TABLE OF CONTENTS 3


RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

APPENDICES

A. HISTORIC PRESERVATION NARRATIVE


LORD AECK SARGENT
B. PLUMBING ENGINEERING NARRATIVE
MW/DAVIS DUMAS & ASSOCIATES, INC.
C. FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERING NARRATIVE
MW/DAVIS DUMAS & ASSOCIATES, INC.
D. HVAC ENGINEERING NARRATIVE
MW/DAVIS DUMAS & ASSOCIATES, INC.
E. ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING NARRATIVE
HYDE ENGINEERING
F. LIMITED HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SURVEY - 2011
BHATE ENVIRONMENTAL ASSOCIATES, INC.
G. ASBESTOS ABATEMENT TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS - 2013
BHATE ENVIRONMENTAL ASSOCIATES, INC.
H. REPORT OF SUBSURFACE EXPLORATION AND GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION – 2017
BUILDING & EARTH

AW: 2566-002 TABLE OF CONTENTS 4


RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 01: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

This outline, along with the Pricing Drawings, describe the work on the exterior skin
and interior finishes of and additions to the Ramsay McCormack Building at the
Pre-Design stage. This outline lists or describes optional systems in general for
pricing purposes. Being schematic in nature, detail of each system and component
is not specified. Any use of this outline implies complete systems or components for
a finished functioning building, or related portion thereof. This outline follows the
CSI (Construction Specifications Institute) Division Format.

Pricing Drawings included with this Outline:


G000 Cover Sheet
A100 Demolition Site Plan
A101 Site Plan
A102 Demolition Floor Plan – Basement Level
A103 Demolition Floor Plan – First Level
A104 Demolition Floor Plan – Second Level
A105 Demolition Floor Plan – Third & Fourth Levels
A106 Demolition Floor Plan – Fifth & Sixth Levels
A107 Demolition Floor Plan – Seventh & Eighth Levels
A108 Demolition Floor Plan – Ninth & Tenth Levels
A109 Demolition Floor Plan – Eleventh & Twelfth Levels
A110 Demolition Roof Plan
A200 Demolition Elevation – 19th Street
A201 Demolition Elevation – Avenue E
A202 Demolition Elevation – Alley
A203 Demolition Elevation – North
A210 Building Elevation – 19th Street
A211 Building Elevation – Avenue E
A212 Building Elevation – Alley
A213 Building Elevation – North
H100 Historic Lobby Plans
H200 Building Elevations
H201 Building Elevations
H202 Building Elevations
H203 Building Elevations
H301 Interior Elevations
H302 Interior Elevations
H303 Historic Stair

AW: 2566-002 PRICING NARRATIVE 5


RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

1. The project site will need to be secured at the end of each work day.

Limited debris collection and removal, and materials storage that must occur
within the development area will be coordinated with the City and must be within
a secured and separated area.

2. No smoking will be permitted on the job site.

3. Contractor must supply job site construction office as well as temporary toilets.

4. All costs associated with project site operations and supervision are to be
provided, including temporary facilities, insurance, clean-up, safety procedures,
and all material and labor costs associated with the proper oversight,
supervision, and operation of construction.

5. Provide access for architect and owner during construction. Access shall be
maintained until each area of exterior improvement is substantially complete.

6. All overhead and profit costs are to be included.

7. All permitting costs are to be included.

8. All testing services are to be paid for by the contractor for pricing purposes.

9. Include a 10 percent estimating contingency for this level of detail.

10. The Contractor shall develop an operation and maintenance manual for
materials, systems, and equipment on the project and shall provide that
document to the ownership of the building at project closeout, along with
complete demonstration of each item contained therein.

11. Pricing shall be divided into work on and within the existing Ramsay McCormack
Building and work on the tower additions.

AW: 2566-002 PRICING NARRATIVE 6


RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 02: EXISTING CONDITIONS

1. Prior to beginning construction, locate all utilities. Assume the following:


a. Power: Coordinate with Alabama Power Company and AT&T to bring
appropriate power and phone distribution from alley right-of-ways. Take
distribution underground from right-of-way to building.
b. Sewer: Assume existing sewer structures in streets/alleys will remain.
Connect new waste and storm plumbing to existing mains as required.
c. Water and Gas: These utilities are assumed to be in the public street right-
of-way and should not be affected by new construction. Tap as required
for new services.

2. Subsurface Investigation: Contractor to obtain a copy of Building & Earth


Engineers’ Report of Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation. Project
No. BH170134, dated June 12, 2017. Contractor’s site development work to
comply with the requirements and considerations outlined in this report. Of
particular note are the following:
a. Site Preparation: Note that Item 4.5 indicates a minimum of 5-feet of fill
material must be undercut across the site to an area 5-feet outside the
development footprint. This material must be replaced with Structural Fill
complying with the report’s recommendations. Other areas of unsuitable
fill or debris may be encountered as well, which will need to be removed
and replaced with Structural Fill.
b. Ground Water: Note that groundwater was encountered as high as 9-feet
below grade in the borings, and several feet of water has been observed in
the existing basement of the Ramsay McCormack Building near this
elevation. The Contractor is to assume the presence of ground water
above all basement level and new foundation work. The site will require
continuous dewatering during foundation and basement construction, and
a permanent subsurface drainage and pump system will be installed as a
part of this work.

3. Hazardous Materials: In 2011, Bhate Associates completed a Limited Hazardous


Materials Survey of the building interior, and in 2013, they also completed
Technical Specifications for Asbestos Abatement. These two documents are
included in the Appendix following these Outline Specifications.
a. The work associated with the abatement specifications was executed in
2013-14 by Montgomery Environmental.
b. The target of the abatement program was for asbestos containing materials
inside the building which were identified in the 2011 survey.
c. Complete abatement of lead based paint was not a requirement, so those
finishes remaining that have an existing painted finish may still contain lead
paint, including interior plaster finishes and the exterior painted brick, terra
cotta, and windows.

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The City of Birmingham

d. The Contractor should assume providing testing and abatement as needed


of additional lead-based paint where remaining and as required by
governing authorities and standards for the scope of work proposed.
e. In addition, the 2011 survey also noted that the existing elevator drive
motors may contain PCB’s. Although the survey notes 3-motors, there are
actually 5-motors in the penthouse, 2 of which may have been replaced
and abandoned in that space. Contractor to assume removal and
replacement of all existing elevator equipment, including any required
abatement procedures.

4. Structure Demolition: Remove items indicated to be demolished on the Plans.


Provide temporary shoring and bracing as needed for alteration to structural
elements.
a. Identify items designated to be salvaged, stored, or reused and remove
these from the site, warehouse them in a climate-controlled facility for the
duration of the project, and return them at the conclusion of work prior to
Substantial Completion.

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RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 03: CONCRETE

033000 CONCRETE
1. Foundations to be in accordance with the Geotechnical investigation
2. All new basements areas to have cast-in-place concrete retaining walls, columns,
and cantilever spread footings.
3. Main Level floor structure over new basement areas to consist of cast-in-place
concrete beams and elevated concrete floor structure.
4. New 10-story core addition to Ramsay-McCormack tower to consist of deep
foundations with drilled piers.
5. Coordinate all new concrete work with structural narrative by MBA Associates.
6. Concrete construction general requirements:
a. Concrete materials and placement shall comply with ACI standards.
b. Slabs on Grade – Assume 6" thick slabs reinforced with No. 4 bars at 16”
O.C. each way.
c. Concrete compressive strength at 28 days (PSI), typ. of concrete, maximum
water cement ratio, air content, slump and concrete use: assume 3,000 psi
for slabs on grade; 4,000 psi for shallow foundations, retaining walls,
columns, and other elevated structural concrete.
d. Uncoated reinforcing bars shall comply with ASTM A615/A615M or ASTM
A 996/A 996M, Grade 60 (Grade 420).
e. All reinforcing shall be detailed in accordance with A.C.I. standards 315, of
latest revision.
f. All welded wire fabric shall conform to ASTM A-185. Welded wire fabric
shall be lapped a minimum of 1'-0" and shall be furnished in sheets only
(No Rolls).
g. Wall vertical reinforcing shall be lapped with a class "b" splice and wall
horizontal reinforcing shall be lapped 30 diameters at splice points. Provide
corner bars for walls.
h. All splices shall be class "B" tension lap splice, unless noted otherwise.
i. Finishing of Exposed Surfaces: Match existing conditions unless otherwise
noted on drawings.
j. Install 10 mill vapor retarder equal to Stego Industries, LLC Stego 15 under
slabs on grade. Install per manufacturer’s instructions lapping and sealing
joints and penetrations.
k. Place slabs on minimum 4" of porous gravel fill.
l. Finish slabs with trowel finish. Finish and measure surface so gap at any
point between concrete surface and unleveled freestanding, 10 foot long
straight edge resting on two high spots does not exceed 1/8". Provide floor
slab recesses as required for finish floor materials and for walk-in
refrigerator at kitchen.
m. Cold Weather Placement: Comply with ACI 306.1.
Hot Weather Placement: Comply with ACI 301.

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The City of Birmingham

n. Testing: Owner will employ a consultant to provide testing of concrete at


periodic intervals. Coordinate with Owners testing agency during concrete
pours. Provide strength testing of all concrete pours, complying with ACI
301.

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RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 04: MASONRY

040120 EXISTING BRICK MASONRY AND TERRA COTTA RESTORATION


See attached Historic Preservation Narrative.

040140 STONE REPAIR


1. All stone repair work must be executed by a company having trained personnel
and demonstrated experience in executing successful repair work on documented
historic structures.
2. Repair granite detailing at exterior facades around main level. Assume
reattachment where movement is apparent using stainless steel anchorage
devices, and repair any cracked or chipped surfaces with Cathedral Stone Jahn
M160 granite repair mortar, custom mixed to match existing colors.
3. Restore existing marble finishes, stair treads and stair balustrades at Entry Lobby of
existing tower. Reset existing pieces that have been removed and salvaged.
Refabricate any missing or severely damaged pieces. New marble must be
selected and culled for close match to existing material and veining pattern in
lobby area. Assume Alabama white.
4. Restore or replace existing interior stone window sills at perimeter of Ramsay
McCormack Tower. New marble must be selected and culled for close match to
existing material and veining pattern. Assume Tennessee pink.

042000 UNIT MASONRY


1. Provide non-load bearing concrete unit masonry walls at the following locations:
a. Exterior walls behind new brick and metal panel finishes.

2. Concrete Unit Masonry – General Construction - Provide ASTM C90, normal


weight, Type I, concrete masonry units. Mortar ASTM C270. Grout ASTM C476,
2000 psi. Reinforcing ASTM A615, Grade 60. Provide either ladder or truss type
masonry joint reinforcement at all walls, ASTM A951, wire size for side rods, cross
rods, and veneer ties W1.7 or 0.148-inch., stainless steel. At minimum, provide
vertical reinforcing at 48” O.C.

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The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 05: METALS

051200 STRUCTURAL STEEL - GENERAL


1. New building structure at tower core addition to consist of structural steel frame
with wide flange steel columns and beams, and hollow core slab floor deck. All
steel frame to be 2-hour protected with spray-on fireproofing.
2. Steel Framing: General requirements.
a. Steel Plates, Shapes, and Bars: ASTM A 36/A 36M.
b. Steel Tubing: ASTM A 500, cold formed steel tubing.
c. Steel Pipe: ASTM A 53/A 53M, standard weight (Schedule 40) unless
otherwise indicated.
d. Cast Iron: Either gray iron, ASTM A 48/A 48M, or malleable iron, ASTM A
47/A 47M.
e. General Fasteners: Unless otherwise indicated, provide Type 316 stainless
steel fasteners for exterior use and zinc-plated fasteners with coating
complying with ASTM B 633 or ASTM F 1941, Class Fe/Zn 5 at exterior
walls. Botled connections shall be installed per RCSC's "Specification for
Structural Joints Using ASTM A 325 or A 490 Bolts" for type of bolt and type
of joint indicated.
f. Cast-in-Place Anchors in Concrete: Either threaded type or wedge type,
galvanized ferrous castings, either ASTM A 47/A 47M malleable iron or
ASTM A 27/A 27M cast steel. Provide bolts, washers, and shims as
needed, all hot-dip galvanized per ASTM F 2329.
g. Post Installed Anchors: Torque-controlled expansion anchors. At interior
locations, carbon steel components zinc plated to comply with ASTM B 633
or ASTM F 1941, Class Fe/Zn 5. At exterior locations and where stainless
steel is indicated, Alloy Group 1 (A1) stainless steel bolts, ASTM F 593, and
nuts, ASTM F 594.
h. Metal Surfaces: Provide materials with smooth, flat surfaces without
blemishes, and generally comply with NAAM's "Metal Finishes Manual for
Architectural Metal Products.". At interior locations of all steel and iron,
provide universal shop primer, fast curing, lead and chromate-free,
modified-alkyd primer complying with MPI#79 and compatible with any
topcoat. At exterior locations, surfaces to be hot-dip galvanized to comply
with ASTM A 153/A 153M for hardware and with ASTM A 123/A 123M for
other steel and iron products. Touch-up all blemishes at installations in the
field immediately after erection using primer or galvanizing repair paint as
required, comply with SSPC-PA and ASTM A 780.
i. Nonshrink Grout: To be factory packaged, non-staining, non corrosive,
nongaseous group complying with ASTM C 1107, provided specifically as
recommended by manufacturer for interior and exterior applications.
3. General Steel Fabrication and Erection: Elements of structural steel framing are
classified by AISC's "Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges"
supporting design loads. Provide connection details of simple shear type required,

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The City of Birmingham

to be selected or completed to withstand ASD-service loads, using schematic


details indicated, and complying with AISC's "Manual of Steel Construction,
Allowable Stress Design," Part 4. Also comply with applicable provisions of the
following:
a. AISC's "Specification for Structural Steel Buildings--Allowable Stress Design
and Plastic Design."
b. AISC's "Specification for the Design of Steel Hollow Structural Sections."
c. AISC's "Specification for Allowable Stress Design of Single-Angle Members."
d. RCSC's "Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A 325 or A 490
Bolts." AWS D1.1, "Structural Welding Code-Steel."

053000 STEEL DECKING


1. Provide steel metal deck at roof of tower addition.
2. Deck properties and attachments shall be in accordance with the Steel Deck
Institute.

054000 COLD FORMED METAL FRAMING


1. Provide cold formed metal framed infill wall systems at exit stairs at tower addition
and to include shaft-wall at new and existing elevator shafts.
2. Cold formed metal framing to be design-build system by Contractor. System to be
designed to resist design loads provided by Structural Engineer. Metal framing to
be appropriately connected to the building’s primary structural steel frame.
3. Vertical studs to 100-percent end bearing. Vertical studs interrupted by wall
openings to be located equally on each side of opening.

055100 METAL STAIRS


3. Metal Stairs: Provide metal pan stairs with concrete treads at exit towers complete
with landing platforms, vertical and horizontal supports, railings, and guards,
fabricated accurately for anchorage to each other and to building structure.
a. Regulatory Requirements: Provide stairs and railings complying with the
most stringent requirements of local, state, and federal regulations; where
requirements of the contract documents exceed those of regulations,
comply with the contract documents.
b. Handrails: Comply with applicable accessibility requirements of ADA
Standards.
c. Structural Design: Provide complete stair and railing assemblies complying
with the applicable local code.
d. Metal Jointing and Finish Quality Levels:
i. Architectural: All joints as inconspicuous as possible, whether
welded or mechanical.
ii. Welded Joints: Continuously welded and ground smooth and flush.
iii. Mechanical Joints: Butted tight, flush, and hairline; concealed
fastenings only.
iv. Exposed Edges and Corners: Eased to small uniform radius.

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The City of Birmingham

v. Metal Surfaces to be Painted: Sanded or ground smooth, suitable


for highest quality gloss finish.

DIVISION 06: WOOD, PLASTICS, AND COMPOSITES

060000 ROUGH CARPENTRY


1. Blocking and Bracing: Provide necessary blocking and bracing, nailers, cants,
and furring in concealed areas as needed for attachment of building components,
hardware, toilet accessories, etc. Provide No. 2 grade, fire retardant, of any
species, maximum moisture content 19-percent.

062000 FINISH CARPENTRY


1. Standing and Running Trim:
a. Assume stained wood trim as follows:
i. Historic Areas: Patch/repair/replace existing as required. See
Historic Preservation Narrative.
b. Moldings and paneling for transparent finish (stain or clear): WMMPA
HWM 2, N-grade wood moldings. Species: White Oak, straight vertical
grain, quarter sawn.

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The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 07: THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION

071000 WATERPROOFING
1. Fluid-Applied Waterproofing:
a. Provide fluid applied waterproofing around all existing (Ramsay
McCormack tower) and new foundation walls that are adjacent to occupied
basement space, forming a complete enclosure to minimum 12-inches
below finish floor slab.
b. Basis of Design: W.R. Meadows, Inc., MEL-ROL LM. Cured thickness 60-
mils minimum, suitable for installation over concrete substrates. Provide
protection board to prevent damage during backfilling.
c. At back side of waterproofing and protection board, provide min. 18” wide
area of porous fill, surrounded by filter fabric. At base of porous fill,
provide sock covered perforated pipe drainage system to sump and
mechanical pump system to municipal storm structures.
2. Crystalline Waterproofing:
a. Provide crystalline waterproofing on interior and floor surfaces of all new
elevator pits.
b. Basis of Design: XYPEX Chemical Corporation, XYPEX Concentrate with
second coat of XYPEX Modified.

072100 THERMAL INSULATION


1. Batt Insulation:
a. Provide batt insulation at all new exterior metal stud walls.
b. Where batt insulation is indicated, provide glass fiber batts. Basis of
Design: Owens Corning Corp., EcoTouch PINK FIBERGLASS Insulation.
i. Exterior Framed Walls: R-20

072500 WEATHER BARRIERS


1. Provide fluid applied breathable water-resistive barrier at all new exterior walls.
At metal stud construction, install over exterior grade gypsum sheathing.
2. Basis of Design: Momentive SEC2600 SilShield AWB, Silicone Air and Water-
Resistive Barrier. Product is solvent free, fluid applied 100% silicone mastic
coating for air barrier and water-resistive barrier applications to coat and seal
above-grade wall assemblies, protect against air passage and water penetration.

072600 VAPOR RETARDERS


1. Provide 10-mil thick polyethylene under slabs on grade. See concrete section.

075400 THERMOPLASTIC MEMBRANE ROOFING


1. Provide thermoplastic membrane roofing over all new and existing roof areas.
Roof areas to be surrounded by parapets. Provide manufacturer’s standard white
color.

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The City of Birmingham

2. Basis of Design: Firestone Building Products, UltraPly TPO 60-mil. Factory


fabricate sheets into largest possible.
3. Provide deck sheathing and coverboards as required over existing concrete roof
slabs. Assume glass mat faced gypsum panels as to meet requirements of roof
manufacturer for substrate conditions prior to installation work.
4. Provide minimum R-20 thermal value roof insulation, sloped to new or existing
internal drainage structures.
5. Provide new cast-iron roof drains, Zurn or equal, and new cast iron roof leaders
piped to storm sewer.
6. At new parapets, extend TPO membrane up back side of parapet and under new
parapet caps. Provide all necessary heat-welded flashings and transitions as
recommended by roof manufacturer.
7. At existing brick masonry walls and parapets, extend roofing minimum 12-inches
up wall and terminate with termination bar and sealant. Saw-cut new reglet
above termination bar and install new copper counterflashing. Counterflashing to
extend into reglet joint with spring-clip. Provide lead wedge, backer rod, and
silicone sealant.

076000 FLASHING AND SHEET METAL


1. Provide flashings and sheet metal work, including flashings, copings, ledges, etc.
2. Existing Ramsay McCormack Tower: Sheet metal to be either 16oz. copper or
stainless steel at concealed locations.
3. At existing brick and terra-cotta parapets:
a. Remove existing terra-cotta copings. Repair masonry parapets as required
and comply with requirements of Historic Preservation Narrative.
b. Install new stainless steel dowels for reattachment of caps.
c. Install new copper flashings with copper thimbles over dowels, fully
soldered.
d. Reinstall all terra-cotta copings over flashed dowels.
e. Finish coping joints with backer rods and silicone sealant. Cover sealant
joints with lead T-caps.
4. At Addition Areas: Through-wall flashings may be membrane material at new
construction areas. Parapet caps and other exposed copings to be prefinished
aluminum with concealed fasteners.
5. All sheet metal to comply with SMACNA Architectural Sheet Metal Design Manual.

078100 APPLIED FIREPROOFING


1. Provide applied fireproofing over structural frame and decking at high-rise
addition to Ramsay McCormack Tower. Comply with ASTM E605/E605M,
Standard Test Methods for Thickness and Density of Sprayed Fire Resistive Material
Applied to Structural Members.
2. All columns, beams, girders, and floors to be 3-hour fire rated. Material to be
spray-on for interior applications, concealed.
3. Basis of Design: GCP Applied Technologies, Monkote

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RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

079200 JOINT SEALANTS


Use silicone or polyurethane sealants in color to match adjacent surfaces and as
appropriate for the condition: Basis of Design: Dow 790 or 795 at exterior.

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RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 08: OPENINGS

081100 HOLLOW METAL DOORS


1. At new exterior doors at addition areas, provide hollow metal doors in hollow
metal frames. Door leaves to be minimum 8’-0”h.
2. Doors to be Level 3, extra heavy duty, physical performance level A, in accordance
with ANSI/SDI A250.8, SDI-100. Door faces and frames 16-gauge, with insulated
core – Min. R-6. Door thickness 1-3/4”.

081400 FLUSH WOOD DOORS


1. At new interior doors in non-historic areas, provide wood slab doors in hollow
metal frames. Door leaves to be minimum 8’-0” high.
2. Doors to be custom grade, heavy duty performance. 1-3/4” thickness. Door
facings white oak veneer grade, quarter cut, book matched. 5-ply.
3. Cores to be particleboard.

081430 STILE AND RAIL WOOD DOORS


1. Existing wood stile and rail doors and transoms in historic hallways of Ramsay
McCormack Tower to be salvaged and refurbished.
2. Reglaze all existing openings with new obscure tempered glass units, matching
existing glass texture.
3. Repair stiles and rails with new wood where necessary, and replace existing units
with new units as required. Provide new frames, stops, and perimeter casing trim
to match existing. New wood stiles and rails, frames, and trim to match existing
face widths, thicknesses, and profiles. All new wood material to be stained white
oak. Match existing grade and detailing.

083400 FIRE PROTECTIVE CURTAIN ASSEMBLIES


1. Above all elevator shaft openings, provide overhead coiling smoke curtain. Basis
of Design: Smoke Guard, Inc., Model 600. Housing to be fully recessed in
plaster ceiling above. Connect unit to emergency power systems and fire alarm.

085000 STEEL WINDOWS


1. Remove all existing steel windows from the Ramsay McCormack tower.
2. Floors 2 through 10: Provide new windows to match exisiting in existing openings.
Basis of Design: Manko Series 800, with insulating glass and operable awning
ventilator. Custom paint finish to match original color of building, to be
determined by historic testing.
3. First/Main Floor: Provide new steel casement system – A&S Windows, Series 500,
or Hope’s Windows and Doors, Jamestown Series.

087000 DOOR HARDWARE


1. At historic doors, salvage and refurbish existing hardware to good working
condition.

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RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

2. At new doors, provide commercial grade hardware with full mortised locks, exit
devices, ball bearing hinges, closers, stops, weatherstripping, sweeps, drip caps,
etc. New locking devices to be Sargent, fully mortised, lever handle or pull/panic
hardware, function as appropriate to the condition, or equal. Finish selected by
Architect from full range.
3. Locking devices to be coordinated with Owner’s master key system. Assume
Medco cylinders with proprietary key system.

088000 ACCESS DOORS


1. Provide access doors where required for access to mechanical, plumbing, and
electrical items concealed in structure. At gypsum board or plaster assemblies,
assume JL Industries, Model WB, Flush Access Panel, gasketed with cylinder lock.

089000 LOUVERS AND VENTS


1. Provide prefinished aluminum vents at new addition and where required for
mechanical and electrical work – Greenheck, water return storm louvers blades.
2. At historic Ramsay McCormack Building, new louvers required for outside air
systems to be installed in existing steel window sashes. Louvered panels to be
custom steel fabrications.

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RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 09: FINISHES

Interior finishes are to be assumed as follows:

1. Finish Treatment – Ramsay McCormack Perimeter Interior


a. Existing exterior masonry walls – provide metal lath and plaster finish,
including returns at window openings. Repair or replace stone sills as
required. Repair or replace wood trim at window perimeter.
b. Provide 6’-0” wide ceiling pocket at perimeter – metal lath and plaster
finish, installed tight to concrete floor structure above. Install bulkhead and
lower ceiling inside perimeter treatment.
c. Coordinate with separate Historic Preservation Narrative.
2. Finish Treatment – Ramsay McCormack Historic Lobby – Patch and repair existing
terrazzo floor, marble walls, and coffered plaster ceiling finishes and trim in this
important historic area. Coordinate with Historic Preservation Narrative.
3. Finish Treatment – Ramsay McCormack Historic Corridors
a. Provide new wall tile to match existing.
b. Patch and repair existing door openings. Provide new wood frames and
perimeter trim. Reinstall or replace existing stile and rail doors.
c. Restore existing marble flooring.
d. Provide new metal lath and plaster ceiling. Install new metal ceiling trim to
match existing.
e. Coordinate with separate Historic Preservation Narrative.
4. Typical Toilets
a. Floor: Porcelain tile
b. Base: Porcelain tile
c. Wet Walls: Porcelain tile
d. Dry Walls: Painted gypsum board – epoxy paint
e. Doors/Casings: Slab wood doors in painted hollow metal frame
f. Ceiling: Acoustical ceiling tile and suspension system.
g. Ceiling Trim: None

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RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 10: SPECIALTIES


102000 TOILET COMPARTMENTS
1. Provide solid phenolic core toilet partitions at each multi-fixture restroom.
Partitions to be floor mounted, overhead braced, in color selected by Architect
from manufacturer’s full range.
2. Manufacturers: Bobrick or Bradley

102800 TOILET ACCESSORIES


1. Provide appropriate allowance for stainless steel toilet accessories at all restrooms.
Include toilet tissue dispensers, automatic paper towel dispenser, recessed waste
receptacle, soap dispensers, mirrors, coat hooks, etc.
2. Manufacturers: Bobrick or Bradley

104400 FIRE EXTINGUISHERS AND CABINETS


1. Provide appropriate allowance for fire extinguishers throughout the building.
2. Cabinets – Basis of Design: Recessed type, J.L. Industries, Embassy Series
5614V17.
3. Fire Extinguishers: Multipurpose dry chemical type, complying with NFPA 10.
Carbon steel tank with pressure gauge. Class A:B:C type, J.L. Industries Model
Cosmic 10E. Place all extinguishers in cabinets.

104500 PHOTOLUMINESCENT EGRESS PATH MARKINGS


1. Provide code compliant photoluminescent egress path markings at high-rise
egress system.
2. Egress markings in highrise exit stairs to include: leading edge of treads, outline
of landings, handrails, wall mounted demarcation lines around floor and exit
doors, high and low exit signs, etc.
3. Extend egress markings down rated egress passages to building exterior.
4. Basis of Design: Balco, Inc., IllumiTread Photoluminescent Exit Path Marking
System.

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RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 14: CONVEYING EQUIPMENT


142000 ELEVATORS
1. Replace (3) existing elevators in existing combined elevator shaft of Ramsay
McCormack tower. Two (2) will have 11-stops. One (1) will have 10-stops.
a. Perimeter of existing clay tile shaft to be fully lined with new metal stud and
gypsum board/panel shaft-wall system to comply with 2-hour UL compliant
fire rated construction. All penetrations properly fire caulked and sealed.
b. Provide new structural steel framing and bracing to existing concrete
structure for attachment of elevator equipment.
2. Elevator Basis of Design:
a. Existing Shaft: Kone, Minispace, 2000 lb. capacity, 400 fpm. Cab interiors
to be finished with custom wood paneling to match existing.

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The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 21: FIRE SUPRESSION


See Engineer’s Fire Protection Narrative

DIVISION 22: PLUMBING


See Engineer’s Plumbing Narrative

DIVISION 23: HEATING, VENITLATING, AND AIR CONDITIONING


See Engineer’s HVAC Narrative

DIVISION 26: ELECTRICAL


See Engineer’s Electrical Narrative

264113 – LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEM


1. Furnish and install all materials and labor required to provide a complete
functional lightning protection and common ground system for the building,
including all related roof flashings and in strict accordance with these
specifications.
2. The following standards of the latest current issue form a part of this specification.
a. N.F.P.A. – Code No. 780.
b. U.L. – Code No. 96A
3. All materials for this system shall be new and the standard product of a
manufacturer regularly engaged in the production of lightning protection systems
and shall be of the latest approved designs. Equipment shall be approved for UL
listing.
4. Selected Lightning Protection Subcontractor shall provide design of system using a
qualified engineer registered in the State of Alabama. Complete shop drawings
of the entire lightning protection system showing the type, size, mounting details,
and location of all equipment, grounds and cable routings, etc., shall be
submitted to the Architect for approval prior to start of work. If any departures of
consequence from the Approved Shop Drawings are deemed necessary by the
Contractor, details thereof shall be submitted and approval obtained before work
is resumed and completed.
5. System materials in general shall be copper and high copper-content bronze
castings, and shall comply in weight, size, and composition for the class of
structure to be protected, as specified in above mentioned Codes. The system
shall consist of all necessary cables, air terminals, mounting bases, fittings,
couplings, connectors, fasteners, etc., as required to give a complete and
coordinated system. All cable and all air terminals shall bear proper UL labels.
6. System conductors shall be completely concealed wherever practical. All main
downleads and roof risers shall be concealed within the building plenums, walls,
or columns.
7. All system fittings except cable holders, regardless of Structure classification, shall
be heavy-duty type made from bronze castings and secured with bolted-pressure
clamps. Pressure plates made from stamped or pressed metal parts, or fittings

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The City of Birmingham

utilizing crimp-type pressure devices will not be allowed. All bolts, screws and
related type hardware shall be stainless steel.
8. All materials shall be copper or copper alloys as described above, UL approved
and labeled as required, and of the size, weight, and construction to suit the
application where used in accordance with Code requirements for the Class of
structure involved, and as per manufacturer recommendations.
a. Air terminals shall be solid, ½” diameter round copper bar, full nickel
plated, and of sufficient length to project 10” minimum above the object to
be protected, and UL labeled. Locate and space points in accordance with
L.P.I. requirements.
b. Point bases shall be cast bronze with bolt-pressure cable connectors.
Parapet type units shall provide for 1-1/2” coping overhand. Adhesive
type bases for flat roofs shall have a minimum surface contact area of 18.5
square inches, and be secure with a proper adhesive.
c. Conductors shall be braided smooth twist or rope-lay stranding
commercially pure copper cable, sized per Code and U.L. labeled.
d. Ground rods shall be ¾” diameter and 10’-0” long copper-clad steel,
connected to system downlead cable with tow-bolt bronze clamp with
stainless steel cap screws. Driven depth to be minimum of 12-feet.
e. Cable fasteners shall be substantial in construction, compatible with the
conductor and mounting surfaces, and spaced according to Code
requirements.
f. Bonding devices, cable splicers, and miscellaneous connectors shall be cast
bronze with bolt pressure cable connections with stainless steel hardware.
Any connections between dissimilar metals shall be made with approved bi-
metallic connectors or spacers.
9. Contractor shall have supplier of system design system in accordance with these
specifications furnishing shop drawing for approval.
10.Building is bearing masonry and cast-in-place concrete frame, so building
structure may not be used as part of the lightning protection system.
11.All equipment and materials shall be installed in a neat workmanlike manner by
skilled installers, under the direct field supervision of a Certified Master Installer
who has qualified under the LPI’s Certification Program or similar installation
training.
a. System installation shall be complete, including necessary cable networks
on the roof for air terminals and devices, bonding networks and taps for
grounding equipment and roof metals, and downlead conductors routed
concealed in building structure to ground level. Where downleads and
risers penetrate roofs and walls, suitable ½” copper rod type thru-roof
connectors shall be used, equipped with necessary lead or neoprene
washers and nuts for watertight seal.
b. System installers shall thoroughly coordinate their work with other trades to
insure a correct, neat, and unobtrusive complete installation.
12.A common ground shall be provided between the lightning protection system and
the building electric and telephone service grounds. In addition, all underground

AW: 2566-002 PRICING NARRATIVE 24


RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

metallic piping systems shall be bonded with full size conductor; including water,
gas, sewer, fuel oil, and any other piping system, at points where these pipings
enter the building.
a. The building electrical service shall be provided with a set of lightning surge
arresters, secondary as required. Only valve type arrestors will be
acceptable, either single or three-phase as required.
b. Bonding of all metallic objects and systems at roof levels and elsewhere on
the structure shall be complete. Primary bonds for metal bodies of
conductance shall be bonded with appropriate fittings and full-time
conductor; and shall consist of but not be limited to the following: Exhaust
vents and any other roof piping systems, cooling towers, antenna mast for
TV, radio or microwave, flag poles, roof handrails and or decorative
screens, roof ladders, metal stacks, etc. Exterior architectural metal fascia
and/or curtain wall mullions, which extend the full height of the structure
shall also be bonded, if not inherently bonded thru the building frame.
c. Metal bodies of inductance located within six feet of a conductor or object
with primary bonds, shall be bonded with secondary cable and fittings.
Typical of these are: plumbing vent stacks, roof flashings, parapet coping
caps, gravel guards, isolated metal building panels or siding, roof drains,
downspouts, roof ventilators, exterior balcony handrails, lower level
sizeable miscellaneous metals, etc.
13.The manufacturer’s local representative shall be a Certified Master Installer and
shall provide direct jobsite technical supervision to Contractor’s personnel during
installation to insure compliance with all Code requirements.
14.Upon job completion, Contractor shall furnish Owner with written documentation
that system is installed and has been provided with a U.L. Master Label
certification as per U.L. Code 96A

AW: 2566-002 PRICING NARRATIVE 25


RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 28: ELECTRONIC SAFETY AND SECURITY


281600 BUILDING INTRUSION ALARM SYSTEM
1. Provide security alarm for building perimeter and all access points during off-
hours.

AW: 2566-002 PRICING NARRATIVE 26


RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 31: EARTHWORK

312333 TRENCHING AND BACKFILLING


1. Provide excavation, trenching, and backfilling as required for new foundations
and underground services. Coordinate with Structural narrative and Geotechnical
Investigation report.

312500 EROSION AND SEDIMENTATION CONTROLS


1. Provide appropriate soil erosion and sediment control measures during
construction to comply with best management practices and all applicable
standards for authorities having jurisdiction.

313116 TERMITE CONTROL


1. Provide appropriate preparation and pretreatment of ground surface during
foundation work. Pretreat with approved substances for subgrade protection from
termites.

AW: 2566-002 PRICING NARRATIVE 27


RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
The City of Birmingham

DIVISION 32: EXTERIOR IMPROVEMENTS


321200 ASPHALT PAVING
1. Patch and repair existing asphalt paving at adjacent streets and alleys. Repair as
required after completion of new construction activity.

321300 CONCRETE PAVING


1. Provide new concrete paving at sidewalks and driveways.
2. Sidewalks: Remove existing street sidewalks at Avenue E and 19th Street. Install
new waterproofed foundation wall with drainage, and fill existing void under
sidewalks with No. 57 stone. Install new sidewalk and curbing to comply with City
of Birmingham standards. Minimum construction 5”th. concrete slab reinforced
w/ 6x6 W1.4x1.4 W.W.M.
3. Subgrade Drainage: Install new subgrade paving over filter fabric and minimum
12”th. porous fill with sock covered perforated pipe drainage structures at 48”
O.C. under slab. Piping to drain to sump system for foundation.

329000 LANDSCAPING AND IRRIGATION


1. Provide appropriate allowance for street side commercial pots and drip irrigation
system flanking doorways and along Avenue E and 19th Street sidewalks. Assume
(20) pots.
2. Basis of Design: Robinson Iron, 5’ Immovable Pot.

AW: 2566-002 PRICING NARRATIVE 28


RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
HISTORIC PRESERVATION CONCEPTUAL PRICING NARRATIVE
City of Birmingham, Alabama
July 21, 2017
RAMSAY-MCCORMACK
BUILDING
Birmingham, Alabama

HISTORIC PRESERVATION CONCEPTUAL PRICING NARRATIVE

Prepared for

The City of Birmingham


Prepared by

Lord Aeck Sargent


In collaboration with

ArchitectureWorks
CONTENTS
• Contents
• Exterior Walls
◊ Structural Clay Tile
◊ Plaster
◊ Brick Masonry
◊ Parapets
◊ Glazed Terra Cotta
◊ Granite
◊ Storefront
◊ Coatings
◊ “Star”
• Roof
◊ Roof Covering
◊ Drainage
• Exterior Windows
◊ Windows
◊ Window Sills
• Interiors
◊ 1st Floor Elevator Lobby
» Floors
» Walls
» Elevator Doors
» Ceiling
◊ Stairs
» Basement to 2nd Floor
◊ Upper Floor Elevator Lobby and Corridor
» Floors
» Walls
» Doors
» Ceilings
» Elevators
EXTERIOR WALLS

STRUCTURAL CLAY TILE

Exterior walls backup is structural clay tile infill spanning


between concrete decks, with black-colored brick around
window openings. The black brick has been used as infill,
though in a somewhat random fashion. The tile is stamped
“VULCAN TILE.”

Scope of work:

• Clean debris out from all exposed window sills and jambs.
Assume 25%.
• Repoint interior sills and jambs where exposed and deteri-
orated. Assume 25%
• Protect tile and brick during construction activities
PLASTER

Exterior walls appear to have been plastered on


the interior with a 1-3/8” thick system, directly
applied to the structural clay tile and brick
exterior wall backup, and with metallic beads
at corners and edges. The beads are corroded
and much of the plaster has fallen off walls.

Scope of work:

• D e m o l i s h re m a i n i n g p l a s t e r a n d
metallic accessories
• Install new beads and plaster.
• New plaster shall be traditional 3-coat system,
1-3/8” thick to match existing.
• An alternative system may be considered:
◊ 7/8” galvanized hat channel furring
◊ 5/8” plaster base board
◊ 2-coat plaster veneer
BRICK MASONRY

The building is clad in glazed brick in a distinc-


tive brown color with dark speckles. It is stamped
“BIRMINGHAM ALA.” and “STEPHENSON BRICK CO.”

Mortar was analyzed by Charles Lawrence on


May 11, 2017. It was determined to be similar to
a modern Type O mortar. Provide the following
mortar mix for all repointing mortar:

• Binder:
◊ 1 part lime
◊ 2.5 parts Portland cement

6
• Aggregate:
◊ 2.6 parts sand to 1 part binder
• Color:
◊ To match Munsell 5Y 8/1

Refer to drawings for specific areas of deterioration.

The typical brick unit is 8” wide X 2 1/4” tall X 3 3/4”


deep, with a typical 3/8” mortar joint.

Scope of Work:

• Remove coatings from all brick masonry. See


more information under Coatings below.
• Assume 100% repoint of all brick masonry.
• Assume 2% of brick is cracked and should be
replaced with intact brick salvaged from the inside
face of parapets.
PARAPETS

Parapet corners are clay tile infill faced with a single wythe of
brick on either side. Parapet walls between corners appear to be
triple wythe brick.

The northeast corner of the 10th floor parapet has been severely
damaged and is missing brick and terra cotta. Some of these
elements appear to be stored inside the penthouse.

• Carefully dismantle all parapets, salvaging brick and terra cotta


for reuse.
• Rebuild parapets.
• Where bricks from inside face of parapets are used to replace
cracked brick on building façade, replace with new brick. Replace
brick on parapets with firebrick matching existing in dimension.
New brick does not have to match existing where not visible
from the street.

7
GLAZED TERRA COTTA

The glazed terra cotta on the building is a brown


color, with large dark speckles. Where the
non-historic coating has been applied, there is
some mild crazing visible on some units, though
this appears to be cosmetic only. Terra cotta
appears to be stamped “ATLANTA.”

There is glazed terra cotta at several locations


on the building:

• First floor entrances


• Second floor window exterior sills
• Several exterior decorative panels
• Parapet copings and ornaments
• Parapet “oculi”

Some elements are missing or damaged. Refer


to drawings for terra cotta to be replaced.

There also appears to be polychrome glazed


terra cotta at the penthouse roof.

Scope of work:

• Copings and caps will be removed during


parapet repair.
• Remove all non-historic coatings.
• 100% repoint of terra cotta.
• Assume patching of 5% of terra cotta. Patching shall be with Jahn’s M100 repair mortar or similar. Reglaze
damaged units with Cathedral Stone Terra Cotta Glaze Repair or similar, in color to match existing units.
• For units to be replaced, create mould from existing similar unit. Cast replica unit using Jahn’s M100 repair
mortar or similar.
• Refer to drawings for specific areas of repair.
GRANITE

The first floor entry pilaster bases are clad in a brown highly figured granite.

Scope of work:

• Salvage and reinstall granite bases.

8
STOREFRONT

A single historic storefront remains,


clad in granite, with bronze extrusions.
Other storefronts are non-historic and
have been infilled with metal studs
and stucco.

There also appears to be a historic


steel transom in place over the entry
to the west lobby. This transom should
be preserved in place.

Refer to drawings for addi-


tional information.

An historic image of the south store-


fronts from the Birmingham News,
Nov. 29, 1961, is included below.

Scope of work:

• Demolish non-historic metal stud/stucco assemblies.


• Clean and repoint granite base at historic storefront.
• Reglaze historic storefront.
• Replace beadboard in transom with new glazing.
• Remove historic doors. Strip and repaint. Replace plywood with
new glazing.
• Strip and repaint historic hardware. Fix doors in place.
• Replicate storefront as noted on drawings.

9
COATINGS

All brick and terra cotta has been coated with an unknown material. Due to
the resilient nature of glazed brick and terra cotta, chemical cleaners can
be used to completely remove this coating from the building.

Hazardous materials testing should be performed to identify areas of


lead paint.

A coatings analysis is recommended to determine historic coatings


and colors.

Scope of work:

• Following hazardous materials testing


and coatings analysis, remove all
non-historic coatings from glazed terra
cotta, brick masonry, and steel.
• Provide three 5’ x 5’ test panels using up
to three different products to determine
most effective approach.
• Paint should be tested for presence of
lead prior to removal. If lead is present,
paint must be abated in accordance with
state and federal law.
◊ Possible cleaning products include:
» Prosoco Sure Klean Heavy
Duty Paint Stripper
» Diedrich Envirestrip
» Dumond Peel-Away

“STAR” FEATURES

There are two large “star” features on top of the building. Based on historic photographs of the exterior (from the
Birmingham News, dated May 27, 1954), these stars are non-historic and should be demolished.

Scope of work:

• Demolish stars.

ROOF

ROOF COVERING

The historic roofing is built-up asphalt. It is currently covered with temporary TPO.

Scope of work:

• Install new membrane roof


• New membrane roof shall return up parapet walls minimum of 8” and be terminated with stainless steel flashings

10
(including termination bars and counterflashing as appropriate to membrane assembly).
• Properly integrate new roofing with roof drains.
DRAINAGE

The penthouse roof is drained via a single conductor head and 4” square downspout on the west face of the building.
This drainage has failed and is pouring water down the side of the penthouse. This roof is approximately 900 SF.
It drains directly onto the stair overrun (see below).

The 10th floor roof is drained by three approximately 4” inside-diameter roof drains. The roof is approximately 2,500
SF in area. The three roof drains daylight through the 10th floor walls below and drain directly onto the 9th floor roof.

There is a stair overrun that is approximately 100 SF in area. This drains to the 9th floor roof via a conductor head
and 4.5” x 2.25” rectangular downspout on the north face of the building. This area also drains the penthouse roof.

The 9th floor roof is approximately 1,400 SF and is drained by four approximately 4” inside-diameter roof drains.
This roof collects all of the runoff from the above floors.

Finally, there are four small triangular roofs above the 8th floor corners. These are each approximately 25 SF. Each
connects to one of the four 9th floor roof drains via an approximately 2” inside diameter drain.

All internal roof drains are flush with the roof surface and may not be properly flashing into the surrounding roof,
which is contributing to leaks within the building.

SMACNA 5th Edition Table 1-2 shows that for a 100-year storm in Birmingham, Alabama, 120 square feet of roof
area can be drained per 1 square inch of downspout area. Based on this information, it appears that the building
has adequate drainage capacity.

However, it appears that the roof drains are both clogged and likely have leaks.
It is recommended to replace all drains and leaders with new of similar or
larger size.

Scope of work:

• Replace penthouse conductor head and roof drain leader.


• Replace stair overrun conductor head and roof drain leader.
• Replace all internal roof drains and associated leaders. Properly flash
internal drains into new roof assembly.
• Connect drainage to storm sewer system.

EXTERIOR WINDOWS

WINDOWS

The existing windows are constructed from steel angle between 1/8” and ¼”
thick and of width between 1” and 1.5”. All windows are corroded to varying
degree. Several have an exterior coating that is failing and appears to be
non-historic. Windows appear to be glazed with 1/8” thick single pane glass.

Windows appear to have been grouted directly into the surrounding substrate.
It can be assumed that the outer steel frame extrusions of the window have
been fully packed with grout, which will need to be removed. This is likely

11
contributing to the heavy corrosion since on the window frames, especially at
upper floors.

The lower sash of all windows appears to have been designed to operate as
a reverse hopper, with the sash pulling toward the interior and hinging at the
bottom. The middle sash was designed as an awning window, pushing out toward
the exterior and hinging at the top. The top sash is fixed. Most windows appear
to have been welded shut, and most are missing some or all hardware. However
enough hardware remains to make replica hardware feasible.

It appears that metal clips were used to hold the glazing in place and glazing
compound applied. The depth of the sash channel is typically 1”, and with minor
modifications the windows will be able to accommodate a standard Insulated
Glazed Unit (IGU).

It is strongly recommended to identify a subcontractor with steel window expe-


rience who can remove a unit to test feasibility of restoration and strategies
for reglazing.

If windows are restored to operability, life safety code may require that limiters
be installed depending on the final height from finished floor to window sill.

Scope of Work:

• Mockup:
◊ Install a mock-up utilizing a restored window, with all flashings and seal-
ants in place. Perform ASTM E1105 water penetration test.
• Remove all windows. Retain windows that can be restored. Replicate and replace
windows that cannot be restored. See schedule below for assumed percentages.
• Remove salvageable hardware from existing windows and reuse for
restored windows.
• For pricing, assume that windows will be restored to operability with 4” limiters.
• For windows that can be restored:
◊ Remove all corrosion and coatings to bare metal.
◊ Install new high performance steel coating. System shall be epoxy primer,
epoxy intermediate coat, and urethane finish coat.
◊ Reglaze windows.
◊ Install any replicated hardware.
◊ Reinstall windows.
• For windows that must be replicated:
◊ Use a historic window as basis for replication.
◊ New window material shall be steel.
◊ Provide high performance steel coating to match system
described above.
◊ Reinstall windows.
• Window trim
◊ Salvage existing wood trim around windows. Assume
10% of windows will still have trim.
◊ After reinstallation of trim, reinstall wood trim. Replicate
new with wood as required (assume 90% of windows).
◊ Window replacement schedule:

12
◊ 2nd Floor
» Replace 10% of units
» Replace 1 sash (lower or upper) on 10% of units
» Replace lower sash hardware on 75% of units
» Replace middle sash hardware on 75% of units
» Replace eyelets on 25% of units
» Replace brackets on 25% of units
◊ 3rd Floor
» Replace 10% of units
» Replace 1 sash (lower or upper) on 10% of units
» Replace lower sash hardware on 75% of units
» Replace middle sash hardware on 100% of units
» Replace eyelets on 25% of units
» Replace brackets on 50% of units
◊ 4th Floor
» Replace 10% of units
» Replace 1 sash (lower or upper) on 10% of units
» Replace lower sash hardware on 100% of units
» Replace middle sash hardware on 100% of units
» Replace eyelets on 100% of units
» Replace brackets on 75% of units
◊ 5th Floor
» Replace 10% of units
» Replace 1 sash (lower or upper) on 10% of units
» Replace lower sash hardware on 75% of units
» Replace middle sash hardware on 100% of units
» Replace eyelets on 25% of units
» Replace brackets on 50% of units
◊ 6th Floor
» Replace 25% of units
» Replace 1 sash (lower or upper) on 10% of units
» Replace lower sash hardware on 75% of units
» Replace middle sash hardware on 100% of units
» Replace eyelets on 100% of units
» Replace brackets on 100% of units
◊ 7th Floor
» Replace 50% of units
» Replace 1 sash (lower or upper) on 10% of units
» Replace lower sash hardware on 75% of units
» Replace middle sash hardware on 100% of units
» Replace eyelets on 100% of units
» Replace brackets on 75% of units
◊ 8th Floor
» Replace 50% of units
» Replace 1 sash (lower or upper) on 10% of units
» Replace lower sash hardware on 100% of units
» Replace middle sash hardware on 100% of units
» Replace eyelets on 100% of units
» Replace brackets on 100% of units
◊ 9th Floor
» Replace 100% of units
◊ 10th Floor
» Replace 100% of units
◊ Penthouse
» Replace 100% of units

13
WINDOW SILLS

There are natural stone sills present on all interior windows.


The type of stone could not be determined in the field. Given
the amount of marble present elsewhere on the building, these
may also be marble. The sills have a reddish pink color. They
are typically 9.25” deep and 1.25” thick, and extend the width of
the window. Several are cracked or missing. Sills with minor
surface damage can be retained.

Scope of work:

• Clean and protect existing, undamaged sills.


• Assume replacement of 50% of sills throughout the building.
• Replacement sills shall be marble (assume Tennessee pink
marble for pricing).

INTERIORS
1ST FLOOR ELEVATOR LOBBY

FLOORS

The flooring in the lobby appears to be black and white marble tiles.

The flooring has a continuous 10” black tile border. The field is
a pattern of 12” square black and white tiles in an alternating
checkerboard pattern.

Scope of work:

• Clean floor.
• Replace 5% of floor tiles.
• Grind, hone, polish, and buff floor.
WALLS

The typical wall finish in this space is white marble, with scagliola
base throughout. One door has a surviving scagliola header trim.
There may have been scagliola door jamb trim, as there are 4”
around each door in this space where trim has been demolished.
Walls terminate in a white marble crown molding.

Scagliola is a historic faux material that was used to mimic marble.


It is typically created using gypsum plaster, glue, and pigments.

The north elevator wall is severely damaged, especially adjacent to


the elevator doors. From approximately 8’ above the floor, down to
the floor, there is no finish material surviving. The outer elevator
doors have been removed along with any associated trim. The
scagliola headers have been removed from all three elevators,
as well as the faceplates of the elevator indicator lights.

Elevator light sconce rough-ins remain, but the covers are missing and it is impossible to know what the historic fixtures were.

14
There is some wall finish material stored in the northeast corner of the corridor, however much of it appears to be chipped
or cracked and it cannot be assumed that any of this material will be fit for reuse.

The south wall has several openings that will housed fire equipment, electrical panels, etc. All corroded metal should be
removed from these openings. They can be reused for other purposes or covered.

Scope of work:

• Capacity of remaining structural clay tile (SCT) must be evaluated by a struc-


tural engineer.
• If the existing SCT can remain in-place, segments must be infilled.
• For scagliola to be replicated, a specialty contractor will be required. Marezzo is an
example of a company still producing scagliola today - http://www.marezzo.com/.
• Refer to drawings for additional work.
ELEVATOR DOORS

The historic elevator outer doors are missing. The interior doors are extremely corroded.

Scope of work:

• Remove the remaining elevator doors and accessories.


CEILINGS

The historic ceiling in the elevator lobby is vaulted, with plaster base finish, and a regular
pattern of plaster ribs and octagonal medallions that have been painted a gold color.
Some of the medallions have become dislodged and fallen to the floor below. The entire
ceiling is in need of rehabilitation.

The ceiling in the west entrance lobby is also vaulted, but not as ornate as the elevator
lobby. Eight plaster ribs spring from above the surrounding walls and meet in the center
of the ceiling in an octagonal feature where a light fixture previously hung. The light
fixture does not survive.

Scope of work:

• Carefully remove and retain all plaster medallions.


• Assume that 75% of medallions will require replication.
• Repair damaged areas of ceiling (refer to drawings) and install new plaster.
• Skim coat all plaster surfaces between ribs.
• Replicate and reinstall deteriorated plaster ribs. Assume 50% replication.
• Reinstall salvaged medallions and replicated medallion.
• Paint ceilings.
STAIRS

BASEMENT TO 2ND FLOOR

The historic lobbies include a stair that connects the basement, 1st floor, and 2nd floor.
The tread depth averages 9 inches and the riser height varies between 7-1/2 and 8 inches,
meaning that the stair does not comply with life safety code and cannot be used as a
means of egress. The stair from 1st floor to 2nd floor is also very narrow.

Treads are white marble, worn from years of use. Several treads have been damaged
or are missing.

15
Risers are scagliola. All risers appear to be intact.

Scope of work:

• Clean risers.
• Refer to drawings for tread and handrail replacement.
UPPER FLOOR ELEVATOR LOBBY AND CORRIDOR
(FLOORS 2-10)

FLOORS

Floors throughout all upper floor lobbies are gray marble


tile with 6-1/4” tall gray marble base. This material
appears to be intact on all floors.

Perimeter flooring is terrazzo. Some terrazzo has


been trenched.

Scope of work:

• Clean all floors.


• Salvage all wood base for reuse. Assume 25% of wall
length (both exterior walls and corridor walls).
• Grind, hone, polish, and buff marble floors.
WALLS

Walls are constructed of 6” thick structural clay tile with


¼” thick vitreous tile finish on the lobby side. The tile was
manufactured by “Vitrolite” and is no longer available. The
typical field tile is white in color and 22” x 11”, though this
varies considerably across the wall. Each door (including
elevator doors) has a 5” wide cream color vitreous tile surround. There is a 1-3/4”
“picture rail” element around the corridor and elevator lobby. Refer to drawings for
typical tile configuration.

The vitreous tile was installed using adhesive “biscuits,” which are all failing. Tile is
falling off walls and can be removed from the “biscuits” without damaging the tile.

Scope of work:

• Assume 20% of corridor walls will require metal stud infill where clay tile has been
demolished. Infill assembly will be metal studs and cement board.
• Refer to drawings for quantity of vitreous tile that must be replaced.
• Carefully remove and store all loose vitreous tile from walls. Remove adhesive
“biscuits” from walls and reinstall tile directly to clay tile and infill cement board
using polymer-modified wall tile mortar.

16
DOORS

Corridor and lobby doors are wood veneer. Several have


glass center lites that a frosted in a distinctive “dot” pattern.
Doors have been removed from frames and stored in corri-
dors. However, the doors were stored lying on the floor and
several doors at the bottoms of piles have become warped
or damaged. Assuming 30% of doors will be unusable and
must be replicated.

Hardware is present on many doors and frames, however


hardware all is corroded. Assume all hinges will be
replicated. Door handles are “knob” type and are not
ADA-compliant. ADA requires that alterations to historic
properties shall comply to the maximum extent feasible.
For pricing, assume new operating hardware.

Many doors have transoms. The only floor with surviving


transom glass is the 2nd floor. All other floors must
be reglazed.

Scope of work:

• Assume 30% of doors must be replicated.


• Sand and seal all existing door frames.
• Sand and seal all existing doors. Install new hardware
and rehang doors.
• Clean transom glass on 2nd floor, taking care to preserve historic lettering.
• Reglaze all transoms on floors 3 through 10 inclusive.
• Refer to drawings for additional information.
CEILINGS

All lobby and corridor ceilings have been demolished. From


photographs these were simple plaster ceilings with metal crown
molding. The metal crown molding has been stored on-site, but is
highly corroded and is unlikely to be reinstalled.

The bulkhead separating the corridor and elevator lobby is clad


in white vitreous tiles, which have metallic (likely bronze) “flower”
fasteners, two between each set of tiles. There are also two bulk-
heads at the east and west end of the corridor which have been
clad in white vitreous tile with the “flower” fasteners.

Scope of work:

• Install new plaster ceilings in corridor and lobby.


• Replicate and install metal crown molding.
• Remove all existing vitreous tile from bulkheads and reinstall
with polymer-modified mortar appropriate for overhead installation.
• Refer to drawings for quantity of bulkhead vitreous tile to be replaced. Provide simple brass “buttons” where the historic
“flower” elements are missing.

17
ELEVATORS

Elevator lobby doors appear have all been demolished.


The elevator cabs are still in-place, along with shaft
doors and associated equipment. The elevator cabs
have historic woodwork inside, particularly a “Ramsay-
McCormack” seal that could be reused or replicated for
the new elevators.

Scope of work:

• Salvage wood work from interior of historic elevator


cabs. Demolish cabs.
• Demolish shaft doors and all associated equipment.

18
MW / DAVIS DUMAS & ASSOCIATES, INC.
CONSULTING ENGINEERS
2720 3RD AVENUE SOUTH PHONE: (205) 252-0246
BIRMINGHAM, AL 35233 FAX: (205) 251-8506

July 7, 2016

RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING


PLUMBING NARRATIVE

CODES:

All plumbing work shall comply with the following:

International Plumbing Code 2015


ADA Standards for Accessible Design 2010

SCOPE OF WORK

1. Provide all labor, materials, equipment, and services necessary for the completion of all
Plumbing work, complete and ready for operation, consisting in general of the following:

A. Removal of all existing sanitary drain, waste and vent piping, domestic water
piping, storm water piping and roof drains, and all plumbing fixtures.
B. A system of sanitary drain, waste, and vent piping
C. A system of domestic water piping
D. A system of roof drains and storm water piping
E. Elevator sump pumps and oil separation (as required)
F. A basement sump pump system to remove ground water infiltration.
G. Provide plumbing fixtures and equipment as shown on drawings.

SANITARY WASTE AND VENT SYSTEM:

Piping shall be service weight cast iron above grade (hubless pipe and fittings above grade), or
DWV copper. Piping shall be PVC –DWV with solvent weld joints below grade. Include floor
drains for restrooms, mechanical rooms, and janitor’s closets.

STORM WATER SYSTEM:

Piping shall be heavy weight cast iron above grade (hubless pipe and fittings above grade).
Piping shall be PVC –DWV with solvent weld joints below grade. Include roof drains and
overflow drains and associated piping.

DOMESTIC WATER:

Page 1 of 3
MWDDA 217003
RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
PLUMBING NARRATIVE
July 7, 2017

Piping shall be fiberglass insulated type L (type K outside) hard copper with wrought copper
fittings. Provide water distribution piping within building to all fixtures and equipment. Bronze
ball valves (2” and smaller) or gate valves/butterfly valves (2-1/2” and larger) are to be used on
the project to isolate fixtures. Water hammer arrestors shall be installed at all toilets and at all
equipment with automatic (solenoid) valves.

Provide a duplex multistage vertical booster pump system as required for demand, complete
with controls and hydromechanical tank (tank on upper floor). Each pump shall be 67% of total
building demand.

DOMESTIC HOT WATER SYSTEM:

Domestic Water Heating shall be provided to the courts area by a 50 gallon electric water
heater. Upper floors will use a 30 gallon electric water heater on every other floor, serving two
floors each. Provide recirculating systems for 140 F to janitor’s sinks, and 120 F to other
fixtures.

FIXTURES:

Provide plumbing fixtures as shown on architectural drawings. Plumbing fixtures shall be


standard commercial grade as follows:

Security fixtures shall be stainless steel floor mount, hidden flush valves.
Water Closets are wall hung white vitreous china, electronic flush valve, open front seat,
1.6 gpf.
Urinals are wall-hung with carrier, white vitreous china, ADA compliant, electronic flush
valve, 3/4" inlet, 0.5 gpf.
Lavatories are white vitreous china, with overflow, ADA compliant, electronic faucet,
trap, and supplies, 0.5 gpm. Lavatories in public restrooms shall be equipped with point
of use thermostatic mixing valves to meet ASSE 1070.
Electric water coolers shall be bi-level, wall mount with carrier, stainless steel, must meet
ADA.
Janitor’s receptors shall be floor mounted, terrazzo, faucet to include integral checks and
stops, splash guard, hose, and mop hanger.

MISCELLANEOUS:

Domestic cold water shall be delivered to wall hydrants around the building at approximately
100’ apart, minimum one on each wall.

It is assumed that a perimeter drain system, if any, will be provided by Civil.

Provide a duplex storm water sump pump system, including sump, pumps, rails, floats, and
control system with alarm. Pumps shall each be capable of 200 gpm at 20 feet of head. Piping
shall be schedule 40 galvanized until returned to gravity drain.

Page 2 of 3
MWDDA 217003
RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
PLUMBING NARRATIVE
July 7, 2017

Provide elevator sump pumps for each pit. Pumps shall be capable of 50 gpm per car. Piping
shall be schedule 40 galvanized until returned to gravity drain. Pumps in pits serving hydraulic
elevators shall discharge indirectly to oil separators prior to returning to gravity drain. Include
floats and all controls.

Page 3 of 3
MWDDA 217003
MW / DAVIS DUMAS & ASSOCIATES, INC.
CONSULTING ENGINEERS
2720 3RD AVENUE SOUTH PHONE: (205) 252-0246
BIRMINGHAM, AL 35233 FAX: (205) 251-8506

July 7, 2016

RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING


Fire Protection NARRATIVE

Fire protection

All fire protection work shall comply with applicable state and local codes,
including, but not limited to:

o NFPA 13 – , Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems


o NFPA® 14 -, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose
Systems
o NFPA 20 – , Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire
Protection
o NFPA 24 – , Standard for the Installation of Private Fire Service
Mains and Their Appurtenances
o NFPA 101 – Life Safety Code
o NFPA 70 – National Electrical Code
o ASME Code for Pressure Piping
o International Building Code
o International Mechanical Code

The building will be provided with a wet automatic sprinkler system supplied
by an electric driven horizontal split case fire pump with solid state soft start
with automatic transfer switch. The required capacity is: 1000 GPM at ?? psi, ??
HP, 480 volts, three phase, 60 cycle, 1770 RPM. (PSI and HP to be based on
flow test results)
The 8” fire service entrance underground piping to start at 5'-0" outside the
building to a point 1'-0" above the floor in the building. Flow requirement is
1000 gpm at ?? psi.

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MWDDA 217003
RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
Fire Protection NARRATIVE
July 5, 2017

Class I standpipes will be provided and supplied by the electric driven


horizontal split case fire pump.
Floor zone control valves with tamper switch, flow switch, pressure gauge,
check valve and pressure regulator will be provided for each floor.
A backflow preventer in a vault located outside of the building will need to be
provided by civil to isolate automatic sprinkler system piping in accordance
with local water authority requirements as applicable.
All flow switches will be interlocked with the building fire alarm system and
annunciated on the enunciator panel.
All shut-off valves in the system will be of an indicating type and will be
monitored by means of a tamper switch.
Sprinklers will be (Quick Response) commercial type, U.L. listed and F.M.
approved.
Sprinklers in elevator shafts and elevator machine rooms will have a
temperature rating of 200°F and coordination will be with electrical for any
required shunt trip.
All fire protection piping within building will be black steel, fire protection
piping outside building will be ductile iron and all fire protection piping above
ground on outside of building will be galvanized
Contractor will provide shop drawings, material data and hydraulic calculations.
Commissioning of the fire protection systems will be implemented to verify the
intent of the design by inspecting and testing the systems.

Page 2 of 2
MWDDA 217003
MW / DAVIS DUMAS & ASSOCIATES, INC.
CONSULTING ENGINEERS
2720 3RD AVENUE SOUTH PHONE: (205) 252-0246
BIRMINGHAM, AL 35233 FAX: (205) 251-8506

July 13, 2017

RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING


HVAC NARRATIVE

HVAC EQUIPMENT: The proposed Ramsay McCormack building renovation includes


renovation of the existing 10 level tower, addition of stairs, judge’s elevator, and a
breakroom to each level of the tower, and construction of a single level addition. The
primary HVAC equipment for the upper 9 levels of the tower and the tower basement
will consist of variable refrigerant flow (VRF) heat pump outdoor units (one per floor)
connected to multiple indoor VRF fan coil units on each floor. These heat pump systems
will be capable of simultaneous heating and cooling with refrigerant flow controlled by a
branch circuit controller on each floor. About 50% of the outdoor heat pump units will be
mounted on the single level roof with the remainder on the tower roof.

The single level portion of the building and the first floor of the tower will be conditioned
by 2 or more variable air volume air handling units (AHU) with each unit serving a portion
of the area. The air handling units will be installed in mechanical rooms on the first floor.
The units will have variable speed supply fans serving a variable volume air distribution
system, electric preheat coils, chilled water cooling coils, and MERV 8 pleated filters.
These units will have an air side economizer section. Chilled water for the AHU’s will be
provided by a packaged air cooled chiller located on the single level roof. Pumps,
hydronic specialties, and buffer tank will be designed as part of the chiller package.

AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM: The tower VRF indoor units will be installed above the
ceilings in the conditioned spaces, between the structural beams, and will serve
individual zones. Air distribution ductwork will be smaller than would be required from a
central air handling unit. Supply diffusers in lay-in ceilings will be square louver face
diffusers fitted to the ceiling grid (9”X9” inlet and larger) and surface mounted in
gypboard ceilings or where neck size is less than 9”X9”. If possible the VRF indoor units
will be mounted above lay-in ceilings to allow service access. When mounted above
hard ceilings, access doors in the ceilings will be required.

The single level part of the building and the first floor of the tower will have variable
volume supply air from the variable air volume air conditioning units distributed to
variable air terminal units though externally insulated galvanized steel medium pressure
sheet metal ductwork. Round branch ducts with flex connections will supply air to the
terminal units. The terminal units will modulate the flow of cooled and dehumidified air to
the space through low pressure galvanized sheet metal duct to maintain space
temperature setpoint. When heating is required, electric heaters in the terminal units will

Page 1 of 2
MWDDA 217003
RAMSAY MCCORMACK BUILDING
HVAC NARRATIVE
July 13, 2017

provide heat to the spaces. Return from the spaces will be through a return ceiling
plenum to the return inlets at the AHU’s. Return through partitions in the ceiling plenum
will be through transfer ducts. Supply diffusers in lay-in ceilings will be square louver
face diffusers (9”X9” inlet and above) and surface mounted in gypboard ceilings or
where neck size is less than 9”X9”.

VENTILATION: Outside air for the 10 level building tower will be induced into a roof
mounted heat reclaim unit at a rate to satisfy occupant requirements and makeup air for
exhaust systems. Air will be exhausted from the building by the heat reclaim unit in an
amount to create a slightly positive pressure in the building. Chases will be required
through the 10 levels of the tower for the outside and exhaust air ducted to and from the
heat reclaim unit. Multiple chases will allow each chase to be smaller and may result in
less need to cross the building under low concrete beams. An alternate configuration
would allow the heat reclaim unit to be installed on the single level part of the building.
The chases through the 10 level tower for the outside ventilation air and exhaust air are
required in either case.

When the outside air temperature is below about 50°F, and cooling is required in the first
floor of the building, larger quantities of outside air will be supplied to the AHU’S. This
economizer cycle will allow lower cost space cooling. Exhaust systems will be ducted
from areas requiring exhaust to exhaust fans on the single level roof.

CONTROLS: Controls for the 10 level tower VRF systems will be factory furnished and
interfaced with the building automation system. Each VRF indoor unit will be controlled
by a space mounted sensor.

For the single level part of the building, control of the AHU’s and variable air volume
reheat terminals will be electronic with sensors in the space. The AHU’s will be provided
with electronic controls as a part of the building automation system.

The VRF systems, exhaust systems, heat reclaim system, AHU’s and terminal unit
controls will be connected to a stand-alone, building automation system. Operator
interface with the building automation system for monitoring system operation or
modifying control functions will be by a PC based operator’s station.

STAIR PRESSURIZATION: In the 10 level building tower all the stairwells used for life
safety egress from the building will be pressurized by roof mounted supply fans. The
fans will be started by interlock with the fire alarm system.

SECURE AREAS: All ductwork penetrating walls or ceilings in secure areas will have
security bars if the cross section of the duct exceeds 8”X 8”. The holding cells will have
maximum security grilles and diffusers and the corridors and supervised areas will have
minimum security grilles and diffusers.

Page 2 of 2
MWDDA 217003
HYDE ENGINEERING

Ramsay McCormack Building


Electrical Systems Outline
June 7, 2017

ELECTRICAL SERVICE

The new electrical service will be 277/480 3P, 4W, 2,000A, fed underground from a
transformer. A 600 kW, diesel generator will back up emergency lighting, selected
receptacles and HVAC load and the fire pump. Please refer to riser diagram for power
distribution.

LIGHTING

Lighting in the offices will consist mainly of 2’ x 4’ and 2’ x 2’ dimmable, LED lay-in
fixtures. The court rooms will consist of a combination of architectural pendants, LED
recessed downlights, and LED wall sconces. Strip LED fixtures will be used in service
areas like electrical rooms, janitor’s closet, etc. Exterior lighting consists of LED pole
lighting in parking areas, and architectural, LED wall sconces on the building. In
addition, linear LED exterior fixtures will up lighting the perimeter of the top of the
building

The main lobby will consist of high-end, architectural pendants and wall sconces. The
corridors and elevator lobbies will consist of LED wall sconces with special attention
being paid to installation. Since the original glass wall tile will need to be maintained
with new glass tile filling in where needed.

Lighting controls will consist of a building wide control system with occupancy sensors
used in restrooms, storage, mechanical, and offices. The court rooms, corridors, lobbies
and exterior lighting will be control through the lighting control system.

WIRING DEVICES

Each room will have the appropriate number of duplex receptacles based on occupancy.
Flush mounted floor boxes will also be provided when wall mounting devices is not
feasible. Consideration will need to made when mounting devices to existing exterior
walls since there is limited space in which to run conduit and mounted boxes.

EQUIPMENT CONNECTIONS
Power will be provided to all equipment including HVAC, plumbing.

TELEPHONE/DATA SYSTEM

Telephone and data outlets will be provided in the office and courtrooms. A telephone
backboard and security backboard will be provided on each floor. Please refer to
data/comm riser.

CABLE TELEVISION SYSTEM

Cable TV outlets will be located in rooms to be determined. Backboards with power will
be provided in selected electrical rooms.

FIRE ALARM

The building will have new fire alarm system with voice evacuation. See fire alarm riser.

END OF OUTLINE SPECIFICATION


RAMSAY-MCCORMACK BUILDING
CORNER OF AVENUE E AND 19TH STREET
ENSLEY, ALABAMA 35217
BHATE PROJECT NO. 9110005
FEBRUARY 18, 2011

LIMITED HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SURVEY

CITY OF BIRMINGHAM
DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING, ENGINEERING, & PERMITS
ARCHITECTURE DIVISION
710 20TH STREET NORTH
ROOM 220 - CITY HALL
BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA 35203

ATTENTION: MR. ANDRE BITTAS, - DIRECTOR

Prepared By:

BHATE ENVIRONMENTAL ASSOCIATES, INC.


1608 13TH AVENUE SOUTH, SUITE 300
BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA 35205
TELEPHONE: (205) 918-4000
February 18, 2011

City of Birmingham
Department of Planning, Engineering, & Permits
Architecture Division
710 20th Street North
Room 220 - City Hall
Birmingham, Alabama 35203

Attention: Mr. Andre Bittas

Subject: Limited Hazardous Materials Survey


Ramsay-McCormack Building
Corner of Avenue E and 19th Street
Ensley, Alabama 35217
Bhate Project No. 9110005

Dear Mr. Bittas:

Bhate Environmental Associates, Inc. (Bhate) is pleased to submit the following report of the
Limited Hazardous Materials Survey conducted at the Ramsay-McCormack Building located at
Corner of Avenue E and 19th Street in Ensley, Alabama. This survey was conducted in accordance
with Bhate's proposal number 10-1145, dated December 10, 2010.

Bhate appreciates the opportunity to work with you on this project. If you have any questions
regarding the information contained in this report, or if we can be of further service, please do not
hesitate to call.

Respectfully Submitted by,


Bhate Environmental Associates, Inc.

Casey Groce Morgan Cross, REM


Environmental Scientist Environmental Scientist

R. Dyke Whyard, CHMM


Senior Project Manager
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LIMITED HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SURVEY


RAMSAY - M C CORMACK BUILDING
BHATE PROJECT NO. 9110005

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1! Purpose and Scope of Services ..........................................................1!
2! Project Characteristics.........................................................................2!
3! Sampling Methodologies .....................................................................3!
4! Homogeneous Material Assessment Factors......................................4!
4.1! Homogeneous Areas .................................................................................. 4!
4.2! Asbestos Hazard Assessment Factors....................................................... 4!
4.3! Lead-Based Paint Assessment Factors...................................................... 4!
5! Laboratory Analysis .............................................................................5!
6! Asbestos Sampling Results.................................................................6!
7! Lead-Based Paint Sampling Results .................................................14!
8! Estimation of Quantities.....................................................................17!
9! Potentially Hazardous materials ........................................................19!
9.1! Fluorescent Lights .................................................................................... 19!
9.2! Elevator Motors......................................................................................... 19!
9.3! Mold .......................................................................................................... 19!
10! Current Regulations...........................................................................20!
10.1! Asbestos-Containing Materials ................................................................. 20!
10.2! Lead-Based Paint ..................................................................................... 20!
11! Conclusions and Recommendations .................................................22!
11.1! Asbestos-Containing Materials ................................................................. 22!
11.2! Lead-Based Paint ..................................................................................... 22!
11.3! Other Potentially Hazardous Materials ..................................................... 23!
12! Assumptions and Limitations.............................................................24!
Appendices
A Asbestos Laboratory Analysis Results
B Lead-Based Paint Laboratory Analysis Results

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C Figure with Sample Locations and Photographs

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1 PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF SERVICES


This limited survey is intended for the sole purpose of identifying suspect hazardous materials
including suspect asbestos containing materials (ACMs), lead-based paint (LBP), and other
potentially hazardous materials at the Ramsay-McCormack Building using a limited sampling
program. The subject site consists of a ten-story office building (built in 1929) that is currently
vacant and in severe disrepair. It is located at the corner of Avenue E and 19th Street in Ensley,
Alabama. Specifically, Bhate provided the following services:
1. Identified potential hazardous materials at the subject site;
2. Documented readily apparent and accessible friable and non-friable asbestos-containing
materials (ACMs) and lead-based paint at the subject site;
3. Conducted a visual inspection of the subject site to identify suspect ACMs by an accredited
asbestos inspector and suspect LBP by an accredited lead inspector;
4. Sampled suspect materials, as required;
5. Analyzed those materials suspected of containing asbestos by Polarized Light Microscopy
(PLM) and dispersion staining techniques in accordance with the Environmental Protection
Agency’s (EPA) Bulk Analysis Method 600/M-4-82-020;
6. Analyzed those materials suspected of containing regulated amounts of lead by Flame
Atomic Absorption Analysis (FAA) in accordance with EPA SW846 methods;
7. Provided a description of those materials identified in the structures as containing asbestos
and lead;
8. Prepared a written report documenting the following information:
• Confirmation for the presence of ACMs and LBP in the building at specific sampling
locations
• Estimation of quantities of identified ACMs
• Figures indicating sampling locations
• Identification of potential hazardous materials observed on the site
• Options and recommendations for remediation alternatives related to existing ACMs,
LBP, and identified hazardous materials.
It should be noted that, if any renovation work has been performed at the subject site, suspect
ACMs including floor tile, pipe insulation, drywall, plaster, various mastics, and miscellaneous
other materials may have been concealed under carpet, above suspended ceilings, or in numerous
other locations. It is also not uncommon to find multiple layers of floor tiles and multiple layers
of roofing materials that were not visible during this sampling event. Bhate recommends that if
concealed suspect ACMs are discovered they be sampled and analyzed for asbestos content prior
to any renovation or demolition activities.

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2 PROJECT CHARACTERISTICS
The subject site consists of one parcel of land developed with the Ramsay-McCormack Building.
The Ramsay-McCormack Building (built in 1929 and renovated in 1970) is a ten-story office
building with a basement and a mechanical penthouse. The structure has been vacant since
1986. The building is in severe disrepair caused by neglect, weathering, and vandalism.
The structure is constructed of a cast-in-place concrete frame with perimeter columns and one
row of interior supports. The frame is filled in with structural clay tile walls and clad in beige
brick. The ground floor is trimmed with brown granite and terra cotta. The roof parapet is also
accented with terra cotta.
The interior of the structure is divided by floors. The ground floor is divided into several former
office/store spaces, which at one time included a bank, several law and doctor offices and a
pharmacy. Floors 2 through 10 have similar interior designs and are divided into offices with a
central hallway. Each floor has restrooms and a mechanical room.
Interior finishes for the structure include ceramic tile, terrazzo tile, marble wall tile, drywall,
plaster, textured wall and ceiling material, carpet, and various types of floor tile and paint coated
surfaces. At the time of the survey, the basement of the structure was flooded with
approximately one foot of water. Two large insulated boilers were observed in the basement.
Several insulated pipe runs were visible in the basement and were identified on all floors in pipe
chases. Also, other unidentified insulated pipes, leading from the basement boiler system were
observed running along the basement ceiling and may be hidden inside the walls of all floors.
It should be noted that the building is in a dilapidated and unsafe condition. Fallen building
material debris was observed in several locations throughout the subject building. Also, due to
the condition of the building, not all areas could be evaluated for suspect material. After
sampling of the 10th floor, a portion of the staircase leading to the 10th floor fell making upper
levels inaccessible.

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3 SAMPLING METHODOLOGIES
A visual inspection was performed at the subject building. Bulk asbestos samples were obtained
by placing suspected material into individual sample containers for transport to a qualified
laboratory for analysis. All samples were individually identified by a sample number. The
suspect ACMs were numbered and correspond to the sample numbers listed in the Polarized
Light Microscopy (PLM) Analysis Summary located in Appendix A. PLM and dispersion
staining techniques were performed according to the EPA's Bulk Analysis Method EPA 600/M4-
82-020 in an attempt to ascertain asbestos content in those samples analyzed.
LBP sampling was primarily conducted by obtaining paint chip samples from coated surfaces
located at the subject site. Suspect LBP samples were obtained by placing suspect materials into
individual sample containers for transport to an accredited laboratory for analysis. The methods
and protocols published by HUD (Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of Lead-Based
Paint Hazards in Housing, 1997) were followed for paint chip collection. All samples were
individually identified by a sample number that directly corresponds to sample numbers listed in
the Flame Atomic Absorption (FAA) Analysis Summary found in Appendix B. All paint chip
samples were analyzed by using FAA in accordance with the EPA SW846 method, as
recommended by HUD.

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4 HOMOGENEOUS MATERIAL ASSESSMENT


FACTORS
4.1 Homogeneous Areas
Before collecting samples, distinct homogeneous sampling areas and specific sampling sites
were determined. A homogeneous sampling area can be described as any material of the same
type. In other words, a homogeneous sampling area is uniform throughout in structure or
makeup and appearance (color, texture, and/or date of construction/application). Homogeneous
areas can be further classified as surfacing material, thermal system insulation, and
miscellaneous materials. Samples were collected of specific homogeneous material identified.
4.2 Asbestos Hazard Assessment Factors
Friability was determined each time a suspect ACM was sampled. Friable means that the
material can be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder by hand pressure when dry. Also,
materials thought to be and typically classified as non-friable may receive a reclassification of
friable if the material is damaged. Friable ACM has been determined by the EPA and
Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) to be more hazardous than non-friable
ACM. Friable material can create a situation of airborne asbestos fibers more readily than non-
friable materials. In assessing the fiber release potential, only the current conditions of all ACM
identified were noted.
Only materials readily accessible within the specific project area were evaluated. Materials that
were hidden and/or not accessible were not evaluated as part of this sampling event. These
hidden and/or inaccessible materials should be analyzed if they are located during any renovation
or demolition activities. Materials visibly identified as non-asbestos (fiberglass, foam rubber,
wood, etc.) were not sampled.
4.3 Lead-Based Paint Assessment Factors
Paint condition (based on the amount of chipping and peeling) was classified as intact, fair, or
poor each time a painted surface was sampled. Due to the severe disrepair of the building, all
paint chip samples were classified as poor condition. Also, evidence of physical and/or water
damage, material type, and accessibility were identified so a material damage evaluation could
be determined. These observations were applied to each homogeneous area as a single unit and
not to the immediate area around any one sample.
Only materials readily accessible within the specific project area were evaluated. Materials that
were hidden and/or not accessible were not evaluated as part of this survey. These hidden and/or
inaccessible materials should be analyzed if they are located during any renovation or demolition
activities.

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5 LABORATORY ANALYSIS
All bulk suspect asbestos samples were analyzed by a qualified laboratory using Polarized Light
Microscopy with dispersion staining techniques. PLM and dispersion staining techniques were
performed according to the EPA's Bulk Analysis Method EPA 600/M4-82-020 in an attempt to
ascertain asbestos content in those samples analyzed. These techniques require that a part of the
bulk sample be subjected to an oil of specific refractive index once mounted on a slide. This
prepared slide is then subjected to a number of optical tests. Each type of asbestos displays
unique characteristics when subjected to these tests. Percentages of asbestos content are then
determined by visual estimation.
Any material containing greater than one percent of any type of asbestos that is friable or may
become friable by the forces expected to act on the material during certain activities, is classified
as RACM by the EPA. It should be noted that OSHA defines an asbestos-containing material
(ACM) to be a material containing any amount of asbestos. According to the EPA, OSHA,
United Stated Department of Transportation (USDOT), and other federal, state, and/or local
government agencies, any material classified as ACM must be handled accordingly.
All suspect lead-based paint chip samples were analyzed by using FAA in accordance with the
EPA SW846 methods, as recommended by HUD. The sample results having a lead content
equal to or greater than the regulatory limit of 0.5% lead by weight are identified as positive (i.e.
lead-based paint).

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6 ASBESTOS SAMPLING RESULTS


The following table describes the sample number, sample location, type of material, asbestos
content, friability, and condition for each of the 71 samples (83 individual layers) from 43
homogenous areas collected on January 24 and 25, 2011. Friability is described if the sample
was shown to contain asbestos and is described based on the current condition of the material. A
copy of the laboratory testing and analysis data is included in Appendix A of the report.
Photographs of positive sample locations are included in the figures included as Appendix C.
The sampling locations are provided in the table. It should be noted that Bhate assigned names
to certain rooms and areas of the subject residence based on their observed previous use to aid in
the sample location description. During laboratory sample preparation, if multiple layers of the
individual samples were encountered, the laboratory would analyze each layer separately.
Parties reviewing this document should use Table 1 in conjunction with the detailed text
sample descriptions following Table 1. Table 1 must not be the sole reference used in order
to describe the materials sampled. The condition of the material was determined at the
time of sampling. Bold type indicates an asbestos-containing sample.

Table 1. Asbestos Sampling Results

Sample No. Location Type of Material Results Friability1 Condition2

Roof

1-RT1-1 Roof Black roof tar None Detected Non-friable Poor

2-RF1-1 Roof Parapet Grey flashing 19% Chrysotile Category I Poor

3-RF2-1 Roof Parapet Black flashing 19% Chrysotile Category I Poor

Mechanical Penthouse

4-PH-PL1-1 Penthouse Plaster wall None Detected Friable Poor

5-PH-BM1-1 Penthouse Brick mortar None Detected Non-friable Poor

10th Floor

Hallway wall
6-10-WI1-1 Electrical wire wrap None Detected Non-friable Poor
electrical outlet

North End
7-10-PM1-1 Room 2 – In “Pyrobar” block mortar None Detected Non-friable Poor
wall

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Table 1. Asbestos Sampling Results

Sample No. Location Type of Material Results Friability1 Condition2

North End
8-10-PB1-1 Room 2 – In White “pyrobar” block None Detected Non-friable Poor
wall

9-10-PL1-2 Room 5 Wall plaster None Detected Friable Poor

Aircell pipe insulation on


10-10-AC1-1 Room 5 52% Chrysotile Friable Poor
vertical metal pipe

11-10-WC1-1 Room 6 Exterior window caulk 4% Chrysotile Friable Poor

Dot mastic associated with


12-10-DM1-1 Hall None Detected Non-friable Poor
marble wall tile

13-10-FD1-1 Hall Flooring debris 29% Chrysotile Friable Poor

9th Floor

14-9-FD1-2 Room 6 Flooring debris 29% Chrysotile Friable Poor

Dot mastic associated with


15-9-DM1-2 Hall None Detected Non-friable Poor
plaster and marble wall tile

16-9-PL1-3 Room 8 Plaster wall None Detected Friable Poor

8th Floor

17-8-TC1-1 Room 5 Textured ceiling material 26% Chrysotile Friable Poor

18-8-WT1-1 Room 6 Textured wall material 26% Chrysotile Friable Poor

White duct tape on metal


19-8-DT1-1 Room 16 26% Chrysotile Friable Poor
ducts

Dot mastic associated with


20-8-DM1-3 Hall None Detected Non-friable Poor
marble wall tile

20-8-DW1-1 Room 16 Drywall None Detected Friable Poor

21-8-PI1-1 Room 8 Vertical pipe wrap 69% Chrysotile Friable Poor

7th Floor

22-7-WI1-2 Room 8 Textured wall material 26% Chrysotile Friable Poor

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Table 1. Asbestos Sampling Results

Sample No. Location Type of Material Results Friability1 Condition2

23-7-PM1-2 Room 6 “Pyrobar” block mortar None Detected Non-friable Poor

24-7-PB1-2 Room 6 White “pyrobar” block None Detected Non-friable Poor

25-7-DT2-1 Duct in Hall Cream duct tape 69% Chrysotile Friable Poor

26-7-FD1-2 Room 10 Flooring debris 29% Chrysotile Friable Poor

27-7-WI1-2 Room 12 Electrical wire wrap None Detected Non-friable Poor

Dot mastic associated with


28-7-DM1-4 Hall None Detected Non-friable Poor
marble wall tile

6th Floor

29-6-FT1-1 9” x 9” Red Floor tile 9% Chrysotile


Room 12 Category I Poor
29-6-FT1-1A Black mastic None Detected

30-6-FT2-1 9” x 9” Green Floor tile 12% Chrysotile


Room 12 Category I Poor
30-6-FT2-1A Black mastic None Detected

31-6-FT1-2 9” x 9” Red Floor tile 9% Chrysotile


Room 10 Category I Poor
31-6-FT1-2A Black mastic 9% Chrysotile

32-6-FT2-2 9” x 9” Green Floor tile 12% Chrysotile


Room 10 Category I Poor
32-6-FT2-2A Black mastic 9% Chrysotile

33-6-PI2-1 Room 8 Vertical pipe insulation 69% Chrysotile Friable Poor

33-6-PL1-3 Hall Plaster None Detected Friable Poor

33-6-WC1-3 Room 3 Exterior window caulk 4% Chrysotile Category II Poor

5th Floor

34-5-WC1-3 Room 11 Exterior window caulk 2% Chrysotile Friable Poor

35-5-WT1-3 Room 10 Textured wall material 26% Chrysotile Friable Poor

36-5-TC1-2 Room 4 Textured ceiling material None Detected Friable Poor

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Table 1. Asbestos Sampling Results

Sample No. Location Type of Material Results Friability1 Condition2

Plaster type textured ceiling


37-5-TC2-1 Room 1 None Detected Friable Poor
material

38-5-DT2-2 Room 8 White duct tape 69% Chrysotile Friable Poor

39-5-PB1-3 Room 11 White “pyrobar” block None Detected Non-friable Poor

40-5-PM1-3 Room 11 “Pyrobar” block mortar None Detected Non-friable Poor

4th Floor

41-4-DT2-3 Room 15 White duct tape 69% Chrysotile Friable Poor

42-4-FT3-1 9” x 9” Brown floor tile 9% Chrysotile


Room 2 Category I Poor
42-4-FT3-1A Black mastic 9% Chrysotile

3rd Floor

43-3-WC1-4 Room 6 Exterior window caulk None Detected Non-friable Poor

44-3-LN1-1 Room 4 Brown linoleum None Detected Non-friable Poor

45-3-WI1-3 Hall Wiring wrap None Detected Non-friable Poor

Dot mastic associated with


46-3-DM1-3 Hall None Detected Non-friable Poor
marble wall tile

47-3-WP1-1 Room 5 Textured green wall paint None Detected Friable Poor

48-3-FT4-1 9” x 9” Tan floor tile 9% Chrysotile


Room 10 Category I Poor
48-3-FT4-1A Black mastic 9% Chrysotile

2nd Floor

49-2-DW1-1 Room 5 Drywall None Detected Friable Poor

50-2-CI1-1 Tar Black tar None Detected Non-friable Poor

50-2-CI1-1 Hall
Cork Brown cork pipe insulation None Detected Non-friable Poor

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Table 1. Asbestos Sampling Results

Sample No. Location Type of Material Results Friability1 Condition2

1St Floor

51-1-FT5-1 12” x 12” Tan floor tile None Detected


Room 504 Category I Poor
51-1-FT5-1A Black mastic 9% Chrysotile

Mud associated with white


52-1-MM1-1 Stair landing None Detected Non-friable Poor
marble tile

White pipe wrap /elbow


53-1-PI2-1 Stair wall 69% Chrysotile Friable Poor
insulation

54-1-FT6-1 9” x 9” Off-white floor tile 4% Chrysotile


Room 502 Category I Poor
54-1-FT6-1A Black mastic 9% Chrysotile

55-1-CT2-1 Room 502 2’ x 4’ Ceiling tile None Detected Friable Poor

56-1-CT2-2 Room 500 2’ x 4’ Ceiling tile None Detected Friable Poor

57-1-FT7-1 9” x 9” Tan floor tile 9% Chrysotile


Room 500 Category I Poor
57-1-FT7-1A Black mastic 9% Chrysotile

58-1-FT8-1 9” x 9” Dark grey floor tile 9% Chrysotile


Room 1825 Category I Poor
58-1-FT8-1A Black mastic 9% Chrysotile

Room 500 on
159-1-PW1-1 Grey pipe wrap 69% Chrysotile Friable Poor
floor

Hall near stair


60-1-PL1-4 Plaster wall None Detected Friable Poor
to basement

On floor at
68-1-FD1-3 Floor debris 69% Chrysotile Friable Poor
elevators

Basement

61-B-CL1-1 Column Column skim coat and plaster None Detected Friable Poor

62-B-SK1-1 Wall at stairs Wall skim coat None Detected Friable Poor

63-B-SK1-2 Wall at stack Wall skim coat None Detected Friable Poor

Ceiling near
64-B-DM1-1 Dot mastic None Detected Non-friable Poor
stack

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Table 1. Asbestos Sampling Results

Sample No. Location Type of Material Results Friability1 Condition2


64-B-DM1-1A 1’ x 1’ Ceiling tile None Detected

65-B-FT9-1 Basement Red floor tile (size unknown) 9% Chrysotile


Category I Poor
65-B-FT9-1A (under water) Black mastic 9% Chrysotile

66-B-SW1-1 Chimney Stack Stack wrap insulation None Detected Friable Poor

9% Chrysotile
67-B-BI1-1 Boiler Boiler insulation Friable Poor
20% Amosite
1
Friability was determined according to a material’s current condition.
Friable: Materials that can be crumbled, crushed, or pulverized under hand pressure
Non-Friable: Materials that do not meet the definition of friable
Category I Non-Friable: Non-friable ACMs such as gaskets, valve packings, resilient vinyl floor covering (floor
tile and linoleum), and asphalt roofing material
Category II Non-Friable: Includes all other non-friable ACMs
2
It should be noted that the condition of the materials sampled is based on the top layer of the sampled materials only
at the time of sampling.

It should be noted that EPA defines RACM as any material having greater than 1% asbestos
content that is friable or may become friable by the forces expected to act on the material during
certain activities.
It should be noted that the condition listed for each material was based on observations at
the time of the sampling event. The condition of the material may change over time due to
various factors such as moisture and disturbance.
Based on the laboratory analysis results, 23 of the 53 homogenous areas were identified as
containing asbestos. These asbestos-containing materials (ACM) are as follows:
A. Friable ACM
Bhate’s inspection identified friable asbestos-containing homogenous materials. These materials
are listed in detail below:
• Pipe insulation on runs and elbows (homogenous areas AC1, PI1, and PI2) was
identified as having asbestos content ranging from 52% to 69% Chrysotile asbestos.
These materials were observed in vertical pipe chases running through all floors. Also,
various insulated pipe runs were observed above the hard ceiling near the bathrooms on
all floors. Pipes appear to begin in at the basement boilers, run through each floor and
terminate in the penthouse. All pipe insulation was noted to be in poor condition.
• Flooring debris (homogenous areas FD1 and FD2) was identified as containing either
29% or 69% Chrysotile asbestos. All floors throughout the building were covered with
debris from delaminated wall and ceiling textures and damaged pipe insulation.

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• Textured material on plaster walls and ceilings (homogenous areas TC1 and WT1)
was identified as containing 26% Chrysotile asbestos. This material was observed on the
interior walls and ceilings of Floors 2 thorough 8. This material has delaminated and
been tracked throughout the building. The material was noted to be in poor condition.
• White and cream colored duct tape (homogenous areas DT1 and DT2) was identified
as containing either 26% or 69% Chrysotile asbestos. This material was observed on
metal duct accessible in the mechanical rooms of each floor. Some duct work was
observed on the floor in the 5th floor hallway. This material was observed to be in poor
condition.
• Grey pipe wrap (homogenous area PW1) was identified as containing 69% Chrysotile
asbestos. This material was observed on the 1st floor in Rooms 500 and 502, as well as
on the floor near the stair landing and elevator lobby. The insulation was also observed
on ceiling pipes in the basement. This material was observed to be in poor condition.
• Boiler insulation (homogenous area BI1) was identified as containing 9% Chrysotile and
20% Amosite asbestos. This material was observed on two large boilers and the pipe
leading to and from the boilers in the basement. This material was observed to be in poor
condition.
B. Non-Friable ACM
Bhate’s inspection identified .non-friable asbestos-containing homogenous materials. These
materials are listed in detail below:
• Grey flashing (homogenous area RF1) and Black flashing (homogenous area RF2) were
identified as containing 19% Chrysotile asbestos. These materials were observed on the
roof parapet and were observed to be in poor condition.
• Exterior window caulk (homogenous area WC1) was identified as containing either 2%
or 4% Chrysotile asbestos. This material was observed on the exterior windows of the
building and was observed to be in poor condition.
• Various colors of 9-inch by 9-inch floor tile and associated black mastics were
identified as having asbestos content ranging from 4% to 12% Chrysotile asbestos.
Associated homogenous areas include FT1, FT2, FT3, FT4, FT6, FT7, FT8, and FT9.
These materials were observed on the south end of the 6th floor, two offices (Room 4 and
10) on the 4th floor, Rooms 500 and 502 on the 1st floor, Room 1825 on the 1st floor, and
in the basement. These materials were noted to be in poor condition.
• Black mastic associated with 12-inch by 12-inch tan floor tile (homogenous area FT5)
was identified as containing 9% Chrysotile asbestos. This floor tile was observed on the
first floor in Room 504. The associated floor tile appeared to be in poor condition.

C. Non ACM
Test procedures did not detect asbestos in the remaining samples obtained from the subject site.

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D. Materials Not Sampled


• Approximately thirty elevator doors were observed in conjunction with three elevator
shafts that are located in the central part of the building. Typically elevator doors are fire
rated and contain a fire-retardant material beneath the metal exterior. The doors should be
considered asbestos-containing unless the metal exterior is cored and the material inside
is sampled and analyzed for asbestos.
Bhate recommends that if hidden suspect-materials are revealed during renovation and
demolition activities, that those materials be tested for asbestos content.

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7 LEAD-BASED PAINT SAMPLING RESULTS


A limited lead-based paint sampling event was conducted at the subject site by Bhate on January
24 and 25, 2011. A visual inspection of painted surfaces was conducted at the subject site. Paint
chips were collected of paint coatings that exhibited typical properties of lead-based paint. The
following table describes the 30 paint chip samples collected from all floors at the subject site.
Copies of the laboratory reports and the chain of custody forms are included in Appendix B. The
results are expressed in percent by weight for each sample.

Table 2. Paint Chip Sampling Results

% Lead
Sample No. Sample Location Substrate Paint Color Condition
Concentration

Penthouse

LBP-1 Interior wall Brick Brown Poor 1.9 %

LBP-2 Interior wall Brick White Poor 1.6 %

LBP-3 Wood beam Wood Brown Poor 1.2 %

LBP-4 Interior wall Plaster Yellow Poor 0.97 %

10th Floor

LBP-5 Interior wall – Room 5 Plaster Green Poor 1.0 %

7th Floor

LBP-6 Pipe – Room 14 Metal Brown Poor 0.25 %

LBP-7 Interior wall – Room 13 Plaster Tan Poor 0.69 %

LBP-8 Stairwell door Metal Black Poor 1.2 %

LBP-9 Stairwell interior wall Plaster Off white Poor 1.1 %

LBP-10 Ceiling - hall Plaster White Poor 0.53 %

6th Floor

LBP-11 Interior wall – Room 5 Plaster Cream Poor 0.32 %

LBP-12 Floor debris – Hall Terrazzo Multiple colors Poor 0.44 %

LBP-13 Interior wall – Room 2 Plaster Dark green Poor 1.1 %

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Table 2. Paint Chip Sampling Results

% Lead
Sample No. Sample Location Substrate Paint Color Condition
Concentration

Elevator equipment room Poor


LBP-14 Metal Green/ Black 1.3 %
door

5th Floor

LBP-15 Bathroom stall – Room 15 Metal Brown/ white Poor 1.6 %

Plaster with
LBP-16 Ceiling – Room 5 White Poor 0.018 %
texture

LBP-17 Wall - Hall - Plaster Tan / olive Poor 0.17 %

4th Floor

LBP-18 Interior wall – Room 6 Plaster Light green Poor 0.48 %

3rd Floor

Bright green /
LBP-19 Interior wall – Room 6 Plaster Poor 0.51 %
blue

LBP-20 Interior wall – Room 5 Plaster Green / tan Poor 0.47 %

LBP-21 Interior wall – Room 3 Plaster Yellow Poor 0.59 %

window ledge debris – Room Multiple


LBP-22 Metal Poor 0.64 %
2 colors

1st Floor

Bottom of stair well – stair


LBP-23 Metal Brown Poor 0.63%
riser

LBP-24 Stair hand rail Metal Black Poor 0.53%

Stairs leading to 1st floor -


LBP-25 Plaster Brown / white Poor 1.1%
wall

LBP-26 Hall pipe chase Brick Olive / white Poor 0.15%

LBP-27 Interior wall - Room 502 Plaster Tan Poor 0.14%

LBP-28 Interior wall - Room 500 Plaster Off-white Poor 0.27%

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Table 2. Paint Chip Sampling Results

% Lead
Sample No. Sample Location Substrate Paint Color Condition
Concentration

LBP-29 Interior wall - Room 504 Plaster Blue Poor 0.21%

LBP-30 Column - Basement Plaster White Poor 0.023%

Bold print indicates regulated lead-based paint

The sample results having a lead content equal to or greater than 0.5% by weight lead, as
measured by Flame Absorption Analysis Technique, are identified as positive (i.e. lead-based
paint). Sample locations are included in the figures included as Appendix C.
Based on the results, 18 of 30 the samples collected contain regulated amounts of lead. It should
be noted that not all paint surfaces were sampled for lead-based paint during this survey.

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8 ESTIMATION OF QUANTITIES
The following information consists of the estimated size of each asbestos-containing area and
lead-based paint coated area based on observations made by Bhate during the January 24 and 25,
2011, sampling event. The quantities presented below are an approximation based on materials
that were visible and accessible at the time of the site visit. Materials that were hidden behind
walls, above ceilings, or in concealed pipe chases are not included in the estimated
quantities provided. The “approximate areas” column below denotes the approximate size of
the room in which the asbestos-containing materials were identified or the observed quantity of
the material.

Table 3. Estimated Asbestos and Lead-Based Paint Quantities

Homogenous Approximate
Type of Material Material Locations Friable
Area Areas

Asbestos Quantities

RF1 and RF2 Black and grey flashing Roof Parapet Category I 500 linear feet

WC1 Window caulk Exterior windows Category II All windows

Miscellaneous floor
FD1 and FD2 Throughout building Friable 50,000 square feet
debris
Wall and ceilings of Floors 2
TC1 and WT1 Wall and ceiling texture Friable 30,000 square feet
through 8
Pipe chases, above ceilings
PI1 and PI2 Pipe insulation Friable 2,500 linear feet
and in basement
6th floor, 4th floor, and 3rd floor
FT1, FT2, FT3,
Various floor tiles and offices; First floor all former
FT4, FT6, FT7, Category I 2,500 square feet
black mastics store / office areas, and the
FT8, and FT9
basement
Pipe chases, on floor on 1st
Pipe elbows, pipe floor hall and Room 500, at 15 Elbows and
PW1 and AC1 Friable
wraps, and joints spiral stair case in Room 1825, joints
and in basement
White and cream duct On all floors - metal duct work
DT1 and DT2 Friable 250 linear feet
tape in mechanical rooms
2 boilers
BI1 Boiler insulation Basement Friable
(1,200 square feet)

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Table 3. Estimated Asbestos and Lead-Based Paint Quantities

Homogenous Approximate
Type of Material Material Locations Friable
Area Areas

N/A Fire doors Three elevators, all floors Category I 30 doors

Lead-Based Paint Quantities


Throughout
LBP-1 Brown paint Penthouse – brick walls N/A
Penthouse
Throughout
LBP-2 White paint Penthouse – brick walls N/A
Penthouse
Throughout
LBP-3 Brown paint Penthouse – wood beam N/A
Penthouse
Throughout
LBP-4 Yellow paint Penthouse – plaster walls N/A
Penthouse
LBP-5 Green paint 10th floor – plaster walls N/A Rooms 5 and 6
Rooms 11, 12, 13,
LBP-7 Tan paint 7th floor – plaster walls N/A
5 and 6
LBP-8 Black paint 7th floor – stairwell door N/A All stairwell doors
th
LBP-9 Off white paint 7 floor – stairwell wall N/A All stairwell walls
Throughout
LBP-10 White paint 7th floor – hall ceiling N/A
building
LBP-13 Dark Green paint 6th floor – plaster wall N/A Room 2
th
6 floor – mechanical room All mechanical
LBP-14 Black/Green paint N/A
door room doors
LBP-15 Brown/White paint 5th floor – restroom stall N/A All stall walls
Bright green / blue
LBP-19 3rd floor – plaster wall N/A Room 6
paint
LBP-21 Yellow paint 3rd floor – plaster wall N/A Room 3
rd
LBP-22 Multiple colors paint 3 floor – window sill N/A All window sills
LBP-23 Brown paint Stair riser N/A All stair risers
LBP-24 Black paint Stair hand rails N/A All stair hand rails
All first floor
LBP-25 Brown/white paint Plaster walls N/A
plaster walls
It should be noted that these areas are based on Bhate’s observations and are approximate. Quantity estimations do
not reflect pipes hidden behind walls or above ceilings. If the material is planned for removal, the contractor must
visit the site and perform an independent measurement of the quantities. Bhate is not responsible for any
discrepancies in the estimation of quantities of materials.

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9 POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS MATERIALS


Besides ACMs and LBP, other potentially hazardous materials were noted at the subject site
during Bhate’s site visit on January 24 and 25, 2011. These materials are discussed in the
sections below:
9.1 Fluorescent Lights
Bhate observed several fluorescent light fixtures and bulbs at the subject site. Typically,
fluorescent light fixture ballasts manufactured prior to July 2, 1979, contain PCBs and may
require special handling. Similarly, fluorescent light bulbs may require special handling. Bhate
recommends that if fluorescent light fixtures will be removed throughout the building as part of
demolition, then a disposal program should be developed in accordance with current applicable
regulations.
9.2 Elevator Motors
There are three inoperable elevator motors in the building. Large elevator motors associated with
the elevators are located in the roof penthouse. Labels associated with the elevators fluid reservoir
did not give the PCB content if any. An oily sheen was observed in the water located in the flooded
elevator shafts.
9.3 Mold
Bhate did not discover any apparent areas of mold growth. There were parts of each floor that
contained visual evidence of water intrusion; however, active mold growth was not identified at
the time of the survey.

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10 CURRENT REGULATIONS
10.1 Asbestos-Containing Materials
It is our understanding that the subject structure is planned to be renovated. Test procedures
identified various floor tiles and associated mastics, textured material on ceiling and wall plaster,
debris on the floors, boiler insulation, duct tape, pipe and pipe elbow insulation, window caulk,
and roof flashing that will require abatement prior to the renovated of the structure.
Current regulations require removal of ACMs from facilities that conduct activities that can
damage or disturb ACMs. These activities include renovation or demolition work. When
disturbing in-place asbestos, OSHA asbestos regulations (29 CFR 1910 and 1926) and the
National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPS) asbestos regulations (40
CFR Part 61, Subpart M), should be followed.
NESHAPS (40 CFR Part M, Amended 20 November 1990) regulates the removal and disposal
of ACM. This regulation separates ACM into three categories based on the material’s friability
and/or physical condition:
• Regulated ACM (RACM)
• Category I nonfriable ACM
• Category II nonfriable ACM
Category I nonfriable ACM includes gaskets, valve packings, resilient vinyl floor covering (floor
tile and linoleum), and asphalt roofing material containing more than one percent asbestos by
volume. Category II nonfriable ACM is any other nonfriable material with more than one
percent asbestos by volume. An example of a Category II nonfriable material would be asbestos-
cement board (transite). Regulated ACM includes:
• Friable ACM
• Category I nonfriable ACM that has become friable
• Category I nonfriable ACM that will be or has been subjected to sanding, grinding, cutting,
or abrading
• Category II nonfriable ACM that has a high probability of becoming friable or can be
rendered friable by the forces expected to act on the material during demolition activities
By EPA definition, regulated ACMs must be abated by a licensed abatement contractor prior to
any activities which will disturb the materials (such as renovation or demolition) are to occur.
10.2 Lead-Based Paint
Bhate's inspection identified several regulated LBP coatings at the subject site that were in poor
condition.
The primary regulatory agencies that govern LBP are the EPA, OSHA, and HUD. The federal
government has established regulatory compliance rules for the disposition of lead-based paint,

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which is paint with a lead content equal to or greater than 0.5% lead by weight or 5,000 mg/kg as
defined by Title X of the 1992 Housing and Community Development Act.
EPA regulations establish training requirements (40 CFR Part 745) for anyone conducting
removal activities as well as disclosure requirements and disposal criteria (classification of
waste, 40 CFR Part 261).
OSHA regulations (29 CFR 1926.62) establish worker protection criteria by establishing an
airborne lead action level (30 µg/m3) and a permissible exposure level (50 µg/m3) averaged over
an 8-hour period. OSHA regulations also require that an exposure assessment be conducted
prior to the disturbance of lead-based paint to evaluate and determine if any employee may be
exposed to lead at or above the action level.
The HUD regulations establish disclosure requirements (24 CFR Part 35) and guidelines for the
evaluation and control of lead-based paint hazards in housing.

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11 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS


11.1 Asbestos-Containing Materials
It is our understanding that the subject structure is planned to be renovated. Current regulations
require removal of ACMs from facilities where activities that can damage or disturb ACMs may
occur. These activities include renovation work. When disturbing in-place asbestos, OSHA
asbestos regulations (29 CFR Parts 1910 and 1926) and NESHAPS asbestos regulations (40 CFR
Part 61, Subpart M), should be followed.
Based on observations and samples collected at specific locations during the limited asbestos
sampling event conducted by Bhate at the Ramsay-McCormack Building in Ensley, Alabama, on
January 24 and 25, 2011, several materials were identified as containing asbestos and will
require abatement prior to demolition of the structures.
Bhate recommends that if suspect materials that were hidden and/or not accessible during this
sampling event are discovered during any demolition activities at the subject site, the suspect
materials should be analyzed for asbestos content.
11.2 Lead-Based Paint
Many buildings constructed before 1978 have paint that contains lead (referred to as lead-based
paint), with the vast majority of houses and apartments built before 1950 containing substantial
amounts. Lead from paint, chips, and dust can pose serious health hazards if not taken care of
properly.
During Bhate’s inspection it was determined that 18 of the 30 paint chip samples collected and
analyzed were identified as containing regulated levels of lead.
It is Bhate’s understanding that young children will not spend a large amount of time in the areas
identified as containing LBPs. While the main hazards of lead are to children, lead is also
harmful to adults. Adults can suffer from:
• difficulties during pregnancy
• other reproductive problems (in both men and women)
• high blood pressure
• digestive problems
• nerve disorders
• memory and concentration problems
• muscle and joint pain
Adults are exposed to lead by breathing or swallowing lead dust and by ingesting soil or paint
chips containing lead.
There are many options for reducing lead hazards. In most cases, lead-based paint that is in good
condition is not a hazard. Peeling, chipping, chalking, or cracking lead-based paint is a hazard
and needs immediate attention. Lead-based paint may also be a hazard when found on surfaces
that children can chew or that receive a lot of wear and tear. These areas include:

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• windows and window sills


• doors and doorframes
• stairs, railings, and banisters
• porches and fences
If, during renovation or further investigation, coatings are uncovered that were not a part of this
sampling event, further evaluation and testing would be required to validate these conclusions.
This limited lead-based paint and asbestos sampling event is not sufficient to establish or
estimate costs of abatement or to identify areas not exposed until abatement, demolition, or
renovation work begins. Further, the sampling event was limited to sampling homogeneous
areas in readily accessible areas. If, during renovation or further investigation, materials are
uncovered that were not a part of this sampling event, further evaluation and testing would be
required to validate these conclusions.
11.3 Other Potentially Hazardous Materials
With respect to the hazards associated with fluorescent light fixtures, Bhate recommends that
during renovation activities, if fluorescent light fixtures will be removed throughout the building
as part of renovation, then a disposal program should be developed in accordance with current
applicable regulations.
Bhate recommends that the elevator motor fluids and the water in the elevator shafts be sampled,
characterized, and disposed of in accordance with local, state, and federal regulations.

Bhate Project No.: 9110005 February 16, 2011 23


R AM SAY - M C C ORM ACK B UILDING L IM ITED H AZARDOUS
E NSLEY , A LABAM A M ATERIALS S URVEY

12 ASSUMPTIONS AND LIMITATIONS


Bhate notes that this Limited Hazardous Materials Survey was limited to the collection of bulk
samples from readily accessible locations. Laboratory analysis utilizing PLM along with
dispersion staining techniques was used to determine asbestos content in those samples taken.
All paint chip samples were analyzed by using Flame Atomic Absorption in accordance with the
EPA SW846 methods, as recommended by the Department of Housing and HUD.
The results, findings, observations and recommendations expressed in this report are based only
on conditions that were observed during our inspection of the site, conducted on January 24 and
25, 2011. Although care has been taken by Bhate in compiling and checking the information
contained in the report to verify that it is current and accurate, we disclaim any and all liability
for any errors or omissions or inaccuracies. The recommendations provided in this report do not
constitute legal and/or medical advice. It is further understood that Bhate makes no
representations or warranties of any kind, including but not limited to, the warranties of fitness
for a particular purpose or merchantability, nor are such representations or warranties to be
implied with respect to the data furnished. We assume no responsibility with respect to
customers, its employees, client's or customers' use thereof. Bhate, their representative, and this
report make no representation and/or assumptions as to past conditions or future occurrences at
this site. The information provided herein applies only to the subject property as it existed
during our site visit. Should the site's use and/or conditions change, information, observations
and recommendations found herein would no longer apply. This report is intended to be used in
its entirety. No excerpts may be taken to be representative of the findings of this sampling event.
We shall not be liable for any special, consequential and/or exemplary damages resulting, in
whole or in part, from the customer's use of the data provided.
The purpose of this limited sampling survey is to identify suspect materials in specific locations
that may contain asbestos at the residence using a limited sampling program. This limited
sampling event, due to its scope and nature, is not intended to function as a construction and/or
asbestos abatement document. A limited asbestos sampling event is typically not sufficient to
estimate costs of abatement or to obtain access to areas that may not be exposed until work
begins. Further, the limited sampling event includes sampling of homogeneous areas and not
specific sampling at each individual location subject to renovation and/or demolition activities.

Bhate Project No.: 9110005 February 16, 2011 24


ASBESTOS'ABATEMENT ' T ECHNICAL ' SPECIFICATIONS '
'
RAMSAY2MCCORMACK'BUILDING'
CORNER'OF'AVENUE'E'AND'19TH'STREET'
ENSLEY,'ALABAMA'
'
BHATE'PROJECT'NO:'9130001'
'
'
!
!
!
PREPARED!FOR:!
!
ARCHITECTURE'WORKS'
130'19TH'STREET'SOUTH'
BIRMINGHAM,'ALABAMA'35233'
'
ATTENTION:'MR.'RICHARD'PIGFORD'
'
'
'
June!2013!
!
!
!
Prepared!By:!
!

!
!
th
1608'13 'Avenue'South,'Suite'300'
Birmingham,'Alabama'35205'
205291824000'Phone'•'205291824050'Fax'
12800280624001'''•'''www.bhate.com!
'
'
' ' ASBESTOS'ABATEMENT'
RAMSAY2MCCORMACK'BUILDING' ' ' TECHNICAL'SPECIFICATIONS

Certification'
!
!
!

This!specification!has!been!prepared!and!reviewed!by:!

! ! !

Dana!C.!Tilton! Signature! !
Asbestos!Project!Designer,!APD0313257387! !
!

R.!Dyke!Whyard! Signature! !
Program!Manager! !
!

! ! !
!

Bhate!Project!No:!9130001! June!2013! i!
' ' ASBESTOS'ABATEMENT'
RAMSAY2MCCORMACK'BUILDING' ' ' TECHNICAL'SPECIFICATIONS'

Asbestos'Abatement'Technical'Specifications'
Table'of'Contents'
Part'1'2'General'
1.1! RELATED!DOCUMENTS................................................................................... 1!
1.2! BACKGROUND .............................................................................................. 1!
1.3! SUMMARY .................................................................................................... 2!
1.4! PERFORMANCE!REQUIREMENTS..................................................................... 2!
1.5! SCOPE!OF!WORK ........................................................................................... 2!
1.6! LOCATIONS!OF!IDENTIFIED!ACMS ................................................................... 3!
1.7! REGULATIONS ............................................................................................... 4!
1.8! LICENSE!REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................... 5!
1.9! AGENCY!NOTIFICATIONS ................................................................................ 5!
1.10! DEFINITIONS ................................................................................................. 6!
Part'2'2'Project'Execution'
2.1! GENERAL!WORK!REQUIREMENTS ................................................................... 9!
2.2! PROJECT!RECORDS ...................................................................................... 10!
2.3! MATERIALS!AND!EQUIPMENT....................................................................... 13!
2.4! UTILITIES .................................................................................................... 15!
2.5! DECONTAMINATION.................................................................................... 16!
2.6! WORKER!PROTECTION................................................................................. 17!
2.7! EXPERIENCE!AND!QUALIFICATION!REQUIREMENTS ........................................ 17!
2.8! RESPIRATORY!PROTECTION!REQUIREMENTS.................................................. 18!
2.9! WORKER!PROTECTIVE!CLOTHING!AND!EQUIPMENT ....................................... 18!
2.10! AIR!MONITORING!REQUIREMENTS ............................................................... 19!
Part'3'2'Work'Performance'
3.1! GENERAL!WORK!AREA!PREPARATION ........................................................... 19!
3.2! NON_CONTAINED!WORK!AREA!PREPARATION.....................................................20!
3.3! GROSS!REMOVAL!AREA!PREPARATION.......................................................... 20!
3.4! PRE_REMOVAL!INSPECTION.......................................................................... 20!
3.5! MAINTENANCE!OF!CONTAINED!WORK!AREA!AND!DECONTAMINATION!
ENCLOSURE!SYSTEMS .................................................................................. 21!
3.6! REMOVAL!OF!ASBESTOS_CONTAINING!MATERIAL .......................................... 21!
3.7! REMOVAL!OF!ROOFING!MATERIALS!(RF1!and!RF2)......................................... 21!
3.8! REMOVAL!OF!ASBESTOS_CONTAMINATED!DEBRIS!(FD1)................................. 21!
3.9! REMOVAL!OF!SURFACING!MATERIAL!(TC1!and!WT1) ...................................... 22!
3.10! REMOVAL!OF!THERMAL!SYSTEM!INSULATION!(PI1,!PI2,!AC1,!PW1,!DT1,!DT2,!and!
BI1) ............................................................................................................ 22!
3.11! REMOVAL!OF!FLOORING!MATERIAL!(TILE!AND!MASTIC!FT1!–!FT9)................... 23!
3.12! REMOVAL!OF!FIRE!DOORS............................................................................ 23!
3.13! ADDITIONAL!REMOVAL!REQUIREMENTS ....................................................... 23!
3.14! STOP!WORK!ORDER..................................................................................... 23!
3.15! WORK!AREA!CLEARANCE!PROCEDURES ......................................................... 24!

Bhate!Project!No:!9130001! June!2013! ii!


' ' ASBESTOS'ABATEMENT'
RAMSAY2MCCORMACK'BUILDING' ' ' TECHNICAL'SPECIFICATIONS'

3.16! LOAD_OUT!AND!DISPOSAL!OF!ACM............................................................... 26!


3.17! TRANSPORTATION!AND!DISPOSAL!OF!ASBESTOS!WASTE ................................ 27!
Part'4'2'Certificate'of'Worker's'Acknowledgement'
Part'5'2'Respiratory'Protection'Justification

Bhate!Project!No:!9130001! June!2013! iii!


' ' ASBESTOS'ABATEMENT'
RAMSAY2MCCORMACK'BUILDING' ' ' TECHNICAL'SPECIFICATIONS'

PART 1 - GENERAL'

1.1 RELATED'DOCUMENTS'

A. Bhate! conducted! a! Limited! Hazardous! Survey! of! the! subject! site! on! January! 24! and! 25,! 2011.! ! These!
specifications!are!based!on!the!findings!of!that!survey,!provided!under!separate!cover.!!

1.2 BACKGROUND'

A. The! subject! site! consists! of! one! parcel! of! land! developed! with! the! Ramsay_McCormack! Building.! ! The!
Ramsay_McCormack!Building!(built!in!1929!and!renovated!in!1970)!is!a!ten_story!office!building!with!a!
basement!and!a!mechanical!penthouse.!!The!structure!has!been!vacant!since!1986.!!The!building!is!in!
severe!disrepair!caused!by!neglect,!weathering,!and!vandalism.!!!

The!structure!is!constructed!of!a!cast_in_place!concrete!frame!with!perimeter!columns!and!one!row!of!
interior!supports.!The!frame!is!filled!in!with!structural!clay!tile!walls!and!clad!in!beige!brick.!The!ground!
floor!is!trimmed!with!brown!granite!and!terra!cotta.!!The!roof!parapet!is!also!accented!with!terra!cotta.!!!

The! interior! of! the! structure! is! divided! by! floors.! ! The! ground! floor! is! divided! into! several! former!
office/store!spaces,!which!at!one!time!included!a!bank,!several!law!and!doctor!offices!and!a!pharmacy.!!!
Floors! 2! through! 10! have! similar! interior! designs! and! are! divided! into! offices! with! a! central! hallway.!!
Each!floor!has!restrooms!and!a!mechanical!room.!!!

Interior! finishes! for! the! structure! include! ceramic! tile,! terrazzo! tile,! marble! wall! tile,! drywall,! plaster,!
textured!wall!and!ceiling!material,!carpet,!and!various!types!of!floor!tile!and!paint!coated!surfaces.!!At!
the! time! of! the! survey,! the! basement! of! the! structure! was! flooded! with! approximately! one! foot! of!
water.!!Two!large!insulated!boilers!were!observed!in!the!basement.!!Several!insulated!pipe!runs!were!
visible! in! the! basement! and! were! identified! on! all! floors! in! pipe! chases.! ! Also,! other! unidentified!
insulated!pipes,!leading!from!the!basement!boiler!system!were!observed!running!along!the!basement!
ceiling!and!may!be!hidden!inside!the!walls!of!all!floors.!!!!!!

It! should! be! noted! that! the! building! is! in! a! dilapidated! and! unsafe! condition.! Fallen! building! material!
debris!was!observed!in!several!locations!throughout!the!subject!building.!!Also,!due!to!the!condition!of!
th!
the! building,! not! all! areas! could! be! evaluated! for! suspect! material.! ! After! sampling! of! the! 10 floor,! a!
th
portion!of!the!staircase!leading!to!the!10 !floor!fell!making!upper!levels!inaccessible.!

B. Based! on! the! sampling! survey,! roof! flashing;! thermal! system! insulation! including! pipe! insulation,! pipe!
wrap,!boiler!insulation,!and!duct!tape;!window!caulk;!textured!wall!and!ceiling!material;!floor!tile!and!
mastic;!and!debris!observed!on!the!floor!were!identified!as!asbestos_containing!materials!(ACMs)!that!
will!require!abatement!prior!to!activities!that!may!disturb!them.!!!

C. A!summary!of!the!types!of!ACM!and!locations!where!they!were!observed!is!included!in!Section!1.6!of!
this!Specification!for!general!purposes!only.!!Contractors'should'not'use'this'ACM'summary'as'a'sole'
source'for'their'abatement'bids.''This!project!will!include!abatement!of!all!asbestos_containing!material!
(ACM)! prior! to! the! selective! demolition! project.! ! If! additional! suspect! ACM! is! found! during! asbestos!
abatement! activities,! the! Contractor! shall! inform! the! Owner’s! Representative! for! further! testing! and!
guidance.! ! All! ACM! and! any! asbestos_contaminated! material! shall! be! removed! and! disposed! of! as!
Regulated!ACM!(RACM).!!The'Contractor'shall'be'responsible'for'independently'estimating'quantities'
of'all'ACM'to'be'removed.!

Bhate!Project!No:!9130001! June!2013! 1!
' ' ASBESTOS'ABATEMENT'
RAMSAY2MCCORMACK'BUILDING' ' ' TECHNICAL'SPECIFICATIONS'

1.3 SUMMARY'

A. The!intent!of!asbestos!abatement!is!to!remove!and!dispose!of!all!ACM!in!a!safe!and!controlled!manner!
prior! to! renovation! or! demolition! to! protect! the! workers,! the! occupants,! the! public! of! the! adjacent!
properties,!and!the!environment.!

B. If!additional!suspect!ACM!is!found!during!asbestos!abatement!activities,!the!Contractor!shall!inform!the!
Owner’s!Representative!for!further!testing!and!guidance.!

1.4 PERFORMANCE'REQUIREMENTS'

A. The! Contractor! shall! furnish! all! labor,! equipment,! materials,! worker! training,! transportation,! and!
disposal,! and! is! responsible! for! costs,! fees,! licenses,! and! permits! related! to! handling! and! disposal! of!
asbestos_containing! materials! (ACMs).! ! All! work! shall! be! accomplished! in! strict! adherence! to! the!
Specification,!and!applicable!federal,!State,!and!local!regulations.!

B. The!Contractor!is!to!be!responsible!for!the!formal!notification!of!the!Engineer!with!the!proper!submittal!
information!prior!to!mobilization!on!site!of!any!crew!for!the!purpose!of!abatement.!!Such!notification!
shall!be!made!in!writing!via!hard!copy!by!mail,!email!or!fax!to!the!Engineer.!!Once!this!information!is!
received! and! verified! to! be! complete,! the! Engineer! will! forward! an! approval! to! begin! the! abatement!
process! at! the! site! in! the! form! of! a! “Notice! to! Proceed! with! the! Abatement”! letter! addressed! to! the!
Contractor.!!!

' The' Contractor' is' not' to' proceed' with' any' abatement' until' the' “Notice' to' Proceed' with' the'
Abatement”'has'been'issued'by'the'Engineer.'''

C. The!Contractor!shall!be!responsible!for!contracting!with!an!appropriate!recycling/disposal!company(s),!
and! is! responsible! for! costs! related! to! handling,! transportation,! recycling/disposal,! and! recordkeeping!
for!these!special!wastes.!!The!Contractor!shall!furnish!the!Engineer!and!the!Owner’s!Representative!a!
copy!of!the!waste!manifest!prior!to!shipment!of!waste!or!recyclable!materials.!

1.5 SCOPE'OF'WORK'

A. The! Contractor! is! expected! to! carefully! examine! the! site! of! the! proposed! work,! specifications,! and!
contract!forms.!!The!Contractor!shall!satisfy!himself!as!to!the!character,!quality,!and!quantities!of!work!
to!be!performed,!materials!to!be!furnished,!and!as!to!the!requirements!of!the!contract.!

B. The! Contractor! shall! be! responsible! for! compliance! with! all! current! requirements! for! removal! and!
disposal!of!all!ACM!from!the!building.!!In'addition,'any'suspect'ACM'that'was'hidden'or'inaccessible'at'
the'time'the'survey'was'conducted'must'be'abated'and'disposed'of'within'the'scope'of'this'project'
and'should'be'anticipated'in'the'bid.!!!

C. The! Contractor! must! visually! inspect! the! structure! to! become! familiar! with! the! site! conditions.! ! No!
change! orders! will! be! issued! due! to! lack! of! knowledge! of! the! site! conditions.! ! The! Contractor! shall!
review!available!drawings!and!asbestos!sampling!information!to!be!familiar!with!the!location!of!ACM!at!
the!structure!and!to!estimate!the!quantity!of!ACM!to!be!removed.!!The!Contractor!shall!ensure!ACM!is!
removed!prior!to!conducting!renovation!activities!that!may!render!the!ACM!friable!or!subject!the!ACM!
to!pulverizing!forces.!

D. The! quantities! of! identified! ACM! at! the! subject! building! shall! be! estimated! and! verified! by! the!
Contractor!for!bidding!purposes.!

Bhate!Project!No:!9130001! June!2013! 2!
' ' ASBESTOS'ABATEMENT'
RAMSAY2MCCORMACK'BUILDING' ' ' TECHNICAL'SPECIFICATIONS'

E. The! asbestos! abatement! work! must! be! completed! and! each! work! area! must! pass! the! appropriate!
clearance! inspection! prior! to! work! being! performed! by! other! trade! contractors! in! the! renovation!
process.!

F. Hazardous!Materials:!During!asbestos!abatement!work,!removal!of!ceiling!and!walls!may!be!required.!!
The! contractor! shall! be! responsible! for! removal! of! and! disposal! of! light! fixtures! within! asbestos!
abatement!work!areas.!
1. Fluorescent!light!fixture!ballasts!are!known!to!contain!oil!with!polychlorinated!biphenyls!(PCBs).!!
Light!fixtures!demolished!during!the!work!shall!be!checked!for!the!presence!of!PCB!ballasts.!!All!
ballasts! that! are! not! clearly! labeled! “NO_PCBs”! shall! be! considered! as! containing! PCBs! and!
handled!appropriately.!
2. Fluorescent! light! fixture! light! bulbs! contain! mercury! and! mercury! vapors.! ! Bulbs! are! to! be!
collected!without!breakage!for!recycling.!!
3. Mercury! controller! switches,! such! as! those! associated! with! HVAC! equipment,! may! be!
encountered!and!shall!be!handled!appropriately!without!breakage!by!recycling.!

G. The! schedule! of! work! for! this! project! shall! be! coordinated! with! the! Engineer! and! the! Owner’s!
Representative.!!The!Contractor!will!provide!a!detailed!work!schedule!prior!to!start!of!any!work.!!Any!
changes!to!this!schedule!shall!be!reported!to!the!Engineer!and!the!Owner’s!Representative.!

1.6 LOCATIONS'OF'IDENTIFIED'ACMS'

A. Based! on! the! limited! sampling! survey! performed! by! Bhate! in! January! 2011! (under! separate! cover),!
friable!and!non_friable!asbestos_containing!materials!were!identified!at!the!subject!site!and!will!require!
abatement.!!All'Contractors'submitting'a'bid'for'abatement'and'disposal'of'these'materials'must'visit'
the'subject'site'and'estimate'the'quantity'of'ACM'onsite.!!Table!1.6.1!presents!a!summary!of!the!ACM!
and!the!locations!of!the!asbestos!identified!during!the!inspection.!
!
Table'1.6.1'2'Locations'of'Identified'ACMs!
Homogeneous' 1
Material'Type! Material'Location '! Friable' Quantities'
Area'ID'
Roof!flashing!on!parapet!
RF1!and!RF2! Roof! Category!I! 500!LF!
wall!

FD1! Floor!debris! Throughout!building! Friable! 50,000!SF!

Textured!wall!and!ceiling!
TC1!and!WT1! Floors!2!through!8! Friable! 35,000!SF!
material!
Pipe!chases,!above!
PI1,!PI2,!and!
Pipe!insulation! ceilings,!in!walls,! Friable! 9,000!LF!
AC1!
and!in!basement!
th th
6 !floor,!4 !floor,!
FT1,!FT2,!FT3,! rd
and!3 !floor!offices;!
FT4,!FT5,!FT6,! Various!floor!tiles!and!
all!office!/!store! Category!I! 5,000!SF!
FT7,!FT8,!and! mastics! st
areas!on!1 !floor;!
FT9!
and!basement!
Pipe!elbows,!pipe!wraps,! Pipe!chases,!
PW1! Friable! 90!each!
and!joints! basement!

Bhate!Project!No:!9130001! June!2013! 3!
' ' ASBESTOS'ABATEMENT'
RAMSAY2MCCORMACK'BUILDING' ' ' TECHNICAL'SPECIFICATIONS'

Table'1.6.1'2'Locations'of'Identified'ACMs!
Homogeneous' 1
Material'Type! Material'Location '! Friable' Quantities'
Area'ID'
On!metal!duct!work!
DT1!and!DT2! White!and!cream!duct!tape! in!all!mechanical! Friable! 250!LF!
rooms!

BI1! Boiler!insulation! Basement! Friable! 1,200!SF!

Elevator!doors!and!fire!
Not!sampled! All!floors! ! 40!each!
doors!
1
' If!the!ACM!materials!are!encountered!in!locations!other!than!the!ones!listed!in!this!report,!they!should!also!be!considered!
ACMs.! ! Additionally,! the! contractor! must! verify! if! these! materials! are! located! in! other! areas! and! assess! the! quantities!
independently.! ! It! should! be! noted! that! these! locations! are! based! on! Bhate’s! observations! and! are! approximate.! ! If! the!
material! is! planned! for! removal,! the! contractor! must! visit! the! site! and! perform! an! independent! measurement! of! the!
'
quantities.!!

B. It! should! be! noted! that! the! building! is! in! a! dilapidated! and! unsafe! condition.! Fallen! building! material!
debris!was!observed!in!several!locations!throughout!the!subject!building.!!Also,!due!to!the!condition!of!
th!
the!building,!not!all!areas!could!be!evaluated!for!suspect!material.!!After!sampling!of!the!10 floor,!a!
th
portion!of!the!staircase!leading!to!the!10 !floor!fell!making!upper!levels!inaccessible.!

C. The! schedule! of! work! for! this! project! shall! be! coordinated! with! the! Engineer! and! the! Owner’s!
Representative.!!The!Contractor!will!provide!a!detailed!work!schedule!prior!to!start!of!any!work.!!Any!
changes!to!this!schedule!shall!be!reported!to!the!Engineer!and!the!Owner’s!Representative.!

D. The!Contractor!shall!comply!with!all!minimum!security!requirements!as!required!by!the!Owner.!

1.7 REGULATIONS'

A. All!applicable!federal,!State,!and!local!laws!and!regulations!concerning!environmental!pollution!control,!
asbestos!abatement,!and!structure!demolition,!as!well!as!the!specific!requirements!stated!elsewhere!in!
the! Contract! Documents,! shall! be! complied! with.! ! The! Contractor! shall! be! familiar! with! the! following!
applicable! codes! and! regulations.! ! The! most! recent! issue! of! each! document! shall! govern.! ! Where!
conflict! exists! among! various! requirements! or! with! these! specifications,! the! more! stringent!
requirements!shall!apply.!
!
1. TITLE!29,!CODE!OF!FEDERAL!REGULATIONS!(CFR),!U.S.!DEPARTMENT!OF!LABOR,!OCCUPATIONAL!
SAFETY!AND!HEALTH!ADMINISTRATION!(OSHA)!STANDARDS.!
!
a. Part!1910.20!Access!to!Employee!Exposure!and!Medical!Records!
b. Part!1910.134!Respiratory!Protection!
c. Part!1926.21!Safety!Training!and!Education!
d. Part!1926.59!Hazard!Communication!
e. Part!1926.1101!Asbestos!
!
2. TITLE!40,!CFR,!U.S.!ENVIRONMENTAL!PROTECTION!AGENCY!(EPA)!STANDARDS.!
!
a. Part! 61,! Subpart! A! National! Emissions! Standard! for! Hazardous! Air! Pollutants! _! General!
Provisions!
b. Part! 61,! Subpart! M! National! Emission! Standards! for! Hazardous! Air! Pollutants! _! National!
Emission!Standard!for!Asbestos!

Bhate!Project!No:!9130001! June!2013! 4!
' ' ASBESTOS'ABATEMENT'
RAMSAY2MCCORMACK'BUILDING' ' ' TECHNICAL'SPECIFICATIONS'

c. Part!763!Asbestos_Containing!Materials!in!Schools!
!
3. TITLE!49,!CFR,!U.S.!DEPARTMENT!OF!TRANSPORTATION!(DOT)!STANDARDS!
!
a. Part!171!Hazardous!Substances!
b. Part! 172! Hazardous! Materials! Tables! and! Hazardous! Materials! Communications!
Regulations!
c. Part!173!Shippers!_!General!Requirements!
!
4. STATE!AND!LOCAL!REQUIREMENTS:!
!
a. Abide!by!all!State!and!local!requirements!which!govern!demolition,!asbestos!abatement!
work!or!hauling!and!disposal!of!asbestos!waste!materials.!

1.8 LICENSE'REQUIREMENTS'

A. The! Contractor! shall! hold! all! current! licenses! as! required! by! State! of! Alabama! including! a! General!
Contractor’s!license!if!necessary.!

1.9 AGENCY'NOTIFICATIONS'

A. The!Contractor!shall!be!responsible!for!obtaining!all!the!necessary!permits!at!their!own!expense!from!
the! City! of! Birmingham! Building! and! Inspections! Department! within! ten! (10)! days! after! the! notice! to!
proceed! pursuant! to! asbestos! removal,! structural! demolition,! hauling,! and! disposal.! ! Further,! the!
Contractor! shall! provide! timely! notification! at! their! own! expense! of! asbestos! removal,! structural!
demolition,!hauling,!and!disposal!as!may!be!required!by!federal,!State,!regional,!and!local!authorities.!

B. Prior! to! commencement! of! asbestos! abatement! work,! the! Contractor! shall! send! appropriate! written!
notice!of!the!proposed!abatement!work!to!the!agencies!and!offices!listed!below!as!a!minimum.!
!
Mr.!Craig!Tucker!
Air!Pollution!Program!
Jefferson!County!Department!of!Health!
P.O.!Box!2648!
Birmingham,!Alabama!35202_2648!
Phone:!205_930_1587!
Craig.tucker@jcdh.org!
!
Mr.!Richard!Pigford!!
Architecture!Works!
130!19th!Street!South!
Birmingham,!Alabama!35233!
Phone:!205_320_0880!
rpigford@architectureworks.com!
!

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Mr.!Dyke!Whyard!/!Ms.!Dana!Tilton!
Bhate!Environmental!Associates,!Inc.!
th
1608!13 !Avenue!South,!Suite!300!
Birmingham,!Alabama!35205!
Phone:!205_918_4000!
dwhyard@bhate.com!/!dtilton@bhate.com!

C. Notification!to!the!Jefferson!County!Department!of!Health!must!be!submitted!on!the!"Notification!of!
Demolition!and!Renovation"!form.!!The!notice!shall!be!received!by!each!party!at!least!10!working!days!
prior!to!the!start!of!asbestos!abatement!work.!

D. Notify!the!Engineer!and!the!Owner’s!Representative!a!minimum!of!24_hours!prior!to!the!date!the!Work!
is!to!commence.!!Such!notification!may!be!by!telephone!or!email.!!Notification!shall!reference!the!work!
schedule.!!

E. Notify! the! Engineer! of! all! air! monitoring! results! within! 24_hours! of! sampling! completion.! ! Such!
notification! may! be! by! telephone,! email,! or! FAX.! ! The! notification! shall! reference! the! work! area!
identification,!sample!results,!and!other!pertinent!information.!

F. Provide! written! notification! of! schedule! changes! or! any! changes! in! the! inspection! findings! to! the!
agencies!and!offices!requiring!notification!under!this!Section.!

G. Upon! completion! of! the! asbestos! removal,! submit! notification! of! project! completion! to! the! agencies!
and!offices!requiring!notification!under!this!Section.!

1.10 DEFINITIONS'

A. The!following!commonly!used!terms!are!defined!in!the!context!of!these!specifications.!
!
1. Abatement:! Procedures! to! control! or! decrease! fiber! release! from! asbestos_containing! building!
materials! or! insulation! material! containing! asbestos.! ! Includes! removal,! enclosure,! and!
encapsulation.!
2. Adequately! Wet:! A! term! as! defined! in! CFR! 40! Part! 61,! Subpart! M! and! EPA! 340/1_90_019! that!
means!to!sufficiently!mix!or!penetrate!with!liquid!to!prevent!the!release!of!particulates.!!If!visible!
emissions!are!observed!coming!from!asbestos_containing!material!(ACM),!then!that!material!has!
not!been!adequately!wetted.!!However,!the!absence!of!visible!emissions!is!not!sufficient!evidence!
of!being!adequately!wetted.!
3. Air! Filtration! Device! (AFD):! A! portable! local! exhaust! system! equipped! with! HEPA! filtration,!
capable! of! maintaining! a! constant! low! velocity! air! flow! into! contaminated! areas! from! adjacent,!
uncontaminated! areas! and! capable! of! maintaining! a! negative! air! pressure! with! respect! to! the!
adjacent,!uncontaminated!areas.!
4. Air!Lock:!A!system!for!permitting!ingress!or!egress!to!the!work!area!while!permitting!minimal!air!
movement! between! a! contaminated! area! and! an! uncontaminated! area,! typically! consisting! of!
two!curtained!doorways!placed!a!minimum!of!three!feet!apart.!
5. Air!Monitoring:!The!process!of!measuring!the!fiber!content!of!a!specific!volume!of!air!in!a!stated!
period!of!time.!!Personal!air!sampling!results!shall!be!calculated!to!reflect!the!employee's!eight!
hour! time! weighted! average! (TWA)! exposure.! ! Area! sampling! results! are! reported! directly,!
without!calculating!the!TWA.!
6. Air! Monitoring! Specialist! /! Firm:! An! authorized! and! qualified! person! or! firm! contracted! or!
employed!by!the!Contractor!to!conduct!air!monitoring.!

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7. Amended!Water:!Water!to!which!a!surfactant!has!been!added!to!decrease!the!surface!tension!to!
35!or!less!dynes.!
8. Asbestos:! The! asbestiform! varieties! of! serpentine! (chrysotile),! riebeckite! (crocidolite),!
cummingtonite_grunerite! (amosite),! anthophyllite,! and! actinolite_tremolite.! ! For! purposes! of!
determining! respiratory! and! worker! protection! both! the! asbestiform! and! non_asbestiform!
varieties! of! the! above! minerals! and! any! of! these! materials! that! have! been! chemically! treated!
and/or!altered!shall!be!considered!as!asbestos.!
9. Asbestos_Containing! Building! Material! (ACBM):! Surfacing! ACM,! thermal! system! insulation! ACM,!
or! miscellaneous! ACM! that! is! found! in! or! on! interior! structural! members! or! other! parts! of! a!
building.!
10. Asbestos_Containing! Material! (ACM):! Any! material! containing! more! than! 1%! by! weight! of!
asbestos!of!any!type!or!mixture!of!types.!
11. Asbestos_Containing! Waste! Material:! Any! material! which! is! or! is! suspected! of! being! or! any!
material!contaminated!with!an!asbestos_containing!material!which!is!to!be!removed!from!a!work!
area!for!disposal.!
12. Asbestos! Debris:! Pieces! of! ACBM! that! can! be! identified! by! color,! texture,! or! composition,! or!
means!dust!if!determined!by!an!accredited!inspector!to!be!ACM.!
13. Asbestos! Removal! Encapsulant:! A! chemical! solution! used! in! place! of! amended! water! during!
asbestos!removal!to!penetrate,!bind,!and!encapsulate!the!asbestos_containing!material.!
14. Authorized! Visitor:! The! Owner! or! the! Owner’s! Representatives! or! representatives! of! any!
regulatory!or!other!agency!having!jurisdiction!over!the!project.!
15. Barrier:!Any!surface!that!seals!off!the!work!area!to!inhibit!the!movement!of!air.!
16. Breathing! Zone:! A! hemisphere! forward! of! the! shoulders! with! a! radius! of! approximately! 6! to! 9!
inches.!
17. Class! I! Asbestos! Work:! Work! as! defined! by! OSHA! in! Standard! 29! CFR! 1926.1101(b)! as! being!
activities! involving! the! removal! of! thermal! system! insulation! (TSI)! and! surfacing! asbestos_
containing!material!(ACM)!and!presumed!asbestos_containing!material!(PACM).!
18. Class! II! Asbestos! Work:! Work! as! defined! by! OSHA! in! Standard! 29! CFR! 1926.1101(b)! as! being!
activities!involving!the!removal!of!ACM!which!is!not!TSI!or!surfacing!material.!!This!includes,!but!is!
not! limited! to,! the! removal! of! asbestos_containing! wallboard,! floor! tile! and! sheeting,! asphaltic!
roofing,!asbestos!cement!roofing!and!siding!shingles,!and!construction!mastics!
19. Competent! Person:! Definition! and! responsibilities! as! set! down! in! 29! CFR! 1926.1101(b)! and! as!
outlined! herein.! One! who! is! capable! of! identifying! existing! asbestos! hazards! and! selecting! the!
appropriate! control! strategy! for! asbestos! exposure,! who! has! the! authority! to! take! prompt!
corrective!measures!to!eliminate!them,!as!specified!in!29!CFR!1926.32(f),!and!for!Class!I!and!Class!
II! work! who! is! specially! trained! in! a! training! course! which! meets! the! criteria! of! EPA’s! Model!
Accreditation!Plan!(40!CFR!763)!for!supervisor,!or!its!equivalent.!
20. Critical!Seal:!An!airtight!seal!that!covers!openings!along!the!perimeter!walls,!ceiling!and!floor!of!
the!work!area.!!The!critical!seals!consist!of!one!layer!of!reinforced!fire_retardant!plastic!sheeting!
that!covers!each!opening.!!Critical!seals!are!established!prior!to!plasticizing!the!work!area.!
21. Curtained! Doorway:! A! device! to! allow! ingress! or! egress! from! one! room! to! another! while!
permitting!minimal!air!movement!between!the!rooms.!
22. Decontamination! Enclosure! System:! A! series! of! connected! rooms! for! the! decontamination! of!
workers! (a! Personnel! Decontamination! Enclosure! System)! or! of! materials! and! equipment!
(Equipment!Decontamination!Enclosure!System).!
23. Differential!Air!Pressure!Recording!Device:!A!device!capable!of!producing!a!continual!strip!record,!
in!increments!of!0.001!inches!of!water!of!the!pressure!differential!between!the!containment!area!
(work!area)!and!the!ambient!air!pressure.!
24. Disposal!Bags:!Properly!labeled!6!mil!thick!leak_tight!plastic!bags!used!for!transporting!asbestos!
waste!from!regulated!area!to!the!disposal!site.!
25. Engineer:!The!Owner’s!Representative!who!is!authorized!to!exercise!general!administration!and!
supervision!of!the!work!under!the!direction!of!the!Owner.!

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26. Equipment! Decontamination! Enclosure! System:! A! decontamination! system! for! waste! materials!
and! equipment,! typically! consisting! of! a! designated! area! of! the! work! area,! a! washroom,! and! a!
holding! area,! with! an! air! lock! between! any! two! adjacent! rooms! and! a! curtained! doorway!
between!the!holding!area!and!the!non_work!area.!!Not!to!be!used!for!personnel!entry/exit.!
27. Excursion!Limit:!No!employee!shall!be!exposed!to!an!airborne!concentration!of!asbestos!in!excess!
of!1.0!f/cc!of!air!as!averaged!over!a!sampling!period!of!30!minutes.!
28. Fixed!Object:!A!unit!of!equipment!or!furniture!in!the!work!area,!which!cannot!be!removed!from!
the!work!area.!!
29. Friable!ACM:!A!term!as!defined!in!CFR!40!Part!61,!Subpart!M!and!EPA!340/1_90_018!that!means!
any!material!containing!more!than!1!percent!asbestos!as!determined!using!the!method!specified!
in!CFR!40!Part!763,!Appendix!A,!Subpart!F,!Section!1,!Polarized!Light!Microscopy,!that!when!dry,!
can!be!crumbled,!pulverized,!or!reduced!to!powder!by!hand!pressure.!
30. Full! Facepiece! High! Efficiency! Respirator! (FFHER):! A! respirator! which! covers! the! wearer's! entire!
face!from!the!hairline!to!below!the!chin!and!which!is!equipped!with!a!HEPA!filter.!!
31. Half!Mask!High!Efficiency!Respirator!(HMHER):!A!respirator!which!covers!one!half!of!the!wearer's!
face,!from!the!bridge!of!the!nose!to!below!the!chin,!and!is!equipped!with!HEPA!filters.!
32. HEPA! Filter:! A! High! Efficiency! Particulate! Air! (HEPA)! filter! capable! of! trapping! and! retaining!
99.97%!of!asbestos!fibers!0.3!microns!in!diameter.!
33. HEPA! Vacuum! Equipment:! High! efficiency! particulate! air! (HEPA)! filtered! vacuuming! equipment!
having! an! Underwriters! Laboratories,! Inc.! (UL)! 586! filter! system! capable! of! collecting! and!
retaining!asbestos!fibers.!
34. Lockdown:!Procedure!of!applying!an!encapsulant!as!a!protective!coating!or!sealant!to!a!surface!
from! which! ACM! has! been! removed! in! order! to! control! and! minimize! airborne! asbestos! fiber!
generation!that!might!result!from!residual!asbestos_containing!debris.!!
35. Movable!Object:!A!unit!of!equipment!or!furniture!which!can!be!removed!from!the!work!area.!
36. Negative!Initial!Exposure!Assessment:!A!demonstration!by!the!employer!that!employee!exposure!
during!an!operation!is!expected!to!be!consistently!below!the!permissible!exposure!limit!(PEL).!
37. Negative! Pressure! Respirator:! A! respirator! in! which! the! air! pressure! inside! the! respiratory_inlet!
covering! is! positive! during! exhalation! in! relation! to! the! air! pressure! of! the! outside! atmosphere!
and!negative!during!inhalation!in!relation!to!the!air!pressure!of!the!outside!atmosphere.!
38. Permissible!Exposure!Limits!(PELs):!PELs!shall!be!as!determined!using!the!Sampling!and!Analytical!
Procedure!as!promulgated!in!29!CFR!1926.1101,!Appendix!A.!
39. Personal!Monitoring:!Sampling!of!the!asbestos!fiber!concentrations!within!the!breathing!zone!of!
an!employee.!
40. Personnel! Decontamination! Enclosure! System:! A! decontamination! system! for! personnel! and!
limited! equipment,! ! typically! consisting! of! an! equipment! room,! shower! room,! and! clean! room,!
with! an! air! lock! between! any! two! adjacent! rooms,! and! a! curtained! doorway! between! the!
equipment!room!and!the!work!area,!and!a!curtained!doorway!between!the!clean!room!and!the!
non_work!area.!!The!decontamination!system!serves!as!the!only!entrance/exit!for!the!work!area.!
41. Plasticize:!To!cover!floors!and!walls!with!plastic!sheeting!as!herein!specified.!
42. Powered! Air! Purifying! Respirator! (PAPR):! Either! a! full! facepiece,! helmet,! or! hooded! respirator!
that!powers!breathing!air!to!the!wearer!after!the!air!has!been!purified!through!a!HEPA!filter.!
43. Pressure! Differential! and! Ventilation! System:! A! local! exhaust! system,! utilizing! HEPA! filtration!
capable! of! maintaining! a! pressure! differential! with! the! inside! of! the! Work! Area! at! a! lower!
pressure! than! any! adjacent! area,! and! which! cleans! recirculated! air! or! generates! a! constant! air!
flow!from!adjacent!areas!into!the!Work!Area.!
44. Protection! Factor:! The! ratio! of! the! ambient! concentration! of! an! airborne! substance! to! the!
concentration! of! the! substance! inside! the! respirator! at! the! breathing! zone! of! the! wearer.! ! The!
protection!factor!is!a!measure!of!the!degree!of!protection!provided!by!a!respirator!to!the!wearer.!
45. RACM:! Means! “regulated! asbestos_containing! material”! to! include:! a)! friable! asbestos! material;!
b)!Category!I!non_friable!ACM!that!has!become!friable;!c)!Category!I!non_friable!ACM!that!will!be!
or! has! been! subjected! to! sanding,! grinding,! cutting,! or! abrading,! or;! d)! Category! II! non_friable!

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ACM!that!has!a!high!probability!of!becoming!or!has!become!crumbled,!pulverized,!or!reduced!to!
powder!by!the!forces!expected!to!act!on!the!material!in!the!course!of!demolition!or!renovation!
operations.!
46. Regulated! Area:! Area! established! by! the! employer! to! demarcate! areas! where! Class! II! asbestos!
work! is! conducted,! and! any! adjoining! area! where! debris! and! waste! from! such! asbestos! work!
accumulates.!!Requirements!for!regulated!areas!are!set!out!in!29!CFR!1926.1101(e).!
47. Removal:! The! act! of! removing! and! transporting! asbestos_containing! or! asbestos_contaminated!
materials!from!the!work!area!to!a!suitable!disposal!site.!
48. Surfactant:!A!chemical!wetting!agent!added!to!water!to!improve!penetration,!thus!reducing!the!
quantity!of!water!required!for!a!given!operation!or!area.!
49. Thermal!System!Insulation!(TSI):!ACM!applied!to!pipes,!fittings,!boilers,!breeching,!tanks,!ducts!or!
other!structural!components!to!prevent!heat!loss!or!gain.!
50. Time! Weighted! Average! (TWA):! The! average! concentration! of! a! contaminant! in! air! during! a!
specific!time!period.!
51. Time! Weighted! Average! Limit:! No! employee! shall! be! exposed! to! an! airborne! concentration! of!
asbestos!in!excess!of!0.1!fiber!per!cubic!centimeter!(f/cc)!of!air!as!an!eight!(8)!hour!time!weighted!
average!(TWA).!
52. Wet! Cleaning:! The! process! of! eliminating! asbestos! contamination! from! building! surfaces! and!
objects!by!using!cloths,!mops,!or!other!cleaning!tools!which!have!been!dampened!with!amended!
water! or! asbestos! removal! encapsulant! and! by! afterwards! disposing! of! these! cleaning! tools! as!
asbestos_contaminated!waste.!!
53. Work!Area:!Designated!rooms,!spaces,!or!areas!of!the!project!where!asbestos!abatement!actions!
are!to!be!undertaken!or!which!may!become!contaminated!as!a!result!of!such!abatement!actions.!!
A! Contained! Work! Area! has! been! sealed,! plasticized,! and! equipped! with! a! decontamination!
enclosure!system.!!A!Non_Contained!Work!Area!is!an!isolated!or!controlled_access!area!which!has!
not!been!plasticized.!

PART 2 - PROJECT'EXECUTION'

2.1 GENERAL'WORK'REQUIREMENTS'

A. Supervision!and!Quality!of!the!Work!
!
1. From!the!start!of!work!through!completion!of!the!project,!the!Contractor!shall!have!a!responsible!
and! competent! Superintendent! on! site.! ! The! Superintendent! will! be! the! Contractor's!
representative!at!the!site,!shall!have!authority!to!act!on!behalf!of!the!Contractor,!and!shall!retain!
complete!jurisdiction!over!the!work.!!All!communications!to!the!Superintendent!by!the!Engineer!
and!the!Owner’s!Representative!shall!be!binding!as!if!given!to!the!Contractor.!
!
2. The! Superintendent! shall! supervise,! inspect,! and! direct! the! Work! competently! and! efficiently,!
devoting!such!skills!and!expertise!as!may!be!necessary!to!perform!the!Work!in!accordance!with!
this!Specification.!

B. Contractor's!Use!of!Site!
!
1. Operations!at!the!site!shall!be!confined!to!the!areas!permitted!under!the!Contract.!Compliance!
with!all!site!rules!and!regulations!shall!be!maintained!while!engaged!in!project!work.!
!
2. During!the!abatement!process,!the!structure!will!remain!vacant.!
!

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3. The! Contractor! shall! coordinate! the! work! schedule! with! the! Engineer! and! the! Owner’s!
Representative.!
!
4. An! area! will! be! designated! for! staging! of! the! Contractor’s! equipment! during! mobilization,! load_
out! and! demobilization! only.! ! Use! of! other! areas! is! prohibited.! ! The! location! and! extent! of! the!
staging!area!will!be!determined!by!the!Engineer!and!the!Owner’s!Representative!during!the!pre_
construction!meeting.!

C. Stop!Work!Order!
!
1. Non_Contained! Work! Areas:! The! Engineer! will! stop! the! work! should! the! fiber! count! in! non_
contained! work! areas! and! adjacent! non_work! areas! exceed! 0.01! f/cc! of! air! or! the! background!
count! (the! greater! of! these! two! values! will! be! used! as! the! reference).! ! Work! shall! not! resume!
until! the! condition(s)! causing! the! increase! are! corrected! by! the! Contractor! and! affected! areas!
have!been!cleaned.!
!
2. Emergency! Procedures:! During! abatement! of! ACM,! any! condition! which! may! require! additional!
controls! and! protection! shall! be! discussed! with! the! Engineer.! ! Work! shall! not! resume! until!
authorized!to!do!so!by!the!Engineer.!

D. Daily!Meetings!
!
1. The!Contractor!shall!conduct!a!weekly!site!operations!meeting!for!each!day!he!works!onsite!at!a!
time!and!location!agreed!upon!with!the! Engineer!and!Owner’s!Representative.!!The!Contractor!
shall!discuss!the!progress!of!the!work!and!coordinate!his!daily!work!schedule!with!the!Engineer!
and!Owner’s!Representative.!!

2.2 PROJECT'RECORDS'

A. Project!Documentation!
!
1. The!Contractor!shall!maintain!on!the!project!site!a!daily!log!documenting!the!dates!and!times!of!
the!following:!
!
a. Meetings:!purpose,!attendees,!brief!discussion.!
b. Personnel,!by!name!and!social!security!number!(or!alternate!unique!identifier),!entering!
and!leaving!the!work!area.!
c. Special!or!unusual!events,!equipment!failures,!accidents.!
d. Air!monitoring!tests!and!test!results!(OSHA!compliance!monitoring!performed!during!the!
work).!
e. Removal!of!waste!materials!from!the!work!area.!
f. Inspections!and!release!of!the!work!area!for!re_occupancy.!

B. Post!Project!Documentation!
!
1. The!Contractor!shall!provide!the!requested!documentation!to!the!Engineer!and/or!the!Owner’s!
Representative! within! two! weeks! of! substantial! completion! of! the! asbestos! abatement! work.!
Provide!the!following!documents:!
!
a. A!copy!of!all!approved!submittals.!!
b. Copies!of!all!documents!required!by!the!specifications!including:!!

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1) Daily!Logs,!
2) Special!Reports,!
3) Inspection!Certifications,!
4) Air!Monitoring!results,!
5) Waste!Disposal!Receipts,!and!
6) Daily!Work!Area!Strip!Charts,!if!applicable.!

C. Special!Reports!
!
1. If! an! accident,! personal! injury! or! an! event! of! unusual! and! significant! nature! occurs! at! site! the!
Contractor! shall! prepare! and! submit! a! special! report! listing! the! chain! of! events,! persons!
participating,!response!by!the!Contractor's!personnel,!and!similar!pertinent!information.!
!
2. If!an!unusual!condition!is!discovered!during!the!work,!prepare!and!submit!a!report!indicating!the!
condition!discovered.!
!
3. If! hazardous! conditions,! hazardous! materials! or! hazardous! wastes! are! unexpectedly! uncovered!
during!the!work,!the!Contractor!shall!stop!all!work!in!connection!with!such!hazardous!conditions!
and! immediately! notify! the! Engineer.! ! Submit! a! report! indicating! the! condition! discovered! and!
details!of!the!actions!taken!as!soon!as!possible!but!no!later!than!24!hours.!

D. Pre_Work!Submittals!
!
1. Provide!three!(3)!copies!of!the!following!submittals!to!the!Engineer!at!least!ten!(10)!days!prior!to!
start!of!any!work.!!The!Engineer!with!review!the!materials!and!respond!within!three!(3)!working!
days! of! receipt.! ! The! Contractor! must! receive! written! acceptance! of! the! submittals! prior! to!
mobilization!to!project!site.!!!!
!
a. Health!and!Safety!Plan:!!Written!Health!and!Safety!Plan!addressing!procedures!for!work!
place! safety.! ! Address! how! physical! and! health! hazards! associated! with! the! work! are!
identified!and!communicated!to!employees,!and!the!name!of!the!person!responsible!for!
implementation! of! the! Health! and! Safety! Plan.! ! Address! procedures! for! using! scaffolds,!
hoists!and!ladders!safely,!electrical!safety!procedures,!and!guidelines!for!protection!from!
noise,!heat!stress,!chemical!exposure,!and!trip/fall!hazards.!
b. Contingency!Plan:!!Written!Emergency!Action!Plan!outlining!the!actions!to!be!performed!
for! emergencies! including! fire,! accident,! or! unexpected! asbestos! contamination! in! the!
adjacent! site! area! and! on! the! adjoining! grounds.! ! This! Plan! shall! identify! the! manner! in!
which! emergencies! are! announced,! emergency! procedures! and! persons! responsible! for!
rescue,!medical!duties,!and!fire!prevention.!
c. Work! Plan:! ! Provide! a! work! plan! indicating! the! sequencing! of! the! removal! activities,!
description! of! the! abatement! area! containment! methods,! description! of! the! work!
methods! and! removal! procedures! to! be! used,! description! of! the! waste! handling! and!
preparation! for! disposal,! location! of! work! area! entrance! and! egress! points,! location! of!
decontamination!unit(s),!location!of!air!filtration!devices!(AFDs),!methods!and!locations!of!
waste! containment,! conveyance,! and! collection! devices! (i.e.! roll_offs)! and! drawings!
showing!the!regulated!area.!
d. Progress!Schedule:!Schedule!showing!the!order!in!which!the!Contractor!proposes!to!carry!
out!the!work,!the!date!he!will!start!work,!and!the!projected!date!of!completion!for!each!
work! area,! as! necessary.! ! The! Contractor! shall! provide! the! specific! hours! the! Contractor!
intends!to!work!onsite,!and!the!number!of!personnel!to!work!each!shift.!
e. Notifications:! ! Proof! of! written! pre_work! notification! submitted! to! agencies! requiring!
notification!under!Paragraph!"Agency!Notifications".!

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f. Contractor’s!License:!!Copies!of!licenses!specific!to!construction/demolition!and!asbestos!
abatement!for!the!state!in!which!work!is!to!be!performed.!
g. Respirator! Program:! ! Written! respiratory! protection! program! as! required! by! OSHA!
regulations.!!Respirator!fit!test!verification!required!for!asbestos!abatement!workers.!!
h. Employee!Information:!!The!contractor!should!provide!the!following!information!for!each!
employee!assigned!to!perform!asbestos!abatement!work!at!this!jobsite.!!The!information!
should!be!arranged!by!employee.!
1.! Training!Certificates:!!Copies!of!all!supervisor’s!and!workers!training!certificates!and!
any!annual!re_accreditation!records!which!demonstrate!receipt!of!EPA_approved!or!
OSHA!mandated!training!courses!required!to!perform!asbestos_related!work.!!
2.! Proof!of!Accreditation:!!Copies!of!state!accreditation!(may!be!a!certificate!or!copy!of!
card)!
3.! Physician!Statement:!!Copies!of!current!(within!the!preceding!12!months)!physician!
statements! for! each! employee! assigned! to! perform! asbestos! abatement! work! for!
this!project!and!to!perform!work!under!respirator!protection!stating!that!employee!
can!work!in!a!respirator.!
4.! Fit!Test:!!Copy!of!proof!of!fit!testing!(must!not!be!older!than!12!months.!
5.! Certificate! of! Worker’s! Acknowledgment:! Provide! completed! Worker’s!
Acknowledgment!for!each!employee!to!work!onsite!(see!Part!4!for!example!form).!
!
i. Product!Information:!Provide!a!complete!product!list!including!name!of!material!and!the!
manufacturer’s!name!for!all!materials!to!be!brought!to!the!site.!!Provide!a!Material!Safety!
Data! Sheet! (MSDS)! for! materials,! if! applicable.! ! Provide! additional! information! if!
requested.!
j. Waste!Handling!and!Disposal:!Written!procedures!for!waste!load_out,!temporary!storage,!
transportation,!and!location!of!disposal!site.!
k. Respiratory! Protection! Justification:! Provide! completed! Respiratory! Protection!
Justification!prior!to!beginning!work!(see!Part!5!for!example!form).!
!
2. Engineer!will!review!the!submittal!and!either!accept!the!information!or!notify!the!Contractor!in!
writing!of!the!deficiencies!in!the!submittal!within!two!working!days.!!Contractor!will!respond!in!a!
timely!manner!with!the!requested!revisions!to!the!Engineer.!!
!
3. Once!all!submittal!information!is!completed,!the!Engineer!will!issue!a!notice!of!acceptance!of!the!
pre_work!submittal!and!approval!for!the!Contractor!to!proceed!with!the!contracted!abatement!at!
the!designated!locations.!!
!
4. Contractor!shall!not!proceed!with!any!abatement!until!the!Engineer!has!reviewed!and!accepted!
all!pre_work!submittals.!!

E. During!Work!Submittals!
!
1. Provide!three!copies!of!the!following!submittals!during!performance!of!the!work.!
!
a. New!Personnel:!Names!of!new!personnel!assigned!to!the!project!during!the!course!of!the!
work.!!Submit!required!documentation!of!training!24!hours!in!advance!of!mobilization!of!
new!personnel!to!project!site.!
b. Any! changes! in! the! Progress! Schedule! proposed! by! the! Contractor! for! the! work! shall! be!
submitted! for! approval! seven! days! prior! to! the! commencement! date! of! the! proposed!
change,! or! as! soon! as! practicable! after! a! change! in! schedule! is! required.! ! A! revised!
Progress!Schedule!reflecting!actual!progress!of!the!work!and!corrections!for!the!remaining!
schedule!shall!be!submitted!at!the!end!of!each!week.!

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c. OSHA! Monitoring! Results:! Provide! a! copy! of! the! personnel! air! monitoring! results! to! the!
Engineer!and!they!shall!be!posted!within!24!hours!of!collection.!
d. Air!Monitoring!Results:!Provide!a!copy!of!the!area!air!monitoring!results!to!the!Engineer.!
e. Special!Reports!shall!be!submitted!as!soon!as!practicable!following!the!incident.!
f. Landfill!Receipt:!Receipts!from!the!landfill!operator!that!acknowledge!delivery!of!material,!
shall!be!submitted!within!three!days!following!removal!of!ACM!from!the!structure.!
g. Waste! Shipment! Records:! Copy! of! completed! Waste! Shipment! Record! form! and! landfill!
receipts.!

F. Post!Work!Submittals!
!
1. Provide!three!copies!of!the!following!submittals!within!ten!(10)!days!of!completion!of!the!work.!
!
a. Notifications:!!Copy!of!all!notifications!submitted!to!agencies!requiring!notification!under!
Paragraph!"Agency!Notifications".!
b. Log!Book:!!Copy!of!all!entries!made!in!site!log.!
c. Reports!listed!in!the!paragraph!for!Post!Project!Documentation.!

2.3 MATERIALS'AND'EQUIPMENT'

A. Materials!and!equipment!to!be!furnished!by!the!Contractor!for!the!work!shall!be!installed!according!to!
the!manufacturer's!written!instructions.!!Provide!the!following!as!required!for!the!project:!
!
1. Barrier:! A! physical! obstruction! that! is! intended! to! prevent! persons! from! accidentally! falling! or!
walking!through!floor!openings.!
2. Communications! Equipment:! Devices! suitable! for! inter_room! communications,! such! as!
"walkie_talkies"!or!"radio!band"!communicators!shall!be!provided!as!necessary.!
3. Disposal! Bags:! Plastic! Disposal! Bags! shall! be! a! minimum! of! six! mils! in! thickness.! ! Markings! and!
labels!on!disposal!bags!and!shipping!containers!shall!bear!danger!labels,!transportation!packaging!
marking! and! labels,! and! generator! identification! information.! ! Markings! and! labels! shall! be!
permanently! affixed! to! all! bags! and! shipping! containers! containing! ACM,! in! accordance! with!
OSHA!Standard!29!CFR!1926.1101(k)(7),!DOT!Standard!49!CFR!172,!and!EPA!Standard!40!CFR!Part!
61.150(a)(1)(v).!
4. Duct!Tape:!Duct!tape!shall!be!capable!of!sealing!joints!of!adjacent!sheets!of!plastic!sheeting!and!
shall!be!capable!of!adhering!under!both!dry!and!wet!conditions.!!Minimum!physical!properties:!
adhesion! to! steel! _! 45! ounces! per! inch! width! (ASTM! D_3330);! tensile! strength! at! break! _! 36!
pounds!per!inch!width!(ASTM!D_3759);!elongation!at!break!_!10%!(ASTM!D_3759).!
5. Encapsulants:! The! encapsulant! shall! carry! a! Class! "A"! fire! resistance! rating! and! shall! have! an!
American!Society!for!Testing!and!Materials!(ASTM)!E_162!flame!spread!index!of!15!or!less.!!A!tint!
shall! be! given! by! the! Contractor! to! the! encapsulant! by! means! of! the! addition! of! non_toxic,!
nonflammable!colorings!before!application.!!The!encapsulant!shall!be!installed!according!to!the!
manufacturer's!written!instructions.!
6. Fire!Extinguisher:!Type!"ABC"!dry!chemical!extinguisher!or!a!combination!of!several!extinguishers!
of!NFPA!recommended!types!for!the!fire!hazard!exposures!in!each!extinguisher!location!shall!be!
provided.!!Minimum!size!of!extinguisher!shall!be!4A,!and!40B:C.!A!minimum!of!one!extinguisher!
shall!be!provided!for!every!1,500!square!feet!of!floor!area,!with!a!maximum!travel!distance!to!an!
extinguisher! of! 75! feet.! ! At! least! one! extinguisher! shall! be! provided! in! each! decontamination!
enclosure.!!The!extinguisher!shall!be!placed!in!the!clean!room.!
7. Fire_Retardant!Plastic:!Plastic!or!polyethylene!sheet!used!for!general!work!area!plasticizing!shall!
be! minimum! 6! mil! flame! retardant! plastic! sheeting! that! meets! the! National! Fire! Protection!
Association!(NFPA)!701!Large_Scale!test!requirements.!

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8. Foam! Sealant:! Foam! Sealant! shall! be! expanding! urethane! Class! 1! foam! sealant! with! a! UL! 723!
flame! spread! index! of! 25! or! less,! smoke! developed! index! of! 0,! and! a! minimum! operating!
o o
temperature!range!between!_100 F!and!250 F.!
9. Other! Materials:! All! other! materials,! such! as! lumber,! plywood,! tools,! adhesive,! nails,! hardware,!
etc.,! required! to! perform! the! work! described! in! this! section! shall! be! provided.! ! Materials! and!
equipment! shall! be! new! or! used,! uncontaminated! by! asbestos,! in! serviceable! condition,! and!
appropriate!for!the!intended!purpose.!
10. Plywood:!Plywood!used!for!temporary!partitions!shall!be!minimum!3/8_inch!C_D!exterior!grade.!
11. Scaffolding:! Provide! scaffolding,! ladders! and! or! staging! equipment,! as! necessary! to! accomplish!
the! work.! ! Scaffolding! may! be! of! suspension! type! or! standing! type! such! as! metal! tube! and!
coupler,! tubular! welded! frame,! pole! or! outrigger! type! or! cantilever! type.! ! The! type,! erection!
requirements,! and! use! of! scaffolding! shall! comply! with! applicable! OSHA! provisions.! ! Rungs! of!
metal! ladders,! scaffolds,! and! all! surfaces! of! such! equipment! subject! to! foot! traffic! shall! be!
equipped!with!a!nonskid!surface.!!Temporary!hand!railing!systems!may!need!to!be!installed!on!
stairways.!
12. Spray! Adhesive:! Spray! Aerosol! Adhesive! shall! be! specially! formulated! to! stick! to! sheet!
polyethylene.!!The!product!shall!contain!no!methylene!chloride!or!restricted!chlorofluorocarbons!
(CFCs).!
13. Spraying!Equipment:!Equipment!used!to!apply!amended!water!or!removal!encapsulant!shall!be!of!
a!low!pressure!type!to!prevent!disturbance!of!the!asbestos!prior!to!physical!controlled!removal.!!
Asbestos!encapsulant!shall!be!spray_applied!by!an!airless!method.!
14. Surfactant:!Surfactant!(Wetting!Agent)!shall!consist!of!resin!materials!in!a!water!base,!which!have!
been!tested!to!ensure!materials!are!non_toxic!and!non_irritating!to!skin!and!eyes.!!Surfactant!shall!
be!installed!according!to!the!manufacturer's!written!instructions.!
15. Temporary!Partitions:!Temporary!partitions!shall!extend!from!the!floor!to!the!ceiling!and!form!an!
airtight! seal.! ! They! shall! be! built! using! wood! or! metal! framing! at! 24! inch! on_center! faced! with!
plywood!sheathing!on!both!sides,!and!shall!be!braced!as!necessary.!!Both!sides!of!the!temporary!
partition!shall!be!covered!with!a!double!layer!of!6!mil!plastic!sheeting,!with!joints!staggered!and!
sealed!with!tape.!!Edges!of!the!temporary!partition!at!the!floor,!walls,!and!ceiling!shall!be!taped!
and!caulked!airtight.!
16. Temporary!Enclosures:!Construct!using!wood,!metal!or!plastic!pipe!framing!with!plastic!sheeting!
mounted! on! the! interior! of! the! work! area.! ! Provide! curtain! doors! for! entrance! into! temporary!
enclosures.!
17. Visual! Barrier:! Black! plastic! or! similar! opaque! material! to! act! as! a! visual! screen.! ! Barrier! height!
shall! be! 6! feet.! ! Mount! visual! barrier! on! metal! fence! posts.! ! Provide! warning! signs! on! visual!
barrier.!
18. Signs:!Warning!Signs!shall!be!posted!at!the!perimeter!of!the!regulated!area!prior!to!abatement!
operations!in!accordance!with!OSHA!Standard!29!CFR!1926.1101.!!Danger!sign!format!and!color!
shall! conform! to! OSHA! Standard! 29! CFR! 1926.200.! ! The! signs! shall! display! the! legend! indicated!
below:!
!
DANGER!
ASBESTOS!
CANCER!AND!LUNG!DISEASE!HAZARD!
AUTHORIZED!PERSONNEL!ONLY!
RESPIRATORS!AND!PROTECTIVE!
CLOTHING!ARE!REQUIRED!IN!THIS!AREA!
!
19. Warning! signs! shall! be! posted! outside! all! entrances! and! exits! to! the! property,! warning! that!
demolition!work!is!being!conducted.!
20. Danger!labels!format!and!color!shall!conform!to!29!CFR!1926.200.!!Danger!labels!shall!display!the!
following!legend/information!in!accordance!with!OSHA!29!CFR!1926.1101(k)(7):!

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!
DANGER!
CONTAINS!ASBESTOS!FIBERS!
AVOID!CREATING!DUST!
CANCER!AND!LUNG!
DISEASE!HAZARD!
!
21. Generator!identification!information!shall!be!affixed!to!each!package.!!DOT!label!format!and!color!
shall!conform!to!DOT!Standard!49!CFR!172.304.!!Generator!identification!information!labels!shall!
display!the!following!legend/information!in!accordance!with!EPA!40!CFR!Part!61.150(a)(1)(v):!
!
GENERATORS!NAME!! ! !
FACILITY!ADDRESS!! ! !
!
22. DOT! Markings! and! Labels:! ! Markings! and! Labels! shall! be! permanently! affixed! to! all! bags! and!
containers!containing!ACM,!in!accordance!with!DOT!49!CFR!172.304!and!172.407.!!Markings!shall!
display!the!following!text:!
!
RQ,!ASBESTOS,!NA!2212!
!
23. Labels!shall!be!diamond!shape!and!shall!be!located!near!the!marking!text.!!Labels!shall!consist!of!
a! diamond! a! minimum! of! 100! millimeters! (mm)! on! each! side! with! each! side! having! a! solid! line!
inner! boarder! 5.0! to! 6.3! mm! from! the! edge.! ! The! label! shall! be! white! with! seven! black! vertical!
stripes!on!the!top!half.!!Black!stripes!and!white!spaces!shall!be!equally!spaced.!!The!lower!half!of!
the!label!shall!be!white!with!the!class!number!"9"!underlined!and!centered!at!the!bottom.!!Refer!
to!DOT!40!CFR!172.446!for!label!format.!
!

!
24. Reuse!of!Containers:!!If!impermeable!containers!used!to!transport!bagged!asbestos!waste!to!the!
landfill!are!to!be!reused,!the!empty!containers!shall!display!the!following!label:!
!
RESIDUE:!
LAST!CONTAINED!ASBESTOS!RQ!

2.4 UTILITIES'

A. Provide! cutoffs! and/or! temporary! utilities! as! necessary! to! perform! the! asbestos! abatement! work.!!
Coordinate!all!utility!hook_up!and!cutoffs!with!the!Owner.!!Use!qualified!tradesmen!for!utility!cutoffs!
and! installation! of! temporary! service! when! necessary.! ! Work! shall! be! performed! in! a! competent!
manner!by!qualified!and!appropriately!trained!and!licensed!tradesmen.!
!
1. Electrical! Power:! The! Contractor! shall! be! responsible! for! arranging! and! securing! temporary!
electrical! service! from! the! existing! infrastructure! or! providing! for! adequate! onsite! electrical!
power!generation!during!the!project!duration.!

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2. Ground!Fault!Protection:!All!circuits!used!by!the!Contractor!shall!be!equipped!with!ground!fault!
circuit!interrupters!(GFCI).!!The!Contractor!is!responsible!for!connection!to!a!temporary!panel!and!
routing!power!to!his!work!area.!
3. Water!Service:!The!Contractor!shall!be!responsible!for!arranging!and!securing!a!temporary!water!
source! from! existing! infrastructure! or! shall! provide! adequate! water! storage! and! delivery!
mechanisms!on!site!during!the!project!duration.!
4. Wastewater:! ! All! water! used! by! the! Contractor! during! asbestos! abatement! activities! shall! be!
collected! when! feasible! and! passed! through! a! water! filtration! system! capable! of! filtering! and!
retaining! particles! larger! than! 5.0! microns! in! size! prior! to! being! discharged! into! the! sanitary!
sewer.!

2.5 DECONTAMINATION'

A. Provide! adequate! facilities! for! the! decontamination! of! workers.! ! Decontamination! enclosure! systems!
shall! be! placed! adjacent! to! the! work! area! and! shall! be! of! sufficient! size! to! accommodate! the!
Contractor's!personnel.!!!

B. Provide! change! rooms! and! shower! facilities! that! comply! with! 29! CFR! 1910.141(d).! ! The!
decontamination!area!shall!consist!of!an!equipment!room,!shower!area,!and!clean!room!in!series.!
!
1. Construct!a!three!room!structure!using!modular!systems!or!build!using!rigid!plastic!pipe,!metal!or!
wood! framing.! ! Interior! floors,! walls! and! ceiling! shall! be! lined! with! two! layers! of! 6! mil! flame!
retardant! plastic! sheeting.! ! Provide! the! following:! equipment! room! for! removal! of! clothing;!
shower! room! for! decontamination! of! workers,! and;! clean! room! (change! room)! with! lockers! for!
worker!change!of!clothing.!
2. The! equipment! room! shall! be! supplied! with! impermeable,! labeled! bags! and! containers! for! the!
containment!and!disposal!of!contaminated!protective!equipment.!
3. Shower! facilities! provided! shall! comply! with! 29! CFR! 1910.141(d)(3).! ! The! showers! shall! be!
adjacent! both! to! the! equipment! room! and! the! clean! room.! ! The! Contractor! shall! ensure! that!
workers!perform!proper!decontamination.!
4. The! clean! room! shall! be! equipped! with! a! locker! or! appropriate! storage! container! for! each!
employee's!use.!

C. The! Contractor! shall! ensure! that! workers! enter! and! exit! the! work! area! through! the! decontamination!
enclosure!system.!
!
1. All! workers! and! authorized! visitors! shall! enter! the! work! area! through! the! worker!
decontamination!enclosure!system.!
2. All!workers!shall!sign!the!entry!log,!located!in!the!clean!room,!upon!each!entry!and!exit.!!The!log!
shall!be!permanently!bound!and!shall!identify!fully!the!facility,!agents,!Contractor(s),!the!project,!
each!work!area,!and!respiratory!protection!employed.!
3. In!the!clean!room,!remove!and!deposit!street!clothing!within!a!locker!provided!for!their!use,!and!
put!on!protective!clothing!and!respiratory!protection!before!leaving!the!clean!room.!
4. Before! entering! the! work! area,! the! employer! shall! ensure! that! employees! pass! through! the!
equipment!room.!
5. Before! leaving! the! work! area,! remove! all! gross! contamination! and! debris! from! protective!
clothing.!
6. Remove! protective! clothing! in! the! equipment! room! and! deposit! the! clothing! in! labeled!
impermeable!bags!or!containers.!!
7. When!exiting!the!work!area!workers!shall!shower!and!enter!the!clean!room!before!changing!into!
street!clothes.!

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2.6 WORKER'PROTECTION'

A. The! Contractor! alone! shall! be! responsible! for! the! safety,! efficiency,! adequacy! of! his!appliances,! work!
methods!and!for!any!damage!which!may!result!from!Contractor's!improper!construction,!maintenance,!
or! operation,! respectively.! ! He! shall! erect! and! maintain! at! all! times! adequate! safeguards! for! the!
protection! of! workmen! and! surrounding! building! occupants.! ! The! Contractor! shall! be! responsible! for!
monitoring! his! own! construction! safety! work! practices! for! compliance! with! the! applicable! OSHA!
regulations,!and!shall!provide!appropriate!personnel!protective!equipment!and!training!for!his!workers.!
!
1. Biological/Chemical! Hazards:! The! known! hazard! on! site! includes! asbestos_containing! material.!!
Off_specification! materials! located! in! and! adjacent! the! structure! may! pose! a! hazard! to! site!
workers.! ! The! Contractor! shall! provide! materials,! equipment,! and! training! to! his! workers! to!
ensure! their! protection! from! these! and! any! other! chemical/biological! hazards! that! may! be!
identified!during!the!work.!
2. Physical!Hazards:!!In!addition!to!the!common!physical!hazards!normally!present!on!construction!
sites,!the!known!physical!hazards!specific!to!this!project!include:!heat!stress;!contact!with!active!
equipment,!noise;!and!slip,!trip,!and!fall!hazards.!!The!Contractor!shall!provide!safety!equipment!
and!training!to!his!workers!to!ensure!their!protection!from!these!and!any!other!physical!hazards!
that!may!be!present!during!the!work.!!!
3. Emergency! Response:!The!Contractor!shall!establish!an!Emergency!Response!Team!made!up!of!
members!of!his!work!force.!!The!Contractor!shall!designate!a!Team!Leader!and!organize!workers!
who! are! trained! to! respond! in! the! event! of! an! accident! or! other! emergency.! ! Members! of! the!
Emergency!Response!Team!shall!be!knowledgeable!in!evacuation!procedures!and!would!be!the!
first!to!respond!in!the!event!of!an!emergency.!
4. Workmen!Protection:!During!the!project!period,!the!Contractor!shall!provide!and!maintain!safety!
equipment! as! required! or! necessary! to! properly! complete! the! work.! ! He! shall! provide! and!
maintain! such! barricades,! warning! signs! and! devices,! temporary! lighting,! and! other! safety!
measures!necessary!to!properly!protect!workmen.!

2.7 EXPERIENCE'AND'QUALIFICATION'REQUIREMENTS'

A. All! phases! of! the! work! shall! be! executed! by! skilled! craftsmen! experienced! in! each! respective! trade.!!
Improperly!trained,!untrained,!or!inexperienced!personnel!shall!not!be!allowed!in!the!work!areas.!

B. The!Superintendent!shall!be!thoroughly!familiar!with!and!experienced!in!asbestos!removal!and!related!
work.!!The!Site!Superintendent!shall!have!successfully!completed!training!equivalent!to!the!EPA!Model!
Accreditation!Plan!asbestos!contractor!and!supervision!course!(40!CFR!Part!763,!Subpart!E,!Appendix!
C).! ! The! Superintendent! shall! meet! the! requirements! of! a! competent! person! set! down! in! OSHA!
Standard!29!CFR!1926.1101(o).!The!supervisor!shall!be!certified!by!Safe!State!Environmental!Programs,!
Chapter!822_X_2,!Accreditation!of!Training!Programs,!Training!Courses,!Refresher!Training!Courses,!and!
Individuals!Engaged!in!Asbestos_Related!Activities.!

C. All!workers,!who!will!come!in!direct!contact!with!suspect!ACM,!shall!have!asbestos!worker!training!as!
outlined!in!this!paragraph.!!All!asbestos!removal!workers!shall!be!knowledgeable,!qualified,!and!trained!
in!the!removal,!handling,!and!disposal!of!asbestos!material!and!in!subsequent!cleaning!of!the!affected!
environment.!!All!asbestos!abatement!workers!shall!have!successfully!completed!training!equivalent!to!
the! EPA! Model! Accreditation! Plan! asbestos! worker! training! course! (40! CFR! Part! 763,! Subpart! E,!
Appendix! C).! ! All! workers! shall! be! certified! by! Safe! State! Environmental! Programs,! Chapter! 822_X_2,!
Accreditation! of! Training! Programs,! Training! Courses,! Refresher! Training! Courses,! and! Individuals!
Engaged!in!Asbestos_Related!Activities.!

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D. All!asbestos!training!shall!be!certified!by!the!appropriate!State!agency.!

E. The!Contractor!shall!provide!medical!surveillance!for!all!workers!engaged!in!asbestos!removal.!!Provide!
the!medical!examination!in!accordance!with!OSHA!Standards!29!CFR!1910.134(b)!and!1926.1101.!!The!
Contractor!shall!ensure!that!all!employee!examination!results!are!on!file!in!his!office,!are!available!for!
review,!and!are!maintained!in!accordance!with!OSHA!Standard!29!CFR!1926.1101(n)(3).!!

2.8 RESPIRATORY'PROTECTION'REQUIREMENTS'

A. The!Contractor!shall!be!solely!responsible!for!providing!adequate!respiratory!protection!at!all!times!for!
all!workers!in!the!work!area.!!The!types!of!respirators!used!shall!be!approved!by!the!National!Institute!
for!Occupational!Safety!and!Health!(NIOSH)!for!asbestos!and!in!accordance!with!29!CFR!1926.1101.!
!
1. Respiratory! Protection! Program:! ! Where! the! use! of! respirators! is! required,! the! Contractor! shall!
develop!a!written!standard!operating!procedure!to!govern!selection!and!use!of!respirators.!!As!a!
minimum! the! program! shall! address! components! as! required! by! OSHA! 29! CFR! 1910.134.!!
Program!components!shall!include:!written!standard!operating!procedures;!medical!surveillance;!
training! in! selection! and! use! of! respirators;! proper! fitting! and! fit! testing;! procedures! for!
inspection,! cleaning,! maintenance! and! storage;! requirements! for! surveillance! of! work! area!
conditions!and!worker!exposures;!and!respirator!program!evaluation!requirements.!
2. Negative!Exposure!Assessment:!The!Contractor!shall!produce!a!negative!exposure!assessment!for!
each!asbestos!removal!task!to!be!performed.!!The!assessment!may!be!developed!using!historical!
air!monitoring!data!that!meets!the!requirements!of!29!CFR!1926.1101(f)(iii)!produced!within!the!
last! 12! months! combined! with! daily! personnel! monitoring! during! the! work,! or! by! providing! an!
initial!exposure!assessment!and!daily!personnel!monitoring!during!the!work.!
3. Minimum!Respiratory!Protection:!The!Contractor!personnel!who!will!come!in!direct!contact!with!
ACM! or! suspect! ACM! shall! wear! approved! half! mask! respirator! equipped! with! HEPA! filter! as!
minimum!respiratory!protection.!
4. Personal/Area!Monitoring:!The!Contractor!shall!conduct!exposure!assessments!and!monitoring!in!
accordance! with! 29! CFR! 1926.1101(f).! ! The! Contractor! shall! also! perform! area! monitoring! to!
determine!the!extent!of!regulated!area.!!Sample!analysis!results!shall!be!provided!to!the!Engineer!
and!shall!be!posted!within!24!hours!of!collection.!!The!Contractor!shall!be!responsible!for!record!
keeping! requirements.! ! The! Engineer! and/or! Owner’s! Representative! may! collect! ambient! air!
samples!and!may!observe!the!work!practices!to!determine!compliance!by!the!Contractor.!

2.9 WORKER'PROTECTIVE'CLOTHING'AND'EQUIPMENT'

A. Protective!clothing!and!equipment!shall!conform!to!OSHA!requirements.!!The!Contractor!shall!perform!a!
hazards!assessment!and!ensure!personal!protective!equipment!selected!and!used!at!the!project!location!
is! adequate! and! appropriate! for! the! hazards.! ! The! Contractor! shall! be! solely! responsible! for! enforcing!
personnel!protection!requirements.!
!
1. Protective!Clothing:!Workers!shall!be!provided!with!sufficient!sets!of!properly!fitting,!full!_!body!
coveralls! and! protective! gloves,! and! boot! _! type! foot! covers.! ! The! Contractor! shall! provide! the!
Engineer,! Owner,! and! authorized! representatives! suitable! properly! fitting! protective! clothing,!
whenever!they!are!required!to!enter!the!work!area.!
2. Equipment:!!Provide!eye!protection,!ear!protection,!protective!gloves,!fall!protection!equipment,!
non_slip! steel! toe! shoes,! and! hard! hats! as! required! for! job! conditions! or! by! applicable! safety!
regulations.!

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2.10 AIR'MONITORING'REQUIREMENTS'

A. The!Contractor!shall!be!responsible!for!performing!air!monitoring!as!outlined!below.!
!
1. Personnel!air!monitoring!in!accordance!with!OSHA!29!CFR!1926.1101.!
2. Adjacent! area! air! monitoring! or! air! monitoring! conducted! in! the! work! area! during! asbestos!
removal,!as!applicable.!!The!air!monitoring!and!analysis!shall!be!performed!by!the!Air!Monitoring!
Specialist! /! firm! hired! by! the! Contractor.! ! The! air! samples! shall! be! analyzed! by! PCM,! NIOSH!
Method!7400.!
3. The!Engineer!and/or!Owner’s!Representative!may!perform!air!monitoring!in!the!adjacent!area!or!
within!the!work!area!during!any!period!of!the!project.!

PART 3 - WORK'PERFORMANCE'

3.1 GENERAL'WORK'AREA'PREPARATION'

A. Perform! asbestos! abatement! in! accordance! with! procedures! outlined! 29! CFR! 1926.1101! for! Class! I!
asbestos!work!and!Class!II!asbestos!work.!
!
1. Establish!a!regulated!area,!and!restrict!access!into!the!work!area.!!Provide!warning!signs!around!
the! perimeter! of! the! regulated! area! mounted! on! the! visual! barrier,! or! similar! approach! to! the!
work!area.!
2. Provide!and!install!decontamination!enclosure!systems.!!Coordinate!the!location!of!the!facility!with!
the!Engineer!or!the!Owner’s!Representative.!!!
3. Shut!down,!disconnect,!and!lock!out!or!tag!all!electric!power!to!the!work!area!so!that!there!is!no!
possibility!of!its!reactivation!until!after!clearance!testing!of!the!work!area.!!Secure!temporary!power.!
4. Install!temporary!lighting!within!the!work!area!and!decontamination!enclosure!systems.!
5. Shut!down,!isolate,!and!lockout!or!tagout!heating,!ventilation,!and!air!conditioning!(HVAC)!systems!if!
any,!which!serve!or!which!pass!through!the!work!area.!!Install!critical!seals!on!HVAC!registers,!grills,!
and!diffusers.!
6. Seal! floor! drains,! sumps,! and! other! collection! devices! with! plastic! sheeting! and! plywood,! as!
necessary,!and!provide!a!system!to!collect!all!water!used!by!the!Contractor.!!Collected!water!shall!be!
passed!through!a!water!filtration!system!prior!to!being!discharged!into!the!sanitary!sewer.!
7. Ensure! that! the! Contractor's! communication! equipment! is! in! place,! in! operating! condition,! and! in!
operation!during!the!work.!
8. Completely! seal! airtight! and! isolate! the! work! area! where! friable! materials! are! to! be! removed.! ! All!
openings,!including!but!not!limited!to!doorways,!windows,!tunnels,!ducts,!grilles,!and!diffusers!shall!
be!covered!with!plastic!sheeting!and!taped!airtight.!!Based!on!the!locations!and!amount!of!ACM!to!
be! removed! it! may! be! necessary! to! seal! the! work! area! from! the! exterior! of! the! building.! ! Smaller!
openings!through!which!pipe!conduit!passes,!cracks,!and!other!small!penetrations!of!the!work!area!
shall!be!sealed!using!foam!sealant.!
9. Maintain!emergency!and!fire!exits!from!the!work!areas!or!establish!alternative!exits!satisfactory!to!
the!local!fire!officials.!!Mark!with!luminescent!paint!on!work!area!plastic!barriers!an!outline!of!exit!
door(s).! ! Affix! a! razor! knife! beside! the! outline.! ! Paint! words! "EMERGENCY! EXIT"! with! luminescent!
paint!inside!the!door!outline.!!Modify!emergency!exit!door!as!necessary!so!it!is!secure!from!outside!
the!work!area!but!permits!exiting!from!the!work!area.!!Exits!shall!be!checked!daily!against!exterior!
blockage!or!impediments!to!exiting.!!
10. Fire!Extinguisher:!!A!minimum!of!one!extinguisher!shall!be!provided!for!every!1,500!square!feet!
of! floor! area,! with! a! maximum! travel! distance! to! an! extinguisher! of! 75! feet.! ! At! least! one!
extinguisher! shall! be! provided! in! each! decontamination! enclosure.! ! The! extinguisher! shall! be!

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within! 5! feet! of! the! equipment! room! and! clean! room.! ! Place! extinguishers! in! visible! and!
accessible!locations.!
11. Smoke!Detectors:!!Provide!one!smoke!detector!in!the!decontamination!enclosure!clean!room!and!
one!in!the!work!area!adjacent!to!the!AFD.!!
12. Cover!the!walls!with!one!layer!of!6!mil!plastic!sheet!to!a!height!of!5!feet.!!Cover!the!walls!and!
ceiling! with! one! layer! of! 6! mil! plastic! sheet! in! the! area! with! wall! and! ceiling! material! (such! as!
ceiling! tiles,! wall! tiles,! and! other! porous! surfaces)! which! cannot! be! decontaminated! by! HEPA!
vacuum!and!wet!wiping.!
13. Install!and!initiate!operation!of!AFD(s).!

3.2 NON-CONTAINED WORK AREA PREPARATION

A. Construction!of!a!sealed,!contained!work!area!on!the!roof!or!outside!of!the!structure!is!impracticable.!
The! following! preparations! shall! be! performed! when! preparing! a! non_contained! work! area! for! Class! II!
asbestos!removal!work.!
1. Provide!a!roped!_!off!perimeter!around!the!area!where!the!ACM!is!to!be!removed!and!handled.!
Post!notices!and!warning!signs!around!the!perimeter!of!the!work!area.!
2. Provide!a!decontamination!enclosure!system!onsite.!
3. Provide! a! system! to! collect! all! water! used! by! the! Contractor.! Collected! water! shall! bepassed!
through!a!water!filtration!system!prior!to!being!discharged!into!the!sanitary!sewer.!

3.3 GROSS'REMOVAL'AREA'PREPARATION'

A. To! prepare! a! contained! work! area! for! gross! removal! asbestos! abatement! work,! perform! the! following!
preparations!in!conjunction!with!those!outlined!in!Section!3.1!_!"General!Work!Area!Preparation".!
!
1. After!establishing!the!decontamination!enclosure!systems,!preclean!and!prepare!the!work!area:!
!
a. Remove! all! electrical! and! mechanical! items,! such! as! lighting! fixtures,! clocks,! diffusers,!
registers,! escutcheon! plates,! etc.! which! cover! any! part! of! the! surface! to! be! worked! on!
with!the!work.!!!
b. Remove!all!general!construction!items!such!as!cabinets,!casework,!door!and!window!trim,!
moldings,!ceilings,!trim,!etc.,!which!cover!the!surface!of!the!work!as!required!to!prevent!
interference!with!the!work.!
c. Clean!all!contaminated!furniture,!equipment,!and!or!supplies!with!a!HEPA!filtered!vacuum!
cleaner!or!by!wet!cleaning!prior!to!being!moved!or!covered.!!For!contaminated!items!that!
cannot!be!cleaned,!dispose!of!as!RACM.!
d. Movable!and!loose!items!not!removed!by!the!Owner!from!work!areas!shall!be!removed!
from!work!areas!to!a!temporary!location!designated!by!the!Owner!or!shall!be!disposed!of!
as!general!construction!debris.!
e. Joints! of! covers! or! casings! shall! be! sealed! with! tape! and! fixed! objects! enclosed! with! a!
minimum!of!one!layer!of!6!mil!plastic!sheeting!sealed!airtight!with!tape.!!Disassembly!of!
these!fixed!objects!is!not!required!unless!otherwise!noted.!

3.4 PRE2REMOVAL'INSPECTION'

A. Prior! to! removal! of! any! ACM,! the! Contractor! shall! notify! the! Engineer! and! request! a! pre_removal!
inspection.!!Posting!of!warning!signs,!building!of!personnel!and!equipment!decontamination!enclosure!

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systems,!and!all!other!preparatory!steps!shall!have!been!taken!prior!to!notification!of!the!Engineer.!!The!
Contractor!shall!not!begin!asbestos!removal!until!the!Engineer!approves!the!work!area!preparations.!

3.5 MAINTENANCE'OF'CONTAINED'WORK'AREA'AND'DECONTAMINATION'ENCLOSURE'SYSTEMS'

A. Inspection!of!Barriers:!!Ensure!that!barriers!and!plastic!linings!are!effectively!sealed!and!taped.!!Repair!
damaged!barriers!and!remedy!defects!immediately!upon!their!discovery.!!Visually!inspect!enclosures!at!
the!beginning!and!end!of!each!work!period.!!Use!smoke!methods!to!test!effectiveness!of!barriers.!

B. Repair! of! Damaged! Polyethylene! Sheeting:! ! Remove! and! replace! plastic! sheeting! which! has! been!
damaged! by! removal! operations! or! where! the! seal! has! failed! allowing! water! to! seep! between! layers.!!
Remove! affected! sheeting! and! wipe! down! entire! area.! ! Install! new! sheet! plastic! only! when! area! is!
completely!dry.!

C. Thoroughly! clean! the! decontamination! enclosure! systems! at! the! end! of! each! 8! hour! work! shift,! and!
more!frequently!if!required.!

3.6 REMOVAL'OF'ASBESTOS2CONTAINING'MATERIAL'

A. The!Contractor!shall!be!responsible!for!the!proper!removal!of!ACM!from!the!work!area!using!standard!
abatement! industry! removal! techniques.! ! Work! will! be! observed! by! the! Engineer! and! the! Owner’s!
Representative.!!Approval!of!the!Contractor's!abatement!techniques!is!required!by!the!Engineer!and!the!
Owner’s!Representative!to!allow!for!the!continuance!of!work.!

B. ACM!shall!be!wetted!with!amended!water!or!removal!encapsulant!prior!to!being!disturbed.!!Keep!ACM!
wet!during!removal!and!disposal!of!these!materials.!!Material!packed!in!disposal!containers!shall!be!in!a!
wet!condition.!

3.7 REMOVAL'OF'ROOFING'MATERIALS'(RF1'AND'RF2)'

A. Use!methods!and!equipment!which!will!keep!the!fiber!count!during!removal!operations!to!less!than!0.1!
f/cc!of!air!when!tested!by!NIOSH!Method!7400.!

B. Prepare! the! ground! surface! beneath! the! roofing! removal! area! with! plastic! sheeting.! ! Post! appropriate!
warning!signs!for!the!regulated!area.!

C. Mist!the!roofing!during!removal.!!Remove!the!roofing!component!as!intact!as!possible.!!Wet!the!material!
sufficiently!to!reduce!the!release!of!fibers.!!Continually!wet!the!material!during!the!removal!process!to!
minimize!fiber!dispersion.!

D. Loose!dust!generated!from!removal!activities!shall!be!immediately!removed!using!a!HEPA!vacuum.!

E. As!the!pieces!of!roofing!are!removed,!wrap!them!in!two!layers!of!plastic!and!place!in!labeled!containers!
for!transport.!

3.8 REMOVAL'OF'ASBESTOS2CONTAMINATED'DEBRIS'(FD1)'

A. The! work! area! shall! be! prepared! in! accordance! with! the! requirements! of! the! Section! titled! "Gross!
Removal!Area!Preparation.”

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B. Mist! the! debris! to! be! removed! in! order! to! sufficiently! wet! the! material! to! minimize! additional! fiber!
release.!!

C. The! wetted! debris! may! be! scooped! and! double_bagged! for! off_site! disposal.! ! Continually! wet! the!
material!during!the!removal!process!to!minimize!fiber!dispersion.

D. Once!gross!debris!has!been!removed,!HEPA!vacuum!the!remaining!floor!and!wall!surface!to!remove!any!
remaining!debris.!!

3.9 REMOVAL'OF'SURFACING'MATERIAL'(TC1'AND'WT1)'

A. The! work! area! shall! be! prepared! in! accordance! with! the! requirements! of! the! Section! titled! "Gross!
Removal!Area!Preparation.”!!

B. The!Contractor!shall!be!responsible!for!the!proper!removal!of!surfacing!ACM!from!the!work!area!using!
standard! abatement! industry! removal! techniques.! ! The! Contractor! shall! use! methods! and! equipment!
which! will! keep! the! fiber! count! during! removal! operations! to! less! than! 0.1! f/cc! of! air! when! tested! by!
NIOSH!Method!7400.!

C. Thoroughly!wet!ACM!to!be!removed!prior!to!stripping!and/or!tooling!to!reduce!fiber!dispersal!into!the!
air.! ! Accomplish! wetting! by! a! fine! spray! (mist)! of! amended! water! or! removal! encapsulant.! ! Saturate!
material!sufficiently!to!wet!to!the!substrate.!!Allow!time!for!amended!water!or!removal!encapsulant!to!
penetrate! material! thoroughly.! ! If! amended! water! is! used,! spray! material! repeatedly! during! the! work!
process! to! maintain! a! continuously! wet! condition.! ! If! a! removal! encapsulant! is! used,! apply! in! strict!
accordance! with! manufacturer's! written! instructions.! ! Where! necessary,! carefully! strip! away! while!
simultaneously! spraying! amended! water! or! removal! encapsulant! on! the! installation! to! minimize!
dispersal!of!asbestos!fibers!into!the!air.!

D. After! completion! of! all! stripping! work,! surfaces! from! which! ACM! have! been! removed! shall! be! wet!
brushed!and!sponged!or!cleaned!by!some!equivalent!method!to!remove!all!visible!residues.!

3.10 REMOVAL'OF'THERMAL'SYSTEM'INSULATION'(PI1,'PI2,'AC1,'PW1,'DT1,'DT2,'AND'BI1)'

A. The!Contractor!shall!be!responsible!for!the!proper!removal!of!thermal!system!insulation!(TSI)!ACM!from!
the!work!area!using!standard!abatement!industry!removal!techniques.!!In!locations!where!TSI!removal!is!
required! that! are! not! part! of! a! contained! work! area,! the! removal! shall! be! conducted! using! glove_bag!
techniques.! ! The! Contractor! shall! use! methods! and! equipment! which! will! keep! the! fiber! count! during!
removal! operations! to! less! than! 0.1! f/cc! of! air! when! tested! by! NIOSH! Method! 7400.! ! Approval! of! the!
Contractor's!abatement!techniques!is!required!by!the!Engineer!to!allow!for!the!continuance!of!work.!

B. Thoroughly!wet!ACM!to!be!removed!prior!to!stripping!and/or!tooling!to!reduce!fiber!dispersal!into!the!
air.! ! Accomplish! wetting! by! a! fine! spray! (mist)! of! amended! water! or! removal! encapsulant.! ! Saturate!
material!sufficiently!to!wet!to!the!substrate.!!Allow!time!for!amended!water!or!removal!encapsulant!to!
penetrate! material! thoroughly.! ! If! amended! water! is! used,! spray! material! repeatedly! during! the! work!
process! to! maintain! a! continuously! wet! condition.! ! If! a! removal! encapsulant! is! used,! apply! in! strict!
accordance! with! manufacturer's! written! instructions.! ! Where! necessary,! carefully! strip! away! while!
simultaneously! spraying! amended! water! or! removal! encapsulant! on! the! installation! to! minimize!
dispersal!of!asbestos!fibers!into!the!air.!!As!material!is!removed,!wrap!it!in!two!layers!of!plastic!and!place!
it!in!labeled!containers!for!transportation!and!disposal.!

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C. After! completion! of! all! stripping! work,! surfaces! from! which! ACM! have! been! removed! shall! be! wet!
brushed!and!sponged!or!cleaned!by!some!equivalent!method!to!remove!all!visible!residues.!

3.11 REMOVAL'OF'FLOORING'MATERIAL'(TILE'AND'MASTIC'FT1'–'FT9)'

A. The!work!area!shall!be!prepared!as!described!in!Sections!3.1!and!3.3.!!Use!methods!and!equipment!that!
will! keep! the! fiber! count! during! removal! operations! to! less! than! 0.1! f/cc! of! air! when! tested! by! NIOSH!
Method!7400.!

B. Mist!floors!covered!with!asbestos_containing!tile!or!black!flooring!mastic!with!amended!water.!!Wet!the!
material!sufficiently!to!reduce!the!release!of!fibers!if!the!tiles!are!broken!upon!removal.!!Continually!wet!
the!material!during!the!removal!process!to!minimize!fiber!dispersion.!

C. Completely! remove! floor! material,! leveling! compound,! and! bulk! of! adhesive! mastic! using! appropriate!
tools! and! materials.! ! Removal! all! layers! down! to! the! subfloor.! ! As! material! is! removed,! wrap! it! in! two!
layers!of!plastic!and!place!it!in!labeled!containers!for!transport.!!!

D. Completely!remove!all!bulk!mastic.!!Mastic!shall!be!removed!as!ACM.!!Use'of'approved'non2hazardous'
mastic'solvent'will'be'permitted'to'remove'adhesive'mastic'from'the'floor.!

E. After!completion!of!mastic!removal,!thoroughly!wash!the!floor.!!No'bulk'mastic'residue'shall'remain'on'
the'floor'surface'following'removal'and'cleaning.!!It!is!not!necessary!to!remove!asphaltic!stain!from!the!
sub_floor!or!concrete.!!

3.12 REMOVAL'OF'FIRE'DOORS'

A. Fire!doors!should!be!abated!by!disposing!of!the!intact!door.!!Remove!fire!doors!from!hinges!or!elevator!
doors!from!tracks.!

B. Wrap!doors!in!two!layers!of!plastic!and!place!in!labeled!containers!for!transport.!

3.13 ADDITIONAL'REMOVAL'REQUIREMENTS'

A. Daily! Clean! Up:! ! Remove! all! loose! ACM,! debris,! and! bulk! dust! from! the! work! area! at! the! end! of! each!
work!shift.!!In!no!instance!shall!loose!ACM,!debris,!or!bulk!dust!remain!in!the!work!area!after!completion!
of!a!work!shift.!

B. Stop!Work!Order:!!Stop!work!immediately!if!the!work!area!barrier!is!breached!in!any!manner.!!Do!not!
resume!asbestos!abatement!inside!the!work!area!until!authorized!in!writing!by!the!Engineer.!

3.14 STOP'WORK'ORDER'

A. Fiber! Concentration:! ! The! Engineer! and/or! the! Owner’s! Representative! will! stop! the! work! should! the!
fiber! count! in! the! work! exceed! 0.1! f/cc! or! adjacent! non_work! areas! exceed! 0.01! f/cc! of! air,! or! the!
background! count! (the! greater! of! these! two! values! will! be! used! as! the! reference).! ! Work! shall! not!
resume!until!the!condition(s)!causing!the!increase!are!corrected!by!the!Contractor!and!affected!areas!
have!been!cleaned!as!directed!by!the!Engineer!and/or!the!Owner’s!Representative.!

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B. Imminent!Danger:!!The!Engineer!and/or!Owner’s!Representative!will!stop!the!work!should!a!condition!
or! action! creates! a! hazard! that! could! be! deemed! as! presenting! imminent! danger! to! the! workers,!
building! occupants,! or! public.! ! Work! shall! not! resume! until! the! condition(s)! causing! the! hazard! are!
corrected!by!the!Contractor!and!the!Engineer!has!authorized!the!work!resumption!in!writing.!

3.15 WORK'AREA'CLEARANCE'PROCEDURES'

A. The! operation! of! the! pressure! differential! system! is! used! to! remove! airborne! fibers! generated! by! the!
abatement!work.!

B. The! Contractor! shall! notify! the! Owner’s! Representative! (Engineer)! for! final! clearance! visual! inspection!
and!clearance!air!monitoring.!

C. Cleaning!of!the!work!areas!prepared!as!"gross!removal"!areas!shall!be!conducted!in!accordance!with!the!
four! step! procedure! with! two! cleanings! of! the! primary! barrier! plastic! prior! to! its! removal! and! two!
cleanings!of!the!room!surfaces!to!remove!any!new!or!existing!contamination.!

!
1. First! Cleaning:! ! Carry! out! a! first! cleaning! of! all! surfaces! of! the! work! area! including! items! of!
remaining! sheeting,! tools,! scaffolding! and/or! staging! by! use! of! damp_cleaning! and! mopping,!
and/or!a!HEPA!filtered!vacuum.!!Do!not!perform!dry!dusting!or!dry!sweeping.!Use!each!surface!of!
a! cleaning! cloth! one! time! only! and! then! dispose! of! as! contaminated! waste.! ! Continue! this!
cleaning!until!there!is!no!visible!debris!from!removed!materials!or!residue!on!plastic!sheeting!or!
other!surfaces.!
2. Remove!all!primary!filters!in!air!handling!system(s)!and!dispose!of!as!asbestos_containing!waste.!!
Replace!with!new!filters.!
3. After!the!surfaces!have!passed!a!visual!inspection!verifying!that!all!debris!and!residue!has!been!
removed!from!the!sheet!plastic,!allow!a!waiting!period!that!is!long!enough!for!the!HEPA_filtered!
fan!units!operating!in!the!work!area!to!provide!96!air!changes!to!clean!air!of!airborne!asbestos!
fibers.! ! Use! oscillating! fans! as! necessary! to! assure! circulation! of! air! in! all! parts! of! work! areas!
during! this! period.! ! Maintain! pressure! differential! system(s)! in! operation! for! the! entire! 96! air!
change!period.!
4. Second!Cleaning:''Carry!out!a!second!cleaning!of!all!surfaces!in!the!work!area!in!the!same!manner!
as!the!first!cleaning.!
5. Removal!of!Primary!Barriers:!!Immediately!following!the!second!cleaning!of!the!primary!plastic,!
remove! all! primary! barrier! sheeting! and! material! decontamination! unit,! if! there! is! one,! leaving!
only:!
a. Critical!Barrier:!!Which!forms!the!sole!barrier!between!the!Work!Area!and!other!portions!
of!the!building!or!the!outside.!
b. Critical!Barrier!Sheeting:!!Over!lighting!fixtures,!ventilation!openings,!doorways,!and!other!
openings.!
c. Decontamination!Unit:!!For!personnel,!in!operating!condition.!
d. Pressure!Differential!System:!!Maintain!in!continuous!operation.!
6. Third!Cleaning:''Carry!out!a!third!cleaning!of!all!surfaces!in!the!work!area!in!the!same!manner!as!
the!first!cleaning!immediately!after!removal!of!primary!barrier!plastic.!!This!cleaning!is!now!being!
applied!to!existing!room!surfaces.!
7. Contractor's! Inspection:! ! At! the! completion! of! the! third! above! cleaning,! visually! inspect! all!
surfaces.!!Re_clean!the!work!area!if!any!dust!or!debris!is!found.!!At!completion!of!this!inspection,!
sweep! entire! work! area! including! walls,! ceilings,! ledges,! floors! and! other! surfaces! in! the! work!
area!with!exhaust!from!forced_air!equipment!(electric!leaf!blower!or!equivalent).!!Do!not!direct!
forced_air!equipment!at!any!seal!in!any!Critical!Barrier.!!If!any!debris!or!dust!is!found!repeat!the!

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cleaning.!!Continue!this!process!until!no!debris!dust!or!other!material!is!found!while!sweeping!of!
all!surfaces!with!forced_air!equipment.!!After!a!visual!inspection,!again!wait!for!a!period!of!time!
long!enough!for!the!HEPA_filtered!fan!units!operating!in!the!work!area!to!provide!96!air!changes!
to! allow! HEPA! filtered! fan! units! to! clean! air! of! airborne! asbestos! fibers.! ! Use! oscillating! fans! as!
necessary! to! assure! circulation! of! air! in! all! parts! of! work! areas! during! this! period.! ! Maintain!
pressure!differential!system!in!operation!for!the!entire!96!air!change!period.!
8. Final!Cleaning:!!Carry!out!a!final!cleaning!of!all!surfaces!in!the!work!area!in!the!same!manner!as!
the!previous!cleaning.!
9. Contractor's!Inspection:!!After!final!cleaning,!perform!a!complete!visual!inspection!of!the!entire!
work!area!including:!!all!surfaces,!ceiling,!walls,!floor,!decontamination!unit,!all!plastic!sheeting,!
seals! over! ventilation! openings,! doorways,! windows,! and! other! openings;! look! for! debris! from!
any! source,! residue! on! surfaces,! dust! or! other! matter.! ! During! visual! inspection! sweep! entire!
work! area! including! walls,! ceilings,! ledges,! floors,! and! other! surfaces! in! the! room! with! exhaust!
from! forced! air! equipment! (electric! leaf! blower! or! equivalent).! ! If! any! debris,! residue,! dust! or!
other! matter! is! found! repeat! final! cleaning! and! continue! decontamination! procedure! from! that!
point.!!When!the!area!is!visually!clean,!and!if!after!sweeping!of!all!surfaces!with!leaf!blower,!no!
debris,! residue,! dust! or! other! material! is! found,! complete! the! certification! at! the! end! of! this!
section.!!Visual!inspection!is!not!complete!until!confirmed!in!writing,!on!the!certification,!by!the!
Owner’s!Representative.!

D. When!cleaning!is!complete,!visual!clearance!will!be!conducted!by!the!Owner’s!Representative!(Engineer)!
of!each!area!(for!non_friable!materials).!

E. Due!to!the!presence!of!friable!materials,!final!clearance!air!sampling!will!be!required.!!For!work!areas!
where! containment! has! been! erected,! when! the! work! area! passes! the! Owner’s! Representative's!
(Engineer)! visual! inspection,! and! the! work! area! is! completely! dry,! the! Owner’s' Representative'
(Engineer)'shall'perform'clearance'testing'using'aggressive'air'sampling'techniques.!!Air'sampling'will'
be'periodically'in'several'site'visits.!
1. Number!and!Volume!of!Samples:!!The!number!and!volume!of!air!samples!given!in!Table!3.14.1!is!
the!minimum!required.!!The!exact!number!and!volume!of!samples!collected!by!the!Engineer!may!
increase!depending!upon!job!conditions!and!the!analytical!method!used.!
2. Sampling! sensitivity:! ! For! transmission! electron! microscopy! (TEM)! analysis,! based! on! a! limit! of!
detection! (LOD)! of! 0.005! fibers/! cubic! centimeter! on! the! filter! and! a! 95%! confidence! limit,! a!
sample!volume!of!sufficient!size!that!a!single!sample!indicates!compliance!with!the!limit!values!
given!below.!!A!sample!must!be!at!or!below!the!LOD!to!indicate!that!it!is!at!or!below!the!limit!
value.!!!
!
Table'3.14.1'–'Clearance'Sampling'Criteria'Using'TEM'Analysis'
Analytical'
Sensitivity'
Location' Minimum'Number' Approximate' Sampling'Rate'
(structures'
Sampled' of'Samples' Volume'(Liters)' (liters/minute)'
/cubic'
'
centimeter)
Each!work!area! 5!per!work!area! 0.005! ≥1200! 10!
Outside!Each!
5!per!area! 0.005! ≥1200! 10!
Work!Area!
Work!Area! One!per!set!of! Open!for!30!
0.005! 0!
Blank(s)! samples! seconds!
Outside!Work! One!per!set!of! Open!for!30!
0.005! 0!
Area!Blank! samples! seconds!
One!per!set!of!
Laboratory!Blank! 0.005! 0! Do!not!open!
samples!

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!
3. Analysis:!!Analysis!will!be!performed!using!the!analysis!method!set!forth!in!the!AHERA!regulation!
40!CFR!Part!763!Appendix!A!Subpart!E.!
4. Asbestos! Structures:! ! Referred! to! in! this! section! include! asbestos! fibers,! bundles,! clusters! or!
matrices,!as!defined!by!the!method!of!analysis.!
5. Release!Criteria:!!Decontamination!of!the!work!site!is!complete!if!either!of!the!following!two!sets!
of!conditions!are!met:!
a. Work!Area!Samples!are!below!the!filter!background!levels!
1) All! Work! Area! sample! volumes! are! greater! than! 1,200! liters! for! a! 25! millimeter!
(mm)!sampling!cassette.!
2) The! average! concentration! of! asbestos! of! the! five! Work! Area! Samples! does! not!
exceed! the! filter! background! level! of! 70! structures! per! square! millimeter! of! filter!
area.!
b. Work!Area!Samples!are!not!statistically!different!from!Outside!samples!
1) All! sample! volumes! except! for! blanks! are! greater! than! 560! liters! for! a! 25! mm!
sampling!cassette.!
2) The! average! asbestos! concentration! of! the! three! blanks! is! below! the! filter!
background!level!of!70!structures!per!square!millimeter!of!filter!area.!
3) Average! asbestos! concentrations! in! Work! Area! Samples! are! not! statistically!
different! from! Outside! samples,! as! determined! be! the! Z_test! calculation! found! in!
40!CFR!Part!763,!Subpart!E,!Appendix!A!(Z!is!less!than!or!equal!to!1.65).!

F. After!all!cleaning,!inspections,!and!clearance!requirements!have!been!met:!
!
1. Shut! down! and! remove! the! pressure! differential! system.! ! Seal! HEPA! filtered! fan! units,! HEPA!
vacuums!and!similar!equipment!with!6!mil!polyethylene!sheet!and!duct!tape!to!form!a!tight!seal!
at!intake!end!before!being!moved!from!work!area.!
2. Remove!personnel!decontamination!unit.!
3. Remove! the! Critical! Barriers! separating! the! Work! Area! from! the! rest! of! the! building! or! the!
outside.! ! Remove! any! small! quantities! of! residual! material! found! upon! removal! of! the! plastic!
sheeting!with!wet!wiping,!HEPA!filtered!vacuum!cleaners!and!local!area!protection.!!If!significant!
quantities,! as! determined! by! the! Inspector,! are! found,! then! the! entire! area! affected! shall! be!
decontaminated.!
4. Remove!all!equipment,!materials,!and!debris!from!the!work!site.!
5. Dispose!of!all!asbestos_containing!waste!material!as!RACM.!

3.16 LOAD2OUT'AND'DISPOSAL'OF'ACM'

A. All! asbestos_containing! material! and! resultant! debris! shall! be! considered! as! RACM.! ! RACM! shall! be!
handled,! packaged,! transported,! and! disposed! in! accordance! with! OSHA! Standard! 29! CFR! 1926.1101,!
DOT!49!CFR!171,172!and!173,!and!EPA!Standard!40!CFR!Part!61.!

B. Packaging!of!RACM!shall!conform!to!OSHA!Standard!29!CFR!1926.1101,!DOT!49!CFR!171,172!and!173,!
and!EPA!Standard!40!CFR!Part!61.!!RACM!waste!shall!be!placed!in!a!wet!condition!into!properly!labeled!
disposal!bags!or!containers.!!Waste!materials!shall!be!double_bagged!or!wrapped!in!two!layers!of!6!mil!
plastic!sheeting!before!load_out!from!the!work!area.!!All!air!shall!be!evacuated!from!disposal!bags!with!
a!HEPA!filtered!vacuum!prior!to!sealing.!

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3.17 TRANSPORTATION'AND'DISPOSAL'OF'ASBESTOS'WASTE'

A. Sealed! and! labeled! disposal! bags! or! waste! containers! shall! be! used! to! transport! RACM! waste! to! the!
landfill.!!Procedures!for!hauling!and!disposal!shall!comply!with!40!CFR!Part!61,!49!CFR!Part!171!and!172,!
and!other!applicable!state,!regional,!and!local!government!regulations.!

B. The! Contractor! shall! be! responsible! for! the! total! removal! and! disposal! of! materials! in! an! approved!
landfill!as!designated!by!the!Alabama!Department!of!Environmental!Management!(ADEM).!

C. A!properly!completed!"Waste!Shipment!Record"!form!shall!accompany!asbestos!waste!transported!to!a!
disposal!site.!!Refer!to!40!CFR!Part!61!for!example!format!of!the!form.!

D. Provide!pedestrian!barricades!and!post!with!visible!Danger!Signs!during!activities!involving!movement!
of! containerized! asbestos! waste! from! the! work! area,! or! when! loading! or! unloading! containerized!
asbestos!waste.!!Place!signed!barricade!in!a!manner!that!will!sufficiently!block!passage!of!a!pedestrian!
into! a! waste! handling! area.! ! Barricade! Danger! Sign! legend,! text! size,! style! and! arrangement! shall!
conform!to!the!requirements!of!EPA!Standard!40!CFR!Part!61.149!(d)(1).!

E. Only!sealed!disposal!containers!are!permitted!to!be!deposited!in!landfill.!!Workers!shall!place!asbestos!
waste!in!the!landfill.!!Throwing!or!dumping!of!containers!shall!not!be!allowed.!!Workers!unloading!and!
handling! the! sealed! bags/drums! at! the! disposal! site! shall! wear! appropriate! personnel! protective!
equipment!including!respirators!and!protective!clothing.!

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PART 4 - CERTIFICATE'OF'WORKER'S'ACKNOWLEDGMENT/ASBESTOS'ABATEMENT'WORKERS'FORM'
!

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'
CERTIFICATE'OF'WORKER'S'ACKNOWLEDGMENT'ASBESTOS'ABATEMENT'WORKERS'

PROJECT!NAME/CONTRACT!NUMBER:! ! !
NAME!OF!COMPANY!! ! !
NAME!OF!EMPLOYEE!! ! ! SSN:! !
I! ACKNOWLEDGE! AND! UNDERSTAND! THAT! WORKING! WITH! ASBESTOS! CAN! BE! DANGEROUS.! ! INHALING! ASBESTOS!
FIBERS!HAVE!BEEN!LINKED!WITH!TYPES!OF!LUNG!DISEASE!AND!CANCER.!!I!UNDERSTAND!THAT!IF!I!SMOKE!AND!INHALE!
ASBESTOS! FIBERS! THE! CHANCE! OF! DEVELOPING! LUNG! CANCER! IS! GREATER! THAN! THAT! OF! THE! NON_SMOKING!
PUBLIC.!
Your!employer's!contract!for!the!above!project!requires!that:!you!be!provided!with!and!complete!formal!and!project!
specific!training,!you!be!supplied!with!proper!personal!protective!equipment!and!applicable!training!in!its!use,!and!that!
you!receive!a!medical!examination!to!evaluate!your!physical!capacity!to!perform!your!assigned!work!tasks!if!you!wear!a!
respirator! or! your! exposure! to! airborne! asbestos! fibers! is! greater! that! the! OSHA! permissible! exposure! limit! (PEL).!!
These!things!are!to!be!done!at!no!cost!to!you.!!By!signing!this!certification,!you!are!acknowledging!that!your!employer!
has!met!these!obligations!to!you.!
FILL! IN! BELOW! THOSE! ITEMS! THAT! ARE! APPLICABLE! TO! THE! EMPLOYEE.! ! NOTE:! ! EMPLOYER! WILL! BE! REQUIRED! TO!
PROVIDE!VERIFICATION!OF!TRAINING.!
INITIAL! TRAINING:! ! I! have! completed! an! asbestos! abatement! training! course! for! Workers;! Contractor! /! Supervisor! /!
Class!III!(circle!one)!that!meets!EPA!and!the!State!of!Alabama's!requirements.!
Date!Completed!! !
REFRESHER!TRAINING:!!I!have!completed!annual!refresher!on!the!above!asbestos!training!courses.!
Date!Completed!! !
MEDICAL!EXAMINATION:!!I!have!had!a!medical!examination!within!the!last!twelve!months!which!was!paid!for!by!my!
employer.!!I!was!personally!provided!a!copy!and!informed!of!the!results!of!that!examination.!!Check!one!below:!
!
A! physician! determined! (there! were! __)! (there! were! no! __)! limitations! to! performing! asbestos! related! work.! Date!
medical!exam!was!performed!! ! !
!
Employee!Signature! ! ! Date! !
Printed!Name! ! !
!
Contractor's!Competent!Person!or!Industrial!Hygienist!
Signature! ! ! Date! !
Printed!Name! ! !
!

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PART 5 - RESPIRATORY'PROTECTION'JUSTIFICATION'FORM'
!

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!
RESPIRATORY'PROTECTION'JUSTIFICATION'
!
Project!Name:! ! !
!
Location:! ! !
!
Date!of!Submittal:! ! !
!
Date(s)!Historic!Monitoring!Data!Was!Collected:! ! !
!
Based! upon! airborne! asbestos! fiber! counts! encountered! on! previous! projects! of! a! similar! type! under! work! place!
conditions!closely!resembling!the!processes,!type!of!material,!control!methods,!work!practices,!and!environmental!
conditions!used!and!prevailing!in!the!Contractor's!current!operations,!the!following!level!of!respiratory!protection!is!
proposed! for! the! indicated! operations! to! maintain! an! airborne! fiber! concentration! below! 0.005! fibers! per! cubic!
centimeter!(f/cc)!exposure!limit!inside!the!respirator!facepiece!of!the!abatement!worker.!
!
Operation' Anticipated' Respiratory' Protection' F/CC'in'
F/CC' Protection' Factor' Mask'

Work!Area!Preparation! ! ! ! !
Removal!of!friable!ACM! ! ! ! !
Removal!of!Non_friable!ACM! ! ! ! !
Removal!of!roofing!ACM! ! ! ! !
Cleanup!of!ACM!and!debris! ! ! ! !
Disposal!of!waste!material!at!landfill! ! ! ! !
Other!(describe)! ! ! ! !
! ! ! ! !
!
The!Contractor!certifies!that!to!the!best!of!his!knowledge!and!belief!the!above!represent!a!true!and!accurate!
representation!of!airborne!fiber!concentrations!expected!for!the!operations!indicated,!and!are!based!upon!airborne!
fiber!data!from!projects!with!similar!materials!and!operations!performed!within!the!past!one!year!period.!!If!
requested!by!the!Owner,!the!Contractor!shall!provide!backup!documentation!for!verification!of!the!above!data.!
!
CHECK!ONE:!
! Data!will!serve!as!Negative!Exposure!Assessment!
! Data!will!serve!as!historic!data!only!
Contractor! ! !
Signature! ! ! Date! !
!

Bhate!Project!No:!9130001! June!2013! 31!


REPORT OF SUBSURFACE EXPLORATION
AND GEOTECHNICAL EVALUATION
RAMSAY-MCCORMACK BUILDING ADDITIONS
BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA
BUILDING & EARTH PROJECT NO: BH170134

PREPARED FOR:
ArchitectureWorks, LLP

JUNE 12, 2017


Bldg & Earth Office Address
Office_City, Office_State Office_Zip
Ph: (xxx) xxx-xxxx
www.BuildingAndEarth.com

June 12, 2017

ArchitectureWorks, LLP
130 Nineteenth Street South
Birmingham, Alabama 35233

Attention: Cindy Coyle

Subject: Report of Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation


Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions
Birmingham, Alabama
Building & Earth Project No: BH170134

Dear Ms. Coyle:

Building & Earth Sciences, Inc. has completed the authorized subsurface exploration and
geotechnical engineering evaluation for the proposed Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions
located at intersection of Avenue East and 19th Street Ensley in Birmingham, Alabama.

The purpose of this exploration and evaluation was to determine general subsurface conditions
at the site and to address applicable geotechnical aspects of the proposed construction and site
development. The recommendations in this report are based on a physical reconnaissance of the
site and observation and classification of samples obtained from five (5) soil test borings
conducted at the site. Confirmation of the anticipated subsurface conditions during construction
is an essential part of geotechnical services.

We appreciate the opportunity to provide consultation services for the proposed project. If you
have any questions regarding the information in this report or need any additional information,
please call us.

Respectfully Submitted,
BUILDING & EARTH SCIENCES, INC.

Feng Zhu, Ph.D. George P. Ballock, P.E


Senior Geotechnical Engineer Regional Vice President

Birmingham, AL Auburn, AL Huntsville, AL Montgomery, AL Mobile, AL


Columbus, GA Louisville, KY New Orleans, LA Raleigh, NC Dunn, NC
Jacksonville, NC Springdale, AR Little Rock, AR Tulsa, OK Oklahoma City, OK Durant, OK
Table of Contents 
1.0 PROJECT & SITE DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................................................... 1 
2.0 SCOPE OF SERVICES ............................................................................................................................................... 3 
3.0 GEOTECHNICAL SITE CHARACTERIZATION ................................................................................................... 4 
3.1 GEOLOGY .................................................................................................................................................................. 5 
3.2 EXISTING SURFACE CONDITIONS ........................................................................................................................... 5 
3.3 SUBSURFACE CONDITIONS ..................................................................................................................................... 6 
EXISTING FILL MATERIAL ................................................................................................................................. 6 
RESIDUAL SOILS ............................................................................................................................................... 7 
LIMESTONE BEDROCK ...................................................................................................................................... 7 

AUGER REFUSAL ............................................................................................................................................... 8 


GROUNDWATER ............................................................................................................................................... 8 
SEISMIC SITE CLASSIFICATION ........................................................................................................................ 9 
4.0 SITE DEVELOPMENT CONSIDERATIONS ......................................................................................................... 9 
4.1 INITIAL SITE PREPARATION .................................................................................................................................. 10 
4.2 SUBGRADE EVALUATION ...................................................................................................................................... 10 
4.3 MOISTURE SENSITIVE SOILS ................................................................................................................................ 11 
4.4 UNDERCUTTING OF EXISTING FILL MATERIAL ................................................................................................... 11 
4.5 UNDERCUTTING OF LOW CONSISTENCY SOILS (1-2 STORY BUILDING ADDITIONS) .................................... 12 
4.6 STRUCTURAL FILL .................................................................................................................................................. 12 
4.7 EXCAVATION CONSIDERATIONS.......................................................................................................................... 13 
4.8 UTILITY TRENCH BACKFILL ................................................................................................................................... 13 
4.9 LANDSCAPING AND DRAINAGE CONSIDERATION ............................................................................................ 13 
4.10 WET WEATHER CONSTRUCTION ...................................................................................................................... 14 
5.0 FOUNDATION RECOMMENDATIONS ............................................................................................................14 
5.1 SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS (1-2 STORY BUILDING ADDITIONS) ...................................................................... 14 
5.2 DRILLED PIERS (10-STORY BUILDING ADDITION) ............................................................................................ 15 
6.0 BELOW GRADE WALLS.........................................................................................................................................18 
7.0 FLOOR SLABS ..........................................................................................................................................................21 
8.0 SUBGRADE REHABILITATION ............................................................................................................................21 
9.0 CONSTRUCTION MONITORING .......................................................................................................................22 
10.0 CLOSING AND LIMITATIONS ..........................................................................................................................22 

APPENDIX

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

1.0 PROJECT & SITE DESCRIPTION

The subject site is located at intersection of Avenue East and 19th Street Ensley in
downtown Ensley. Information relative to the proposed site and the proposed
development is listed in Table 1 below. Photographs depicting the current site condition
are presented on the following page.
Development
Detail Description
Item
Size (Ac.) ±0.8
Existing Development Existing 10-story office tower and parking lot
Vegetation Few trees in the northwest area of the site
General Site Slopes No
Retaining Walls No
Drainage Good
Cuts & Fills Minimum cuts and fills (assumed)
No. of Bldgs 3
Square Ft. 14,400

Stories One 10-story building addition and


Two 1-2 story building additions
Construction Unknown
Proposed Column Loads 10-story building addition: Less than 550 kips
Buildings 1-2 story building additions: Less than 250 kips

Wall Loads 10-story building addition: Less than 18 kips per linear foot
1-2 story building additions: Less than 5 kips per linear foot

Preferred Foundation 10-story building addition: Drilled Piers


1-2 story building additions: Conventional shallow foundation

Preferred Slab 10-story building addition: Structural Slab


1-2 story building additions: Concrete slab-on-grade
Table 1: Project and Site Description
Reference: Grading plan was not available at the time of this report. Structural information was provided by
Mr. Owens in an email dated June 6, 2017
Notes:
1. If actual loading conditions exceed the anticipated loads, Building & Earth Sciences should
be allowed to review the proposed structural design and its effects on our recommendations
for foundation design.
2. When the site and grading plan are finalized, Building & Earth should be allowed to review
the plans and their effects on our recommendations.

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

Figure 1: Site Photo – North side of building (looking south)

Figure 2: Site Photo – Northeast of building (looking west)

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

2.0 SCOPE OF SERVICES

The authorized subsurface exploration was performed on May 25 and 26, 2017 in
conformance with our proposal BH19039, dated May 2, 2017. Occasionally some
modification of the scope outlined in our proposal is required to provide for proper
evaluation of the encountered subsurface conditions.

The purpose of the geotechnical exploration was to determine general subsurface


conditions at specific boring locations and to gather data on which to base a geotechnical
evaluation with respect to the proposed construction. The subsurface exploration for this
project consisted of five (5) soil test borings. Two (2) of the borings were extended beyond
their auger refusal depth using rock coring techniques to evaluate the rock at those
locations. The site was drilled using a CME 550 ATV Drill rig equipped with an automatic
hammer.

Two piezometers were installed at the site for long-term groundwater monitoring. The
soil boring and piezometer locations were determined in the field by a representative of
our staff by measuring distances from existing site features. As such, the boring and
piezometer locations shown on the Boring Location Plan attached to this report should
be considered approximate.

The soil samples recovered during our site investigation were visually classified and
specific samples were selected by the project engineer for laboratory analysis. The
laboratory analysis consisted of:

Ten (10) Natural Moisture Content Tests.


Four (4) Atterberg Limits Tests.
Four (4) Unconfined Compression Tests on rock samples.

The results of the laboratory analysis are presented on the enclosed Boring Logs and in
tabular form in the Appendix of this report. Descriptions of the laboratory tests that were
performed are also included in the Appendix.

The information gathered from the exploration was evaluated to determine a suitable
foundation type for the proposed structure. The information was also evaluated to help
determine if any special subgrade preparation procedures will be required during the
earthwork phase of the project.

The results of the work are presented within this report that addresses:

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

Site geology and potential impact on the site development.


Summary of existing surface conditions.
A description of the subsurface conditions encountered at the soil test boring
locations including a description of the groundwater conditions observed in the
boreholes during drilling, as well as long-term groundwater monitoring.
Rock Quality Designations (RQD).
Presentation of laboratory test results.
Evaluation of appropriate Deep Foundations.
Recommendations to be used for foundation design, including appropriate
foundation types, bearing pressures and depths, and settlement estimates.
Site preparation considerations including material types to be expected at the site
and treatment of unsuitable soils, if encountered.
Compaction requirements and recommended criteria to establish suitable material
for structural backfill.
Mapped Spectral Accelerations for short periods and at 1-second period (SS and
S1, respectively).
Site coefficients (Fa and Fv).
Maximum Considered Spectral Response Accelerations for short periods and at 1-
second period (SMS and SM1, respectively).
Design Spectral Response Accelerations for short periods and at 1-second period
(SDS and SD1, respectively).
Recommendations for retaining walls and below grade walls, including coefficient
of friction and earth pressure coefficients.

3.0 GEOTECHNICAL SITE CHARACTERIZATION

The following discussion is intended to create a general understanding of the site from a
geotechnical engineering perspective. It is not intended to be a discussion of every
potential geotechnical issue that may arise, nor to provide every possible interpretation
of the conditions identified. The following conditions and subsequent recommendations
are based on the assumption that significant changes in subsurface conditions do not
occur between boreholes. However, anomalous conditions can occur due to variations in
existing fill that may be present at the site, or the geologic conditions at the site, and it

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

will be necessary to evaluate the assumed conditions during site grading and foundation
installation.

3.1 GEOLOGY
Based on published information the site is underlain by the Conasauga Formation of
Cambrian Age. The Conasauga Formation typically consists of thin-to-medium-bedded
limestone with thin partings of shale. The beds are usually folded and fractured.
Weathering of this formation results in a clayey or silty-clay soil that ranges from 5 to 50+
feet in thickness. The bedrock surface is highly irregular. Pinnacles may project to the
surface, and limestone boulders and fragments occur throughout the soil zone. The
formation is also susceptible to vertical clay filled slots and seams.

Published geologic literature indicates that the Conasauga Formation is prone to the
development of sinkholes. Although the site is prone to the development of sinkholes,
there is no certainty that a sinkhole or other related features will or will not develop in the
future. However, this area is much more susceptible to sinkhole development than an area
underlain by sandstone or shale. Voids were not encountered during our field
exploration, however, it is noted that no water return was obtained during rock
coring in boring B-05.

Key factors involved in the absence or presence of sinkhole activity in a particular area are
the presence of soluble, carbonate rock and the movement of groundwater through the
rock. As groundwater is moved from carbonate strata, cavities or voids within the rock
that were once water-filled become open. Residual clay overlying the voids and situated
between the bedrock and ground surface begins to "spall" or migrate into these voids.
This spalling results in new voids which are located in the clay. As spalling continues
upward, the overlying clay eventually can no longer support itself and a depression forms
at the surface, resulting in a sinkhole.

Based on the Engineering Geology of the Adamsville Quadrangle, Alabama (1979) the site
is located approximately 0.2 miles east of a trust fault and about 1 mile away from an area
identified as most susceptible to subsidence by sinkhole collapse.

3.2 EXISTING SURFACE CONDITIONS


At the time of our field exploration, a portion of the subject site was occupied by the
Ramsay-McCormack building, also known as the Bank of Ensley building. The Ramsay-
McCormack building is a 10-story, 144 feet tall art-deco style office tower, with basement,
completed in 1929. The building is currently surrounded by a chain link fence. Light grass
and a few scattered trees were observed mostly on the northwest side of the building. To

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

the east of the building is a small parking lot and alleyway. To the north of the building is
a gravel lot. A previous building was located on the northern half of the gravel lot. Based
on the available Google Earth aerial image of the site, this building appears to have been
demolished at some time between December 2003 and April 2005.
Approximately 3 to 4 inches of topsoil were encountered in borings B-01, B-04 and B-05.
Approximately 3 inches of gravel were encountered at the surface of boring B-02. In
boring B-03, approximately 4 inches of concrete and 6 inches of aggregate base material
were encountered at the surface. The topsoil, concrete and base depths reported on the
boring logs should only be construed as an estimate and actual conditions during
construction will vary. The topsoil, root zone, concrete, and aggregate base layers may be
thicker in unexplored areas of the site, which can affect the quantities of material removed
during site grading.

3.3 SUBSURFACE CONDITIONS


A generalized stratification summary has been prepared using data from the soil test
borings and is presented in the table below. The stratification depicts the general soil
conditions and strata types encountered during our field investigation.

Stratum Typical Description Consistency


No. Thickness
1 3 - 10 in. Topsoil, Gravel, Concrete and Base N/A
Existing Fill – Fat Clay (CH) or Sandy Clay Medium Stiff to Very Stiff/
2 1.2 ft.
(SC) Loose to Medium Dense
Typically Medium Stiff to Very
3 16.5 – 41.5 ft. Residual soils – Lean Clay (CL)
Stiff
Bedrock - Weathered Limestone (B-04 Very Poor to Good rock mass
4 22.7 - 27 ft.
and B-05, only) quality
Table 2: Stratification Summary

Subsurface soil profiles have also been prepared based on the data obtained at the
specific boring locations. The subsurface soil profiles are presented in the Appendix. For
specific details on the information obtained from individual soil borings, please refer to
the Boring Logs included in the Appendix. The elevations of the borings indicated in this
report were estimated from Google Earth.

EXISTING FILL MATERIAL


Existing fill was encountered in all borings beneath the topsoil, gravel or base material.
The existing fill layer typically extended to depths of 1.5 to 2.0 feet below the existing
ground surface. The existing fill layer consisted of fat clay (CH) or clayey sand (SC).

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

In borings B-01 and B-02 the existing fill layer consisted of fat clay and extended to
approximately 1.5 to 2 feet below the ground surface. The fat clay was generally medium
stiff to very stiff and was dark brown and reddish brown in color. In borings B-04 and B-
05 the existing fill consisted of very loose to loose clayey sands (SC) and extended to
approximately 1.5 below the ground surface. The Standard Penetration Test (SPT) N-
values within the fill layer ranged from 5 to 20 Based on the N-values, the existing fill
layer appears to be poorly to moderately compacted. Trace of rock, asphalt, glass, bricks
and concrete fragments were observed in the samples from the fill layer.

The moisture content of the fill samples tested ranged from approximately 10 to 21
percent. Atterberg Limits Tests performed on a selected SC fill sample exhibited low
plasticity with a Liquid Limit of (LL) of 29 and a Plasticity Index (PI) of 15.

RESIDUAL SOILS
Residual soils, materials formed by the in-place weathering of the parent bedrock, were
encountered in all boring locations below the existing fill layer and extended to auger
refusal depths. The residual soils consisted of lean clay (CL). The CL soils were generally
medium stiff to very stiff. Low consistency soils (N≤6) were encountered in the upper 5
feet of the CL soils in all of borings except B-02. N-values below 5 feet typically increased
with depth.

The moisture content of selected CL samples tested ranged from approximately 15 to 23


percent. Atterberg Limits Tests performed on selected CL soils samples exhibited low to
medium plasticity with Liquid Limits (LL) between 24 and 34 and Plasticity Indices (PI)
between 9 and 20.

LIMESTONE BEDROCK

Auger refusal was encountered in all of borings at depths ranging from 18.5 to 43 feet
below existing grades. Borings B-04, and B-05 were extended past their refusal depths
using rock coring techniques and were terminated at depths ranging from 47.7 to 59.8
feet below existing grades. Rock cores were obtained below the refusal level to evaluate
the character and continuity of the refusal material or rock mass. Additional information
such as recovery, rock quality designation (RQD), and unconfined compressive strength
results are included in the Appendix.

In general, the bedrock consisted primarily of limestone. Very poor limestone rock mass
quality was encountered in boring B-05 with RQD value of 0%. The coring advance in
boring B-05 was very slow and very little sample recovery occurred. This could be due to
issues with the coring equipment or to the nature of the rock material. There were no

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

voids or very soft zones encountered in boring B-05. Coring advance in boring B-04 was
significantly faster. Sample recovery was also good in boring B-04. The limestone
generally exhibited fair to good rock mass quality in boring B-04. Recovery in boring B-
04 generally ranged from 45% to 100%, except in Run #2 (27.8 to 32.8 feet), where a
recovery of 13% was recorded. Due to the very limited recovery in boring B-05, rock core
compressive strength test results obtained from boring B-04 were used for the analysis in
this report. Photographs of the rock cores are included in the Appendix.

AUGER REFUSAL
Auger refusal is the drilling depth at which the borehole can no longer be advanced using
soil drilling procedures. Auger refusal can occur on hard soil, boulders, buried debris or
bedrock. Coring is required to sample the material below auger refusal. Auger refusal
was encountered in all borings at the depths below.

Boring No. Depth (ft) Boring No. Depth (ft)


B-01 27.0 B-04 25.0
B-02 43.0 B-05 28.0
B-03 18.5
Table 3: Auger Refusal Depths

GROUNDWATER
At the time of drilling, groundwater was encountered in four of the five borings at depths
ranging from 18.5 feet to 29 feet below the surface. At the end of drilling, groundwater
was measured in 3 of the borings at depths ranging from 9 to 12 feet below the existing
surface elevation. Water levels reported are accurate only for the time and date reported.
The borings were backfilled the same day that they were drilled. Piezometers were
installed on 5/26/17 in P-01 and P-02 to provide longer term groundwater elevation
information. Groundwater data is included in the following table.
Groundwater Groundwater Groundwater
Boring
Depth at time Depth at end Depth On
No.
of drilling (ft) of drilling (ft) 6/8/17 (ft)
B-01 27.0 9.0 -
B-02 29.0 -
B-03 18.5 12.0 10.0
B-05 27.5 9.0 -
P-01* - 10.3
P-02* - 7.5
Table 4: Groundwater Depth
* Piezometer was installed.

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

SEISMIC SITE CLASSIFICATION


Evaluation of the seismic site classification is summarized in the following table.
Basis of Evaluation Recommended Site Classification

2015 International Building Code (IBC) and ASCE 7, Chapter 20 C

The SeisOpt® refraction microtremor (ReMi®) method was used to determine the Seismic Site Class of
the building areas. SeisOpt® ReMi® Vs30 software uses data from conventional seismograph and P-wave
geophones to estimate average shear wave velocities and one and two-dimensional shear wave profiles
to a depth of 100 feet below the existing site grades. These velocities are used to classify a building site
with the IBC site Class A through E designation. The average shear wave velocity (Vs) in the upper 100
feet was 2405 feet per second (ft/s) on 18th Ave and 2451 feet per second (ft/s) on Ave E. The results of
the shear wave velocity analysis are included in the Appendix.
Table 5: Seismic Site Classification

According to Figure 1613.3.1(1) of the IBC 2015, the project site has a mapped 0.2 second
spectral response acceleration (Ss) of 0.268g. Based on Figure 1613.3.1(2), the project has
a mapped 1.0 second spectral response acceleration (S1) of 0.106g.

Using Tables 1613.3.3(1) and 1613.3.3(2), the mapped spectral accelerations, and Site
Class C; the site coefficients Fa and Fv have been determined to be 1.2 and 1.69,
respectively. The maximum considered spectral response accelerations, SMS and SM1, were
determined to be 0.321g and 0.180g, respectively. The design spectral response
accelerations, SDS and SD1, were determined to be 0.214g and 0.120g, respectively.

4.0 SITE DEVELOPMENT CONSIDERATIONS

A grading plan was not available at the time of this report. Based on the existing
topography, we assumed grades will remain virtually unchanged. Depending on the final
building configuration more significant cuts could be required due to the existing
retaining wall at the east property boundary.

Based on our evaluation of the subsurface soil information, and the anticipated
foundation loads, it appears that the 10-story building addition construction can be
supported on deep foundations (drilled piers) and the two 1-2 story building additions
can be supported on conventional shallow foundations. If a different type of
foundation system is preferred, Building & Earth should be allowed to review the
site development recommendations to verify that they are appropriate for the
preferred foundation system.

The primary geotechnical concerns for this project are:

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

The presence of low consistency soils (N ≤ 6) in the upper 5 feet across the site.
The presence, compaction and composition of the existing fill material.
The presence of relatively shallow groundwater.
Moisture sensitive soils encountered throughout the site.

Recommendations addressing the site conditions are presented in the following sections.

4.1 INITIAL SITE PREPARATION


All trees, roots, topsoil, gravel, concrete and deleterious materials should be removed
from the proposed construction areas. Approximately 3 to 10 inches of topsoil, gravel,
concrete and base material were observed in the borings. Undercutting will be required
to remove the existing fill material and low consistency soil encountered across the site.
A geotechnical engineer should observe stripping and grubbing operations to evaluate
that all unsuitable materials are removed from locations for proposed construction.

Because of past use of the site, buried structures could be encountered such as
foundations, utility lines, septic tanks, etc. If encountered, they should be removed
and backfilled in accordance with requirements outlined in the Structural Fill section
of this report.

Materials disturbed during clearing operations should be stabilized in place or, if


necessary, undercut to undisturbed materials and backfilled with properly compacted,
approved structural fill.

During site preparation activities, the contractor should identify borrow source materials
that will be used as structural fill and provide samples to the testing laboratory so that
conformance to the Structural Fill requirements outlined below and appropriate moisture-
density relationship curves can be determined.

4.2 SUBGRADE EVALUATION


We recommend that the project geotechnical engineer or a qualified representative
evaluate the subgrade after the site is prepared. Some unsuitable or unstable areas may
be present in unexplored areas of the site. All areas that will require fill or that will support
structures should be carefully proofrolled with a heavy (40,000 # minimum), rubber-tired
vehicle at the following times.

After an area has been stripped, and undercut if required, prior to the
placement of any fill.

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

After grading an area to the finished subgrade elevation in a building or


pavement area.
After areas have been exposed to any precipitation, and/or have been exposed
for more than 48 hours.

Some instability may exist during construction, depending on climatic and other factors
immediately preceding and during construction. If any soft or otherwise unsuitable soils
are identified during the proofrolling process, they must be undercut or stabilized prior
to fill placement, pavement construction, or floor slab construction. All unsuitable material
identified during the construction shall be removed and replaced in accordance with the
Structural Fill section of this report.

4.3 MOISTURE SENSITIVE SOILS


Moisture sensitive lean clays (CL) and clayey sands (SC) were encountered across most of
the site during the subsurface exploration. These soils will degrade if allowed to become
saturated. Therefore, not allowing water to pond by maintaining positive drainage and
temporary dewatering methods (if required) is important to help avoid degradation and
softening of the soils.

The contractor should anticipate some difficulty during the earthwork phase of this
project if moisture levels are moderate to high during construction. Increased moisture
levels will soften the subgrade and the soils may become unstable under the influence of
construction traffic. Accordingly, construction during wet weather conditions should be
avoided, as this could result in soft and unstable soil conditions that would require ground
modification, such as in place stabilization or undercutting.

4.4 UNDERCUTTING OF EXISTING FILL MATERIAL


Previously placed fill material was encountered in all of the borings. We do not know the
quality or origin of the fill, nor whether density tests were performed during its placement.
Our limited data indicates that the fill was poorly to moderately compacted during
placement. Traces of rock fragments and debris such as brick, asphalt, concrete, and glass
fragments were noted in the samples from the fill layer. We recommend that the existing
fill layer be completely undercut in the proposed building areas and replaced with new
approved structural fill. The undercutting should extend at least 5 feet horizontally outside
the proposed building areas. Areas outside the building pad should be carefully evaluated
during construction and selectively undercut if necessary.

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

The undercutting should be conducted under the observation of the geotechnical


engineer or his representative. Once the undercut is complete, the areas planned for
construction should be proofrolled in order to identify any soft soils requiring removal.

4.5 UNDERCUTTING OF LOW CONSISTENCY SOILS (1-2 STORY BUILDING ADDITIONS)


Low consistency soils (N≤6) were encountered in all of the borings within the building
footprint in the upper 5 feet, with the exception of boring B-02. Low consistency soils
should be undercut to a stable, suitable subgrade. Approximately 5 feet of undercutting
is expected in the vicinity of B-01 and B-03 to remove the existing fill layer and the upper
low consistency residual soils. The undercutting should extend laterally 5 feet outside the
building footprint. In parking areas, the low consistency soils should be undercut to a
stable subgrade or to one foot below the planned grade (bottom of base layer) and
stabilized using a layer of geogrid (TX-140) and at least 12 inches of dense graded base
material, if necessary. The undercutting should be conducted under the observation of
the geotechnical engineer or his representative.

Some unsuitable or unstable areas may be present in unexplored areas of the site. Once
the undercut is complete, the areas planned for construction should be proofrolled in
order to identify any additional soft soils requiring removal.

The undercut soils should be replaced with structural fill. Clean, non-organic, non-
saturated soils taken from the undercut area can be re-used as structural fill. The
placement procedure, compaction and composition of the structural fill must meet the
requirements of the Structural Fill section of this report.

4.6 STRUCTURAL FILL


Requirements for structural fill on this project are as follows:
Soil Type USCS
Property Requirements Placement Location
Classification
GW, GP, GM,
Sand and All locations and depths with proper
SW, SP, SM or Maximum 2” particle size
Gravel drainage.
combinations

Clay CL, SC, GC LL<50, PI<25, d>100 pcf All locations and depths.

Clay CH N/A Not suitable for structural fill.

Silt ML, MH N/A Not suitable for structural fill.

On-site soils CL, SC As listed above As listed above.


Table 6: Structural Fill Requirements

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

Notes:
1. LL indicates the soil Liquid Limit; PI indicates the soil Plasticity Index; d indicates the maximum dry
density as defined by the density standard outlined in the table below.
2. Laboratory testing of the soils proposed for fill must be performed in order to verify their
conformance with the above recommendations.
3. Any fill to be placed at the site should be reviewed by the geotechnical engineer.

Placement requirements for structural fill are as follows:

Specification Requirement

Maximum 8-inch loose lifts when compacted with large heavy compaction
Lift Thickness equipment. Maximum 6-inch loose lifts when compacted with lightweight
compaction equipment (thinner lifts may be required in confined locations).
Minimum of 98 percent of maximum dry density as defined by ASTM D698 at all
Density
locations and depths.
± 2 percent of optimum moisture as defined by ASTM D698 for cohesive soils. For
cohesionless soils with greater than 12 percent passing the US Standard No. 200
Moisture
sieve, ± 3 of optimum moisture as defined above. Moisture requirement is waived for
cohesionless soils with less than 12 percent passing the No. 200 sieve.
One test per 2,500 sf in building areas and one test per 5,000 sf in pavement areas
Density Testing
with minimum of 3 tests per lift. One test per 200 feet of trench backfill with minimum
Frequency
of 2 tests per lift.
Table 7: Structural Fill Placement Requirements

4.7 EXCAVATION CONSIDERATIONS


All excavations performed at the site should follow OSHA guidelines for temporary
excavations. Excavated soils should be stockpiled according to OSHA regulations to limit
the potential cave-in of soils.

4.8 UTILITY TRENCH BACKFILL


All utility trenches must be backfilled and compacted in the manner specified above for
structural fill. It may be necessary to reduce the lift thickness to 4 to 6 inches to achieve
compaction using hand-operated equipment.

4.9 LANDSCAPING AND DRAINAGE CONSIDERATION


The potential for soil moisture fluctuations within building areas and pavement subgrades
should be reduced to lessen the potential of subgrade movement. Site grading should
include positive drainage away from buildings and pavements. Excessive irrigation of
landscaping poses a risk of saturating and softening soils below shallow footings and

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

pavements, which could result in settlement of footings and premature failure of


pavements.

4.10 WET WEATHER CONSTRUCTION


Excessive movement of construction equipment across the site during wet weather may
result in ruts, which will collect rainwater, prolonging the time required to dry the
subgrade soils.

During rainy periods, additional effort will be required to properly prepare the site and
establish/maintain an acceptable subgrade. The difficulty will increase in areas where clay
or silty soils are exposed at the subgrade elevation. Grading contractors typically
postpone grading operations during wet weather to wait for conditions that are more
favorable. Contractors can typically disk or aerate the upper soils to promote drying
during intermittent periods of favorable weather. When deadlines restrict postponement
of grading operations, additional measures such as undercutting and replacing saturated
soils or stabilization can be utilized to facilitate placement of additional fill material.

5.0 FOUNDATION RECOMMENDATIONS

According to provided preliminary loading information, column loads will be less than
550 kips and wall loads will be less than 18 kips per linear foot for the 10-story building
addition construction. Column loads will be less than 250 kips and wall loads will be less
than 5 kips per linear foot for the 1-2 story building addition construction. If actual
loading conditions exceed our anticipated loads, Building & Earth Sciences should
be allowed to review the proposed structural design and its effects on our
recommendations for foundation design.

5.1 SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS (1-2 STORY BUILDING ADDITIONS)


Based on the conditions encountered during our field investigation and after our site
preparation and grading recommendations are implemented, the proposed 1-2 story
building additions can be supported on conventional shallow foundations designed using
an allowable soil bearing capacity of 2,500 psf.

Even though computed footing dimensions may be less, column footings should be at
least 24 inches wide and strip footings should be at least 18 inches wide. These
dimensions facilitate hand cleaning of footing subgrades disturbed by the excavation
process and the placement of reinforcing steel. They also reduce the potential for
localized punching shear failure. All exterior footings should bear at least 24 inches
below the adjacent exterior grade. Total settlement of footings designed and
constructed as recommended above should be 1 inch or less.

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

5.2 DRILLED PIERS (10-STORY BUILDING ADDITION)


Drilled piers are a commonly used deep foundation system for heavy settlement sensitive
structures. Drilled piers extended to continuous, competent rock can be used to support
the proposed building. Using this approach, an auger is used to excavate soil; and rock
removal techniques are used to remove broken or discontinuous rock to reach a
competent bearing strata. The excavation is kept open using temporary casing, which is
removed as concrete is placed in the shaft to complete the foundation.

A design decision to be addressed when using rock sockets is whether to neglect one or
the other component of resistance (side or base), for the purpose of evaluating the drilled
pier capacity. For strong rock, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) recommends
to use either side friction or end bearing resistance only, but not both. It is our opinion
that the use of drilled piers sized for only end bearing is appropriate for this site for the
following reasons:

The drilled pier base will be bearing in rock which is either massive or tightly
jointed. The unconfined compressive strength of the limestone tested ranged from
approximately 8.06 ksi to 15.39 ksi. The presence of cavities, voids or soft soil seams
can be verified with test probes.
The conditions are suitable for the preparation of a clean base. This can be verified
by visual observation prior to concrete placement.
The amount of rock removal is a major factor in the drilled pier foundation costs.
The use of a high allowable end bearing capacity will reduce the amount of rock
removal required for the shafts.

The depth of the upper rock surface varied from 18.5 to 28 feet below the existing ground
surface. Hard rock excavation will be required in order to prepare a level bearing surface
for the drilled piers. The amount of rock excavated will vary at any particular location. The
amount of rock excavation required to achieve a suitable bearing condition will have a
major impact on the foundation construction costs. Based on the information obtained at
the core locations, we anticipate that competent bedrock will be encountered on or near
the rock surface. For preliminary budgeting purposes, we recommend that rock
excavation quantities averaging twice the pier diameter be used in areas of competent
rock. A concrete overage factor of 1.4 times the neat shaft volume is also recommended.
The table below summarizes the approximate depths and elevations where rock surface
and competent rock were encountered at each boring location.

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

Boring Approximate Depth to Rock Approximate Elevation of Rock


Number Surface (ft) Surface (ft)
B-04 25.0 523.0
B-05 40.0 507.0
Table 8: Summary of Subsurface Conditions for Drilled Piers
Notes:
1. The depths provided in this table are measured from the existing ground surface.
2. The depths and elevations of competent rock are based on evaluation of rock cores
extracted at the boring locations or auger refusal depth and may not depict all
conditions within the subject site.
3. The elevations of the borings were estimated from Google Earth.

A factor of safety of 3.0 was used for the drilled pier analysis. We recommend that at least
10 feet of continuous rock be present below the bottom of the drilled shaft. The following
table summarizes the design parameters for drilled piers bearing in continuous limestone:

Parameter Value
Minimum Diameter 30 in.
Allowable End Bearing Pressure 130 ksf
Allowable Skin Friction for Uplift Resistance 7.6 ksf (concrete on rock socket)
Minimum Spacing 3 x Pier Diameter
Group Reduction Factor None*
* We understand that pier groups will not be used.

Table 9: Design Parameters for Drilled Piers

Estimated settlements were calculated using SHAFT® (Version 2012.7.10). The anticipated
settlement values were less than 0.35 inch for a 30-inch diameter pier. The anticipated
settlement of larger piers is less than that estimated for the 30-inch pier.

A Building & Earth engineer or qualified representative should observe the installation of
production piers to check that the installation criteria are implemented. Test holes must
be performed in order to verify rock continuity. A minimum of one 2-inch diameter
test hole should be drilled in each pier excavation. The test hole should be drilled in
the center of the pier excavation, and should extend a minimum of twice the pier
diameter, or 10 feet, whichever is greater. We recommend that drilled piers have a
minimum diameter of 30 inches to allow for cleaning and reviewing the exposed bearing
surface. Loose material and fractured rock should be removed from the bearing surface.
Bearing elevations will be adjusted based on actual conditions encountered. Alternative
recommendations can be provided if anomalous or unforeseen conditions occur.

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

Proper installation of drilled piers is essential to the success of the foundation system. In
addition to structural considerations, certain safety hazards to personnel exist during
construction and observation. The following guidelines should be observed during the
installation of drilled piers:

Prior to shaft entry or inspection:


o Install metal casing in excavations over 4 feet or where the risk of sidewall
collapse is present.
o Monitor subsurface atmosphere with appropriate gas detection equipment.
o Outfit personnel with OSHA (or MSHA) approved safety equipment including
harness and separate safety line.

Concrete Placement:
o Concrete slump of 5 to 8 inches.
o The concrete may be placed by “free-fall” if the concrete is not allowed to strike
the reinforcement or the sides of the temporary casing. Otherwise, tremies or
centering chutes should be used.
o Clean bearing and socket surface of loose debris.
o Place concrete the same day excavation is completed.
o Maintain positive head of concrete during casing removal to prevent
contamination.

Should water enter the excavation:


o Maintain a maximum water level of less than 2 inches.
o Continue dewatering until concrete is placed.

Should water infiltration exceed pump limits:


o Allow water to attain static level.
o Pump or tremie concrete to bottom of excavation.
o Maintain a minimum 5 feet hose tremie embedment into the concrete during
placement.

The analysis of uplift effects was not included in our scope of services. The length and
diameter required to resist uplift loads should be determined by the structural engineer
of record, applying the provided skin friction uplift resistance. We understand that the

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

lateral evaluation of the drilled pier will be performed by the structural engineer. Soil
parameters to be used for the evaluation of individual pier behavior under lateral loading
conditions are presented in the Appendix. The soil parameters were estimated based on
visual inspection of the soil and rock samples, laboratory test results, SPT N-values and
engineering judgment.

The following items should be considered during the preparation of construction


documents and foundation installation:

The geotechnical engineer of record should observe the exposed foundation


bearing surfaces prior to concrete placement to verify that the conditions
anticipated during the subsurface exploration are encountered.
All bearing surfaces must be free of soft or loose soil prior to placing concrete.
Concrete should be placed the same day the excavations are completed and
bearing materials verified by the engineer. If the excavations are left open for an
extended period, or if the bearing surfaces are disturbed after the initial
observation, then the bearing surfaces should be reevaluated prior to concrete
placement.
Water should not be allowed to pond in foundation excavations prior to concrete
placement or above the concrete after the foundation is completed.
Wherever possible, the foundation concrete should be placed “neat”, using the
sides of the excavations as forms. Where this is not possible, the excavations
created by forming the foundations must be backfilled with suitable structural fill
and properly compacted.
The building pad should be sloped to drain away from the building foundations.
Roof drains should be routed away from the foundation soils.

6.0 BELOW GRADE WALLS

We understand that below grade walls are planned for the site development. The below
grade walls planned at the site should bear into newly placed structural fill or residual soil,
and may be dimensioned for an allowable bearing pressure of 2,500 psf.
We typically recommend that all below grade walls be backfilled with free-draining
granular fill such as No. 57 stone (ASTM D448). The lowest earth pressures are developed
when stone fill is placed in the zone defined by projecting a 1(H):1(V) line from the base
of the wall to the finished subgrade elevation / ground surface as shown in Figure 7. If
soil is used for backfill, the pressures will be greater and, as a minimum, a drainage blanket

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

(at least 2 feet wide) should be used so that hydrostatic pressure does not develop on the
wall. A layer of suitable filtration fabric, such as Amoco/ProPex 4545 or Mirafi N140 or
equivalent, should be placed between the soil and stone backfill to reduce migration of
soil fines into the drainage zone behind the wall.

Because the stone fill behind the wall may support structures, the fill must be placed and
compacted in a systematic manner. The stone fill should be placed in lifts not exceeding
six (6) inches and compacted using a vibratory plate compactor. Because density tests
cannot be performed in open graded aggregate, the fill placement and compaction
should be visually monitored.

The following earth pressures are recommended for design of stem walls (if any) and
below-grade walls. At rest parameters should be used to design walls that are not allowed
to rotate or translate. Appropriate surcharge loads must be included in the design.

Soil Parameters and Earth Pressure Values

Equivalent Fluid Unit Weights for


Soil Parameters
Active & At-Rest Earth Pressures (pcf)*

Backfill Material Effective


Wet Unit Weight Angle of Active
At-Rest Condition
(pcf) Internal Condition
Friction

ASTM No. 57 Stone 110 36° 45 30

Residual Soil 120 36° 67 47

Structural Fill 125 28° 66 45

Table No. 10: Soil Parameters and Earth Pressure Values


* Assumes level backfill and no surcharge loading
Note: A triaxial test was not performed for determination of soil parameters. Soil parameters were instead
estimated based on N-values, our experience with similar soils, and engineering judgment only.

Lateral earth pressures are greater for walls with free-draining material placed in a zone
steeper than the 1(H):1(V) projection recommended above. In that case, we recommend
that walls be designed using the soil parameter values for structural fill as shown in the
table above.

The recommended lateral earth pressure values are based on a fully-drained condition. If
hydrostatic pressure is allowed to build up behind walls, additional pressures will develop.
The No. 57 aggregate backfill will function as a drainage blanket. The drainage blanket

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

should have a minimum width of 2 feet and should be wrapped in filter fabric to minimize
intrusion of fines. A perforated drain line should be installed at the base of the wall
footing and should extend to a sump where water can be collected and removed or drains
should discharge by gravity flow to a suitable outfall.

Generalized below grade wall schematics are presented below.

Figure 3: Wall Backfill Details

Lateral pressures arising from surcharge loading, earthquake loading, and groundwater,
should be added to the above earth pressures to determine the total lateral pressures. In
addition, transient loads imposed on the retaining walls by construction equipment
during backfilling should be taken into consideration. Excessively heavy grading
equipment (that could impose temporary excessive lateral pressures) should not be
allowed within 5 feet (horizontally) of the walls.

Passive earth pressures of materials adjacent to the retaining wall footings as well as
bearing material friction at the footing bases may be used to resist shear. The following

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

table presents recommended allowable friction coefficient values and passive earth
pressure values for the anticipated materials.

Soil Parameter Values Resisting Shear

Friction Passive Earth Pressure, Equivalent


Material Description
Coefficient Fluid Unit Weight, PCF

Residual and Compacted Structural Fill 0.3 300

Table No. 11: Soil Parameter Values Resisting Shear

The use of passive resistance requires that the material adjacent to the footing base not
be removed (for utility installation, excavation, etc.)

7.0 FLOOR SLABS

Site development recommendations presented in this report should be followed to


provide for subgrade conditions suitable for support of grade supported slabs. Floor
slabs will be supported on stiff residual soil or newly placed structural fill.

Floor slabs for the proposed building should be supported on a minimum four (4) inches
thick compacted layer of free-draining, granular material, such as AASHTO No. 610 or 57
stone. The purpose of this layer is to serve as a leveling course and act as a capillary break
for moisture migration through the subgrade soil.

Depending on the proposed floor covering, consideration should be given to the use of
a polyethylene vapor barrier. The slabs should be appropriately reinforced (if required) to
support the proposed loads.

With addition of the granular material, an effective modulus of subgrade reaction of 150
pci can be used in the design of grade supported building floor slabs.

8.0 SUBGRADE REHABILITATION

The subgrade soils often become disturbed during the period between initial site grading
and construction of surface improvements. The amount and depth of disturbance will
vary with soil type, weather conditions, construction traffic, and drainage.

The engineer should evaluate the subgrade soil during final grading and prior to stone
placement to verify that the subgrade is suitable to receive pavement base or floor slabs.
The final evaluation may include proofrolling or density tests.

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

Subgrade rehabilitation can become a point of controversy when different contractors are
responsible for mass and final grading. The construction documents should specifically
state which contractor will be responsible for maintaining and rehabilitating the subgrade.
Rehabilitation may include wetting, mixing, and re-compacting soils that have dried
excessively or drying soils that have become wet.

9.0 CONSTRUCTION MONITORING

Field verification of site conditions is an essential part of the services provided by the
geotechnical consultant. In order to confirm our recommendations, it will be necessary
for Building & Earth personnel to make periodic visits to the site during site grading.
Typical construction monitoring services are listed below.

Periodic observation and consultation by a member of our engineering staff during


site development.
Continuous monitoring during structural fill placement.
Continuous monitoring during drilled pier installation.
Field density tests during structural fill placement.
Observation and verification of the bearing surfaces exposed after foundation
excavation.
Molding and testing of concrete cylinders.
Structural steel inspection.
Sampling of asphalt for verification and coring for determination of in-place
thickness and density.

10.0 CLOSING AND LIMITATIONS

This report was prepared for ArchitectureWorks, LLP, for specific application to the
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions located in Birmingham, Alabama. The information
in this report is not transferable. This report should not be used for a different
development on the same property without first being evaluated by the engineer.

The recommendations in this report were based on the information obtained from our
field exploration and laboratory analysis. The data collected is representative of the
locations tested. Variations are likely to occur at other locations throughout the site.
Engineering judgment was applied in regards to conditions between borings. It will be
necessary to confirm the anticipated subsurface conditions during construction.

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Subsurface Exploration and Geotechnical Evaluation,
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, Birmingham, Alabama
Project No: BH170134, June 12, 2017

This report has been prepared in accordance with generally accepted standards of
geotechnical engineering practice. No other warranty is expressed or implied. In the
event that changes are made, or anticipated to be made, to the nature, design, or location
of the project as outlined in this report, Building & Earth must be informed of the changes
and given the opportunity to either verify or modify the conclusions of this report in
writing, or the recommendations of this report will no longer be valid.

The scope of services for this project did not include any environmental assessment of
the site or identification of pollutants or hazardous materials or conditions. If the owner
is concerned about environmental issues Building & Earth would be happy to provide an
additional scope of services to address those concerns.

This report is intended for use during design and preparation of specifications and may
not address all conditions at the site during construction. Contractors reviewing this
information should acknowledge that this document is for design information only.

An article published by the Geoprofessional Business Association (GBA), titled Important


Information About Your Geotechnical Report, has been included in the Appendix. We
encourage all individuals to become familiar with the article to help manage risk.

Page | 23
Appendix Table of Contents
GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION METHODOLOGIES ........................................................................................... 1 
DRILLING PROCEDURES – STANDARD PENETRATION TEST (ASTM D1586) ........................... 1 
ROCK CORING ................................................................................................................................................... 1 
BORING LOG DESCRIPTION ............................................................................................................................................ 3 
DEPTH AND ELEVATION................................................................................................................................ 3 
SAMPLE TYPE ..................................................................................................................................................... 3 
SAMPLE NUMBER............................................................................................................................................. 3 
BLOWS PER INCREMENT, REC%, RQD% ................................................................................................. 3 
SOIL DATA ........................................................................................................................................................... 3 
SOIL DESCRIPTION .......................................................................................................................................... 4 
GRAPHIC .............................................................................................................................................................. 4 
REMARKS ............................................................................................................................................................. 4 
SOIL CLASSIFICATION METHODOLOGY..................................................................................................................... 5 
KEY TO LOGS......................................................................................................................................................................... 6 
KEY TO HATCHES ................................................................................................................................................................ 8 
BORING LOCATION PLAN ............................................................................................................................................... 9 
SUBSURFACE SOIL PROFILES ........................................................................................................................................ 10 
BORING LOGS..................................................................................................................................................................... 11 
LABORATORY TEST PROCEDURES .............................................................................................................................. 12 
DESCRIPTION OF SOILS (VISUAL-MANUAL PROCEDURE) (ASTM D2488) ............................. 12 
POCKET PENETROMETER ............................................................................................................................ 12 
NATURAL MOISTURE CONTENT (ASTM D2216) ............................................................................... 12 
ATTERBERG LIMITS (ASTM D4318).......................................................................................................... 12 
UNCONFINED COMPRESSION TEST ON ROCK SAMPLES (ASTM D7012) ............................. 12 
LABORATORY TEST RESULTS ..................................................................................................................... 13 
Table A-1: General Soil Classification Test Results ....................................................................... 13 
Table A-2: Rock Core Test Results....................................................................................................... 13 
ROCK CORE PHOTOGRAPHS ........................................................................................................................................ 14 
HISTORICAL AERIAL IMAGES OF THE SITE .............................................................................................................. 15 
REMI® SURVEY .................................................................................................................................................................. 16 
SHAFT OUTPUT .................................................................................................................................................................. 17 
IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GEOTECHNICAL-ENGINEERING REPORT ............................ 18 
GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION METHODOLOGIES

The subsurface exploration, which is the basis of the recommendations of this report, has
been performed in accordance with industry standards. Detailed methodologies employed
in the investigation are presented in the following sections.

DRILLING PROCEDURES – STANDARD PENETRATION TEST (ASTM D1586)

At each boring location, soil samples were obtained at standard sampling intervals with a
split-spoon sampler. The borehole was first advanced to the sample depth by augering and
the sampling tools were placed in the open hole. The sampler was then driven 18 inches
into the ground with a 140-pound automatic hammer free-falling 30 inches. The number
of blows required to drive the sampler each 6-inch increment was recorded. The initial
increment is considered the “seating” blows, where the sampler penetrates loose or
disturbed soil in the bottom of the borehole.
The blows required to penetrate the final two (2) increments are added together and are
referred to as the Standard Penetration Test (SPT) N-value. The N-value, when properly
evaluated, gives an indication of the soil s strength and ability to support structural loads.
Many factors can affect the SPT N-value, so this result cannot be used exclusively to evaluate
soil conditions.
The SPT testing was performed using a drill rig equipped with an automatic hammer.
Automatic hammers mechanically control the height of the hammer drop, and doing so,
deliver higher energy efficiency (90 to 99 % efficiency) than manual hammers (60 %
efficiency) which are dropped using a manually operated rope and cathead system. Because
historic data correlations were developed based on use of a manual hammer, it is necessary
to adjust the N-values obtained using an automatic hammer to make these correlations
valid. Therefore, an energy correction factor of 1.3 was applied to the recorded field N-values
from the automatic hammer for the purpose of our evaluation. The N-values discussed or
mentioned in this report and shown on the boring logs are recorded field values.
Samples retrieved from the boring locations were labeled and stored in plastic bags at the
jobsite before being transported to our laboratory for analysis. The project engineer
prepared Boring Logs summarizing the subsurface conditions at the boring locations.

ROCK CORING
Rock coring was performed in accordance with ASTM Specification D2113-99. During the
coring operations the rock cores were placed in core boxes at the site and transported to
our laboratory for identification and classification. At the laboratory the rock type was
identified and the “recovery” and “rock quality designation” (RQD) was determined. The
recovery is the ratio of the length of sample obtained to the length of the run cored, as a
percent. The RQD is the percentage of the length of the core run which has rock segments
of moderately hard or harder rock four inches or greater in length, compared to the total
length of the run. The percent recovery and RQD are related to rock soundness and
Page | A-1
continuity. Generalized rock descriptions, percent recovery, and RQD values are shown on
the boring logs.

Rock cores were obtained in two (2) of the five (5) boring locations, B-04, and B-05.

Page | A-2
BORING LOG DESCRIPTION

Building & Earth Sciences, Inc. used the gINT software program to prepare the attached boring
logs. The gINT program provides the flexibility to custom design the boring logs to include
the pertinent information from the subsurface exploration and results of our laboratory
analysis. The soil and laboratory information included on our logs is summarized below:

DEPTH AND ELEVATION


The depth below the ground surface and the corresponding elevation are shown in the first
two columns.

SAMPLE TYPE
The method used to collect the sample is shown. The typical sampling methods include Split
Spoon Sampling, Shelby Tube Sampling, Grab Samples, and Rock Core. A key is provided at
the bottom of the log showing the graphic symbol for each sample type.

SAMPLE NUMBER
Each sample collected is numbered sequentially.

BLOWS PER INCREMENT, REC%, RQD%


When Standard Split Spoon sampling is used, the blows required to drive the sampler each 6-
inch increment are recorded and shown in column 5. When rock core is obtained the recovery
ration (REC%) and Rock Quality Designation (RQD%) is recorded.

SOIL DATA
Column 6 is a graphic representation of four different soil parameters. Each of the parameters
use the same graph, however, the values of the graph subdivisions vary with each parameter.
Each parameter presented on column 6 is summarized below:

N-value- The Standard Penetration Test N-value, obtained by adding the number of
blows required to drive the sampler the final 12 inches, is recorded . The graph labels
range from 0 to 50.
Qu – Unconfined Compressive Strength estimate from the Pocket Penetrometer test in
tons per square foot (tsf). The graph labels range from 0 to 5 tsf.
Atterberg Limits – The Atterberg Limits are plotted with the plastic limit to the left, and
liquid limit to the right, connected by a horizontal line. The difference in the plastic and
liquid limits is referred to as the Plasticity Index. The Atterberg Limits test results are
also included in the Remarks column on the far right of the boring log. The Atterberg
Limits graph labels range from 0 to 100%.
Moisture – The Natural Moisture Content of the soil sample as determined in our
laboratory.

Page | A-3
SOIL DESCRIPTION
The soil description prepared in accordance with ASTM D2488, Visual Description of Soil
Samples. The Munsel Color chart is used to determine the soil color. Strata changes are
indicated by a solid line, with the depth of the change indicated on the left side of the line and
the elevation of the change indicated on the right side of the line. If subtle changes within a
soil type occur, a broken line is used. The Boring Termination or Auger Refusal depth is shown
as a solid line at the bottom of the boring.

GRAPHIC
The graphic representation of the soil type is shown. The graphic used for each soil type is
related to the Unified Soil Classification chart. A chart showing the graphic associated with
each soil classification is included.

REMARKS
Remarks regarding borehole observations, and additional information regarding the
laboratory results and groundwater observations.

Page | A-4
SOIL CLASSIFICATION METHODOLOGY

Symbols
Major Divisions Group Name & Typical Description
Lithology Group

Gravel and Well-graded gravels, gravel – sand mixtures, little or


GW no fines
Gravelly Clean Gravels
Soils (Less than 5% fines) Poorly-graded gravels, gravel – sand mixtures, little
GP or no fines
More than
Coarse
50% of
Grained coarse GM Silty gravels, gravel – sand – silt mixtures
Gravels with Fines
Soils fraction is
larger than (More than 12% fines)
No. 4 sieve GC Clayey gravels, gravel – sand – clay mixtures

More than
50% of Sand and
material is Sandy SW Well-graded sands, gravelly sands, little or no fines
Clean Sands
larger than Soils
No. 200 (Less than 5% fines) Poorly-graded sands, gravelly sands, little or no
sieve
SP fines
More than
size 50% of
coarse SM Silty sands, sand – silt mixtures
fraction is Sands with Fines
smaller than
No. 4 (More than 12% fines)
SC Clayey sands, sand – clay mixtures
sieve

Inorganic silts and very find sands, rock flour, silty or


ML clayey fine sands or clayey silt with slight plasticity
Fine Silts and
Inorganic
Clays
Grained Inorganic clays of low to medium plasticity, gravelly
CL clays, sandy clays, silty clays, lean clays
Soils Liquid Limit
less than 50
Organic OL Organic silts and organic silty clays of low plasticity
More than
50% of
Inorganic silts, micaceous or diatomaceous fine
material is Silts and MH sand, or silty soils
smaller
Clays Inorganic
than
No. 200 CH Inorganic clays of high plasticity
Liquid Limit
sieve
greater than
size
50 sieve Organic clays of medium to high plasticity, organic
Organic OH silts

Peat, humus, swamp soils with high organic


Highly Organic Soils PT contents

Table 1: Soil Classification Chart (based on ASTM D2487)

Page | A-5
SOIL CLASSIFICATION METHODOLOGY

Building & Earth Sciences classifies soil in general


accordance with the Unified Soil Classification 60
System (USCS) presented in ASTM D2487. Table 1
and Figure 1 exemplify the general guidance of 50
the USCS. Soil consistencies and relative densities CH or OH

Plasticity Index (PI)
are presented in general accordance with 40
Terzaghi, Peck, & Mesri s (1996) method, as
shown on Table 2, when quantitative field and/or 30
laboratory data is available. Table 2 includes CL or OL
Consistency and Relative Density correlations 20
with N-values obtained using either a manual MH or OH
hammer (60 percent efficiency) or automatic 10
7
CL-ML ML or OL
hammer (90 percent efficiency). The Blows Per 4
0
Increment and SPT N-values displayed on the
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
boring logs are the unaltered values measured in
Liquid Limit (LL)
the field. When field and/or laboratory data is not
available, we may classify soil in general
accordance with the Visual Manual Procedure Figure 1: Plasticity Chart (based on ASTM D2487)
presented in ASTM D2488.

Non-cohesive: Coarse-Grained Soil Cohesive: Fine-Grained Soil

SPT Penetration Estimated Range of


SPT Penetration (blows/foot) Unconfined Compressive
Consistency
(blows/foot) Relative Automatic Manual Strength (tsf)
Density Hammer* Hammer
Automatic Manual
<2 <2 Very Soft < 0.25
Hammer* Hammer

0-3 0-4 Very Loose 2-3 2-4 Soft 0.25 – 0.50

3-8 4 - 10 Loose 3-6 4-8 Medium Stiff 0.50 – 1.00

8 - 23 10 - 30 Medium Dense 6 - 12 8 - 15 Stiff 1.00 – 2.00

23 - 38 30 - 50 Dense 12 - 23 15 - 30 Very Stiff 2.00 – 4.00

> 38 > 50 Very Dense > 23 > 30 Hard > 4.00

Table 2: Soil Consistency and Relative Density (based on Ter aghi, Peck & Mesri, 1996)
* - Modified based on 80% hammer efficiency

Page | A-6
KEY TO LOGS

Standard Dynamic Cone Soil Particle Si e U.S. Standard


Penetration Test Penetrometer
Boulders Larger than 300 mm N.A.
ASTM D1586 or (Sower DCP)
AASHTO T-206 ASTM STP-399 Cobbles 300 mm to 75 mm N.A.

Gravel 75 mm to 4.75 mm 3-inch to #4 sieve


Shelby Tube
No Sample
Sampler Coarse 75 mm to 19 mm 3-inch to -inch sieve
Recovery
ASTM D1587
Fine 19 mm to 4.75 mm -inch to #4 sieve

Sand 4.75 mm to 0.075 mm #4 to #200 Sieve


Rock Core Sample Groundwater at
Coarse 4.75 mm to 2 mm #4 to #10 Sieve
ASTM D2113 Time of Drilling
Medium 2 mm to 0.425 mm #10 to #40 Sieve

Fine 0.425 mm to 0.075 mm #40 to #200 Sieve


Groundwater as
Auger Cuttings Fines Less than 0.075 mm Passing #200 Sieve
Indicated
Silt Less than 5 m N.A.

Clay Less than 2 m N.A.

Table 1: Symbol Legend Table 2: Standard Sieve Si es

A measure of a soil s plasticity characteristics in


Standard Penetration Test Resistance
general accordance with ASTM D4318. The soil
calculated using ASTM D1586 or AASHTO T-
Plasticity Index (PI) is representative of this
206. Calculated as sum of original, field
characteristic and is bracketed by the Liquid Limit (LL)
recorded values.
and the Plastic Limit (PL).

Unconfined compressive strength, typically


Percent natural moisture content in general
estimated from a pocket penetrometer. Results
accordance with ASTM D2216.
are presented in tons per square foot (tsf).

Table 3: Soil Data

Flights on the outside of the shaft advance soil cuttings to the surface. The
Hollow Stem Auger
hollow stem allows sampling through the middle of the auger flights.
Descriptor Meaning
Mud Rotary / A cutting head advances the boring and discharges a drilling fluid to
Wash Bore support the borehole and circulate cuttings to the surface. Trace Likely less than 5%
Flights on the outside bring soil cuttings to the surface. Solid stem requires Few 5 to 10%
Solid Flight Auger
removal from borehole during sampling. Little 15 to 25%
Cylindrical bucket (typically 3-inch diameter and 8 inches long) attached to a Some 30 to 45%
Hand Auger
metal rod and turned by human force. Mostly 50 to 100%

Table 4: Soil Drilling Methods Table 5: Descriptors

Page | A-7
KEY TO LOGS

The operator tightens and loosens the rope around a rotating drum assembly to lift
Manual Hammer
and drop a sliding, 140-pound hammer falling 30 inches.
An automatic mechanism is used to lift and drop a sliding, 140-pound hammer
Automatic Trip Hammer
falling 30 inches.
Uses a 15-pound steel mass falling 20 inches to strike an anvil and cause penetration
Dynamic Cone Penetrometer of a 1.5-inch diameter cone seated in the bottom of a hand augered borehole. The
(Sower DCP) ASTM STP-399 blows required to drive the embedded cone a depth of 1-3/4 inches have been
correlated by others to N-values derived from the Standard Penetration Test (SPT).

Table 6: Sampling Methods

Non-plastic A 1/8-inch thread cannot be rolled at any water content.

The thread can barely be rolled and the lump cannot be formed when drier than the
Low
plastic limit.
The thread is easy to roll and not much time is required to reach the plastic limit. The
Medium thread cannot be re-rolled after reaching the plastic limit. The lump crumbles when
drier than the plastic limit.
It takes considerable time rolling and kneading to reach the plastic limit. The thread
High can be re-rolled several times after reaching the plastic limit. The lump can be
formed without crumbling when drier than the plastic limit.

Table 7: Plasticity

Dry Absence of moisture, dusty, dry to the touch.


Moist Damp but no visible water.
Wet Visible free water, usually soil is below water table.

Table 8: Moisture Condition

Stratified Alternating layers of varying material or color with layers at least inch thick.
Laminated Alternating layers of varying material or color with layers less than inch thick.
Fissured Breaks along definite planes of fracture with little resistance to fracturing.
Slickensides Fracture planes appear polished or glossy, sometimes striated.
Cohesive soil that can be broken down into small angular lumps which resist further
Blocky
breakdown.
Inclusion of small pockets of different soils, such as small lenses of sand scattered
Lensed
through a mass of clay.
Homogeneous Same color and appearance throughout.

Table 9: Structure

Page | A-8
KEY TO HATCHES

Hatch Description Hatch Description Hatch Description

GW - Well-graded gravels, gravel – sand


Asphalt Clay with Gravel
mixtures, little or no fines

GP - Poorly-graded gravels, gravel – sand


Aggregate Base Sand with Gravel
mixtures, little or no fines

GM - Silty gravels, gravel – sand – silt


Topsoil Silt with Gravel
mixtures

GC - Clayey gravels, gravel – sand – clay


Concrete Gravel with Sand
mixtures

SW - Well-graded sands, gravelly sands,


Coal Gravel with Clay
little or no fines

SP - Poorly-graded sands, gravelly sands,


CL-ML - Silty Clay Gravel with Silt
little or no fines

SM - Silty sands, sand – silt mixtures Sandy Clay Limestone

SC - Clayey sands, sand – clay mixtures Clayey Chert Chalk

ML - Inorganic silts and very find sands,


Low and High
rock flour, silty or clayey fine Siltstone
Plasticity Clay
sands or clayey silt with slight plasticity
CL - Inorganic clays of low to medium
Low Plasticity Silt and
plasticity, gravelly clays, sandy Till
Clay
clays, silty clays, lean clays
OL - Organic silts and organic silty clays High Plasticity Silt Sandy Clay with
of low plasticity and Clay Cobbles and Boulders

MH - Inorganic silts, micaceous or


Fill Sandstone with Shale
diatomaceous fine sand, or silty soils

CH - Inorganic clays of high plasticity Weathered Rock Coral

OH - Organic clays of medium to high


Sandstone Boulders and Cobbles
plasticity, organic silts

PT - Peat, humus, swamp soils with high Soil and Weathered


Shale
organic contents Rock

Table 1: Key to Hatches Used for Boring Logs and Soil Profiles

Page | A-9
BORING LOCATION PLAN

Page | A-10
B-02
B-01

B-04 B-05

P-02

P-01
B-03

Boring Location

Piezometer Location

Reference used to create this


BORING LOCATION PLAN
drawing:
PROJECT NO.: PROJECT NAME / LOCATION
Ramsay-McCormack Building
Preliminary Site Plan Provided by BH170134
Birmingham, AL
Client
SCALE DATE

N.T.S. 06/12/2017
SUBSURFACE SOIL PROFILES

Page | A-11
S N
A A' B-
01
02
B-

560 560
03
B-

N B-01 Qu
550 6 550
N B-03 Qu 4 0.5
N B-02 Qu Site Map Scale 1 inch equals 135 feet
5 1 20 4 0.75 Explanation
13 18 2
4 1.75
15 3.75 AR=Auger Refusal
16 3.75 21 4.5
ELEVATION (feet)

540 12 3.75 540


12 2.5 PPqu=Unconfined compressive strength estimate
16 3.25 from pocket penetrometer test (tsf)
16 4
N=Standard Penetration Test N-Value

17
18 3.5
19 4.25 Topsoil Fill
530 530
50+AR=18.5
20 3.5
54 Aggregate
USCS Low
ALDOT PROFILE BH170134 RAMSAY-MCCORMACK BORING LOGS.GPJ BESI.GDT 6/12/17

Plasticity Clay Base Material


10 1.5 AR=27.0

520 520
Concrete
27
Water Level Reading
at time of drilling.
2 Water Level Reading
after drilling.
510 510 0 37

12

Horizontal Scale (feet)


Vertical Exaggeration: 3x
AR=43.0
Building & Earth
500 500 Sciences, Inc.
5545 Derby Drive
Birmingham, AL 35210

1/2-story Building Additions A-A'


Subsurface Profile

490 490
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions
Birmingham, AL
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 JOB NUMBER PLATE NUMBER DATE

DISTANCE ALONG PROFILE (feet) BH170134 Plate A-1 6/12/17


SE NW
B B'

04 05
B- B-
550 550
N B-04 Qu
N B-05 Qu
8
6 10
7 1.25
3 0.5
3 0.5
17
540 14 540
19 4.5
11 3 Site Map Scale 1 inch equals 60 feet
Explanation
15 4
18 AR=Auger Refusal
ELEVATION (feet)

530 530
14 4 PPqu=Unconfined compressive strength estimate
12 2.5 from pocket penetrometer test (tsf)

N=Standard Penetration Test N-Value

20 3.25
15 2.25
Topsoil Fill
520 520

USCS Low
ALDOT PROFILE BH170134 RAMSAY-MCCORMACK BORING LOGS.GPJ BESI.GDT 6/12/17

Limestone
Plasticity Clay

510 510

Water Level Reading


at time of drilling.
Water Level Reading
after drilling.
500 500 0 17
AR=47.7

Horizontal Scale (feet)


Vertical Exaggeration: 1.5x

Building & Earth


490 490 Sciences, Inc.
5545 Derby Drive
Birmingham, AL 35210
AR=59.8
10-story Building Addition B-B'
Subsurface Profile

480 480
Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions
Birmingham, AL
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 JOB NUMBER PLATE NUMBER DATE

DISTANCE ALONG PROFILE (feet) BH170134 Plate B-1 6/12/17


BORING LOGS

Page | A-12
LOG OF BORING 5545 Derby Drive
Birmingham, AL 35210
Designation: B-01 Office: (205) 836-6300
Sheet 1 of 2 Fax: (205) 836-9007
www.BuildingAndEarth.com

Project Name: Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions Project Location: Birmingham, AL


Project Number: BH170134 Date Drilled: 5/26/17
Drilling Method: Hollow Stem Auger Weather Conditions:Partly Cloudy, 70's
Equipment Used: CME 550 ATV Surface Elevation: 551
Hammer Type: Automatic Drill Crew: H. Christian & L. Perkins
Boring Location: Approx. 45 ft N of Existing NW Bldg Corner Logged By: K. Edmondson
N-Value
ELEVATION (ft)
SAMPLE TYPE

10 20 30 40
SAMPLE NO.
DEPTH (ft)

INCREMENT

GRAPHIC
Qu (tsf)
BLOWS

1 2 3 4
SOIL DESCRIPTION
PER

REMARKS
Atterberg Limits
20 40 60 80
% Moisture
20 40 60 80
0.3 TOPSOIL = 3 inches 550.8
1 3-3-3 FAT CLAY (CH): medium stiff, brown and
550 1.5 red, moist, trace rock size fragments, trace 549.5
debris (glass fragments) Sample #2
2 2-2-2 (FILL) Liquid Limit (LL) = 34
LEAN CLAY (CL): medium stiff, reddish Plastic Limit (PL) = 14
brown, moist, trace rock size fragments Plasticity Index (PI) = 20
3 2-1-3
5

545 very stiff, red, yellow, and gray, with some


4 4-7-11 sand

dry, trace rock size fragments, no sand


5 6-9-12 Groundwater rose to 9 feet
10 after removal of augers

540
LOG OF BORING 2 BH170134 RAMSAY-MCCORMACK BORING LOGS.GPJ BESI.GDT 6/12/17

yellowish brown with some black and gray


6 5-7-9
15

535

7 4-6-13
20

530

hard, brown and gray, moist, trace rock size


8 18-23-31 >> fragments, trace mica

SAMPLE TYPE Split Spoon

N-VALUE STANDARD PENETRATION RESISTANCE (AASHTO T-206) REC RECOVERY


% MOISTURE PERCENT NATURAL MOISTURE CONTENT RQD ROCK QUALITY DESIGNATION
GROUNDWATER LEVEL IN THE BOREHOLE UD UNDISTURBED
Qu UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ESTIMATE FROM POCKET PENETROMETER TEST

Birmingham, AL Huntsville, AL Auburn, AL Columbus, GA Savannah, GA Raleigh, NC Tulsa, OK Springdale, AR Shreveport, LA Louisville, KY Niceville, FL
LOG OF BORING 5545 Derby Drive
Birmingham, AL 35210
Designation: B-01 Office: (205) 836-6300
Sheet 2 of 2 Fax: (205) 836-9007
www.BuildingAndEarth.com

Project Name: Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions Project Location: Birmingham, AL


Project Number: BH170134 Date Drilled: 5/26/17
Drilling Method: Hollow Stem Auger Weather Conditions:Partly Cloudy, 70's
Equipment Used: CME 550 ATV Surface Elevation: 551
Hammer Type: Automatic Drill Crew: H. Christian & L. Perkins
Boring Location: Approx. 45 ft N of Existing NW Bldg Corner Logged By: K. Edmondson
N-Value
ELEVATION (ft)
SAMPLE TYPE

10 20 30 40
SAMPLE NO.
DEPTH (ft)

INCREMENT

GRAPHIC
Qu (tsf)
BLOWS

1 2 3 4
SOIL DESCRIPTION
PER

REMARKS
Atterberg Limits
20 40 60 80
% Moisture
20 40 60 80

525
27.0 (RESIDUAL) 524.0
Groundwater encountered at
27 feet at time of drilling - tip
Auger Refusal at 27 feet of auger wet after auger
removal

30

520

35

515
LOG OF BORING 2 BH170134 RAMSAY-MCCORMACK BORING LOGS.GPJ BESI.GDT 6/12/17

40

510

45

505

Boring backfilled on 5/26/17


Consistency/Relative Density
based on correction factor for
automatic hammer

SAMPLE TYPE Split Spoon

N-VALUE STANDARD PENETRATION RESISTANCE (AASHTO T-206) REC RECOVERY


% MOISTURE PERCENT NATURAL MOISTURE CONTENT RQD ROCK QUALITY DESIGNATION
GROUNDWATER LEVEL IN THE BOREHOLE UD UNDISTURBED
Qu UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ESTIMATE FROM POCKET PENETROMETER TEST

Birmingham, AL Huntsville, AL Auburn, AL Columbus, GA Savannah, GA Raleigh, NC Tulsa, OK Springdale, AR Shreveport, LA Louisville, KY Niceville, FL
LOG OF BORING 5545 Derby Drive
Birmingham, AL 35210
Designation: B-02 Office: (205) 836-6300
Sheet 1 of 2 Fax: (205) 836-9007
www.BuildingAndEarth.com

Project Name: Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions Project Location: Birmingham, AL


Project Number: BH170134 Date Drilled: 5/26/17
Drilling Method: Hollow Stem Auger Weather Conditions:Partly Cloudy, 70's
Equipment Used: CME 550 ATV Surface Elevation: 547
Hammer Type: Automatic Drill Crew: H. Christian & L. Perkins
Boring Location: Approx. 70 ft NE of Existing NE Bldg Corner Logged By: K. Edmondson
N-Value
ELEVATION (ft)
SAMPLE TYPE

10 20 30 40
SAMPLE NO.
DEPTH (ft)

INCREMENT

GRAPHIC
Qu (tsf)
BLOWS

1 2 3 4
SOIL DESCRIPTION
PER

REMARKS
Atterberg Limits
20 40 60 80
% Moisture
20 40 60 80
0.3 GRAVEL SURFACE = 3 inches 546.8
1 13-10-10 FAT CLAY (CH): very stiff, dark brown and
1.5 reddish brown, dry, trace rock size fragments, 545.5
trace construction debris (asphalt fragments)
545 2 6-6-7 (FILL)
LEAN CLAY (CL): very stiff, reddish brown,
dry
reddish and yellowish brown with some gray,
3 6-8-7 trace rock size fragments
5

4 4-7-5
540

yellowish brown and gray, dry


5 5-6-10
10

535
LOG OF BORING 2 BH170134 RAMSAY-MCCORMACK BORING LOGS.GPJ BESI.GDT 6/12/17

6 6-8-10
15

530

reddish and yellowish brown and gray, trace


7 8-8-12 rock size fragments
20

525

stiff, moist
8 3-4-6

SAMPLE TYPE Split Spoon

N-VALUE STANDARD PENETRATION RESISTANCE (AASHTO T-206) REC RECOVERY


% MOISTURE PERCENT NATURAL MOISTURE CONTENT RQD ROCK QUALITY DESIGNATION
GROUNDWATER LEVEL IN THE BOREHOLE UD UNDISTURBED
Qu UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ESTIMATE FROM POCKET PENETROMETER TEST

Birmingham, AL Huntsville, AL Auburn, AL Columbus, GA Savannah, GA Raleigh, NC Tulsa, OK Springdale, AR Shreveport, LA Louisville, KY Niceville, FL
LOG OF BORING 5545 Derby Drive
Birmingham, AL 35210
Designation: B-02 Office: (205) 836-6300
Sheet 2 of 2 Fax: (205) 836-9007
www.BuildingAndEarth.com

Project Name: Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions Project Location: Birmingham, AL


Project Number: BH170134 Date Drilled: 5/26/17
Drilling Method: Hollow Stem Auger Weather Conditions:Partly Cloudy, 70's
Equipment Used: CME 550 ATV Surface Elevation: 547
Hammer Type: Automatic Drill Crew: H. Christian & L. Perkins
Boring Location: Approx. 70 ft NE of Existing NE Bldg Corner Logged By: K. Edmondson
N-Value
ELEVATION (ft)
SAMPLE TYPE

10 20 30 40
SAMPLE NO.
DEPTH (ft)

INCREMENT

GRAPHIC
Qu (tsf)
BLOWS

1 2 3 4
SOIL DESCRIPTION
PER

REMARKS
Atterberg Limits
20 40 60 80
% Moisture
20 40 60 80

520

hard, saturated
9 12-13-14 Groundwater encountered at
30 29 feet at time of drilling

515

soft
10 1-1-1
35

Audible sound of auger


through rock pieces
510
LOG OF BORING 2 BH170134 RAMSAY-MCCORMACK BORING LOGS.GPJ BESI.GDT 6/12/17

stiff
11 2-6-6
40

505
43.0 (RESIDUAL) 504.0

Auger Refusal at 43 feet


45

500 Boring backfilled on 5/26/17


Consistency/Relative Density
based on correction factor for
automatic hammer

SAMPLE TYPE Split Spoon

N-VALUE STANDARD PENETRATION RESISTANCE (AASHTO T-206) REC RECOVERY


% MOISTURE PERCENT NATURAL MOISTURE CONTENT RQD ROCK QUALITY DESIGNATION
GROUNDWATER LEVEL IN THE BOREHOLE UD UNDISTURBED
Qu UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ESTIMATE FROM POCKET PENETROMETER TEST

Birmingham, AL Huntsville, AL Auburn, AL Columbus, GA Savannah, GA Raleigh, NC Tulsa, OK Springdale, AR Shreveport, LA Louisville, KY Niceville, FL
LOG OF BORING 5545 Derby Drive
Birmingham, AL 35210
Designation: B-03 Office: (205) 836-6300
Sheet 1 of 1 Fax: (205) 836-9007
www.BuildingAndEarth.com

Project Name: Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions Project Location: Birmingham, AL


Project Number: BH170134 Date Drilled: 5/26/17
Drilling Method: Hollow Stem Auger Weather Conditions:Partly Cloudy, 70's
Equipment Used: CME 550 ATV Surface Elevation: 548
Hammer Type: Automatic Drill Crew: H. Christian & L. Perkins
Boring Location: Existing Eastern Parking Logged By: K. Edmondson
N-Value
ELEVATION (ft)
SAMPLE TYPE

10 20 30 40
SAMPLE NO.
DEPTH (ft)

INCREMENT

GRAPHIC
Qu (tsf)
BLOWS

1 2 3 4
SOIL DESCRIPTION
PER

REMARKS
Atterberg Limits
20 40 60 80
% Moisture
20 40 60 80
0.3 CONCRETE SLAB = 4 inches 547.7
0.8 BASE = 6 inches 547.2
FAT CLAY (CH): medium stiff, dark brown
1 2-2-3 2.0 and reddish brown, moist, trace rock size 546.0
fragments
(FILL)
545 LEAN CLAY (CL): medium stiff, light
yellowish brown, dry Sample #2
2 2-2-2 Liquid Limit (LL) = 24
5 Plastic Limit (PL) = 15
Plasticity Index (PI) = 9
very stiff, yellowish brown with some black
3 5-7-9

540
yellowish brown and gray
4 5-5-7
10

Groudnwater rose to 12 feet


after removal of augers
535
LOG OF BORING 2 BH170134 RAMSAY-MCCORMACK BORING LOGS.GPJ BESI.GDT 6/12/17

yellowish brown and gray with some black


5 5-7-10
15

530 18.5 hard 529.5


(RESIDUAL) Groundwater encountered at
6 50/1" >> 18.5 feet at time of drilling
20 Auger Refusal at 18.5 feet

Boring backfilled on 5/26/17


525 Consistency/Relative Density
based on correction factor for
automatic hammer

SAMPLE TYPE Split Spoon

N-VALUE STANDARD PENETRATION RESISTANCE (AASHTO T-206) REC RECOVERY


% MOISTURE PERCENT NATURAL MOISTURE CONTENT RQD ROCK QUALITY DESIGNATION
GROUNDWATER LEVEL IN THE BOREHOLE UD UNDISTURBED
Qu UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ESTIMATE FROM POCKET PENETROMETER TEST

Birmingham, AL Huntsville, AL Auburn, AL Columbus, GA Savannah, GA Raleigh, NC Tulsa, OK Springdale, AR Shreveport, LA Louisville, KY Niceville, FL
LOG OF BORING 5545 Derby Drive
Birmingham, AL 35210
Designation: B-04 Office: (205) 836-6300
Sheet 1 of 2 Fax: (205) 836-9007
www.BuildingAndEarth.com

Project Name: Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions Project Location: Birmingham, AL


Project Number: BH170134 Date Drilled: 5/26/17
Drilling Method: Hollow Stem Auger Weather Conditions:Partly Cloudy, 70's
Equipment Used: CME 550 ATV Surface Elevation: 548
Hammer Type: Automatic Drill Crew: H. Christian & L. Perkins
Boring Location: Bldg Addition West Wall Logged By: K. Edmondson
N-Value
ELEVATION (ft)
SAMPLE TYPE

10 20 30 40
SAMPLE NO.
DEPTH (ft)

INCREMENT

GRAPHIC
Qu (tsf)
BLOWS

1 2 3 4
SOIL DESCRIPTION
PER

REMARKS
Atterberg Limits
20 40 60 80
% Moisture
20 40 60 80
0.3 TOPSOIL = 4 inches 547.7
1 4-4-4 CLAYEY SAND (SC): loose, dark brown,
1.5 dry, trace roots, trace rock size fragments 546.5
(FILL) Sample #2
2 2-3-3 LEAN CLAY (CL): medium stiff, dark Liquid Limit (LL) = 29
reddish brown, moist Plastic Limit (PL) = 14
545 Plasticity Index (PI) = 15
soft
3 1-1-2
5

very stiff, trace rock size fragments Little recovery


4 6-8-9

540
reddish and yellowish brown and gray, trace
5 7-9-10 rock size fragments
10

535
LOG OF BORING 2 BH170134 RAMSAY-MCCORMACK BORING LOGS.GPJ BESI.GDT 6/12/17

light brown with some gray and black


6 6-6-9
15

530
light brown and gray
7 5-5-9
20

525 No groundwater encountered


trace rock size fragments at time of drilling
8 5-5-15
25.0 (RESIDUAL) 523.0
SAMPLE TYPE Split Spoon Rock Core

N-VALUE STANDARD PENETRATION RESISTANCE (AASHTO T-206) REC RECOVERY


% MOISTURE PERCENT NATURAL MOISTURE CONTENT RQD ROCK QUALITY DESIGNATION
GROUNDWATER LEVEL IN THE BOREHOLE UD UNDISTURBED
Qu UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ESTIMATE FROM POCKET PENETROMETER TEST

Birmingham, AL Huntsville, AL Auburn, AL Columbus, GA Savannah, GA Raleigh, NC Tulsa, OK Springdale, AR Shreveport, LA Louisville, KY Niceville, FL
LOG OF BORING 5545 Derby Drive
Birmingham, AL 35210
Designation: B-04 Office: (205) 836-6300
Sheet 2 of 2 Fax: (205) 836-9007
www.BuildingAndEarth.com

Project Name: Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions Project Location: Birmingham, AL


Project Number: BH170134 Date Drilled: 5/26/17
Drilling Method: Hollow Stem Auger Weather Conditions:Partly Cloudy, 70's
Equipment Used: CME 550 ATV Surface Elevation: 548
Hammer Type: Automatic Drill Crew: H. Christian & L. Perkins
Boring Location: Bldg Addition West Wall Logged By: K. Edmondson
N-Value
ELEVATION (ft)
SAMPLE TYPE

10 20 30 40
SAMPLE NO.
DEPTH (ft)

INCREMENT

GRAPHIC
Qu (tsf)
BLOWS

1 2 3 4
SOIL DESCRIPTION
PER

REMARKS
Atterberg Limits
20 40 60 80
% Moisture
20 40 60 80
Auger Refusal at 25 feet Run #1 25' - 27'8"
LIMESTONE, weathered, gray, hard, poor REC = 81%
REC=81
1 RQD=45 RQD = 45%
rock mass quality
Good water return
Run #2 27'8" - 32'8"
520 very poor rock mass quality REC = 97%
RQD = 13%
Good water return
30 REC=97
2 RQD=13

Run #3 32'8" - 37'8"


515 fair rock mass quality REC = 95%
RQD = 51%
Good water return
35 REC=95
3 RQD=51

Run #4 37'8" - 42'8"


510 REC = 89%
LOG OF BORING 2 BH170134 RAMSAY-MCCORMACK BORING LOGS.GPJ BESI.GDT 6/12/17

RQD = 68%
Good water return
40 REC=89
4 RQD=68

Run #5 42'8" - 47'8"


505 excellent rock mass quality REC=100%
RQD = 100%
Good water return
45 REC=100
5 RQD=100

47.7 (LIMESTONE) 500.3 Boring backfilled on 5/26/17


500 Consistency/Relative Density
Rock Coring Terminated at 47 feet 8 inches based on correction factor for
automatic hammer

SAMPLE TYPE Split Spoon Rock Core

N-VALUE STANDARD PENETRATION RESISTANCE (AASHTO T-206) REC RECOVERY


% MOISTURE PERCENT NATURAL MOISTURE CONTENT RQD ROCK QUALITY DESIGNATION
GROUNDWATER LEVEL IN THE BOREHOLE UD UNDISTURBED
Qu UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ESTIMATE FROM POCKET PENETROMETER TEST

Birmingham, AL Huntsville, AL Auburn, AL Columbus, GA Savannah, GA Raleigh, NC Tulsa, OK Springdale, AR Shreveport, LA Louisville, KY Niceville, FL
LOG OF BORING 5545 Derby Drive
Birmingham, AL 35210
Designation: B-05 Office: (205) 836-6300
Sheet 1 of 3 Fax: (205) 836-9007
www.BuildingAndEarth.com

Project Name: Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions Project Location: Birmingham, AL


Project Number: BH170134 Date Drilled: 5/25/17
Drilling Method: Hollow Stem Auger Weather Conditions:Partly Cloudy, 70's
Equipment Used: CME 550 ATV Surface Elevation: 547
Hammer Type: Automatic Drill Crew: H. Christian & L. Perkins
Boring Location: Bldg Addition East Wall Logged By: K. Edmondson
N-Value
ELEVATION (ft)
SAMPLE TYPE

10 20 30 40
SAMPLE NO.
DEPTH (ft)

INCREMENT

GRAPHIC
Qu (tsf)
BLOWS

1 2 3 4
SOIL DESCRIPTION
PER

REMARKS
Atterberg Limits
20 40 60 80
% Moisture
20 40 60 80
0.3 TOPSOIL = 4 inches 546.7
1 2-4-6 CLAYEY SAND (SC): medium dense, dark
1.5 brown and red, moist, some construction 545.5
debris (brick and concrete fragments)
545 2 6-4-3 (FILL)
LEAN CLAY (CL): stiff, dark red with some
black, moist, trace roots
soft, reddish and yellowish brown, trace sand Sample #3
3 1-1-2 size rock fragments Liquid Limit (LL) = 31
5 Plastic Limit (PL) = 14
Plasticity Index (PI) = 17
very stiff Little recovery - sample lost
4 4-6-8 out of spoon
540

stiff, yellowish brown with some gray


5 4-5-6 Groudnwater rose to 9 feet
10 after removal of augers

535
LOG OF BORING 2 BH170134 RAMSAY-MCCORMACK BORING LOGS.GPJ BESI.GDT 6/12/17

very stiff Some brick and glass debris


6 6-8-10 fall-in
15

530

7 4-6-6
20

525

8 3-3-12

SAMPLE TYPE Split Spoon Rock Core

N-VALUE STANDARD PENETRATION RESISTANCE (AASHTO T-206) REC RECOVERY


% MOISTURE PERCENT NATURAL MOISTURE CONTENT RQD ROCK QUALITY DESIGNATION
GROUNDWATER LEVEL IN THE BOREHOLE UD UNDISTURBED
Qu UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ESTIMATE FROM POCKET PENETROMETER TEST

Birmingham, AL Huntsville, AL Auburn, AL Columbus, GA Savannah, GA Raleigh, NC Tulsa, OK Springdale, AR Shreveport, LA Louisville, KY Niceville, FL
LOG OF BORING 5545 Derby Drive
Birmingham, AL 35210
Designation: B-05 Office: (205) 836-6300
Sheet 2 of 3 Fax: (205) 836-9007
www.BuildingAndEarth.com

Project Name: Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions Project Location: Birmingham, AL


Project Number: BH170134 Date Drilled: 5/25/17
Drilling Method: Hollow Stem Auger Weather Conditions:Partly Cloudy, 70's
Equipment Used: CME 550 ATV Surface Elevation: 547
Hammer Type: Automatic Drill Crew: H. Christian & L. Perkins
Boring Location: Bldg Addition East Wall Logged By: K. Edmondson
N-Value
ELEVATION (ft)
SAMPLE TYPE

10 20 30 40
SAMPLE NO.
DEPTH (ft)

INCREMENT

GRAPHIC
Qu (tsf)
BLOWS

1 2 3 4
SOIL DESCRIPTION
PER

REMARKS
Atterberg Limits
20 40 60 80
% Moisture
20 40 60 80

520
28.0 (RESIDUAL) 519.0 Groundwater encountered at
Auger Refusal at 28 feet 27.5 feet at time of drilling
1 REC=91 Run #1 28' - 29'10"
RQD=0 LIMESTONE, weathered, gray, hard, trace
rust coating in fractures, very poor rock mass REC = 91%
30 quality RQD = 0%
Run #2 29'10" - 34'10"
REC = 55%
RQD = 0%
No water return
515 2 REC=55
RQD=0

35.0 512.0
35 Run #3 34'10" - 39'10"
CLAY SEAM = 5 feet
REC = 0%
RQD = 0%
No water return
510 3 REC=0
RQD=0
LOG OF BORING 2 BH170134 RAMSAY-MCCORMACK BORING LOGS.GPJ BESI.GDT 6/12/17

40.0 507.0
40 Run #4 39'10" - 44'10"
LIMESTONE, weathered, gray, hard, trace
rust coating in fractures, very poor rock mass REC = 25%
quality RQD = 0%
No water return
505 4 REC=25
RQD=0

45 Run #5 44'10" - 49'10"


REC = 10%
RQD = 0%
No water return
500 5 REC=10
RQD=0

SAMPLE TYPE Split Spoon Rock Core

N-VALUE STANDARD PENETRATION RESISTANCE (AASHTO T-206) REC RECOVERY


% MOISTURE PERCENT NATURAL MOISTURE CONTENT RQD ROCK QUALITY DESIGNATION
GROUNDWATER LEVEL IN THE BOREHOLE UD UNDISTURBED
Qu UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ESTIMATE FROM POCKET PENETROMETER TEST

Birmingham, AL Huntsville, AL Auburn, AL Columbus, GA Savannah, GA Raleigh, NC Tulsa, OK Springdale, AR Shreveport, LA Louisville, KY Niceville, FL
LOG OF BORING 5545 Derby Drive
Birmingham, AL 35210
Designation: B-05 Office: (205) 836-6300
Sheet 3 of 3 Fax: (205) 836-9007
www.BuildingAndEarth.com

Project Name: Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions Project Location: Birmingham, AL


Project Number: BH170134 Date Drilled: 5/25/17
Drilling Method: Hollow Stem Auger Weather Conditions:Partly Cloudy, 70's
Equipment Used: CME 550 ATV Surface Elevation: 547
Hammer Type: Automatic Drill Crew: H. Christian & L. Perkins
Boring Location: Bldg Addition East Wall Logged By: K. Edmondson
N-Value
ELEVATION (ft)
SAMPLE TYPE

10 20 30 40
SAMPLE NO.
DEPTH (ft)

INCREMENT

GRAPHIC
Qu (tsf)
BLOWS

1 2 3 4
SOIL DESCRIPTION
PER

REMARKS
Atterberg Limits
20 40 60 80
% Moisture
20 40 60 80
LIMESTONE, weathered, gray, hard, trace Run #6 49'10" - 54'10"
rust coating in fractures, very poor rock mass REC = 0.03%
quality (continued) RQD = 0%
No water return
495 6 REC=0
RQD=0

55 Run #7 54'10" - 59'10"


REC = 0%
RQD = 0%
No water return
490 7 REC=0
RQD=0
Coring time of nearly 1 hour
per 5 foot run
59.8 (LIMESTONE) 487.2
60

Rock Coring Terminated at 59 feet 10 inches

485
LOG OF BORING 2 BH170134 RAMSAY-MCCORMACK BORING LOGS.GPJ BESI.GDT 6/12/17

65

480

70

475 Boring backfilled on 5/26/17


Consistency/Relative Density
based on correction factor for
automatic hammer

SAMPLE TYPE Split Spoon Rock Core

N-VALUE STANDARD PENETRATION RESISTANCE (AASHTO T-206) REC RECOVERY


% MOISTURE PERCENT NATURAL MOISTURE CONTENT RQD ROCK QUALITY DESIGNATION
GROUNDWATER LEVEL IN THE BOREHOLE UD UNDISTURBED
Qu UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ESTIMATE FROM POCKET PENETROMETER TEST

Birmingham, AL Huntsville, AL Auburn, AL Columbus, GA Savannah, GA Raleigh, NC Tulsa, OK Springdale, AR Shreveport, LA Louisville, KY Niceville, FL
LABORATORY TEST PROCEDURES

A brief description of the laboratory tests performed is provided in the following sections.

DESCRIPTION OF SOILS (VISUAL-MANUAL PROCEDURE) (ASTM D2488)


The soil samples were visually examined by our engineer and soil descriptions were
provided. Representative samples were then selected and tested in accordance with the
aforementioned laboratory-testing program to determine soil classifications and
engineering properties. This data was used to correlate our visual descriptions with the
Unified Soil Classification System (USCS).

POCKET PENETROMETER
Pocket Penetrometer tests were performed on cohesive soil samples. The pocket
penetrometer provides a consistency classification, and an indication of the soils unconfined
compressive strength (Qu).
NATURAL MOISTURE CONTENT (ASTM D2216)
Natural moisture contents (M%) were determined on selected samples. The natural moisture
content is the ratio, expressed as a percentage, of the weight of water in a given amount of
soil to the weight of solid particles.

ATTERBERG LIMITS (ASTM D4318)


The Atterberg Limits test was performed to evaluate the soil s plasticity characteristics. The soil
Plasticity Index (PI) is representative of this characteristic and is bracketed by the Liquid Limit
(LL) and the Plastic Limit (PL). The Liquid Limit is the moisture content at which the soil will
flow as a heavy viscous fluid. The Plastic Limit is the moisture content at which the soil is
between “plastic” and the semi-solid stage. The Plasticity Index (PI LL - PL) is a frequently
used indicator for a soil s potential for volume change. Typically, a soil s potential for volume
change increases with higher plasticity indices.

UNCONFINED COMPRESSION TEST ON ROCK SAMPLES (ASTM D7012)


Unconfined compression tests are performed to evaluate the compressive strength of the
bedrock samples. Tests are performed by trimming the core to a height to width ratio of
approximately 2, and applying an axial load to the sample. The load at which failure occurs is
recorded and the compressive strength is calculated based on the failure load.

Page | A-13
LABORATORY TEST RESULTS
The results of the laboratory testing are presented in the following tables.

Sample Depth Moisture


Boring Location LL PL PI
(ft) Content ( )
B-01 0-1.5 - - - 14.7
B-01 1.5-3.0 34 14 20 22.8
B-02 0-1.5 - - - 9.8
B-02 1.5-3.0 - - - 14.7
B-03 1.0-2.5 - - - 18.5
B-03 3.5-5.0 24 15 9 15.5
B-04 1.5-3.0 29 14 15 20.6
B-04 3.5-5.0 - - - 20.5
B-05 1.5-3.0 - - - 19.4
B-05 3.5-5.0 31 14 17 19.9
Table A-1: General Soil Classification Test Results

Soils with a Liquid Limit (LL) greater than 50 and Plasticity Index (PI) greater than 25 usually
exhibit significant volume change with varying moisture content and are considered to be
highly plastic. Soils with a LOI value greater than 3 percent are usually not suitable for
supporting building and pavement sections.

Compressive
Boring Sample Core Sample Recovery R D
Run No. Strength (ksi) /
Location Depth (ft) Elevation (ft) ( ) ( )
Depth
B-04 1 25-27.7 523-520.3 81 45 11.58 / 26.5
B-04 2 27.7-32.7 520.3-515.3 97 13 -
B-04 3 32.7-37.7 515.3-510.3 95 51 14.62 / 36.5
B-04 4 37.7-42.7 510.3-505.3 89 68 -
B-04 5 42.7-47.7 505.3-500.3 100 100 15.39 / 42.8
B-05 1 28-29.8 519-517.2 91 0 -
B-05 2 29.8-34.8 517.2-512.2 55 0 -
B-05 3 34.8-39.8 512.2-507.2 0 0 -
B-05 4 39.8-44.8 507.2-502.2 25 0 -
B-05 5 44.8-49.8 502.2-497.2 10 0 8.065 / 39
B-05 6 49.8-54.8 497.2-492.2 0 0 -
B-05 7 54.8-59.8 492.2-487.2 0 0 -
Table A-2: Rock Core Test Results

Page | A-14
ROCK CORE PHOTOGRAPHS

Page | A-15
B-04 Run #1 and 2 (25 to 32.8 feet)

B-04 Run #3 and 4 (32.8 to 42.8 feet)

Indicates Rock Core Tested for Compressive Strength

ROCK CORE PHOTOGRAPHS

Project Name / Location: Date Project No. Sheet

Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, 1


6/12/2017 BH170134
Birmingham, Alabama
B-04 Run #5 (42.8 to 47.8 feet)

Indicates Rock Core Tested for Compressive Strength

ROCK CORE PHOTOGRAPHS

Project Name / Location: Date Project No. Sheet

Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, 2


6/12/2017 BH170134
Birmingham, Alabama
B-05 Run #1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 (28 to 59.8 feet)

Indicates Rock Core Tested for Compressive Strength

ROCK CORE PHOTOGRAPHS

Project Name / Location: Date Project No. Sheet

Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions, 3


6/12/2017 BH170134
Birmingham, Alabama
HISTORICAL AERIAL IMAGES OF THE SITE

Page | A-16
Google Earth Image of the Site dated 12/24/03

Approximate Site Location

Google Earth Image of the Site dated 10/24/16

Approximate Site Location

GOOGLE EARTH HISTORICAL AERIALS

Project Name / Location: Date Project No.: Sheet

Ramsay-McCormack Building Additions 1


6/12/17 BH170134
Birmingham, Alabama
REMI® SURVEY

Page | A-17
18th Ave: Vs Model

0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000


0
Vs100' = 2405 ft/s

-10

-20

-30

-40
Depth, ft

-50

-60

-70

-80

-90

-100
Shear-Wave Velocity, ft/s
18th Ave: Supportive Illustration
Dispersion Curve Showing Picks and Fit
6500
Rayleigh Wave Phase Velocity,ft/s

6000
5500
5000
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500 Calculated Dispersion
1000 Picked Dispersion
500
0
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5

Period, s
p-f Image with Dispersion Modeling Picks
Ave E: Vs Model

0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000


0
Vs100' = 2451 ft/s

-10

-20

-30

-40
Depth, ft

-50

-60

-70

-80

-90

-100
Shear-Wave Velocity, ft/s
Ave E: Supportive Illustration
Dispersion Curve Showing Picks and Fit
6500
Rayleigh Wave Phase Velocity,ft/s

6000
5500
5000
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500 Calculated Dispersion
1000 Picked Dispersion
500
0
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5

Period, s
p-f Image with Dispersion Modeling Picks
SHAFT OUTPUT

Page | A-18
i esistan e S (tons)
0
2
4
6
8
10
12 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400
40
e t ( t)
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28

Dia=2.5 ft
30
0
Side esistan e S (tons)
0
2
4
6
8
10
12 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170
17
e t ( t)
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28

Dia=2.5 ft
30
0
Settlement (in)
0.38 0.36 0.34 0.32 0.3 0.28 0.26 0.24 0.22 0.2 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.12 0.1 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.02 0 0
100
200
300
400
500
Axial Load (tons)
600
700
800
900
1000

Dia=2.5 ft
11
1100
IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GEOTECHNICAL-
ENGINEERING REPORT

Page | A-19
Page | A-20