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DISCLAIMER Unless otherwise stated, the appearance of individuals in this publication gives no indication of HIV status, sexual orientation or gender identity.

SNAPSHOT OF

HIV & AIDS

IN MALAYSIA

2016

Overview of the HIV & AIDS Epidemic in Malaysia

2016 Overview of the HIV & AIDS Epidemic in Malaysia 3,397 2,984 413 93,089 99,338 [89%]

3,397

2,984

413

93,089

99,338[89%]

New HIV infections in 2016

New HIV infections in the male population in 2016

New HIV infections in women & girls in 2016

Total people living with HIV (1986 – 2016)

Total reported HIV in the male population (1986 – 2016)

12,578[11%]

111,916

911

18,827

68,392

Total reported HIV in women & girls (1986 – 2016)

Total reported HIV (1986 – 2016)

AIDS-related deaths

Total reported AIDS-related deaths (1986 – 2016)

Total reported HIV in people who inject drugs (1986 – 2016)

in 2016

33,206

15

1,146

   

Total reported cases of sexually transmitted HIV (1986 – 2016)

New HIV infections in children (<13 years) in 2016

Total reported HIV in children (<13 years) (1986 – 2016)

HIV Notification Rate Per Year

8000

7000

6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

HIV Notification Rate (Actual) Notification Rate (Target)

HIV Notification Rate (Actual) Notification Rate (Target)

0

28.45 26.97 25.12 24.73 2016 23.42 21.74 21.88 HIV notification rate has dropped by 60
28.45
26.97
25.12
24.73
2016
23.42
21.74
21.88
HIV notification rate has dropped by 60
per cent in 2016 since its peak in 2002
– from 28.4 to 11.00 per 100,00 people.
16.74
13.31
11.42
11.69
11.00
10.92
12.93
12.18
11.72
10.88
11.42 11.69 11.00 10.92 12.93 12.18 11.72 10.88 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Source: HIV/STI Sector, Division of Disease Control, Ministry of Health Malaysia

2 | Snapshot of HIV & AIDS in Malaysia 2016

New HIV Cases (1986-2016) 2002 6,978 2006 5,830 Introduction of harm reduction strategy 8000 1998
New HIV Cases (1986-2016)
2002 6,978 2006 5,830
Introduction of harm reduction strategy
8000
1998
4,624
for injecting drug users and free first
line antiretroviral treatment in 2006.
7000
Initiation of mother-to-child
6000
transmission of HIV prevention
programme in antenatal care
2016
5000
3,397
4000
3000
1986 3
2000
First reported cases
of HIV
1000
0
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016

HIV Transmission by Sex (2005 – 2016)

8000 89% 7000 99,338 6000 Total reported HIV in the male population (1986 – 2016)
8000
89%
7000
99,338
6000
Total reported HIV in the
male population (1986 – 2016)
5000
2016
2,984
4000
11%
3000
12,578
2000
Total reported HIV in the female
Male
population (1986 – 2016)
2016
413
1000
Female
0
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016

Source: HIV/STI Sector, Division of Disease Control, Ministry of Health Malaysia

Snapshot of HIV & AIDS in Malaysia 2016 | 3

HIV Transmission by Risk Factor in 2016

1% Mother to child (vertical) 4% Others 11% IDU 39% 46% Homo/ Heterosexual Bisexual
1%
Mother to child
(vertical)
4% Others
11%
IDU
39%
46%
Homo/
Heterosexual
Bisexual

(% of 3,397 new infections)

HIV Transmission by Age Group in 2016

1% 9% <13 3% >50 13-19 16% 40-49 31% 30-39 40% 20-29 (% of 3,397
1%
9%
<13
3%
>50
13-19
16%
40-49
31%
30-39
40%
20-29
(% of 3,397 new infections)
Comparison of New HIV Infections between Injecting Drug Use and Sexual Transmission (2005 – 2016)
Comparison of New HIV Infections between Injecting Drug Use and Sexual Transmission
(2005 – 2016)
2016
4500
1,311
1,553
4,038
IDU
(66%)
Hetero-
Homo/
4000
sexual
Bisexual
SEXUAL TRANSMISSION
3500
3,127
(54%)
2,864
2,752
3000
2,601
(84%)
2,601
2,498
(78%)
(57%)
(78%)
(74%)
2500
2,113
2,192
(57%)
(64%)
1,931
1,862
1,699
1,737
1,773
2000
(56%)
1,565
(32%)
1,499
(55%)
(48%)
(49%)
(26%)
(33%)
1,348
1500
1,102
(39%)
1,014
983
(30%)
(30%)
(32%)
1000
728 680
(22%)
561
(19%)
(17%)
377
500
(11%)
0
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016

Source: HIV/STI Sector, Division of Disease Control, Ministry of Health Malaysia

4 | Snapshot of HIV & AIDS in Malaysia 2016

Reported New HIV Infections in Malaysia 1986-2016 (National AIDS Surveillance System)

JUMLAH

JUMLAH

99338

12578

 

76778

17239

8675

4937

4287

 

1146

1770

37075

46713

18800

5435

977

 

7555

68392

25651

41

5

2

1070

9200

 
   

413

   

713

233

61

437

 

15

103

   

555

308

0

   

377

 

2

2

0

14

138

 
   

512

   

676

261

204

351

 

17

86

   

643

277

0

 

984 1203 1553

561

 

0

0

0

19

149

 
   

697

   

683

248

330

416

 

38

79

   

706

344

0

   

680

 

1

0

2

36

46

 
   

728

   

713

257

299

325

 

50

75

860 1002 1066 1116 1232 1356

 

701

295

0

 

755

728

 

0

0

0

52

115

 
   

734

   

596

239

373

254

 

52

77

   

731

167

3

 

654

   

1

0

0

47

184

 
     

735

   

575

 

297

225

 

65

55

   

766

305

0

 

358

   

6

0

0

70

124

 

247

               
   

668

   

596

261

298

215

 

39

43

857

 

792

326

0

 

301

 

821 1472 1573 1538 1743 1768 1398 1311

0

0

0

39

103

 
   

553

   

363

180

166

195

 

58

37

712

 

604

243

44

 

162

   

1

0

0

51

346

 
 

1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

 

704

   

438

217

187

340

 

48

75

919

 

722

275

94

 

113

 

989

1

0

0

50

426

 
   

745

   

670

339

308

203

 

58

60

   

875

321

31

 

184

   

0

0

0

70

379

 
   

875

   

921

423

233

315

 

87

59

     

361

50

 

263

   

1

0

0

81

759

 
   

737

   

763

416

269

178

 

76

64

     

327

38

 

209

 

834 1218 1307 1271 1356 1599 1315

3

0

0

75

439

 
   

696

   

786

468

284

149

 

79

55

     

290

34

 

222

   

0

0

0

67

389

 
   

673

   

988

508

286

127

 

61

78

     

304

56

 

151

   

1

0

0

62

439

 
   

629

   

852 1005

507

213

128

 

71

61

     

302

0

 

51

   

5

0

0

60

468

 
     

466

       

171

71

 

63

65

   

901 1069 1258 1246 1169 1135 1120

173

20

 

44

   

1

0

0

57

278

 
 

483

   

481

   

924

453

107

69

 

86

65

     

172

35

 

62

 

902

2

0

0

82

244

 
 

769 1741 2443 2441 3289 4037 4406 3727 4327 4312 4626 5472 6349 6083 5731 5383 4955 3804 2988 2527 2984 2744 2704 2665 2820 2818 2984

380

778 1794 2512 2507 3393 4198 4597 3924 4624 4692 5107 5938 6978 6756 6427 6120 5830 4549 3692 3080 3652 3479 3438 3393 3517 3330 3397 1111119911663

200

9

2

583 1307 1783 1812 2549 3151 3287 2789 3389 3354 3554 4361 5125 4847 4740 4494 3938 3029 2510 2176 2282 2135 1976 1799 1840 1838 1953

789

362

112

75

2 9 200 778 1794 2512 2507 3393 4198 4597 3924 4624 4692 5107 5938 6978 6756 6427 6120 5830 4549 3692 3080 3652 3479 3438 3393 3517 3330 3397 1111119911663

61

140

806 1119 1146 1421 1702 1668 1423 1678 1620 1639 1958 2440 2192 2055 1820 1587 1198

777 1080 1068 1510 1789 2100 1744 1904 1993 2209 2590 2846 2819 2745 2660 2566 2006 1559 1382 1595 1428 1406 1206 1234 1075 1060

676

132

70

778 1794 2512 2507 3393 4198 4597 3924 4624 4692 5107 5938 6978 6756 6427 6120 5830 4549 3692 3080 3652 3479 3438 3393 3517 3330 3397 1111119911663

200

9

2

43

470 1153 1892 1970 2777 3187 3800 3014 3592 3374 3815 4724 5176 4796 4478 4038 3127 2601 2113 1699 1737 1348 1014

824

0

0

0

44

407

778 1794 2512 2507 3393 4198 4597 3924 4624 4692 5107 5938 6978 6756 6427 6120 5830 4549 3692 3080 3652 3479 3438 3393 3517 3330 3397 1111119911663

200

9

2

297

718

351

118

48

39

63

730

146

64

33

653

0

0

0

34

312

197

688

324

88

35

20

43

556

102

36

58

400

0

0

0

19

433

191

740

419

105

46

20

67

580

95

67

47

344

0

1

0

20

385

161

574

354

93

26

10

91

414

73

119

17

310

0

0

0

4

680

104

448

320

59

17

14

66

309

39

34

22

205

3

0

0

8

378

66

349

220

107

19

4

47

183

29

30

17

174

4

0

0

2

340

69

339

308

73

9

7

44

191

15

56

19

152

0

0

0

4

445

217

23

103

2

2

0

3

53

214

51

5

5

49

113

6

38

508

9

99

53

39

4

3

8

371

292

48

3

53

3

38

0

0

0

0

267

197

3

169

11

9

6

5

0

13

107

65

5

5

5

2

148

30

1

0

0

0

19

7

2

6

3

0

0

0

0

2

4

3

0

0

0

1

1

1

6

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

2

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

2

0

0

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

 

Indicator

Male

Female

TToottaall

Malay

Chinese

lndian

Foreigner

Others

TToottaall

<13

13-19

20-29

30-39

40-49

50+

Unknown

TToottaall

Homo/bisexual

IDU

Heterosexual

Blood Recipient

Organ Recipient

Needle Prick

Injury

Mother-to-Child

Unknown

TToottaall

           
                      uor GegA      
         

uor

GegA

             
          uor GegA                  
       

xeS

ni c

htE

p

rotc

F a

ks

iR

Source: HIV/STI Sector, Division of Disease Control, Ministry of Health Malaysia

Division of Disease Control, Ministry of Health Malaysia +603 4047 4222 +603 4047 4210 contactus@mac.org.my

+603 4047 4222

Disease Control, Ministry of Health Malaysia +603 4047 4222 +603 4047 4210 contactus@mac.org.my www.mac.org.my

+603 4047 4210

Ministry of Health Malaysia +603 4047 4222 +603 4047 4210 contactus@mac.org.my www.mac.org.my Malaysian.AIDS.Council

contactus@mac.org.my

Malaysia +603 4047 4222 +603 4047 4210 contactus@mac.org.my www.mac.org.my Malaysian.AIDS.Council myAIDScouncil

www.mac.org.my

+603 4047 4222 +603 4047 4210 contactus@mac.org.my www.mac.org.my Malaysian.AIDS.Council myAIDScouncil myaidscouncil

Malaysian.AIDS.Council

+603 4047 4222 +603 4047 4210 contactus@mac.org.my www.mac.org.my Malaysian.AIDS.Council myAIDScouncil myaidscouncil

myAIDScouncil

+603 4047 4222 +603 4047 4210 contactus@mac.org.my www.mac.org.my Malaysian.AIDS.Council myAIDScouncil myaidscouncil

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