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# CHAPTER 7: Reinforced Concrete Column and Wall

Footings
7.3 Pile Cap ConfigurationsSSA

Description

This application calculates pile coordinates and pile cap plan dimensions for pile groups with 2 to 20 piles.
The purpose of this application is to show the pile group layout, pile coordinates and plan dimensions used in
Section 7.2 for selecting pile cap depth and reinforcement.

The user must enter the minimum pile spacing, factors for rounding pile coordinates and pile cap plan
dimensions to practical dimensions, and the minimum edge distance from center of pile to outside face of
concrete.

Input

Notation

Input Variables

## Minimum pile spacing: s≔3⋅

1
Factor for rounding pile spacing: SzP ≔ ―⋅
2

## Minimum edge distance from center of pile: E≔1⋅ +3⋅

Computed Variables

## X the longer plan dimension of the pile cap

Y the shorter plan dimension of pile cap
x pile coordinates in the X direction from the centroid of the pile group
y pile coordinates in the Y direction from the centroid of the pile group

Calculations

## Dimensions used to compute pile coordinates:

s0 ≔ 0 ⋅
s0 = 0 ft
⎛ 2 ⋅ s ⋅ sin (45 ⋅ )⎞
s1 ≔ SzP ⋅ ceil ⎜―――――― ⎟⎠
⎝ SzP s1 = 4.25 ft

⎛ s ⋅ sin (60 ⋅ )⎞
s2 ≔ SzP ⋅ ceil ⎜―――――⎟
⎝ SzP ⎠ s2 = 2.625 ft

s
s3 ≔ ―+ s2 s3 = 4.125 ft
2

s4 ≔ s2 + s s4 = 5.625 ft

Pile Group P2

X ≔s+2⋅E Y ≔2⋅E
2 2

X = 5.5 ft Y = 2.5 ft P2
2 2

T
T
⎡ s s⎤
⟨2⟩⟩ ⎛⎝x⟨2⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −1.5 1.5 ] ft
x ≔ −――
⎢⎣ 2 2 ⎥⎦

T T
⟨2⟩⟩ ⎛⎝y⟨2⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 0 0 ] ft
y ≔ [ s0 s0 ]
Pile Group P3

X ≔s+2⋅E Y ≔ s2 + 2 ⋅ E
3 3

X = 5.5 ft Y = 5.125 ft
3 3

P3
T
T

⟨3⟩⟩ s s⎤ ⎛⎝x⟨3⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 0 −1.5 1.5 ] ft
x ≔ s0 −――
⎢⎣ 2 2 ⎥⎦

T
T
⎡ 2 ⋅ s2
⟨3⟩⟩ s2 s2 ⎤ ⎛⎝y⟨3⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 1.75 −0.875 −0.875 ] ft
y ≔ ――−― −―
⎢⎣ 3 3 3 ⎥⎦

Angle between the centerline of the two piles in the base row and a centerline drawn between either of the two
piles in the base row to the pile at the apex of the 3 pile group:

⎛ 2 ⋅ s2 ⎞
α ≔ atan ⎜―― α = 60.255 deg
⎝ s ⎟⎠

## Dimension A rounded up to a multiple of SzD:

⎛ ⎛ 1 1 ⎞⎞
⎜ 2 ⋅ E ⋅ ⎜⎝――― − ―――
sin (α) tan (α) ⎟⎠ ⎟
A ≔ SzD ⋅ ceil ⎜―――――――― ⎟ A = 18 in
⎝ SzD ⎠

## Dimension B rounded up to a multiple of SzD:

⎛ ⎛ ⎛ 1 ⎞⎞ ⎞
( )
⎜ E ⋅ ⎜⎝1 + tan α ⋅ ⎜⎝―――
sin (α)
− 1⎟⎟ ⎟
⎠⎠
B ≔ SzD ⋅ ceil ⎜―――――――――⎟ B = 19 in
⎝ SzD ⎠
Pile Group P4

X ≔s+2⋅E Y ≔s+2⋅E
4 4

X = 5.5 ft Y = 5.5 ft
4 4
P4

T
⎡ s s
⟨4⟩⟩ s s⎤ T
x ≔ −――−―― ⎛⎝x⟨4⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −1.5 1.5 −1.5 1.5 ] ft
⎢⎣ 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦

T
T
⎡ s s
⟨4⟩⟩ s s⎤ ⎛⎝y⟨4⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −1.5 1.5 −1.5 1.5 ] ft
y ≔ −――−――
⎢⎣ 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦

Pile Group P5

X ≔ s1 + 2 ⋅ E Y ≔ s1 + 2 ⋅ E
5 5

X = 6.75 ft Y = 6.75 ft
5 5

P5
T
⟨5⟩⟩ ⎡ s1 s1 s1 s1 ⎤
x ≔ −― ― s0 −― ―
⎢⎣ 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦

T
⎛⎝x⟨5⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −2.125 2.125 0 −2.125 2.125 ] ft

T
⎡ s1 s1
⟨5⟩⟩ s1 s1 ⎤
y ≔ ― ― s0 −― −―
⎢⎣ 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦

T
⎛⎝y⟨5⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 2.125 2.125 0 −2.125 −2.125 ] ft
Pile Group P6

X ≔ 2 ⋅ (s + E) Y ≔s+2⋅E
6 6

X = 8.5 ft Y = 5.5 ft
6 6

P6
⟨6⟩⟩ T
x ≔ [ −s s0 s −s s0 s ]
T
⎛⎝x⟨6⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −3 0 3 −3 0 3 ] ft

T
⎡s s s
⟨6⟩⟩ s s s⎤
y ≔ ―――−―−―−―
⎢⎣ 2 2 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦
T
⎛⎝y⟨6⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 1.5 1.5 1.5 −1.5 −1.5 −1.5 ] ft

Pile Group P7

X ≔ 2 ⋅ (s + E) Y ≔ 2 ⋅ (s2 + E)
7 7

X = 8.5 ft Y = 7.75 ft
7 7

T P7
⎡ s s
⟨7⟩⟩ s s⎤
x ≔ −――−s s0 s −――
⎢⎣ 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦
T
⎛⎝x⟨7⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −1.5 1.5 −3 0 3 −1.5 1.5 ] ft

⟨7⟩⟩ T
y ≔ [ s2 s2 s0 s0 s0 −s2 −s2 ]
T
⎛⎝y⟨7⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 2.625 2.625 0 0 0 −2.625 −2.625 ] ft

Pile Group P8

X ≔ 2 ⋅ (s + E) Y ≔ 2 ⋅ (s2 + E)
8 8

X = 8.5 ft Y = 7.75 ft
8 8

P8
T
⎡⟨8⟩⟩ s s ⎤
x ≔ −s s0 s −――−s s0 s
⎢⎣ 2 2 ⎥⎦

T
⎛⎝x⟨8⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −3 0 3 −1.5 1.5 −3 0 3 ] ft

⟨8⟩⟩ T
y ≔ [ s2 s2 s2 s0 s0 −s2 −s2 −s2 ]

T
⎛⎝y⟨8⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 2.625 2.625 2.625 0 0 −2.625 −2.625 −2.625 ] ft

Pile Group P9

X ≔ 2 ⋅ (s + E) Y ≔ 2 ⋅ (s + E)
9 9

X = 8.5 ft Y = 8.5 ft
9 9

⟨9⟩⟩ T
x ≔ [ −s s0 s −s s0 s −s s0 s ]
T P9
⎛⎝x⟨9⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −3 0 3 −3 0 3 −3 0 3 ] ft

⟨9⟩⟩ T
y ≔ [ s s s s0 s0 s0 −s −s −s ]
T
⎛⎝y⟨9⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 3 3 3 0 0 0 −3 −3 −3 ] ft

## Pile Group P10

X ≔3⋅s+2⋅E Y ≔ 2 ⋅ (s2 + E)
10 10

X = 11.5 ft Y = 7.75 ft
10 10

T
⟨10⟩⟩ ⎡ −3 ⋅ s s s 3⋅s ⎤ P10
x ≔ −s s0 s ―― −―――― −s s0 s
⎢⎣ 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦

T
⎛⎝x⟨10⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −3 0 3 −4.5 −1.5 1.5 4.5 −3 0 3 ] ft

⟨10⟩⟩ T
y ≔ [ s2 s2 s2 s0 s0 s0 s0 −s2 −s2 −s2 ]

T
⎛⎝y⟨10⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 2.625 2.625 2.625 0 0 0 0 −2.625 −2.625 −2.625 ] ft
Pile Group P11

X ≔3⋅s+2⋅E Y ≔ 2 ⋅ (s2 + E)
11 11

X = 11.5 ft Y = 7.75 ft
11 11

P11
T
⟨11⟩⟩ ⎡ −3 ⋅ s s s 3⋅s −3 ⋅ s s s 3⋅s ⎤
x ≔ ―― −―――― −s s0 s ―― −――――
⎢⎣ 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦

T
⎛⎝x⟨11⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −4.5 −1.5 1.5 4.5 −3 0 3 −4.5 −1.5 1.5 4.5 ] ft

⟨11⟩⟩ T
y ≔ [ s2 s2 s2 s2 s0 s0 s0 −s2 −s2 −s2 −s2 ]

T
⎛⎝y⟨11⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 2.625 2.625 2.625 2.625 0 0 0 −2.625 −2.625 −2.625 −2.625 ] ft

## Pile Group P12

X ≔3⋅s+2⋅E Y ≔ 2 ⋅ (s + E)
12 12

X = 11.5 ft Y = 8.5 ft
12 12

P12

T
⟨12⟩⟩ ⎡ −3 ⋅ s s s 3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s s s 3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s s s 3⋅s ⎤
x ≔ ―― −―――― ―― −―――― ―― −――――
⎢⎣ 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦

T
⎛⎝x⟨12⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −4.5 −1.5 1.5 4.5 −4.5 −1.5 1.5 4.5 −4.5 −1.5 1.5 4.5 ] ft

⟨12⟩⟩ T
y ≔ [ s s s s s0 s0 s0 s0 −s −s −s −s ]

T
⎛⎝y⟨12⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 0 −3 −3 −3 −3 ] ft
Pile Group P13

X ≔ 2 ⋅ (2 ⋅ s2 + E) Y ≔ 2 ⋅ (s + E)
13 13

X = 13 ft Y = 8.5 ft
13 13

P13

⟨13⟩⟩ T
x ≔ [ −2 ⋅ s2 s0 2 ⋅ s2 −s2 s2 −2 ⋅ s2 s0 2 ⋅ s2 −s2 s2 −2 ⋅ s2 s0 2 ⋅ s2 ]
T
⎛⎝x⟨13⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −5.25 0 5.25 −2.625 2.625 −5.25 0 5.25 −2.625 2.625 −5.25 0 5.25 ] ft

T
⟨13⟩⟩ ⎡ s s s s ⎤
y ≔ s s s ――s0 s0 s0 −―−―−s −s −s
⎢⎣ 2 2 2 2 ⎥

T
⎛⎝y⟨13⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 3 3 3 1.5 1.5 0 0 0 −1.5 −1.5 −3 −3 −3 ] ft

## Pile Group P14

X ≔3⋅s+2⋅E Y ≔ 2 ⋅ (s3 + E)
14 14

X = 11.5 ft Y = 10.75 ft
14 14

P14

T
⟨14⟩⟩ ⎡ −3 ⋅ s s s 3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s s s 3⋅s ⎤
x ≔ −s s0 s ―― −―――― ―― −―――― −s s0 s
⎢⎣ 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦
T
⎛⎝x⟨14⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −3 0 3 −4.5 −1.5 1.5 4.5 −4.5 −1.5 1.5 4.5 −3 0 3 ] ft

T
⟨14⟩⟩ ⎡ s s s s s s s s ⎤
y ≔ s3 s3 s3 ――――−―−―−―−―−s3 −s3 −s3
⎢⎣ 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ⎥

T
⎛⎝y⟨14⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 4.125 4.125 4.125 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 −1.5 −1.5 −1.5 −1.5 −4.125 −4.125 −4.125 ] ft
Pile Group P15

X ≔4⋅s+2⋅E Y ≔ 2 ⋅ (s + E)
15 15

X = 14.5 ft Y = 8.5 ft
15 15

P15

⟨15⟩⟩ T
x ≔ [ −2 ⋅ s −s s0 s 2 ⋅ s −2 ⋅ s −s s0 s 2 ⋅ s −2 ⋅ s −s s0 s 2 ⋅ s ]
T
⎛⎝x⟨15⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −6 −3 0 3 6 −6 −3 0 3 6 −6 −3 0 3 6 ] ft

⟨15⟩⟩ T
y ≔ [ s s s s s s0 s0 s0 s0 s0 −s −s −s −s −s ]
T
⎛⎝y⟨15⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 −3 −3 −3 −3 −3 ] ft

## Pile Group P16

X ≔3⋅s+2⋅E Y ≔3⋅s+2⋅E
16 16

X = 11.5 ft Y = 11.5 ft
16 16

P16
T
⟨16⟩⟩ ⎡ −3 ⋅ s s s 3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s s s 3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s s s 3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s s s 3⋅s ⎤
x ≔ ―― −―――― ―― −―――― ―― −―――― ―― −――――
⎢⎣ 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦

T
⎛⎝x⟨16⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −4.5 −1.5 1.5 4.5 −4.5 −1.5 1.5 4.5 −4.5 −1.5 1.5 4.5 −4.5 −1.5 1.5 4.5 ]

T
⟨16⟩⟩ ⎡ 3⋅s 3⋅s 3⋅s 3⋅s s s s s s s s s 3⋅s 3⋅s 3⋅s 3⋅s ⎤
y ≔ ―― ――――−―−―−―−―−―― −―― −―― −――
⎢⎣ 2 ――2
――
2
――
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦

T
⎛⎝y⟨16⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 −1.5 −1.5 −1.5 −1.5 −4.5 −4.5 −4.5 −4.5 ]
Pile Group P17

X ≔ 4 ⋅ s2 + 2 ⋅ E Y ≔3⋅s+2⋅E
17 17

X = 13 ft Y = 11.5 ft
17 17

P17
⟨17⟩⟩ T
x ≔ [ −s2 s2 −2 ⋅ s2 s0 2 ⋅ s2 −s2 s2 −2 ⋅ s2 s0 2 ⋅ s2 −s2 s2 −2 ⋅ s2 s0 2 ⋅ s2 −s2 s2 ]

T
⎛⎝x⟨17⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −2.625 2.625 −5.25 0 5.25 −2.625 2.625 −5.25 0 5.25 … ] ft

T
⟨17⟩⟩ ⎡ 3⋅s 3⋅s s s s s −3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s ⎤
y ≔ ―― s s s ――s0 s0 s0 −―−―−s −s −s ―― ――
⎢⎣ 2 ――2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦

T
⎛⎝y⟨17⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 4.5 4.5 3 3 3 1.5 1.5 0 0 0 −1.5 −1.5 −3 −3 −3 −4.5 −4.5 ] ft

## Pile Group P18

X ≔ 4 ⋅ s2 + 2 ⋅ E Y ≔3⋅s+2⋅E
18 18

X = 13 ft Y = 11.5 ft
18 18

P18

⟨18⟩⟩ T
x ≔ [ −2 ⋅ s2 s0 2 ⋅ s2 −s2 s2 −2 ⋅ s2 s0 2 ⋅ s2 −s2 s2 −2 ⋅ s2 s0 2 ⋅ s2 −s2 s2 −2 ⋅ s2 s0 2 ⋅ s2 ]

T
⎛⎝x⟨18⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −5.25 0 5.25 −2.625 2.625 −5.25 0 5.25 −2.625 2.625 −5.25 0 5.25 −2.625 … ] ft

T
⟨18⟩⟩ ⎡ 3⋅s 3⋅s 3⋅s s s s s s s −3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s ⎤
y ≔ ―― s s ―――s0 s0 −―−―−―−s −s ―― ―― ――
⎢⎣ 2 ―― 2
――
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦

T
⎛⎝y⟨18⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 4.5 4.5 4.5 3 3 1.5 1.5 1.5 0 0 −1.5 −1.5 −1.5 −3 −3 −4.5 −4.5 −4.5 ] ft
Pile Group P19

X ≔ 2 ⋅ (s + s2 + E) Y ≔3⋅s+2⋅E
19 19

X = 13.75 ft Y = 11.5 ft
19 19

P19
⟨19⟩⟩ T
x ≔ [ −s4 −s2 s2 s4 s0 −s4 −s2 s2 s4 s0 −s4 −s2 s2 s4 s0 −s4 −s2 s2 s4 ]

T
⎛⎝x⟨19⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −5.625 −2.625 2.625 5.625 0 −5.625 −2.625 2.625 5.625 0 −5.625 … ] ft

T
⟨19⟩⟩ ⎡ 3⋅s 3⋅s 3⋅s 3⋅s s s s s s s s s −3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s ⎤
y ≔ ―― s ――――s0 −―−―−―−―−s ―― ―― ―― ――
⎢⎣ 2 ――2
――
2
――
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ⎥⎦
T
⎛⎝y⟨19⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 0 −1.5 −1.5 −1.5 −1.5 −3 −4.5 −4.5 −4.5 −4.5 ] ft

## Pile Group P20

X ≔4⋅s+2⋅E Y ≔3⋅s+2⋅E
20 20

X = 14.5 ft Y = 11.5 ft
20 20

P20

⟨20⟩⟩ T
x ≔ [ −2 ⋅ s −s s0 s 2 ⋅ s −2 ⋅ s −s s0 s 2 ⋅ s −2 ⋅ s −s s0 s 2 ⋅ s −2 ⋅ s −s s0 s 2 ⋅ s ]
T
⎛⎝x⟨20⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ −6 −3 0 3 6 −6 −3 0 3 6 −6 −3 0 3 6 −6 −3 0 3 6 ] ft

T
⟨20⟩⟩ ⎡ 3⋅s 3⋅s 3⋅s 3⋅s 3⋅s s s s s s s s s s s −3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s −3 ⋅ s ⎤
y ≔ ―― ―――――−―−―−―−―−――― ―― ―― ―― ――⎥
⎢⎣ 2 ――2
――
2
――
2
――
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ⎦

T
⎛⎝y⟨20⟩⟩⎞⎠ = [ 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 −1.5 −1.5 −1.5 −1.5 −1.5 −4.5 −4.5 −4.5 −4.5 … ] ft