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Design Specs:

f'c = 27.6 mPa


fy = 414 mPa
Wc = 23.54 kN/m³
cc = 20 mm

Dead Load:
Floor Finish = 1.53 kPa
Insulation = 0.05 kPa
Ceiling = 0.92 kPa
Wt. of slab = 3.531 kPa
Total Dead Load = 6.031 kPa

Slab Bar X Y X Clear Y Clear t d DL


1 12 5.9 5.5 5.6 5.2 150 124 6.031
2 12 5.9 5.5 5.6 5.2 150 124 6.031
3 12 5.9 5.5 5.6 5.2 150 124 6.031
4 12 5.9 4.7 5.6 4.4 150 124 6.031
5 12 6.1 5.5 5.8 5.2 150 124 6.031
6 12 6.1 5.5 5.8 5.2 150 124 6.031
7 12 6.1 5.5 5.8 5.2 150 124 6.031
8 12 6.1 4.7 5.8 4.4 150 124 6.031
9 12 7 5.5 6.7 5.2 150 124 6.031
10 12 7 5.5 6.7 5.2 150 124 6.031
11 12 7 5.5 6.7 5.2 150 124 6.031
12 12 7 4.7 6.7 4.4 150 124 6.031
13 12 7 5.5 6.7 5.2 150 124 6.031
14 12 7 5.5 6.7 5.2 150 124 6.031
15 12 7 5.5 6.7 5.2 150 124 6.031
16 12 7 4.7 6.7 4.4 150 124 6.031
17 12 6.5 4.77716 6.2 4.47716 150 124 6.031
18 12 6.5 5.5 6.2 5.2 150 124 6.031
19 12 6.5 5.5 6.2 5.2 150 124 6.031
20 12 6.5 3.97716 6.2 3.67716 150 124 6.031
21 12 6.5 3.6 6.2 3.3 150 124 6.031
22 12 6.5 5.89142 6.2 5.59142 150 124 6.031
23 12 6.5 5.42203 6.2 5.12203 150 124 6.031
24 12 6 4.92792 5.7 4.62792 150 124 6.031
25 12 6 6.07208 5.7 5.77208 150 124 6.031
26 12 6 5.34406 5.7 5.04406 150 124 6.031
27 12 7 6.47716 6.7 6.17716 150 124 6.031
28 12 7 6.07208 6.7 5.77208 150 124 6.031
29 12 7 5.27208 6.7 4.97208 150 124 6.031
Moment
ALONG X ALONG Y Column Strip
LL kPa MoX MoY - + - + RnX
3.8 13.3172 52.20342 45.01214 -33.9322 18.2712 -29.2579 15.75425 2.452034
4.8 14.9172 58.47542 50.42014 -38.009 20.4664 -32.7731 17.64705 2.746634
4.8 14.9172 58.47542 50.42014 -38.009 20.4664 -32.7731 17.64705 2.746634
3.8 13.3172 52.20342 32.22762 -33.9322 18.2712 -20.948 11.27967 2.452034
7.2 18.7572 78.87403 63.39934 -51.2681 27.60591 -41.2096 22.18977 3.704772
7.2 18.7572 78.87403 63.39934 -51.2681 27.60591 -41.2096 22.18977 3.704772
7.2 18.7572 78.87403 63.39934 -51.2681 27.60591 -41.2096 22.18977 3.704772
7.2 18.7572 78.87403 45.39242 -51.2681 27.60591 -29.5051 15.88735 3.704772
7.2 18.7572 105.2513 63.39934 -68.4134 36.83797 -41.2096 22.18977 4.943734
7.2 18.7572 105.2513 63.39934 -68.4134 36.83797 -41.2096 22.18977 4.943734
7.2 18.7572 105.2513 63.39934 -68.4134 36.83797 -41.2096 22.18977 4.943734
7.2 18.7572 105.2513 45.39242 -68.4134 36.83797 -29.5051 15.88735 4.943734
2.9 11.8772 66.64594 40.14494 -43.3199 23.32608 -26.0942 14.05073 3.13041
2.9 11.8772 66.64594 40.14494 -43.3199 23.32608 -26.0942 14.05073 3.13041
2.9 11.8772 66.64594 40.14494 -43.3199 23.32608 -26.0942 14.05073 3.13041
2.9 11.8772 66.64594 28.74282 -43.3199 23.32608 -18.6828 10.05999 3.13041
2.9 11.8772 57.06995 29.75975 -37.0955 19.97448 -19.3438 10.41591 2.680618
2.9 11.8772 57.06995 40.14494 -37.0955 19.97448 -26.0942 14.05073 2.680618
2.9 11.8772 57.06995 40.14494 -37.0955 19.97448 -26.0942 14.05073 2.680618
2.9 11.8772 57.06995 20.0747 -37.0955 19.97448 -13.0486 7.026146 2.680618
1.9 10.2772 49.38195 13.98984 -32.0983 17.28368 -9.0934 4.896443 2.319507
2.9 11.8772 57.06995 46.41606 -37.0955 19.97448 -30.1704 16.24562 2.680618
2.9 11.8772 57.06995 38.95008 -37.0955 19.97448 -25.3175 13.63253 2.680618
1.9 10.2772 41.73828 27.51418 -27.1299 14.6084 -17.8842 9.629962 1.960478
4.8 14.9172 60.58248 62.12437 -39.3786 21.20387 -40.3808 21.74353 2.845604
1.9 10.2772 41.73828 32.68476 -27.1299 14.6084 -21.2451 11.43967 1.960478
4.8 14.9172 83.70414 71.15002 -54.4077 29.29645 -46.2475 24.90251 3.931646
4.8 14.9172 83.70414 62.12437 -54.4077 29.29645 -40.3808 21.74353 3.931646
4.8 14.9172 83.70414 46.09709 -54.4077 29.29645 -29.9631 16.13398 3.931646
Column Strip Middle Strip Column Strip Middle Strip
RnY RnX RnY ρ(x) ρ(y) ρ(x) ρ(y) ρbal ρmin
2.114254 1.320326 1.138444 0.00627 0.00536 0.003284 0.00282 0.028501 0.003382
2.368272 1.478957 1.275223 0.007076 0.006043 0.003693 0.003169 0.028501 0.003382
2.368272 1.478957 1.275223 0.007076 0.006043 0.003693 0.003169 0.028501 0.003382
1.513756 1.320326 0.815099 0.00627 0.003783 0.003284 0.002004 0.028501 0.003382
2.977914 1.994877 1.603492 0.009795 0.007719 0.005043 0.004015 0.028501 0.003382
2.977914 1.994877 1.603492 0.009795 0.007719 0.005043 0.004015 0.028501 0.003382
2.977914 1.994877 1.603492 0.009795 0.007719 0.005043 0.004015 0.028501 0.003382
2.132116 1.994877 1.148063 0.009795 0.005408 0.005043 0.002844 0.028501 0.003382
2.977914 2.662011 1.603492 0.013565 0.007719 0.006843 0.004015 0.028501 0.003382
2.977914 2.662011 1.603492 0.013565 0.007719 0.006843 0.004015 0.028501 0.003382
2.977914 2.662011 1.603492 0.013565 0.007719 0.006843 0.004015 0.028501 0.003382
2.132116 2.662011 1.148063 0.013565 0.005408 0.006843 0.002844 0.028501 0.003382
1.885638 1.685605 1.015343 0.008147 0.004754 0.004229 0.002508 0.028501 0.003382
1.885638 1.685605 1.015343 0.008147 0.004754 0.004229 0.002508 0.028501 0.003382
1.885638 1.685605 1.015343 0.008147 0.004754 0.004229 0.002508 0.028501 0.003382
1.350072 1.685605 0.726962 0.008147 0.003361 0.004229 0.001784 0.028501 0.003382
1.397838 1.44341 0.752682 0.006894 0.003483 0.003601 0.001848 0.028501 0.003382
1.885638 1.44341 1.015343 0.006894 0.004754 0.003601 0.002508 0.028501 0.003382
1.885638 1.44341 1.015343 0.006894 0.004754 0.003601 0.002508 0.028501 0.003382
0.942924 1.44341 0.507728 0.006894 0.002325 0.003601 0.00124 0.028501 0.003382
0.657113 1.248965 0.35383 0.005911 0.00161 0.003102 0.000861 0.028501 0.003382
2.180197 1.44341 1.173952 0.006894 0.005537 0.003601 0.00291 0.028501 0.003382
1.829514 1.44341 0.985123 0.006894 0.004606 0.003601 0.002432 0.028501 0.003382
1.292361 1.055642 0.695887 0.004952 0.003213 0.00261 0.001707 0.028501 0.003382
2.918028 1.532248 1.571246 0.00735 0.007552 0.003831 0.003932 0.028501 0.003382
1.535228 1.055642 0.826661 0.004952 0.003838 0.00261 0.002033 0.028501 0.003382
3.34197 2.11704 1.799522 0.010463 0.008748 0.005368 0.004528 0.028501 0.003382
2.918028 2.11704 1.571246 0.010463 0.007552 0.005368 0.003932 0.028501 0.003382
2.165215 2.11704 1.165885 0.010463 0.005497 0.005368 0.00289 0.028501 0.003382
Column Strip Middle Strip Column Strip
ρmax As(x) As(y) As(x) As(y) Spacing X
0.021376 777.4334 664.6933 419.3237 419.3237 125
0.021376 877.4488 749.2874 457.8919 419.3237 125
0.021376 877.4488 749.2874 457.8919 419.3237 125
0.021376 777.4334 469.0507 419.3237 419.3237 125
0.021376 1214.621 957.1218 625.3242 497.9143 75
0.021376 1214.621 957.1218 625.3242 497.9143 75
0.021376 1214.621 957.1218 625.3242 497.9143 75
0.021376 1214.621 670.6052 625.3242 419.3237 75
0.021376 1682.06 957.1218 848.5537 497.9143 50
0.021376 1682.06 957.1218 848.5537 497.9143 50
0.021376 1682.06 957.1218 848.5537 497.9143 50
0.021376 1682.06 670.6052 848.5537 419.3237 50
0.021376 1010.232 589.5091 524.4381 419.3237 100
0.021376 1010.232 589.5091 524.4381 419.3237 100
0.021376 1010.232 589.5091 524.4381 419.3237 100
0.021376 1010.232 419.3237 524.4381 419.3237 100
0.021376 854.8956 431.9529 446.5125 419.3237 125
0.021376 854.8956 589.5091 446.5125 419.3237 125
0.021376 854.8956 589.5091 446.5125 419.3237 125
0.021376 854.8956 419.3237 446.5125 419.3237 125
0.021376 732.9595 419.3237 419.3237 419.3237 150
0.021376 854.8956 686.5457 446.5125 419.3237 125
0.021376 854.8956 571.1858 446.5125 419.3237 125
0.021376 614.0246 419.3237 419.3237 419.3237 175
0.021376 911.4156 936.3918 474.9885 487.5277 100
0.021376 614.0246 475.9455 419.3237 419.3237 175
0.021376 1297.363 1084.698 665.6152 561.4152 75
0.021376 1297.363 936.3918 665.6152 487.5277 75
0.021376 1297.363 681.5742 665.6152 419.3237 75
DESIGN OF SLAB - TWO WAY (Direct Design Method)

Design Specs:
f'c = 27.6 mPa NSCP 2010 Corresponding Live Load:
fy = 414 mPa
Wc = 23.54 kN/m³ Basic Floor Area = 1.90 kPa
cc = 20 mm Dressing Room = 1.90 kPa
d(bar) = 12 mm Fixed Seats = 2.90 kPa
Corridors = 3.80 kPa
Dead Load: Exit Facilities = 4.80 kPa
Floor Finish = 1.53 kPa Stage = 7.20 kPa
Insulation = 0.05 kPa Lobbies and Platforms = 4.80 kPa
Ceiling = 0.92 kPa Restrooms = 1.90 kPa
Wt. of slab = 3.531 kPa Storage = 1.90 kPa
Total Dead Load = 6.031 kPa

Dimensions of the most critical two-way slab:


Dimensions of slab: 6.7 m x 5.2 m

Thickness of Slab, t = Perimeter / 180


t = 132.2 mm say 150 mm d= 124 mm

Solve for total factored load:


wu = 1.2DL + 1.6LL
DL = 6.031 kPa
LL = 7.20 kPa
wu = 18.7572 kPa

Solve for total moment along x and y:


Mx = wLx²/8
Mx = 105.2513 kN-m
My = wLy²/8
My = 63.39934 kN-m

Moments at midspan along x and y:


Mx(midspan) = 0.35Mx
Mx(midspan) = 36.83797 kN-m
My(midspan) = 0.35My
My(midspan) = 22.18977 kN-m

Moments at support along x and y:


Mx(support) = 0.65Mx
Mx(support) = 68.41337 kN-m
My(support) = 0.65My
My(support) = 41.20957 kN-m

ρ at midspan along x and y: ρ at support along x and y:


Rnx(midspan) = Mx(midspan)/øbd² Rnx(support) = Mx(support)/øbd²
Rnx(midspan) = 2.662011 MPa Rnx(support) = 4.943734
ρx(midspan) = ρx(support) =
ρx(midspan) = 0.006843 ρx(support) = 0.013565

Rny(midspan) = My(midspan)/øbd² Rny(support) = My(support)/øbd²


Rny(midspan) = 1.603492 Rny(support) = 2.977914
ρy(midspan) = ρy(support) =

ρy(midspan) = 0.004015 ρy(support) = 0.007719


β= 0.85 β= 0.85
ρbal = 0.85f'cβ(600)/fy(600 + fy) ρbal = 0.85f'cβ(600)/fy(600 + fy)
ρbal = 0.028501 ρbal = 0.028501
ρmax = 0.75ρbal ρmax = 0.75ρbal
ρmax = 0.021376 ρmax = 0.021376
ρmin = 1.4/fy ρmin = 1.4/fy
ρmin = 0.003382 ρmin = 0.003382
Use ρx(midspan) = 0.006843 Use ρx(support) = 0.013565
Use ρy(midspan) = 0.004015 Use ρy(support) = 0.007719

Compute the required main bar spacing along x and y:


Asx(midspan) = ρx(midspan)bd Asx(support) = ρx(support)bd
Asx(midspan) = 848.5537 mm² Asx(support) = 1682.06 mm²
Sx(midspan) = Abar(1000)/As Sx(support) = Abar(1000)/As
Sx(midspan) = 125 mm Sx(support) = 50 mm

Asy(midspan) = ρy(midspan)bd Asy(support) = ρy(support)bd


Asy(midspan) = 497.9143 mm² Asy(support) = 957.1218 mm²
Sy(midspan) = Abar(1000)/As Sy(support) = Abar(1000)/As
Sy(midspan) = 225 mm Sy(support) = 100 mm

At midspan:
Therefore use 12 mmØ bars spaced at 125 mm on center (along longitudinal)
Therefore use 12 mmØ bars spaced at 225 mm on center (along transversal)
At support:
Therefore use 12 mmØ bars spaced at 50 mm on center (along longitudinal)
Therefore use 12 mmØ bars spaced at 100 mm on center (along transversal)
Mx(support)/øbd²
MPa
My(support)/øbd²

0.85f'cβ(600)/fy(600 + fy)

enter (along longitudinal)


enter (along transversal)

enter (along longitudinal)


enter (along transversal)
DESIGN OF SLAB - ONE WAY
Design Specs:
f'c = 27.6 mPa
fy = 414 mPa
Wc = 23.54 kN/m³
cc = 20.00 mm

Dead Load:
Floor Finish = 1.53 kPa
Insulation = 0.05 kPa
Ceiling = 0.92 kPa
Wt. of slab = 3.531 kPa
Total Dead Load = 6.031 kPa

t = Lb/20 [0.4+(fy/700)] for simply supported

t = Lb/24 [0.4+(fy/700)] for one end continuous

t = Lb/28 [0.4+(fy/700)] for both ends continuous

t = Lb/10 [0.4+(fy/700)] for cantilevered section

Slab Designation t DL LL wu L1 L2
1 one ends cont. 150 6.031 2.9 11.8772 5.12203 2.31655
2 one ends cont. 150 6.031 2.9 11.8772 5.04406 0.95594
3 both ends cont. 150 6.031 2.9 11.8772 3.3 2.84287
4 both ends cont. 150 6.031 2.9 11.8772 4.62792 1.20858
5 one ends cont. 150 6.031 1.9 10.2772 0 0.42284
6 one ends cont. 150 6.031 1.9 10.2772 0 1.86142

Midspan
Slab Mu Rn ρ ρbal ρmin ρmax As s
1 4.552704 0.328991 0.0008 0.028501 0.003382 0.021376 419.3237 269.7135
2 0.77526 0.056022 0.000135 0.028501 0.003382 0.021376 419.3237 269.7135
3 5.999404 0.433533 0.001057 0.028501 0.003382 0.021376 419.3237 269.7135
4 1.084289 0.078354 0.00019 0.028501 0.003382 0.021376 419.3237 269.7135
5 0.13125 0.009484 2.29E-05 0.028501 0.003382 0.021376 419.3237 269.7135
6 2.543522 0.183802 0.000446 0.028501 0.003382 0.021376 419.3237 269.7135

Temp Bars
Slab ρt At st stmax1 stmax2 st(gov)
1 0.002 300 376.9908 750 450 375
2 0.002 300 376.9908 750 450 375
3 0.002 300 376.9908 750 450 375
4 0.002 300 376.9908 750 450 375
5 0.002 300 376.9908 750 450 375
6 0.002 300 376.9908 750 450 375
L3 β d
0 0.85 124.00
0 0.85 124.00
5.59142 0.85 124.00
5.77208 0.85 124.00
5.2 0.85 124.00
4.47716 0.85 124.00

Support
s(min 1) s(min 2) Mu Rn ρ ρbal ρmin ρmax As
450 450 16.42987 1.187267 0.002944 0.028501 0.003382 0.021376 419.3237
450 450 10.68948 0.772451 0.001898 0.028501 0.003382 0.021376 419.3237
450 450 21.12278 1.526389 0.003815 0.028501 0.003382 0.021376 473.1065
450 450 14.46928 1.045589 0.002585 0.028501 0.003382 0.021376 419.3237
450 450 8.123184 0.587003 0.001436 0.028501 0.003382 0.021376 419.3237
450 450 10.32283 0.745955 0.001831 0.028501 0.003382 0.021376 419.3237
s s(min 1) s(min 2) s(gov)
269.7135 450 450 250
269.7135 450 450 250
239.0524 450 450 225
269.7135 450 450 250
269.7135 450 450 250
269.7135 450 450 250
DESIGN OF SLAB - ONE WAY (Most Critical)
Design Specs:
f'c = 27.6 mPa NSCP 2010 Corresponding Live Load:
fy = 414 mPa
Wc = 23.54 kN/m³ Basic Floor Area = 1.90 kPa
cc = 20.00 mm Dressing Room = 1.90 kPa
Lb = 2.84 m Fixed Seats = 2.90 kPa
L(left) = 3.30 m Corridors = 3.80 kPa
L(right) = 5.59 m Exit Facilities = 4.80 kPa
d(bar) = 12.00 mm Stage = 7.20 kPa
Lobbies and Platforms = 4.80 kPa
Dead Load: Restrooms = 1.90 kPa
Floor Finish = 1.53 kPa Storage = 1.90 kPa
Insulation = 0.05 kPa
Ceiling = 0.92 kPa
Wt. of slab = 3.531 kPa
Total Dead Load = 6.031 kPa

t = Lb/20 [0.4+(fy/700)] for simply supported

t = Lb/24 [0.4+(fy/700)] for one end continuous

t = Lb/28 [0.4+(fy/700)] for both ends continuous

t = Lb/10 [0.4+(fy/700)] for cantilevered section

I. Identify the uniform floor pressure (kPa) to be carried by the slab:


LL = 2.90 kPa
DL = 6.031 kPa

II. Determine the minimum slab thickness "t":


For both end continuous:
t = Lb/28 [0.4+(fy/700)]
t= 125 mm
In this case we need to follow the minimum thickness of slab that has governed in all slab:
Therefore t = 150 mm

III. Calculate the factored moment (Mu) to be carried by the slab:


wu = 1.2DL + 1.6LL
wu = 11.8772 kN/m

Mu(support 1) = w{0.5[L(left) + Lb]}²/10


Mu(support 1) = 11.20460956 kN-m
Mu(support 2) = w{0.5[L(right) + Lb]}²/10
Mu(support 2) = 21.12278299 kN-m
Mu(support gov.) = 21.12278299 kN-m
Mu(midspan) = wLb²/16
Mu(midspan) = 5.99940372 kN-m

IV. Compute the effective depth d:


d = t - cc - ½d(bar)
d= 124 mm

V. Compute the required steel ratio ρ:


At Support:
Solve for Rn from Mu = øRnbd² where b = 1000 mm
Mu(support) = øRnbd²
Rn(support) = 1.526389105 MPa
ρ(support) =

ρ(support) = 0.003815375
β= 0.85
ρbal = 0.85f'cβ(600)/fy(600 + fy)
ρbal = 0.028500986
ρmax = 0.75ρbal
ρmax = 0.02137574
ρmin = 1.4/fy
ρmin = 0.003381643
Use ρ(support) = 0.003815375

At Midspan:
Solve for Rn from Mu = øRnbd² where b = 1000 mm
Mu(midspan) = øRnbd²
Rn(midspan) = 0.433533047 MPa
ρ(midspan) =

ρ(midspan) = 0.00105704
β= 0.85
ρbal = 0.85f'cβ(600)/fy(600 + fy)
ρbal = 0.028500986
ρmax = 0.75ρbal
ρmax = 0.02137574
ρmin = 1.4/fy
ρmin = 0.003381643
Use ρ(midspan) = 0.003381643

VI. Compute the required main bar spacing:


At Support:
As1 = ρbd
As1 = 473.1065113 mm²
S1 = Abar(1000)/As
S1 = 225 mm

At Midspan:
As2 = ρbd
As2 = 419.3236715 mm²
S1 = Abar(1000)/As
S1 = 250 mm

Maximum spacing required by the code:


a) 3t = 450 mm
b) 450 mm

Therefore use 12 mmØ main bars spaced at 225 mm on center

Temperature bars:
d (temp) = 12 mm
fyt = 276 MPa
At = 0.002bt
At = 300 mm²
St = A temp(1000)/As
St = 375 mm

Maximum spacing required by the code:


a) 5t = 750 mm
b) 450 mm

Therefore use 12 mmØ temp bars spaced at 375 mm on center


in all slab:
5 5 3 3 3 4
5 5 5 5 5 5
4 4 4 4 4 4
Design Specs:
f'c = 27.6 mPa
fy = 414 mPa
Wc = 23.54 kN/m³
cc = 20 mm
b= 0.3 m
dbar = 12 mm

Dead Load:
Floor Finish = 1.53 kPa
Insulation = 0.05 kPa
Ceiling = 0.92 kPa
Wt. of slab = 3.531 kPa
Total Dead Load = 6.031 kPa

Slab Bar La Lb La(clear) Lb(clear) t d DL (kPa)


1 12 3 4.3 2.7 4 100 82 6.031
Moment Coefficient
Along short Along long
- + - +
LL (kPa) w (kPa) m (La/Lb) Case Ca Ca (DL) Ca (LL) Cb Cb (DL)
3.8 13.3172 0.7 4 0.081 0.081 0.081 0.081 0.081
t Moment
Along long Along short Along long
+ - + - + Column Strip
Cb (LL) Ma Ma (DL) Ma (LL) (MTa) Mb Mb (DL) Mb (LL) (MTb) Rn(a)
0.081 9.70824 4.3966 2.7702 7.1668 19.945 9.03257 5.69122 14.7238 1.60424
Column Strip Middle Strip Column Strip Middle Strip
Rn(b) Rn(a) Rn(b) ρ(a) ρ(b) ρ(a) ρ(b) ρbal ρmin ρmax
3.29583 1.18428 2.43304 0.00402 0.00862 0.00294 0.00622 0.0285 0.00338 0.02138
Column Strip Middle Strip Column Strip Middle Strip
As(a) As(b) As(a) As(b) Spacing a Spacing b Spacing a Spacing b
329.426 706.508 277.295 509.881 325 150 400 200