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# Reference Calculations Output

## In this scenario the longitudinal reinforcement shall be used as the main

reinforcement

Dimensions of Staircase
Total Length of staircase = 12 ' 0 "
Total Height of staircase = 5 ' 6 "
Total Width of staircase = 6 ' 0 "
Height of riser = 7.5 "
ACI 318 - 08 Length of run = 10 "
Table 9.5 (a) Minimum Thickness of Slab = 8 "

## No. of risers = [ ( 5 x 12 ) + 6 ] / 7.5 =

= 66 / 7.5 8.8 risers

No.of runs = [ ( 12 x 12 ) + 0 ] / 10 =
= 144 / 10 14.4 runs

## Volume of each step = Area of shaded region x Width of staircase

= tan-1 [ ( 5 x 12 ) + 6 ] / [ ( 12 x 12 ) + 0 ]
= tan-1 ( 66 / 144) = 24.56

= 25.09

## Spreadsheet Created by: jahleel_castagne@hotmail.com Version 1.0

Jahleel Castagne BEng.
= 1/2 x 25.09 x 10
= 125.45 in2

= 157 lb/f 157 psf

Thry & Des. Live Load = 100 psf 100 psf
18.1

ACI 318 - 08
9.2.1 Wu = ( 1.2 x 157 ) + (1.6 x 100 )
Wu = 348.4 psf Design Load
Wu = 0.348 K.sf 0.348 K.sf

Mu = 7.57 K.f

## Spreadsheet Created by: jahleel_castagne@hotmail.com Version 1.0

Jahleel Castagne BEng.
ACI 318 - 08 Using a rebar of diameter = 0.5 "
7.7.1 and minimum cover = 1.5 "
d = 8 - 1.5 - ( 0.5 x 0.5 ) = 6.25 "

## Calculating for Maximum Reinforcement

10.2.7.1
Where a= 0.85 c
and for a tension controlled system
c/d ≤ 0.375
c = 0.375 x6.25 = 2.344
Therefore
a= 0.85 x 2.344 = 1.992 "

As,max
As,max = (0.85 x 4000 x 12 x 1.992 ) / 60000 = 1.355 in2 1.355 in2

## Calculating for Minimum Reinforcement

10.5.1

As,min
As,min = (3 x √4000 / 60000) x 12 x 6.25 = 0.237 in2 0.237 in2

## Calculating for Maximum Reinforcement Spacing

10.6.4 Control of cracking by distribution of reinforcement
The spacing "s" of steel reinforcement closest to the tension
face shall not exceed

## Where cc = concrete cover = 1.5 in

fs = 2fy / 3 = 40000 psi

Therefore
Maximum spacing of reinforcement "s"
s = [15 x (40000 / 40000)] - (2.5 x 1.5 ) Max Spacing
s = 11.25 in 11.25 in

## Reference Calculations Output

ACI 318 - 08
Calculating for Reinforcement Requirements

## Spreadsheet Created by: jahleel_castagne@hotmail.com Version 1.0

Jahleel Castagne BEng.
10.2.7 TheFactored Nominal flexural strength is given by
φMn = φAsfy [d-(a/2)]
Where φ= 0.9
Where a is given by the following equation
0.85fc’ba = Asfy
Therefore
a = Asfy / 0.85fc’b = 1.4706 As
a/2 = 0.735 As

## φMn = φAsfy [d-(0.735As)]

Which gives the following for the bottom of the slab
90840 = As x 0.9 x 60000 [ 6.25 - ( 0.735 As ) ]
90840 = 337500 As - 39690 As
2

39690 As - As
2
337500 + 90840 = 0

## As,req = 0.278 in2/ft width

Checking Reinforcement
Assume reinforcement with the following specifications
Bar Size = #4
Nominal Diameter = 0.5 in
Nominal Area = 0.2 in2
Spacing = 8 in

## Therefore As/f width is given by

As = 0.2 x 12 / 8 = 0.3 in2/f width Main Rebar
0.3 > 0.278 0.237 < 0.3 < 1.355 #4 Bars (0.5")
As > As,req'd As,min < As < As,max 8" c-c

## Vu = (0.348 x 13.19 ) / 2 = 2.2951 Kips

Where
11.2.1.1 = 2 x √4000 x 12 x 6.25 = 9486.8 lbs
9.49 Kips

## Reference Calculations Output

ACI 318 - 08 Because V u
< ΦV c
/2, no shear reinforcement is required, but transverse
11.4.6 reinforcement shall be used to account for shrinkage

## Spreadsheet Created by: jahleel_castagne@hotmail.com Version 1.0

Jahleel Castagne BEng.
7.12.2 Vs = 0.0018 x 12 x [( ( 2 x 8) + 7.5 ) / 2]
Vs = 0.254 in2/f

## Assume reinforcement with the following specifications

Bar Size = #4
Nominal Diameter = 0.5 in
Nominal Area = 0.2 in2
Spacing = 8 in
Shear Rebar
Therefore As/f width is given by #4bars (0.5")
As = 0.2 x 12 / 8 = 0.3 in2/f width 8" c-c

## Design for Supporting Beams

Dimensions of Beams
Length= 6 ' 0"
Width = 10 "
Table 9.5(a) Depth = 4.5 "

Assuming that each end beam takes the weight of exactly half of the
weight of the staircase in addition to its own self weight

## Dead Weight (Per f length) = 0.5 x[13.19 x [ 25.09 / (2 x 12)] x 150]

= 1034 lbs
Self Weight = ( 10 x 4.5 x 150 ) / 144 = 46.9 lbs
1.081 k/f 1.081 k/f

## Calculating for Live Weight

Assuming that each end beam takes the weight of exactly half of the
live weight of the staircase

## Live Weight (Per f length) = 0.5 x(13.19 x 100 )

0.6595 k/f 0.6595 k/f

9.2.1 Strength
Wu = (1.2 x 1.081) + ( 1.6 x 0.6595) = 2.35 k/f 2.35 k/f
Reference Calculations Output

Mu = (2.35 x 6 x 6) / 8
Mu = 10.58 K.f

## Spreadsheet Created by: jahleel_castagne@hotmail.com Version 1.0

Jahleel Castagne BEng.
ACI 318 - 08 Using a rebar of diameter = 0.5 " (#4 rebar)
7.7.1 and minimum cover = 1.5 "
d = 4.5 - 1.5 - ( 0.5 x 0.5 ) = 2.75 "

## Calculating for Maximum Reinforcement

10.2.7.1
Where a= 0.85 c
and for a tension controlled system
c/d ≤ 0.375
c = 0.375 x2.75 = 1.031
Therefore
a= 0.85 x 1.031 = 0.876 "

As,max
As,max = (0.85 x 4000 x 10 x 0.876 ) / 60000 = 0.496 in2 0.496 in2

## Calculating for Minimum Reinforcement

10.5.1

As,min
As,min = (3 x √4000 / 60000) x 10 x 4.5 = 0.142 in2 0.142 in2

## Calculating for Maximum Reinforcement Spacing

10.6.4 Control of cracking by distribution of reinforcement
The spacing "s" of steel reinforcement closest to the tension
face shall not exceed

## Where cc = concrete cover = 1.5 in

fs = 2fy / 3 = 40000 psi

Therefore
Maximum spacing of reinforcement "s"
s = [15 x (40000 / 40000)] - (2.5 x 1.5 ) Max Spacing
s = 11.25 in 11.25 in

## Reference Calculations Output

Calculating for Reinforcement Requirements
TheFactored Nominal flexural strength is given by
φMn = φAsfy [d-(a/2)]
Where φ= 0.9
Where a is given by the following equation

## Spreadsheet Created by: jahleel_castagne@hotmail.com Version 1.0

Jahleel Castagne BEng.
0.85fc’ba = Asfy
Therefore
a = Asfy / 0.85fc’b = 1.7647 As
a/2 = 0.882 As

## φMn = φAsfy [d-(0.882As)]

Which gives the following for the bottom of the slab
126960 = As x 0.9 x 60000 [ 2.75 - ( 0.882 As ) ]
126960 = 148500 As - 47628 As
2

47628 As - As
2
148500 + 126960 =0

## As,req = #VALUE! in2 width

Checking Reinforcement
Assume reinforcement with the following specifications
Bar Size = #6
Nominal Diameter = 0.75 in
Nominal Area = 0.44 in2

## Using two (2) #4 bars,

As = 0.44 x 3 = 1.32 in2/f width Main Rebar
#VALUE! 0.142 < 1.32 < 0.496 Three (3)
As > As,req'd As,min < As < As,max #6 Bars (0.5")

## Vu = (2.35 x 6 ) / 2 = 7.05 Kips

Where
11.2.1.1 = 2 x √4000 x 10 x 4.5 = 5692.1 lbs
5.69 Kips

## Reference Calculations Output

ACI 318 - 08
11.4.5.1 Maximum Allowable Spacing
s,max = d/2 = 4.5 / 2 = 2.25 in

11.4.6

## Spreadsheet Created by: jahleel_castagne@hotmail.com Version 1.0

Jahleel Castagne BEng.
7.12.2 Vs = 0.75 x √4000 x [(10 x 2.25 ) /60000 ] = 0.0178
Vs =

## Assume reinforcement with the following specifications

Bar Size = #3 Shear Rebar
Nominal Diameter = 0.375 in #3bars
Av = 0.11 in2 (0.375")
Spacing = 2.25 in 2.25" c-c

## Spreadsheet Created by: jahleel_castagne@hotmail.com Version 1.0

Jahleel Castagne BEng.