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Reference Calculations Output

Design for Staircase

In this scenario the longitudinal reinforcement shall be used as the main


reinforcement

Dimensions of Staircase
Total Length of staircase = 12 ' 0 "
Total Height of staircase = 5 ' 6 "
Total Width of staircase = 6 ' 0 "
Height of riser = 7.5 "
ACI 318 - 08 Length of run = 10 "
Table 9.5 (a) Minimum Thickness of Slab = 8 "

No. of risers = [ ( 5 x 12 ) + 6 ] / 7.5 =


= 66 / 7.5 8.8 risers

No.of runs = [ ( 12 x 12 ) + 0 ] / 10 =
= 144 / 10 14.4 runs

Calculations for Dead Weight

Volume of each step = Area of shaded region x Width of staircase

= tan-1 [ ( 5 x 12 ) + 6 ] / [ ( 12 x 12 ) + 0 ]
= tan-1 ( 66 / 144) = 24.56

= 7.5 + [ 2 x ( 8 / cos (24.56 ) ) ]


= 25.09

Reference Calculations Output

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Jahleel Castagne BEng.
= 1/2 x 25.09 x 10
= 125.45 in2

= (125.45/144) x 150 = 131 lb/step Dead Load


= 157 lb/f 157 psf

Live Load
Struc Conc. Live Load
Thry & Des. Live Load = 100 psf 100 psf
18.1

Loading Combinations

ACI 318 - 08
9.2.1 Wu = ( 1.2 x 157 ) + (1.6 x 100 )
Wu = 348.4 psf Design Load
Wu = 0.348 K.sf 0.348 K.sf

Designing for Flexure

L= 12 / cos( 24.56 ) = 13.19 f

Mu = (0.348 x 13.19 x 13.19) / 8


Mu = 7.57 K.f

Reference Calculations Output

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Jahleel Castagne BEng.
ACI 318 - 08 Using a rebar of diameter = 0.5 "
7.7.1 and minimum cover = 1.5 "
d = 8 - 1.5 - ( 0.5 x 0.5 ) = 6.25 "

Calculating for Maximum Reinforcement


10.2.7.1
Where a= 0.85 c
and for a tension controlled system
c/d ≤ 0.375
c = 0.375 x6.25 = 2.344
Therefore
a= 0.85 x 2.344 = 1.992 "

As,max
As,max = (0.85 x 4000 x 12 x 1.992 ) / 60000 = 1.355 in2 1.355 in2

Calculating for Minimum Reinforcement


10.5.1

As,min
As,min = (3 x √4000 / 60000) x 12 x 6.25 = 0.237 in2 0.237 in2

Calculating for Maximum Reinforcement Spacing


10.6.4 Control of cracking by distribution of reinforcement
The spacing "s" of steel reinforcement closest to the tension
face shall not exceed

Where cc = concrete cover = 1.5 in


fs = 2fy / 3 = 40000 psi

Therefore
Maximum spacing of reinforcement "s"
s = [15 x (40000 / 40000)] - (2.5 x 1.5 ) Max Spacing
s = 11.25 in 11.25 in

Reference Calculations Output


ACI 318 - 08
Calculating for Reinforcement Requirements

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Jahleel Castagne BEng.
10.2.7 TheFactored Nominal flexural strength is given by
φMn = φAsfy [d-(a/2)]
Where φ= 0.9
Where a is given by the following equation
0.85fc’ba = Asfy
Therefore
a = Asfy / 0.85fc’b = 1.4706 As
a/2 = 0.735 As

φMn = φAsfy [d-(0.735As)]


Which gives the following for the bottom of the slab
90840 = As x 0.9 x 60000 [ 6.25 - ( 0.735 As ) ]
90840 = 337500 As - 39690 As
2

39690 As - As
2
337500 + 90840 = 0

As,req = 0.278 in2/ft width

Checking Reinforcement
Assume reinforcement with the following specifications
Bar Size = #4
Nominal Diameter = 0.5 in
Nominal Area = 0.2 in2
Spacing = 8 in

Therefore As/f width is given by


As = 0.2 x 12 / 8 = 0.3 in2/f width Main Rebar
0.3 > 0.278 0.237 < 0.3 < 1.355 #4 Bars (0.5")
As > As,req'd As,min < As < As,max 8" c-c

Designing for Shear

Vu = (0.348 x 13.19 ) / 2 = 2.2951 Kips

Where
11.2.1.1 = 2 x √4000 x 12 x 6.25 = 9486.8 lbs
9.49 Kips

Reference Calculations Output


ACI 318 - 08 Because V u
< ΦV c
/2, no shear reinforcement is required, but transverse
11.4.6 reinforcement shall be used to account for shrinkage

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Jahleel Castagne BEng.
7.12.2 Vs = 0.0018 x 12 x [( ( 2 x 8) + 7.5 ) / 2]
Vs = 0.254 in2/f

Assume reinforcement with the following specifications


Bar Size = #4
Nominal Diameter = 0.5 in
Nominal Area = 0.2 in2
Spacing = 8 in
Shear Rebar
Therefore As/f width is given by #4bars (0.5")
As = 0.2 x 12 / 8 = 0.3 in2/f width 8" c-c

Design for Supporting Beams

Dimensions of Beams
Length= 6 ' 0"
Width = 10 "
Table 9.5(a) Depth = 4.5 "

Calculating for Dead Weight


Assuming that each end beam takes the weight of exactly half of the
weight of the staircase in addition to its own self weight

Dead Weight (Per f length) = 0.5 x[13.19 x [ 25.09 / (2 x 12)] x 150]


= 1034 lbs
Self Weight = ( 10 x 4.5 x 150 ) / 144 = 46.9 lbs
Total Dead Weight (Wd) = 1034.2 + 46.9 = 1081 lbs/f Dead Load
1.081 k/f 1.081 k/f

Calculating for Live Weight


Assuming that each end beam takes the weight of exactly half of the
live weight of the staircase

Live Weight (Per f length) = 0.5 x(13.19 x 100 )


= 660 lbs/f Live Load
0.6595 k/f 0.6595 k/f

Loading Combinations Design


9.2.1 Strength
Wu = (1.2 x 1.081) + ( 1.6 x 0.6595) = 2.35 k/f 2.35 k/f
Reference Calculations Output

Mu = (2.35 x 6 x 6) / 8
Mu = 10.58 K.f

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Jahleel Castagne BEng.
ACI 318 - 08 Using a rebar of diameter = 0.5 " (#4 rebar)
7.7.1 and minimum cover = 1.5 "
d = 4.5 - 1.5 - ( 0.5 x 0.5 ) = 2.75 "

Calculating for Maximum Reinforcement


10.2.7.1
Where a= 0.85 c
and for a tension controlled system
c/d ≤ 0.375
c = 0.375 x2.75 = 1.031
Therefore
a= 0.85 x 1.031 = 0.876 "

As,max
As,max = (0.85 x 4000 x 10 x 0.876 ) / 60000 = 0.496 in2 0.496 in2

Calculating for Minimum Reinforcement


10.5.1

As,min
As,min = (3 x √4000 / 60000) x 10 x 4.5 = 0.142 in2 0.142 in2

Calculating for Maximum Reinforcement Spacing


10.6.4 Control of cracking by distribution of reinforcement
The spacing "s" of steel reinforcement closest to the tension
face shall not exceed

Where cc = concrete cover = 1.5 in


fs = 2fy / 3 = 40000 psi

Therefore
Maximum spacing of reinforcement "s"
s = [15 x (40000 / 40000)] - (2.5 x 1.5 ) Max Spacing
s = 11.25 in 11.25 in

Reference Calculations Output


Calculating for Reinforcement Requirements
TheFactored Nominal flexural strength is given by
φMn = φAsfy [d-(a/2)]
Where φ= 0.9
Where a is given by the following equation

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Jahleel Castagne BEng.
0.85fc’ba = Asfy
Therefore
a = Asfy / 0.85fc’b = 1.7647 As
a/2 = 0.882 As

φMn = φAsfy [d-(0.882As)]


Which gives the following for the bottom of the slab
126960 = As x 0.9 x 60000 [ 2.75 - ( 0.882 As ) ]
126960 = 148500 As - 47628 As
2

47628 As - As
2
148500 + 126960 =0

As,req = #VALUE! in2 width

Checking Reinforcement
Assume reinforcement with the following specifications
Bar Size = #6
Nominal Diameter = 0.75 in
Nominal Area = 0.44 in2

Using two (2) #4 bars,


As = 0.44 x 3 = 1.32 in2/f width Main Rebar
#VALUE! 0.142 < 1.32 < 0.496 Three (3)
As > As,req'd As,min < As < As,max #6 Bars (0.5")

Designing for Shear

Vu = (2.35 x 6 ) / 2 = 7.05 Kips

Where
11.2.1.1 = 2 x √4000 x 10 x 4.5 = 5692.1 lbs
5.69 Kips

Reference Calculations Output


ACI 318 - 08
11.4.5.1 Maximum Allowable Spacing
s,max = d/2 = 4.5 / 2 = 2.25 in

Because ΦVc > Vu > ΦVc/2, minimalreinforcement is required,


11.4.6

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7.12.2 Vs = 0.75 x √4000 x [(10 x 2.25 ) /60000 ] = 0.0178
Vs =

Assume reinforcement with the following specifications


Bar Size = #3 Shear Rebar
Nominal Diameter = 0.375 in #3bars
Av = 0.11 in2 (0.375")
Spacing = 2.25 in 2.25" c-c

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Jahleel Castagne BEng.