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QUALITY ASSURANCE AND MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR R&B DEPATRMENT:


GOVT. OF TELANGANA STATE.
Quality assurance and quality control is achieved in three stages

1) Material selection stage, 2)Processing stage, 3)Finished stage

CONTROL OF ALIGNMENT LEVEL AND SURFACE REGULARITY (CLAUSE 902)

S.No Item Clause Tolerance


(mm)
1 Horizontal alignment as reckoned with the reference to the center line of
the carriage way and as shown on drawing
(I) edges of the carriage way 902.2 ± 10
(II) edges of the roadway and lower layers of pavement. ± 25
2 Surface Levels
Levels of sub grade and different pavement courses (with reference to the 902.3
longitudinal and cross profile to the road shown on the drawings)
I Sub grade ±20
II Sub base(GSB) ±10
Pavement Quality Concrete ±5
Dry lean Concrete ±6
III Base Course for Flexible Pavement
Bituminous Layers Over – machine laid WMM ±6
IV Wearing Course (MSS & BC) ±10
Machine laid ±6

Provided that the negative tolerance for wearing course shall not be permitted in
conjunction with the positive tolerance for base Course if the thickness of the former is
thereby reduced by more than the following limits.
4 mm for bituminous wearing course of thickness 40 mm or more.
3mm for bituminous wearing course of thickness less than 40 mm
5mm for concrete pavement slab.

SURFACE REGULARITY OF SUB GRADE AND PAVEMENT COURSES (CLAUSE 902.4)

The longitudinal profile shall be checked with a three meter long straight edge at the middle of each
traffic lane along a line parallel to the centre line of the road. The cross profile shall be checked with a set of
three camber boards at intervals of 10 meter.
Permitted tolerance of surface regularity are as fallows.
Sl. Type of Construction Surface of Carriageways Surface of Lay byes, Service areas and
No and paved shoulders all Bituminous base sources
1 Irregularity 4mm 7mm 4mm 7mm
2 Length(Meters) 300 75 300 75 300 75 300 75
3 No.of irregularities in
National Highways 15 9 2 1 40 18 4 2
No.of irregularities in
4 Road of lower category 40 18 4 2 60 27 6 3
2

The maximum allowable difference between the road surface and underside of 3m straight
edge when Placed parallel or right angles to the centre line of the road at points decided by Engineer
shall be:
 For paved bituminous surface: 3 mm
 For bituminous base courses: 6 mm
 Granular base/sub bases: 8 mm
 Sub base under concrete pavement:10mm
 For subgrade 15mm.

Rectification, in case surface irregularity exceeds (Clause 902.4)


In cases where requirements of surface irregularity are not satisfied and the tolerance limits
given above are exceeded in respect of sub grade and various pavement courses, work of
rectification shall be carried out in the following manner:
A) SUBGRADE: Where the surface is high, it shall be trimmed and suitably compacting shall correct
the deficiency. Where the surface is low, adding fresh material and suitably compacting shall correct
the deficiency.
B) GRANULAR SUB-BASE: Same as at (A) above but the degree of compacting and the type of
material shall confirm to Clause 401.
C) WMM: Where the surface is high or low, the top 75 mm shall be scarified reshaped with
added material wherever necessary and re compacted as per requirement.
D) BITUMINOUS Construction:
I) Other than wearing course: where the surface is low, the deficiency shall be corrected by
adding fresh material and re-compacting to specifications. Where the surface is high, the extra
thickness in the effected layer shall be removed and replaced with fresh material and compacted to
specifications.
ii) Wearing Course: Where the surface is high or low, the full depth of the layer shall be
removed and replaced with fresh material and compacted to specifications.
In all cases of bituminous construction, where the removal and replacement of a bituminous
layer is involved, the area treated shall not be less than 3.5 m in width and not less than 5 meters in
length.

C & G Stage: (i) In this stage it requires to ensure that the C&G is done up to the widths as
specified or up to toe line/edge of excavation. (ii) Pre-levels i.e. levels prior to
commencement of C&G and after C & G are taken & verified.

Embankment construction/formation stage: The material used for embankment shall


confirm to the specifications of cl. 305; soil with Liquid limit (LL)> 50 & PI > 25 shall not be used for
embankment. Soils with Free swelling index (FSI) > 50 shall not be used.

Lumps/coarse material of size > 75mm shall not be allowed in embankment and > 50mm
shall not be allowed in sub grade.
Soil shall be such that the Max. Dry Densities are
Embankment up to 3 mtrs. height MDD ≥ 15.2 KN/cum
Embankment ht. > 3m MDD ≥ 16 KN/cum
Sub grade/earth shoulders/verges/ back fill MDD ≥ 17.5 KN/cum

Embankment / sub grade shall be compacted in layers of 250mm compacted thickness, if vibratory
rollers / vibratory earth compactors are used. It shall be 200mm if static rollers are used.
Quality control test for embankment/sub grade.
3

FREQUENCY RELEVANT
ITEM CLAUSE TEST RQUIRED LIMITS
(Min) I.S CODE
EMBANK 305 Plasticity 2 tests per IS:2720(pt-V) LL≤50,PI ≤25
MENT 3000 cum
MDD and OMC --do— IS:2720(pt- Up to 3
VIII) M≥1.52kN/cum
Above
3m,≥1.6kN/cum
Free Swelling Index --do— IS:2720(pt-40) ≤50
Natural moisture --do— IS:2720(pt-II)
content
Moisture content just 2-3 test for every IS:2720(pt-II) -2 to +1% of
before compaction 250 cum of OMC
loose soil
Field density 1 test for IS:2720(pt-28) ≥95% MDD of
1000sqm heavy compaction
for embankment
Subgrade ≥97%of MDD of
heavy compaction
for sub grade&
earthen shoulders

Control of Compaction: Control of compaction of embankment shall be exercised by


taking at least one set of ten measurements of density for each 3000 sq.m of compacted area of
each layer. Test location shall be chosen only through random sampling techniques. If non
destructive tests are conducted the number of tests shall be doubled. If considerable variations are
observed between the individual density results, the minimum number of tests in one set shall be
increased. The acceptance criteria shall be subject to condition that the mean density is not less than
the specified density plus (1.65 – 1.65/√n)*σ.
For earth work in shoulders and sub grade at least one set of ten density measurements
shall be taken for each 2000 sq. m of compacted area.
‘n’ is number of samples.
‘σ’ is standard deviation .
(Acceptance criteria as above may be fallowed instead of as given in circular dt.17-10-
2006)The acceptance
PERMISSIBLE VARIATIONS IN THE JOB MIX FORMULA

Subjected to the condition that final gradation shall remain within respective gradation band

DESCRIPTION BASE / BINDER COURSE WEARING COURSE

Aggregate passing 19mm sieve or larger ±8% ±7%


Aggregate passing 13.2, 9.5 mm sieve ±7% ±6%
Aggregate passing 4.75mm sieve ±6% ±5%
Aggregate passing 2.36,1.18,0.6mm sieve ±5% ±4%
Aggregate passing 0.3,0.15mm sieve ±4% ±3%
Aggregate passing 0.075mm sieve ±2% ±1.5%
Binder content ±0.3% ±0.3%
Mixing Temperature ±100C ±100C
4

PILE FOUNDATIONS
The requirement of concrete in piles shall be as follows.
Requirements for Concrete in Piles
Cast in-situ Concrete Precast Concrete
by Tremie
Grade of concrete M 35 M 35
Minimum cement content 400 kg/m3 400 kg/m3
Minimum water cement ratio 0.4 0.40
Slump (mm) as measured at the 150-200 50 – 75
time of placement

The terms ‘minimum cement content’ and ‘minimum water cement’ ratio mentioned are to based
on total cementitious material (inclusive of all mineral admixtures called additives) mentioned in
Clause 1007 of these specifications. Maximum limits for such additives shall be as specified in Clause
1716.2 of these specifications.
The tolerances for piles are as follows.

Permissible Tolerances of Piles


i) Precast Concrete Piles:
a) Variation in cross-sectional dimensions : + 5mm
b) Variation in length : + 25mm
c) Surface irregularities measured with 3 m straight edge : 5 mm
d) Bow for total length of pile in mm : 1 mm/m length of pile
Limited to 20mm
ii) Driven Piles:
a) Variation in cross-sectional dimensions : + 50 mm, - 10 mm
b) Variation from vertical for vertical piles : 1 in 150
c) For vertical piles deviation at piling platform level : 75 mm
d) Variation of level of top of piles : + 25mm

iii) Bored Piles:


a) Variation in cross-sectional dimensions : + 50 mm, - 10 mm
b) Variation from vertical for vertical piles : 1 in 150
c) For vertical piles deviation at piling platform level : 75 mm
d) Variation of level of top of piles : + 25mm

iv) For raker piles from specified rake : 1 in 25


Permissible Tolerances of Piles Caps
a) Variation in dimensions : + 50 mm, - 10 mm
b) Misplacement from specified position in plan : 15 mm
c) Surface irregularities measured : 5 mm with 3 straight edge
d) Variation of level of top of piles : + 25mm
5

WELL FOUNDATIONS:
Most commonly used deep foundations. These may be in brick masonry, PCC or RCC.
The tolerances are

TOLERANCES
The permissible tilt and shift shall not exceed 1 (horizontal) in 80 (vertical) and the shift at the well
base shall not be more than 150mm in any resultant direction.
For the well steining and well cap, the permissible tolerances shall be as follows:
a) Variation in dimensions : + 50 mm, - 10 mm
b) Misplacement from specified position in plan : 15 mm
c) Surface unevenness measured with 3 m straight edge : 5 mm
d) Variation of level of top : + 25mm
Reduction in Rate of sinking as penalty is as follows.If any well with tilt and/or shift
exceeding the permissible values is accepted by the Engineer the contractor shall be
subjected to a reduction in the rates for the sinking of well as follows:

S.No Amount of Tilt and/or Shift Percent Reduction on the Rate(s)


for Sinking of whole Well
1) Tilt exceeding the specified permissible value but 5 percent
equal to or within 1 in 60
2) Tilt exceeding 1 in 60 but equal to or within 1 in 50 10 percent
3) Tilt exceeding 1 in 50 20 percent
4) Shift exceeding the specified permissible value but 2 percent
equal to or within 200 mm
5) Shift exceeding 200 mm but equal to or within 300 5 percent
mm
6) Shift exceeding 300 mm 10 percent

For excessive tilt and shift, the reduction in rates shall be decided separately by the Engineer.

OPEN FOUNDATIONS:
The Open foundation shall be executed as per specifications indicated in the drawing to the
dimensions indicated there on.
The tolerance limits are as follows.
TOLERANCES

a) Variation in dimensions : + 50 mm, - 10 mm


b) Misplacement from specified position in plan : 15 mm
c) Surface unevenness measured with 3 m straight edge : 5 mm
d) Variation of level of top : + 25mm

SUBSTRUCTURE:
The substructure shall be as per specifications and dimensions as indicated in the drawings.
The tolerances shall be as follows.
TOLERANCES IN CONCRETE ELEMENTS
a) Variation in cross-sectional dimensions : + 10 mm, - 5 mm
b) Misplacement from specified position in plan : 10 mm
c) Variation of level at top : + 10 mm
d) Variations of reduced levels of bearing areas : + 5 mm
6

e) Variations from plumb over full height : + 10 mm


f) Surface unevenness measured with 3 m straight edge
All surfaces except bearing areas : 5 mm
Bearing areas : 3 mm

CONCRETE SUPERSTRUCTURE:
The superstructure shall be as per specifications and dimensions as indicated in the
drawings. The tolerances shall be as follows.
Precast/cast in situ Concrete Superstructure
a) Variations in thickness of top and
bottom slab for box girders, top and - 5 mm to + 10 mm
bottom flange for T-girders and slabs
b) Variations in web thickness -5 mm to + 10 mm
c) Variations in overall depth or width + 5 mm
d) Variation in length overall and length shall not exceed + 10 mm or
between bearings. + 0.1 percent of the span length, whichever is less.
e) Permissible surface unevenness in 5 mm
deck slab when measured with a 3
m straight edge or template.
To achieve required quality it is essential that each activity of construction shall be preceded
by approval of previous construction activity through an RFI. Starting of C&G shall be
preceded by approval of pre levels. Starting of embankment shall be preceded by approval
of levels after C&G. Starting of Sub grade shall be preceded by approval of embankment
etc., This process will ensure implementation of quality control in the projects.

Note: 1. Where ever the limits as specified above are over ruled through Government
orders/concerned HOD orders they shall be fallowed.

If any mistakes have taken place Kindly inform me.


Corrected copy will be sent to you personally.
V. VENKATA NARAYANA, EXECUTIVE ENGINEER (R&B),
7799139399.
vvn.randb@gmail.com ::
Please Visit
vvnhighways.blogspot.in
z

MINISTRY OF ROAD SPECIFICATIONS FOR ROAD AND


TRANSPORT & HIGHWAYS BRIDGE WORKS (Fifth Revision)
GENERAL MATERIALS WORKS QUALITY CONTROL

GENERAL Q.C.
100 General NATURAL AND/OR 900 Quality Control For
CONSTRUCTION MAINTENANCE Road Works
FACTORY 2800 Repair Of Structures
SUPPLIED
700 Geosynthetics 3000 Maintenance Of Road

1000 Materials For MoRTH 5 th Revision


Structures ROADS BRIDGES
Published in 2013.
1300 Brick Masonry 2400 Surface And
Sub-Surface
1400 Stone And Geotechnical It Has 32 Sections, 385
Concrete Block Investigation SAFETY
Masonry
Clauses in 884 Pages.
300 Earth Works 800 Traffic Signs,
FLEXIBLE Markings And
1500 Formwork
PAVEMENTS 1100 Pile Other Road 19 New important
1600 Steel 200 Site Clearance Foundations Appurtenances
Specifications are added
Reinforcement 1200 Well
1700 Structural 300 Earth Works Foundations
in this Revision.
Concrete 2100 Open
1900 Structural Steel 400 Sub-bases & Foundations PROTECTION In Bituminous works
Bases 2200 Substructure 2500 River Training "Theoritical Maximim
500 Bases and Work And
Surface 2300 Concrete Protection Work Specific Gravity"
Courses Super 3200 Soil Nailing to compare Field density
Structure
FACTORY is newly added.
2700 Wearing Coat
FINISHED RIGID And
2000 Bearings Appurtenance
PAVEMENTS 3100 sReinforced
CULVERTS V. VENKATA NARAYANA B.E,. D.A.C.
Earth
2600 Expansion Joints 200 Site Clearance 2900 Pipe Culverts
EXECUTIVE ENGINEER (R&B),
300 Earth Works 1800 Prestressing
400 Sub-bases & vvn.randb@gmail.com :: 7799139399
Bases
vvnhighways.blogspot.in
600 Concrete
Pavement
CONTROL TESTS AND THEIR MINIMUM FREQUENCY & CODAL SPECIFICATIONS (V Revision)
Combined Flakiness and
Type of Aggregate Impact Value Gradation Density of compacted layer Binder Content Control of Temperature
Elongation Indices
Construction
(Spec. no) Frequency Specifi- Frequency Specifi- Frequency Specifi- Frequency Specifi- Frequency Specifi- Frequency Specifi-
of Tests (900-3) cation of Tests (900-3) cation of Tests (900-3) cation of Tests (900-3) cation of Tests (900-3) cation of Tests (900-3) cation
Granular Sub-
Not 1 test per Table 1 test per ≥ 98% of
base ≤ 40 % N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.
Mentioned 400 cum 400-1 1000 sqm MDD
(401)
Wet Mix
1 test per 1 test per Table 1 test per 1 set 3 tests per ≥ 98% of
Macadam ≤ 30 % ≤ 35 % N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.
1000 cum 200 cum 400-13 500 cum 1000 sqm MDD
(406)
Bituminous 1 test per Table
2 tests per Table 1 test per 1 set per Specified 2 tests per day per At regular Table
MACADAM 200 cum or change ≤ 30 % ≤ 35 % 500-7 or as per
day 500-7 350 cum 700 sqm Compaction plant intervals 500-2
(504) of Quarry BOQ

Dense 1 test per 1 set for 400 ton, Table


1 test per Table 1 test per 1 set per ≥ 92% of At regular Table
Bituminous ≤ 27 % 400 ton, minimum 2 ≤ 35 % min. 2 tests per 500-10 or as per
350 cum 500-10 350 cum 700 sqm Gmm intervals 500-2
MACADAM (505) tests per day/plant day/plant BOQ

Bituminous 1 test per 1 set for 400 ton, Table


1 test per Table 1 test per 1 set per ≥ 92% of At regular Table
CONCRETE ≤ 24 % 400 ton, minimum 2 ≤ 35 % min. 2 tests per 500-17 or as per
350 cum 500-17 350 cum 700 sqm Gmm intervals 500-2
(507) tests per day/plant day/plant BOQ
Table Table
Surface 1 test per 2 tests per Table 1 test per At regular
≤ 27 % ≤ 35 % N.A. N.A. 3 tests per day 500-22 or as per in Clause
Dressing (509) 200 cum day 500-21 100 cum intervals
BOQ 509.3.3

Semi-Dense
1 tests per Table 1 set for 400 ton, Table
Bituminous 1 test per 1 test per 1 set per Specified At regular Table
≤ 27 % 400 ton, minimum 2 500-15 < 30 % min. 2 tests per 500-15 or as per
concrete (508) 50 cum 50 cum 250 sqm Compaction intervals 500-5
tests per day (IV Revision ) day BOQ
(IV Revision )

Coarse Deleterious materials


As per indivisual Table As per indivisual
Aggregate Total of % of all deleterious N.A. N.A.
specification of work 500-49 specification of work 1 test for each source of supply
Metal (520) materials < 5 %

SAND :: Frequency of Tests Specification CONCRETE :: Frequency of Tests Specification


1) Gradation :: 1 tests per Table 1000-2 1) Workability of Fresh 1 tests per each dumper load at Table 1700-4
day for each fraction. concrete plan & site.
2) Fineness Modulus :: I test per day . 2.0 % to 3.5 % 2) Strength on hardened 2 cubes per 150 cum or part there 7 days - > 75 %
3) Bulkage :: 1 test for each weather Used for Volumetric proportions only Concrete of or 28 days Acceptance criteria on each sample
condition. to adjust FA quantity in Concrete. 6 cubes per day whichever is more. and the average of 4 consecutive
( i.e., 2 samples ) samples.
4) Deleterious materials 1 test for each source of Total of % of all deleterious 3) Thickness 3 cores per trial length As per BOQ
supply. materials < 5 % measurement
GRANULAR SUB-BASES and GRANULAR BASES( V Revision)
Cement Treated
IS SIVE
GRANULAR SUB-BASE (Table 400-1) Base/
Wet Mix
MACADAM
Designation Sub-base
Grading I Grading II Grading III Grading IV Grading V Grading VI BASE (400-13)
(400-4)
Section No. 401 401 401 401 401 401 403 406
75.0 mm 100 -- -- -- 100 -- -- --
53.0 mm 80-100 100 100 100 80-100 100 100 100
45.0 mm - - - - - - -- 95-100
37.5 mm - - - - - - 95-100 --
26.5 mm 55-90 70-100 55-75 50-80 55-90 75-100 -- --
22.4 mm - - - - - - -- 60-80
19.0 mm - - - - - - 45-100 --
11.2 mm - - - - - - -- 40-60
9.5 mm 35-65 50-80 35-65 55-75 35-100 --
4.75 mm 25-55 40-65 10-30 15-35 25-50 30-55 25-100 25-40
2.36 mm 20-40 30-50 - - 10-20 10-25 -- 15-30
0.85 mm - - - - 2-10 -- --
0.600 mm - - - - - - 8-65 8-22
0.425 mm 10-25 10-25 - - 0-5 0-8 -- --
0.300 mm - - - - - - 5-40 --
0.075 mm <5 <5 <5 <5 - 0-3 0-10 0-5
Table No. 400-1 400-1 400-1 400-1 400-1 400-1 400-4 400-13
Clause No. 401 401 401 401 401 401 403 406
Type of Mix Design Design Design Design Design Design Design Design
Compaction 98% 98% 98% 98% 98% 98% 98%
A.I.V. ≤ 40 % ≤ 40 % ≤ 40 % ≤ 40 % ≤ 40 % ≤ 40 % ≤ 40 % ≤30%
F.I. + E.I. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. ≤ 35%
CBR at 98 %
≥ 30 % ≥ 30 % ≥ 30 % ≥ 30 % ≥ 30 % ≥ 30 %
Density
Sub-base cum Sub-base cum Sub-base Sub-base
USES Sub-base Sub-base
Filter (Lower) Sub-base Drainage (upper) Layer and BASE and BASE

Min thickness
Remarks
75 mm

Nominal maximum particle size :- It is the largest specified sieve size upon which any of the
aggregate retained.

Mixing, Laying and Rolling Temperatures for Bituminous Mixes ( Degree Celsius) - Table 500-2
Bitumen Penetration
Bitumen Aggregate Mixed Material Laying *Rolling
Viscosity Grade
Temperature Temperature Temperature Temperature Temperature
Grade Bitumen
VG- 40 160-170 160-175 160-170 150 Min 100 Min 30/40, 40/50
VG -30 150-165 150-170 150-165 140 Min 90 Min 60/70
VG-20 145-165 145-170 145-165 135 Min 85 Min Not used in R&B Works
VG-10 140-160 140-165 140-160 130 Min 80 Min 80/100
* Rolling must be completed before the mat cools to these minimum temperatures
BITUMINOUS BINDING COURSES and WEARING COURSES ( V Revision)
Bituminous Dense Bituminous Bituminous Close-Graded Premix Semi-Dense Bituminous
Item of Work Surface Dressing
MACADAM MACADAM CONCRETE surfacing (Mixed seal) concrete (IV Revision )
Section Number 504 505 507 508 509 508 of IV revision
Table No 500-7 500-10 500-17 500-19 500-21, 500-22 500-15
Grading 1 2 1 2 1 2 Type A type B 1 2
Nominal maximum
40 mm 19 mm 37.5 mm 26.5 mm 19 mm 13.2 mm 10 mm 6 mm 13 mm 10 mm
Aggregate size
Layer thickness (mm) 80-100 50-75 75-100 50-75 50 30-40 20 20 35-40 25-30
IS SIVE Designation
45.0 mm 100 100
37.5 mm 90-100 95-100 100
26.5 mm 75-100 100 63-93 90-100 100
19.0 mm 90-100 71-95 90-100 100 100
13.2 mm 35-61 56-88 55-75 56-80 59-79 90-100 100 100 90-100 100
13.0 mm
11.2 mm 100 88-100
9.5 mm 52-72 70-88 85-100 100 70-90 90-100
6.3 mm 0-35 85-100
5.60 mm 52-88 31-52
4.75 mm 13-22 16-36 38-54 38-54 35-55 53-71 0-10 35-51 35-51
3.35 mm 0-35
2.80 mm 14-38 5-25
2.36 mm 4-19 4-19 28-42 28-42 28-44 42-58 0-2 0-10 24-39 24-39
1.18 mm 20-34 34-48 15-30 15-30
0.600 mm 15-27 26-38 0-2
0.300 mm 2-10 2-10 7-21 7-21 10-20 18-28 9-19 9-19
0.150 mm 5-13 12-20
0.090 mm 0-5 0-5
0.075 mm 0-8 0-8 2-8 2-8 2-8 4-10 0-15 0-1.5 3-8 3-8
Bitumen content, 22.0 kg/ 19.0 kg/ 0.9 kg/ 0.75 kg/
3.3 3.4 Min 4.0 Min 4.5 Min 5.2 Min 5.4 Min 4.5 Min 5.0
% by mass of total mixture 10 sqm 10 sqm sqm sqm
Type of Mix Recipe Design Design Recipe Design Design
Compaction (%) As specified Min. 92 % of Gmm Min. 92 % of Gmm
F.I. + E.I. Max 35% 35% 35% 35% 35% 35%
A.I.V. Max 30% 27% 24% 30% 27% 27%
USES Binder course Binder course Wearing course Wearing course Wearing course Wearing course
COARSE AGGREGATES FOR CONCRETE ( MORTH & IS:383-2016 )
PERCENTAGE PASSING FOR GRADED AGGREGATE
PERCENTAGE PASSING FOR SONGLE-SIZED AGGREGATE
IS SIEVE OF NOMINAL SIZE
OF NOMINAL SIZE ( IS:383-2016 Table No.7 )
DESIGNATION ( MORTH 1000-1 & IS:383-2016 Table No.7 )

63 mm 40 mm 20 mm 16 mm 12.5 mm 10 mm 40 mm 20 mm 16 mm 12.5 mm

80 mm 100 - - - - - 100 - - -

63 mm 85 to 100 100 - - - - - - - -

95 to 100 (M)
0 to 30 85 to 100 100 - - - 100 - -
90 to 100 (IS)
40 mm
95 to 100 (M)
0 to 5 0 to 20 85 to 100 100 - - 30 to 70 100 100
90 to 100 (IS)
20 mm

16 mm - - - 85 to 100 100 - - - 90 to 100 (IS) -

95 to 100 (M)
- - - - 85 to 100 100 - - -
90 to 100 (IS)
12.5 mm
10 mm 0 to 5 0 to 5 0 to 20 0 to 30 0 to 45 85 to 100 10 to 35 25 to 55 30 to 70 40 to 85

4.75 mm - - 0 to 5 0 to 5 0 to 10 0 to 20 0 to 5 0 to 10 0 to 10 0 to 10
2.36 mm - - - - - 0 to 5 - - - -

Total percentage of all deleterious materials in uncrushed coarse aggregate limited to 5%

FINE AGGREGATES( MORTH 1000-2 & IS:383-2016 Table No.9 )


SAND FOR CONCRETE SAND for SAND for
I.S. Sieve GRADING ZONES AS PER TABLE 9. OF IS:383 - 2016 PLASTER MORTAR
SNo
designation Grading Grading Grading Grading
IS:1542-1992 IS:2116-1980
Zone I Zone II Zone III Zone IV
1 10 mm 100 100 100 100 100
2 4.75 mm 90 - 100 90 - 100 90 - 100 95 - 100 95 - 100 100
3 2.36 mm 60 - 95 75 - 100 85 - 100 95 - 100 95 - 100 90 - 100
4 1.18 mm 30 - 70 55 - 90 75 - 100 90 - 100 90 - 100 70 - 100
5 600 micron 15 - 34 35 - 59 60 - 79 80 - 100 80 - 100 40 - 100
6 300 micron 5 - 20 8 - 30 12 - 40 15 - 50 20 - 65 5 - 70
7 150 micron 0 - 10 0 - 10 0 - 10 0 - 15 0 - 15 0 - 15

Fineness 3.91 to 2.71 3.37 to 2.11 2.78 to 1.71 2.25 to 1.35 2.20 to 1.20
Modulus

Fixing of ZONES : The limits of Percentage of passing of one Zone over laps the adjacent Zones in all sieve
sizes, except 600 micron. Hence percentage passing 600 micron is used to decide sand
( for the SAND
Zone.
used for CONCRETE)

Fineness Modulus (FM) : It is a factor obtained by adding the cumulative percentage retained (100- Percentage
passing) on each of the following sieves and dividing the sum by 100. The Sieves are 10
mm, 4.75 mm, 2.36 mm, 1.18 mm, 600 micron, 300 micron and 150 micron. It is a
MoRT&H on FM : measure of sand
F.M. of the the size
useddistribution of fine
for concrete aggregate
should be 2 to 3.5
Total percentage of all deleterious materials in uncrushed fine aggregate limited to 5%
IS: 456 -2000 :: PLAIN AND REINFORCED CONCRETE - CODE OF PRACTICE
GRADE DESIGNATION
PROPERTIES M5 M 7.5 M 10 M15 M 20 M 25 M 30 M 35 M 40
Ordinary Ordinary Ordinary Standard Standard Standard Standard
Group Concrete Concrete Concrete Concrete Concrete Concrete Concrete
Type of Mix Nominal Nominal Nominal Nominal Nominal Design Design Design Design Design
Characteristic Compressive Strength N/mm 2
10 15 20 25 30 35 40
PLAIN CONCRETE
Exposure Mild Moderate Severe Very Severe Extreme
Minimum Cement Content (kg) 220 240 250 260 280
Maximum Water- Cement Ratio (by mass) 0.60 0.60 0.50 0.45 0.40
REINFORCED CONCRETE
Exposure Mild Moderate Severe Very Severe Extreme
Minimum Cement Content (kg) 300 300 320 340 360
Maximum Water- Cement Ratio (by mass) 0.55 0.50 0.45 0.45 0.40
Assumed Standard Deviation N/mm2 3.5 3.5 4 4 5 5 5
PROPORTIONS FOR NOMINAL MIX CONCRETE
Total Mass of Coarse and Fine Aggregates per 50 kg
800 625 480 330 250
of cement (kg)
Proportion of Fine Aggregate to coarse Aggregate
(by Mass)
1:2* 1:2* 1:2* 1:2* 1:2* 0.291201389

Quantity of Water per 50 kg of Cement (lit) 60 45 34 32 30


Volumetric proportion ( C: FA: CA)
As per MoRT&H Data (PCC with 40 mm metal) 1:2.35:4.71 1 :1.88:3.77 1:1.62:3.25 1:1.6:3.2 1:1.54:3.09 --
As per MoRT&H Data (RCC with 20 mm metal) 1.86:3.73 1:1.89:3.77 1:1.61:3.21 1:1.59:3.17 1:1.54:3.07 1:1.49:2.98
As per STANDARD DATA (40 mm Metal) 1:2.95:5.89 1:2.51:4.71 1:1.96:3.93
As per STANDARD DATA (20 mm Metal) 1:1.62:3.24 1:1.85:3.7 1:1.71:3.41 1:1.62:3.24 1:1.54:3.09 1:1.51:3.01

*
UPPER LIMIT
FINE AGGREGATE - SAND
0.67 : 1.00 Coarse
COARSE AGGREGATE - METAL
1.00 : 1.50 Smaller Size S.No
SURFACE WATER CARRIED by AGGREGATE
Aggregate Percent by mass
COVER to REINFORCEMENT
Nominal cover used in design is
NORMAL 0.50 : 1.00 Normal 1.00 : 2.00 Normal Size i) Very Wet Sand 7.5 indicated in the drawing.
LOWER LIMIT 0.40 : 1.00 Fine 1.00 : 2.50 Larger Size ii) Moderately wet sand 5 Cover for columns 40 mm
Quantity of Sand DECRESES Quantity of Metal INCREASES with iii) Moist Sand 2.5 Cover for Footings 50 mm
with increase in fineness increase in its size iv) Crushed rock 1.25 - 2.50
IS: 456- 2000
SAMPLING, TESTING & ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA LOAD TEST
In case the core test results do not satisfy the requirements
Compressive of Concrete Strength is carried out at or where such tests have not been done LOAD tests may be
a) 7 Days b) 28 Days resorted to.
7 Days strength is a quick test to check the testing NON-DUSTRICTIVE TESTING : Before Core testing this test
error and to determine the duration of curing. may be carried to ascertain concrete strength.
28 days strength shall alone be the criterion for
Acceptance or Rejection of the Concrete. STRIPPING TIME
Test Specimen :: Each cube is called as test specimen. Minimum Period
Sample :: 3 Specimens make a sample. TYPE of FORMWORK before striking
FREQUENCY OF SAMPLING formwork
Quantity of Concrete Number of a) Vertical forms to columns, walls, 16 - 24 Hours
3
in the work m Samples beams
1-5 1 b) Soffit formwork to slabs 3 days
6-15 2 ( Props to be re-fixed immediately
16-30 3 after removal of formwork )
31 - 50 4 c) Soffit formwork to beams 7 days
51 - 100 5 ( Props to be re-fixed immediately
101 - 150 6 after removal of formwork )
3
And so on, one sample for each 50 m of concrete d) Props to Slabs :
TEST RESULTS of SAMPLES 1) Spanning up to 4.50 m 7 days
The test results of the sample shall be the 2) Spanning over 4.50 m 14 days
Average of the strength of 3 specimens. e) Props to beams and arches :
The least value of sample should be greater than 1) Spanning up to 6.00 m 14 days
0.85*Average 2) Spanning over 6.00 m 21 days
The highest value of sample should be lesser
than 1.15*Average
If not, the test of sample are invalid.
WORKABILITY OF CONCRETE
ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA Degree of Slump
Placing Conditions
Mean :- The mean strength determined from any Workability (mm)
The group of FOUR consecutive Blinding concrete;
compressive strength test results. Compaction
Shallow sections; Very Low
factor method
Value :- Any individual compressive strength Pavements using pavers ;
Any test result. Mass Concrete
Grade of Lightly reinforced section in
Condition (a) Condition (b)
Concrete slabs, beams, walls,
M 15 Mean ≥ 18 Value ≥ 12 columns :
Low 25 - 75
M 20 Mean ≥ 24 Value ≥ 16 Floors;
M 25 Mean ≥ 29 Value ≥ 21 Hand placed pavements;
M 30 Mean ≥ 34 Value ≥ 26 Canal linings;
M 35 Mean ≥ 39 Value ≥ 31 Strip footings
M 40 Mean ≥ 44 Value ≥ 36 Heavily reinforced
sections in slabs, 50 -100
CORE TEST beams, walls, column; Medium 75 -100
In case of doubt regarding the grade of concrete Slip formwork;
used, compressive strength tests of concrete arrived Pumped concrete ;
on the basis of CORED TESTS. Trench fill;
High 100 - 150
Minimum 3 cores be tested. In-situ piling;
Individual core strength should be more than 75
percent of equivalent cube strength of grade of By flow
Tremie concrete Very High
concrete. Corresponding average should be more than determination
85 percent.
IRC:73-1980 (1990) FREQUENTLY USED HIGHWAY ELEMENTS
ROAD CLASSIFICATION
Major Other
Details National State Village Remarks
District District
Highways Highways Roads
Roads Roads
DESIGN SPEEDS, km/h TABLE 2.
Plain Ruling Design speed 100 100 80 65 50
Terrain Minimum Design speed 80 80 65 50 40
Rolling Ruling Design speed 80 80 65 50 40
Terrain Minimum Design speed 65 65 50 40 35
Mountainous Ruling Design speed 50 50 40 30 25
Terrain Minimum Design speed 40 40 30 25 20
Steep Ruling Design speed 40 40 30 25 20
Terrain Minimum Design speed 30 30 20 20 20
RECOMMENDED LAND WIDTHS (meters) TABLE 3.
Open Normal 45 45 25 15 12
Plain and Rolling Areas Range 30-60 30-60 25-30 15-25 12-18
Terrain Built-up Normal 30 30 20 15 10
Areas Range 30-60 30-60 15-25 15-20 10-15
Open
Mountainous and Normal 24 24 18 15 9
Areas
steep
Built-up
Terrain Normal 20 20 15 12 9
Areas
RECOMMENDED STANDARDS for BUILDING LINES and CONTROL LINES (meters) TABLE 4.
Over all width between * If land
80 80 50 25/30* 25
Open building lines width equals
Areas Over all width between to width
Plain and
Control lines 150 150 100 35 30 between
Rolling
building lines
Terrain Distance between Building set back be
Built-up lines and road boundary
3-6 3-6 3-5 3-5 3-5 2.5 m
Areas (set-back)

Open
Mount. Distance between Building 3-5 3-5 3-5 3-5 3-5
Areas
and Steep lines and road boundary
Built-up
Terrain (set-back) 3-5 3-5 3-5 3-5 3-5
Areas
WIDTH of ROADWAY FOR SINGLE LANE and TWO LANE ROADS (meters) TABLE 5 & 6
Single Lane 12 12 9 7.5 7.5 Roadway
Plain and Rolling Terrain width is
Two Lanes 12 12 9 9 ---
Mountainous and steep Single Lane 6.25 6.25 4.75 4.75 4.00 exclusive of
parapet width
Terrain Two Lanes 8.8 8.8 --- --- ---
ROADWAY WIDTH at CROSS-DRAINAGE STRUCTURES - CULVERTS (upto 6 m span) (meters) CLAUSE 6.3
Plain and Rolling Terrain Single Lane 12 12 9 7.5 7.5
(Over all width) Two Lanes 12 12 9 9 ---
Mount. and steep Terrain Single Lane 6.25 6.25 4.75 4.75 4.00 * Desirable =
(Clear roadway width) Two Lanes 8.8 8.8 --- --- --- 4.25 m
ROADWAY WIDTH at CROSS-DRAINAGE STRUCTURES - BRIDGES (greater than 6 m span)(meters) CLAUSE 6.3
Single- Lane Bridge 4.25 4.25 4.25 4.25 4.25
Two-Lanes Bridge 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Multi- Lane Bridge 3.5 m per lane + 0.50 m per each carriageway
ROADWAY WIDTH at CAUSEWAYS and SUBMERSIBLE BRIDGES (meters) CLAUSE 6.3
Min. width of roadway (between Kerbs) 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
WIDTH of FOOTPATH (meters) CLAUSE 6.3
Min. width of Footpath 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
IRC:73-1980 (1990) FREQUENTLY USED HIGHWAY ELEMENTS
TABLE 1. TERRAIN CLASSIFICATION TABLE 7. WIDTH OF CARRIAGEWAY
Terrain Percentage cross Two lanes Two lane Multi-lane
S.No Single
Classification slope of the country without raised with raised pavements
Lane
kerbs kerbs Width per lane
1 Plain 0-10
2 Rolling 25-Oct
3.75** 7.00 7.50 3.50
3 Mountainous 25-60
4 Steep Greater than 60 ** On village roads width may be restricted to 3.00 m

TABLE 18. EXTRA WIDTH OF PAVEMENT AT HORIZONTAL CURVES (meters)


Radius of
Upto 20 21 to 40 41 to 60 61 to 100 101 to 300 Above 300
curve (m)
Two- Lane 1.50 m 1.50 m 1.20 m 0.90 m 0.60 m Nil
Single - Lane 0.90 m 0.60 m 0.60 m Nil Nil Nil

TABLE 8. CAMBER/ CROSS FALL VALUES for SUPERELEVATION


DIFFERENT ROAD SURFACE TYPES 𝑽𝟐
𝒆=
S. No. SURFACE TYPE CAMBER 𝟐𝟐𝟓 𝑹
1 High type Bituminous Surfacing or 1.7-2.0 percent e = Superelevation in meters per meter.
Cement Concrete 1 in 60 to 1 in 50 V= speed in km/h.
2 Thin Bituminous Surfacing 2.0-2.5 percent R = radius in meters.
1 in 50 to 1 in 40 Maximum Superelevation
3 Water Bound Macadam, Gravel 2.5 - 3.0 percent (a) Plain and rolling terrain 7%
1 in 40 to 1 in 33 (b) Snow -bound areas 7%
4 Earth 3.0 - 4.0 percent (c ) Hilly areas not bounded by snow 10%
1 in 33 to 1 in 25

TABLE 15. RADIUS BEYOND WHICH SUPERELEVATION is NOT REQUIRED


Radius (meters ) for camber of
Design Speed
3 per cent 3 per cent 2.5 per cent 2 per cent 1.7 per cent
40 180 240 280 350 420
50 280 370 450 550 650
65 470 620 750 950 1100
80 700 950 1100 1400 1700
100 1100 1500 1800 2200 2600
MINIMUM RADII OF HORIZONTAL CURVES FOR DIFFERENT TERRAIN CONDITIONS
Plain Rollin Mountainous Steep
terrain terrain terrain terrain
Areas not Snow Areas not Snow
affected by bound affected by bound
S.No Classification of Road snow areas snow areas
Minimum

Minimum

Minimum

Minimum

Minimum

Minimum

Minimum

Minimum

Minimum

Minimum

Minimum

Minimum
Absolut

Absolut

Absolut

Absolut

Absolut

Absolut
Ruling

Ruling

Ruling

Ruling

Ruling

Ruling

1 National Highways 360 230 230 155 80 50 90 60 50 30 60 33


2 State Highways 360 230 230 155 80 50 90 60 50 30 60 33
3 Major District Roads 230 155 155 90 50 30 60 33 30 14 33 15
4 Other District Roads 155 90 90 60 30 20 33 23 20 14 23 15
5 Village roads 90 60 60 45 20 14 23 15 20 14 23 15
IRC:73-1980 (1990)
TABLE 19. GRADIENTS FOR ROADS IN DIFFERENT TERRAINS
Ruling Limiting Exceptional
S. No. Terrain
Gradient Gradient Gradient
1 Plain or rolling 3.3 per cent 5 per cent 6.7 per cent
( I in 30 ) ( I in 20 ) ( I in 15 )
2 Mountainous and Steep terrain 5 per cent 6 per cent 7 per cent
having more than 3000 m above ( I in 20 ) ( I in 16.6 ) ( I in 14 )
Mean sea level
3 Mountainous and Steep terrain 6 per cent 7 per cent 8 per cent
having upto 3000 m above Mean ( I in 16.6 ) ( I in 14 ) ( I in 12.5 )
sea level

Vertical clearance at underpasses


After making due allowance for any
future raising strengthening of the underpass roadway.
(i) In Urban Areas 5.50 meter
(ii) In Rural (Non-Urban Areas) 5.00 meter

Minimum vertical clearances for different categories of


overhead conductor installations. (IRC:32 - 1969)
(i) For ordinary wires and lines carrying very low voltage upto and 5.5 metre
including 110 volts, e.g., telecommunication lines
(ii) For electric power lines carrying voltage upto and including 650 6.0 metre
volts
(iii) For electric power lines carrying voltage exceeding 650 volts 6.5 metre

DRAINAGE GRADIENTS (IRC:SP-50 : 2013)


(i) Desirable longitudinal gradients for pavements for satisfactory ≥ 0.50 %
drainage
(ii) Minimum longitudinal gradient necessary to facilitate flow of ≥ 0.30 %
water in side drains.
Lap Length of Splices of HYSD Reinforcing bars
as per IRC:112-2011 -Code of Practice for Concrete Road Bridges.
(Clause 15.2.3, 15.2.4, 15.2.5.1 )
FOR Straight Bars in TENSION & COMPRESSION
Maximum PC Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550 Fe 600
Dia of a
of Lapped bars Favourable Bond Favourable Bond Favourable Bond Favourable Bond
Reinforcing Concrete
S.No relative to Conditions Conditions Conditions Conditions
bar Grade
total Cross-
(mm)
sectional Area Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
1 8 M 20 33% 52.00 74.00 63.00 89.00 69.00 99.00 75.00 107.00
2 8 M 25 33% 45.00 65.00 55.00 78.00 60.00 86.00 66.00 94.00
3 8 M 30 33% 38.00 55.00 46.00 66.00 51.00 73.00 56.00 79.00
4 8 M 35 33% 35.00 50.00 42.00 60.00 46.00 66.00 50.00 71.00
5 8 M 40 33% 33.00 47.00 40.00 56.00 43.00 61.00 48.00 68.00
6 10-32 M 20 33% 52.00 74.00 63.00 89.00 69.00 99.00 75.00 107.00
7 10-32 M 25 33% 45.00 65.00 55.00 78.00 60.00 86.00 66.00 94.00
8 10-32 M 30 33% 38.00 55.00 46.00 66.00 51.00 73.00 56.00 79.00
9 10-32 M 35 33% 35.00 50.00 42.00 60.00 46.00 66.00 50.00 71.00
10 10-32 M 40 33% 33.00 47.00 40.00 56.00 43.00 61.00 48.00 68.00
11 36 M 20 33% 54.00 78.00 65.00 93.00 72.00 103.00 78.00 112.00
12 36 M 25 33% 47.00 67.00 57.00 81.00 63.00 90.00 69.00 98.00
13 36 M 30 33% 40.00 57.00 48.00 69.00 53.00 76.00 58.00 83.00
14 36 M 35 33% 36.00 52.00 44.00 62.00 48.00 69.00 52.00 74.00
15 36 M 40 33% 34.00 48.00 41.00 59.00 45.00 64.00 50.00 71.00
16 40 M 20 33% 57.00 81.00 68.00 97.00 75.00 108.00 82.00 117.00
17 40 M 25 33% 49.00 70.00 59.00 85.00 65.00 93.00 72.00 102.00
18 40 M 30 33% 42.00 59.00 50.00 72.00 55.00 79.00 60.00 86.00
19 40 M 35 33% 38.00 54.00 45.00 65.00 50.00 72.00 54.00 77.00
20 40 M 40 33% 35.00 51.00 43.00 61.00 47.00 67.00 52.00 74.00

(1) ASSUMPTIONS
1) A = Area of reinforcement required. As.prov = Area of reinforcement provided.
s.req
As.req ≤ As.prov (Design requirement for Structure safety )
As.req = As.prov ( Assumed, since the Field Engineers may not know "Area of
reinforcement required")

(2) CONDITIONS
1) Favorable bond Conditions :
(i) All bars with an inclination between 450 and 900 to the Horizontal and for all depths of member.
(ii) All bars with an inclination up to 450 to the Horizontal and for depths of member does not exceed 250 mm.
2) Unfavorable bond Conditions :
(i) All other conditions are considered as unfavorable bond conditions.
3) Clear Longitudinal distance between staggered LAPS should not be less than (0.30* Lap length).

4) Minimum Lap Length shall be


Maximum of (i) 0.30*αa x Lb (ii) 15 times Dia. Of Reinforced bar or (iii) 200 mm.
(With the assumption As.req = As.prov (i) 0.30*αa x Lb is always satisfied )
5) For HYSD bars exceeding 32 mm diameter additional rules as per clause 15.2.6 shall be followed.
6) For lapping of Bundled bars rules stipulated in clause 15.2.7 shall be followed.
7) Interpolated values are not recommended in Lap Length of Splices in the code IRC:112-2011.

VVN vvnhighways.blogspot.in
IRC:37-2012 DESIGN OF FLEXIBLE PAVEMENTS
n
365 * [ (1+r) - 1 ]* A* D * F TABLE 2 IS PREPARED BASED ON
N= r * 1 000 000 THIS FORMULA for n= 10, 15 and 20

N= Cumulative number of Standard axles to be catered for in the design in terms on msa.
n= Design life in years.
( 20 - Expressways & urban roads, 15- NH and SH, 10-15 for other categories of roads)
r= Annual growth rate of Commercial Vehicles - 5%.
A= Initial traffic in the year of completion of construction in terms of CVPD.
x P= Number of commercial vehicles as per last count.
A = P(1+r) CVPD x= Number of years between the last count and the year of
completion

D = Distribution factor, F =Vehicle Damage factor .


1.00 Single - Lane Roads ( 3.75 ) Rolling/
Hilly
0.50 Single Carriageway roads Two - Lane (7.00 m ) CVPD- A Plain
Terrain
0.40 Single Carriageway roads Four - Lane (15.00 m ) Terrain
0.75 Dual Carriageway roads Two - Lane (7.0+7.0 m ) 0 - 150 1.50 0.5
0.60 Dual Carriageway roads Three - Lane (10.5+10.5 m ) 150 - 1500 3.50 1.5
0.45 Dual Carriageway roads Four - Lane (15+15 m ) > 1500 4.50 2.5

DATA REQUIRED DESIGN PROCEDURE


1) Number of lanes (1,2,4 or 2+2) i)Calculate value of 'A' from the given 'P' and 'x' values.
2) Carriageway ( Single or Dual) ii)Ascertain value of 'F' for the 'A' value from the table.
3) P and x as above. iii)Ascertain value of 'D' from carriageway and lane width details.
4) n as above ( 10, 15 of 20 ) iv) Obtain value of 'N' (a) By substituting the values in the Equation or
5) r=5% (b) By reading from TABLE 2.
6) CBR of Embankment. v) Read the effective CBR value from TABLE 1.
7) CBR of Subgrade. vi) From 'N' and 'CBR' values obtain thickness of each layer of Pavement
crust from TABLE 3.
Note : Use Linear interpolation for intermediate values

TABLE 1 :: EFFECTIVE CBR


CBR of CBR of EMBANKMENT SOIL
SUBGRADE 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 5.50 6.00 6.50 7.00
7 4.10 4.50 5.00 5.30 5.60 5.90 6.20 6.50 6.60 6.80 6.90 7.00
8 4.40 4.80 5.30 5.80 6.20 6.50 6.90 7.20 7.30 7.50 7.60 7.70
9 4.60 5.00 5.80 6.40 6.80 7.20 7.50 7.90 8.10 8.20 8.40 8.50
10 4.80 5.50 6.40 7.10 7.60 8.00 8.50 8.90 9.10 9.30 9.40 9.60
11 4.90 5.80 6.50 7.20 7.70 8.20 8.60 9.10 9.30 9.50 9.70 9.90
12 5.10 6.10 7.00 7.60 8.20 8.70 9.30 9.80 10.00 10.20 10.40 10.60
13 5.40 6.50 7.30 8.10 8.70 9.30 9.80 10.40 10.60 10.90 11.10 11.30
14 5.60 6.80 7.70 8.60 9.20 9.80 10.30 10.90 11.20 11.40 11.70 11.90
15 5.90 7.00 8.10 8.90 9.60 10.20 10.90 11.50 11.80 12.00 12.30 12.50
16 6.10 7.40 8.40 9.30 10.00 10.70 11.30 12.00 12.30 12.60 12.80 13.10
17 6.30 7.60 8.70 9.70 10.40 11.20 11.90 12.60 12.90 13.20 13.50 13.80
18 6.60 7.90 9.00 10.00 10.80 11.60 12.30 13.10 13.40 13.80 14.10 14.40
19 6.70 8.10 9.40 10.40 11.20 12.00 12.80 13.60 14.00 14.30 14.70 15.00
20 6.90 8.30 9.60 10.70 11.60 12.40 13.30 14.10 14.50 14.80 15.20 15.50
25 7.80 9.50 11.00 12.40 13.30 14.30 15.30 16.30 16.70 17.10 17.50 18.00
30 8.60 10.60 12.30 14.00 15.10 16.20 17.30 18.40 18.90 19.40 19.90 20.40
TABLE 2 :: CUMULATIVE TRAFFIC IN MSA (N)
PLAIN/ ROLLING TERRAIN- Design life in Years(n) HILLY TERRAIN--- Design life in Years(n)
Design SINGLE LANE TWO LANE or 2+2 FOUR LANE SINGLE LANE TWO LANE or 2+2 FOUR LANE
Traffic 10 15 20 10 15 20 10 15 20 10 15 20 10 15 20 10 15 20
150 2.4 4.1 6.3 1.8 3.1 4.8 1.0 1.7 2.5 1.0 1.8 2.7 0.8 1.3 2.0 0.4 0.7 1.1
200 3.2 5.5 8.4 2.4 4.1 6.3 1.3 2.2 3.4 1.4 2.4 3.6 1.0 1.8 2.7 0.6 0.9 1.4
250 4.0 6.9 10.6 3.0 5.2 7.9 1.6 2.8 4.2 1.7 3.0 4.5 1.3 2.2 3.4 0.7 1.2 1.8
300 4.8 8.3 12.7 3.6 6.2 9.5 1.9 3.3 5.1 2.1 3.5 5.4 1.5 2.7 4.1 0.8 1.4 2.2
350 5.6 9.6 14.8 4.2 7.2 11.1 2.2 3.9 5.9 2.4 4.1 6.3 1.8 3.1 4.8 1.0 1.7 2.5
400 6.4 11.0 16.9 4.8 8.3 12.7 2.6 4.4 6.8 2.8 4.7 7.2 2.1 3.5 5.4 1.1 1.9 2.9
450 7.2 12.4 19.0 5.4 9.3 14.3 2.9 5.0 7.6 3.1 5.3 8.1 2.3 4.0 6.1 1.2 2.1 3.3
500 8.0 13.8 21.1 6.0 10.3 15.8 3.2 5.5 8.4 3.4 5.9 9.1 2.6 4.4 6.8 1.4 2.4 3.6
550 8.8 15.2 23.2 6.6 11.4 17.4 3.5 6.1 9.3 3.8 6.5 10.0 2.8 4.9 7.5 1.5 2.6 4.0
600 9.6 16.5 25.3 7.2 12.4 19.0 3.9 6.6 10.1 4.1 7.1 10.9 3.1 5.3 8.1 1.7 2.8 4.3
650 10.4 17.9 27.5 7.8 13.4 20.6 4.2 7.2 11.0 4.5 7.7 11.8 3.4 5.8 8.8 1.8 3.1 4.7
700 11.2 19.3 29.6 8.4 14.5 22.2 4.5 7.7 11.8 4.8 8.3 12.7 3.6 6.2 9.5 1.9 3.3 5.1
750 12.1 20.7 31.7 9.0 15.5 23.8 4.8 8.3 12.7 5.2 8.9 13.6 3.9 6.6 10.2 2.1 3.5 5.4
800 12.9 22.1 33.8 9.6 16.5 25.3 5.1 8.8 13.5 5.5 9.5 14.5 4.1 7.1 10.9 2.2 3.8 5.8
850 13.7 23.4 35.9 10.2 17.6 26.9 5.5 9.4 14.4 5.9 10.0 15.4 4.4 7.5 11.5 2.3 4.0 6.2
900 14.5 24.8 38.0 10.8 18.6 28.5 5.8 9.9 15.2 6.2 10.6 16.3 4.6 8.0 12.2 2.5 4.3 6.5
950 15.3 26.2 40.1 11.4 19.6 30.1 6.1 10.5 16.1 6.5 11.2 17.2 4.9 8.4 12.9 2.6 4.5 6.9
1000 16.1 27.6 42.2 12.1 20.7 31.7 6.4 11.0 16.9 6.9 11.8 18.1 5.2 8.9 13.6 2.8 4.7 7.2
1100 17.7 30.3 46.5 13.3 22.7 34.8 7.1 12.1 18.6 7.6 13.0 19.9 5.7 9.7 14.9 3.0 5.2 8.0
1200 19.3 33.1 50.7 14.5 24.8 38.0 7.7 13.2 20.3 8.3 14.2 21.7 6.2 10.6 16.3 3.3 5.7 8.7
1300 20.9 35.8 54.9 15.7 26.9 41.2 8.4 14.3 22.0 9.0 15.4 23.5 6.7 11.5 17.7 3.6 6.1 9.4
1400 22.5 38.6 59.1 16.9 28.9 44.4 9.0 15.4 23.7 9.6 16.5 25.3 7.2 12.4 19.0 3.9 6.6 10.1
1500 31.0 53.2 81.5 23.2 39.9 61.1 12.4 21.3 32.6 17.2 29.5 45.3 12.9 22.2 33.9 6.9 11.8 18.1
1600 33.1 56.7 86.9 24.8 42.5 65.2 13.2 22.7 34.8 18.4 31.5 48.3 13.8 23.6 36.2 7.3 12.6 19.3
1700 35.1 60.3 92.3 26.3 45.2 69.2 14.0 24.1 36.9 19.5 33.5 51.3 14.6 25.1 38.5 7.8 13.4 20.5
1800 37.2 63.8 97.8 27.9 47.8 73.3 14.9 25.5 39.1 20.7 35.4 54.3 15.5 26.6 40.7 8.3 14.2 21.7
1900 39.3 67.3 103.2 29.4 50.5 77.4 15.7 26.9 41.3 21.8 37.4 57.3 16.4 28.1 43.0 8.7 15.0 22.9
2000 41.3 70.9 108.6 31.0 53.2 81.5 16.5 28.4 43.4 23.0 39.4 60.3 17.2 29.5 45.3 9.2 15.8 24.1
2100 43.4 74.4 114.1 32.5 55.8 85.5 17.4 29.8 45.6 24.1 41.3 63.4 18.1 31.0 47.5 9.6 16.5 25.3
2200 45.5 78.0 119.5 34.1 58.5 89.6 18.2 31.2 47.8 25.3 43.3 66.4 18.9 32.5 49.8 10.1 17.3 26.6
2300 47.5 81.5 124.9 35.6 61.1 93.7 19.0 32.6 50.0 26.4 45.3 69.4 19.8 34.0 52.0 10.6 18.1 27.8
2400 49.6 85.1 130.3 37.2 63.8 97.8 19.8 34.0 52.1 27.5 47.3 72.4 20.7 35.4 54.3 11.0 18.9 29.0
2500 51.6 88.6 135.8 38.7 66.5 101.8 20.7 35.4 54.3 28.7 49.2 75.4 21.5 36.9 56.6 11.5 19.7 30.2
2600 53.7 92.2 141.2 40.3 69.1 105.9 21.5 36.9 56.5 29.8 51.2 78.4 22.4 38.4 58.8 11.9 20.5 31.4
2700 55.8 95.7 146.6 41.8 71.8 110.0 22.3 38.3 58.7 31.0 53.2 81.5 23.2 39.9 61.1 12.4 21.3 32.6
2800 57.8 99.2 152.1 43.4 74.4 114.1 23.1 39.7 60.8 32.1 55.1 84.5 24.1 41.3 63.4 12.9 22.1 33.8
2900 59.9 102.8 157.5 44.9 77.1 118.1 24.0 41.1 63.0 33.3 57.1 87.5 25.0 42.8 65.6 13.3 22.8 35.0
3000 62.0 106.3 162.9 46.5 79.7 122.2 24.8 42.5 65.2 34.4 59.1 90.5 25.8 44.3 67.9 13.8 23.6 36.2
3100 64.0 109.9 168.4 48.0 82.4 126.3 25.6 43.9 67.3 35.6 61.0 93.5 26.7 45.8 70.2 14.2 24.4 37.4
3200 66.1 113.4 173.8 49.6 85.1 130.3 26.4 45.4 69.5 36.7 63.0 96.6 27.5 47.3 72.4 14.7 25.2 38.6
3300 68.2 117.0 179.2 51.1 87.7 134.4 27.3 46.8 71.7 37.9 65.0 99.6 28.4 48.7 74.7 15.2 26.0 39.8
3400 70.2 120.5 184.7 52.7 90.4 138.5 28.1 48.2 73.9 39.0 66.9 102.6 29.3 50.2 76.9 15.6 26.8 41.0
3500 72.3 124.0 190.1 54.2 93.0 142.6 28.9 49.6 76.0 40.2 68.9 105.6 30.1 51.7 79.2 16.1 27.6 42.2
3600 74.4 127.6 195.5 55.8 95.7 146.6 29.7 51.0 78.2 41.3 70.9 108.6 31.0 53.2 81.5 16.5 28.4 43.4
3700 76.4 131.1 201.0 57.3 98.4 150.7 30.6 52.5 80.4 42.5 72.9 111.6 31.8 54.6 83.7 17.0 29.1 44.7
3800 78.5 134.7 206.4 58.9 101.0 154.8 31.4 53.9 82.6 43.6 74.8 114.7 32.7 56.1 86.0 17.4 29.9 45.9
3900 80.6 138.2 211.8 60.4 103.7 158.9 32.2 55.3 84.7 44.8 76.8 117.7 33.6 57.6 88.3 17.9 30.7 47.1
4000 82.6 141.8 217.2 62.0 106.3 162.9 33.1 56.7 86.9 45.9 78.8 120.7 34.4 59.1 90.5 18.4 31.5 48.3
4100 84.7 145.3 222.7 63.5 109.0 167.0 33.9 58.1 89.1 47.1 80.7 123.7 35.3 60.5 92.8 18.8 32.3 49.5
4200 86.8 148.9 228.1 65.1 111.6 171.1 34.7 59.5 91.2 48.2 82.7 126.7 36.2 62.0 95.0 19.3 33.1 50.7
4300 88.8 152.4 233.5 66.6 114.3 175.2 35.5 61.0 93.4 49.4 84.7 129.7 37.0 63.5 97.3 19.7 33.9 51.9
4400 90.9 155.9 239.0 68.2 117.0 179.2 36.4 62.4 95.6 50.5 86.6 132.8 37.9 65.0 99.6 20.2 34.7 53.1
4500 93.0 159.5 244.4 69.7 119.6 183.3 37.2 63.8 97.8 51.6 88.6 135.8 38.7 66.5 101.8 20.7 35.4 54.3
4600 95.0 163.0 249.8 71.3 122.3 187.4 38.0 65.2 99.9 52.8 90.6 138.8 39.6 67.9 104.1 21.1 36.2 55.5
4700 97.1 166.6 255.3 72.8 124.9 191.4 38.8 66.6 102.1 53.9 92.5 141.8 40.5 69.4 106.4 21.6 37.0 56.7
4800 99.2 170.1 260.7 74.4 127.6 195.5 39.7 68.1 104.3 55.1 94.5 144.8 41.3 70.9 108.6 22.0 37.8 57.9
4900 101.2 173.7 266.1 75.9 130.3 199.6 40.5 69.5 106.4 56.2 96.5 147.8 42.2 72.4 110.9 22.5 38.6 59.1
5000 103.3 177.2 271.6 77.5 132.9 203.7 41.3 70.9 108.6 57.4 98.5 150.9 43.0 73.8 113.1 23.0 39.4 60.3
TABLE 3 :: THICKNESS OF CRUST FOR GRANULAR BASE and SUB-BASE COMBINATION OF PAVEMENT.
Thickness in mm Wearing Course Thickness in mm Wearing Course
Plate CBR Traffic Plate Traffic
Sno TOTAL Sno CBR TOTAL
No % in msa No in msa
GSB WMM DBM Material Thickness GSB WMM DBM Material Thickness
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1 1 3 2 335 225 50 SDBC 25 635 33 5 7 2 150 225 50 SDBC 25 425
2 1 3 5 335 250 50 SDBC 25 660 34 5 7 5 180 250 50 SDBC 25 505
3 1 3 10 380 250 90 BC 40 760 35 5 7 10 230 250 60 BC 40 580
4 1 3 20 380 250 120 BC 40 790 36 5 7 20 230 250 90 BC 40 610
5 1 3 30 380 250 140 BC 40 810 37 5 7 30 230 250 110 BC 40 630
6 1 3 50 380 250 135 BC 40 805 38 5 7 50 230 250 100 BC 40 620
7 1 3 100 380 250 155 BC 50 835 39 5 7 100 230 250 120 BC 50 650
8 1 3 150 380 250 170 BC 50 850 40 5 7 150 230 250 140 BC 50 670
9 2 4 2 265 225 50 SDBC 25 540 41 6 8 2 150 225 50 SDBC 25 425
10 2 4 5 285 250 60 SDBC 25 620 42 6 8 5 150 250 50 SDBC 25 475
11 2 4 10 330 250 80 BC 40 700 43 6 8 10 200 250 60 BC 40 550
12 2 4 20 330 250 110 BC 40 730 44 6 8 20 200 250 85 BC 40 575
13 2 4 30 330 250 130 BC 40 750 45 6 8 30 200 250 100 BC 40 590
14 2 4 50 330 250 130 BC 40 750 46 6 8 50 200 250 100 BC 40 590
15 2 4 100 330 250 140 BC 50 770 47 6 8 100 200 250 115 BC 50 615
16 2 4 150 330 250 155 BC 50 785 48 6 8 150 200 250 135 BC 50 635
17 3 5 2 215 225 50 BC 25 490 49 7 9 &10 2 150 225 50 SDBC 25 425
18 3 5 5 250 250 55 SDBC 25 580 50 7 9 &10 5 150 250 50 SDBC 25 475
19 3 5 10 300 250 70 BC 40 660 51 7 9 &10 10 200 250 50 BC 40 540
20 3 5 20 300 250 100 BC 40 690 52 7 9 &10 20 200 250 80 BC 40 570
21 3 5 30 300 250 120 BC 40 710 53 7 9 &10 30 200 250 95 BC 40 585
22 3 5 50 300 250 115 BC 40 705 54 7 9 &10 50 200 250 95 BC 40 585
23 3 5 100 300 250 130 BC 50 730 55 7 9 &10 100 200 250 110 BC 50 610
24 3 5 150 300 250 145 BC 50 745 56 7 9 &10 150 200 250 125 BC 50 625
25 4 6 2 175 225 50 SDBC 25 450 57 8 15 2 100 250 30 SDBC 25 380
26 4 6 5 210 250 50 SDBC 25 535 58 8 15 5 150 250 40 SDBC 25 465
27 4 6 10 260 250 65 BC 40 615 59 8 15 10 200 250 40 BC 40 530
28 4 6 20 260 250 90 BC 40 640 60 8 15 20 200 250 60 BC 40 550
29 4 6 30 260 250 105 BC 40 655 61 8 15 30 200 250 65 BC 40 555
30 4 6 50 260 250 110 BC 40 660 62 8 15 50 200 250 65 BC 40 555
31 4 6 100 260 250 125 BC 50 685 63 8 15 100 200 250 80 BC 50 580
32 4 6 150 260 250 140 BC 50 700 64 8 15 150 200 250 100 BC 50 600
MULTIPLICATION FACTORS
FOR CALCULATING MATERIALS IN ITEM OF WORKS

Bitumen VG30

Bitumen VG10
Earth/ Gravel

Metal/ Stone

Cement (mt)

Emulsion
(cum)

(cum)

(cum)
Sand

(kg)

(kg)

(kg)
S.No Specification in Brief Unit

1 E/W for Trench cutting/Embankment 1 cum 1.000


2 Granular Sub-base Grade-VI & V 1 cum 1.280
3 Wet Mix Macadam 1 cum 1.320
4 Single coat surface dressing 1 sqm 0.004 0.750
5 Prime Coat with BT Emulsion (SS) 1 sqm 0.700
6 Tack Coat with BT Emulsion 1 sqm 0.200
7 SDBC 25 mm with BT 60/70 1 cum 1.462 115.385
8 Macadam 50 mm with BT 80/100 1 cum 1.415 72.439
9 Dense Bituminous Macadam 1 cum 1.469 103.846
10 Bituminous Concrete 1 cum 1.486 127.225
11 Gravel Shoulders 1 cum 1.280
12 VCC(1:4:8) 1 cum 0.900 0.450 0.162
13 VCC(1:3:6) 1 cum 0.900 0.450 0.230
14 VCC M15 Grade CC 1 cum 0.900 0.450 0.275
15 VCC M20 Grade CC 1 cum 0.900 0.450 0.344
16 VCC M25 Grade CC 1 cum 0.900 0.450 0.403
17 VCC M30 Grade CC 1 cum 0.900 0.450 0.405
18 VCC M35 Grade CC 1 cum 0.900 0.450 0.422
19 VCC M40 Grade CC 1 cum 0.900 0.450 0.435
20 VRCC M20 Grade CC 1 cum 0.900 0.450 0.341
21 VRCC M25 Grade CC 1 cum 0.900 0.450 0.403
22 VRCC M30 Grade CC 1 cum 0.900 0.450 0.407
23 VRCC M35 Grade CC 1 cum 0.900 0.450 0.407
24 VRCC M40 Grade CC 1 cum 0.900 0.450 0.407
25 VRCC M20 Grade CC for Railing 1 cum 0.900 0.450 0.341
26 Granular Bedding Below Pipes 1 cum 1.200
27 Filling between Body walls 1 cum 1.200
28 Rough Stone Revetment 1 cum 1.200
29 Filter Material with Gravel 1 cum 1.200
30 Grouted Revetment with CC(1:4:8) 1 cum 0.032
31 Back filling with gravel 1 cum 1.200
32 Filter media using 150 mm stone 1 cum 1.200
33 Sand filling in foundation 1 cum 1.200
34 100 mm dia AC Weep holes 1 m 0.002 0.001
35 Plastering in CM(1:5) 12 mm 1 sqm 0.151 0.044
36 RR Masonry in CM(1:3) foundation 1 cum 1.258 0.326 0.158
37 RR Masonry in CM(1:3) substructure 1 cum 1.158 0.347 0.168
TESTS TO BE CONDUCTED ON MATERIALS AND
THE PERFORMANCE AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
Sl No. Test Applicable Code of Practice Acceptance Criteria
A Pavement Investigations
1 Visual Condition Survey IRC:81 IRC:81
2 Bump Integrator IRC:SP:16; IS:3073 IRC:SP:16; IS:3073
3 BBD IRC:81 IRC:81
4 FWD IRC:115 IRC:115
5 Subgrade Strength IS:2720, Part-16 IRC:37 and CA
ASTX C 174/ 174M and
6 Pavement Composition
MS 23 Manual
B Sub-Soil Investigations
1 Collection of UDS IS:1892 & 2132 MORTH specification for Road and Bridge
Standard Penetration works
2 IS;2131
Test
3 Triaxial Test IS;2720, Part-11 & Part-13
4 UCS IS: 2720, Part-10
5 Consistency limits IS:2720, Part-5
6 Classification of Soils IS:1498
7 Silt factor IS:2720, Part-4 & IRC:78
8 Direct Shear Test IS:2720-13
C Borrow Areas (Soil)
MORTH specification for Road and Bridge
1 Sieve Analysis IS:2720, Part-4 & IRC:78
works
2 Atterberg's Limits IS:2720, Part-5
3 Compaction Test IS:2720, Part-7 & 8
4 CBR IS: 2720, Part-16
5 Free Well index IS:2720, Part-40
D Quarries (Aggregate)
1 Sieve Analysis IS:2386, Part-2 MORTH specification for Road and Bridge
2 Impact Value IS:2386, Part-4 or works Section 1000
IS:5640, Part-4
3 Abrasion Value IS:2386, Part-4
4 Soundness IS:2386, Part-5
5 Stripping Value IS:6241 MORTH specification for Road and Bridge
works Section 500
6 Water absorption IS:2386, Part-3 MORTH specification for Road and Bridge
works Section 400, 500, 600 and 1000
7 Polished Stone Value BS 812 Part-114 MORTH specification for Road and Bridge
works Section 500
8 Sand Equivalent value IS:2720, Part-37 MORTH specification for Road and Bridge
works Section 500
9 Ten percent Fines value IS:2386 Part-4 MORTH specification for Road and Bridge
and Crushing value works Section 400
E Cement
1 Consistency IS:4031, Part-4 MORTH specification for Road and Bridge
2 Setting Time IS:4031, Part-5 works Section 1000
3 Compressive Strength IS:4031, Part-6
4 Fineness IS:4031, Part-1
5 Soundness IS:4031, Part-3
Sl No. Test Applicable Code of Practice Acceptance Criteria
F Pavement
Bitumen Investigations
1 Penetration IS:1203 IS:73
2 Softening Point IS:1205
3 Ductility IS:1208
4 Viscosity IS:1206 (Part II & III)
5 Specific Gravity IS:1202
G Concrete Mix Design
1 Sampling IS:10262 MORTH specification for Road and Bridge
IS:10262 works Section 1700
2 Mix Design
IRC:SP.23 and IRC:112
3 Workability IS:1199
4 Compressive Strength IS:516
5 Flexible Strength IS:516
H Asphalt Mix Design
1 Mix Design MS-2 MORTH specification for Road and Bridge
2 Stability testing works Section 500
3 Void Analysis
I Reinforced Earth Wall
1 Fill IS:2720, Part-13, Part-4 & Part-5 MORTH specification for Road and Bridge
works Section 3100
Note: Latest Versions of the codes indicated above shall be used
BITUMEN & BITUMEN PRODUCTS Viscosity also measured at 1350C and retains penetration
grading system at 250C.
It is expressed in units of POISES (grams per cm per second).
BITUMEN is defined as a viscous liquid or solid.:
In American terminology BITUMEN is called as ASPHALT. 3) PERFORMANCE GRADING (Not Adopted in INDIA) ::
BITUMEN is British terminology. Aimed at addressing:
Physical properties measured are directly related to field
performance by engineering principles.
Bitumen or bituminous binder available in India is mainly
of the following types:: BITUMEN, DIFFERENT GRADINGS & PROPERTIES
1. Penetration Grade Bitumen. Bitumen is a thermoplastic material, ts stiffness is
2. Industrial grade Bitumen. dependent on its temperature.
3. Cutback Bitumen. A. -100C, -150C:: Minimum pavement temperature.
4. Bitumen Emulsion. Thermal cracking.
5. Modified Bitumen and B. 250C:: Average annual temperature. Pavement raveling
6. Viscosity grade Bitumen. and/or Fatigue cracking.
C. 600C:: High Service temperature, critical performance
CUTBACK BITUMEN temperature. Deformation, Rutting.
It is obtained by fluxing bitumen with suitable solvents. D. 1350C:: Mixing, Transportation and Compacting
Specially it is used as tack coat when atmospheric temperature.
temperature is less than 40C Penetration grading addresses Bituminous property B only.
Viscosity grading addresses Bituminous properties B, C and D .
BITUMEN EMULSION Performance grading addresses Bituminous properties all A,
Dispersion is obtained by processing bitumen and water B, C and D. This grading also addresses real properties
under controlled conditions through a colloidal mill together during service period.
with selected additives.
It is chocolate brown free flowing liquid at room BITUMEN GRADATION, MoRT&H GUIDE LINES
temperature.
MoRT&H Guide lines in selection of appropriate grade
BITUMEN EMULSIONS CAN BE OF TWO TYPES
of Bitumen based on VISCOSITY GRADE.
Cationic & Anionic. .
Cationic bitumen emulsions give good performance with the
VG-10 Grade may be used in place of:
aggregates. Therefore, cationic bitumen emulsions are far
80-100 penetration grade Bitumen.
more popular than anionic bitumen.
VG-20 Grade may be considered for:
MODIFIED BITUMEN Special cases only.
Modified Bitumen is a bitumen with additives. These VG-30 Grade may be used in place of :
additives help in further enhancing the properties of 60-70 penetration grade Bitumen.
bituminous pavements. VG-40 Grade may be used in place of :
Pavements constructed with Modified Bitumen last longer 30-40/ 40-50 penetration grade Bitumen.
which automatically translates into reduced overlays.

BITUMEN – CLASSIFICATION
Based on GRADATION values, STRAIGHT RUN BITUMEN is EQUIVALENCE OF THICKNESSES of BITUMEN MIXES
classified in 3 ways.

1) PENETRATION GRADING (Adopted 1950-2006) ::


Penetration of needle loaded with 100 gm for 5 seconds at
temperature of 250 C.
S90 (80/100), S65 (60/70), S55 (50/60) and S35 (30/40) are
4 types penetration grades for Highways from softer to
stiffer grade.
Penetration graded bitumens can be more prone to rutting
than viscosity graded bitumens.

2) VISCISITY GRADING (Adopted from 2006)::


Viscosity of bitumen is measured at 600C temp. which is a
service temperature for Pavement.
ANDHRA PRADESH DETAILED money, security deposit and withheld
STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS. amounts
PS 69. Interest on money due to contractor.
PRELIMINARY SPECIFICATIONS :- PS 71. Recovery of money from contractor in
certain cases.
IMPORTANT NOTE ON GOVERNMENT ORDER
PS 73. Arbitration.
A Government Order issued by the
Engineering Department, on any particular
matter will apply to other Engineering CONTENTS
Departments also, unless a different 1. Intent and Reference to A.P.S.S.
Government Order is issued on the same 2. Applicability of A.P.S.S.
matter in respect of other Department. 3. Contractor to sign in the Divisional or the
Sub-Divisional copy of A.P.S.S.
A.P.D.S.S SECTIONS - 10 4. Term “Specification” apart from “Standard
No. 1-10 :: Preface. Specification”
No. 11-13 :: Statement of approximate 5. Sub-Specifications.
quantities in Schedule A. 6. Additions and alterations to the standard
No. 14-19 :: Drawings and Specifications. specifications in the A.P.S.S.
No. 20-32 :: Materials and Workmanship. 7. Powers of Superintending Engineers and
No. 33-43 :: Included in Contract rates. Executive Engineers to supplement or alter
No. 44-51:: Responsibilities and Liabilities of A.P.S.S.
the Contractor. 8. Definition of terms.
No. 52-57 :: Miscellaneous. 9. Evidence of Experience.
No. 58-61 :: Date of commencement, 10. Legal Address- Notices.
completion, delays, extensions, 11. Quantities approximate and contractor to
suspension of work and forfeiture. verify nature and amount of work.
No. 62-72 :: Particulars of Payment 12. Approximate not to mean deviation from
No. 73 :: Arbitration and Claims of drawings and specifications.
Contractors on Arbitration cases. 13. To compare tenders.
14. Purpose.
SPECIFICATIONS & COURT JUDGMENTS 15. Conformance -- (a)
The sections frequently raised in the Court of 16. Variations by way of modifications,
Law. omissions or additions – (a)
PS 59. Delays and Extension of time. 17. Copies of drawings and specifications.
PS 60. Delays in commencement or progress 18. Signed drawings – no authority to the
or neglect of work and forfeiture of earnest contractor.
19. Finished sizes.
20. To be the best quality.
21. Convention for proportions. 51. Holidays.
22. Measurement and mixing. 52. Sand and gravel.
23. Data. 53. Old curiosities.
24. Lay-out of material stacks 54. Assignments or sub-letting.
25. Source of purchase of materials and 55. Specialists.
stores. 56. Ratification of the orders of the Executive
26. Contractor liable for materials supplied by Engineer
the Government 57. Order book.
27. Test inspection and rejection of defective 58. Date of commencement and
materials and work – (a).
completion.
28. Defects, shrinkage etc., after completion.
59. Delays and extension of time.
29. Executive Engineer’s decision.
60. Delays in commencement or
30. Dismissal of Workmen.
32. Government maistries or agents. progress or neglect of work and
33. Defining Contract Schedule Rates. forfeiture of earnest money, security
34. Carriage – (a). deposit and withheld amounts.
35. Construction plant. 61. Suspension of the works by the
36. Scaffolding instructions. Contractor.
37. Temporary instructions
62. Payment on lump-sum basis or by
38. Water and lighting.
final measurement or unit prices.
39. Latrines for work people.
63. Payment for additions and deductions for
40. Sun protection, keeping dry and pumping.
omissions.
41. Tools and seigniorage.
64. No payment for unsanctioned extras.
42. Setting out works.
65. Accounts, receipts and vouchers.
43. Cleaning up during progress and delivery.
66. Fraud, willful neglect or default
44. Observance of Laws – Local regulation &
67. Unfixed materials
notices – Attachments.
68. Payments and certificates
45. Accidents- Hoarding, Lighting,
69. Interest on money due to contractor (a)
Observations – Watchmen (a).
70. Acceptance of Final measurements
46. Blasting.
71. Recovery of money from contractor in
47. Protection of adjoining and existing
certain case
premises.
72. Contractor dying, becoming insolvent,
48. Permit other workmen – Co-operation –
insane or imprisoned.
Afford facilities.
73. Arbitration.
49. Holes for water service, gas, electrical and
sanitary fittings.
50. Contractor’s risk and insurance.
GUIDE LINES, SUGGESSITIONS and DESIGN of SLAB CULVERTS

GUIDE LINES and SUGGESSITIONS :-


1) Number of spans should be 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9,10 etc.. (Clause 12.4.3 of IRC:SP:13-2004)
In case for Number of spans 2,4 and 6 the Middle pier will be located right in the center of stream and
always obstructs the stream flow. Also hard foundation may not be available at shallow depths.
2) IN case of Widening the existing culverts GROUPING can done as shown in parenthesis with CLEAR SPAN.
2Vx1.00m (1Vx2.60m), 3Vx1.00m (1Vx4.20m), 4Vx1.00m(2Vx2.60m) and 6Vx1.00m (2Vx4.20m)
2Vx2.00m (1Vx4.60m), 4Vx2.00m (2Vx4.60m), 6Vx2.00m(3Vx4.60m) .
3) In case of New Culverts H should be 1.50m and above.(Clause 12.5 of IRC:SP:13-2004):
For Widening the existing culverts H may be 1.00m (Hence the values are stroked like 1.00).
4) For Clear Spans 1.00m and 2.00m:
The design values are as per POCKET BOOK FOR HIGHWAY ENGINEERS (Second revision) :Chapter 8
5) For Effective spans 3.00m, 3.50m, 4.00m, 4.50m, 5.00m, 5.50m and 6.00m :
The design values are as perIRC:SP:13-2004 GUIDELINES FOR THE DESIGN OF SMALL BRIDGES
AND CULVERTS (First Revision):Table 1.1, Clauses.1.3.1 PLATE-5, 8, 9.
6) If the design span does not exactly match with the available type design :
The details of the next higher span length be used (Clause 1.3.1 of IRC:SP:13-2004).
7) Pier/Abutment cap (Bed block):
300 mm depth with VRCC M20 or VRCC M25 grade concrete (Clause 13.5.6 of IRC:SP:13-2004).
8) Minimum Bearing Capacity of the soil should be 16.50 t/m 2
For the abutment and wing wall section up to 4.00m height. (Clause 14.1of IRC:SP:13-2004)
9) MATERIALS :(Chapter 13 of IRC:SP:13-2004)
Leveling Course : M15 grade with 40 mm size Course Aggregate.
Foundation : M15 grade with 40 mm size Course Aggregate.
Substructure : M15 grade with 40 mm size Course Aggregate.
Pier/Abutment cap (Bed block) : VRCC M20 or VRCC M25 grade with 20 mm size Course Aggregate.
Bearings: Tar paper bearing.
Deck Slab : VRCC M20 or VRCC M25 grade with 20 mm size Course Aggregate.
DESIGN:-
1) Span Length and Number of Spans :
(i)For Widening the existing culverts, Span can be ascertained by GROUPING as per S.No.(2) above
(ii)For New culvers, Span can ascertained as per Site condition or as per Design.
Design Span Length be adjusted as per S.No.(6) above
2) Deck Slab Depth (D1 & D2 or D):
For the Designed Span, Deck Slab depth is selected from Table : STRUCTURAL DETAILS OF
SLAB CULVERTS
3) Pier/Abutment cap (Bed block) Depth:
For Spans less than 3.00m, Camber is provided in Bed block as shown in the drawing
For Spans 3.00m and above 300 mm uniform thick is used.
4) Wearing coat Thickness :
75 mm (0.750m) in case of CC Wearing Course.
56 mm (0.056m) in case Bituminous Wearing Course.
5 H Value :
Obtain the Height of Road Top from the LOWEST BED LEVEL from the site, say it is " h ".
H = h - (Deck Slab Depth D1 or D + Wearing Coat Thickness) + 0.80 m.
H values is fixed to nearest higher value of 1.0. 1.50,2.0,2.50,3.0, 3.50 or 4.00m
6 STRUCTURAL DETAILS OF SLAB CULVERTS :
From the Span Length and H-value, all other Structural vales can be obtained from the TABLE.
Detailed Drawings may be referred for Deck slabs Steel Details during Execution

CULVET DESIGN VV Narayana


DRAWINGS FOR ABUTMENTS,
WING WALLS & BED BLOCKS OF CULVERTS.

vv narayana vvnhighways.blogspot.in
STRUCTURAL DETAILS OF SLAB CULVERTS (SPAN up to 6.00m)
COMPILED BY : V. VENKATA NARAYANA E.E. (R&B), vvn.randb@gmail.com
References :: 1) IRC:SP:13-2004 GUIDELINES FOR THE DESIGN OF SMALL BRIDGES AND CULVERTS (First Revision) :: Table 1.1 + Clauses.1.3.1 &13.5.6 + PLATE-5, 8, 9
2) POCKET BOOK FOR HIGHWAY ENGINEERS (Second revision) :: Chapter 8

SPAN HEIGHT ABUTMENT RETURN WALL DECK SLAB BEDBLOCK

DEPTH of QUANTITY of QUANTITY of DEPTH of


SLAB CONCRETE STEEL BEDBLOCK

Width @ bottom (m)

Width @ bottom (m)


Width @ bottom (m)

Width @ bottom (m)


Sub-structure (m)

REMARKS/
Approach side

At Center (mm)
Approach side
Substructure

Substructure
Tapering (m)

Tapering (m)

Tapering (m)

Tapering (m)
REFERENCE
Stream side

At End (mm)
Stream side
Breadth (m)
Effective Span (m)

Foundation

Foundation

Foundation
Bed block

Offset (m)
Overall Span (m)

Height of

At Center (mm)
Clear Span (m)

Without Foot

Without Foot

At End (mm)
Paths (cum)

Paths (cum)

Paths (kg)

Paths (kg)
With Foot

With Foot
b1 b2 b3 b4 B1 B2 b1 b2 B1 B2 D1 D2
S.no.

H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
1 1.30 1.00 1.60 1.00 0.20 0.70 0.30 -- 1.50 2.70 0.23 0.57 1.30 2.10 170 170 3.26 372 300 150 POCKET BOOK
FOR HIGHWAY
2 1.30 1.00 1.60 1.50 0.20 0.70 0.30 -- 1.50 2.70 0.23 0.57 1.30 2.10 170 170 3.26 372 300 150
ENGINEERS
3 1.30 1.00 1.60 2.00 0.20 0.70 0.30 -- 1.50 2.70 0.23 0.57 1.30 2.10 170 170 3.26 372 300 150 (Second revision)
4 1.30 1.00 1.60 2.50 0.25 0.90 0.30 0.10 1.75 3.15 0.23 0.57 1.30 2.10 170 170 3.26 372 300 150
5 1.30 1.00 1.60 3.00 0.30 1.10 0.30 0.20 2.00 3.60 0.23 0.57 1.30 2.10 170 170 3.26 372 300 150
6 1.30 1.00 1.60 3.50 0.35 1.25 0.30 0.35 2.20 4.10 0.23 0.57 1.30 2.10 170 170 3.26 372 300 150
7 1.30 1.00 1.60 4.00 0.40 1.40 0.30 0.50 2.40 4.60 0.23 0.57 1.30 2.10 170 170 3.26 372 300 150
8 1.80 1.50 2.10 1.00 0.20 0.70 0.30 -- 1.50 2.70 0.23 0.57 1.30 2.10 200 200 5.04 610 300 150 POCKET BOOK
FOR HIGHWAY
9 1.80 1.50 2.10 1.50 0.20 0.70 0.30 -- 1.50 2.70 0.23 0.57 1.30 2.10 200 200 5.04 610 300 150
ENGINEERS
10 1.80 1.50 2.10 2.00 0.20 0.70 0.30 -- 1.50 2.70 0.23 0.57 1.30 2.10 200 200 5.04 610 300 150 (Second revision)
11 1.80 1.50 2.10 2.50 0.25 0.90 0.30 0.10 1.75 3.15 0.23 0.57 1.30 2.10 200 200 5.04 610 300 150
12 1.80 1.50 2.10 3.00 0.30 1.10 0.30 0.20 2.00 3.60 0.23 0.57 1.30 2.10 200 200 5.04 610 300 150
13 1.80 1.50 2.10 3.50 0.35 1.25 0.30 0.35 2.20 4.10 0.23 0.57 1.30 2.10 200 200 5.04 610 300 150
14 1.80 1.50 2.10 4.00 0.40 1.40 0.30 0.50 2.40 4.60 0.23 0.57 1.30 2.10 200 200 5.04 610 300 150

SLAB CULVERTS Page 1 of 3 VVNarayana


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
15 2.30 2.00 2.60 1.00 0.20 0.70 0.30 -- 1.50 2.70 0.24 0.59 1.33 2.13 240 240 7.49 764 300 150 POCKET BOOK
16 2.30 2.00 2.60 1.50 0.20 0.70 0.30 -- 1.50 2.70 0.24 0.59 1.33 2.13 240 240 7.49 764 300 150 FOR HIGHWAY
17 2.30 2.00 2.60 2.00 0.20 0.70 0.30 -- 1.50 2.70 0.24 0.59 1.33 2.13 240 240 7.49 764 300 150 ENGINEERS
(Second revision)
18 2.30 2.00 2.60 2.50 0.25 0.90 0.30 0.10 1.75 3.15 0.24 0.59 1.33 2.13 240 240 7.49 764 300 150
19 2.30 2.00 2.60 3.00 0.30 1.10 0.30 0.20 2.00 3.60 0.24 0.59 1.33 2.13 240 240 7.49 764 300 150
20 2.30 2.00 2.60 3.50 0.35 1.25 0.30 0.35 2.20 4.10 0.24 0.59 1.33 2.13 240 240 7.49 764 300 150
21 2.30 2.00 2.60 4.00 0.40 1.40 0.30 0.50 2.40 4.60 0.24 0.59 1.33 2.13 240 240 7.49 764 300 150
22 3.00 2.60 3.40 1.00 0.15 0.50 0.50 - 1.45 2.65 450 300 16.42 20.44 835 917 300 300 IRC:SP:13-2004
23 3.00 2.60 3.40 1.50 0.15 0.50 0.50 - 1.45 2.65 0.19 0.46 1.15 1.95 450 300 16.42 20.44 835 917 300 300 GUIDELINES FOR
THE DESIGN OF
24 3.00 2.60 3.40 2.00 0.20 0.70 0.50 - 1.70 2.90 0.24 0.59 1.33 2.13 450 300 16.42 20.44 835 917 300 300 SMALL BRIDGES AND
25 3.00 2.60 3.40 2.50 0.25 0.95 0.50 0.10 2.00 3.40 0.29 0.71 1.50 2.30 450 300 16.42 20.44 835 917 300 300 CULVERTS (First
26 3.00 2.60 3.40 3.00 0.30 1.10 0.50 0.20 2.20 3.80 0.34 0.84 1.68 2.48 450 300 16.42 20.44 835 917 300 300 Revision)

27 3.00 2.60 3.40 3.50 0.35 1.25 0.50 0.30 2.40 4.20 0.39 0.96 1.85 2.65 450 300 16.42 20.44 835 917 300 300
28 3.00 2.60 3.40 4.00 0.40 1.40 0.50 0.50 2.60 4.80 0.44 1.09 2.03 2.83 450 300 16.42 20.44 835 917 300 300
29 3.50 3.10 3.90 1.00 0.15 0.50 1.00 - 1.95 3.15 0.19 0.48 1.17 1.97 500 350 23.89 29.09 1296 1391 300 300 IRC:SP:13-2004
30 3.50 3.10 3.90 1.50 0.15 0.50 1.00 - 1.95 3.15 0.19 0.48 1.17 1.97 500 350 23.89 29.09 1296 1391 300 300 GUIDELINES FOR
THE DESIGN OF
31 3.50 3.10 3.90 2.00 0.20 0.70 1.00 - 2.20 3.40 0.24 0.60 1.34 2.14 500 350 23.89 29.09 1296 1391 300 300 SMALL BRIDGES AND
32 3.50 3.10 3.90 2.50 0.25 0.95 1.00 0.10 2.50 3.90 0.29 0.73 1.52 2.32 500 350 23.89 29.09 1296 1391 300 300 CULVERTS (First
33 3.50 3.10 3.90 3.00 0.30 1.10 1.00 0.20 2.70 4.30 0.34 0.85 1.69 2.49 500 350 23.89 29.09 1296 1391 300 300 Revision)

34 3.50 3.10 3.90 3.50 0.35 1.25 1.00 0.30 2.90 4.70 0.39 0.98 1.87 2.67 500 350 23.89 29.09 1296 1391 300 300
35 3.50 3.10 3.90 4.00 0.40 1.40 1.00 0.50 3.10 5.30 0.44 1.10 2.04 2.84 500 350 23.89 29.09 1296 1391 300 300
36 4.00 3.60 4.40 1.00 0.15 0.50 1.00 - 1.95 3.15 0.19 0.48 1.17 1.97 500 350 23.89 29.09 1296 1391 300 300 IRC:SP:13-2004
37 4.00 3.60 4.40 1.50 0.15 0.50 1.00 - 1.95 3.15 0.19 0.48 1.17 1.97 500 350 23.89 29.09 1296 1391 300 300 GUIDELINES FOR
THE DESIGN OF
38 4.00 3.60 4.40 2.00 0.20 0.70 1.00 - 2.20 3.40 0.24 0.60 1.34 2.14 500 350 23.89 29.09 1296 1391 300 300 SMALL BRIDGES AND
39 4.00 3.60 4.40 2.50 0.25 0.95 1.00 0.10 2.50 3.90 0.29 0.73 1.52 2.32 500 350 23.89 29.09 1296 1391 300 300 CULVERTS (First
40 4.00 3.60 4.40 3.00 0.30 1.10 1.00 0.20 2.70 4.30 0.34 0.85 1.69 2.49 500 350 23.89 29.09 1296 1391 300 300 Revision)

41 4.00 3.60 4.40 3.50 0.35 1.25 1.00 0.30 2.90 4.70 0.39 0.98 1.87 2.67 500 350 23.89 29.09 1296 1391 300 300
42 4.00 3.60 4.40 4.00 0.40 1.40 1.00 0.50 3.10 5.30 0.44 1.10 2.04 2.84 500 350 23.89 29.09 1296 1391 300 300
43 4.50 4.10 4.90 1.00 0.20 0.65 1.00 - 2.15 3.35 0.25 0.62 1.37 2.17 550 400 32.57 38.95 2061 2170 300 300 IRC:SP:13-2004
44 4.50 4.10 4.90 1.50 0.20 0.65 1.00 - 2.15 3.35 0.25 0.62 1.37 2.17 550 400 32.57 38.95 2061 2170 300 300

SLAB CULVERTS Page 2 of 3 VVNarayana


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
45 4.50 4.10 4.90 2.00 0.20 0.65 1.00 - 2.15 3.35 0.25 0.62 1.37 2.17 550 400 32.57 38.95 2061 2170 300 300 POCKET BOOK
IRC:SP:13-2004
46 4.50 4.10 4.90 2.50 0.25 0.90 1.00 0.10 2.45 3.85 0.30 0.75 1.55 2.35 550 400 32.57 38.95 2061 2170 300 300
47 4.50 4.10 4.90 3.00 0.30 1.05 1.00 0.20 2.65 4.25 0.35 0.87 1.72 2.52 550 400 32.57 38.95 2061 2170 300 300
48 4.50 4.10 4.90 3.50 0.35 1.25 1.00 0.35 2.90 4.80 0.40 1.00 1.90 2.70 550 400 32.57 38.95 2061 2170 300 300
49 4.50 4.10 4.90 4.00 0.40 1.40 1.00 0.50 3.10 5.30 0.45 1.13 2.08 2.88 550 400 32.57 38.95 2061 2170 300 300
50 5.00 4.60 5.40 1.00 0.20 0.60 1.00 - 2.10 3.30 0.25 0.62 1.37 2.17 550 400 32.57 38.95 2061 2170 300 300 IRC:SP:13-2004
51 5.00 4.60 5.40 1.50 0.20 0.60 1.00 - 2.10 3.30 0.25 0.62 1.37 2.17 550 400 32.57 38.95 2061 2170 300 300 GUIDELINES FOR
THE DESIGN OF
52 5.00 4.60 5.40 2.00 0.20 0.60 1.00 - 2.10 3.30 0.25 0.62 1.37 2.17 550 400 32.57 38.95 2061 2170 300 300 SMALL BRIDGES AND
53 5.00 4.60 5.40 2.50 0.25 0.85 1.00 0.10 2.40 3.80 0.30 0.75 1.55 2.35 550 400 32.57 38.95 2061 2170 300 300 CULVERTS (First
54 5.00 4.60 5.40 3.00 0.30 1.00 1.00 0.20 2.60 4.20 0.35 0.87 1.72 2.52 550 400 32.57 38.95 2061 2170 300 300 Revision)

55 5.00 4.60 5.40 3.50 0.35 1.20 1.00 0.40 2.85 4.85 0.40 1.00 1.90 2.70 550 400 32.57 38.95 2061 2170 300 300
56 5.00 4.60 5.40 4.00 0.40 1.40 1.00 0.50 3.10 5.30 0.45 1.13 2.08 2.88 550 400 32.57 38.95 2061 2170 300 300
57 5.50 5.10 5.90 1.00 0.20 0.60 1.00 - 2.10 3.30 0.25 0.63 1.38 2.18 600 450 42.43 50.00 2825 2955 300 300 IRC:SP:13-2004
58 5.50 5.10 5.90 1.50 0.20 0.60 1.00 - 2.10 3.30 0.25 0.63 1.38 2.18 600 450 42.43 50.00 2825 2955 300 300 GUIDELINES FOR
THE DESIGN OF
59 5.50 5.10 5.90 2.00 0.20 0.60 1.00 - 2.10 3.30 0.25 0.63 1.38 2.18 600 450 42.43 50.00 2825 2955 300 300 SMALL BRIDGES AND
60 5.50 5.10 5.90 2.50 0.25 0.85 1.00 0.10 2.40 3.80 0.30 0.75 1.55 2.35 600 450 42.43 50.00 2825 2955 300 300 CULVERTS (First
61 5.50 5.10 5.90 3.00 0.30 1.00 1.00 0.20 2.60 4.20 0.35 0.88 1.73 2.53 600 450 42.43 50.00 2825 2955 300 300 Revision)

62 5.50 5.10 5.90 3.50 0.35 1.20 1.00 0.40 2.85 4.85 0.40 1.00 1.90 2.70 600 450 42.43 50.00 2825 2955 300 300
63 5.50 5.10 5.90 4.00 0.40 1.40 1.00 0.50 3.10 5.30 0.45 1.13 2.08 2.88 600 450 42.43 50.00 2825 2955 300 300
64 6.00 5.60 6.40 1.00 0.20 0.60 1.00 - 2.10 3.30 0.25 0.63 1.38 2.18 600 450 42.43 50.00 2825 2955 300 300 IRC:SP:13-2004
65 6.00 5.60 6.40 1.50 0.20 0.60 1.00 - 2.10 3.30 0.25 0.63 1.38 2.18 600 450 42.43 50.00 2825 2955 300 300 GUIDELINES FOR
THE DESIGN OF
66 6.00 5.60 6.40 2.00 0.20 0.60 1.00 - 2.10 3.30 0.25 0.63 1.38 2.18 600 450 42.43 50.00 2825 2955 300 300 SMALL BRIDGES AND
67 6.00 5.60 6.40 2.50 0.25 0.85 1.00 0.10 2.40 3.80 0.30 0.75 1.55 2.35 600 450 42.43 50.00 2825 2955 300 300 CULVERTS (First
68 6.00 5.60 6.40 3.00 0.30 1.00 1.00 0.20 2.60 4.20 0.35 0.88 1.73 2.53 600 450 42.43 50.00 2825 2955 300 300 Revision)

69 6.00 5.60 6.40 3.50 0.35 1.20 1.00 0.40 2.85 4.85 0.40 1.00 1.90 2.70 600 450 42.43 50.00 2825 2955 300 300
70 6.00 5.60 6.40 4.00 0.40 1.40 1.00 0.50 3.10 5.30 0.45 1.13 2.08 2.88 600 450 42.43 50.00 2825 2955 300 300
71 7.00 6.60 7.40 DESIGN DETAILS TO BE WORKED OUT 650 500 53.51 62.25 3657 3794 300 300
72 8.00 7.60 8.40 DESIGN DETAILS TO BE WORKED OUT 750 600 70.81 80.74 4727 4823 300 300
IRC:SP:13-2004
73 9.00 8.60 9.40 DESIGN DETAILS TO BE WORKED OUT 820 670 87.14 98.26 6076 6166 300 300
74 10.0 9.60 10.4 DESIGN DETAILS TO BE WORKED OUT 900 750 106.4 118.7 7047 7124 300 300

SLAB CULVERTS Page 3 of 3 VVNarayana


ABSTRACT of STANDARD DRAWINGS FOR ROAD CULVERTS & BRIDGES 3.0 m to 10.0 m
Clear Span Over all Depths

Right Effective Span (m)


Width (mm)
(m) Length (m) (mm)

Standard Drawing No.


Quantity of Steel (kg)
Quantity of Concrete
direction of traffic

direction of traffic

(with/ without)
Right Direction

Right Direction

Steel (kg/cum)
(SKEW)-Along

(SKEW)-Along
SKEW Angle

FOOTPAHS
Carriageway
Slab Center

Slab End

Over all

(cum)
S.no.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
1 3.00 0 2.60 3.40 450 300 10.90 12.00 16.42 835 50.85 Without SD/107
2 4.00 0 3.60 4.40 500 350 10.90 12.00 23.89 1296 54.25 Without SD/108
3 5.00 0 4.60 5.40 550 400 10.90 12.00 32.57 2061 63.28 Without SD/109
4 6.00 0 5.60 6.40 600 450 10.90 12.00 47.43 2825 59.56 Without SD/110
5 7.00 0 6.60 7.40 650 500 10.90 12.00 53.51 3657 68.34 Without SD/111
6 8.00 0 7.60 8.40 750 600 10.90 12.00 70.81 4727 66.76 Without SD/112
7 9.00 0 8.60 9.40 820 670 10.90 12.00 87.14 6076 69.73 Without SD/113
8 10.00 0 9.60 10.40 900 750 10.90 12.00 106.40 7047 66.23 Without SD/114
9 3.00 0 2.60 3.40 450 300 7.50 12.00 20.44 917 44.86 With SD/115
10 4.00 0 3.60 4.40 500 350 7.50 12.00 29.09 1391 47.82 With SD/116
11 5.00 0 4.60 5.40 550 400 7.50 12.00 38.95 2170 55.71 With SD/117
12 6.00 0 5.60 6.40 600 450 7.50 12.00 50.00 2955 59.10 With SD/118
13 7.00 0 6.60 7.40 650 500 7.50 12.00 62.25 4794 77.01 With SD/119
14 8.00 0 7.60 8.40 750 600 7.50 12.00 80.74 4823 59.73 With SD/120
15 9.00 0 8.60 9.40 820 670 7.50 12.00 98.26 6166 62.75 With SD/121
16 10.00 0 9.60 10.40 900 750 7.50 12.00 118.70 7124 60.02 With SD/122
S.No. 1 to 16 In Addition to above drawings refer SD/101, 102, 103, 104, 105 & 106 for General notes
17 4.00 15 3.60 3.73 4.40 4.56 525 375 10.90 12.00 26.10 1768 67.74 Without SD/161
18 6.00 15 5.60 5.80 6.40 6.63 625 475 10.90 12.00 45.90 3956 86.19 Without SD/162
19 8.00 15 7.60 7.87 8.40 8.70 775 625 10.90 12.00 75.92 7064 93.05 Without SD/163
20 10.00 15 9.60 9.94 10.40 10.77 925 775 10.90 12.00 113.40 8785 77.47 Without SD/164
21 4.00 15 3.60 3.73 4.40 4.56 525 375 7.50 12.00 31.47 1846 58.66 With SD/165
22 6.00 15 5.60 5.80 6.40 6.63 625 475 7.50 12.00 53.73 3773 70.22 With SD/166
23 8.00 15 7.60 7.87 8.40 8.70 775 625 7.50 12.00 86.17 7094 82.33 With SD/167
24 10.00 15 9.60 9.94 10.40 10.77 925 775 7.50 12.00 126.07 8781 69.65 With SD/168
S.No. 17 to 24 In Addition to above drawings refer SD/151, 152, 156, 157, 158, 159 & 160 for General notes
25 4.00 30 3.60 4.16 4.40 5.08 525 375 10.90 12.00 29.12 2063 70.84 Without SD/169
26 6.00 30 5.60 6.47 6.40 7.39 625 475 10.90 12.00 51.22 3886 75.87 Without SD/170
27 8.00 30 7.60 8.78 8.40 9.70 775 625 10.90 12.00 84.69 6292 74.29 Without SD/171
28 10.00 30 9.60 11.09 10.40 12.01 925 775 10.90 12.00 126.47 10147 80.23 Without SD/172
29 4.00 30 3.60 4.16 4.40 5.08 525 375 7.50 12.00 35.10 2193 62.48 With SD/173
30 6.00 30 5.60 6.47 6.40 7.39 625 475 7.50 12.00 59.92 4059 67.74 With SD/174
31 8.00 30 7.60 8.78 8.40 9.70 775 625 7.50 12.00 96.12 6548 68.12 With SD/175
32 10.00 30 9.60 11.09 10.40 12.01 925 775 7.50 12.00 140.61 10474 74.49 With SD/176
S.No. 17 to 24 In Addition to above drawings refer SD/151, 152, 156, 157, 158, 159 & 160 for General notes
33 4.00 22.5 3.60 3.90 4.40 4.76 525 375 10.90 12.00 27.33 1882 68.86 Without SD/177
34 6.00 22.5 5.60 6.06 6.40 6.93 625 475 10.90 12.00 48.06 3851 80.13 Without SD/178
35 8.00 22.5 7.60 8.23 8.40 9.09 775 625 10.90 12.00 79.45 5867 73.85 Without SD/179
36 10.00 22.5 9.60 10.39 10.40 11.26 925 775 10.90 12.00 118.60 9704 81.82 Without SD/180
37 4.00 22.5 3.60 3.90 4.40 4.76 525 375 7.50 12.00 32.91 2003 60.86 With SD/181
38 6.00 22.5 5.60 6.06 6.40 6.93 625 475 7.50 12.00 56.17 4030 71.75 With SD/182
39 8.00 22.5 7.60 8.23 8.40 9.09 775 625 7.50 12.00 90.10 6108 67.79 With SD/183
40 10.00 22.5 9.60 10.39 10.40 11.26 925 775 7.50 12.00 131.81 9983 75.74 With SD/184
S.No. 33 to 40 In Addition to above drawings refer SD/154 for General arrangement drawings
41 4.00 35 3.60 4.39 4.40 5.37 525 375 10.90 12.00 30.82 2279 73.95 Without SD/185
42 6.00 35 5.60 6.84 6.40 7.81 625 475 10.90 12.00 54.21 4329 79.86 Without SD/186
43 8.00 35 7.60 9.28 8.40 10.25 775 625 10.90 12.00 89.61 7804 87.09 Without SD/187
44 10.00 35 9.60 11.72 10.40 12.70 925 775 10.90 12.00 133.78 11311 84.55 Without SD/188
45 4.00 35 3.60 4.39 4.40 5.37 525 375 7.50 12.00 37.10 2413 65.04 With SD/189
46 6.00 35 5.60 6.84 6.40 7.81 625 475 7.50 12.00 63.35 4529 71.49 With SD/190
47 8.00 35 7.60 9.28 8.40 10.25 775 625 7.50 12.00 101.61 8100 79.72 With SD/191
48 10.00 35 9.60 11.72 10.40 12.70 925 775 7.50 12.00 148.63 11654 78.41 With SD/192
S.No. 41 to 48 In Addition to above drawings refer SD/155 for General arrangement drawings
ABSTRACT STANDARD PLANS FOR HIGHWAY BRIDGES
Vol II Concrete Slab Bridges (BD Drawings)
Clear Span Over all Width

Right Effective Span (m)


(m) Length (m) (mm)

Quantity of Steel (kg)


Quantity of Concrete
direction of traffic

direction of traffic

BD Drawing No.
(with/ without)
Right Direction

Right Direction

Steel (kg/cum)
(SKEW)-Along

(SKEW)-Along

FOOTPAHS
SKEW Angle

Carriageway
Slab Depths

Over all

(cum)
S.no.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
1 3.37 0 2.63 3.740 320 7500 8450 10.53 795 75.50 Without
2 4.37 0 3.63 4.740 395 7500 8450 15.88 1124 70.78 Without
3 5.37 0 4.63 5.740 450 7500 8450 21.66 1456 67.22 Without
BD/1-74A
4 6.37 0 5.63 6.740 515 7500 8450 28.87 1866 64.63 Without
5 7.37 0 6.63 7.740 575 7500 8450 36.80 2430 66.03 Without
6 8.37 0 7.63 8.740 650 7500 8450 46.71 2887 61.81 Without
7 9.37 0 8.63 9.740 720 7500 8450 57.41 3453 60.15 Without BD/3-74A
8 10.37 0 9.63 10.740 790 7500 8450 69.10 4067 58.86 Without BD/4-74
9 3.37 0 2.63 3.740 315 7500 11050 14.70 1121 76.26 With
10 4.37 0 3.63 4.740 365 7500 11050 20.90 1610 77.03 With
11 5.37 0 4.63 5.740 410 7500 11050 27.75 2046 73.73 With BD/5-74A
12 6.37 0 5.63 6.740 470 7500 11050 36.85 2643 71.72 With BD/6-74
13 7.37 0 6.63 7.740 530 7500 11050 47.25 3267 69.14 With
14 8.37 0 7.63 8.740 595 7500 11050 59.30 4097 69.09 With
15 9.37 0 8.63 9.740 665 7500 11050 73.20 4660 63.66 With BD/7-74A
16 10.37 0 9.63 10.740 740 7500 11050 89.30 5765 64.56 With BD/8-74
17 4.37 15 3.63 3.760 4.740 4.910 405 7500 11050 22.76 1494 65.64 With
18 4.37 30 3.63 4.190 4.740 5.470 405 7500 11050 26.72 1731 64.78 With
19 4.37 45 3.63 5.130 4.740 6.700 405 7500 11050 32.78 2317 70.68 With
20 4.37 60 3.63 7.260 4.740 9.480 405 7500 11050 46.38 3478 74.99 With
21 6.37 15 5.63 5.830 6.740 6.980 470 7500 11050 38.78 3164 81.59 With
22 6.37 30 5.63 6.500 6.740 7.780 470 7500 11050 43.57 3642 83.59 With BD/10-74A
23 6.37 45 5.63 7.960 6.740 9.530 470 7500 11050 53.37 4853 90.93 With BD/13-74
24 6.37 60 5.63 11.260 6.740 13.480 470 7500 11050 75.40 7503 99.51 With
25 8.37 15 7.63 7.900 8.740 9.050 630 7500 11050 66.24 5493 82.93 With
26 8.37 30 7.63 8.810 8.740 10.090 630 7500 11050 74.13 6413 86.51 With
27 8.37 45 7.63 10.790 8.740 12.360 630 7500 11050 90.49 8326 92.01 With
28 8.37 60 7.63 15.260 8.740 17.480 630 7500 11050 128.25 13192 102.86 With
29 5.37 15 4.63 4.790 5.740 5.940 465 7500 8450 24.31 1936 79.64 Without
30 5.37 30 4.63 5.350 5.740 6.630 465 7500 8450 27.08 2216 81.83 Without
31 5.37 45 4.63 6.550 5.740 8.120 465 7500 8450 33.21 2870 86.42 Without
32 5.37 60 4.63 9.260 5.740 11.480 465 7500 8450 46.92 4182 89.13 Without
33 6.37 15 5.63 5.830 6.740 6.980 540 7500 8450 32.82 2480 75.56 Without
34 6.37 30 5.63 6.500 6.740 7.780 540 7500 8450 36.68 2869 78.22 Without BD/12-74A
35 6.37 45 5.63 7.960 6.740 9.530 540 7500 8450 44.92 3634 80.90 Without BD/13-74
36 6.37 60 5.63 11.260 6.740 13.480 540 7500 8450 63.42 5611 88.47 Without
37 8.37 15 7.63 7.900 8.740 9.050 700 7500 8450 54.50 3813 69.96 Without
38 8.37 30 7.63 8.810 8.740 10.090 700 7500 8450 60.86 4335 71.23 Without
39 8.37 45 7.63 10.790 8.740 12.360 700 7500 8450 74.44 5369 72.13 Without
40 8.37 60 7.63 15.260 8.740 17.480 700 7500 8450 105.24 10409 98.91 Without
Wearing Coat, Expansion Joints and Drainage Spouts BD/1-69A
ABSTRACT of STANDARD PLANS FOR HIGHWAYS RCC_T BEAMS
SLAB SUPERSTRUCTURE 10.0 m to 25.0 m ( BD Drawings & SD Drawings)
Depths (mm) Width (mm)

Steel in kg / cum of Concrete


Quantity of Concrete (cum)
Right Effective Span (m)

Quantity of Steel (kg)


Longitudinal Girder (
Over all Length (m)

(with/ without)
Cross Girder

Carriageway

Drawing No.
FOOTPAHS
Slab Center

( over all)
Slab End

over all)

Over all
S.no.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
MoRT&H SD DRAWINGS
1 24.00 24.560 336 200 2466 2066 10.90 12.00 184.30 31870 172.92 Without
SD/ 210 to SD/217
2 24.00 24.560 336 200 2466 2066 7.50 12.00 214.45 32860 153.23 With
3 21.00 21.560 336 200 2166 1766 10.90 12.00 152.60 26470 173.46 Without
SD/220 to SD/227
4 21.00 21.560 336 200 2166 1766 7.50 12.00 179.10 27359 152.76 With
5 18.00 18.560 336 200 1866 1466 10.90 12.00 116.93 22120 189.17 Without
SD/230 to SD/237
6 18.00 18.560 336 200 1866 1466 7.50 12.00 139.74 22870 163.66 With
7 16.00 16.560 336 200 1666 1266 10.90 12.00 99.46 19220 193.24 Without
SD/240 to SD/247
8 16.00 16.560 336 200 1666 1266 7.50 12.00 119.80 19890 166.03 With
9 14.00 14.560 336 200 1466 1066 10.90 12.00 84.32 16590 196.75 Without
SD/250 to SD/257
10 14.00 14.560 336 200 1466 1066 7.50 12.00 102.52 17180 167.58 With
11 12.00 12.560 336 200 1266 866 10.90 12.00 68.70 13730 199.85 Without
SD/260 to SD/267
12 12.00 12.560 336 200 1266 866 7.50 12.00 84.15 14270 169.58 With
13 10.00 10.560 336 200 1066 866 10.90 12.00 54.75 10960 200.18 Without
SD/270 to SD/277
14 10.00 10.560 336 200 1066 866 7.50 12.00 67.75 11410 168.41 With
General Notes (SD/101), Railings ( SD/201 & SD/202), Bearings (SD/203 & SD/204) and Miscellaneous SD/205
MOST - BD DRAWINGS
1 10.50 11.07 240 240 1100 800 7500 11050 43.75 7323 167.38 With BD/1-75 A, 2-75 A, 3-75 A
2 12.50 13.07 240 240 1300 800 7500 11050 53.55 9042 168.85 With BD/5-75 A, 6-75 A, 7-75 A
3 14.50 15.07 240 240 1600 1300 7500 11050 67.30 10663 158.44 With BD/12-75 A, 13-75 A, 14-75 A
4 16.50 17.07 240 240 1700 1300 7500 11050 77.20 12713 164.68 With BD/1-76 A, 2-76 A, 3-76 A
5 18.75 19.32 240 240 1900 1300 7500 11050 96.15 14540 151.22 With BD/5-75, 6-79, 7-79 A, 8-79 A
6 21.75 22.32 240 240 2200 1300 7500 11050 116.25 17880 153.81 With BD/1-89, 2-80, 3-80, 4-80
7 24.75 25.32 240 240 2500 1300 7500 11050 138.30 21100 152.57 With BD/5-89, 6-80, 7-80, 8-80
8 10.50 11.07 215 215 1075 775 7500 8450 33.30 6187 185.80 Without BD/7-76, 8-76 A, 9-76 A
9 12.50 13.07 215 215 1275 775 7500 8450 41.30 7618 184.46 Without BD/10-76, 11-76 A, 12-76 A
10 14.50 15.07 215 215 1575 1275 7500 8450 53.00 8749 165.08 Without BD/4-76 A, 5-76 A, 6-76 A
11 16.50 17.07 215 215 1675 1275 7500 8450 61.20 10373 169.49 Without BD/13-76 A, 14-76 A, 15-76 A
12 18.75 19.32 215 215 1875 1275 7500 8450 78.00 12080 154.87 Without BD/1-77, 2-77 A, 3-77 A, 4-77 A
13 21.75 22.32 215 215 2175 1275 7500 8450 95.50 14880 155.81 Without BD/5-77, 6-77 A, 7-77 A, 8-77 A
14 24.75 25.32 215 215 2475 1275 7500 8450 114.50 17590 153.62 Without BD/1-78, 2-78 A, 3-78 A, 4-78 A
Elastomeric Bearings for girders (BD/4-75 B), Connection of Approaches to Highway Bridges ( BD/1-79 & BD/2-79)

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BOX CELL STRUCTURES - ABSTRACT OF VENT WAY COMBINATIONS
a= Ec =
Nc = b= Length of Over all
CLEAR HEIGHT OF Number of
S.No
NO OF CLEAR HEIGHT (m) cell Clear Vent
WIDTH EARTH Combinations
CELLS Structure Way (m)
(m) 2 3 4 5 6 7 CUSHION (m)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
1 1 2 2 3 0 12 2 2
2 1 3 3 4 0 12 3 2
3 1 4 3 4 5 0 12 4 3
4 1 5 3 4 5 0 12 5 3
5 1 6 3 4 5 6 0 12 6 4
6 1 7 5 6 7 0 12 7 3
7 1 8 5 6 7 0 12 8 3
8 1 2 2 3 3 24 2 2
9 1 3 3 4 3 24 3 2
10 1 4 3 4 5 3 24 4 3
11 1 5 3 4 5 3 24 5 3
12 1 6 3 4 5 6 3 24 6 4
13 1 7 5 6 7 3 24 7 3
14 1 8 5 6 7 3 24 8 3
15 1 2 2 3 4 28 2 2
16 1 3 3 4 4 28 3 2
17 1 4 3 4 5 4 28 4 3
18 1 5 3 4 5 4 28 5 3
19 1 6 3 4 5 6 4 28 6 4
20 1 7 5 6 7 4 28 7 3
21 1 8 5 6 7 4 28 8 3
22 1 2 2 3 5 32 2 2
23 1 3 3 4 5 32 3 2
24 1 4 3 4 5 5 32 4 3
25 1 5 3 4 5 5 32 5 3
26 1 6 3 4 5 6 5 32 6 4
27 1 7 5 6 7 5 32 7 3
28 1 8 5 6 7 5 32 8 3
29 2 2 2 3 0 12 4 2
30 2 3 2 3 0 12 6 2
31 2 2 2 3 3 24 4 2
32 2 3 2 3 3 24 6 2
33 2 2 2 3 4 28 4 2
34 2 3 2 3 4 28 6 2
35 2 2 2 3 5 32 4 2
36 2 3 2 3 5 32 6 2
37 3 2 2 0 12 6 1
38 3 3 3 0 12 9 1
39 3 2 2 3 24 6 1
40 3 3 3 3 24 9 1
41 3 2 2 4 28 6 1
42 3 3 3 4 28 9 1
43 3 2 2 5 32 6 1
44 3 3 3 5 32 9 1
Total Number of Box Structures 104

NOTATION :- Nc / ab / Ec Stands for


No. of CELLS/ CLEAR WIDTH - CLEAR HEIGHT/ HEIGHT OF EARTH CUSHION.
MASTER TABLE for AGGREGATE GRADATION TABLES FOR FLEXIBLE PAVEMENTS, RIGID PAVEMENTS AND CEMENT CONCRETES.
Gradati
Specifi
on I.S. Sieve Size in mm
S.No Specification Name cation Remarks S.No
Table
No 75 53 45 40 37.5 31.5 26.5 22.4 20.0 19.0 13.2 12.5 11.2 10 9.5 4.75 2.36 1.18 0.850 0.600 0.425 0.300 0.150 0.075
No
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 1
GRANULAR BASES and SUB-BASES
1 Granular Sub-base Gr.I 401 400-1 100 80-100 - - - - 55-90 - - - - - - - 35-65 25-55 20-40 - - - 10-15 - - <5 1
2 Granular Sub-base Gr.II 401 400-1 - 100 - - - - 70-100 - - - - - - - 50-80 40-65 30-50 - - - 10-15 - - <5 2
3 Granular Sub-base Gr.III 401 400-1 - 100 - - - - 55-75 - - - - - - - - 10-30 - - - - - - - <5 3
4 Granular Sub-base Gr.IV 401 400-1 - 100 - - - - 50-80 - - - - - - - - 15-35 - - - - - - - <5 4
5 Granular Sub-base Gr.V 401 400-1 100 80-100 - - - - 55-90 - - - - - - - 35-65 25-50 10-20 - 2-10 - 0-5 - - - 5
6 Granular Sub-base Gr.VI 401 400-1 - 100 - - - - 75-100 - - - - - - - 55-75 30-55 10-25 - - - 0-8 - - 0-3 6
7 Wet Mix Macadam 406 400-13 - 100 95-100 - - - - 60-80 - - - - 40-60 - - 25-40 15-30 - - 8-22 - - - 0-5 7
BITUMINOUS BASE COURSES
8 Bituminous Macadam Gr. 504 500-7 - - 100 - 90-100 - 75-100 - - - 35-61 - - - - 13-22 4-19 - - - - 2-10 - 0-8 8
1
9 Bituminous Macadam Gr. 504 500-7 - - - - - - 100 - - 90-100 56-88 - - - - 16-36 4-19 - - - - 2-10 - 0-8 9
2
10 Dense Bituminous 505 500-10 - - 100 - 95-100 - 63-93 - - - 55-75 - - - - 38-54 28-42 - - - - 7-21 - 2-8 10
Macadam Gr. 1
11 Dense Bituminous 505 500-10 - - - - 100 - 90-100 - - 71-95 56-80 - - - - 38-54 28-42 - - - - 7-21 - 2-8 11
Macadam Gr. 2
BITUMINOUS SURFACE COURSES
12 Bituminous Concrete Gr. 507 500-17 - - - - - - 100 - - 90-100 59-79 - - - 52-72 35-55 28-44 20-34 - 15-27 - 10-20 5-13 2-8 12
1
13 Bituminous Concrete Gr. 507 500-17 - - - - - - - - - 100 90-100 - - - 70-88 53-71 42-58 34-48 - 26-38 - 18-28 12-20 4-10 13
2
14 Semi-Dense Bituminous 508 500-15 - - - - - - - - - 100 90-100 - - - 70-90 35-51 24-39 15-30 - - - 9-19 - 3-8 MoRT&H 14
Concrete Gr. 1 4 th
15 Semi-Dense Bituminous 508 500-15 - - - - - - - - - - 100 - - - 90-100 35-51 24-39 15-30 - - - 9-19 - 3-8 Revision 15
Concrete Gr. 2
COARSE AGGREGATES FOR PLAIN AND REINFORCED CEMENT CONCRETE
16 Coarse Aggregate of 1007 1000-1 - - - 95-100 - - - - 30-70 - - - - 10-35 - 0-5 - - - - - - - - 16
Nominal Size 40 mm
17 Coarse Aggregate of 1007 1000-1 - - - 100 - - - - 95-100 - - - - 25-55 - 0-10 - - - - - - - - 16
Nominal Size 20 mm
18 Coarse Aggregate of 1007 1000-1 - - - - - - - - 100 - - 90-100 - 40-85 - 0-10 - - - - - - - - 18
Nominal Size 12.5 mm
CEMENT CONCRETE PAVEMENT SUB-BASE
19 Dry Lean Cement 601 600-1 - - - - - - 100 - - 75-95 - - - - 50-70 30-55 17-42 - - 8-22 - 7-17 2-12 0-10 19
Concrete Sub-Base
CEMENT CONCRETE PAVEMENT
20 Cement Concrete 602 600-3 - - - - - 100 85-95 - - 68-88 - - - - 45-65 30-55 - - - 8-30 - - 5-15 0-5 20
Pavement
BLENDING RATIONS OF MARKET AVAILABLE AGGREGATES TO OBTAIN
REQUIRED GRADATION OF SPECIFICATIONS
Specification
COARSER Gradation FINER Gradation AVERAGE Gradation

Remarks
S.No.

or 40 mm

or 40 mm

or 40 mm
or 20 mm

or 20 mm

or 20 mm
> 12 mm

6 mm

> 12 mm
2.36 mm

6 mm

> 12 mm
2.36 mm

6 mm

2.36 mm
> 40 mm
> 20 mm

> 40 mm
> 20 mm

> 40 mm
> 20 mm
12 mm

12 mm

12 mm

S.No.
1 GSB Gr I 30.15 20.34 9.96 11.19 8.37 20.00 4.06 12.80 12.45 12.32 18.37 40.00 17.11 16.57 11.20 11.75 13.37 30.00 1
2 GSB Gr II 12.18 23.31 9.96 11.19 13.37 30.00 0.00 5.49 9.96 14.50 20.06 50.00 6.09 14.40 9.96 12.84 16.71 40.00 2
3 GSB Gr III 18.27 34.10 13.37 18.15 7.80 8.31 10.15 22.22 13.37 18.15 10.33 25.79 14.21 28.16 13.37 18.15 9.07 17.05 3
4 GSB Gr IV 20.30 35.43 10.40 14.11 7.29 12.47 8.12 19.25 13.37 18.15 11.17 29.94 14.21 27.34 11.89 16.13 9.23 21.21 4
5 GSB Gr V 30.15 20.34 9.96 11.19 18.37 10.00 4.06 12.80 12.45 15.64 35.06 20.00 17.11 16.57 11.20 13.41 26.71 15.00 5
6 GSB Gr VI 10.15 20.34 9.96 21.13 28.43 10.00 0.00 6.86 12.45 18.95 36.74 25.00 5.08 13.60 11.20 20.04 32.58 17.50 6
7 WMM 10.90 21.50 17.50 15.60 16.80 17.70 3.30 16.60 15.60 17.40 16.30 30.80 7.10 19.05 16.55 16.50 16.55 24.25 7
8 BM Gr1 6.46 34.69 25.90 14.92 14.03 4.00 0.00 15.75 26.89 26.45 11.91 19.00 3.23 25.22 26.39 20.68 12.97 11.50 8
9 BM Gr2 8.46 39.27 27.13 21.14 4.00 16.85 35.27 28.89 19.00 4.23 28.06 31.20 25.01 11.50 9
10 DBM Gr I 3.23 37.00 6.36 11.53 13.89 28.00 0.00 14.27 12.69 14.24 16.80 42.00 1.62 25.63 9.52 12.89 15.34 35.00 10
11 DBM Gr2 26.07 19.61 12.21 14.11 28.00 4.23 18.20 17.63 17.94 42.00 15.15 18.90 14.92 16.03 35.00 11
12 BC Gr1 8.46 34.57 16.24 12.73 28.00 0.00 23.03 16.24 16.73 44.00 4.23 28.80 16.24 14.73 36.00 12
13 BC Gr2 15.80 25.48 16.73 42.00 3.48 19.79 18.73 58.00 9.64 22.63 17.73 50.00 13
14 SDBC Gr1 15.80 37.41 22.80 24.00 2.90 32.96 25.14 39.00 9.35 35.18 23.97 31.50 14
15 SDBC Gr2 2.90 43.57 29.54 24.00 0.00 32.49 28.52 39.00 1.45 38.03 29.03 31.50 15
16 SS 40 5.00 65.00 14.74 12.12 3.14 30.00 25.79 29.79 14.41 2.50 47.50 20.27 20.96 8.78 16
17 SS 20 5.00 51.59 35.57 7.85 33.16 42.72 24.12 2.50 42.38 39.14 15.98 17
18 SS 12.5 19.15 68.30 12.55 2.74 63.72 33.54 10.95 66.01 23.04 18
19 DLC 21.15 20.43 21.69 19.74 17.00 4.23 17.35 18.37 18.06 42.00 12.69 18.89 20.03 18.90 29.50 19
20 PQC 29.38 17.87 17.70 12.49 22.56 10.92 16.33 14.38 11.82 46.55 20.15 17.10 16.04 12.16 34.56 20

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CEMENT CONCRETE PAVEMENTS
CC PAVEMENT SLAB THICKNESS & M.S. DOWEL BAR DETAILS
SLAB Thickness Maximum Contraction Joint Diameter (d) Length, Spacing,
mm Spacing (m) mm mm mm
200 4.50 25 360 300
230 4.50 30 400 300
250 4.50 32 450 300
280 4.50 36 450 300
300 5.00 38 500 300
350 5.00 38 500 300

TIE BAR DETAILS in CC PAVEMENTS


SLAB Thickness Max. Spacing, mm Minimum Length, mm
Diameter (d) mm
mm Plain Deformed Plain Deformed
8 330 530 440 480
150
10 520 830 510 560
10 390 620 510 560
200
12 560 900 580 640
250 12 450 720 580 640
12 370 600 580 640
300
16 660 1060 720 800
12 320 510 580 640
350
16 570 910 720 800

STEEL & REINFORCEMET

REINFORCEMENT : WEIGHTS AT SPECIFIED SPACINGS AND UNIT WEIGHTS


Weight per Length Weights of reinforcement at following Spacings - One way
Size met. per ton
(kg) (m) 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 300
6 0.222 4505 2.960 2.220 1.776 1.480 1.269 1.110 0.987 0.888 0.740
8 0.395 2532 5.267 3.950 3.160 2.633 2.257 1.975 1.756 1.580 1.317
10 0.616 1623 8.213 6.160 4.928 4.107 3.520 3.080 2.738 2.464 2.053
12 0.888 1126 11.840 8.880 7.104 5.920 5.074 4.440 3.947 3.552 2.960
16 1.579 633 21.053 15.790 12.632 10.527 9.023 7.895 7.018 6.316 5.263
20 2.466 406 32.880 24.660 19.728 16.440 14.091 12.330 10.960 9.864 8.220
25 3.854 259 51.387 38.540 30.832 25.693 22.023 19.270 17.129 15.416 12.847
28 6.313 158 -- 63.130 50.504 42.087 36.074 31.565 28.058 25.252 21.043
30 9.864 101 -- -- 78.912 65.760 56.366 49.320 43.840 39.456 32.880
2
Basic weight = 0.00785 kg / mm
Weight per meter = 0.006165 ø2 = ø2/162.20
2 2
Weight per mm at spacing s (mm) = 6.165 ø /s kg
ø = Diameter of bar in millimeter.
CONVERSIONS - MULTIWAY
Nautical
LENGTH Micron Millimeter Centimeter Meter Kilometer Inch foot Yard Mile
Mile
1 micron= 1 0.001 0.00010 0.000001 1.000E-09 3.937E-05 3.281E-06 1.094E-06 6.214E-10 5.400E-10
1 Millimeter= 1000 1 0.100 0.001 0.000001 0.0393701 0.0032808 0.0010936 6.213E-07 5.399E-07
Centimeter= 10000 10 1 0.01 0.00001 0.3937008 0.0328084 0.0109361 6.213E-06 5.399E-06
1 meter = 1000000 1000 100 1 0.001 39.3701 3.28084 1.09361 6.213E-04 5.399E-04
Kilometer= 1.00E+09 1000000 100000 1000 1 39370.1 3280.84 1093.61 0.6213 0.5399
1 inch = 25400 25.4 2.54 0.0254 0.0000254 1 0.083333 0.027778 1.578E-05 1.371E-05
1 foot = 304800 304.8 30.48 0.3048 0.0003048 12 1 0.3333 1.893E-04 1.645E-04
1 yard = 914400 914.4 91.44 0.9144 0.0009144 36 3 1 5.681E-04 4.937E-04
1 mile = 1.609E+09 1609344 160934.4 1609.344 1.609344 63360 5280 1760 1 0.868976
1 Nautical Mile= 1.852E+09 1852000 185200 1852 1.852 72913.4 6076.12 2025.37 1.15078 1

square square square square square square square square


AREA millimeter centimeter meter kilometer
hectare
inch foot yard
acre
mile
1 sq. millimeter= 1 0.01 1.0000E-06 1.0000E-12 1.0000E-10 1.5500E-03 1.0764E-05 1.196E-06 2.4711E-10 3.861E-13
1 sq. centimeter= 100 1 1.0000E-04 1.0000E-10 1.0000E-08 1.5500E-01 1.0764E-03 1.196E-04 2.4711E-08 3.861E-11
1 sq. meter= 1000000 10000 1 1.0000E-06 1.0000E-04 1550 10.7639 1.19599 2.4711E-04 3.861E-07
1 sq. kilo meter= 1.0000E+12 1.0000E+10 1000000 1 1.0000E+02 1.5500E+09 1.0764E+07 1.196E+06 2.4711E+02 0.386102
1 hectare= 1.0000E+10 1.0000E+08 10000 1.0000E-02 1 1.5500E+07 107639 11959.9 2.47105 3.861E-03
1 sq. inch= 645.16129 6.4516129 6.4516E-04 6.4516E-10 6.4516E-08 1 6.944E-03 7.716E-04 1.5942E-07 2.491E-10
1 sq. foot= 92903.04 929.031299 0.0929031 9.2903E-08 9.29E-06 144 1 0.111111 2.2957E-05 3.587E-08
1 sq. yard= 836127.39 8361.27392 0.836127 8.3613E-07 8.361E-05 1296 9 1 2.0661E-04 3.228E-07
1 acre= 4.0469E+09 4.0469E+07 4046.86 4.0469E-03 0.404686 6272640 43560 4840 1 1.563E-03
1 sq. mile 2.590E+12 2.5900E+10 2589989 2.589989 258.9989 4.014E+09 2.788E+07 3.098E+06 640 1

cubic cubic cubic cubic cubic cubic


VOLUME millimeter centimeter meter
liter
inch foot yard
gallon

1 cub. millimeter= 1 0.001 1.00E-09 0.000001 6.102E-05 3.531E-08 1.308E-09 2.20E-07


1 cub. centimeter= 1000 1 1.00E-06 0.001 6.10E-02 3.53E-05 1.308E-06 0.000220
1 cubic Meter= 1.00E+09 1000000 1 1000 61023.7 35.3147 1.30795 219.96925
1 liter= 1000000 1000 0.001 1 61.0237 0.0353147 1.3080E-03 0.2199692
1 cubic Inch= 16387.064 16.387064 1.639E-05 0.0163871 1 5.7870E-04 2.1433E-05 0.0036047
1 cubic foot= 28316847 28316.8466 0.0283168 28.31682 1728 1 0.037037 6.2288355
1 cubic yard= 764554858 764554.858 0.7645552 764.55522 46656 27 1 168.17856
1 gallon= 4546090 4546.09 0.0045461 4.54609 277.41943 0.1605437 0.0059461 1

MASS gram kilogram quintal ton pound ounce Newton PREFIXES USED TO DENOTE
DECIMAL MULTIPLES or
1 gram= 1 0.001 0.00001 0.000001 0.0022046 0.035274 0.0098067 SUBMULTIPLES of
1 kilogram= 1000 1 0.01 0.001 2.2046225 35.27396 9.8066501 METRIC UNITS
1 quintal= 100000 100 1 0.1 220.46225 3527.396 980.66501 milli m x 10-3
1 ton= 1000000 1000 10 1 2204.6225 35273.96 9806.6501 kilo k x 103
1 pound= 453.5924 0.4535924 0.0045359 0.0004536 1 16 4.448222 million
M x 106
1 ounce= 28.349525 0.02834953 0.0002835 2.835E-05 0.0625 1 0.2780139 (mega)
1 Newton= 101.97162 0.10197162 0.0010197 0.000102 0.2248089 3.5969428 1 billion b x 109
trillion t x 1012
meter per kilometer foot per mile
LINEAR VELOCITY second per hour second per hour
1 meter/sec= 1 3.6 3.28084 2.23694
1 kilometer/hour= 0.2777778 1 0.911344 0.621371
1 foot /second= 0.3048 1.09728 1 0.681818
1 mile /hour= 0.44704 1.609344 1.4666671 1
UNIT WEIGHTS of MATERIALS
MASS/ WEIGHT MASS/ WEIGHT
S.No MATERIAL 3
S.No MATERIAL 3
kN/m kN/m
Broken bricks coarse aggregate 48 Earth:- Dry 13.85 to 18.05
1 Fine 14.20 49 Earth:- Moist 15.70 to 19.60
2 Coarse 9.90 50 Gravel: Loose 15.70
3 Cinder 7.85 51 Gravel: Moderately rammed, dry 18.85
4 Brick dust ( SURKHI ) 9.90 52 Loam: Dry, loose 11.75
5 Bricks-Common burnt clay 15.70 to 18.85 53 Loam: Dry, compact 15.70
6 Bricks-Engineering bricks 21.20 54 Loam: Wet, compact 18.85
7 Bricks-Heavy duty bricks 24.50 55 Loam: Loess, dry 14.10
8 Bricks-Pressed bricks 17.25 to 18.05 56 Marl, compact 17.25 to 18.85
9 Bricks-Refractory bricks 17.25 to 19.60 57 Mud, river, wet 17.25 to 18.85
10 Bricks-Sand cement bricks 18.05 58 Peat: Dry 5.50 to 6.30
11 Bricks-Sand lime bricks 20.40 59 Peat: Sandy, compact 7.85
12 Cement- Ordinary and aluminous 14.10 60 Peat: Wet, compact 13.35
13 Cement- Rapid-hardening 12.55 61 Rip-rap 12.55 to 14.10
14 Cement Concrete, Plain With sand and 22.00 to 23.50 62 Sand: Dry, clean 15.10 to 15.70
gravel or crushed natural stone 63 Sand: River 18.05
aggregate 64 Sand: Wet 17.25 to 19.60
15 Cement Concrete, Prestressed 23.50 65 Sand: Fine sand: Dry 15.70
Cement Concrete, Reinforced With 66 Sand: Fine sand: Saturated 20.40
sand and gravel or crushed natural 67 Sand: Fine sand: Silt, wet 17.25 to 18.85
stone aggregate: 68 Stone- Aggregate 15.70 to 18.85
16 With 1 percent steel 22.75 to 24.20 69 Stone- Basalt 27.95 to 29.05
17 With 2 percent steel 23.25 to 24.80 70 Stone- Chalk 21.50
18 With 5 percent steel 24.80 to 26.50 71 Stone- Dolomite 28.25
19 Cement Mortar/ Cement Plaster 20.40 72 Stone- Granite 25.90 to 27.45
20 Iron- Pig 70.60 73 Stone- Green stone 28.25
21 Iron- Gray, cast 68.95 to 69.90 74 Stone- Laterite 20.40 to 23.55
22 Iron- White, cast 74.30 to 75.70 75 Stone- Lime stone 23.55 to 25.90
23 Iron- Wrought 75.50 76 Stone- Marble 26.70
Masonry, Brick 77 Stone- Quartz rock 25.90
24 Masonry- Common burnt clay bricks 18.85 78 Sand stone 21.95 to 23.54
25 Masonry- Engineering bricks 23.55 79 Slate 27.45
26 Masonry- Glazed bricks 20.40 80 Steel- Cast 77.00
27 Masonry- Pressed bricks 22.00 81 Steel- Wrought mild 76.80
Masonry, Stone 82 Timber Babul 7.70
28 Masonry- Cast stone 22.55 83 Timber- Sal 8.48
29 Masonry- Dry rubble stone 20.40 84 Timber -Teak 6.28
30 Masonry- Granite ashlar stone 25.90 85 Water- Fresh 9.81
31 Masonry- Granite rubble stone 23.55 86 Water- Salt 10.05
32 Masonry- Lime stone ashlar stone 25.10 87 Milk 10.05
33 Masonry- Marble dressed stone 26.50 88 salt- bags 7.05
34 Masonry- Sand stone 22.00 89 salt- bulk 9.40
Soils and Gravels 90 Gold: 189.55
35 Alluvial ground, undisturbed 15.69 91 Hollow concrete units including any 1.67
Broken stone ballast: 92 concrete topping 2.16
36 Dry, well-shaken 15.70 to 18.35 93 2.65
37 Perfectly wet 18.85 to 21.95 94 3.14
38 Chalk 15.70 to 18.85 Floors, wood:
39 Clay:- China, compact 21.95 95 Hard wood 0.16
40 Clay fills Dry, lumps 10.20 96 Hard wood 0.20
41 Clay fills Dry, compact 14.10 97 Soft wood 0.11
42 Clay fills Damp, compact 17.25 98 Soft wood 0.13
43 Clay fills Wet, compact 20.40 Floor finishes: Clay floor tiles
44 Clay fills: Undisturbed 18.85 99 12.5 to 25.4 mm 0.10 to 0.2
45 Clay fills: Undisturbed, gravelly 20.40 100 Terra cotta, filled ‘as laid 0.23
46 Diesel oil 9.40 101 Brick wall Partitions: 1.91
47 Petrol 6.75