Sie sind auf Seite 1von 23
Technical Requirements and Measure Methods for Digital Terrestrial TV Tuner Hanqi Zhang Vice Executive Secretary
Technical Requirements and Measure Methods for Digital Terrestrial TV Tuner Hanqi Zhang Vice Executive Secretary
Technical Requirements and Measure Methods for Digital Terrestrial TV Tuner Hanqi Zhang Vice Executive Secretary

Technical Requirements and Measure

Methods for Digital Terrestrial TV Tuner

and Measure Methods for Digital Terrestrial TV Tuner Hanqi Zhang Vice Executive Secretary General of China

Hanqi Zhang

Vice Executive Secretary General of China DTV Council

Background of this field

Background of this field Tuner plays very important role in the DTV STB or iDTV. Some

Tuner plays very important role in the DTV STB or iDTV. Some of the parameters such as C/N or sensitivity were decided by the quality of the TUNER.

C/N or sensitivity were decided by the quality of the TUNER. Full-NIM TUNER NIM: Network Interface

Full-NIM TUNER

were decided by the quality of the TUNER. Full-NIM TUNER NIM: Network Interface Module Half-NIM TUNER

NIM: Network Interface Module

of the TUNER. Full-NIM TUNER NIM: Network Interface Module Half-NIM TUNER Silicon TUNER In the Full-NIM

Half-NIM TUNER

Full-NIM TUNER NIM: Network Interface Module Half-NIM TUNER Silicon TUNER In the Full-NIM or the Half-NIM
Full-NIM TUNER NIM: Network Interface Module Half-NIM TUNER Silicon TUNER In the Full-NIM or the Half-NIM

Silicon TUNER

In the Full-NIM or the Half-NIM era, there are too many discrete electronic components and the parameters should be adjusted by stirring the inductors.

The consistency of the Silicon TUNER is the best.

and the parameters should be adjusted by stirring the inductors. The consistency of the Silicon TUNER

Background of this field

Background of this field Performance: Some years ago, the RF part should be shielded by a
Background of this field Performance: Some years ago, the RF part should be shielded by a
Background of this field Performance: Some years ago, the RF part should be shielded by a
Background of this field Performance: Some years ago, the RF part should be shielded by a

Performance: Some years ago, the RF part should be shielded by a metal shell or can. That is why we call this kind of tuner as CAN-TUNER. Price: 10 years ago, full-NIM TUNER ~10USD/pcs; 5 years ago, half-NIM TUNER ~5USD/pcs; At present, silicon TUNER ~1.5USD/pcs

10 years ago, full-NIM TUNER ~10USD/pcs; 5 years ago, half-NIM TUNER ~5USD/pcs; At present, silicon TUNER

Technical Requirements

Technical Requirements Basic Designing Requirement No. Items M. or O. Technical Requirements 1 RF Input

Basic Designing Requirement

No.

Items

M. or O.

Technical Requirements

1

RF Input Interface

Mandatory

Conform to product's spec.

2

RF Loop-through Interface

Optional

Conform to product's spec.

3

Input Resistance

 

75Ω

4

Output Resistance

 

75Ω

5

IF Output Interface

Mandatory

Conform to product's spec.

     

IF

32MHz~44MHz

6

IF Frequency

Low IF

4MHz~10MHz

Zero IF

Base band IQ

7

Control Interface

Mandatory

I

2 C

8

IF AGC Control

Mandatory

Control Voltage should conform to product's spec.

Mandatory I 2 C 8 IF AGC Control Mandatory Control Voltage should conform to product's spec.

Technical Requirements

RF Receiving Requirement

No.

 

Items

Unit

Parameters

 

VHF

UHF

1

Input Frequency Range

 

MHz

48.5~92; 167~223; 470~566; 606~870

2

Coverage Margin

 

MHz

2

     

4MHz; -4MHz

 

3

3

Amplitude-Frequency Characteristic

Out-band Attenuation a

4.5MHz; -4.5MHz

dB

15

5MHz; -5MHz

32

 

In-band Flatness (±3.78MHz)

2

4

Total Power Gain

 

dB

85

5

Difference of Power Gain

 

dB

8

6

Control Range of AGC

 

dB

85

7

 

Noise Figure

dB

5.5

8

Maximum Input Signal Level

 

dBμV

100

9

Image Rejection Ratio

 

dB

60

     

1kHz

 

-70

10

Phase Noise

 

10kHz

dBc

-85

 

100kHz

-95

11

Input Reflection Loss

 

dB

5

12

Max. Output Level of IF

 

Vp-p

2

13

Frequency Offset of IF

 

kHz

±1

a-taking the central frequent point as the basic frequency and the basic voltage point as the 0 volt. See diagram 1.

 
the central frequent point as the basic frequency and the basic voltage point as the 0
the central frequent point as the basic frequency and the basic voltage point as the 0

Technical Requirements

Diagram 1: Out-band Attenuation

Technical Requirements Diagram 1: Out-band Attenuation RF Loop-through output performance No. Items Unit

RF Loop-through output performance

No.

Items

Unit

Parameters

1

Loop-through Gain

dB

1~+3

2

Noise Factor

dB

8

3

Reflection Noise

dB

8

4

Rejection Ratio of Second-order Inter-modulation

dB

50

5

Rejection Ratio of Third-order Inter-modulation

dB

55

of Second-order Inter-modulation dB ≥ 50 5 Rejection Ratio of Third-order Inter-modulation dB ≥ 55
of Second-order Inter-modulation dB ≥ 50 5 Rejection Ratio of Third-order Inter-modulation dB ≥ 55

Measurement Method

Best Testing Site

Shielded room

Environment Conditions

Ambient temperature: 0 C~40 C

Relative Humidity: 25%~90%

Stabilization Time

At least 15 minutes in the measurement environment

Measurement Channels

VHF band: both ends channels

UHF band: both ends channels and a middle channel

Standard RF signal level

60 dBμV at the central frequency point of the measurement.

Measurement Instruments

No.

Devices

Requirements

1

Standard Signal Generator

Single frequency signals with variable amplitude and variable frequency can be generated

2

Frequency Meter

Single frequency signals can be measured

3

Frequency Sweeping Signal Generator

Frequency sweeping signals can be generated

4

Network Analyzer

Reflection loss can be measured

5

Frequency Analyzer

Signal frequency spectrum can be measured

6

Noise Factor Tester

Noise Factor can be measured

Analyzer Signal frequency spectrum can be measured 6 Noise Factor Tester Noise Factor can be measured
Analyzer Signal frequency spectrum can be measured 6 Noise Factor Tester Noise Factor can be measured

Measurement Method

Receiving Frequency Range

Standard Signal

Generator

IF.OUT RF.IN Tuner
IF.OUT
RF.IN
Tuner

Frequency Meter

Notes of the measurement steps:

1.

Adjust the output frequency of the standard signal generator to the central frequency of the lowest-frequency channel of the operating UHF frequency band and the output electrical level to the standard RF signal.

2.

Adjust the tuning control of the tuner and make the frequency meter show the

intermediate frequency.

3.

Repeat step 1 and 2 at the highest-frequency channel of the operating UHF frequency band.

4.

Repeat step 1 to 3 in the VHF frequency band.

the highest-frequency channel of the operating UHF frequency band. 4. Repeat step 1 to 3 in
the highest-frequency channel of the operating UHF frequency band. 4. Repeat step 1 to 3 in

Measurement Method

Coverage Margin

The block diagram is just the same as previous one.

Notes of the measurement steps:

1.

Adjust the output frequency of the standard signal generator to be 2 MHz lower than the central frequency of the lowest-frequency channels of the operating frequency band and the output electrical level to the standard RF signal level.

2.

Adjust the tuning control of the tuner and make the frequency meter show the intermediate frequency.

3.

Adjust the output frequency of the standard signal generator to be 2 MHz higher than the central frequency of the highest-frequency channels of the operating frequency band and the output electrical level to the standard RF signal level.

of the operating frequency band and the output electrical level to the standard RF signal level.

4.

Repeat step 2.

of the operating frequency band and the output electrical level to the standard RF signal level.

Measurement Method

Amplitude-Frequency Characteristic

Frequency Sweeping RF.IN Tuner Signal Generator RF.OUT
Frequency Sweeping
RF.IN
Tuner
Signal Generator
RF.OUT
Frequency Sweeping RF.IN Tuner Signal Generator RF.OUT Notes of the measurement steps(Out-band Attenuation): 1. 2.

Notes of the measurement steps(Out-band Attenuation):

1.

2.

3.

4.

Adjust the frequency sweeping signal generator to generate RF frequency sweeping signals of which the frequency is the central frequency of the channel to be tested.

Adjust the tuner to work on the tested channel and then modulate the tuner properly.

Adjust the sweep width and the output amplitude of the frequency sweeping signal generator and make the monitor present the appropriate waveform.

Set the electrical level of the IF central frequency as 0 dB and record the decibel

value of the electrical level at the measured point as the out-band attenuation value.

as 0 dB and record the decibel value of the electrical level at the measured point

Measurement Method

Notes of the measurement steps(In-band Flatness):

1.

Adjust the frequency sweeping signal generator to generate RF frequency

sweeping signals of which the frequency is the central frequency of the channel to be tested and the output voltage is the standard RF signal level.

and the output voltage is the standard RF signal level. 2. 3. 4. 5. Adjust the

2.

3.

4.

5.

Adjust the tuner to work on the tested channel and then modulate the tuner properly.

Adjust the sweep width and the output amplitude of the frequency sweeping signal generator and make the monitor present the appropriate waveform.

Set the central frequency as the intermediate frequency, take the electrical

level of the in-band highest-amplitude point of ±3.78 MHz bandwidth as A dBμV and that of the lowest-amplitude point as B dBμV.

Then, the value of the In-band flatness is C=A-B.

as A dB μ V and that of the lowest-amplitude point as B dB μ V.

Measurement Method

Total Power Gain:

Standard Signal

Generator

IF.OUT RF.IN Tuner
IF.OUT
RF.IN
Tuner

Spectrum Analyzer

Notes of the measurement steps:

Tuner Spectrum Analyzer Notes of the measurement steps: 1. Adjust the output frequency of the standard

1. Adjust the output frequency of the standard signal generator to the central frequency of the tested channels and the output electrical level to the standard RF signal level.

2. Adjust the tuner working on the tested channel, and the RF.AGC and the IF.AGC are set to be the nominal value regulated by the product specification.

3. Gradually lower the output level of the standard signal generator till the tuner

output level B dBμV and the generator electrical level A dBμV are synchronously

lowered with 1 dB as the step length (AGC disabled).

level A dB μ V are synchronously lowered with 1 dB as the step length (AGC

4. Total Power Gain: C=B-A

Measurement Method

Difference of Total Power:

The block diagram is just the same as previous one.

Notes of the measurement steps:

the same as previous one. Notes of the measurement steps: 1. Measure the power gain among

1.

Measure the power gain among the range of all the receiving channels according

to previous part: Total Power Gain.

2.

Identify the channel of the highest power gain and denote its power gain as A dB.

3.

Identify the channel of the lowest power gain and denote its power gain as B dB.

4.

Difference of Total Power Gain: C=B-A

the channel of the lowest power gain and denote its power gain as B dB. 4.

Measurement Method

The Control Range of RF.AGC

The block diagram is just the same as previous one.

RF.AGC The block diagram is just the same as previous one. Notes of the measurement steps:

Notes of the measurement steps:

1. Adjust the output frequency of the standard signal generator to the central frequency

of the tested channels and the output electrical level to the standard RF signal level.

Make the IF.AGC fixed.

2. Set the RF.AGC voltage to the maximum value regulated by the product specification.

3. Gradually lower the output level of the standard signal generator till the tuner output

level B dBμV and the generator electrical level A dBμV are synchronously lowered

with 1 dB as the step length (AGC disabled).

4. Then set the RF.AGC voltage to the minimum value regulated by the product specification and record the IF output level as C dB μV.

5. The control range of RF.AGE: D=B-C

regulated by the product specification and record the IF output level as C dB μ V.

Measurement Method

The Control Range of IF.AGC

The block diagram is just the same as previous one.

IF.AGC The block diagram is just the same as previous one. Notes of the measurement steps:

Notes of the measurement steps:

1. Adjust the output frequency of the standard signal generator to the central frequency

of the tested channels and the output electrical level to the standard RF signal level.

Make the RF.AGC fixed.

2. Set the IF.AGC voltage to the maximum value regulated by the product specification.

3. Gradually lower the output level of the standard signal generator till the tuner output

level B dBμV and the generator electrical level A dBμV are synchronously lowered

with 1 dB as the step length (AGC disabled).

4. Then set the IF.AGC voltage to the minimum value regulated by the product specification and record the IF output level as C dB μV.

5. The control range of IF.AGE: D=B-C

regulated by the product specification and record the IF output level as C dB μ V.

Measurement Method

Noise Factor:

Noise Factor Tester

Tuner
Tuner

Noise Factor Tester

Notes of the measurement steps:

Tuner Noise Factor Tester Notes of the measurement steps: 1. Adjust the tuner to work on

1.

Adjust the tuner to work on the tested channel. The RF.AGC and the IF.AGC are

set to be the nominal value regulated by the product specification.

2.

Read the noise factor figure on the noise factor tester.

nominal value regulated by the product specification. 2. Read the noise factor figure on the noise

Measurement Method

Maximum Input Signal Level:

Standard Signal Generator

IF.OUT RF.IN Tuner
IF.OUT
RF.IN
Tuner

Spectrum Analyzer

Signal Generator IF.OUT RF.IN Tuner Spectrum Analyzer Notes of the measurement steps: 1. Adjust the output

Notes of the measurement steps:

1. Adjust the output frequency of the standard signal generator to the central frequency of the tested channels and the output electrical level to the standard RF signal level.

2. Adjust the tuner to work on the tested channel.

3. Increase the output of the standard signal generator and modulate the control voltage of RF.AGC and IF.AGC. The input signal level of the tuner is the maximum input signal level in case that the tuner input level increases by 2 dB while its output level only increases by 1.5 dB.

input signal level in case that the tuner input level increases by 2 dB while its

Measurement Method

Image Rejection Ratio:

Standard Signal Generator 1

Standard Signal

Generator 2

Standard Signal Generator 1 Standard Signal Generator 2 RF.IN RF.OUT Spectrum Tuner Analyzer Mixer Notes of
Standard Signal Generator 1 Standard Signal Generator 2 RF.IN RF.OUT Spectrum Tuner Analyzer Mixer Notes of
RF.IN RF.OUT Spectrum Tuner Analyzer Mixer
RF.IN
RF.OUT
Spectrum
Tuner
Analyzer
Mixer
Generator 2 RF.IN RF.OUT Spectrum Tuner Analyzer Mixer Notes of the measurement steps: 1. Adjust the
Generator 2 RF.IN RF.OUT Spectrum Tuner Analyzer Mixer Notes of the measurement steps: 1. Adjust the

Notes of the measurement steps:

1.

Adjust the output frequency of the standard signal generator 1 to the central frequency f c1 of the tested channels and the output electrical level to the standard RF signal level, shut down the standard signal generator 2.

Record the useful signal level A dBμV of the tuner input terminal and the amplitude B

dBμV of the useful signal level on the screen of the spectrum analyzer at this time.

Open the standard signal generator 2 and modulate its output frequency to be the central frequency of the image channel f c2 =(f c1 +2 x IF)

Change the output level of the standard signal generator so as to fix the input level of

the tuner to be D=90 dBμV and record the signal level C dBμV of the tested channels on the spectrum analyzer screen.

2.

3.

4.

of the tested channels on the spectrum analyzer screen. 2. 3. 4. 5. The image rejection

5.

The image rejection ratio of the channel E=(D-A)+(B-C)

Measurement Method

Phase Noise:

Standard Signal Generator

IF.OUT RF.IN Tuner
IF.OUT
RF.IN
Tuner

Spectrum Analyzer

Signal Generator IF.OUT RF.IN Tuner Spectrum Analyzer Notes of the measurement steps: 1. Adjust the output

Notes of the measurement steps:

1. Adjust the output frequency of the standard signal generator to the central frequency of the tested channels and the output electrical level to the standard RF signal level.

2. Set the tuner to work on the tested channel and modulate the tuner properly.

3. Record frequency signal level A dBμV in the spectrum analyzer and noise level B dBμV under 1 kHz frequency deviation at this time.

4. Phase noise: C=B-A-10lg(RBW). RBW is known as the resolution bandwidth of the Spectrum Analyzer and it is measured by Hz.

bandwidth of the Spectrum Analyzer and it is measured by Hz. 5. Repeat step 3 and

5. Repeat step 3 and 4 to measure the phase noise at the frequency deviations of

10kHz and 100 kHz.

Measurement Method

Input Reflection Loss:

Network Analyzer

RF.IN Tuner
RF.IN
Tuner

Notes of the measurement steps:

Analyzer RF.IN Tuner Notes of the measurement steps: 1. Adjust the network analyzer, fix the scanning

1. Adjust the network analyzer, fix the scanning frequency band of the analyzer to be 40 MHz1 GHz and then select the reflection loss test.

2. Record the value of the strongest reflection point in the entire operating frequency band.

the reflection loss test. 2. Record the value of the strongest reflection point in the entire

Results of Conformance Test

Results of Conformance Test The conformance test is conducted by Chinese National Digital Video, Audio and

The conformance test is conducted by Chinese National Digital Video, Audio and Multimedia Products Quality Supervision and Inspection Center.

Up to June of 2015, there are 14 kinds of the silicon tuners and demodulators

passing the conformance test. From June, 2015 to May, 2016, another 10

combinations have passed the test.

No.

Silicon Tuner

Demodulator or SOC

Year

Type

Provider

Type

Provider

1

Si2151

Silicon Labs

ATBM8880

ALTOBEAM

2016

2

LG5845

LG (Silicon Labs)

LGE5342

LG (MSTAR)

2016

3

LG5845

LG (Silicon Labs)

ATBM8891

ALTOBEAM

2016

4

LG7845

LG (Silicon Labs)

ATBM8881

ALTOBEAM

2015

5

LG7845

LG (Silicon Labs)

LGE5342

LG (MSTAR)

2015

6

ATBM2030

ALTOBEAM

ATBM8881

ALTOBEAM

2015

7

CXD2871A

SONY

ATBM8880

ALTOBEAM

2015

8

TDA18275

NXP

Hi3751V500

HISILICON

2015

2015 7 CXD2871A SONY ATBM8880 ALTOBEAM 2015 8 TDA18275 NXP Hi3751V500 HISILICON 2015

Results of Conformance Test

Results of Conformance Test No. Silicon Tuner Demodulator or SOC Year Type Provider Type Provider

No.

Silicon Tuner

Demodulator or SOC

Year

Type

Provider

Type

Provider

9

MXL661

MaxLinear

T968

Amlogic

2015

10

M88TC3800

MONTAGE

M88DD6301

MONTAGE

2015

11

Si2150

Silicon Labs

ATBM8881

ALTOBEAM

2015

12

Si2151

Silicon Labs

HD2312A

HDIC

2015

13

Si2158

Silicon Labs

MSD6180

MSTAR

2015

14

Si2178B

Silicon Labs

ATBM8881

ALTOBEAM

2014

15

Si2151

Silicon Labs

ATBM8881

ALTOBEAM

2014

16

Si2148

Silicon Labs

HD2312

HDIC

2014

17

MXL661

MaxLinear

AVL6381TB

AVAILINK

2014

18

TDA18275

NXP

ATBM8880

ALTOBEAM

2014

19

MXL661

MaxLinear

ATBM8880

ALTOBEAM

2014

20

MXL601

MaxLinear

ATBM8880

ALTOBEAM

2014

21

TDA18275

NXP

ATBM8879

ALTOBEAM

2014

22

MXL661

MaxLinear

ATBM8879

ALTOBEAM

2014

23

Si2178

Silicon Labs

ATBM8879

ALTOBEAM

2014

24

Si2176

Silicon Labs

ATBM8878

ALTOBEAM

2014

Si2178 Silicon Labs ATBM8879 ALTOBEAM 2014 24 Si2176 Silicon Labs ATBM8878 ALTOBEAM 2014
Q & A

Q & A

Q & A