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Science Process Skills Rubric Key

Process Skill Novice Apprentice Expert

Uses the senses to describe; Differentiates between Can differentiate an
Observing: to watch cannot differentiate an useful observations and observation from an
conscientiously and make observation from an false observations; uses interpretation; identifies
a systematic scientific interpretation. instruments to gather data. patterns and regularities;
observation. uses instruments to gather
Estimating: Making Makes no guess, or a wild Makes a generalized Can make a rough guess of
educated guesses or rough guess that cannot possibly estimate that may be too the desired measurement,
calculation about a be reasoned. wide or too narrow. and backs it with
quantity. calculations.
Predicting: To state in Is lacking or states Makes sweeping statements Predicts outcomes based on
advance the anticipated inappropriate predictions that have some basis in estimates or other special
outcome on the basis of with no basis. estimates or other special knowledge.
special knowledge. knowledge.
Measuring: To make Does not make Incomplete measurements Makes repeatable
comparisons between an measurements according to or mixed units are measurements in
object and a standardized any standard. employed. appropriate units.
or unstandardized unit of
When data is collected, it is Some signs of organization Uses tables and other means
Collecting Data: To haphazard. Weak on sample of information, but not all to collect information in an
coherently collect sizes. are clearly labeled. One organized manner. Large
information for analysis. trial, small sample sizes. sample size and multiple
Inappropriate Various representation used, Appropriate representations
Making Charts, Graphs
representations, or but not necessarily that are coherently linked to
and Representations: To
representations based on internally consistent. each other.
display data in multiple
information other than that
visual formats.
Analyzing data: To Little evidence of analysis Analysis of data shown, but Proper analysis of data
examine data and often incomplete. error analysis and reliability showing trends, error
systematically and sort the are missing. analysis, and pertinent
data to determine the connections to
nature of the phenomenon. representations.
Erroneous conclusions, Conclusions based on the Statements backed by data
Inferring: To conclude
often not based on the data. data, but lacking declaration and analysis that include
from evidence.
of reliability. confidence levels.
Incomplete report that is Report of highlights, but Logical presentation backed
Communicating: To
missing many elements of lacking organization, some with diagrams, data,
express oneself in a way
the activity. multiple representations, multiple representations,
that is understood.
and weak error analysis. and error analysis.