Sie sind auf Seite 1von 114

Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 1 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

No. 10-16696
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT
KRISTIN M. PERRY, ET AL.,
Plaintiffs-Appellees,
vs.
ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, ET AL.,
Defendants,
and
PROPOSITION 8 OFFICIAL PROPONENTS
DENNIS HOLLINGSWORTH, ET AL.,
Defendants-Intervenors-Appellants.

Appeal From the United States District Court


for the Northern District of California
No. CV-09-02292 VRW
The Honorable Vaughn R. Walker

BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE CALIFORNIA FAITH FOR EQUALITY, CALIFORNIA COUNCIL


OF CHURCHES, GENERAL SYNOD OF THE UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST, UNIVERSAL
FELLOWSHIP OF METROPOLITAN COMMUNITY CHURCHES, THE EPISCOPAL BISHOPS
OF CALIFORNIA AND LOS ANGELES, PROGRESSIVE JEWISH ALLIANCE, PACIFIC
ASSOCIATION OF REFORM RABBIS, UNITARIAN UNIVERSALIST ASSOCIATION, AND
UNITARIAN UNIVERSALIST LEGISLATIVE MINISTRY CALIFORNIA, IN SUPPORT OF
PLAINTIFFS-APPELLEES KRISTIN M. PERRY, ET AL., AND URGING AFFIRMANCE

ERIC ALAN ISAACSON STACEY M. KAPLAN


655 W. Broadway, Suite 1900 580 California Street, Suite 1750
San Diego, CA 92101 San Francisco, CA 94104
Telephone: 619/231-1058 Telephone: 415/400-3000
Attorneys for California Faith for Equality, California Council of Churches,
General Synod of the United Church of Christ, Universal Fellowship of
Metropolitan Community Churches, The Episcopal Bishops of California and Los
Angeles, Progressive Jewish Alliance, Pacific Association of Reform Rabbis,
Unitarian Universalist Association, and Unitarian Universalist Legislative Ministry
California
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 2 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

CORPORATE DISCLOSURE STATEMENT

All corporate amici are nonprofit corporations that issue no stock and that are

not controlled by any publicly held corporation.


Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 3 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

I. INTRODUCTION ...........................................................................................1

II. IDENTITY AND INTEREST OF AMICI.......................................................4

III. ARGUMENT...................................................................................................7

A. Proposition 8 Denies, Rather than Protects Religious Liberty .............7

B. The Becket Fund’s Brief Underscores Proposition 8’s


Fundamental Irrationality....................................................................17

C. The District Court Did Not Err in Rejecting Religious


Rationales as a Sound Basis for Proposition 8....................................23

IV. CONCLUSION..............................................................................................26

-i-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 4 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

TABLE OF AUTHORITIES

Page

CASES

Bandari v. INS,
227 F.3d 1160 (9th Cir. 2000) .................................................................................................12

Barghout v. Bureau of Kosher Meat & Food Control,


66 F.3d 1337 (4th Cir. 1995) ...................................................................................................16

Barnes-Wallace v. BSA,
275 F. Supp. 2d 1259 (S.D. Cal. 2003),
questions certified, 607 F.3d 1167 (9th Cir. 2010) ..................................................................19

Bernstein v. Parker,
No. PN34XB-03008, slip op.
(NJ Office of the Attorney General, Dept. of Law & Public Safety,
Div. on Civil Rights, Dec. 29, 2008) .......................................................................................20

Boy Scouts of America v. Dale,


530 U.S. 640 (2000)...........................................................................................................23, 24

Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah,


508 U.S. 520 (1993).................................................................................................................23

Commack Self-Service Kosher Meats, Inc. v. Weiss,


294 F.3d 415 (2d Cir. 2002).....................................................................................................16

County of Allegheny v. ACLU,


492 U.S. 573 (1989).................................................................................................................15

Democratic Party v. Wisconsin ex rel. La Follette,


450 U.S. 107 (1981).................................................................................................................24

Edwards v. Aguillard,
482 U.S. 578 (1987).................................................................................................................15

Employment Div. v. Smith,


494 U.S. 872 (1990).................................................................................................................24

Epperson v. Arkansas,
393 U.S. 97 (1968)...................................................................................................................15

Evans v. City of Berkeley,


129 P.3d 394 (Cal. 2006) ...................................................................................................18, 19

- ii -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 5 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Page

Honda Motor Co. v. Oberg,


512 U.S. 415 (1994).................................................................................................................24

In re Marriage Cases,
183 P. 3d 384 (Cal. 2008) ......................................................................................................8, 9

Kedroff v. Saint Nicholas Cathedral,


344 U.S. 94 (1952)...................................................................................................................15

Lawrence v. Texas,
539 U.S. 558 (2003)...........................................................................................................23, 24

Lee v. Weisman,
505 U.S. 577 (1992)...........................................................................................................15, 24

Loving v. Virginia,
388 U.S. 1 (1967).................................................................................................................1, 13

Norani v. Gonzales,
451 F.3d 292 (2d Cir. 2006).....................................................................................................12

Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Association v. Vespa-Papaleo,


339 Fed. Appx. 232 (3d Cir. 2009)..........................................................................................20

Perez v. Sharp,
198 P.2d 17 (Cal. 1948) .....................................................................................................13, 16

Romer v. Evans,
517 U.S. 620 (1996).................................................................................................................22

Serbian Eastern Orthodox Diocese v. Milivojevich,


426 U.S. 696 (1976).................................................................................................................15

Thomas v. Review Board of Indiana Employment Sec. Div.,


450 U.S. 707 (1981)...........................................................................................................23, 24

Torcaso v. Watkins,
367 U.S. 488 (1961).................................................................................................................10

Watson v. Jones,
80 U.S. (13 Wall.) 679 (1872) .................................................................................................15

Zablocki v. Redhail,
434 U.S. 374 (1978)...................................................................................................................1
- iii -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 6 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Page

STATUTES, RULES AND REGULATIONS

California Civil Code


§51(b).......................................................................................................................................17
§51.5.........................................................................................................................................17
§53............................................................................................................................................17
§782.5.......................................................................................................................................17

California Government Code


§§12955-12956.2 .....................................................................................................................17

California Family Code


§420(c) .......................................................................................................................................9

Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure


Rule 29 .......................................................................................................................................1
Rule 29(b) ..................................................................................................................................4

United States Constitution


First Amendment ...........................................................................................................8, 14, 23

SECONDARY AUTHORITIES

Ariel, David S., What Do Jews Believe? 129 (1996).....................................................................11

Bringhurst, Newell G., Saints, Slaves, and Blacks: The Changing Place of Black People
Within Mormonism (1981).......................................................................................................13

Bush, Lester E., Jr., Mormonism’s Negro Doctrine: An Historical Overview ..............................13

Catechism of the Catholic Church ¶1603 (Washington, D.C.: Libreria Editrice Vaticana,
2d ed. 1997) ...................................................................................................................9, 10, 12

Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Considerations Regarding Proposals to give
Legal Recognition to Unions between Homosexual Persons, §2 at 11 (2003)..........................9

Epstein, Louis M., Marriage Laws in the Bible and the Talmud 145-219 (1942).........................11

First Presidency, Statement on Position of Blacks within the Church and Civil Rights,
December 16, 1969, reprinted in Bringhurst, Saints, Slaves, and Blacks, supra note
20, at 231-32 ............................................................................................................................14

- iv -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 7 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Page

Furman, Richard, Exposition of the Views of the Baptists, Relative to the Coloured
Population of the United States in a Communication to the Governor of South-
Carolina (Charleston: A.E. Miller, 1823)................................................................................25

Friedman, Yohanan, Tolerance and Coercion in Islam: Interfaith Relations in Muslim


Tradition 160-93 (2003)...........................................................................................................11

Kolatch, Alfred J., The Second Jewish Book of Why, at 121 (2000) .............................................11

Lawler, Michael G., Interchurch Marriages: Theological and Pastoral Relfections, in


Marriage in the Catholic Tradition: Scripture, Tradition, and Experience Ch. 22, 222
(Todd A. Salzman, et al., eds., 2004).......................................................................................10

Nuechterlein, Note, The Free Exercise Boundaries of Permissible Accommodation Under


the Establishment Clause, 99 Yale L. J. 1127, 1131 (1990)....................................................24

U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, Compendium – Catechism of the Catholic Church


(Washington, D.C.: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2006) ......................................................12, 13

Van Biena, David & Jeff Israelly, Getting to Know Him: How the Pope is Showing Hints
of Being His Own Man.............................................................................................................13

-v-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 8 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

I. INTRODUCTION1

Amici, as religious organizations and faith leaders, wish to make several points

about religion and law as they relate to a fundamental civil right – the right to marry.

That freedom to marry is a basic civil right, and the institution of marriage a

core foundation of our system of ordered liberty, cannot be doubted. See Loving v.

Virginia, 388 U.S. 1 (1967). The right “is of fundamental importance to all

individuals.” Zablocki v. Redhail, 434 U.S. 374, 384 (1978). And if equal justice and

equal protection of law mean anything, it is that no one may be deprived of such a

basic human right because of who they are, or what they believe.

Amici wholeheartedly concur with the plaintiffs-appellees on these points.

Moreover, amici wish to emphasize that principles of religious freedom lying at the

heart of our system of ordered liberty also strongly support the right of gay men and

lesbian women to marry.

People of faith have come to a variety of conclusions about same-sex marriage.

Many churches and clergy, as a matter of doctrine, withhold formal recognition of

same-sex unions within their religious liturgy. Others, including the Episcopal

Church in California, may permit clergy to bless same-sex relationships without

1
All parties have consented, pursuant to FRAP 29, to the filing of this brief. No
party’s counsel authored any part of this brief. No one other than amici and their
counsel contributed money to fund the preparation or submission of this brief.

-1-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 9 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

necessarily bringing them within the rite of marriage. Still others, including

congregations of the United Church of Christ, Unitarian Universalist Association, and

Metropolitan Community Churches, readily include same-sex couples in their rites of

marriage. Many of California’s Reform and Reconstructionist Rabbis joined its

Congregationalist, Unitarian Universalist, and Metropolitan Community Church

clergy in officiating legal marriages of same-sex couples in California – until

Proposition 8 eliminated same-sex couples’ right to marry.

Before this Court Proposition 8’s Proponents have abandoned any contention

that Proposition 8 advances religious-liberty interests. Yet their amici have submitted

briefs insisting that same-sex couples’ right to marry somehow threatens Californians’

religious liberty, and that Proposition 8 is a reasonable response. In truth, according

same-sex couples the same right to civil marriage that other Californians enjoy poses

no real threat to the religious liberty of faith traditions limiting religious rites of

marriage to mixed-sex unions. For even if civil marriage is recognized as a

fundamental civil right of all people, religious organizations always have been free –

and remain free – to frame their own rules restricting who may be joined in a religious

rite of marriage.

Some churches, for example, will not permit the divorced to remarry in a

religious ceremony. Some clergy decline to officiate interfaith marriages. No one can

force them to. But the government ought not mandate that anyone’s civil marriage

-2-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 10 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

shall be void for failure to conform to theological doctrines or church rules governing

religious marriage rites.

According equal marriage rights for all in our civil law threatens no one’s

religious liberty. Allowing same-sex couples the legal right to marry threatens the

religious liberty of Catholics, for example, no more than does allowing civilly

divorced citizens to remarry in contravention of Catholic doctrine. Same-sex couples’

civil marriages threaten the religious liberty of those who oppose such unions in their

churches and synagogues no more than interfaith marriages threaten the religious

liberty of those who interpret their scripture and tradition to prohibit such unions. No

one can force clergy of any denomination to solemnize any wedding that conflicts

with his or her faith tradition, and no church, synagogue, or other place of worship

loses its tax-exempt status for refusing religious rites of marriage to citizens

possessing a civil right to marry.

Though Proponents’ amici suggest that Proposition 8’s demolition of same-sex

couples’ right to marry was designed to protect Californians’ religious liberty, quite

the opposite is true. The real threat to religious liberty comes from enforcing as law

the religious doctrines of some sects, to outlaw marriages that others both recognize

and sanctify. Clergy and congregations of the Unitarian Universalist Association, the

United Church of Christ, the Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community

Churches, Reform and Reconstructionist Rabbis, and others, proudly solemnized the

-3-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 11 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

legal marriages of same-sex couples – until Proposition 8 adopted other sects’

religious doctrine to outlaw those marriages. They should be free to do so again.

Amici respectfully submit that Proposition 8 unlawfully deprives many

Californians of a fundamental right merely because of who they are, that it denies

them equal protection of the law, and that it does so at the expense of religious

freedom.

II. IDENTITY AND INTEREST OF AMICI

Amici have a direct interest in the issues presented by this case, as religious

organizations and faith leaders who support both religious liberty and the full civil

equality of all Californians, without discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.

The identity and interest of amici are set forth, as required by FRAP 29(b), in

the motion for leave to file this brief. As noted in that motion, California Faith for

Equality, the Unitarian Universalist Legislative Ministry California (UULM CA),

and Progressive Jewish Alliance (PJA) are faith-based organizations that support,

and have organized on behalf of, religious freedom and access to civil marriage for

same-sex couples.

With a membership comprising more than 6,000 congregations in the State, the

California Council of Churches’ position is pro-religious freedom, pro-church

autonomy, pro-equal protection, and anti-enactment of sectarian dogma concerning

marriage. Churches in at least two of the 21 denominations represented in the

-4-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 12 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Council’s membership – the United Church of Christ and the Universal Fellowship

of Metropolitan Community Churches (MMC) – have welcomed same-sex couples

to marry in religious ceremonies, and members of their clergy gladly officiated the

legal marriages of same-sex couples until Proposition 8 interfered.

The General Synod of the United Church of Christ is the representative body

of the national setting of the United Church of Christ (“UCC”), which has 5,600

churches in the United States, and more than 200 in California, whose clergy were

free, until Proposition 8 took effect, to serve their California congregations by

officiating the legal marriages of same-sex couples in their congregations.

The Unitarian Universalist Association (UUA) represents another faith

tradition with deep roots in American history, whose Massachusetts clergy solemnize

legal marriages of same-sex couples in New England’s founding churches, and whose

California clergy also gladly served their own congregations by solemnizing same-sex

couples’ legal marriages – until Proposition 8 stopped them.

The Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches (MCC),

with 250 congregations and 43,000 adherents, is the largest Christian denomination

ministering primarily to gays, lesbians, and transgender persons. Proposition 8

prevents its clergy from officiating legal marriages for same-sex couples in their

congregations. MCC has a strong interest in restoring the rights abrogated by

-5-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 13 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Proposition 8, both of same-sex couples to enter legal marriages, and of MCC clergy

to officiate.

The Episcopal Bishop of California, the Rt. Rev. Marc Handley Andrus,

and the Episcopal Bishop of Los Angeles, the Rt. Rev. J. Jon Breno, both have

spoken against Proposition 8, as spiritual leaders in a denomination whose 75th

General Convention in 2006 resolved to “oppose any state or federal state or

constitutional amendment that prohibits same-sex civil marriages or civil unions.”2

The Pacific Association of Reform Rabbis (PARR) is the Western Region of

the Central Conference of Reform Rabbis (“CCAR”). Many of its members officiated

the legal marriages of same-sex couples in their California congregations, until

Proposition 8 interfered.

As the California Council of Churches told the California Supreme Court in the

Marriage Cases: “Our commitment to religious liberty for all and equal protection

under the law leads us to assert that the State may not rely on the views of particular

religious sects as a basis for denying civil marriage licenses to same-gender couples.”3

2
Resolution 2006-A095, General Convention of the Episcopal Church (2009)
(online at http://www.episcopalarchives.org/cgi-bin/acts/acts_resolution-
complete.pl?resolution=2006-A095 (accessed Oct. 25, 2010)).
3
In re Marriage Cases, No. S147999, Brief of Amici Curiae Unitarian
Universalist Association of Congregations, et al., at xv-xvi (Sept. 26, 2007) (online at

-6-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 14 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

III. ARGUMENT

A. Proposition 8 Denies, Rather than Protects Religious


Liberty

Proposition 8’s Proponents have before this Court abandoned any contentions

advanced below that revoking same-sex couples’ right to marry might find a rational

basis in promoting religious-liberty interests. And for good reason, as no credible

case can be made that Proposition 8 protects anyone’s religious liberty.

Yet Proponents’ television ads and other materials undeniably warned voters

that if same-sex couples may legally marry, then ministers who decline to officiate

would face lawsuits, and their churches could lose their tax-exempt status. And

before this Court, Proponents’ amici contend even now that legal recognition of same-

sex couples’ civil marriages both “guaranteed wide-ranging church-state conflict,” and

“threatens the religious liberty of people and groups who cannot, as a matter of

conscious, treat same-sex unions as the moral equivalent of man-woman marriage.”4

Calling the decision below a “judicial condemnation of religious beliefs,” Proponents’

amici say that allowing same-sex couples to marry “raises substantial religious liberty

http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/courts/supreme/highprofile/documents/unitarianamicus.p
df (accessed Oct. 25, 2010)).
4
Brief of Amicus Curiae the Beckett Fund for Religious Liberty in Support of
Defendants – Intervenors – Appellants and in Support of Reversal, at 2, 3.

-7-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 15 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

concerns” sufficient to justify depriving same-sex couples of a fundamental civil right,

thereby withdrawing the power of willing clergy to solemnize their legal marriages.5

The truth is that Proposition 8 finds no rational basis in concern for anyone’s

religious liberty. The Marriage Cases opinion itself had carefully specified that

affording same-sex couples the opportunity to obtain the designation of


marriage will not impinge upon the religious freedom of any religious
organization, official, or any other person; no religion will be required to
change its religious policies or practices with regard to same-sex
couples, and no religious officiant will be required to solemnize a
marriage in contravention of his or her religious beliefs.

In re Marriage Cases, 183 P. 3d 384, 451-52 (Cal. 2008). Thus, as Chief Judge

Walker aptly found,

Proposition 8 does not affect the First Amendment rights of those


opposed to marriage for same-sex couples. Prior to Proposition 8, no
religious group was required to recognize marriage for same-sex couples.

1ER124 (findings of fact ¶62).

The First Amendment itself preserves every religion’s ability to make its own

rules concerning its own religious marriages. And by adopting sectarian religious

doctrine to restrict marriage, Proposition 8 actually impinges upon the religious liberty

of Californians whose faith traditions, congregations and clergy have welcomed same-

sex couples to enter legal marriages in religious ceremonies. Establishment-clause

5
Brief of Amici Curiae United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, et al., at
1, 2.

-8-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 16 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

and free-exercise principles should operate together to prohibit the enactment, as law,

of some sects’ doctrines to deny legal status to others’ marriages.

Proposition 8’s advocates, Proponents’ amici among them, often have insisted

that their ballot measure was warranted because marriage is of divine origin –

instituted by God.6 But California’s civil law should be blind to sectarian doctrines on

divine law.7 Even nonbelievers have a right to marry. That atheists and agnostics

enjoy the same legal right to marry as those who revere marriage as a divine

6
Endorsing Proposition 8 in September 2008, for example, the California
Southern Baptist Convention’s Executive Board declared “marriage was the first
institution ordained by God.” California Southern Baptist Board Endorses Proposed
Constitutional Marriage Amend., Sept. 23, 2008,
http://www.bpnews.net/bpnews.asp?id=28975 (accessed Oct. 25, 2010). The Mormon
Church First Presidency’s June 28, 2008 letter to all California congregations, was
similarly grounded in an assertion that “[m]arriage between a man and a woman is
ordained of God.” First Presidency Preserving Traditional Marriage and
Strengthening Families, June 28/29, 2010
http://www.jesuschrist.lds.org/ldsnewsroom/eng/commentary/california-and-same-
sex-marriage (accessed Oct. 25, 2010)). The Roman Catholic Church’s official
Catechism agrees that “‘God himself is the author of marriage.’” Catechism of the
Catholic Church ¶1603 (Washington, D.C.: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2d ed. 1997).
That Church’s top doctrinal body insists that marriage “was established by the
Creator.” Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Considerations Regarding
Proposals to give Legal Recognition to Unions between Homosexual Persons, §2 at
11 (2003).
7
“From the state’s inception, California law has treated the legal institution of
civil marriage as distinct from religious marriage.” Marriage Cases, 183 P.3d at 407
n.11 (Court’s emphasis). The Family Code provides: “No contract of marriage, if
otherwise duly made, shall be invalidated for want of conformity to the requirements
of any religious sect.” Calif. Family Code. §420(c).

-9-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 17 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

institution poses no threat to anyone’s religious liberty. No atheist or agnostic couple

may force any church or synagogue to open its doors to them. But neither may those

who deem marriage a divine institution “protect” their own sectarian religious beliefs

and practices by legislating any test of faith, or of religious propriety, to deprive

nonbelievers or the unorthodox of the legal right to marry.8

That people of different faiths may marry one another similarly poses no threat

to the religious liberty of faith traditions and clergy that reject, discourage, or restrict

interfaith marriages. For most of the twentieth century, the Roman Catholic Church’s

Code of Canon Law proscribed interfaith marriages.9 Dramatically liberalized in

1983, official Catholic doctrine still restricts interfaith marriage by requiring the

Church’s “express permission” for a Catholic to marry a non-Catholic Christian, and

“an express dispensation” for a Catholic to marry a non-Christian.10 Yet the Church

and its priests have never faced legal liability for refusing marriage rites to mixed-

8
See Torcaso v. Watkins, 367 U.S. 488 (1961) (a religious test for public office
held invalid as an invasion of “freedom of belief and religion”).
9
Michael G. Lawler, Interchurch Marriages: Theological and Pastoral
Reflections, in Marriage in the Catholic Tradition: Scripture, Tradition, and
Experience Ch. 22, 222 (Todd A. Salzman, et al., eds., 2004) (quoting Canon 1060 of
the 1917 Code of Canon Law: “The church everywhere most severely prohibits the
marriage between two baptized persons, one of whom is Catholic, the other of whom
belongs to a heretical or schismatic sect.”).
10
Catechism of the Catholic Church, supra note 6, ¶1635.

- 10 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 18 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

faith couples, and the religious liberty of California’s Catholics by no means requires,

nor could it justify, the State’s legal enforcement of their Church’s rules regulating

mixed-faith marriages.

In Judaism, the Orthodox and Conservative Movements forbid interfaith

marriages.11 The Rabbinic tradition proscribing mixed-faith marriage is grounded in

scripture.12 Yet California’s Jews do not think their religious liberty needs the

protection of state laws barring civil marriage of interfaith couples. Neither do their

rabbis and synagogues risk legal liability or loss of tax-exempt status by limiting

religious rites of marriage as they choose.

Islamic law is understood by many to bar interfaith marriages between a

Muslim woman and non-Muslim man, and also to prohibit marriage of any Muslim to

a polytheist or pagan.13 Some nations strive to defend the Muslim faith by

11
See Louis M. Epstein, Marriage Laws in the Bible and the Talmud 145-219
(1942); see also, e.g., David S. Ariel, What Do Jews Believe? 129 (1996) (“Judaism is
clearly and unequivocally opposed to intermarriage between a Jew and a non-Jew”);
Alfred J. Kolatch, The Second Jewish Book of Why, at 121 (2000).
12
Kolatch, The Second Jewish Book of Why, at 120 (“The prohibition of marriages
between Jews and non-Jews is biblical in origin. Deuteronomy 7:3 sets forth the law
clearly: ‘You shall not intermarry with them; do not give your daughters to their sons
or take their daughters for your sons.’”); see also Genesis 24:3-4; Exodus 34:11-16;
Joshua 23:11-13; Ezra 9-10; Nehemiah, 13:23-30; Malachi 2:11-12.
13
Yohanan Friedman, Tolerance and Coercion in Islam: Interfaith Relations in
Muslim Tradition 160-93 (2003).

- 11 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 19 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

incorporating these rules in their civil law.14 But the religious liberty of California’s

Muslims could not justify California’s adoption of similar rules, which the Ninth

Circuit holds amount to religious persecution if backed by governmental power.15

Under California law, a legally divorced man or woman may marry again. This

poses no threat to the liberty of Roman Catholics, whose Church both pronounces

divorce “a grave offense against the natural law,” and condemns remarriage by, or to,

a divorced person as “public and permanent adultery.”16 The Roman Catholic Church

insists that divorced people who remarry necessarily “find themselves in a situation

that objectively contravenes God’s law.”17 The Church accordingly “cannot recognize

the union of people who are civilly divorced and remarried.”18 Those who divorce

and remarry “cannot receive sacramental absolution, take Holy Communion, or

14
See Bandari v. INS, 227 F.3d 1160, 1163 (9th Cir. 2000) (noting Iranian
Ayatollah’s edict that “specifically forbids non-Muslims from marrying Muslim
women”); Norani v. Gonzales, 451 F.3d 292, 293 (2d Cir. 2006) (noting that an
interfaith Jewish-Muslim marriage “violates Iranian law and Muslim law (Shariah)”).
15
See Bandari, 227 F.3d at 1168.
16
Catechism of the Catholic Church, supra note 6, ¶2384.
17
Id. at ¶1650.
18
U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, Compendium – Catechism of the Catholic
Church, ¶349 (Washington, D.C.: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2006).

- 12 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 20 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

exercise certain ecclesial responsibilities as long as their situation, which objectively

contravenes God’s law, persists.”19

Neither may they sue the Church for enforcing these rules. No one may compel

a Catholic priest either to solemnize a wedding at odds with his Church’s doctrine, or

to give communion to those whom the civil law recognizes as legally divorced and

remarried. No Catholic Church has lost its tax-exempt status for denying anyone its

religious rites of marriage and communion. The civil right of the civilly divorced to

remarry poses no threat to the religious liberty of Catholics.

Recognizing same-sex couples’ legal right to marry threatens the religious

liberty of those who reject such marriages no more than recognizing the legal right of

mixed-race couples in Perez v. Sharp, 198 P.2d 17 (Cal. 1948), and in Loving, 388

U.S. 1, impaired the religious liberty of those who might reject interracial unions as

contrary to God’s law.

The Mormon Church for most of its history – indeed, until June of 1978 – both

barred blacks from its priesthood, and condemned interracial marriage.20 Its doctrine

19
Id. Pope Benedict XVI reportedly “dashed the hopes of those who begged him
to let Catholics who have divorced and remarried without getting an annulment take
Communion.” David Van Biena & Jeff Israelly, Getting to Know Him: How the Pope
is Showing Hints of Being His Own Man, TIME, Aug. 1, 2005, at 36, 38.
20
See generally Newell G. Bringhurst, Saints, Slaves, and Blacks: The Changing
Place of Black People Within Mormonism (1981); Lester E. Bush, Jr., Mormonism’s

- 13 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 21 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

was controversial, but no one could force the Church to let black men enter its

priesthood, and no interracial couple could insist upon being married in a Mormon

temple. The Church faced no legal liability, and suffered no loss of its tax-exempt

status, for refusing Mormon rites of marriage to mixed-race couples.

The Mormon Church itself observed, at the time, that “matters of faith,

conscience, and theology are not within the purview of the civil law.”21 Church

doctrine “affecting those of the Negro race who choose to join the church falls wholly

within the category of religion,” the First Presidency declared in 1969, and “has no

bearing upon matters of civil rights.”22 The Church quite clearly was protected by the

First Amendment when it limited marriage on the basis of race – even if it could not

impose its religious doctrine on others as civil law.

Allowing mixed-race couples to marry outside the Mormon Church thus

presented no threat to Mormons’ religious liberty to prohibit interracial marriages

within their Church. Allowing same-sex couples to marry outside the Mormon

Negro Doctrine: An Historical Overview, in Neither White nor Black: Mormon


Scholars Confront the Race Issue in a Universal Church 53-129 (Lester E. Bush, Jr. &
Armand L. Mauss, eds., 1984).
21
First Presidency, Statement on Position of Blacks within the Church and Civil
Rights, December 16, 1969, reprinted in Bringhurst, Saints, Slaves, and Blacks, supra
note 20, at 231-32.
22
Id.

- 14 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 22 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Church similarly poses no threat to Mormons’ religious liberty. Any law purporting

to protect Mormons’ “religious liberty” by banning either mixed-race marriages or

same-sex marriages would have to be deemed utterly irrational.

The religious liberty of Proponents’ religious amici simply is not enhanced or

protected by inscribing their own faith traditions’ doctrinal restrictions in California’s

constitution – unless “religious liberty” means freedom to force others to follow your

own religious rules. It clearly does not. Our “‘law knows no heresy, and is

committed to the support of no dogma, the establishment of no sect.’”23 Under our

Constitution, “government may not promote or affiliate itself with any religious

doctrine.”24 Thus, the Supreme Court readily invalidates state laws barring the

teaching of Darwinian evolution or requiring instruction of “creation science,”

because they seek to codify religious doctrine.25 It properly keeps religious doctrine

out of our public schools.26 The State cannot constitutionally choose to impose the

23
Serbian Eastern Orthodox Diocese v. Milivojevich, 426 U.S. 696, 710-11
(1976) (quoting Watson v. Jones, 80 U.S. (13 Wall.) 679, 728 (1872)); accord Kedroff
v. Saint Nicholas Cathedral, 344 U.S. 94, 114 (1952).
24
County of Allegheny v. ACLU, 492 U.S. 573, 590 (1989).
25
See Epperson v. Arkansas, 393 U.S. 97, 104-09 (1968) (Darwinian evolution);
Edwards v. Aguillard, 482 U.S. 578, 593 (1987) (creation science).
26
See, e.g., Lee v. Weisman, 505 U.S. 577, 618-19 (1992); Epperson, 393 U.S. at
108-09.

- 15 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 23 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

traditions of one religion on members of another; it cannot say what is kosher, or holy,

or ordained by God.27

Perez v. Sharp, 198 P.2d 17, starkly frames the religious-liberty issue. When

California law prohibited a mixed-race marriage of two Roman Catholics, whose

Church blessed matrimony between believers of different races, the mixed-race couple

argued “that the statutes in question are unconstitutional on the grounds that they

prohibit the free exercise of their religion and deny to them the right to participate

fully in the sacraments of that religion.” Id. at 18. Justice Traynor wrote for a

plurality of three justices that if “the law is discriminatory and irrational, it

unconstitutionally restricts not only religious liberty but the liberty to marry as well.”

Id. Justice Edmonds provided the fourth vote, making a precedential majority, by

agreeing that a couple’s right to marry “is protected by the constitutional guarantee of

religious freedom.” Id. at 34 (Edmonds, J., concurring). Outlawing a marriage

between two Catholics of different races, because others thought God intended the

races to remain apart, violated Catholics’ religious freedom. See id.

Surely, Unitarian Universalists, members of the United Church of Christ and

Metropolitan Community Churches, Reform Jews, Reconstructionist Jews, and others

27
Commack Self-Service Kosher Meats, Inc. v. Weiss, 294 F.3d 415, 430 (2d Cir.
2002); Barghout v. Bureau of Kosher Meat & Food Control, 66 F.3d 1337, 1346-49
(4th Cir. 1995) (Luttig, J., concurring).

- 16 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 24 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

whose faith traditions bless marital unions without regard to the contracting parties’

race or sex, are entitled to the same religious liberty as Catholics. Proposition 8

deprives them of that liberty.

B. The Becket Fund’s Brief Underscores Proposition 8’s


Fundamental Irrationality

In a far-fetched attempt to justify Proposition 8, The Becket Fund asserts that

same-sex couples’ marriages will produce “wide-ranging church-state conflict,”

because “California includes gender and sexual orientation as protected categories

under public accommodations laws,” and because “[u]nder California law, gender and

sexual orientation discrimination in housing are prohibited.”28 The Becket Fund’s

objections clearly have far more to do with civil-rights laws protecting gays and

lesbians from discrimination than they do with California’s marriage law.

The City and County of San Francisco’s brief shows how, with the exception of

the right to marry, same-sex couples in California generally enjoy equal civil rights

with mixed-sex couples, with state laws prohibiting discrimination in public

employment, public accommodations, and the like. Domestic partners are accorded

legal rights commensurate with married couples. And same-sex couples also enjoy

the very same parental rights as mixed-sex couples, including the right to adopt.

28
Becket Fund Brief at 2, 6, 8 (citing Cal. Civil Code §§51(b), 51.5, 53, 782.5;
Cal. Gov’t Code §§12955-12956.2).

- 17 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 25 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

The Becket Fund’s imagined “threat” to the religious liberty of Californians

who wish to discriminate against same-sex couples comes from California’s

antidiscrimination laws, which Proposition 8 left untouched, not from the right to

civil marriage that Proposition 8 abolished. If discrimination is illegal anyway, then

simply acknowledging same-sex couples’ right to marry poses no additional threat to

the people or institutions wishing to discriminate against them. Proposition 8 cannot

be characterized as a rational response to a purported threat posed by the anti-

discrimination laws that Proposition 8 does not alter.

But the Becket Fund’s brief does not trouble itself with making sense. Citing

Evans v. City of Berkeley, 129 P.3d 394 (Cal. 2006), for example, the Becket Fund

says that if same-sex couples can marry, “[r]eligious institutions that object to same-

sex marriage will face challenges to their ability to access a diverse array of

government facilities and fora. This has already begun in Berkeley, where the Sea

Scouts have been denied leases of public parkland due to their position on

homosexuality.”29

Yet Evans preceded the Marriage Cases by two years, and had nothing to do

with same-sex marriages. And Proposition 8 does nothing to address whether

California municipalities should subsidize the Sea Scouts. It does not touch the

29
Becket Fund Brief at 9.

- 18 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 26 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

antidiscrimination ordinance applied in that case, and thus cannot be deemed a

rational response to Evans.

To further illustrate the threat posed by same-sex couples’ civil marriages, the

Becket Fund cites a 2003 district-court decision concerning the City of San Diego’s

dollar-a-year lease of 18 acres of Balboa Park to the Boy Scouts of America (“BSA”)

to operate regional headquarters from which it promotes an official program of

taxpayer-subsidized religious discrimination against Unitarian Universalists, atheists,

agnostics, homosexuals, and others.30 But the San Diego decision preceded the

Marriage Cases decision by half a decade, and the case had nothing to do with

marriage. The district court could not possibly have guessed in 2003 that the BSA

would in 2008 (during a lengthy and still pending appeal) enlist its taxpayer-sponsored

facilities in the campaign to enact Proposition 8.31 The right to marry simply was not

an issue – and Proposition 8 cannot be deemed a rational response.

30
Barnes-Wallace v. BSA, 275 F. Supp. 2d 1259 (S.D. Cal. 2003), questions
certified, 607 F.3d 1167 (9th Cir. 2010).
31
See 4ER1033 (Official Ballot Pamphlet, “Rebuttal to Argument in Favor of
Proposition 8,” signed by Robert Bolingbroke as “Council Commissioner, San Diego-
Imperial Council, Boy Scouts of America” (available online at
http://voterguide.sos.ca.gov/past/2008/general/argu-rebut/argu-rebutt8.htm (accessed
Oct. 25, 2010))).

- 19 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 27 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

The Becket Funds’ parade-of-horribles from other jurisdictions is similarly

divorced from reality. The Becket Fund tells this Court, for example, that the State of

New Jersey “has withdrawn the property tax exemption of a beach-side pavilion

owned and operated by a Methodist Church, because the Church refused on religious

grounds to host a same-sex civil union ceremony.”32

In truth, the property was not owned by “a Methodist Church,” but by the

Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Association (“OGCMA”) whose trustees must be

Methodists, and which “owns all of the land in the seaside community of Ocean

Grove, New Jersey.”33 OGCMA advertizes that it “welcomes everyone to enjoy this

beautiful, seaside community without discrimination based on race, gender, income

level, education, religion, or country of origin.”34 It obtained a New Jersey “Green

Acres” real-property tax exemption for the community’s beachfront boardwalk and

pavilion as public facilities to be held open for all to enjoy on an equal basis.35

32
Becket Fund Brief at 14.
33
Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Association v. Vespa-Papaleo, 339 Fed.
Appx. 232, 235 (3d Cir. 2009).
34
http://www.oceangrove.org/pages/faq (accessed Oct. 25, 2010).
35
Bernstein v. Parker, No. PN34XB-03008, Finding of Probable Cause, at (NJ
Office of the Attorney General, Dept. of Law & Public Safety, Div. on Civil Rights,
Dec. 29, 2008) (online at http://www.nj.gov/oag/newsreleases08/pr20081229a-
Bernstein-v-OGCMA.pdf (accessed October 25, 2010)).

- 20 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 28 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

When OGCMA denied its lesbian residents the use of their own residential

community’s supposedly public facilities because OGCMA trustees objected to same-

sex civil unions, the lesbian residents objected. And because the property in question

no longer was held open to all persons on an equal basis, it no longer qualified for the

“Green Acres” tax exemption accorded to properties made available for

nondiscriminatory public use.36

The case involved neither a Methodist Church, as the Becket Fund states, nor

same-sex couples’ right to marry – which New Jersey did not recognize. How

Proposition 8’s abrogation of California’s same-sex couples’ right to marry –

relegating them to the civil unions or domestic partnerships that OGCMA trustees

found objectionable – could constitute a rational response is something that the Becket

Fund never really explains.

As for the notion that religious institutions’ charitable tax exemptions could be

threatened by the civil marriages of same-sex couples, one of the Becket Fund’s own

editors acknowledges that “so long as large and historically important churches refuse

to recognize gay marriages,” it is “unlikely that the executive branch of any

36
See id.

- 21 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 29 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

jurisdiction would try to revoke tax exemptions over the issue.”37 The Becket Fund

offers no reason to think that the nation’s largest denominations – the Roman Catholic

Church and the Southern Baptist Convention – might change their positions on

marriage any time soon, let alone that same-sex couples’ civil marriages seriously

threaten religious institutions’ tax-exempt status.

But even supposing the Becket Fund is right that “robust protections for

conscientious objectors” are warranted,38 they can be obtained either by ordinary

legislative action or through the initiative process. That legislative accommodation

may be readily available should be apparent from the Becket Fund’s assertion that

“consensus exists among state legislatures” that willingly provide the “specific

exemptions for conscientious objectors to same-sex marriage,” that the Becket Fund

desires. Becket Fund Brief at 3.

Proposition 8’s wholesale abrogation, by constitutional amendment, of same-

sex couples’ right to marry amounts to gross overreaction that forecloses the kind of

legislative accommodation that the Becket Fund purports to favor. That is the kind of

action that the Supreme Court invalidated in Romer v. Evans, 517 U.S. 620 (1996).

37
Douglas Laycock, “Afterword,” in Same-Sex Marriage and Religious Liberty
189, 193 (Douglas Laycock, et al., eds.; The Becket Fund, 2008).
38
Becket Fund Brief at 2.

- 22 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 30 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

C. The District Court Did Not Err in Rejecting Religious


Rationales as a Sound Basis for Proposition 8

Proponents’ amici suggest that Chief Judge Walker committed reversible error

merely by observing that, on the record presented to him, “‘moral and religious views

form the only basis for a belief that same-sex couples are different from opposite-sex

couples,’” and that those views cannot provide a rational basis for sustaining

Proposition 8.39 But Judge Walker was right, and committed no error in finding that

Proposition 8 improperly codifies strongly negative attitudes toward homosexuality

and homosexuals, that indeed have no rational basis. See Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S.

558 (2003).

Proponents’ amici cry foul, objecting that governmental arbiters lack authority

to evaluate the rationality of religious motivations underlying Proposition 8.40 And

without doubt, well-established precedent holds that “‘[r]eligious beliefs need not be

acceptable, logical, consistent, or comprehensible to others to merit First Amendment

protection.’”41 In matters of faith, “‘as is true of all expressions of First Amendment

39
Brief of Amici Curiae U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, et al., at 3 (quoting
1ER165).
40
See Brief of Amici Curiae U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, et al., at 4-5.
41
Boy Scouts of America v. Dale, 530 U.S. 640, 651 (2000) (quoting Thomas v.
Review Board of Indiana Employment Sec. Div., 450 U.S. 707, 714 (1981)); accord,
e.g., Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah, 508 U.S. 520, 531 (1993)

- 23 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 31 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

freedoms, the courts may not interfere on the ground that they view a particular

expression as unwise or irrational.’”42 Thus, no court may interfere with a religious

institution’s doctrinal limitations on who may marry within the scope of its own

religious rites. See supra.

Still, even statutes that impinge upon no fundamental right, and that target no

disfavored minority, must have “at least a rational basis” to survive judicial review.43

That is something that religious doctrine does not necessarily provide precisely

because – as Proponents’ amici must themselves acknowledge – religious rules need

not be tethered to any judicially cognizable rational basis. “When the government

appropriates religious truth,” Justice Blackmun thus observed in Lee v. Weisman, “it

‘transforms rational debate into theological decree.’”44 Chief Judge Walker rightly

recognized that Proposition 8 cannot be sustained on theological grounds.

(quoting Thomas); see also Employment Div. v. Smith, 494 U.S. 872, 887 (1990)
(“Repeatedly and in many different contexts, we have warned that courts must not
presume to determine . . . the plausibility of a religious claim.”).
42
Dale, 530 U.S. at 651 (quoting Democratic Party v. Wisconsin ex rel. La
Follette, 450 U.S. 107, 124 (1981)).
43
Honda Motor Co. v. Oberg, 512 U.S. 415, 429 (1994); see Lawrence, 539 U.S.
at 579-80.
44
Lee v. Weisman, 505 U.S. 577, 607 (Blackmun, J., concurring) (quoting
Nuechterlein, Note, The Free Exercise Boundaries of Permissible Accommodation
Under the Establishment Clause, 99 Yale L. J. 1127, 1131 (1990)).

- 24 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 32 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Proponents’ amici counter by invoking the inspiring sweep of American

history, with illustrations of how religious belief has influenced the creation and

growth of our nation and its institutions. That religion may motivate people to engage

with the world, inspiring them to seek justice, can hardly be questioned – and is surely

a good thing. Yet from this it hardly follows that governmental action must be

accepted as rational whenever based in religious doctrine, or that such grounding can

place any law beyond judicial review. Even the proponents of slavery once cited

scripture to justify human bondage.45

Apparently blind to the irony of their argument, Proponents’ amici cite the

religious motivations of the Pilgrims who sailed on the Mayflower in 1620, that they

might escape the Old World’s established religious institutions in order to worship

God according to their own conscience, and of the Puritans who in the next decade

followed the Pilgrims to a New World.46

Two vibrant congregations descend from the Pilgrims who landed at Plymouth

Rock in 1620 and celebrated the First Thanksgiving in 1621. The Pilgrims’ First

45
See, e.g., Richard Furman, Exposition of the Views of the Baptists, Relative to
the Coloured Population of the United States in a Communication to the Governor of
South-Carolina (Charleston: A.E. Miller, 1823).
46
See Brief of Amici Curiae U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, et al, at 19-20
& n.3.

- 25 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 33 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Parish Church in Plymouth, Massachusetts has held forth at the top of Town Square

since 1620. And the Church of the Pilgrimage, separated by schism in 1801, stands

next door. One church is affiliated with the Unitarian Universalist Association, and

the other with the United Church of Christ. Both welcome committed same-sex

couples to marry, as does the First Church in Boston that John Winthrop conceived as

the beacon light of his Puritans’ shining “City Upon a Hill.”

If the history that Proponents’ amici recite tells us anything, it is that the heirs

of the Pilgrims and of the Puritans should be free to enter marriages in their own

churches, on their own terms – and that the religious doctrines of others provide no

sound or rational basis for depriving their marriages of legal recognition.

Proposition 8 cannot satisfy rational-basis review, let alone strict scrutiny.

IV. CONCLUSION
Proposition 8 amounts to an unconstitutional codification of hostility toward

loving relationships of gay men and lesbian women, yet does nothing at all to advance

anyone’s religious liberty. Quite the contrary, religious freedom is diminished when

- 26 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 34 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

government imposes the doctrines of some faith traditions on all. And humanity is

diminished when anyone is deprived of a basic right. The judgment below should be

affirmed.

DATED: October 25, 2010 Respectfully submitted,

s/ ERIC ALAN ISAACSON


ERIC ALAN ISAACSON

ERIC ALAN ISAACSON


erici@rgrdlaw.com
655 West Broadway, Suite 1900
San Diego, CA 92101
Telephone: 619/231-1058
619/231-7423 (fax)

STACEY M. KAPLAN
skaplan@btkmc.com
580 California Street, Suite 1750
San Francisco, CA 94104
Telephone: 415/400-3000
415/400-3001 (fax)
Attorneys for California Faith for Equality,
California Council of Churches, General
Synod of the United Church of Christ,
Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan
Community Churches, The Episcopal
Bishops of California and Los Angeles,
Progressive Jewish Alliance, Pacific
Association of Reform Rabbis, Unitarian
Universalist Association, and Unitarian
Universalist Legislative Ministry California

I:\EricI\First UU, Perry v. Schwarzenegger\9TH CIR Perry v. Schwarzenegger Amici.doc

- 27 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 35 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE

The undersigned counsel certified that the Brief of Amici Curiae California

Faith for Equality, California Council of Churches, General Synod of the United

Church of Christ, Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches, The

Episcopal Bishops of California and Los Angeles, Progressive Jewish Alliance,

Pacific Association of Reform Rabbis, Unitarian Universalist Association, and

Unitarian Universalist Legislative Ministry California, in Support of Plaintiffs-

Appellees Kristin M. Perry, et al., and Urging Affirmance uses a proportionally

spaced Times New Roman typeface, 14-point, and that the text of the brief comprises

5,901 words according to the word count provided by Microsoft Word 2003 word

processing software.

s/ ERIC ALAN ISAACSON


ERIC ALAN ISAACSON
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 36 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

DECLARATION OF SERVICE

I, the undersigned, declare:

1. That declarant is and was, at all times herein mentioned, a citizen of the

United States and employed in the City and County of San Diego, over the age of

18 years, and not a party to or interested party in the within action; that declarant’s

business address is 655 West Broadway, Suite 1900, San Diego, California 92101.

2. I hereby certify that on October 25, 2010, I electronically filed the

foregoing document: Brief of Amici Curiae California Faith for Equality, California

Council of Churches, General Synod of the United Church of Christ, Universal

Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches, The Episcopal Bishops of

California and Los Angeles, Progressive Jewish Alliance, Pacific Association of

Reform Rabbis, Unitarian Universalist Association, and Unitarian Universalist

Legislative Ministry California, in Support of Plaintiffs-Appellees Kristin M. Perry, et

al., and Urging Affirmance with the Clerk of the Court for the United States Court of

Appeals for the Ninth Circuit by using the appellate CM/ECF system.

3. Participants in the case who are registered CM/ECF users will be served

by the appellate CM/ECF system.

4. I further certify that some of the participants in the case are not registered

CM/ECF users. I have mailed the foregoing document by First-Class Mail, postage
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 37 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

prepaid, or have dispatched it to a third party commercial carrier for delivery within

three calendar days, to the following non-CM/ECF participants:

Anita L. Staver
Liberty Counsel
P.O. Box 540774
Orlando, FL 32854

Anthony R. Picarello Jr.


United States Catholic Conference
3211 Fourth Street, Northeast
Washington, DC 02991-0194

James F. Sweeney
Sweeney & Greene LLP
Suite 101
8001 Folsom Boulevard
Sacramento, CA 95826

Jeffrey Mateer
Liberty Institute
2001 W Plano Parkway
Suite 1600
Plano, TX 75075

Jeffrey Hunter Moon


United States Catholic Conference
3211 Fourth Street, N.E.
Washington, DC 20017

Lincoln C. Oliphant
Columbus School of Law
The Catholic University of America
Washington, DC 20064
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 38 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

M. Edward Whelan III


Ethics and Public Policy Center
Suite 910
1730 M Street N.W.
Washington, DC 20036

Mathew D. Staver
Liberty Counsel
2nd Floor
1055 Maitland Center Commons
Matiland, FL 32751

Michael F. Moses
United States Catholic Conference
3211 Fourth Street, Northeast
Washington, DC 02991-0194

Stuart J. Roth
American Center for Law and Justice
201 Maryland Avenue, N.E.
Washington, DC 20002

Thomas Brejcha
Thomas More Society
Suite 440
29 S. La Salle Street
Chicago, IL 60603
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 39 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Von G. Keetch
Kirton & McConkie, PC
Eagle Gate Tower
60 E. South Temple
Salt Lake City, UT 84111

I declare under penalty of perjury that the foregoing is true and correct.

Executed on October 25, 2010, at San Diego, California.

s/ ERIC ALAN ISAACSON


ERIC ALAN ISAACSON
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 1 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 40 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Return to Request Service List Page

Service List for Case 10-16696

CAUTION: If the word Active is in the ECF Filing Status column, then your electronic filing will
constitute service to the party.
If Not Registered, Exempt, Pending, Rejected, or Suspended is in the ECF Filing Status
column, then you must service this party by US Mail.

Case Number: 10-16696 ECF Filing Status


Abram John Pafford Active
Pafford, Lawrence & Ross, PLLC
1100 Commerce Street
Lynchburg, VA 24504
abepafford@yahoo.com

Alexander Dushku Active


KIRTON & McCONKIE, PC
Eagle Gate Tower
Suite 1800
60 E. South Temple
Salt Lake City, UT 84111
adushku@kmclaw.com

Amir C. Tayrani Active


GIBSON DUNN & CRUTCHER, LLP
1050 Connecticut Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20036-5306
atayrani@gibsondunn.com

Andrew P. Pugno Active


Law Offices of Andrew P. Pugno
Suite 100
101 Parkshore Drive
Folsom, CA 95630
andrew@pugnolaw.com

Andrew W. Stroud Active


Mennemeier, Glassman & Stroud LLP
980 9th Street
Suite 1700
Sacramento, CA 95814
stroud@mgslaw.com

Anita L. Staver Not Registered


Liberty Counsel

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 2 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 41 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

P.O. Box 540774


Orlando, FL 32854

Anthony R. Picarello Jr. Not Registered


United States Catholic Conference
202-541-3300
3211 Fourth Street, Northeast
Washington, DC 02991-0194

Brian William Raum Active


ALLIANCE DEFENSE FUND
15100 N 90th St.
Scottsdale, AZ 85260
braum@telladf.org

Charles J. Cooper Active


COOPER & KIRK, PLLC
1523 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
ccooper@cooperkirk.com

Christine Van Aken Active


SAN FRANCISCO CITY ATTORNEY'S OFFICE
Fox Plaza
7th Floor
1390 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94102-5408
christine.van.aken@sfgov.org

Christopher D. Dusseault Active


GIBSON DUNN & CRUTCHER, LLP
Suite 5350
333 South Grand Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90071-3197
cdusseault@gibsondunn.com

Claude Franklin Kolm Active


OFFICE OF COUNTY COUNSEL
Suite 450
1221 Oak Street
Oakland, CA 94612-4296
claude.kolm@acgov.org

Daniel Powell Active


CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 3 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 42 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Suite 11000
455 Golden Gate Ave.
San Francisco, CA 94102
daniel.powell@doj.ca.gov

Danny Chou Active


7th Floor
1390 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94102-5106
Danny.Chou@sfgov.org

David Boies Active


BOIES, SCHILLER & FLEXNER
333 Main St.
Armonk, NY 10504
dboies@bsfllp.com

David Thompson Active


COOPER & KIRK, PLLC
1523 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
dthompson@cooperkirk.com

Dean Robert Broyles Active


Western Center for Law & Policy
539 West Grand Ave
Escondido, CA 92025
dbroyles@wclplaw.org

Dennis J. Herrera Active


OFFICE OF THE CITY ATTORNEY
City Hall
1 Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Place
San Francisco, CA 94102-4682
cityattorney@sfgov.org

Diana E. Richmond Active


Sideman & Bancroft LLP
8th Floor
One Embarcadero Center
San Francisco, CA 94111
drichmond@sideman.com

Donald MacPherson Active


The MacPherson Group

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 4 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 43 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

3039 West Peoria Avenue


#102-620
Phoenix, AZ 85029
mac@beatirs.com

Elizabeth B. Wydra Active


Constitutional Accountability Center
1200 18th Street NW
Washington, DC 20036
elizabeth@theusconstitution.org

Enrique Antonio Monagas Active


GIBSON, DUNN & CRUTCHER LLP
Suite 3000
555 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA 94105-2933
emonagas@gibsondunn.com

Erin Bernstein Active


SAN FRANCISCO CITY ATTORNEY'S OFFICE
Fox Plaza
7th Floor
1390 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94102-5408
erin.bernstein@sfgov.org

Ethan Douglas Dettmer Active


GIBSON, DUNN & CRUTCHER LLP
Suite 3000
555 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA 94105-2933
EDettmer@gibsondunn.com

Eugene Dong Active


786 Holly Oak Drive
Palo Alto, CA 94303
genedong@gmail.com

Gary G. Kreep Active


UNITED STATES JUSTICE FOUNDATION
Suite 2
932 "D" St.
Ramona, CA 92065
usjf@usjf.net

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 5 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 44 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Herbert George Grey Active


HERBERT G. GREY, ATTORNEY AT LAW
Suite 320
4800 S.W. Griffith Drive
Beaverton, OR 97005-8716
hgrey.law1@verizon.net

Hiram S. Sasser Active


Liberty Institute
2001 W Plano Parkway
Suite 1600
Plano, TX 75075
hsasser@libertyinstitute.org

Holly Carmichael Active


Holly L Carmichael
5096 Selinda Way
Los Gatos, CA 95032
holly.l.carmichael@gmail.com

James Andrew Campbell Active


ALLIANCE DEFENSE FUND
15100 N 90th St.
Scottsdale, AZ 85260
jcampbell@telladf.org

James F. Sweeney Not Registered


SWEENEY & GREENE LLP
Suite 101
8001 Folsom Boulevard
Sacramento, CA 95826

James Joseph Lynch Jr. Active


Suite 115
4144 Winding Way
Sacramento, CA 95841-4413
jjlynchjr@jamesjosephlynchjr.com

James Matthew Griffiths Active


Western Center for Law & Policy
539 West Grand Ave
Escondido, CA 92025
jamesgriffiths@cox.net

Jay Sekulow Active

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 6 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 45 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

AMERICAN CENTER FOR LAW AND JUSTICE


201 Maryland Avenue, N.E.
Washington, DC 20002
sdemos@aclj.org

Jeffrey Mateer Not Registered


Liberty Institute
2001 W Plano Parkway
Suite 1600
Plano, TX 75075

Jeffrey Hunter Moon Not Registered


United States Catholic Conference
3211 Fourth Street, N.E.
Washington, DC 20017

Jeremy Michael Goldman Active


Boies, Schiller & Flenxer, LLP
900
1999 Harrison Street
Oakland, CA 94612
jgoldman@bsfllp.com

Jerome Cary Roth Active


Munger Tolles & Olson, LLP
560 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA 94105
Jerome.Roth@mto.com

Jesse Panuccio Active


COOPER & KIRK, PLLC
1523 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
jpanuccio@cooperkirk.com

John C. Eastman Active


THE CLAREMONT INSTITUTE CENTER FOR
CONSTITUTIONAL JURISPRUDENCE
c/o Chapman Univ. School of Law
One University Drive
Orange, CA 92866
jeastman@chapman.edu

Joshua Irwin Schiller Active


BOIES SCHILLER & FLEXNER LLP

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 7 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 46 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

7th Floor
575 Lexington Ave.
New York, NY 10022
jischiller@bsfllp.com

Joshua K. Baker Active


National Organization for Marriage
Suite 300
2029 K Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
jbaker@nationformarriage.org

Judy W. Whitehurst Active


LOS ANGELES COUNTY COUNSEL
6th Floor
648 Kenneth Hahn Hall of Administration
500 West Temple Street
Los Angeles, CA 90012-2713
jwhitehurst@counsel.lacounty.gov

Kelly J Shackelford Active


Liberty Institute
2001 W Plano Parkway
Suite 1600
Plano, TX 75075
kshackelford@libertyinstitute.org

Kenneth Alan Klukowski Active


Kenneth A. Klukowski, Esq.
12915 Wood Crescent Circle
Herndon, VA 20171
kenklukowski@gmail.com

Kenneth C. Mennemeier Jr. Active


Mennemeier, Glassman & Stroud LLP
980 9th Street
Suite 1700
Sacramento, CA 95814
kcm@mgslaw.com

Kevin J. Hasson Active


THE BECKET FUND FOR RELIGIOUS LIBERTY
Suite 220
3000 K. St, NW
Washington, DC 20007
khasson@becketfund.org

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 8 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 47 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Kevin Trent Snider Active


Pacific Justice Institute
Suite 115
9851 Horn Road
Sacramento, CA 95827
kevinsnider@pacificjustice.org

Kristen K. Waggoner Active


Ellis, Li & McKinstry, PLLC
Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
kwaggoner@elmlaw.com

Lawrence John Joseph Active


Law Office of Lawrence J. Joseph
Suite 200
1250 Connecticut Avenue
Washington, DC 20036
ljoseph@larryjoseph.com

Lincoln C. Oliphant Not Registered


Columbus School of Law
The Catholic University of America
Washington, DC 20064

Lynn Dennis Wardle Active


3359 Cherokee Ln.
Provo, UT 84604
wardlelm@yahoo.com

M. Edward Whelan III Not Registered


Ethics and Public Policy Center
Suite 910
1730 M Street N.W.
Washington, DC 20036

Mary Elizabeth McAlister Active


LIBERTY COUNSEL
P.O. Box 11108
Lynchburg, VA 24502-2272
court@lc.org

Mathew D. Staver Not Registered

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 9 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 48 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

LIBERTY COUNSEL
2nd Floor
1055 Maitland Center Commons
Maitland, FL 32751

Matthew McGill Active


GIBSON DUNN & CRUTCHER, LLP
1050 Connecticut Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20036-5306
MMcGill@gibsondunn.com

Michael F. Moses Not Registered


United States Catholic Conference
3211 Fourth Street, Northeast
Washington, DC 02991-0194

Mollie Mindes Lee Active


SAN FRANCISCO CITY ATTORNEY'S OFFICE
City Hall
City Hall, Rm 234
One Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Place
San Francisco, CA 94102-4682
mollie.lee@sfgov.org

Nicole Jo Moss Active


COOPER & KIRK, PLLC
1523 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
nmoss@cooperkirk.com

Paul Benjamin Linton Active


921 Keystone Avenue
Northbrook, IL 60062
PBLCONLAW@AOL.COM

Peter A. Patterson Active


COOPER & KIRK, PLLC
1523 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
ppatterson@cooperkirk.com

Rena Lindevaldsen Active


LIBERTY COUNSEL
P.O. Box 11108
Lynchburg, VA 24502-2272

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 10 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 49 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

court@lc.org

Richard Gonzalo Katerndahl Active


Law Office of Richard G. Katerndahl
171 Dominican Drive
San Rafael, CA 94901
rkaterndahl@earthlink.net

Richard Jason Bettan Active


BOIES SCHILLER & FLEXNER LLP
7th Floor
575 Lexington Ave.
New York, NY 10022
rbettan@bsfllp.com

Ronald P Flynn Active


SAN FRANCISCO CITY ATTORNEY'S OFFICE
Fox Plaza
7th Floor
1390 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94102-5408
ronald.flynn@sfgov.org

Rosanne C. Baxter Active


BOIES, SCHILLER & FLEXNER
333 Main Street
Armonk, NY 10504
rbaxter@bsfllp.com

Sarah E. Piepmeier Active


GIBSON, DUNN & CRUTCHER LLP
Suite 3000
555 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA 94105-2933
spiepmeier@gibsondunn.com

Stephen Kent Ehat Active


California Legal Research, Inc.
167 North 1150 East
Lindon, UT 84042-2527
attorneyhamud@gmail.com

Stephen M. Crampton Active


LIBERTY COUNSEL
P.O. Box 11108

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 11 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 50 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Lynchburg, VA 24502-2272
court@lc.org

Steven Thomas O'Ban Active


Ellis, Li & McKinstry, PLLC
Suite 4900
Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
soban@elmlaw.com

Steven W. Fitschen Active


THE NATIONAL LEGAL FOUNDATION
Suite 204
2224 Virginia Beach Blvd.
Virginia Beach, VA 23454
nlf@nlf.net

Stuart J. Roth Not Registered


AMERICAN CENTER FOR LAW AND JUSTICE
201 Maryland Avenue, N.E.
Washington, DC 20002

Tamar Pachter Active


CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
Suite 11000
455 Golden Gate Ave.
San Francisco, CA 94102
Tamar.Pachter@doj.ca.gov

Tammy Cravit Active


Paralegal for the Children
P.O. Box 2445
Lompoc, CA 93438-2445
tammy@childrensparalegal.com

Terry L. Thompson Active


Law Office of Terry L. Thompson
P.O. Box 1346
Alamo, CA 94507
tl_thompson@earthlink.net

Theane Evangelis Kapur Active


GIBSON DUNN & CRUTCHER, LLP
333 South Grand Avenue

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 12 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 51 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

Los Angeles, CA 90071-3197


tkapur@gibsondunn.com

Theodore Olson Active


GIBSON DUNN & CRUTCHER, LLP
1050 Connecticut Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20036-5306
tolson@gibsondunn.com

Theodore H. Uno Active


BOIS SCHILLER & FLEXNER LLP
2435 Hollywood Boulevard
Hollywood, FL 33020
tuno@bsfllp.com

Theodore J. Boutrous Jr. Active


GIBSON DUNN & CRUTCHER, LLP
333 South Grand Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90071-3197
tboutrous@gibsondunn.com

Therese Stewart Active


SAN FRANCISCO CITY ATTORNEY'S OFFICE
City Hall
234
One Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Place
San Francisco, CA 94102-4682
therese.stewart@sfgov.org

Thomas Brejcha Not Registered


Thomas More Society
Suite 440
29 S. La Salle Street
Chicago, IL 60603

Thomas Molnar Fisher Active


IAGO - INDIANA ATTORNEY GENERALS OFFICE
INDIANA GOVERNMENT CENTER SOUTH
IGCS - 5th Floor
302 W. Washington St.
Indianapolis, IN 46204-2770
tom.fisher@atg.in.gov

Vince Chhabria Active


OFFICE OF THE CITY ATTORNEY

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 13 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 52 of 52 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-1

City Hall
Room 234
1 Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Place
San Francisco, CA 94102-4682
vince.chhabria@sfgov.org

Von G. Keetch Not Registered


KIRTON & McCONKIE, PC
Eagle Gate Tower
801-328-3600
60 E. South Temple
Salt Lake City, UT 84111

Walter Martin Weber Active


AMERICAN CENTER FOR LAW AND JUSTICE
201 Maryland Avenue, N.E.
Washington, DC 20002
wmweber@aclj-dc.org

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 1 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

No. 10-16696
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT
KRISTIN M. PERRY, ET AL.,
Plaintiffs-Appellees,
vs.
ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, ET AL.,
Defendants,
and
PROPOSITION 8 OFFICIAL PROPONENTS
DENNIS HOLLINGSWORTH, ET AL.,
Defendants-Intervenors-Appellants.

Appeal From the United States District Court


for the Northern District of California
No. CV-09-02292 VRW
The Honorable Vaughn R. Walker
MOTION FOR LEAVE TO FILE BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE CALIFORNIA FAITH FOR
EQUALITY, CALIFORNIA COUNCIL OF CHURCHES, GENERAL SYNOD OF THE UNITED
CHURCH OF CHRIST, UNIVERSAL FELLOWSHIP OF METROPOLITAN COMMUNITY
CHURCHES, THE EPISCOPAL BISHOPS OF CALIFORNIA AND LOS ANGELES,
PROGRESSIVE JEWISH ALLIANCE, PACIFIC ASSOCIATION OF REFORM RABBIS,
UNITARIAN UNIVERSALIST ASSOCIATION, AND UNITARIAN UNIVERSALIST
LEGISLATIVE MINISTRY CALIFORNIA, IN SUPPORT OF PLAINTIFFS-APPELLEES
KRISTIN M. PERRY, ET AL., AND URGING AFFIRMANCE; AND FOR LEAVE TO SUBMIT
THE ATTACHED APPENDIX OF ADDITIONAL SUPPORTERS

ERIC ALAN ISAACSON STACEY M. KAPLAN


655 W. Broadway, Suite 1900 580 California Street, Suite 1750
San Diego, CA 92101 San Francisco, CA 94104
Telephone: 619/231-1058 Telephone: 415/400-3000
Attorneys for California Faith for Equality, California Council of Churches,
General Synod of the United Church of Christ, Universal Fellowship of
Metropolitan Community Churches, The Episcopal Bishops of California and Los
Angeles, Progressive Jewish Alliance, Pacific Association of Reform Rabbis,
Unitarian Universalist Association, and Unitarian Universalist Legislative Ministry
California
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 2 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

I. Introduction......................................................................................................1

II. Identity and Interest Of Amici .........................................................................1

III. Request for Leave to File Brief of Amici Curiae and Appendix of
Supporting Religious Organizations and Faith Leaders................................10

IV. Conclusion .....................................................................................................11

-i-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 3 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

TABLE OF AUTHORITIES

Page

CASES

In re Marriage Cases,
183 P.3d 384 (Cal. 2008) .......................................................................................................6, 7

STATUTES, RULES AND REGULATIONS

Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure


Rule 29(a).................................................................................................................................11

- ii -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 4 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

I. Introduction

Amici curiae as religious organizations and faith leaders share an interest in this

case, which implicates both equal justice and religious freedom.

With this motion, the following religious organizations and faith leaders

respectfully seek leave to appear as amici curiae in this matter, and to file the

accompanying amicus brief: California Faith for Equality, California Council of

Churches, General Synod of the United Church of Christ, Universal Fellowship of

Metropolitan Community Churches, The Episcopal Bishops Of California And Los

Angeles, Progressive Jewish Alliance, Pacific Association of Reform Rabbis,

Unitarian Universalist Association, and Unitarian Universalist Legislative Ministry

California.

Amici seek leave also to submit the attached appendix of several hundred

religious organizations and faith leaders who have indicated through California Faith

for Equality that they wish to join in publicly supporting the ruling below that

Proposition 8 is unconstitutional.

II. Identity and Interest Of Amici

The identities and interest of amici curiae are as follows:

1. Amicus curiae California Faith for Equality is a multi-faith coalition

whose mission is to educate, support, and mobilize California’s faith communities to

promote equality for LGBT people, many of whom have been deeply wounded by

-1-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 5 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

their own faith communities, and to safeguard religious freedom. As a multi-faith

organization, it respects and values the wisdom and perspectives of every faith

tradition, including both those that recognize same-sex marriage as a religious rite,

and also those that do not. Formed in 2005, California Faith for Equality formally

incorporated in October 2009.

2. Amicus curiae California Council of Churches is an organization of

California’s Christian churches representing the theological diversity in the State’s

mainstream and progressive communities of faith. Its membership comprises more

than 6,000 California congregations, with more than 1.5 million individual members,

drawn from 21 denominations spanning the mainstream Protestant and Orthodox

Christian communities.1

1
The Council’s membership includes: American Baptist Churches (American
Baptist Churches of the West; Pacific Southwest Region); African Methodist
Episcopal Church (Fifth Episcopal District); African Methodist Episcopal Zion
Church; Armenian Church of America (Western Diocese of the Armenian Church);
Christian Methodist Episcopal Church (Ninth Episcopal District); Church of the
Brethren (Pacific Southwest District); Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)
(Northern California-Nevada Region; Pacific Southwest Region); Community of
Christ; The Episcopal Church (Episcopal Diocese of California; Episcopal Diocese
of El Camino Real; Episcopal Diocese of Los Angeles; Episcopal Diocese of Northern
California; Episcopal Diocese of San Diego; Episcopal Diocese of San Joaquin);
Ethiopian Orthodox Church; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (Pacifica
Synod; Sierra Pacific Synod; Southwest California Synod); Greek Orthodox Church
(Orthodox Diocese of San Francisco); Independent Catholic Churches
International; Moravian Church; National Baptist Convention; Presbyterian
Church (U.S.A.) (Presbytery of Los Ranchos; Presbytery of the Pacific; Presbytery of

-2-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 6 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Many churches in two of those denominations, the United Church of Christ,

and the Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches, include

same-sex marriages in their religious liturgy and, until Proposition 8 took effect,

gladly opened their doors to same-sex couples who sought to be legally married in

religious rites of marriage.

The Council’s position on same-sex marriage is pro-religious freedom and pro-

church autonomy. Joining an amicus brief in the Marriage Cases, the California

Council of Churches declared: “Our commitment to religious liberty for all and equal

protection under the law leads us to assert that the State may not rely on the views of

particular religious sects as a basis for denying civil marriage licenses to same-gender

couples.”2

the Redwoods; Presbytery of Riverside; Presbytery of Sacramento; Presbytery of San


Diego; Presbytery of San Fernando; Presbytery of San Francisco; Presbytery of San
Gabriel; Presbytery of San Joaquin; Presbytery of San Jose; Presbytery of Santa
Barbara; Presbytery of Stockton; Sierra Mission Partnership; Synod of the Pacific;
Synod of Southern California & Hawaii); Reformed Church in America;
Swedenborgian Church; United Church of Christ (Northern California Nevada
Conference; Southern California Nevada Conference); United Methodist Church
(California-Nevada Conference; California-Pacific Annual Conference); Universal
Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches (Region 1; Region 6); Church
Women United; and Orthodox Clergy Council.
2
In re Marriage Cases, No. S147999, Brief of the Unitarian Universalist
Association of Congregations, et al., at xv-xvi (filed Sept. 26, 2007) (online at
http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/courts/supreme/highprofile/documents/unitarianamicus.p
df (accessed Oct. 25, 2010).

-3-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 7 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

3. Amicus curiae General Synod of the United Church of Christ is the

representative body of the national setting of the United Church of Christ (UCC),

which was formed in 1957 by the union of the Evangelical and Reformed Church

and The General Council of the Congregational Christian Churches of the United

States. It has 5,600 churches in the United States, with approximately 1.2 million

individual members.

The UCC and its predecessor denominations have a rich heritage of standing in

solidarity with those who are marginalized, oppressed, and who suffer under the

tyranny of injustice. Seeking spiritual freedom the Pilgrims, forebears of the UCC,

left Europe for the New World. As they departed, their pastor, John Robinson, urged

them to keep their minds and hearts open to new ways, saying “God has yet more light

and truth to break forth out of his holy Word.”

For over three decades, the General Synod has set a clear course of welcome,

inclusion, equality, and justice for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. In

1975, it pronounced support for the full civil rights of gay and lesbian people,

declaring, “we hold that, as a child of God, every person is endowed with worth and

dignity that human judgment cannot set aside. Denial and violation of the civil

liberties of the individual and her or his right to equal protection under the law

defames that worth and dignity and is, therefore, morally wrong.” A July 4, 2005,

resolution affirms equal marriage rights for couples regardless of gender, opposing

-4-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 8 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

governmental interference with couples who choose to marry and share fully and

equally in the rights, responsibilities and commitment of legally recognized marriage,

regardless of gender.

The General Synod has a direct interest in the right of gay and lesbian church

members to marry, and in the right of UCC clergy to officiate the legal marriages of

committed same-sex couples in their congregations.

4. Amicus curiae The Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community

Churches (“MCC”), with 250 congregations and 43,000 adherents, is the largest

Christian denomination ministering primarily to lesbians and gays, among others. For

four decades, MCC has made marriage equality an integral part of its spiritual

commitment to social justice. In 1969, MCC clergy performed America’s first public

marriage between persons of the same sex, and in 1970 MCC filed the first lawsuit

seeking legal recognition for such marriages. Each year, MCC clergy perform 6,000

wedding ceremonies for same-sex couples. MCC believes these marriages are

recognized and blessed by God and a community of faith, and seeks State recognition

of the ceremonies performed at MCC churches. MCC has a direct interest in restoring

the rights abrogated by Proposition 8, of same-sex couples in its congregations to

legally marry, and of MCC clergy to officiate legal marriages.

5. Amicus curiae the Rt. Rev. Marc Handley Andrus became the eighth

bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of California in 2006, and amicus curiae the Rt. Rev.

-5-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 9 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

J. Jon Bruno became the sixth Bishop of Los Angeles in 2002. Both have worked to

assure gay, lesbian, and transgender persons an equal place in church and society.

Bishop Andrus’s Episcopal Diocese of California serves a diverse community

of faith, with 27,000 people forming 80 congregations, 22 of them missions, including

2 special ministries, in 49 cities and towns from the City and County of San Francisco

and the Counties of Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, and San Mateo, as well as Los

Altos, part of Palo Alto, and Stanford University in Santa Clara County. The

Diocese’s clergy include some 335 priests and 85 vocational deacons.

Bishop Bruno’s Episcopal Diocese of Los Angeles encompasses 85,000

Episcopalians in 147 congregations located in Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San

Bernardino, Santa Barbara, and Ventura counties. Served by some 400 clergy, the

Diocese also includes some 40 Episcopal schools and some 20 social service and

chaplaincy institutions.

The Episcopal Church’s governing body, its General Convention, resolved in

2006 to “oppose any state or federal constitutional amendment that prohibits same-sex

civil marriage or civil unions.”3 Bishop Andrus and Bishop Bruno welcomed the

decision of the California Supreme Court recognizing marriage equality, In re

3
Resolution 2006-A095, General Convention of the Episcopal Church (2009)
(available at http://www.episcopalarchives.org/cgi-bin/acts/acts_resolution-
complete.pl?resolution=2006-A095).

-6-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 10 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Marriage Cases, 183 P.3d 384 (Cal. 2008), with Bishop Andrus declaring: “All

children of God should be afforded the same rights under the law, and this decision

recognizes that all Californians, regardless of sexual orientation, have equal access to

one of our fundamental human institutions. This decision gives our church another

opportunity to partner with our state to ensure that all families have the support they

need to build relationships that strengthen our communities, state and country.”

Meeting last year in Anaheim, the General Convention expressly authorized

“bishops, particularly in those dioceses within civil jurisdictions where same-gender

marriage, civil unions, or domestic partnerships are legal, [to] provide generous

pastoral response to meet the needs of members of this Church”4 while the Episcopal

Church considers formal changes to its liturgy and canon law.5 Under this

authorization, amici curiae Bishop Andrus and Bishop Bruno, along with Bishop

Mary Gray-Reeves of the Episcopal Diocese of El Camino Real and Bishop James

4
Resolution 2009-C056, General Convention of the Episcopal Church (2009)
(online at
http://gc2009.org/ViewLegislation/view_leg_detail.aspx?id=898&type=Final
(accessed Oct. 25, 2010).
5
Mary Frances Schjonberg, Episcopal News Service, Liturgy and Music
commission hears call for openness, equality for same-gender couples, Oct. 20, 2010,
http://www.episcopalchurch.org/79425_125295_ENG_HTM.htm (accessed Oct. 25,
2010).

-7-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 11 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Mathes of the Episcopal Diocese of San Diego, permit their clergy to provide

liturgical blessings to same-sex couples.

6. Amicus curiae Progressive Jewish Alliance (PJA), www.pjalliance.org,

is a non-profit, California-based membership organization, with over 4,000 members,

which educates, advocates, and organizes on issues of peace, equality, diversity, and

justice. Founded in 1999, and with offices in Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay

Area, PJA serves as a vehicle connecting Jews to the critical social-justice issues of

the day, to the life of the cities in which they live, and to the Jewish tradition of

working for tikkun olam (the repair of the world). As an integral part of its social

justice agenda, PJA supports equal access to marriage for all. Representing a people

who have long known the sting of marginalization and inferior citizenship, PJA

opposes any efforts to discriminate against same-sex couples, whether by

constitutional amendment or by the creation of second-class domestic partnerships or

civil unions. PJA’s views on this subject are grounded in the Jewish legal tradition

that the law should be applied equally to all, citizen and stranger alike. Those views

are further elaborated upon in PJA’s May 12, 2004, policy statement, which can be

found at http://www.pjalliance.org/article.aspx?ID=76&CID=9.

7. Amicus curiae Pacific Association of Reform Rabbis (PARR), is the

Western Region of the Central Conference of American Rabbis (“CCAR”). Dedicated

to the principals of Reform Judaism, PARR is the organization of over 350 Reform

-8-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 12 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

rabbis in 13 states, 1 province, and New Zealand. This includes all of California. It

opposed Proposition 8 based on its beliefs and resolutions. In 1996 the CCAR

endorsed civil marriage for gay people and in 2000 it recognized the right of Reform

rabbis to perform religious marriage ceremonies for gay and lesbian Jews. PARR

accordingly has a direct interest in this case, for Proposition 8 bars its members from

officiating the legal marriages of same-sex couples in their California congregations.

8. Amicus curiae Unitarian Universalist Association (UUA) is a

denomination comprising more than 1,000 congregations nationwide, including many

of America’s founding churches and more than 70 congregations in the State of

California. The denomination’s membership includes, for example, the congregation

of the Pilgrims who ventured to sail on the Mayflower, landing at Plymouth Rock in

1620 and celebrating the First Thanksgiving in 1621, the First Parish Church in

Plymouth, Massachusetts, as well as the congregation organized in 1630 by John

Winthrop as the beacon light for his Puritan settlers’ shining “City upon a Hill,” the

First Church in Boston. These are churches whose ministers and congregations

today welcome same-sex couples to marry.

The UUA’s California congregations have similarly welcomed same-sex

couples to marry in their churches, and Unitarian Universalist ministers served their

congregations in 2008 by officiating legal marriages of many same-sex couples – until

Proposition 8 interfered.

-9-
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 13 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

9. Amicus Curiae Unitarian Universalist Legislative Ministry California

is a statewide justice ministry that cultivates and connects leaders and communities to

empower the public voice of those who share Unitarian Universalist values and

principles. The Ministry develops civic-engagement skills to educate, organize, and

advocate for public policies that: uphold the worth and dignity of every person;

further justice, equity, and compassion in human relations; ensure use of the

democratic process; protect religious freedom; and promote respect for the

interdependent web of all existence. As a matter of human dignity, Unitarian

Universalist congregations and clergy in California have long supported the freedom

to marry for same-sex couples, both in their religious rites, and as a civil right.

Hundreds of same-sex couples were legally married by Unitarian Universalist clergy

in California between June 17, 2008, and November 4, 2008, when Proposition 8 took

effect.

III. Request for Leave to File Brief of Amici Curiae and Appendix of
Supporting Religious Organizations and Faith Leaders

Amici curiae acknowledge that people of faith are by no means of one mind

concerning recognition of same-sex marriages as a religious rite. Yet people of faith

should be able to unite in recognizing full civic and legal equality of all Californians

when it comes to exercising fundamental rights – including the right to marry.

Amici curiae firmly believe that no place of worship should be forced to

conduct a wedding that is contrary to its beliefs or discipline. The liturgical


- 10 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 14 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

limitations of those that do not recognize same-sex marriage as a religious rite,

however, should not be imposed by law to bar other faith traditions from recognizing,

and their clergy from officiating over, the marriages of same-sex couples. And no

California couples, whatever their faith may be, should be deprived of the right to civil

marriage as a fundamental civil right, let alone be deprived of equal protection of the

laws.

Amici accordingly seek leave to file the accompanying brief, along with an

appendix of hundreds of faith-based organizations and faith leaders who wish to add

their names in support of the accompanying brief.

The parties have stipulated, pursuant to FRAP 29(a), to the filing of the amicus

brief.

IV. Conclusion

Amici respectfully request leave to file the accompanying brief, and the attached

appendix of additional supporters who join them in urging this Court to affirm the

judgment below.

DATED: October 25, 2010 Respectfully submitted,

s/ ERIC ALAN ISAACSON


ERIC ALAN ISAACSON

ERIC ALAN ISAACSON


erici@rgrdlaw.com
655 West Broadway, Suite 1900
San Diego, CA 92101
- 11 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 15 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Telephone: 619/231-1058
619/231-7423 (fax)
STACEY M. KAPLAN
skaplan@btkmc.com
580 California Street, Suite 1750
San Francisco, CA 94104
Telephone: 415/400-3000
415/400-3001 (fax)

Attorneys for California Faith for Equality,


California Council of Churches, General
Synod of the United Church of Christ,
Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan
Community Churches, The Episcopal
Bishops of California and Los Angeles,
Progressive Jewish Alliance, Pacific
Association of Reform Rabbis, Unitarian
Universalist Association, and Unitarian
Universalist Legislative Ministry California

I:\EricI\First UU, Perry v. Schwarzenegger\9TH CIR Perry v. Schwarzenegger Motion.doc

- 12 -
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 16 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE

The undersigned counsel certified that the Motion for Leave to File Brief of

Amici Curiae California Faith for Equality, California Council of Churches, General

Synod of the United Church of Christ, Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan

Community Churches, The Episcopal Bishops of California and Los Angeles,

Progressive Jewish Alliance, Pacific Association of Reform Rabbis, Unitarian

Universalist Association, and Unitarian Universalist Legislative Ministry California,

in Support of Plaintiffs-Appellees Kristin M. Perry, et al., and Urging Affirmance; and

For Leave to Submit the Attached Appendix of Additional Supporters uses a

proportionally spaced Times New Roman typeface, 14-point, and that the text of the

motion comprises 2,442 words according to the word count provided by Microsoft

Word 2003 word processing software.

s/ ERIC ALAN ISAACSON


ERIC ALAN ISAACSON
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 17 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

DECLARATION OF SERVICE

I, the undersigned, declare:

1. That declarant is and was, at all times herein mentioned, a citizen of the

United States and employed in the City and County of San Diego, over the age of

18 years, and not a party to or interested party in the within action; that declarant’s

business address is 655 West Broadway, Suite 1900, San Diego, California 92101.

2. I hereby certify that on October 25, 2010, I electronically filed the

foregoing document: Motion for Leave to File Brief of Amici Curiae California Faith

for Equality, California Council of Churches, General Synod of the United Church of

Christ, Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches, The Episcopal

Bishops of California and Los Angeles, Progressive Jewish Alliance, Pacific

Association of Reform Rabbis, Unitarian Universalist Association, and Unitarian

Universalist Legislative Ministry California, in Support of Plaintiffs-Appellees Kristin

M. Perry, et al., and Urging Affirmance; and For Leave to Submit the Attached

Appendix of Additional Supporters with the Clerk of the Court for the United States

Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit by using the appellate CM/ECF system.

3. Participants in the case who are registered CM/ECF users will be served

by the appellate CM/ECF system.

4. I further certify that some of the participants in the case are not registered

CM/ECF users. I have mailed the foregoing document by First-Class Mail, postage
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 18 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

prepaid, or have dispatched it to a third party commercial carrier for delivery within

three calendar days, to the following non-CM/ECF participants:

Anita L. Staver
Liberty Counsel
P.O. Box 540774
Orlando, FL 32854

Anthony R. Picarello Jr.


United States Catholic Conference
3211 Fourth Street, Northeast
Washington, DC 02991-0194

James F. Sweeney
Sweeney & Greene LLP
Suite 101
8001 Folsom Boulevard
Sacramento, CA 95826

Jeffrey Mateer
Liberty Institute
2001 W Plano Parkway
Suite 1600
Plano, TX 75075

Jeffrey Hunter Moon


United States Catholic Conference
3211 Fourth Street, N.E.
Washington, DC 20017

Lincoln C. Oliphant
Columbus School of Law
The Catholic University of America
Washington, DC 20064
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 19 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

M. Edward Whelan III


Ethics and Public Policy Center
Suite 910
1730 M Street N.W.
Washington, DC 20036

Mathew D. Staver
Liberty Counsel
2nd Floor
1055 Maitland Center Commons
Matiland, FL 32751

Michael F. Moses
United States Catholic Conference
3211 Fourth Street, Northeast
Washington, DC 02991-0194

Stuart J. Roth
American Center for Law and Justice
201 Maryland Avenue, N.E.
Washington, DC 20002

Thomas Brejcha
Thomas More Society
Suite 440
29 S. La Salle Street
Chicago, IL 60603
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 20 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Von G. Keetch
Kirton & McConkie, PC
Eagle Gate Tower
60 E. South Temple
Salt Lake City, UT 84111

I declare under penalty of perjury that the foregoing is true and correct.

Executed on October 25, 2010, at San Diego, California.

s/ ERIC ALAN ISAACSON


ERIC ALAN ISAACSON
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 21 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

APPENDIX: LIST OF RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIONS AND FAITH LEADERS


SUPPORTING THE CALIFORNIA FAITH FOR EQUALITY BRIEF AND URGING
AFFIRMANCE

Local Faith Organizations Location


All Saints Church of Pasadena Pasadena
All Souls Episcopal Parish Berkeley
An Ecumenical Catholic Community Carlsbad
Bay Area Coalition of Welcoming Congregations Berkeley
Beth Chayim Chadashim Los Angeles
Better Vallejo Vallejo
Call To Action, Los Angeles Chapter La Canada
Call to Action, Palm Springs Chapter Idyllwild ,CA
Call To Action, Sacramento Chapter Sacramento
Call to Action, San Diego Chapter San Diego
CASE Domestic Violence Interfaith Project Long Beach
Catholics for Marriage Equality in California San Francsico
Church In Ocean Park Santa Monica
Community Church of Atascadero, United Church of Christ Atascadero
Conejo Valley Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Casa Conejo
Congregation Beth Am Mountain View
Congregation Kol Ami West Hollywood
Congregational Church of Belmont, United Church of Christ San Mateo
Congregational Church of Fullerton, United Church of Christ Anaheim
Covenant Network of Presbyterians San Francisco
Covenant Presbyterian Church Los Angeles
Dignity of Palm Springs Beaumont
Diocese of California American Catholic Church San Diego
Episcopal Church of the Resurrection Pleasant Hill
Fairview Community Church Costa Mesa
First Congregational Church of Long Beach Long Beach
First Light Ministries Alameda
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 22 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Local Faith Organizations Location


First Unitarian Church of Los Angeles Los Angeles
First Unitarian Universalist Church of San Diego San Diego
Grace Cathedral of San Francisco San Francisco
Holy Cross Episcopal Church Castro Valley
Holy Redeemer Lutheran Church San Jose
Holy Spirit, Silver Lake Los Angeles
Humboldt Chapter Buddhist Peace Fellowship Arcata
Immaculate Heart Community San Diego
Inside Out Forums Pasadena
Los Angeles Hompa Hongwanji Buddhist Temple Monterey Park
Lutheran Church of Our Redeemer, Sacramento Sacramento
Lutherans Concerned of Los Angeles Glendale
Methodist Federation For Social Action Cal-Pac Chapter Santa Monica
Metropolitan Community Church, Los Angeles Los Angeles
Metropolitan Community Church, Oakland Oakland
Mission Peak Unitarian Universalist Congregation Fremont
Missiongathering Christian Church Disciples of Christ San Diego
Monte Vista Unitarian Universalist Congregation Montclair
Mt. Diablo Unitarian Universalist Church Walnut Creek
Mt. Hollywood Congregational Church Los Angeles
Muslims for Progressive Values Los Angeles
National Council of Jewish Women, California Long Beach
Neighbors Group of El Dorado County Federated Church Placerville
Noe Valley Ministry, Presbyterian Church (USA) San Francisco
Oasis Ministry, Episcopal Diocese of California Alameda
Rancho Palos
Pacific Unitarian Church Verdes
Pasadena Jewish Temple Center Pasadena
Progressive Christians Uniting Chino
Progressive Interfaith Alliance, Orange Coast Cypress
Redlands United Church of Christ Redlands
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 23 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Local Faith Organizations Location


Sepulveda Unitarian Universalist Society North Hills
Seventh Avenue Presbyterian Church San Anselmo
Simi Valley United Church of Christ Simi Valley
St. Aidan's Episcopal Church, San Francisco San Francsico
St. Cuthbert's Episcopal Church, Oakland Oakland
St. James Church Los Angeles
St. Luke's Episcopal Church Walnut Creek
St. Paul's Episcopal Church Sacramento
St. Paul's United Methodist Church San Jose
Temple Beth El Aptos Jewish Community Center Aptos
That All May Freely Serve San Francisco
The Belfry, Lutheren Episcopal Campus Ministry Davis
The Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies in Religion and Ministry Berkeley
The Church of St. Savior Berkeley
The Metropolitan Community Church of San Diego San Diego
The Ministry to Community and World Santa Barbara
Throop Unitarian Universalist Church Sierra Madre
Trinity Church Palo Alto
Unitarian Society of Santa Barbara Santa Barbara
Unitarian Universalist Church of Palo Alto Palo Alto
Unitarian Universalist Church of Santa Rosa Santa Rosa
Unitarian Universalist Church of Studio City Studio City
Unitarian Universalist Church of the Monterey Peninsula Monterey
Unitarian Universalist Community Church Sacramento
Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of San Luis Obispo County San Luis Obispo
United Centers for Spiritual Living La Jolla
United Church of Christ Coalition for LGBT Concerns Laguna Hills
United Church of Christ Southern California Nevada Conference La Mesa
Unity Fellowship Church, San Diego San Diego
Unity of the Valley Spiritual Center Vacaville
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 24 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Local Faith Organizations Location


Vallejo First United Methodist Church Vallejo
Welcoming Community Network/Community of Christ Chino Hills
West Hollywood Presbyterian Church West Hollywood
Westminster Presbyterian Church Sacramento
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 25 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Thomas Abel Cathedral of St. John the Beloved San Diego
Reverend Jonathan Church of St Paul in the Desert of Palm
Abernethy-Deppe Springs Palm Springs
Reverend Roger Aldi United Centers for Spiritual Living Burbank
Reverend Samuel
Alexander First Presbyterian Church of San Rafael San Rafael
Bruce Alexander St Mark's Episcopal Church Berkeley
Rabbi Mona Alfi Congregation B'nai Israel Sacramento
Reverend Dr. B. Eileen First Congregational Church of Palo Alto,
Altman United Church of Christ Palo Alto
Reverend Thomas E.
Ambrogi Progressive Christians Uniting Claremont
Cantor Michael Anatole Temple Beth Torah Ventura
Reverend Sky Anderson Metropolitan Community Church of San Jose San Jose
Dr. Karen Anderson Orange Coast Unitarian Universalist Church Irvine
Reverend Dr. John S.
Anderson St. John's Presbyterian Church San Francisco
Reverend Lyle Anderson II Community of Christ Santa Monica
Rabbi Melanie Aron Congregation Shir Hadash Los Gatos
Reverend Susan Ashton Ocean Ave Presbyterian Church San Francisco
Reverend Joy Atkinson Unitarian Universalist Association Berkeley
Minister Jay Atkinson Unitarian Universalist Church of Studio City Studio City
Dean Atkinson St. Marks Lutheran Church San Francisco
Reverend Dr. Michael
Backlund St. Paul Episcopal Church of Sacramento Angels Camp
Reverend Canon J. Edwin
Bacon All Saints Episcopal Church Pasadena
Reverend Anne Cox Bailey St. Luke's Episcopal Church Walnut Creek
Reverend Dr. Brian Baker Trinity Episcopal Cathedral Sacramento
Reverend Carissa Baldwin All Saints Episcopal Church Pasadena
Reverend Elizabeth Banks Unitarian Universalist Church of Davis Davis
Pastor Keith G. Banwart,
Jr. St. Matthew's Church Glendale
Reverend Canon Michael
Barlowe Episcopal Diocese of California San Francisco
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 26 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Kay Barre United Methodist Church Lakeside
United Church of Christ- Northern California
Reverend Carol J. Barriger Nevada Conference Redwood City
Reverend Wendy Bartel Sierra Foothills Unitarian Universalists Auburn
Rabbi Lewis M. Barth Hebrew Union College Encino
Pastor Ryan Bell Hollywood Adventist Church Hollywood
Unitarian Universalist Congregation at Shelter
Reverend Christopher Bell Rock Santa Rosa
Reverend Jason E. Bense Lutheran Church of Our Redeemer Sacramento
Manhattan
Cantor David Berger Congregation Tikvat Jacob Beach
Rabbi Michael Berk Congregations Beth Israel San Diego
Rabbi Allan Berkowitz Sinai Synagogue Willow Glen
Rabbi Linda Earle
Bertenthal Union for Reform Judaism Los Angeles
Judge Bruce N. Berwald Inner Light Ministries Santa Cruz
Christ Chapel Metropolitan Community
Reverend Randy Besta Church Santa Ana
Reverend Dr. Duane
Bidwell Claremont School of Theology Claremont
Ms. Susan Bierman Call To Action, Los Angeles Chapter La Canada
Unitarian Universalist Community Church of
Reverend Rebecca Bijur Santa Monica Santa Monica
President Meredith L. Welcoming Community Network- Community
Bischoff of Christ Chino Hills
Mr. AJ Blackwood Progressive Interfaith Alliance OC Cypress
Reverend Machrina
Blasdell Episcopal Diocese of California San Francisco
Reverend Adam Blons First Congregational Church of Berkeley Berkeley
Rabbinic Intern Olga
Bluman City of Hope Los Angeles
Reverend Richard Bolin Trinity United Methodist Church of Los Osos Los Osos
Reverend Dr. Mark S.
Bollwinkel Los Altos United Methodist Church Morgan Hill
Reverend Lou Bordisso American Catholic Diocese of California Vallejo
Reverend Lisa Bove West Hollywood Presbyterian Church North Hills
Reverend Dale Bracey Stone Church of Willow Glen Los Gatos
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 27 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Gerry Brague Chalice Christian Church San Francisco
Reverend Bonnie P.
Brandon St. Andrew's Episcopal Church Anaheim
Reverend Susan Kay Community Church of Atascadero, United
Brecht Church of Christ Atascadero
Reverend Paul R. Brenner St. Francis Lutheran Church San Francisco
Reverend Elizabeth Ann
Brick St. Andrew's United Methodist Church Sacramento
Office of Church Relations at Chapman
Reverend Nancy Brink University Orange
Reverend William Van Los Angeles Hompa Hongwanji Buddhist
Briones Temple Monterey Park
Rabbi Charles K. Briskin Temple Beth El of San Pedro San Pedro
Rector Phil Brochard All Souls of Berkeley Berkeley
Reverend John Brooke United Church of Christ Cotati
Reverend Mary Sue
Brookshire United Church of Christ La Mesa
Rabbi Sharon Brous IKAR Los Angeles
Reverend Dr. Donald
Brown All Souls Parish Berkeley
District Executive Ken Ray Pacific Southwest District, Unitarian
Brown Universalists Oxnard
Reverend Dr. Kevin
Burchette Buchanan Presbyterian Church (USA) Santa Rosa
Reverend Kevin Bucy Universal Spirit Center San Diego
Reverend Houston The Metropolitan Community Church of San
Burnside, Jr. Diego San Diego
Reverend Paul Anthony
Burrows Church of the Advent San Francisco
Reverend Sally Burton United Church of Christ San Bernardino
Mr. Michael Busch Unitarian Universalist Church of Davis David
Reverend John F. Butkis Dignity of Palm Springs Beaumont
Executive Director Pam
Byers Covenant Network of Presbyterians San Francisco

Ms. Caryl M. Callsen Call To Action, Sacramento Sacramento


Reverend David
Camphouse United Methodist Church Santa Maria
Reverend Lee Carlile El Segundo United Methodist Church El Segundo
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 28 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Conejo Valley Unitarian Universalist
Reverend Helen Carroll Fellowship Atascadero
Intern Minister Tamara
Casanova Suzuki University Interfaith Center, CSU Long Beach Long Beach
Reverend Meghan Conrad Unitarian Universalist Community of the
Cefalu Mountains Grass Valley
Reverend John Chamberlin Hayward First United Methodist Church Hayward
Reverend Susan M.
Champion Christ the Lord Episcopal Pinole
Reverend Diana Cheifetz San Francisco Presbytery San Francisco
Reverend Jacqueline The Episcopal Church of St. John the
Cherry Evangelist San Francisco
Reverend Dr. Lynn
Cheyney Westwood Presbyterian Church Los Angeles
Community of Sts. Elizabeth of Hungary &
Reverend Brother Neil Francis
Victor Christensen de Sales- Interdenominational Sacramento
Minister Jan Christian Unitarian Universalist Church of Ventura Ventura
Pastor Wayne Christiansen Interfaith Peacemakers Los Angeles
Mr. Samuel Chu California Faith for Equality Los Angeles
Reverend Rachel L.
Ciupek-Reed Mt. Hollywood Congregational Church Los Angeles
California-Nevada Annual Conference
Reverend Tom Clark of United Methodist Church Grass Valley
Reverend Robbin Clark St. Mark's of Berkeley Berkeley
Rabbi Jennifer Clayman Congregation Beth Am Los Altos
Rabbi Heidi Cohen Temple Beth Sholom Santa Ana
Reverend Carolyn Colbert Unitarian Universalist Association Berkeley
Reverend Dr. Kenneth
Collier Unitarian Universalist Association Santa Barbara
Reverend Dr. Gary B.
Collins St. Mark Presbyterian Church Irvine

Unitarian Universalists Fellowship of


Redwood City & Faithful Fools Street
Ms. Michelle Collins Ministry Redwood City
Reverend Vicky Combs Unitarian Universalist Ministers Association Berkeley
Rabbi SusanS. Conforti Kaiser-Permanente Hospital Irvine
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 29 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend James P. Conn United Methodist Church Santa Monica
Director of Chil Lisa
Conway Los Altos United Methodist Church Morgan Hill
Reverend Kathy Cooper-
Ledesma Hollywood United Methodist Church Los Angeles
Rabbi Mychal Copeland Hillel at Stanford Stanford
Reverend Cheryl L.
Corneliussen Zion Lutheran Church Stockton
Reverend James Corrigan Mission San Diego San Diego
Rabbi Laurie Coskey San Diego
Reverend Prof. Louis
William Countryman Good Shepherd Episcopal Church Oakland
Chaplain David Cowell Professional Home Health Hospice San Mateo
Reverend Jason Cox Episcopal Urban Intern Program Los Angeles
Rabbi Jill Cozen-Harel San Francisco
Reverend Susan H. Craig All Saints Episcopal Church Pasadena
Reverend Donn Arlyn Crail West Hollywood Presbyterian Church Claremont
Reverend Norman Lee
Cram Saint Elizabeth's Sonoma
Reverend Pamela Cranston St. Cuthbert's Episcopal Church of Oakland Oakland
Minister Matthew Walter
Crary Universalist Unitarian Church of Riverside Riverside
Reverend Robin Crawford St. Andrew Presbyterian Church of Pacifica Pacifica
Reverend Dr. John Crean All Saints Church Pasadena
Reverend John Crepeau Dignity of San Diego San Diego
San Marino Congregational United Church of
Reverend Art Cribbs Christ San Marino
Reverend Brent A. Criswell United Methodist Church La Palma
Reverend Dr. John P. University of Southern California School of
Crossley Jr. Religion Los Angeles
Community Presbyterian Church of Pismo
Reverend Bob Crouch Beach Pismo Beach

Mr. David Crumrine Better Vallejo Vallejo


Reverend Pamela
Cummings Sonoma United Methodist Church Sonoma
Reverend Jerilyn Dahlke Presbyterian Church (USA) Rancho
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 30 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Cordova

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Dan Damon First United Methodist Church Richmond
Mrs. Carol Damonte Los Altos United Methodist Church Morgan Hill
Reverend David Daniels Love, Honor, Cherish Los Angeles
Reverend Rosemary Davis Claremont United Methodist Church Claremont
Reverend Walt Davis Presbyterian Church (USA) San Anselmo
Pastor Gregory Earl Davis Central Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) Glendora
Reverend Dr. Randall Day St. Mark's-in-the-Valley Episcopal Church Solvang
Reverend Nancy DeNero Mount Hollywood Congregational UCC Pasadena
Congregational Church of Belmont- United
Reverend Kristi Denham Church of Christ Belmont
Reverend Scott Denman St. John's Episcopal Oakland
Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of San Luis
Reverend Sean Dennison Obispo Counth San Luis Obispo
Reverend Edward J.
Dietrich Palm Springs
Reverend Tommy Dillon St. Aidan's Episcopal Church San Francisco
Reverend D. Rebecca
Dinovo Episcopal Church El Cajon
Reverend Thomas D.
Discavage St. James' in the City Los Angeles
Reverend Brian Keith
Dixon New Ground Community San Francisco
Reverend Melanie Donahoe Church of the Epiphany San Carlos
Rabbi Wayne Dosick The Elijah Minyan La Costa
Reverend Dr. David C.
Downing University Christian Church San Diego
Mr. Charles Dunker Los Altos United Methodist Church Redwood City
Reverend Amy Beth
Durward United Methodist Church Saint Helena
Reverend Ronald Gene
Dybvig Church of Santa Paula Santa Paula
Reverend Jonathan
Eastman Presbyterian Church of Saint Helena St. Helena
Reverend Terri Echelbarger Peninsula Metropolitan Community Church
Rabbi Lisa A. Edwards Beth Chayim Chadashim Los Angeles
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 31 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Reverend Jonathan
Edwards Bethel United Church of Christ Ontario
Faith Leaders Affiliation Location
West
Rabbi Denise L. Eger Congregation Kol Ami Hollywood
Bishop Emeritus Paul W. Southwest California Synod- Evangelical
Egertson Lutheran Church in America Thousand Oaks
Reverend Dr. Tom
Eggebeen Covenant Presbyterian Church of Los Angeles Los Angeles
Rabbi Stephen Einstein Congregation B'nai Tzedek Fountain Valley
Reverend John Lincoln
Eisel Bethany Presbyterian Sacramento
Kensington Community Church, United
Reverend Paula Elizabeth Church of Christ San Diego
Reverend Michael Patrick
Ellard Council of Churches of Santa Clara County San Jose
Reverend John Elliott Agape Culver City
Reverend John R. Embree Resurrection Lutheran Church Anaheim
Huntington
Reverend Allison English St. Wilfrid of York Episcopal Church Beach
Reverend George Erickson Presbytery of San Jose Watsonville
Reverend Stefanie Sabine
Etzbach-Dale Unitarian Universalist Church of Santa Clarita Santa Monica
Bishop Brenda Evans
Cooper Christ Chapel World Ministries San Diego
Reverend Janet Ewart Broadmoor Presbyterian Church Redwood City
Reverend Richard Gardner
Fabian All Saints Company San Francisco
Reverend John Fanestil United Methodist Church La Mesa
Father Geoffrey Farrow Roman Catholic Los Angeles
Reverend Michelle
Favreault Starr King School for the Ministry San Leandro
Reverend David J.
Ferguson Seventh-day Adventist Kinship Sunland
Reverend Robert H.
Fernandez Westminster Presbyterian Church Fair Oaks
Reverend Gabriel Ferrer All Saints' Beverly Hills Beverly Hills
Reverend Ted L. Firch First Christian Church Sacramento
Reverend Steve Fischter Hollywood Lutheran Church Los Angeles
Reverend Sue Fisher Presbyterian Church (USA) El Segundo
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 32 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

President Loring Fiske-


Phillips Redlands United Church of Christ Redlands
Rabbi Joel R. Fleekop Congregation Shir Hadash San Jose
Faith Leaders Affiliation Location
Reverend Susan Fleenor Knox Presbyterian Church Santa Rosa
Reverend Dr. John C.
Forney All Saints Episcopal Church of Pasadena Chino
Reverend Jerry Fox St. Paul's United Methodist Church San Jose
Rabbi Allen I. Freehling University Synagogue Los Angeles
Reverend Doctor Richard Community Congregational Church- United
Freeman Church of Christ Chula Vista
Reverend John L.
Freesemann Holy Redeemer Lutheran Church San Jose
Reverend Arthur French Pasadena Presbyterian Church Pasadena
Reverend Paul Fromberg St. Gregory of Nyssa Episcopal Church San Francisco
Rabbi Pamela Frydman OHALAH San Francisco
Reverend Curt Fuller University City United Church San Diego
Reverend Jeffrey Gaines Seventh Avenue Presbyterian Church San Francisco
Reverend Dr. Jane
Galloway Immanuel Church Long Beach
Reverend Debbie Gara United Methodist Monrovia
Reverend Lynn Gardner Sierra Foothills Unitarian Universalists Auburn
Pastor Ronn Garton Presbytery of San Diego San Diego
Ms. Jennifer Gennari Unitarian Universalist Congregation of Marin Sausalito
Grace United Methodist Church of Long
Reverend Nestor S. Gerente Beach Long Beach
Reverend Elizabeth Gibbs
Zender Immanuel Presbyterian Church Los Angeles
Reverend Dr. Diana Gibson Presbyterian Church (USA) Menlo Park
Reverend Joel Gilbertson-
White Saint Francis Memorial Hospital Oakland
Rabbi Rosalind Glazer Beth Israel Judea San Francisco
Reverend Dr. Robert
Morris Goldstein St. Francis Lutheran Church San Francisco
Reverend Mark Goodman-
Morris Valley Presbyterian Church Portola Valley
Reverend Dr. June C.
Goudey United Church of Christ Simi Valley
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 33 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Dr. Sharon R.
Graff Redlands United Church of Christ Redlands
First Unitarian Universalist Church of San
Reverend James Grant Diego San Diego
Rabbi Joshua Grater Pasadena Jewish Temple & Center Pasadena
Reverend Vicki Gray Christ the Lord Episcopal Church of Pinole Vallejo
Reverend Kathleen Green Unitarian Universalist Ministers Association La Mesa
Reverend Gerald Green Unity Fellowship Church of San Diego San Diego
Reverend Dr. Kathleen
Greider Claremont School of Theology Claremont
Reverend P. Joshua Griffin Episcopal Diocese of California San Francisco
Dr. Liora Gubkin Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of Kern
Malicdem County Bakersfield
Reverend Donald Francis
Guest Glide Memorial United Methodist Church San Francisco
Reverend Bill Habicht Davis Community Church Davis
Pastor Sara Haldeman-
Scarr First Church of the Brethren of San Diego Pomona
Reverend Patricia Hall Center for Spiritual Enlightenment Campbell
First Lutheran Church – Evangelical
Reverend James Hallerberg Lutheran Church of America San Diego
Reverend Sarah Halverson Fairview Community Church Costa Mesa
Pastor David John
Hamilton Napa Valley Lutheran Church Napa
Reverend Barbara A.
Hamilton-Holway Unitarian Universalist Church of Berkeley Kensington
Reverend Bill Hamilton-
Holway Unitarian Universalist Church of Berkeley Berkeley
Reverend Terry Hamilton-
Poore Presbytery of the Redwoods San Anselmo
Reverend Heather Hammer St. John's United Methodist Church Rohnert Park
Reverend Bet Hannon United Church of Christ Fresno
Reverend Sarah Hans Universal Spirit Center San Diego
Reverend Sharon Hare First Presbyterian Church of San Jose San Jose
Reverend Dan Harper Unitarian Universalist Church of Palo Alto Palo Alto
Reverend Rebecca Harrison Presbytery of San Francisco Walnut Creek
Pastor David J. Harvey Celebration of Faith San Jose
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 34 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Canon Mary
Hauck St. Michael's Episcopal Church Carmichael
Reverend Peter D. Haynes Saint Michael & All Angels Episcopal Church Corona del Mar
Reverend Dr. Andrew F.
Headden El Dorado County Federated Placerville
Reverend Dr. Kathy Hearn United Centers for Spiritual Living La Jolla
Reverend Dr. Jane E.
Heckles United Church of Christ Claremont
Ministerial Intern Lara
Helfer Unitarian Universalist Church of Long Beach Long Beach
Reverend Richard E. The Episcopal Church of Our Saviour of Mill
Helmer Valley Mill Valley
Reverend Mark Henderson School for Deacons San Francisco
Reverend Maggi
Henderson Old First Presbyterian Church San Francisco
Pastor Alison Hendley San Rafael First United Methodist Church San Rafael
Reverend Pat D.
Hendrickson Episcopal Diocese of Los Angeles Thousand Oaks
Rabbi Alan Henkin Union for Reform Judaism Porter Ranch
Reverend Ivan Herman Carmichael Presbyterian Church Carmichael
Reverend April Marie
Herron Pacific Beach United Methodist Church San Diego
Conejo Valley Unitarian Universalist
Professor J. R. Hiatt Fellowship Agoura Hills
Reverend Pamela Higgins Benicia
Reverend Carol Clarke
Hilton Palomar Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Oceanside
Minister Anne Felton Hines Emerson Unitarian Universalist Church Canoga Park
Reverend Mary Louise
Hintz All Souls Episcopal Church Berkeley
Sojourn Chaplaincy at San Francisco General
Reverend Will Hocker Hospital Oakland
Reverend Martha Hodges Unitarian Universalist Community Church Sacramento
Senior Deacon Shelby Congregational Church of Fullerton,
Hogan United Church of Christ Anaheim
Reverend Dr. Michael L. Church of the Foothills, United Church of
Holland Christ & DOC Santa Ana
Reverend Michael
Hollingshead United Church of Christ
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 35 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Dr. Glenda B.
Hope San Francisco Network Ministries San Francisco
Reverend Jeff Hopson First Congregational Church Stockton
Reverend Laura M. Horton- First Unitarian Universalist Church of
Ludwig Stockton Stockton
Reverend Ricky Hoyt First Unitarian Church of Los Angeles Los Angeles
Rabbi Jocee Hudson Temple Israel of Hollywood Santa Ana
Reverend Joan Huff 7th Avenue Presbyterian of San Francisco San Francisco
Reverend Kathy Huff First Unitarian Church of Oakland Oakland
Reverend Robert Iles Holy Cross Castro Valley Castro Valley
Rabbi Debbie Israel Congregation Emeth Saratoga
Reverend John Iwohara Venice Hongwanji Culver City
Reverend Thomas C.
Jackson Oasis California Alameda
Rabbi Steven B. Jacobs Progressive Faith Foundation Woodland Hills
Reverend Anne H. Jensen Christ Episcopal Church Oakland
Reverend Lucretia Jevne Episcopal Church Vacaville
Reverend Kevin A. Bloom in the Desert Ministries United Church
Johnson of Christ Palm Springs
Reverend Deborah Johnson Inner Light Ministries Aptos
Reverend Darin Johnson Lutheran-Episcopal Campus Ministry San Diego
Reverend Jeff R. Johnson University Lutheran Chapel of Berkeley Berkeley
Reverend Dr. Jay Johnson Pacific School of Religion Berkeley
Reverend Dr. Beth A.
Johnson Palomar Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Vista
Reverend Todd Jolly Seventh Avenue Presbyterian Church San Francisco
Reverend Dr. Alan Jones Campbell United Methodist Church Campbell
Reverend Allan B. Jones Christ Church United Methodist Santa Rosa
Reverend Roger Jones Unitarian Universalist Sacramento
Rabbi Valerie Joseph B'nai Torah Monterey
Dr. Daniel Joslyn-
Siemiatkoski Church Divinity School of the Pacific Berkeley

Reverend Lyn Juckniess San Francisco Presbytery San Mateo


Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 36 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Pastor Jocelyn Jurkovich- Lutheran Episcopal Campus Ministry at UC
Hughes Davis Davis
Chico New Thought Center for Spiritual
Reverend Karen L. Kahn Living Chico
Reverend Katie Kandarian-
Morris Starr King Unitarian Universalist Church Castro Valley
Reverend Daniel Kane First Unitarian Church of Oakland Oakland
Ministerial Candidate
Andrew Karlson Unitarian Universalist Oakland
North
Rabbi Jim Kaufman Temple Beth Hillel Hollywood
Reverend Rob Keim St. Mark's Episcopal Church Palo Alto

Dr. Alan D. Kelchner Danville Congregational Church Danville


La Canada
Reverend Anthony Keller St. Georges Church Flintridge
President Brian R. Kelly Dignity of San Diego San Diego
Reverend Keenan Colton
Kelsey Noe Valley Ministry San Francisco
Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of
Reverend Bill N. Kennedy Redwood City Redwood City
Reverend Zelda Kennedy All Saints Episcopal Church Pasadena
Reverend Kate Kennedy Unitarian Universalist Davis
Cantor Evan Kent Temple Isaiah Sherman Oaks
Reverend Dr. Flora A.
Kesheegian Church Divinity School of the Pacific Berkeley
Reverend Fances
Kieschnick Episcopal Diocese of California Palo Alto
Reverend InHo Kim Presbyterian Church (USA) San Francisco
Reverend Roger Kimble III Vallejo First United Methodist Church Vallejo
Canon Randolph Kimmler Holy Spirit Episcopal Community Los Angeles
Board President Jennifer Mission Peak Unitarian Universalist
King Congregation Fremont
Reverend Abigail King
Kaiser Presbyterian Church (USA) Oakland
Rabbi Paul Kipnes Congregation Or Ami Calabasas
Reverend Jim Kitchens Calvary Presbyterian Church San Francisco
Rabbi Lori Klein Alliance for Jewish Renewal Capitola
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 37 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Nora Klynjan Church of Truth Carlsbad
Reverend Theolinda Knight Episcopal Diocese of California Berkeley
Temple Educator Janis
Knight Temple Beth Torah Ventura
Reverend Dan Koeshall Metropolitan Community Church San Diego
Reverend Victoria S.
Kolakowski New Spirit Community Church Oakland
Reverend Wendy Komori
Stager St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church Pleasant Hill
Reverend Peter Koopman Presbyterian (USA) San Jose
Reverend James Kosko Elk Grove United Church of Christ Elk Grove
Reverend Dale L. Kraai Presbyterian (USA) Laguna Niguel
Reverend Doug C B. Kraft Unitarian Universalist Society Sacramento
Reverend Dr. Reinhard Rolling Hills
Krauss St. Luke's Presbyterian Church Estates
Reverend Craig Kuehn Church of Our Saviour Placerville
Starr King School for the Ministry- Unitarian
Reverend Kurt A. Kuhwald Universalist Berkeley
Reverend Rebecca Kuiken Interfaith Council on Economics and Justice San Jose
Rabbi Jonathan Kupetz Temple Beth Israel Pomona
Institute for Judaism & Sexual Orientation
at Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of
Dr. Joel L. Kushner Religion Los Angeles
Rabbi Lawrence Kushner Emanu-El San Francisco
Reverend Dr. Jonipher J.
Kwong Sepulveda Unitarian Universalist Society Long Beach
Reverend Kathleen Fay La
Point-Collup Elk Grove United Methodist Church Elk Grove
Reverend Jose Luis La
Torre St. Johns Lutheran Sacramento
Reverend Peter Laarman Progressive Christians Uniting Los Angeles
Reverend Ghislain Labonte Unitarian Universalist San Diego
Reverend Scott Landis Mission Hills United Church of Christ San Diego
Episcopal Church of the Redeemer of San
Reverend Joseph Lane Rafael San Rafael

Reverend Anna Lange-Soto El Buen Pastor Episcopal Church Redwood City


Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 38 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Richard
Lawrence San Diego
Rabbi Martin S. Lawson Temple Emanu-El San Diego
Reverend Eric O.
Ledermann First Presbyterian Church San Bernardino
Reverend Donald Lee Sierra Pines United Methodist Church Sierra Pines
Reverend Stephen Lee Grace United Methodist Church Oakland
Reverend Dr. Katherine
Lehman St. Bede's Episcopal Church Menlo Park
Reverend Michael Lemaire All Souls Parish Episcopal Church Berkeley
Reverend Terry Lepage United Church of Christ Irvine
Reverend Joanne Leslie St. John's Episcopal Church of Los Angeles Los Angeles
Ms. Diana Levin Congregation Etz Chaim Ramona
Rabbi Richard Levy Hebrew Union College Los Angeles
Reverend Charles H. Lewis San Francisco Night Ministry San Francisco
Reverend Laurel Liefert First Unitarian Church of Oakland Berkeley
Pastor Leif Lind Glendale City Seventh-day Adventist Church Redlands
Reverend Eileen Lindsay Walnut Creek United Methodist Church Walnut Creek
Rabbi Richard M. Litvak Temple Beth El Aptos
Reverend James
Lockwood-Stewart Epworth United Methodist Church Berkeley
Reverend Odette
Lockwood-Stewart Epworth United Methodist Church Berkeley
Reverend Linda Loessberg-
Zahl United Methodist Church Elk Grove
Reverend Abel E. Lopez All Saints Episcopal Church of Pasadena Pasadena
Reverend Michael Love First United Methodist Church of Palo Alto Palo Alto
Reverend Kelly Love Fair Oaks United Methodist Church Fair Oaks
President Mary Lundholm Orange Coast Unitarian Universalist Church Costa Mesa
Reverend Brian Lyke Presbyterian Church (USA) Carmel
Pastor Max Lynn St. John's Presbyterian Church of Berkeley Berkeley
Dr. Joseph Lyons La Verne Church of the Brethren Claremont

Dr. Carol Mack United Church of Christ of Simi Valley Newbury Park
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 39 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Kenneth
MacLean Unitarian Universalist Church of the Desert Rancho Mirage
Rabbi Dana Magat Temple Emanu-El San Jose
Intern Minister Sue First Unitarian Universalist Church of San
Magidson Diego San Diego
Pastor Paula Mann Presbytery of the Pacific Los Angeles
Pastor Sharon Mann Pacific Southwest Region El Cajon
Rabbi Paula Marcus Temple Beth El Aptos
Rabbi Janet Marder Congregation Beth Am Los Altos
Reverend Erin Martinson Christ Lutheran Church Pacific Beach
Rabbi Jeff Marx Santa Monica Synagogue Santa Monica
Reverend Dr. Paul
Masquelier Presbyterian Church (USA) San Jose
Reverend Stephen J.
Mather Coronado Community Church Coronado
Dr. Karolyn R. Mauro Mary Magdalene Apostle Catholic Community San Diego
Reverend Christine Mc
Spadden Grace Cathedral San Francisco
Reverend Melissa
McCarthy Epiphany- Episcopal Oak Park
Reverend Richard Missiongathering Christian Church Disciples
McCullen of Christ San Diego
Reverend Matthew
McDermott St. Marks of Palo Alto Palo Alto
Reverend Aaron McEmrys Unitarian Society of Santa Barbara Santa Barbara
Reverend Valerie McEntee Congregational Church of Belmont Belmont
Reverend Will C.
McGarvey Community Presbyterian Pittsburg
Reverend Debra McGuire St. John's Presbyterian Church San Francisco
Reverend Stephen McHale Episcopal Church of the Resurrection Pleasant Hill
Reverend Laurie McHugh First United Methodist Church of Palo Alto Palo Alto
Reverend Janet Gollery
McKeithen United Methodist Church Santa Monica
Reverend Melinda McLain City of Refuge United Church of Christ San Francisco
Intern Minister Patrick
McLaughlin Orange Coast Unitarian Universalist Church Vista
Reverend Christie
McManus St. John's Episcopal Parish Gualala
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 40 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Kathleen
McShane Pacific School of Religion Berkeley
Minister Alexander Medina Christ Chapel World Ministries Encinitas
Unitarian Universalist Community Church of
Reverend Judith Meyer Santa Monica Santa Monica
Reverend Ben Meyers Berkeley Fellowship of Unitarian Universalists Berkeley
Mission Peak Unitarian Universalist
Reverend Barbara Meyers Congregation Fremont
Metropolitan Community Church of San
Reverend David Michaels Diego San Diego
Senior Pastor Reverend Valley Ministries Metropolitan Community
Terri Miller Church Stockton
Pastor Wilbert Miller First Lutheran Church San Diego
Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of San
Reverend David Miller Diego San Diego
Reverend Dr. Curtis E.
Miner United Church of Christ San Luis Obispo
Episcopal Church of the Incarnation, San
Reverend Darren Miner Francisco San Francisco
Rabbi Michelle Missaghieh Temple Israel of Hollywood Los Angeles
Reverend Dr. Randle
Richard Mixon First Baptist Church of Palo Alto Palo Alto
Reverend Aimee Moiso Presbyterian Church (USA) Santa Clara
Reverend Sarah
Moldenhauer-Salazar First Unitarian Church of Oakland Berkeley
Reverend Douglas James
Monroe First United Methodist Church of Napa Napa
Reverend Eichard Ora
Moore United Church of Christ Claremont
Reverend Joyce Kirk San Dimas Community United Church of
Moore Christ San Dimas
Rancho Palos
Minister John Morehouse Pacific Unitarian Church Verdes
Reverend Amy Zucker
Morgenstern Unitarian Universalist Church of Palo Alto Palo Alto
San Lorenzo Community Church United
Reverend Katie Morrison Church of Christ Oakland
Reverend Paul E. Mullins Grace Evangelical Lutheran Church San Francisco
Reverend David C.H.
Mundy Metropolitan Community Church Oakland
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 41 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Senior Minister Ken Micah
Murdock Unity of the Valley Spiritual Center Vacaville
Rabbi Nancy Myers Temple Beth David Westminster
Dr. Deborah Nagle-Burks Oak Tree Bereavement Center/ St. Edmund's Pacifica
Professor Julius Nam Loma Linda University Loma Linda
Reverend Eric Nefstead The Episcopal Diocese of California San Francisco
Reverend Lee Neish Los Gatos United Methodist Church Los Gatos
Reverend Dr. Greg Nelson Second Wind San Francisco
Reverend Geoff Nelson Whittier Presbyterian Church Whittier
Reverend Dr. James A.
Nelson Neighborhood Unitarian Universalist Church Pasadena
Reverend Dr. Kim L.
Nelson Lakeside Presbyterian Church San Francisco
Reverend Dr. Paula Nesbitt All Souls Episcopal Parish Berkeley
United Church of Christ- Northern
Reverend Drew Nettinga California Nevada Conference San Leandro
Reverend Penny Newall St. Andrew Presbyterian Church Pacifica
Reverend CanonJames A.
Newman St. Bede's Episcopal Church Los Angeles
Mission Peak Unitarian Universalist
Minister Jeremy Nickel Congregation San Francisco
Reverend Catherine
Noellert Los Altos United Methodist Church Morgan Hill
Reverend Dr. Elizabeth
Nordquist Presbyterian Church (USA) Los Angeles
Reverend Dr. John T.
Norris Loomis Basin United Church of Christ Loomis
Reverend Doug Northrip Modesto First Christian Church Modesto
Mr. Albert O'Brien Call To Action, San Diego San Diego
Reverend John Oda David United Methodist Church San Francisco
Reverend Susan Oeffler Los Altos United Methodist Church Long Beach
Reverend Canon Albert J. St. Paul's Foundation for International
Ogle Reconciliation San Diego
Reverend Julia Older Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Redwood City
Reverend Sandy Olewine The Neighborhood United Methodist Church Long Beach
Reverend Dr. Karen P.
Oliveto Glide Memorial United Methodist Church San Francisco
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 42 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Elane O'Rourke Campbell United Church of Christ San Jose
Reverend Carolyn Osborn Point Reyes Community Presbyterian Church San Rafael
Reverend Bob Oshita Buddhist Church of Sacramento Sacramento
First Unitarian Universalist Church of San
Reverend Kathleen Owens Diego San Diego
Reverend Dr. Carolyn S. First Unitarian Universalist Church of San
Owen-Towle Diego San Diego
Reverend Tom Owen-
Towle Tapestry, Unitarian Universalist Congregation San Diego
Westminster Presbyterian Church of
Pastor Thomas Oxtoby Sacramento Sacramento
Reverend Elizabeth Parab St. Edmund's Episcopal Church Redwood City
Pastor Larry Patten United Methodist Church Fresno
Reverend Dr. Geraldine
Anne Paulsen New Faith United Church of Christ Auburn
Reverend Debra Peevey Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)
Antelope Valley Unitarian Universalist
Dr. Ulrica Perkins Fellowship Lancaster
Pastor Craig Peterson Woodland Hills
Associate Minister Hannah
Petrie Neighborhood Unitarian Universalist Church Pasadena
Reverend WalterE. Phelps St. Brigid's Episcopal Church Vacaville
Reverend Giovanna M.
Piazza Ecumenical Catholic Santa Ana
Reverend Dr. Linda
Pickens-Jones United Methodist Church Santa Clara
Reverend Jay K. Pierce United Methodist Church of Merced Merced
Reverend Lauran Pifke St. Anne's Episcopal Church Fremont
Reverend George Vail
Pixley First Baptist Church of Claremont Claremont
Reverend Pamela Griffith
Pond Marin Lutheran Church Novato
Reverend Stina Pope Sei Ko Kai Christ Church Pacifica
Reverend R. Winston Rancho Santa
Presnall Presbyterian Church (USA) Margarita
Pastor Dr. Rebecca B.
Prichard Tustin Presbyterian Church Santa Ana
Reverend Sheri
Prud'homme First Unitarian Church of Oakland Berkeley
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 43 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Ross Putnam Mission Hills United Church of Christ San Diego
First Congregational Church of Riverside,
Reverend Jane Quandt United Church of Christ Riverside
Reverend William Radatz First Lutheran Church San Diego San Diego
Unitarian Universalist Legislative Ministry of
Reverend Lindi Ramsden CA Sacramento
Reverend Benita A.
Ramsey Unity Fellowship of Christ Church Riverside Riverside
Reverend Ellen Rankin Presbyterian Church (USA) San Anselmo
Reverend Charles Rawlings Santa Clara County Council of Churches San Jose
Reverend Dr. John
Rawlinson St. James Episcopal Church of Oakland Oakland
St. Savior Inclusive Celtic Church of San
Reverend Kaaren Lynn Ray Francisco Berkeley
Reverend Roger Reaber Grace Presbyterian Church Walnut Creek
Reverend Dr. Deana Jo
Reed Covenant Presbyterian Napa
Reverend Dr. George Rector Emeritus, All Saints Episcopal of
Regas Pasadena Pasadena
Pastoral Director Lawrence
Reh First Light Ministries Alameda
Rancho Palos
Reverend Diane Rehfield United Methodist Church Verdes
Reverend Elaine Reichert St. John's Oakland Oakland
Reverend Thomas William
Reinhart-Marean United Methodist Church Newport Beach
Reverend Dr. Sarah Reyes Bethel Community San Leandro
Reverend Bruce Reyes-
Chow Mission Bay Community Church San Francisco
Ms. Jennifer Rice St. Mark's Berkeley Emeryville
Reverend Canon Mary
Richardson St. Paul's Cathedral San Diego
Reverend Scott Richardson St. Paul's Cathedral San Diego
Pastor Wayne Riggs Plymouth Church San Diego
Reverend Reese M. Riley St. Paul's Episcopal Church Tustin
Rabbi Ted Riter Temple Adat Elohim Thousand Oaks
Reverend Dr. Thomas B.
Robb Presbytery of San Jose Los Gatos
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 44 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location

Reverend Luis Rodriguez Episcopal Church of the Saviour Hanford


Reverend Russell Richard
Roe United Church of Christ Palo Alto
Moderator of the 213th General Assembly of
Dr. Jack B. Rogers the Presbyterian Church (USA) Pasadena
Reverend Dawn Roginski Coalition of Welcoming Congregations Napa
Reverend Richard
Rollefson Christ Lutheran Church San Diego
Reverend Alex Roller Christian Church Disciples of Christ San Diego
Director Joshua Romero Solace San Diego
Bay Area Coalition of Welcoming San Francisco
Rabbi D'vorah Rose Congregations Bay Area
Reverend Elisabeth Payne
Rosen Episcopal Diocese of California Ross
Rabbi Arthur Rosenberg Motion Picture and Television Fund Woodland Hills
Rabbi Adam Nathan
Rosenwasser Congregation Beth Am Mountain View
Reverend Patricia Ross St. John's Parish of Clayton Palm Springs
Reverend Carol S. Rudisill St. John's Parish of Clayton Pasadena
Chairman D. Rudolph Call to Action, Palm Springs Idyllwild
Mrs. Kathy Ruiz
Goldenkranz Throop Unitarian Universalist Church Aptos
Reverend Canon Susan
Russell All Saints Episcopal Church of Pasadena Pasadena
Pastor William H. Ruth Our Redeemer Lutheran Church Livingston
Reverend Dr. Pete Sabey Interfaith Counseling Service Claremont
Rabbi Dr. J.B. Sacks Academy for Jewish Religion California Woodland Hills
Reverend Gerald Satoshi
Sakamoto San Jose Buddhist Church San Jose
Rabbi Elisheva Salamo Keddem Congregation Palo Alto
Huntington
Ms. Lenora M. Sanchez Unitarian Universalist Church in Anaheim Beach
Reverend Joanne Sanders Stanford University Stanford
Reverend William C.
Sanford United Methodist Church of Merced Atwater
Pastor Karen Sapio Claremont Presbyterian Church Claremont
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 45 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Lisa Sargent Unitarian Universalist Church of Berkeley Berkeley
Reverend Richard Schaper Episcopal Diocese of California San Francisco
Minister Cathy Scheer Unity Fellowship of Christ Church Riverside
Reverend Denese Schellink Unity Center of Davis Elk Grove
The Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies in
Dr. Bernard Schlager Religion and Ministry Berkeley
Reverend Dr. Kenneth
Schmidt All Saints Episcopal Church of San Francisco San Francisco
Rabbi Chaim Leib
Schneider Chadeish Yameinu Aptos
Monte Vista Unitarian Universalist
Reverend Ann Schranz Congregation Upland
Mission Peak Unitarian Universalist
Reverend Chris Schriner Congregation Fremont
Rabbi Avi M. Schulman Temple Beth Torah Fremont
San Geronimo Community Presbyterian
Reverend Dr. John Scott Church San Geronimo
Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of
Reverend Craig H. Scott Tuolumne County Sonora
Reverend Matt J. Seargeant Brea United Methodist Church Brea
Reverend Amy Seymour
Haney Windsor Presbyterian Church Windsor
Reverend Dr. Jane Shaw Grace Cathedral San Francisco
Reverend Betty Sue First Congregational Church of Santa Barbara
Sherrod United Church of Christ Santa Barbara
Rabbi John M. Sherwood Temple Emet Oxnard
Reverend Madison
Shockley II Pilgrim United Church of Christ Carlsbad
Reverend Jack Lester
Shriver First Presbyterian of Oakland Walnut Creek
Cantor Meeka Simerly Temple Emanu-El San Jose
Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of
Reverend Grace H. Simons Stanislaus County Modesto
Father River Sims Temenos Catholic Worker Vallejo
Rabbi Suzanne Singer St. Victors Catholic Community Church Riverside
Reverend Donald Smith Glendale
West
Reverend Daniel E. Smith West Hollywood Presbyterian Church Hollywood
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 46 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Kim Smith Mount Tamalpais United Methodist Church Mill Valley
Pastor Matthew Morgan
Smith The Table United Methodist Church Sacramento
Reverend Dr.Richard Smith Episcopal Church of St. John the Evangelist San Francisco
Reverend DonaSmith-
Powers First Baptist of Palo Alto Palo Alto
Reverend Dori Jeanine
Somers Unitarian Universalist Upland
Reverend Doctor Ronald Community Church, United Church of Christ
Sparks California City California City
Reverend Mark Spaulding Holy Cross Episcopal Church Castro Valley
Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of Santa
Reverend Pallas Stanford Cruz County Watsonville
Father Kevin R. Steen Dignity Los Angeles Los Angeles
Minister Emeritu Stanley
Stefancic Unitarian Universalist San Rafael
Rabbi Stephen Julius Stein Wilshire Boulevard Temple Los Angeles
Board President Julie Monte Vista Unitarian Universalist
Steinbach Congregation Montclair
Rabbi Gershon Steinberg-
Caudill Ohr Shekhina El Cerrito
West
Reverend Dr. John Stevens Westminster Presbyterian Church Sacramento
Reverend Jerry Marvin
Stinson First Congregational Church of Long Beach Long Beach
Reverend Janine C. Stock All Saints American Catholic Church Carlsbad
Reverend Kristin Stoneking Cal Aggie Christian Association Davis
Mr. William Stout Unitarian-Universalist Church of Fresno Fresno
Ms. Jean Strathdee United Methodist Ch. of Rancho Cordova Carmichael
Reverend Doctor Arvid First Unitarian Universalist Church of San
Straube Diego San Diego
Reverend RogerD. Straw United Church of Christ Benicia
Reverend Roland
Stringfellow Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies Berkeley
Elder Sonnie Swenston First Presbyterian Church Covina
Reverend Kay Sylvester St. Paul's Episcopal Church Tustin

Reverend Neil Tadken St. James Church Los Angeles


Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 47 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Leslie Takahashi
Morris Mt. Diablo Unitarian Universalist Church Pleasant Hill
Reverend David Takahashi
Morris Mt. Diablo Unitarian Universalist Church Martinez
Reverend Wendy J. Taylor United Church of Christ San Mateo
Reverend Doctor Jeremy
Taylor Unitarian Universalist Fairfield
Reverend Dr. Paul Irvine United Congregational Church, United Irvine
Tellstrom Church of Christ
Reverend Dr. Neil G. Metropolitan Community Church of Los
Thomas Angeles Los Angeles
Reverend Canon Allisyn L.
Thomas St. Paul's Cathedral- Episcopal San Diego
Reverend Sue Thompson St. Edmund's Episcopal Church Pacifica
Reverend Dr. David Stuart
Thompson The Experience Community Sacramento
Professor Carl Thoresen Los Gatos United Methodist Church Los Gatos
Reverend Libby Tigner First Congregational Church Long Beach
Reverend Mary Lynn
Tobin Davis Community Church Davis
Roman Catholic Dean
Michael Tompkins Immaculate Heart Community San Diego
Reverend Frances
Tornquist Transfiguration of San Mateo Belmont
Reverend Margaret
Trezevant Episcopal Diocese of California Daly City
First Congregational Church of Santa Barbara
Reverend Dr. Myrna Tuttle United Church of Christ Santa Barbara
Dr. Aart Van Beek Parkview Presbyterian Church Sacramento
The Venerable Kathleen
Van Sickle Episcopal Diocese of California Albany
Reverend Kathleen M.
Vance Spiritualist Gathering Long Beach
President Virginia
Vanderway Mary Magdalene Apostle Catholic Community San Diego
Dr. Roché Vermaak Brentwood Presbyterian Church Los Angeles
Community Council of Mary Magdalene
Dr. E. Jane Via Catholic Community Jamul
Reverend Lily M. Villamin United Methodist Church Fontana
Reverend Felix C. United Church of Christ Southern
Villanueva California Nevada Conference La Mesa
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 48 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Audrey W.
Vincent Unitarian Universalist Association Santa Paula

Reverend Dr. Herman


Waetjen Redwoods Presbytery San Anselmo
Reverend Canon Lynell E.
Walker St. Paul's Episcopal Church Sacramento
North
Reverend Jerrell Walls Christ Chapel Los Angeles Hollywood
Reverend Mary L. Walton CASE Domestic Violence Interfaith Project Long Beach
Reverend Canon Mort
Ward Episcopal Diocese of Los Angeles Santa Barbara
Unitarian Universalist Church of the Monterey
Reverend Greg Scott Ward Peninsula Monterey
Reverend Debbie
Weatherspoon Los Altos United Methodist Church Morgan Hill
Reverend Julie Webb Napa Valley Lutheran Church Napa
Rabbi David Wechsler-
Azen Beth Shalom Sacramento
Temple Beth El and Jewish Community
Rabbi Shifra Weiss-Penzias Center Aptos
Reverend Vail Weller Unitarian Universalists of San Mateo San Mateo
Dean Marjo Wells Trinity Cathedral Sacramento
American
Reverend Dr. Beth Wheeler Presbyterian Church (USA) Canyon
Reverend Faith Whitmore St. Mark's United Methodist Church Sacramento
Reverend Doctor Joanne
Whitt First Presbyterian Church of San Anselmo San Anselmo
Reverend Dr. Nancy Wiens Presbyterian Church (USA) San Rafael
Reverend Lisa A. Wiggins Unitarian Universalist Congregation of Marin Petaluma
Reverend Dr. Melville
Willard Presbytery of San Diego San Diego
Reverend Dr. Frank Willey Summit Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Santee
Reverend Chris Williams Episcopal Diocese of California San Diego
Reverend Dr. Kimberly A.
Willis Christ Church United Methodist Santa Rosa
Rabbi Sarah Wolf Congregation Beth Am Mountain View

Dr. William Wood First Presbyterian Church of Santa Monica Santa Monica
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 49 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Faith Leaders Affiliation Location


Reverend Deborah London
Wright Presbyterian Church (USA) Sausalito
Reverend Chip Wright Unitarian Universalist Congregation of Marin San Rafael
Cantor Gregory Yaroslow San Bernardino
Reverend Rick A.
Yramategui Carmel Valley Community Chapel Salinas
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 1 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 50 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Return to Request Service List Page

Service List for Case 10-16696

CAUTION: If the word Active is in the ECF Filing Status column, then your electronic filing will
constitute service to the party.
If Not Registered, Exempt, Pending, Rejected, or Suspended is in the ECF Filing Status
column, then you must service this party by US Mail.

Case Number: 10-16696 ECF Filing Status


Abram John Pafford Active
Pafford, Lawrence & Ross, PLLC
1100 Commerce Street
Lynchburg, VA 24504
abepafford@yahoo.com

Alexander Dushku Active


KIRTON & McCONKIE, PC
Eagle Gate Tower
Suite 1800
60 E. South Temple
Salt Lake City, UT 84111
adushku@kmclaw.com

Amir C. Tayrani Active


GIBSON DUNN & CRUTCHER, LLP
1050 Connecticut Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20036-5306
atayrani@gibsondunn.com

Andrew P. Pugno Active


Law Offices of Andrew P. Pugno
Suite 100
101 Parkshore Drive
Folsom, CA 95630
andrew@pugnolaw.com

Andrew W. Stroud Active


Mennemeier, Glassman & Stroud LLP
980 9th Street
Suite 1700
Sacramento, CA 95814
stroud@mgslaw.com

Anita L. Staver Not Registered


Liberty Counsel

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 2 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 51 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

P.O. Box 540774


Orlando, FL 32854

Anthony R. Picarello Jr. Not Registered


United States Catholic Conference
202-541-3300
3211 Fourth Street, Northeast
Washington, DC 02991-0194

Brian William Raum Active


ALLIANCE DEFENSE FUND
15100 N 90th St.
Scottsdale, AZ 85260
braum@telladf.org

Charles J. Cooper Active


COOPER & KIRK, PLLC
1523 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
ccooper@cooperkirk.com

Christine Van Aken Active


SAN FRANCISCO CITY ATTORNEY'S OFFICE
Fox Plaza
7th Floor
1390 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94102-5408
christine.van.aken@sfgov.org

Christopher D. Dusseault Active


GIBSON DUNN & CRUTCHER, LLP
Suite 5350
333 South Grand Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90071-3197
cdusseault@gibsondunn.com

Claude Franklin Kolm Active


OFFICE OF COUNTY COUNSEL
Suite 450
1221 Oak Street
Oakland, CA 94612-4296
claude.kolm@acgov.org

Daniel Powell Active


CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 3 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 52 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Suite 11000
455 Golden Gate Ave.
San Francisco, CA 94102
daniel.powell@doj.ca.gov

Danny Chou Active


7th Floor
1390 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94102-5106
Danny.Chou@sfgov.org

David Boies Active


BOIES, SCHILLER & FLEXNER
333 Main St.
Armonk, NY 10504
dboies@bsfllp.com

David Thompson Active


COOPER & KIRK, PLLC
1523 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
dthompson@cooperkirk.com

Dean Robert Broyles Active


Western Center for Law & Policy
539 West Grand Ave
Escondido, CA 92025
dbroyles@wclplaw.org

Dennis J. Herrera Active


OFFICE OF THE CITY ATTORNEY
City Hall
1 Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Place
San Francisco, CA 94102-4682
cityattorney@sfgov.org

Diana E. Richmond Active


Sideman & Bancroft LLP
8th Floor
One Embarcadero Center
San Francisco, CA 94111
drichmond@sideman.com

Donald MacPherson Active


The MacPherson Group

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 4 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 53 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

3039 West Peoria Avenue


#102-620
Phoenix, AZ 85029
mac@beatirs.com

Elizabeth B. Wydra Active


Constitutional Accountability Center
1200 18th Street NW
Washington, DC 20036
elizabeth@theusconstitution.org

Enrique Antonio Monagas Active


GIBSON, DUNN & CRUTCHER LLP
Suite 3000
555 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA 94105-2933
emonagas@gibsondunn.com

Erin Bernstein Active


SAN FRANCISCO CITY ATTORNEY'S OFFICE
Fox Plaza
7th Floor
1390 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94102-5408
erin.bernstein@sfgov.org

Ethan Douglas Dettmer Active


GIBSON, DUNN & CRUTCHER LLP
Suite 3000
555 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA 94105-2933
EDettmer@gibsondunn.com

Eugene Dong Active


786 Holly Oak Drive
Palo Alto, CA 94303
genedong@gmail.com

Gary G. Kreep Active


UNITED STATES JUSTICE FOUNDATION
Suite 2
932 "D" St.
Ramona, CA 92065
usjf@usjf.net

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 5 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 54 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Herbert George Grey Active


HERBERT G. GREY, ATTORNEY AT LAW
Suite 320
4800 S.W. Griffith Drive
Beaverton, OR 97005-8716
hgrey.law1@verizon.net

Hiram S. Sasser Active


Liberty Institute
2001 W Plano Parkway
Suite 1600
Plano, TX 75075
hsasser@libertyinstitute.org

Holly Carmichael Active


Holly L Carmichael
5096 Selinda Way
Los Gatos, CA 95032
holly.l.carmichael@gmail.com

James Andrew Campbell Active


ALLIANCE DEFENSE FUND
15100 N 90th St.
Scottsdale, AZ 85260
jcampbell@telladf.org

James F. Sweeney Not Registered


SWEENEY & GREENE LLP
Suite 101
8001 Folsom Boulevard
Sacramento, CA 95826

James Joseph Lynch Jr. Active


Suite 115
4144 Winding Way
Sacramento, CA 95841-4413
jjlynchjr@jamesjosephlynchjr.com

James Matthew Griffiths Active


Western Center for Law & Policy
539 West Grand Ave
Escondido, CA 92025
jamesgriffiths@cox.net

Jay Sekulow Active

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 6 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 55 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

AMERICAN CENTER FOR LAW AND JUSTICE


201 Maryland Avenue, N.E.
Washington, DC 20002
sdemos@aclj.org

Jeffrey Mateer Not Registered


Liberty Institute
2001 W Plano Parkway
Suite 1600
Plano, TX 75075

Jeffrey Hunter Moon Not Registered


United States Catholic Conference
3211 Fourth Street, N.E.
Washington, DC 20017

Jeremy Michael Goldman Active


Boies, Schiller & Flenxer, LLP
900
1999 Harrison Street
Oakland, CA 94612
jgoldman@bsfllp.com

Jerome Cary Roth Active


Munger Tolles & Olson, LLP
560 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA 94105
Jerome.Roth@mto.com

Jesse Panuccio Active


COOPER & KIRK, PLLC
1523 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
jpanuccio@cooperkirk.com

John C. Eastman Active


THE CLAREMONT INSTITUTE CENTER FOR
CONSTITUTIONAL JURISPRUDENCE
c/o Chapman Univ. School of Law
One University Drive
Orange, CA 92866
jeastman@chapman.edu

Joshua Irwin Schiller Active


BOIES SCHILLER & FLEXNER LLP

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 7 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 56 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

7th Floor
575 Lexington Ave.
New York, NY 10022
jischiller@bsfllp.com

Joshua K. Baker Active


National Organization for Marriage
Suite 300
2029 K Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
jbaker@nationformarriage.org

Judy W. Whitehurst Active


LOS ANGELES COUNTY COUNSEL
6th Floor
648 Kenneth Hahn Hall of Administration
500 West Temple Street
Los Angeles, CA 90012-2713
jwhitehurst@counsel.lacounty.gov

Kelly J Shackelford Active


Liberty Institute
2001 W Plano Parkway
Suite 1600
Plano, TX 75075
kshackelford@libertyinstitute.org

Kenneth Alan Klukowski Active


Kenneth A. Klukowski, Esq.
12915 Wood Crescent Circle
Herndon, VA 20171
kenklukowski@gmail.com

Kenneth C. Mennemeier Jr. Active


Mennemeier, Glassman & Stroud LLP
980 9th Street
Suite 1700
Sacramento, CA 95814
kcm@mgslaw.com

Kevin J. Hasson Active


THE BECKET FUND FOR RELIGIOUS LIBERTY
Suite 220
3000 K. St, NW
Washington, DC 20007
khasson@becketfund.org

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 8 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 57 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Kevin Trent Snider Active


Pacific Justice Institute
Suite 115
9851 Horn Road
Sacramento, CA 95827
kevinsnider@pacificjustice.org

Kristen K. Waggoner Active


Ellis, Li & McKinstry, PLLC
Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
kwaggoner@elmlaw.com

Lawrence John Joseph Active


Law Office of Lawrence J. Joseph
Suite 200
1250 Connecticut Avenue
Washington, DC 20036
ljoseph@larryjoseph.com

Lincoln C. Oliphant Not Registered


Columbus School of Law
The Catholic University of America
Washington, DC 20064

Lynn Dennis Wardle Active


3359 Cherokee Ln.
Provo, UT 84604
wardlelm@yahoo.com

M. Edward Whelan III Not Registered


Ethics and Public Policy Center
Suite 910
1730 M Street N.W.
Washington, DC 20036

Mary Elizabeth McAlister Active


LIBERTY COUNSEL
P.O. Box 11108
Lynchburg, VA 24502-2272
court@lc.org

Mathew D. Staver Not Registered

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 9 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 58 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

LIBERTY COUNSEL
2nd Floor
1055 Maitland Center Commons
Maitland, FL 32751

Matthew McGill Active


GIBSON DUNN & CRUTCHER, LLP
1050 Connecticut Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20036-5306
MMcGill@gibsondunn.com

Michael F. Moses Not Registered


United States Catholic Conference
3211 Fourth Street, Northeast
Washington, DC 02991-0194

Mollie Mindes Lee Active


SAN FRANCISCO CITY ATTORNEY'S OFFICE
City Hall
City Hall, Rm 234
One Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Place
San Francisco, CA 94102-4682
mollie.lee@sfgov.org

Nicole Jo Moss Active


COOPER & KIRK, PLLC
1523 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
nmoss@cooperkirk.com

Paul Benjamin Linton Active


921 Keystone Avenue
Northbrook, IL 60062
PBLCONLAW@AOL.COM

Peter A. Patterson Active


COOPER & KIRK, PLLC
1523 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
ppatterson@cooperkirk.com

Rena Lindevaldsen Active


LIBERTY COUNSEL
P.O. Box 11108
Lynchburg, VA 24502-2272

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 10 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 59 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

court@lc.org

Richard Gonzalo Katerndahl Active


Law Office of Richard G. Katerndahl
171 Dominican Drive
San Rafael, CA 94901
rkaterndahl@earthlink.net

Richard Jason Bettan Active


BOIES SCHILLER & FLEXNER LLP
7th Floor
575 Lexington Ave.
New York, NY 10022
rbettan@bsfllp.com

Ronald P Flynn Active


SAN FRANCISCO CITY ATTORNEY'S OFFICE
Fox Plaza
7th Floor
1390 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94102-5408
ronald.flynn@sfgov.org

Rosanne C. Baxter Active


BOIES, SCHILLER & FLEXNER
333 Main Street
Armonk, NY 10504
rbaxter@bsfllp.com

Sarah E. Piepmeier Active


GIBSON, DUNN & CRUTCHER LLP
Suite 3000
555 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA 94105-2933
spiepmeier@gibsondunn.com

Stephen Kent Ehat Active


California Legal Research, Inc.
167 North 1150 East
Lindon, UT 84042-2527
attorneyhamud@gmail.com

Stephen M. Crampton Active


LIBERTY COUNSEL
P.O. Box 11108

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 11 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 60 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Lynchburg, VA 24502-2272
court@lc.org

Steven Thomas O'Ban Active


Ellis, Li & McKinstry, PLLC
Suite 4900
Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
soban@elmlaw.com

Steven W. Fitschen Active


THE NATIONAL LEGAL FOUNDATION
Suite 204
2224 Virginia Beach Blvd.
Virginia Beach, VA 23454
nlf@nlf.net

Stuart J. Roth Not Registered


AMERICAN CENTER FOR LAW AND JUSTICE
201 Maryland Avenue, N.E.
Washington, DC 20002

Tamar Pachter Active


CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
Suite 11000
455 Golden Gate Ave.
San Francisco, CA 94102
Tamar.Pachter@doj.ca.gov

Tammy Cravit Active


Paralegal for the Children
P.O. Box 2445
Lompoc, CA 93438-2445
tammy@childrensparalegal.com

Terry L. Thompson Active


Law Office of Terry L. Thompson
P.O. Box 1346
Alamo, CA 94507
tl_thompson@earthlink.net

Theane Evangelis Kapur Active


GIBSON DUNN & CRUTCHER, LLP
333 South Grand Avenue

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 12 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 61 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

Los Angeles, CA 90071-3197


tkapur@gibsondunn.com

Theodore Olson Active


GIBSON DUNN & CRUTCHER, LLP
1050 Connecticut Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20036-5306
tolson@gibsondunn.com

Theodore H. Uno Active


BOIS SCHILLER & FLEXNER LLP
2435 Hollywood Boulevard
Hollywood, FL 33020
tuno@bsfllp.com

Theodore J. Boutrous Jr. Active


GIBSON DUNN & CRUTCHER, LLP
333 South Grand Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90071-3197
tboutrous@gibsondunn.com

Therese Stewart Active


SAN FRANCISCO CITY ATTORNEY'S OFFICE
City Hall
234
One Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Place
San Francisco, CA 94102-4682
therese.stewart@sfgov.org

Thomas Brejcha Not Registered


Thomas More Society
Suite 440
29 S. La Salle Street
Chicago, IL 60603

Thomas Molnar Fisher Active


IAGO - INDIANA ATTORNEY GENERALS OFFICE
INDIANA GOVERNMENT CENTER SOUTH
IGCS - 5th Floor
302 W. Washington St.
Indianapolis, IN 46204-2770
tom.fisher@atg.in.gov

Vince Chhabria Active


OFFICE OF THE CITY ATTORNEY

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010
Service List for Case 10-16696 Page 13 of 13
Case: 10-16696 10/25/2010 Page: 62 of 62 ID: 7522171 DktEntry: 198-2

City Hall
Room 234
1 Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Place
San Francisco, CA 94102-4682
vince.chhabria@sfgov.org

Von G. Keetch Not Registered


KIRTON & McCONKIE, PC
Eagle Gate Tower
801-328-3600
60 E. South Temple
Salt Lake City, UT 84111

Walter Martin Weber Active


AMERICAN CENTER FOR LAW AND JUSTICE
201 Maryland Avenue, N.E.
Washington, DC 20002
wmweber@aclj-dc.org

https://ecf.ca9.uscourts.gov/cmecf/servlet/TransportRoom?servlet=ServicePrefRpt 10/25/2010