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09/10/2018

Training Notes: Disclaimer


These materials are for the exclusive use of ExVeritas Limited
clients and is provided pursuant to the agreement between
ExVeritas Limited and its client.
ExVeritas Limited responsibility and liability are limited to the
terms and conditions of the agreement.
ExVeritas Limited assumes no liability to any party, other than
to the Client in accordance with the agreement, for any loss,
expense or damage occasioned by the use of this information.
This material may not be reproduced and distributed in whole
or part to third parties without the express permission of the
author.

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® 1

ATEX DIRECTIVE
&
EPL’s
ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® 2

European ATEX Directives

ATEX
DIRECTIVES

99/92/EC 2014/34/EU
(94/9/EC)

HEALTH AND EQUIPMENT


SAFETY

ATEX 153 ATEX 114

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 3

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 1


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ATEX NUMBERS

• The ATEX numbers have changed over the


years!
ATEX DIRECTIVE ATEX NUMBER
ORIGINALLY THEN NOW

99/92/EC 118a 137 153

2014/34/EU(was 94/9/EC) 100a 95 114

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 4

ATEX DIRECTIVE
2014/34/EU
(EQUIPMENT)
ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® 5

Equipment Marking

• All equipment manufactured for use in explosive


atmospheres, the explosive atmosphere can be
gases, vapours and/or mists or combustible dusts,
must be suitably marked to indicate in what
hazardous area (zone) the equipment can be
installed.

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 6

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 2


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Equipment/Zones

• Equipment for use in gas zones was selected by the


electrical concept e.g. Ex d i.e. flameproof, was
suitable for use in a zone 1 and zone 2.
• This meant the person installing the equipment had
to know and understand the concepts.
• Supplementary identification marks were introduced
under European Directive 94/9/EC to assist the
selection of equipment for use in zones.
• Directive 2014/34/EU is an update to 94/9/EC

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 7

UPDATE

ATEX 94/9/EC

has become

ATEX 2014/34/EU
This was implemented
20th April 2016

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 8

Objective
• The ATEX Directive 2014/34/EU (was 94/9/EC)
covers electrical and non-electrical (mechanical)
equipment and protective systems that may be used
in explosive atmospheres formed by gases, vapours,
mists, dusts, ignitable fibres or flying's.
• Ensures free movement for certified products within
Europe.
• Removes trade barriers (technical barriers) between
European countries.

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 9

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 3


09/10/2018

Equipment Protective Systems


Electrical equipment • Flame arrestors
• Motors
• Starter
• Junction boxes • Suppression systems
Non-electrical equipment
• Explosion relief systems
• Gear boxes
• Fans
• Pumps

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 10

Components Safety Devices

• Electrical Terminals • I.S. Barriers

• Overload units for Ex e


motors
• Empty Enclosures

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 11

The main differences are:


• The inclusion of non-electrical equipment;
• The inclusion of dust atmospheres;
• Requirements for safety related devices (flame
arrestors, suppression systems etc) and safe area
equipment

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 12

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 4


09/10/2018

99/92/EC and 2014/34/EU

• Directive 99/92/EC states that equipment must be


selected for use in hazardous areas (zones) by the
Category as identified in Directive 2014/34/EU.(was
94/9/EC).
• This is MANDATORY!!!!
• Unless the risk assessment states otherwise.

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 13

ATEX Equipment Groups

• Group I: Coal Mining only

• Group II: Surface industries and other mining


industries not associated with coal mines.

• The equipment group is based on the groups that


were around in 1994.

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 14

Equipment Categories

The ATEX Directive, defines five categories of


equipment:

M1 and M2 (mining use)

CAT 1, CAT 2, and CAT 3 (non-mining use)

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 15

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 5


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ATEX Directive 94/9/EC

M1
I M2

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 16

Equipment Categories
Category 1
Intended to be used in areas in which an explosive
atmosphere caused by mixtures of air and gases,
vapours, mists or dusts are present continuously or
for long periods of time.

Z Z Z
o o o
n n n
Category 1
e e e

0 1 2

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 17

Equipment Categories
Category 2
Intended to be used in areas in which an explosive
atmosphere caused by mixtures of air and gases,
vapours, mists or dusts are likely to occur in normal
operation

Z Z
o o
n n
e e

1 2

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 18

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 6


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Equipment Categories
Category 3

Intended to be used in areas in which an explosive


atmosphere caused by mixtures of air and gasses,
vapours, mists or dusts are unlikely to occur or only
to occur infrequently or for short periods of time

Z
o
n
e

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 19

Levels of Protection
Level of Category Performance of Conditions of
Protection Group I Group II Protection operation

Very High M1 Two independent means of Equipment remains


protection or safe with two energised when explosive
faults atmosphere present

Very High 1 Two independent means of Equipment remains


protection or safe with two energised and functioning in
faults. zones 0,1, 2 (G) and/or 20,
21, 22 (D)

High M2 Suitable for normal operation Equipment de-energised


and severe operating conditions when explosive atmosphere
present

High Suitable for normal operation Equipment remains


and frequently occurring energised and functioning in
2 disturbances zones 1, 2 (G) and/or 21, 22
(D)

Normal Suitable for normal operation Equipment remains


energised and functioning in
3 zones 2 (G) and/or 22 (D)

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 20

ATEX MARKING
• Made up of three elements

• 1st element is the Equipment Group, the group can


be either group I or group II.

• Equipment group I is mining!


• Equipment group II is surface industries!

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 21

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 7


09/10/2018

ATEX MARKING
• 2nd element is the category.

• The category relates to the zone of use.

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 22

ATEX Category Zone of use


Gas Dust
1 0 20

2 1 21

3 2 22

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 23

ATEX MARK
• 3rd element is the environment.

• G = Gas
• D = Dust
• Note upper case lettering only.

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 24

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 8


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ATEX MARK

Put the three elements together and we get….

Category Environment

G=Gas
1 D= Dust

Equipment Group
II 2 G or D or both
Note:
no subdivision 3
used on the ATEX
mark

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 25

IEC 60079-0 Marking


ATEX Directive 2014/34/EU IEC 60079-10-X

Group Equipment Equipment Zone


Group Category
M1
I I M2 n/a
1G 0
II 2G 1
3G 2
II
1D 20
III 2D 21
3D 22

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 26

Electrical Equipment Marking

• The equipment marking, assuming full compliance


with the relevant standard/s is met, will also include
the Hexagon Ex symbol, the affixing of this symbol
enables the equipment to be sold and installed freely
within Europe.

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 27

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 9


09/10/2018

CE Marking

The CE Marking is a legal


requirement for products
covered by one or more of
the EU Directives
stipulating its use.

Conformity European

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 28

• The CE mark signifies that the supplier of the product


(usually the manufacturer) has verified that the
product complies with the requirements of the
relevant Directives. For the ATEX Directive, the
symbol CE must be accompanied by the following:
• Name and address of manufacturer
• Designation of series, type, Serial number, if any
• Year of construction
• Equipment group category
• For equipment of Group II the letters G and/or D
for type of atmosphere (gases, vapours, mists
and dusts)
ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 29

UNDERSTANDING
A
LABEL
ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® 30

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 10


09/10/2018

LABEL

MY COMPANY: UK
2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: SCSD II 2 G

250 volts 16A Ex d IIC T6

DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGISED


2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X
Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 31

MANUFACTURER

MY COMPANY: UK
2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: SCSD II 2 G

250 volts 16A Ex d IIC T6

DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGISED


2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X
Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 32

ADDRESS + WEB ADDRESS

MY COMPANY: UK
2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: SCSD II 2 G

250 volts 16A Ex d IIC T6

DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGISED


2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X
Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 33

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 11


09/10/2018

MODEL

MY COMPANY: UK
2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: SCSD II 2 G

250 volts 16A Ex d IIC T6

DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGISED


2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X
Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 34

ATEX MARK

MY COMPANY: UK
2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: SCSD II 2 G

250 volts 16A Ex d IIC T6

DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGISED


2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X
Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 35

II 2 G

• II = Equipment Group (surface industries)

• 2 = Category, equipment can be located in zone 1


(zone 2).

• G = Gas environment

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 36

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 12


09/10/2018

CONCEPT

MY COMPANY: UK
2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: SCSD II 2 G

250 volts 16A Ex d IIC T6

DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGISED


2014 EXV 14ATEX 6017X
Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 37

E Ex d

• E = European

• Ex = Explosive

• d = Concept letter (Flameproof)

• Note The ‘E’ for Europe is no longer used on certified


equipment approved after 1 July 2006.
ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 38

GAS GROUP

MY COMPANY: UK
2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: SCSD II 2 G

250 volts 16A Ex d IIC T6

DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGISED


2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X
Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 39

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 13


09/10/2018

II C

• II = Gas Group

• C = Sub-group (most onerous gas group)

If equipment can go into a IIC gas environment it can


also go into a lesser gas group e.g. IIA and IIB.

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 40

TEMPERATURE CLASS

MY COMPANY: UK
2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: SCSD II 2 G

250 volts 16A Ex d IIC T6

DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGISED


2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X
Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 41

Equipment Temperature Class

• Equipment is identified with a temperature class.


• Identified by a ‘T’ rating (sometimes also by a
temperature in ˚C).
• The temperature class identifies the hottest
temperature that the equipment can obtain in normal
operation (and in a specified fault condition).
• This can be either the inside or the outside of the
equipment depending on the protection concept.

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 42

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 14


09/10/2018

Temperature Class IEC 60079-0:2012


The full list of temperature codes are

Temperature Class Max Temp limit (C)

T1 450
T2 300
T3 200
T4 135
T5 100
T6 85
ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 43

Ignition Temperatures
(Table 4:IEC 60079-14:2013)
Temperature Class Temperature Class
Location Equipment
T1 T1-T6
T2 T2-T6
T3 T3-T6
T4 T4-T6
T5 T5-T6
T6 T6

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 44

Temperature Class

• The lower the ‘T’ number, the higher the


temperature.
• Hottest is worst
• Coolest is best

T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
Hottest Coolest
(Worst) (Best)
ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 45

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 15


09/10/2018

Temperature Class
• One thing that must never be allowed to happen is
that the surface (internal or external) temperature of
the equipment rise beyond the ignition temperature
of the gas or vapour that it is located in.
• T = Temperature
• 6 = 85°Celsius
• This is the maximum that the equipment can obtain, it
may not be the temperature that the equipment will
actually get to.

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 46

WARNING LABEL

MY COMPANY: UK
2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: SCSD II 2 G

250 volts 16A Ex d IIC T6

DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGISED


2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X
Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 47

YEAR OF MANUFACTURE

MY COMPANY: UK
2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: SCSD II 2 G

250 volts 16A Ex d IIC T6

DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGISED


2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X
Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 48

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 16


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CERTIFICATE LABEL

MY COMPANY: UK
2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: SCSD II 2 G

250 volts 16A Ex d IIC T6

DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGISED


2014 EXV14ATEX6017X
Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 49

Certificate

• EXV = ExVeritas
• 14 = year (2014)
• ATEX = Manufactured in accordance with European
Directive 94/9/EC
• 6017 = Certificate number
• X = Specific condition for safe use (or installation).

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 50

SERIAL NUMBER

MY COMPANY: UK
2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: SCSD II 2 G

250 volts 16A Ex d IIC T6

DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGISED


2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X
Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 51

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 17


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CE MARK

MY COMPANY: UK
2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: SCSD II 2 G

250 volts 16A Ex d IIC T6

DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGISED


2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X
Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 52

EX MARK

MY COMPANY: UK
2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: SCSD II 2 G

250 volts 16A Ex d IIC T6

DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGISED


2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X
Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 53

Equipment Protection Levels

• The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)


introduced a similar scheme to the ATEX Categories in
2006 for countries not part of the European Union i.e.
rest of the world.
• This scheme is known as the Equipment Protection
Levels (EPL’s).
• The Equipment Protection Levels (EPL’s) are the IEC’s
equivalent of the Levels of Protection (ATEX
categories).

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 54

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 18


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Equipment Protection Levels

• The EPL’s follow the level of protection indication of


a, b and c in line with the level of protection afforded
by the equipment.
• For many years we’ve had:
• Ex ia for use in zone 0, 1 and 2;
• Ex ib for use in zone 1 and 2.

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 55

Equipment Protection Levels


Zone of Equipment Protection Equipment Protection
Use Level Level
Gas Dust

0/20 Ga Da

1/21 Gb Db

2/22 Gc Dc
ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 56

Gas zones for ATEX Category/EPL Equipment

Zone of ATEX Category EPL Gas


Use

0 1G Ga

1 1G or 2G Ga or Gb

2 1G, 2G or 3G Ga, Gb or Gc

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 57

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 19


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Dust zones for ATEX Category/EPL Equipment

Zone of ATEX Category EPL Dust


Use

20 1D Da

21 1D or 2D Da or Db

22 1D, 2D or 3D Da, Db or Dc

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 58

ATEX/EPL Marking
IEC 60079-0 ATEX 2014/34/EU IEC 60079-10-X

Group Equipment Protection Levels of Protection Zone


Level

Ma M1
I Mb M2 n/a
Ga 1G 0
II Gb 2G 1
Gc 3G 2
Da 1D 20
III Db 2D 21
Dc 3D 22
ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 59

Examples

2585
MY COMPANY LTD, WALES UK
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: PR 20

220-240 volts 16A II 2 G Ex dem IIB T3 Gb


DO NOT OPEN
WHEN ENERGISED Tamb -20°C to +55 °C

2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X


Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 60

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 20


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Zone of Use?

MY COMPANY LTD, WALES UK


2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: PR 20
220-240 volts 16A II 2 G Ex dem IIB T3 Gb
DO NOT OPEN Europe EPL’s
WHEN ENERGISED Tamb -20°C to +55 °C

2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X


Serial No. 001179

Zone 1 and Zone 2


ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 61

Alternative

MY COMPANY LTD, WALES UK


2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: PR 20
220-240 volts 16A II 2 G Ex db eb mb IIB T3
DO NOT OPEN
WHEN ENERGISED Tamb -20°C to +55 °C

2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X


Serial No. 001179

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 62

Zone of Use?

MY COMPANY LTD, WALES UK


2585
www.mycompany.co.uk

Model: PR 20
220-240 volts 16A II 2 G Ex db eb mb IIB T3
DO NOT OPEN Europe EPL’s
WHEN ENERGISED Tamb -20°C to +55 °C

2014 EXV 14ATEX6017X


Serial No. 001179

Zone 1 and Zone 2


ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 63

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 21


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End

ATEX/EPL's (02-2018 Rev 4) ©ExVeritas® ATEX 64

ATEX/EPL’s (02-2018 Rev 4) 22