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hey what's up Stefanie the English
coach here from EnglishFullTime.com

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today we're gonna talk about the present
perfect tense in English now I know this

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tense is difficult for many of you
because either it doesn't exist in your

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native language or if it does exist it's
used differently than it's used in

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English so hopefully I can make this
tense very very very easy for you

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the way I see grammar is that grammar is
logical in any language you just have to

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understand the pattern or how the
grammatical structure is formed and then

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you have to learn when to use it
situation scenarios etc so if you can

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understand all of that something that's
very vague and abstract suddenly becomes

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very easy so if you really want to get
deep into this tense and understand it

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fully I highly recommend that you
download the guide that I'm gonna link

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in the description
I created a complete guide for you guys
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it's all about how to use this tense
with tons of sentence examples I spent

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well over eight hours making this guide
for you so it is an excellent resource I

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think you're really gonna like it
so download it study it highlight it

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take a picture put it on Instagram
use #EnglishFullTime tag my

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account and show me that you are
practicing with this material and I will

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keep making more also if this video gets
to ten thousand likes at least then I

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will know you really liked grammar
videos and I will make another one just

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let me know what grammar tense you want
me to cover next this is the first

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grammar video I'm making on my channel
and we have a lot to cover but before we

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get started let's go ahead and thank our
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okay so I hope you enjoyed that I'm

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really happy to share Lingoda with you
today I actually tested their programs

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myself I did a French class with them
and I did three English classes to

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observe how they're done I was very
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advanced or something like that
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questions and when you pay for something
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like okay I better do this I paid for it
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your English I think they are a great
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they are such they they are wonderful
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that I did I was just like oh my gosh
this is such a nice teacher very

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impressed okay so remember to use the
link in the description to sign up and

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let's continue with the lesson okay so
how do we form the present perfect tense

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we use the subject has have and the past
participle form of a verb let me give

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you some examples I have walked
I have played I have wanted right now

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you have to be careful with the past
participle form of the verb though

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because sometimes it's irregular I have
sung I have broken I have flown with

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irregular past participles you just have
to memorize them there's really no rhyme

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rule or reason to which is which and how
to remember etc etc just focus on

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memorizing the list so that you can use
these words correctly now when we

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combine subjects like I you he
she wiII they etc with having has there

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are several different ways we can do it
check this out I have I have not I've I
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haven't I've not okay so that's five
different ways that we can make these

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combinations and just a tip for you
native English speakers love contracting

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words so if we can use a contraction we
do okay it makes you speak a lot faster

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and it's just easier so if you can use a
contraction you want to use it unless

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you're writing a formal academic essay
or if you're trying to emphasize

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something you might want to say no I
have wanted that for a long time

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that's when maybe you wouldn't use a
contraction for emphasis okay so now

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let's talk about when to use the present
perfect tense the most important thing

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to remember is that the present perfect
connects the past and the present so for

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example something that started in the
past and continues today like he's been

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a manager for seven years this means he
became a manager seven years ago and

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he's still a manager today
another example is I've been really sick
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lately this could mean that I got sick
and then I got better I got sick and

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then I got better I got sick and then I
got better okay but I've been really

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sick lately I get started in the past
and I'm still sick on and off again okay

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we also use the present perfect when we
don't care to emphasize when exactly

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something happened so someone could say
I've been to Spain twice now this means

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they went in the past two times but it's
also indicating that they could

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potentially go again right something
that happened in the past and could

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continue in the future
another example is I've had three exams

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this week okay so I'm saying that it
happened this week but I'm not telling

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you exactly if my exams were on Monday
because if not I would say I had three

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exams on Monday I'm using the past
simple but if I say I've had three exams

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this week I'm just telling you that they
happened sometime this week and I'm also

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indicating that perhaps I will have more
exams this week that they're not

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finished I'm not emphasizing

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that my exams are over I'm just
emphasizing that it has happened again

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if I say I had three exams this week I
am clearly emphasizing that I completed

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three exams and I have no more this week
I had three exams this week versus I've

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had all right we can also use the
present perfect when we talk about

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achievements like she's won three Oscars
and noticed that I contracted that there

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I didn't say she has won three Oscars I
said she's won she's won she's won three

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Oscars that is an achievement and the
reason I'm using the present perfect

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it's because she won them in the past
but I'm indicating that she is still an

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actress and she still has the potential
to win more Oscars so it could continue

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in the future on the other hand if I'm
talking about maybe an actor who's no

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longer alive I might say he won two
Oscars I'm using the simple past because

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he did it in the past and there's no
chance he's going to be doing any of

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that in the future
okay cuz he's dead another way that we

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use the present perfect is to talk about
things that haven't happened yet but

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that we expect to happen okay so for
example let's say you had a job

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interview and I say hey did you get the
job and you say I don't know yet I

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haven't heard back from the company you
haven't heard back meaning they have not

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called you yet but you are expecting to
get a call back okay another example is I

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haven't been to Brazil yet okay I am
dying to go to Brazil I cannot wait a

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lot of people ask me about this in the
comments but I haven't been to Brazil

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yet I haven't gone to Brazil yet so I
have not because I expect to go I'm not

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gonna say I didn't go to Brazil because
that's awkward it's like when when

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didn't you go do you didn't go when in a
specific year in 2013, 14, when you had a

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specific opportunity what are you
talking about using the past simple

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connects something that happened in the
past to a very specific time or instance

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or occasion okay so I could say oh I had
the opportunity to go to Brazil in 2014

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but I didn't go right so I had the
opportunity at a specific time and I didn't

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go that's not what I'm talking about I'm
saying I haven't gone meaning I expect

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to go
I just haven't gone in the past but I

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expect to go in the future so think
about things that you expect to happen

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that have not happened yet and you can
write some examples in the comments

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actually you can write examples for all
of these in the comments just to

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practice okay another example of
something that has not yet happened

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scientists have not yet discovered a
cure for cancer okay so why do we say it

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like this they have not discovered or
have not yet discovered because we

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expect them to eventually discover a
cure for cancer right we also use the

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present perfect to talk about change
over time so let's say that I see a kid

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and then I don't see him for two years
and he gets really tall and then when I

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finally see him again I say wow you've
grown up a lot since the last time I saw

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you or Wow
you've gotten a lot taller since the

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last time I saw you okay so that is
indicating a change over time you've

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gotten taller since the last time I saw
you you've grown up a lot since the last

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time I saw you
now think about when you first started

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learning English I bet your English has
improved a lot since then right I bet

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your English has improved a lot since
then I'm talking about a change over
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time okay another example of change over
time she's lost a lot of weight since

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she started the diet she has lost a lot
of weight since she started the diet

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again I contracted that the first time
she's lost a lot of weight she's lost

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okay change over time she has lost a lot
of weight since she started the diet she

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started the diet over there somewhere
and then she's lost a lot of weight over

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time until today and she continues to
lose weight now if you're talking about

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a diet that she did a long time ago and
maybe she stopped the diet gained the

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weight back or who knows what then you
would say yeah she lost a lot of weight

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on the diet she lost it in the past
maybe it found her again I'm just

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kidding okay now one of the most common
ways to use the present perfect is to

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talk about life experiences like have
you ever been on a plane

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have you ever seen
the office have you ever met the
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president now speaking of life
experiences there is a really common and

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well-known game that English speakers
play you can look it up later it's

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called never have I ever and there's
different variations of this game but

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basically it helps you learn interesting
things about your friends and whoever

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you play the game with so basically you
say never have I ever okay and then you

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say something you've never done so I'm
going to go first and I'll tell you guys

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some things that I've never done using
this sentence construction and then you

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can practice in the comments by telling
me five things you've never done and

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then as you guys read each other's
comments you'll find things that people

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say that they've never done and if you
have done that you can comment and say

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hey I have done that so someone can say
never have I ever climbed Mount Everest

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but by saying that maybe you'll meet
someone who has climbed Mount Everest

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okay so never have I ever driven a
motorcycle never have I ever been to

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Brazil never have I ever broken a bone
never have I ever donated blood and

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never have I ever been to Disney World
so again we use the present perfect to

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talk about life experiences and we even
have this game never have I ever to talk

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about our life experiences and to figure
out what people have done and what

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people haven't done so now it's your
turn tell me five things in the comments

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that you've never done using the
construction never have I ever okay so

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that was a little detour we still have
more to this lesson there's lots to

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learn here but the next thing I want to
say is that sometimes a sentence in the

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present perfect can accomplish multiple
functions at the same time let's just

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look at this sentence I've been a
teacher for over years and I've

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worked with hundreds of students around
the world

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#TrueStory okay so here we are
showing something that started in the

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past and continues today I've been a
teacher for over 10 years right and I've

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worked with hundreds of students around
the world but this is also talking about

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life experience and it's talking about
achievements so remember that all the

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things I list
previously in the video like we can use

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the present perfect to talk about
achievements life experience etc etc

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sometimes in one sentence we're doing
multiple things okay so I hope you guys

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are hanging in there with me
things are about to get a little bit

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more advanced
alright let's compare the following

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sentences and analyze what the
difference is between these two

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sentences they cannot grow their
business until they get some investors

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or they cannot grow their business until
they've gotten some investors what's the

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difference it's so subtle it's very
subtle

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basically the sentence that uses the
present perfect tense is emphasizing

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that one action must be completed before
the other action can happen it is about

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emphasis okay they're essentially saying
the same thing but one is placing more

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emphasis on the fact that something has
to be completed before the other thing

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can happen so they cannot grow their
business until they get some investors

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it's kind of matter of fact they cannot
grow their business until they've gotten

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some investors meaning it's absolutely
impossible for them to grow their

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business until they've gotten some
investors again essentially they are

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saying the same thing the difference is
very subtle but sometimes this emphasis

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is necessary if you're a freelancer for
example a lot of freelancers take
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payment after they've completed the work
but then they run into experiences where

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their client doesn't pay or they pay
late so what I've done and the

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freelancers that I work with they all
say the same thing we do not begin our

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work until we have received the payment
okay or we will not begin until we have

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received the first payment okay
basically ensuring I need to receive

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payment first and then I will begin the
work or then I will turn in the work or

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whatever the arrangement is okay so we
can also use the present perfect with

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the passive voice I know a lot of you
guys hate the passive voice and you hate

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the present perfect so this is probably
the worst combination in the world but

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again my goal is to make it easy for you
I hope I'm

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making it easy please let me know in the
comments if this is making more sense

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okay so how do we do this how do we form
the present perfect in the passive voice
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we use has or have plus been plus the
past participle okay it's actually

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pretty easy gold has been associated
with wealth for centuries the lost dog

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has been found once the car has been
washed then it can be painted remember

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in the passive construction we're not
emphasizing the subject of the sentence

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we're not emphasizing who does the
action we are just emphasizing the

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result okay like the lost dog has been
found who found the dog we either don't

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know or we don't care okay but the dog
has been found yay next we're gonna talk

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about how the present perfect can be
used in sentence clauses now remember a

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clause is simply a group of words where
you need a group of words to express

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something okay but it's not exactly a
complete idea let me give you some

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examples so this makes sense
whenever I've made up my mind okay

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whenever I've I have made up my mind so
that is in the present perfect but when

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you hear that by itself does it make
sense no because it's a clause it is a

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group of words but by itself
it does not make sense whenever I've

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made up my mind but now let me put this
in a sentence for you so you see the big

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00:16:53,870 --> 00:16:57,600
picture and you see how this works I'll
let you know my final decision

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whenever I've made up my mind okay I
don't know what I'm gonna decide right

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00:17:01,360 --> 00:17:04,470
now but I will let you know my final
decision

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00:17:04,470 --> 00:17:10,579
whenever I've made up my mind okay next
wait I've dropped this month that by

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itself does not really make sense right
but what if someone says oh my goodness

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I cannot believe the weight I've dropped
this month right we're talking a lot

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about diets in this video aren't we oh
well okay

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00:17:22,180 --> 00:17:28,450
I can't believe the weight I've dropped
this month now we are going to do a

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clause that is in past participle form
okay which have been considered the most

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00:17:33,900 --> 00:17:37,700
valuable gemstone for centuries
right that doesn't make sense

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alone which have been considered the
most valuable gemstone for centuries now

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let me put it into a sentence diamonds
which have been considered the most

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valuable gemstone for centuries are
actually not that rare diamonds which

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have been considered the most valuable
gemstone for centuries are actually not

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that rare next although we've been
friends for many years right that alone

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by itself is incomplete you can just
hear that it's incomplete now let me

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00:18:09,350 --> 00:18:15,040
finish it although we've been friends
for many years we still disagree on many

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things although we've been friends for
many years we still disagree on many

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things ok so now we are going to cover
some common phrases that we use with the

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present perfect tense okay now it's
really great to have these phrases in

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your repertoire okay to just have them
in your mind and your memory at the

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front of your brains

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so you can just use them whenever you

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need them the first one is where have
you been

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okay hey where have you been like let's
say someone has been your I don't know

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your dad your mom I don't do you live
with your dad in your mom maybe your

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wife your husband your your kid I don't
know someone's been gone all day and

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they come back and you're like hey where
have you been like you you don't know so

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you're asking okay where where you been
where have you been next I haven't seen

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her in years or I haven't seen him in
years or I haven't seen them in years

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okay I haven't something that hasn't
happened for a long time and continues

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to not happen that's a little bit
awkward because it's a negative sentence

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but it still makes sense logically if
you think about it something that hasn't

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happened and continues to not happen
right okay maybe draw a diagram so that

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can make sense or something if you're
struggling with it we haven't talked in

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ages we haven't talked in ages I haven't
heard from him in a while

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I haven't heard from him in a while I
haven't gotten around to that yet

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so for example Renzo has been asking me
to make a rather important phone call

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00:19:43,410 --> 00:19:47,510
for a couple weeks I have been so busy I
literally haven't gotten around to it

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yet okay I haven't been able to do it or
in my case I have not prioritized it

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above the other things I've been doing
just because I've been so busy next I've

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had a rough day or some people might say
I've had a tough day I tend to use rough

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I don't know why it just feels better
I've had a rough day okay tough just

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seems anyways but people do use it okay
I've had a great day I've had a rough

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00:20:10,330 --> 00:20:14,840
day I've had a great time another one is
have we met before

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00:20:14,840 --> 00:20:18,470
if you're meeting somebody and you're
not sure I think this is a pick-up line

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that guys use also have we met before
when they no they didn't actually meet

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the person anyways I could be wrong but
I feel like I've seen that in movies a

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couple times so it probably happens if
you're a guy maybe you can try that and

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just you know let us know if it works in
the comments next has anyone seen my and

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00:20:34,900 --> 00:20:38,340
then whatever you're looking for has
anyone seen my keys has anyone seen my

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wallet has anyone seen my baby I'm just
kidding has anyone seen my phone okay so

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that pretty much covers the ways the
many ways that we use the present

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perfect tense again if you really wanted
to

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00:20:50,990 --> 00:20:55,260
into this and keep studying and get lots
of examples then please download the

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00:20:55,260 --> 00:20:59,850
guide that I've linked in the
description it's absolutely free and I'm
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00:20:59,850 --> 00:21:04,159
still as at the point of making this
video I am still working on it it's

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00:21:04,160 --> 00:21:08,410
almost finished but it's already like 10
pages long okay I'm trying to make it as

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00:21:08,410 --> 00:21:15,020
concise as possible but the reality is
there's so much information to share and

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00:21:15,020 --> 00:21:19,400
examples that I want to give you so that
it all comes together and makes sense so

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00:21:19,400 --> 00:21:22,510
it's a bit long but I think you're
really going to like it and I think it's

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gonna help this whole tense make sense
now before I end this video I just want

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to share a couple mistakes that people
make with the present perfect tense so

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00:21:32,800 --> 00:21:37,879
that you can avoid these mistakes the
first mistake is basically not knowing

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00:21:37,880 --> 00:21:42,090
your past participles you have got to
memorize the past participles because if

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you don't you will use these incorrectly
so to give you an example of this and to

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00:21:47,050 --> 00:21:52,290
throw Renzo under the bus a little bit
when we were dating it had been like a

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00:21:52,290 --> 00:21:57,050
few months or something like that and
when he realized how quickly the time
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00:21:57,050 --> 00:22:02,310
had gone by he said Wow time has really
flowed up hasn't it and I was like

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00:22:02,310 --> 00:22:07,360
flowed up what is this guy talking about
for those of you who don't know my

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00:22:07,360 --> 00:22:12,709
husband is not a native English speaker
and when we met his English was not that

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00:22:12,710 --> 00:22:17,110
good okay so anyways he said time had
really he said time had really

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00:22:17,110 --> 00:22:22,240
flowed up and when I finally realized
what he was trying to say I was like oh

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00:22:22,240 --> 00:22:27,300
my gosh he was trying to say that time
had flown by

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00:22:27,300 --> 00:22:33,110
so yeah memorize your past participles
another mistake that I've seen is

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00:22:33,110 --> 00:22:37,760
students using contractions where they
shouldn't use contractions let me give

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00:22:37,760 --> 00:22:43,680
you an example if someone asks you have
you seen that movie you can say yeah or

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00:22:43,680 --> 00:22:50,400
yes or yes I have okay but don't say yes
I've yes I've okay don't contract it

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00:22:50,400 --> 00:22:54,350
right there
contractions don't go at the end of

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00:22:54,350 --> 00:22:59,480
sentences they go at the beginning or
somewhere in the middle so don't end

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00:22:59,480 --> 00:23:04,250
your sentence with a contraction next if
someone says have you gone to the bank

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00:23:04,250 --> 00:23:08,660
and your answer is yes you know that you
went this morning don't say yes I have

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00:23:08,660 --> 00:23:13,040
gone to the bank this morning because
this morning indicates a specific time

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00:23:13,040 --> 00:23:17,040
and remember with the present perfect
we're not indicating a specific time you

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00:23:17,040 --> 00:23:20,540
could say yes I've gone to the bank but
if you're going to indicate a specific

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00:23:20,540 --> 00:23:25,980
time you need to use the past simple and
say yes I went to the bank this morning

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00:23:25,980 --> 00:23:31,760
okay the last thing I want to say is
that in sentences we can often combine

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00:23:31,760 --> 00:23:37,170
multiple tenses in this video I tried to
give you sentences that focused mainly

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00:23:37,170 --> 00:23:41,050
on the present perfect without combining
any other tenses because I don't know

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00:23:41,050 --> 00:23:44,330
how well you know those tenses and I
didn't want to confuse you but for

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00:23:44,330 --> 00:23:48,399
example the sentence have you ever
wondered what life would be like if

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00:23:48,400 --> 00:23:53,260
cellphones had never been invented have
you ever wondered that is in the present

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00:23:53,260 --> 00:23:58,340
perfect tense but everything that comes
after that is in different tenses okay

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00:23:58,340 --> 00:24:03,280
so we can combine conditional tenses
present perfect past perfect past simple

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00:24:03,280 --> 00:24:08,870
future etc but there's always going to
be a rhyme and a reason to everything it

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00:24:08,870 --> 00:24:12,729
all depends on the specific idea you're
trying to communicate so remember that

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00:24:12,730 --> 00:24:17,610
grammar is very precise it's used to
communicate very specific ideas as you

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00:24:17,610 --> 00:24:22,540
saw earlier in this video a small
difference can make a very subtle change

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00:24:22,540 --> 00:24:27,040
in a sentence but it's still a change
nonetheless the constructions don't mean

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00:24:27,040 --> 00:24:32,200
exactly the same thing so a lot of this
might not make sense in the beginning

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00:24:32,200 --> 00:24:35,490
but now that you're aware of it and as
you see this tense more and more

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00:24:35,490 --> 00:24:39,420
and more you will start to internalize
this grammar tense you'll start to

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00:24:39,420 --> 00:24:43,540
understand how to construct it naturally
without having to think okay I have to

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00:24:43,540 --> 00:24:46,750
put the subject here in the past
participle here and this you won't have

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00:24:46,750 --> 00:24:50,370
to think about any of that and you'll
start to understand the tense the way

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00:24:50,370 --> 00:24:55,260
native speakers do where we just know
how to use it but we might not even be

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00:24:55,260 --> 00:25:00,629
able to explain how we know or why it
needs to be used that way we just say I

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00:25:00,630 --> 00:25:03,200
don't know that's the way that's right
that's the way it's supposed to be used

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00:25:03,200 --> 00:25:08,350
okay so that is it thank you so much for
watching this video again give it a

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00:25:08,350 --> 00:25:11,523
thumbs up if you liked it subscribe to
this channel if you're are subscribe to

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00:25:11,523 --> 00:25:15,270
this channel if you're not a subscriber
yet and again if this video gets to

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00:25:15,270 --> 00:25:19,500
10,000 likes then I will know that you
guys really appreciated this grammar

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00:25:19,500 --> 00:25:23,850
lesson and want more just let me know in
the comments which grammar lesson you

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00:25:23,850 --> 00:25:29,129
want next and don't forget to check out
Lingoda alright you guys that is it and

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00:25:29,130 --> 00:25:32,600
I will see you in the next video bye