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Transformer Voltage drop considerations while starting of last Motor (3 Motors - 2 running + 1 Starting)

Description Symbol Formulae Value Unit


Motor Details No. of Motors 3
Motor Rating kW From Datasheet / Nameplate 1700
Motor Voltage V From Datasheet / Nameplate 6600
Motor Efficiency h From Datasheet / Nameplate 0.95
Motor Power Factor CosØ From Datasheet / Nameplate 0.95
Motor SinØ SinØ SQRT (1 - CosØ )
2
0.31
Motor FLC I fl (kW x 1000 / 1.732 x V x CosØ x h ) 165 Amps
Motor Starting Current P.U DOL Idol pu From Datasheet / Nameplate / Consideration 6 p.u
Motor Starting Current DOL Istart Idol pu x Ifl 989 Amps
Motor Starting PF CosØ start From Datasheet / Consideration 0.2
Motor Starting SinØ SinØ start
SQRT (1 - CosØ start
2
) 0.98
Starting Power Supply for Single Motor
Starting kVA kVAstart (1.732 x V x Istart ) /1000 11302 kVA
Starting Active Power kWstart kVAstart x CosØ start 2260 kW
Starting Reactive Power kVARstart kVAstart x SinØ start 11074 kVAr
Running Power Supply for Single Motor
Running kVA kVArun (1.732 x V x Ifl ) /1000 1884 kVA
Running Active Power kWrun kVArun x CosØ run 1789 kW
Running Reactive Power kVARrun kVArun x SinØ run 588 kVAr
Transformer Load while the third motor is started when two Motors are already running
Active Power kW while Starting kWTstart ( 2 x kWrun ) + kWstart 5839 kW
Reactive Power kVAR while Starting kVARTstart ( 2 x kVARrun ) + kVARstart 12250 kVAr
Total kVA during Starting kVATstart SQRT (kWTstart2 + kVARTstart2) 13571 kVA
Transformer Load when all the three motors are running
Total Active power kW during running kWTrun 3 x kWrun 5368 kW
Total Reactive power kVAR during running kVARTrun 3 x kVARrun 1765 kVAr
Total kVA load during running kVATrun SQRT (kWTrun2 + kVARTrun2) 5651 kVA
Transformer Selection
Transformer Capacity as per starting Tcapstart kVATstart / 1.5 9047 kVA
Transformer Capacity as per running Tcaprun kVATrun 5651 kVA
Transformer Rating Selected T 10000 kVA
Transformer Impedance Z Assumed 0.07 p.u
Voltage drop While starting last motor with two motors
already running VD ( kVATstart / T) x Z ) x 100 9.5 %