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The AK 200 S Functional cchec

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The main processes ......................................................................................................................... 2
The TST$PROC ................................................................................................................................. 3
General about current measurement in the AK 200 S .............................................................................................................. 3
Reference current measurement (State 0) .............................................................................................................................. 3
FLVA test (State 1) .............................................................................................................................. 4
Safe bus test in the FM (State 2-4) .............................................................................................................................. 4
Sub process TST$SAFE$BUS$HIGH$PROC ............................................................................................................. 5
Valves, fluid pump motor and fan motor test (State 5) ............................................................................................................ 5
Sub process TST$VALVE$CURR$PROC. .................................................................................................................. 6
Test of water supply (State 6-7) .............................................................................................................................. 9
Test of stirrer motor (State 8-9) .............................................................................................................................. 9
Safety by pass test (State 10-13) ............................................................................................................................ 10
Degassing level regulation test (State 14) ............................................................................................................................ 11
Synchronization state ( with COND$PRS$TST$PROC) (State 15) ............................................................................................ 11
SelectCart priming (and SelectBag priming) (state 16) .......................................................................................................... 12
Sub process TST$NACL$PRIM$PROC .................................................................................................................. 12
Main flow select state (State 17) ............................................................................................................................ 14
Sub process MAIN$FLOW$SELECT$PROC ............................................................................................................ 14
Degassing motor test (State 18) ............................................................................................................................ 15
Raise the deairating level (State 19) ............................................................................................................................ 16
Raising the conductivity (State 20) ............................................................................................................................ 16
External tubes fillup (State 21) ............................................................................................................................ 16
Preparation for leakage test (State 22-23) ............................................................................................................................ 18
Leakage test of DIVA, TAVA and HDVA and test of correlation between HPG, SAG and PD. (State 24) ..................................... 19
Blood leak detector test (results from CPU P) ....................................................................................................................... 20
Sub process LEAK$TEST$PROC ........................................................................................................................... 21
The sub process ......................................................................................................... 21
The actual pump calibration ....................................................................................... 22
The restrictor calibration ........................................................................................... 22
The procedure ............................................................................................................ 23
Normal operation ....................................................................................................... 23
Service log array variables ........................................................................................ 23
Error messages.......................................................................................................... 23
The sub process to state 1 (Sub process LEAK$TST) .................................................. 24
Lowering the deairating level (State 25-27) ........................................................................................................................... 30
The finish of the TST$PROC (State 28) ............................................................................................................................ 31
BiCart priming (and Top Priming if preset) (State 29) ............................................................................................................. 31
Sub process TST$BICART$PRIMING$PROC .......................................................................................................... 32
BiCart bubble trap refilling ............................................................................................................................ 34
Top priming ............................................................................................................................ 34
Handling technical errors (State 31-33) ............................................................................................................................ 35
TST$TEMPERATURE$PROC ............................................................................................................. 36
TST$TEMPERATURE$PROC
Flow chart ............................................................................................................................ 36
COND$PRS$TST$PROC ................................................................................................................... 38
Flow chart ............................................................................................................................ 38
Logging the Conductivity test ............................................................................................................................ 41
FRN test (Flow Restrictor Node) ..................................................................................................... 42
The actual test ............................................................................................................................ 43
The syncronization of the FRN-Leak test. ............................................................................................................................ 44
The FRN MF (Main Flow) supervision test ....................................................................................... 46
The actual test ............................................................................................................................ 46
The synchronization of the MF-Leak test ............................................................................................................................ 48

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The main processes
The functional check is divided into four parallel main processes: blood part, fluid part,
fluid temperature part and fluid conductivity part.

The processes can be found as:

Name PROC Logging variable

Blood part
Fluid part TST$PROC SP(004)
Fluid temperature part TST$TEMPERATURE$PROC SP(028)
Fluid conductivity part COND$PRS$TST$PROC

Here is an overview that shows when the different test process are performed in the fluid
monitor. The different process are more closely described in this chapter.

If any of the test fails during functional check the monitor will neve
never reach treatment
mode.

TST$PROC Display in Cond Test Temp Test FRN Test


SP(004) overview SRB(058) SP(028) PP(060)
0 Ref. current
measurement
1 FLVA test
2-4 Safe bus test = 0 conductivity.
Valve and motor
5
(FP,F) tests
Test of water
6-7
supply
Test of stirrer
8-9 supply
Safety bypass
10 - 13
test
Degas. level
14
regulation test
Synchronisation Low cond
15
state test
16 SelectCart
Priming
Idle
17 Main flow
select state
Degassing motor
18
test
19 Raise the
deairating level
Raising the High cond High & set
20 conductivity test temp test
External tubes
21 fillup
Preparing for
22 - 23
leakage test
24 Leakage test FRN test
Lowering the
25 - 27 deair. level
Finish of the
28 test process
29 BiCart Priming

30 - 33 Technical error

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The TST$PROC
General about curr
General ent measur
current ement in the AK 200 S
measurement

The current is calculated from the voltage that is measured over a reference resistor. There
are several resistors. The measurement is done by turning on a new function and then
measuring the increase in voltage. The voltage is then recalculated to a current. The increase
of current is the current consumption of the device that is tested. Picture below describe
how the valves are tested, but the same principals for current applies to other devices as
well, like motors.

24 V 24 V 24 V 24 V

Driver Driver Driver Driver


Control Control Control Control
signal= signal= signal= signal=
OFF OFF OFF OFF

IR

Reference IR= V
V R
resistor
R

Reference current measurement (State 0)

State 0 = TST$VALVE$CURR$REF$SET

All valves are closed and the current through the valves is measured and stored in the vari-
able FRI(FI_VALVE$CURR). The current is sampled five times and the values should not
differ more than 5 mA.

The current through the stirring motor and fan motor (FM) is checked and stored in this
state (three samples).

The measured reference values will be named IR in the rest of this chapter.

Jump to state 1 if test is ready.

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FLVA test (State 1)
FLV

State 1 = TST$FLVA$CURR

The FLVA must be tested separately – before the INVA – otherwise there may be a high
water level alarm. Test is done during maximum 4 seconds or until the criteria are met.
FLVA current - Valve Ref Current
> 200 mA < 400 mA

FCN 4.21 041


FCN 4.21 042

Jump to state 3 if FLVA current test is ready AND


DIVA/TAVA are NOT closed by CPU Q.

Safe bus test in the FM (State 2-4)

Constant current The AK 200 S


generator
Safe bus
Control system Protective system
Logic 0 V
VGA
on BM Board
display CPU P
Operators CPU OB
panel 36MHz
18.432 MHz
BM

On/off Com DPRAM OB P Com


node FPGA FPGA node
logic

CPU Q
Blood Com
DPRAM
F
node FPGA
pump
logic Select FRN
DIVA
CPU F superv. node
FM 32 MHz
TAVA
INVA
Reset Safe
logic
bus Flow
Pumps
Voltage In/Out
Super-
vision

State 2 = TST$SAFE$BUS$LOW

The safe bus is set to LOW (no current) and the monitor tries to open the valves, INVA and
DIVA. The current is measured.

Valve Current - Valve Ref Current <50 mA

FCN 4.21 021

Jump to state 3 if test is ready.

State 3 = TST$WAIT$FOR$BM$LOW$TEST

The monitor waits for the safe bus test in the BM to be finished.

Jump to state 4 if BM safe bus test is ready (state 2 in


BM$SAFE$BUS$TEST$PROC).

State 4 = TST$SAFE$BUS$HIGH

The monitor runs a sub process called TST$SAFE$BUS$HIGH.

Jump to state 5 if test is ready.

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Sub process TST$SAFE$BUS$HIGH$PROC
In the process the safe bus is high and the DIVA, TAVA and INVA are opened and the current
is measured.

Constant current The AK 200 S


generator
Safe bus
Control system Protective system
Logic 0 V
VGA
on BM Board
display CPU P
Operators CPU OB
panel 36MHz
18.432 MHz
BM

On/off Com DPRAM OB P Com


node FPGA FPGA node
logic

CPU Q
Blood Com
DPRAM
F
node FPGA
pump
logic Select FRN
DIVA
CPU F superv. node
FM 32 MHz
TAVA
INVA
Reset Safe
logic
bus Flow
Pumps
Voltage In/Out
Super-
vision

State 0 = TST$DIVA$TAVA$CURR

DIVA and TAVA are opened and the current is measured as soon as safe bus is high. (current)

Valve Current -Valve Ref Current >400 mA and <900 mA. FCN 4.21 27X

Jump to state 1 if test is ready.

State 1 = TST$TAVA$CURR

TAVA is opened and the current is measured.FCN 4.21 09X

Valve Current -Valve Ref Current >200 mA and <450 mA


Jump to state 2 if test is ready.

State 2 = TST$DIVA$CURR

DIVA is opened and the current is measured.FCN 4.21 20X

Valve Current -Valve Ref Current >200 mA and <450 mA

Jump to state 3 if test is ready.

State 3 = TST$INVA$CURR

INVA is opened and the current is measured.FCN 4.21 03X

Valve Current -Valve Ref Current >200 mA and <450 mA

Jump to TST$FCH$PROC state 4 if test is ready.

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Valves, fluid pump motor and fan motor test (State 5)

State 5 = TST$VALVE$CURR

The monitor runs a sub process called TST$VALVE$CURR$PROC.

Jump to state 6 if test is ready

Sub process TST$VAL


TST$VALVE$CURR$PROC
VE$CURR$PROC..
ALVE$CURR$PROC
In state 0 the current is measured when all valves are closed. This current is used later as
reference current and it is called Valve Ref Current, IR. The measured valve current is called
Valve current or IV.

The measurement is done according to picture below. Note that INVA is open during the
whole procedure and is used as an offset for all measurements.

450 mA+INVA curr


HDVA FIVA CWVA PAVA FAN B Y V A E V V A EMVA R F V A P B V A FOVA ZEVA DRVA BCVA TPVA

200 mA+INVA curr


INVA 0 mA+INVA curr
~300 mA *** ****
* **
measured * = Approx. 1 sec. test time for each valve. Timeout after 4 sec.
through R1 ** = New reference for the valve current.
* * * = Only if Online hardware is installed (ULTRA S).
* * * * = Allowed current 50- 300 mA.

State 0 = TST$INVA$CURR$REF$SET

INVA is opened and the current is measured and used as set value for the rest of the sub
process. The next state is depending on if the monitor is a standard AK 200 S, or
an ULTRA S.

200 mA < IV-IR < 450 mA

FCN 4.21 031/032

Jump to state 6 if NOT Online hardware installed AND


NOT Select hardware installed.

Jump to state 1 if Online hardware installed AND


NOT Select hardware installed.

Jump to state 4 if NOT Online hardware installed AND


Select hardware installed.

State 1 = TST$HDVA$CURR

This test is performed if Online hardware is installed (ULTRA S). The test is performed for
maximum 4 seconds or until the criteria is met.

200 mA < IV-IR < 450 mA

FCN 4.21 241/242

Jump to state 2 if test is ready.

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State 2 = TST$FIVA$CURR

FIVA is tested like HDVA in state 1.

FCN 4.21 251/252

Jump to state 3 if test is ready.

State 3 = TST$CWVA$CURR

CWVA is tested like HDVA in state 1.

FCN 4.21 261/262

Jump to state 6 if Duo cart hardware NOT installed AND


test is ready.

Jump to state 4 if Duo cart hardware installed AND


test is ready.

State 4 = TST$PAVA$CURR$WAIT

Duo cart hardware (BiCart Select) is installed. PAVA is opened in test mode.

Jump to state 5 if PAVA is opened.

State 5 = TST$PAVA$CURR

PAVA is tested like HDVA in state 1.

FCN 4.21 231/232

Jump to state 6 if test is ready.

State 6 = TST$FAN$CURR

The fan motor current is measured (FM fan). Reference is the same as in valves test. Contin-
ues for maximum 4 seconds or until criteria is fulfilled.

50 mA < IM-IR < 300 mA

FCN 4.21 141/142

Jump to state 7 if test is ready

State 7 = TST$BYVA$CURR

BYVA is tested like HDVA in state 1.

FCN 4.21 051/052

Jump to state 8 if test is ready.

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State 8-16

EVVA, EMVA, RFVA, PBVA, FOVA, ZEVA, DRVA, BCVA and TPVA are tested in the same way as in
state 1.

FCN 4.21 061/062


071/072
081/082
101/102
111/112
121/122
131/132
211/212
221/222

Jump to next state if test is ready.

State 17 = WAIT$CPU$C$TAVA$CLOSED

CPU F closes TAVA with node Q and reference value is taken, IR. Valve closed and current is
measured. The reference is used in the next test.

Jump to state 18 if test is ready.

State 18 = TST$CPU$C$TAVA$CLOSED

Monitor (CPU F) tries to open the TAVA when CPU Q keeps it closed.

IV-IR< 50 mA

FCN 4.21 281

Jump to state 19 if test is ready.

State 19 = WAIT$CPU$C$DIVA$CLOSED

CPU F closes DIVA with node Q and reference value is taken, IR. Valve closed and current is
measured. The reference is used in the next test.

Jump to state 20 if DIVA is closed with node Q AND


NOT TAVA AND
current is measured.

State 20 = TST$CPU$C$DIVA$CLOSED

Monitor (CPU F) tries to open the DIVA when node Q keeps it closed.

IV-IR< 50 mA

FCN 4.21 191

Jump to state 21 if test is ready

State 21 = TST$C$DIVA$OPEN

Jump to TST$FCH$PROC state 5 if DIVA is opened by node Q.

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Test of water supply (State 6-7)
water

State 6 = TST$FILL$HV$VESSEL

INVA opens and the monitor tries to fill the heating vessel until heating vessel NOT low
level.
NOT low level in heating vessel (>650 ml) or time out 3 min.

Jump to state 8 if Level in heating vessel NOT low.

Jump to state 7 if Time out (3 minutes) AND


low level in heating vessel.

State 7 = TST$WATER$ATTN$0

The first of four water attentions, which are spread over the Fch. The test will issue an
attention and also try to fill up the heating vessel (NOT low level). The reason for the multi-
ple tests is that if the monitor can not uphold the water level the TST$PROC only jumps
back to nearest water attention and thereby only a few tests must be redone.

INSUFFICIENT WATER SUPPLY


Check water supply

Jump to state 8 if heating vessel level NOT low ELSE


wait.

Test of stirrer motor (State 8-9)


stirrer

State 8 = TST$FILL$STIRR$PUMP

Wait 3 seconds for stirrer pump to fill up with water to enable a correct test of the current
to stirring motor .

Jump to state 9 if test is ready.

State 9 = TST$STIRR$MOTOR

The stirrer motor is enabled and the current is measured, IM. IR is measured when the motor
is disabled in state 0. The test is done during 4 seconds and during this time the current
must rise according to the criteria and stay there for 4 seconds.

15 mA < IM-IR < 200 mA

FCN 4.21 151/152 will not be issued but describes the test. It can be logged as a variable,
see below.

Jump to state 10 if test ready AND


NOT low level in heating vessel.
Jump to state 7 if low level in heating vessel.

The result is stored in variable: FRL(F_STIR$MOTOR$CUR$FAIL). True means that the test
failed. Also found as SRL(062). Check SRL(062), if true then start trouble shooting on the
stirrer motor. The probable cause is a defect stirrer motor.

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Safety by pass test (State 10-13)

State 10 = TST$FILL$PUMP$IN

A flow is needed to fill up the flow input pump to be able to create a negative pressure
which is used in state 13. The state continues until the level in the deairating chamber is
more than 40 mm ( SRI(027) ). The flow pumps are running and EVVA is opened.

Jump to state 11 if deairating chamber level is >40 mm AND


NOT low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 7 if low level in heating vessel.

State 11 = TST$STOP$PUMPS

Flow in and out pumps are stopped to avoid pressure spikes in state 13 when BYVA is
closed. This state continues for 3 seconds just to let the flow fade in the monitor.

Jump to state 12 if waiting time is 3 seconds.

Jump to state 7 if low level in heating vessel.

State 12 = TST$WATER$ATTN$1

The second of four water attentions, see state 7 for more details.
The monitor has a problem with upholding the level in the heating vessel. Level is low
( <650 ml ). Trying to fill up heating vessel and an attention is issued.

INSUFFICIENT WATER SUPPLY


Check water supply

Jump to state 13 if NOT low level ELSE


wait.

State 13 = TST$CHECK$SAFETY$BYPASS

Flow in pump is regulated to create a negative pressure, -100 mmHg by the PD transducer.
When the pressure on SAG transducer is -50 mmHg the monitor has acknowledged that the
safety couplings are in safety bypass. If the test fails an attention will be issued.

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FOVA

Flow output P
Flow
Flow input
Flow
Input
pressure output
pump
Pump EMVA ZEVA
pressure P EVVA
DRAIN UF
CELL
Blood leak
detector
2 1
Regulated by PD
Deairating
chamber
PD set value P TAVA P HPG
-100 mmHg
BYVA
DIVA

P SAG = -50 mmHg


Particle
filter

FLUID TUBES NOT IN SAFETY BYPASS

Jump to state 14 if SAG pressure is higher than 50 mmHg.


Jump to state 7 if low level in heating vessel.

Degassing level regulation test (State 14)

State 14 = DEGASS$LEVEL$WAIT

Monitor tries to regulate the level to 50 mm +/-15 mm. This is done with the recirculation
valve. If the level has been incorrect for more than 5 minutes an error code will be issued.

FCN 5.06 001

Jump to state 15 if degassing level is 35-65 mm.

Synchronization state ( with COND$PRS$TST$PROC) (State 15)

State 15 = WAIT$LOW$COND$TST

Waiting for the TST$CONDUCTIVITY$PROC state 1 = LOW$COND$TST to be finished.


This is done to synchronise the process since the following states needs some conductivity.

Jump to state 17 if (LOW$COND$TST OK OR failed)AND


(NOT NACL selected (BiCart Select) OR
NACL priming ready (SelectCart)AND
NOT low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 16 if (LOW$COND$TST OK OR failed)AND


(NACL selected (BiCart Select) OR
NACL priming NOT ready (SelectCart)AND
NOT low level in heating vessel.
Jump to state 12 if low level in heating vessel.

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SelectCart priming (and SelectBag priming) (state 16)

State 16 = TST$NACL$PRIM

Priming of the SelectCart if a BiCart Select alternative is selected. The monitor runs a sub
process called TST$NACL$PRIM$PROC.This sub-process is controlled by TST$PROC (main
process) in comination with NACL$CART$PRIME$PROC that is controlled by the process
START$FLUID$COMP$PROC and as soon as the priming of the SelectCart is ready the
controlling process continues.

At the same time the priming of the SelectBag is started. The Select bag flow will be set to
10 ml/min for60 seconds and then the flow will be the normal flow corresponding to the
main flow.

Non-return
valve Level
LDVA
Detector
Control pump

Select
Cart
Protective pump
Select
Bag
Filter

Feeding pump "A"

If the priming of the SelectBag times out, 60 s, the priming will be stopped to wait for the
machine to perform the High Cond test of the Conductivity cells. If the High test is ready
and the priming of the SelectBag is not done, 60 seconds has passed and the level in level
detector is not stable. Then the priming will be restarted and will continue until the
SelectBag is primed or has timed out (300 seconds). If it times out the priming is inter-
rupted and the monitor will try to prime again when the Fch is done. Finally it will end up
as an “INCORRECT SelectBag FLOW” attention if the level is not raised in the level detector
chamber.

Jump to state 17 if NACL NOT selected (BiCart Select) OR


NACL priming ready (SelectCart)

Sub process TST$NACL$PRIM$PROC


State 0 = TST$NACL$PRIM$INACT

Waiting state, will not start the process until the latches are opened.

Jump to state 1 if the latches are opened.

State 1 = TST$NACL$PRE$PRIM

Fluid monitor runs until conductivity A is < 2 mS/cm and temperature is > 32 oC.

Jump to state 2 if test ready AND


pick up tube A is in heating vessel AND
NOT low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 4 if low level in heating vessel.

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State 2 = TST$NACL$PRIM

During 90 seconds PAVA and DRVA opens. The degassing pump start sucking the main flow
through the restrictor that is connected in parallel with PAVA . This will create a suction
through the SelectCart. The valves closes if the conductivity A is more than 30 mS/cm for
more than 5 seconds, the priming has been successful.

Jump to TST$PROC state 16 if the priming was successful AND


not low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 3 if the priming was NOT successful AND


90 seconds has passed AND
not low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 5 if low level in heating vessel.

DRVA

A Mixing Recirc. Expansion


chamber chamber Degassing
valve
B Degassing pump
M
C P restrictor
PAVA

Water Cond
T cell "A"
filter T T P
Degassing
pressure
Non-return
valve Level
LDVA
Detector
Control pump

Select
Cart
Protective pump
Select
Bag
Filter

Feeding pump "A"

State 3 = TST$NACL$PRIM$ATTN

An attention is issued. To redo the priming, close and reopen the SelectCart latches.

SelectCart NOT ATTACHED


Attach or check SelectCart holder

Jump to state 5 if low level in heating vessel.

State 4 = TST$NACL$PRE$PRIM$WATER$ATTN

An attention will be issued due to low level in heating vessel.

INSUFFICIENT WATER SUPPLY


Check water supply

Jump to state 1 if NOT low level in heating vessel ELSE


wait.

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State 5 = TST$NACL$PRIM$WATER$ATTN

An attention will be issued due to low level in heating vessel.

INSUFFICIENT WATER SUPPLY


Check water supply

Jump to state 2 if NOT low level in heating vessel ELSE


wait.

Main flow select state (State 17)

State 17 = MAIN$FLOW$SELECT

The sub process MAIN$FLOW$SELECT$PROC is executed. The functional check will


continue when the SelectBag is primed or the first time out is reached (60 s, see state 16)

Jump to state 18 if degassing level is >35 AND <65 AND


MAIN$FLOW$SELECT$PROC is ready AND
(SelectBag priming has timed out (60 s) OR
SelectBag Priming interupted OR
Select concentrate NOT chosen).

Jump to state 16 if NACL selected (BiCart Select) AND


NACL priming NOT ready (SelectCart).

Jump to state 12 if low level in heating vessel.

Sub process MAIN$FLOW$SELECT$PROC


State 0 = COND$WAIT

Conductivity now needs to be >5 mS/cm. The time-out for this is 2 minutes – sufficiently
long time to give the machine a chance to raise conductivity after the attention,
e.g. “A – PICK UP TUBE IMPROPER POSITION”. Otherwise attention alarm:

INCORRECT CONDUCTIVITY MEASURED


Check container and pick up tube

Jump to state 2 if conductivity is > 5 mS/cm.

State 1 = FIXED$FLOW Not used!

State 2 = SETABLE$FLOW

The Flow out pressure is then set to -350 mmHg. The flow in channel 1 is measured. The
value is rounded off to the nearest 25 ml/min fraction and is stored in RAM. It becomes the
high limit for the variable flow. The value will be the main flow set value used in the Fch.
The value will be stored in state 24 to an E2PROM. The maximum flow will be displayed if
Fluid flow button is pressed as maximum value. Until state 24 is passed the displayed value
will be the one from the previous Fch (E2PROM).

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When fch is done the main flow set value will be the preset one. Default 500 ml/min.

Example: If the measured flow is 722 ml/min, the maximum mainflow is set to 700 ml/min.

The low limit is set 300 ml/min.

The preset (XP) main flow set value (default 500 ml/min) is then copied into the variable
(FRI(FI_MAIN$FL$SET) and the flow is regulated to that value.

Conditions:

• PFO (FI_E$PR$FLOW$OUT) should be stable (±5 mmHg)


• PFI (FI_E$PR$FLOW$IN) should be stable (±5 mmHg)
• Flow channel 1, SRI(25) is stable (±5 ml/min)

The following Technical Alarm error messages apply to the main flow select procedure:

Error code Explanation


FCN 4.23 010 UNSTABLE PRESSURE FLOW OUT
FCN 4.23 011 UNSTABLE PRESSURE FLOW IN
FCN 4.23 012 UNSTABLE CH 1 FLOW

Jump to TST$PROC state 17 if test is ready.

Degassing motor test (State 18)

State 18 = TST$DEGASS$MOTOR

The degassing pump is started and the level in the degassing chamber is regulated
(50 mm) and the degassing pressure is checked. This is done during 3 seconds to make sure
the regulation is OK. Then the current to degassing motor is measured. Test lasts until the
criteria is met or time out, 4 seconds.

At the same time the high conductivity test is started in the conductivity test (See
COND$TST$PROC).

100 mA <IM-IR< 500 mA

FCN 4.21 161/162

R ecirc. E xpansion
valve chamber Degassing
M Degassing pump
restrictor
Set value
50 mm

P
Degassing
Degassing level
pressure detector

Jump to state 19 if test is ready AND


not low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 12 if low level in heating vessel.

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Raise the deairating level (State 19)

State 19 = TST$RAISE$DEAIR$LVL

The EVVA is kept open and the flow input pump raises the level in the deairating chamber
until the level is higher than 68.5 mm. A high level signal is generated.

Deairating level >68.5 mm

Jump to state 20 if high level alarm is issued (Deairating chamber) AND


conductivity <5.0 mS/cm AND
NOT low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 21 if high level alarm is issued (Deairating chamber) AND


conductivity >5.0 mS/cm AND
NOT low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 16 if NACL selected (BiCart Select) AND


NACL priming NOT ready (SelectCart) AND
NOT low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 12 if low level in heating vessel.

Raising the conductivity (State 20)

State 20 = TST$COND$ATTN$0

The conductivity is raised to more than 5.0 mS/cm. This is done by the concentrate A pump
if BiCart concentrate or if a BiCart Select concentrate is chosen. If acetate is chosen the B
pump will raise the conductivity.

If the conductivity is not risen to correct level with in 2 minutes an attention is displayed
and the process will wait at this state until conductivity is above 5 mS/cm.

INCORRECT CONDUCTIVITY MEASURED


Check container and pick up tube

Jump to state 21 if conductivity B >5 mS/cm.

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External tubes fillup (State 21)

state 21 = TST$EXT$TUBES$FILLUP

In this state, the tube from the deairatingchamber to EVVA is filled up with fluid. The delay
time is 20 seconds for a standard AK 200 S, and 60 seconds for an AK 200 ULTRA S or an
AK 200 S with UFD-Kit. If the monitor is an ULTRA (On-line hardware installed) the tem-
perature in the fluid monitor (Cond cell B) must be more than 20 oC before it jumps to the
next state. To give as stable flow as possible during the high test of the conductivity cells the
program will not continue from state 21 until the high test is done. If acetate is chosen the
high test is not performed and so the syncronisation is unnecessary and hence not per-
formed.

CWVA

EVVA
EXT$TUBE$FILLUP HDVA

DEAIRATING FIVA
LEVEL
PD P DETECTOR

ULTRA filter
(U 8000 S)

The standard AK 200 S The AK 200 ULTRA S

Jump to state 22 if monitor is NOT an ULTRA AND


external tube fill up is ready (20 s) AND
deairating level is high (>68.5 mm) AND
(TST$CONDUCTIVITY$PROC is passed (OK or Failed) OR
Acetate is chosen)
AND
NOT low level in heating vessel

Jump to state 22 if (monitor is an ULTRA AND


temperature>20 oC ) OR
UFD kit installed AND
external tube fill up is ready (60 s) AND
deairating level is high (>68.5 mm) AND
(TST$CONDUCTIVITY$PROC is passed (OK or Failed) OR
Acetate is chosen)
AND
NOT low level in heating vessel

Jump to state 20 if conductivity B < 5.0 mS/cm AND


NOT low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 16 if NACL is selected (BiCart Select) AND


NACL priming NOT ready (BiCart Select) AND
NOT low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 12 if low level in heating vessel.

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Preparation for leakage test (State 22-23)

State 22 = TST$PSAGS$ACH

This is a preparation for the state 24, leakage test. The test checks that the fluid connectors
are in safety by pass. The pressure is regulated to +100 mmHg on HPG. The SAG-pressure
>50 mmHg. BYVA and TAVA are opened and DIVA is kept open. Test time 30 seconds. If the
test fails, it will go to state 34 and it displays an attention. After confirmation in state 34 the
Fch will continue from state 13.

FOVA

Flow output P

Flow
pressure Flow
output
Flow input Input
EMVA ZEVA
pump
Pump
pressure P EVVA
DRAIN UF
CELL
Blood leak
detector
2 1
Regulated by HPG
Deairating
chamber
P TAVA P HPG
SET
BYVA 100 mmHG
DIVA

P SAG >50 mmHg


Particle
filter

In case of the test fails:

CHECK FLUID TUBES FOR LEAKAGE


Press LOW to confirm

Jump to state 24 if SAG >50 mmHg AND


NOT low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 34 if SAG <50 mmHg AND


time out 30 s AND
NOT low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 16 if NACL is selected (BiCart Select) AND


NACL priming NOT ready (SelectCart) AND
NOT low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 12 if low level in heating vessel

State 23 = TST$WATER$ATTN$3

The third of four water attentions, see state 7 for more details.

INSUFFICIENT WATER SUPPLY


Check water supply

Jump to state 24 if heating vessel level NOT low ELSE


wait..

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Leakage test of DIVA, TAVA and HDV
DIVA, A and test of corr
HDVA elation between HPG
correlation HPG,, SAG and PD
PD.. (State 24)

At the same time as the Leak test is performed the FRN test is performed. See special table
about how the tests are timed and coordinated after FRN test paragraph.

The Leak test and the FRN test are performed differently depending on if the preset for
limited UF supervision (Main flow supervision, MF) is set or not. Depending how the
presetting is done some modes in TMP mode might be blocked. See table below.

State 24 = LEAK$TEST

The monitor runs a sub process called LEAK$TEST$PROC.

Jump to state 28 if (serial E2PROM transfer success OR


pump calibration error)
AND
(BiCart alternative chosen AND
priming temperature (20 oC) AND
BiCart latch open AND
B pick up tube in heating vessel AND
NOT BiCart priming ready AND
(High Cond test OK OR
failed High Cond test))

Jump to state 25 if (serial E2PROM transfer success OR


pump calibration error)
AND
(BiCart alternative NOT chosen OR
NOT priming temperature (20 oC) OR
BiCart latch NOT open OR
BiCart prime ready)

Jump to state 16 if NACL selected (BiCart Select) AND


NACL priming NOT ready (SelectCart) AND

Jump to state 23 if heating vessel low level .

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Blood leak detector test (results from CPU P)

FRL(F_BLLK$TEST$RQ)=TRUE

CPU F requests CPU P to test the blood leak detector. This test is (started) run in the back-
ground and the Fch continues. The test starts at the same time as state 24, LEAK$TEST. After
the test the blood leak will become inactive, LED on reduced light but no alarms. It will be
reactivated as soon as fluid connectors have been out of safety bypass for more then one
minute. No alarms will be issued until the connectors have been off for one minute and the
priming detector detects blood.
The reduced lights test is repeated every 5 minutes during treatment.

Conditions. Filled fluid path.


Max. test level lit LED. under 60 above -20
Min. test level Reduced light from LED. above 95
Calibration level. 0 and 100
Normal alarm level. (Blood leak) 95

FCN 1.18 005 If level <-20 during max test. (LED on)
FCN 1.18 001 If the level is <95 during the reduced light test.
If the test fails during fch, lit LED test (>60) then:

BLOOD LEAK DETECTOR FAILURE


Clean and press BLOODLEAK key

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Sub process LEAK$TEST$PROC
If any test fails due to leakage, i.e. the error codes FCN 4.22 068 or FCN 4.22 080-085 are
generated. The first time this happens the attention is issued. After the tubes are correctly
put in place the test and the attention confirmed, the test is then restarted. If the attention
has been confirmed once, in Leakage test, and an error code is generated again, it will be
issued. The AK 200 S will not pass the Fch until the error is corrected, the leak found, and
the AK200 S restarted.

CHECK FLUID TUBES FOR LEAKAGE


Press LOW to confirm

Leak test Leak test


UF supervision MF supervision

State 0 State 0
Flow is set according Flow is set according
to state 17. to state 17.
(maximum flow). (maximum flow).
Signals FRN to start the test. Signals MF to start the test.

State 1 State 1
Low pressure pump calibration. Low pressure pump calibration.
LowPressure correlation. LowPressure correlation.
Trap low pressure (DIVA, TAVA) Trap low pressure (DIVA, TAVA)
PRS performs low pressure test PD PRS performs low pressure test PD

State 2 State 2
PRS performs high pressure test PD. PRS performs high pressure test PD.
High pressure pump calibration. High pressure pump calibration.
Leak test of valves. Leak test of valves.
High Pressure correlation. High Pressure correlation.
Offset taration of the UF cell (and FRN). Offset taration of the UF cell.
High Pressure correlation. High Pressure correlation.

State 3 State 3
Trap high pressure (DIVA, TAVA). Trap high pressure (DIVA, TAVA).
Leak test of valves. Leak test of valves.
Differential taration of the UF cell Differential taration of the UF cell
FRN performes high flow test.
FRN performes taration.
State 12
Flow is controlled to maximum
State 4 MF performes high flow test
Reduce flow.
Reduced flow pump calibration.
FRN performs low flow test.
State 4
Reduce flow.
Reduced flow pump calibration.
State 6 MF performs low flow test.
2
Write to E PROM:
calibration values and
maximum flow.
State 6
2
Write to E PROM:
calibration values and
maximum flow.

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The sub process

State 0 = PRESSURE$RANGE$SELECT

The pressure range is determined. This was done in state 17. During this state nothing is
done. The fluid monitor is controlled to the same parameters as was used in state 17.

Jump to state 1 if state 17 was successful.

In the AK 100, the pressure was determined in this state by setting up a test condition: flow
= 500 ml/min and HPG = 0 mmHg. FOP was then copied into the variable
FRI(FI_PR$RANGE$LL), SRI(044) and FIP into FRI(FI_PR$RANGE$HL), SRI(043).

In the AK 200 S , the pressure range is a pr


preset
eset (XP), with -400 mmHg as the low limit and
500 mmHg as the high limit. These preset values will be used after Fch.

So even though the state “PRESSURE$RANGE$SELECT” is performed, this pressure range is


only used during the test (state 24). After this test the preset range is used.

The range is the pressure measured on FIP and FOP when the maximum flow (around
750 ml/min) is set and HPG regulated to about 0 mmHg. The pressure is approximately
+/- 350 mmHg. These values is stored in an E2PROM and will be used during the state 24,
they will also be used during the next start-up, until State 0 is performed at the next start
up.

FOVA

-379.5
342.5 P
mmHg Flow
mmHg Flow output
Input pump
Pump EMVA ZEVA
P
EVVA
DRAIN UF
CELL

Blood leak
detector
736.5 ml/min 2 1 736.5 ml/min

Deairating
chamber
PD P TAVA P HPG
101.0 mmHg -1.0 mmHg
BYVA
DIVA

P
SAG
93.4 mmHg
Particle
filter

State 1 = LOW$PRESSURE$TEST$1

HPG is regulated to 20 % of pressure range (pressure range measured on FIP and FOP
+/-350 mmHg), in this case -210.5 mmHg with flow input pump.

FOVA

-343.5
345.5 P
mmHg Flow
mmHg Flow output
Input pump
Pump EMVA ZEVA
P
EVVA
DRAIN UF
CELL

Blood leak
detector
733.2 ml/min 2 1 732.1 ml/min

Deairating
chamber
PD P TAVA P HPG
98.5 mmHg -210.5 mmHg
BYVA
DIVA

P
SAG
93.7 mmHg
Particle
filter

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The HPG set pressure is calculated from:

Set value= Low Level+((High Level-(Low Level))x0.2)

Jump to state 2 if when waiting time (2 s) is done in sub state 2.

The actual pump calibration

In state 2, state 4 and in sub state 0 of the LEAK$TST$PROC, a calibration of the flow
pumps is performed. The purpose of the calibration is to estimate the parameters a and b in
the pump model:

u = a· Dp+b

where u is the pump drive duty cycle, a is the flow pump coefficient, Dp is the pressure
drop across the pump and b is the flow pump offset.

The pump offset can be described as a kind of bias voltage for the pump, and the pump
coefficient as a “pump gain” which describes how much the pump duty cycle must change
when the pressure drop across the pump changes. The formula above can thus be used to
compute an approximate value of the pump drive duty cycle required to maintain a certain
pressure drop. By measuring the pump drive duty cycle for two different Dp values, we can
compute the a and b values.

The pump parameters a and b are used to compute the gains (amplification factors) in the
flow output and flow input pressure control functions. By estimating them for each pump
individually, the flow control will be less sensitive to variations in pump characteristics.

The restrictor calibration

As the pumps are calibrated there is also a calibration made of the restrictors. The idea with
this calibration is to give the machine a formula how the pressures FIP and FOP are going
to react on different flows. This will give the machine a chance to regulate very fast because
the machine already “knows” to about what value (Duty cycle) it should regulate. This
formula is not as accurate as the FRN. It is not the FRN formula that is used. See more in
chapter about Control systems.
The procedure

During calibration, PFO is controlled to -350 mmHg, which corresponds to a nominal flow
of 700 ml/min. At this flow, PFI will be approximately +350 mmHg. The resulting reference
flow, Qr , is measured and stored.

LOW$PRESSURE$PUMPS$CALIB

TAVA is closed. HPG pressure is controlled to -210 mmHg (= 20% of pressure range).

Conditions:

• PFO (FI_E$PR$FLOW$OUT) should be stable (± 5 mmHg)


• PFI (FI_E$PR$FLOW$IN) should be stable (± 5 mmHg)
• Flow channel 1, SRI(025) is stable (±5 ml/min)

The pump duty cycle and pressure drop for both the flow in and the flow out pump are
measured and stored.

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Normal operation

The pump calibration,restrictor and control parameters computed during the functional
check are nominal values that are valid for the calibration reference flow Qr . In order to
achieve good control performance during normal operation at varying flow rates, the pump
calibration offset is adjusted to match the currently used flow set point.

Service log array variables

The calculated pump calibration parameters for the current flow set point can be found
in the following service log array variables:

SRI(045) Input pump coefficient SRI(047) Output pump coefficient


SRI(046) Input pump offset SRI(048) Output pump offset

The calculated control parameters for the current control mode and flow set point can be
found in the following service log array variables:

SRI(050) Input pump proportional gain SRI(058) Output pump proportional gain
SRI(051) Input pump integral gain SRI(059) Output pump integral gain

Error messages

The pump calibration and control parameters stored in E2PROM are used as initial values in
the flow control system when a new functional check is started. If the conditions for meas-
urement described in Sub state 0 and State 2 are not met, the default parameters are used
and then reduced in steps to 75%, 50% and 25% of the default values. Each set of parameters
is tested during 45 s. If stable pressure and flow conditions still cannot be achieved, a
technical error is given.

The following technical error messages apply to the flow system calibration procedure:
Error code Explanation
FCN 4.23 010 UNSTABLE PRESSURE FLOW OUT
FCN 4.23 011 UNSTABLE PRESSURE FLOW IN
FCN 4.23 012 UNSTABLE CH 1 FLOW

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The sub process to state 1 (Sub process LEAK$TST)

Sub state 0 = Low pressure pump calibration.

This was described earlier on under “The procedure”.

Sub state 1

Pressure correlation.
Each transducer, PD, HPG and SAG, should have a stable value (+/-10 mmHg) during five
seconds. Then the values should not deviate with more than 25 mmHg. Time out, 60 seconds.
The pressure is regulated by HPG and controlled by flow input pump.

In PRS there is a stability and correlation done between PD (PRS), PD (CTRL) and SAG
values.

FOVA

-342.9
347.8 mmHg P
mmHg Flow
Flow output
Input pump
Pump EMVA ZEVA
P
EVVA
DRAIN UF
CELL

Blood leak
detector
298.2 ml/min 2 1 297.6 ml/min

Deairating
chamber
PD P TAVA P HPG
-203.5 mmHg -207.5 mmHg
BYVA
DIVA
PD, SAG, and HPG deviation 25 mmHg and stable
(+/- 10 mm Hg/5 seconds) for the correlation to be approved.
SAG -221.1 mmHg
P
Particle
filter

FCN 4.22 06x

Sub state 2

DIVA and TAVA are closed, as a preparation for leakage test in state 2, and after a
2 second delay the test continues with state 2.

FOVA

-339.5
331.6 mmHg P
mmHg Flow
Flow output
Input pump
Pump EMVA ZEVA
P
EVVA
DRAIN UF
CELL

Blood leak
detector
730.8 ml/min 2 1 729.3 ml/min

Deairating
chamber
PD P TAVA P HPG
-203.0 mmHg 205.5 mmHg
BYVA
DIVA

P
SAG
-210.6 mmHg
Particle
filter

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The rest of the sub process

State 2 = HIGH$PRESSURE$TEST

HIGH$PRESSURE$LEAK$PROC and HIGH$PRESSURE$PUMP$CALIB$PROC is executed in


parallel. HPG is controlled to 80% of the pressure range or in this case 205 mmHg.

The -210 mmHg pressure that was trapped in state 1 is now measured at PD and if it is
changed with more than 50 mmHg, since DIVA and TAVA was closed, an external leakage is
assumed. After 30 seconds PD is monitored again and if it has changed with more than 10
mmHg a DIVA/TAVA leakage is assumed.

FOVA

-339.5
331.6 mmHg P
mmHg Flow
Flow output
Input pump
Pump EMVA ZEVA
P
EVVA
DRAIN UF
CELL

Blood leak
detector
730.8 ml/min 2 1 729.3 ml/min

Deairating
chamber
PD P TAVA P HPG
-203.0 mmHg 205.5 mmHg
BYVA
PD is monitored directly and DIVA
after 30 s.
First test deviation >50 mmHg=
external leakage. P
SAG
Second test deviation >10 mmHg= -210.6 mmHg
Particle
DIVA/TAVA leakage. filter

During this process a high pressure calibration is made on the pumps.

HIGH$PRESSURE$PUMPS$CALIB

TAVA is closed. HPG pressure is in this case controlled to +205.5 mmHg.


(= 80% of pressure range)

Conditions:

• PFO (FI_E$PR$FLOW$OUT) should be stable (±5 mmHg)


• PFI (FI_E$PR$FLOW$IN) should be stable (±5 mmHg)
• Flow channel 1, SRI(025) is stable (±5 ml/min)

The pump duty cycle and pressure drop for both the flow in and the flow out pump are
measured and stored.
The flow in and flow out pump coefficient and offset are computed from the stored duty
cycle and pressure drop values.

Finally, the control parameters are computed from the offset and coefficient values.

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If online hardware is installed (ULTRA), HDVA is closed and DIVA is opened and after 30
seconds the PD is monitored. If the change is more than 10 mmHg HDVA is leaking.

FOVA

Flow output P
pressure Flow
Flow output
Flow input input pump
pressure P pump EMVA ZEVA

UF-measuring
Drain EVVA cell
Blood leak
detector
2 1

Deairating
level
PD P detector TAVA P HPG
PD is monitored directly,
after 30 s and again after 30 seconds. BYVA

Substitution port
DIVA
First test deviation >50 mmHg= CWVA
external leakage. Pressure
regulator
HDVA
Second test deviation >10 mmHg=
FIVA
DIVA/TAVA leakage. SAG
P Substitution
outlet
Third test HDVA is closed and DIVA
is opened. Deviation >10 mmHg= ULTRA filter
(U 8000 S)
HDVA leakage.

Then a high pressure correlation test is performed.

FOVA

-344.2
328.1 mmHg P
mmHg Flow
Flow output
Input pump
Pump EMVA ZEVA
P
EVVA
DRAIN UF
CELL
Blood leak
detector
2 1

Deairating
chamber
PD P TAVA P HPG
208.0 mmHg 205.0 mmHg
BYVA
DIVA
PD, SAG, and HPG deviation 25 mmHg and stable
(+/- 10 mm Hg/5 seconds) for the correlation to be approved.
SAG 201.7 mmHg
P
Particle
filter

When this is done DIVA and TAVA is closed and the high pressure will be trapped behind
DIVA and TAVA.

Finally ZEVA is opened and an offset calibration of the UF cell is made. (i.e. no flow through
channel 1 and 2), then the offset is calibrated for both channels.

At the same time the FRN test is started with a taration of the FRN node. The Leakage Test
will continue when both the UF cell and the FRN is ready with their offset calibration.

FOVA

-348.3
338.2 mmHg P
mmHg Flow
Flow output
Input pump
Pump EMVA ZEVA
P
EVVA
DRAIN UF
CELL

Blood leak
detector
0.1 ml/min 2 1 0.1 ml/min

Deairating
chamber
PD P TAVA P HPG
202.5 mmHg 205.0 mmHg
BYVA
DIVA

P
SAG
198.6 mmHg
Particle
filter

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Then a second high pressure correlation test is performed. In PRS there is a stability and
correlation done between PD (PRS), PD (CTRL) and SAG values.

FOVA

-344.2
328.1 mmHg P
mmHg Flow
Flow output
Input pump
Pump EMVA ZEVA
P
EVVA
DRAIN UF
CELL

Blood leak
detector
2 1

Deairating
chamber
PD P TAVA P HPG
208.0 mmHg 205.0 mmHg
BYVA
DIVA
PD, SAG, and HPG deviation 25 mmHg and stable
(+/- 10 mm Hg/5 seconds) for the correlation to be approved.
SAG 201.7 mmHg
P
Particle
filter

When the test is approved the DIVA and TAVA will be closed and pressure will be trapped
behind the valves, ready for the next leakage test.

State 3 = LOW$PRESSURE$TEST$2

Performs a high pressure leakage test of valves and also makes a differential calibration of
the UF cell (coefficient of CH 2).

The test itself is performed as in state 2 with other limits due to the lower pressures outside
the DIVA/TAVA.

FOVA

-340.8
338.2 mmHg P
mmHg Flow
Flow output
Input pump
Pump EMVA ZEVA
P
EVVA
DRAIN UF
CELL

Blood leak
detector
742.8 ml/min 2 1 741.6 ml/min
PD
194.5 mmHg
Deairating
chamber
P TAVA P HPG
PD is monitored directly and -211.5 mmHg
BYVA
after 30 s.
DIVA
First test deviation >50 mmHg=
external leakage.
Second test deviation >37 mmHg= P
SAG
DIVA/TAVA leakage. 189.8 mmHg
Particle
If the monitor is an ULTRA the test is filter
also performed on HDVA.

Jump to state 4 if differential taration is requested AND


restrictor offset calibration ready (high pressure pump
calibration done).

Jump to state 7 if restrictor offset calibration NOT ready (FRN taration failed in
state 7, FRN test).

Note! In case the FRN test fails, in State 7, the Fch will be prolonged with several min-
utes as the Leak Test is perfor
perfor ming a 4 min
orming ute (maxim
minute um) w
(maximum) aiting and then a ne
waiting neww
taration of the UF cell is perf
taration or
perfor med. The FRN has to be rretar
ormed. etarated. Then the High fflo
etarated. lo
loww
test of the FRN is performed again.

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State 4 = REDUCED$FLOW$PUMPS$CALIB

The flow is reduced with 50 ml/min and the pumps are calibrated.

FOVA

-301.8
297.0 mmHg P
mmHg Flow
Flow output
Input pump
Pump EMVA ZEVA
P
EVVA
DRAIN UF
CELL

Blood leak
detector
683.2 ml/min 2 1 683.5 ml/min

Deairating
chamber
PD P TAVA P HPG
185.0 mmHg -1.5 mmHg
BYVA
DIVA

P
SAG
179.8mmHg
Particle
filter

Jump to state 6 if output pump is calibrated AND


FRN test ready.

Jump to state 5 if the FRN test fails the first time.

Jump to state 11 if the FRN test fails the second time (already jumped to state 5
once).

State 5 = RESTR$LOW$TEST$RETAR

In this state the FOP is regulated to - 350 mmHg and the HPG is regulated to 20% of the
pressure range (about -200 mmHg) by the FIP pump. Then a stability test is performed, flow
should not vary more than 0.5 ml/min, time out 4 minutes. Then a retaration of the FRN is
performed.

Jump to state 4 if the retaration of the FRN is performed.

State 6 = FLOW$SYS$CAL$PROM$WRI

Results from the calibrations are written into the E2PROMs.

Jump to TST$FCH$PROC state 24 if E2PROM write was successful.

State 7 = RESTR$TEST$HI$FL$RETRY

The UF cell is performing a differential calibration.

Jump to state 9 if the taration of the UF cell is started.

State 8= RESTR$TEST$HI$FL$RETEST$ATTN

If the FRN High flow test has failed two times the Attention “UF SELF TEST FAILED New
test within five minutes”. The UF cell is tarated for five minutes and when the waiting time
is up the test continues.

Jump to state 9 if waiting is done (5 minutes)

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State 9 = RESTR$TEST$HIGH$TEST$RETAR

An FRN offset taration is performed.

Jump to state 10 if FRN taration is performed.

If the attention has been displayed twice and the attention is about to be issued a third
time, then the error code FCN 1.39 001 is issued.

State 10 = RESTR$TEST$HIGH$TEST$RETEST

An new High flow test is performed like in state 3.

Jump to state 4 if high flow test is approved or if the attention “UF SELF TEST
FAILED New test within 5 min” has been issued twice.

Jump to state 7 if the test is not approved

State 11 = RESTR$TEST$LO$TEST$RETEST$ATTN

If the FRN low flow test has failed two times the attention “UF SELF TEST FAILED New test
within five minutes”. When the waiting time is up the test continues.

Jump to state 5 if the waiting time is up.

If the attention has been issued twice and the and the attention is about to be issued a
third time, then the error code FCN 1.39 006 is issued.

State 12 = RESTR$MF$HIGH$TEST

Flow is controlled to maximum flow (see state 0). A signal is sent to the FRN to start the MF
test.

Jump to state 4 if FRN High flow (MF) test is ready.

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Lowering the deairating level (State 25-27)

State 25 = EMPTY$DEAIR$LVL

RFVA is opened and EVVA is closed until the level in the deairating chamber is < 68.5 mm
then the program jumps to the next state.

Jump to state 26 if deairating level <68.5 mm

Jump to state 16 if NACL selected (BiCart Select) AND


NACL priming NOT ready (SelectCart) AND
NOT low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 23 if heating vessel low level .

FOVA

P
Flow
Flow output
Input pump
Pump EMVA ZEVA
P
EVVA
DRAIN UF
CELL
Blood leak
detector
LEVEL 580.4 ml/min 2 1 490.1 ml/min
43.5 mm
Deairating
chamber
PD P TAVA P HPG
-10.0 mmHg 18.0 mmHg
BYVA
DIVA

Particle
filter

P
SAG
-1.4 mmHg

To athmosphere RFVA

Air

State 26 = EMPTY$DEAIR$LVL$2

RFVA is opened and EVVA is closed until the level in the deairating chamber is < 40 mm then
the program closes the RFVA, the minimum open time is 10 seconds. If the level still is
>68.5 mm after 10 seconds then jump back to state 25.

Jump to state 27 if wait at least 10 seconds AND


deairating level <40 mm.

Jump to state 25 if wait 10 seconds AND


deairating level >68.5 mm.

Jump to state 16 if NACL selected (BiCart Select) AND


NACL priming NOT ready (SelectCart) AND
NOT low level in heating vessel.

Jump to state 23 if heating vessel low level .

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State 27 = CHECK$DEAIR$LVL

EVVA is kept closed until the level in the deairating chamber is < 40 mm and the level must
be stable for 3 seconds before the program jumps to the next state.

Jump to state 28 if deairating level <40 mm AND


stable level for 3 seconds AND
NOT technical error in the FM AND
restrictor test start-up test done (FRN test)

Jump to state 25 if deairating level >40 mm.

Jump to state 31 if deairating level <40 mm AND


stable level for 3 seconds AND
technical error in the FM.

Jump to state 23 if heating vessel low level .

The finish of the TST$PROC (State 28)

State 28 = FM$FUNC$TEST$RDY

Jump to state 23 if heating vessel low level .

Notify CPU OB that the FM functional check is ready since it is the CPU OB that coordinates
the functional checks. If the other tests are ready and OK and the level in the heating vessel
is not low the monitor will exit the functional check and the state will be set to 255 (inac-
tive). Treatment time is displayed in the “TIME” window.

BiCart priming (and Top Priming if preset) (State 29)


preset)

State 29 = TST$BICART$PRIMING

Run the sub-process TST$BICART$PRIMING$PROC.

Post priming is when both concentrate pumps run at normal speed after priming. The
presets for Top priming is described later in this document. Default preset is no top prim-
ing.

Jump to state 25 if BiCart latch NOT open OR


BiCart top priming ready
OR
(BiCart post priming ready AND
NOT top priming after priming).

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Sub process TST$BICART$PRIMING$PROC
TST$BICART$PRIMING$PROC
The BiCart priming sub-process, called from state 28 looks like this:

Process 26 = TST$BICART$PRIM$PROC SP(023) Service Process.

State 0 = TST$BIC$PRE$PRIM
State 1 = TST$BIC$PRIM
State 2 = TST$BIC$PRIM$1
State 3 = TST$BIC$PRIM$2
State 4 = TST$BIC$POST$PRIM
State 5 = TST$BIC$PRIM$ATTN
State 6 = TST$BIC$PRE$PRIM$WATER$ATTN
State 7 = TST$BIC$PRIM$WATER$ATTN
State 8 = TST$BIC$POST$PRIM$WATER$ATTN
State 9 = TST$BIC$POST$TP
State 10 = TST$BIC$POST$TP$WATER$ATTN

During these states, the following takes place:

When the priming is triggered either by the fact that the cartridge is placed in the holder
before the machine is started, or that the holder is opened during operation both concen-
trate pumps stop. The machine runs, waiting for the measured conductivity (B) to drop
below 2.0 mS/cm.

1) BCVA is closed and PBVA opened. This connects the degassing pressure to the bottom of
the cartridge, and since it is closed in the top (by BCVA), a negative pressure will now build
up in the BiCart cartridge.

Recirc. Expansion
valve chamber Degassing
M Degassing pump
restrictor

Warm water, heating vessel


P
Degassing
Degassing level
pressure detector

PBVA
BCVA
TPVA Feeding pump "B"

BiCart

Filter Suction

BiCart bubble trap

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2) The degassing pressure is momentarily reduced when the dry cartridge is connected. The
system will wait for the pressure to reach degassing pressure set level +20 mmHg, or until
a 1 minute timer has run out.

Degassing pressure, mmHg

Triggering point =
(degassing set value + 20 mmHg)

PBVA opens
BCVA closes BCVA opens

3) In either case the BCVA then opens and the build up, negative pressure in the cartridge
sucks out warm water from the heating vessel. The cartridge primes:

Recirc. Expansion
valve chamber Degassing
M Degassing pump
restrictor

Warm water, heating vessel


P
Degassing
Degassing level
pressure detector

PBVA
BCVA
TPVA Feeding pump "B"

BiCart

Filter Suction

BiCart bubble trap

4) The suction through PBVA continues until the logical signal from the BiCart bubble trap
fluid level indicates NOT low level. PBVA closes. If step 1-4 takes too long (>120 sec), an
attention is issued:

BiCart NOT ATTACHED TO HOLDER


Attach/check BiCart, press HIGH

If HIGH is pressed the process will be restarted. The priming can be repeated until the
BiCart is primed.

If the attention is issued after Fch it looks slightly different:

BiCart NOT ATTACHED TO HOLDER


Attach or check BiCart

The priming is reapeted by closing and opening the latches.

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5) The B-concentrate pump runs full speed for approximately 30 seconds. The objective of
this is to flush out the first part of the liquid bicarbonate, since it contains high levels of
Na2CO3 (sodium carbonate) which is not a desirable substance to have in the dialysis fluid.

6) The B-concentrate pump stops and the FM runs until B-conductivity is below 2.0 mS/cm.
The priming is completed.

7) When conductivity below 2 mS/cm is achieved, the A-pump starts. When the A-conductiv-
ity has reached 80% of its set level, the B pump starts. This sequence ensures minimum
calcium precipitation.

BiCart bubble trap refilling

Whenever the BiCart bubble trap signals low level PBVA is opened for 0.8 seconds and the
level is checked again. If necessary PBVA is opened again for 0.8 seconds and the level is
checked. This continues until the level is not low level. See section “Top priming” for more
details.

Recirc. Expansion
valve chamber Degassing
M Degassing pump
restrictor

Warm water, heating vessel


P
Degassing
Degassing level
pressure detector

PBVA Opens for 0.8 s.


BCVA
TPVA Feeding pump "B"

BiCart

Filter Suction

BiCart bubble trap

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Top priming

Top priming can be performed, three times during the use of one BiCart; directly after
priming, after first bubble trap low level or/and it can be triggered by a time after priming.
Default preset 10000 minutes. If it is preset what basically happens is the BCVA closes and
TPVA opens and water is sucked backwards into the BiCart. See chapter “The top priming”
for more details.

Recirc. Expansion
valve chamber Degassing
M Degassing pump
restrictor

Warm water, heating vessel


P
Degassing
Degassing level
pressure detector

PBVA
BCVA
TPVA Feeding pump "B"

BiCart
Suction
Filter

BiCart bubble trap

Fluid

State 30 = TST$WATER$ATTN$5

The last of four water attentions, see state 7 for more details.

INSUFFICIENT WATER SUPPLY


Check water supply

Jump to state 31 if Not low level in heating vessel AND


DIVA closed by Node Q.
Jump to state 31 if FRN Test NOT OK.

Handling technical errors (State 31-33)

State 31 = FM$FUNC$TECH$ERR

If the program enters this state there is a technical error in the fluid monitor. This also
means that no treatment is possible.

Jump to state 32 if there is a request to store UF logging ( E2PROM ), UF cell


errors.

Jump to state 30 if low level in heating vessel.

State 32 = UF$LOG$STORE

Store data in the UF cell, UF cell errors, FCN 4.05 xxx.


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If an FCN 4.05 occurs a flag is set. This flag will be erased when the storage is done.

Jump to state 33 if the UF cell errors are successfully stored in the UF cells
E2PROMs.

Jump to state 30 if low level in heating vessel.

State 33 = UF$LOG$STORE$RDY

Waits for the UF cell store to be completed. When the flag is erased (in state 31) the process
continues.

Jump to state 31 if flag is erased.

Safety by pass test

State 34 = SAFTEY$BYPASS$HIGH$TEST$FAILED

The fluid connectors should be checked for leakage and then the attention confirmed.

CHECK FLUID TUBES FOR LEAKAGE


Press LOW to confirm

Jump to state 13 if the attention is confirmed.

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TST$TEMPERATURE$PROC
TST$TEMPERATURE$PROC

Flow chart

42 oC is reached. Set temperature is reached

TST$HIGH$ TST$SET$ TST$TEMP


TEMP TEMP $RDY
0 1 2

Time out 15 min.

Time out 15 min.

TST$TEMP
$STOPPED
3

There are five temperature sensors in the AK 200 S, one in the heating vessel and two in
each conductivity cell (one for control and one for protective system). During the test the
correlation between the different transducers (temperature in conductivity cells) and the
deviation is maximum 0.5 oC between control system and protective system. The compari-
sons are made within each conductivity cell.

The temperature is regulated by the control system with the temperature transducer in the
heating vessel and compensated by the Conductivity cell B temperature transducer to 42 oC
and to the set value (treatment temperature). When these temperatures are reached the
protective system compares the transducers (Control and Protective).

Process 16 = TST$TEMPERATURE$PROC SP(028)


Service Process

State 0 = TST$HIGH$TEMP

Sub state 0 = HV$LOW$LVL

Fill heating vessel above low level. Heating rods are off.

Jump to sub state 1 if heating vessel NOT low level.

Sub state 1 = NO$FLOW

The flow is stopped by TST$PROC and the temperature is regulated to 42 oC by the control
system and the temperature transducer in the heating vessel.

Jump to sub state 2 if temperature in heating vessel is 42 oC measured in


heating vessel by control system.

Sub state 2 = WITH$FLOW

The flow is started and the temperature is controlled to 42 oC by the control system in
conductivity cell B. Then the correlation of the temperature between protective and control
system is performed within each conductivity cell.

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If the FM can not reach 42 oC within 15 minutes an error code will be issued and the proc-
ess will enter TST$TEMP$STOPPED.

FCN 5.03 003


FCN 1.44 001

Jump to state 1 if temperature is reached (42 oC ).

Jump to state 3 if time out (15 minutes).

State 1 = TST$SET$TEMP

This state is also divided into 3 sub states and they have the same functions as in state 0, but
the temperature is regulated to the treatment temperature.

FCN 5.03 004


FCN 1.44 002

Jump to state 2 if temperature is reached (set value).

Jump to state 3 if time out (15 minutes).

State 2 = TST$TMP$RDY

The temperature test is ready and the temperature is regulated to set value (treatment
temperature).

State 3 = TST$TEMP$STOPPED

If there is a technical error in the previous states (1 and 2) the heating rods are off then
treatment will be impossible. The process will be stuck in this state.

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COND$PRS$TST$PROC
Flow chart

Bicarbonate alternative
is chosen by operator.
COND$TST$
STDBY

3
COND$TST$
INACTIVE Low cond test OK AND
NOT low level in heating vessel AND
Low level in heating vessel OR 0
cond is >5 mS/cm AND
(low test ok AND no cond test has failed). SelectCart primed (if any).
Low and high test OK AND
Fluid path is filled acetate mode chosen.
(Degassing level OK).
Low level in
heating vessel
LOW$COND$ HIGH$COND$
TST TST
1 2

Both low and high test OK AND Both low and high test OK AND
acetate NOT chosen. acetate NOT chosen.

COND$TST$
DONE
4

The process main goal is to check that the conductivity cells are working properly. They
should be able to measure low (<1.0 mS/cm) and high conductivity (>18.0 mS/cm). The test
is supervised and evaluated by the protective system. Control system acts on orders from
protective system.

Each test is redone after 30 seconds if it fails. If a test fails more than 3 times a technical
error is issued.

If the Fch is started in acetate mode and the operator changes to bicarbonate mode after
the conductivity test is performed and Fch is not done, the monitor will perform a new
conductivity test

In case the operator try to change from acetate mode to bicarbonate mode when the Fch is
finished, the monitor will not accept the change. This is due to the fact that only the B cell
(control and protective) is tested (high test) in acetate mode. The only way is to perform a
new Fch in bicarbonate mode.

When the monitor is started in acetate mode and the conductivity test is done, protective
system puts control system in a stand by, prepared to redo the high conductivity test with
all conductivity cells.

When the high test is done and the priming of the SelectBag is not done (timed out in state
16 (TST$PROC)), the priming will restartand continue until the SelectBag is primed or has
timed out (300 seconds). If it times out the priming is interrupted and the monitor will try
to prime again when the Fch is done. Finally it will end up as an “INCORRECT SelectBag
FLOW” attention. Fluid in bypass.If the level is not raised in the level detector chamber.

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State 0 = COND$TST$INACTIVE

Waiting for state 15 in FCH$TST to be ready which means that the fluid path is filled and
the control system can regulate the degassing level.

Jump to state 1 if fluid path is filled (state 15)

Jump to state 2 if Low cond test OK AND


cond >5 mS/cm AND
SelectCart primed (if any) AND
NOT low level in heating vessel.

State 1 = LOW$COND$TST

The control system regulates the conductivity to 0 mS/cm. When the level is below 1 mS/cm,
the conductivity is measured during 10 seconds to check the stability of the conductivity.
The values should not vary more than 0.4 mS/cm from the average during these 10 seconds.
If the stability test fails it is repeated after 60 seconds. If the conductivity is not stable after
3 tries the error code FCN 4.43 020 is issued.

The stable values are evaluated by the protective system. If the value is out of limit (see table
below) the test has failed and after 30 seconds the test is repeated. After three failures a
technical error is issued, FCN 4.43 030.

If the test is not ready after 5 minutes (time out), the error code FCN 4.43 010 is issued.

Cell A Cell A Cell B Cell B Max deviation


Control Protective Control Protective mS/cm

x x +/-0.2
x x +/-0.2
x x +/-0.3
x x +/-0.3

State 2 = HIGH$COND$TST

The test starts with that the control system run the concentrate pump at a fixed speed and
when the control system signals that the conductivity >18 mS/cm the test is carried out like
state 1 but with the high conductivity and if the monitor is in acetate mode only the B cell is
tested (control and protective).

If the concentrate is a BiCart Select concentrate there is an attention issued due to failure of
the stability test. If the attention is confirmed then the Select Cart will be primed again.

UNSTABLE CONDUCTIVITY
Check SelectCart, press HIGH

The state can issue the following error codes:

FCN 4.43 011 time out on conductivity. (5 minutes)


FCN 4.43 021 stability not achieved. (Three times, confirmed 4 times, total 15 times)
FCN 4.43 031 failed evaluation. (three times)

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State 3 = COND$TST$DONE

The process will end here regardless of the test was OK or not.

State 4 = COND$TST$STDBY

This state is only entered if the conductivity test is passed and the test was carried out in
acetate mode. The test now awaits the operator to change to bicarbonate mode or the Fch
to be finished and treatment mode entered.

If the mode is changed from acetate to bicarbonate the high test is performed again
(State 2) as long as the monitor is still in Fch mode.

State 5 = COND$TST$ATTN$STDBY

If the attention is confirmed the AK 200 S will prime the Bicart SelectCart once more. When
this state entered the SelectCart will automatically be reprimed. Maximum four priming
attempts can be made before an error code is issued.

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Logging the Conductivity test

There is a logging variable for the Conductivity test, SRB(058), this however reflects the sub
process to each step. To put in simple words, the uneven values on the logging variable
reflect that the low conductivity test is performed and even that the high test is performed.

What the different states means, 0-10, is explained in the flow chart below. The low
conductivity test is synchronized with the main process. This is done in state 15 where the
main process wait until the low conductivity is done. The high conductivity test is started
when the main process starts state 18.

Cond test

Idle 0
SRB(58)= X

1
<1 mS/cm 2
No
witin 18 mS/cm No
5 5 min witin
5 min
Yes 6
Wait 30 s
No
3 Wait 30 s
Third No Cond No
try? stable? 4
Cond No Third Yes
Yes Yes
stable? try?

Evaluation Yes

No
Evaluation
Yes No
Third Cond
try? test OK? No
7
Yes No Yes
Cond Third
test OK? try?
Idle 0
8 Yes

9 10

Test Error Idle Test Error

Low cond test errors 0 HIgh cond test errors

FCN 4.43 010 1 FCN 4.43 031 2

FCN 4.43 020 3 FCN 4.43 021 4

FCN 4.43 030 7 FCN 4.43 011 8

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FRN test (Flow Restrictor Node)
The purpose of the FRN is to have a system that monitors the dialysis fluid flow from and
to the patient independent of the UF cell. The FRN node is used by the protective system to
supervise the UF volume and UF rate.

The FRN uses the FIP and FOP transducer values to calculate the different flow rates and
for the volume a time integral of the rate is used.

How the FRN is measuring the UF rate and volume during treatment:

FOP

Protective system

Control system

Echelon 1
CPU P node CPU F
UF volume FRN 2
UF rate
measured by FRN

FIP
P

UF volume
measured by FRN

The different coefficients used in the pressure-to-flow calculation are collected during
calibration of the FRN. During the calibration the pressures are read against known flows.
These flows are measured by the UF cell and the values from the UF cell are the “known”
flows.

The actual test

The Fch can be described in different stages, each stage contains one or more states (like all
other processes). The states can be logged as RESTR$STARTUP$TST$PROC, Program
version 5.20, PP(060).

State 0-1: Initialization of used variables, that means the old variables, calibration values
from the latest calibration (in service mode).

State 2: FRN checks the stability of the FRN measurements. . The flows must be stable.
When the flows are stable (maximum variation 0.5 ml/min) or a 4-minute time out is up.

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State 3-6 (tar ation): The monitor now compares the measured flows in channel 1 (FOP)
(taration):
with channel 2 (FIP) and the offset is added to channel 2 so that the measurements are
aligned. (i.e. taration is performed). If the taration is approved (limits +/-2 ml/min, default)
the process continues. If it is not approved there is a request to perform it again. If it fails
again an error code is issued, FCN 1.39 004 004. The test will now await CPU F’s signal to go
ahead with the next test.

Maximum deviation
ml/min FRN
FRN Ch 1 and Ch 2
flow
2 ml/min
(default)

Ch 2

Taration
Ch 1

Taration = Offset of channel 2

Ch 2 (after taration) = Ch 2+(Ch1-C2)

State 7: High fflo


low test. The flows in channel 1 and 2 is measured and the values are corre-
low
lated against each other. The difference must not be more than +/-2 ml/min. The test is done
for maximum 60 seconds and if the test is approved then the test will perform state 2-6
again and then await signal from CPU F to do the Low flow test, State 10.

If the test is not approved during this time the test is failed. In case of failure the CPU P
signals to CPU F to redo its procedures so the CPU P can perform the test again (state 2-7).

If it is a retest then the time out, in state 7, is prolonged to 2 minutes.

If this test also fails the attention “UF SELF TEST FFAILED
AILED New test within ffiv
New ive min
ive utes” is
minutes”
issued. This is done so the temperature has a chance to stabilize in the pressure transducers,
FIP and FOP.

This procedure can be repeated 2 times. When the third issuing of the attention is due then
the error code, FCN 1.39 001
001, is issued. By then 6 complete High flow tests of the FRN has
been performed, all failed.

State 10: Lo
Loww fflo
low test. The test is started when CPU F signals that the flow is lowered
low
with 50 ml/min.

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ml/min FRN Flow at
flow taration

Flow is reduced Set value


with 50 ml/min. Reduced
Maximum flow
deviation
FRN
Ch 1
+/-9
ml/min

FRN
Ch 2

Maximum deviation
FRN Ch 1 and Ch 2
2 ml/min
(default)

The flows in channel 1 and 2 is measured and the values are correlated against each other.
The difference must not be more than +/-2 ml/min.
The flows measured by the FRN and main flow set value are compared and the difference
must not be outside a +/-9 ml/min limit. (FRN channels and main flow set value)

The test is done for maximum 60 seconds and if the test is approved then the FRN test is
ready.

If the test is not approved during this time the test is failed. In case of failure the CPU P
signals to CPU F to redo its procedures so the CPU P can perform the test again (state 2-6
and 10).

If it is retest then the time out, in state 10, is prolonged to 2 minutes.

If this test also fails the attention “UF SELF TEST FFAILED New
AILED Ne w test within ffiv
ive
iv minutes”
e min utes” is
issued. This is done so the temperature has a chance to stabilise in the pressure transducers,
FIP and FOP.

This procedure can be repeated 2 times. When the third issuing of the attention is due then
the error code, FCN 1.39 006
006, is issued. By then 6 complete High flow tests of the FRN has
been performed, all failed.

FRN test ready!

The stages are also described on the next page as a flow chart.

The syncronization of the FRN-Leak test.

The FRN and the Leak test is depending on each other and that is illustrated in the flow
chart on the next page and also described in the text.

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START
CPU F signals that
the offset taration
has started
Wait for Wait for
stable flow stable flow
(max 4 min) (max 4 min)
State: 2 State: 2

FRN FRN
taration taration
State: 3-6 State: 3-6 Re-test
Issue attention

Wait 5 minutes
Pressure Pressure Pressure ++No_High_Retest
lowered by raised by lowered by
CPU F CPU F CPU F
CPU F signals that NO
the differential taration
has started
High flow test High flow test
No_High_Retest >
(max 1 min) Fail (max 2 min) Fail
2?
State: 7 State: 7

Pass Pass YES

Technical error
Wait for Wait for FCN 1.39 001
stable flow stable flow
(max 4 min) (max 4 min)
State: 2 State: 2

FRN FRN
taration taration
State: 3-6 State: 3-6 Re-test
Issue attention

Wait 5 minutes
Flow Flow Flow ++No_Low_Retest
lowered by raised by lowered by
CPU F signals that CPU F CPU F CPU F
the flow is now NO
lowered and
the pumps are
calibrated. Low flow test Low flow test
No_Low_Retest
(max 1 min) Fail (max 2 min) Fail
> 2?
State: 10 State: 10

YES
Pass
Pass
Technical error
READY
FCN 1.39 006

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The FRN MF (Main Flow) supervision test
The MF test is performed instead of the FRN, if the preset
S 471 P_RESTR$UF$SUP$VOL$MODE$ACTIVE is set to FALSE. The MF is needed for the
BiCart Select system supervision. If FRN is disabled the UF supervision system will not be
active. (see Operator’s manual for further details.)

The actual test

State1: The FRN Ch 1 just measures the flow. Signals to CPU F to continue the Leak test
since no taration of the FRN is done.

State 2: Stability of flow measured by the FRN; maximum variation 0.5 ml/min.

State 3
3: High flow test is performed; maximum deviation from main flow set value (approx
750 ml/min) is +/- 9 ml/min. And the stability of the FRN Ch 1 has to be better than 1 ml/
min.FCN 1.39 008

Maximum deviation
ml/min FRN
FRN Ch 1 and
flow
main flow setvalue
9 ml/min

Set value
main
flow
+/-9
ml/min
Ch 1

Maximum
deviation

State 4
4:Signals to CPU F to continue the Leak test since no taration of the FRN is done.

Continues on the next page!

State 5
5: CPU F lowers the flow by 50 ml/min. Two tests are performed.

1. The flow measured by FRN ch1 should not differ from the new main flow set value with
more than +/- 9 ml/min. (FCN1.39 009)

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2. The flow measured by the FRN should be in the range of -46 ml/min to -54 ml/min
(+/- 4 ml/min) compared to the flow measured by the FRN before the flow was reduced.
FCN 1.39 010

ml/min FRN Flow at


flow taration

Flow is reduced Set value


with 50 ml/min. Reduced
Maximum flow
deviation
FRN
Ch 1
+/-9
ml/min

Previously
mesured
flow (state3)
-50 ml/min

Maximum deviation
FRN Ch 1 and previously
mesured flow -50 ml/min
+/-4 ml/min

The synchronization of the MF-Leak test

The MF and the Leak test is depending on each other and that is illustrated in the flow chart
below and also previously described in text.

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START
CPU F signals that
the offset taration
has started

Signal CPU F to
continue
State 1
CPU F signals that
State 12 is performed
Leak test (state 24)
Wait for
stable RQ1 flow
(max 4 min)
State: 2

High flow test Technical error


Fail
State: 3 FCN 1.39 008

CPU F signals to Pass


CPU P to perform
taration
Signal CPU F to
continue

CPU F signals that


the flow is now
lowered and Technical error
the pumps are FCN 1.39 009
calibrated.
Low flow test Fail
State: 5
Fail
Technical error
FCN 1.39 010
Pass

READY

HCEN9334 Rev 112003 The AK 200 S Functional cchec


hec
heckk 3-
3-50