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Job Safety Analysis

Familiarisation

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Job Safety Analysis

Objectives

Understand why and when JSAs should be developed Develop a working knowledge of the Job Safety Analysis tool Understand your Responsibilities

Job Safety Analysis

JSA Definition

A tool used to:

carefully study and record each step of a job or task

identify existing or potential hazards (safety, health, environmental, product quality),

determine the best procedures to follow in order to perform the job safely

health, environmental, product quality), determine the best procedures to follow in order to perform the job

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Job Safety Analysis

Benefits of a Job Safety Analysis

Proactively identifies hazards and prescribes action to take for each hazard

Establishes proper job procedures

Helps standardise and update common job tasks/processes

Provides acceptable standards

Serves as an excellent “safety training” tool

Great tool for hazard analysis regarding new tasks, new equipment, or procedures that are non-routine

Job Safety Analysis

Why Develop a JSA?

To ensure that all hazards are identified and controlled for all major tasks and processes

When to Develop a JSA?

Lack of inadequate procedures

New or modified equipment or procedures

Job Safety Analysis

Job Safety Analysis Process

1. Selection of job or task

2. Develop the JSA procedure

3. Review and approval

4. Field verify and validate

Process 1. Selection of job or task 2. Develop the JSA procedure 3. Review and approval
Process 1. Selection of job or task 2. Develop the JSA procedure 3. Review and approval

Job Safety Analysis

Step 1: Selection of job or task

Incident or injury experience High potential for injuries/losses New/modified equipment or procedures

Job Safety Analysis

Step 3: Develop the JSA procedure

A. List steps of job or task

B. Identify hazards associated with each step

C. Develop procedures to prevent hazard/manage risk

Job Safety Analysis

Step 3a: List steps of job or task

Review procedures List key steps in order Discuss steps with employees that are familiar with the work

Modify as required

Finalise clear and concise steps for task

Job Safety Analysis

3b. Identify the Hazards

While observing and reviewing procedures, determine:

What are the hazards?

What could go wrong?

How could someone get hurt?

How could a loss occur?

List the hazard associated with each step Obtain input from employees familiar with the work

How could a loss occur? List the hazard associated with each step Obtain input from employees
How could a loss occur? List the hazard associated with each step Obtain input from employees

Job Safety Analysis

Items to Consider When Looking at Potential Hazards

Environmental Conditions: Are there any conditions that may be hazardous to safety or health?

Are there any gases, vapors, mists, fumes, or dust in area?

Is ventilation adequate to remove any air contaminants?

Are there any sources of heat or cold?

Is there adequate lighting to see the complete job?

Job Safety Analysis

Items to Consider When Looking at Potential Hazards

Injurious Contact: Is there a danger of striking against, being struck by, caught between, caught on, caught in, or otherwise making harmful contact with an object?

Can people come in contact with, be struck by, or snagged by moving parts of equipment? Customer vehicle’s? Contractors equipment?

- Are there any running pinch points between two moving parts such as a pulley and belt?

- Is there sufficient room to work? To stay out of the line of fire? Out of traffic areas?

Is there any material that could strike people?

- Are energy sources controlled?

Are machines safeguarded?

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Job Safety Analysis

Items to Consider When Looking at Potential Hazards

Overexertion: Can a strain be caused by pushing, pulling, lifting, bending, twisting, or by repetitive motion?

Does the employee have good body position and placement?

Does the job require lifting of excessive amount of weight?

Does the employee twist while lifting?

Does this job have repetitive motions?

Job Safety Analysis

Items to Consider When Looking at Potential Hazards

Slips, Trips, and Falls: Is there a potential for this type of occurrence?

Are there spills of water, oil, or other slick material on the floor?

Are there lowered or elevated surfaces?

Is there any chance of a fall to another level?

Job Safety Analysis

Items to Consider When Looking at Potential Hazards

Other Key Safety Behaviors

Do employees wear proper PPE?

Are the correct tools available?

Are proper equipment moving/lifting tools available?

Is communications between work groups adequate for safe performance?

Job Safety Analysis

3c. Develop Procedures to Prevent/Manage Risk

For each hazard or potential hazard, determine if job could be performed in another way to eliminate hazard

Combining or changing sequence of steps

Additional safety equipment to reduce hazards

If safer and better steps can be used, list each new step

Write in enough detail for worker to follow

Avoid general statements like: “Be careful”

If no new procedures can be developed, can physical changes be made?

Redesigning equipment

Personal Protective Equipment

Job Safety Analysis

Job Safety Analysis Procedure

You must stay focused and not get buried in details

You must stay focused and not get buried in details Initial development process is likely to
You must stay focused and not get buried in details Initial development process is likely to
You must stay focused and not get buried in details Initial development process is likely to
You must stay focused and not get buried in details Initial development process is likely to

Initial development process is likely to produce several pages; you must reduce to 1-2 page procedure format

in details Initial development process is likely to produce several pages; you must reduce to 1-2

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Job Safety Analysis

Step 4: Review and Approval

Job experts will review and approve

Initial JSA’s reviewed and approved by chain of command

Management/Supervisor approves new JSA’s & recycles to Field

Step 5: Field verify and validate

Management determines if solution eliminates or reduces hazard

JSA

Understand your Responsibilities

Employees

Proactive Team member Report deficiencies in work standards Follow the JSA’s

Managers/Supervisors Follow up to verify and validate

Provide coaching Monitor for Quality

Job Safety Analysis

Objectives -- Review

Understand why and when JSA’s should be developed Develop a working knowledge of the Job Safety Analysis tool Understand your Responsibilities