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3/3/2019/8:29 AM

SSE RC BEAM SSE EXCEL SECTION


Refs: Nilson 14 SI The author will not be responsible for the uses of this program
v1.05
Job: B1
1. Inputs SECTION SLS check:
bw= 0.2 m width of beam beff= 0.2 m >=bw (effective flange) CONTINUE BEAM
Ms*: Mw Mmid Me t.m w=west
CANTILEVER
h= 0.4 m height of beam hf= 0.1 m <h (slab thickness) 1 -3.53 4 -4 g =sw+sdl e=east
e= 0.04 m (cover to axe of bot bars) cantilever 2 -4.14 5 -5 g+q
d'= 0.04 m (cover to axe of top bars) Mu= 6 t.m factored moment f'c= 25 Mpa 2 -4.14 5 -5 t.m auto vba
d= 0.36 m =h-e Vu= 10 t factored shear fy= 390 Mpa bending reinf' *moment with sign
fyw= 235 Mpa shear reinf' L= 5 m span axe-axe, 0=no calculation is made
beff= 0.2 m =min(bw+L/4, bw+16*hf, beff) Canti.= 1 cantilever=2 n= 8.51 =Es/Ec (=8 by default)
ratio(<=1)= 0.3 Mpoint / Mlinear load Ψ= 0.2 coeficient of sustaine live load
for contilever case fact= 1 correction λ? 1=yes, 2=no
ξ= 2 =1.4(12months), 2(60months)
2. Design fct= 0.15 factor to Ie for supports (by default 0.15)
Classify section: assum a=hf >> CAL >> PDF fr= 3.1 Mpa =0.62*sqrt(f'c)
MT= 0 t.m =Φ*beff*hf*0.85*f'c*(d-hf/2) Ec= 23500 Mpa =4700*sqrt(f'c)
Sec= T T if Mu>MT, otherwise REC
bw= 0.2 If designed section is REC, take bw=beff Double reinf'
Mu= 6 t.m if T, take =Mu-MT*(beff-bw)/beff β= 0.85 =MAX(0.65,MIN(0.85,0.85-0.05*(f'c-28)/7))
Rlim= 0.268 =3/8*β*(1-3/8*β/2)
Singly Reinf' Mulim= 13.58 t.m =(0.9*b*d^2*0.85*f'c)*Rlim
R= 0.12 unitless =Mu*0.01/(0.9*b*d^2*0.85*f'c) <=0.268, Then Signly reinf' Mu'= 0 t.m =max(0,Mu-Mulim)
β= 0.85 =MAX(0.65,MIN(0.85,0.85-0.05*(f'c-28)/7)) alm= 0.116 m =d*(1-sqrt(1-2Rlim))
Rlim= 0.27 =3/8*β*(1-3/8*β/2) clim= 0.137 m =alim/β
A's=0? OK ok=signly rein'f, no=doubly reinf' ε's= 0.002 =εb*(clim-d')/clim
a= 0.05 m =d*(1-sqrt(1-2R)) f's= 390 Mpa =min(fy, εs*E)
z= 0.34 m =d-a/2 As'= 0 cm2 =Mu'/(Φ*(d-d')/f's)
Φ= 0.9 unitless =0.9 as alwys if R<=0.268 or singly reinf' Mu= 13.58 t.m =Mulim
z= 0.306 m =d-alim/2
As= 5.01 cm2 =Mu/(Φ*z*fy)+(beff-bw)*hf*0.85*f'c/(Φ*fy) ACI 9.6.1.2 As= 0 cm2 =Mu/(Φ*z*fy)+A's*f's/fy
Asmini= 2.61 cm2 =b*d*max(0.25*sqrt(f'c),1.4)/fy Asmini= 2.613 cm2 =b*d*max(0.25*sqrt(f'c),1.4)/fy ACI 9.6.1.2
Asreq= 5.01 cm2 =max(As,Asmini) Asreq= 2.613 cm2 =max(As,Asmini)

Result at mid-span
Sec= SINGLY A mid no. dia. Asprov At support no. dia. Asprov Shear Reinf' no. Dia. Av Deflection Check
A's= 0 cm2 3 16 6.03 cm2 OK A's= 3 16 6.032 cm2 link= 2 6 0.57 cm2 hmini= 0.24 m 1/ 21 OK
As= 5.01 cm2 1e 3 16 6.03 cm2 As= 3 16 6.032 cm2 pin= 6 0.00 cm2 fs(q)= 0.18 cm L/360= 1.39 OK
ΦMn= 11.8 t.m 2e 2 16 4.02 cm2 0 cm2 Av= 0.57 cm2 fa= 0.87 cm L/480= 1.04 OK
ratio= 1.96 >1? Asprov= 10.1 cm2 OK Asprov= 6.032 cm2 sreq= 0.11 m ft= 1.33 cm L/240= 2.08 OK
OK Asmax= 29.1 cm2 =4%bd crack w= 0.07 mm limit= 0.4 OK
Remark: fa(q)= immediate deflection due to LL
fa= deflection after construction due to SL
ft= total deflection due to SL
SL= sustained load

By: Sophea.phan 1/3 SSE, since 2014


3/3/2019/8:29 AM

Find ΦMn 3. Shear check:


c= 0.06 m goalseek variable Vc= 6.19 t =0.17*SQRT(f'c)*b*d*100
ε's= 0 =3/1000*(c-d')/c ΦVc= 4.64 t =Φ*Vc ; Φ=0.75
f's= 265 Mpa =max(-fy, min(fy,e's*Es)) Av= 1 0) No 1) need
equ0= 0.00 =0.85*f'c*b*β*c_+0.85*f'c*(beff-bw)*min(c,hf)+A's*f's-As*fy ΦVs= 5.36 t =MAX(0, Vu-ΦVc)
εs= 0.01 =3/1000*(d-c)/c Vs= 7.15 t =ΦVs/Φ
Φ= 0.9 =min(0.90,max(0.65,(0.65+(εs-2/1000)*250/3)) Vs<= 4*Vc? => YES!
ΦMn= 11.8 t.m =Φ*[0.85*f_c*b*a*(d-a/2)+0.85*f'c*(beff-bw)*min(a,hf)*{d-min(a,hf/2)/2}+A's*10^-4*fs*(d-d')]*100 smax1= 0.19 m =Av*fyw*min(1/(0.062*sqrt(f'c)*b),1/0.345/b)
ratio= 1.96 =ΦMn/Mu >=1 OK smax2= 0.18 m =IF(Vs<=2*Vc,min(d/2,0.6),min(d/4,0.3))
smax= 0.18 m =min(smax1,smax2)
Result: sreq= 0.11 m =Min(smax, Av*fyw*d/Vs)
4. Deflection Check
left support mid-span right support
bw= 0.2 m bw= 0.2 m bw= 0.2 m
beff= 0.2 m beff= 0.2 m beff= 0.2 m
h= 0.4 m h= 0.4 m h= 0.4 m
hf= 0.1 m hf= 0.1 m hf= 0.1 m
e= 0.04 m e= 0.04 m e= 0.036 m
d'= 0.04 m d'= 0.04 m d'= 0.036 m
d= 0.36 m d= 0.36 m d= 0.364 m
A's= 6.03 cm2 A's= 6.03 cm2 (impose A's /4) A's= 6.032 cm2
As= 6.03 cm2 As= 10.1 cm2 As= 6.032 cm2

Calculate critical Moment Mcr


Ach= 0.09 m2 Ach= 0.09 m2 Ach= 0.09 m2 = bw*h+(beff-bw)*hf+n*(As+A's)
v'= 0.2 m v'= 0.21 m v'= 0.2 m =1/Ach*(bw*h^2/2+(beff-hw)*hf^2/2+n(As1*d+As2*d')
v= 0.2 m v= 0.19 m v= 0.2 m =h-v'
Ich= 0 m4 Ich= 0 m4 Ich= 0.001 m4 =bw*h^3/3+(beff-bw)*hf^3/3+n*(As*d2+A's*d'2)-Ach*v'^2
Mcr= 2.08 t.m Mcr= 2.29 t.m Mcr= 2.081 t.m = fr*Ig/v
Ma= -4.1 t.m Ma= 5 t.m Ma= -5 t.m
Mcr/Ma= 0.5 Mcr/Ma= 0.46 Mcr/Ma= 0.416

Calculate cracked inertia Icr


x= 0.12 m x= 0.13 m x= 0.116 m variable goalseek
equ0= 0 equ0= 0 equ0= 5E-04 '=bw*x^2/2+x*[ (bf-bw)*hf+n*(As+A's) ] - [(bf-bw)*hf^2/2+n*(As*d+A's*d')]
Icr_T= 0 m4 Icr_T= 0 Icr_T= 5E-04 m4 =bf*x^3/3-(beff-bw)*(x-hf)^3/3+n*(As*(x-d)^2+A's*(x-d')^2)

x= 0.12 x= 0.13 x= 0.116 m variable goalseek


equ0= 0 equ0= 0 equ0= 5E-04 =bf*x^2/2+x*n*(As+A's) - n*(As*d+A's*d')
Icr_Rec= 0 Icr_Rec= 0 Icr_Rec= 5E-04 m4 =bf*x^3/3+n*(As*(x-d)^2+A's*(x-d')^2)

Icr= 0 m4 Icr= 0 Icr= 5E-04 m4 =if(x>hf, Icr_T, Icr_Rec)

By: Sophea.phan 2/3 SSE, since 2014


3/3/2019/8:29 AM

PCA formula (PCA ACI318-11)


n= 8.51 n= 8.51 n= 8.511 =Es/Ec
C= 39 C= 23.4 C= 38.96 =bw/(n*As)
f= 0 f= 0 f= 0 =hf.(b-bw)/(nAs)
yt= 0.2 yt= 0.2 yt= 0.2 =h-1/2*((b-bw).hf^2+bw*h^2)/((b-bw)*hf+bw*h))
Ig= 0 Ig= 0 Ig= 0.001 =(b-bw).hf^3/12+bw.h^3/12+(b-bw).hf.(h-hf/2-yt)^2+bw.h(yt-h/2)^2
r= 0.88 r= 0.53 r= 0.883 =(n-1)A's/(nAs)
f+r+1= 1.88 f+r+1= 1.53 f+r+1= 1.883
Kd= 0.1 Kd= 0.13 Kd= 0.102 =1/C*(sqrt(C(2d+hf.f+2rd')+(f+r+1)^2)-(f+r+1))
Icr= 0 Icr= 0 Icr= 4E-04 =(b-bw).hf^3/12+bw*Kd^3/3+(b-bw)hf(Kd-hf/2)^2+nAs(d-kd)^2+(n-1)A's(kd-d')^2

Calculate Equivalent inertie Ie


Ie= 0 m4 Ie= 0 m4 Ie= 5E-04 m4 =min(ig, (Mcr/Ma)^3*Ig+(1-(Mcr/Ma)^3)*Icr)
0.15 =0.15 or 0.25 0.75 0.15
Ie,cor= 0 Ie,cor= 0 m4 Ie,cor= 8E-05 m4
Ie,av= 0 m4 =sum, average

Calculate deflection
f= -0.4 cm f= 1.48 cm f= -0.47 cm =(Ma1/16+M0/9.6+Ma2/16)*L^2/E Ie,av
fconti.= 2.14 cm case of cantilever fs= 0.63 cm =sum all f λ= 1.414 =ξ/(1+50*ro') ro' = 0.01
=(1/4*(1-rato)+1/3*ratio)*Ma*Lu^2/Ec/Ie fs(g)= 0.46 cm,=immediate deflection of dead load
fs(g+q)= 0.63 cm,=immediate deflection of dead load s-short
fs(Ψ*q)= 0.04 cm =sum of the immediate deflection due to the sustained portion of the live load l=long
fs(q)= 0.18 cm =instantaneous deflection due to application of the short-term portion of the live load
fa= 0.87 cm =2*fs(g)+2*fs(Ψ*q)+1*fs(q) <=L/480
ft= 1.33 cm =3*fs(g)+2*fs(Ψ*q)+1*fs(q) <=L/240

5. Crack width - Check


s max= 0.53 m =min(300*280/fs/1000, 380*280/fs/1000-2.5*cc) beta= 1.333 =h2/h1
fs= 158 Mpa =M/(As*(d-h/2) A= 19400 mm2 =b*(2*layer+2.5cm)
s= 66.67 mm spcing
w1= 0.206 mm =1.1*beta*fs*(dc*A)^1/3*10^-5
w2= 0.07 mm =2*beta*fs/Es*sqrt(dc^2+(s/2)^2)
w= 0.07 mm =min(w1, w2)

By: Sophea.phan 3/3 SSE, since 2014