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Derrick McCann and Connor Johnson

Intro to ‘Standard Deviation’ and Its Uses.

Mathematics Learning Objectives:
Students will be able to define ‘standard deviation’. Students will also be able to analyze
standard deviation in context to a sample distribution. Students will be able to estimate
proportions of a population based on the understanding the 65-95-99.7 rule. Finally, students will
also be able to calculate standard deviation from a given formula.

Language Objectives:
Students will make the connection between standard deviations and the distribution of a sample.
Students will explain the uses of standard deviation in comparison to the 65-95-99.7 rule, and
how that rule relates to sample proportions. Students will lastly be able to compare and contrast
the differences between standard deviation and general range.

Essential Question:
What rules or tools can we use to draw inferences about a standard deviation and spread of a

Common Core State Mathematics Standards:

Use the mean and standard deviation of a data set to fit it to a normal distribution and to estimate
population percentages. Recognize that there are data sets for which such a procedure is not
appropriate. Use calculators, spreadsheets, and tables to estimate areas under the normal curve.
We will be looking primarily at this portion of this standard in this lesson “Use the mean and
standard deviation of a data set to fit it to a normal distribution”, with the other parts coming in
subsequent lessons.

 Powerpoint for Notes
 Graphing Calculators for calculations
 Laptops
 Cell Phones to answer Google Survey
o Google Survey
 Google Sheets with responses from survey
 StatKey
 Padlet
 Projector/SMART Board

Notes to the reader:

You as the teacher should have already covered how to find the mean of your data set, and what
is a normal distribution. You should also give the students the survey ahead of time, so that they
can fill it out the night or class before the lesson as homework. The lesson that would follow this
one would be an introduction to Z scores using mean and standard deviation, which would then
lead into calculating proportions of a distribution.

Detailed Plan for Instructional Time

Time: 50 minutes

Time What is the teacher doing? (Be sure to What are students doing? If they
include questions the teacher will ask and are interacting with a technology
academic language supports and details tool or other materials, please
of technologies or other materials used) describe.

5 Checking completion of survey, taking Students are sitting down and getting
minutes attendance, and getting organized. organized. They are then completing
(Technology: Projector) the warm-up. (Technology: Google
Survey from previous night)

3 Reviewing the warm-up activity with the Comparing their answers with the
minutes students. Ask students how they felt with teachers review of the warm-up
the warm-up. activity.

15 Introducing students to new material with Taking notes on new material with
minutes the use of created normal distribution. paper and pencil.
(Google Slides)

2 Have students log on to Padelt via a class Students listen intently to instructions
minutes website and answer questions on Padlet in and get out their laptops to go to
groups about the data from google sheets Moodle.
and StatKey. (Laptops)
(Projector, Google Slides, StatKey)

15 Teacher is roaming the room, answering Students work in groups (assigned by

minutes questions where needed. each table) to complete the questions
on Padlet while also recording their
answers as comments.
(Laptops, StatKey, Google Sheets,

10 Teacher reviews answers the class found, Students write down in their notes the
minutes and also works through their own answers. overall class responses to the ending
(Projector, Google Slides, StatKey) prompts based on the Padelt

All materials are listed above under technology, with answers to the Padelt activity as comments
under each group section. Data is created from assumptions with random assignment and is
provided as an example. It is not actual data. Specific questions or prompts that a teacher should
address are listed in the powerpoint and as comments in Padlet.

StatKey sample Statistics worked out: