You are on page 1of 11

ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library™ | chanrobles.

com™

Like 0
Tweet Share Share
Tweet Search

Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 2016 > June 2016 Decisions > G.R. No. 217575, June 15, 2016 -
SOUTH COTABATO COMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION AND GAUVAIN J. BENZONAN, Petitioners, v. HON.
PATRICIA STO. TOMAS, SECRETARY OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ROLANDO FABRIGAR, MERLYN VELARDE,
VINCE LAMBOC, FELIPE GALINDO, LEONARDO MIGUEL, JULIUS RUBIN, EDEL RODEROS, MERLYN COLIAO, AND
EDGAR JOPSON, Respondents.:
Custom Search Search

G.R. No. 217575, June 15, 2016 - SOUTH COTABATO COMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION AND GAUVAIN J.
ChanRobles On-Line Bar Review BENZONAN, Petitioners, v. HON. PATRICIA STO. TOMAS, SECRETARY OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT,
ROLANDO FABRIGAR, MERLYN VELARDE, VINCE LAMBOC, FELIPE GALINDO, LEONARDO MIGUEL, JULIUS
RUBIN, EDEL RODEROS, MERLYN COLIAO, AND EDGAR JOPSON, Respondents.

THIRD DIVISION

G.R. No. 217575, June 15, 2016

SOUTH COTABATO COMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION AND GAUVAIN J. BENZONAN, Petitioners,


v. HON. PATRICIA STO. TOMAS, SECRETARY OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, ROLANDO
FABRIGAR, MERLYN VELARDE, VINCE LAMBOC, FELIPE GALINDO, LEONARDO MIGUEL, JULIUS
RUBIN, EDEL RODEROS, MERLYN COLIAO, AND EDGAR JOPSON, Respondents.

DECISION

VELASCO JR., J.:

This is a Petition for Review on Certiorari under Rule 45 of the Rules of Court, seeking to reverse and set
aside the Decision1 dated November 28, 2014 and Resolution dated March 5, 2015 of the Court of
Appeals (CA) in CA-G.R. SP No. 00179-MIN, affirming the Orders dated November 8, 2004 and February
24, 2005 issued by the Secretary of Labor and Employment.

DebtKollect Company, Inc. Factual Antecedents

On January 19, 2004, the Department of Labor and Employment Region-XII (DOLE) conducted a
Complaint Inspection2 at the premises of DXCP Radio Station, which is owned by petitioner South
Cotabato Communications Corporation. The inspection yielded a finding of violation of labor standards
provisions of the Labor Code involving the nine (9) private respondents, such as: chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

1. Underpayment of Wages
2. Underpayment of 13th Month Pay
3. Non-payment of the five (5) days Service Incentive Leave Pay
4. Non-payment of Rest Day Premium Pay
5. Non-payment of the Holiday Premium Pay
6. Non-remittance of SSS Contributions
7. Some employees are paid on commission basis aside from their allowance[s]3

Consequently, the DOLE issued a Notice of Inspection Result directing petitioner corporation and/or its
president, petitioner Gauvain J. Benzonan (Benzonan), to effect restitution and/or correction of the
alleged violations within five (5) days from notice. Due to petitioners' failure to comply with its directive,
the DOLE scheduled on March 3, 2004 a Summary Investigation at its Regional Office No. XII, Provincial
Extension Office, in General Santos City. However, petitioners failed to appear despite due notice.
Another hearing was scheduled on April 1, 2004 wherein petitioners' counsel, Atty. Thomas Jacobo (Atty.
Jacobo), failed to attend due to an alleged conflict in schedule. Instead, his secretary, Nona Gido,
appeared on his behalf to request a resetting, which the DOLE Hearing Officer denied.4 Thus, in an Order
ChanRobles Intellectual Property dated May 20, 2004, the DOLE Region-XII OIC Regional Director (DOLE Regional Director) directed
petitioners to pay private respondents the total amount of P759,752, representing private respondents'
Division claim for wage differentials, 13th month pay differentials, service incentive leave pay, holiday premium
pay, and rest day premium Pay-Therefrom, petitioners appealed to the Secretary of Labor, raising two
grounds: (1) denial of due process; and (2) lack of factual and legal basis of the assailed Order.

The denial of due process was predicated on the refusal of the Hearing Officer to reset the hearing set on
April 1, 2004, which thus allegedly deprived petitioners the opportunity to present their evidence.
Likewise, petitioners asserted that the Order of the Regional Director does not state that an employer-
employee relationship exists between petitioners and private respondents, which is necessary to confer
jurisdiction to the DOLE over the alleged violations.

In an Order5 dated November 8, 2004, the Secretary of Labor affirmed the findings of the DOLE Regional
Director on the postulate that petitioners failed to question, despite notice of hearing, the noted
violations or to submit any proof of compliance therewith. And in view of petitioners' failure to present
their evidence before the Regional Director, the Secretary of Labor adopted the findings of the Labor
Inspector and considered the interviews conducted as substantial evidence. The Secretary of Labor
likewise sustained what is considered as the straight computation method adopted by the Regional Office
as regards the monetary claims of private respondents,6 thus: chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

WHEREFORE, presmises considered, the appeal by DXCP Radio Station and Engr. Gauvain
Benzonan is hereby DISMISSED for lack of merit. The Order dated May [20], 2004 of the
Regional Director, directing appellants to pay the nine (9) appellees the aggregate amount
of Seven Hundred Fifty Nine Thousand Seven Hundred Fifty Two Pesos (Php759,752.00),
representing their claims for wage differentials, 13th month pay differentials, service
incentive leave pay, holiday pay premium and rest day premium, is AFFIRMED.

SO ORDERED. cralawred

Petitioners moved for, but was denied, reconsideration of the Secretary of Labor's Order.

Petitioners elevated the case to the Court of Appeals (CA) via a Petition for Certiorari under Rule 65 of
the Rules of Court. By a Resolution7 dated July 20, 2005, the CA dismissed the petition owing to
procedural infirmities because petitioners failed to attach a Secretary's Certificate evidencing the
authority of petitioner Benzonan, as President, to sign the petition. On appeal,8 this Court remanded the
case back to the CA for determination on the merits.9 ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

Ruling of the Court of Appeals

June-2016 Jurisprudence In its Decision dated November 28, 2014 in CA-G.R. SP No. 00179-MIN, the CA upheld the Secretary of
Labor, holding that petitioners cannot claim denial of due process, their failure to present evidence being
G.R. No. 175085, June 01, 2016 - TAN SIOK1 KUAN attributed to their negligence.
AND PUTE CHING, Petitioners, v. FELICISIMO "BOY"
HO, RODOLFO C. RETURTA, VICENTE M. SALAS, AND Petitioners moved for the reconsideration of the Decision, grounded on similar arguments raised before
LOLITA MALONZO, Respondents. the Secretary of Labor, citing in addition, the pronouncement of the National Labor Relations Commission
(NLRC) in the related case of NLRC No. MAC-01-010053-2008 entitled Rolando Fabrigar, et. al. v. DXCP
G.R. No. 211672, June 14, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE Radio Station, et. al. There, the NLRC held that no employer-employee relationship exists between
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JOHN HAPPY petitioners and private respondents Rolando Fabrigar (Fabrigar), Edgar Jopson (Jopson), and Merlyn
DOMINGO Y CARAG, Accused-Appellant. Velarde (Velarde). For clarity, two separate actions were instituted by private respondents Fabrigar,
Jopson, and Velarde against petitioners: the first, for violation of labor standards provisions with the
G.R. No. 204056, June 01, 2016 - GIL MACALINO,
JR., TERESITA MACALINO, ELPIDIO MACALINO, DOLE; and the second, for illegal dismissal filed with the NLRC. The latter case arose from the three
PILAR MACALINO, GILBERTO MACALINO, HERMILINA respondents' claim of constructive dismissal effected by petitioners following the inspection by the DOLE.
MACALINO, EMMANUEL MACALINO, EDELINA In ruling for petitioners, the NLRC, in its Resolution10 dated April 30, 2008, declared that there is no
MACALINO, EDUARDO MACALINO, LEONARDO employer-employee relationship between the parties, thus negating the notion of constructive dismissal.
MACALINO, EDLLANE** MACALINO, APOLLO
MACALINO, MA. FE MACALINO, AND GILDA The CA denied petitioners' motion for reconsideration in its Resolution dated March 5, 2014. Hence, this
MACALINO, Petitioners, v. ARTEMIO PIS-AN, petition.
Respondent.
Petitioners presently seek the reversal of the CA's Decision and Resolution and ascribe the following
G.R. No. 211290, June 01, 2016 - OMBUDSMAN-
errors to the court a quo:
MINDANAO, Petitioner, v. LILING LANTO IBRAHIM,
chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

PROJECT MANAGER, NATIONAL IRRIGATION


I. The [CA] did not completely and properly dispose of the case pending before it as it
ADMINISTRATION, NIA-PIO, LANAO DEL NORTE,
Respondent. never resolved all justiciable issues raised x x x, particularly, that the determination
of presence or absence of employer-employee relationship is indispensable in the
G.R. No. 205061, June 08, 2016 - EMERTIA G. resolution of this case as jurisdiction is dependent upon it.
MALIXI, Petitioner, v. MEXICALI PHILIPPINES
AND/OR FRANCESCA MABANTA, Respondents. II. There is [no] single basis, either factual or legal, for the issuance of the May 20,
2004 Order of the Regional Director x x x against the petitioners as it was issued
G.R. No. 208137, June 08, 2016 - MARIA CECILIA relying merely on pure allegations and without any substantial proof on the part of
OEBANDA, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR AND/OR THE the claimants, contrary to law and jurisprudence.
OCCUPANTS AND EMPLOYEES OF VISAYAN FORUM
FOUNDATION, INC., Petitioners, v. PEOPLE OF THE III. The [CA] gravely erred in ruling that the Secretary of Labor x x x did not act in a
PHILIPPINES, Respondent. whimsical and capricious manner or with grave abuse of discretion tantamount to
lack or excess of jurisdiction in affirming the Order of the [Regional Director]
G.R. No. 203750, June 06, 2016 - JORGE B.
NAVARRA, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE despite the glaring fact that no evidence were submitted by private respondents as
PHILIPPINES, HONGKONG AND SHANGHAI BANKING to the basis of [their] claim and nature of their employment.
CORPORATION, Respondents.
IV. The [CA] erred in ruling that the Secretary of Labor x x x did not deny [petitioners
G.R. No. 209146, June 08, 2016 - PROVINCE OF their] right to due process in affirming the x x x Order of [the] Regional Director x x
ANTIQUE AND MUNICIPALITY OF CALUYA, x notwithstanding [the evidence] submitted before her [that there] exist no
Petitioners, v. HON. RECTO A. CALABOCAL, JUDGE- employer- employee relation [ship] among the parties and that the [DOLE] has no
DESIGNATE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 43, jurisdiction over the case.11
ROXAS, ORIENTAL MINDORO, PROVINCE OF
ORIENTAL MINDORO, AND MUNICIPALITY OF In the matter of denial of due process, petitioners maintain that they were prevented from presenting
BULALACAO, Respondents. evidence to prove that private respondents are not their employees when the Regional Director submitted
the case for resolution without affording them an opportunity to ventilate their case or rebut the findings
G.R. No. 200180, June 06, 2016 - BENJAMIN H.
CABAÑEZ, Petitioner, v. MARIE JOSEPHINE CORDERO of the inspection. In addition, petitioners assail the Order of the Regional Director for want of factual and
SOLANO A.K.A. MA. JOSEPHINE S. CABAÑEZ, legal basis, particularly the lack of categorical finding on the existence of an employer-employee
Respondent. relationship between the parties—an element which petitioners insist is a prerequisite for the exercise of
the DOLE'S jurisdiction,12 following People's Broadcasting (Bombo Radyo, Phils., Inc.) v. The Secretary of
G.R. No. 207811, June 01, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE Labor and Employment, et al.13 Petitioners likewise note that the November 8, 2004 Order of the DOLE
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. DELIA MOLINA Y Secretary denying petitioner's appeal, as well as the Decision of the CA, is silent on the employer-
CABRAL, Accused-Appellants. employee relationship issue, which further suggests that no real and proper determination of the
existence of such relationship was ever made by these tribunals.
G.R. No. 212493, June 01, 2016 - GABRIEL YAP, SR.
DULY REPRESENTED BY GILBERT YAP AND ALSO IN
HIS PERSONAL CAPACITY, GABRIEL YAP, JR., AND In its Comment, the DOLE counters that the results of the interviews conducted in the premises of DXCP
HYMAN YAP, Petitioners, v. LETECIA SIAO, LYNEL in the course of its inspection constitute substantial evidence that served as basis for the monetary
SIAO, JANELYN SIAO, ELEANOR FAYE SIAO, SHELETT awards to private respondents.14 ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

SIAO AND HONEYLET SIAO, Respondents.; G.R. No.


212504 - CEBU SOUTH MEMORIAL GARDEN, INC., From the foregoing, the issue for the resolution can be reduced into the question of whether the CA erred
Petitioner, v. LETECIA SIAO, LYNEL SIAO, JANELYN in upholding the November 8, 2004 Order of the Secretary of Labor, which in turn affirmed the May 20,
SIAO, ELEANOR FAYE SIAO, SHELETT SIAO AND 2004 Order of the Regional Director. Inextricably linked to the resolution of the said issue is a
HONEYLET SIAO, Respondents. determination of whether an employer-employee relationship had sufficiently been established between
the parties as to warrant the assumption of jurisdiction by the DOLE and issuance of the said May 20,
G.R. No. 182537, June 01, 2016 - MACTAN-CEBU
INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AUTHORITY, Petitioner, v. 2004 and November 8, 2004 Orders.
RICHARD E. UNCHUAN, Respondent.
The Court's Ruling
G.R. No. 187462, June 01, 2016 - RAQUEL G. KHO,
Petitioner, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES AND Petitioners were not denied due process
VERONICA B. KHO, Respondents.
Petitioners' claim of denial of due process deserves scant consideration. The essence of due process,
G.R. No. 206419, June 01, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE jurisprudence teaches, is simply an opportunity to be heard, or, as applied to administrative proceedings,
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RUBEN DELA an opportunity to explain one's side or an opportunity to seek a reconsideration of the action or ruling
ROSA, Accused-Appellant.
complained of.15 As long as the parties are, in fine, given the opportunity to be heard before judgment is
G.R. No. 202047, June 08, 2016 - LIGHT RAIL rendered, the demands of due process are sufficiently met.16 ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

TRANSIT AUTHORITY, Petitioner, v. NOEL B. PILI,


MEDEL I. LIRIO, RODERICK B. JAMON, VICTORINO A. That petitioners were given ample opportunity to present their evidence before the Regional Director is
MACHICA, RONNIE C. VALORIA, VIRGILIO M. indisputable. They were notified of the summary investigations conducted on March 3, 2004 and April 1,
FLORES, RENATO C. PALMA, ANGELITO V. GUINTO, 2004, both of which they failed to attend. To justify their non-appearance, petitioners claim they
RAMIRO M. FELICIANO, ENRIQUE L. CIUBAL, ELMER requested a resetting of the April 1, 2004 hearing due to the unavailability of their counsel.17 However,
P. TABIGAN, VENANCIO T. MADRIA, MAXIMO M. no such explanation was proffered as to why they failed to attend the first hearing. At any rate, it
VITANGCOL, RODOLFO L. PAGUIO, ARNEL F.
behooved the petitioners to ensure that they, as well as their counsel, would be available on the dates set
MAGSALIN, JULIANA N. DOLOR, NOEL C. CRUZ,
SANDY C. JARILLA, BERTITO I. SERVIDAD, ALAN R. for the summary investigation as this would enable them to prove their claim of non-existence of an
CORPUZ, ROBERT D. PABLO, ROBERT H. MONTEREY, employer-employee relationship. Clearly, their own negligence did them in. Their lament that they have
HENRY L. LIAO, ROLANDO C. CEBANICO, VELIENTE S. been deprived of due process is specious.
FANTASTICO, MA. EMILIAN S. CRUZ, EDGARDO G.
GAMBAYAN, GERARDO M. RUMBAWA, DANTE D. This thus brings to the fore the issues of whether the Orders of the Regional Director and Secretary of
PALOMARA, MA. TERESA B. DE LOS REYES, JOSE Labor are supported by factual and legal basis, and, concomitantly, whether an employer-employee
ALLAN S. PACIFICO, RESTITUTO R. MALAPO, EARL G. relationship was sufficiently established between petitioners and private respondents as to warrant the
PONGCO, LUCILO C. DEL MONTE, RUEL F. exercise by the DOLE of jurisdiction.
MAGBALANA, MARLYN V. VILLANUEVA, JUDITH C.
BANEZ, GERMAN N. DE LUNA, FREDERICK B. DEL At the outset, the determination as to whether such employer-employee relationship was, indeed,
CORRO, CLODUALDO B. PASIOLAN, ROLANDO I. established requires an examination of facts. It is a well-settled rule that findings of fact of quasi-judicial
NAVARRO, AND PACIANO J. VILLANUEVA,*,
agencies are accorded great respect, even finality, by this Court. This proceeds from the general rule that
Respondents.
this Court is not a trier of facts, as questions of fact are contextually for the labor tribunals to resolve,
G.R. No. 211026, June 27, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE and only errors of law are generally reviewed in petitions for review on certiorari criticizing the decisions
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RENATO B. of the CA.18 ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

SUEDAD, Accused-Appellant.
The findings of fact should, however, be supported by substantial evidence from which the said tribunals
G.R. No. 204441, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE can make their own independent evaluation of the facts. In labor cases, as in other administrative and
PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. MICHAEL KURT JOHN quasi-judicial proceedings, the quantum of proof necessary is substantial evidence, or such amount of
BULAWAN Y ANDALES, Respondent.
relevant evidence which a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to justify a conclusion.19 Although
G.R. No. 201834, June 01, 2016 - ANDRES L. no particular form of evidence is required to prove the existence of an employer-employee relationship,
DIZON, Petitioner, v. NAESS SHIPPING PHILIPPINES, and any competent and relevant evidence to prove the relationship may be admitted,20 a finding that the
INC. AND DOLE UK (LTD.), Respondents. relationship exists must nonetheless rest on substantial evidence.21 ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

G.R. No. 196962, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE In addition, the findings of fact tainted with grave abuse of discretion will not be upheld. This Court will
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JOAN SONJACO Y not hesitate to set aside the labor tribunal's findings of fact when it is clearly shown that they were
STA. ANA, Accused-Appellant. arrived at arbitrarily or in disregard of the evidence on record or when there is showing of fraud or error
G.R. No. 191936, June 01, 2016 - VIRGINIA D. of law.22ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

CALIMAG, Petitioner, v. HEIRS OF SILVESTRA N.


MACAPAZ, REPRESENTED BY ANASTACIO P. This case clearly falls under the exception. After a careful review of this case, the Court finds that the
MACAPAZ, JR., Respondents. DOLE failed to establish its jurisdiction over the case.

G.R. No. 193374, June 08, 2016 - HEIRS OF THE The assailed May 20, 2004 Order of the Regional Director and November 8, 2004 Order of the Secretary
LATE GERRY* ECARMA, NAMELY: AVELINA SUIZA- of Labor were issued pursuant to Article 128 of the Labor Code, to wit: chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

ECARMA, DENNIS ECARMA, JERRY LYN ECARMA


PENA, ANTONIO ECARMA AND NATALIA ECARMA ART. 128. Visitorial and enforcement power. - (a) The Secretary of Labor and Employment
SANGALANG, Petitioners, v. COURT OF APPEALS AND or his duly authorized representatives, including labor regulation officers, shall have access
RENATO A. ECARMA, Respondents. to employer's records and premises at any time of the day or night whenever work is being
undertaken therein, and the right to copy therefrom, to question any employee and
G.R. No. 175592, June 14, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE
investigate any fact, condition or matter which may be necessary to determine violations
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. EDISON C.
MAGBITANG, Accused-Appellant. or which may aid in the enforcement of this Code and of any labor law, wage order or rules
and regulations issued pursuant thereto.
G.R. No. 174838, June 01, 2016 - STRONGHOLD
INSURANCE CO., INC., Petitioner, v. PAMANA ISLAND (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of Articles 129 and 217 of this Code to the contrary,
RESORT HOTEL AND MARINA CLUB, INC., and in cases where the relationship of employer-employee still exists, the Secretary of
Respondent. Labor and Employment or his duly authorized representatives shall have the power to issue
compliance orders to give effect to the labor standards provisions of this Code and other
G.R. No. 185331, June 08, 2016 - SPOUSES labor legislation based on the findings of labor employment and enforcement officers or
ABELARDO VALARAO AND FRANCISCA VALARAO, industrial safety engineers made in the course of inspection. The Secretary or his duly
Petitioners, v. MSC AND COMPANY, Respondent. authorized representatives shall issue writs of execution to the appropriate authority for
the enforcement of their orders, except in cases where the employer contests the findings
G.R. No. 205097, June 08, 2016 - CORAZON D.
of the labor employment and enforcement officer and raises issues supported by
ISON, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES,
Respondent. documentary proofs which were not considered in the course of inspection. (As amended
by Republic Act No. 7730, June 2, 1994). x x x cralawred

G.R. No. 211212, June 08, 2016 - SUN LIFE OF


CANADA (PHILIPPINES), INC., Petitioner, v. MA. Under the aforequoted provision, the Secretary of Labor, or any of his or her authorized representatives,
DAISY'S. SIBYA, JESUS MANUEL S. SIBYA III, JAIME is granted visitorial and enforcement powers for the purpose of determining violations of, and enforcing,
LUIS S. SIBYA, AND THE ESTATE OF THE DECEASED the Labor Code and any labor law, wage order, or rules and regulations issued pursuant thereto.
ATTY. JESUS SIBYA, JR., Respondents. Indispensable to the DOLE'S exercise of such power is the existence of an actual employer-employee
relationship between the parties.
G.R. No. 208646, June 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. LORETO SONIDO
Y CORONEL, Accused-Appellant. The power of the DOLE to determine the existence of an employer-employee relationship between
petitioners and private respondents in order to carry out its mandate under Article 128 has been
G.R. No. 207517, June 01, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE established beyond cavil in Bombo Radyo,23 thus: chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. RAUL AMARO Y CATUBAY


ALIAS "LALAKS," Appellant. It can be assumed that the DOLE in the exercise of its visitorial and enforcement
power somehow has to make a determination of the existence of an employer-
G.R. No. 200081, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE employee relationship. Such prerogatival determination, however, cannot be
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. EDGARDO T. coextensive with the visitorial and enforcement power itself. Indeed, such determination is
CRUZ, Accused-Appellant. merely preliminary, incidental and collateral to the DOLE'S primary function of enforcing
labor standards provisions. The determination of the existence of employer-employee
G.R. No. 194605, June 14, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE relationship is still primarily lodged with the NLRC. This is the meaning of the clause "in
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MARIANO
cases where the relationship of employer-employee still exists" in Art. 128 (b).
OANDASAN, JR., Accused-Appellant.

G.R. No. 214440, June 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE Thus, before the DOLE may exercise its powers under Article 128, two important questions
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ALEX MENDEZ must be resolved: (1) Does the employer-employee relationship still exist, or alternatively,
RAFOLS, Accused-Appellant. was there ever an employer-employee relationship to speak of; and (2) Are there
violations of the Labor Code or of any labor law?
G.R. No. 217732, June 15, 2016 - EMILIO S.
AGCOLICOL, JR., Petitioner, v. JERWIN CASIÑO, The existence of an employer-employee relationship is a statutory prerequisite to
Respondent. and a limitation on the power of the Secretary of Labor, one which the legislative
branch is entitled to impose. The rationale underlying this limitation is to eliminate the
G.R. No. 172352, June 08, 2016 - LAND BANK OF prospect of competing conclusions of the Secretary of Labor and the NLR.C, on a matter
THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. ALFREDO HABABAG, fraught with questions of fact and law, which is best resolved by the quasi-judicial body,
SR., SUBSTITUTED BY HIS WIFE, CONSOLACION, AND
which is the NRLC, rather than an administrative official of the executive branch of the
CHILDREN, NAMELY: MANUEL, SALVADOR, WILSON,
JIMMY, ALFREDO, JR., AND JUDITH, ALL SURNAMED government. If the Secretary of Labor proceeds to exercise his visitorial and enforcement
HABABAG, Respondents.; G.R. NOS. 172387-88 - powers absent the first requisite, as the dissent proposes, his office confers jurisdiction on
ALFREDO HABABAG, SR., SUBSTITUTED BY HIS WIFE, itself which it cannot otherwise acquire. (emphasis ours) cralawred

CONSOLACION, AND CHILDREN, NAMELY: MANUEL,


SALVADOR, WILSON, JIMMY, ALFREDO, JR., AND The foregoing ruling was further reiterated and clarified in the resolution of the reconsideration of the
JUDITH, ALL SURNAMED HABABAG, Petitioners, v. same case, wherein the jurisdiction of the DOLE was delineated vis-a-vis the NLRC where the employer-
LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES AND THE employee relationship between the parties is at issue: chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM, Respondent.


No limitation in the law was placed upon the power of the DOLE to determine the existence
G.R. No. 215994, June 06, 2016 - OFFICE OF THE of an employer-employee relationship. No procedure was laid down where the DOLE would
OMBUDSMAN AND FIELD INVESTIGATION OFFICE, only make a preliminary finding, that the power was primarily held by the NLRC. The law
Petitioner, v. ROLANDO B. FALLER, Respondent. did not say that the DOLE would first seek the NLRC's determination of the existence of an
employer-employee relationship, or that should the existence of the employer-employee
A.C. No. 11069, June 08, 2016 - RONALDO C. relationship be disputed, the DOLE would refer the matter to the NLRC. The DOLE must
FACTURAN, Complainant, v. PROSECUTOR ALFREDO have the power to determine whether or not an employer-employee relationship
L. BARCELONA, JR., Respondent.
exists, and from there to decide whether or not to issue compliance orders in
G.R. No. 208475, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE accordance with Art. 128(b) of the Labor Code, as amended by RA 7730.
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MANUEL
REBANUEL Y NADERA, Accused-Appellant. The DOLE, in determining the existence of an employer-employee relationship,
has a ready set of guidelines to follow, the same guide the courts themselves
G.R. No. 168749, June 06, 2016 - SUGARSTEEL use. The elements to determine the existence of an employment relationship are:
INDUSTRIAL, INC. AND MR. BEN YAPJOCO, (1) the selection and engagement of the employee; (2) the payment of wages;
Petitioners, v. VICTOR ALBINA, VICENTE UY AND (3) the power of dismissal; (4) the employer's power to control the employee's
ALEX VELASQUEZ, Respondents. conduct. The use of this test is not solely limited to the NLRC. The DOLE Secretary,
or his or her representatives, can utilize the same test, even in the course of inspection,
G.R. No. 160071, June 06, 2016 - ANDREW D. FYFE, making use of the same evidence that would have been presented before the NLRC.
RICHARD T. NUTTALL, AND RICHARD J. WALD, (emphasis ours)
Petitioners, v. PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC.,
cralawred

Respondent. Like the NLRC, the DOLE has the authority to rule on the existence of an employer-employee relationship
between the parties, considering that the existence of an employer-employee relationship is a condition
G.R. No. 217943, June 06, 2016 - J. MELLIZA
ESTATE DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, INC., sine qua non for the exercise of its visitorial power. Nevertheless, it must be emphasized that without an
REPRESENTED BY ITS DIRECTOR, ATTY. RAFAEL S. employer-employee relationship, or if one has already been terminated, the Secretary of Labor is without
VILLANUEVA, Petitioner, v. ROSENDO SIMOY, jurisdiction to determine if violations of labor standards provision had in fact been committed,24 and to
GREGORIO SIMOY AND CONSEJO SIMOY, direct employers to comply with their alleged violations of labor standards.
Respondents.
The Orders of the Regional Director and the Secretary of Labor do not contain clear and
G. R. No. 185169, June 15, 2016 - HEIRS OF distinct factual basis necessary to establish the jurisdiction of the DOLE and to justify the
CATALINO DACANAY, HIS WIFE ERLINDA DACANAY, monetary awards to private respondents
THEIR CHILDREN AURORA D. CONSTANTINO AND
REYNALDO DACANAY; LOLITA DACANAY VDA. DE
For expediency, the May 20, 2004 Order of the Regional Director is pertinently reproduced hereunder:
PARASO; HEIRS OF SOLEDAD APOSTOL, NAMELY:
chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

HER HUSBAND LEONARDO CAGUIOA, THEIR


ORDER
CHILDREN AMALIA, DANILO, RONALD, MARLENE,
ROBERT, ROLDAN, THELMA AND TERESA, ALL
SURNAMED CAGUIOA, Petitioners, v. JUAN SIAPNO, This refers to the Complaint Inspection conducted at DXCP Radio Station and/or Engr.
JR., MARIO RILLON, SPOUSES JOSE TAN AND Gauvain Benzonan, President, located at NH Lagao Road, General Santos City on January
LETICIA DY TAN, Respondents. 19, 2004 pursuant to Inspection Authority No. R1201-0401-CI-052 which resulted to the
discovery of the Labor Standards violations, namely: chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

G.R. No. 201016, June 22, 2016 - LEONCIA A.


YUMANG, Petitioner, v. RADIO PHILIPPINES 1. Underpayment of Wages
NETWORK, INC. (RPN 9), MIA A. CONCIO, LEONOR C. 2. Underpayment of 13th Month Pay
LINAO, IDA BARRAMEDA AND LOURDES O. ANGELES, 3. Non-payment of the five (5) days Service Incentive Leave Pay
Respondents. 4. Non-payment of Rest Day Premium Pay
5. Non-payment of the Holiday Premium Pay
G.R. No. 189401, June 15, 2016 - VIL-REY
6. Non-remittance of SSS Contributions
PLANNERS AND BUILDERS, Petitioners, v. LEXBER,
INC., Respondent.; G.R. NO. 189447 - LEXBER, INC., 7. Some employees are paid on commission basis aside from their
Petitioner, v. STRONGHOLD INSURANCE COMPANY, allowance[s] cralawred

INC., Respondent.
Proceeding from the conduct of such inspection was the issuance of the Notice of
G.R. No. 203057, June 06, 2016 - BUREAU OF Inspection Result requiring the respondent DXCP Radio Station and/or Engr. Gauvain
INTERNAL REVENUE AS REPRESENTED BY THE Benzonan, President, to effect restitution and/or correction of the noted violations at the
COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Petitioner, plant/company level within five (5) calendar days from notice thereof. But, Engr. Gauvain
v. MANILA HOME TEXTILE, INC, THELMA LEE AND Benzonan failed to do so.
SAMUEL LE,E, Respondents.
On March 3, 2004, a summary investigation was conducted at the [DOLE], Regional Office
G.R. No. 204769, June 06, 2016 - MAGSAYSAY No. XII, Provincial Extension Office, General Santos City. In that scheduled Summary
MARITIME CORP., CSCS BMTERNATIONAL NV Investigation, only complainants appeared, assisted by Mr. Fred Huervana, National
AND/OR MARLON* RONO, Petitioners, v. RODEL A. President of the Philippine Organization of Labor Unions, x x x while respondent failed to
CRUZ, Respondent.
appear despite due notice.
G.R. No. 203336, June 06, 2016 - SPOUSES
GERARDO AND CORAZON TRINIDAD, Petitioners, v. On April 1, 2004, another Summary Investigation was conducted x x x [There]
FAMA REALTY, INC. AND FELIX ASSAD, Respondents. complainants appeared, x x x while respondent was represented by Ms. Nona Gido,
Secretary of Atty. Thomas Jacobo, counsel for the respondent. During the deliberation, Ms.
G.R. No. 208524, June 01, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE Nona Gido manifested that her presence in that scheduled summary investigation was to
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. BERNARDINO request for the re-scheduling of such hearing, however, such request was denied. Mr. Fred
PERALTAJ MORILLO AND MICHAEL AMBAS Y REYES,
Huervana declared that as he gleaned from the Notice of Inspection Result issued by the
Accused, BERNARDINO PERALTA Y MORILLO,
Accused-Appellant. labor inspector, the Non-payment of the Provisional Emergency Relief Allowance (PERA)
was not included from among the discovered violations, hence he requested that it should
G.R. No. 209038, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE be included in the computation. Such request was denied x x x. Further, Mr. Fred
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RONALD Huervana, declared that this case be submitted for decision based on the merit of the case.
BACALAN GABUYA AND RYANNEAL MENESES GIRON,
Accused-Appellants. Failure of the parties to reach a final settlement prompted this Office to compute the
entitlements of the seven (7) affected workers for their salary differential, underpayment
G.R. No. 197393, June 15, 2016 - PHILIPPINE of 13th month pay, non-payment of the five (5) days service incentive leave pay, non-
SAVINGS BANK, Petitioner, v. MANUEL P. BARRERA, payment of holiday premium pay and non-payment of rest day premium pay in the total
Respondent.
amount of SEVEN HUNDRED FIFTY NINE THOUSAND SEVEN HUNDRED FIFTY TWO PESOS
A.C. No. 11246, June 14, 2016 - ARNOLD PACAO, (P759,752.00) x x x.25 cralawred

Complainant, v. ATTY. SINAMAR LIMOS, Respondent.


In determining the existence of an employer-employee relationship, Bombo Radyo specifies the
G.R. No. 181353, June 06, 2016 - HGL guidelines or indicators used by courts, i.e. (1) the selection and engagement of the employee; (2) the
DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION REPRESENTED BY ITS payment of wages; (3) the power of dismissal; and (4) the employer's power to control the employee's
PRESIDENT, HENRY G. LIM, Petitioner, v. HON. conduct. The DOLE Secretary, or his or her representatives, can utilize the same test, even in the course
RAFAEL O. PENUELA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS ACTING of inspection, making use of the same evidence that would have been presented before the NLRC.26
PRESIDING JUDGE OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT,
ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

6TH JUDICIAL REGION, BRANCH 13, CULASI, As can be gleaned from the above-quoted Order, the Regional Director merely noted the discovery of
ANTIQUE AND SEMIRARA COAL CORPORATION (NOW
violations of labor standards provisions in the course of inspection of the DXCP premises. No such
SEMIRARA MINING CORPORATION), Respondents.
categorical determination was made on the existence of an employer-employee relationship utilizing any
G.R. No. 217575, June 15, 2016 - SOUTH COTABATO of the guidelines set forth. In a word, the Regional Director had presumed, not demonstrated, the
COMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION AND GAUVAIN J. existence of the relationship. Of particular note is the DOLE'S failure to show that petitioners, thus,
BENZONAN, Petitioners, v. HON. PATRICIA STO. exercised control over private respondents' conduct in the workplace. The power of the employee to
TOMAS, SECRETARY OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, control the work of the employee, or the control test, is considered the most significant determinant of
ROLANDO FABRIGAR, MERLYN VELARDE, VINCE the existence of an employer-employee relationship.27 ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

LAMBOC, FELIPE GALINDO, LEONARDO MIGUEL,


JULIUS RUBIN, EDEL RODEROS, MERLYN COLIAO, Neither did the Orders of the Regional Director and Secretary of Labor state nor make reference to any
AND EDGAR JOPSON, Respondents. concrete evidence to support a finding of an employer-employee relationship and justify the monetary
awards to private respondents. Substantial evidence, such as proofs of employment, clear exercise of
G.R. No. 213919, June 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE
PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. VIRGILIO A. QUIM, control, and the power to dismiss that prove such relationship and that petitioners committed the labor
Appellant. laws violations they were adjudged to have committed, are grossly absent in this case. Furthermore, the
Orders dated May 20, 2004 and November 8, 2004 do not even allude to the substance of the interviews
G.R. No. 203152, June 20, 2016 - GEORGIA ROYO during the inspection that became the basis of the finding of an employer-employee relationship.
ADLAWAN, IN HER OWN BEHALF AND AS SURVIVING
SPOUSE OF ALFONSO V. ADLAWAN, Petitioner, v. The Secretary of Labor adverts to private respondents' allegation in their Reply28 to justify their status as
NICETAS I. JOAQUINO, FLORENCIA J. SON, EUSTOLIA employees of petitioners. The proffered justification falls below the quantum of proof necessary to
J. MATA, BEATRIZ J. SATIRA, TERESA J. BERMEJO, establish such fact as allegations can easily be concocted and manufactured. Private respondents'
CORAZON J. COGINA, MARIA J. NOVAL AND allegations are inadequate to support a conclusion absent other concrete proof that would support or
VISITACION J. DELA TORRE, Respondents.
corroborate the same. Mere allegation, without more, is not evidence and is not equivalent to proof.29
G.R. No. 193075, June 20, 2016 - EMMANUEL Hence, private respondents' allegations, essentially self-serving statements as they are and devoid under
REYES, SR. AND MUTYA M. REYES, Petitioners, v. the premises of any evidentiary weight, can hardly be taken as the substantial evidence contemplated for
HEIRS OF DEOGRACIAS FORLALES, NAMELY: the DOLE'S conclusion that they are employees of petitioners.
NAPOLEON FORLALES, LITA HELEN FORLALES-
FRADEJAS, JAIME FORLALES, JR., JULIUS FORLALES In a similar vein, the use of the straight computation method in awarding the sum of P759,752 to private
FORTUNA, HORACE FORLALES, GALAHAD FORLALES, respondents, without reference to any other evidence other than the interviews conducted during the
JR., INDEPENDENCE FORLALES-FETALVERO, MELITON inspection, is highly telling that the DOLE failed to consider evidence in arriving at its award and leads
FORLALES, JR., MILAGROS V. FORLALES AND this Court to conclude that such amount was arrived at arbitrarily.
MERCEDES FORLALES-BAUTISTA, Respondents.
It is quite implausible for the nine (9) private respondents to be entitled to uniform amounts of Service
G.R. No. 208146, June 08, 2016 - VIRGINIA DIO,
Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND Incentive Leave (SIL) pay, holiday pay premium, and rest day premium pay for three (3) years, without
TIMOTHY DESMOND, Respondents. any disparity in the amounts due them since entitlement to said benefits would largely depend on the
actual rest days and holidays worked and amount of remaining leave credits in a year. Whoever claims
G.R. No. 208586, June 22, 2016 - HEIRS OF DATU entitlement to the benefits provided by law should establish his or her right thereto.30 The burden of
MAMALINDING MAGAYOONG, REPRESENTED BY DR. proving entitlement to overtime pay and premium pay for holidays and rest days lies with the employee
MAIMONA MAGAYOONG-PANGARUNGAN WITH HER because these are not incurred in the normal course of business.31 In the case at bar, evidence pointing
SPOUSE DATU SA MARAWI RASID PANGARUNGAN, not only to the existence of an employer-employee relationship between the petitioners and private
AND DR. ANISHA* MAGAYOONG-MACABATO WITH
respondents but also to the latter's entitlement to these benefits are miserably lacking.
HER SPOUSE DATU KHALIQUZZAMAN MACABATO,
Petitioners, v. HEIRS OF CATAMANAN MAMA,
REPRESENTED BY HASAN MAMA, Respondents. It may be that petitioners have failed to refute the allegation that private respondents were employees of
DXCP. Nevertheless, it was incumbent upon private respondents to prove their allegation that they were,
G.R. No. 189516, June 08, 2016 - EDNA MABUGAY- indeed, under petitioners' employ and that the latter violated their labor rights. A person who alleges a
OTAMIAS, JEFFREN M. OTAMIAS AND MINOR JEMWEL fact has the onus of proving it and the proof should be clear, positive and convincing.32 Regrettably,
M. OTAMIAS, REPRESENTED BY THEIR MOTHER EDNA private respondents failed to discharge this burden. The pronouncement in Bombyo Radyo that the
MABUGAY-OTAMIAS, Petitioners, v. REPUBLIC OF determination by the DOLE of the existence of an employer-employee relationship must be respected
THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY COL. VIRGILIO should not be construed so as to dispense with the evidentiary requirement when called for.
O. DOMINGO, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE
COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE PENSION AND
It cannot be stressed enough that the existence of an employer-employee relationship between the
GRATUITY MANAGEMENT CENTER (PGMC) OF THE
ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent. parties is essential to confer jurisdiction of the case to the DOLE. Without such express finding, the DOLE
cannot assume to have jurisdiction to resolve the complaints of private respondents as jurisdiction in that
G.R. No. 214122, June 08, 2016 - AUTOZENTRUM instance lies with the NLRC.33ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

ALABANG, INC., Petitioner, v. SPOUSES MIAMAR A.


BERNARDO AND GENARO F. BERNARDO, JR., The Orders of the Regional Director and Secretary of Labor do not comply with Article VIII,
DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY, ASIAN Section 16 of the Constitution
CARMAKERS CORPORATION, AND BAYERISHE
MOTOREN WERKE (BMW) A.G., Respondents. As a necessary corollary to the foregoing considerations, another well-grounded reason exists to set
aside the May 20, 2004 Order of the Regional Director and November 8, 2004 Order of the Secretary of
G.R. No. 195382, June 15, 2016 - ORION WATER
Labor. The said Orders contravene Article VIII, Section 14 of the Constitution, which requires courts to
DISTRICT, REPRESENTED BY ITS GENERAL MANAGER,
CRISPIN Q. TRIA, ET AL., Petitioner, v. THE express clearly and distinctly the facts and law on which decisions are based, to wit: chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM (GSIS),


Respondent. Section 14. No decision shall be rendered by any court without expressing therein clearly
and distinctly the facts and the law on which it is based.
G.R. No. 201584, June 15, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. APOLONIO No petition for review or motion for reconsideration of a decision of the court shall be
"TOTONG" AVILA Y ALECANTE, Accused-Appellant. refused due course or denied without stating the legal basis therefor. cralawred

G.R. No. 210936, June 28, 2016 - TEODORO B. As stressed by this Court in San Jose v. NLRC,34 faithful compliance by the courts and quasi-judicial
CRUZ, JR., MELCHOR M. ALONZO, AND WILFREDO P. bodies, such as the DOLE, with Art. VIII, Sec. 14 is a vital element of due process as it enables the
ALDAY, Petitioners, v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, parties to know how decisions are arrived at as well as the legal reasoning behind them. Thus:
Respondents.
chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

This Court has previously held that judges and arbiters should draw up their decisions and
G.R. No. 196329, June 01, 2016 - PABLO B. ROMAN, resolutions with due care, and make certain that they truly and accurately reflect their
JR., AND ATTY. MATIAS V. DEFENSOR, AS OFFICERS conclusions and their final dispositions. A decision should faithfully comply with Section 14,
OF THE CAPITOL HILLS GOLF AND COUNTRY CLUB, Article VIII of the Constitution which provides that no decision shall be rendered by any
INC., Petitioners, v. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE court without expressing therein clearly and distinctly the facts of the case and the law on
COMMISSION, ATTY. FRANKLIN I. CUETO, ATTY. which it is based. If such decision had to be completely overturned or set aside, upon the
EMMANUEL Y. ARTIZA AND MANUEL C. BALDEO, AS modified decision, such resolution or decision should likewise state the factual and legal
MEMBERS OF THE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE;
foundation relied upon. The reason for this is obvious: aside from being required by the
JUSTINA F. CALLANGAN, AS DIRECTOR OF THE
CORPORATION FINANCE DEPARTMENT; ATTY. Constitution, the court should be able to justify such a sudden change of course; it must
NARCISO T. ATIENZA, EUSEBIO A. ABAQUIN, ATTY. be able to convincingly explain the taking back of its solemn conclusions and
CLODUALDO C. DE JESUS, SR., ATTY. CLODUALDO pronouncements in the earl in​decision. The same thing goes for the findings of fact made
ANTONIO R. DE JESUS, JR., ATTY. IRENEO T. by the NLRC, as it is a settled rule that such findings are entitled to great respect and even
AGUIRRE, JR., SUNDAY O. PINEDA, PORFIRIO M. finality when supported by substantial evidence; otherwise, they shall be struck down for
FLORES, AND ATTY. ZOSIMO PADRO, JR., being whimsical and capricious and arrived at with grave abuse of discretion. It is a
Respondents. requirement of due process and fair play that the parties to a litigation be informed of how
it was decided, with an explanation of the factual and legal reasons that led to the
A.C. No. 7330, June 14, 2016 - JUDGE GREGORIO D. conclusions of the court. A decision that does not clearly and distinctly state the facts and
PANTANOSAS, JR., Complainant, v. ATTY. ELLY L. the law on which it is based leaves the parties in the dark as to how it was reached and is
PAMATONG, Respondent. especially prejudicial to the losing party, who is unable to pinpoint the possible errors of
the court for review by a higher tribunal. x x x
G.R. No. 211604, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE
cralawred

PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. DARYL POLONIO


Y TUANGCAY, Accused-Appellant. To this end, University of the Philippines v. Hon. Dizon35 instructs that the Constitution and the Rules of
Court require not only that a decision should state the ultimate facts but also that it should specify the
G.R. No. 203932, June 08, 2016 - PHILIPPINE supporting evidentiary facts, for they are what are called the findings of fact. A decision that does not
AIRLINES, INC., Petitioner, v. ENRIQUE LIGAN, clearly and distinctly state the facts and the law on which it is based leaves the parties in the dark as to
EDUARDO MAGDARAOG, JOLITO OLIVEROS, RICHARD how it was reached and is especially prejudicial to the losing party, who is unable to pinpoint the possible
GONCER, EMELITO SOCO, VIRGILIO P. CAMPOS, JR., errors of the court (or quasi-judicial body) for review by a higher tribunal.36
LORENZO BUTANAS, RAMEL BERNARDES, NELSON M.
ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary

DULCE, CLEMENTE R. LUMAYNO, ARTHUR M. CAPIN, Accordingly, this Court will not hesitate to strike down decisions rendered not hewing to the
ALLAN BENTUZAL, AND JEFFREY LLENES,
Constitutional directive, as it did to a Decision rendered by the NLRC in Anino, et al. v. Hinatuan Mining
Respondents.
Corporation37 for non-observance of the said requirement: chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

G.R. No. 209344, June 27, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JAIME BRIOSO In the present case, the NLRC was definitely wanting in the observance of the aforesaid
ALIAS TALAP-TALAP, Accused-Appellant. constitutional requirement. Its assailed five-page Decision consisted of about three pages
of quotation from the labor arbiter's decision, including the dispositive portion, and barely
G.R. No. 206294, June 29, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE a page (two short paragraphs of two sentences each) of its own discussion of its reasons
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. CERILO "ILOY" for reversing the arbiter's findings. It merely raised a doubt on the motive of the
ILOGON, Accused-Appellant. complaining employees and took "judicial notice that in one area of Mindanao, the mining
industry suffered economic difficulties." In affirming peremptorily the validity of private
A.C. No. 9871, June 29, 2016 - IN RE: A.M. NO. 04- respondents' retrenchment program, it surmised that "[i]f small mining cooperatives
7-373-RTC [REPORT ON THE JUDICIAL AUDIT experienced the same fate, what more with those highly mechanized establishments."
CONDUCTED IN THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT,
cralawred

BRANCH 60, BARILI, CEBU] AND A.M. NO. 04-7-374- The Court is not unmindful of the State's policy to zealously safeguard the rights of our workers, as no
RTC [VIOLATION OF JUDGE ILDEFONSO SUERTE,
less than the Constitution itself mandates the State to afford full protection to labor. Nevertheless, it is
REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 60, BARILI, CEBU
OF ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 36-2004 DATED equally true that the law, in protecting the rights of the laborer, authorizes neither oppression nor self-
MARCH 3, 2004], PROSECUTOR MARY ANN T. destruction of the employer.38 The constitutional policy to provide full protection to labor is not meant to
CASTRO-ROA, Respondent. be a sword to oppress employers.39 Certainly, an employer cannot be made to answer for claims that
have neither been sufficiently proved nor substantiated.
G.R. No. 210673, June 29, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff and Appellee, v. GILBERT WHEREFORE, the petition is GRANTED. The Decision dated November 28, 2014 and Resolution dated
CABALLERO Y GARSOLA, Accused-Appellant. March 5, 2015 of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. SP No. 00179-MIN are accordingly REVERSED and
SET ASIDE. The Order of the then Secretary of Labor and Employment dated November 8, 2004 denying
G.R. No. 206880, June 29, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ENRIQUE petitioners' appeal and the Order of the Regional Director, DOLE Regional Office No. XII, dated May 20,
MIRANDA, JR. Y PAÑA @ "ERIKA" AND ALVIN ALGA Y 2004, are ANNULLED, without prejudice to whatever right or cause of action private respondents may
MIRANDA @ "ALVIN," Accused-Appellants. have against petitioners.

G.R. No. 205871, June 27, 2016 - RUEL TUANO Y SO ORDERED. chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

HERNANDEZ, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE


PHILIPPINES, Respondent. Peralta, Perez, and Reyes, JJ., concur.
Jardeleza, J., on leave.
G.R. No. 207231, June 29, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE
PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. ROGER GALAGATI Y
GARDOCE, Appellant. Endnotes:
G.R. Nos. 183200-01, June 29, 2016 - PHILIPPINE
NATIONAL OIL COMPANY-ENERGY DEVELOPMENT 1 Penned by Associate Justice Maria Filomena D. Singh and concurred in by Associate
CORPORATION AND/OR PAUL AQUINO AND ESTER R.
Justices Romulo V. Borja and Rafael Antonio M. Santos.
GUERZON, Petitioners, v. AMELYN A. BUENVIAJE,
Respondent.; G.R. Nos. 183253 & 183257 - AMELYN
2 Pursuant to Inspection Authority No. R1201-0401-CI-052.
A. BUENVIAJE, Petitioner, v. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL
OIL COMPANY-ENERGY DEVELOPMENT
CORPORATION, PAUL A. AQUINO AND ESTER R. 3Rollo, p. 89.
GUERZON, Respondents.
4 Id. at 62-63.
G.R. No. 219468, June 08, 2016 - JOSE BURGOS,
JR., Petitioner, v. SPOUSES ELADIO SJ. NAVAL AND
5 Id. at 89-92.
ARLINA B. NAVAL, AND AMALIA B. NAVAL,
Respondents.
6 Id. at 91.
G.R. No. 194664, June 15, 2016 - FLORITA LIAM,
Petitioner, v. UNITED COCONUT PLANTERS BANK, 7 Id. at 262-264.
Respondent.
8 Id. at 301-340, Petition for Review on Certiorari dated July 17, 2006.
G.R. No. 194235, June 08, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JAY GREGORIO Y
AMAR @ "JAY," ROLANDO ESTRELLA Y RAYMUNDO @ 9 Decision dated December 15, 2010 in G.R. No. 173326, penned by Associate Justice
"BONG," DANILO BERGONIA Y ALELENG @ "DANNY," Teresita J. Leonardo-De Castro and concurred in by Chief Justice Renato C. Corona and
EFREN GASCON Y DELOS SANTOS @ "EFREN," Associate Justices Presbitero J. Velasco, Jr., Mariano C. Del Castillo, and Jose Portugal
RICARDO SALAZAR Y GO @ "ERIC," AND JOHN DOE, Perez.
Accused-Appellants.
10 Id. at 647-651.
G.R. No. 187696, June 15, 2016 - FILOMENA
CABLING, Petitioner, v. RODRIGO DANGCALAN,
Respondent. 11 Id. at 37-38.

G.R. No. 211065, June 15, 2016 - HEIRS OF JOSE 12Rollo, pp. 41-42.
EXTREMADURA, REPRESENTED BY ELENA H.
EXTREMADURA, Petitioners, v. MANUEL 13 G.R. No. 179652, May 8, 2009, 587 SCRA 724.
EXTREMADURA AND MARLON EXTREMADURA,
Respondents.
14 DOLE Comment, p. 6.
G.R. No. 190876, June 15, 2016 - YELLOW BUS LINE
EMPLOYEES UNION (YBLEU), Petitioner, v. YELLOW 15Sarapatv. Salanga, G.R. No. 154110, November 23, 2007, 538 SCRA 324; citing
BUS LINE, INC. (YBLI), Respondent.
Westmont Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Samaniego, G.R. Nos. 146653-54 & 147407-408,
February 20, 2006, 482 SCRA 611, 619.
A.C. No. 8677, June 15, 2016 - MARITA CABAS,
Petitioner, v. ATTY. RIA NINA L. SUSUSCO AND CHIEF 16Montemayor v. Bundalian, et. al., G.R. No. 140335, July 1, 2003, 405 SCRA 264.
CITY PROSECUTOR EMELIE FE DELOS SANTOS,
Respondents. 17Rollo, p. 32.
G.R. No. 196557, June 15, 2016 - GREGORIO
"TONGEE" BALAIS, JR., Petitioner, v. SE'LON BY 18Magsaysay Maritime Services and Princess Cruise Lines, Ltd. v. Laurel, G.R. No. 195518,
AIMEE, AMELITA REVILLA AND ALMA BELARMINO, March 20, 2013, 694 SCRA 225.
Respondents.
19Tenaza, et. al. v. R. Villegas Taxi Transport, G.R. No. 192998, April 2, 2014.
G.R. No. 195224, June 15, 2016 - VIRGINIA
JABALDE Y JAMANDRON, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF
20Legend Hotel (Manila) v. Realuyo, G.R. No. 153511, July 18, 2012, July 18, 2012, 677
THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.
SCRA 10, 19; citing Opulencia Ice Plant and Storage v. NLRC, G.R. No. 98368, December
G.R. No. 199422, June 21, 2016 - COMMISSIONER 15, 1993, 228 SCRA 473.
OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Petitioner, v. KEPCO ILIJAN
CORPORATION, Respondent. 21Legend Hotel (Manila) v. Realuyo, G.R. No. 153511, July 18, 2012, 677 SCRA 10.
G.R. No. 189851, June 22, 2016 - INTEC CEBU INC., 22People's
AKIHIKO KAMBAYASHI AND WATARU SATO, Broadcasting (Bornbo Radyo, Phils., Inc.) v. The Secretary of Labor and
Petitioners, v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS, ROWENA Employment, et. al., supra note 13.
REYES, ROWENA ODIONG, HYDEE AYUDA, TERESITA
BERIDO, CRISTINA LABAPIZ, GEMMA JUMAO-AS, 23 Id.
SIGMARINGA BAROLO, LIGAYA B. ANADON,
DONALINE DELA TORRE, JOY P. LOMOD, JACQUELINE 24People's
Broadcasting (Bombo Radyo, Phils., Inc.) v. The Secretary of Labor and
A. FLORES, SUSAN T. ALIÑO, ANALYN P. ABALLE,
Employment, et. al., G.R. No. 179652, March 6, 2012, 667 SCRA 538.
CAROLINE A. LABATOS, LENITH F. ROMANO, LEONILA
chanrobleslaw

B. FLORES, CECILIA G. PAPELLERO, AGNES C. CASIO,


25Rollo, pp. 62-63.
VIOLETA O. MATCHETE, CANDIDA I. CRUJIDO,
CLAUDIA B. CUTAMORA, ROSALIE R. POLICIOS,
GENELYN C. MUÑEZ, ALOME MIGUE, ELSIE ALCOS, 26People's
Broadcasting (Bombo Radyo, Phils.. Inc.) v. The Secretary of Labor and
LYDIALYN B. GODINEZ AND MYRNA S. LOGAOS, Employment, et. al., supra note 24.
Respondents.
27Coca Cola Bottlers Phils., Inc. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 120466, May 17, 1999, 307 SCRA 131,
G.R. No. 214503, June 22, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RICO ENRIQUEZ Y 139.
CRUZ, Accused-Appellant.
28Rollo, p. 91; Order dated November 8, 2004.
G.R. No. 181369, June 22, 2016 - TALA REALTY
SERVICES CORP., INC., PEDRO B. AGUIRRE, 29Centro Project Manpower Services Corporation v. Naluis, G.R. No. 160123, June 17,
REMEDIOS A. DUPASQUIER, DOLLY LIM, RUBENCITO 2015.
M. DEL MUNDO AND ELIZABETH H. PALMA,
Petitioners, v. BANCO FILIPINO SAVINGS & 30Javierv. Fly Ace Corporation, G.R. No. 192558, February 15, 2012; citing Cootauco v.
MORTGAGE BANK, Respondent.
MMS Phil. Maritime Services, Inc., G.R. No. 184722, March 15, 2010, 615 SCRA 529.
G.R. No. 170966, June 22, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE
PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY THE DEPARTMENT 31Loon, et. al. v. Power Master, Inc., G.R. No. 189404, December 11, 2013; citing Lagatic
OF AGRICULTURE, Petitioner, v. ALBERTO LOOYUKO, v. NLRC, 349 Phil. 172, 185-186 (1998).
DOING BUSINESS UNDER THE NAME AND STYLE OF
NOAH'S ARK SUGAR HOLDINGS AND WILSON T. GO, 32Basay
Respondents. v. Hacienda Consolacion, G.R. No. 175532, April 19, 2010, 618 SCRA 422; citing
Leopard Integrated Services, Inc. v. Macalinao, G.R. No. 159808, September 30, 2008,
A.C. No. 9226 (Formerly CBD 06-1749), June 14, 567 SCRA 192, 200.
2016 - MA. CECILIA CLARISSA C, ADVINCULA,
Complainant, v. ATTY. LEONARDO C. ADVINCULA, 33]People's Broadcasting (Bombo Radyo, Phils., Inc.) v. The Secretary of Labor and
Respondent. Employment, et. al., supra note 24.

G.R. No. 214473, June 22, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE 34G.R. No. 121227, August 17, 1998, 294 SCRA 336; citing Juan Saballa, et. al. v. NLRC,
PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. EMETERIO
MEDINA Y DAMO, Accused-Appellant. G.R. Nos. 102472-84, August 22, 1996, 260 SCRA 697.

35 G.R. No. 171182, August 23, 2012.


G.R. No. 208393, June 15, 2016 - CITY OF TAGUIG,
Petitioner, v. CITY OF MAKATI, Respondent.
36Anino, et. al. v. Hinatuan Mining Corporation, et. al., G.R. No. 123226, May 21, 1998;
A.C. No. 9574, June 21, 2016 - MYRNA M. DEVEZA, citing Saballa v. NLRC, August 22, 1996, 260 SCRA 697.
Complainant, v. ATTY. ALEXANDER M. DEL PRADO,
Respondent. 37 Id.
A.M. No. P-16-3459 [Formerly OCA IPI No. 13-
4119-P], June 21, 2016 - ATTY. JOSELITA C. 38Serrano v. NLRC, 380 Phil. 416 (2000).
MALIBAGO-SANTOS, CLERK OF COURT VI, OFFICE OF
THE CLERK OF COURT, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, 39Agabon v. NLRC, G.R. No. 158693, November 17, 2004.
ANTIPOLO CITY, RIZAL, Complainant, v. JUANITO B.
FRANCISCO, JR., SHERIFF IV, OFFICE OF THE CLERK
OF COURT [OCC], REGIONAL TRIAL COURT,
ANTIPOLO CITY, RIZAL, Respondent.

G.R. No. 200072, June 20, 2016 - PHILIP YU,


Petitioner, v. VIVECA LIM YU, Respondent. Back to Home | Back to Main

G.R. No. 183543, June 20, 2016 - NATIONAL


HOUSING AUTHORITY, Petitioner, v. MANILA
SEEDLING BANK FOUNDATION, INC., Respondent. QUICK SEARCH

A.M. No. MTJ-16-1877 (Formerly OCA IPI No. 13-


2635-MTJ), June 13, 2016 - MOAMAR PANGANDAG,
Complainant, v. PRESIDING JUDGE OTTOWA B. 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908
ABINAL, 8TH MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL COURT IN
MULONDO, MAGUING, LUMBA-BAYABAO, AND 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916
TARAKA, LANAO DEL SUR, Respondent. 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924

G.R. No. 154069, June 06, 2016 - INTERPORT 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932
RESOURCES CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940
SECURITIES SPECIALIST, INC., AND R.C. LEE
SECURITIES INC., Respondents. 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948
1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956
G.R. No. 193455, June 13, 2016 - NATIONAL
POWER CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. HEIRS OF 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964
GREGORIO RAMORAN, NAMELY: DELFIN R. PINEDA, 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972
ESPERANZA PINEDA MAGPALI, DIGNA PINEDA
ARZADON, CARIDAD R. PINEDA, IMELDA ZIAPNO, 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980
TERESITA PINEDA DELFIN, ESTER R. PINEDA, FE Y. 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
UZON, PACENCIA ERFE VERSOZA, IMPRESSION V.
CLEMENTE, ALL REPRESENTED BY DELFIN R. PINEDA, 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, Respondents.; SPOUSES 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
ARNULFO R. VERSOZA AND PRISCILLA M. VERSOZA;
SPOUSES DOMINGO AND DOMINGA GOMEZ; AND 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
ERLINDA GOMEZ-OCAY, IN HER BEHALF AND IN
BEHALF OF CARLITO, MEDELINA, ANGELISTA, 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
SILVERA, LOLITA, & ROMBERTO, ALL SURNAMED
GOMEZ, Intervenor-Respondents.

G.R. No. 183794, June 13, 2016 - SPOUSES JAIME


AND MATILDE POON, Petitioners, v. PRIME SAVINGS
BANK REPRESENTED BY THE PHILIPPINE DEPOSIT
Main Indices of the Library ---> Go!
INSURANCE CORPORATION AS STATUTORY
LIQUIDATOR, Respondent.

G.R. No. 190644, June 13, 2016 - NDC TAGUM


FOUNDATION, INC., ANITA B. SOMOSO, AND LIDA U.
NATAVIO, Petitioners, v. EVELYN B. SUMAKOTE,
Respondent.

G.R. No. 208205, June 01, 2016 - ATTY. ROMEO G.


ROXAS, Petitioner, v. REPUBLIC REAL ESTATE
CORPORATION, Respondent.; G.R. No. 208212 -
REPUBLIC REAL ESTATE CORPORATION, Petitioner, v.
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

G.R. No. 188829, June 13, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE


PHILIPPINES, HON. RAUL S. GONZALEZ, IN HIS
CAPACITY AS SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF
JUSTICE, HON. ALIPIO F. FERNANDEZ, JR., IN HIS
CAPACITY AS COMMISSIONER OF THE BUREAU OF
IMMIGRATION, HON. ARTHEL B. CAROÑONGAN, HON.
TEODORO B. DELARMENTE, HON. JOSE D. CABOCHAN,
AND HON. FRANKLIN Z. LITTAUA, IN THEIR
CAPACITY AS MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF
COMMISSIONERS OF THE BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION,
Petitioners, v. DAVONN MAURICE C. HARP,
Respondent.

G.R. No. 197122, June 15, 2016 - INGRID SALA


SANTAMARIA AND ASTRID SALA BOZA, Petitioners, v.
THOMAS CLEARY, Respondent.; G.R. No. 197161 -
KATHRYN GO-PEREZ, Petitioner, v. THOMAS CLEARY,
Respondent.

G.R. No. 213054, June 15, 2016 - TERESITA TAN,


Petitioner, v. JOVENCIO F. CINCO, SIMON LORI
HOLDINGS, INC., PENTACAPITAL INVESTMENT
CORPORATION, FORTUNATO G. PE, RAYMUNDO G. PE,
JOSE REVILLA REYES, JR., AND DEPUTY SHERIFF
ROMMEL IGNACIO, Respondents.

G.R. No. 214901, June 15, 2016 - LAND BANK OF


THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. APOLONIO KHO,
REPRESENTED BY HIS HEIRS, NAMELY: PERLA LUZ,
KRYPTON, KOSELL, KYRIN, AND KELVIN, ALL
SURNAMED KHO, Respondents.

G.R. No. 211015, June 20, 2016 - CAGAYAN


ELECTRIC POWER & LIGHT COMPANY, INC.
(CEPALCO) AND CEPALCO ENERGY SERVICES
CORPORATION (CESCO), FORMERLY CEPALCO
ENERGY SERVICES & TRADING CORPORATION
(CESTCO), Petitioners, v. CEPALCO EMPLOYEE'S
LABOR UNION-ASSOCIATED LABOR UNIONS-TRADE
UNION CONGRESS OF THE PHILIPPINES (TUCP),
Respondent.; G.R. No. 213835 - CAGAYAN ELECTRIC
POWER & LIGHT COMPANY, INC. (CEPALCO) AND
CEPALCO ENERGY SERVICES CORPORATION (CESCO),
FORMERLY CEPALCO ENERGY SERVICES & TRADING
CORPORATION (CESTCO), Petitioners, v. CEPALCO
EMPLOYEE'S LABOR UNION-ASSOCIATED LABOR
UNIONS-TRADE UNION CONGRESS OF THE
PHILIPPINES (TUCP), Respondent.

G.R. No. 215348, June 20, 2016 - ELDEFONSO G.


DEL ROSARIO AND JOSEFINO R. ORTIZ, Petitioners,
v. CRISTINA OCAMPO-FERRER, Respondent.

G.R. No. 203527, June 27, 2016 - SPS. AURELIO


HITEROZA AND CYNTHIA HITEROZA, Petitioners, v.
CHARITO S. CRUZADA, PRESIDENT AND CHAIRMAN,
CHRIST'S ACHIEVERS MONTESSORI, INC., AND
CHRIST'S ACHIEVERS MONTESSORI, INC.,
Respondents.

G.R. No. 212960, June 08, 2016 - SAMAHANG


MANGGAGAWA SA GENERAL OFFSET PRESS, INC.,
Petitioner, v. GENERAL OFFSET PRESS, INC., JUANITA
TIU AND JOJI TIU, Respondents.

G.R. No. 210565, June 28, 2016 - EMMANUEL D.


QUINTANAR, BENJAMIN O. DURANO, CECILIO C.
DELAVIN, RICARDO G GABORNI, ROMEL G
GERARMAN, JOEL JOHN P. AGUILAR, RAMIRO T.
GAVIOLA, RESTITUTO D. AGSALUD, MARTIN E. CELIS,
PATRICIO L. ARIOS, MICHAEL S. BELLO, LORENZO C.
QUINLOG, JUNNE G. BLAYA, SANTIAGO B.
TOLENTINO, JR., NESTOR A. MAGNAYE, ARNOLD S.
POLVORIDO, ALLAN A. AGAPITO, ARIEL E. BAUMBAD,
JOSE T. LUTIVA, EDGARDO G. TAPALLA, ROLDAN C.
CADAYONA, REYNALDO V. ALBURO, RUDY C. ULTRA,
MARCELO R. CABILI, ARNOLD B. ASIATEN,
REYMUNDO R. MACABALLUG, JOEL R. DELEÑA,
DANILO T. OQUIÑO, GREG B. CAPARAS AND ROMEO
T. ESCARTIN, Petitioners, v. COCA-COLA BOTTLERS,
PHILIPPINES, INC., Respondent.

G.R. No. 191087, June 29, 2016 - DELIA L. BELITA,


SALVADOR ILARDE, JR., GENEVIEVE BELITA, MA.
CHERYL DAVA, BRAULIO LEDESMA, JR., FLORENCE B.
OLSEN, KATHY GERMENTIL, ROSITA ESTUART,
ARDELIZA LIM, ELSA RAFANAN, ERLINDA V.
GAERLAN, PERLA FERNANDEZ, DELBEN "NOY" BELITA
AND JOSEPH AVACILLA, Petitioners, v. ANTONIO S.
SY, ROBERTO CARONAN, WILFREDO CIRIACO,
NORMA S. WONG, SONIA C. BENERO, MARIA L.
PINEDA AND CRISTINA V. CARAMOL, Respondents.

G.R. No. 204264, June 29, 2016 - JENNEFER


FIGUERA, AS SUBSTITUTED BY ENHANCE VISA
SERVICES, INC., REPRESENTED BY MA. EDEN R.
DUMONT, Petitioner, v. MARIA REMEDIOS ANG,
Respondent.

G.R. No. 205544, June 29, 2016 - MUNICIPALITY


OF CORDOVA, PROVINCE OF CEBU; THE
SANGGUNIANG BAYAN OF CORDOVA; AND THE
MAYOR OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF CORDOVA,
Petitioners, v. PATHFINDER DEVELOPMENT
CORPORATION AND TOPANGA DEVELOPMENT
CORPORATION, Respondents.

G.R. No. 206484, June 29, 2016 - DEPARTMENT OF


TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS (DOTC),
Petitioner, v. SPOUSES VICENTE ABECINA AND
MARIA CLEOFE ABECINA, Respondents.

G.R. No. 210761, June 28, 2016 - KILUSANG MAYO


UNO, REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRPERSON, ELMER
LABOG; NATIONAL FEDERATION OF LABOR UNIONS-
KILUSANG MAYO UNO, REPRESENTED BY ITS VICE-
PRESIDENTS, REDEN ALCANTARA AND ARNOLD DELA
CRUZ, CENTER FOR TRADE UNION AND HUMAN
RIGHTS (CTUHR), REPRESENTED BY ITS EXECUTIVE
DIRECTOR DAISY ARAGO, VIRGINIA FLORES AND
VIOLETA ESPIRITU, Petitioners, v. HON. BENIGNO
SIMEON C. AQUINO III, AND PHILIPPINE HEALTH
INSURANCE CORPORATION (PHIC), Respondents;
MIGRANTE INTERNATIONAL, REPRESENTED BY ITS
CHAIRPERSON GARRY MARTINEZ, CONNIE BRAGAS-
REGALADO, PARALUMAN CATUIRA, UNITED
FILIPINOS IN HONGKONG (UNIFIL-HK), AND
SOLEDAD PILLAS, Petitioners-in-Intervention.

G.R. No. 188020, June 27, 2016 - REN TRANSPORT


CORP. AND/OR REYNALDO PAZCOGUIN III,
Petitioners, v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS
COMMISSION (2ND DIVISION), SAMAHANG
MANGGAGAWA SA REN TRANSPORT-ASSOCIATION
OF DEMOCRATIC LABOR ASSOCIATIONS (SMART-
ADLO) REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT NESTOR
FULMINAR, Respondents.; G.R. No. 188252 -
SAMAHANG MANGGAGAWA SA REN TRANSPORT-
ASSOCIATION OF DEMOCRATIC LABOR
ASSOCIATIONS (SMART-ADLO) REPRESENTED BY
NESTOR FULMINAR, Petitioner, v. REN TRANSPORT
CORP. AND/OR REYNALDO PAZCOGUIN III,
Respondents.

G.R. No. 208759, June 22, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. DIONE
BARBERAN AND DIONE DELOS SANTOS, Accused-
Appellants.

G.R. No. 209714, June 21, 2016 - RAPHAEL C.


FONTANILLA, Petitioner, v. THE COMMISSIONER
PROPER, COMMISSION ON AUDIT, Respondent.

A.C. No. 10465, June 08, 2016 - SPOUSES


LAMBERTO V. EUSTAQUIO AND GLORIA J.
EUSTAQUIO, Complainants, v. ATTY. EDGAR R.
NAVALES, Respondent.

G.R. No. 203458, June 06, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. QUIRINO BALMES Y
CLEOFE, Appellant.

G.R. No. 203924, June 29, 2016 - ROGER CABUHAT


AND CONCHITA CABUHAT, Petitioners, v.
DEVELOPMENT BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES,
REPRESENTED BY MANAGER PERLA L. FAVILA,
Respondent.

G.R. No. 211141, June 29, 2016 - HILARIO DASCO,


REYMIR PARAFINA, RICHARD PARAFINA, EDILBERTO
ANIA, MICHAEL ADANO, JAIME BOLO, RUBEN E.
GULA, ANTONIO CUADERNO AND JOVITO CATANGUI,
Petitioners, v. PHILTRANCO SERVICE ENTERPRISES
INC/CENTURION SOLANO, MANAGER, Respondents.

G.R. No. 211526, June 29, 2016 - PMI-FACULTY


AND EMPLOYEES UNION, Petitioner, v. PMI COLLEGES
BOHOL, Respondent.

G.R. No. 184666, June 27, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE


PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. MEGA PACIFIC
ESOLUTIONS, INC., WILLY U. YU, BONNIE S. YU,
ENRIQUE T. TANSIPEK, ROSITA Y. TANSIPEK, PEDRO
O. TAN, JOHNSON W. FONG, BERNARD I. FONG, AND
*LAURIANO A. BARRIOS, Respondents.

G.R. No. 208383, June 08, 2016 - FIRST MEGA


HOLDINGS CORP., Petitioner, v. GUIGUINTO WATER
DISTRICT, Respondent.

G.R. No. 186050, June 21, 2016 - ARTHUR BALAO,


WINSTON BALAO, NONETTE BALAO, JONILYN BALAO-
STRUGAR, AND BEVERLY LONGID, Petitioners, v.
EDUARDO ERMITA, GILBERTO TEODORO, RONALDO
PUNO, NORBERTO GONZALES, GEN. ALEXANDER
YANO, GEN. JESUS VERZOSA, BRIG. GEN. REYNALDO
MAPAGU, LT. P/DIR. EDGARDO DOROMAL, MAJ. GEN.
ISAGANI CACHUELA, COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE
AFP-ISU BASED IN BAGUIO CITY, PSS EUGENE
MARTIN, AND SEVERAL JOHN DOES, Respondents.;
G.R. NO. 186059 - EDUARDO SECRETARY TEODORO,
RONALDO SECRETARY GONZALES, SECRETARY
ERMITA, GILBERTO SECRETARY PUNO, NORBERTO
GEN. ALEXANDER YANO, P/DGEN. JESUS VERZOSA,
BRIG. GEN. REYNALDO MAPAGU, MAJ. GEN. ISAGANI
CACHUELA, AND POL. SR. SUPT. EUGENE MARTIN,
Petitioners, v. ARTHUR BALAO, WINSTON
JARDELEZA, AND BALAO, NONETTE BALAO, CAGUIOA,
JJ. JONILYN BALAO-STRUGAR, AND BEVERLY
LONGID, Respondents.**

G.R. No. 203538, June 27, 2016 - ARTEX


DEVELOPMENT CO., INC., Petitioner, v. OFFICE OF
THE OMBUDSMAN, ATTY. MARISSA E. TIMONES,
ERLINDA O. MARTEJA, ELIMAR N. JOSE, AND ATTY.
LUIS Y. DEL MUNDO, JR., Respondents.

G.R. No. 202830, June 20, 2016 - SPOUSES


ADRIANO SALISE AND NATIVIDAD PAGUDAR,
SPOUSES TEODORO VIRTUDAZO AND NECITAS
SALISE, JEROME G. DIOLANTO, SPOUSES EULALIO D.
DAMASING AND POTENCIANA LABIA, SPOUSES
FRANCISCO AND SIMPLICIA BABAYA-ON, SPOUSES
RUFINO BUTIHIN AND CECILIA CAGNO, SPOUSES
EFITACIO G. PAMISA AND VIRGELIA VIRTUDAZO,
DELFIN B. SARINAS, SPOUSES FELIPE C. VIRTUDAZO,
JR. AND GRACE TUTO, SPOUSES ANGEL BARBOSA
AND FLORENCIA SALISE, SPOUSES FRANKLIN AND
LEONORA PAMISA, SPOUSES MARCELO MANIQUE
AND CECILIA CARBON, LARRY PAMISA, SPOUSES
ENRIQUE CARBON AND ERLINDA SOMO, SPOUSES
WILFREDO A. JUANILO AND MINDA VILLARMIA,
SPOUSES FELIX REQUILME AND CERINA SALVO,
SPOUSES CARLITO FABE AND EMELITA MANGGANA,
LUIBEN MAGTO, SPOUSES SERAFIN AND LILIA
SURIGAO, SPOUSES HILARIO BACABIS AND
RETIFICACION DABLO, SPOUSES REYNALDO S.
SALUCOT AND ANECITA DESCALLAR, SPOUSES
HAGENIO PAUG AND EVELITA VIRTUDAZO, SPOUSES
MAXIMO BORREZ AND VILMA SALISE, SPOUSES
FELIMON V. SALVO, JR., EVA MACATOL AND RITA V.
SALVO, Petitioners, v. DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN
REFORM ADJUDICATION BOARD REGION X
ADJUDICATOR ABETO SALCEDO, JR. AND RICARDO
GACULA, Respondents.

G.R. No. 202621, June 22, 2016 - ZAIDA R.


INOCENTE, Petitioner, v. ST. VINCENT FOUNDATION
FOR CHILDREN AND AGING, INC./VERONICA
MENGUITO, Respondents.

G.R. No. 209384, June 27, 2016 - URBANO F.


ESTRELLA, Petitioner, v. PRISCILLA P. FRANCISCO,
Respondent.

G.R. Nos. 185857-58, June 29, 2016 - TRIFONIA D.


GABUTAN, DECEASED, HEREIN REPRESENTED BY HER
HEIRS, NAMELY: ERLINDA LLAMES, ELISA ASOK,
PRIMITIVO GABUTAN, VALENTINA YANE; BUNA D.
ACTUB, FELISIA TROCIO, CRISANTA D. UBAUB, AND
TIRSO DALONDONAN, DECEASED, HEREIN
REPRESENTED BY HIS HEIRS, NAMELY: MADELYN D.
REPOSAR AND JERRY DALONDONAN, MARY JANE
GILIG, ALLAN UBAUB, AND SPOUSES NICOLAS &
EVELYN DAILO, Petitioners, v. DANTE D. NACALABAN,
HELEN N. MAANDIG, SUSAN N. SIAO, AND CAGAYAN
CAPITOL COLLEGE, Respondents.; G.R. NOS. 194314-
15 - DANTE D. NACALABAN, HELEN N. MAANDIG, AND
SUSAN N. SIAO, AS HEIRS OF BALDOMERA D. VDA.
DE NACALABAN, Petitioners, v. TRIFONIA D.
GABUTAN, BUNA D. ACTUB, FELISIA D. TROCIO,
CRISANTA D. UBAUB, AND TIRSO DALONDONAN,
DECEASED, HEREIN REPRESENTED BY HIS HEIRS,
NAMELY: MADELYN D. REPOSAR AND JERRY
DALONDONAN, MARY JANE GILIG, ALLAN UBAUB,
AND SPOUSES NICOLAS & EVELYN DAILO, CAGAYAN
CAPITOL COLLEGE, REPRESENTED BY ITS
PRESIDENT, ATTY. CASIMIRO B. SUAREZ, JR.,
PRIVATE Respondent; HON. LEONCIA R. DIMAGIBA
(ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), HON. PAUL L. HERNANDO
(ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), HON. NINA G. ANTONIO-
VALENZUELA (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), HON. EDGARDO
T. LLOREN (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), HON. MICHAEL P.
ELBINIAS (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE), AND HON. JANE
AURORA C. LANTION (ASSOCIATE JUSTICE, ACTING
CHAIRMAN), COURT OF APPEALS, CAGAYAN DE ORO
CITY (FORMER SPECIAL TWENTY-SECOND
DIVISION), PUBLIC Respondents.

G.R. No. 209794, June 27, 2016 - LAND BANK OF


THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. SPOUSES JOSE
AMAGAN AND AURORA AMAGAN, DOING BUSINESS
UNDER THE TRADE NAME AND STYLE "A & J
SEAFOODS AND MARINE PRODUCTS," AND JOHN
DOE, Respondents.

G.R. No. 163157, June 27, 2016 - SPOUSES


BERNABE MERCADER, JR. AND LORNA JURADO
MERCADER, OLIVER MERCADER, GERALDINE
MERCADER AND ESRAMAY MERCADER, Petitioners, v.
SPOUSES JESUS BARDILAS AND LETECIA GABUYA
BARDILAS, Respondents.

G.R. No. 215950, June 20, 2016 - TRIDHARMA


MARKETING CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. COURT OF
TAX APPEALS, SECOND DIVISION, AND THE
COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE,
Respondents.

G.R. No. 216452, June 20, 2016 - TING


TRUCKING/MARY VIOLAINE A. TING, Petitioner, v.
JOHN C. MAKILAN, Respondent.

G.R. No. 214399, June 28, 2016 - ARMANDO N.


PUNCIA, Petitioner, v. TOYOTA SHAW/PASIG, INC.,
Respondent.

G.R. No. 166890, June 28, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE


PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. APOLONIO BAUTISTA,
JR., Respondent.

G.R. No. 218240, June 28, 2016 - ENGR. PABLITO S.


PALUCA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE GENERAL
MANAGER OF THE DIPOLOG CITY WATER DISTRICT,
Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, Respondent.

G.R. No. 212186, June 29, 2016 - ARIEL LOPEZ,


Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES,
Respondent.

G.R. No. 194065, June 20, 2016 - PHILIPPINE BANK


OF COMMUNICATIONS, Petitioner, v. COMMISSIONER
OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent.

G.R. No. 213582, June 28, 2016 - NYMPHA S.


ODIAMAR,1 Petitioner, v. LINDA ODIAMAR
VALENCIA, Respondent.

G.R. No. 211269, June 15, 2016 - RUBEN E. TIU,


Petitioner, v. HON. NATIVIDAD G. DIZON, ACTING
CHAIRPERSON OF THE BOARD OF PARDONS AND
PAROLE, HON. FRANKLIN JESUS BUCAYU, DIRECTOR
OF THE BUREAU OF CORRECTIONS, HON. SECRETARY
LEILA M. DE LIMA OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE,
HON. PAQUITO N. OCHOA JR., THE EXECUTIVE
SECRETARY, Respondents.

G.R. No. 190506, June 13, 2016 - CORAL BAY


NICKEL CORPORATION, Petitioner, v.
COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE,
Respondent.

G.R. No. 206528, June 28, 2016 - PHILIPPINE


ASSET GROWTH TWO, INC. (SUCCESSOR-IN-
INTEREST OF PLANTERS DEVELOPMENT BANK) AND
PLANTERS DEVELOPMENT BANK, Petitioners, v.
FASTECH SYNERGY PHILIPPINES, INC. (FORMERLY
FIRST ASIA SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY, INC.), FASTECH
MICROASSEMBLY & TEST, INC., FASTECH
ELECTRONIQUE, INC., AND FASTECH PROPERTIES,
INC., Respondents.

Copyright © 1998 - 20191998 - 2019 ChanRobles Publishing Company | Disclaimer | E-mail Restrictions ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library™ | chanrobles.com™ RED