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RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR CLASSIFICATION OF LOCATIONS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS AT PETROLEUM FACILITIES

CLASSIFIED AS CLASS I, ZONE 0, ZONE 1, AND ZONE 2 53

9.1.6 The diagrams in 9.2 show classified locations surrounding typical sources of flammable liquids, vapors,
and gases. The intended use of these diagrams is to develop area classification documentation used for the
selection of and proper installation methods for electrical equipment. Area classification drawings or other
documentation may be required by certain regulatory agencies. Elevations or sections may also be required
where different classifications apply at different elevations.

9.1.7 It may be found that individual classification of a great number of sources in a location is not feasible or
desirable. Classification of an entire location as a single area should be considered after evaluation of the
extent and interaction of various sources and areas within, or adjacent to, the location.

9.2 Recommendations

9.2.1 Locations where heavier-than-air flammable gases are handled or stored should be classified in
accordance with 9.2.1.1 and 9.2.1.2.

9.2.1.1 Within adequately ventilated locations containing closed systems, refer to Figure 20 and Figure 21.

NOTE Manholes and interconnecting raceways may collect flammable liquids or gases that can then be conducted to
other locations unless prevented by proper sealing, purging, water flooding, or other methods.

9.2.1.2 Within inadequately ventilated locations containing closed systems, refer to Figure 22.

9.2.2 Locations where lighter-than-air flammable gases or vapors are handled should be classified in
accordance with 9.2.2.1 and 9.2.2.2.

9.2.2.1 Within adequately ventilated locations containing closed systems, refer to Figure 23 and Figure 24.

9.2.2.2 Within inadequately ventilated refinery process areas containing closed systems, refer to Figure 25
and Figure 26.

9.2.3 In separators, dissolved air flotation units, biological oxidation units and enclosed sumps refer to
Figure 27. For open sumps in adequately ventilated areas, refer to Figure 57.

9.2.4 In cooling towers, refer to Figure 28.

Cooling tower pump pits located in unclassified locations need not be classified since cooling tower pumps are
not considered sources of release.

9.2.5 For marine terminals handling flammable liquids, refer to Figure 19.
54 API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 505

Figure 20—Adequately Ventilated Process Location with Heavier-than-air Gas or Vapor Source Located
Near Grade (See 9.2.1.1)

Figure 21—Adequately Ventilated Process Location with Heavier-than-air Gas or Vapor Source Located
Above Grade (See 9.2.1.1)