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PVKKIT (3N): II B.

Tech II-Sem I-Mid Examinations Branch:EEE::Sub:EM-II


ANSWER ANY THREE OF THE FOLLOWING
1. In a transformer, derive the condition for maximum efficiency and thus find the load current at which the efficiency is
maximum.
2. In a 25 kVA, 2000/200 V transformer the iron and copper losses are 350 and 400 W respectively. Calculate the efficiency
on UPF at (i) full load (ii) half load. (iii) Determine the load for maximum efficiency and the copper loss in this case.
3. A 1-Φ 200/400 V, 6 KVA, 50 Hz transformer gives the following test results:
OC test on LV side: 200V, 0.8 A, 80 W
SC test on HV side: 25 V, 10 A, 90 W.
Determine the circuit constants referred to as LV side.
4. With relevant phasor diagrams, explain the operation of a practical single phase transformer operating on lagging loads.
5. With a neat circuit diagram, describe back-to-back test conducted on two identical transformers.
PVKKIT (3N): II B.Tech II-Sem I-Mid Examinations Branch:EEE::Sub:EM-II
1. Transformer works on the principle of [ ]1
(a) Polarization (b) Mutual Induction c) Self Induction d) None
2. The transformer core is manufactured using [ ]2
a) Steel b) Si-Steel c) Cast Iron d) CRGO Steel
3. A Transformer is a __________ device [ ]3
a) Constant flux b) Constant frequency c) Constant Power d) All the above
4. Transformer action requires a [ ]4
a) Constant magnetic flux c) Increasing magnetic flux
b) Alternating magnetic flux d) Alternating electric flux
5. Transformers cores are laminated to reduce [ ]5
a) Eddy-current loss b) Hysteresis Loss c) both a & b d) Ohmic loss
6. The no-load current in a transformer lags the applied voltage by [ ]6
a) 90o b) about 75o c) 00 d) about 110o
7. As the load on a transformer is increased, the core losses [ ]7
a) Decrease slightly b) Increase slightly c) Remains constant d) Can’t say
8. If supply frequency in a transformer is doubled [ ]8
a) Hysteresis loss doubles c) eddy-current loss doubles
b) Iron-losses doubles d) hysteresis loss decrease
9. The zero voltage regulation is possible at ________ power factor [ ]9
a) Lagging b) Leading c) both lagging & leading d) unity
10. In order to conduct Sumpner’s test, the two transformers must be [ ]10
a) Of different Ratings b) identical c) contain same ohmic loss d) None
11. The open circuit and short circuit tests are preferred to conduct on ______ respectively [ ]11
a) H.V & L.V b) H.V & H.V c) L.V & H.V d) L.V & L.V
12. At 50 Hz operation, a single phase transformer has hysteresis loss of 200 W and eddy-current loss of 100 W. Its
core loss at 60 Hz operation will be [ ]12
a) 432 W b) 408 W c) 384 W d) 360 W
13. In a single phase transformer, which of the following is true? [ ]13
a) E1N2=E2N1 and I1N1=I2N2 c) E1N1 = E2N2 and I1N1=I2N2
b) E1N2=E2N1 and I1N2=I2N1 d) E1N1 = E2N2 and I1N2=I2N1
14. If the copper loss at full load is ‘x’, then the copper loss at ½ load is [ ]14
a) x/2 b) x/4 c) x d) None
15. The maximum efficiency occurs when [ ]15
a) hysteresis loss = eddy loss b) copper loss = eddy current loss c) copper loss = core loss
16. A certain transformer has 400 turns in the primary winding and 2000 turns in the secondary winding. The turns
ratio is [ ]16
a) 0.2 b) 0.4 c) 5 d) 25
17. When a 6V battery is connected across the primary of a transformer with a turns ratio of 8, the secondary voltage
is [ ]17
a) 6V b)12V c) 0V d)48V
18. An isolation transformer has primary to secondary turns ratio of _____ [ ]18
a) 1:2 b) 1:1 c) 2:1 d) can be any ratio
19. In a certain loaded transformer, the secondary voltage is one-fourth the primary voltage. The secondary current is
[ ]19
a) One-fourth the primary current c) four times the primary current
b) Equal to the primary current d) one-sixteenth of the primary current
20. The rating of transformer may be expressed in ______ [ ]20
a) KW b) KVAR c) BHP d) KVA