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Annotated Bibliography

Warnich, Pieter, and Clare Gordon. “The Integration of Cell Phone Technology and Poll
Everywhere as Teaching and Learning Tools into the School History Classroom.”
Journal for the Study of Religion, Journal for the Study of Religion, 2015,
www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2223-
03862015000100004&lng=en&tlng=en

The article “The Integration of Cell Phone Technology and Poll Everywhere as Teaching
and Learning Tools into the School History Classroom was written by Pieter Warnich and Clare
Gordon on SciELO. The article was published in 2015 and the main points are that cell phones
can be used as great learning tools. This article says that many schools in South Africa are
incorporating cell phones into the classroom. They can be used as ways to get feedback from
students. They can also be used for students to understand lessons because they are comfortable
with technology. The purpose of writing this article is to show how cell phones can be used in
the classroom. The intended audience could be teachers or students. The article can give them
information about how cellphones can help students in the learning area. The writers of this
article are students of NWU. The authors prove many things by including a lot of sources they
used to write the article. They prove their credibility, the reliability of their article and that the
information is correct. This source will be a great source to use for my research paper. It will
help me prove points that cell phones can help students in school.

“Notre Dame High School Locks up Cell Phones during School Day.” Clip Syndicate Video:
Cengage Broadcast, Critical Mention, Inc, 2018,
www.clipsyndicate.com/video/playlist/10833/7413136?cpt=8wpid%3D6424&title=cenga
ge_broadcast

This movie clip, Notre Dame High School locks up cell phones during school day, was
posted on Clip Syndicate in 2018. This clips says that there are ways to keep student off their cell
phones during the day. There are special devices you can put your phone into. Students can lock
the devices at the beginning of the day and unlock them at the end of the day. The purpose of this
video is to show that cell phones do not always have to be a distraction. Also with no cell
phones, students talk more in person. This video is creditale because it is on a news cast. There is
also interviews of students and a principal. This will help my research paper because I can
examples of ways to decrease the usage of cell phones in schools.

Chen, Grace. “Should Public Schools Ban Cell Phones?” PublicSchoolReview.com, 30 Oct.
2008, www.publicschoolreview.com/blog/should-public-schools-ban-cell-phones
The article “Should Public Schools Ban Cell Phones?” was posted by Grace Chen on
Public School Review. The article was recently updated in 2018. The article says students are
using technology more now. They can be used as a tool for safety and to talk to family.
However, they can also be a distraction. The article also states that many schools are not
allowing phones in school. This article lists many pros and cons of having cellphones in school.
The purpose of this article is to inform teacher, students, and parents the pros and cons of cell
phone usage in schools. The article also talks about parents who have sued cities because of a
cell phone ban in school. The author shows her credibility by having the article updated. Also
there are links and videos in the article that prove the information is correct. This article will
help my research paper because it has many pros and cons of cell phone usage. I can use this
article for both sides of my research topic.

“Should Students Have Cellphones In School? Educators Are Divided.” WBUR, WBUR, 27
Sept. 2017, www.wbur.org/hereandnow/2017/09/27/students-cellphones-school

This article “Should Students Have Cellphones In School? Educators Are Divided” is
posted in wbur in 2017. This article is from an interview of a middle school teacher and a
principal. The teacher says that instead of trying to get rid of cell phones, teachers should
include them in the classroom. When trying to make sure kids don't use them, kids will go
against what you say and be more likely to use them. The principal says students are using the
bathroom or hall time to be on their phones, then they miss class. Also there are rules and
warning with cell phones. She also states that students should not be playing on phones when
half the school isn’t of grade level. This article is credible because it is an interview of people
who deal with cell phones in class most days. The article also states when it aired and has related
articles. This article with help my research paper because it has great information of real life
issues. It states what these people have dealt with in the classroom because of cell phones.

Hess, Abigail. “Research Continually Shows How Distracting Cell Phones Are - so Some
Schools Want to Ban Them.”CNBC, CNBC, 23 Jan. 2019, Hess, Abigail. “Research
Continually Shows How Distracting Cell Phones Are - so Some Schools Want to Ban
Them.”CNBC, CNBC, 23 Jan. 2019, www.cnbc.com/2019/01/18/research-shows-that-
cell-phones-distract-students--so-france-banned-them-in-school--.html.

The article “Research continually shows how distracting cell phones are - so some
schools want to ban them” is written by Abigail Hess and posted on CNBC in 2019. The article
states that cell phones are distracting. Cell phones have an affect on test score, and the overall
classroom. The author shows her credibility by including many studies and links to sources she
used. This also proves the information is correct and credible. At the end of the article there is
also other articles similar to this one. This article will help my research paper because it has
many studies, graphs, and other information, like interviews, about my topic. I can use this
information for both sides of my topic.

Rubin, Alissa J., and Elian Peltier. “France Bans Smartphones in Schools Through 9th Grade.
Will It Help Students?” The New York Times, The New York Times, 20 Sept. 2018,
www.nytimes.com/2018/09/20/world/europe/france-smartphones-schools.html

The article “France Bans Smartphones in Schools Through 9th Grade. Will It Help
Students?” was written by Alissa J. Rubin and Elian Peltier. It was posted to The New York
Times in 2018. The article states that cell phones need to be taken out of schools in order to teach
students how to be present in the real world. The article says that will cell phones always around
there could be a problem of cyberbullying. With the ban students can bring their phones to
school but they must be put away throughout the day. This article is credible because it uses
interviews from students who have already had a ban of cell phones at their school. It also has
information to contact the authors. There are also other article listed related to this one. I think
this article will help my research paper because it gives me an idea of how students are in school
with a ban on cell phones. It also gives me information about how students feel without their
phones.

Allen, Kelly. “Mobile Phones in the Classroom: A Helpful or Harmful Hindrance?”


Psychlopaedia, 22 Apr. 2018, psychlopaedia.org/learning-and-development/mobile-
phones-in-the-classroom-a-helpful-or-harmful-hindrance/

The article “Mobile Phones in the classroom : A helpful or harmful hindrance?” is written
by Kelly Allen and was posted on Psychlopedia in 2017. This article states that when cell phones
are removed from the classroom, students improve in learning and engaging. Students realized
that with cell phones in class, there was cheating and cyberbullying. Cell phones are always
around and people are always on them. Because of this, they are missing out on important
information. This article is credible. It was many links to sources, or studies used. This proves
the information is correct. The author is very credible, she is a Educational and Developmental
Psychologist. This article will help my research paper. It gives me good information about how
students behavior and performance is different with and without cell phones in class.