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- Normal Distribution Notes
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Daanbatayan Campus

Agujo, Daanbantayan, Cebu

(SUC Level IV, AACUP Accredited and ISO 9001 Certified)

http:/www.daanbantayan.edu.ph Email:ctudaanbantayan@yahoo.com

Tel.No. (032)437-8520 Fax No. (032)437-8520

Course: DPE Term: 2nd Semester 2018 -2019

Subject: DPE 104 - Measurement and Evaluation Professor: Dr. Iris L. Gulbe

LEARNING ELEMENT

I.OBJECTIVE

1.1 Know the methods of computing Standard Deviation

1.2 Identify the properties of Normal Distribution

1.3 Difference between z-scores and T- scores

II.DOCUMENTATION

https://www.slideshare.net/NemaGraceMedillo/variability-the-normal-distribution-and-converted-scores-75297214

http://statisticsbyjim.com/basics/variability-range-interquartile-variance-standard-deviation/

https://www.statisticshowto.datasciencecentral.com/probability-and-statistics/hypothesis-testing/t-score-vs-z-score/

https://www.mathsisfun.com/data/standard-normal-distribution.html

III.CONTENT OUTLINE

Computing the Standard Deviation of scores, conversion of scores to z-scores and T-scores, and

how scores are represented using a normal curve.

IV.REPORT PROPER

STANDARD DEVIATION

- Indicates the “average deviation” from the mean, the consistency in the

scores, and how far scores are spread out around the mean.

x− x́ ¿2

¿

¿

∑¿

¿

SD=√ ¿

√

2

∑ x − ∑n

( x) 2

SD=

n

Where,

x – raw score

�̅ - mean score

n – the number of scores in the distribution

and are called homogeneous distribution.

- The Distribution with large deviations have more expanded appearance and

are called heterogeneous distribution.

VARIANCE

- The average of the sum of squared deviation scores or the squared of the

standard deviation.

- These estimates are not very useful because they represent squared units, not

the units started with.

NORMAL DISTRIBUTION

- It is a specific type of symmetrical distribution that is mathematically

determined and has fixed properties.

o The mean, median, and mode all

coincide.

o The percentages show how many

cases fall under a portion of the

curve.

o mean = 61

o standard deviation = 7

o 7 points are added above the mean

o 7 points are subtracted below the

mean

Difference of 7

between 54 and 68.

between 61 and 75.

CONVERTED SCORES

- z – Scores

o Converting raw score from any distribution to a common scale, regardless of its mean or

standard deviation, so that we can easily compare such scores.

x−x́

z=

sd

�̅ - mean

sd – standard deviation

- T – Scores

o Identical with z – scores, however it does not deal with negative numbers.

o Converting scores from z scores.

o Has a mean of 50 and standard deviation of 10.

T =10 z+50

- Sample

John obtained a score of 85 on his psychology midterm and 90 on his history midterm.

On which test did he do better compared to the rest of the class, if the class:

Psychology History

mean = 75 mean = 140

sd = 10 sd = 25

John performance in psychology was far better than his performance in history. His

psychology score is one standard deviation above the meanwhile his history score is two

standard deviation below the mean. 84 % of the class scored lower than John in

psychology while only about 2 % scored lower in history.

Psychology History

x = 85 x = 90

�̅ = 75 �̅ = 140

sd = 10 sd = 25

85−75 90−140

z= z=

10 25

= +1.0 = - 2.0

Psychology History

z – score = + 1.0 z – score = - 2.0

T = 10z + 50 T = 10z + 50

= 10 (1.0) + 50 = 10 (-2.0) + 50

= 10 + 50 = (- 20) + 50

= 60 = 30

VARIABILITY NORMAL DISTRIBUTION CONVERTED SCORES

STANDARD DEVIATION

DEVIATION SCORE METHOD

RAW SCORE METHOD

VARIANCE

V.SCHEMATIC

VI.THOUGHT PROVOKING QUESTIONS

How important is Standard Deviation?

Can we use Normal Distribution in real life? How?

How can we use z-score and t-score?

How does these elements work together?

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