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in t h i s issue

THE lNLAND'SLIA$
SEPTEMBER 1959 Nav-Pers-0 NUMBER 51 2
VICE ADMIRAL H. P. SMITH, USN
The Chief of Naval Personnel
REAR ADMIRAL A. E. LOOMIS, USN
The Deputy Chief of Naval Personnel
CAPTAIN F. R. WHITBY, Jr., USN
Assistant Chief for Morale Services

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Special Report on the Inland Seas
The Fleet Sails the Inland Seas .................... 2
St. Lawrence Seaway: How to Build a
Fourth Sea Coast .................................... 6
It's Tops: 'Seawaymanship' .......................... 10
This Is NTC Great Lakes .............................. 16
Monkey Business Is Job of USS Kiowa ................ 20
Letters to the Editor ........................................ 22
Navy Gun Slingers Shoot It Out ...................... 28

Ship, Tank .............................................. 32


Today's Navy ................................................ 34
It's All for Navy Relief .................................... 39
Servicescope: News of Ofher Services _____ _____ ____ 40
The Word .................................................... 42
Bulletin Board ....._..............__.. ...................... 44
Here's NESEP: Two Ways to Four Years of
College via Navy .................................... 44
Just a Lot of Words, But They All Add U p
to the New Navy .................................... 46
PGS Offers a Full Line of Courses ............._._ 48
For the Navyman Who Thinks Nucleonic ________ 50
Directives in Brief _ _ _ _ _ _ . _ _ _ _ . _ _51 ___________
Panama: Report on Living Conditions ............ 52
Decorations and Citations _ _ _ _ _ . _ _ _ _ _57 ___ _______.___
Book Reviews ................................................ 58
% .( Special Supplement
! Arctic Raiders of the Civil War .................... 59
1 Taffrail Talk .................................................. 64
CDR F. C. Huntley, USNR, Editor
John A. Oudine, Managing Editor
Associate Editors
G. Vern Blasdell, N e w s
David Rosenberg, Art
Elsa Arthur, Research
French C r a w f o r d Smith, Reserve
Don Addor, l a y o u t

0 FRONT COVER: CHICAGO, HERE WE COME - USS Putnam

visit of Task Force 47-with 10,000 Navymen and Marines


embarked-to Great lakes ports i n Operation Inland Seas.
0 AT LEFT: TO SEE THE SEA-The heavy cruiser USS Macon
(CA 132) i s shown entering the St. Lawrence Seaway's first
lock. The largest U.S. Navy ship to participate i n "Operation
Inland Seas," i n connection with the formal opening of the
Seaway, the heavy cruiser, with a beam of 73 feet and length
of 675 feet, found the locks a close fit.
0 CREDITS: All photographs published i n ALL HANDS are 06-
cia1 Department of Defense Photos unless otherwise designated.
Line drawings appearing on pp. 8, 9 and 15 adapted from
material supplied by St. Lawrence Seaway Development Cor-
AMERICAN AND CANADIAN destroyers flank the Royal Yacht Britannia as she passes uss M a c o n in Lake St. Louis.

THE CROWD standing along the locks


The FIelef Sails
a DL, destroyer and amphibious leader Willis A. Lee ( D L 4), 15 de-
on the Seaway canal watched the vessels-the crowds gave each ship stroyers, four submarines, and an
battle gray warship heading toward the same kind of reception. Cars amphibious group of seven ships. In
them, and moved closer for a better lined up along the banks and turned the amphib force were an attack
look. their headlights on at night to light transport, two dock landing ships,
With a beam of 73 feet plus a few the way. Drivers honked their horns, two LSTs and an attack cargo ship.
inches-and those inches were im- sent their hometown bands to sere- Operation Inland Seas got under-
portant-the heavy cruiser carefully nade the ships, chatted with the way when the first of the 28-ship
maneuvered into position before the busy sailors during the rare lulls, contingent arrived off Montreal on
first lock. and supplied coffee and sandwiches 24 June, and it ended as the last
“She’ll never make it,” said a voice at stops en route. ships of Task Force 47 left the
in the crowd. “drowned” estuary of the St. Law-
But uss Macon (CA 132), moving THIS WAS Operation Inland Seas. rence and steamed across the Gulf
steadily up the St. Lawrence Sea- The ships of Task Force 47 were back into the North Atlantic. The
way, through channels and canals making the exciting voyage to com- last ships were just completing the
and lock after lock, sometimes with memorate the opening of the mag- transit as this issue went to press,
just inches to spare, finally emerged nificent and historic St. Lawrence early in August.
into the open waters of the Great Seaway. Some five million Americans who
Lakes. At the last lock, the watching Task Force 47, under the com- never had seen a Navy ship except
crowds clapped their hands and mand of RADM Edmund B. Taylor, in the movies or on TV had a chance
cheered. USN, Commander Destroyer Force, to get a close-up look when the Fleet
And as each of the 28 Navv shim U. S. Atlantic Fleet, included the of sleek gray combatant ships
cruiser uss Macon, the destroyer sailed into the heartland of the U. S.
ALL HANDS
TEN THOUSAND NAVYMEN, includ- ments .as a realistic safeguard to
ing 1500 Marines of the Second neighborly relations.
Battalion, Sixth Marines, and over a First of the Navy ships to go
thousand midshipmen from the through the Seaway-on an “orienta-
Naval Academy and NROTC col- tion transit”-was uss Kleinsmith
leges, made up the crews of T F 47. (APD 134), which served as a van-
This was the first time an armed guard for the operation. Representa-
Fleet had entered the Great Lakes tive officers from the other 27 ships
in 142 years. of TF 47 boarded Kleinsmith for
The presence of Canadian, British an opportunity to familiarize them-
and U. S. warships in the inland selves with the navigation problems
waters of the Seaway and the Great involved in the Navy’s first major
Lakes this summer is a historic event cruise of the Great Lakes since the
made possible by a special arrange- War of 1812. Kleinrmith, the small-
ment worked out between the U. S. est member of the task force, is no
and Canadian governments. The ar- stranger to the Great Lakes. She was
rangement, limited to this operation, built and commissioned at Bay City,
waived the conditions of the Rush- Michigan, in 1945, and her shallow
Bagot Agreement of 1817, which draft at that time made it possible
provided for demilitarization of the for her to navigate the river systems.
Great Lakes.
HE PRESIDENT of the U.S. and
The 1817 agreement has been
strictly observed by both govern- Elizabeth 11, as Queen of Canada,

SEPTEMBER 1959
ing. Dressed with flags, each vessel was fired as the royal yacht ap- of America-as far as Duluth, Minn.,
“cheered ship” as the Queen and proached the first ship in line. on the western tip of Lake Superior.
the President passed along the Sea- This marked the beginning of the
way. history-making cruise that would A NAVYMAN from Menominee,
A Coordinated 21-gun salute- bring the ships of Task Force 47 Wis., or Ashtabula, Ohio, or
with all ships firing simultaneously- some 2347 miles into the heartland Muskegon, Mich., would probably
never have expected the folks back
home to see his ship steaming by
Meet the Members of Task Force 47 the front door-but that is what
These are the ships of Task (LSD 25). Also represented were happened.
Force 47, which sailed up the the attack transport uss Cambria In addition to stops at these Great
St. Lawrence Seaway, and then (APA 36), the attack cargo ship Lakes cities, the Fleet visited Mil-
traveled from one end of the Great uss Oglethorpe (AKA loo), and waukee, Green Bay, Marinette and
Lakes to the other, sometimes in the high speed transport uss Klein- Sheboygan, in Wisconsin; Mar-
rough water and fog, but usually smith (APD 134), plus two tank quette, Sault Ste. Marie, Muskegon,
in sunshine and on smooth, fresh- landing ships: uss Terrebonne Mackinaw City, St. Ignace, Chey-
water seas. Parish (LST 1156) and uss Sugolk boygan, Bay City, Port Huron and
The 28 ships, which partici- County (LST 1173). Detroit, in Michigan; Toledo, Lorain
pated in five amphibious landings, The destroyer force was repre- and Cleveland, in Ohio; Dunkirk,
chalked up a combined total of sented by ships of DESRON 10 and Buffalo, Rochester and Oswego, in
close to l(E0,OOO miles. DESRON 22, including their flag-
New York State; Erie, Pennsylvania,
T F 47 included the 17,000-ton, ships uss Forrest Sherman ( D D and Chicago, Illinois.
missile-carrying heavy cruiser, uss 931) and uss DuPont ( D D 941). The opening of the St. Lawrence
Macon (CA 132), the biggest ship The thirteen other destroyers were Seaway (see page 9 ) to large
ever to transit the Seaway, and the uss Haynsworth ( D D 700), uss ocean-going vessels, introduced the
frigate uss Wz’llis A. Lee ( D L 4 ) , Henley ( D D 762), uss Ault ( D D Navy ships to an entirely new coast
flagship of the task force. 698), uss Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., line on the vast Inland Sea. The
Four snorkel submarines repre- ( D D 850), uss Willard Keith ( D D Great Lakes cover an area of some
sented the underseas Navy: uss 775), uss Putnam ( D D 757), uss 95,000 square miles, bordering the
Sablefish (SS 303), uss Cmsuir Charles H. Roan ( D D 853), uss shores of Canada and eight of our
(SS 435), and two veterans of Samuel H . Roberts ( D D 823), uss states.
WW I1 service, uss Torsk (SS 423) Forrest Royal ( D D 872), uss To give you an idea of their size,
and UES Quillback (SS 424). Waldron ( D D 699), uss Charles these five Great Lakes-Ontario,
In the amphibious group were R. Ware ( D D 865), uss Warring- Erie, Huron, Michigan and Superior
two dock landing ships, uss D o n m ton ( D D 843), and uss John W . -and their connecting channels and
(LSD 20) and uss Sun Marcos Weeks ( D D 701). the St. Lawrence River-add up to
a coast line of 8300 miles. That is
4 ALL HANDS
greater than the 4840 miles of coast
line on the Atlantic, Gulf and the
Pacific from Maine to Seattle, Wash.
It is greater than the coast line of
the huge new state of Alaska.
This is a real Inland Sea.
One incident, perhaps as well as
any other, points up the interest all
over the U. S. in the opening of the
St. Lawrence Seaway. uss Quzrll-
back (SS 424) carried a little vial
with her on the trip, intended to
make the cities of Key West and
Chicago blood-brothers. A small
bottle of Key West sea water, pre-
sented to the submarine’s skipper by
the mayor of that city, made its way
up the Atlantic to Montreal, then
through the St. Lawrence’s canals
and locks on into the Great Lakes.
In Chicago, the skipper was com-
missioned to mix the green Atlantic
water with the blue waters of Lake
Michigan, as a token of good will
toward the citizens of the Inland
Sea. Then he presented it to local
dignitaries as a symbol of mutual
support and common bond between
the communities of the fresh-water
Great Lakes and the cities over-
looking the salt-water oceans.
For more on St. Lawrence Seaway
as an engineering feat, its signifi-
cance to the Navy, and its meaning
from the standpoint of national
security, see the following pages.
SEPTEMBER 1959
HAT IS THE ST. LAWRENCE SEA- miles long - connects the Atlantic small vessels, “lakers” and “canalers”
‘h
WAY? Ocean with the Great Lakes, thus with a maximum draft of 14 feet,
Despite the fact that this great providing a 2600-mile waterway to negotiate the St. Lawrence into
engineering feat has been completed, from the Atlantic Ocean to the east- the Great Lakes, but that is as far
and the seaway itself has been in e m shore of Minnesota, right in the as it went.
operation for some months, the aver- heart of America. Then, in 1951, Canada decided
age Navyman, as well as the man in For a good distance of its length, to go ahead with the long-dreamed-
the street, does not yet realize its it has always been navigable by of project, created the S t . Lawrence
significance. ocean vessels. Discovered by Jacques Seaway Authority and invited the
Here are some facts, statistics, and Cartier in 1534, it provided a route US. to make it a joint effort. Three
a few items of history to get you for early settlers heading for the in- years later, in the United States,
better acquainted with the United terior of the U.S. and Canada. with the backing of the National
States’ and Canada’s mutual “Fourth The trouble with the St. Lawrence Security Council, the Chairman of
Sea Coast.” has been that-in two areas particu- the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the
The St. Lawrence, one of the stra- larly-a series of rapids made navi- President, Congress passed the
tegic rivers of the world-about 740 gation difficult. In other areas the Wiley-Dondero Act.
river was shallow, dotted with shoals It became Public Law 358 on 13
USS Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., moors and island obstructions. Thirdly, May 1954, and established the St.
besides Chicago‘s Merchandise Mart. from its mouth to its source at Lake Lawrence Seaway Development Cor-
Ontario, there is a rise of some 246 porafion.
feet. Finally, between the first and
second of the Great Lakes connect- U”ER THE JOINT SUPERVISION Of
ing with the St. Lawrence, there is these two organizations, one
an even greater difference in the Cmadian and the other US., the
water leves-326 feet. ocean seaway finally got to a start.
In other words, to get from’the Work was divided into four general
Atlantic Ocean on to Lake Erie, a sections.
ship has to be lifted 572 feet. Near Montreal, four new lock5
were built by Canada, two on the
TO MAKE IT a true seaway, navi- Reauharnois Canal and two more on
gable to large ocean-going vessels, the Laprairie Basin Canal, bypassing
the St. Lawrence required widening the Lachine Rapids.
and deepening of its shallow chan- In the International Rapids
nels. It needed a system of canals Section, to bypass the rapids, the
that would bypass the rapids, and it U. S. built the long Wiley-Dondero
needed a system of locks that would Ship Channel south of the river,
raise the ships along the route. with two locks. A seventh new lock,
ALL HANDS
near Iroquois, was constructed by
Canada.
0 In the Thousand Islands sec-
tion, necessary dredging of the river
bottom, removal of shoals and whole
islands, was carried out by the
United States.
0 At the Welland Canal, Canada
undertook to deepen the lock system
and approaching channels.
This, very briefly, gives a picture
of the work that had to be done
on the Seaway project. Much of the
work overlapped, calling for the
closest kind of teamwork and co-
ordination between the two coun-
tries. In addition, the over-all
program included the development
of hydro-electric power projects.
These were carried out by agencies
under the supervision of the province
of Ontario and the state of New
York.
The total cost ran to slightly more

DETROIT RIVER (above) gave some Navymen making St. Lawrence trip a
chance to relax. Passing through Welland Canal (below) was not so easy.
than a billion dollars. The Seaway
program cost an estimated $465,-
000,000, while the cost of the hydro-
electric power projects ran even
higher, about $600,000,000.
THE ABOVE FACTS give only a bare
idea of the tremendous job per-
formed. All this involved a great
amount of planning, engineering
know-how, and plain hard work:
0 It meant excavating about 200,-
000,000 cubic yards of earth and
rock. Twenty miles of dikes had to
be built, some 50 feet high, and
10,000,000 cubic yards of earth were
piled up and packed solidly to build
them. The concrete used in the proj-
ect totaled more than 6,000,000
cubic yards.
Fifteen thousand men per-
formed the labor of dredging, dig-
ging, hauling and building the great
Seaway. When the work was at its
peak, in 1957, the total number em-
ployed was 22,000.
0 They removed whole islands,
cut channels, filled in access areas,
* constructed roads, built bridges,
shifted highways and some 40 miles
of railway track.
0 Dams that were built for the
development of electric power cre-
ated a brand-new Lake St. Law-
rence, which is four and one-half
miles wide and 28 miles long, COV-
ering 38,OO acres. The lake made it
SEPTEMBER I959
WHAT IS the significance of the
St. Lawrence Seaway from
the standpoint of national secudty?
Is the Navy afected?
What the Seaway has created for
the United States and Canada is a
Fourth Sea Coast-and this sea coast
is one which will not have to be pro-
tected by Navy ships or military
installations, except from a mutual
enemy. The U.S-Canadian border
is the longest one in the world un-
guarded by armed forces.
At the same time, this fourth sea
coast opens up a large area for Navy
shipbuilding. Great Lakes shipyards,
of course, have long been famous
for the sturdy “lakers” which they
build, and during World War I1 they
also built smaller naval warships
which had to be able to negotiate
the rivers to reach the high seas.
Anything larger would have been
trapped inland.
Now ships as large as a heavy
cruiser, or a landing ship dock, or a
destroyer leader can make it to and
from the Great Lakes. Earlier this
long, with a 75-foot beam and 25- year the Navy’s first guided missile
foot draft, and with a bulk cargo destroyer, uss Henry B. Wilson
capacity of 25,000 tons. (Before this, (DDG 7 ) , hit the fresh water of the
it was limited to ships of 250-foot Great Lakes at her launching in Bay
length, &foot beam, a draft of 14 City, Mich. She will use the St.
feet and a 2500-ton cargo capacity.) Lawrence Seaway to join the Fleet.
There are seven new locks on the 0 Soon after launching Wilson,
upper St. Lawrence, each of which the Navy started conducting pre-
can be filled in only eight minutes- liminary sea trails in Lake Erie on
as fast as or faster than any other its new 442-foot-long78600-ton ship,
locks in the world. (They replace 18 uss Wood County (LST 1178).
antiquated and time-consuming locks Aboard the ship was Captain A. B.
of drastically limited size. Jones, USN, Supervisor of Navy Ship-
With the seven locks on the St. building on the Great Lakes.
Lawrence and the eight enlarged 0 Other major contracts awarded
locks on the Welland Canal, the to Great Lakes shipbuilders by the
Seaway is expected to increase its Navy include three guided missile
tonnage by 500 per cent, from destroyers and ocean-going mine-
10,000,000 tons to more than 50,- sweepers, and a variety of small
000,000 tons in 1960-carried by craft. Great Lakes shipbuilders cur-
ships sailing to and from all the rently hold Navy contracts which
oceans from anywhere in the world. total over a hundred million dollars.
i. Below: Shipfitters fix screw guard.

W c Tnnc m
cc ’VE BEEN THROUGH the Panama
I Canal and the Suez too-but
this is a real test of shipboard team-
work and seamanship.”
This was Commander Joe (Joseph
C.) Spitler speaking, skipper of the
destroyer uss DuPont (DD 941),
flagship of DESRON 22. In addition
to being one of the first Navy ships
to negotiate the new St. Lawrence
Seaway, DuPont had an added as-
signment-that of escorting the royal
yacht Britannia, with the Queen
aboard, during a large part of the
journey up the canal and lock sys-
tem of the St. Lawrence.
“It was our second day on the
Seaway. A heavy fog set in. Through
narrow channels-confined water-
we were buoy-hopping.
“At times we couldn’t see the
fo’c’s’le and some buoys weren’t
visible until they were already past
the bridge.
“Serving as an escort to the
Queen’s ship,” the DuPont CO said,
“we were going as fast as we could
in the restricted waters of the chan-
ALL HANDS
LOCK UP - First lock on Welland Canal looks small as heavy cruiser USS
Macon approaches. Below:Good seamanship brings Macon through the lock.
side of your parked vehicle, shoot-
ing under, then hitting the concrete
and putting its full force on the
other side of you.
Try this a dozen times-fifteen
times.
Now, imagine a warship in the
same situation, say a warship the
size of uss Macon. The biggest ship
ever to go through the St. Lawrenue,
she has a length of 675 feet. Accord-
ing to the statistics, ships of her class
have a beam of 72 feet, but Macon
must have put on weight. Measure-
ment showed there were 73 feet
plus a few inches of ship that re-
quired clearance.
Next, take the governing measure-
ments for ships on the St. Lawrence’s
lock system. Maximum length: 710
feet. Beam: 75 feet (the locks are
80 feet wide. Controlling channel
depth: 27 feet).
Macon had to unload 2000 tons
of ammunition and fuel so as not to
ride too low in the water on the
Seaway. In addition, the height of
her mast was reduced by 26 feet to
insure clearance under the bridges.
The other ships of T F 47 met with
similar problems. The two LSDs,
uss Sun Marcos and uss Donner,
both have beams about as great as
Macon-72 feet. The attack trans-
port uss Cambria has a beam of 70
feet, and a draft of 26% feet, six
inches short of the maximum 27-foot
allowable draft. The LSTs, with
beams of 62 feet, and a draft of
18 feet, were somewhat better
geared to cope with the problems of
lock size, but they did not have the
same maneuverability.
The attack cargo ship uss Ogle-
t h o v e could not make the transit
fully loaded. If she had, her 11,000-
plus tons would have made her draft
28 feet, one foot deeper than the
allowable maximum.
ss Forrest Sherman and DuPont
and their fellow destroyers were,
of course, smaller than most of the
other Fleet ships to negotiate the
Seaway, but they had special prob-
lems. For example:
“On the destroyers,” said CDR
Spitler of DD 941, ‘there is the
possibility of the propeller guards
riding up over the sea walls. This
entails the necessity of installing a
large wooden camel or fender to give
us a lower screw guard.
“But it has to be portable. You
can’t leave it rigged all the time, at
least not on the DDs, since it would
SEPTEMBER I959
anchor windlass on the Lake-bound
journey. Damage occurred to the
starboard propeller of uss Terre-
bonne Parish (LST 1156), when the
prop struck a submerged object in
the Seaway channel just below the
Iroquois Lock.
Replacement parts were flown in
from Norfolk Navy Shipyard to Erie
and then trucked to Ashtabula, Ohio,
for a rush job. PILLIYQ IMrTYINO
The destroyer Putnam, scheduled VALVP VAL-

to escort Queen Elizabeth‘s yacht to


Chicago, damaged a propeller while 1. Ship entering lock chamber going up stream. lower gate open, emptying valves
open, upper gate closed, filling valve closed. Water in lock a t lower level.
scraping bottom near St. Ignace,
Mich., and put into Milwaukee for 2. Ship in lock chamber. lower gate closed, emptying valves closed, upper gate
closed, filling valves open, water level in lock rising.
repairs. She made it to Chicago in
time for the big events. 3. Ship in lock chamber. lower gate closed, emptying valves closed, upper gate open,
fllling valves open, water in lock a t upper level.
In the Welland Canal, Macon ran
into trouble, partly owing to tricky 4. Ship now a t upper water level sails out of lock.
winds and currents. Shortly after en-
tering the canal, the cruiser ripped through the canals and locks. Every
through the last lock a few minutes
off her protective propeller guard in after midnight, despite heavy rain man in the destroyer DuPont had
a stairwell of Lock No. 1. Again in been up for hours-engineers, navi-
and the late hour, the last 15 miles
Lock No. 2, two steel cables were gators, deck hands, line handlers,
of the Welland Canal was lined with
snapped off, and the difficulties con- cooks and bakers either to work, or
autos and cheering crowds. She then
tinued in Lock No. 3, where quick just to watch.
steamed in the vicinity of Ashtabula
work had to be done with shore
to stand by until the rest of the The Bosun’s Mate of the Watch
winches to avert damage to the flotilla transited the locks.
ship’s side plates. reported to the bridge to ask the
How did the 10,000 Navymen skipper a question.
She came through without a
scratch to her hull, thanks to the and Marines enjoy the historic voy- He asked permission to pass
top seamanship of her skipper, Cap- age up the Seaway? The general Reveille as usual, at 0600-just for
tain J. C. Wylie, USN, and his crew. consensus: tough, exciting and en- kicks.
joyable. Permission granted, reveille was
IRST TO COMPLETE the transit of The following incident illustrates passed, amid hoots and hollers from
the Seaway from the mouth of the the general attitude that the crews everyone on deck, and ships close
St. Lawrence to the waters of Lake displayed: at hand.
Erie was uss Cambriu, the amphibi- It was just a few minutes before The crew then went on working
ous force flagship. As she came 0600, the second day of transit as before, in high spirits.

I N a v y Puts In a t Puf-In-Bay O n c e Again, Affer 746 Years I


IN A SPECIAL memorial ceremony The ceremony honoring the naval ing anxiously on shore: ‘We have
at Put-in-Bay, Ohio, during Opera- victory and its dead was held at the met the enemy and they are ours,”
tion Inland Sea, a Navy rear admiral Perry Memorial. This is one of the listing two ships, two brigs, one
paid homage to one of the service’s Nation’s most imposing monuments, schooner and one sloop.
most illustrious heroes, Commodore a beautiful Doric column of Milford American control of Lake Erie
Oliver Hazard Perry. At the age of granite rising 352 feet above the enabled GEN Hanison to invade
28 Perry led an American squadron crescent-shaped bay. Erected in 1913 Canada and successfully conclude
of ships to a hard-fought victory over at a cost of $500,000 after a nation- the War of 1812 in the northwest.
a British force in the Battle of Lake wide architectural contest, the Perry Commodore Perry died 23 Aug
Erie, 10 Sep 1813. Memorial stands in a National Park 1819 on the island of Trinidad, Port
Thus, 146 years after U. S. Navy in Put-in-Bay, approximately 25 of Spain, 34 years to the day from
warships last sailed on the Great miles east of Toledo. date of his birth 23 Aug 1785, at
Lakes, the destroyer leader uss It was on 10 Sep 1813 that the South Kingston, R. I. His remains
Willis A. Lee, with Rear Admiral daring naval tactician, Commodore were brought home in honor in 1826
E. B. Taylor, USN, Commander of Perry, had to leave his flagship, aboard the U. S. sloop of war Lex-
Task Force 47, embarked, put in Lawrence, riddled by British shot ington and reinterred with the final
at Put-in-Bay, the harbor of South and shell, to go aboard the ship rites of a military hero, at Newport,
Bass Island. Niagura and sail it between the R. I., 4 Dec 1826.
Commodore Perry used the bay as British ships, raking them with Perry’s memorial at Put-in-Bay
headquarters for his American Fleet broadsides and forcing surrender of rises close by the common grave of
of nine ships just before sallying the entire enemy fleet. three American naval officers and
forth on Lake Erie to do battle with He then sent his famous message three British officers who died in the
the British, in the War of 1812. to American General Harrison, wait- Lake Erie naval engagement.

SEPTEMBER I959 I5
With Task Force 47 visiting nu-
merous Great Lakes ports this sum-
mer, the midwest and the nation
were reminded that-while armed
warships are something of a rarity
on the fresh waters of the Inland
Seas-the Navy itself is no stranger
to these parts. In fact, right on the
shore of Lake Michigan is a vital
naval installation known as NTC
Great Lakes.
LARGER THAN THE principality of
Monaco, the Great Lakes Naval
Training Center is the biggest naval
installation in the midwest. Cur-
rently it has just about the same
permanent population as Monaco,
plus transients too, and although
there are no casinos, there is a beau-
tiful view overlooking the water.
This is where the comparison
ends. For Training-not Tourists-
is the big business at NTC Great
Lakes.
Situated just outside of Chicago,
within short distances of many other
Great Lakes cities and within the
reach of a vast farm population, this
location appeared to early planners
to be the logical spot for the Navy
to establish a training center for re-
cruits from the midwest states.
One third of the sailors joining
ALL HANDS
the salt water Fleet-particularly in Reservists drilling at 72 training at last count there were 21 schools
wartime-have come from the mid- centers. in the training command located
west. NTC Great Lakes, a veteran Great Lakes also provides ad- there.
of World Wars I and I1 and the vanced training in various technical The Naval Hospital at Great
Korean conflict, has served primarily schools for the different kinds of Lakes, besides being one of the
as a recruit training establishment, specialists needed in today’s super- major Navy facilities for the care
introducing these new Navymen to sonic-electronic-nucleonic Navy. of sick and injured personnel, is also
seamanship, customs and traditions, These schools provide instructions a huge training center, providing
rocks and shoals. for machinists, gunners mates, elec- indoctrination for corpsmen, nurses
During World War 11, Great Lakes tronics technicians, enginemen, elec- and interns. A t one time during the
trained one million sailors, one out tricians mates, dental technicians, fighting in Korea, USNH Great
of every three in the wartime Fleet. boilermen, hospitalmen, opticalmen, Lakes was treating 700 battle casual-
Chalking up another record, NTC fire control technicians and others- ties.
trained and processed twice as many Two large Naval Supply activi-
as any other Navy installation in the Canadian, British Warship ties have been set up in recent years
country. at Great Lakes, adding to its func-
Traveled the Seaway Too
But recruit training, while it is the tions. The Naval Supply Depot not
Canadian ships participating in only serves other naval centers
major function, is not the only one
at this center which covers approxi- the opening of the St. Lawrence throughout the midwest but also
mately 1400 acres of crowded naval Seaway were the destroyer escorts provides certain equipment for ships
HMCS S t . CrOix, HMCS Athabaskan,
facilities. Here also you’ll find the of the Fleet. A huge Elec
HMCS Cayuga, HMCS Micmac,
following: p l y Ofice ‘controls the p
HMCS Crescent, HMCS Restigouche,
NTC Great Lakes is the head- and distribution of repair parts re-
and the frigates HMCS Fort Erie quired for the maintenance of elec-
quarters of the Ninth Naval District and HMCS Swunsea-all units of
-the largest in the nation, naturally tronic equipment on shore stations
the Royal Canadian Navy’s At- and Navy ships.
-covering 13 midwestern states. lantic Fleet.
The job of the Commandant 9th Serving as escorts to the royal Important to every man in the
ND in what used to be a land- yacht Britannia, along with the Navy is the Naval Examining Center
locked naval district, is to direct its U. S. Navy ships uss Forrest at the Lakes. Here are prepared and
surprising number of naval activxties. Sherman and uss DuPont, were processed all the exams which you’ll
For example, one of the Command- HMCS Gatineuu and HMCS Koot-
take, going up the ladder to chief.
ant’s most important functions is to enay, and the British warship HMS And CPOs who are specialists in
administer the Naval Reserve pro- Ulster rounds out the roster. each rating play a key role in what
gram in the 13 states, with Naval goes into those exams, to insure that
SEPTEMBER I959 17
100,000. By the end of the war there And in still other areas there’s 13-Boathouse; 25-28-Barracks; 62
were over 1000 buildings. the look of a boom town. Old -BOQ; 110-Ross Auditorium; 111
Things have tapered off at Great structures are being tom down, to -Navy Exchange; 150-RTC Ad-
Lakes since then, but the capacity be replaced by rows of attractive ministration; 161-RTC Receiving
to put forth in a big push is still modem buildings-this is future Unit; 169-Drill Hall; 209-EM
there. Today a visitor entering at the housing for Navymen’s families. Club; 21 0-A-Outgoing Unit; 21 1-
Main Gate of Great Lakes gets the Great Lakes doesn’t stand still. It Recreation; 214-BT School; 215-
first impression that he’s on the keeps moving with the Navy and M M School, 217-Rifle Range; 300
campus of a large university. There with the times-and the general -Service School Administration;
are huge, red brick buildings, many opinion of the Navyman who’s sta- 309 - EN School; 310-311 - ET
of them covered with ivy, tree-lined tioned there is- School; 312-JO and EM Schools;
streets, and smooth grass lawns. “This i s good duty.” 413-EM Schodl; 512-Electronic
There’s a tremendous square-ac- T H E map below c m r s only a small Maintenance School; 520 - ET
tually a parade ground-and not far part of huge station at Great Lakes. School; 521-GM School; 61 O-Sep-
o f f are attractive living quarters. Here are a few of the places it arations and Reenlistments; 616-
Other sections of the base lose shows: I-HQ Ninth Naval District; FT, OM and I M Schools; 617-Gun-
the college atmosphere, and you feel 2-B-ZC Schoo’l; 2-C-Commissary nery Oficers Ordnance School; I-H
as though you’re back at some war- store; 3-NTC Administration; 4- -US“ Adm.; 82-H-Recreation,
time overseas base-with huge utili- Drill Hall; 5-Main Galley; 11- Theater; 100-H - Hospital Corps
tarian buildings, and barren grounds. Power Plant; 12-Water Filter Plant; School; 108-H - Fire House.
GOOD CATCH-Frogmen converge on Jupiter nose cone (left), which was later hoisted aboard USS Kiowa (ATF 72).

Monkey Business I s Job of


I N THE SHIP’S LOG of the Fleet tug Argentia, Newfoundland, she towed jammed hard right, and instead of
uss Kiowa (ATF-72) for 29 May the targets which aided in making following a tow-line she rode mostly
1959 are five entries. the brand-new battleship uss Iowa on Kiowa’s starboard beam. The
They read: (BB 61) gunners highly proficient. commanding officer got the bronze
“0330-Commenced maneuvering Summer of 1944 brought D-Day star for his seammanship.
on various courses and using various to the beaches of Normandy, and The frozen north was the scene
speeds. Set the special project re- Kiowa was there, escorting a con- of another Kiowa adventure. In Jan-
covery detail.” voy of LSTs in to a beachhead. Later uary 1946 she plowed nearly 1100
“0418-Launched rubber boat she went through heavily-mined miles northeast of Argentia after a
with four swimmers.” waters to rescue the crew of the broken-down Danish merchantman.
“0503-Launched second rubber destroyer uss Glennon ( D D &IO), This was one time, though, when
boat with four swimmers.” which had been damaged and run the tough little Fleet tug almost
“0553-Nose cone on board.” aground just off the invasion beach. needed rescuing herself.
“0556-Both rubber boats and Returned to England, she then While still short of her goal, a
swimmers on board.” took on one of her more difficult ruptured boiler left her without heat
That’s the story of Kiowa’s starring towing jobs. Kiowa weighs only 1240 next door to the Arctic Circle.
role in a history-making project-the tons, but she latched on to the On top of that, an electrical fire
recovery of the monkeys “Able” and 16,000-ton ss Sea Porpoise. To com- in the main switchboard stopped all
“Baker” after their 1500-mile flight plicate matters, Sea Porpoise’s screw main engines. As a result, Kiowa was
through space in the nose-cone of a was locked in its shaft. Kiowa joined busied the next two days making
Jupiter missile. the slowest moving U. S.-bound con- sufficient repairs to return to port.
For Kiowa it was the high point voy she could fmd, and literally So it’s gone in the years since.
in a 16-year record. Her history since dragged her big charge inch by inch Thousands of jobs up and down the
her commissioning in June 1943 through 28 days of tedium and bore- east coast-some exciting and exact-
parallels the story of most of the dom across the Atlantic. ing, most humdrum and routine-
Navy’s small auxiliaries-no head- Spring of 1945 saw Kiowa operat- none calculated to make the history
lines, just a long list of solid con- ing off Bermuda. Another tough tow- books. More of the same was about
tributions to the Navy’s mission. ing operation popped up there. A what Kiowa’s crew expected when
The first of those contributions short distance off Bermuda she took they arrived in the Caribbean the
from Kiowa came soon after com- ss Lone Jack in tow. past April.
pletion of her shakedown cruise. Off Lone Jack‘s rudder had been Early in May she received special
20 AM HANDS
Another Dislocation Allowance Pending Detachment
This section i s open to unofficial communi-
SIR: In August 1958 I was trans- cations from within the naval service on Sm: I’ve been in on a rather heated
matters of general interest. However, it i s
ferred from NAS Glynco, Brunswick, not intended to conflict in any way with discussion about the miscellaneous
Ga., to duty under instruction at Radio- Navy Regulations regarding the forwarding change entry “Change duty status to
of official moil through channels, nor i s it
man, Class B School, at Bainbridge, to substitute for the policy of obtaining in- pending detachment” as required by
Md. At that time I received a dis- formation from local commands in all pos- Article D-102, NavPers 15, 642 (Rev.
sible instonces. Do not send postage or re-
location allowance of $96.90. turn envelopes, Sign full name and address. 1957).
In the spring of 1959 I was trans- Address letter to Editor, ALL HANDS, Room I contend that the miscellaneous
1809 Bureau of Naval Personnel, Navy change should be made immediately
ferred to a ship based at Mare Island, Dept:, Washington 25, D. C.
Calif., so I moved my family to the upon the receipt of detachment orders
West Coast. for an officer on board in a duty status.
tions, which provides, in part, that a Others say that the entry is not made
Am I eligible to collect another dis- dislocation allowance is not payable for
location allowance, even though this until the relief reports on board.
more than one permanent change of In addition, it is their contention that
would be the second one within a station during a fiscal y e a r d x c e p t that
single fiscal year?-L. J. G., RM2, USN. an officer reporting on board as relief
this limitation does not apply t o mem- for an officer with detachment orders
Definitely. bers ordered to, from or between must be shown as Prospective-Billet.
W h e n you were ordered to Bain- courses of instruction conducted at
bridge the course of instruction was I believe that if the pending detach-
military installations.-ED. ment entry is made the prospective re-
scheduled for 30 weeks. Thus, in ac-
Chief of Sfaff lief can be gained with the primary
cordance with Para. 1150-10b of Joint duty listed even though the officer
Travel Regulations, Bainbridge became SIR: Will you please tell me the dif-
ference between Chief of Staff and being relieved has not been detached
your permanent duty station and you on that day’s diary.-M. V. K., PNC,
were paid the allowance. Chief Staff Officer? It is my under-
Since that transfer was for a course standing that a flag officer has a Chief USN.
of instruction, it does not fall within of Staff and a unit commander below Well, Chief, you win half your
the one-in-a-fiscal-year limitation. Such flag rank has a Chief Staff Officer. I argument, anyway.
situations are covered b y Paragraph have never seen it in black and white, I n answer t o the first part of your
9003, Item 9, of Joint Travel Regula- however. query- your contention is not correct.
And another thing, is an absentee The miscellaneous change entry is re-
pennant flown when the Chief Staff
auarterdecks Ashore Officer is away from his ship? Accord-
ing to DNC 27 and various other books, CO‘s Recommendation
SIR: I am attached to a Naval
and Marine Corps Reserve Training it specifically states Chief of Staff in SIR: The page 13 service record
Center. It is the policy at this train- regards to the second substitute. Can entry concerning recommendation
ing center to treat the building as if you clear this up? for advancement previously speci-
it were a ship in regard to rendering When I was in destroyers, we did fied the month and year in which
a salute to the colors coming aboard fly the second substitute, and I always a man was to compete in the serv-
and leaving. I have never seen this thought it was right. Now I have been ice-wide exam.
at other training centers or Marine told that it is not. My common sense Now, the page 13 entry reads,
Corps posts and naval stations. Is tells me it should be flown for the “(Date) recommended for advance-
this correct procedure? Chief Staff Officer, but I can’t depend ment. Eligible to participate in the
Section 7 paragraph 2160 of Navy on that.-W. B. C., SMC, USN. servicewide competitive examina-
0 First of all, you’re right in your tions for (rate).”
Regulations says, “The Command-
ing Officer of a ship shall establish diferentiation of Chief of Staff and Does this mean that an individual
the limits of the Quarterdeck and Chief Staff Oficer. A flag officer does no longer has to be recommended
the restrictions as to its use. The have a Chief of Staff, and a unit com- each time he competes for the same
Quarterdeck shall embrace so much mander below flag rank has a Chief rate? In other words, is the initial
of the main or other appropriate Staff Officer. The rank of the second recommendation sufficient unless
deck as may be necessary for the in command has no bearing on the title. withdrawn by the commanding
proper conduct of official and cere- Here is how the system works. officer?-J. W. F., YN2, USN.
COMDESLANT, for example, is a rear ad- There’s been no change. The
monial functions.”
I contend that this is no ship and miral, and has a Chief of S t d who is recommendation for advancement
there should therefore be no Quar- second in command. COMDESRON 10 is applies to one examining period only.
terdeck.-R. E. S., AMSGT, USMC. a captain (referred t o as commodore); The CO’s recommendation is still
Our “cognizant sources” could he has a Chief Staff Officer. the first and most important factor
locate no authoritative source on As for the absentee pennant, there is in determining eligibility for ad-
“Quarterdecks” on shore stations. no authority t o fly one for the Chief vancement, and must be submitted
While the procedure described in Staff Officer. Just as it states in DNC each time.
your letter is not generally used at 27 and Navy Regulations, it’s the Chief The service record entry need not
shore stations, it does not appear of Staff (to an admiral) for whom you necessarily be repeated since the
t o conflict with any regulations, and fly an absence indicator. NavPers 624, signed b y the CO or
is presumed t o be within the prerog- If you want to look it u p , check his authorized representative, cer-
ative of the Commanding Officer of Articles 2162 and 2176 in Navy Regu- tifies that the individual is recom-
the Center.-ED. lations, and Article 151 of DNC 27. mended for advancement.-ED.
These will give you the facts.-&.

22 A l l HANDS
Das Iss Oberice Boafen, Miff Uppenjumpen Whirlenburden Yet
Sm: The icebreaker uss Staten Scharnhorst but Staten Island ist To finden posit, go icehunten in ear
Island ( AGB 5 ) is currently operating obericeboaten. Nein, Nautilus ist un- gesplitten, winderblowen, upenjumpen
as part of Task Force 43 in Operation terice boaten. whirlenburden so smoken ist verboten
Deep Freeze IV. At this writing, we Vas ist oberice boaten? aft of frame 105 vile fuelen der luft-
are about midway in the operation, Oberice boaten ist icebusten boaten. waffe. Ach, uppenjumpen whirlen-
having visited McMurdo Sound, Little Mit der soot hausen black smoke burden ven not seal chasen und pen-
America V and Hallett Station. belchen, Herr Machinest shouten “Der guin hunten, ben alvays finden ice to
Staten Island has several memorable engine oberloaden,” das Staten Island gesplitten. Very goot. Ja, und sleepen
accomplishments to her credit and dur- runnen like blitzen at das ice. Kaptain by der plane cox’ns.
ing this operation she has lived by her armswingen und upshouten, “Screw- Das ist oberice boaten Staten Island.
motto, “If it can be done, we can do busten in der ice ist verboten” as up- -P. Lewis, Jr., CDR, USNR.
it.” She single-handedly broke and skooten on der iceflowen mit noise e Faith, now. And there must be a
cleared the ice from a 10-mile long gebangen like donner ist der Staten bit 0’ truth in what you’re sayin’.
channel in McMurdo Sound, a feat not Island! Mit bowbammen und ice ge- B y the way of explanation, CDR
considered possible for a Wind-Class splitten ist goen 20 feet. Ja. Lewis tells us that AGBs are equipped
breaker. She has served as a cargo Ach, dumpkopf, gestuck! Shipleanen with large heeling tanks, high in the
ship, oiler, transport and aircraft car- mit der heelen tanks den! Comes Herr hull, connected athwartships with high
rier as well as an icebreaker during Electriker snorten und fumen, “Nein, volume pumps, and trim tanks fore
this operation. We who serve in her Nein! Oberloaden das kilowatt ma- and aft also connected with high vol-
are proud of her accomplishments. chine.” ume pumps. The purpose of these
Even while adding to an enviable Das trimmen tanks flooden mit oil tanks and pumps is to free the ship
record, we have our small troubles. on poopen deck vile der Grosvater from ice by heeling or trimming or
Sometimes, when they are over, they Bos’n field day holden! “Vas iss sloes?” both as required. However, use of
become very amusing. Cryen Grosvater Bos’n! “Oil on der these pumps demands large amounts
Among the civilian scientists and deck planken! Schwinehund schnipes!” of electricity and sometimes results in
news correspondents we have with us Herr OOD ben maken 130 back- overloaded generators. W h e n not ac-
a prominent Swiss photographer, Mr. vards turns mit screw, und unstuck tually in ice, these tanks are used to
Emil Schulthess. Mr. Schulthess, im- der boaten. Vas ist? “Ja, busten der carry diesel oil and a small quantity
pressed with the ship, desired to re- blowen air to der engine” screamen always remains in the tanks after they
cord an interview discussing icebreak- Herr Machinest und stompen to GSK are discharged. Use of the tanks for
ing-in German-with some member to see oberlieutenant storekeeper mit heeling or trimming requires that they
of the crew. Alas, checking everyone bum numbers. overflow on the plank decks, much
with German names or of German Mit stack blowen und book looken to the consternation of the deck force.
descent, we found that no one could und grunten und groanen der spare The spare part discussed was a spare
speak German. part don’t vork! Full mit saltwater main engine supercharger blower that
The best we could muster up is the from geflooden. was completely out of balance. After
following story, “uss Staten Island- Meanvile, Herr Oceanographer ist again removing it from the engine (no
Ice Busten Boaten,” written by LTJG oceanstation droppen vile der Navi- small task) it was found that the lobes
J. L. Reifschneider, USN. gaten Offizier ben taken sight on star were partially full of saltwater.
Der iss unterseaboaten like U- vile maken station droppen und ist Now, try reading the translation
boaten, oberseaboaten like Bismarck or losten posit. again.-ED.

month at Pearl, she was off for Guam came aboard. The squadron was re- haul at the Boston Naval Shipyard
again on 9 June. Arriving on the 20th, activated on 2 Jul 1951, and except for which lasted from October to Decem-
she remained at Guam until 1 Septem- two months as a relief tender at Nor- ber. The year 1955 was another bzlsy
ber, when she headed stateside, via folk, Va., Fulton took care of SUBRON one. In January and February the ship
Pearl Harbor. She reached Seattle, 10 for the rest of the year. underwent refresher training which
Wash., on 22 September. In fact, for most of the time since took her to Newport, R. I.; Puerto
In December 1945 Fulton was as- 1951, Fulton has been tending SUBRON Rico; and the Dominican Republic.
signed to Joint Task Force One for the 10 at New London. However, she’s That fall, she paid another brief visit
Bikini atom bomb tests. She departed also managed to do some traveling. to Halifax.
San Diego in January 1946, put in at In the spring of 1952 she was over- The following year, in connection
Pearl Harbor to service subs there for hauled at the Philadelphia Naval Ship- with Operation Springboard 1956, Ful-
several months, then moved on to yard and she paid a brief visit to Nor- ton made a Caribbean trip in January
Bikini in April to work on assorted sub- folk. That fall, she put in 12 days as and February which again included
marines and surface craft assigned to communication ship at Argentia, New- stops in Puerto Rico and the Virgin
Joint Task Force One. Leaving Bikini foundland, and visited Halifax, Nova Islands. In April and M a y she held
in September, she steamed for Vallejo, Scotia. The next year participation in independent ship exercises in Narra-
Calif., via Pearl Harbor, to join the Operation Springboard 1953 took her gansett Bay and off-loaded ammuni-
Pacific Reserve Fleet. She reached Val- to St. Thomas, Virgin Islands; and San tion at Newport. June saw her heading
lei0 in October and was decommis- Juan, Puerto Rico, in February-March. for Bermuda, where she assumed duties
sioned 3 Apr 1947. And, that September and October, she as Flagship Unit for Blue and Purple
After almost five years on the side- served as Headquarters Unit for Sub- Forces of Operation Hourglass, in
lines, Fulton was recommissioned on marine Squadron Eight during Atlantic which NATO submarine, surface and
10 Apr 1951. She left the West Coast Fleet exercises, an assignment which air units participated. She got back to
on 3 May and-after stops at Balboa, included a trip to Rekiavik, Iceland. New London early in July, and later
C. Z., and Mayaguez, Puerto Rico,- Fulton’s activities in 1954 included the same month, during Operation
she reached New London, Conn., on a visit to New York City in February, Hideout, took part in exercises testing
26 June. The same day, Commander service as a relief tender at Norfolk the Atlantic Fleet Evacuation Plan. In
Submarine Squadron Ten and S t d from July to September and an Over- October, she again held independent
SEPTEMBER 1959 25
LETTERS T O T H E E D I T O R (Cont.)
ship exercises in Narragansett Bay and be notified that you may retire volun-
put into Newport. tarily on 1 Jan 1961, or revert to your
I n the first half of 1957, the Nar- permanent enlisted status on 31 Dec
ragansett Bay operating area and New- 1960.
port were about the extent of Fulton’s Unfortunately, your chances on the
travels, but in the last half of the year extension until 1 July don’t look too
she racked u p considerable mileage. good. Although you may request an
O n 1 September, as a unit of Task extension o f retirement date, such ex-
Force 23, the tender left New London tensions are not normally granted-b.
for the Firth of Clyde, Scotland, t o
participate in NATOFLEX. She stayed Choice Duty-500 Miles Away
at Rothesay, Scotland, from 12 t o 23 SIR: Could you please explain to
September, and during that time a me how this Seavey-Shorvey works?
uss Fulton plaque was placed at Mill I have been trying to figure it out for
O’Beith, Ayrshire, Scotland -Robert myself but can’t. I have just received
Fulton’s birthplace. From 25 Septem- my orders to shore duty. After all the
ber t o 23 October the ship was moored promises made in the pamphlet on
off Portland, England, where she ren- Seavey-Shorvey, I just wonder if the
dered extensive logistic support to 23 only way to get what you ask for is to
submarines which had participated in know someone in the Bureau.
NATO exercises. ( I n both Rothesay and Your booklet also says that men
Portland she entertained visitors as part with 17 years would be given special
of the President’s people-to-people pro- consideration. When my card went in
gram.) She returned to New London in I had over 16 years, and when I re-
October and moved to Boston the fol- ceived my orders I had over 17 years.
lowing month for overhaul. It took a year for me to get orders, and
After her overhaul and one day of MORE FUN-6. Southwood, CN, has then I end up in my present location.
sea trials, Fulton loaded ammunition good time riding one-wheeled cycle I was assigned to COMSERVLANT for
at Hingham, Mass., and returned to he built with a friend on Midway. assignments to Fleet shore duty, SO
New London in March 1958. Later the there was no possible way for me to
same month she ran the degaussing ice. However, administrative proced- get what I asked for. However, I guess
range at Newport and made another ures which parallel the law pertaining I was lucky to get within 500 miles of
trip t o the Virgin Islands. to permanent warrants have been estab- the area that I requested. There are
Fulton had a real red-letter day on lished for temporary WOs. billets for 132 ENls in the Fifth Naval
1 Apr 1958, for that was when uss The law concerning permanent W O s District. Maybe I should have asked
Nautilus, Skate and Seawolf were as- (Title 10, U. S. Code, Section 1305) for duty at this exact spot and then
signed to SUBRON 10 and Fulton be- states that permanent warrant oficem I would have gotten somewhere else.
came the first ship assigned the mission shall be retired 60 days after the com- It seems they give you just the oppo-
and responsibility of supporting nu- pletion of 30 years of active service. site of what you ask for.
clear-powered ships. As if to celebrate, Since that “active service” includes I have never had shore duty in my
Fulton went on t o win the “E” for active duty and active duty for training 17 years and I wind up in a location
Fiscal Year 1959. in all military smvices, and @ld train- I didn’t want. I believe I would have
In June, Fulton was underway for ing in the National Guard, your year been just as well off if I had left the
more independent ship exercises in in the Army is counted. card blank, because the way it looks
Narragansett Bay. In August, she Therefore, you will complete your to me, there was no consideration
visited New York City t o participate 30 years of active service in November given to any of my choices.-R. C. L.,
in the homecoming celebration for 1960. W h e n the time comes, you will EN1, U S N .
Nautilus after her under-the-Pole voy- e Let’s see if we can set you straight
age, and in November, she made an on your Seavey assignment to shore
operational visit t o Bermuda. duty.
This year, as usual, Fulton will be In the first place, be assured that
keeping mighty busy at New London “knowing someone in the Bureau”
or anywhere else she is needed.-En. would help you not at all. W h e n your
data card was received at the Bureau,
Extension of Retirement Date listed thereon were your choices of
SIR: I am a CWO-4 who enlisted in shore duty. You had indicated the Fifth
the Navy in November 1931. Befove Naval District as your first area prefer-
that I was in the Army for a year, with ence. Within 5ND you listed 3 choices
which I am now credited for pay pur- of duty stations, as follows: (1) Lexing-
poses.
My questions are:
ton, Ky.; (2) Louisville, Ky.; (3) Hunt-
ington, W . Va. You also listed Mem-
,
I
Does that year in the Army count
toward the 30 years of service after
phis, Tenn., in 6ND
Individual local preferences within
,
which I will be retired? a naval district are for the information
IS there any way I can elect to retire of the Naval District Commandant or
on 1 July of the year following my Fleet Commander. The Bureau’s goal
completion of 30 years’ service?- is to assign a man to the naval district
L.I.P., CWO-4, U S N . of his choice. I n some instances it does
As you probably know, there is NO HANDS-H. Hockett, CN, wheels happen that there is a vacancy at the
no statutory provision for the involun- exact location which is requested, but
tary retirement of a temporary warrant his home-made unicycle down street this is a rarity.
oficer on completion of 30 years’ serv- on Midway. Solid wheels are strong. Your first choice was the Fifth Naval
26 ALL HANDS I
District, to which you were assigned.
Most of the local preferences which Ships Reunions
you indicated were so far from large News of reunions of ships and organi- uss PE 48 (Eagle-type)-All who
naval activities that the chances of zations will be carried in this column served in this ship during World War
YOUT being assigned t o one of them frcvm time to time. In planning a reunion, 11 and who are interested in holding
were not very probable. You ended u p best results will be obtained by notifying a reunion in the New York City area
assigned t o the Reserve Fleet, Norfolk. the Editor, ALL HANDS Magazine, Room are invited to write to Burt Jones, 27
There did not happen t o be a va- 1809, Bureau of Naval Personnel, Navy Walker St., Staten Island 2, N. Y.
cancy existing in your rate at any of Department, Washington 25, D. C., four uss Kaskaskia ( A 0 27)-All who
YOUT duty choices within the Fifth months in advance. served on board during World War I1
Naval Distm’ct at the time you became uss Santa Fe (CL 60)-The thir- and who are interested in holding a
available t o ComFive for assignment, teenth annual reunion will be held at reunion in the San Diego or LOS
but at Last you are stationed in the the Hotel Piccadilly, New York, N. Y., Angeles area may write to Joe Wil-
general area you preferred. If you had on 10 October. For more details; write liams, Route 3, Box 732, Escondido,
left your card blank the Bureau would to Frederick C . Jaissle, 18 Cedar St., Calif.
have had t o assume that you had no Hudson, Mass. VR-2 Alameda, Calif.-All enlisted
preference, and you then could have Naval Reserve Association-The an- men who served with VR-2 at NAS
been assigned anywhere-in any dis- nual meeting is scheduled for 8, 9 and Alameda and Treksure Island, Calif.,
trict. 10 October at the Biltmore Hotel, At- in 1945 and who are interested in
As for special consideration for more lanta, Ga. You may obtain additional holding a reunion with time and place
than 17 years’ service-an opening for information from CDR M. E. Cam- to be decided may write to Paul
your rate must exist at a particular ac- brell, Jr., USNR, 703 Densley Dr., De- Portelli, 1046 W. Hillsdale Blvd., San
tivity before such consideration can catur, Ga. Mateo, Calif.
be given. For exampk, if an EN1 bil- uss Blue (DD 744)-A reunion for Naval Security, N. Y.-N. J . Area-
let was open at a naval activity in OT shipmates who served from 1950 Former Naval Security men of the
near Lexington, Ky., and both you and through 1955 is tentatively scheduled New York-New Jersey area who are
another EN1 with only 12 years had for August 1960 in St. Louis or Den- interested in a reunion may write to
indicated that activity as your first ver. For details, write F. D. Collins, LTJG Joseph J. Trachta, 83 Crowell
choice, you, with 17 years’ service, 430 South 6th East, Missoula, Mont. Ave., Staten Island 14, N. Y.
would get the assignment. It .must cer-
tainly be plain to uou, however. that It appears that I have been misin- Earlv Reenlistment
ComFive cannot assign you t o h sta- formed-and that time Sm: Is it possible to cancel an ex-
in Of allowance~Or to One counts only for service for transfer and tension for the purpose of reenlisting
where no billet in your rate exists, not for pay purposes. more than three months early?
based On the f a d that you have What retainer pay will I receive as 1 began a one-year extension on 2
in excess of 17 years’ service. Hope an E-~?-R.J.A., ADC, USN. Jul 1959, with expiration of enlistment
this has ‘leared u p a few points for eConstructive service does count 1 Jul 1900. Could I reenlist early, say
YOU.-ED. ONLY for time in service, not for pay in September 1959.-J.W.H., EN3, USN.
Constructive Service purposes. Here is the way constructive e Yes. Par. 3 of BuPers Instr. 1133.-
Sm: What little infomation I have service will be used in figuring your 4A says, in part: “Commanding oficers
been able to obtain about constructive retainer pay: are authorized t o discharge u p to one
service must have confused me. Multiply 2% times 20 (service for year in advance of normal expiration o f
I have just received my date from transfer, including constructive time), enlistment date, or normal expiration of
the Bureau for transfer to the Fleet times basic pay for over 18 (day-for-day enlistment date as extended, those Reg-
Reserve: service for transfer, 19 years, service) years. With a basic pay o f ular Navy personnel who desire early
six months and 10 days; service for pay $340, this works out t o $170 a month discharge for the purpose of immedi-
18 years, six months and 13 days. for YOU.-ED. ate reenlistment.”-ED.
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:Superintendent of Documents
I 444 #dm 4
:GoGernment Printing Office
:.Washington 25, D.C.
:ENCLOSED find $ 2 . 5 0 for a subscription t o ALL HANDS magazine, the Bureau of Naval I
I
: Personnel Information Bulletin, t o be mailed t o the following address for one year :
I
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3 NAME. 0 0 b 0 . b-0 6
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prompt f i l l i n g of orders, p l e a s e mail t h i s blank and remittance


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c d i r e c t t o t h e Government Printing Office. Make checks or money orders I
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~mmm.--mm=m-a-m-m”---m-mm-m--mm--mm-mmm--mm------m-mmmmmmmmm“m.---m-m.-mm.--mm*~
SEPTEMBER 1959 27
Navy Gun Slingers Shoot It Out
ALL
IS QUIET on the Western Front. recognition of their outstanding ac-
That is, at Camp Elliott-the PacF If Pistol Record complishments.
San Diego “battlefield”-where the Gasper P. DeFino, TM1, USN, In the team matches, COMCRUDES-
Navy’s top marksmen shot it out of the Navv’s Small Arms Train- PAC’S foursome of distinguished aces
during the annual four-day U.S. ing Unit at fired their way to the U.S. Navy
Navy Rifle and Pistol Championship NTC San Di- Pistol Championship with a high of
Matches. ego, riddled 1084 x 1200, while a six-man team
When the smoke had cleared, his target for from SUBFLOT ONE, representing
PacFlt’s crack-shot pistoleers and a 569 out of COMSUBPAC, captured the U.S. Navy
riflemen had captured the Navy’s a possible Rifle Team Match. Not satisfied with
top individual and team pistol and 600 to estab- this distinction, the SUBPAC squad
rifle laurels. lish a n e w added two additional PACFLT sharp-
Donald J. Weldon, FT3, USN, of all-time indi- shooters to its roster and then went
the radar picket destroyer uss Frank vidual pistol on to win the U.S. Navy Combat
Knox (DDR-742), emerged as the mark for the Rifle Team Match.
Navy’s new individual pistol champ. Pacific Fleet COMCRUDESPAC’S championship
He fired a 566 out of a possible 600, Rifle and Pistol Matches. pistol team consisted of the All-Navy
topping a field of 86 shooters who DeFino’s record-breaking score Champ-FT3 Weldon-who was
compiled the highest over-all scores was three points higher than that high scorer with 285; G. D. Casey,
in the history of the U.S. Navy fired by the winner of this year’s GMC, USN, 276; A. G. Dean, RMC,
championship matches. All-Navy meet. If anyone can USN, 266; and H. C. Haller, MMC,
For the second consecutive year, match this, let us know. USN, with a 257. LT J. H. Mc-
David E. Myrick, HM1, USN, from Auliffe, USN, from the heavy cruiser
the Skin Diego-based submarine signed to the Headquarters of the uss Rochester (CA 124), was team
tender uss Sperry (AS-12), won the Eleventh Naval District, finished captain.
U.S. Navy’s individual Rifle and first in the individual rifle match Trailing the champs by 21 points
Pistol Aggregate Championship. He with a score of 380 out of a possible to finish second in the pistol matches
fired a 930 out of a possible 1000 400. He was runner-up to Myrick was the Com 11 Gold Squad with
to win over 39 competitors. In the in the rifle/pistol aggregate match 1063. The Basic Air Training Com-
individual pistol meet Myrick placed with a 924. mand from Pensacola placed third
second only to Weldon, with a score These three Navy Rifle and Pistol with 1035, while Com 9 placed
of 562. Champs were awarded plaques from fourth with 1005.
Art LeTourneau, BMC, USN, as- the Chief of Naval Personnel in Finalists in the individual pistol

TEAM WORK-Top Navy rifle team was from SubPac: Left fo rf: (Standing) D. E. Myrick, HM1; R. N. Turnip-
seed, SH1; C. C.’ Kozlowski, TMC; LT C. E. Tate; and LT R. J. Anderson. (Kneeling) J: L. Foster, DC3; WO W.
Geil; and CDR Geismann. Number one Navy Pistol team came from CruDesPac: LT J. H. MacAuliffe, A. G. Dean,
RMC; H. C. Haller, MMC; G. D. Casey, GMC; (Front) D. G. Weldson, FT3, and F. R. Steputis, SOG 2.
with 378; and C. C. Kozlowski,
Wave Sharpshooter Makes Quite a Hit TMC, USN, ( S p e r r y ) and LTJG C. E.
During the Atlantic Fleet Rifle She has competed in the Na- Quesnoy Jr., USN, (NAVSUPCEN Oak-
and Pistol Championships at the tionals at Camp Perry for the past land) were tied for fourth place
Fleet Air Defense Training Center, five years. with a score of 376.
Dam Neck, Va., LT Nancy J. Elli- LT Ellifrit became interested in The top five finalists in both the
frit, ( w ) USN, had the distinction shooting small-arms at OCS. rifle and pistol competition were
of being the only woman among Among the titles that the Navy’s presented with individual trophies.
the 170 competitors. (And from all “Annie Oakley” has won are the In addition, Model M-70 rifles were
reports, she made a hit-on the New Hampshire State Gallery presented to the first place indi-
target, of course.) Championships earlier this year, vidual winners of the U S . Pacific
Although this was the first time the Women’s Championship for the Fleet, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, U.S. Navy
that she had competed in the At- state of Virginia, and the Women’s Rifle and Pistol Matches, and the
lantic tournament, she is by no Regional title at Harrisburg, Pa. U.S. Navy Rifle and Pistol aggre-
means a novice to rifle and pistol LT Ellifrit is assigned to the gate winner.
matches. Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, N.H. The SUBPAC Rifle Champs and the
CRUDESPAC Pistol Champs were pre-
sented perpetual team trophies for
Team Mktch was fired in four stages heads. (You can be assured of this their efforts while the SUBPAC team
-at 600, 500, 300 and 200 yards. as many of the competing marksmen was also presented the CNO Combat
The target is a man-size silhouette were looking for them almost as Rifle Team Trophy (Burke’s Bon-
at the 500 and 600 yard stages and keenly as they were eyeing the bulls- net) mentioned earlier.
it is increased to approximately the eye.) All competitors in the U.S. Navy
size of a man’s upper chest at the In spite of the dust and rattle- Rifle and Pistol Match were issued
200 and 300 yard stages. Only hits snakes, the over-all scores in this specially designed cuff links and
on the target are scored. year’s All-Navy meet were higher brassards.
The PACFLT sharpshooters led all than those of last year. CDR B. L. Parke, USN, Assistant
the way during this “rattle-gun” In the individual rifle competition, to the Chief of Naval Personnel for
match and the dust really flew as the top finalists not mentioned earlier Small A r m s Competition, selected
they fired away in each of the four included: LT D. N. Strashein, USN, the top finalists in the All-Navy Meet
stages. The rattlesnakes, which are ( NAAS Kingsville, Tex.) , who placed to represent the U.S. Navy at the
abundant in the vicinity of the Camp second with 379; D. D. Dyck, TE/ National Rifle and Pistol Matches
Elliott Ranges, didn’t dare show their RM3, USN, (COMSERVPAC) was third at Camp Perry, Ohio, last month.

Ranking of Navymen Winning Gold, Silver and Bronze Badges in AlCNavy Meet
In accordance with article 13- LTJG C. E. Quesnoy, USN, For Rifle-
130 of the Landing Party Manual, NAVSUPCEN Oakland 376 x 400 ENS J. S. Sexton, USN,
the Chief of Naval Personnel D. Clay, RDC, USN, NAS Patuxent River 371 x 4 0 0
awards suitably engraved medals RTC, NTC San Diego 372 x 400 M. B. Branch, PMC, USN,
11 R. J. Anderson, USN, NTC Great Lakes 370 x 400
to the leading individuals for places ussSegundo (55 390) 372 x 400 CDR G. Geirman, USN,
in each individual rifle and pistol J. D. Meloy, CT1, USN, ussSperry (AS 121 360 x 400
match fired in the U.S. Navy NAVSECRU C.Z. 372 x 400 H. C. Holler, MMLC, USN,
Competition. BRONZE BADGES DESLOT 3 367 x 400
Awards presented during the All- For Pkfol- M. L. Golden, BM2, USN,
Navy Competition were: W. J. Dorrity, ACC, USN, uss Vermilion (AKA 1071 367 x 4 0 0
ASR 2, NAS North Island 543 x 600 LT D. E. Gay, USN,
GOLD BADGES M. C. Schoonerwoerd, ADC, NAS Corpus Christi 3 6 7 x 400
For Pisfol- USN, NAS Corpus Christi 543 x 600 G. R. Moves, MA2, USN,
8. S. Adams, ADC, USN, VF-101, F. F. Steputis, 5002, USN, NTC Son Diego 366 x 400
NAS Key West 556 x 600 uss Marshall (DD 6671 542 x 600 C. E. Jirel, BMC, USN,
For Rifl- P. 1. Beatty, ADl, USN, NTC Son Diego 366 x 400
A. A. Lelourneau, BMC, VF-101, NAS Key West 537 x 600
Headquarters Corn 11 300 x 440
Winning team members receiv-
D. D. Dyck, TE/RM3, USN,
COMSERVPAC 537 x 600
ing place badges included:
SILVER BADGES
GOLD BADGES FOR RIFLE
For Pisfbl-
WO William Geil, USN,
G. D. Casey, GMC, USN,
USS SPERR (AS 12) 224 x 250
USS Frank Knox (DDR-7421 551 x 600
LT C. E. late, USN,
LTJG K. W. Collier, USN, BMU-1,
Staff, COMSUBDIV 5 1 226 x 250
NAB Coronado 540 x 600
1. F. Becker, CMH3, USN, SILVER BADGE FOR PISTOL
NAU Coronado 547 x 600 D. Clay, RDC, USN,
For Rifl- NTC San Diego 264 x 300
LT D. N. Strasheim, USN, W. C. Powell, GM1, USN,
NAAS Kingsville 379 x 400 NTC Great Lakes 272 x 300
~. TE/RM3.. USN..
D. D. Dvck. J. C. Martin, PN2, USN,
COMSERVPAC 370 x 400 Pistol Medal Rifle Medal PACRESLT Son Diego 266 x 300

30 ALL HANDS
New Jet Trainer
The Navy has issued a contract
for the T2J-1 jet trainer. This new
plane will provide the Naval Air
Training Command with a versatile
aircraft in which it can teach students
instrument work, gunnery, formation
and tactics, aircraft carrier pilot
qualifications and other diversified
operations. c
The T2J-1 has a top speed of
about 420 knots (500 miles per
hour) and a landing speed of only
71 knots.
Powered by a J34 jet engine which
develops 3400 pounds of thrust, the
tandem-seat trainer has a service
ceiling of more than 40,000 feet and
a range of 780 nautical miles. It is
about 38 feet long and has a wing-
span of 36 feet.
The T2J-1 is equipped with a
rocket-propelled emergency escape
OUT TO SEA-USS Newel1 (DER 322) heads to sea where she will take part system by which a pilot can safely
in our early warning system. She makes her home port in Charleston, S. C. eject himself either at ground level
or in the air.
Bainbridge to Sail Again submarine weapons. Nuclear propul- Six T2J-1s have already been de-
The Navy’s first nuclear-powered sion will equip her with a far greater livered to the Navy and are under-
guided missile frigate has been cruising range at high speed than going extensive tests at the Naval
named for one of the heroes of the conventional frigates. Air Test Center, Patuxent River, Md.
sailing ship era-an era when such Bainbridge will become the third The Naval Air Basic Training Com-
items as atomic power and guided atom-powered surface ship to step mand, Pensacola, Fla., should receive
missiles were undreamed of. up the Navy’s striking power. The several of these new planes about
Commodore William Bainbridge, guided missile cruiser Long Beach mid-summer. They will eventually
who battled the Barbary pirates in and the attack aircraft carrier Enter- replace the T2V “Seastar” jet trainer
the War of Tripoli, and commanded prise are scheduled to be launched at both Pensacola and Memphis.
the frigate Constitution during the in late 1959 and 1960, respectively.
All-Weather Fighters Ordered
War of 1812, is the Navy hero in The present Bainbridge will be the The Navy has contracted for pro-
question, fourth Navy ship to bear that name. duction of more F8U-2N jet fighters.
Now under construction at Quincy, The preceding three were a 12-gun The plane-a carrier-based, all-
Mass., and officially designated DLG brig which captured a rebel steamer weather jet-can fly at almost twice
( N ) 25, Bainbridge is slated for de- in the Civil War; the D D 1,of World the speed of sound, It is basically a
livery early in 1962. War I vintage, and DD246, which development of the F8U-2 Crusader,
In operation she’ll boast twin sea- served as an escort in the Atlantic and some F8U-ZNs have already
to-air Terrier guided missile mounts and Caribbean during the Second been ordered under previous Cru-
fore and aft, and will also carry anti- World War. sader contracts.
The new aircraft has increased
capability for detecting and destroy-
On 4 Sep 1923 the dirigible USS Shenandoah made her first ing targets in darkness and inclem-
flight. (She was commissioned a month Iater.1 On 5 Sep 1776 ent weather. It is equipped with
the Marine Committee of the Continental Congress decided improved radar, push-button controls
upon the uniform to be worn by officers of the Navy and
which relieve the pilot of many
Marine Corps. On 6 Sep 191 8, when the transport Persia was
torpedoed while carrying 2 8 0 0 American troops, U. S. de-
routine tasks, revised interior and ex-
stroyer rescued everyone on board. On 12 Sep 1942 Brazil terior lighting systems and better
placed its World War II fleet under the operational control of instrumentation. It can carry heat-
the U. S. Navy. On 2 0 Sep 1942 a U. S. Naval Operating seeking Sidewinder missiles and will
Base was established at Auckland, New Zealand. also be able to handle other missiles
now. under development. Fleet de-
livery is expected in 1960.
34 ALL HANDS
Frogmen Ride Colorado River Farewell to Gallant Leyte
A fleet of seven IBS’s (Inflatable uss Leyte (CVS 32), who has
Boats, Small), manned by 35 Navy steamed about half a million miles
frogmen, has completed a 250-mile and recovered some 70,000 planes
trip down the Colorado River. during 13 years of very active duty,
The 35-members of the Pacific has been retired.
Fleet Amphibious Force’s Under- Named for the Battle of Leyte
water Demolition Team WLW- Gulf, one of the biggest naval en-
accomplished the feat in five days gagements in history, the Esser-class
as a survival problem. They paddled carrier was launched 23 Aug 1945
the river from Needles, Calif. to at Newport News, Va. She was com-
Yuma, Ariz. missioned on 11 Apr 1946 as an at-
Each man was provided with a tack carrier.
pack containing two survival rations, Leyte’s maiden voyage took her
one individual “C” ration, a fishhook through the Panama Canal and along
and line, a poncho, half of a para- the west coast of South America for
chute and a first-aid kit. Survival a goodwill tour. She flew the flag of
for the five days depended on this ADM Marc Mitscher, USN, the task
small parcel, plus whatever “natu- group commander.
ral” food the frogmen could obtain. The years from 1946 to 1949 were
The trip was not without ob- highlighted by three Mediterranean
stacles. As the river approaches the cruises and numerous Fleet exercises.
Parker Dam it widens into Havasu During that period, Leyte was flag-
Lake, which was encountered the ship for ComCarDiv Four, flying the
second day out. Here, unfavorable LIBERTY TIME - Sixth Fleet sailors two stars of the Division Com-
wind and a slight current caused leave their ship, USS Des Moines mander.
the loss of valuable time. To make (CA 134), and head for good times. In the spring of 1950 the ship
up for the delay the crews had to again stood out of her home port,
man their paddles on some stretches tion currently used in some rocket Quonset Point, R. I., for a “Med”
for more than 16 hours. motors. cruise, but this one was to prove far
Temperatures above 100 degrees During recent successful test fir- different from the others. The out-
also helped to harass the men and ings, solid fuel motors using the break of the Korean conflict found
slow their progress-but frequent new insulating material produced her at Beirut, Lebanon, and under
swim calls brought some relief. significant thrust levels for more urgent orders she immediately
Five portages were required to than three and a half minutes. Al- steamed for the Far East. Her aver-
bypass dams. The longest, around though the high performance pro- age speed was 23 knots during the
Parker Dam, called for packing the pellant generated a flame tempera- 18,500 miles she covered to report
250-pound boats and approximately ture of more than 5500 degrees to Commander Seventh Fleet for
300 pounds of gear nearly a mile Fahrenheit, the exterior of the duty. Her &st night in Korean
overland. rocket motor case registered only waters was spent in refueling. The
The fourth night found the seven 200 degrees at the end of three and following day she began launching
boats and crews at Imperial Dam, a half minutes. her jets against the advancing North
just 20 miles from their objective. This new development is expected Korean army.
There, since only a slight flow of to make solid propellant rocket For 108 days Leyte operated in
water is allowed through the dam, motor propulsion systems more ver- the Korean area, spending 92 of
the rubber boats ran aground on one satile, and to increase their missile those days at sea. Her 52 days in
sand bar after another. Clearing and space applications. a row at sea set a record among the
obstacles nearly drained the last
reserve of strength from the already FOLLOW ME-USS Dealey (DE 1006), name ship for one of the Navy’s new-
tired frogmen-to whom Yuma was est DE classes, leads a destroyer task force in Pacific waters off South America.
a welcome sight.
Cool, Man, Cool
The Navy will soon get a new
type of rubber and asbestos insula-
tion material which is expected to
extend the burning time of solid
propellant rocket motors to three
or four times the present burning
period of one minute or less.
Developed for the Bureau of
Ordnance by a civilian corporation,
the new material is lighter, less cost-
ly and provides improved high-tem-
perature insulation in comparison
with the high-cost reinforced insula-
SEPTEMBER 1959
TODAYS’S NAVY
flat-tops that fought in Korea. helped evolve tactics to be used in
From Leyte’s decks, 3933 sorties operations against nuclear subma-
were flown, for a total of 11,000 rines, and in 1958 her diligence and
hours in the air. Her planes were ability brought her the Battle Effi-
credited ‘with one of the first kills ciency Pennant as the outstanding
of a MIC 15, and one of her pilots, ship of her class.
LTJG Thomas J. Hudner, was However, her age was beginning
awarded the Medal of Honor. to show. In January 1959 she entered
The ship came home in late Janu- the Brooklyn Naval Shipyard for de-
ary 1951, proudly wearing the Navy commissioning. By then, she was the
Unit Commendation and the Korean oldest carrier in continuous active
Presidential Unit Citation Badge. She service.
was given a yard overhaul at Nor- When she retired on 15 May, she
folk, Va., following which she left left behind a reputation as “a fighter
for her fifth Med cruise. and a steamer.”
In the spring of 1953 Leyte en-
tered the Boston Naval Shipyard for Amphib Assaults on Two Coasts
extensive overhaul and repair de- Two Navy-Marine amphibious
signed to ready her for a new role. assault maneuvers were staged re-
She was to become the Navy’s first cently at opposite ends of the
CVS (ASW Support Aircraft Car- United States.
rier). Exercise Twin Peaks, at Camp
During this yard period, disaster Pendleton, Calif., by far the larger,
struck. At 1515, 16 Oct 1953, there POPULAR SPOT-Cruisermen aboard was the biggest amphibious exercise
was an explosion in the port catapult
USS Macon (CA 132) get a lot of joy held on the West Coast in more than
machinery room which killed 37 and and knowledge from ship’s library. two years. More than 60 Navy ships
injured 39 more. Leyte’s crew imme- and some 25,000 Marines of the 1st
diately went to work to repair the Fleet exercises and made her sixth Marine Division and 3rd Marine
tom and crippled ship, and three voyage to the Mediterranean. She Aircraft Wing, were involved.
months later she stood out of Bostonwas also made the flagship of Com- Meanwhile, at Onslow Beach,
Harbor on her way to a new career. CarDiv 18, a position retained for N.C., units of the Atlantic Fleet and
After a shakedown cruise to Guan-the remainder of her active service students from Marine Corps Schools,
tanamo Bay, Cuba, the ship was in the Navy. Quantico, Va., conducted Packard
loaded with the then brand-new Leyte? spent her last few years in X . The tenth in a series of amphi-
S2F aircraft. She spent the rest of continuous ASW work. As a CVS, bious exercises begun in 1947, the
1954 learning the techniques of anti-
she was the nucleus of a hunter- operation was part of annual gradu-
submarine warfare. killer force whose job was to detect, ation exercises for more than 300
In 1955 Leyte engaged in three hunt and kill enemy submarines. She officers.
Both exercises involved extensive
Grand Order of Muskies Joins Blue-Nose Shellbacks use of “vertical envelopment,” the
Marine Corps technique of lifting
Move over, all ye Whale Ban- They had the privilege of sub- combat troops from ships and land-
gers, Blue Noses, and Snorklers. merging in each of the five Great ing them behind enemy lines by heli-
Make space for the Grand Order Lakes and, just to round out the copter.
of Muskies. record, it might be noted that their The ex-aircraft carrier Princeton,
It will do you no good to make craft was completely submerged in recently redesignated as LPH 5, re-
application. The rolls are closed. Lake Ontario 29 June; Lake Erie, ceived her baptism in her new role
Only those crew members of uss 3 July; Lake Huron, 4 July; Lake during the Twin Peaks exercise.
Corsair (SS 435) who participated Michigan, 8 July; and Lake Supe- Marines in full battle gear boarded
in Operation Inland Seas are rior, 10 July. ships at San Diego, Oceanside and
eligible. During the cruise, Corsair also Long Beach. After a rendezvous at
visited the ports sea, the entire armada conducted a
of Alexandria rehearsal landing at Coronado’s
Bay, N. Y., Mil- Silver Strand.
w a u k e e , Wis.,
D u l u t h , Minn., Following the rehearsal the task
force put out to sea again, and shore
Bay City, Mich.,
Cleveland, Ohio, bombardment and replenishment ex-
and St. Cather- ercises were held before the assault
ines, Ont., Can- on the Camp Pendleton beaches
began.
ada.
Corsair also Packard X was designed as an
claims to be the exercise in “limited war” according
only sub ever to to the NATO concept. Assuming
have dived in all that a mythical country had been
five Lakes. overrun by unfriendly forces, the
amphibious task force--using both
36 ALL HANDS
TODAY’S N A V Y
Ammo Control System
The Navy is using a new elec-
tronic “data processing system” to
help keep count of its missiles and
ammunition throughout the world.
Devised by the Bureau of Ord-
nance, the new method uses an all-
transistor, high-speed data processing
system. Named RCA 501, it should
provide fast inventory control of mis-
siles, mines, torpedoes, bombs and
bullets from the time they start
through the production line until
they have been expended.
The first phase of the logistics
program will be to place BuOrd’s
world-wide inventory setup on a
daily basis. Eventually, the system
will be employed for over-all logis-
tics control of non-expendable items
IN THE BAG-Mail for Navymen based at Yokosuka nears end of journey. -such as guns, gun mounts and
missile launchers-as well as for
Neither Rain, Nor Sleet, Nor Snow Halts Yokosuka PO financial management, quality evalu-
The more distance there is be- Pool is immediately notified to have ation and research project manage-
tween a Navyman and home, the a boat ready so that a postal worker ment.
more his mail means to him. Since can meet the ship with the mail. Tanker Fights Rust
there are a great many miles be- Usually, the incoming ship has its
tween Japan and the United States, mail within 10 minutes after she’s Navy tankers in the future may
the mail handled by the Navy Post dropped the hook. This service is not need to replace wasted steel in
Office at U. S. Fleet Activities, performed on a round-the-clock cargo tanks as often as is now re-
Yokosuka, therefore assumes con- basis. quired. The inside of the tanks will
siderable importance to the Navy- probably be protected from corro-
Located on the station at Yoko- sion by some sort of inorganic, plas-
men who send and receive it. suka are 16 mail boxes which are tic or rubber coating.
Every day some three tons of emptied twice a day, seven days a Recently USNS Yukon (T-A0 152)
letters and packages arrive there- week. This mail is taken to the post
either coming to or going from finished a one-year test of different
office and, with mail from the ships types of these protective coatings in
Navymen stationed in Yokosuka or in port, is sorted and delivered to
in Seventh Fleet ships in the Yoko- 10 cargo tanks. These tanks were
Yokohama. still smooth and scale free after the
suka area. The Yokohama Navy Post Office,
According to Navy Postal Clerk one-year period. The remaining
which is the terminal office in the cargo tanks had been left completely
Frederick J. Kelley, YNC, USN, the Far East, then combines this mail
unit is “one of the largest Navy unprotected, as they are aboard most
with letters and packages from tankers. They were rusty when the
Post Offices in the world, finan- other bases in the area and delivers
cially, with a fixed credit of test year ended.
airmail to either Tachikawa Air In the past, rust may have caused
$50,000.” Base or Tokyo International Airport different kinds of trouble. In some
It is staffed by 16 men, whose for the flight to the United States.
job is to sort the letters and pack- cases, jet flameouts have been
Within an hour after the mail is blamed on the powdery rust that
ages and get them to their intended delivered to Yokohama it is on its
receivers as efficiently and promptly might have come from a corroded
way to one of the two airfields, tank. (A civilian tanker company
as possible. This they do in typical where within a few hours it is
Navy style. has predicted that within a year all
loaded aboard a plane. Parcel Post ships that carry jet fuels will be re-
The office provides the usual is promptly dispatched by ship to
services from selling money orders quired to have a protective coating
the United States. in their tanks. )
and stamps to handling parcel post
and registered mail. Money order According to the Yokohama According to Yukon’s master, Cap-
sales average about $75,000 a Postal Officer, Wave LTJG Betty tain David M. Rawlins, a satisfac-
month and stamp sales come to Bingham, USN, the unit’s biggest tory coating could protect the tanks
a grand total of about $25,000 per problem is caused by the failure of indefinitely. Unprotected tanks last
month. personnel to fill out change-of- only about 10 to 12 years. To re-
The office also provides a special address cards when they enter or place them costs from one to one
service to ships which make Yoko- leave the area. and one-half million dollars in a ship
suka their first port of call after “They’re the ones who register the size of Yukon (25,000 tons). It
crossing the Pacific. When such a most of the complaints about lost is estimated that if a special coat-
ship is sighted by the Operations or delayed mail,” she says. ing were put on the tanks when a
Control Tower, the Station Boat ship is built, it would add about
-Robert Hanson, J03, LISN.
$600,000 to the original cost.

38 ALL HANDS
I

RETTY GIRLS, air shows, pretty tainment for audiences of all ages.
girls, fireworks and pretty girls During the final activities on Sun-
attracted about 100,000 people to day a beauty pageant was held, with
a three-day Navy Relief Festival at 10 girls competing for selection as
the Naval Air Station, Corpus 1959’s “Miss Corpus Christi” and
Christi, Tex. “Miss Navy Relief.” The first title
One of the highlights of the occa- went to the candidate of Advanced
sion was a 3000-dollar fireworks dis- Training Unit 601. The second was
play which brought the usual “ool~s” won by the representative of the
and “ahs” from the audience. An- NAS Marines.
other was a display of precision Top: Some of the thousands of
marching by an all-girl drill team. visitors look over the aircraft on
On both Saturday and Sunday of the display during the festival. T o p
festival wekend, air shows were held right: Miss Noelle Jane Engler-
with local Navy aircraft participat- “Miss Corpus Christi of 1959.”
ing. Right: Miss Shirley Perkins-“Miss
A variety show ran continuously Navy Relief of 1959.” Bottom: Local
throughout the festivities, with over beauties line up to compete for
80 different acts providing enter- “Miss Corpus Christi” title.
Brief news items about other branches of the armed services.
A NEW IDEA about coping with the annual North
Atlantic iceberg threat has been tried out. It only
proved that ice patrols are still necessary.
The latest venture, conducted by the U.S. Coast
Guard, consisted of bombing a 300-foot iceberg with
985-pound incendiary bombs. The iceberg was
grounded ih 300 feet of water. It was as tall as an
18-story building and believed to weigh a million tons.
The Coast Guard had hoped that the gigantic berg
would split in half under the stresses set up by the
heat of the incendiary bomb and would, as a result, TRIPLE THREAT-The Air Force’s F-102Delfa Dagger, an
melt faster. However, like previous attempts with gun- all-weather interceptor, launches deadly trio of Falcons.
fire, torpedoes and demolition mines suspended below
the water, the incendiary bombs proved unsuccessful. 30 minutes. During the flight the SD-3 swooped in on
During the past summer, the iceberg threat in the eight different simulated targets, obtained necessary
North Atlantic was one of the three most severe since data for the ground troops, and was successfully re-
Titantic sideswiped one and sank in 1912. covered.
The Titantic sinking, which took 1500 lives, occurred The SD-3 weighs less than 1000 pounds, is 15 feet
about 300 miles from the scene of the Coast Guard’s long, and has a wing span of 11 feet. It is packed with
bombing experiments. devices for guidance control and observation of enemy
Because the threat was so great this year, the Coast troop movements, fortifications and battlefield installa-
Guard dispatched the 255-foot cutter USCGC Andros- tions.
coggin (WPG 68), normally assigned to search and Interchangeable units in the nose of the drone enable
rescue duty out of Miami, Fla., to the North Atlantic rapid changes from one surveillance technique, such as
to augment the efforts of other ships and aircraft on photography, to a different type, such as infrared detec-
the ice patrol. tion, radar or television.
This year icebergs were present even in Track “A,” In a typical mission the drone is launched from a
the most southerly ocean route to Europe. One iceberg mobile trailer by two rocket motors. Once in the air
-1000 miles off shore-floated as far south as New a 140-hp reciprocating engine takes over.
Recovery of Snooper is accomplished by an automatic
* * *
Jersey before it melted.

THE ARMY SIGNAL CORPS has successfully tested a


parachute device which floats the drone back to earth.
Special inflatable rubber mats contained within the
miniature flying Snooper drone which is designed to drone cushion the fall.
observe activities behind enemy lines. Although the SD-3 can operate at varying altitudes,
A remote-controlled aircraft drone designated SD-3, most missions are accomplished at low level where the
the Snooper has made four successful flights at the drone’s size and speed aid in dodging enemy radar and
Army’s test facility in Yuma, Arizona. Each flight re-
quires successful rocket launch, transition to flight,
actual flight, and recovery, all controlled either by pre-
gunfire.
* * *
SPACEAGE men may some day stroll through the
programming the drone or by controlling it from a earth light in their gardens on the moon, if studies
ground or air station. now being conducted indicate it is feasible to raise
The longest of the four test missions lasted more than vegetables in green cheese.
Except for the part about the green cheese, that
possibility is not so remote as it may seem, since lunar
gardens could be very useful in the space age as a
source of food at bases on the moon. Right now, under
a research program being conducted for the Air Force’s
Ballistic Missiles Division by a civilian corporation,
scientists are trying to determine the practicality of
establishing such bases. Part of the program involves
the investigation of problems to be overcome in supply-
ing food to the people at those bases.
Such “delicacies” as algae, lichens and Iceland moss
have already been mentioned as possible items in a
space diet. However, since life at a lunar base would
be more pleasant if the food were more down to earth,
the scientists are trying to see how ordinary plants or
vegetables might fare under the atmospheric condi-
tions and accelerated growing cycles to be encountered
in a lunar garden.
Such a garden would probably be grown inside a
DIG THIS-Mechanical ditch-digger being tested by special greenhouse. An ideal moon vegetable would:
the Army will provide rapid protection for troops. Have a seed that is light per pound of vegetable pro-
40 ALL HANDS
certainly can’t claim you didn’t get
D the Training Center’s message.
0 KOREA GI BILL BENEFITS FOR
CAREER MEN-If you’re a career man
ce Information completing your 20 in the next few
On Policy-Straight From Headquarters years, and you’re thinking of going
to college, here’s good news.
The Conditional / Unconditional
’r Of personnel in each Discharge question for Navymen re-
%: BM1, BM2y MN17
enlisting in the Navy has been re-
”--^
DC1, solved. This makes many career men
, AUI, M J l , S U X , SD3. eligible for Korean GI Bill benefits
ich personnel they thought were lost to them for-
ever when they shipped over.
D1, RD27 RD3t RM17 Career personnel have been con-
IT1? AT2, AT3, SMC7 cerned because discharges which
:2, QM2,QM37 TM27
were effected three months or less
lW37 OM2>OM3, ET2 prior to the expiration of their en-
erning the and_.ET3. listments were being ruled “Uncon-
he current “Over” and ditional,” even though they were for
announced in the express purpose of immediate
tives on the Change Two to BuPers Inst. reenlistment,
7 reference 1440.18B. The Veterans Administration cri-
woh. SAN ANTONIO HOPS-San An- terion for a “Conditional” discharge
of the new manual
3 tonio, Tex., which used t o be a is that it be one which does not
and distribution be- good place for traveling Navymen relieve a man from further active
gan at that time. If Your SGP 01 to catch free plane rides to other service.
state Office doesn? have a COPY, it points, is now a likely spot for you A discharge three months or less
through local Forms to get yourself stranded if you go prior to expiration of enlistment en-
and Publications Supply Offices. there seeking a “hop.” titles a person to all of the rights, I

BuPers Instructions incorporated Because San Antonio is a well benefits and privileges of a com-
in the new book were c~ncelled as known center of Air Force activity, pleted enlistment, and relieves him
list Of these is con- armed forces travelers sometimes get of the obligation of further active
rs Notice l3O0* themselves stranded by going there service unless early discharge is for
If the BuPers Manual super- in anticination of Petting somewhere the numose of immediate reenlist-

,-
CHANGING RATES-If you’re operations from that area has quired the individual to commence
stymied in your climb up the pro- changed, so that transients rarely- his GI education or training within
motion ladder because you’re in an if ever-obtain hops from there now- three years of the discharge date.
over requirement rating with slow adays. Obviously, if you had 14 years’
advancement opportunities, it may When people do get stranded, the service as of 1954, for example, and
nav vou to consider attempting to burden of getting them on their way you were discharged three months or
2 to a field affording faster (endorsements, TRs and such), falls less before your expiration of enlist-
tion through the Navy’s rating on the Navy and Marine Corps Re- ment for the purpose of immediately
conversion program. serve Training Center, San Antonio. reenlisting for six years to complete
This program enables eligible per- In the interest of reducing problems, your 20, you were not able to com-
sonnel of the crowded ratings to con- confusion and disappointments all mence your education or training by
nd, the Center is calling Navy- 1957.
” ” attention to the total lack of On the other hand, discharges
service training. transient hop facilities in the area. more than three months early for
Eligible for this program are a Now that you’ve read this, you the specific purpose of immediate
i I

DON’T JUST SIT THERE-Play the game with your shipmates and pass this copy of ALL HANDS on to nine others.
42 ALL HANDS
reenlistment were considered to be David J. Majchrzak, DN, USN record language sets in 41 languages
“Conditional” discharges which did with accompanying phrase books;
not require commencement of edu- recordings of national anthems; and
cation within three years of the date brochures on living conditions in
of that particular discharge. overseas locations.
In effect, therefore, two categories These materials may be procured
of men were being discharged early separately, or overseas information
for the purpose of immediate reen- kits of pre-selected materials may
listment. The three-year period for be requisitioned. These have been
commencement of schooling applied made up for seven different areas-
to one group and not to the other. Western Pacific, Southwest Pacific,
Now, all persons discharged prior Central Pacific, North Pacific, Carib-
to expiration of enlistment for the bean, Mediterranean and North At-
purpose of immediate reenlistment lantic Europe. They may be ob-
will be considered to have received “Let’s go in-the second feature is a real tained from the Navy Supply Cen-
a conditional discharge. good western.” ters at Norfolk, Va., or Oakland,
So if you want to keep your eligi- Calif. The kits are made up of suit-
bility for Korean GI Bill education Retainer pay of $50 a month able materials, less films, and are
alive, be sure to get an early dis- for four years. gauged to the size of the requisi-
charge for the purpose of immediate 0 The required uniforms for wear tioning command so that only one kit
reenlistment on board next time you at drills, on cruises, and at other for a given area need be ordered.
ship over-in other words, get a functions for which uniforms may be Obtaining the kits is a simple
“Conditional” rather than an “Un- prescribed. matter. For instance, take a destroy-
conditional” discharge. A word of Three eight-week long sum- er leaving the West Coast for the
caution-the deadline for comple- mer cruises, during which you’ll re- Far East. Before the ship departs,
tion of education or training under ceive practical training and firsthand the skipper puts in a request to NSD
the Korean GI Bill is still 31 Jan experience. Two of these cruises will Oakland, for a “WESTPAC Kit, DD
1965. be to choice liberty areas such as Size.” In return, the ship gets a
Europe and South America. The selection of materials that include
0 NROTC COLLEGE TRAINING PRO-
third normally takes you to Little one set each of Japanese, Korean and
GRAM-If you’d like to start study- Creek, Va., and Corpus Christi, Tex.,
ing at one of 52 colleges or universi- Chinese language records, 30 lan-
for amphibious and aviation training. guage guides, 30 phrase books,
ties throughout the country under 0 Upon graduation a commission
the NROTC program a year from pocket guides to the various coun-
as ensign in the Regular Navy or tries of the Western Pacific, an as-
now, and have done nothing about second lieutenant in the Regular
it, you’d better get a move on-a sortment of maps, and posters de-
Marine Corps. signed to encourage individuals to
nomination from your CO must be in So, if you’re interested get your
the Bureau of Naval Personnel by participate in the People-to-People
application in to your CO. All the Program.
19 October. information you need is contained
Provided your nomination reaches Films can be used to supplement
in BuPers Inst. 1111.4C. the kits. They are available on loan
the Bureau on time, and if you are
considered qualified, your skipper 0 HOW TO WIN FRIENDS-There’s from district training aids sections,
will receive a copy of the Navy a lot more to the President’s People- training aids libraries and aviation
College Aptitude Test, which you’ll to-People Program than just sug- film libraries. They are listed in the
take on the Fleet-wide test date in gesting that everyone go out and be- catalog issues-of the “I & E News-
December. come a goodwill ambassador. To letter” and in the Navy Film Cata-
This test and your physical ex- help you make the Navy’s part in log (NavPers 10000-A).
amination are the controlling factors the program effective, a variety of A ship or station which is really
which determine whether your ap- useful materials for promoting inter- on its toes can also obtain useful
plication will be given further con- national understanding is available material and helpful information
sideration. to your ship or station. from various other sources. Among
The names of those who pass the The semi-annual catalog issues of these are Fleet, force and area com-
college aptitude test will be pub- the “I ti E Newsletter” (NavPers manders; State Department public
lished next spring, and next sum- 15801) list the materials available affairs officers; United States Infor-
mer, if you’re still interested in the and spell out the procedures for mation Service officers abroad; naval
program, you’ll be ordered to the procuring them. In addition, new and military attaches; American busi-
Naval Preparatory School at Bain- materials are announced from time ness representatives abroad; the tour-
bridge, Md. If you negotiate the to time in the regular quarterly ist and travel bureaus of different
Prep School successfully you’ll be issues of that publication. countries; religious, civic and fra-
appointed midshipman in the Re- Materials produced or procured by ternal organizations; ship, station or
serve and sent to an NROTC Unit the Office of Armed Forces Infor- public libraries; foreign port officials;
at the school of your choice to begin mation and Education include pam- and liaison officers.
your studies. phlets, films, pocket guides, posters, The role of ships and stations in
While studying for a baccalaureate maps, reprints of various articles, carrying out the People-to-People
in a field you select yourself, the and also language courses consisting effort in consonance with SecNav
Navy will provide you with: of records with texts in 22 languages. Inst. 5710.12 is outlined for ships
All tuition, books and fees. In addition, there are available two- and bases in BuPers Inst. 1560.2A.
SEPTEMBER 1959 43
Here’s NESEP: Two Ways t~ Four Years of College via Navy
The Navy Enlisted Advanced All Navy Cartoon Contest two years of active naval service.
School Program (NEASP) has William Roaer Maul. CTl 0 Be a United States citizen.
dropped its name and has merged 0 Be recommended by your com-
with the Navy Enlisted Scientific manding officer.
Education Program (NESEP). Men and women selected for this
Both will remain in effect, with program will be ordered to the
the old NEASP becoming course Naval Preparatory School, U.S.
“A” under NESEP and the old Naval Training Center, Bainbridge,
NESEP becoming course “B” under Md., or to the Service School Com-
the combined program. mand, U S . Naval Training Center,
Both the Navy Enlisted Advanced San Diego, Calif., in the summer be-
School Program, established in 1956, fore entering college, for approxi-
and the Navy Enlisted Scientific mately nine weeks’ temporary duty
Education Program, established in under instruction. During this period,
1958, were started because of the selectees will receive refresher in-
increasing demand for qualified per- struction in mathematics, physics,
sonnel in the scientific and engineer- English usage, and orientation in
ing fields in the Navy. Wha’da you mean you didn’t get the
college academic requirements.
Individuals who finish the program word?! It’s right there on the bulletin
board!”
While attending prep school, each
and receive their baccalaureate will selectee will be interviewed; a major
be ordered to Officer Candidate Have at least six years’ obli- field of study will be approved, and
School, Newport, R. I., where they gated service as of 1 July of the a college or university will be desig-
will take part in the curriculum year selected if in the Regular Navy. nated. After successfully completing
there. If dthenvise qualified, when If in the Navy Reserve, you must the summer preparatory training,
they finish that course, they will be agree to join the Regular Navy for students will be ordered to a college
commissiolled ensign in a category six years in the pay grade you hold or university to begin the fall
commensurate with their education, on 1 July of the year selected for semester. Leave will be granted dur-
special qualifications, and the needs the NESEP program. All students ing academic holidays, and the four-
of the service. must agree to extend their enlist- year course will be considered a nor-
This single program offers an un- ment two additional years after com- mal tour of shore duty.
interrupted four-year college edu- pleting the first two years of college. Trainees will be required to main-
cation program-including summer 0 Not have reached 25 years of tain their enlisted status while en-
sessions-in designated colleges and age by 1 July of the year selected. rolled as students in a university or
universities, leading to a baccalaure- Be a high school graduate or college, and will be eligible for ad-
ate. Normally, the period of educa- the equivalent (as per GED test). vancement in rating the same as
tion will not extend b&ond the bac- 0 Have a GCT plus ARI of 118. other enlisted personnel. Since stu-
calaureate level even though less Be physically qualified in ac- dents will eventually be considered
than four years may be required to cordance with the Manual of the for OCS, they will not be eligible
obtain a degree. Medical Department. Candidates for any officer in-service procurement
Course “A” under the new NESEP must have a minimum vision of program.
is the Systems Engineering Curricu- 20/100 in each eye correctable to You may still have a chance to
lum, and Course “B” is the Science/ 20/20 if a waiver for this defect is apply this year for training. Com-
Engineering curriculum. Course “A” recommended by BuMed. Those manding officers have only until 15
is given only at Purdue University with defective color perception will September to order an examination
and at the University of Washing- only be considered for a program for you. In BuPers Inst. 1510.69B,
ton, while Course “B” is offered at which leads to a commission in a 1 August was set as a deadline for
20 colleges and universities through- restricted line or staff corps. A waiver application by an individual to his
out the United States. is still necessary, however, for even- commanding officer. It is empha-
Both men and women (married tual appointment in the restricted sized, however, that this is only a
or unmarried) enlisted members of line. All required dental treatment guide line. Commanding officers
the Navy may apply. To be eligible, must be completed and minor non- have until 15 September to order
you must: disqualifying correctable ailments examinations, and may set any dead-
0 Be enlisted in the Regular must be corrected before reporting line they desire prior to 15 Septem-
Navy, or Naval Reserve on active to the Naval Preparatory School. ber. Interested persons should con-
duty (This includes the TAR pro- 0 Have a final Secret clearance tact their personnel office immedi-
gram). before entering college. ately-time is almost run out.
0 Be in pay grade E-2 or above. 0 Have a clear record for the last Ordering your examination does

44 ALL HANDS
not comprise a formal application. courses are listed so that prospective Center. Your division officer will ad-
This formal application must be applicants may study the courses vise you whether the course for
made on the Enlisted Evaluation best suited to their educational back- which you have applied is suitable
Report, NavPers 1339 (Rev. 3-56) ground. The more courses completed, to your rate and to the training pro-
before 1 October. the better chance you will have- gram you are following.
The original NavPers 1339, com- both to get a good qualifying score Personn~l nn innrtivp rliitv will
pleted Standard Forms 88 and 89 and, if selected, to do well in colleL

I
(results of physical examination), For more complete details about Center.
and all transcripts reporting the for- NESEP see BuPers Inst. 1510-69D. New courses are:
mal educational background of the Title NavPers No.
individual applicant must reach the Three Tit'es A I I I .r '. '
Chief of Naval Personnel before 1 OfCorrespondence c
October of the year preceding
selection.
The written examination will be
Three new Enlisted Correspond-
ence Courses are now available.
Three others have been discontinued.
Dental Technician General 1

*
and C
May be retake
91682
I
sent to your command by the Naval
Examining Center, Great Lakes.
Enlisted Correspondence Courses
for active duty personnel will be ad-
ri::13tinued
Radioman, cou I
These will be administered on the ministered (with certain exceptions) Radioman
second Monday in November-this by your local command instead Handbook for G~ .- __
year, 9 November. of by the Correspondence Course Technician
Selection of applicants for this
program will be made during March
of the year of college entrance, and
I
will be based on the individual's
service record, prior educational en- Antiaircraft Cargo Boom
deavor, commanding officer's recom-
mendation, and screening
A veteran ger---' _.____
.__
- _L._ .. _-, ..-.. - J. - - .... _.
holder of distinclmur, ullsquulsu
tion scores. other ship in the II C Nr".. I...,, *I.:-
There are several USAFI courses has joined the R~ __.._..__.
that should be helpful in obtaining She's uss Mercury (AKS :
a better score on the November highlight of an illustrious, hard-working away.
screening examination. It may be too and generally unsung 20-year career de- The aerial torpedo, meanwhile, never
late to use them this year, but you voted to replenishment of
can be readv for the examination curred during the
World War II.
and schooling next time. Here are It was there, ju.~ (I
the recommended courses: 2 6 Jun 1944, th-a a'---.--..
0 MB/CB 151 and 152, General bnly s. ship to
Mathematics I'and 11. (Skim through ,,lane with a carg,
- I__,.,.
this to determine in what areas you The enemy torpedo born_-. - ...= - ..-.
_. ..... , - .- .._ .-. .. .
need further work.) cropper while attempting to deal a death the crew were covered with the explosive
0 MC/CC 164 and 165, Begin- blow to Mercury, a project which came compound, and some were injured by the
ning Algebra 1 and 11; MC/CC. Ad- uncomfortably close to succeeding. falling boom.
vanced-Algebra (high school), or During a series Of small
the U. S. Fleet, which was
MD/CD 425, College Algebra. a heavy smoke scr--- '
0 MC/CC 176 and 177, Plane her, flying at 9o
Geometry I and 11; MC/CC 178, screen and looser. .,. UrllY

Solid Geometrv. or MB/CB 430.

(high school) or MC/CC 435, Plane


8 y/ late in 1945, and, since 1946, has oper-

Trigonometry (college).
MC/CC 290 and 291, Physics
I and I1 (high school) or MA 517,
college Physics.
0 MB/CB 781, Fundamentals of
Electricity.
Other courses will be helpful if Fleet, at Orange, lex. TI
you have time to get them. Thev are:
MB/CB 436, Spherical Trigo- 2
I
nometry.
0 MB/CB 858, The Slide Rule.
0 MB/CB 440 and 441, Calculus

II I and 11.
Both high school and college

SFPTFMBFR 1959 A5
Just a l o t of Words-But They All Add Up to the N e w Navy
ORDS CAN BE DECEIVING. And All Navy Cartoon Contest So overwhelming is the impact
W now that new words from the Billups E. Lodge, LT, USN of the modern technical revolution,
innermost realms of advanced science it is no longer adequate that only a
are coming into everyday usage in small number of officers destined
connection with the new technical for restricted duty pursue advanced
fields of importance to the Navy, it study.
is increasingly important that the As recent statements by SecNav,
seagoing Navyman in a position of CNO, the Chief of Naval Personnel
responsibility develop an under- and a number of commanders in the
standing not only of the words, but Fleet indicate, there is great need
their sighificance in the sea service. that more officers on duty in the
Hydrodynamics, for example, is Fleet have a thorough grasp and
now a familiar word. It is the study understanding of the basic principles
of the behavior of fluids in motion. involved in the new technological
But magnefohydrodynamics is a new developments.
field and has nothing to do, as the And not only at the officer level
name might imply, with water- ~ “Did you hear that SOS, Sir?” is this necessary. In recognition of
driven ignition systems. It is the the Library of Congress could be the importance of advanced formal
study of the behavior of ionized reduced-by proper coding-to oc- education, the Chief of Naval Per-
gases (fluids) in the presence of cupy a storage space of less than one sonnel has instituted, at the direc-
magnetic fields. It is of great prac- cubic yard. tion of SecNav, a program to send
tical importance to the understand- Furthermore, all the information a substantial number of enlisted
ing of what is happening in the rare- so stored on any subject could be men through college to enable them
fied regions of the earth‘s upper at- made instantly available by access to meet the increasingly complex
mosphere where rockets and space through data processing systems. technical demands of a naval career.
vehicles are now penetrating. You can see that the potentialities of The Engineering School, as a
Of even greater importance, the information theory are of great in- component of the Postgraduate
key to harnessing the fusion energy terest to the Navy. It would have School, is the direct lineal descend-
of the hydrogen bomb lies buried, use in the rapid handling of the ent of the old Postgraduate School
awaiting development of a full great quantities of information and which had its beginning in Annap-
understanding of magnetohydrody- data that develop in naval opera- olis in 1909. In this component, the
namic processes. The theory of tions, where large numbers of ships eight departments of aerology, aero-
plasma jets, an outgrowth of mag- and aircraft are involved, and in nautics, electrical engineering, engi-
netohydrodynamics, has been put to employing guided missiles. There is neering electronics, mathematics,
practical use in metal spray devices great interest in this field. physics, metallurgy and chemistry,
and may find further application in Numerous examples could be and mechanical engineering teach
space propulsion. given of the increasing practical im- courses in 32 curricula ranging from
Entropy, another new word to portance of the naval officer keeping basic aerology to special mathe-
most of us, is recognized by every abreast of the latest advances in the matics.
steam engineer as a term from ther- theoretical sciences. Further ex- These 32 curricula are grouped
modynamics that relates to “a meas- amples would merely strengthen the generally into five areas, each under
ure of the available energy in a ther- realization that every new develop- the charge of a senior officer who is
mal system.” A new use for the con- ment in the pure sciences, from well experienced in that field. The
cept of entropy has been found by “solid state physics” to the mathe- curricula are precisely tailored to
the communications engineer. matics of “non-linear partial differ- provide the kind of education needed
As unlikely as it seems, entropy is ential equations,” has a practical by the Navy for the officers who man
now used as a measure of informa- application to naval warfare. the Fleet. This ability to meet an
tion in communication system de- exact educational requirement has
David J. Majchrzak, DN, USN
sign. The parallel use of the term led to the expansion of the Engineer-
results from the almost identical ing School to more than 600 students
mathematical form of the equations
/--

I NAVY ,
RECRolnNG\
OFFICE with a faculty of more than 100 pro-
in thermodynamics and in the grow- fessors in every engineering field.
ing study called “information theory.” Under the impetus of the “Space
In analyzing information the de- Age,” and with the growing realiza-
velopment of a mathematical treat- tion that the key to technological
ment is of great practical importance supremacy lies in having a solid core
in developing automatic control sys- of naval officers well educated in
tems, data reduction and storage, i
the engineering sciences, the Engi-
and communications. Information -
neering School is destined to expand
theory indicates, for instance, that further to a full capacity of 800 stu-
all the information now stored in “I’m using psychology.” dent officers, to meet new needs.

46 A l l HANDS
The U. S. Naval Postgraduate
School Catalogue (for Academic
Year 1959-1960) which is widely
distributed to major units and com-
mands ashore and afloat, contains a This year the U. S. Naval Postgraduate
detailed description of the curricula School, which started out as a School of
and the courses which constitute Marine Engineering at Annapolis with a n
enrollment of only 1 0 officers, i s cele-
them. No matter what your indi-
brating its 50th anniversary.
vidual professional interests may be, Today this institution has some 1100
there is a curriculum especially de- officer students enrolled i n about 40 differ-
signed to give you a thorough engi- erent curricula i n engineering and related
neering foundation to a naval career subjects i n the Engineering, General Line
in that area. and Naval Science and Management
To further the trend away from Schools. And, facilities are being planned
education exclusively for the engi- to accommodate a total of 1475 officer
neering or special duty specialist students-775 i n the Engineering School,
50 i n the Navy Management School and
toward a new orientation of an engi-
650 i n the General Line and Naval Science
neering education for the seagoing School. At its commencement exercises this
line officer, several curricula have May the school conferred for the first time,
been revamped in accordance with the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
directives of the Chief of Naval The idea of a naval graduate school be-
Operations and Chief of Naval gan with the establishment of a course of
Personnel. instruction i n Marine Engineering by the
With few exceptions, study is de- Bureau of Engineering i n 1904. The results
signed for utmost utility to the oper- of this move were so encouraging that i n
1909 the Secretary of the Navy established
ating officer, and previous require-
a School of Marine Engineering at the
ments for transfer to engineering Naval Academy.
duty assignment have been removed. In 1912 the School of Marine Engineer-
Applications are being received by ing became the USNA Postgraduate De-
the Chief of Naval Personnel in partment, and its academic program was
larger numbers than ever before. broadened to include Ordnance, Naval Con-
The word is out that a postgraduate struction and Civil Engineering. During
education is the order of the day World War I the Department suspended
for those officers who are carefully operations, but classes were resumed i n
F919 i n converted Marine barracks on the
studying their career futures. The
Naval Academy grounds. Two years later
deadline is 1 Nov 1959 for applica- the facility was officially designated the
tions to be considered by the selec- “United States Naval Postgraduate School.”
tion boards. Don’t miss out, but In the 1920s and ’30s the school con-
study the prospects carefully. Then tinued to grow, both i n enrollment a.nd in
send in your application for the the number of courses offered. In 1927 the
postgraduate curriculum that inter- General Line Course was initiated to ac-
ests you most. quaint junior line officers with the latest
The foregoing information was developments taking place in the Navy,
and to broaden their professional knowl-
sent to us by RADM E. E. Yeomuns,
edge through integrated programs of study
USN, Superintendent of the U. S.
in naval science.
Naval Postgraduate School at Mon- World War II caused an increase i n en-
terey, California. W e present it not rollment i n the engineering curriculum from
only as information for career ofi- about 125 to more than 600 students. I n
cers and career senior petty oficers, contrast to the complete suspension of
but as an indication that this Navy operations that took place i n the first World
of yours is moving-and moving War, there was a great expansion of ac-
fast-in the technical fields.--ED. tivity. The school outgrew its quarters, and

Nuclear Submarine Crew Is


In Deep Water, But Going Far
uss Sargo, SS ( N ) 583, has been
operating less than a year, but in
that short time both she and her
crew have been busy.
First nuclear submarine built on
the west coast, Sargo was commis-
sioned in October 1958. Since then
118 officers and men have served in
her at one time or another. More
SEPTEMBER 1959
Offers a Full l i n e of Courses for the Naval Officer
DVANCED EDUCATION is available assignment ashore at the time of his a normal tour of shore duty, or be
A to qualified naval officers on request would be against his best able to continue a shore tour which
active duty through the Navy’s Post- career interests. will not exceed three years at the
graduate Educational Program. This After completing postgraduate end of the requested course.
schooling is provided at the Engi- education, line officers can expect to Submarine officers must have at
neering and Navy Management be assigned to sea duty-unless they least three years’ operational experi-
Schools of the Naval Postgraduate have been selected for transfer to a ence in submarines as of 1 Ju1 1960
School, Monterey, Calif.; at the restricted line category. Staff corps to be eligible this year. For the
Naval Intelligence School, Washing- officers will be assigned to billets Naval Construction and Engineering
ton, D.C.; and at certain civilian which should broaden their experi- curriculum, however, submarine offi-
educational institutions. ence in their career field. Generally cers need to be qualified only in
Each year commissioned officers speaking, all officers can expect two submarines before commencing the
are invited to apply for this special tours of duty associated with their course. They must also be eligible
training. Deadline for submission of studies-one ashore and one afloat. for a normal tour of shore duty, or
this year’s applications is 1 Nov Certain eligibility criteria and pre- to continue a shore tour which will
1959. The selection board should requisites have been established. not exceed three years.
meet in January 1960 with classes Here are some general ones: For any curriculum requested by
to begin during fiscal year 1961. For curricula under the areas a naval aviator, he must have at
Eligible officers may apply in any of aeronautical engineering, naval least three years’ flight operational
one of seven postgraduate educa- engineering (except naval construc- experience with Fleet squadrons, as
tional areas. These are aeronautical tion and engineering), operations of 1 Jul 1960. He also must be
engineering; civil engineering; man- and ordnance engineering, officers eligible for a normal tour of shore
agement; administration; naval engi- must have been first commissioned duty, or be able to continue a shore
neering; operations; ordnance engi- on or before 30 Jun 1957 (subject tour which will not exceed four years
neering; and a “Special” category. to the below-stated operational ex- upon completion of his course.
Within the chosen areas, officers are perience), and may be up to, and Officers who have already com-
asked to list all curricula in which in some instances, in the grade of pleted some previous postgraduate
they are interested and qualified. LCDR with a date of rank as LCDR work may be eligible for additional
Postgraduate courses last from 10 of 1 Jan 1959 or later. study. Courses that may be taken by
months to three years. All line offi- For curricula under the areas these officers (with the exception of
cers selected and ordered to the of Management, Administration and Code 3100 officers) include: civil
technical engineering curricula at “Special,” officers must have been engineering (advanced), comptrol-
Monterey - specifically, Aeronauti- commissioned on or before 31 Jun lership, management and industrial
cal, Electronics, Naval and Ordnance 1955, and may be up to, and in some engineering, metallurgy (special),
Engineering -will be initially as- instances, in, the grade of CDR naval architecture, (advanced hydro-
signed to a two-year general cur- (once again with the below-stated graphics), Navy management and
riculum. experience). nuclear engineering (advanced).
Before a surface line officer is Officers may have completed the
Advaficed studies after the two General Line and Naval Science
years are available within quotas eligible for any postgraduate cur-
riculum, he must be ready to begin School curriculum and still be eli-
authorized by CNP if the candidate gible for additional postgraduate
is recommended by the Superintend- All Navy Cartoon Contest
, H. Kalua, AA, USN work. Those officers who have com-
ent of the Naval Postgraduate pleted the naval intelligence cur-
School, and approved by the Chief riculum may apply for the social
of Naval Personnel. Generally, Re- science curriculum.
serve officers (unless they are in the Any previous postgraduate course
process of, or have completed action
completed by a code 3100 officer,
toward augmentation as USN) are automatically disqualifies him from
limited to the two-year course. further postgraduate education.
Before any officer is selected for Code 5100 officers may apply for
postgraduate education he must the nuclear engineering (effects)
agree to remain on active duty dur- curriculum even though they have
ing the curriculum, and to serve on completed the civil engineering
active duty in the Navy for at least (Qualifications) curriculum. Any
one year after he completes his other postgraduate courses dis-
studies. This obligation is in addi- qualify these officers for further
tion to any other service obligation postgraduate work.
he may have already incurred. Any line officer who applies for
This schooling is considered shore training in nuclear engineering (ad-
duty, and should fit into the normal vanced), must request that his desig-
rotation of an officer. A line officer is “Where have you been?! Your plane crashed nation be changed to Engineering
not made available for selection if an hour ago !! I” Duty (1400). Without further ap-
48 ALL HANDS
plication, his designator will be I n + m c + 1 kt of Motion Pictures (1336) (C) (WS) : Comedy; James
automatically changed when the cur- Cagney, Shirley Jones.
sd for . - Distribution Alaska Passage (1337) (WS):
riculum is successfully completed.
The entrance standards for the
Postgraduate School at Monterey are
about the same as those for leading
civilian colleges which offer ad-
vanced graduate degrees in an engi-
neering major. However, for the
technical curricula at Monterey, ex-
cept general meteorology, you need re is ‘o‘‘owed by The Angry Hills (1340) (WS) :
not actually have a bachelor of the program number. -- Drama: Robert Mitchum, Stanley
science degree if equivalent formal
education has been received and if
you have completed differential and .~
integral calculus and one year of in July - 1859. The Trap (1342) -(C): Melo-
college-level physics. A course in (1335) ()‘ (Ws): drama; Richard Widmark, Tina
engineering mechanics is desirable.
1 -
Tames Darren. ,...:”-
UUU13G.

If selected officers want refresher Anything The Naked Maia (1343) ( C )


courses, the Postgraduate School
staff has developed one in mathe-
matics that should take about 150 Nann nnfnrfnrr The Little Savage (1344) (WS) :
hours of work to complete. This is
not mandatory, but is advisable not
only as a refresher in math, but to -- .- . ...- .- .. -. . .
reestablish study habits. Other re- more recent accident has led LT Walter Drama; Yul Brynner, Claire Bloom.
fresher courses in mechanics and Johnson of the Navy’s Medical Corps to A~!iasJesse James (1346) (c):
physics are also obtainable from the another important discovery. Comedy; Bob Hope, Rhonda Flem-
school. If one or more of these
courses are desired, they should be
requested as part of your postgradu-
ate application, or by a separate
request to the Superintendent.
With one or two exceptions, . ...- .. r - - . - .
I_

2ivilian institutions that offer post- - ~nectionsthe lamps had glowed Mamie Van Doran.
graduate work under the Navy’s and heated up when the doctor got in the Battle Flame (1349): Melodrama;
postgraduate program require a way of radar waves. Scott Brady, Elaine Edwards.
bachelor’s degree for admission. As a result the Navy now has a cheap Imitation of if^ (1350) (C):
LDOs may apply for postgraduate and effective way to protect its men from D ~ L~~~~ T ~ ~ ~~h
~ ~cavin.
; ~ ~ ,
overexposure to high-energy -. radar beams.
work if the curriculum requested is On board Galveston and other ships with
appropriate to the officer’s specialty, similar electronic gear, each crew member Technicolor Extinguisher
and if he has the necessary formal now wears a little neon lamp on his uni- A new chemical agent, which puts
educational background. In all cases, form. When the lamp lights up the wearer out gasoline and oil fires in half the
however, LDOs must compete with knows he i s in a radar beam, so he can time required with other substances,
line officers for postgraduate quotas. avoid exDosure simoly by moving aside has been develoDed bv the Naval
Women officers (USN and USNR
on active duty) who were commis-
sfore the danger point i s reached. the cool lavender color it gives off
sioned during calendar years 1942-
1955, inclusive, may apply for: while putting out a fire, it consists
Business administration - USN; of finely powdered potassium bicar-
communications engineering -USN bonate. In aircraft crashes, where
and USNR; comptroller-USN; per-
sonnel administration and training-
USN; meteorology (advanced and blazes, it should prove especially
general) -USN and USNR; naval useful.
intelligence-USN and USNR; Navy The new agent can be used in con-
management-USN. L
s & ventional fire extinguishers and in
Medical Service Corps officers are - the Navy’s forthcoming “Air Lift”
eligible for some postgraduate work.
BuMed Instructions in the 1520.12
series give complete information.
Details about particular courses
w \ ?F - A The‘ develwment of Pumle K
are listed in enclosure one to BuPers
Notice 1520 of 22 May 1959.
SEPTEMBER 1959
Roundup on Courses for the Navyman’Who Thinks Nucleonic
F YOU’RE NOW WORKING in nuclear Nuclear Components Course - Advanced Course-A five-day course
0
I weapons or interested in entering A four-week period of instruction de- designed to acquaint senior officers
that field, you may be able to qualify signed to train selected officers and and selected key DOD civilians with
for one of nine different training enlisted men in the handling, inspec- the nuclear weapons program.
courses currently being conducted tion, storage, packaging and trans- It is aimed at senior officers and
by the Field Command, Defense portation of the nuclear components carefully selected civilians of equiva-
Atomic Support Agency. of nuclear weapons. This includes lent grade (GS-13 or above) who
Information on all courses, includ- becoming familiar with the hazards by virtue of their assignments actu-
ing detailed descriptions and con- involved, necessary safety measures ally occupy positions requiring a tri-
vening and reporting dates, is con- and the use of associated radiac service approach to the nuclear
tained in BuPers Notice 1540. equipment. weapons program. Students will be
Courses being offered are: TOP SECRET clearance is required. selected for this training
0 Nuclear Weaponsman, C?,ass Officers must have completed the to-know basis.
“A,” Phase IT-A 12-week course NWO or NWAS course or have had C1earance requirement is TOP
aimed at training enlisted men and equivalent formal training. Enlisted SECRET.
selected civilians to assemble, dis- men must have completed the NW Persons selected for instruction in
assemble, package, store, inspect, course or have had equivalent formal these courses will be ordered to the
test and maintain nuclear weapons. training, and have a minimum GCT/ Defense Atomii
Applicants must have a minimum ARI of 110. ETs and ATs may be Sandia Base, Albuquerque,
MECH/ARI of 105 and must have enrolled upon completion of the W I
completed the eight-week NW, course. Nuclear Power Training
Class “A,” Phase I course at NTC 0 Nuclear Components Refresher Programs Want vo t unteers
Great Lakes or have an equivalent Course-A four-day course aimed at The Navy wants volun+--.- . . .-I
background. bringing nuclear personnel up-to- tain ratings and _n..,+a,
Normal military input to the course date on the latest developments in different nucleal
is from recruits who have completed nuclear components, and re-orientat- grams.
Phase I at NTC Great Lakes. A ing them on procedures in the han- They are d,, I I u ~ I ~
limited number of quotas is available dling, inspection and maintenance submarine program ,,,,J~
to the field for both phases or for of nuclear components. ship program an
Phase I1 only. Applicants must be graduates of power reactor pSvgA UI1l.
Requests from military personnel the NU course, and have TOP SECRET Submarine personnel
for Phase I1 must certify a back- clearance.
~

ings in pay grades E-6 ai


ground in electricity comparable to 0 Nuclear Weapons Electronics Re- the ratings of MM BN F
that provided by Phase I. A SECRET pair-13 weeks of training for se- IC in pay gradL,
security clearance is required. lected enlisted men and civilians in plus surface
0 Nuclear Weapons Officers Course Circuitry Of nuclear Wepolls, test- HM rating in pay grad6
-Of five weeks’ duration, and re- ing, maintenance, repair and calibra- E-7, and the ratings ~h
quiring a TOP SECRET security clear- tion of radars, radiac and test equip- MR, ET, IC, EM and :
ance, this course is designed to fa- ment, and the use of calibration grades E-3 through E-7
miliarize selected officers and civil- equipment.
ians with the technical administra- Applicants must have completed
tion and operations of Navy nuclear the WI, NW, ATN or NWAS
gible for any one of the programs.
Construction group UT anA CF:
ratings may also o n n L F
I
weapons activities. course. SECRETclearance and GCTI picked for trainl.,, U ~ ~ V I .

0 Nuclear W e a p o n s Assem- ARI of at least 110 are required. needs of the Navy.
bly Supervisor Course-Eight weeks Applicants other than ETs Or ATs
in length, this course has been set must have a background in elec-
up to train selected officers, warrant bonks including formal training.
Both Navy courses are conducted
in parts at New London, Corm.;
Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo,
I
officers and civilians in the super- 0 Nuclear Weapons Employment Calif.; Idaho Falls, Idaho; Sche-
vision of assembly and maintenance Familiarization Course-A two-week nedady, N. Y.,and Windsor, Conn.
of nuclear weapons, and in the tech- course set up to familiarize senior If YOU volunteer and are accepted
nical administration of Navy nuclear officers with the effects of nuclear for the Army package-power reactor
weapons activities. A TOP SECRET se- weapons and the problems associ- program, you’ll study at Fort Rel-
curity clearance is required. ated with their employment. voir, Va., where the A m ,
0 Nuclear Weapons lndoctrinafion It is designed for senior officers in the course under the auspices of the
Course-This is a two-week course, command or staff billets who have Atomio Energy Commission. The
requiring SECRET clearance, which in- a need for general knowledge of the Navy participates in this program
doctrinates selected officers, enlisted technical and logistic factors affect- by invitation.
men and civilians, in the basic types, ing the use of atomic weapons. BuPers Inst. 1540.33B outlines re-
principles of operation and major TOP SECRET clearance is a require- quirements for volunteers, and em-
components of nuclear weapons, plus ment. phasizes the advantages of entering
associated safety hazards. 0 Nuclear Weapons Orientation this new and expanding field.
50
DIRECTIVES IN BRIEF
This listing i s intended to serve only for
general information and as an index of
current Alnavs and NavActs as well a s
current BuPers Instructions, BuPers Notices,
and SecNav Instructions that apply to most
ships and stations. Many instructions and
notices are not of general interest and
hence will not be carried i n this section.
Since BuPers Notices are arranged accord-
ing to the:r group number and have no
consecutive number within the group, their
date of issue i s included also for identi-
fication purposes. Personnel interested in
specific directives should consult Alnavs,
NavActs, Instructions and Notices for com-
plete details before taking action.
Alnavs apply to all Navy and Marine
Corps commands: NavActs apply to all
Navy commands; BuPers Instructions and
Notices apply to all ships and stations.
The directives listed here cover a two-
month period.

BuPers Instructions
No. 1120.12G--Outlines eligibil-
ity requirements and processing
procedures for the Regular Navy
Augmentation Program.
No. 1306.62A Ch-2-Distributes
an extensive revision of BuPers Inst.
1306.62A, concerning Sea/Shore
rotation of enlisted personnel.
No. 1430.11A-Provides informa-
tion on advancement to pay grades
E-8 and E-9.
No. 1500.253, Sup 1-Gives con-
vening dates for classes in calendar
year 1960 at training activities under
the management of the Chief of
Naval Personnel and certain schools
of other services for which the Chief
of Naval Personnel fills quotas.
No. 1500.39A-Contains instruc-
tions on the use of the Catalog of
U. S. Naval Training Activities and
Courses (NavPers 91769-D) .
No. 1510.69D-Outlines eligibil-
ity requirements and application
procedures for the Navy Enlisted
Scientific Education Program
(NESEP) .
No. 1540.33B-Covers the Nu-
clear-Power Training Program and
application for it.
No. 1560.2A -Concerns the
Navy’s part in the President’s
People-to-People Program.
No. 1640.5A-Designates places
of confinement for naval courts-
martial prisoners.
No. 5521.2C-Revises and clari-
fies administrative requirements and
procedures concerning eligibility for
security clearance.
No. 5601.1A-Revises publica-
SEPTEMBER I959
Speaking of Canals, This rings Us Up to Date on Panama C. Z.
Tropical living with practically all Atlantic side is 130 inches while on the sixth month, or travel by MATS
the Stateside conveniences -that’s the Pacific side the annual rainfall beyond the seventh month. A signed
what you can look forward to during is only 68 inches. On the whole, the statement of a Navy medical officer
a tour of duty in the Panama Canal climate is pleasant with cool eve- Qr a reputable civilian physician at-
Zone. nings throughout the year. testing to the duration of jxegnancy
The Canal Zone is a tiny strip of Entry info the Canal Zone-All must be forwarded to the officer
land about in the middle of the Re- personnel of the Naval Establish- processing the original travel appli-
public of Panama. It stretches from ment are required to have permission cation. The traveler sheuld carry a
the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, a for their dependents to enter the signed duplicate copy of this state-
distance of about 50 miles, and is Canal Zone (Fifteenth Naval Dis- ment.
only 10 miles wide-five miles on trict) whether entry is for establish- Commercial transportation is avail-
either side of the Canal. It runs al- ing residence or to visit. Dependents able to and from the Canal Zone
most north-south, since the Atlantic should not begin to travel to the by major airlines, via Tocumen Air-
entrance to the Canal is north and area until t h i s permission has been port in the Republic of Panama.
slightly west of the Pacific entrance. granted. Upon receipt of orders to Housing-Naval housing in the
At the Atlantic entrance are the duty in the Canal Zone, Navymen Canal Zone is adequate.
two cities of Cristobal, in the Canal who want their dependents to ac- Since well ventilated houses are
Zone, and Colon, in the Republic company them should submit a re- essential for comfortable living in the
of Panama. At the Pacific entrance quest to Com 15. Permission for tropics, most quarters somewhat re-
are Balboa, in the Canal Zone, and entry of dependents will normally semble “summer type” dwellings in
Panama City, which is the capital be approved if quarters are avail- the United States. All open areas are
of the Republic of Panama. able. screened, but most are without win-
The Canal Zone is an area granted Immunization -These immuniza- dow glass. Although t h i s type of
in perpetuity by the Republic of tions must be completed by depend- construction is well suited to this
Panama to the United States for the ents before the commencement of locality, the new arrival will find
construction, operation, maintenance travel to the Canal Zone: that his privacy has been somewhat
and protection of the Canal. By 0 Smallpox, Typhoid, Combined
reduced.
terms of the Treaty between the Triple-For everyone over one year
of age: within the past 12 months. Household Effects-Most govern-
United States and Panama, the ment quarters are adequately fur-
United States has complete and Diphtheria -For children be-
tween 6 months and 10 years: with- nished with the prescribed allowance
exclusive sovereignty in the Canal of furniture, including stoves and
Zone. in the past 3 years.
0 Tetanus-For everyone, one refrigerators. Since many types of
The population of the zone is com- wood deteriorate in the tropics, and
posed mainly of personnel of the year of age or older: within the past
12 months. free circulation of air is essential to
Panama Canal Company, the Canal proper heat control, specially de-
0 Yellow Fever-For everyone
Zone Government, the Army, Navy, signed furniture is used to meet
over 6 months of age: within the
Marines and Air Force, and their these two problems. It is not ad-
families. past 6 years.
Travel-Navy Department policy visable to ship to the Canal Zone
The climate of the Isthmus of prohibits the travel by MSTS of such items as overstuffed chairs,
Panama is typically tropical, with women who are pregnant beyond studio couches or large expensive
high humidity and relatively high, musical instruments. Books are prey
but even, temperatures throughout All Navy Cartoon Contest to mildew, and since good libraries
the year. There are two seasons-dry David J. Majchnak, DN are available, only those books felt
from January to April and rainy from necessary should be brought. You
May to the end of December. The will enjoy throw rugs for bedrooms
dry season is tempered with trade or a small cocktail rug for the living
winds which blow almost constantly room if you have them, and your
throughout the four-month period. own pet pictures and wall decora-
Temperatures vary little throughout tions will make your quarters look
the year, the means ranging from 73 like home. But, remember that
to 87 degrees on the Pacific side mildew and termites are problems
and from 73 to 85 degrees on the in the tropics before you decide to
Atlantic side. Extreme temperatures bring any expensive items-includ-
on the Pacific side are 63 degrees in ing good pictures and hangings.
January or February and 97 degrees (Extra lamps may be enjoyed but
in April. The Atlantic extremes are are not necessary.)
66 and 95 degrees, occurring in the Excellent silverware, chinaware
same months as the Pacific extremes. and table linens are available in
The rainfall varies greatly between Panama and the Canal Zone at prices
the two sides of the Isthmus. The “No little ensign is telling me how to run lower than those in the United
average annual precipitation on the my deck crew . . .” States, in case you don’t have your
52 ALL HANDS
own. A kit consisting of the bare a written examination is required mobile insurance will cover YOU
essentials of bed linens, towels, dish- for the Canal Zone license. The Re- while driving in the Republic of
es, silverware and cooking utensils public of Panama permit is issued Panama. If your present policy does
will be placed in your quarters by contingent upon this test. not cover you, your company may
your sponsor. (See below.) The kit It is advisable before leaving the write an additional clause into the
may be retained by you until your States to make certain your auto- policy. This coverage is necessary
household effects arrive.
Elecfricity-Conversion to 60 cycles
is being completed, so bring along
the appliances you used in the North Atlantic Guardian
United States.
The local Armed Forces Radio The U. 5. Naval Station at Argentia, traffic returning from the European theater
and Television Service is in opera- Newfoundland, calls itself the “Guardian was very heavy. The most traveled airlanes
tion, so bring your television set to of the North A t l a n t i c l ’ d n d rightly so. across the North Atlantic came via New-
As a continental terminus of the Atlantic foundland, and ships based at Argentia
the Canal Zone. Airborne Early Warning Barrier, i t is a key fanned out i n air-sea rescue task groups to
Sponsors-There is a sponsorship outpost i n our defenses against surprise at- guard the seas and save lives when planes
program in effect throughout the tack. located about one-third of the way were forced down at sea.
Fifteenth Naval District. Under the across the ocean, along the main great circle I n the post-war period patrol squadrons
program, your sponsor is assigned routes from North America to Europe, it continued to operate from Argentia. So did
by your new Commanding Officer gives the Free World a strategic sweep of Coast Guard air surveillance planes and
and will write you giving any addi- the North Atlantic and the busy shipping aircraft of the International Ice Patrol. A t
the same time, Argentia remained a primary
tional information that you may lanes that span it.
Argentia grew up the hard way, for it transient stop for military air transport traf-
need. Your sponsor will also ready came into being in a tense period when fic across the North Atlantic.
your quarters for your occupancy, there was little time for advanced planning. I n late 1952, when the Joint Chiefs o f
including the purchase of immediate Rights were extended to the U. 5. to estab- Staff directed the establishment of the Mid-
food needs, and meet you upon ar- lish a base in a n agreement made in 1940 Canadian Early Warning line, Argentia took
rival in the Canal Zone. and formally signed in March 1941. A de- on its present role as part of the Atlantic
Automobiles-An automobile is al- tachment of Marines had been i n the area Airborne Early Warning Barrier. This major
most a necessity, since public trans- since 25 January of ’41, and the United change i n the station’s mission led to con-
portation is inadequate. The climate States flag was raised there the following siderable expansion.
is hard on cars, so it is best not to month. In July, a Naval Operating Base and In July 1955 the Navy was given control
Naval Air Station were ofiicially established. of McAndrew Air Force base, near the naval
buy a new car to bring to the They were i n full operation by the end of the station. This additional area about doubled
Isthmus. Instead, be sure the car year. the size of the naval installation, which now
you have is in good operating con- From Argentia, Navy aircraft flew round- covers almost 9000 acres of leased territory.
dition (and undercoated) before you the-clock missions to seek out and destroy New hangars are being constructed, run-
leave the States. At the present time German U-boats. The pilot of one of these ways are being lengthened, a modern school
tires, batteries and accessories can planes r a d i o e d t h e f a m o u s message, for dependents i s springing up and new
be bought reasonably at Panama “Sighted s u k a n k same.” Argentia was housing facilities are being built. Plans for
Canal commissaries and also at also a center of activity for American and other construction projects have already
Army, Navy and Air Force exchange Allied warships on convoy and escort point, duty. been approved.
Argentia i s near the site of Plaisance, a
Here, at the westem “turn-around’’
garages. Mechanical repairs are slow the men-o’-war refueled, took on supplies, French fortress and settlement built in the
and expensive. New automobiles can were briefed on tactics and operations and 17th century.
be purchased from dealers in Panama formed their groups to take over the convoys Way back in the reign of Charles II
City at a cost approximately the from the United States. Thousands of tons (1660-85) the Privy Council of England re-
same as in New York City. Gasoline of shipping were safely shepherded through marked, “that place w i l l allwayes belong
costs about 20 cents per gallon in sub-infested waters b y ships from New- to him that is superior at sea.”
the Canal Zone. It is recommended foundland ports.
that you start making arrangements Planes from a n Argentia-based patrol
with the ~~~~lsupply J - J ~ ~ B~ ~ ~, ~squadron
- i n March 1942 sank the first two
U-boats sunk by U. S. forces i n World War II.
Onne9 J’, for transportation Of I n addition, the naval base was important
your car as as practicable* to the U. S. Army forces stationed in New-
may be able to arrange to have your foundland. Since Argentia is the only deep-
car aboard the same transport in water harbor on the island to remain ice-free
which you and your dependents will throughout the year, it became the point of
travel. Canal Zone license plates cost discharge for cargo vessels and tankers car-
$5.00per year with half rates avail- rying fuel and provisions to the Army.
able after 1July. Throughout the war hundreds of railroad
tank cars, box cars and refrigerator cars
A Canal Zone license is moved from Argentia to the large Army and
required in the and you’ll Army Air Forces installations i n Newfound-
need one from the Republic of Pan- land.
ama for driving in Or through the After V-E Day there was a n immense re-
Rmublic. In most cases. where a denlovment . . of American forces, and air
d i v e r has a permit to drive from
the state of his last residence, only
SEPTEMBER 1959 53
when applying for a military base dresses (short sleeves or no sleeves). organization called DISTAFF. All
car identification sticker. 0 Grade School Boys-Jeans and wives are automatically members of
Clothing-Clothes suitable for mid- open-collar shirts or T-shirts. Some DISTAFF upon their arrival. First
summer in the United States are boys do wear shorts. Aid Training is basic, so it’s a good
right for Panama. In general, dress e High School Students-Cloth- idea to take your First Aid course
is informal but women may wear ing as in the United States. Skirts as soon as you arrive-even before
gloves, hats and stockings to lunch- and blouses for the girls-jeans for your household effects come-when
eons, such as teas. Washable clothing the boys. you will have more time. In addition
is the most practical for everyday Ladies-Please bring a long-sleeve to training you for mass disaster, it
wear, since dry cleaning is rather shirt and long slacks for participa- is a wonderful opportunity for train-
costly and not always of the best tion in DISTAFF. (See below.) ing for ordinary home emergencies.
quality. Women leading an active The Uniform of the Day for offi- Mothers especially will appreciate it.
social life (senior officers’ wives in cers and chief petty officers is Tropi- Food-Panama Canal Company
particular) will need cocktail dresses cal White, or Tropical White, long. Commissaries, located in the various
and an evening gown. Woolens and One uniform of Service Dress Blue, Canal Zone communities, are com-
furs shodd be left in the States, one of Service Dress Khaki, and all parable to department stores and
except for a few things in case one of your Whites should be brought are operated under government con-
has the opportunity to visit neighbor- along. In addition, you should bring trol. Supplies of all kinds for per-
ing high-altitude places. The humid- any working Khaki you may have, sonnel and home use may be bought.
ity encourages mildew, especially on along with all items of the Tropical These Commissaries carry the usual
woolens, silks and leathers, which Working Uniform that are in your foodstuffs, including cold storage
should be kept in specially heated possession. All the items of Working products, meats, fruits, vegetables,
closets in the quarters. Uniforms are available locally. Offi- cheese, butter, eggs and quick-frozen
The Canal Zone commissaries and cers occasionally need the Dinner items. The food supply is plentiful,
the Service Exchanges have clothing Dress White Uniform, which may but lacking in variety, particularly
for the family at reasonable cost. be purchased locally in case you do fresh vegetables and fruits. Pasteur-
Wider selections are available in the not have one. ized milk is available. Canned foods
cities of Panama and Colon, but at The Uniformof the Day for white- are plentiful, including baby foods.
higher prices than in the States. If hats is Whites without jumpers or In addition to food, Panama Canal
your feet are hard to fit, it is wise White or Khaki shorts. Slacks, shorts Company Commissaries stock cloth-
to bring a supply of shoes with you. and sports shirt are worn more than ing for men, women and children;
For men, suits of tropical worsted, any other items of civilian wear. hardware and household furnishings,
Palm Beach, linen, seersucker and Disaster Control Organization-In The Commissaries and Exchanges
especially the new wash-and-wear the Panama area all of the armed also offer an excellent opportunity
fabrics are popular for off-duty hours. forces cooperate in a unique and ex- to purchase Irish linens and English
School children generally dress cellent system of disaster control China of well-known makes in limited
about like this: Service wives are expected to par- supply. Special orders may be placed
0 Grade School Girls-Cotton ticipate actively in it through their at the Exchanges.
The Commissaries have family
All Navy Cartoon Contest Alfred 8. Castro, SA, USN
laundry and dry cleaning service.
Army, Navy and Air Force Com-
missaries and Exchanges at the vari-
ous installations offer services similar
to those of the Panama Canal Com-
pany Commissaries and have lunch
and fountain service. They carry an
interesting stock of goods from Cen-
tral and South America and foreign
countries elsewhere. Navy Exchanges
operate a laundry and have pick-up
and delivery service.
Servants-Domestic servants are
available at wages averaging from
$20.00 to $50.00 per month. They
may also be engaged on a daily basis
for approximately $2.00 to $2.50 per
day. There is a maid agency service
available at the Army Post of Fort
Clayton and a maid agency in Pan-
ama City. Otherwise, maids may be
employed through newspaper ad-
vertisements and recommendations
from residents. The supply is plenti-
ful, although many are unskilled.

54 ALL HANDS
~~~ ~

EPDOPAC, A Hard-fo-Beat Combo of Mechanical and Human Brainpower


The Enlisted Personnel Distribu- special qualifications and-in some The team made up of three
tion Office, Pacific Fleet-better cases-special problems which leading CPOs, presents the EPDOPAC
known as EPDOPAC-has set up a warrant consideration. story in a one-day class which
special presentation team to show The very fact that EPDOPAC is starts at 0830 each Wednesday.
the personnel people from PACFLT manned by human beings-not The presentation includes lectures
ships and stations how the Navy’s cold and perfect machines-has on distribution procedures, a ques-
distribution system operates. made it subject to human error. tion-and-answer period and a tour
Part of the team’s job will be to The distributors at EPDOPAC do of EPDOPAC and PAMIPAC. The lec-
dispel the notion that spark-spitting their best to consider the individual tures cover such subjects as the
electronic personnel experts now in each transfer that is directed. origin and purpose of EPDOPAC, the
push Navymen around as if they However, information is submitted objectives of centralized distribu-
were coffee cups in an automat. to the distribution office in enor- tion and the background and work-
Actually, as the team points out, mous quantities, so there are bound ings of Seavey-Shorvey and the
the “electronic monsters” are just to be instances of failure to submit Overseas Pacific Rotation Program.
very expensive, complex and effi- correct and complete data. This To spread the presentation
cient machines which supply in- may cause a man to miss out on team’s message as widely as pos-
formation at a phenomenal rate to a duty assignment he wants. sible, EPDOPAC invites and encour-
the good old-fashioned, human, Besides helping to clear up such ages PACFLT commanding officers
distribution officer who still makes situations, the presentation team to have their administrative and
the decisions. explains new ideas and procedures clerical personnel attend these ses-
These fast-thinking machines, as which have been incorporated in sions while in the San Diego area.
team-mates of the human distribu- the distribution system since The presentations are conducted at
tor, have promoted the individual .EPDOPAC was established back on EPDOPAC, Building 252, NAS North
Navyman from merely “a boat- 1 Nov 1956. Without knowing Island.
swain’s mate who is to be trans- about these changes it is some- Owing to a limited amount of
ferred” to a personality with a times difficult for commands and space, reservations are required.
career history, a family, a certain individuals to get the most out of They may be obtained by tele-
amount of sea duty, a certain the benefits which electronic data phone in the San Diego area, or
amount of shore duty, certain de- processing methods have made by writing Commanding Officer,
sires for his next duty station, available to the Fleet. EPDOPAC, San Diego 60, Calif.

Most servants are English-speaking Panama and the Canal Zone is pure. through the 12th grade. The school
or Spanish-speaking. Jamaican or Education-The Canal Zone school t e r n commences the first week m
Panamanian seamstresses can be lo- system compares favorably with September and ends the first week
cated, some of whom will come to modern school systems in most cities in June.
your home to do sewing if you have of the United States. Excellent edu- Night extension courses at the
a machine. Laundresses are available cational facilities are provided from junior college at Balboa and at some
at reasonable rates. kindergarten through junior college. Army posts are available. Courses
Medical Facilifies - Dependent Graduates of the two high schools include a variety of subjects. Ex-
medical requirements are provided have college entrance qualifications. cellent opportunities exist for study
for by the Panama Canal Company. The curriculum of the junior college of the Spanish language. The YMCA
For those stationed at Atlantic-side is comparable to that of junior col- and JWB also offer interesting
activities, the Coco Solo Hospital leges in the United States. Tuition courses in a variety of subjects.
is available. Hospital services on the in the Canal Zone is free to de- Religion-Facilities for religious
Pacific side of the Isthmus are avail- pendent children of United States activities are plentiful. Service per-
able at Gorgas Hospital. military personnel from kindergarten sonnel and dependents may attend
Limited dental service for depend- services at Army, Navy and Air
ents is available. Treatment will nor- All Navy Cartoon Contest Force installations, or at churches of
Cartoon by Dwinell the various denominations in the
mally consist of those procedures
necessary for the maintenance of an Canal Zone or Republic of Panama.
already healthy mouth. It is there- Money and Banking-The Pana-
fore suggested that you have all manian unit of currency is the silver
necessary dental work done on your balboa, equivalent in value to the
dependents’ teeth before their (the United States dollar. United States
dependents’ not the teeth‘s) de- and Panamanian silver is inter-
parture from the United States. changeable anvd is used in either the
As a result of the constant vigi- Canal Zone or the Republic of Pan-
lance of United States health au- ama. Since Panama prints no paper
thorities, the Canal Zone is singularly money, the dollar is legal tender
free from disease, and health condi- “I’ve stood in some slow chow lines in my throughout the Isthmus. There are
tions are excellent. The water in both . . .”
life, but, this one no currency regulations, and the
SEPTEMBER I959 55
United States dollar may be im- All Navy Cartoon Contest phone service is available at moder-
ported And exported freely. CDR Peter M. Lindsay, SC, USN ate rates, and service is comparable
The Chase-Manhattan Bank and 1
to that in the United States.
National City Bank of New York United States postage stamps can-
have branches in Balboa and Cristo- not be used in the Canal Zone. Canal
bal which handle all normal bank- Zone stamps must be purchased for
ing business. For cashing checks, all outgoing mail. Postage rates are
drafts and the like payable in the the same as in the United States.
United States, a charge of one-fourth Language-Spanish is the national
of one per cent is made up to language of Panama, but English is
$500.00, with a minimum charge of spoken and understood by most of
15 cents. For checks over $500.00 the people in the terminal ports of
an exchange charge of one-eighth of Panama City and Colon. Learning,
one per cent is made, with a mini- the Spanish language, however, will
“With all the scientific breakthroughs now-
mum charge of $1.25. Checks on adays, you’d think they could stop these pay many dividends to you individu-
Canal Zone banks are charged a buckets from rusting!” ally-and to United States com-
similar exchange fee when cashed munity relations with the Republic
in the States. In order to avoid these Pefs-Every dog or cat brought of Panama. While many Panamani-
charges some families prefer to keep into the Canal Zone is held in quar- ans speak English, they will still feel
a current checking account in a antine for a period of four months. complimented by your efforts to
United States bank. The aforemen- During the stay in quarantine the learn their l a n g u a g e w h i c h can
tioned banks do not credit interest pet will be kept at the kennels in give you many hours of pleasure.
on savings accounts. Corozal, Canal Zone, about 15 min-
Recreation-Swimming, golf, ten- utes driving time from Headquar- More Info Requested on
nis and fishing are year-round sports, ters, Fifteenth Naval District, at a Evaluation Work Sheets
with the Bay of Panama providing cost of fifty cents per day. Your pet
some of the best game fishing in the should be inoculated for rabies be- of Top Enlisted Grades
world. Baseball, softball, bowling, fore departure, and it will be neces- The Navy wants more meaningful
track and range shooting are popu- sary for you to obtain a statement and up-to-date information on its
lar, as are riding and hunting. There from a veterinarian that your pets are top five enlisted pay-graders readily
is a full program of youth activities healthy and free from disease before available both in the Bureau of
-Boy and Girl Scouts, Little League the pet will be taken aboard the Naval Personnel and in the service
baseball and so forth. transport. Remember, you must pro- record.
Trips to neighboring regions can vide a crate for shipment of the It intends to get this added data
be taken by car, plane or boat. You animal to the Canal Zone. through a revision of NavPers 792,
can travel at small cost and with Birfh Documents-Naval depend- the Enlisted Performance Evaluation
little effort to the ruins of the old ents should have in their possession Worksheet.
Spanish fort at San Lorenzo by the at all times a birth certificate (or Beginning 16 November, NavPers
mouth of the Chagres River; to the affidavit in lieu thereof when birth 792 worksheets submitted on pay
San Blas Islands inhabited by the records are non-existent) or some grades E-5 through E-9 will contain
friendly Cuna Indians; to Taboga other documentary proof of citizen- new enties concerning a chronologi-
Island in the Pacific; and to pic- ship. Such documents must be pre- cal history of billets assigned since
turesque villages in the interior. sented if application is made at a first enlistment, performance in those
Officers’ Clubs are located at most United States Embassy or Consulate billets, and any special qualifications.
Army, Navy and Air Force installa- for passports to visit Central or This additional information will
tions, and clubs for enlisted person- South American countries other than aid selection boards reviewing serv-
nel and their families are available the Republic of Panama. Birth docu- ice records for selection of personnel
at the larger naval activities. Motion ments and marriage certificates must for advancement, appointment to
picture theaters are conveniently lo- be presented when registering the commissioned status, and special
cated at service installations, as well birth of children born in the Canal educational programs. It will also
as in all Canal Zone townsites. Zone. help commanding officers who must
Societies-There is a branch of Passports-As stated above, pass- make recommendations for advance-
the Navy Relief Society at Balboa, ports are required for entering Cen- ment, special duty assignments or
and many well know fraternal organ- tral and South American counties special schooling.
izations and benevolent societies other than the Republic of Panama, Completed forms will be submit-
have chapters or lodges in the Zone. but they are not required for naval ted semiannually to the Chief of
Beauty Shops-Good beauty shops personnel or their dependents for Naval Personnel, with a duplicate
are available. Commissaries and Ex- entry into the Canal Zone or Pan- retained in the man’s service record.
changes carry cosmetics, but it is ama. Particular emphasis will be placed
best to bring along a supply of your Communications-Unlimited postal on each petty officer’s leadership
favorite brand, as there is only a and cable facilities are available. Air ability and potential.
small variety carried in the Canal mail to the United States takes about BuPers Inst. 1616.5 contains full
Zone. A Gtiider selection is available two days, and ordinary mail eight particulars on preparation and sub-
in Pananla City. to 10 days. Cable, radio and tele- mission of this report.
56 ALL HANDS
Gold Star in lieu of third award: the U.S. Naval Ordnance Facility, Port
* STRAUSS, Lewis L., RADM, USNR,
as Chairman of the Atomic Energy
Lyautey, Kenitra, Morocco, on 31 Jan
1958. As Officer-in-Charge of Special
Weapons Explosive Ordnance Disposal
Commission and as Special Assistant to Team Number One, LTJG (then En-
the President of the United States. “Ex- sign) Conkey displayed exceptional
“For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the
ercising intelligent leadership, sound courage and initiative while participating
performance of outstanding service to the
organizational ability, and a keen un-
Government of the United States . . .“ in an operation of a classified nature
* CALVERT,James F., CDR, USN, as
Commanding Officer of uss Skate,
derstanding of naval problems,” Rear
Admiral Strauss played an important
role in the scientific development and
involving great risk of injury to both
himself and the members of his team.
SS(N) 578, from 9 to 21 Aug 1958. application of nuclear energy for ship KELLY, Leslie D. Jr., LCDR, USN,
Exercising superb seamanship and un- propulsion and power plant use. for heroic conduct while serving on
usual planning ability, Commander board uss Triton, SSR ( N ) 586, then
Calvert took his ship approximately under construction at the Electric Boat
2400 miles under the ice into the un- Division, Groton, Conn., on 2 Oct 1958
known reaches of the Arctic Ocean, When a valve failed in the main, high-
obtaining invaluable scientific and op- pressure steam line, filling the reactor
erational information. In surfacing on compartment with extremely hot and
nine separate occasions through open- “For heroism or extraordinary achieve- blinding steam, LCDR Kelly, after giv-
ings in the ice, Skate provided the first
essential quantitative information on
ment in aerial flight...” ing the order to secure the pumps and
clear the compartment, followed his
techniques necessary for the utilization RAMEY,Robert Winford, LCDR, men through the watertight door into
of the Arctic Ocean’s great strategic USN, (posthumously) for heroism, when the safety of the next compartment.
values. After reaching the North Pole his aircraft developed mechanical Upon learning that one of his men was
and surfacing nearby, Commander Cal- trouble and went into a steep, high- missing, he immediately reentered the
vert took his ship some 300 miles speed, uncontrollable dive from 42,000 area, and succeeded in locating and
beyond the pole and succeeded in feet. While he and his crewmen were assisting the missing man to safety.
locating, from beneath the surface, the
United States IGY Ice Drift Station.
Surfacing his ship at the Drift Station,
preparing to leave the plane, Lieutenant
Commander Ramey noticed one of his
crewman experiencing difficulty in mak-
*
USN,
LIPCHINSKY,Joseph M., CWO,
for heroic conduct in attempting
he demonstrated that activities in the ing an exit through the aircraft escape to rescue from drowning a 13-year-old
most inaccessible part of the Arctic chute. Electing to remain in the plane boy who had fallen through the ice on
Ocean could be supported by subma- in order to aid the man in escaping, Nonquit Pond, Tiverton, R. I., on the
rine. he sacrificed his own life in the subse- afternoon of 25 Jan 1959. Hearing a
* LEEPER,Lawrence E., ADC, USN,
“for exceptionally meritorious conduct
quent crash after freeing his crewman. cry for help coming from the direction
of the pond, CWO Lipchinsky made
his way past thickets to the pond. He
while serving with Heavy Attack Units attempted to throw a line to the boy.
in the Naval Air Force from August Thrown into the water when the ice
1950 to March 1959. Leeper achieved gave way, CWO Lipchinsky gave word
signal success in the vital field of radar
prediction and analysis. He developed of encouragement to the youth. While
“For heroic conduct not involving ac- awaiting other help the boy soon lost
the Leeper Radar Prediction System .
tual conflict with an enemy. .” his strength and slipped beneath the
which, with slight modifications, was
adopted for use by all Heavy Attack
Squadrons in the Navy. In addition, he
* BIRT, Floyd C., AMMl, USN, while
serving as Plane Captain and Flight En-
water. CWO Lipchinsky was later
rescued by the local fire department.
contributed essentially to the develop- gineer of an R5D aircraft on a flight from PATTERSON, John E., BM2, USN,
ment of terrain models for the 15-2-5 Albuquerque, New Mexico, to Detroit, for heroic conduct while serving on
Radar Simulator Trainer, and devised Mich., on 22 Jan 1957. Birt sustained a board uss HoZZister (DD 788) on 3
a system, using a computer and graphs, broken leg and other injuries when his Jan 1959 as petty officer in charge of
whereby the recently produced Air plane crashed and started to burn after the amidships capstan station. When
Force Area Radar Prediction Analysis making an instrument approach to the the target sled wire tow cable came
can be converted to naval use.” Willow Run Airport at Detroit, Mich.,
* MUSTIN,Lloyd M., RADM, USN, as
Commander Task Force Eighty-Eight,
during a heavy snowstorm. In spite of
his own injuries, he released the safety
belt and shoulder straps from the co-
free of the capstan and started whip-
ping through the amidships passage-
way, Patterson immediately pulled two
during the period 22 May 1958 through pilot, who was fatally injured, and aided of his shipmates clear of the cable and
1Oct 1958 in which Task Force Eighty- observed three other men who were
in removing him from the burning plane. still in the passageway and in extreme
Eight conducted a particularly complex Despite the heavy smoke, intense heat,
and difficult special test program of and the imminent danger of further fuel danger of being killed or seriously in-
great importance to the Navy. Rear tank explosions, he twice returned to the jured by the free-running wire cable.
Admiral Mustin planned, organized, wreckage and succeeded in removing Entering the passageway, he succeeded
and personally directed a major task two critically injured passengers. in helping two of the men to safety.
force in carrying out extended opera- While he was assisting the third man
tions at sea without external logistic *CONKEY,James V. A., LTJG, USNR, to safety, his foot was caught in wire
support for approximately 60 days. for heroic conduct while serving with cable and he was severely injured.
SEPTEMBER I959 57
When a t war, the nation with the weaker N a v y can often make best use of its
resources b y attacking the shipping of its opponent. This w a s the practice followed
b y the Confederate States during the Civil war. One of a series, this month’s issue
tells of Shenain,doah, who continued her operations until the end of the war. It w a s
written b y Confederate Midshipman John T. Mason.

ITH THE EXCEPTION of Stonewall, an ironclad built Twenty-three officers and about a dozen picked men,
in France and sent to sea too late to be of any the latter the remnant of the crew of Alabama, which
service, Shenandoah was the last of the Confederate had been kept together for such an occasion, met at the
cruisers to elude the vigilance of the neutral govern- rendezvous and were soon carried on board Laurel, then
ments of Europe-a much more difficult feat to accom- lying in the river. Before daylight, Laurel was at sea.
plish then than it had been when Alabama and Florida The unsuspecting pilot who took us out complimented
had escaped from England some two years earlier. Captain Ramsey of Laurel on the good behaviour of his
On 1 Oct 1864, a number of Confederate naval officers passengers, who all seemed to know their places at once,
who had been for some time waiting orders in England gave no trouble. and asked no useless questions.
0
and France, received instructions to proceed at once to Laurel was a small steamer owned by the Confederate
Liverpool and report for duty there. I was fortunate government and used afterward as a blockade runner.
enough to be one of them. Her present destination was the Madeira Islands, where
Upon our arrival, we were instructed to buy an outfit she was to rendezvous with Sea King, afterward
for a two years’ cruise as quickly as possible, to have Shenandoah, who had sailed from London the same
our trunks packed in wooden cases so that they might day we departed Liverpool. In addition to the “passen-
have the appearance of ordinary merchandise, and to gers” Laurel also had on board the guns, gun-carriages,
send them on board the steamer Laurel. Nothing was ammunition, and all the other equipment and stores in-
said about Laurel’s destination, but if we were ques- tended for Shenandoah.
tioned, we were to say that we were going home Sea King had been purchased in London by an English
These orders were issued on Monday morning, and merchant. She was loaded with coal and assorted mer-
by the following Friday the baggage had all been chandise-provisions and stores of a non-warlike char-
shipped, and the officers were instructed to remain at acter intended for the cruise. She was supplied with a
their quarters all day Saturday, ready to move at a crew and officers from the English merchant service and
moment’s notice. Not one of these 20 or so officers knew cleared for Bombay and other ports in the East Indies
what was to be our destination, nor did we ask. on a cruise not to exceed two years. Just an ordinary
AT SIX O’CLOCK on Saturday evening, after a day of
merchant vessel. None of her officers or crew, with the
suspense, orders were received to be on Prince’s Pier From “The Last of the Confederate Cruisers” by Midshipman John
at nine o’clock and to go on board the tug Black Hawk. Thomson Mason R, pp. 600-610, Century Magazine, August 1898.

SEPTEMBER 1959 59
T H E OFFICERS AND M E N were divided into gangs and
went to work. Fortunately, the weather continued fine
and within 10 days we had things in pretty good shape
-portholes cut and guns mounted and secured, maga-
zines built and ammunition safely stored, the fore and
after holds carefully restowed, and everything snug for
the voyage.
Meantime, the ship was heading to the southward, as
the object of the cruise was to destroy the American
whaling fleet in the North Pacific Ocean and the Arctic
Sea.
On 29 October, 10 days after the cruise began, when
about 15 degrees north of the equator, we captured our
first prize, the bark A h a of Searsport, Me., bound from
England to Buenos Ayres, and loaded with railroad iron.
As all neutral ports were closed to us and our own
were closely blockaded, we had no alternative but to de-
stroy her.
The vessel and cargo were appraised and condemned
as prize and, within an hour after her capture, A h a REBEL R A M Stonewall was bought in Denmark and fitted
was scuttled. W e took nothing from her but her ensign
and chronometer. The officers and crew were allowed to by ships from England. She was sold to Japan after war.
take their personal effects with them when sent on board
Shenandoah as prisoners. Boston. Although her carg.0 included a most welcome
addition of canned fruits and vegetables, she also gave
W e made it a rule from the start that there should be us an acquisition we had not anticipated-the captain’s
no pillaging of the captured vessels. If we needed stores wife, sister and little boy.
for the shi ’s use, we took them, but our sailors were As we had no accommodations for ladies, Captain
not allowe!I to plunder on their own account.
Waddell gave them quarters in one of his cabins. A
A h a had a crew of nine men, six of whom joined few days later we spoke a Danish brig and transferred
us at once, and were a most welcome addition to our a number of our prisoners to her, paying their passage
slender ship’s company. to Rio.
During the next few weeks we were in the track of From this ship and a number of prizes we captured
vessels crossing the equator and made a number of cap- in the following few days, we received recruits for our
tures. Among them were the schooner Charter Oak from our ship’s company. In some cases, all hands volunteered
with the exception of the officers.
CONFEDERATE CRUISER had a propeller that could be In one case the captain himself expressed a desire to
hoisted out of water. Funnel telescoped flush with rail. ship before the mast. This was the captain of the brig
Susan. He was a German and knew little and cared less
about the war between the States. He was deterred from
becoming one of us because, in doing so, he might
prejudice the rights of the owners of the vessel and
cargo in claiming their insurance money.
Most of the sailors in the merchant service at this
time were foreigners and it was due to this fact that
so many of them shipped with us when their vessels
were destroyed.
BY THE LATTER PART of November we were pretty
well to the southward, and early in December we
entered the whaling grounds of the South Atlantic. W e
did not stop to cruise here as our principal field of
operations was to be in the North Pacific and the
Arctic. In passing, however, we picked up one whaler,
the bark Edward of New Bedford, with a good-sized
whale alongside which the crew were busily engaged
in cutting up and trying out.
W e were now quite near the island of Tristan da
Cunha, an out-of-the-way place inhabited by some 40
people, mostly English and Americans, who very seldom
saw any one from the outside world. No vessel stopped
there except an occasional whaler to get fresh water and
provisions. W e ran into Falmouth Bay and put ashore
the officers and crew of Edwurd, and got from the in-
habitants of the island some fresh meat in exchange for
some flour we had taken from our prize. This island
SEPTEMBER 1959 61
was the first land we had seen since leaving Madeira but
we did not drop anchor and no one was allowed to go
ON APRIL 15 we went to sea again, having spent two
weeks at Ascension Island, and continued our
ashore. northerly course. Upon reaching the outer edge of the
The day after leaving Tristan da Cunha we discovered Japan seas, we cruised there for about a week in the
that the coupling band of our propeller shaft had been track of vessels crossing the Pacific; but meeting no
damaged seriously. This meant that our steaming appa- American ships, and our principal object being to cap-
ratus was useless for the time being. As our main re- ture whale-ships, we went on to the Okhotsk Sea, which
liance in fast traveling was upon sails, this accident we entered on the 20th of May.
caused us no delay. W e got the propeller upon deck, W e captured the whaling-bark Abigail, which we
however, and in the course of a few weeks the engineers burned, taking the officers and crew on Shenandoah.
repaired the injury as well as possible. W e found floe ice as far as the eye could see. For-
tunately for us, the weather remained calm, and we were
THE WEATHER CLEARED up with the beginning of the able to work out of our uncomfortable position without
new year and on 2 Jan 1865 we made the island of serious damage.
St. Paul, which the sailing directions described as thrown W e cruised three weeks in the Okhotsk Sea; but either
up by volcanic action and uninhabited. W e pulled off there were no more whalers there, or else we could not
in a whaleboat and upon reaching the island were sur- find them, and at the end of that time we passed out,
prised to find two Frenchmen in possession. It was used and shaped our course for Bering Sea and the Arctic
as a fishing station by these men who came from the Ocean. Our prisoners from the Abigail were a very
Isle de Bourbon, on the coast of Africa. They fished jolly set, and bore their misfortune with great cheer-
during the summer and left in the fall with their catch fulness. Almost every evening they would enliven the
as the winter season was too stormy to stay on the island. monotony of their captivity by a dance on the fore-
The water of the harbor literally swarmed with fish and castle or a “shanty.” Fifteen of these men joined us,
we very soon filled our boat. On one margin of the among whom were two of the mates.
little bay we found a spring of water hot enough to On the twenty-first day of June we entered Bering
cook the fish we caught from the other end of the boat. Sea, and crossed the 180 the meridian of longitude.
The damage caused by the broken coupling was more Having completed half the circuit of the globe in an
serious than suspected and it took several weeks in dry- easterly direction, we gained a day; but before nightfall
dock in fielbourne before Shenandoah was ready for we went out of our course to chase a ship, which carried
sea again. Aclthorities and citizens were friendly but us back to the other side, and our new day was lost
an unpleasant situation arose over false charges that almost as soon as won. The following morning, how-
Shenandoah was recruiting British subjects to fill out her ever, we again crossed the central meridian, and the
crew. There may have been some grounds for these sus- 22d of June was a double day, 48 hours long.
picions for, after the ship had cleared British jurisdic-
tion, more than 40 “stowdways” were found on board, THE SIGHT OF LARGE PIECES of “fat-lean,” or whale
of every nationality, including English. meat, floating in the water now warned us that whal-
By April, the ship bud worked her way to Ascension ers were at work nearby, and very soon afterward we
Island, where the account is resumed. came up with several.
The week which followed was the busiest of the
RAIDER-CSS Florida escaped from England two years cruise. Not a day passed without our making one or
before Shenandoah, when such getaways were easier. more captures.
In all we took 25 whale-ships, which, with the ex-
ception of three or four, were burned. Some disposition
had to be made of the prisoners, and as we could not
put them ashore in those frozen regions, we were
obliged to bond one vessel in every six or seven, in
order to dispose of the crews of the others.
Occasionally, when the weather was fine and we had
more prisoners than we could conveniently accommodate
on board, we put them astern in whale-boats for the day.
On one occasion we had 2 4 of these loaded boats tow-
ing astern.
Our last capture was made on the 28th of June, on
which day we took 11 vessels. Nine of them were fired,
and were all burning at the same time within a few
miles of one another. One of these 11 vessels had been
caught in an ice-floe, and was so badly injured that her
captain had determined to abandon her, preparatory to
which there was a sale of all the movables on board,
which the other vessels had assembled to attend. Most
of these were at anchor near the injured vessel, and
hence we captured them all with but little trouble.
THE CAPTAIN of one of these vessels showed fight. H e
mounted the poop-deck of his ship, armed with a
bomb-gun used in killing whales, and threatened to fire
A l l HANDS
into the boat which was about to board him. The officer
in charge of the boat, however, disregarded this threat,
pulled to the gangway and boarded with his crew.
When the flag was about to be hauled down, another
scene of the same sort was enacted; but by this time the
boarding party had discovered that the belligerent cap-
tain had been celebrating the occasion and was royally
drunk. He was taken in charge after some resistance,
and refusing to leave his ship, had to be lowered into
the boat with a block and tackle. Several of the ships,
when they saw what was going on slipped their cables,
and steered, some for the shore to get within the marine
league, and some for the ice-floes; but as the wind was
light, and we had steam up, we very soon had them all
in hand.
W e were now in Bering Strait, and the next morning
entered the Arctic Ocean, and the navigation was very
dangerous.
There was every reason to believe that a number of
whalers had passed into the Arctic ahead of us, and we
hoped to come up with them; but the captain was afraid SKIPPER OF CSS Alabama was Captain Raphael Semmes,
to venture very far, the ice being so heavy; and after probably most famous of the Confederate sea raiders.
a day spent in the Arctic, we turned and steered to the
southward. On the 5th of July we passed out of Bering of the time, with propeller up and smokestack “reefed,”
Sea into the Pacific, and saw the last ice-floes. saving the little fuel that remained for condensing fresh
water for the use of the ship’s company, and for any
FOR THE NEXT MONTH nothing occurred to break the other emergency that might arise.
monotony of ordinary sea life on Shenandoah. W e
were steering to the southward to get into the track of OUR CREW, augmented by the stowaways from Mel-
the China traders and the Pacific mail-steamers. By the bourne and volunteers who had joined us from the
end of the month we were in the desired cruising- prizes captured, now numbered about 130 men, of all
ground, and on the 2d of August we overhauled and nations under the sun. As they were acquainted with the
spoke the English bark Barracouta, from whom we unfortunate termination of the war for the South, and
received news of the collapse of the Confederate gov- knew that Shenandoah had no government behind her,
ernment. we had contemplated the possibility of having some
While in the Arctic Ocean we had received from trouble with them.
William Thompson, one of the captured whalers, Cali- But in this we were agreeably disappointed, for every
fornia papers of 22 April, giving an account of the one of this cosmopoljtan crew behaved with perfect
assassination of Mr. Lincoln and the evacuation of Rich- subordination. Our first lieutenant, Mr. Whittle, had
mond; but the same apers contained the proclamation from the start preserved the most admirable discipline
of Mr. Davis, issuecf from Danville, saying that the on board at all times, and it was in a great measure due
war would be prosecuted with renewed vigor. W e *had to his excellent management that no dificulty occurred.
hoped all along that the disaster might not be as bad On 29 September we struck our track of the year
as these accounts stated; but Barrdcouta had left San before in the South Atlantic, and early in October crossed
Francisco on 20 July and it was impossible to doubt the the equator. So far we had not lost a man by sickness
correctness of the news she gave us. Yet, so strong had or accident, but we had now two very sick men on
been our faith, it seemed incredible to us. board. There is a superstition among sailors that, how-
The important question now arose as to the proper ever long a sick man may last at sea, he is sure to die
dis osition to be made of Shenandoah. Captain Waddell as soon as he “smells the land.” Our two invalids re-
g
at rst thought of taking the ship to Australia, and run-
ning into Sydney or back to Melbourne, and the course
s ected this superstition, for they died within a few
&ys of each other, and less than a week before the ship
of the ship was altered with that view, and for 24 hours reached Liverpool and when some of the old sailors
we steered for Australia. declared they could smell the bogs of Ireland.
At the end of that time, however, the captain changed On the 5th of November, 1865, we reached England,
his mind, and the course was again altered, and we anchoring in the Mersey on the morning of the bth, and
resumed our way to Cape Horn. The captain announced the cruise of Shenandoah ended, the vessel being sur-
to the officers and crew that he had determined to take rendered to the English authorities. When we took on
the ship to the nearest English port; but her actual board the pilot, the first question we asked him was
destination was not made known to any one. about the war in America, as we had been hoping against
Immediately after parting company with Barracouta, hope that there might be some mistake about the news
the guns of Shenandoah were dismounted and sent be- we had received in the Pacific. This called forth a cartoon
low in the hold for ballast; the port-holes, which were from “Punch,” representing Shenandodh, with Captain
of our own construction, were boarded up again; and Waddell astride one of his guns, shouting through a
all the small arms and warlike appliances were stowed huge trumpet to a pilotboat in the distance; “Is Queen
away between decks. W e kept the ship under sail most Anne dead?” [She died in 1714.)
SEPTEMBER I959 63
The United States Navy
Guardian of our Country
The United States Navy i s responsible for
maintaining control of the sea and i s a
ready force on watch at home and overseas,
capable of strong action to preserve the

w ITH DEEPEST REGRET we take note of the passing of Fleet


Admiral William D. Leahy, USN.The nation’s and the
world’s press has written much of his distinguished and honor-
peace or of instant offensive action to win
in war.
I t i s upon the maintenance of this control
that our country’s glorious future depends.
The United States Navy exists to make i t SO.
able career. However, we would like to add a little yarn we We Serve with Honor
think is a fitting epitaph for a blue-water sailor. Tradition valor and victory are the Navy’s
FADM Leahy, while in retirement, was visiting his son in heritcrge‘from the past. To these may be
added dedication, discipline and vigilance as
the Hawaiian Islands. During his visit, he went to a barber shop the watchwords of the present and future.
At home or on distant stations, we serve
he had frequently patronized. The barber, a long-time friend with pride confident in the respect of our
and admirer, greeted him, as always, with a cheerful “Hello, country o h shipmates, and our families.
Our relponsibilities sober us; our adversities
Admiral Leahy.” strengthen us.
Service to God and Country i s our special
A young sailor, next in line, offered to let the admiral to take privilege. We serve with honor.
his place. “Go ahead, son, and thank you,” replied the admiral. The Future of the Navy
“You have to go back to work. I have plenty of time, now.” The Navy will always employ new weapons,
new techniques and greater power to proiect
Admiral Leahy made the best of his time in the Navy, and and defend the United States on the sea,
under the sea, and in the air.
it was a better Navy because of him. We’re proud to have been Now and in the future, control of the sea
in the same uniform with him. We’re sorry that he’s gone. gives the United States her greatest advan-
tage for the maintenance of peace and for
O O Q
victory in war. Mobility, surprise, dispersal
and offensive power are the keynotes of the
As we’ve said before, in the course of our travels we run new Navy. The roots of the Navy lie in a
into a lot of good stuff we just can’t find the proper space for strong belief in the future, in continued dedi-
cation to our tasks, and in reflection on our
in the magazine. In this connection, we’d like to refer to the heritage from the past. Never have our op-
sailing directions of that old fresh-water sea dog, Captain portunities and our responsibilities been
greater.
Thomas F. Burns, Buffalo, N. Y., who served as pilot for uss
Ogletharpe (AKA 100) during Operation Inland Seas.
For instance, when approaching Cortunigh Point, he gave the Bureau of Naval Per-
IC& HAIVOJ sonnel Information Bulletin.
orders to the steersman with words like this: “See the haystack
there to the north of Peggy’s Barn? Keep it open to the north
till we are abreast of the outhouse, then we’ll haul northwest.
. . . Now, give me a little left rudder. We’ll hold this course tions. ordeis and directions is for informa-
till the hay stack can be seen through both the north and south
.
barn doors. . . Now haul north . . . OK, just steer on the
laundry there west of the Mooretown graveyard.
era1 interest may be forwarded to +he Editor.
Although Oglethorpe cleared the Portage on a clear day, DISTRIBUTION: By Section 6-3203 of the Bureau
Captain Bums had some sound advice for future mariners when of Naval Personnel Manual. the Bureau directs
the situation became a little sticky: “When approaching the
Portage during a fog, keep sounding your fog whistle until you magazine, and indicates that distribution should
be effected on the basis of one copy for each
pick up the bark of Olsen’s dog. He’s always at the garden gate, 10 officers and enlisted wersonnel to accomplish
so when the bark bears southwestward, haul south and pass
between the piers.”
I He interrupted his advice to walk out on the wing of the hands and commanding officers should take
necessary steps to make i t available accordingly.
bridge. “Always say hello to the dog in clear weather. Other- The Bureau should be kewt informed of
wise, he may not answer when you need a bearing.”
We’re indebted to LTJG George T. Odom, of Oglethorpe
Normally copies for Navy activities are dis-
who, open-mouthed with astonishment, made these further
notes of Captain Bums’ Notice to Mariners:
“Now keep Squirrel Island light well open to port. When the
red light on the Squaw’s shack comes out clear of the Walpole
Reservation, haul and head on the red light until abeam of
John‘s Tavern-that’s the one with green neon lights on the
roof-then starboard until the red light on the Squaw’s shack PERSONAL COPIES: This magazine is for sale by
is six degrees off the port bow.”
While going up the St. Clair River, it was: “Steer 101 de-
grees on Joe Bedore’s Joy House until the lone pine tree on
the Canadian bank bears four points on the starboard bow, Remittances should be made to the Super-
then haul and steer 133 degrees. When Joe’s wood pile is four intendent o f Documents. Subscriptions are ac-
cepted for one year only.
points abaft your beam, haul to 091 degrees, and steer on the
Canadian club house.” Now you know. You have the conn.
0 AT RIGHT: LAND H b A c r o s s the
street from fhe Merchandise Mart in
Chicago, USS Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., (DD
8 5 0 ) receives visitors. The ship traveled to
the Midwest via the new St. Lawrence
Seaway.

64 ALL HANDS